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L-1Animal world EX-1MCQ’S 1. The Animal that lives in water. A.Earthworm, B.Snake, C.Fish D.Cow. 2.

The animal that lives on tree a. Snake b. Monkey c. leopard d. Spider 3. The animal that lives in burrow. a. Fly b. Earthworm c. Snake d. Sparrow 4. Theanimal that drinks water with lips. a. Rabbit B. Tiger c. Lion d. Snake 5. Which of the following animal is an insect? a. Swam b. Ant c. Chameleon d. salamander 6. --------- is an invertebrate animal. a. Parrot b. Amoeba c. Bat d. Human being 7. Which animal slides with help of stomach? a. Fish b. Rat c. Centipede d. Snake 8. What is called the animal that lives Water? A. Mammal b. Amphibian c. Reptile d. Bird 9. Which of the given option is correct for whale? a. Moves by sliding on stomach b. Does not have spinal cord c. lays eggs d. Gives birth to baby 10. The thumb impression of illiterate or uneducated persons are taken in the place of sign because… a. They cannot write. on earth and in

b. It is easy to take thumb impression as they are uneducated. c. The thumb impression of any two persons is not same. d. To know clearly that they illiterate. EX-2 TRUE OR FALSE. 1. The animals drinking water with tongue are non-vegetarian. TRUE 2. The animals without ears give birth to babies. FALSE 3. There is no difference between animals of two same groups. FALSE 4. Bat has wings and it can fly so,it is called a bird. FALSE 5. Crocodile and frog are aquatic animals. FALSE 6. Earthworm is the friend of farmer. TRUE 7. Whale is a mammal. TRUE 8. Mosquito is a vertebrate animal. FALSE 9. The thumb impression of any two persons can be same. FALSE 10. Animals give us things like ghee, paneer, butter etc. TRUE EX-3 ANSWERS FOLL QUES IN ONE OR TWO SENTENCES. Q1. Where animals live? A1. Animals live in the surrounding environment on the land, inside land, in water and on the trees. Q2.Write characteristics which show difference between animals? A2. The characteristics that show difference between animals are their body structure, habitat and food habit Q3. Name any four small animals. A3. Four small animals are rat, cat, rabbit and squirrel. Q4. Name any four large animals? A4. Four large animals are cow, elephant, camel and giraffe. Q5. Name animals having six legs? A5. Animals having six legs are housefly, mosquito. Q6. Name animals that are used to carry load?

A6. Animals that are used to carry load are donkey, camel, horse and elephant. Q7. Write two characteristics of amphibians? A7. Two characteristics of amphibians are 1 they live on land as well as in water. 2 They lay eggs. Q8. Write names of ten invertebrate animals? A8. Names of ten invertebrate animals are spider, snail, amoeba, earthworm, butterfly, caterpillar, housefly, mosquito, ant and scorpion. Q9. Which group does lizard belong to? A9. Lizard belongs to reptile group? Q10. Which group does whale belong to? A10. Whale belongs to mammalian group.

EX-4 Answer the following : Q1. Explain types of animals with example on the basis of their homes? A1. (1) Terrestrial animals – They live on land, eg: horse, elephant. (2) Aquatic animals – They live in water, eg: fish. (3) Arboreal animals – They spend most of their time on trees, eg: monkey, squirrel

(4) Aerial animals – They spend most of their time in air, eg: crow, sparrow. (5) Amphibian – They live both on land and in water, eg: frog, crocodile.

Q2. Which type of diversity is found in the food of animals? A2. Different animals eat different type of food: (1) (2) (3) (4) Herbivores – They eat plants and drink water using lips Carnivores – They eat flesh of other animals and drink water using tongue Omnivores – They eat both plant and flesh of other animals. Parasites – They depend on other animals to live.

Q3. Why does bat is called a mammal?

A3. Bat has wings and it can fly still it is called a mammal because it does not lay eggs, but gives birth to young one.

Ex-5 Difference: (1) Vertebrates and Invertebrate Animals

Vertebrates Vertebrates (1) Vertebral column is (5) present. Vertebral column is (2) present. They are generally large (6) in They are generally large size. size. (3) in They are less in (7) number. They are less in (4) number. Eg: Cow, Lizard, Fish (8) Eg: Cow, Lizard, Fish

Invertebrates (1) In 1) They do not have vertebral column. 2) They are generally small in size. 3) They are more in number. 4) Eg.Scorpion,spider

(2) Terrestrial animals and aquatic animals

Terrestrial animals

Aquatic animals

(1) Animals that live on (1) Animals that live in land are called water are called aquatic terrestrial animals. animals. (2) They breathe with the (2) Fish have gills for Ex-6 Classify the following in Animals, Birds and Insects. help of lungs. breathing. (3) Eg: horse, tiger (3) Eg: Fish, Whale Animals Birds Insects Cow, amoeba, fox, dog, tiger, giraffe, buffalo, leopard, rabbit, elephant
SCIENCE L-2

Mynah, eagle, swan, vulture, sparrow, tailor bird, crow, parrot, peahen

Ant, mosquito, honey bee, snail, centipede, earthworm, crockroach, spider.

