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TECHNICAL DATA

CONTENTS

STEEL FLANGE BOLT CHART

MECHANICAL JOINTS T-HEAD BOLT CHART

FLANGE THICKNESS CHARTS PAGES 1 & 2

GASKET DIMENSIONS

WRENCH SIZE CHARTS

DECIMAL CONVERSION CHART

INSUSTRY STANDARDS

HEX BOLTS AND NUTS

HEAVY HEX BOLTS AND NUTS

WASHERS PAGES 1 & 2

WATER WORKS T-HEAD BOLTS

OVAL NECK TRACK BOLTS

A325 BOLTS

COATINGS

PROPER FLANGE BOLTING PAGES 1 & 2

A DIVISION
475 KLUG CIRCLE • CORONA, CA 92880-6406
(951) 280-4488 • FAX: (951) 272-4445

OF

TRIPAC MARKETING, INC.

8 x 4 1/2" 1 1/8 .STEEL FLANGE BOLT CHART CLASS 150 LB Chart may be used for: C110 DIP/DIP E4 x E4 E4 x (valve) in some cases PIPE QTY OF DIAMETER BOLTS 1" 4 1 1/4" 4 1 1/2" 4 2" 4 2 1/2" 4 3" 4 4" 8 5" 8 6" 8 8" 8 10" 12 12" 12 14" 12 16" 16 18" 16 20" 20 22" 20 24" 20 30" 28 36" 32 42" 36 48" 44 54" 44 60" 52 72" 60 84" 64 96" 68 108" 72 BOLT SIZE 1/2 - 13 x 1 3/4" 1/2 .10 x 4" 3/4 .10 x 4" 7/8 .11 x 2 1/2" 5/8 .7 x 6 1/4" 1 1/2 .13 x 2" 1/2 .4.10 x 3 1/2 " 7/8 .4.6 x 7 1/2 " 1 1/2 .11 x 2 1/2" 5/8 .7 x 6" 1 1/4 .6 x 7 3/4" 1 3/4 .9 x 4 1/2 " 1 .5 x 8 1/2" 1 3/4 .11 x 3" 3/4 .7 x 4 3/4" 1 1/8 .6 x 7 3/4" 1 3/4 .6 x 7" 1 1/2 .10 x 3 3/4" 3/4 .7 x 5 1/2" 1 1/8 .5 x 10 3/4" .7 x 5" 1 1/4 .7 x 5 1/2" 1 1/4 .5 x 10 1/4" 2 .4 x 14" CLASS 300 LB PIPE QTY OF DIAMETER BOLTS 1" 4 1 1/4" 4 1 1/2" 4 2" 8 2 1/2" 8 3" 8 3 1/2" 8 4" 8 5" 8 6" 12 8" 12 10" 16 12" 16 14" 20 16" 20 18" 24 20" 24 24" 24 30" 28 36" 32 42" 36 48" 40 Table 6 FxF BOLT SIZE 5/8 - 11 x 2 1/2" 5/8 -11 x 2 1/2" 5/8-11 x 2 3/4" 5/8 .8 x 4 1/4" 1 .7 x 5 1/2" 1 1/4 .9 x 3 3/4" 7/8 .10 x 3 1/2 " 3/4 .5 x 8 1/2" 2 .5 x 9 1/2" 2 .5 x 10 1/2 " 2 1/4 .7 x 6 1/2" 1 1/4 .11 x 2 1/4" 5/8 .5 x 8 3/4" 1 3/4 .7 x 6 1/4" 1 1/4 .4.4.11 x 2 3/4" 3/4 .9 x 4" 1 .13 x 2" 5/8 .5 x 11 1/2" 2 1/2 .5 x 9 1/2" 2 .10 x 3" 3/4 .10 x 3 1/2 " 3/4 .4.10 x 3 1/4 " 3/4 .8 x 5 1/4" 1 1/8 .10 x 3 1/4 " 3/4 .7 x 6 3/4" 1 1/2 .

CALL OR FAX FOR QUOTES. BOLTS DIAMETER & LENGTH 2” 2 5/8 X 3 3” 4 5/8 X 3 4” 4 3/4 X 3 1/2 6” 6 3/4 X 3 1/2 8” 6 3/4 X 4 10” 8 3/4 X 4 12” 8 3/4 X 4 14” 10 3/4 X 4 1/2 16” 12 3/4 X 4 1/2 18” 12 3/4 X 4 1/2 20” 14 3/4 X 4 1/2 24” 16 3/4 X 5 30” 20 1X6 36” 24 1X6 42” 28 1 1/4 X 6 48” 32 1 1/4 x 6 TRIPAC FASTENERS IS A MEMBER OF THE AWWA AND HAS THE TECHNICAL EXPERTISE TO ASSIST YOU IN SELECTING THE PROPER MATERIALS FOR YOU NEEDS. ADITIONAL INFORMATION.T-HEAD BOLTING CHART AWWA C110 MECHANICAL JOINTS NOM PIPE SIZE NO. INC. A DIVISION 475 KLUG CIRCLE • CORONA. CA 92880-6406 (951) 280-4488 • FAX: (951) 272-4445 OF TRIPAC MARKETING. . SPECIAL ORDERS OR FOR TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE.

625 2.563 0.750 1.688 0.688 0.625 0.500 4.500 1.688 0.750 2.875 2.375 1.375 — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — 0.562 1.750 3.500 1.938 1.625 0.500 3.875 6.000 2.500 5.250 2.500 1.250 3.125 2.375 1.000 1.688 0.000 1.500 3.375 1.125 1.688 0.875 2.688 1.500 2.125 — — — — — 0.750 5.000 2.250 1.125 3.250 4.000 1.125 3.875 4.000 — — — — TABLE 2 TABLE 4 TABLE 5 NO.875 3.750 0. BOLTS CLASS D CLASS E 4 4 4 4 4 8 8 8 8 12 12 12 16 16 20 20 28 32 36 44 44 52 52 60 64 68 68 72 72 76 84 — — — — — 0.500 1.688 0. .125 1.500 0.188 1.938 0.438 1.688 0.500 1.250 2.875 3.750 3.125 1.000 1.875 0.938 1.562 0.688 0.188 1.625 0.562 1.938 1.750 0.563 1.562 0.500 2.625 2.250 4.750 0.375 2.000 3.375 2.500 2.625 1.250 1.688 0.375 3.750 0.688 0.500 1.875 2.375 3.938 0.125 1.375 1.938 0.000 1.000 — — — — — — — — — 0.562 0.688 0.000 1.125 1.250 1.750 1.375 2.688 0.250 2.438 1.250 — — — — A DIVISION 475 KLUG CIRCLE • CORONA.500 0.688 0.250 3. INC.562 0.375 1.688 1.375 2.125 1.875 4. CA 92880-6406 (951) 280-4488 • FAX: (951) 272-4445 OF TABLE 3 TRIPAC MARKETING.375 1.375 4.188 1.250 — — — — — 0.500 5.688 0.125 5.625 1.750 1.500 1.688 0.125 2.125 3.625 0.125 1.875 2.750 0.750 0.000 2.125 5.250 1.250 1.750 3.750 0.125 2.750 0.FLANGE THICKNESS CHARTS Steel Pipe Flanges For Waterworks Service 125/150 * Information extracted from AWWA C207-94 NOM PIPE SIZE BOLT SIZE 1 1 1/2 2 2 1/2 3 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 24 30 36 42 48 54 60 66 72 84 90 96 102 108 120 144 1/2 1/2 5/8 5/8 5/8 5/8 3/4 3/4 3/4 7/8 7/8 1 1 1 1/8 1 1/8 1 1/4 1 1/4 1 1/2 1 1/2 1 1/2 1 3/4 1 3/4 1 3/4 1 3/4 2 2 1/4 2 1/4 2 1/2 2 1/2 2 3/4 3 1/4 * Table 4 may be used for valve thickness calculation in some cases TABLE 2 CLASS E ANSI SLIP ON FLANGE CLASS B CLASS B CLASS D — — — — — 1.000 1.313 1.125 2.750 2.750 0.250 1.750 2.812 0.000 3.562 0.500 1.750 1.375 1.062 1.688 0.000 1.562 0.375 1.875 1.000 2.

