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8. Electromagnetic waves of frequency …… are reflected from ionosphere a) 100 MHz b) 2 MHz to 30 MHz c) upto 1.5 MHz d) less than 1.5 MHz An antenna is a device a) that converts electromagnetic waves into radio frequency signals b) that converts radio frequency signals into electromagnetic waves c) that converts guided electromagnetic waves into free space electromagnetic waves and vice-versa d) both ‘a’ and ‘b’ The quality of communication is determined by its a) power b) information carrying capacity c) wavelength d) bit rate The radio waves which passes through atmosphere and reflected from ionosphere are called a) ground waves b) sky waves c) space waves d) both b and c Broadcast band in which FM lies is a) UHF b) VHF c) SHF d) either a or c Microwaves are in frequency ranges between a) 3 ×1011 Hz to 1 ×109 Hz b) c) 14.
3 × 1013 Hz to 3 ×109 Hz 3 ×104 Hz to 3 ×109 Hz
Data communication refers to the transmission of a) voice b) video c) both a and b d) neither a nor b Ultraviolet rays coming from Sun are absorbed by a) troposphere b) ionosphere c) stratosphere d) mesosphere The region that contains free electrons and negative ions and positive ions is a) isoposphere b) mesosphere c) ionosphere d) stratosphere Ozone layer above Earth’s atmosphere will not a) prevent infra red radiations from Sun reaching Earth b) prevent infra red radiations originated from Earth from escaping Earth’s atmosphere c) prevent ultra violet rays from Sun d) reflect back radio waves Ozone layer above Earth’s atmosphere will a) prevent infrared radiations form Sun reaching Earth b) prevent infrared rays reflected from Earth from escaping Earth’s atmosphere c) prevents ultraviolet rays from Sun d) reflect back radio waves When an electromagnetic wave enters an ionised layer of Earth’s atmosphere present in ionosphere a) the electron cloud will not oscillate in the electric field of the wave b) the electron cloud will oscillate in the electric field of wave in the phase of sinusoidal electromagnetic wave c) the electron cloud will oscillate in the electric field of wave in the opposite phase of sinusoidal electromagnetic wave d) the electron cloud will oscillate in the electric filed of wave with a phase retardation of 90% for a sinusoidal electromagnetic wave Troposphere reflect the waves having frequency from …… a) 100 MHz to 200 MHz b) 2 MHz to 30 MHz c) 0 Hz to 20 KHz d) 20 Hz to 20 KHz
d) 3 ×109 Hz to 3 × 104 Hz Select the wrong statement in case of EM waves a) EM waves are transverse in nature b) travel in free space at a speed of light c) are produced by accelerating charges d) travel in all media with same speed Range of frequencies allotted for commercial FM radio broadcast is a) 88 to 108 MHz b) 88 to 108 KHz c) 8 to 88 MHz d) 8 to 88 KHz
23. load is equal to a) characteristic impedance b) total resistance c) total inductance d) characteristic capacitance 17. The range of the transmitter is a) 250 km b) 180 km c) 100 km d) 500 km Generally the difference between up link and down link frequency is a) 6 GHz b) 4 GHz c) 2 GHz d) 0 Hz Microwaves are electromagnetic waves with frequency in the range of a) micro hertz b) gige hertz c) mega hertz d) hertz In satellite communication. 19.e. 24. 31. 33. 21. 28. 29. What is the maximum distance covered by the transmitter (radius of Earth is 6400 km) a) 25 Km b) 27.t. which sensors measure the temperature of the different area ? a) ultra-violet sensors b) visible sensors c) infrared sensors d) microwave sensor Maximum power is transmitted by transmission lines when. The frequency used in TV and radar system lies in a) VHF b) UHF c) EHF d) VLF The air of Earth’s atmosphere responsible for absorbing a large portions of ultraviolet radiations by the Sun is a) mesophere b) troposphere c) ozone layer d) ionosphere The frequency of signals upto 1. 27. radio transmitter uses a tower of height 60 m for its antenna. Earth is a) intelsat satellite b) geostationary satellite c) telstar d) marisat Geostationary satellite are always launched in a plane parallel to the equatorial plane because this provides a) 24 hrs orbit b) geostationary orbit c) global communication d) zero gravity condition Obtaining the information of an object without actual contact with it is called as a) auto searching b) auto surfing c) remote sensing d) remote searching In remote sensing satellites.5 MHz can be propagated using a) ground wave propagation b) space wave propagation c) sky wave propagation d) satellite communication When electromagnetic wave enter the ionised layer of ionosphere. 32. amplifies it and returns it to Earth at a different frequency d) either ‘a’ or ‘b’ The sky wave propagation is suitable for radiowaves of frequency a) upto 2 MHz b) from 2MHz to 20 MHz c) from 2 MHz to 30 MHz d) above 50 MHz Satellite can revolve in a) equatorial orbit b) inclined orbit c) polar orbit d) any orbit The satellite that seems stationary w.e. without any change In frequency c) receive the coming modulated microwave signal.71 Km d) 40 KM The space wave propagation is utilized in a) only television communication b) only radar communication c) only microwave communication d) all of these The 20 KW T. the communication satellite a) acts as a reflector for a beam of modulated microwave form transmitter sent directly toward it b) acts as repeater for a signal reaching there. then the relative permittivity i. the quality of transmitted and received signal is a) equal b) one c) not equal d) zero 26. dielectric constant of the ionised layer a) does not change b) appears to increase c) appears to decrease d) sometimes appears to increase and sometimes to decrease A F.r. 22.5 km above sea level. 25.V transmitter of Srilanka is located at a height of 2. 20. Communication .115 16. 30.M. impedance of receiver i.71 Km c) 28. In satellite communication. 18.
