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# Code No: X0521 II B.Tech I Semester (R07) Supply Examinations, May - 2010 PROBABILITY& STATISTICS (Com.

to CSE, IT) Time: 3 hours Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks

^d Ͳ ϭ

Max Marks: 80

1.

a)Urn A contains 3 red and 5 white marbles. Urn B contains 2 red and 1 white marble and urn C contains 2 red and 3 white marbles. An urn is selected at random and a marble is drawn from the urn. If the marble is red, what is the probability that it came from urn A. b)The probability that three men hit a target respectively are 1/5,2/3 and 1/4 . Find the probability that two shots hit the target.

2.

a) The daily consumption of electric power ( in millions of KW-hours) is a random variable having the probability density function

x 1 −3 f ( x) = xe , x ≥ 0 9

= 0, x<0 If the total production is 12 million KW, Determine the probability that there is power cut (shortage) on any given day? b) If a ticket is drawn from a box containing 10 tickets numbered 1 to 10 inclusive. Find the probability that the number ‘x ’is drawn is (i) less than 4, (ii) even number , (iii) prime number and (iv) find the mean and variance of the random variable X.

ϯ͘ ĂͿ Prove that Poisson distribution is limiting case of binomial distribution. ď) If an auditor selects 5 returns from among 15 returns of which 9 contain illegitimate deduction, what the probability that a majority of the selected returns contains illegitimate deductions?

4.

a) The voltage of a battery is very nearly normal with mean 15.0 volts and standard deviation 0.2 volts. What is the probability that four such batteries connected in series will have a combined voltage of 60.8 or more volts? b) In a hospital 480 females and 520 male babies were born in a week. Do these figures confirm the hypothesis that males and females are born in equal number?

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(v)10%. Although there was no significant difference in mean grades. What posterior probability should we assign to the event of part (i) 2 ^d Ͳ ϭ (ii) (iii) 6. Can we conclude at the 0. test the null hypothesis that µ=800 hours against the alternative that µ 800 hours at (i) 0.05 level of significance that the variability of class B is greater than that of A? 7. 8.5%. Test the hypothesis that the machine is in proper working order using a level of significance of 0.050 inch. If this variation of the mean mark is expressed subjectively by a normal distribution with mean µ 0 = 72 and variance σ 0 = 5. On the same examination.003 inch. (ii)1%. If a random sample of 30 computers has an average life of 788 hours.Code No: X0521 5.053 inch and the standard deviation is 0. The length of life X of certain computers is approximately normally distributed with mean 800 hous and standard deviation 40 hours. The arrival rae of wagons is 8 wagons per day and service rate is 14 wagons per day. a) In the past a machine has produced washers having a mean thickness of 0.d. (iv) 5%. of 8.8 and 73. (i) What probability can we assign to the actual mean mark being somewhere between 71. A and B in the particular subject. The mean mark in mathematics in common entrance that will vary from year to year. (vi) 15% level. To determine whether the machine is in proper working order a sample of 10 washers is chosen for which the mean thickness is 0.verypdf.com to remove this watermark.05? b) An instructor has two classes. . class A had a standard deviation of 9 while class B had a standard deviation of 12.4 for the next years test? Construct a 95% Bayesian interval for µ if the test is conducted for a random sample of 100 students from the next incoming class yielding a mean mark of 70 with s. (iii) 4% . The containers from railway goods wagons are unloaded at a single platform of a railway goods yard.76. Assuming the arrival rate and service rate to follow Poisson distribution the following (i) Utilization of railway goods yard (ii) Average number of waiting wagons in the queue (iii) Average number of waiting wagons in the system (iv) Average waiting time per wagon in the queue Expected waiting time per wagon in the system 2 of 2 Please purchase PDF Split-Merge on www. Class A has 16 students while Class B has 25 students.

a) The cumulative distribution function for a continuous random variable X is F ( x ) = 1 − e −2 x . An item is selected at random and is found defective.com to remove this watermark.D. (ii) mean and (iii) variance of the density function. of 423 hours. a) If the marks obtained by a number of students in a certain subject are approximately normally distributed with mean 65 and standard deviation 5.2010 PROBABILITY& STATISTICS (Com. 30% and 10% of the total number of items of a factory. If the 4 of the company trucks emit excessive amounts of pollutants. . May . of 398 hours.D.Tech I Semester (R07) Supply Examinations. IT) Time: 3 hours Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ^d Ͳ Ϯ Max Marks: 80 1. A second sample of 17 bulbs chosen from a different batch showed a mean life of 1280 hours with S. x ≥ 0 = 0 . Is there a significant difference between the means of two batches? 1 of 2 Please purchase PDF Split-Merge on www. a)An integer is chosen at random from the first 100 positive integers . x<0 Find (i) the density function f(x). To CSE.verypdf. b)A sample of 3 items is selected at random from a box containing 10 items of which 4 are defective. What is the probability that the integer chosen is divisible by 2 or 5? b)Three machines A. a) The mean life of a sample of 10 electric bulbs was found to be 1456 hours with S. If three students are selected at random from this group what is the probability that at least one of them would have scored above 75? b) A part of an air pollution survey an inspector decides to examine the exhaust of 6 of a company’s 24 trucks. 3% and 4%. Find the probability that the item was produced by machine C.Code No: X0521 II B. Find the expected number of defective items? 3. The percentages of defective output of these machines are respectively 2%. 2. what is the probability that none of them will be included in the inspector's sample? 4.B and C produce respectively 60%.