000 1.692 1.12 in.125 1.530 2.93 ± . 18 1 1/8 16 1.750 1.25 in.56 ± .250 1.25 ± . 0.25 in.19 in. 12 7/8 12 0. 14 1 12 0. 42 1 1/2 36 2.12 in.399 4. 2.810 4. 0.00 ± .19 in.75 ± .130 1.25 in.625 1. 0.084 2.344 2.341 3.401 2.108 1.875 2.19 in.12 ± .132 5. 10 7/8 12 0.634 3. 2.125 0.96 ± .12 ± .774 5.625 1.067 4.563 1.476 6.330 2.38 ± .940 2.450 4. 6 3/4 8 0.25 in. 0.12 in. 24 1 1/4 20 1.70 ± .310 1.013 1.90 ± .62 ± . CA 92880-6406 (951) 280-4488 • FAX: (951) 272-4445 OF BLIND FLANGES CLASS F — — — — — 1.313 1.294 2.892 3.688 0.258 2.875 1. 0.805 1. BOLTS 5/8 3/4 5/8 3/4 3/4 3/4 3/4 3/4 7/8 1 1 1/8 1 1/8 1 1/4 1 1/4 1 1/4 1 1/2 1 3/4 2 2 2 4 4 8 8 8 8 8 12 12 16 16 20 20 24 24 24 28 32 36 40 TABLE 6 CLASS F — — — — — 1.19 in. 20 1 1/8 20 1.25 in.938 2.438 1.460 3. 2.246 2. 0. 36 1 1/2 32 1. INC. 16 1 16 0.690 3. .500 1.991 TRIPAC MARKETING.60 ± .750 — — — — A DIVISION 475 KLUG CIRCLE • CORONA.19 in. 1.947 1.500 ANSI SLIP ON FLANGES 0.375 1.442 2.12 in.139 2.63 ± .12 in.140 2.688 0.625 1.500 2.75 ± .19 ± .12 in.12 in.625 0.875 1.250 2.150 3.250 2. 0.017 4.87 ± .127 1. 30 1 1/4 28 1.25 in.369 3.81 ± .000 1.19 in.69 ± . 0. 2.210 1.375 1.431 4.003 2.19 in.19 in.FLANGE THICKNESS CHARTS Steel Pipe Flanges For Waterworks Service 125/150 NOM AWWA C110 AWWA C153 BLIND FLANGES NO .94 ± .19 in.500 1.776 — — 60 1 3/4 52 2. PIPE BOLT SIZE DUCTILE AND GRAY DUCTILE IRON BOLTS CLASS B CLASS D CLASS E SIZE IRON FITTINGS COMPACT FITTINGS 3 5/8 4 — — — 0.000 2.275 1.25 in.674 — — 72 1 3/4 60 3.326 2.62 ± .12 in.12 in.19 in.316 1. 54 1 3/4 44 2. 0.44 ± .835 1.534 1.125 — 1.125 1.725 3.730 1.110 1.75 ± .125 2.38 ± .375 2.75 ± .310 1. 48 1 1/2 44 2.657 2. 4 5/8 8 0.799 3.789 2.834 2.236 — — 66 1 3/4 52 3.630 1.316 1.63 ± .137 — — 250/300 NOM PIPE SIZE 1 1 1/2 2 2 1/2 3 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 24 30 36 42 48 BOLT SIZE NO.25 in.12 in.12 ± .419 4.813 0.688 0.38 ± . 8 3/4 8 0.875 2.139 4.12 in.00 ± .941 1.752 1. 0.88 ± .12 in.688 0.

ANSI GASKET DIMENSIONS ANSI GASKET SIZE CL 125/150 Flange Size RING ID RING OD FULL FACE ID FULL FACE OD 2” 2 3/8 4 1/8 2 3/8 6 2 1/2” 2 7/8 4 7/8 2 7/8 7 3” 3 1/2 5 3/8 3 1/2 7 1/2 4” 4 /2 6 7/8 4 1/2 9 5” 5 9/16 7 3/4 5 9/16 10 6” 6 5/8 8 3/4 6 5/8 11 8” 8 5/8 11 8 5/8 13 1/2 10” 10 3/4 13 3/8 10 3/4 16 12” 12 3/4 16 1/8 12 3/4 19 14” 14 17 3/4 14 21 16” 16 20 1/4 16 23 1/2 18” 18 21 5/8 18 25 20” 20 23 7/8 20 27 1/2 24” 24 28 1/4 24 32 30” 30 34 3/4 30 38 3/4 36” 36 41 1/4 36 46 42” 42 48 42 53 48” 48 54 1/2 48 59 1/2 A DIVISION 475 KLUG CIRCLE • CORONA. . INC. CA 92880-6406 (951) 280-4488 • FAX: (951) 272-4445 OF TRIPAC MARKETING.

