ouU^

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Srarnunxr
oF cAsE
study of the different pattems of the dresses the people have evolved in
the world would make it cleal tllat these are designed to suit the climatic conditions

generally see the difference in f,revailing in different nations or continents. One can like India' patterns of dresses from continent to continent and from nation to nation. ln a big nation to we see tat pattems of dresses vary from state to state. But the dresses of the people belonging

Banjara community are a unique

c-ese.

It

is identical throughout th€ country among the

can Banjaras irrespective of the place of their domicile. Because of this unique feature a Banjara the Banjaras have be easily recognized in any part of the country. To maintain this unique feature

They never adopted a commor national pattern of designs with luxuriant embroidery work give the dress making to the tailors. women at home make their needle and applying their native

'

use small sea embroidery skill they make their own dresses lending an artistic blend to them. They love of the shells (kawadya), lead omaments and wom-out coins to decorate their dresses. The So it Banjaras for their traditional dress is rarely to be found elsewhere among any other community' and kept up by is worthwhile to make a detail of the Banjara embroidery, a craft which was innovated the Banjaras as their legacY.

The practicing of the Banjara embroidery is confined only to the people belonging to a particular community viz. Banjaras. The origin and development of this craft is irsepanbly blended with the history of the Banjara people. So let us first see who are these Banjara? How did
they come background of the association of this craft with the above community?

Who are these Banjara:-The banjara people have a great history behind them. Their original homeland was Rajasthan. One version about them is that they were in the ancient days carrying on

l.

the important task of transporting military supplies for the Mogul army and merchandise to different parts of the country. They fulfrlled the important work of communications also fulfilled the important

work of communications also in those days. " those who did successful transportation of goods on
animals and withstood the hazards of long distances were called'Banjara' by the society they served, the govemment they helped, and the army they fed, the Banjara also on their part accepted this terms

honorably".

ln the Maharashtra state Gazetters on Jalgaon district there is a reference to an rmsettled tribe
named Vanjaris as follows: "Vanjaris who once wandered about with their flocks of oxen have now settled down as agricultural workers and have built houses in villages. Their business was to bring

bullocks from Malva, to load them with wheat and go from place to place to sell it. They went down
the ghat even in the Konkan districts but the growth of transport facilities by rail and road has bearly

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i. Similarly the ' Lambaniesarelikethegoldent}readsintherichlndianculhrralheritage''' 3.Banjara. According to information availabletheyareknownbysynonyms|ikeVanjara. Sugali. given a vivid description Edgar Thurston in his book 'Castes and Tribes of Southem India' has seldom or never of the Banjara in the following words of Moor: "Banjara associate chiefly toge&er which with other tribes.Historical background :-The word 'Banjara' is considered to be derived from the original Sanskrit pronounced in words . Lambada. the Banjara have spread throughout the country in states and union territories.Banjari. nor character. It denotes a profession of transporting food (Goldsmith) and 'Lohar' the profession of transporting people by their profession such as 'Sonar' (Blacksrnith). They seem to have no home.This adds beauty.Banjara by the people as the trading commr:nity alone was them. Lambadi. Late. After the dawn of British Raj the demand for their . Ladela.IndiraGandhlsaidoninaugurationoAlllndiaBanjaraconference1966 at Gulbarg4 Kamataka. D. The tribes residinginsmalltentsandhiringouttheirbullocksfortransportoffoodgrains.hreir road has nearly killed their trade and that is why they have become rarely sees a tanda i.a]J referred to by difierent synonyms in dilferent states.C. Gwar. M.e.Vanijya' the meaning of which is trade. Lamani. llliat has described the 'Banjara' were reported to be sarre ancient tribes which were in existence during 4tr century B.PrimeministerSmt. the community which took up the profession of transporting food grains and other A community and their supples from place to place was called 'Banjaras'.Brinjari'Laman. but that of merchants' in mixing merchandise. Following not indicate any particular caste or race. Shri H.. Gwarla etc' 2. Based on the reference made in the Sanskrit book called 'Dasakumar A as nothing but the written in l 16 and 12tr centuries A. which is the capacity they travel great distances to whatevef parts are most in want of Charitam' greatest part com". Settlement places in India:. Though they were not trading the profession was simply to transport merchandise they were called as 'Banjara' by the people as generally known to trading called as. . The term grains.Banirra settlements The Banjara being nomads for centuries prior to the British advent in Indian sub.continent carrying food grains from one comer of India to another.The weaver weave the cloth with golden threads here or there . caravan of Vanjari family's campling fiom place to tents with bullocks and the dirty clothes they used to wear"' The 'Vanjaris' the Banjara can be one and the same community as it is learnt that the na". The Sanskrit word 'Vanijya' is 'Banjara' does Gujarati as 'vanajara" in Hindi as 'Banzara' and in Marathi as 'Banjari'.

