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Laser Tripwire Alarm
by DIYHacksAndHowTos on November 4, 2013 Table of Contents Laser Tripwire Alarm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Intro: Laser Tripwire Alarm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Step 1: Safety Note: Working with Lasers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Step 2: How the Circuit Works . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Step 3: Assemble the Circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Step 4: Secure the Loose Parts to the Board with Hot Glue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Step 5: Mount the Laser Pointer and the Alarm Circuit to Form a Single Beam Tripwire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Step 6: Use Mirrors to Make a Multibeam Tripwire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Step 7: Optional: Power the Laser Pointer with the Alarm Circuit's Battery Pack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Step 8: Optional: Connect Your Laser Tripwire to a Larger Security System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Related Instructables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Advertisements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Comments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 2 2 3 4 4 5 5 7 7 8 8 8

http://www.instructables.com/id/Laser-Tripwire-Alarm/

Avoid looking directly at the laser diode. Hacker. These are generally considered safe. Also never point lasers at aircraft. http://www.Author:DIYHacksAndHowTos DIY Hacks And How Tos Jason Poel Smith: Inventor. Tinker. it is a good idea to wear the appropriate eye protection. a couple of mirrors. With this you can cover an entire house with an array of light beams. So in this project I am going to show you how to build a laser tripwire alarm from a laser point. and occasional Mad Genius Intro: Laser Tripwire Alarm No security system is complete without lasers. It can be a standalone alarm or it can be integrated into a larger DIY security system. However. If any one of them is crossed it sets off your alarm. Maker.instructables. Step 1: Safety Note: Working with Lasers Cheap laser pointers that you find in most stores are generally restricted to 5mW or less. it is still possible to damage your eyes if you are not careful. When working with lasers.com/id/Laser-Tripwire-Alarm/ . and a few dollars of electrical parts.

This gives you the option of powering the laser pointer with the same battery pack as the alarm circuit.com/id/Laser-Tripwire-Alarm/ . These two resistors form a voltage divider that is used to activate the IC. The supply voltage can be anything from 4. Because the output characteristics of photoresistors varies considerably from one to the next. In my case. the voltage at pin 6 also increases and goes above the reference threshold.instructables. The resistor R1 acts as a pull-up resistor for pin 2. To reactivate it. This causes the output pin 3 to go LOW and activates the alarm. flip the switch back to the original position. its resistance was about 100 ohms. the resistance of the photoresistor increases dramatically. The alarm will remain off until the next time that the light beam is interrupted. a (single pole double throw) switch disconnects the speaker and sends the LOW signal from the output pin 3 to the trigger pin 2. Any buzzer can work as long as it is rated to operate at the appropriate voltage.5V to 18V. As a result. you need to measure it with a multimeter. The system is now deactivated. The alarm that I am using is a piezo buzzer. I chose to use 4. When the light beam is interrupted. So I used a 100 ohm fixed resistor for R2. The value of R2 should be approximately the same as the resistance of the photoresistor when you are shining the laser pointer directly at the light sensitive face. The light sensor that detects the laser is a CdS photoresistor (R3).5V (three AA batteries) because this is the same voltage that is used by the laser pointer. So connect the photoresistor to the multimeter and shine the laser pointer directly at it. It helps to prevent false triggering from static electricity. To turn off the alarm and reset the system. http://www. This is wired in series with standard fixed resistor (R2).Step 2: How the Circuit Works This alarm circuit is yet another way to use a 555 timer IC. But in many cases it can be left off without causing any problems.

test it again to make sure that everything is working properly. This makes it easy to change out the IC but it is not necessary. If the wires from the battery holders are too long. These are really convenient for circuits that are built around small ICs like the 555 timer. When attaching the photoresistor. http://www. The batteries are mounted in individual AA battery holders.instructables. As long as the laser is centered on the photoresistor. The board that I used is a general purpose IC board. the alarm should sound. the alarm should go off again. The three battery holders are soldered together in series and the end leads are soldered to the circuit board. you can tie them down with either tape or a rubber band. the alarm shouldn't sound. Step 4: Secure the Loose Parts to the Board with Hot Glue The switch and the batteries are connected to the board with wires. Set the switch to connect the buzzer. If everything is working properly. I used hot glue to secure them to the circuit board. Flipping the switch the other way should turn off the alarm. Once the whole circuit is soldered to the board. I also used an IC socket to attach the IC.Step 3: Assemble the Circuit First assemble the circuit on a breadboard to test it. This helps to keep the whole circuit neatly together. This makes it easy to make small adjustments to the position of the photoresistor after it has been mounted in place.com/id/Laser-Tripwire-Alarm/ . Without the laser shining on the photoresistor. I mounted it with the leads sticking out about one inch from the board. But when you move the laser away. Now shine the laser pointer on the photoresistor and flip the switch one more time to reactivate it. solder it all together on a printed circuit board.

