Diesel Generator

Operation & Maintenance Level- (I)
Presented By- A.N.U.Wijesena
(A) Key components of Emergency Backup (B) Operating Recommendations (C) Fluid Testing & Analysis (D) Maintenance –Beyond the basics (E) Generator Rating & Applications (National Fire Protection Association) (F) Preventive Maintenance (G) Safety Precautions (H) User Negligence (I ) Compliance Standards

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BASIC IDENTIFICATION (A)components Key components of Emergency Key of Emergency backup Backup
•Components Identification •Automatic Voltage Regulator AC Generator •Transfer Switch Components •Engine •Lubrication System •Cooling System •Fuel System Fuel System •DC Electrical System •Exhaust System / Air System •Air System
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RADIATOR

CONTROL PANEL

FUEL TANK WITH SKID ENGINE

BATTERIES

ALTERNATOR

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A.C Generator (Alternator)

Prime Mover (Engine)

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MX-341. R-438. LEROY SOMER Series AVR Models: R-230(250).SX-440.MX-341.SX-421. Power Input (Engine) Exciter Stator Exciter Rotor Bearing Main Rotor Rotating Diodes 7 8 Types of Automatic Voltage Regulators (AVR) Stamford Alternator Series AVR Models: SX-460. MARATHON Series AVR Models: SE-350.SX-440.Automatic Voltage Regulator Basic Architecture of a Alternator Voltage Regulator Main Stator Mech. R-448. MX-321. 10 Physical Appearance 11 12 2 . Basler Series AVR Models: AVC63-12B1(VR6) Denyo Series AVR Models: AN-5 203 Cummins PCC AVR Models: 300-4306 9 Stamford Alternator Series AVR Models: SX-460. MX-321.

Physical Appearance LEROY SOMER Series AVR Models: R-230(250). R-448. R-438. 17 18 3 . R449 13 14 Physical Appearance R-230(250) 15 16 Physical Appearance MARATHON Series AVR Models: SE-350.

Denyo Series AVR Models: AN-5 203 19 20 Cummins PCC AVR Models: 300-4306 21 22 Possible causes to AVR failure • Transient loads exceeding generator capacity • Direct Lightning hits • Inconsistence of winding insulation Resistance • Improper handling in a Manual C/O operation • Lack of service on time • Excessive imbalance Kvar in Synchronization systems • Harmonics & waveform distortions in the load • Short circuit or Overloading • Unbalanced Load • Over excitation • Manufacturing defects • Environmental conditions • Excessive vibration 23 24 4 .Basler Series AVR Models: AVC63-12B1(VR6).

25 26 27 28 Occupational Safety and Health Administration (USA-Department of Labor) 29 30 5 .