8750 1 3/8 2 3/16 2.8750 5/8 1 1/16 1. B8M (316) Stainless BOLT AND NUT DIAMETER WRENCH SIZE 1/2 7/8 0.1250 2 1/2 3 3/4 3.1250 3 4 1/2 4.4375 0.3750 2 3 1/8 3.0000 A DIVISION 475 KLUG CIRCLE • CORONA.4375 1 3/4 2 5/8 2.5000 2 1/2 3 7/8 3.5000 2 3/4 1 1/8 4. INC.8125 1 1 1/2 1. Gr. HEAVY Hex Bolts & Nuts A307 Gr. A193 B7. B.0625 3/4 1 1/4 1.6250 4 6 6.5000 3/8 7/16 9/16 5/8 0.8125 1 7/8 2 15/16 2.6875 1 1/4 1 7/8 1.1250 1. 5. CA 92880-6406 (951) 280-4488 • FAX: (951) 272-4445 OF TRIPAC MARKETING.2500 3 1/2 5 1/4 5.2500 3 3/4 5 5/8 5.WRENCH SIZE CHARTS This chart may be used for This chart may be used for HEX Bolts & Nuts A307 Gr.2500 1 5/8 2 9/16 2.9375 1 1 5/8 1.7500 1 7/8 2 13/16 2.8125 7/8 1 7/16 1.7500 0. A.0000 1 1/8 1 11/16 1.1875 1 3/8 2 1/16 2.6250 3/4 7/8 1 1/8 1 5/16 1.7500 2 1/4 3 1/2 3.8750 2 3/4 4 1/4 4.0625 1 1/2 2 3/8 2.3125 1 1/8 1 13/16 1.6250 1 3/4 2 3/4 2.6250 3 4 5/8 4.6250 1/2 9/16 3/4 13/16 5/8 A325.4375 15/16 0. B8 (304).5625 1 5/8 2 7/16 2.2500 0.0000 3 1/4 5 5.5625 0.3750 1 1/2 2 1/4 2.9375 2 3 3.000 2 1/4 3 3/8 3.500 1 1/4 2 2. ASTM F593/F594 Type 304 & 316 BOLT AND NUT DIAMETER WRENCH SIZE 1/4 5/16 7/16 1/2 0.8750 3 1/4 4 7/8 4. .

03125 3/8 .59375 15.859375 3/16 .1250 15/32 . .32 .34375 11/16 .953125 9/32 .421875 49/64 .8750 13/64 .90625 15/64 .1875 17/32 .890625 7/32 .8125 9/64 .2500 19/32 .265625 39/64 .21875 9/16 .546875 57/64 .453125 51/64 . CA 92880-6406 (951) 280-4488 • FAX: (951) 272-4445 OF TRIPAC MARKETING.296875 41/64 .3750 23/32 .796875 1/8 .46875 13/16 .640625 63/64 .171875 33/64 .484375 53/64 .28125 5/8 .703125 1/32 .671875 11/32 .78125 7/64 .6250 31/32 .15625 1/2 .515625 55/64 .9375 17/64 .40625 3/4 .000 21/64 .078125 27/64 .109375 29/64 .140625 31/64 .0625 13/32 .390625 47/64 .71875 3/64 .53125 7/8 .6875 A DIVISION 475 KLUG CIRCLE • CORONA.4375 25/32 .3125 21/32 .84375 11/64 .DECIMAL CONVERSION CHART FRACTIONS DECIMALS FRACTIONS DECIMALS FRACTIONS DECIMALS 1/64 .5000 27/32 .578125 59/64 .96875 19/64 .65625 1 1.734375 1/16 .828125 5/32 .328125 43/64 .359375 45/64 .234375 37/64 .921875 1/4 . INC.015625 23/64 .203125 35/64 .046875 25/64 .765625 3/32 .984375 5/16 .609375 61/64 .09375 7/16 .7500 5/64 .5625 29/32 .

304L Gr B8 Stainless Steel B8M ASTM—A193 • Solution Treated 316 . Tempering improves ductility and toughness but reduces the quenched hardness. ASTM & SAE HEAD MARKINGS FOR BOLTS ASTM—A307 GR A A307 B ASTM—A307 • Low or Medium Carbon Steel GR B Most fasteners are covered by specifications that define required mechanical properties such as tensile strength. is made substantially harder than the inner portion. usually a strain of 0. or obtaining desired mechanical or other properties.2% is specified. or core. or Vickers indentation-hardness test methods. • Proof Load: The point to which a material may be stressed without evidence of permanent deformation.316L GR B8M Stainless Steel A D I V I S I O N OF T RIPAC M A R K E T I N G . 475 K LUG C IRCLE • CORONA. usually 1000/1200°F. and then cooling slowly enough to minimize the development of new residual stresses. which a material is capable of sustaining. or case. Rockwell. • Hardness: The resistance of a material to plastic deformation. • Medium Carbon Steel Quenched & Tempered B7 HEAT PROPERTIES • Stress Relieving: A thermal cycle involving heating to a suitable temperature. IN C . for such purposes as reducing hardness.INDUSTRY STANDARDS MECHANICAL PROPERTIES When strength requirements are moderate. • Quenching and Tempering: Quenching is a thermal process used to increase the hardness and strength of steel. • Case Hardening: A term descriptive of one or more processes of hardening steel in which the outer portion. High-strength fasteners are made from medium-high carbon or alloy steels and are heat treated to develop desired properties. facilitating cold working. • Low or Medium Carbon Steel A307 A 18-8 18 Chromium 8 Nickel • “300” Series Stainless Steel Same Material as T-304 T-304 or F 593 C or D ASTM—T 304 • “300” Series Stainless Steel or ASTM F 593 • Either Marking May Appear T-316 or F 593 G or H ASTM—T 316 or ASTM F 593 • “300” Series Stainless Steel • Either Marking May Appear B8 ASTM—A193 • Solution Treated 304 . holding long enough to reduce residual stresses from either cold deformation or thermal treatment. • Tensile Strength: The maximum tensile stress in pounds per sq in. as developed by a tension test. proof load and hardness. CA 92880-6406 (951) 280-4488 • FAX: (951) 272-4445 . improving mechinability. and in the offset method. low-carbon steel is used. • Yield Strength: The stress at which a material exhibits a specified deviation from the proportionality of stress to strain. yield strength. ASTM—J429 GR 5 ASTM—A193 • Chrom-Moly Steel GR B7 Quenched & Tempered A325 ASTM—A325 • Medium Carbon Steel Type 1 Quenched & Tempered Heat treatment covers various techniques that may be used to develop certain end-product characteristics. The deviation is expressed in terms of strain. Customary procedures for fasteners include: • Annealing: A thermal cycle involving heating to and holding at a suitable temperature and then cooling at a suitable rate. producing a desired microstructure. Usually measured in steels by the Brinell.