heart of the village. away &om the main GAO ttHn i. in Khandesh area' Vidarabha area and Maharashtra the Banjaras are spread in coastal Maharashtra Marathawada area and to some extent in solapur district They are not formd occupa. Even though the Banjara are no mor€ nomadic and have taken chiefly together living in their own encampments called they generally stay together in tandas. usually situated away from cities and towns.t POPULATION IN VARIOUS STATES OF INDIA in occupations like cultivation and the Banjara had settled in various parts of the country engaging They are also pieces of lands. ln case of villages Particularly in the state of small huts.commodities gradually dwindled due to the introduction of railways and of $ot*h Pcni*c|El'unrlr Fh0|er:{i1{ ^ $4IglATT.tions they are even now associated 30 .e. Today they are small agriculturists and agricultural laborers' small in animal husbandry and working as laborers in road and building construction and are also engaged up sedentary poultry farming.

Director of census operationl98&-stated th{tt the dresses of the people belonging to Banjara community are a unique case. According to L. The colour shames and designs are also the same everywhere. Because of this unique feature a Banjara cen be easily recognized in any part of the country. Lambadi they figures were indicated separately the although for classification purposes Banjari and t amani/Lambadi could be treated as one and same language. They use small sea shells (kawadya).S. Mysore and Maharashtra while the returns against Banjari were also from the states like Mysore. To maintain this unique feature the Banjaras have adopted a common national pattern of designs with luxuriant embroidery work They never give the dress making to the tailors. In 1961 census the returns being very large against the banes Lamani. hand book on mother tongues in Census' published during 1971 Census the language Banjari is explained as "Name of a speech given after the name of a well known nomadic tribe of india the members of which are found spread of lndia the members of which are found spread sporadically all over the country.It is identical throughout the country among the Banjaras irrespcctive ofthe place of their domicile. Though they Banjara have now ity they have no regular and professional craft centers. According to 1961 Census figures there were 591.046. They are also known by different nlmes. lead omaments and wom-out coins to decorate their dresses.traditionand language. Sugali etc. Women at home make their needle and applying their native embroidery skill they make their own dresses lending an artistic blend to them. Maharashtre and Madhya pradesh.I (Linguistic Survey of India) information Baniari is a dirlect of Rajasthan spoken all over India under various names of late howerer. How is this possible among the Banjaras living all over the country to maintain this uniformity? s Handicraft sureey report on Banjara Maharashtra .T1te pattems of the dresses like kachali and phetiya which the Banjara women wear are identical throughout the country.rs were the tribes have been settles". like Lambadi' Laman and Labhan.migration in Bombay crty and suburbs. the wandering Baol*u have switched over to more or less a settled life and have been in course of time heavily influenced by the contact languages ofthe areas where they have been residing.fT . -Banjara having their own culture .012 and second largest in Mahamshtra with 242. Bilingual retums have shown that the main subsidiary langUages of these n communities were kannad4 Marathi and Hindi according to the language are. Against Lamani and Lambadi also very |arge number of mother tongue returns were recorded from the states of Andhara Pradesh. So it is worthwhile to make a detailed study of the Banjara . The love of the Banjaras for their traditional dress is rarely to be found elsewhere 4mong any other community.654 speakers of Banjari language with largest concentration in Mysore with 288.

