You are on page 1of 272


Journey of Green Architecture


Green buildings save energy, reduce CO2 emissions, conserve water, improve the health of their occupants, increase productivity, cost less to operate and maintain, and increasingly cost no more to build than conventional structures. Because of these benefits, they are becoming highly prized assets for companies, communities and individuals nationwide, and a critically important part of the solution to global climate change and energy dependence. The U.S. Green Building Councils LEED Green Building Rating System has been the catalyst for this fundamental shift in how we design, build, operate and maintain buildings. Since 2001, LEED has provided building owners and operators with an objective, verifiable definition of green, along with design and measurement tools with the reliability and integrity they need to have an immediate, quantifiable impact on their buildings performance. It has become


the nationally accepted benchmark because it provides a concise framework for best-practices in high-performance green building design and operations. Education is the key to transforming the built environment towards sustainability. Green Architecture contributes towards that mission by covering the importance of energy efficiency in our commercial and residential building stock while illustrating the vast financial and environmental benefits of green building.

Endorsement from U.S. Green Building Council



5 15

Building Strategy

King Abdullah University of Science and Technology

Great River Energy Headquarters

23 Ballard Library and Neighbourhood Service Centre

29 Manassas Park Elementary School+Pre-K


37 Poquoson Elementary School

45 Santa Monica Civic Center Parking Structure


ASU Polytechnic Academic Buildings

57 Shangri La Botanical Gardens and Nature Centre


Granville New Homes

67 West Vancouver Community Centre

73 Vancouver Olympic-Paralympic Centre



Seattle City Hall

87 IRS Kansas City Campus

95 World Headquarters for the International Fund for Animal Welfare

101 BDP Manchester Studio


107 The Environmental Protection Agency Region 8 Headquarters Building

113 Pacific Lutheran University, Morken Centre for Learning and Technology

119 Harvard University Library Services Building

123 Aldo Leopold Legacy Centre

Building Material
127 135 139 143 149 155 159 163 169 175 179 183 193 201 207 213 219 Twelve|West

Building Structure
225 233 241 249 257 263

Dockside Green:Phases I & II

GreenCity Lofts

Richmond Olympic Oval

Special NO 9 House

Calgary Courts Center

LivingHome, Santa Monica

Provincetown Art Association and Museum

Omega Center for Sustainable Living

UT School of Nursing and Student Center

Government Canyon Visitor Centre

Hong Kong Polytechnic University Hong Kong Community College

World Birding Centre Headquarters

Jewish Reconstructionist Congregation



James/Swenson Civil Engineering Building


Pocono Environmental Education Center

Cesar Chavez Library

University of California Santa Barbara Student Resource Building

University of Arizona Recreation Center Expansion

TWA Corporate Headquarters


Westcave Preserve Environmental Learning Center

Henderson Community Center

Immaculate Heart of Mary Motherhouse

Location: Saudi Arabia Designer: HOK Photographer: Jean Picoulet Completion date: 2009 Site area: 6,500,000 square feet
HOK 2009 6,500,000 603,870

King Abdullah University of Science and Technology

1 1 8

7 3 5 5 4 6 3 5

The project team integrated a series of innovative strategies to create a lowenergy, highly sustainable project in the context of an extremely hot, humid climate. They employed five strategies that borrow from local culture and traditions to solve environmental issues. Structurally like traditional Arabic cities, the campus is compressed as much as possible to minimise the amount of exterior envelope exposed to the sun and to reduce outdoor walking distances. As found in a traditional souk or Arabic market, shaded and passively cooled circulation thoroughfares are characterised by dramatic light and social spaces. The Arabic Bedouin tent inspired designers to create a monumental roof system that spans across building masses to block sun on building faades and into the pedestrian spine, to facilitate natural ventilation and to filter light. Solar panels covering the surface capture the sun's energy. Passive ventilation strategies of the traditional Arabic house influenced the design of iconic, solar-powered wind towers that harness energy from the sun and wind to passively create air flow in pedestrian walkways. Similar to Arabic screening called mashrabiya, the campus shades windows and skylights with an integral shading system that reduces heat loads while creating dramatic dappled light.

Integral Shading

High Performance Roof

Passively Cooled Courtyards

Filtered Daylight

Solar Tower

1. High performance roof 2. Solar tower 3. Passive ventilation 4. High performance glazing 5. Integrated shading 6. Local evaporation 7. Passively cooled courtyards 8. Filtered daylight

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

Award name: 2010 AIA/COTE Top Ten Green Project Award-winning reason: By integrating sustainable measures into the site planning, community, building design and campus operations, the university is demonstrating new ways to build in the region and promoting responsible stewardship of the environment. Materials: Passive Ventilation Pedestrian spine is cooled by draft created by Solar Tower; Openings into spine are oriented so as to draw fresh air from sea, and also to allow in predominant westerly breezes; Air Handlers in mechanical penthouses draw fresh air from the courtyards along the spine, augmenting draft created by the Solar Tower. Local Evaporative Cooling For use under exceptionally hot weather, areas of targeting cooling along pedestrian spine are provided. Recycled Condensate Spine is supplied with condensate from chiller equipment. High Performance Glazing Insulated glass curtainwall

Integrated Shading All glazing that is exposed to direct sun, is fully shaded by means of a customdesigned terracotta baguette system.
17 21 5 18 4 13 4 9 12 20 1 3 1 3 2 21 11 18 7 6 8 17 21


16 15

10 19

1. Applied Mathematics 2-5. Research Laboratory 6. Greenhouse 7. High Bay Laboratory 8. Engineering Sciences Hall 9. KAUST Library 10. KAUST Commons & Dining Hall 11. Data Centre 12. Campus Mosque

13. Administration Building 14. Student Centre 15. Conference Centre 16. Auditorium 17. North & South Garage 18. Solar Towers 19. Sea Court 20. Main Quad 21. Future High Bay Pilot Plant

1. 2-5. 6. 7. 8. 9. KAUST 10. KAUST 11. 12. 13.

14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21.






Location: Maple Grove, USA Designer: Perkins+Will Photographer: Perkins+Will Completion date: 2008 Site area: 544,500 square feet
Perkins+Will Perkins+Will 2008 544,50050,585

Great River Energy Headquarters

Great River Energy (GRE) is a not-for-profit electric utility cooperative. As Minnesotas second largest electric wholesale supplier, GRE generates and transmits electricity to 28 distribution cooperatives serving more than 620,000 residential, commercial and industrial customers. In their new headquarters office building, GRE asked the design team to demonstrate energy-efficient technologies that are transferable to their customers in an effort to reduce future demand for fossil fuel electric generation. The designers designed an office environment that showcases workplace productivity, energy-efficient technologies, and an interactive collaborative work culture within the most electric energy-efficient building in the state. Dual-flush toilets, low-flow faucets and low irrigation landscape reduce water use by 82%. Rainwater is collected to flush toilets. Daylight harvesting led to a building organised on an east-west axis. 20-foot narrow daylight atriums are sliced between 50-foot wide office bars. Sunshades and light shelves are incorporated into the south faade and east/west faades are mostly solid to control glare. Daylight sensors fill the gap when daylight falls below requirements. 94% of occupied spaces have exterior views and 86% are daylit. Low velocity under-floor displacement ventilation and a high-performance thermal enclosure are coupled with a lake geothermal heating and cooling system to provide 30% more fresh air to the breathing zone with nearly 50% less energy.
GRE28 620,000 82% 615 94%86% 50%30%

Award name: 2006 AIA/COTE Top Ten Green Project Award-winning reason: This prestigious award recognised that in the extremes of a northern climate, Great River Energy was able to reduce fossil fuel use by 75% while providing abundant daylight, exceptional indoor air quality and a high performance work environment within a reasonable budget, thus demonstrating that green design can be efficient, affordable, comfortable and healthy. Materials: Innovative post-tensioned concrete structural frame uses 45% post-industrial recycled fly-ash to reduce CO . 87% of all wood is FSC Certified, 23% local materials, 18.5% recycled materials, and 96% of construction waste was diverted from the landfill. Even the wind turbine is recycled from previous duty in Denmark. 14% of the buildings energy is from an on-site wind turbine and roof-mounted photovoltaic panels.



2006/ 70% 45%87% 23%18.5%96% 40%

1 4 6

1. Day lighting Atriums 2. Vertical Circulation 3. Core ( Mechanical/Restrooms ) 4. Collaboration/Support 5. Glazed Ofces 6. Open Ofce Workstations 1. 2. 3. / 4. / 5. 6.