875 1.000 1.579 0.L.033 0.250 1.01 0.06 0.688 1.53 0.642 0.551 11/16 0.165 0.010 0.1250 1.93 1.260 0.604 0.438 0.312 1. SAE J429.036 0.3125 0.747 1.014 0.500 2.516 1.016 0.631 1.269 0.562 0.750 2.8750 0.750 3.598 2.083 1. + 1/2 = T.013 0.1250 1.364 0.2500 1.083 1.591 3/4 0.77 0.02 0.HEX BOLTS & NUTS Hex Bolts UNC 2A ANSI/ASME B18.31 1.09 0.732 1.180 0.051 1.452 7/16 1/2 9/16 5/8 0.516 0.859 1 7/8 1.2.6250 0.500 1.500 1.3125 0.363 0.011 0.949 2.940 0.3750 0.66 0.840 0.450 1.3750 2 1/16 2.751 A DIVISION 475 KLUG CIRCLE • CORONA.32 0.994 2.018 0.088 1 5/16 1.016 0.165 2.034 BASIC MAX MIN BASIC MAX 7/32 17/64 21/64 3/8 7/16 31/64 35/64 41/64 3/4 55/64 31/32 1 1 3/8 1.03 0.484 0.20 1.994 2.302 27/64 0.03 0.025 0.235 0. FOR BOLT LENGTH > 6 IN.444 0.562 0.019 0.031 0.323 0.378 1/2 0.577 0.2500 0.515 0.725 0.750 3.018 0.1 • UNC 2B ANSI/ASME B18.375 1/2 5/8 3/4 7/8 0.164 0.210 0.866 1.03 0.675 3/4 0.000 3.575 0. 1/4 5/16 3/8 7/16 .99 1.260 0. INC.301 0.505 0.382 2.768 0.72 0.226 19/64 0.030 0. CA 92880-6406 (951) 280-4488 • FAX: (951) 272-4445 OF TRIPAC MARKETING.522 0.149 1.620 0.47 0.22 0.27 0.875 1.488 0.524 .5000 2 1/4 2.688 0.500 1 1 1 1 1 1/8 1/4 3/8 1/2 Below 6” : 2x Dia. .557 0.489 9/16 0.33 0.876 0.625 0.826 1.09 0.428 1/2 0.06 0.688 1.55 0.812 MAX MIN 0.6250 0.736 7/8 0.458 0.062 1.240 0.544 0.125 1.062 1.125 1.505 0.250 2.02 1.519 0.000 2.125 1.49 0.066 HEX NUTS WITH SPECIFIED PROOF LOADS LESS THAN 150.5000 0.023 0.03 0.88 0.398 0.687 0.3750 0.03 5/32 3/16 7/32 1/4 5/16 5/16 3/8 27/6 31/6 35/6 39/6 23/3 0.02 0.631 1 7/8 1.01 0.250 3.810 1 1.650 0.000 PSI AND ALL HEX JAM NUTS HEX NUTS WITH SPECIFIED PROOF LOADS EQUAL TO 150.020 0.687 11/64 0.268 0.895 3/4 15/16 1 1/8 1 0.03 0.425 0. + 1/4 = T.240 1.027 0.603 0.750 2.949 1.780 0.500 0.150 0.13 25/3 0.653 1.250 1.42 0.250 1.861 15/16 0.21 0.272 0.480 1 RUNOUT OF BEARING SURFACE-FIR 0.480 43/64 0.250 2.2.0000 1.01 0. Above 6” : 2x Dia.4375 0.732 1.938 0.653 1 1.227 0.577 0.03 0.815 0.000 PSI AND GREATER MIN MAX MAX 0.L.446 0.2500 0.598 2.768 0.000 1.012 0.387 0.03 0.195 1/4 0.088 1.028 1.09 0.175 2.250 2.749 29/32 0.240 1.188 0.7500 0.25 0.299 1.938 0.324 0.03 0.010 1.875 1.3750 1.000 3.09 0.2500 MAX MIN 7/16 0.025 0. Hex Nuts and Hex Jam Nuts ASTM A563/F594 NOMINAL SIZE OR BASIC BOLT DIA F G H H1 WIDTH ACROSS FLATS WIDTH ACROSS CORNERS THICKNESS HEX NUTS THICKNESS HEX JAM NUTS BASIC 1/4 5/16 3/8 7/16 1/2 9/16 5/8 3/4 7/8 1 1 1/8 1 1/4 .450 1 1.531 0.38 0.628 0.01 0.036 0.982 1.510 0.500 1.722 0.195 0.812 2.015 0.033 1.36 0.4375 0.700 0.639 0.017 0.500 2.09 0.906 1.388 0.875 0.2 This chart may be used for A307 Grade A.404 1.880 0.03 2.312 1.447 11/32 0.022 0.61 0.447 1.066 2 2.09 0.438 0.302 0.273 2 1/4 2.0455 37/64 0.06 0.808 0.250 2.324 0.150 7/32 0.500 1.03 0.859 2.866 1.750 0.83 0.531 1 1/2 1.021 0.794 0.922 1 1/8 1.01 0.273 1 1 1/2 1.000 1.500 0.015 0.750 0.175 2.5000 0.5625 0.039 0.650 0.382 2.022 1.500 1.902 0.484 0.316 0.8750 1.299 1.24 27/3 0.44 0.277 1.658 27/32 0.125 1.750 0. and ASTM F593 Type 304 & 316 Stainless NOMINAL SIZE OR BASIC BOLT DIA E F G H R LT (REF) BODY DIA WIDTH ACROSS FLATS WIDTH ACROSS CORNERS HEIGHT RADIUS OF FILLET THREAD LENGTH MAX BASIC MAX MIN MAX MIN BASIC MAX MIN MAX MIN FOR BOLT LENGTH < 6 IN.269 1 1/2 1.7500 0.020 0.0000 1.