Q-1 MCQ 1 Which of the star cluster is seen in the sky during December to February? A.bigdipper(Saptarshi) B.SharmishthaC.Mriga D.Rohini. 2 During which month period the dipper star cluster is seen? A.February to August B.December to February B. Septemberto February D.February to December. 3. What is the shape of big dipper star star cluster? A. Like a kite with tail B. Like an umbrella C. Like a big nail used to drink water D. Like a hooded serpent 4.Which of the following is not a name of a star of big dipper star cluster? A.Angira B.Pulastsya C.Marichik D.Agastya.

5.Which star cluster can be found with the help of a pole star? A.Mriga B.Sharmishtha C.Kritika D.Vyadh 6.With the help of which star direction can be located? A.Vyadh B.Pole C.Saturn D.Marichik 7.What is sun? A.Planet B.Satellite C.Star D.Star cluster. 8.Which is the bright star near Mriga star cluster? A.Vyadh B.Pole C. Pulah D.Sun. 9.From which star cluster pole star can be located when big dipper star cluster is not seen? A.Cassiopeia B.Shikari C.Kritika D.Sharmishtha. 10.Which of the following planet cannot be seen with naked eyes? A.Jupiter B.Uranus C.Mercury D.Earth.

Q-2 True or false. 1. We can know direction in night with the help of Vyadh star. false 2. All the stars seen in the sky are of same size.false

3 There are eight stars in sharmishtha star cluster.false 4. Pole star can be identified with the help of big dipper star cluster. True 5. The star cluster seen at night on watching in the sky at 90 degree angle is kritika star to the earth. True 6. The sun is nearest star to the earth. True 7. Neptune is a planet than can be seen with naked eyes. False 8. Binocular is required to see planet Saturn. false 9. The stars of Mriga star cluster are brighter than other star cluster. True 10. There are three stars in between Mriga Star cluster. True

EX-ANSWER IN ONE SENTENCE Q1 Give names of stars of big dipper (saptarshi) star cluster? Ans- Marichik, vashisth, Angira, Atria, Pulah, Kratu, Pulatsya. Due to seven names of saints, this is known as ‘saptarshi star cluster’. Q2 What is meaning of pole? Ans-Pole means not moving or remain steady. Q3 Why pole star is seen at one place only? AnsQ4 What is called star cluster? Ans- Star cluster is called constellation. Q5 Which star cluster have five? Ans- The star cluster which has five star is sharmistha. Q6 How many star are there in Mriga star cluster? Ans- There are eight stars in Mriga star cluster. Q7 During which time period is kritika star cluster seen? Ans- Kritika star cluster is seen in December to January.

Q8 Which planets cannot with naked eyes? Ans- Uranus and Neptune cannot be seen with naked eyes. Ex-4 Answer in detail Q-1. How can we find Pole star with help of Big Dipper (Saptarshi) star cluster? Ans To find pole star in the sky look at the straight line in the direction of the joining the first two stars one &two of Big Dipper (Saptarshi) star cluster. Q-2. How can we find Pole star with help of Sharmishtha star cluster? Ans The Pole star forms an imaginary right angel with the third and fourth star of Sharmishtha group.So when we observe Sharmishtha star cluster using it we can find a Pole star. Ex-5 Give differences 1.Planets and Star 1.They are not twinkling 2. They change their position with respect to other star 3.Their brightness depends on other 1.They are twinkling. 2.Their position are fixed. 3. They are Self bright

2.Pole star and Vyadh star Pole star 1.The star which remains steady is Pole star. 2. It is always seen in North direction Vyadh star 1.The star known as hunter is Vyadh star 2.It is seen in East Direction.

Lesson-3 States of Matter Ex-1 M.C.Q

1.Which state of matter can maintain its shape. Ans A.Solid B.Liquid C.Gaseous D.Non of these 2.Which of the following moleculs of matter have maximum distance between them? Ans A. Mango juice B.Piece of iron C.Sea water D. Water Vapour. 3.What do we get after absorbing heat from water?