Location: Seattle, USA Designer: Bohlin Cywinski Jackson Photographer: Ben Benschneider, Nic Lehoux, Bohlin Cywinski Jackson Completion date: 2005 Building area:15,000 square feet library and 3,600 square feet neighbourhood centre
2005 15,0001,3903,600330

Ballard Library and Neighbourhood Service Centre

2 3

5 6

The Ballard Library and Neighborhood Service Centre is located on a gently sloping site diagonally across from a new city park, and it forms a powerful civic face along the street. The buildings extended front porch, a gathering space that provides shelter from the prevailing winds and weather. Tapered steel columns support a lilting roof that extends beyond the entrance and unites the library and service centre components. The planted roof turns upward at the north, allowing light into the building, its edges softened by wood purlins that extend beyond its perimeter. Glazed walls and skylights provide transparency deep into the public areas of the building. The glass skin bends around the corners, marking the childrens area and service centre lobby as special places. A public meeting room clad in galvanized shingles anchors the northwestern corner of the site. Rectangular, colour-stained cedar boxes containing support spaces are aligned on east-west axes. A periscope integrated into a wall adjacent to the circulation desk offers patrons views to the green roof. By giving careful consideration to building systems and components, and seeking multiple functions for each of the programme elements, the Ballard Library and Neighbourhood Service illustrates that green building is feasible within a modest budget.

1. Collections 2. Quiet room 3. Parking garage 4. Ofce

5. Library staff 6. Service 7. Neighbourhood service centre

1. 5. 2. 6. 3. 7. 4.

2 4 5

4 6 7


1. Roof light xture 2. Acrylic skylight system 3. Green roof system 4. Glulam beam 5. Metal gusset plate with glulams each side 6. Painted metal louvers 7. Mechanical loft 8. Light shelf

9. Window system beyond 10. Tapered steel column 11. Lobby 12. Restroom 13. Concrete plank 14. Concrete beam 15. Concrete column 16. Garage





1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16.

Award name: 2009 Green GOOD DESIGN Award 2009 Beyond Green Award 2006 AIA/COTE Top Ten Green Project Award-winning reason: The project effectively illustrates that green building is feasible within a modest budget, and offers the Ballard community an ideal example of the benefits to be realised when sustainable design and extraordinary architecture come together. Materials: The designers used many recycled materials, such as recycled crushed glass backfill, recycled gypsum board, recycled carpet and pad, recycled plastic wheel stops, recycled glass tile and recycled acoustic ceiling tile. The structural steel is recyclable, too. There is space in the building provided for recycling bins in the trash collection areas.
2009 2009 2006/




1. Reference desk 2. Quiet room 3. Childrens area 4. Multi-purpose room 5. Circulation desk 6. Branch manager 7. Reserves 8. Library staff 9. Conference room 10. Neighbourhood service centre 11. NSC staff 12. Future retail/housing
7 5

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. /

6 8


9 4 10



29 +
Location: Manassas Park, USA Designer: VMDO Architects Photographer: VMDO Architects, Prakash Patel, Sam Kittner Completion date: 2009 Site area: 140,463 square feet
VMDO VMDO 2009 140,46313,050

Manassas Park Elementary School + Pre-K

7 10

Unlike a typical green building, a green school should carry the additional obligation of creating environmental stewards out of its occupants. MPES is designed around the premise that people cant be expected to preserve and protect something they dont understand. Each classroom is themed after a local animal or plant with ground dwelling creatures on the ground floor, mid canopy flora on the first floor, and treetop/sky inhabitants on the second floor. Wayfinding signs throughout the building highlight facts specific to seasons and creatures. The trees in each hallway are random patterns of clear-finished Poplar, Cherry, Ash, Oak and Maple planks mixed with full length mirrors giving students the abstracted effect of walking in the woods. Properly oriented or shaded insulated glass provides a high degree of transparency. Whether reading in the corridor, working on group projects in breakout spaces, or studying in the courtyards teachers can easily keep an eye on whats going on. Large expanses of mirrors in the corridors reflect ambient light and views, while also encouraging student self esteem and proper behavior. Since each teacher is provided a professional workstation outside of the classroom, their classroom desks can be minimal, further encouraging rearrangement of furniture to suit the needs of each class period.

1. Ground-source well eld 2. Fixed solar shading 3. Natural ventilation through operable windows 4. Parabolic light louvers 5. Three lighting zones with auto-dimming sensors 6. Stack-induced natural ventilation exhaust 7. Ground-source heat pump per classroom 8. Green light indicator for natural ventilation mode 9. Glare-free teaching wall 10. Rainwater collection

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

3 2 1 4

5 6 7

1. Wildower meadow 2. Winterscape mural at screenwall 3. Media centre 4. Cafeteria 5. Circulation 6. Forest courtyard + outdoor classroom 7. Existing forest

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

Award name: 2010 AIA/COTE Top Ten Green Award Award-winning reason: The school, as a teaching tool itself, nurtures an ecological awareness in the students, faculty, parents, and community. This articulate vision, executed so clearly in the organisation, materiality, and landscape of Manassas Park Elementary School is engendering real change and empowering the next generation of environmental stewards in the Commonwealth of Virginia. Materials: More than 75% of construction waste was diverted from landfills during the schools construction and 20% of the materials used to build the school are recycled products. All millwork is constructed with wood native to Northern Virginia. A polished concrete floor reduced raw material and maintenance requirements. Good indoor air quality doesnt stop with elimination of allergens, VOCs and formaldehyde. The buildings high performance flooring tiles never require stripping, waxing or polishing the leading cause of poor indoor air quality in schools.



2010/ 75%20%

3 9 11 10

1. Typical pre-k classroom 2. Typical classroom 3. Teacher support 4. Cafeteria + commons 5. Music 6. Gymnasium + assembly 7. Stage 8. Deliveries 9. Administration 10. Library 11. Art 12. Bio-retention classroom 13. Educational courtyards 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13.

12 2 13 3 1 4 5 6 7





3 1. Circulation 2. Spring House 3. Pre-k classroom 4. Breakout space chairs

1. 2. 3. 4.

Location: Poquoson, USA Designer: VMDO Architects Photographer: Prakash Patel Completion date: 2008 Site area: 653,400 square feet
VMDO 2008 653,400(60,702)

Poquoson Elementary School

Public and community use spaces (media centre, cafeteria/commons, and gymnasium) are grouped together and separated from the main body of the school by the administration areas. The educational spaces are organised around themed grade houses. L-shaped classrooms are designed to accommodate multiple learning styles by providing space for individual study and small-group instruction without compromising the traditional educational setting. Each grade house consists of ten classrooms (five on two floors) collected around a multi-purpose double-height group education/break-out area. The educational space extends into the landscape, including outdoor classrooms, themed play areas, educational signage, learning gardens, and constructed wetlands. The building is designed for high academic and building performance with special attention paid to energy efficiency, daylighting, acoustics, thermal comfort and water efficiency. Constructed wetlands are a component of the stormwater management plan as well as integral part of the elementary curriculum. Fourth graders participated in the wetland planting. Ground-source heat pumps combined with energy recovery and daylight harvesting, reduce the schools modelled energy use by 47.5% over a codecompliant school of the same size. All classrooms are oriented north and south. South-facing classrooms have light shelves to harvest light, prevent glare, and reduce passive solar heat gain. Lights are automatically controlled by sensors to reduce electric loads. Operable windows provide fresh air and offer spectacular views of the wetlands and Bay beyond. A dedicated outside air system improves indoor air quality and maximises energy efficiency.
L 52 47.5%

Award name: Virginia Green Innovation Award in 2009 Award-winning reason: Virginia Green Innovation Award recognises exemplary projects that exhibit innovation in designs that benefit the built and natural environment. By taking advantage of its unique setting, the school facilitates an understanding of the physical and social context of Poquoson and its relationship to the larger world. Materials: Materials were selected and screened for high recycled content, toxicity and embodied carbon. Examples include agrifiber wall panels, high flyash concrete and parallel-stranded lumber beam.




1. Sundial 2. Outdoor Classroom Aerial 3. Outdoor Classroom 4. Front of School Sundial

1. 2. 3. 4.





Location: Santa Monica, USA Designer: Moore Ruble Yudell Architects and Planners Principal in-Charge: James Mary O'Connor, John Ruble, Halil Dolan Photographer: John Edward Linden Completion date: 2007 Site area: 300,000 square feet
2007 300,00027,870

Santa Monica Civic Centre Parking Structure

The varied amenities incorporated into the Parking Structure allow the designed mass to function beyond its service capacity. The four sides of the building acknowledge the individual urban contexts, thus serving as a fully designed urban presence. Small retail spaces at the pedestrian level expand the buildings civic edge, creating a destination as well as a gateway. A lively caf on the main plaza terrace animates the pedestrian flow into and out of the heart of the Civic Centre. The Zen garden and a commissioned work of art highlight both the inside and the outside of the building, making it more hospitable to the community than an ordinary parking structure. The building functions as an efficient sustainable designed structure. Photovoltaic panels on the roof and laminated to three faades of the built mass provide much of the buildings energy needs. The array of angled photovoltaic cells serves to accentuate the skyline and provides a memorable symbol for the Civic Centre. All faades allow natural ventilation and illumination to enter all parking floors. The ceilings are painted white to maximise the quality of light and airiness. Multi-coloured glass panels welcome day-lighting into the Parking Structure, decreasing the amount of artificial light that is generally needed for this type of building while adding a glowing beauty to the interior by day and a luminous exterior by night. The structure becomes a sensor and vessel of light, colours, and patterns, ranging from transparent to translucent.

