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TRANSMISSION MATERIALS STANDARD SPECIFICATION

10-TMSS-05, Rev. 0
PAGE NO. 2 OF 11 10TMSS05R0/MAA


Date of Approval: March 13, 2006
TABLE OF CONTENTS


1.0 SCOPE


2.0 CROSS REFERENCES


3.0 APPLICABLE CODES AND STANDARDS


4.0 DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION REQUIREMENTS

4.1 General
4.2 Ratings
4.3 Materials
4.4 Fabrication
4.5 Diameter and Permissible Variations
4.6 Reel Design
4.7 Markings


5.0 TESTS


6.0 DATA SCHEDULE



TRANSMISSION MATERIALS STANDARD SPECIFICATION
10-TMSS-05, Rev. 0
PAGE NO. 3 OF 11 10TMSS05R0/MAA


Date of Approval: March 13, 2006
1.0 SCOPE

This Transmission Material Standard Specification (TMSS) specifies the minimum
technical requirements for design, engineering, manufacture, inspection, testing and
performance of Bare Copper-Clad Steel Grounding Conductor and Ground Rod to be
used for the grounding of transmission line structures in the overhead transmission line
system of Saudi Electricity Company (SEC), Saudi Arabia.


2.0 CROSS REFERENCES

This Material Standard Specification shall be read in conjunction with the latest
revision of SEC General Specification No. 01-TMSS-01, titled "General Requirements
for All Equipment/Materials" which shall be considered as an integral part of this
TMSS.

This TMSS shall also be read in conjunction with SEC Purchase Order or Contract
Schedules for project, as applicable.


3.0 APPLICABLE CODES AND STANDARDS

The latest amendments/revision of the following Code and Standard shall be
applicable for the equipment/material covered in this TMSS. In case of conflict, the
vendor/manufacturer may propose equipment/material conforming to Industry Code
and Standard other than that quoted hereunder without jeopardizing the requirements
of this TMSS.

ASTM B910/B910M Standard Specification for Annealed Copper-Clad Steel
Wire


4.0 DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION REQUIREMENTS

4.1 General

4.1.1 The copper-clad steel grounding conductor and copper-clad steel
ground rods shall be of manufacturer's standard design and shall meet
or exceed the requirements of this Specification in all respects.

4.1.2 The copper-clad steel grounding conductor shall be made from bare
round annealed copper-clad steel wires conforming to ASTM
B910/B910M.

4.1.3 The service conditions referenced in 01-TMSS-01 shall be regarded
as the basis of design criteria.

4.1.4 Manufacturer's drawings, as required in 01-TMSS-01 shall show the
outline of the copper-clad steel grounding conductor and copper-clad


TRANSMISSION MATERIALS STANDARD SPECIFICATION
10-TMSS-05, Rev. 0
PAGE NO. 4 OF 11 10TMSS05R0/MAA


Date of Approval: March 13, 2006
steel ground rod together with all pertinent dimensions. Any
variations in these dimensions due to manufacturing tolerances shall
be indicated.


4.2 Ratings

4.2.1 The copper-clad steel grounding conductor shall conform to the
requirements of Table 1 below:

Table 1:

Nominal Diameter
Conductor
Size
Designation
Overall
Individual
Wire
Nominal
Total
Cross-
Section
Minimum
Rated
Tensile
Strength
DC
Resistance
at 20°C
Fusing
Current
for 0.5
second
(approx.)
AWG (mm) (mm) (mm²) (kN) (Ohm/km) (kA)
7 No. 10 7.77 2.588 36.83 10.28 1.2061 12
7 No. 9 8.71 2.906 46.44 12.95 0.9564 15
7 No. 8 9.78 3.264 58.57 16.34 0.7586 19
7 No. 7 11.00 3.665 73.87 20.60 0.6014 24
7 No. 6 12.34 4.115 93.10 25.97 0.4771 31
7 No. 5 13.87 4.620 117.42 32.75 0.3783 38
7 No. 4 15.57 5.189 148.04 41.30 0.3000 49
19 No. 8 16.31 3.264 158.97 44.36 0.2805 52
19 No. 7 18.31 3.665 200.45 55.92 0.2225 66
19 No. 6 20.57 4.115 252.71 70.50 0.1764 83
19 No. 5 23.11 4.620 318.71 88.89 0.1399 104

