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According to Arshat H and Tey Nai Peng (1988), the 1984/1985 Malaysian population survey stated that

the ideal size of a family is 4.8 which roughly estimated the number of family members is between four to five people. It means that an ideal family is a family that consists of parents with two to three children. The objective of the population policy of the government is to achieve a stabilized population of 70 million by the year 2070, which means that the fertility level must decrease from 4 to 2 children per woman. “By the year 2000, the population is expected to reach 22.4 million, which are the percentages of Malays, Chinese, and Indians are expected to be 61.5%, 28.7%, and 9.8% respectively”. According to Dr Norliza Ahmad, Tey Nai Peng, Pn Kamarul Faridah Kamarul Zaman, Pn Noor Azlin Muhd Sapri, Dr Majdah Abdul Manaf and Ms Yeoh Yeok Kim (2010), in 1966, Malaysia had launched the National Planning Program in conjunction with the First Malaysia Plan which is family planning became an official policy. The objective of the program was to improve maternal and child health and decelerating the rate of population growth from 3% in 1966 to 2% in 1985. Generally, it is assumed that a larger number of family members will give a greater demand on the family unit. Hence, I agree that having a small family is better than having a large family. This is because small family has lower total household expenditure compared to a large family. Besides that, children from the small family received well basic human needs such as food and nutrition, education and health. In addition, parents can provide a more conducive environment for physical and psychological growth of the children. Firstly, small family has lower total household expenditure compared to a large family. Parents that come from the small family usually have lower demand because they don’t need to prepare their children need for many people. For parents that have low income, it is difficult to raise many children. According to Anisah Shukry (2012, October 2), “Deputy Minister in the Prime Minister’s Department, SK Devamany revealed that the average household expenditure in Malaysia has increased by 7.2% a year from 1970 to 2009”. It means that the average household expenditure has increased from RM 264 a month in 1970 to RM4025 a month in 2009. Although household income has increased up to RM4000.00 a month, the price of household item such as food and beverages has increase based on the Consumer Price Index (CPI). Department of Statistic Malaysia (2012) stated that the index for Food & Non-Alcoholic Beverages and NonFood for the month of September 2012 showed increases of 2.4 and 0.8 per cent respectively as compared to the same month in 2011. Parents need to plan their number of children based on

According to Judith Blake (1989). By consuming a good food. She also said that a single child or children with two sibling has better education and were more successful than a child that has many sibling because parents had less time to pay an attention to each of their children and also have less money to invest for each of their children. a larger number of siblings give the negative impacts on a person’s educational attainmen ts because of the dilution of per child parental time. Hence. education and other expenses. it will become burdens to the parents and family to raise their children. Usually. Besides that. the children that come from small can get a proper education such as can get a tuition class or can attend foreign language class such as German language class or Japanese language class. attention and interaction. . They are more exposed to intellectual. it will be no problem to raise many children. intelligence and also cultural opportunities. small family parents can have more saving for their child’s future such as National Education Savings Scheme (SSPN) and also other saving for children offered by banks in Malaysia such as Maybank. it can help to reduce infections and illness such as flu. and the dilution of parental emotional and physical energy with the arrival of and provision of care for extra children. Of course. the children that come from small family get enough food and nutrient in term of quality and quantity. A small family would spend on these expenses low. the children will have a fit and healthy body. Public Bank and also AmBank. they can increase and improve their skill. As we know. If the parents have high income. fever and diarrhea. Secondly. The parent afforded to send their children to piano class or ballet class.their income. the children that come from the small family will receive well basic human needs such as food and nutrition. Children that get enough food and nutrient are tending to grow well with healthy body and very active. the mother will also receive the benefits. For parents that have low income. clothing. By attending this class. Saving for children is very important especially for their education and future. Healthy body can lead to harmonious life in a family. Small family parents also can have their own saving for the back-up plan in case if there is an unfortunate event happens to the family. Larger family would involve more cost of food. each head in a family has a cost. every parent always wants the best for their children so that their children can live happily. education and health. Too frequency of pregnancy will increase risk of pregnancy and childbirth and also not good for the mother's health. parental material resources for every child. In terms of health. Besides that. The size of a family will determine the financial condition.

education and health. In conclusion. The children that come from the small family usually get more attention from the parents compare to children that come from a large family. According to Wikipedia (2012). comfort and safety is more assured. According to Margit Bradley (2012). It is very important for children to live in a comfortable environment because children's health. where only few understand while others only listen”. the children that get lack of attention support from their parent will try to act aggressively because they want the attention from their parent. Parents can also provide sufficient and protective clothing for their children. This is because parents can provide a comfortable house for their children living and the children did not have to live in a hectic place especially for a family who only can afford to buy a small house. who do not receive adequate and individualized attention from parents. . Parents that have less children are able to spend their quality time more on their children and also have time to take care about themselves. children from the small family received well basic human needs such as food and nutrition. well being. psychological growth of children means the development of the child from the infant until the end of puberty. I strongly agree that living in small family gives more benefits rather than living in a large family. children can grow in a more comfortable environment. This is because small family has lower total household expenditure compare to a large family. In addition. parents that have many children had an important task of disciplining and teach them about moral values. According to Marita Shakhmatova (2012). Besides that. parents can provide a more conducive environment for physical and psychological growth of the children. “It's like coaching an overcrowded classroom. I believe that it does not matter if we are raised in a small or large family but the most important thing is how we adapt to the environment in order to become a good person. In addition.Thirdly. parents can provide a more conducive environment for physical and psychological growth of children.

com/category/nation/2012/10/02/msian-household-incomehas-inreasedSaw Swee Hock (2007). October 2). Dr Norliza Ahmad.REFERENCE 1. Retrieved from http://www.org .ncbi. The Population of Peninsular Malaysia.statistics.healthguidance. Margrit Bradley (2012). 174-178. Department of Statistic Malaysia (2012). Free Malaysia Today. 8. Child Development.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=1759 &Itemid=111&lang=en 4. Marita Shakhmatova (2012.nlm.gov.theepochtimes.html 7.nih. Retrieved from http://www.html 6. (2012).gov/pubmed/12281592/ 3.my/portal/index. Status of Family Planning In Malaysia. Pn Noor Azlin Muhd Sapri.freemalaysiatoday. M’sian household income has increased. Consumer Price Index Malaysia September 2012. Dr Majdah Abdul Manaf and Ms Yeoh Yeok Kim (2010). An overview of the population dynamics in Malaysia [Abstract]. Nick Parr. (2004). May 28). Do children from small family do better? Introduction. Wikipedia. The Beginning of the National Family Planning Program. 2. Tey Nai Peng. Pn Kamarul Faridah Kamarul Zaman. Retrieved from http://www. A Small Family Is a Happy Family. Retrieved from http://www.com/n2/health/the-importance-of-parental-attention-243518.wikipedia. The Importance of Parental Attention. 5. 1. Anisah Shukry (2012. 1. Retrieved from http://en. Arshat H & Tey Nai Peng. Retrieved from http://www.org/entry/13579/1/A-Small-Family-Is-a-Happy-Family.

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