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fluid) Produce, transform, regulate, and store fundamental substances Solid in shape Need to be “filled” eart, !iver, Spleen, !ung, "idney, Pericardium
#he heart meridian connects $ith the Small %ntestine $ith $hich it is internally&e'ternally related( #he eart is considered to be the most important of all the internal organs, sometimes described as the “ruler” or “monarch” of the internal organs( 1. Governs Bloo &&#he eart governs )lood in t$o $ays* a) #he transformation of +ood&Qi into )lood ta,es place in the eart b) #he eart is responsible for the circulation of )lood &&- healthy eart is essential for a proper supply of blood to all the body tissues &&%f eart is strongè)lood is amply supplied and circulation is goodèfull of vigor and has a good constitution &&%f eart is $ea,è)lood deficiencyèpoor constitution and lac, of strength &&.onstitutional $ea,ness of eartèa shallo$ long crac, in the midline of the tongue and a $ea, pulse on both the eart and "idney positions !. "ontrols t#e Bloo $essels &&#he state of the eart/s energy is reflected in the state of the blood vessels( &&)lood vessels depend on the eart/s Qi and )lood && eart Qi is strongèblood vessels in good state, the pulse $ill be full and regular && eart Qi is $ea,èthe pulse may be feeble and irregular %. Mani&ests in t#e "o'(le)ion (on t#e &a*e) &&#he eart governs )lood and blood vessels and distributes )lood all over the body &&#he state of eart and )lood can be reflected in the comple'ion &&)lood is abundant and the eart strongèthe comple'ion $ill be rosy and lustrous &&)lood is deficientèthe comple'ion $ill be pale or bright&$hite &&)lood is stagnantèthe comple'ion $ill be bluish&purple && eart has heatèthe comple'ion $ill be too red
but also to other organs. poor memory.ses t#e Min && eart is the residence of the Mind (Shen) --“Shen” is used in at least t$o different conte'ts in . unconsciousness( &&#he eart/s function of housing the Mind depends on ade5uate nourishment from the )lood and conversely.ing.ing 4) Sleep &&%f the eart is $ea. and )lood is deficientèmental problems (i(e( depression). leaves the body after deathèopposite to .+.orporeal Soul (more physical.onsciousness 2) Memory 3) #hin. Ho.orporeal Soul (Po) for the !ungs • #he 9ill Po$er (Zhi) for the "idneys • #hought (Yi) for the Spleen &&#he “Spiritual -'is” says* “The Mind is a transformation of Essence and Qi: both Essences (PreHea en and Post-Hea en Essences) contribute to formin! the Mind" The #or$orea% Sou% is the assistant of Essence and Qi: it is c%ose to Essence but it mo es in and out" The Etherea% Sou% com$%ements the Mind and Qi: it is c%ose to the Mind but it comes and !oes" Thou!ht corres$onds to memor&: it is the memor& 'hich de$ends on the Heart The (i%% Po'er is %i)e a $ur$osefu% and focused mind: the *idne&s store Essence+and throu!h the (i%% Po'er the& can fu%fi%% our destin&”" &&#he 7thereal Soul (Hun)èpertain to the !iverèbroadly corresponds to 9estern concept of “Soul” or “Spirit”èit enters the body shortly after birth. five functions are affected by the state of the eart* 0) Mental activity (including emotions) 1) . particularly the 8in organs( &&7ach of the 4 8in organs is related to a certain mental aspect( #here are* • #he Mind (Shen) for the eart • #he 7thereal Soul (Hun) for the !iver • #he . dull thin. the Mind $ill also be strong and the person $ill be happy( &&#he Mind is also closely lin. Qi and Mind are called the “#hree #reasures”( b) Shen is used to indicate the $hole sphere of emotional. it survives the body after death) 1 . mental and spiritual aspects of a human being( %n this sense. the eart/s 6ob of governing )lood depends on the Mind( #he )lood is the root of Mind( &&#he Mind also affects the emotional state( %f the eart is strong. insomnia or somnolence and in e'treme cases.hinese Medicine* a) Shen indicates the comple' of mental faculties that are said to “reside” in the eart( %n particular. it is related not only to the eart.ed to the body( 7ssence and Qi form the physical basis for the Mind( 7ssence.
