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Marpa Lotsawa

Marpa Lotsawa
Marpa Lotsawa (10121097), sometimes known fully as Lhodak Marpa Choski Lodos or commonly as Marpa the Translator, was a Tibetan Buddhist teacher credited with the transmission of many Buddhist teachings to Tibet from India, including the teachings and lineages of Vajrayana and Mahamudra.

Biography
Born as Marpa Chkyi Lodr, in Lhodrak Chukhyer in the southern part of Tibet, to an affluent family, he began studying at a young age but was wild and untamed compared to other children. Marpa first received instruction for three years at Mangkhar with Drokmi Shakya Yeshe and mastered Sanskrit. He decided to travel to India to study with renowned Indian Buddhist masters. Marpa returned home to Lhodrak and converted his entire inheritance into gold to fund his travel expenses and to make offerings to teachers.
A traditional depiction of Marpa painted on a Marpa journeyed first to Nepal where he studied with Paindapa and rock on Holy Isle, Firth of Clyde Chitherpa, two famous students of Naropa. Paindapa later accompanied Marpa to Pullahari, near Nalanda University, where Naropa taught. Marpa spent twelve years studying with Naropa and other great Indian gurus, most prominently Maitripada. After twelve years he set forth on his journey back to Tibet to teach and continue his dharma activities.

Marpa was to travel to India twice more and Nepal three more times and studied with Naropa and other great teachers including Maitripa. On his third visit to India, Naropa, who was engaged in tantric practices, proved difficult to find. However eventually Marpa found him and received the final teachings and instructions from Naropa. It was then that Naropa prophesied that a family lineage would not continue for Marpa, but that his lineage would be carried on by his disciples. Marpa now had received the full transmission, so Naropa formally declared Marpa to be his successor although he had other major disciples including Paindapa, Chitherpa, Shri Shantibhadra or Kukuripa, and Maitripa. Upon his return to Tibet, Marpa spent many years translating Buddhist scriptures and made a major contribution to the transmission of the complete buddhadharma to Tibet. Marpa continued to practice and give teachings and transmissions to many students in Tibet. After his second visit to India Milarepa became his disciple, who inherited his lineage in full. Marpa lived with his wife Dakmema and their sons in Lhodrak in the southern part of Tibet. Marpa is said to have founded Stongdey Monastery in Zanskar in 1052 CE.[1]

Marpa Lotsawa

References
[1] (http:/ / www. buddhist-temples. com/ buddhist-monastery/ ladakh/ stongde. html)

Further reading
The Life of Marpa the Translator. By Nalanda Translation Committee, Shambhala Publications, Inc. 1982. ISBN 1570620873, ISBN 1569571120

External links
Biography at kagyu office.org (http://www.kagyuoffice.org/kagyulineage.marpa.html) Marpa - His Life, Teachings and Images (http://www.kagyu-asia.com/l_marpa_1_index.html) The most extensive biography of Marpa available online.

Article Sources and Contributors

Article Sources and Contributors


Marpa Lotsawa Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?oldid=469175535 Contributors: Andres rojas22, Baodo, Billlion, Booladc, CFynn, Dakinijones, DiHri, Ekajati, Eu.stefan, FeanorStar7, Good Olfactory, Hottentot, IPSOS, John Hill, JonHarder, KittenKlub, LilHelpa, Orgyen108, Rich Farmbrough, RogDel, Sandover, Seemagoel, Sylvain1972, Technopilgrim, TheNeon, Tibetan Prayer, Wikifarzin, 10 anonymous edits

Image Sources, Licenses and Contributors


Image:Marpa painting Holy isle.jpg Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Marpa_painting_Holy_isle.jpg License: Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 Contributors: Dieter Schuh, Mistvan, RHaworth

License
Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported //creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/