Ans A. Steam B. Ice C. Water D. Juice . 4.In which state of matter molecules can move around everywhere ? Ans A. Solid B. Liquid C. Gaseous D. None of these . 5.In which state of matter molecules are closely packed? Ans A. Solid B. Liquid C. Gaseous D. None of these . 6. Which state of matter has fixed volume but does not have fix shape? Ans A. Solid B. Liquid C.Gaseous D. None of these . 7. What is the space occupied by any object called ? Ans A. Weight B. Mass C. Volume D. State. 8. In which state the attraction between molecules is more? Ans A. Solid B. Liquid C.Gaseous D. None of these. 9 . Molecules of which state of matter expands more? Ans A. Solid B. Gaseous C. Liquid D. None of these. 10. Which state of matter does not have fixed shape and volume? Ans A. Solid B. Liquid C. Gaseous D. None of these. Ex – 2 1. 2. 3. True or False Liquid’s have fixed shape. False Any object is made up of some atoms. It is definite that how much space will be occupied by gaseous. True 4.Liquid is converted into solid on heating. False 5. The space occupied by any object is called volume.

True. 6. To change the state of matters factors like heat and cold are necessary. True 7. Liquids have a characteristic of dispersion. True . Ex 3 Answer the following in one or two sentence. 1. How many states of matter are there? Which are they? Ans. There are three states of matter. They are solid liquid gas. 2. Which state of matter has fixed shape and volume? Ans. Solid has fixed shape and volume. 3. Which is the solid state of water? Ans. Ice is the solid state of water. 4. What is the object made up of? 5. What is the volume of object? 6. How does water flow? Ans. In water the molecules are arranged slightly away from one other so the force of attraction is less so molecules can spread everywhere. 7. Why is volume of gaseous substance not fixed? Ans. The volume of gaseous substance not fixed because the distance among the molecules of gaseous substance is greatest.

8. How does the change of state of any object take place? 9. In which state is the liquid of dhokla converted on heating? Ans. The liquid of dhokla converted into Solid on heating.

10. What happens on heating any liquid substance? Ans. Some liquid substance are change to geasous form on heating.

Ex 4 Give Reasons

1. Water droplets are seen on lifting the dish kept on a hot bowl of food because- the water vapours coming out of the hot bowl of food are condensed when they touch the cold dish and damage into liquid so we can see water droplets on the dish. 2. The fragrance of perfume spreads in the Whole room. Because – the molecules of Geasous substance are arranged very far from attraction. So less force of attraction. Hence they can move easily and spread in the whole room. 3. An inflated balloon can be pressed easily. Because – inflated the balloon. The molecules of gas are very far from each other. so the force of attraction is very less. And so the balloon can pressed easily. 4. Solid cannot be pressed easily because- in the molecules the force of attraction is very strong. This make solid rigid and hard to compressed.

Give Differences 1.Solid Matter and Liquid Matter. Solid 1.They have definite shape. 2. They are less comprisable. 3. They do not spread. 1. Most solid change to liquid when heated. 2. Liquid Matter and Gaseous Matter. Liquid

Liquid 1.They do not have definite shape. 2. They are more comprisable. 3. They can spread. 4. Some liquid change to gas when heated.

1. 2. 3.
3.

Gaseous 1.They do not have definite volume. 2. They are more comprisable.

They have definite shape . They are less comprisable. 3. They can defuse in all direction. They defuse but not in all direction.

Solid Matter and Gaseous Matter.

Solid 1.They have definite shape. 2.They have volume. 3.They cannot spread. Answer in Brief

Gaseous 1.They did not have any shape. 2.They not have volume. 3.They can spread everywhere.

Q-1. How can you prove that solid have fixed shape and volume ? Ans 1.Place a plate, a bowl and a cup on a table. Now place a piece of stone in plate , bowl and cup one after other and note the change in its shape . 2. We will see that stone change its shape kept in three different vessels. 3. From these we can prove that solids have fixed shape and volume. Q-2. Explain how you can differentiate between solid matter , liquid matter and gaseous matter on the basis of the arrangement of molecules ? Ans

Solid 1.In it distance among molecules is very less. 2.The force of attraction among molecules is very strong.

Liquid 1.In it molecules are arranged slightly away from one another. 2.The force of attraction among molecules is less.

Gaseous 1.In it molecules are arranged very far from each other 2.The force of attraction among molecules is very less.