Note: The tensile load is taken as ninety percent (90%) of the sum of the
tensile loads of the individual wires and is based on minimum tensile
strength of 310 N/mm
2
as referred in ASTM B910/B910M.

4.2.2 The required size and diameter of copper-clad steel grounding
conductor shall be specified in the Data Schedule.

4.2.3 The copper-clad steel ground rods shall have a nominal diameter of
16mm (5/8 inches) and 19mm (3/4 inches) with a minimum length of
3 meter. The ground rods shall be of sectional type equipped with
suitable couplings and driving studs. The required diameter of the
ground rod shall be specified in the Data Schedule.

4.3 Materials

4.3.1 The copper-clad wire shall consist of a core of homogeneous open-
hearth, electric-furnace, or basic-oxygen low carbon steel with a
continuous outer cladding of copper thoroughly bonded to the core
throughout. The copper-clad wire shall be free from copper


TRANSMISSION MATERIALS STANDARD SPECIFICATION
10-TMSS-05, Rev. 0
PAGE NO. 5 OF 11 10TMSS05R0/MAA


Date of Approval: March 13, 2006
discontinuities and all imperfections not consistent with good
commercial practice.

4.3.2 The nominal conductivity of copper-clad steel wire shall be 40%
IACS (International Annealed Copper Standard).

4.3.3 The electrical resistivity of copper-clad steel wire at a temperature of
20ºC shall not exceed 0.04397 ohm.mm
2
/m.

4.3.4 All wires in the grounding conductor shall be of the same grade and
quality.

4.3.5 The ground rods shall be made from a high-strength steel (high
carbon steel). Pure electrolytic copper shall be uniformly molecularly
bonded onto the core to ensure corrosion resistance and eliminate
electrolytic action. The steel core shall have sufficient rigidity for
easy driving with hammer or mechanical drivers.

4.4 Fabrication

4.4.1 The copper-clad steel grounding conductors shall be constructed in
conventional concentric-lay-stranded type.

4.4.2 The copper-clad steel grounding conductors shall have left-hand lay
and the preferred lay is 13.5 times the diameter of that layer, but the
pitch of the strand shall not be less than 10 nor more than 16 times
this diameter.

4.4.3 All copper-clad steel wires in the conductor shall lie naturally in their
true positions in the completed conductor. They shall remain in
position when the conductor is cut at any point and shall permit re-
stranding by hand after being forcibly unraveled at the end of the
conductor.

4.4.4 Joints or splices may be made in the finished individual copper-clad
steel wires composing concentric- lay-stranded conductor but these
splices shall not decrease the strength of the finished conductor below
the minimum breaking strength specified in this specification.

4.4.5 These joints or splices shall not be closer than 15 meters to any other
joint in the same layer in the conductor.

4.4.6 The type of joints or splices in individual copper-clad steel wires shall
be of weld-annealed joints made by electric butt welding.


TRANSMISSION MATERIALS STANDARD SPECIFICATION
10-TMSS-05, Rev. 0
PAGE NO. 6 OF 11 10TMSS05R0/MAA


Date of Approval: March 13, 2006
4.5 Diameter and Permissible Variations

4.5.1 The actual diameter of the copper-clad steel wires forming the
conductor shall not vary from the specified diameter by more than ±
1.5% expressed to the nearest 0.003 mm.

4.5.2 The cross sectional area of the completed conductor shall not be less
than 98% of the area specified. The cross sectional area of a
conductor shall be considered to be the sum of the cross-sectional
areas of its component wires at any section when measured
perpendicularly to their individual axis.