Award name: Design Green Awards 2008 (Architecture Foundation of Los Angeles) Award-winning reason: The design establishes a strong presence within a cluster of civic buildings including the historic City Hall, Courthouse, and Public Safety Building. The project offers a visually memorable arrival point and gateway to the new Civic Centre, street-level retail and caf amenities, spectacular views of the Pacific Ocean and the city, and it is one of the first LEED certified parking structures in the United States. Materials: The design reduces heat islands by providing elements such as canopies and photovoltaic panels that facilitate self-shading of the parking structure. Natural concrete is also used for the top-deck surface. The design specifies materials with highly-recycled content, including 25% fly-ash replacement for cement, and recycled-content reinforcing steel and framing. The design specifies a minimum of 50% of locally manufactured materials to be harvested locally (within 500 miles). These materials include the projects concrete and reinforcing steel materials. The design provides daylighting and views with exterior glazing.



2008 LEED 25%50% 800

1. Landscape 2. Restaurant/Caf 3. Outdoor Terrace 4. Public Ofces 5. Lift Lobby & Public Art 6. Public Ofces at Lower Level 7. Lifts/Stairs 8. Public Artwork/Waynding 1. 2. / 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. / 8. /

7 6

8 8 8

7 5

1 3 2

5 5



Location: Mesa, USA Designer: Lake Flato Architects and RSP Architects Photographer: Bill Timmerman Photography Completion date: 2009 Site area: 245,000 square feet
RSP 2009 245,00022,760

ASU Polytechnic Academic Buildings

The new interdisciplinary academic space transformed the former Air Force base into a pedestrian-oriented campus, and created a new identity for ASU Polytechnic. Five new academic buildings more than doubled the instructional lab and classroom space. The new facilities house four distinct, but interrelated academic colleges, as well as a 500-seat auditorium. Integrated with three existing buildings to create a cohesive complex, the buildings are configured around courtyards and linked by a series of open-air atriums, building portals and arcades. The campus design takes advantage of the regions seasonally temperate climate by relying on protected exterior circulation that joins the buildings. The buildings reflect the Polytechnic Campus straightforward and practical philosophy through the expression of their systems and their response to their particular climate and context. Through its practical approach to the architecture, straightforward and repetitive configuration, and concentration on landscape integration, this new pedestrian-friendly campus entices students and faculty to interact and learn. This was a fast-track project; two years from master planning to move-in, and is LEED Gold certified.

Award name: 2009 McGraw Hill Construction Best of the Best: Green Building Award-winning Reason: This sustainable building fits the unique Southwestern flavour of its location. Sustainable strategies truly transformed it from a vehicular campus to a pedestrian one by taking cues from the natural habitat. Materials: Regional materials were chosen for desert toughness and the ability to gracefully patina in the desert climate. The exterior shade screens are a combination of pre-finished and weathered metal panels. The building is wrapped along the pedestrian areas and exterior stair towers with planting screens offering shade and beautiful patterns of desert light. Western red cedar is used for warmth. The building envelope is comprised of metal panels and local ground faced block whose exposed aggregate blends with the desert floor. Teflon coated fabric, Tyrex recycled wood and Photovoltaic Panels are also used as shade structures to accentuate special programmatic elements.




1 6

1. Picacho hall 2. Peralta courtyard 3. Peralta hall 4. Santan courtyard 5. Santan hall 6. Santa Catalina hall 7. Applied arts pavilion 8. Santa Catalina courtyard 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.



Location: Orange, USA Designer: Lake Flato Architects Photographer: Hester+Hardaway Photographers Completion date: 2007 Site area: 30,000 square feet
+ 2007 30,0002,790

Shangri La Botanical Gardens and Nature Centre

1 2

4 3

This project began with healing the 252 acres of cypress/tupelo swamp and wooded uplands. A wetland water purification system was designed to restore the health of Ruby Lake, which is home to more than 5,000 birds. Shangri La is the first project in Texas and the Gulf Coast to earn a LEED Platinum certification for new construction. The architecture reinforces Shangri Las educational mission by creating a close connection to the natural surroundings through outdoor circulation and screened porches, as well as naturally ventilated spaces. The buildings surround wetland demonstration gardens that clean the water which flows through them, presenting in miniature the larger, behind-the-scenes water cleaning system. Outdoor classrooms in the natural areas were designed for minimal impact on the land. Sustainable practices that were incorporated include: collecting rainwater off the roofs to provide water for gardens and toilets; a geothermal heating and cooling system; re-use of existing structures, such as the 1950s greenhouses; use of recycled and local materials, such as reclaimed brick and asphalt.
102/ 5,000 LEED 1950

1.Rainwater harvest 2. Cool roof reects summer heat 3. Reclaimed brick 4. Prevailing breeze

1. 2. 3. 4.

1. Insulated translucent panel for balanced daylighting 2. Cool roof reflects summer gains 3. Reclaimed cypress and FSC certied timber structure 4. Tupelo Cypress swamp habitat 5. Heli c a l P i e r f o u n d a t i o n minimises habitat intrusion 1. 2. 3. 4. / 5.

1 2 3

Award name: 2009 Top Ten Award of COTE Award-winning reason: It caters carefully to the type of occupant. A place for quiet observation, it was a nice, delicate intervention on its site. They brought the programmed square footage down from 20,000 to 13,000. This is a good example of right-sizing, an approach that is often overlooked. This project also follows the big moves: reduce, reuse, recycle. Materials: The majority of the Orientation Centre structures were formed from reclaimed brick. Sinker cypress salvaged from Louisiana rivers was used for siding, slat walls, fencing doors, and gates. Reclaimed asphalt became the parking lot. 49% of the total building materials were manufactured within 500 miles of the project site, reducing transportation impacts and supporting the regional economy. During construction, the contractors diverted more than 79% of the construction waste from the landfill.
2009 1,858 1,208 49%805 79%



RAINWATER COLLECTION -Rainwater serves 100% of landscaping irrigation at Visitors Centre -Offsets use of potable water for sewage conveyance (ushing toilets)
1 6 2


10 7 2

8 9


1. Entrance 2. Ofce 3. Washroom 4. Bookshop 5. Caf

6. Meditation pavilion 7. Exhibit 8. Theatre 9. Volunteer centre 10. Greenhouse

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

Location: London, UK Architect: Levitt Bernstein Associates Photographer: Tim Crocker Completion date: 2009 Site area: 58,125 square feet
2009 58,1255400

Granville New Homes

Granville New Homes is a housing scheme developed by the London Borough of Brent for low cost rent. It consists of 110 flats and maisonettes, varying in size from 1 bedroom to 4 bedrooms, and also includes a community youth facility and pocket park. Granville New Homes is an outer urban response to the demands of highdensity living. The design avoids any superficial reference to historical style despite being a response to the contextual analysis, with a reaffirmation of the importance of the street and hints in the layout of the nearby semi-detached Victorian villas. Its visual strength is influenced by a residents visit to Rotterdam which confirmed their support for robust, transformative, modern architecture. The skin of the building was conceived as a tweed jacket, hardwearing, goodlooking, with a multi-coloured, almost woven appearance suggesting a fine new suit by a trusted old tailor. Glimpsed through, this fabric is a softer, lightweight lining. A comprehensive approach to sustainability has encompassed energy efficiency, encouragement of local eco-systems and provision of facilities for the local community. The high standard of insulation of the envelope and solar thermal tubes, which provide 30% of the heat requirement, helps to reduce the carbon footprint to a level 25% below current regulations.
110 30%25%

Sustainability Diagram

Award name: Sustainable Housing Design Awards Shortlist 2009 Award-winning reason: The design avoids any superficial reference to historical style despite being a response to the contextual analysis, with a reaffirmation of the importance of the street and hints in the layout of the nearby semi-detached Victorian villas. Its visual strength is influenced by a residents visit to Rotterdam which confirmed their support for robust, transformative, modern architecture. Materials: The structure is concrete frame with plastered concrete ceilings allowing the mass of the building to act as a thermal store. Walls are light gauge metal infill with brick slip or high pressure laminate cladding. Roofs are either green sedum or brown rubble to maximize bio-diversity.

1. 1. Pocket Park 2. Granville Road 2. 3. Tabot 3. Tabot Centre

2 3



1. Domestic scale Granville Road 2. Relation to context 3. Tabot Centre entrance 4. Defensible space to street
1. 2. 3. Tabot 4. 1. Communal gardens 2. Entrance cores 3. Private gardens 4. Granville new homes 5. Children centre 6. Pocket park 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

1 3 4 2 5 6



3 1. New Public Street 2. Rear communal garden 3. Rooftop play area for Tabot Centre
1. 2. 3. Tabot

Location: Vancouver, Canada Designer: Hughes Condon Marler Architects Photographer: Hubert Kang Completion date: 2009 Site area: 82,225 square feet
2009 82,2257,639

West Vancouver Community Centre

The projects technical and administrative challenges came to define the Centre s role in West Vancouvers distinctly West Coast social fabric. This is a culture that enjoys a strong tradition of both civic activity and physical wellness. The preeminent architectural elements in the project, the three-storey atrium and the circulation spine, reflect these traditions: The atrium, as both a transparent, welcoming gateway and the connective tissue between the new Community Centre and an existing Aquatic Centre, allows multiple readings. It is a formal gathering space with views to the Great Lawn and mountains beyond. Its scale is decidedly civic and it provides genuine public space that is flexible and stimulating. The buildings luminous circulation spine works as the building s primary artery, linking gymnasiums, fitness rooms and wellness clinics both physically and visually. The spine, with its operable skylights, helps drive sunlight and fresh air deep into the building. Colourful bridges on the upper levels offer casual moments of pause and opportunities for social interaction. The project represents a dynamic new approach to community centre design. Building upon the architectural legacy of West Coast Modernism, the project looks boldly towards the future.