ing -.I$/R #he !iver is situated in the right hypochondriac region( %ts meridian connects $ith the >allbladder $ith $hich it is internally&e'ternally related( #he !iver is often compared to an army general because it is responsible for overall planning of the body/s functions by ensuring the smooth flo$ and proper direction of Qi( )ecause of this 5uality. particular to the tip of the tongue( &&%f the function of the eart is normal. O(ens into t#e Tong.ed to the body and could be described as the somatic e'pression of the Soulèmoves and accomplished things and ($hen it is active) pain and itching can be felt( &&#he 9ill Po$er (:hi)èresides in the "idneysèis the mental drive that gives us determination and single&mindedness in the pursuit of our goals &&#hought (8i)èresides in the Spleenècorresponds to our capacity for applied thin. the tongue $ill be rosy.ing. studying. the !iver is also said to be the origin of courage and resoluteness. delirium or aphasia “# 7 7-<# .e &&#he tongue is considered to be the mirror of the eart &&#he tongue is connected to the eart Meridian interiorly. concentrating and memori. eat is the most pernicious to the eart( &&%n #.ing and laughing( “# 7 7-<# !=-# 7S 7-#” &&=f all the e'terior pathogenic factors. if the organ is in a good state of health( %t also influences our capacity of planning our life( 2 .M. ” &&#he eart influences speech( && eart&+ireè cause a person to tal. the sense of taste $ill be normal. a lot &&%nvasion of the Pericardium by eatè aphasia && eart disharmonyè Stuttering . eart cannot be invaded by e'terior eat( #he Pericardium is closely related to the eart and can be invaded by e'terior eat $hich clouds the “ eart orifices” è coma.orporeal Soul (Po)èis closely lin. moist and lustrous. form and appearance of the tongue. and via this connection the heart dominates the sense of taste and the speech( &&#he eart controls the color.=N#<=!S SP77. and the tongue $ill move freely( &&#he eart also affects the speech( -bnormalities may cause stuttering or aphasia( &&#he eart also influences tal.&&#he .
a feeling of “lump” in the throat or 3 . $hen the body is active. clots( &&#he !iver storage of )lood also influences the @irecting (<en) and Penetrating (. give rise to s. it contributes to restoring the person/s energy( &&#he !iver/s 6ob of regulating )lood volume throughout the body has an important influence on a person/s level of energy &&#he “Simple Questions” in chapter 0? says* “(hen the . to the !iver.hong Meridiansèaffect menstruation( &&-n improper !iver function of storing )lood. depression or repressed anger. Stores Bloo &&!iver is the most important organ for storing )lood èit regulates the volume of )lood in the $hole body at any time( &&#he !iver function of storing of )lood has t$o aspects* a) %t regulates the )lood volume according to physical activity &&9hen the body is at rest )lood flo$s bac.ed influence on menstruation &&%f the !iver stores )lood normallyènormal menstruation &&%f the )lood of the !iver is deficientèamenorrhea or oligomenorrhea &&%f the )lood of the !iver is e'cess or hotèmenorrhagia &&#he !iver function of storing )lood is e'tremely important in $omen/s physiology and pathology( Many gynecological problems are due to malfunction of !iver Qi or )lood( &&!iver Qi stagnantè!iver )lood stagnantèpainful periods $ith premenstrual tension and menstrual blood $ith dar.in disease such as ec. )lood flo$s to the muscles (channels)( &&9hen )lood returns to the !iver $ith the body at rest.res t#e S'oot# 0lo1 o& 2i &&#his is the most important of all the !iver functions and it is central to nearly all !iver disharmonies( &&#he impairment of this function is one of the most common patterns seen in practice &&#he !iver ensures the smooth flo$ of Qi throughout the body. the hands can ho%d and the fin!ers can !ras$”" &&#he function of storing and regulating )lood volume also indirectly influences our resistance to e'ternal pathogenic factors( b) #he !iver function of storing )lood has a mar.ema or psoriasis !. accompanied by such physical symptoms as hypochondriac pain.hong) Aessels $hich are closely related to the uterus( -ny malfunction of !iverèaffect <en and .1. sensation of oppression in the chest.i er has enou!h -%ood+the feet can 'a%). in all organs and in all directions( &&#he normal direction of movement of !iver&Qi is up$ards and out$ards in all directions to ensure the smooth and unimpeded flo$ of Qi every$here( a) %n relation to the emotional state &&Qi becomes restrained giving rise to emotional frustration. /ns.
