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INTRODUCTION 1.0 Introduction The Metals Handbook defines hardness as “Resistance of metal to plastic deformation usually by indentation”.

However, the term may also refer to stiffness or temper or to resistance to scratching, abrasion, or cutting. It is the property of metal, which gives it a load, is applied. The greater the hardness of the metal, the greater resistance it has to deformation (Jacobs, 2009). In mineralogy the property of matter commonly describe as the resistance of a substance to being scratched by another substance is hardness and the dictionary of Metallurgy defines the indentation hardness as the resistance of a material to indentation. This is the usual type of hardness test, in which a pointed or rounded indenter is pressed into a surface under a substantially static load. The hardness testing use a machine called Brinell Hard Test. Brinell test are frequently done or large parts, nearly all metal can be tested using a Brinell test. Brinell values are considered test force independent as long as test force relationship is the same. It because of the wide test force range the Brinell test can be used on almost any metallic material. The part size is only limited by testing instrument’s capacity. The Brinell test is frequently used to determine the hardness of forgings and castings that have a grain structure too course for Rockwell or Vickers testing. Besides that the strength of Brinell test is one scale covers the entire hardness range, although comparable results can only be obtained if the test force relationship is the same and then a wide range of test forces to suit every application. This project investigated the tensile strength of materials for used to make a gokart chassis. The Brinell test most common experiments to determine the hardness of metals with measure the resistance to indentation of metal under a static load. This experiment test measures the depth of penetration and returns a hardness number. This result very important to apply at the chassis of go-kart to maintain structure of the chassis when impact applied.

therefore.2 Problem statement Vehicle crash is a highly nonlinear transient dynamics phenomenon there for the vehicle crash that have been developed almost the same appearance since the models developed in 20 or 30 years ago.1 Background of study The primary concern in this project is to determine the hardness and the tensile strength of three type of specimen. The chassis frame forms the backbone of a vehicle. The frame should support the chassis components and the body. With are considered to be go-kart chassis. 1. Therefore. With this result will be able to determine how the samples relate to each other and study the stiffness of material. its principle function is to safely carry the load for all the designed operating conditions and to protect the people from hit impact collision.1. the effects of changes to the frame material and cross-members are not well understood in term of vehicle response during hit impact especially on fontal collision. Since the go-kart chassis is a major component in the vehicle system. The major challenge to fabricate and improve and optimize their vehicle designs in order to meet the market demand and at the same time improve the vehicles durability and performance. To apply this method The Brinell and Rockwell Hardness Tests are used. This result very important to apply at the chassis of go-kart to maintain structure of the chassis when impact applied . It must also withstand static and dynamic loads without undue deflection or distortion However. it is often identified for refinement and improvement for better hit impact. the main criteria in the analysis are to understand. What are the best materials to fabricate go-kart chassis and to determine the Rockwell hardness of metals with measure the resistance to indentation of metal under a static load.

1. A discussion as based from the result then the conclusion is made from the analysis. more suitable as a go-kart frame.4 Scope of study To determine how the sample relates to each other.3 Objective of study a) To determine the maximum load that can be borne by all materials that used to make a go-kart frame. The final chapter makes recommendations for improving the vehicle care. 1. . both Brinell and Rockwell hardness test are considered to be non-destructive. where some of the materials mentioned. b) To decide between the 1020 Steel. We use the hardness testing use a machine called Brinell Hard Test.5 Organization The report begins with the introduction of the project and this is expanded in the following chapter by a detailed analysis of the tensile strength of materials for used to make a go-kart chassis. c) To find material that is lighter and stronger to accommodate the maximum load makes kart frame 1. 6061 Aluminum and 2024 Aluminum.