This energy diagram demonstrates how the circulation spine brings natural light down to the ground oor and facilitates natural ventilation for the entire project.

Award name: 2010 SAB Canadian Green Building Award Award-winning reason: The project has a clarity of design concept with a joyous, animated interior in which the activities of the building users are on display. Building orientation for optimum solar conditions, natural ventilation, reduction in water use, reuse of building materials, and geothermal energy are the salient sustainability features that represent a new approach to community centre design. Materials: This building replaced an aged community centre: 89% of the previous building was re-used in the new facility. Materials reused include wood decking, structural beams, crushed concrete and masonry. Reclaimed wood from the previous community centre was re-milled for benching and provides structure for the glazing in the interior spine. Creating a healthy indoor environment was a top priority in the development of the community centre. All adhesives, sealants, paints, coatings, carpet systems and composite wood products were comprehensively screened to meet the requirements of highest standards for indoor air quality. In addition, most furniture in the building is certified under GREENGUARD for Indoor Air Quality.
2010SAB 89%




1. Atrium 2. Multi-purpose room 3. Meeting room 4. Child-minding 5. Childrens activity 6. Games room 7. Changerooms 8. Community health 9. Multi-purpose gym 10. Dynamic movement 11. Existing aquatic centre 12. South plaza 13. Great lawn 14. Fountain 15. Multi-purpose patio 16. Existing seniors' centre 17. Seniors' entrance 18. North plaza 19. Skylights to parking 20. Play area 21. Youth outdoor area 22. Existing tennis courts

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22.

20 19 6 18 3 4 5

21 7 9

8 10


1 2 15 12 15 17


13 16



2 1.2.3. Reclaimed wood from the previous community centre was re-milled for benching and provides structure for the glazing in the interior spine. The age and texture of the wood brings an intimacy to the spine, and stands in relief to contemporary elements in the project. Brightlycoloured, glass bridges span the interior pedestrian street. Each bridge, equipped with a bench, is a truly social space.

73 /
Location: Vancouver, Canada Designer: Hughes Condon Marler Architects Photographer: Hubert Kang Completion date: 2009 Site area: 169,650 square feet
2009 169,65015,761

Vancouver Olympic-Paralympic Centre

The facility design of the Vancouver Olympic/Paralympic Centre needed to meet the stringent Vancouver Organising Committees requirements for staging the 2010 Winter Olympics. During construction, an erosion and sedimentation control plan ensured that soil erosion due to stormwater runoff and wind would be minimised. Water savings are achieved by using drought-tolerant plants and by reducing irrigated areas in the landscaping. High-quality, efficient spray nozzles and a sophisticated centrally-monitored control system also contribute to the projects water-efficient irrigation. As another measure to reduce potable water consumption, low-flow and water-saving fixtures have been used in the building. The overall reduction of potable water consumption is anticipated to exceed 30% (compared to a reference case with conventional fixtures). The design of the building's energy systems anticipates a more than 40% energy saving compared to a reference building. The buildings heating, ventilation, air conditioning and refrigeration system is CFC, Halons and HCFC-free. A measurement, verification and monitoring system has been developed for the building which will make it possible for the operational staff to adjust water and energy consumption. During construction, several measures in the areas of housekeeping, scheduling, HVAC protection and pollutant and chemicals source control maintained high levels of indoor air quality. Also, materials and finishes with no or low VOC contribute to the indoor air quality of the facility during construction as well as occupancy. The building provides visitors and occupants with a healthy and comfortable built environment through generous levels of daylight, pleasant views and operable windows.
/2010 30% 40%

Olympic Mode

Legacy Mode

Award name: 2009 Globe Foundation/World Green Building Council Award Award-winning reason: This project has displayed a commitment to green building by incorporating building technologies and materials that minimise environmental impacts while taking advantage of local resources, innovations, and businesses. Materials: In keeping with the Citys Zero Waste initiatives, the facility diverts 75% of construction waste from landfill. The lumber in the old building is to be repurposed or recycled; the concrete from the building and pool was crushed on site and used as structural fill; and the metal will be recycled. New construction materials with recycled and regional content were favoured. The glulam beams used as the main structural components of the building are Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) certified wood.



2009/ 75%


19 20 18 9 10

1. Gymnasium 14. Mens Changeroom 2. Ofces 15. Natatorium 3. Aerobics 16. 52-metre Lap Pool 4. Arts and Crafts 17. Leisure Pool 5. Multi-purpose room 18. Hot Pool 6. Ofces 19. Sauna 7. Youth Room 20. Steam Room 8. Hockey Arena 21. Multi-purpose Room 9. Curling Arena 22. Outdoor Pool 10. Lounge 11. Concourse 12. Universal Changeroom 13. Womens Changeroom 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 52 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22.

15 17 16 11 8 1 21

2 3 4 5 6 7


12 14





Location: Seattle, USA Designer: Bohlin Cywinski Jackson|Bassetti Architects (Joint Venture) Photographer: Nic Lehoux Completion date: 2005 Building area: 200,000 square feet
| 2005 200,00018,580

Seattle City Hall

Seattle City Halls glass and steel structure intersects the steeply sloping site, contrasting with the terraced stone landforms that form its base. Water and sky slice through the block in a series of pools, cascades and skylights, forming links to the other Civic Centre buildings and framing views of Puget Sound and the Olympic Mountains. The seven-storey office tower is articulated by varied curtain-wall patterns and sunshades, with each elevation responding to its solar orientation and surroundings. Its curving south face opens to views of the city and Mount Rainier, and overlooks the titanium-clad form of the council chamber. The transparent pavilion between the office tower and the council chamber is a grand lobby, marked by tall, slender columns and a blue glass bridge. Through the creation of a distinctly civic home for its government, the new Seattle City Hall reflects the dynamic and democratic nature of this young and energetic city.

Site section showing the relationship of City Hall to the Justice Centre on the east, and the grand stair leading to the open plaza to the west

Award name: 2009 Green GOOD DESIGN Award Award-winning reason: Daylighting control and an underfloor air distribution system reduce energy and enhance the interior work environment. A planted roof reduces runoff by soaking up Seattles abundant rainwater and letting it evaporate gradually, while excess water is harvested by an underground cistern for use in landscape irrigation and toilets. For these and other sustainable elements, City Hall has received a Gold LEED rating by the U.S. Green Building Council and a Green Good Design Award from the European Centre for Architecture and Chicago Athenaeum. Materials: 1. Concrete fly ash added 2. Structural steel 3. Recycled gypsum board 4. Recycled carpet and pad 5. Low Density Polyethylene (LDPE) toilet partitions recycled plastic bottles, etc. 6. Recycled ceramic tile 7. Recycled acoustic ceiling tile



2009 LEED 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

1. Ofce space 2. Lobby 3. Fireplace seating area 4. Multi-purpose room 5. Upper plaza 6. Lower plaza 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

6 5

1. Lobby and gathering space seen from the west 2. Late afternoon sun penetrates the lobby interior
1. 2.



2 1. The circulation corridor outside the chamber is lit by a skylight and the afternoon sun is deflected toward the ceiling and inner wall by wood louvers 2. Seen through a forest of slender steel columns, a limestone-clad stair leads to the entrance to the council chamber 3. The council chamber is a dynamic space with curving ceiling, east-and west-facing clerestory windows to admit natural light and wood-clad walls that form the backdrop for the council and audience
1. 2. 3.