thus they are under the influence of !iver&)lood &&!iver&)lood deficientèthe nails lac. of nourishmentènails become dar.ed( -. the refined essence e0tracted from food !oes to the .abdominal distension( %n $omen. "ontrols t#e Sine1s &&#he state of the sine$s (including tendons) affects our capacity for movement and physical activity( &&#he contraction and rela'ation of sine$s ensures the movement of 6oints( &&#he sine$s/ capacity for contraction and rela'ation depends on the nourishment and moistening of )lood from the !iver( &&#he “Simple Questions” in chapter 10 says* “The Qi of food enters the Stomach.i er o erf%o's into the sine's”" (healthy !iver B healthy sine$s) &&!iver )lood deficiencyèsine$s lac.i er and the e0cess Qi from the . nausea or vomiting( %f “invade” the Spleenèdiarrhea( c) %n relation to the secretion of bile &&#he !iver function of ensuring a smooth flo$ of Qi affects the flo$ of bile( &&%f !iver&Qi stagnantèflo$ of bile may be obstructedèbitter taste in mouth. moistening and nourishmentècontractions and spasms or impaired e'tensionCfle'ion. “floaters” in eyes..M are considered as the “by&product” of the sine$s. tremors. it may give rise to pre&menstrual tension including depression. and feel painful or burning &&%f !iver has internal 9indèthe eyeball may turn up$ards and move involuntarily (nystagmus) 4 . irritability and distension of the breasts( &&#he “Simple Questions” in chapter 2 says* “/n!er ma)es Qi rise and -%ood sta!nate in the chest”" b) %n relation to digestion &&#he smooth flo$ of !iver Qi assists the Stomach and Spleen digestive function &&%f !iver&Qi flo$s smoothlyèthe Stomach can ripen and rot food and the Spleen can e'tract +ood&Qi &&“9ood overacting on 7arth”* !iver&Qi stagnantè”invade” the Stomachèbelching. belching or 6aundice %. sour regurgitation. color blindness or the eyes $ill feel dry and gritty( &&%f !iver has eatèthe eyes may be blood&shot. Mani&ests in t#e Nails &&#he nails in #. tetany or lac. numbness of limbs. myopia. muscle cramps. dry and crac. indented. O(ens into t#e /3es &&#he eyes are the sense organ connected to the !iver( &&#he nourishment and moistening of !iver&)lood give the eyes the capacity to see &&!iver&)lood deficientèblurred vision. of strength of the limbs( &&Meningitis ( eat stirring !iver&9ind)ècontraction and tremor of the sine$sè convulsions +.
called “food essences”.<7>D!-#%N> -N@ -<M=N%:%N> =<>-N” &&“#he !iver is the <oot of stopping e'tremes” “# 7 !%A7< !=-# 7S 9%N@” &&9indy $eather often affects the !iver “# 7 !%A7< . a red face. 1.-DS7 .7S <%S%N> -N@ ><=9# ” &&%n health.-N . there may be poor appetite.=NAD!S%=NS” S4..er (Middle )urner)( %ts meridian connects $ith the Stomach. di.<7S=!D#7 =<>-N” &&!iver&Qi easily becomes stagnant and e'cessive and !iver 8ang easily flares up$ards causing irritability and anger( &&%n #.//N #he Spleen is situated in the Middle 7nergi. of direction “# 7 !%A7< %S . a healthy !iver function can confer on a person/s resoluteness. Governs Trans&or'ation an Trans(ortation &&#he Spleen transforms the ingested food and drin. thus the Spleen (together $ith the Stomach) is often called the Root o& 4ost5 Heaven 2i.“# 7 !%A7< %S . abdominal distension and loose stools( &&#he Spleen also controls the transformation.=N#<=!S P!-NN%N>” &&!iver disharmonyèinability to plan our life and lac. outbursts of anger.iness. the rising movement of !iver&Qi can get out of controlèseparation of 8in and 8ang and the e'cessive rising of !iver&8ang or !iver&+ireè irritability. !iver&Qi rises up$ards and spreads in all directions to promote the smooth flo$ of Qi in all part of the body BEgro$th( &&%n disease. an indomitable spirit and drive( “# 7 !%A7< %N+!D7N. separation and movement of fluids( &&#he Spleen separates and usable from un&usable part from the fluids ingested* F .M. $ith $hich it is internally&e'ternally related( #he +ood&Qi e'tracted by the Spleen is the material basis for the production of Qi and )lood. to e'tract Qi from it* this is called +ood&Qi and is the basis for the production of Qi and )lood( &&=nce +ood&Qi is formed. tinnitus and headaches( “# 7 !%A7< . the Spleen transport this and some other refined parts of food. bad digestion. to the carious organs and parts of the body( &&%f this function is impaired.