The practicing is conlined only to the people belonging to a particular community and development of this craft is inseparably blended with the history It is believed that the Banjaras originally hail from Rajasthan and it was from there that they and it spread all over the country. in The Banjara embroidery had been an inseparable part of Banjara culture for generations and wornen and the olden days this embroidery work alone was the sorrce to provide dress to the Banjara other articles of dailY use. Shri. It also substantiates the claim of the people in the surveyed area that this crafts which is practiced in different parts of the country. )z .was innovated and kept up by the Banjara as their legacy. Ajit Mookerjee in his book'Folk art of India' makes a reference to the Banjara embroidery in Andhra pradesh as follows. The nature of their settlement in separate and to maintain their independent encampments known as tends also helped them to keep their art and identity. The origin of the Banjara embroidery could also be in Rajasthan might nave fully developed before the Banjaras dispersed from Rajasthan and settled in various parts ofthe country. Apart from these and other woven fabrics of exquisite pride of place goes to designs. During spare time. colour schemes and patterns is almost uniform in all parts of India. Mirrors are often used for decoration.Rupla Naike Writes in his book about Banjara dress miformity as women in designs. The circumstance created by nomadic compelled the Banjara to make their own dresses and this work was done exclusively by the fernales. The dress making is never given to tailors. Andhra Pmdesh is also famous for its silk brocades or arums and its /r mixed silk and cotton brocades or himrus. Among these the the work ofthe Banjara tribes. Their arts and crafts in the n form of intricate embroidery works are being done and maintained mainly for their identity by wearing these unique types of dresses. as a common origin. The Banjara women intensely love to wear their traditional gaments and this intense love richly kept this art intact till very recently though a declining trend in the preservation of this art in being noticed now. The designs and models of Banjara women's dress are unique and identical through out the country and they could be easily recognized. The common stitches used are the ordinary satin or the herringbone. Even while in Rajasthan they might have accepted as their cherished tradition to wear the typical costumes developed by them to maintain their separate identity and when they moved out of Rajasthan they carried with them the art which they developed even in their prirnitive stages and have preserved this ancestral art till today from generation to generation.y. the embroideries of the state are equally attractive. *The dress of the Baniara Mr. It may be seen fron the above that the pattern of Banjara embroidery is the same everywhere.

But the women folk preserve a richly embroidered and specially made during special occasions like festivals called "padarero vesh" or reserve dress.their own stitching with their needle and embroidery skill and make their own colour schemes and fastening.]J ." Gormati lady (lambada) From Andhra Pradesh Gormati lady(Lamani)From Maharashtra Gonnati lady (Lambanis) From Kamataka . Banjara dress has not undergone perceptible changes because the women folk live in 'Tandas' which are away from the influence of whatever w€ may call modem. They profusely use glass pieces (Kache) led paari) and silver omaments. The dress is predominantly red in colour are blended in less proportions. small sea shells (cowry or Kodi) and silver coins to dress for use decorate seasons.

Their arts and crafts in the form of intricate embroidery works are being done and maintained mainly for their identity by wearing these unique types of dresses. because of living reflect mostly centuries and also being traveling tradesmen their arts and crafu and maode of handicrafts are temporary in nature and not of permanent and monumental in nature and their arts and ^ only stressed on their dresses and omaments and the equipments required by them for transporting food grains and other things of daily use. Beyond this they have no arts and crafts of such nature which the sedentary communities of India have. As stated earlier their entire arts and crafts are of reflected on their dresses and omaments. It can pre foldedto make up elaborately embroidered dowry bags. Further.ined ground. all Banjaras embroideries are designed for a nomadic life style geometric. square. which is their original home land. hanging low on the hips. those styles are important ceremonial textile is an embroidery approximately 50 cm. For dancing and ordinary ceremonial wear. Banjara jewelry wear elaborate twisted and braided hairdos that support and display women throughout India tlpical of Rajasthan. There is no mass production and commercial exploitation these items. shawls and backless blouses generally made of commercial embroidery design are textiles. floral and animal motifs used by a Majority of India's village p"opffiT*i-u is strikingly different. the waist bands are generally reinforced with sturdy embroidery. The nature of their settlement in separate and independent encampments known as tandas also helped them to keep their art and to maintain their identity' . worked A red quilted or tw. The shawls have embtoidered at the borders along the top and bottom edges with a wider more elaborate strip of mirror embroidery the kodi sadak' a center top that frames the face. Embroidered with metal omaments are added to the blouses of married women. 5.Amongst the Banjaras. now a days made of white plastic. The traditional dress is completed with rows of ivory or bone bracelets. crafts and traditional costBmes of Banjaras' their nomadism for Rajasthan. Particularly fine pieces are made for prospective brides. The blouses usually flaps omamented on the sleeves and fi. women use traditional skirts. are wom with on a long rope of cowries.: UNIQUE DRESS ALL OVER INDIA membership. with silver bangles' most nose gold ring (bhuria). has influence. wom on the arms. the single and textiles. What is Banjara arts and crafts :- On the arts. The Banjara women intensely love to wear their traditional garments and this intense love richly kept this art intact till very recently though a declining trend in the preservation of this art in being noticed now. beads or silver coins necklaces. .rlly embroidered with mirrors across the front. synthetic yams and locally available mirrors and metal ornaments. The skirts. of many uses including different kind of wedding water pot cover or ritual table covef.

