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Hydraulic Calculation of Box Culvert

WLc

WLu
Canal Name:
Structure No.

Chainage
Type

Box Culvert cum Drop

2 Calculation of Head Loss


Box Single

Hc

Hu
c

BLu
WLu

WLi

Hu

Hc

BLi

S
Hd

Upstream Canal

Approch Canal

4
hD 1:

Transition

La

Outlet Transition Downstream


Lo
Canal

Conduit
Lc

BLd

Stilling Basin

Lt

Downstream Canal

Ls

1 Dimension and Hydraulic Conditions


Conduit width Bc=
Nos. of Conduit N =

4.00 m
1 nos

Upstream Canal

Bottom Width
Side Slope 1:m
Water Depth
Water Surface Width
Flow Area
Velocity
Velocity Head
Energy Head
Inlet loss in the transition (hi)
dE = Eu - (Ei + hi)
Wetted Perimeter P = B + 2H(m^2+1)^0.5
Hydraulic Radius R = A/P
Roughness Coefficient
Roughness Coefficient K
Hydraulic Gradient I =[n V/R ^(2/3)]^2

Bu =
m=
Hu =
Wu =
Au =
Vu =
hvu =
Eu =

3.00
1.5
1.820
8.46
10.4286
1.030819094
0.054213674
1.874213674

9.562103321
1.090617791
0.014285714
70
0.00019317

Transition = 1.92098 (Wu-Wc)/2

Energy Level (m)


Water Level (m)
Floor Level (m)
Energy Level (m)
Water Level (m)
Floor Level (m)

Be =
m=
He =
We =
Ae =
Ve =
hve =
Ee=
ht =
Pe =
Re =
n=
K=
Ie =

4.2837854

Length of Transition

say Li =
note:

Design Discharge Q=
Conduit length Lc =
Drop Height Z WLo-WLd=
U/s Transition End
Conduit
Qi=Q/N =

ok
Pu =
Ru =
n=
K=
Iu =

5.00 m

4.00
1.5
1.8189
9.4567
12.23819582
0.87839745
0.039366433
1.858266433
0.015956918
-9.67696E-06
10.55813721
1.159124528
0.014285714
70
0.000129324

Bc =
m=
Hc =
Wc =
Ac =
Vc =
hvc =
Ec =
hi =
ok
Pc =
Rc =
n=
Ic =

WLb = BLb + Hn =
BLb = BLd - d =

Down stream Canal EL


96.00 m

10.75 m3/sec
16.00 m
2.08 m
Downstream Canal
10.75

4.00
0
1.7193
4.000
6.8772
1.56313616
0.124662993
1.843962993
0.030213238
3.74434E-05
7.4386
0.924528809
0.014285714
70
0.000553652

Bd =
m=
Hd=
Wd =
Ad=
Vd=
hvd=
Ed =

4.7822573

say Lo =

5.00 m
5.00 m

At E.P.of Conduit
At B.P.of Conduit Inlet
100.054 ELi = ELu - hi =
100.038 ELo = ELi - hf =
100.000 WLi = ELi - hvc =
99.914 WLo = ELo - hvc =
98.180 BLi = WLi - Hc =
98.194 BLo = WLo - Hc =
At B.P.of Down Stream Canal
ELd = WLd + hvd =
97.874
97.874 WLd = BLd+Hd=
97.820
95.500 BLd = BLd (input above)
96.000

0.001867054 m
0.014089864 m
0.2
0.561945576
0.242359316
0.030213238 m

3) Culvert conduit
Friction hf = LcIc =

0.008858433 m

4) Outlet transition
Friction hof=Lo(Ic+Id)/2 =
Divergence hod = x out(hvc-hvd) =
x out.=
sub-total

0.001867054 m
0.028179728 m
0.4
0.054862133 m

2.071445783
2.250 m
2.500 m

3 Calculation of dimension of Drop structure


Notch to be provided ? Yes/No

Width of Opening (B = Bu)


Discharge per width q = Q/B
Critical water depth hc =
Critical Velocity Vc = Q/(hc B) =
Critical velocity head hvc =
Specific Energy H = hc + hvc =

9.562103321
1.090617791
0.014285714
70
0.00019317

Id =

Lo = 2.14451 (Wc-Wd)/2

1) Inlet transition
Friction hif=Li(Iu+Ic)/2 =
Convergence hic =x in(hvc-hvu) =
x in.=
2) Inlet (Sudden contraction)
Ac/Ae
fsc
hi = fsc hvc

3 Inner height of conduit


H = Hc/0.83 =
say
Design

3.00
1.50
1.820
8.46
10.4286
1.030819094
0.054213674
1.874213674

ok
Pd =
dd =
n=

designed
5.00 m
Vc shall be in between "Vu" and 3.0 m/sec.
At B.P. of Culvert
ELu = WLu + hvu =
WLu = ELu - hvu =
BLu = WLu - Hu=
At Stilling Basin

Hd

x l'

BLd

Inlet Transition
Li

WLd

Hn
BLb

BLo

BLu

Upstream
Canal

BLc

WLd

WLo
H

HLb

Transition Angle

Stilling Basin width Bo = a x B =


a: 1.2 inprinciple
Notch heightning c = Hu + hvu -hvc-hc

4.00
2.6875
0.903282556
2.975259493
0.451641278
1.354923834

a=

4.80 say 4.80 m


1.2
say 0.000 m

o
U/stream 27 30'
o
D/stream 25

At Drop Crest
100.029 ELc = WLc + hvc =
99.905 WLc= BLc + hc =
98.185 BLc = BLu =
Notch Elevation =

99.540
99.089
98.185
98.185

Vertical distance y = Z-hc/2-hvc =


Horizontal distance x
Inclimation of water fall a (radian)
Velocity of water V = (2 g Z)^(1/2)
Thickness of the water fall dw=q/V

1.181452774
2.127514962 m
1.003715682
6.392246277 m
0.420431236 m

End sill height d


Static head at the end of stilling basin Hn =
Penetration distance S = Hn/Sin a
V max =

0.451641278
2.37
2.814807755
5.953792012

Horizontal distance of water fall L


Stilling basin length Ls = 2.5 L

3.639550718 m
9.098876795 say 9.500 m

Static pessure P =1.0 Bo Hn^2 =


M = 1.0 Q Vm/9.8 =
P > 3M ?
if "No", change basin width a

27.05707473
6.530945319
7.464238769

say 0.500 m
m
m
m

ok

196899024.xls.ms_office/Sheet1