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Griswold 1 Taylor Griswold Rapert 7 18 April, 2013 Research Essay Idi Amins full name Idi Amin Dada

but, most commonly known as the Butcher Of Uganda (Idi Amin 1) . Amin filmed a movie about himself called The Last King of Scotland. He was the Uganda heavyweight champion in the year of 1951 (Idi Amin Dada 1). He referred himself as: Hero of Africa, His Excellency, President of Uganda, President President for Life, Field Marshal Al Hadji, Doctor Idi Amin, VC, Distinguished Service Order, Military Cross, King of Scotland, Lord of All the Beasts of the Earth and Fishes of the Sea Amin (Idi Amin 3). Amin was a very tall, at a height of six foot, four inches and was an intimidating looking person (Idi Amin 1). Before Amin took power of Uganda he served in the military service called the KAR (Idi Amin 3).. He used the power he had in the KAR to control his nation (Idi Amin 3). Amin was known for human rights abuse, political repression, sectarian violence, and ethnic persecution during his rule because of how he treated his people and ruined his economy (Idi Amin 3). Idi Amin was perhaps one of the most deadly and brutal dictator of recent Uganda History. Amin took over in the 1970 and ruled Uganda for 8 years. Idi Amin killed around 100,00- 500,000 citizens but, most sources say 300,00 (Idi Amin 2). Amin took power by overthrowing the president at that time, Mr. Obote with his strong military force. He overthrew Obote because, Obote was planning on arresting Amin for messing with the army funds (Idi Amin 3). Idi Amin was scared that he was going to lose his military power status so the only option he thought of was to get rid of Obote. Once he took over took Uganda he was nice and charismatic until the real Idi Amin showed through. Amin ruled his country through dictatorship

Griswold 2 but, he told his people he was running a democratic regime. (Nurnberger and Idi Amin Dada 2). Uganda was in for a long, hard eight years rule under a cruel man. Propaganda helps rulers capture the hearts and minds of their people and being able to control how they think and feel about certain things. Dictators all over the world use propaganda to brainwash their people into thinking that what they are doing is for the good of the people. In fact they are destroying their country. Amin promised a democracy for the people of Uganda, for which they cheered and loved him (Idi Amin Dada 2). As Idi Amin told his nation In any country there must be people who have to die. There are sacrifices any nation has to make to achieve law and order. (Idi Amin Quotes). Amin tried to say in a nice, and more approachable way was that the reason he was killing his people is for a good cause and helping the country. The real reason was Amin is just discriminating against his people, mostly the Asians (Idi Amin 2). Amin soon killed all the Asians holding British passports and discriminated against many others that did not suite Amins interest and then reported God told him too (Idi Amin 2). Another famous propaganda quote Amin gave was Sometimes people mistake the way I talk for what I am thinking.(Idi Amin Quotes). Amin blamed the people for misunderstanding him when he spoke but, actually he needed an excuse to cover up what he said. Idi Amin used propaganda to cover up his mistakes and murders, so he could make himself seem more kind and caring. Idi Amin lied and deceived his people by using anything to make them believe in him. Idi Amin used one factor to control his people and keep his power, which was fear. He used the fear of getting killed to keep in control of people by using his military to kill the people. He killed people for any reason he could, the biggest reason was ethnic cleansing. He would advertise his killings on tv to stop any idea of opposing him and would torture his people. (Idi

Griswold 3 Amin Dada 2).He did many more terrible things to scare people into doing what he wanted. Without the fear of the people, Idi Amin would not have been able to keep his power. Someone would have overthrown or revolted against him. Amins military was everything to him, without it he would not have ruled. After Amin did his ethnic cleansing, by getting rid of the 50,000 to 70,000 Asians, Ugandas economy crashed (Idi Amin 1). Amin was a very controlling person and was scared to lose his power. The only way he knew how to keep power was to use fear against his people. Idi Amin controlled the society of Uganda in harsh and unfair ways. Some of the most popular ways for controlling a nations society is by rationing peoples needs or the government controlling the media. Idi Amin choose to use methods that other dictators are known for. Each citizen was rationed to one bottle of brownish water per day and that was to be used throughout the day. They had little or no gas for cooking or driving if allowed that privilege. Telephones were not allowed to be used. (Wooding). Amin kept tight control of his people, rationing them to almost nothing. Then he made sure there was only a limited amount of media and connections. Amin feared losing control over his people and them getting freedom. He loved his power and control over Uganda and he was not about to give it up. Controlling the people was just another factor of fear to keep him in charge. Life under Idi Amins regime was extremely hard. People would see dead bodies everywhere. Life expectancy was only fifty-four years old (Myers). Life was extremely difficult and hard for the average person. People walked around in fear of being killed every day. Most of the killings were senseless. For example, Many victims have been guilty of nothing more than catching the eye of the killer or a shopkeeper with coveted goods, or a Christian in a Muslim village, or a civil servant who questions a command, or a judge with