Location: Kansas City, USA Designer: BNIM Architects Photographer: Farshid Assassi Completion date: 2006 Site area: 1, 000,000 square feet
BNIM 2006 1, 000,00092,900

IRS Kansas City Campus

The 1998 Internal Revenue Service Restructuring and Reform Act initiated a study that investigated how to better serve taxpayers and increase the productivity of existing processing and service centres nationwide. The study indicated that a replacement facility was a priority for Kansas Citys Service Centre. In order to increase productivity, the new site would need to accommodate all of the functions the IRS had previously housed in eight locations. It was agreed that the new facility would act as urban infill and help continue the revitalisation of the surrounding area. Three major goals guided the design process: Integration of the existing Post Office, establishing a relationship between the new facility and the surrounding urban site, and developing a sense of outdoor connection while maintaining the high security needs of the IRS. The Post Office became the structural anchor for the complex and placement of the new IRS buildings, a processing wing and warehouse, follow a pattern and scale that memorialises the previous grid of streets and alleys. To establish a human scale in the workplace, the new processing wing was developed as three separate 200,000 square foot wings connected by a main street circulation corridor and courtyards that bring natural light deep into the facility. This organisation also allows building operations to operate at different capacities throughout the year.
1998 8 18,580

Award name: 2008 AIA/COTE Top Ten Green Project Award-winning reason: The IRS Kansas City campus creates a work environment that enhances the productivity and the flexibility of its employees on a large scale. The facility provides daylight to 80% of the employees, and integrates secure outdoor courtyards for employees to connect back to nature. Many of these courtyards are green roofs constructed over the parking structure. Materials: The project team used local, recycled, and non-toxic materials to create a healthy and environmentally responsible building. The design incorporated materials salvaged from the existing buildings on the site, including more than 1,500 glass blocks used in windows throughout. The pre-cast concrete faade minimises the amount of concrete used and formwork needed. All on-site waste, including concrete and asphalt, was grounded on site and recycled.



2008/ 80% 1,500





Location: Yarmouth Port, USA Designer: DesignLAB Architects Photographer: Peter Vanderwarker Completion date: 2009 Site area: 108,900 square feet
LAB 2009 108,90010,117

World Headquarters for the International Fund for Animal Welfare

The new IFAW headquarters contains 54,000 sf of space in three connected buildings. The space is used for research, public relations, meetings, conferences, a worldwide data centre, and a hub for IFAWs 16 country offices. It accomplishes its lofty goals through a pragmatic low-cost, low-tech approach to sustainability based on fundamentals and common sense. The design team transformed the projects brown field site into an asset by creating a restored Cape Cod meadow, thereby re-establishing a natural habitat with native vegetation. Within the building, IFAW chose to incorporate practical, straight-forward, low-tech, low-cost strategies for sustainable design such as siting, orientation, natural day-lighting and ventilation, and highefficiency mechanical systems. Because of IFAWs intrinsic commitment to the environment, incorporating sustainable strategies was just as important as other, more typical office design concerns. IFAW employees were involved in design workshops to create a plan that would maximise the organizations effectiveness thereby reducing square footage per person by 50% while expanding the collaborative workspace, and increasing the sense of ownership for employees. The use of LEED as a guide not a goal allowed IFAW to track and pursue initiatives relative to cost and accreditation, but to deviate from them where dictated by pragmatism and institutional objectives.
5,016 16 LEEDLEED

Award name: 2009 Top Ten Award Winner of AIA Award-winning reason: Buildings gathering around a south-facing courtyard, the team found a way to maximise programme and minimise space. The design team swapped their site (a virgin habitat) to rehabilitate the brownfield. Very simple, mono-pitched roofs are used, but the detailing is controlled and elegant. It seems like wonderful spaces to engage and work in you can imagine being in this building and feeling quite comfortable. Materials: The materials used in the construction of this building were chosen for their high percentage of recycled content, including: structural steel, foundation insulation, aluminum framing, carpet, rubber flooring and tile floors. Use of recycled materials decreases consumption of natural resources and reduces landfill waste.




7 6 3 2 1 6 2

2 3

1. Exterior boardwalk 2. Interior boardwalk 3. Conference rooms 4. Caf 5. Reception lounge 6. Open ofces 7. Support spaces

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.



2 1. Cantilevered first floor Boardwalk 2. Courtyard from first floor Boardwalk 3. Elephant Room
1. 2. 3.

101 BDP
Location: Manchester, UK Designer: BDP Photographer: Martine Hamilton Knight Completion date: 2008 Site area: 33,000 square feet
BDP 2008 33,0003065

BDP Manchester Studio

The building provides large open-plan studio space and ancillary accommodation including a hub space at ground floor level. This interactive area, including caf, staff restaurant and extended reception space, overlooks the canal at raised ground level. A striking feature of the building is the punctuated stainless-steel south faade that rises above the Ducie Street colonnade to contain the open-plan studio areas before sweeping over to form the roof of the building. The reflective external finish, heavily insulated build-up and narrow vertical apertures all serve to minimise solar heat gain, and to maximise privacy with the residential buildings opposite. By contrast, the northern faade of the building is transparent. The floor-to-soffit glazing takes maximum advantage of north light to illuminate the full extent of studio spaces and reveals wonderful views of the city centre. A fully-glazed circulation staircase cantilevered over the canal provides the circulation for all floors. Sustainability has been a key driver in all aspects of the design and delivery of the new studio which is an expressive response to context and microclimate. Rainwater is harvested from the roof and used to flush toilets throughout the building. It is the first naturally ventilated and night-time cooled office building in Manchester to achieve an Excellent BREEAM rating.

Award name: MIPIM Award (Green Building - Finalist) 2009 RIBA Award 2009 Award-winning Reason: BDP Manchester studio was one of the three finalists for the highly prestigious Green Building award at MIPIM in 2009, recognised as a world-class example of low-carbon design, and demonstrating the companys commitment to genuine sustainability. Materials: Amongst its sustainable features are Manchesters first living brown roof, specifically designed to attract the increasingly rare Black Redstart bird, a natural ventilation system which warms and cools the building without the need for heating or air-conditioning, and a rain harvesting system to flush the toilets and low-emission lighting throughout.



2009 2009 BDP2009 BDP

1. Caf area 2. Reception 3. Stairs to all oors 4. Catering area 5. Presentation room 6. Lifts 7. Street level entrance 8. Stairs to all oors 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

8 5 4 6 7



3 1. Fourth floor studio is covered by a lightweight steel roof, and clad internally with Douglas fir timber boards 2. Kitchen area, and hopper doors on the internal wall 3. The studio is naturally ventilated through open-in vents
1. 2. 3.

Location: Denver, USA Designer: ZGF Architects Photographer: Robert Canfield Completion date: 2006 Site area: 292,000 square feet
ZGF 2006 292,000

The Environmental Protection Agency Region 8 Headquarters Building

The buildings base consists of four storeys of enclosed building, topped by a one-storey terrace with a strongly articulated colonnade and topped by a cornice and railing. This faade has a scale that is consistent with the street and clad primarily in brick to blend with the warehouse feel of neighbouring structures. The tower is inflected inward from the corners toward the entrance to give emphasis to the entry bay which runs up the entire side of the tower. The atrium space becomes the heart of the building, creating a welcoming, invigorating public space with views into the heart of the EPA workplace. It creates a central focal point for the public lobby, connects the library, conference and fitness centres, and creates a central informal interaction place for the EPA community. The mission and goals of the EPA are clearly demonstrated in the design of the space through materials, passive ecological systems, educational exhibits, and inviting and interactive spatial and functional relationships.

Award name: 2009 What Makes It Green Award Winner 2007 LEED Gold Award-winning reason: A greenroof, the first such roof in Denver to treat and manage stormwater, reduces the urban heat-island effect of the building. When the full complement of building commission was completed, construction waste management and indoor air quality plans were executed. Materials: Examples of sustainable materials used in the building include corn-based fabric and wheatboard, recycled glass tile, recycled-content carpets, recycled steel, cork floors, bamboo wall panels and doors made with rice hull cores. To sum up, more than 89% of the wood-based materials and products used in the building are certified in accordance with the Forest Stewardship Council s Principles and Criteria. Additionally, flyash was used in the concrete portions of the building and regional materials those manufactured, produced or harvested within 500 miles of the building were used for more than 50% of the structures manufactured materials.
2009 2007LEED 89% 50%800





4 1. Steel structure with decoration 2. The building atrium serves as a gathering place 3. Atrium sail detail 4. Exposed concrete ceilings help condition the building through thermal mass
1. 2. 3. 4.

Location: Tacoma, USA Designer: ZGF Architects Photographer: John Edwards, Eckert & Eckert Completion date: 2005 Site area: 57,000 square feet
ZGF 2005 57,0005,295

Pacific Lutheran University, Morken Centre for Learning and Technology

The Morken Centre purposefully houses three traditionally unrelated departments the School of Business, the Department of Computer Science & Computer Engineering, and the Department of Mathematics. This academic facility includes classrooms, laboratories, faculty offices, conference rooms, an atrium and a caf. Classrooms are housed in the two-storey wing, while faculty offices are found in the three-storey wing. The two wings are joined by a two-storey lobby with common spaces intended to promote informal exchanges between students and faculty. The building design draws from the context of more traditional campus buildings in both form and materials, while incorporating state-of-the-art technology and flexibility. Building responsibly in an environmental context was a key goal that the departments housed in the Morken Centre fundamentally embraced and thus became a strong focus for the projects design. Not only do technological advances help to utilise resources more efficiently, but building sustainably is consistent with PLUs mission to educate students for service to society.