4.5.3 The minimum copper thickness due to eccentricity shall not be less
than 5% of the individual wire diameter (10% of the wire radius) as
shown in Table-2:

Table 2:

Nominal
Individual Wire
Diameter
(mm)
Minimum
Copper Thickness
(mm)
2.588 0.1294
2.906 0.1453
3.264 0.1632
3.665 0.1832
4.115 0.2057
4.620 0.2310
5.189 0.2594

4.5.4 The minimum thickness of copper for copper-clad steel ground rod
shall not be less than 0.25 mm at any point.

4.5.5 The actual diameter of the copper-clad steel ground rod shall not be
less than 14.3mm and 17.1mm (unthreaded) for 16mm and 19mm
nominal diameter ground rods respectively.

4.6 Reel Design

4.6.1 Reel shall be of non-returnable wood.

4.6.2 The length of copper-clad steel grounding conductor per reel shall be
2000 meters with a permissible variation of ±5%, unless otherwise
different lengths are required as per actual site requirements or as
agreed between SEC and the manufacturer.


TRANSMISSION MATERIALS STANDARD SPECIFICATION
10-TMSS-05, Rev. 0
PAGE NO. 7 OF 11 10TMSS05R0/MAA


Date of Approval: March 13, 2006
4.7 Markings

4.7.1 Each end of the copper-clad steel grounding conductor in the reel
shall bear a non-corroding tag identifying the following:

a. Grade of grounding conductor
b. Diameter/Size of grounding conductor
c. Average Breaking Strength
d. Length of grounding conductor
e. Stranding

4.7.2 Each reel shall be stenciled to show all information under paragraph
4.7.1 plus additional information as follows:

a. Manufacturer's Name and Country of Origin
b. Year of Manufacture
c. Serial Number
d. Size of Reel
e. Gross Weight
f. SEC Purchase Order Number/Contract Number.
g. SEC Material Item Number
h. Consignee Address
i. Direction of Rolling
j. 10-TMSS-05, Rev.0

4.7.3 All markings shall appear on both sides of the reel.


5.0 TESTS

All test results shall be provided for review and acceptance by SEC.

5.1 Tests for electrical and physical properties of copper-clad steel wires
composing concentric-lay-stranded conductors made from copper-clad steel
wire shall be made before stranding.

5.2 The routine test shall not be required after stranding.

5.3 The copper-clad steel wire shall withstand without fracture not less than 20
twists in a length equivalent to 100 times the nominal diameter of the
specimen. The specimen shall be twisted by rotating on the wires at a rate of
approximately 15 twists per minute in the same direction until fracture occurs.

5.4 The copper-clad steel wire after twisting to destruction shall not reveal any
seams, pits, slivers or other imperfection of sufficient magnitude to indicate
inherent defects or imperfections. Examination of the wire at the break with the
unaided eye shall show no separation of the copper from the steel.



TRANSMISSION MATERIALS STANDARD SPECIFICATION
10-TMSS-05, Rev. 0
PAGE NO. 8 OF 11 10TMSS05R0/MAA


Date of Approval: March 13, 2006
5.5 The electrical resistivity of the material shall be determined in accordance with
ASTM B193 Test Method for Resistivity of Electrical Conductor Materials.

5.6 Elongation shall be measured by means of an extensometer suitable for
measuring elongation in 250 mm in accordance with the testing requirements
specified in ASTM B910/B910M. It shall be attached to the test specimen at a
tension load of approximately ten percent (10%) of rated strength, and shall be
recorded as zero length.

The elongation shall be observed while applying tension load to the specimen
and the reading shall be taken when fracture occurs. The elongation of the
specimen shall be not less than fifteen percent (15%).

The tests shall be disregarded, if the fracture occurs in or at the gripping jaws
of the machine and the extensometer shows a reading less than fifteen percent
(15%).