116 34. maximum band width is of a) twisted pair b) co-axial cable c) optical fiber d) both ‘a’ and ‘b’ If µ1 and µ 2 are the refractive indices of the materials of core and cladding of an optical fiber. 48. 43.01 µ m 35. 37. 45. 40.5 For the conversion of light signals into electrical signals in fibre optic communication a device used is a) photo diode b) A to D converter c) D to A converter d) P-N junction diode The advantage of fiber optic cables over conventional cables is a) wider bandwidth b) heavy weight c) lower loss d) both ‘a’ and ‘c’ Optical fibres. the light source used is a) any monochromatic light b) laser beam c) multi colour light d) usual light bulb 50. 41. 42. then the loss of light due to its leakage can be minimised by having b) µ1 < µ 2 a) µ1 > µ 2 c) µ1 = µ 2 d) µ1 ≤ µ 2 For transmission of data using light signals through optical fibre. The losses in transmission lines are a) radiation losses only b) conductor heating only c) both ‘a’ and ‘b’ d) neither ‘a’ nor ‘b’ A parallel wire lines is not used for long distance communication because a) as the attenuation of signal increases with increase in the length of the wire b) as the amplification of signal takes place with increase in the length of the wire c) as the attenuation of signal decreases d) both ‘b’ and ‘c’ The d.33 c) 1 d) 0. Communication . 36.7 b) 1. 51. d) 107 to 1011 Hz The number of telephone conversation carried by optical fibres are a) 2200 b) 1800 c) 2000 d) 2400 Out of guided media. d) 250 µ m to 350 µ m Consider telecommunication through optical fibre which of the following statement is not correct ? a) optical fibre have extremely low transmission loss b) optical fibre may have homogenous core with a suitable cladding c) optical fibres can be of graded refractive index d) optical fibres are subject to electromagnetic interference from The band width of optical fibre communication is a) 106 to 109 Hz b) c) 1013 to 1015 Hz 109 to 1011 Hz 39. 49. 38. The main objective of an optical source is a) to demodulate the electric signal b) to detect the signal c) to convert the electrical energy into an optical energy d) both ‘a’ and ‘b’ The diameter of an optical fibre is a) 100 µ m to 1000µ m b) 10 µ m to 100 µ m c) 46. 0.c. 47. voltage applied at each station in case of coaxial cables is a) 1400 V b) 1300 V c) 1350 V d) 1250 V The outer conductor in a coaxial cable a) acts as the shield b) minimises interference c) both ‘a’ and ‘b’ d) neither ‘a’ nor ‘b’ Which of the following guided medium has maximum band width ? a) co-axial cable b) optical fibre c) twisted pair d) parallel wireline Refractive index of inner glass material of optical fibre is about …… a) 1. made of glass or plastic are a) brittle b) leaky c) fragile d) insulators Which fibres are less expensive and simple to construct ? a) single-mode step index fiber b) multi-mode step index fiber c) multi-graded-index fiber d) all are equally expensive 44.001 µ m to 0.
54.117 52. the Communication . Using LASER communication links transmitting and receiving stations are a) smaller b) lighter c) both ‘a’ and ‘b’ d) neither ‘a’ nor ‘b’ LASER communications links are a) wireless b) with wires c) with twisted wire only d) with co-axial wire only LASER communications links have advantages a) highly secured b) free from interference c) low speed d) both ‘a’ and ‘b’ the 53.
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