14. of Rs.D. Class A has 16 students while class B has 25 students. with an average time of 10 between on arrival and the next. It X is used as a point estimate to the true average repair costs.472.05 level of significance? b) An instructor has two classes A and B.7. although there was no significant difference in mean grades. while the IQs of 14 students from another area of the city showed a mean of 112 with a standard deviation of8. a) Among 900 people in a state 90 are found to be chapatti eaters. Is the die unbiased at a level of significance of 0. it was found that 231 were due at least partially to unsafe working conditions construct a 99% confidence interval for the corresponding true proportion.Code No: X0521 ^d Ͳ Ϯ b) A die is tossed 960 times and it falls with 5 upwards 184 times. .13. a) The IQ s (intelligence quotients) of 16 students from one area of a city showed a mean of 107 with a standard deviation of 10.17.65. 10? 6.01? 5. Arrivals at a telephone booth are considered to be Poisson.10.com to remove this watermark. Is there a significant difference between the IQs of the two groups at a 0. then (i) What is the probability that a person arriving at the booth will have to wait? (ii) What is the average length of the queues that form from time to time? The telephone department will install a second booth when convinced that an arrival would expect to have waited at least three minutes for the phone. By how much must the flow of arrivals be increased in order to justify a second booth? 2 of 2 Please purchase PDF Split-Merge on www.18.36 and the S. b) In a study of an automobile insurance a random sample 0f 80 body repair costs had a − mean of Rs. class A has a standard deviation of 9 while class B had a standard deviation of 12. with what confidence we can assert that the maximum error doesn’t exceed Rs. in a particular subject. 7. Can conclude at the 0. b) In a random sample of 400 industrial accidents.35. The length of a phone call assumed to be distributed exponentially with mean 3 minutes. Construct 99% confidence interval for the true proportion.16. a) Find 95% confidence limits for the mean of a normality distributed population from which the following sample was taken15.11.9. On the same examination.verypdf.01 level of significance that the variability of class B is greater than that of A? 8.

30 are studying Physics. (ii) P(0 ≤ x ≤ 4).com to remove this watermark. May .45% and 25% of the cars respectively. = 0. (i) What is the probability that a car purchased is defective. To CSE. b) If X is normally distributed with mean 2 and variance 0.f f(x) = x 2 . 81 A random variable X has the following probability function x p(x) 0 0 1 k 2 2k 3 2k 4 3k 5 k2 6 2k 2 7 7k 2 +k 1 2 Determine (i) k .Tech I Semester (R07) Supply Examinations.find the value of ‘a’. a)If X is a continuous random variable with p . and 20 are studying Maths and Physics. It is known that 2%. 0 ≤ x ≤ 1. (iii) the minimum value of ‘x’ such that P(X ≤ x ) > 3.Code No: X0521 II B. If a student is chosen at random find the probability that the student is (i) studying Maths or Physics (ii) studying neither Physics nor Maths.2010 PROBABILITY& STATISTICS (Com.3% and 2% of these cars produced are defective. IT) Time: 3 hours Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ^d Ͳ ϯ Max Marks: 80 1. If p(a ≤ x ≤ 1) = b) 19 . (ii) there are exactly 3 emergency calls in a 10 minute interval. b) Companies B1 . a) A hospital switch board receives an average of 4 emergency calls in a 10 minute interval. then find P(|X-2| ≥ 0. . B2 and B3 produce 30%. (ii) If a car purchased is found to be defective .verypdf.1.d . what is the probability that this car is produced by the company 2. a)Among 100 students 50 are studying Maths. elsewhere.01) ? 1 of 2 Please purchase PDF Split-Merge on www. What is the probability that (i) there are at most 2 emergency calls in a 10 minute interval.