5.7 If upon testing a sample from any reel of wire, the results do not conform to the
tensile requirements prescribed in Table 1 and the elongation of specimen in
Clause 5.6, two additional samples shall be tested and the average of the two
tests shall determine the acceptance or rejection of the reel of wire.



TRANSMISSION MATERIALS STANDARD SPECIFICATION
10-TMSS-05, Rev. 0
PAGE NO. 9 OF 11 10TMSS05R0/MAA


Date of Approval: March 13, 2006
6.0 DATA SCHEDULE

BARE COPPER-CLAD STEEL GROUNDING CONDUCTOR AND GROUND ROD

SEC Enquiry No. Date:

SEC Purchase Order
No.

Date:

or Contract No.

SEC PTS No./Project Title with J.O. No.

REFERENCE
SECTION NO. DESCRIPTION 'A' 'B' 'C'

3.0 APPLICABLE CODES AND STANDARDS

ASTM B910/B910M *

4.0 DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION REQUIREMENTS

4.2.2 Copper-Clad Steel Grounding Conductor

AWG Size

Nominal Cross-Section (mm²)

Overall Diameter (mm)

Minimum Tensile Strength (kN) *

D.C. Resistance at 20°C (Ω/km) *

Fusing Current Rating for 0.5 second (kA) *




'A'- SEC SPECIFIED DATA/PARAMETERS
'B'- BIDDER/SUPPLIER/VENDOR/CONTRACTOR PROPOSED DATA/PARAMETERS
'C'- REMARKS SUPPORTING THE PROPOSED DEVIATION IN COLUMN 'B'
(*)- DATA/PARAMETERS TO BE PROVIDED/PROPOSED BY THE BIDDER/SUPPLIER/
VENDOR/CONTRACTOR IN COLUMN 'B'



TRANSMISSION MATERIALS STANDARD SPECIFICATION
10-TMSS-05, Rev. 0
PAGE NO. 10 OF 11 10TMSS05R0/MAA


Date of Approval: March 13, 2006
6.0 DATA SCHEDULE

BARE COPPER-CLAD STEEL GROUNDING CONDUCTOR AND GROUND ROD

REFERENCE
SECTION NO. DESCRIPTION 'A' 'B' 'C'

4.2.3 Copper-Clad Steel Ground Rod

Nominal Diameter (mm) 16/19

Actual Diameter (mm) 14.3/17.1

Minimum Length (mm) 3,000

4.3 Conductivity of Annealed Copper-Clad
Steel Wire (%IACS)
40

4.4 Direction of Lay left hand

4.5 Minimum Copper Thickness for:

Copper-Clad Steel Wire (mm) *

Ground Rod (mm) 0.25

4.6 Length of Grounding Conductor

Total Required Length (m) *

Maximum Length per Reel (m) 2,000

Tolerance in Length per Reel ±5%

Type of Reel wooden


TRANSMISSION MATERIALS STANDARD SPECIFICATION
10-TMSS-05, Rev. 0
PAGE NO. 11 OF 11 10TMSS05R0/MAA


Date of Approval: March 13, 2006
6.0 DATA SCHEDULE

BARE COPPER-CLAD STEEL GROUNDING CONDUCTOR AND GROUND ROD

ADDITIONAL TECHNICAL INFORMATION OR FEATURES TO BE FURNISHED BY
SEC:
A.







ADDITIONAL SUPPLEMENTARY DATA OR FEATURES PROPOSED BY
BIDDER/VENDOR/SUPPLIER/CONTRACTOR:
B.







OTHER PARTICULARS TO BE FILLED UP BY BIDDER/VENDOR/SUPPLIER/
CONTRACTOR:
B.





Actual Manufacturer
of Equipment/Material
Vendor/Supplier/
Contractor

Name of the Company
Location and address



Name and Signature of
authorized
representative

and date


Official Seal/Stamp
of the Company &
Date