522 1.01 0.751 0.796 2.064 0.12 0.000 4.12 0.810 1 1.031 1.250 5.3750 1.0000 3. + 1/2 = T.589 1.025 3.643 1.531 1.327 1 1.209 2.443 1.7500 2.175 1.750 3. B8 (304).054 1 1.474 4. Above 6” : 2x Dia.388 3.307 0.06 0.081 0.662 2.688 5.88 2.875 0.401 1.844 3.938 2.500 5.500 3.07 1.500 2.622 2.2500 1.250 4.8750 2.041 0.608 40.022 1.92 2.062 1.038 0.188 0.03 0.093 2.000 1.756 2.220 0.000 6.000 3.749 29/32 0.039 2.317 0.866 1.06 LT (R EF) THREAD LENGTH FOR BOLT FOR BOLT LENGTH < 6 IN .209 2.634 1.060 1. A193 B7.000 PSI AND AND ALL HEX JAM NUTS GREATER 1/4 5/16 3/8 7/16 1/2 9/16 5/8 3/4 7/8 1 1 1/8 1 1/4 1 3/8 1 1/2 1 5/8 1 3/4 1 7/8 2 2 1/4 2 1/2 2 3/4 3 3 1/4 .531 43/64 0.794 0.119 2.036 0.907 5.812 1.041 0.074 0.13 1.19 0.25 2.688 0.500 2.591 3/4 0.L.700 0.19 0.579 0.L.5000 2.438 1.251 1.247 0.515 0.548 1.0000 1.449 3.7500 0.575 1.188 2.763 1.277 1.093 2.669 0.094 0.875 0.02 0.658 27/32 0.876 2.033 0.212 1.444 0.155 1.227 1.750 2.510 0.959 3.102 H HEIGHT BASIC M AX R RADIUS OF FILLET M AX M IN M IN 11/32 0.449 3.50 0.763 0.300 2.012 0.138 1.902 1 5/32 1.929 0.070 0.742 2.275 4.09 0.175 3.622 3.862 4.000 4.081 0.388 3.212 1.622 0.250 2.25 1.250 3.024 0.577 0.31 1.252 0.8750 1.50 2.017 0.196 1.030 0.756 2.404 1.909 1.7500 0.383 1.0000 2.748 M AX 0.750 2.625 4. Heavy Hex Nuts and Hex Jam Nuts ASTM A563 & A194 2H NOMINAL SIZE OR BASIC BOLT DIA F G H H1 W IDTH ACROSS FLATS W IDTH ACROSS CORNERS THICKNESS HEAVY HEX NUTS RUNOUT OF BEARING SURFACE-FIR HEX NUTS WITH HEX NUTS WITH SPECIFIED PROOF THICKNESS SPECIFIED PROOF LOADS LOADS EQUAL TO HEAVY HEX JAM NUTS LESS THAN 150.875 3.850 1.250 3.102 5.660 1.3750 0.708 1.5000 1.011 0.305 2.074 0.250 4.062 1.309 2.44 0.337 0.876 2.750 5. 1.750 4.01 3.827 3.6250 1.03 0.081 F W IDTH ACROSS FLATS BASIC M AX M IN 7/8 1 1/16 1 1/4 1 7/16 1 5/8 1 2 2 3/16 2 3/8 2 3/4 3 1/8 3 1/2 3 7/8 4 1/4 4 5/8 G W IDTH ACROSS CORNERS M AX M IN 0.562 0.785 2.71 0.650 0.559 2.876 0.438 1.035 0.728 0.021 0.112 4.83 0.639 0.250 1.458 0.546 0.500 Below 6” : 2x Dia.75 1.895 1.938 0.300 2.526 2.036 0.89 3.815 0.828 3.035 3.014 0.027 0.031 0.250 1.37 0.010 1.34 0.031 0.31 0.029 0.216 0.002 2.8750 1.050 1.662 3.524 0.277 0.625 1.5000 0.2500 BASIC 1/2 9/16 11/16 3/4 7/8 15/16 1 1 1/4 1 1 5/8 1 2 2 2 3/8 2 2 3/4 2 3 1/8 3 1/2 3 7/8 4 1/4 4 5/8 5 M AX M IN 0.0000 E BODY DIA M AX 0.625 4.812 1.06 0.394 1.500 1.443 1.774 M IN 0.06 0.394 1.064 0.02 0.938 2.880 0.589 1.083 1.519 0.9691 1.037 1.01 2.500 3.41 4.242 3. + 1/4 = T.500 0.03 0.375 2.2.938 2.175 3.43 1.75 0.815 0.742 3.488 0.750 4.63 1.0000 1.119 2.625 1.000 3.28 0.06 0.112 4.227 1.048 0.642 0.5625 0.250 4.416 2.09 0.750 2.838 M AX 0.285 0.862 4.868 0.06 0.25 M IN 0.035 0.250 2.608 4.06 0.481 2.04 0.070 0.03 0.876 M IN 0.044 0.087 M AX 0.000 2.1 • UNC 2B ANSI/ASME B18.02 0.604 0.002 2.4375 0. LENGTH > 6 IN .035 3.031 1.500 1.09 0.944 1.6250 0.95 1.378 1/2 0.75 3.2500 2.HEAVY HEX BOLTS & NUTS Heavy Hex Bolts UNC 2A ANSI/ASME B18.009 1. and B8M (316) Stainless NOMINAL SIZE OR BASIC BOLT DIA 1/2 5/8 3/4 7/8 1 1 1/8 1 1/4 1 3/8 1 1/2 1 3/4 2 2 1/4 2 1/2 2 3/4 3 0.2500 1.073 1.50 1.025 3.660 1.15 2.575 1.6250 0.19 0.381 0.029 0.688 5.188 2.030 0.5000 1.875 3.796 2.88 1.80 1.940 0.038 0.375 2.2500 2.850 0.075 0.022 0.388 1.67 1.125 3.455 37/64 0.63 0.340 0.475 5.149 1.382 1.632 2 2.40 0.09 0.556 0.907 5.55 1.09 0.024 0.000 5.033 0.0000 2.500 4.3750 1.175 1 1/2 1.03 0.12 BASIC 11/64 13/64 15/64 17/64 19/64 21/64 23/64 27/64 31/64 35/64 39/64 23/32 25/32 27/32 29/32 31/31 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 M AX 0.250 1.58 0.081 0.175 1.000 1.000 PSI 150.416 2.475 1.750 6.969 1.750 2.125 3.500 6.750 0.020 0.392 3.479 1 1.1250 1.5000 0.7500 3.750 3.364 0.302 27/64 0.7500 1.747 0.027 0.250 1.5000 2.869 1.7500 3.52 0.080 0.505 1.515 BASIC 15/64 19/64 23/64 27/64 31/64 35/64 39/64 47/64 55/64 63/64 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 3 M AX 0.780 0.750 4.022 0.156 0.1250 1.25 0.19 0.186 0.446 0.768 0.03 0.37 1.309 2.40 2.033 0.21 0.808 0.340 5.349 0.022 0.46 0.041 4.01 1.010 1.2500 0.275 4.015 0.075 .2.398 0.575 0.474 4.64 2.562 2.3125 0.56 0.830 0.000 2.04 0.18 1.687 0.2 This chart may be used for A307 Grade B.989 1.526 2.