Sheri Ajit Mookerjee in his book 'Folk art of India' makes Banjara embroidery in Andhra Pradesh as follows. as the female members the men folk alone when they were nomads. had no work other than household duties. as otherwise.whiledescribingthe .Their petticoats are seldom washed and like a wellit is stated as follows : plaited into 's"tight-frtting bodies and the full petticoats." This reference prominent and attractive to catch the whether the embroidery work in the dress of the Banjara was so of this in the gazetteer' eye of others. might have absorbed it in come when they developed this handicraft to a considerable extent and part of the land' Even now the craft their tradition as a symbol of identity of their community in any When the Banjara is being taught through preceptor disciple relationship promoting oral tradition' like cultivation. influenced by the environment in Rajasthan. the embroideries of the state are equally attractive' Among in pattern the pride of place goes to the work of the Banjara tribes. there would have normally been a reference nomadic compelled the Banjara Perhaps this may be an omission also.InMaharashtraStateGazetteersonJalgaonDistrict. As nomads moving craft from the time the Banjara in different parts of the country they continued the practicing of this a reference to the of their settlement there. tiresome and time consuming with no retums and this has of a very few persons handicraft to wane leaving at present the survival of this craft in the hands ^ belonging to Banjara communitY. began to settle in fixed places and engaged themselves in other occupations labor etc. a stage might have developed and improved in the long run by trial and error method. the women also began to extend helping hand to the men in these occupations agricultural worlq which is really and this curtailed considerably their leisure time to attend to the embroidery pushed this traditional very laborious. making enrbroidery work in the applied the artistic skill by making so they applied the artistic skill by dresses Banjara of the to spend their leisure time. which they had in abundance. and Thereafter. The circumstance created by Whiles doing so they to make their own dresses and this work was done exclusively by the females. over the cheeks. their Hugh silver anklets with gangling bells and the tiers of raises a doubt as to ivorv bracelets lend thern a strongly picturesque appearance. Apart these woven fabrics of exquisite desisns. their silver omaments. generations and in The Banjara embroidery had been an inseparable part of Banjara culture for Banjara women and olden days this embroidery work alone was the source to provide dress to the the from place to place other articles of daily use as mentioned in the earlier chapters.. Andhra Pradesh is also famous for its silk from these and other brocades or arnnn and its mixed silk and cotton brocades or himrus. The idea of embroidery work n *"r" in their traditional trade of transportation "ngug"d this rnight have been might have struck accidentally. Their embroidery is very similar 35 . while of merchandise.