es sure that the internal organs are in their proper place( &&%f Spleen&Qi is deficientè”raising Qi” function $ea. of appetite and lips may be pale and dry &&%f the Spleen has eatèdry lips and patients may complain of a s$eet taste &&%f the Spleen&Qi is deficientèthe lips are pale -. may atrophy( &&#he state of the Spleen is one of the most important factors determining the amount of physical energy a person has( #iredness is a common complaint( +. phlegm. T#at:s 1#3 S(leen is *alle t#e 6Root o& 4ost5Heaven 2i8. %.èthe person $ill feel $eary. or edema &&T#e S(leen 6li7es r3ness8G this means that the Spleen/s activity of transformation and transportation can be easily impaired by the e'cessive consumption of cold li5uids or icy drin.#he “clear” part goes up$ards to the !ungs to be distributed to the s.s*les an t#e 0o. stomach. bladder or anus( &&#he Spleen action of raising Qi is another e'pression of its function of e'tracting the refined +ood&Qi and sending it up$ards to the !ung and eart( H . in severe cases.y”). "ontrols Bloo &&#he Spleen .in( #he “dirty” part goes do$n$ard to the intestines $here it is further separated( &&%f this functions is normalèthe transformation and movement of fluids is normal( &&%f this function is impairedèfluids accumulationèdampness.s( &&#he Spleen is also easily affected by e'ternal @ampness $hich may impair its functions of transformation and transportation( !.r . "ontrols t#e M.eeps )lood in the vessels( &&%f Spleen&Qi is healthyè)lood $ill circulate normally and stay in the vessels( &&%f Spleen&Qi is deficientè)lood may spill out of the vesselsèhemorrhage( &&#he Spleen also plays an important role in ma.i'9s &&#he Spleen e'tracts +ood&Qi from food so as to nourish all tissues in the body( #his refined Qi is transported throughout the body by the Spleen( &&%f Spleen is strongèrefined Qi is directed to the muscles.ing )lood( #he Spleen e'tracts food&Qi from food and this forms )lood in the eart $ith the assistance of the =riginal Qi from the "idneys( T#e S(leen is t#ere&ore t#e *entral essential organ &or t#e (ro .t# an Mani&ests in t#e . . O(en into t#e Mo. "ontrols t#e Raising o& 2i &&#he Spleen produces a “lifting” effect along the midline of the body( %t is the force that ma. and.*tion o& 9ot# 2i an Bloo . particularly those on limbs &&%f Spleen is $ee.idney.i(s &&#he mouth has a functional relationship $ith the Spleen( &&%f Spleen&Qi is normalèthe sense of taste is good and the lips are moist and rosy &&%f the Spleen&Qi is abnormalèabnormal taste (“flat” or “stic.èprolapse of various organs such as uterus. the muscles $ill be $ea. lac.
. Ho. 9) T#e Heart #o.en*es o. “# 7 SP!77N >=A7<NS # 7 +=D< !%M)S” &&#he Spleen distributes food essences to all parts of the body and in particular to the limbs( %f the Spleen is deficientèfood essences cannot reach the limbsècold and $ea. 3ing< *on*entrating an 'e'ori>ing 1or7 or s*#ool51or7 (ro?e*ts.//N RAIS/S TH/ ".se T#o. focusing and memori. functionally.r *a(a*it3 &or t#in7ing in t#e sense o& st. thus it is called the <oot of the Post& eaven Qi( “# 7 SP!77N %S # 7 =<%>%N =+ )%<# -N@ @7A7!=PM7N#” &&#he central role of the Spleen is to nourish the body and promote development( 6TH/ S4. the pancreas is included $ith the “Spleen”( #he digestive function of Spleen is correlated $ith the pancreas secretion of digestive en. and concentration for sustained periods can $ea. ” &&#he Stomach is the origin of fluids in the body and the Spleen transforms and transports them( #he Stomach fluids are part of Stomach&8in.ses t#e Min an in&l. *) T#e =i ne3s no.hinese medical boo.èthin.s never mention the pancreas and it is often said that.en*e on t#in7ing an 'e'or3: a) T#e S(leen in&l.ing( &&%f Spleen&Qi is $ea.en*e short-term memory in ever3 a3 li&e.ing $ill be dull.en*es t#in7ing in t#e sense o& 9eing a9le to t#in7 *learl3 1#en &a*e 1it# li&e (ro9le's an it a&&e*ts long-term memory o& (ast events.ing./AR (YANG) @4AARBS8 && Spleen&Qi flo$s up$ards to raise the clear 8ang energies to$ards the head( “# 7 SP!77N !=-# 7S @-MPN7SS” &&@ampness easily obstructs the Spleenèabdominal distension. concentrating.. concentration $ill be slac.en the Spleen( &&T#e S(leen< Heart an =i ne3s< all #ave an in&l. $hile the activity of fluid transformation and transformation is part of Spleen&8ang “# 7 SP!77N %S # 7 <==# =+ P=S#& 7-A7N Q%” &&#he Spleen is the origin of Qi and )lood in the body. and memory $ill be poor( &&7'cessive studying. mental $or.ymes( I . urinary problems or vaginal discharges( N=#7* .ris# t#e 9rain an in&l. studying.g#t &&#he Spleen is the residence of #hought( #his means that the Spleen influences our capacity for thin. “# 7 SP!77N #<-NS+=<MS +!D%@S +=< # 7 S#=M-.