CA 92880-6406 (951) 280-4488 • FAX: (951) 272-4445 ACTUAL OD OF TRIPAC MARKETING. .2-1.1.080 1/2 2 .062/.062/. zinc plated.080 3/16 1 1/8 .062/. INC.18.080 1/4 1 1/4 .080 1/4 1 .062/.080 5/16 1 1/4 . HDG.062/. nut.080 3/8 2 .WASHERS USS Steel Flat Washers Commonly used with carbon steel bolting and all thread studs.080 3/8 1 1/2 .080 3/16 1 1/4 .080 3/8 1 1/4 .080 1/4 1 1/2 . * ASTM Designation: F844-90. NOMINAL SIZE ACTUAL ID 3/16 1/4 5/16 3/8 7/16 1/2 9/16 5/8 3/4 7/8 1 1 1/8 1 1/4 1 3/8 1 1/2 1 5/8 1 3/4 1 7/8” 2 2 1/4 2 1/2 2 3/4 3 1/4 5/16 3/8 7/16 1/2 9/16 5/8 11/16 13/16 15/16 1 1/16 1 1/4 1 3/8 1 1/2 1 5/8 1 3/4 1 7/8 2 2 1/8 2 3/8 2 5/8 2 7/8 3 1/8 ACTUAL OD 9/16 3/4 7/8 1 1 1/4 1 3/8 1 1/2 1 3/4 2 2 1/4 2 1/2 2 3/4 3 3 1/4 3 1/2 3 3/4 4 4 1/4 4 1/2 4 3/4 5 5 1/4 5 1/2 THICKNESS GAUGE 18 (3/64) 16 (1/16) 14 (5/64) 14 (5/64) 14 (5/64) 12 (7/64) 12 (7/64) 10 (9/64) 9 (5/32) 8 (11/64) 8 (11/64) 8 (11/64) 8 (11/64) 7 (3/16) 7 (3/16) 7 (3/16) 7 (3/16) 7 (3/16) 7 (3/16) 5 (7/32) 4 (15/64) 3 (1/4) 2 (17/64) SAE Steel Flat Washers SAE washers have smaller inside and outside diameters and are commonly used with carbon steel bolts and studs.080 .062/. NOMINAL SIZE Washers are intended for general use with bolt. such as A307 Grade A or B. and stud applications to provide increased bearing surface.096/. Unless otherwise specified.116 A DIVISION 475 KLUG CIRCLE • CORONA.080 5/16 1 1/2 .116 1/2 1 1/2 .062/. Tripac 2000 Blue Coating System THICKNESS GAUGE 1/8 3/16 1 1 .062/.062/. the washers are furnished with dimensions conforming to ANSI B.062/.062/. spacing and to prevent galling.062/. page 265.22.096/. 1.3 * Available in plain.080 1/2 2 . ACTUAL ID ACTUAL OD THICKNESS GAUGE 6 (1/8) 8 (5/32) 5/32 3/16 3/8 7/16 18 (3/64) 18 (3/64) 10 7/32 1/2 18 (3/64) 12 1/4 9/16 18 (3/64) 1/4 9/32 5/8 16 (1/16) 5/16 11/32 11/16 16 (1/16) 3/8 13/32 13/16 16 (1/16) 7/16 15/32 59/64 16 (1/16) 1/2 17/32 1 1/16 13 (3/32) NOMINAL SIZE 9/16 19/32 1 3/16 13 (3/32) 5/8 21/32 1 5/16 13 (3/32) 3/4 13/16 1 1/2 10 (9/64) 7/8 15/16 1 3/4 10 (9/64) 1 1 1/16 2 10 (9/64) 1 1/8 1 3/16 2 1/4 10 (9/64) 1 1/4 1 5/16 2 1/2 9 (5/32) 1 3/8 1 7/16 2 3/4 9 (5/32) 1 1/2 1 9/16 3 9 (5/32) Fender Washers Fender washers have a larger outside diameter than other steel washers.062/.

051/.125 3 3 1/8 5 1/2 .812 1 7/8 .125 2 1/2 2 5/8 4 1/2 .136/.051/.28 1 1.125 3 1/4 3 3/8 6 .125 2 3/4 2 7/8 5 .187 2 1/2 .28 1 1. Commonly used with stainless steel bolts and studs such as ASTM F593.687 1 1/2 .109 1 3/8 1 1/2 2 3/4 .08 3/8 .281 . A325 & A490.17 7/8 .312 2 3/4 .812 3 1/2 .122/. .22.531 1 1/4 .062 2 1/2 . B T A A DIVISION 475 KLUG CIRCLE • CORONA.24/.050 3/8 13/32 13/16 .17 1/2 .187 2 1/4 .562 2 3/4 . such as ASTM A193B7.178/.17 3/4 .062 2 1/4 .08 ./O.109 1 1/4 1 3/8 2 1/2 .34 1 1. INC.406 1 .178/.24/.078 1 1 1/8 2 .500 1 1/8 . B8 & B8M. and stud applications to provide increased bearing surface.937 1 7/8 .17 5/8 .125 2 1/4 2 3/8 4 .062 5/8 11/16 1 5/16 .812 1 1/2 . A193.125 4 .051/.140 2 2. nut. ASTM F436 (A325) Washers Commonly used with alloy steel.24/.24/.17 7/16 . high strength bolting and studs.687 1 5/16 .24/.08 3/8 .34 1 1/8 1.109 1 3/4 1 7/8 3 3/8 .17 3/4 .34 1 1/4 1.D.097/.812 1 3/4 .136/.1.050 1/2 17.109 1 1/8 1 1/4 2 1/4 .136/.08 1/4 5/16 .562 3 1/4 .109 1 1/2 1 5/8 3 .312 2 1/4 .406 7/8 .34 1 1/8 1.122/.078 7/8 15/16 1 3/4 .136/.136/. SAE J429 & Grade 8.050 .050 7/16 15/32 59/64 .136/.343 5/8 3/4 .125 2 2 1/8 3 3/4 .051/.D.34 1 1/4 1. the washers are furnished with dimensions conforming to ANSI B. spacing and to prevent galling.WASHERS Stainless Steel Washers With Large and Small I.140 1 1/2 1.062 3/4 13/16 1 .32 1 1/16 .17 7/8 .140 1 3/4 1.062 2 .937 1 3/4 . NOMINAL SIZE ACTUAL ID ACTUAL OD THICKNESS GAUGE A B T NOMINAL SIZE ACTUAL ID ACTUAL OD THICKNESS GAUGE A B T 1/4 5/16 9/32 11/32 5/8 11/16 .17 3/4 .187 2 2.17 5/8 .125 3 3/4 .125 1 1/2 1. Unless otherwise specified.18. CA 92880-6406 (951) 280-4488 • FAX: (951) 272-4445 OF TRIPAC MARKETING.187 Washers are intended for general use with bolt.

