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SATUAN ACARA PENYULUHAN

Topic Sub Topic Target Day/Date Location Time Health Promotor

: HIV and AIDS :INTRODUCTION HIVandAIDS : Society : : : :

A. Purpose 1. General Purpose: after getting counseling, students are expected to know what is mean by HIV and AIDS 2. Specific Purpose: after getting to know the HIV and AIDS counseling, students are expected to be able to: -Explain what is mean by HIV and AIDS -Understanding the modes of transmission of HIV -Knowing the signs and symptoms of HIV/AIDS and understand how to prevent HIV transmission B. Material (Attached) 1. Understanding HIV and AIDS 2. Modes of transmissionof HIV 3. Signs and symptoms of HIV/AIDS 4. How to prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS 5. How to diagnosis of HIV/AIDS C. Materials 1. LCD 2. Leaflet

Methods 1. Lecture 2. Moderator 2. Organizing 1. Moderator 2.D. Health Promotor : Manage a process in health promotion : Give health promotion . Debriefing E. Health Promotor : : Details Of Task 1. Setting LCD Note : : Health promotor : Moderator F.

listen c. 5 menit Closing: Regardscover Answering greetings H. Health Promotion Program AUDIENCE’S RESPONSE NO 1. scrutinize f. Modes of transmissionof HIV/AIDS c. introduction c. TIME 5 min HEALTH PROMOTION PROGRAM Opening: a. What is the definition of HIV and AIDS? 2. Question 3. The thingsthatdo not transmit HIV and AIDS d. scrutinize b. explaining the purpose of d. scrutinize 2. How do I prevent the transmission of HIV and AIDS? . scrutinize c. symptoms of HIV e.Replying greetings b. respond e. Q & ASession a. regards b. scrutinize e. How HIV and AIDS transmitted? 3. 30 menit a. Prevention of HIVandAIDS 2.Understanding HIV and AIDS b. Explainingin detail about thematter: a.G. How the major symptoms of HIV? 4. Evaluation 1. Participants gain knowledge Core: 1. 10 menit Evaluation ofmaterial: Giving4questions relating tomaterial Answers 4. contract time e. notice d. scrutinize d. respond 2.

Male circumcision reduces the risk of female-to-male sexual transmission of HIV by around 60%. Epidemiology According to estimates by WHO and UNAIDS. or a nursing mother can pass it to her baby in her breast milk . accidental needlesticks. Fourteen countries in eastern and southern Africa with this profile have initiated programmes to expand male circumcision. Modes of transmissionof HIV Cause The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) can be spread by the following:    Through sexual contact -. As the illness progresses. medical male circumcision provides life-long partial protection against HIV as well as other sexually transmitted infections.6 million died of AIDS-related causes. vaginal. a person may experience a brief period of influenza-like illness. A one-time intervention. WHO and UNAIDS have recommended voluntary medical male circumcision as an additional important strategy for HIV prevention in settings with high HIV prevalence and low levels of male circumcision. such as female and male condoms. It should always be considered as part of a comprehensive HIV prevention package and should never replace other known methods of prevention. making the person much more likely to get infections. Understanding HIV and AIDS Definition Human immunodeficiency virus infection / acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is a disease of the human immune system caused by infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).through blood transfusions.including oral. During the initial infection. That same year. it interferes more and more with the immune system. or needle sharing From mother to child -. Since 2007.a pregnant woman can transmit the virus to her fetus through their shared blood circulation. and anal sex Through blood -.3 million people became newly infected. and 1. 2. including opportunistic infections and tumors that do not usually affect people who have working immune systems. This is typically followed by a prolonged period without symptoms.3 million people were living with HIV at the end of 2012. some 2. 35.Theoretical Basic : 1.

mainly on the neck Joint pain Night sweats . Possible symptoms include:          Fever Muscle soreness Rash Headache Sore throat Mouth or genital ulcers Swollen lymph glands. known as primary or acute HIV infection. Primary infection The majority of people infected by HIV develop a flu-like illness within a month or two after the virus enters the body. especially with people who have other high-risk behaviors. may last for a few weeks. or have AIDS People who received blood transfusions or clotting products between 1977 and 1985 (before screening for the virus became standard practice) Sexual partners of those who participate in high-risk activities (such as injection drug use or anal sex) 3. are HIV-positive. This illness.Rare ways the virus may be spread include:    Accidental needle injury Artificial insemination with infected semen Organ transplantation with infected organs HIV infection is NOT spread by:     Casual contact such as hugging Mosquitoes Participation in sports Touching items that were touched by a person infected with the virus People at highest risk for getting HIV include:      Injection drug users who share needles Infants born to mothers with HIV who didn't receive HIV therapy during pregnancy People who have unprotected sex. Signs and symptoms of HIV/AIDS Symptoms The symptoms of HIV and AIDS vary. depending on the phase of infection.

2. 5. 4. 7. the amount of virus in the blood stream (viral load) is particularly high at this time. Otherwise. 8. Clinical latent infection In some people. as free virus and in infected white blood cells. How to prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS Can HIV/AIDS be prevented? Yes! 1. but others progress to more-severe disease much sooner. 3. HIV infection spreads more efficiently during primary infection than during the next stage of infection. 4. however. A few people stay in this stage even longer. HIV remains in the body. As a result. 6. persistent swelling of lymph nodes occurs during clinical latent HIV. Stay away from all sexual activities if you not married Stay away from all type of drugs Always use sterile injections (needles and syringes) Always use condom when having sex before marriage Get tested for HIV Talk to your partner about past and present sexual history Didn’t receive blood transfusion from HIV people Recomended to women with HIV for not pregnant Early detection of HIV infection in infants and children Reference : . there are no specific signs and symptoms.Clinical latent infection typically lasts eight to 10 years. Diarrhea Although the symptoms of primary HIV infection may be mild enough to go unnoticed.