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what is droop....? term generally used as voltage droop or frequency droop.

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Follow Brian Brian Hulse • Whether you're talking about speed (frequency or voltage, droop is a smoothing technique, used to reduce or (hopefully) eliminate spikes and sags. Although accomplished through different means, the task is the same.

Voltage droop is the intentional loss in output voltage from a device as it drives a load. Employing droop in a voltage regulation circuit increases the headroom for load transients. Although it may seem counterproductive, a series resistor is included between the regulator output and the load. The resistance needs to be chosen so that at maximum output current, the output voltage at the load is the minimum acceptable. Conversely, when the output current is (near) zero, the voltage is near the maximum. This follows simply from Ohm's law. In a regulator not employing droop, when the load is suddenly increased very rapidly (i.e. a transient), the output voltage will momentarily sag. Conversely, when a heavy load is suddenly disconnected, the voltage will show a peak. When operating in Island (isochronous) mode, the rotating inertia of the generator rotor is utilized to smooth the load peaks and valleys.

Droop speed (frequency) control is the accepted theory for using net frequency deviations to distribute load changes over multiple generating plants. As an example, for stable operation of the electrical grid of North America, power plants normally operate with a five percent speed droop. This means the full-load speed is 100% and the no-load speed is 105%. This is required for the stable operation of the grid without hunting and dropouts of power plants. Normally, the changes in speed are minor due to inertia of the total rotating mass of all generators and motors running on the grid. Adjustments in power output are made by slowly raising the droop curve by an engine control unit adjustment. This is a basic system requirement for all power plants because the older and newer plants have to be compatible in response to the instantaneous changes in frequency without depending on outside communication. The contiguous US power transmission grid consists of 300,000 km of lines operated by over 500 companies. It can be mathematically shown that if all machines synchronized to a system have the same droop speed control, they will share load proportionate to the machine ratings. 1 day ago• Like• Reply privately• Flag as inappropriate

18 hours ago• Like Follow Varinder Varinder Singh • When it blow Is there indication appearing on governed panel .u describe it very briefly.Follow Shoukat Shoukat Ali • thanks mr Brian its very helpful for me..