in( &&#his function ensures that @efensive Qi is e5ually distributed all over the body under the s. "ontrol Bis(ersing an Bes*en ing a) @ispersing +unction &&#he !ungs have the function of is(ersing or s(rea ing Be&ensive 2i and body fluids all over the body to the space bet$een the s.ed”èheadache.@NG #he !ung meridian connects $ith the !arge %ntestine $ith $hich it is internally& e'ternally related( 1. the !ungs also s(rea Bo 3 0l.e Qi as their basis( &&#he >athering Qi (Zon! Qi) is formed (+ood&Qi J air) in the chest( #he chest is also called “Sea of Qi” or “Dpper Sea of Qi” (as oppose to the !o$er Sea of Qi belo$ the navel)( #he >athering Qi is sometimes also called “)ig Qi of the chest”( &&>athering Qi resides in the chest and aids the !ung and eart functions.in and muscles) èinvaded by e'terior pathogenic factorsèQi cannot dispersed and everything feels “bloc.è@efensive Qi can not protect the e'terior (s.in and regulates the opening and closing the pores and s$eating( 9hen the function is impaired..ed by e'terior pathogenic factors and are sometimes referred to as the “tender” organ.in and muscles and protecting the body from e'terior pathogenic factors( &&%f !ung&Qi is $ea. promoting good circulation to the limbs and controlling the strength of voice( 9ea. and in deficient conditionèthe s. i(e( delicate and vulnerable to invasion by climatic factors( !. $ea. etc( &&)esides Qi. the !ungs are easily attac. !ung&Qi can therefore cause tiredness.in pores become bloc.in pores are over&rela'ed and remain openèspontaneous s$eating( &&%f the dispersing body fluids function is impairedèfluids accumulate under the s. from the air. and in e'cess conditionèthe s.in and muscles(è#his is one $ay in $hich that !ungs are physiologically related to the s. the !ungs e'tract “clean Qi” for the body $hich then combines $ith +ood&Qi coming from the Spleen( &&#he !ungs inhale “pure Qi” (air) and e'hale “dirty Qi”( #he constant e'change and rene$al of Qi performed by the !ungs ensures the proper functioning of all the body/s physiological processes $hich ta.ing. Govern 2i an Res(iration &&#his is the most important !ung function since. stuffed nose.edèno s$eating( 9hen the function is impaired.inèedema (usually of the face)( b) @escending +unction &&#he !ungs are the uppermost organ in the body and often called as the “lid” or “imperial carriage roof”( K . voice and breathlessness( &&#he !ungs are the most e'ternal of the 8in organsG they are the connection bet$een the body and the outside $orld( +or this reason. snee.in performing its function of $arming the s.i s to t#e s7in in the form of a fine “mist” (#his is $hy Dpper )urner is compared to “Mist”)( #he fine mist of )ody +luids moistens the s.