1. Building entry with views to the courtyard 2. South building face 3. Interior stairs invite interaction
1. 2. 3.

Award name: Green Building Category Winner, Building Washington Awards Award-winning reason: Sustainable design features are included throughout the LEED Gold certified academic centre such as a ground source heat pump system, restoration of the pre-existing oak savannah landscape, building orientation allowing for significant use of on-site resources of sun, wind, and light, and an optimised envelope design. Materials: Finishes specified to reduce material resource impact included certified wood panelling and decking; low-emitting carpet, paints, adhesives and composite wood materials; wheatboard door, casework and panelling cores; and bamboo flooring. In addition, the structural materials, roofing, and interior finishes are of a high recycled content. The steel used for the buildings framing has a recycled content of 95%. Preference was given to material manufacturers located within a 500-mile radius of the site, reducing climate impact and strengthening the regional economy.



LEED 95%800

1. Exterior front entry 2. Building overall 3. The buildings two wings are joined by a two-storey lobby with common spaces
1. 2. 3.



2 1. Relaxing area connected with corridor 2. The lobby common spaces promote informal exchanges between students and teachers 3. Classroom
1. 2. 3.

Location: Cambridge, USA Designer: Leers Weinzapfel Associates Architects Interior Architect: Samuel Anderson Architects, LLP Photographer: Paul Warchol Completion date: 2006 Site area: 24,000 square feet
2006 24,0002,230

Harvard University Library Services Building

Located in the heart of historic Harvard Square, the building houses offices and workspace for the Weissman Preservation Centre, Library Information Systems, and retail space for students and the public at the ground floor. The four-storey structure responds to the scale and character of its neighbours, while providing the maximum square footage allowed by zoning. Its elegant design has earned it the label of jewel box. The building achieves significant energy savings through geothermal heating and cooling and window wall and skylights for maximum daylighting. The building projects an image of lightness and openness with a north facing window wall. The faade is divided into three bays with a projected bay at the entrance to the offices marking the corner of the through pathway. Along the sidewalk, retail space protected by a canopy, with display windows and its own entrance, enlivens the pedestrian experience. At the top floor, sculptural skylights bring daylight into the preservation laboratory and create a crown for the building.

Award name: The Chicage Athenaeum and the European Centre for Architecture Green Good Design Award, 2009 LEED Gold Certification . U.S . Green Building Council, 2007 Award-winning reason: This project demonstrates that a sustainable building can be constructed despite the challenges associated with a small urban site, an extensive public approvals process, strict temperature and humidity requirements and two architectural teams. The geothermal heating and cooling system was a keystone for the project. Aside from the energy efficient advantages, this system addressed community concerns regarding noisy rooftop equipment and Cambridge Historical Commission concerns regarding the scale of the building including rooftop penthouses. Materials: Storm water retention system, energy star roofing, day-lighting and exterior views throughout are the main sustainable features of the project. Site lighting with cut-off prevents night-sky pollution. Geothermal wells, heat pumps for all heating and cooling with VSDs on hot and chilled water pumps and occupancy sensors throughout the building make it 32% more energy efficient than a standard building.
2009 2007LEED 32%

Geothermal Wells - eliminate the need for bulky/noisy roof equipment - use constant ground temperature to save energy



4 1. Nearby buildings are reflected in the glass and the top floor skylights are visible 2. A slim concrete structure and two underground floors 3. Top floor Weissman Preservation Centre 4. Lounge on ground floor with view of through-block passage
1. 2. 3. 4.

1 2

1. Bookshop 2. Reception 3. Lounge 4. Workroom 5. Loading 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

3 5

Location: Monona, USA Designer: The Kubala Washatko Architects Photographer: Mark F. Heffron/ The Kubala Washatko Architects, Inc. Completion date: 2007 Site area: 12,000 square feet
F/ 2007 12,0001,100

Aldo Leopold Legacy Centre

Aldo Leopold Foundation headquarters includes office and meeting spaces, interpretive exhibit hall, archive, workshop, and three-season hall. The Centre was envisioned as a small complex of structures organised around a central courtyard. This design provides flexibility in managing energy use based on programme requirements, creates outdoor spaces for work and gathering, and reduces the scale of the buildings on site. Built where Aldo Leopold died fighting a brush fire in 1948, the Centre provides a trailhead to the original Leopold Shack for visitors from around the world. As part of restoration efforts during the 1930s and 1940s the Leopold family planted thousands of trees on their worn out Sand County farm. Improving the health of the forest provided the raw material to build a building. It also gave the Foundation a way to honour the symbolic importance of the Leopold Pines. The quantity and nature of the wood made available from the thinning shaped building design. Ultimately, the Legacy Centre used over 90,000 board feet of site-harvested wood for structural timbers, doors, windows, finish materials, and artisan-crafted furniture.
1948 193040 90,000

1. Panoramic view 2. Panels view 3. Aerial

1. 2. 3.

Award name: LEED Platinum in 2007 Award-winning reason: The design of the Leopold Legacy Centre remains true to the ecological, aesthetic, and scientific spirit of Aldo Leopolds Land Ethic. The building received a LEED Platinum rating, the highest given to date under the USGBC rating system. It is the first building recognised by LEED as carbon neutral in operation; and as a "zero net energy building, the Leopold Centre produces over 110% of its annual building energy needs. Materials: The Centre uses wood sustainably harvested on-site from trees originally planted in the 1940s by the Leopold family. A 38kw photovoltaic array is one of the largest in the state; and innovative HVAC and ventilation systems reduce energy demand. The building balances energy demands for comfort, light, and power with energy available from the sun, wind, and biomass resources of the site.



2007LEED LEED LEED 110% 194038

3 5



1. 1. Administration Wing 2. 2. Mudroom 3. 3. Exhibits 4. Forward Garden 4. 5. 5. Thermal Flux Zone 6. Conference Wing 6. 7. 7. Prairie 8. 8. Welcome Garden 9. 9. Workshop 10. 10. Rain Garden 11. 11. Three Season Hall

Location: Portland, USA Designer: ZGF Architects LLP Photographer: Timothy Hursley, Nick Merrick Hedrich Blessing, Basil Childers, Eckert & Eckert Completion date: 2009 Site area: 23,000 square feet
ZGF 2009 23,0002,136

Twelve|West serves as not only an anchor in a rapidly transforming urban neighbourhood, but also a demonstration project to inform future sustainable building design. Some of the efficiency measures include: thermal mass; day lighting and occupancy sensors; low-flow fixtures for reduced domestic hot water demand; high-efficiency equipment; heat recovery; fan-assisted night flush of the office floors; chilled beams and under floor air distribution in the office floors; and CO2 sensors for ventilation demand control in large volume spaces. With a carefully articulated curtain wall and subtle textural modifications including operable windows, balconies, quilted and recessed stainless steel of varying colours and fritted reflective semi-opaque panels, it creates a lively enclosure with a sense of movement. This quality is further enhanced when sunlight and the sky reflect off the buildings faade.

Four Wind Turbines

Solar Thermal Roof Gardens Low-e Glass Rainwater Re-use Water-efcient Plumbing Fixtures

Operable Windows Daylight Sensors Exposed Concrete

Passive/Chilled Beams Under-Floor Air Distribution Water Storage Tank

Efcient Central Cooling Rain Water Harvesting Condensation

Award name: 2010 AIA/COTE Top Ten Green Project Award-winning reason: Twelve|West received the AIA/COTE award for its advantage and creative design in 10 distinct measures and it is designed to achieve the highest levels of urban sustainability, and is expected to earn a Platinum rating under LEED NC overall and LEED CI for the office floors. Materials: Four Wind Turbines produce 10,00012,000 kWh of electricity per year. Monitoring of wind conditions and turbine performance will improve knowledge for future projects. Solar Thermal panels heat 24% of hot water used in the building, offsetting natural gas use. Low-E Glass admits 55% of visible sunlight but reflects 70% of the associated heat, reducing energy use for lighting and space cooling. Rainwater Re-use in toilet flushing on the office floors, and to irrigate the green roofs, reduces use of city water by 286,000 gallons per year. Exposed Concrete moderates indoor air temperatures. Mass is cooled with cool night air in the summer months and absorbs excess heat throughout the day.
2010/ 10LEED LEED 10,00012,000 24%55% 70% 286,000



1. Lobby 2. Retail space 3. Storage 4. Apartment lobby 5. LIft 6. Neighbouring buildings 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

4 4 4 4 3

5 2

5 2





2 1. The resource library has a significant amount of daylight, which is beneficial for selecting finishes 2. FSC-certified wood is used through the office 3. The office floors comprise primarily open floor plans and transparent glass walls
1. 2. 3.

