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OPERATING PROCEDURES

WELDING PROCEDURE MANUAL PROCESS PIPING

Page 1 of 6

ESTABLISHING QUALIFIED WELDING PROCEDURE SPECIFICATIONS

04/25/11

HIS SECTION PROVIDES STANDARD FOR ESTABLISHING Qualified Welding Procedures and summaries of the Qualified Welding Procedure Specifications (QWPS) used by the Company. These procedures shall be based on Welding Procedure Specifications established by ASME Section IX, Article 2.

GENERAL

The individual overseeing welding activities will establish and qualify detailed welding procedure specifications for each welding process approved for use by persons performing welding on the Companys process piping as defined by ASME 31.3 Process Piping. Weld quality will be determined by destructive testing in accordance with Section 3.01 (Destructively Testing Welds) based on guidelines established from AMSE Section IX QW210 Qualification of Test Coupons, QW462.3(a) Face and root Bends Transverse and QW462.1(b) Tension Reduced Section Pipe . Sample test welds shall be joined by following the QWPS. Welds must be made by an experienced welder. Weld test specimens will be broken, pulled or bent, and examined by a qualified Company representative. QWPS must be completed for each welding procedure in accordance with the welding process and the pipe and fitting materials used and maintained as long as the procedure is current. QWPS include essential, supplementary essential, and non-essential variables. Essential variables are those factors which must be recorded and if they are changed in any way, the procedure must be retested and re-qualified. Supplementary essential variables are required for metals for which specify notch-toughness tests are required and are in addition to the essential variables for each welding process. Nonessential variables are usually of less importance and may be changed within prescribed limits and the procedure need not be re-qualified.

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OPERATING PROCEDURES

WELDING PROCEDURE MANUAL PROCESS PIPING

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ESTABLISHING QUALIFIED WELDING PROCEDURE SPECIFICATIONS


QW253 Welding Variables Procedure Specifications (WPS) Shielded Metal Arc Welding (SMAW)

04/25/11

Paragraph
QW-402 Joints

Brief of Variable
Groove Design Backing Root Spacing Retainers

Essential

Supplementary Essential

NonEssential
X X X X

QW403 Base Metals

Group Number T Limits Impact (T = Wall Thickness) T Qualified t pass> P-number qualified X X X X X

X X

QW404 Filler Metals

F-number A-number Diameter Diameter > Classification t (t = weld metal thickness) Classification

X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X

QW405 Positions

Position Position Vertical Welding

QW406 Preheat

Decrease > 100 deg F Preheat Maintenance Increase > 100 deg F

QW409 Electrical Characteristics

Heat Input Current or Polarity Amp/Voltage Range

QW410 Technique

String/Weave Method of Cleaning Method of back gouge Multiple to Single Pass pass/side Manual/Automatic Peening Use of Thermal Processes

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OPERATING PROCEDURES

WELDING PROCEDURE MANUAL PROCESS PIPING

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ESTABLISHING QUALIFIED WELDING PROCEDURE SPECIFICATIONS


QW255 Welding Variables Procedure Specifications (WPS) Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW and FCAW)

04/25/11

Paragraph
QW-402 Joints

Brief of Variable
Groove Design Backing Root Spacing Retainers

Essential

Supplementary Essential

NonEssential
X X X X

QW403 Base Metals

Group Number T Limits Impact T Qualified t pass> P-number qualified X X X X X

X X

QW404 Filler Metals

F-number A-number Diameter Classification Filler Metal Product Form Supplemental Alloy Elements t (t = weld metal thickness) t limits (S. cir. Arc) Classification

X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X

QW405 Positions

Position Position Vertical Welding

QW406 Preheat

Decrease > 100 deg F Preheat Maintenance Increase > 100 deg F

QW408 Gas

Trail or comp Single, mixture, or % Flow Rate Backing flow Backing or comp Shielding or trailing

QW409 Electrical Characteristics

Heat Input Transfer Mode Current or Polarity Amp/Voltage Range

QW410 Technique

String/Weave Orifice, cup, nozzle size Method of Cleaning

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OPERATING PROCEDURES

WELDING PROCEDURE MANUAL PROCESS PIPING

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ESTABLISHING QUALIFIED WELDING PROCEDURE SPECIFICATIONS

04/25/11

Paragraph
QW410 Technique (contd.)

Brief of Variable
Method of back gouge Oscillation Tube-work distance Multiple to Single Pass pass/side Single to multiple electrodes Electrode spacing Manual/Automatic Peening Use of Thermal Processes

Essential

Supplementary Essential

NonEssential
X X X

X X

X X X X X

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OPERATING PROCEDURES

WELDING PROCEDURE MANUAL PROCESS PIPING

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ESTABLISHING QUALIFIED WELDING PROCEDURE SPECIFICATIONS


QW256 Welding Variables Procedure Specifications (WPS) Gas Tungsten Arc Welding (GTAW) Brief of Variable Essential Supplementary Essential
Groove Design Backing Root Spacing Retainers

04/25/11

Paragraph
QW-402 Joints

NonEssential
X X X X

QW403 Base Metals

Group Number T Limits Impact T Qualified P-number qualified X X

X X

QW404 Filler Metals

Size F-number A-number Classification Filler Consum. Insert Filler Metal Product Form t (t = weld metal thickness) Classification Flux X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X

QW405 Positions

Position Position Vertical Welding

QW406 Preheat QW408 Gas

Decrease > 100 deg F Increase > 100 deg F Trail or comp Single, mixture, or % Flow Rate Backing flow Backing or comp Shielding or trailing

QW409 Electrical Characteristics

Heat Input Pulsing Current or Polarity Amp/Voltage Range Tungsten Electrode

QW410 Technique

String/Weave Orifice, cup, nozzle size Method of Cleaning Method of back gouge

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OPERATING PROCEDURES

WELDING PROCEDURE MANUAL PROCESS PIPING

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ESTABLISHING QUALIFIED WELDING PROCEDURE SPECIFICATIONS


Brief of Variable
Oscillation Multiple to Single Pass pass/side Single to Multi Electrode Closed to out chamber Electrode Spacing Manual or Automatic Peening Use of Thermal Process X X X X

04/25/11

Paragraph
QW410 Technique (contd.)

Essential

Supplementary Essential

NonEssential
X X

X X X

If questions arise regarding specific variables within the procedure, contact the individual overseeing welding activities for guidance. These variables are detailed in ASME Section IX, Article II, QW250 Welding Variables and Article IV Welding Data for procedure qualifications.