PIPE THREADS —

ANSI/ASME B1.20.1 (NPT/API)
BASIC DIMENSIONS OF AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD TAPER THREADS, NPT (ANSI/ASME B1.20.1)
Number of
threads
NPS per inch

Pitch of
thread

Depth of
thread

P
1/8"
1/4"
3/8"
1/2"
3/4"
1"
1-1/4"
1-1/2"
2"
2-1/2"
3"
3-1/2"
4"
5"
6"
8"
10"
12"
14"
16"
18"
20"
24"

in
0.03704
0.05556
0.05556
0.07143
0.07143
0.08696
0.08696
0.08696
0.08696
0.12500
0.12500
0.12500
0.12500
0.12500
0.12500
0.12500
0.12500
0.12500
0.12500
0.12500
0.12500
0.12500
0.12500

27
18
18
14
14
11.5
11.5
11.5
11.5
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

h
mm
0.941
1.411
1.411
1.814
1.814
2.209
2.209
2.209
2.209
3.175
3.175
3.175
3.175
3.175
3.175
3.175
3.175
3.175
3.175
3.175
3.175
3.175
3.175

in
0.02963
0.04444
0.04444
0.05714
0.05714
0.06957
0.06957
0.06957
0.06957
0.10000
0.10000
0.10000
0.10000
0.10000
0.10000
0.10000
0.10000
0.10000
0.10000
0.10000
0.10000
0.10000
0.10000
E

L2

Taper of thread
1 in 16 measured
on diameter

L1
E

8

Truncation,
max.”

Pitch diameter
Length from end
at plane of hand-tight of pipe to plane of
engagement
hand-tight engagement

l
mm
0.753
1.129
1.129
1.451
1.451
1.767
1.767
1.767
1.767
2.540
2.540
2.540
2.540
2.540
2.540
2.540
2.540
2.540
2.540
2.540
2.540
2.540
2.540

in
0.00360
0.00490
0.00490
0.00560
0.00560
0.00630
0.00630
0.00630
0.00630
0.00780
0.00780
0.00780
0.00780
0.00780
0.00780
0.00780
0.00780
0.00780
0.00780
0.00780
0.00780
0.00780
0.00780

E
mm
0.091
0.124
0.124
0.142
0.142
0.160
0.160
0.160
0.160
0.198
0.198
0.198
0.198
0.198
0.198
0.198
0.198
0.198
0.198
0.198
0.198
0.198
0.198

= Pitch diameter at hand-tight plane.
This is also the pitch diameter at the
gauge plane.

L1 = Length of normal hand-tight
engagement. This is also the L1 gauge
length. (Longer thread engagement
may be used in special applications,
such as flanges for high pressure use.
In such cases the pitch diameter, E,
remains as specified and the diameter
at the end of the pipe is proportionally
smaller.)

in
0.37360
0.49163
0.62701
0.77843
0.98887
1.23863
1.58338
1.82234
2.29627
2.76215
3.38850
3.88881
4.38712
5.44929
6.50597
8.50003
10.62094
12.61781
13.87262
15.87575
17.87500
19.87031
23.68094

Length of
useful thread

L1
mm
9.489
12.487
15.926
19.772
25.117
31.461
40.218
46.287
58.325
70.159
86.068
98.776
111.433
138.412
165.252
215.901
296.772
320.493
352.365
403.244
454.025
504.706
606.066

in
0.162
0.228
0.240
0.320
0.339
0.400
0.420
0.402
0.436
0.682
0.766
0.821
0.844
0.937
0.958
1.630
1.210
1.360
1.562
1.812
2.000
2.125
2.375

L2
Threads
4.36
4.10
4.32
4.48
4.75
4.60
4.83
4.83
5.01
5.46
6.13
6.57
6.75
7.50
7.66
8.50
9.58
10.88
12.50
14.50
16.00
17.00
19.00

L2 = Effective length of thread
= Truncation from point of thread
triangle to flat (not shown in diagram).
Minimum = 0.033P for all pitches. See
table for maximum.
Example designation:
3/8 – 18 NPT
where
3/8 = nominal pipe size

Length of vanish
(or washout) thread

in
0.2639
0.4018
0.0478
0.5337
0.5457
0.6828
0.7068
0.7235
0.7565
1.1375
1.2000
1.2500
1.3000
1.4063
1.5125
1.7125
1.9250
2.1250
2.2500
2.4500
2.6500
2.8500
3.2500

L2
Threads
7.12
7.23
7.34
7.47
7.64
7.85
8.13
8.32
8.70
9.10
9.60
10.00
10.40
11.25
12.10
13.70
15.40
17.00
18.00
19.60
21.20
22.80
26.00

in
0.1285
0.1928
0.1928
0.2478
0.2478
0.3017
0.3017
0.3017
0.3017
0.4337
0.4337
0.4337
0.4337
0.4337
0.4337
0.4337
0.4337
0.4337
0.4337
0.4337
0.4337
0.4337
0.4337

Threads
3.47
3.47
3.47
3.47
3.47
3.47
3.47
3.47
3.47
3.47
3.47
3.47
3.47
3.47
3.47
3.47
3.47
3.47
3.47
3.47
3.47
3.47
3.47

18 = number of threads per inch
NPT = symbol for the thread series and
form (i.e., National (American)
Standard Pipe, Taper)
Tolerances
When using L1 gauges to check threads,
the thread is within permissible tolerance if
the ring gauge face, or plug gauge notch,
is +/- 1 turn from being flush with the end
of the thread.

Note – Basic dimensions are given to four or five decimal places to eliminate errors when calculating
gauge dimensions, they do not imply a greater degree of precisions than is normally obtainable.
– Metric dimensions, where shown, are calculated from the inch values and rounded.