135 LOFT
Location: California, USA Designer: Swatt | Miers Architects Photographer: Cesar Rubio Completion date: 2006 Site area: 29,984 square feet
| 2006 29,9842,785

GreenCity Lofts
The design focuses on livability and sustainability, which often involve the same strategies. The first design decision was to design around the concept of single loaded circulation, allowing for natural daylighting from at least two sides of almost every unit. The 62 residential units have been divided into five buildings, which created 19 units with three exposures (again for daylighting). The five buildings are positioned to create three well-proportioned, yet different and unique, courtyards for the use of all of the residents. Open-air circulation combined with open planning allow for natural ventilation, avoiding the need for air conditioning. Thirteen unit types are included, ranging from 500 square feet to over 2,000 square feet, in three basic spatial configurations flats, townhouses, and lofts. Podium projects such as GreenCity Lofts are often sheltered, inward focusing enclaves, with little connection to the surrounding neighbourhoods. In order to connect the project to the neighbourhood, GreenCity Lofts has been designed with balconies, stairs and stoops which lead from the lowest podium units directly to the sidewalk.
625 1953 1346185 3LOFT LOFT LOFT

1. Bridges create connection between buildings and outdoors 2. Views to bay 3. Views to outside 4. Operable windows allow natural ventilation 1. 2. 3. 4.

Award name: Green Point Rated. Build it Green, highest rated Multi-family rated project in the Bay Area upon completion in 2006 Award-winning reason: GreenCity lofts is one of the first multi-family projects in the nation designed according to green principals. In summer, 2006, GreenCity Lofts was evaluated by Build It Green according to the Multi-family GreenPoint Checklist, and was classified the greenest multi-family project in the Bay Area. Materials: Some of the green features of the project, in addition to the basic planning strategies, include: 95% of the pre-existing paint factory was recycled, and contaminated dirt was remediated. Foundations were designed with high fly-ash content concrete. The buildings are framed with steel, which has high post-consumer recycled content. Durable exterior finishes were used integral coloured stucco, fiber-cement panels, and metal roofs. The buildings use healthy interior materials and finishes formaldehyde-free wheat-board cabinets, FSC Certified wood flooring, wool, and recycled content carpeting, sheet linoleum flooring, low VOC paints, formaldehyde-free insulation and low VOC construction adhesives. For comfort and sustainability, a hydronic radiant in-floor heating system was used.



2006 LOFT2006LOFT 95% FSC

1. Entrance 2. Kitchen 3. Living 4. Dining 5. Bedroom 6. Bath 7. Bedroom loft 8. Deck/patio 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. /


8 3

4 4

2 6

2 6 7 5 6

1 5 6

139 9
Location: New Orleans, USA Designer: KieranTimberlake Client: Make It Right Foundation Photographer: Will Crocker Completion date: 2008 Site area: 1,520 square feet
Make It Right 2008 1,520141

Special NO 9 House
The project responds to the hot humid climate of New Orleans with measures that reduce overall building energy consumption while improving occupant comfort. The house is oriented on a linear east-to-west axis, limiting most solar exposure during the summer. The solar heat gains that would normally result from such a design are moderated by an extensive trellis system along the entirety of the south faade. The large amount of glazing on the south, east and west faades coupled with a 10-foot ceiling allows for significant daylighting. Excessive glare from low western sun is effectively moderated through occupant-controlled external shading devices that are fully compliant with the hurricane-rated windows. Decks on the front, back, and roof of the house provide ample access to outdoor space for fresh air. Indoor water use is limited through the use of low-flow fixtures for all lavatory sinks, showers, and toilets. The flow rates for these components ensure water used within the bathrooms of the house will be sympathetic to scarcity of the resource. The project is a highly energy-efficient residential design with a HERS (Home Energy Rating) index rating of 35, meaning the house, relative to a comparable baseline home in the same climate, consumes 65% less energy. The house is also designed with a roof-mounted photovoltaic array, providing the occupants with a reliable source of energy.
3 3565%

1 8 2 4 9 3

10 10



13 14

1. Polypropylene mesh vine trellis at south wall ( shutters and deep overhang at east/ west faades ) 2. Operable awning window 3. Operable vent above interior doors 4. Operable double hung windows 5. Electrical service 6. Pervious surface parking & walkways 7. Photovoltaic panels 8. Ceiling fans in living spaces 9. 10-0 high ceilings 10. Rain water collection on roof 11. Low-ow xtures and dual ush W.C fed by rainwater capture 12. Rainwater storage 13. Overow diversion 14. Native vegetation swale

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 103 10. 11. 12. 13. 14.

Award name: 2010 Top Award Winner of AIA Award-winning reason: The jurors commended the project for its high level of achievement at a modest price, how it respects local climatic, cultural, and architectural context, how it shifts the idea of what we think of prefab and modular housing to one that starts to look at climate responsive design, with shading & perforated envelopes. It integrates climate and cultural responsiveness that brings something unique to the place. Materials: Materials were used in the house construction in a manner that a high priority was placed on the conservation of resources while ensuring the highest levels of occupant health. The use of lumber for framing was streamlined through the generation of detailed framing documents and cut list with a 10% waste target prior to ordering lumber. Additional conservation of materials was exercised in the design through the use of structural insulated panels (SIPS) for the roof and floor and by utilising open-web floor trusses.



2010 10%

1. Car parking 2. Pervious concrete paving 3. Gravel 4. Rainwater cisterns 5. Storage 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

5 4 3

Location: Santa Monica, USA Designer: Ray Kappe Architects Photographer: CJ Berg Photographics, Sunshine Divis Photography Developer: LivingHomes Completion date: 2006 Site area: 2,500 square feet
CJ LivingHomes 2006 2,500232

LivingHome, Santa Monica

The LivingHome, Santa Monica is a single-family residence. It has four bedrooms and 2.5 baths. The house is comprised of 11 factory-built modules that were installed on site in just 8 hours. LivingHomes are designed to achieve Energy Star and LEED Platinum certification. As with all LivingHomes products, the LivingHome, Santa Monica, was designed to achieve the Z6 environmental goals: zero energy, zero water, zero indoor emissions, zero waste, zero carbon, and zero ignorance. LivingHomes include modern, open floor plans with generous exterior decks, a green roof that is solar-ready, and geothermal systems for heating and cooling. LivingHomes also feature triple-paned, argon filled glass and blown-in closed cell insulation, both of which reduce heat loss. Low-flow, high-efficiency plumbing fixtures, a rainwater catchment system and a grey water system, all work will minimise water usage.
11 8LEED Z6

Award name: 2007 AIA/COTE Top Ten Green Projects Award-winning reason: The house serves as both a residence and a model home for a line of green, modular, single-family dwellings. Materials: Most of the materials in the home are re-used or sustainably created. The home was produced with 75% less construction waste than traditional home construction. To reduce the adverse environmental impacts of conventional materials, the home features Forest Stewardship Certified (FSC) wood for the millwork, ceiling, siding, and framing, along with a variety of recycled materials including 100% post-consumer recycled paper based countertops; recycled glass tile, recycled porcelain tiles, and 100% recycled denim insulation. Also, the home showcases organic bedding and linens, water-efficient fixtures, and special roofing.
2007/ Z6 75% 100% 100%



5 11,12, 13 3 8,10 7,20,21 6 9 28 3 26 1,2,4


14 3 1 15 26

24 23,30 26

5 29

first floor plan

22 5 15,25,26 4 27 27 3 27 12,13, 3 16,17 30 3 12, 13, 16, 30 3,27 3

19 4,7,18,20,21


Roof plan


1. 18% yash in concrete 2. Concrete oors 3. Forest stewardship council certied wood 4. Radiant heating 5. 100% recyclable insulated panel 6. indoor garden 7. LED lighting 8. Paper stone countertops 9. Denatured alcohol replace 10. Bosch energy-efcient appliances 11. Syndecrete recycled content sink 12. Sterling dual ush toilet 13. Kohler low-ow water-efcient xtures 14. Grey water system 15. Cistern storm water storage 16. Recycled content porcelain tile 17. Enviroglas countertop 18. Cork ooring 19. Movable walls 20. Steel framing 21. Low VOC paints 22. Photovoltaics as rooftop canopy 23. Battery PV electricity storage for back-up 24. User-friendly computer interface to track building performance 25. Green roof 26. Native species, low water use landscaping 27. Trellis and cantilevered decks for sun shade 28. Recycled concrete pavers 29. Whole house fan at top of stair tower 30. Exhaust fan

1. 18% 2. 3. 4. 5. 100% 6. 7. LED 8. 9. 10. Bosch 11. Syndecrete 12. Sterling 13. Kohler 14. 15. 16. 17. Enviroglas 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30.

Second floor plan


1 1. Bedroom 2. Parts of bedroom 3. Office 4. Bathroom

1. 2. 3. 4.