For the tripwire to work. To set up a multibeam tripwire. the laser pointer needs to be constantly on. They often sell plastic sheet mirrors that are designed to replace car mirrors. if any of the beams are interrupted. One place is the auto section of your favorite big box store. The easiest way to accomplish this is by tightly wrapping a piece of tape around the button. Carefully adjust the position of the laser pointer so that it is pointed directly at the photoresistor.Step 5: Mount the Laser Pointer and the Alarm Circuit to Form a Single Beam Tripwire The simplest way to set up your alarm is as a single beam tripwire. you can use tape or a temporary adhesive putty such as Sticky Tack. To secure the two pieces in place.instructables. There are a number of places where you can get small cheap mirrors. However. Step 6: Use Mirrors to Make a Multibeam Tripwire A single tripwire beam works but with the addition of a few mirrors. First mount the alarm circuit in place. Position the mirror at a slight angle so that it reflects the beam in a different direction. Once you have the light from the laser pointer centered on the photoresistor.com/id/Laser-Tripwire-Alarm/ . To accomplish this. Then mount the laser pointer to the opposite side. Continue this process adding more mirrors until you are satisfied with the number of beams or the light beam is starting to disperse too much. you can have the laser crisscrossing all over the room making it impossible for someone to avoid detection. Another good source for mirrors is a craft store. Then at the point where the beam hits the opposite wall. Flip the switch to connect the buzzer and activate the alarm. it will cause the alarm to go off. So you won't be able to get as many reflections before the beam starts to disperse. the alarm will go off. the surface is not perfectly uniform. start by mounting the laser pointer. you will need a lot of mirrors. The major advantage of these is that you can easily cut them to any size and shape that you want. You can use tape or a self adhesive putty. Many craft supplies have a mirror finish. you are ready to arm the alarm. http://www. In this configuration the laser pointer is mounted to one side of the walk way and the alarm circuit is mounted to the other. mount a mirror. Whenever someone walks through the beam. The last mirror should direct the light to the alarm circuit. Because this system is using one continuous laser.

com/id/Laser-Tripwire-Alarm/ .instructables.http://www.

you have more options in how the system alerts you.5 volts (three AA batteries). connect the grounds of both circuits. Then connect the wire that was attached to the negative terminal of the buzzer to the signal input of the second circuit. wire it to a digital input pin and use the digitalRead function monitor the wire. If also lets you confirm the alert with other sensors. By connecting the laser pointer to the larger battery pack you can extend the battery life and you only need to worry about changing one set of batteries. To connect your laser tripwire to another circuit. Step 8: Optional: Connect Your Laser Tripwire to a Larger Security System The buzzer on the alarm works to alert you if you are nearby. The alligator clips can be connected to the positive and negative lines on the circuit board. then it is possible to power the laser pointer from this battery pack as well. If your alarm circuit is powered by 4. You can easily connect to both of these with a pair of alligator clips. The other terminal of the laser pointer is connected to the inside of the metal barrel. Set your monitoring circuit to look for a LOW signal.Step 7: Optional: Power the Laser Pointer with the Alarm Circuit's Battery Pack Most laser pointers also run on 4. When it detects a LOW signal have it activate the alarms.5V (three button cell batteries). As part of a whole house security system. http://www. or you can connect them directly to the terminals of the battery pack. if you are using an Arduino. But you can also connect the tripwire to a larger security system. One terminal of the laser pointer is a spring that sticks out of the internal circuit board.instructables. All you have to do is connect the terminals of the laser pointer to the batteries of the alarm circuit. For example.com/id/Laser-Tripwire-Alarm/ .

I have to try it sometime.Related Instructables Hack Your Snap Circuits With Frickin' Laser Beams! Build a Laser Tripwire and Alarm (video) by KRA5H Advertisements Arduino Laser Tripwire by Login258 Laser Tripwire by phantomboy How To Make Your Own Laser Security System . 11:47 AM REPLY i found some real nice small rectangle mirrors inside a couple of those thin flatbed scanners that i found in the trash. 6:04 AM REPLY http://www. Good Inst' Nov 13. They were much more polished than a standard mirror. 2013. Lectric Wizard says: Interesting trick you used to reset the circuit. i do not have any luck with cutting glass. 2013. Got to make one of these. you would get about 3 2x2 inch mirrors of high quality . 2013. de4th98 says: Could you make a list of the parts.com/id/Laser-Tripwire-Alarm/ . Nov 16. Those mirrors reflecting the laser look really impressive. 7:15 AM REPLY Very cool. Never seen that before. 8:29 PM REPLY thenexteinstein says: I need a list of the parts too. 2013. nicely set out ible. Thanks for sharing. Nov 12. 8:37 AM REPLY jimmyf says: Nov 14.instructables. If they could be cut cleanly. 2013.Tutorial With Options by EngineeringShock Laser Trip Wire Laser Beam Security System Alarm System with by norbizzle12 Combination Lock and Epic Siren! by EngineeringShock Comments 5 comments Add Comment escapefromyonkers says: Nov 16.

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