Griswold 4 foreign friends. (Ullman). The people of Uganda had to be extremely careful of what they did, and when they did it. If they were caught doing something Idi Amin didnt agree with they were killed instantly. Death was always around the people and seeing this caused pain and heartbreak, which just made things in Uganda even more terrible for the people. Idi Amins relationships with the outside world were becoming worse. Amin tried to take over a strip of land from Tanzania but Tanzania came after Amins troops. Since Amins troops were no good against Tanzania, Amin was forced into exile (Idi Amin Dada 2). Amins control and power over his own people made him blind to how much control he actually had beyond his nation. He was easily beaten by Tanzania. Amin fled to Libya then to Iraq and he ended up settling in Saudi Arabia (Idi Amin 2). Amin fled to three different countries before he got sick. He died on August 16, 2003 of multiple organ failures in Saudi Arabia (Idi Amin Dada 1). Many people were relieved to hear of his death. Idi Amin was a cruel and brutal dictator to Uganda. He ruled an unarmed nation that could never fight against his military. Without the Tanzanians, the Ugandans would have suffered more years under the rule of Idi Amin. Idi Amin died without paying his price for the thousands of innocent people he killed. Idi Amin is still today considered one of the most brutal dictators in all of the world. Idi Amin violated all human rights. The people of Uganda never had any sort of freedom. Uganda used to be rich from their exports but, Amin completely destroyed the economy. Amin completely destroyed the country of Uganda, from peoples minds due to all the deaths they saw to the economy collapse (Idi Amin Dada 2). Works Cited Page

Griswold 5 Idi Amin Quotes. BrainyQuote Web. 19 April, 2013 <http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/authors/i/idi_amin.html> Idi Amin Dada. Encyclopedia of World Biography. 2004, Web. 17 April, 2013. <http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/Idi_Amin.aspx> Idi Amin. History Channel. Foreign Affair. Web. 16 April, 2013. <http://www.history.com/topics/idi-a> Idi Amin. Moreorless Heroes & Killers of the 20th Century. 20 February, 2001, Web. April 15, 2013. <http://www.moreorless.au.com/killers/amin.ht Idi Amin Dada. Vinces Worthwhile Website. 9 November, 2011, Web. 16 April, 2013 <http://www.vincelewis.net/amin.html> Myers, William. A Modern Martyr. The Old Roman Catholic Church in North America. New Perspectives. 2003. Web. 21 April, 2013. <http://www.orccna.org/publications/np42/martyr.htm> New World Encyclopedia. Idi Amin. May 25, 2007, Web. April 16, 2013. <http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Idi_Amin> Nurnberger, Ralph. The United States and Idi Amin: Congress To The Rescue. Vol. XXV no. 1, Web. 20 April, 2013. <http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/523992?uid=3739864&uid=2&uid=4&uid=3739256&sid= 21102175659567> Ullman, Richard. Human Rights and Economic Power: The United States Versus Idi Amin. Foreign Affairs. April, 1978, Web. 16 April, 2013 . <http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/29141/richard-h-ullman/human-rights-and-economicpower-the-united-states-versus-idi-ami>

Griswold 6 Wooding, Dan. How Idi Amin, the Butcher of Uganda changed my life-- for good. ASSIST News Service (ANS). March 16, 2010, Web. 18 April, 2013. <http://www.assistnews.net/Stories/2010/s10030090.htm>