saris and blouses.It is believed that the Banjaras originally hail from Rajasthan and it was from there that they spread all over the country. to make these items bags. as a common origin' In the surveyed villages the craft is claimed to have been practiced by the Banjara ever since they settled there. since in the past.Source of learning:As mentioned earlier only the Banjara women are doing this embroidery work. When the mother is doing the embroidery work the child is beside her with the traditional instinct and curiosity. The origin of the Banjara embroidery could also be in Rajasthan and it might nave fully developed before the Banjaras dispersed from Rajasthan and settled in various parts of the country. however.These . Even while in Rajasthan they might have accepted as their cherished tradition to wear the typical costumes developed by them to maintain their separate identity and when they moved out of Rajasthan they carried with them the art which they developed even in their primitive stages and have preserved this ancestral art till today from generation to generation a 8.Items produced: .process of learning:. For centuries their females have been doing this work during their leisure time to meet mainly their personal requirement.1.to d'ut olf"fdl . Thus the main source for leaming the craft is their respective mothers.. The cornmon stitches used are the ordinary satin or the herring- Mirrors are .: : pften used for decoration. the social custom demanded them to wear their traditional costumes which they could not purchase from outside and hence they had themselves. It was their custom to make the articles which they required for daily use like A money prrses. But they lack the co-op€ration and involvement of others and this prevents this family from achieving noteworthy success in the development of this craft and to make it employment oriented T.The material used for production of articles by banjara is natural. They do it with an urge to maintain their tradition and as a hobby and make use of the end products mainly for their personal use. It may be seen fiom the above that the pattem of Banjara people in the surveyed area t'"nr'lSJlili sqr{re everywhere. The Banjara had never considered their embroidery work as an employment oriented craft. g. and kathiawad areas. They are doing this not rnainly for commercial purpose. Thus watching the mother working on her needle the child also begins to attempt on the craft even at a very young age and the other perfects the skill of the child in the craft by giving guidance wherever necessary. only some Banjara families striving to propagate this craft. It also substantiates the claim of the is practiced in different parts of the country. pot-covers etc. this position has changed considerably and at present only youngstefi the elderly Banjara women are generally wearing the traditional costumes and most of the have switched over to skirts.

Brides have a different kachali made for themselves. ch*nchi.Bagloo. i . the upper part. It is made much more for the kachali attaching mirror pieces on both the sides of chhati. Small sea shells (also known as kawadya) and old coins prices of silver. chhati. The top ^. olden days small quantity of silver was also used in the kachalis. The colours of the cloths used are predominantly bright. With the soaring and grace to the nowadays lead has b€come the altemative and this is used in abundance to lend shine fancier by kachali. as in the olden days there were no wits. khalchi. The designs used kachali. daxani. The first set of strings is at the back top portion of the kachali to tie them round the neck and the plain portions of the second set is at the middle portion at the joint of the embroidered and the covers the stomach khadapa piece to tie them round the back do the wearer. meant for brides are also different from other kachalis. Kachali and iXra*"gha/"of their daily use like zolana. The upper part of the kachali i. chhati i two sets is used like a bra. In the lepo the banjara women exhibit their skill in embroidery with different blend of designs. peti and bahi. A typical kanchali if portion of a distinguished features as compared to other ordinary blouses. The uniqueness of a kachali is the pattem of its designs consisting of multi-colored pieces of cloths stitched together to from a pattem. Unmanied girls do not wear it is a skirt like garment used by the banjara women. The back portion is bare except for provided of strings known as dori which are used to fasten the kachali by the wearer as no buttons are in it.e. galano. On the edges of the bag sea shells (kawadya) and balls made of woolen yam of different colours are attached to add the beauty of the bag.by Banjara women in their garments viz. It services as a cloth belt attached to the phetiya to tie it round the belt attached t the phetiya to tie it round the waist. Generally red and black colour schemes. It consists of four parts. This consists of two plexus in two (also known contrasting bright cooers generally black and red. Phetiya: portion is called lepo. The portion below this is called sabab as chiq and for ties fine textured printed cotton fabric is used.Each item in use were hand made with artistic look ' Kachali: This is a blouse with bare back. The bottom portion of the phetiya is called lawan and this also is a masterpiece of ernbroidery' Znlslnaz This is a shoulder bag with exquisite embroidery work and a long strap to hang it over the shoulder. In and it is squarish in shape. designs and models the used for kachali are almost the same all over the country and this enables any one to recogrrize observed closely has many Banjara women in any part of the country.Kothalo and the like no belief of purity or pollution is associated with this craft. Below the lepo is attached ghero. . The front part is the main kachali and it consists of three parts viz. The length of the kachali are also used.