e part of these before sending them bac. or invaded by an e'terior pathogenic factorèthe nose $ill be bloc.ing( &&%f the !ungs have eatèbleeding from the nose..in may be rough and dry. a certain amount of @efensive Qi is lost $ith the s$eat( +or this reason.old( 0? . "ontrols S7in an Hair &&#he !ungs receive fluids from the Spleen and spread them to the s. their Qi must descend( &&#he descending function applies not only to Qi but also to body fluids.in( %f !ung Qi is $ea. particularly .&&)ecause !ungs are the uppermost organs in the body.è @efensive Qi $ill also be $ea. Reg. up to the !ungs to .in( #his is part of the dispersing function of the !ungs( &&%f this function is impairedèthe fluid may accumulateèedema &&#he !ungs also direct fluids do$n to the "idneys and )ladder( #he "idneys receive the fluids and vapori.=!@” &&#he !ungs influence the s.èthe s.in and the @efensive Qi and are sassily invaded by e'terior pathogenic factors.edèloss of the sense of smell and snee. the !ungs are responsible for the e'cretion of )ody +luids through s$eat or urine( -. the !ungs reduce them to a fine mist and “spray” them throughout the area under the s.late Aater 4assages &&-fter receiving the refined fluids from the Spleen. the s. because the !ungs also direct fluids do$n to the "idneys and )ladder( &&%f the descending function is impairedèQi accumulate in the chestècough. through it respiration occurs( &&%f !ung&Qi is $ea. especially in old people( &&+or this reason. the “Simple Questions” calls the pores “door of Qi”" .. breathlessness and stuffiness of the chest( &&%t may affect the function of the !arge %ntestine( %f !arge %ntestine does not receive Qi from the !ungsè$ill not have the po$er necessary for defecation (particularly in old people)( +.in all over the body( #his gives the s.eep them moist( &&#he !ung/s 6ob of directing fluids do$n$ard has also an influence on the )ladder function( %f !ung function is impairedèurinary retention.ind of s$eating occurs. O(ens into t#e Nose &&#he nose is the opening of the !ungs. the !ungs are sometimes called the “Dpper Source of 9ater”( &&#hroughout its dispersing and descending functions.in and hair nourishment and moisture( &&%f this function is impaired. loss of the sense of smell and alae nasi $ill flap rapidly (as in pneumonia)( &&#he Spleen also affects the sense of smell( “# 7 !DN>S !=-# 7 . and the hair has a $ithered and dry 5uality( &&#he !ungs influence @efensive Qi $hich flo$s under the s.in pores $ill be openèspontaneous s$eating &&9hen this .
underdevelopment in children (physical or mental). se'ual maturation (sperm. of vitality. $hich is therefore described as “the home of the "idney”( #he "idney Meridian connects $ith the )ladder $ith $hich it is internally&e'ternally related( #he "idneys are often referred to as the “<oot of !ife” or the “<oot of the Pre& eaven Qi”( #his is because they store the 7ssence $hich is partly derived from the parents and established at conception( #he "idney&8in (Primary 8in) and "idney&8ang (Primary 8ang) are the foundation of the 8in and 8ang for all the other organs( "idney&8in is the fundamental substance of birth. ova).èthe voice may be lo$ &&%f the !ungs are obstructed by Phlegmèthe voice tone may be muffled =IBN/Y #he "idneys are located at either side of the lumbus. fertility and development( #his 7ssence determines our basic constitution. i(e( birth. impotency. infertility or se'ual $ea.idneys( %f 7ssence is $ea.*tion an Bevelo('ent &&#he "idneys function of storing 7ssence has t$o aspects* a) #hey store Pre& eaven 7ssence* the inherited 7ssence $hich before birth nourishes the fetus and after birth controls gro$th. gro$th and reproduction $hile "idney &8ang is the motive force of all physiological processes( "idney&8in is the material foundation for "idney&8ang.idneys also controls the various stages of change in life. Store /ssen*e an Govern Birt#< Gro1t#< Re(ro . puberty. tone and clarity of voice are all dependent on the !ungs( &&%f the !ungs are $ea. and "idney&8ang is the e'terior manifestation of "idney& 8in "idney&8in and "idney&8ang have the same root and they rely on each other for their e'istence( )ecause they are fundamentally one.“# 7 !DN>S >=A7<N # 7 A=%.ness 00 .7” &&#he strength. menopause and death( &&#he state of the 7ssence determines the state of the . deficiency of one necessarily implies deficiency of the other( 1.è lac. strength and vitality( %nsufficient 7ssenceèinfertility. retarded gro$th and premature senility b) #hey store Post& eaven 7ssence* the refined essence e'tracted from food through the transforming po$er of the internal organs &&#he 7ssence of the .