250 ± 0.250 ± 0.0 3.50 0.00 0.75 0.08 2.06 3/4 .312 0.750 0.7 x 6 1/2 2.074 B 5/8 .625 0.625 0.11 x 3 1.0.0 3.08 SIZE ± 0.030 .0.750 0.00 0.00 .06 3/4 .03 C D E NUT THICKNESS NUT WIDTH ACROSS FLATS G H F • ASTM A242 Weathering Steel (Atmospheric corrosion resistant steel) Tripac 2000 Blue can be applied upon request A DIVISION 475 KLUG CIRCLE • CORONA.1 CLASS 2A.5 3.10 x 6 1/2 1.015 .062 ± 0.000 ± 0.0.06 3/4 .0 3.0.00 .750 0.75 0.750 4.75 0.625 5.5 3.750 6.0 3.2 CLASS 2B DIMENSIONAL INFORMATION A UN THREADED SHANK + 0.750 3.00 .125 ± 0.00 1.0. B1.11.04 5/8 .000 5.00 .75 0.625 ± 0.00 1.750 0.500 0.250 ± 0.250 ± 0.750 9.625 3.750 5.000 ± 0.00 0.750 7. CA 92880-6406 (951) 280-4488 • FAX: (951) 272-4445 OF TRIPAC MARKETING.04 1.375 0.375 0.75 0.500 0.0.50 1.06 3/4 .50 0.062 ± 0.250 0.625 0.250 6.750 ± 0.25 1.000 0.5 3.375 0.375 0.750 ± 0.375 0.08 1 1/4 .750 ± 0.10 x 3 1/2 1.WATER WORKS T-HEAD BOLTS ANSI/AWWA C111/A21.312 0.5 2.0.625 ± 0.75 0.0.750 ± 0.06 1.06 3/4 .11 x 5 1.750 ± 0.06 3/4 .0.25 .00 0.08 1.10 x 4 1.625 ± 0.04 3/4 .0 2.06 1.50 1.75 0.125 ± 0.75 0.00 0.750 0.00 .75 0.10 x 5 1/2 1.00 .0.7 x 6 2.06 1.0.00 .00 .10 x 6 1.0 4.00 .x 9 1.0. INC.50 1.08 1.75 0.06 1.0.250 ± 0.0 5.0 3.25 1.375 0.750 ± 0.10 x 5 1.250 0.0.750 0.100 ± 0.750 4.250 ± 0.00 0.750 0.06 1.00 .000 6.750 ± 0.5 3.750 ± 0.000 0.750 5.06 THREAD LENGTH + .375 0.08 1 1/4 .625 ± 0.06 3/4 .06 3/4 .750 6.06 1.100 ± 0.06 1.625 0.08 2.0.250 6.750 0.06 1.04 1.0.50 1.10 x 4 1/2 1.00 .00 .00 .750 ± 0.00 0.06 1. .250 ± 0.0 3.00 0.250 ± 0.00 0.08 1-8x6 2.0.0.0 2.50 0.00 .750 0.05 Available in: • T-316 Stainless + 0.375 0.95 ANSI/ASME B1.250 ± 0.00 .10 x 7 1.06 1-8x5 2.375 0.

11 x 10 1/2 1 5/64 25/64 59/64 23/64 13/16 25/32 5/8 .7 x 4 1 57/64 1 1/2 V THREAD LENGTH MIN A 45/64 1 55/64 43/64 1 17/32 R3 LENGTH UNDER HEAD 1 1/4 Under 7 3/8 in.10 DIMENSIONAL INFORMATION NOMINAL HEAD DIAMETER OVER THREAD NECK L I H R1 R2 O R P 1/2 .8 x 5 1/2 1 11/16 5/8 1 5/8 19/32 1 3/8 1 11/32 9/16 2 1/4 1 .11 x 3 1/4 1 5/64 25/64 59/64 23/64 13/16 25/32 3/8 1 1/4 5/8 . 1/2 2 5/8 2 1/2 * Information obtained from the Industrial Fasteners Institute.11 x 15 1 5/64 25/64 59/64 23/64 13/16 25/32 3/4 .11 x 4 1/2 1 5/64 25/64 59/64 23/64 13/16 25/32 3/8 1 1/4 5/8 . From 7 to 10 in. CA 92880-6406 (951) 280-4488 • FAX: (951) 272-4445 OF TRIPAC MARKETING. 1 1/4 of 3/8 of bolt bolt by steps of 1/2 1 3/4 7/16 in.11 x 9 1/2 1 5/64 25/64 59/64 23/64 13/16 25/32 5/8 .8 x 3 1/2 1 11/16 5/8 1 5/8 19/32 1 3/8 1 11/32 9/16 2 1/4 1 . diam.OVAL NECK TRACK BOLTS ANSI/ASME B18.11 x 10 1 5/64 25/64 59/64 23/64 13/16 25/32 5/8 . .10 x 5 1 9/32 15/32 1 5/32 7/16 1 1/16 1 1/32 7/8 . “Fastener Standards. body body 3/8 1 1/4 diam. INC. Sixth Edition” Page C-58 A DIVISION 475 KLUG CIRCLE • CORONA.9 x 5 1 31/64 35/64 1 25/64 33/64 1 7/32 1 3/16 1 .8 x 6 1/2 1 11/16 5/8 1 5/8 19/32 1 3/8 1 11/32 9/16 2 1/4 1 1/8 . by 1 1/4 Same steps of 3/8 1 1/4 as 1/2 1/4 in.13 x 2 3/4 7/8 5/16 11/16 9/32 5/8 19/32 5/16 1 1/8 5/8 .11 x 8 1 5/64 25/64 59/64 23/64 13/16 25/32 3/8 5/8 .11 x 6 1 5/64 25/64 59/64 23/64 13/16 25/32 3/8 1 1/4 5/8 .

483 0.622 0.464 5/8 .974 0.589 0.850 1.250 1.139 1.031 1.375 2.749 2.938 2.625 1.1 I This chart is used for A325 high strength structural bolting to be used with A194 2H Nuts F G H LT I WIDTH ACROSS FLATS WIDTH ACROSS CORNERS HEIGHT THREAD LENGTH NUT THICKNESS INCH MAX MIN MAX MIN MAX MIN BASIC MAX MIN 1/2 .300 2.378 1.504 0.742 2.812 1.012 0.25 1.093 2.10 1.00 1.212 1.38 0.188 2.718 0.660 1.251 1.25 1.505 1.010 0.309 2.00 0.438 1.187 1 3/8 .394 1.416 0.9 1.833 1-8 1.885 0.A325 BOLTS Heavy Hex Structural Bolts UNC 2A ANSI/ASME B18.175 0.969 0.6 2.7 1.7 2. INC.383 0.079 1 1/4 .00 0.227 1.13 0.002 0.119 2.563 0.50 0.209 0.378 1.403 0.2.956 1 1/8 . CA 92880-6406 (951) 280-4488 • FAX: (951) 272-4445 TRIPAC MARKETING.587 3/4 .810 2.526 2.6 2.25 0.710 7/8 .876 1.455 1.000 1.323 0.813 0.433 A DIVISION OF NOMINAL SIZE AND THREADS PER 475 KLUG CIRCLE • CORONA.627 0.875 0.75 1. .756 2.575 1.878 0.902 2.443 1.062 1.658 2.758 0.310 1 1/2 .302 1.531 1.796 0.11 1.591 1.631 0.