Nomads in the past. 38 . l2. Now a days some people are trying to awarethe importance of traditional garments of commrmity and these garments were wom on festive occasion 11. During A summer season the Banjara women get ftee time to attend to the embroidery work and hence the consumption of raw materials during the above season.a square shaped bag used to keep bread bhakari). This is generally used during festive occasions and marriage ceremonies. raw materials:. Availability of spare time is also an important factor as it will take a number of days and even months to Danish the work on even a single piece as they are not doing the work at a stretch on even a single piece as they are not doing the work at a A stretch on a full time basis. The main raw materials required for the embroidery are chhatya cloth. The Banjara s purchases these raw materials along with their other requirements when they go to market.Uniqueness:Banjara embroidery (Fine needle work) is created by the women of the tribe using a variety of technique similar to other textile community like Balouch and other Asian tribes most every day objects were woven or embroidered by the tribes. lead etc. sea shells (kawadya) hollow frustum shaped zinc pieces (pari) etc.Quqntity produced:.Banjara embroidery differs from emb. But at present these are not commonly used. the peculiarity of banjara embroidery is not simple cm is left with out embroidery on piece of cloth. She average consgmption of the raw materials depends on the quantum of articles produced. if any. Kothalo: It is a sack like big bag used while the Banjara go for shopping' lg. from others. mangii cloth. Pat: this is like a chess board and is used by women to play an indoor game.roidery of kuteh. The raw materials are available in the procurement of these items. the Banjaras to day aggegate in groups separately called Tanda Staying in communes they still strive to prcserve the fascinating and gnpredictable traditions of their ancestors. iall cloth used to keep the prepared flour of wheat ready for making chapatti This cloth artistically decorated with embroidery work is used as a show- Gadano: This is a dish cover used to cover drinking water in pots and dishes containing eatables. woolen and cotton threads of different colours. phoolkari doing community. glass pieces. silver. Where used to decorate the finished products. kasuti. It has its special characteristics and specification as follows.The Banjara embroidery is a very simple art which can be leamed without any difficulty by any one even at the very young age. In the.past old coins.The above items of articles are made by the Banjaras depending on their personal requirement and demand. Needle is the implement required and color threads and chatya and mangii cloths are the main raw materials for this work.

ByusingDhaniyastirchTheyusetodesigrrSapariroteko.Ekdani bajori.Thistrendspellsdangerandextinctionofthiscraftalongwith crafts bread eaming vocation by creating arts and the elder generation is certain unless an craft as a 47 .Aati.items for routine repairing needles-Banjara women prepares very beautifirl teko'Ghera lavan specific stitches in use are Maki.Sornetimeshalfredcolorthreadsdndhalfothercolorthreadswereused.on BanjaraTextilesmostpatternsarerepresentedineithersquareorrectangularformBanjaraladies (Mitakiro Vegarano.sasayardant.unhygienicandunwieldyinmodemtimescontributetothe gradualvanishingofthislegendarycraft.atajali.Bajorya. designs were created' A l3.Naral.ek suirdee suir'and dorir)'kaleni'Bhuriya Vel. Nakhara .Khilan(Gomer.Zundali md jali stitches.in Jali maki While Valtoteko / Bharatkam and Und jali' One more specifrcationofBanjaraembroideryisBackgroundofclothisredcoloredandthreadusedwerealso redandblackcolored.valtesalte Danda designs were cxreated' While using dhekrar phuli.Chandarovajalo.Kataraya) By usig relo creates differentdesigrs by using running stitch theyusetodesignofPidiroteko.Bajori aakadaBajori bajori.Thiscraftofsuperbembroideryworkisgraduallyvanishingduetolackofpatronage.Thoughtheeldergenerationisstillmaintainingtheir traditiontheyoungergenerationhasalreadystartedwearinglightgarmentsasinthecaseofother populationduetosocialinteraction.Byusing bharatkamstitchesakadi.Hathphool.The factsthatitisveryexpensivetodosuchembroideryworkbecauseofthecostofrawmaterials'thatit requiresalotoftimetodomanuallytheelaborateembroideryworkwhichisnotalwayspossibleto spareinafastmovingsociety.RumaliBhamt.I.sapari Banaymi'Bajphool'Animals'Birds swastika etc.Kundulu aakada.Dhaniy4Bakiya.Vasali.Masuriyar jali.MasuriBajori.Javalya.sapariro teko'Saraty4and Bhant. Gadar.thattheeffectofthetabooamongstthemthattheirgodsandgoddesses wouldgetangryiftheychangetheirtraditionaldresshasbeguntoweanaway.Sasayardant like peacock' Trees' and Valanayarp hool.Sud'Aadisuiro pote.GhoderKhoorBangadiBharat.Present Position craft:- Thoughthiscrafthasitsownoriginanddistinctionwithrichembroideryworkdonebyhandno attempthasbeenmadesofarinanorganizedmannertopres€rvethecraftandforitscommercial exploitationbyestablishingartsandcraftscentersashasbeendoneforothersedentarycommunities inlndia.thattheircontactwith peopleofothercommrrnitieshasstartedattractingthemtomaredimpletypeofdresseslikeothers andthattheeducatedamongthemhavestartedreforminganddiscouragingthemfromwearingthe traditionaldressesastheyaretoohealry.chungaliphuli'Bamaniphuli.