idney&8in and . and there may be tinnitus 01 .idney&7ssence produces Marro$ $hich generates the spinal cord and “fills up” the brain( &&+or this reason. together( #he !ungs descend the Qi and direct it do$n to the "idneys( #he "idneys “hold” this Qi do$n( %f the "idneys cannot hold Qi do$n it “rebels” up$ardèchest congestionè breathlessness and asthma( #his is very fre5uent cause of chronic asthma( -.!.hinese medicine( #he "idneys are the origin of s. in particular "idney&8ang( d) #he "idney receive fluids from the !ungs. the !ungs and "idneys $or.eep them moist( e) "idney&8ang provides the Spleen $ith the heat it needs to carry out its function of transforming and transporting fluids( +.ing and poor sight( &&#rain and spinal cord are also referred to as “Sea of Marro$”( &&#he Marro$ is also the basis for the formation of bone marro$ $hich nourishes the bones( #hus the "idneys also govern the bone marro$ and bones( &&%f "idney&7ssence is $ea.idneys. urination( b) #he "idneys belong to the !o$er )urner. "ontrol t#e Re*e(tion o& 2i &&#o ma.( t#e Brain< "ontrol Bones &&7ssence is the organic foundation for the production of Marro$( &&“Marro$” in .hinese Medicine is a substance $hich is the common matri' of bones. brain and spinal cord( #hus the .è)ones $ill be brittle and the teeth loose( &&#he "idney&7ssence has also an important role influence on vitality and mental vigor $hich determine both the physical and mental strength of an individual( %. bone marro$.idneys have the function of providing Qi for the )ladder to store and transform urine( c) #he Small %ntestine and !arge %ntestine (both in !o$er )urner) play a part in separating clean from dirty fluids( #his function is also under the control of the .e use of the clear Qi of the air.. the train has a physiological relationship $ith the "idneys in .iness. di. there is an imbalance bet$een . dull thin. $hich is sometimes compared to a “drainage ditch”( #he organs of !o$er )urner are particularly concerned $ith the e'cretion of impure )ody +luids( #he .èhearing may be impaired.*e Marro1< 0ill .ill and intelligence( %f the brain is not ade5uately nourished by the 7ssenceèpoor memory and concentration. 4ro . some of $hich are e'creted and some of $hich are vapori. Govern Aater a) #he "idneys are li.e a gate that opens and closes in order to control the flo$ of )ody +luids in the !o$er )urner( %n disease.idney&8ang resulting in a malfunctioning of the “gate” in opening and closing* it $ill either be too open (deficiency of "idney&8ang) causing profuse and pale urination. or too closed (deficiency of "idney&8in) causing scanty and dar.ed in $hich form they return to the !ungs to . O(en into t#e /ars &&#he ears rely on the nourishment of the 7ssence for their proper functioning. physiologically related to the "idneys( &&%f the "idneys are $ea. and therefore.
. the Sea of Essence and it determines %ife and death”" &&#he >ate of Aitality is also regarded as being bet$een the t$o "idneys( %t is the motive force of all functional activities of the body.lassic of @ifficulties”* “The *idne&s are not rea%%& t'o. being the physiological +ire $hich is essential to life( #his +ire is also called “#rue +ire” or “Minister +ire”( &&#he "idneys are unli. it is the residence of Yin and Yan!.o1er Ori&i*es &&#he t$o lo$er orifices are the front and the rear lo$er orifices( &&#he front orifice includes urethra and spermatic duct in men. as the %eft *idne& is a *idne& $ro$er and the ri!ht *idne& is the 2ate of 3ita%it&" The 2ate of 3ita%it& is the residence of the Mind and is re%ated to the 4ri!ina% Qi: in men it stores Essence. the primary 8in and Primary 8ang( #he >ate of Aitality is the embodiment of the +ire $ithin the "idneys( &&#he main functions of the >ate of Aitality are as follo$s* a) It is t#e Root o& t#e Original 2i )oth >ate of Aitality and =riginal Qi are related to the "idneys. the teeth 'i%% be firm and the hair !ro' 'e%%+if the *idne&s are dec%inin! in ener!&. the hair $ill be thin and become grey( C. the hair 'i%% fa%% out and the teeth become %oose”( &&#he 5uality and color of the hair are also related to the state of "idney&7ssence( &&%f the "idney&7ssence is $ea. outèincontinence or enuresis( &&%f the "idney&Qi or "idney&7ssence is deficientèspermatorrhea or nocturnal emissions &&%f the "idney&Qi is $ea. in 'omen it is connected to the uterus" That is 'h& there is on%& one *idne&”" &&@uring the Ming @ynasty. Mani&est on t#e Hair &&#he hair relies on the nourishment of the .. brittle. and are interdependent( =riginal Qi relies on hear for its performance and this heat is provided by the >ate of Aitality( 02 .ing and my fall out altogether( &&#he “Simple Questions” in chapter 0 says* “1f the *idne&s are stron!.hinese physicians no longer considered the >ate of Aitality as part of the right "idney.èurine may lea. "ontrol t#e T1o ..èdiarrhea or prolapse of anus( T#e Gate o& $italit3 (6Ming Men8) &&#he first discussion of the >ate of Aitality can be found in the “.idney&7ssence to gro$( &&%f "idney&7ssence is $ea..e any other organ is so far as they are the origin of 9ater and +ire of the body. dull&loo. but as occupying the place bet$een the t$o "idneys( “There are t'o )idne&s+the 2ate of 3ita%it& is in bet'een them+"The 2ate of 3ita%it& is the or!an of (ater and 5ire. the rear orifice is anus( &&#he orifices are functionally related to the "idneys( &&%f the "idney energy is $ea. or decliningèhair becomes thin.