anchor bolts. pipe supports. bolts. channel & pipe supports. Santa Fe Springs. pipe hangers. CA HOT WATER HOT AIR DRY Galvanizing Process SURFACE PREPARATION GALVANIZING FINISHING − Abrasive blasting − Immersion into molten − Alkaline cleaning zinc from 1 to 5 min. INC. pipe hangers. Inc. LLC. CA 92880-6406 (951) 280-4488 • FAX: (951) 272-4445 OF TRIPAC MARKETING. bolts..COATINGS Zinc Plating Process HOT ALKALINE CLEANER WATER RINSE HYDROCHLORIC ACID WATER RINSE WATER RINSE ZINC PLATE Electroplated ASTM specifications B633 electroplating is an electrochemical process used to deposit a metallic coating on the base material of an object by immersing it in an electrically charged solution so that a suitable low voltage flows through it. − Finish process in clean zinc bath − Acid Cleaning − Removal of excess zinc − Quenching − Inspection Hot Dip Galvanized Galvanizing is the practice of coating clean. • Shields the base metal from the atmosphere because zinc gives cathodic or sacrificial protection • Hot Dip Galvanized process provided by Atlas Galvanizing. etc. • WATER RINSE • BLACK CHROMATE • CLEAR CHROMATE YELLOW CHROMATE WATER RINSE • • Inexpensive Sacrificial protection against corrosion Commonly used on nuts. washers. CA A DIVISION 475 KLUG CIRCLE • CORONA. Los Angeles.0002 thickness Zinc Plating process provided by Sonic Plating Co.. washers and anchor bolts. . oxide-free iron or steel with a thin layer of zinc to protect the surface against corrosion. Commercial zinc plate . ASTM A123 specification applies to coated fabricated products such as fittings. fittings. causing the metallic coating to be attracted to the object being plated. ASTM A153 specification applies to coated fabricated products such as nuts.

PROPER FLANGE BOLTING Flanges In theory. To obtain a satisfactory seal. it is necessary that basic procedures are followed during installation. This is extremely vital when raised faced flanges are used. Also.Bowing of flange due to too high bolt load 9. the flanges can be misaligned. CA 92880-6406 (951) 280-4488 • FAX: (951) 272-4445 OF TRIPAC MARKETING. it is recommended that the flanges be retorqued to the required stress after 24 hours at operating pressure and temperatures to compensate for any relaxation. Another problem is waviness in the flanges and warped or bowed flanges. All gaskets relax after seating. 7. they are extremely important and should be carefully followed. Large nicks. dents. Flange Installation Procedures 1. 3. Look for defects or damage. Continue tightening in the recommended sequence until the final torque value is reached. Numbering the bolts may be helpful in following the bolt sequence. 2. Obviously since this is not possible. Verify to be sure they are of the specified material. On highpressure or high-temperature applications. since a gasket cannot seal against them properly. . A DIVISION 475 KLUG CIRCLE • CORONA. 4. a gasket is required and its function is to seal two imperfect surfaces. Repeat step 6. Inspect the flanges. 5. 8. Each bolt normally has to be tightened more than once. if it were possible to have two perfectly mated flanges with total effective contact at all points. Inspect the gasket. This cannot be overstressed. The use of an anti-seize compound should be considered to facilitate subsequent disassembly. 6. Retightening is recommended 24 hours after installation to compensate for the relaxation. While these flange installation procedures may seem elementary. This can be caused by heat during the manufacturing or welding process. Repairs must be made before bolting. Inspect and clean bolts. internal stress and excessive bolt loads during installation. making it impossible to have uniform seating of the gasket. A . See figure 1. a gasket cannot seal improperly aligned flanges. a gasket would not be required to effect a seal. Look for pitting and any other defects which would make sealing impossible. These procedures are of fundamental importance for a successful operation no matter what style of gasket or type of bolting materials are used. The better the lubricant. dents and gouges must be avoided. Lubricate the bolt threads and the nut contact surfaces. nuts and washers. scratches or corrosion. Verify to be sure the gasket is of the proper material and style. elevating the torque to 50 to 60 percent of the final torque. Tighten the bolts approximately 30% to the final torque following the sequence shown in Figure 2 (shown on next page). Check for tool marks. Center the gasket on the flange. INC. the more consistent the actual achieved bolt stress at installation will be. If the correct tightening sequence is not followed. There are limits on the degree of flange surface imperfections that can be sealed successfully with a gasket.

a smaller diameter bolt must be Properly fastened studs and bolts achieve strained more to develop the same load. This is highly desirable. to take a permanent set. threads. Bolting Patterns Regardless of the number of bolts. depends on the variables of R = radius or length of lever S = pounds pull on scale material. will provide the correct tightening sequence. and finally elastic limit of the material. Circular Multi-Bolt Installation Pattern A DIVISION 475 KLUG CIRCLE • CORONA. This is called the creep-relaxation phenomenon. could give the same additional follow-up What torque to apply is a generally as the larger diameter bolt of greater asked question. It is an elastic member which has been stretched to develop a load by elongating its length. Proper gasket selection is critical and must be considered during the design and engineering process of any system. Once the type of material and style of gasket is determined. this circular bolt pattern with modification. CA 92880-6406 (951) 280-4488 • FAX: (951) 272-4445 OF TRIPAC MARKETING. within its elastic limit. The smaller bolt. or the elastic limit of the steel will be exceeded. The more follow-up of spring provided by the bolt. The most common method of effecting a seal on a flange joint is through compression force applied by bolting. since most gasketing materials tend to remold. the more follow-up or comeback there will be in actual inches. The inch-per-inch relationship demonstrates that the longer the bolt. The bolt then deforms and with continued loading (stressing) will quickly fail. the more it must be strained to yield a desired load. . proper installation is critical to achieve “seating” of the gasket. if any. and lubrication. With their holding power from the tension (or the smaller diameter bolt. A seal is effected by compressing the gasket material and causing it to flow into the imperfections on the flanges so that intimate contact is made preventing leaking of the joint. the better the retention of stress on the gasket to maintain a leakproof joint. the use of a torque wrench is recommended. In the same respect. It must not be overelongated (over-strained). Torque Torque is a twisting force. thus. there is a serious torque) that is derived from the mating of the danger that it may be over-strained and external and internal threads subject to the stressed beyond the elastic limit.PROPER FLANGE BOLTING Gaskets Bolting Gaskets are used to create a static seal between two flanges and to maintain that seal under operating conditions. to relax. broken. A bolt is a spring. The formula for torque is T = R x S where: To avoid such problems with bolt tightening. The designer of the flange system normally specifies the torque required to achieve a proper seal. When applied to a bolt it is generally expressed in foot pounds. but the answer Figure 2 length. INC. As previously stated the designer of the flange system normally specifies the required torque.