there is at least a couple of them about the matt€rs that may improve the craft as .Thesecondhalfshould and the raw materials required should be supplied be utilized for the production of the finished items by the organizers of the training' societies should supply raw materials to the co-operative societies should be formed and these labor charges to them' workers and collect the frnished products on paying remunerative exclusively for Banjara embroidery * open show rooms in major towns and cities * Govemment should items in foreign countries' products and should provide facilities for marketing these 48 . development and the present -6x.Thetraditionalfervor amongthemhasalmostwanedandsuchastagehasnowcomethattheywillpracticetheircraftany moreonlyifitismadelucrative.Commensuratewiththedemandmoreandmorepersonswillbe attfactedtowardsthiscraftluredbymoneyandwillacquireexpertiseinthecraft. deceit' one has to face and self a note of high hope. it will b€ credulous and self in 1982 reveals the epilogue oftragedy. a dirge on the the stark reality and therefore one is willy-nilly forced to write the by the years to come unless some concerted effort is made united extinction of this craft in the Banjara people to save their traditional craft' the craft perhaps out The banjaras a look of unconcem about matters that may improvement abysmal ignorarrce and stolid apathy" of ThiscraftsurvivedforcenturiesonlyduetotheintenseloveoftheBanjarapeopleintheir with the social custom of the Banjara' tradition and due to the linking of the products of this craft Economicasp€ctnevercenturiesaresubjectedtodrasticchangesduetothearoundmarriafor modemizationinevery. If this can be achieved intheworkandthemassproductionofmaterialswillautomaticallyfollowasthereaxeevennow suffrcientnumberofcraftsperson.s.Thiscanbeachievedbyorganizedeffortstocreatemarketing the involvement of more and more p€rsons facilities for the finished products.thingandtheBanjarapeoplearenoexceptiontothis.awhotakerealintefestandhavetheirownsuggestionstoimprovethepresentposition.the cooperation on and marketing facilities at the govemment level with of it will be credulous vivid picture of the origin.Butthisseemsto beanuphilltask.Thoughthepersonsinthesurveyedareaaltogetherpresentalookofunconcem mentioned earlier. *stated earliereven in the hands of an optimis! if ends in a note of high hope.Their suggestions are as follows: *Thereshouldbemoretrainingclassesalmostofaregularnaturewithoneyemdrrrationandinthis oneyeartheteachingpartofthetrainingshouldberestrictedtothefisthalf.

