What is Biochemistry?

Biochemistry can be defined as the science concerned with the chemical basis of life (Greek bios “life”). It is the chemistry of biology. The science of biochemistry has also been called physiological chemistry and biological chemistry. The major objective of biochemistry is the complete understanding, at the molecular level, of all of the chemical processes associated with living cells. Biochemistry is a branch of Life science concerned with studying the various molecules that occur in living cells and organisms, with their chemical reactions. Because life depends on biochemical reactions, biochemistry can be called the “basic language” of all biological sciences. Biochemistry is concerned with the complete spectrum of all forms of life, from relatively simple viruses and bacteria to complex human beings. It attempts to describe in molecular terms the structures, mechanisms, and chemical processes shared by all organisms. It also describes the organizing principles that underlie life in all its diverse forms, principles we refer to collectively as the molecular logic of life. Biochemistry explains how the remarkable properties of living organisms arise from the thousands of different lifeless (?!) biomolecules. The study of biochemistry shows how the collections of inanimate molecules that constitute living organisms interact to maintain and perpetuate life animated solely by the physical and chemical laws that govern the nonliving universe. In this context “Life can be referred to as orderly arrangement that makes “molecules”, functional, in the sense, it governs or performs various physio-chemical work during which energy is transmutated and led to different functions accounting for what we call living”. Although biochemistry provides important insights and practical applications in medicine, agriculture, nutrition, and industry, its ultimate concern is with the wonder of life itself. Biochemistry and medicine are intimately related to each other. The World Health Organization (WHO) defines health as a state of “complete physical, mental and social wellbeing and not merely the absence of disease and infirmity.” From a strictly biochemical viewpoint, health may be considered that situation in which all of the intra- and extracellular reactions that occur in the body are in perfect harmony. Health depends on a harmonious balance of biochemical reactions taking place in the body, and disease (“a state of harmony amidst cacophony”), reflects abnormalities in biomolecules, imbalances in biochemical reactions, or biochemical processes. For more information on various topics in biochemistry visit my web page Biochemistry Online and my profile as an Online Tutor. There is an old adage that says that you never really learn a subject until you teach it.