L-4 HEAT EX-1 MCQ’S 1. What change can you see in the volume of a solid object on heating? A. increases B. decreases C. keeps constant D. no change 2. Which object is filled in thermometer to measure temperature? A. water B. mercury C. petrol D. silver 3. On condensation of gas, it…. A. Expands B. contracts C. no change is seen in its volume D. nothing can be said 4. How does the milk in a vessel become hot?

A. conduction of heat B. convection of heat C. radiation of heat D. none of this 5. Which of the following object is poor conductor of heat? A. wood B. iron C. water D. aluminium 6. What type of thermal transformation does takes place when heat travels from a hot point two cold points in a solid object? A. convention of heat B. conduction of heat C. radiation of heat D. thermal transformation 7. Which of the following object is not a good conductor of heat? A. iron B. plastic C. gold D. silver 8. From which type of thermal transformation we can feel the heat of furnace in winter season inspite of sitting away from it? A. conduction of heat B. convection of C. radiation of heat D. none of this 9. Which of the following object is poor conductor of heat? A. abonite B. copper C. mercury D. gold 10. What is the thermal transformation in solid from hot end to gradually cold end called? A. convection of heat B. conduction of heat C. radiation of heat D. sublimation EX-2 TRUE OR FALSE 1. Conduction of heat in copper is more than aluminium. FALSE 2. We should make cement roof instead of iron shade to get protection against heat. TRUE 3. Liquid objects get heated by both the ways of conduction of heat and convection of heat. FALSE 4. Thermal transformation can take place even vacuum. TRUE 5. Mica is the poor conductor of heat. TRUE 6. Wind blows from sea and land are the examples of convection of heat in air. TRUE 7. In radio meter, thermal transformation takes place by the way of radiation of heat. TRUE 8. Heated thing can be kept in the box of thermocol. FALSE EX-3 DEFINE 1. Heat:- warmth in the substance is called heat of substance. 2. Good conductors of heat:- the substance in which conduction of heat is fast and easy are called good conductors of heat.

3. Poor conductors of heat:- the substance in which conduction of heat is slow and poor is called poor conductors of heat EX-5 GIVE REASONS. 1. To cover a wheel of bullock cart with iron ring, it is first heated and then water is poured on it because iron ring is first heated it will expand and can be easily put on the wheel. Then as water is poured on the ring it contracts and gets fixed on the wheel. 2. People go for outing on hill-stations in summer because as height increases the temperature decreases and so to have cool and pleasant surrounding people prefer to go on hill-stations in summer. 3. The handles of cooking appliances are made of plastic, wood or abonite because they are poor conductors of heat. So they cannot become hot and we can easily lift them without burning hand. 4. At the joint of two rails of railway, a small gap is kept because so as to create an allowance for expansion of rail whenever temperature rises. Without this gap the rail may baned in hot weather. 5. More incidents of tire burst take place in summer because of two factors. One is heat in the weather and second is heat because of friction between the tire and the road.

Ex4 Ans in one or two sentence. 1. What difference is seen in the volume of metallic sphere on heating? Ans. On heating volume of metallic sphere increases. 2. What is expansion? Ans. The phenomenon of increasing volume is called expansion. 3. What is meaning of contraction? Ans. The pheno menon of decreasing volume is called contraction. 4. State the uses of thermos. Ans. Uses – thermos is used to keep hot things hot and cold things cold for a long time. 5. How does air gets heated? Ans. Air gets heated from sun. 6. Give names of four objects which are poor conductor of heat Ans. The objects which are poor conductor of heat are wood, leather, wool, paper. 7. Give names of four objects which are good conductor of heat. Ans. The objects which are good conductor of heat are iron, copper, aluminium. 8. What is the meaning of vacuum? Ans. Vacuum is the space that is devoid of matter. 9. State the changes in states of matter to heat.

Ans. Solid when heated turn into liquids when heated turn into gas. 10.Which instrument is used to measure temperature? Ans. Thermometer is used to measure temperature. Ex 6 Difference CONDUCTION OF HEAT CONVECTION OF HEAT

Conduction of heat. 1.In it heat is transformed from hot end to cold end gradually. 2.It takes place in solid.

Convention of heat. 1.In it heated molecules become lighter and move up and heavy molecules move down to occupy their position. 2.It takes place in Liquid.

Ex 7 Answer in short. 1. State practical uses of transfer of heat. Ans. 1. Roofs of houses are made of cement sheets. 2. We wear leather shoes or Chapplas in summer. 3. The handles of cooking vessel are made of plastic, wood, or abonite. 4. Ice is kept in sawdust. 5. The hot things and cold things remain cold for long time in thermos flaks.