n*tion o& Ho. profuse and continued loss of fluids (s$eating. of vitality.b) It is t#e So. asthma. stuffiness of the chest and cold hands g) It Assists t#e Heart 0.o1er B. tiredness.r*e o& &ire &or all t#e Internal Organs %f the +ire of the >ate Aitality declinesèall organs functional activities impairedè tiredness.rner an Bla er #he !o$er )urner transforms and e'cretes fluids . vitality( “# 7 "%@N78S -<7 # 7 <==# =+ P<7& 7-A7N Q%” &&#he "idneys are the <oot of the Pre& eaven Qi because they store the 7ssence $hich is inherited from our parents( “# 7 "%@N78S !=-# 7 @<8N7SS” &&@ry $eather or internal @ryness can in6ure "idney&8in( Stomach deficiency.sing t#e Min #he +ire of the >ate of Aitality has to ascend from the "idney and communicate $ith the eart.n*tion an Aar's t#e /ssen*e an @ter. mental depression.èaccumulation of fluidsèdampness or edema ) It Aar's t#e Sto'a*# an S(leen to Ai Bigestion #he eat from the >ate of Aitality is essential to the Spleen of its functions of transportation.s #he +ire of the >ate of Aitality is essential for a healthy se'ual function and to $arm the 7ssence and the uterus( %f the +ire declinesèthe 7ssence in men and the uterus in $omen $ill turn coldèimpotence and infertility in men and leu.n*tion o& Re*e(tion o& 2i #he function of reception of Qi depends on "idney&8ang $hich re5uires the +ire of the >ate of Aitality for its performance( %f the +ire is deficientèthe ability of receiving Qi function of "idneys $ill be impairedèbreathlessness. lac. unhappy and lac. feeling of cold and cold limbs( e) It Har'oni>es t#e Se). to provide it $ith the eat necessary for its function (help the eart in housing the Mind)( %f the +ire is deficientèdepressed. $ith the assistance of the )ladder( #he heat of >ate of Aitality is essential to transform fluids in the !o$er )urner( %f the +ire is $ea.orrhea and infertility in $omen( &) It Assists t#e =i ne3 0. separation and transformation( %f the +ire is deficientèSpleen can not transform and the Stomach cannot digest the foodèdiarrhea. diarrhea) and smo.al 0.ing (tobacco dries )lood and 7ssenceèin6ure "idney&8in) can cause internal @ryness( 03 . negativity and a feeling of cold c) It Aar's t#e .
s by e'terior pathogenic factors( %ts meridian connects $ith the #riple 7nergi. influencing the area at the center of the thora'( #he “8ello$ 7mperor/s . many Pericardium channel points have a po$erful influence on the mental and emotional state( #he Pericardium channel is 5uite distinct from the eart channel and has a different sphere of action. mental confusion. aphasia and very high temperature( #he Pericardium is not generally regarded as an independent organ. protecting it from attac.4/RI"ARBI@M Pericardium is a membrane surrounding the eart( #he traditional vie$ of the Pericardium is that it functions as an e'ternal covering of the heart. the pericardium is al$ays the first to be attachedè than affect the normal function of the eart %n herbal medicine. the Pericardium is usually only referred to in the conte't of infectious diseases caused by e'terior eat $hich characteri.lassic” often refers to the Pericardium as the “center of the thora'”.ed by delirium. the functions of the Pericardium are more or less identical $ith the eart( %n fact. but as an attachment to the eart( -ccording the theory of the internal organs. hence the important action of Neiguan (P&F) on the chest( 04 .er (#riple )urner) $ith $hich it is e'ternally&internally related( 9hen pathogenic Qi invades the heart.
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