kamamkari.trophiesand and exhibitions as an incentive' what certificates to the experts in the craft in handicraft competitions persons to exploit firlly the facilities is actually lacking is the involvement of sufficient number of environment to involve the government that are being provided by the government and to $eate an training classes at present' it is felt' are not more and more in the development of this craft._. .Unless of much use' patronage provided by the govemment will not be this is achieved the assistance and Thesuggestiontoreplacethetraditionalproductsbyotheritems.ThroughtheconcertedeffortsoftheBanjarasthey finished products to the market' The government on can form co-operative societies and push up the theirpartcanextendahelprnghandtothemwherevernecessaryandthedemandforthisalsoshould on the part of the govemment it will be worth emanate fiom the concemed people' At present thinkingwhethertheBanjaraembroideryproductscanbemadeavailableintheKhandiGramodyog long way to find market for these items' Once a Bhavans throughout the country's this will go a steadymarketisestablishedtherestiseasyandwillbealmostautomatic.Toachievethisgoal. Even the in the monthly stipend they get and properly utilized and the trainees.arereplacedbyfrocks. bed sheets. and if any Further.keepingintactonlytheembroidery phetiy4 reason that once the traditional items like part of the craft seems to be suicidal for t}e simple kanchali.the primerequirementistheconcertedeffortsofsomededicatedworkersineachBanjaratandato among their own people to keep alive and promote and develop this craft by creating an awareness developtheirtraditionalcraftandtoconvertitintoasourceofincomefortheirbetterment.tops'curtainsandbedsheetsthesecannomorebecalled theBanjaraembroideryproducts.theembroiderypartalonecannotcompetewiththehandicraftslikelacework.rG in the craft should be given loans to purchase raw materials' by intact the traditional articles now produced should be replaced curtains. important as the embroidery part' if not more.Eveninthetraditionalcraftthefinishedproductshaveasmuch one of this is lost them every thing is lost. are mainly interested is found lacking' This position should the spirit to perfect their skill utilizing the facility provided changeandaspiritshouldbeinculcatedinthemindsoftheBanjarastodeveloptheirtraditional source of income' As develop their traditional craft to make it an additional minds of the Banjara to been made by exhibiting the hitherto unknown far as market is concemed a break through has atready Banjaraembroideryploductsinvariousplacesinlndiaarrdabroad.Eventherearepermanentsales emporiaincertaincitieslikeDelhiandBombay.zolanaetc. it seems. pillow-covers etc' and is a result embroidery has already been recognized by the govemment the and the Maharashtra state handicrafts board are encouraging the all bomd Banjarabyassistingthemtoconducttrainingclassesandbygivingcashawards.

members All the of goveming body of organization is formed of 100% women fiom Banjara community. Ellora festival at Aurangabad. It is their choice alone which may give it renewed lease of life or may declare the verdict of death for the craft.'<I. Gramshree mela at Kolhapur exhibition at Nanded.To preserve cultural heritage of Banjara artisans organization is representing t}le interest for Geographical indication registration in said geographical area as shown in map where this craft is in practice. tn organization. Present president of organization is master craftsmen in Banjara embroidery and rnirror work. ls.Organizational Background:. Eld at various places. Contested for national award for many times. The organization formed by the Banjara embroidery and mirror work paicting women from Banjara community. one will pray them to come as a Messiah in the present critical jmcture. of India like janashree Bima Yojana. Organization is working far their welfare by implementing various schemes of textile ministry.Presently organization is working with 600-700 totally Banjam embroidery & mirror work artisans.representing organization is registered under Society Registration Act 1860 and Bombay Public Trust Act 1960) 50 . Who is working as instructress.a embroidery. chikankari and the like and hence this attempt will spell doom to what is needed is minor alterations in the style and pattem of the finished requirement. Rafiv Gandhi hastakala bhavan at new Delhi and at Ashoka Hotel at New Delhi. Govt. Participated for national award since 2004 to till date decomonstration banjara embroidery and mirror work demonstration in exhibition.The main objective of organization establishment is to preserve art and crafts tradition and culture of banjara community Organization is registered under society registration act and Bombay public trust act. And 90% staff of organization is also women. The 1$ President of organization was 70 years old and master in traditionat hand embroidery and mirror work and trained more than 100 women & girls fiom Banjara community.. Rajiv Gandhi Shilpi swasthya Bama Yojena and credit grantee schemes . So it is need to preserve the languishing banjara hand embroidery and mirror work. Us of fine textured cloth as raw materials can also be the rejuvenation ofthe craft lies entirely in the hands of those among the banjara who are capable of organizing themselves and inculcation the required spirit in the mind of their folk to achieve this goal. Parti cipeted in state and national expos like trimurti utsav at Aurangabad.