15. respectively in 10. prior experience leads us to believe that µ is a value of normal random variable what mean µ 0 = 800 hours and standard deviation σ 0 = 10 hrs. . ^d Ͳ ϯ a) The average marks scored by 32 boys is 72 with a S. Does this indicate that the boys perform better than girls at level of significance 0. While that for 36 girls is 70 with a S. A random sample from a company’s very extensive files show that orders for a certain piece of machinery were filled.11 and 13 days.5 days. 7.05? 0 1 2 3 4 ݔ 419 352 154 56 19 ݂ A telephone booth with Poisson arrivals spaced 10 minutes apart on the average.14.verypdf. Use the level of significance Į = 0. 8. Choose the alternative hypothesis so that rejection of the null hypothesis µ = 10.com to remove this watermark. An electrical firms manufactures light bulbs that have a length of life is approximately normal distribution with a standard deviation of 100 hours. (i) What is the probability that an arrival will have to wait more than 10 minutes before the phone is free? (ii) What is the probability that it will take him more than 10 minutes altogether to wait for phone and complete his call? (iii) Estimate the fraction of a day that the phone will be in use. Find 95% Bayesian interval for µ.19.05? b) Out of 500 articles selected at random from a batch containing 10000 articles and 30 were found to be defective.D. (iv) Find the average number of units in the system. Fit a Poisson distribution to the following data and for its goodness of fit at level of significance 0. of 8. If a random sample of 25 bulbs has an average life of 780 hours. How many defective articles would you reasonably expect to have in the whole batch? 5.18.Code No: X0521 4.5 days implies that it takes longer than indicated. 2 of 2 Please purchase PDF Split-Merge on www. and exponential call lengths averaging 3 minutes.D. 6. of 6.12.01to test the claim that on the average such orders are filled in 10.

5. a)If P( A C ) = 3/8 . a) Fit a Poisson distribution to the following data x 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 f 305 365 210 80 28 9 2 1 b) In a normal population with mean 15 and SD 3. What is the total number of observations in the population? 4 a) In a test given to two groups of students. Determine the (i) Distribution function. To CSE. = 0. P ( B C ) = ½ and P ( A B )= ¼.com to remove this watermark. May . marks obtained are as follows Group I: 18 20 36 50 49 36 34 49 Group II: 29 28 26 35 30 44 44 41 Examine the significance of the difference between the means of the marks secured by students of the above groups? 1 of 2 Please purchase PDF Split-Merge on www. a)If a random variable has the probability density function f(x) = k( x 2 -1). IT) Time: 3 hours Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks Max Marks: 80 1. . it is found that 647 observations exceed 16. b) What is the probability that a leap year selected at random will contain 53 Sundays? 2. 3.verypdf.Tech I Semester (R07) Supply Examinations. (ii) mean and (iii) variance.^d Ͳ ϰ Code No: X0521 II B.25. 2 2 b)Let X denote the sum of the two numbers that appear when a pair of fair dice is tossed.2010 PROBABILITY& STATISTICS (Com. find P( A¸ B ) and P ( B¸ A ) and P( A¸ B C ). else where Find the value of ‘k’ and p( 1 5 ≤ x ≤ ). -1 ≤ x ≤ 3.

7. Use a 0. If the input of trains increases to an average 33 per day. Assuming the data may be treated a random sample from a normal population. In testing whether a coin is unbiased describe how you would use the information that in 20 independent tosses there were 12 heads.0.6 ml.Code No: X0521 ^d Ͳ ϰ b) Explain the term standard error and state how standard errors of statistics are useful in large sample tests. (i) The average number of trains in the queues. what will be change in (i) and (ii)? 2 of 2 Please purchase PDF Split-Merge on www.05 level of significance.9. Two random samples are drawn from two normal populations as follows: A 17 27 18 25 27 29 13 17 B 16 16 20 27 26 25 21 Test whether the samples are drawn from the same normal population.verypdf.8. 9. b) Random sample of 400 men and 600 women were asked whether they would like to have a flyover neat their residence. . at 5% level. 200 men and 325 women were in favour of the proposal. (ii) The probability that the queue size exceeds 10.044 inch. a) 20 people were attacked by a disease and only 18 survived will you reject the hypothesis that the survival rate if attacked by this disease in 85% in favour of the hypothesis that is more at 5% level. Test the hypothesis that proportions of men and women in favour of the proposal are same.8. 8. b) A sample of cam shafts intended for use in gasoline engines has an average eccentricity of 1. determine a 95% confidence interval for the actual mean eccentricity of a cam shaft? 6. Calculate the following. a) Determine 99% confidence interval for the mean of contents of soft drink bottles if contents of 7 such soft drink bottles are 10. 9. goods trains arrive at a rate of 30 trains per day.02 and a standard deviation of 0. In a railway marshalling yard. Assuming that the inter-arrival time follows an exponential distribution and the service time ( the time taken to hump a train) distribution is also exponential with an average 36 minutes.com to remove this watermark. 10. 10. 5.2.4. 10.