Location: New York, USA Designer: BNIM Architects Photographer: Farshid Assassi Completion date: 2009 Site area: 6,250 square feet
BNIM 2009 6,250 580

Omega Centre for Sustainable Living


7 8 4 3 3 2 3 3 5 9 10

7 4

1. Septic tank 2. Anaerobic tank 3. Constructed wetlands 4. Aerated lagoons 5. Sand lter 6. Subsurface dispersal 7. Rain gardens 8. Rainwater cistern 9. Mechanical and electrical room 10. Learning laboratory 11. Photovoltaic collectors 12. Metal roof 13. Green roof 14. Wood rainscreen siding 15. Natural ventilation 16. Interior nishes 17. Woodlands restoration 18. Solar tracking skylight 19. Stack ventilation

The Omega Centre for Sustainable Living (OCSL) is a very purposeful building and site, designed to clean water, return the clean water to the local systems, and educate users about the process. Eco Machine TM technologies were selected to clean the water utilizing natural systems including the earth, plants and sunlight. The entire building and water process utilizes site harvested renewable energy achieving a net zero energy system. This required the facility to be free of waste (volume, material, energy), organized and carefully tuned to harvest solar energy for passive heating and lighting, utilising the entire mass for thermal comfort. The resultant designs simplicity and elegance fit its noble purpose. Creating an interior environment, comfortable for people and at the same time fertile for the plants, was critical. The result is a careful balance of passive (daylight, passive solar heating, natural ventilation) and mechanical (geo thermal, fans, electric lighting) comfort systems. The building section demonstrates the purposefulness of the design. Plants growing in the interior lagoons required very precise solar energy levels on both their south and north exposures. The building section, windows and skylights were carefully designed as an integrated system meeting the lighting needs while creating a memorable human experience.






12 18 9 11 17 13 19 11

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19.



Award name: 2010 AIA/COTE Top Ten Green Project Award-winning reason: The Omega Centre for Sustainable Living (OCSL) is an education facility integrated with a highly sustainable wastewater filtration facility that will treat more than 5 million gallons of wastewater annually on-site and return it to the aquifer. The OCSL embodies the highest level of environmental stewardship. The entire building and water process utilise photovoltaic panels to harvest renewable energy, achieving a net zero energy system. Materials: The OCSL facility is a showcase for salvaged materials. Reclaimed materials used on the project include dimensional lumber, plywood, interior doors, beech wood panelling, and toilet partitions claimed from warehouses, schools and office buildings. All installed wood is either from an FSC-certified forest or a reclaimed source, including the plywood roof and wall sheathing, which was salvaged from the 2009 presidential inaugural stage.



2010/ 500 FSC 2009



2 1. The building contains a classroom and yoga studio for campus visitors 2. The OCSL was constructed to house the Eco-Machine TM, which treats the campus wastewater through biological means 3. The yoga studio
1. 2. 3.

Location: San Antonio, USA Designer: Lake Flato Architects Photographer: Chris Cooper Photography Completion date: 2005 Site area: 5,500 square feet
2005 5,500510

Government Canyon Visitor Centre

The Visitor Centre floats in a field of native grasses and restored oaks at the mouth of the canyon, forming a gateway to the 8,600-acre Government Canyon State Natural Area. The canyons rich ranching history is expressed in the exposed pipe structure. The building respects the fragile ecosystem of the site, which lies in the recharge area for San Antonios main water source the Edwards Aquifer. It was designed for water conservation, collecting rainwater, minimising runoff and contaminants, and reducing the use of ground water. In this way, the building becomes its own educational exhibit that demonstrates sustainable water use practices to visitors. The programme for the Natural Area Headquarters included an exhibit hall, Texas State Park store, classrooms, offices, outdoor exhibit pavilion, amphitheatre, interpretive trails and two ranger residences.

6 4

1. Corrugated Metal Roof forms Catchment Area for Rainwater Harvesting System 2. Gutters and Rain Chains funnel Rainwater into Underground Storage Tanks 3. Solar Power is used to Pump Water from Underground Storage Tanks to Tower Storage Tanks 4. Water used for Irrigation of Native Landscape/ Habitat 5. Gravity from Tower Storage Tanks provides Water Pressure for Waste Water Conveyance 6.Underground Rainwater Storage Tanks

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

5 6 4 7 8 9 10

3 1 2

1. Low water use native landscape 2. High efciency mechanical systems 3. Roof extensions minimise summer heat gain 4. Flyash concrete slab 5. Elevated cistern tower 6. Corrugated metal roofs 7. Shaded exhibit space 8. Rolling barn door blocks winter winds 9. Rusted steel pipe 10. Expansive porch

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

Award name: 2007 AIA/COTE Top Ten Green Project Award-winning reason: The building opens up and shades itself and fits into the landscape in an unaggressive way. There is also something really familiar and comfortable about it. The composition is very carefully controlled, from the site plan to details. Materials: The primary construction consisted of rusted steel pipe with a minimum of 75% recycled content. The naturally oxidised surface protects the integrity of the inner steel and eliminates the need for paint, decreasing material cost and maintenance. Exposed native stone and fly-ash concrete finishes likewise provide long life and low maintenance. Extremely durable and structurally efficient corrugated galvanised metal roofing a locally manufactured agricultural material provides a heat reflective surface while reducing the need for decking and substructure.
2007/ 75%



7 6 1 2 5 5

3 10 10

6 4 3 7 7

1.Exhibit 2.Gift Shop 3.Exterior Terrace 4.Classroom 5.Ofce 6.Washroom 7.Storage 8.Outdoor Classroom 9.Water Cistern 10.Cistern

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

Location: Texas, USA Designer: Lake Flato Architects Photographer: Paul Hester of Hester + Hardaway Photography Completion date: 2004 Site area: 13,000 square feet
+ 2004 13,0001,207

World Birding Centre Headquarters

This eco-tourism headquarters is located in the lower Rio Grande Valley, one of the richest bird habitats in the world. On the major migratory pathway for most North American species, the area is a primary destination for birding enthusiasts. The design approach was to do more with less. The architecture learned from the regional vernacular, responded to the harsh climate and minimised disturbance of existing habitat. The building creates a gateway between disturbed agricultural land and a 1,700-acre native habitat preserve. Sustainable features included a 35% reduction in building programme, outdoor circulation, a narrow floor plate for effective cross ventilation and daylighting, steel arch panels as both structure and roofing, efficient building systems, water conservation and re-use through a rainwater collection system, and restorative landscapes.
688 35%

Award name: 2006 AIA/COTE Top Ten Green Project Award-winning reason: Beautifully relating to the landscape, the building creates an outdoor space and integrates the exterior extremely successfully. Part of the nature of its place, this building will get even better with time as the landscape comes back. It s a charming idea and incredibly intriguing. The designers did a good climatebased design and used sustainable strategies. Materials: Low-energy embodied local brick pavers line the pathways and interior public spaces. Locally produced Clay block gives durability and thermal mass to exterior walls. Unfinished naturally decay-resistant salvaged Cypress adds warmth and tactile quality along the porches. Arch panel roofing spans long distances with 45% less material by weight while eliminating structural redundancies. Engineered wood framing materials for use on the hawk tower and blinds eliminate arsenic and chromium treated lumber.
2006/ 45%

1. View to the centre from the Irrigation Canal 2. Exterior circulation reduces cost, maintenance and energy
1. 2.



6 4 4

1 6

1. Breezeway and entrance 2. Shop/restaurant 3. Exhibit 4. Ofce 5. Storage 6. washroom

1. Deep porches and water cisterns 2. View from the Courtyard to the Habitat 3. Galvanized steel & locally-produced clay block provide low maintenance and long life 4. View from aisle 5. World Birding Center caf
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Location: Evanston, USA Designer: Ross Barney Architects Photographer: Steve Hall, Hedrich Blessing Completion date: 2008 Site area: 31,600 square feet
2008 31,6002,935

Jewish Reconstructionist Congregation

South Stair Transitional Space

Passive ventilation

Passive Heat Absorption

The new LEED Platinum certified synagogue for the Jewish Reconstructionist Congregation replaces the old building at the edge of a residential area, across from a city park and the tracks of the Skokie Swift commuter train. The design balances the limitations of a small site with an ambitious programme that uniformly promotes its worship, educational, and community objectives. Evanstons zoning ordinance, limiting building height and lot coverage, impacted the final building programme and design solution. The congregation originally identified 42,000 square feet of dedicated space to serve their needs. The design met these needs in 31,600 square feet of flexible and convertible space. The use of spaces from week to week, hour to hour, were traced over the building levels to find the best balance of all needs. The project demolished the existing 21,400 square foot synagogue and constructed a new 31,600 square foot facility on the same site. The new building has three floors containing the Congregations offices, early childhood programme, and chapel on the first floor; their education offices, classrooms and library on the second floor; and the sanctuary, social hall and kitchen on the third floor.
LEED 3,9002,935 1,9882,935

Displacement Ventilation

Integrated Acoustics

Clerestory Light Shelf

Award name: 2009 AIA/COTE Top Ten Green Project Award-winning reason: The project makes a positive contribution to the community, improves comfort for building occupants and reduce environmental impacts through strategies such as reuse of existing structures, connection to transit systems, low-impact and regenerative site development, energy and water conservation, use of sustainable or renewable construction materials, and design that improves indoor air quality. Materials: Exterior wood cladding and interior wood slat walls within the Chapel and Sanctuary are made of reclaimed cypress from mushroom houses. Concrete and brick from the existing building was crushed and used as engineered fill for the new building. Reclaimed brick and limestone fill the gabion site walls. The bimah is designed with over 1,000 square feet of reclaimed black walnut from urban forests. Four crimson maple trees on the site were cut down and milled to clad the large ceremonial entry door.



2009/ 92



169 /
Location: Minnesota, USA Designer: Ross Barney Architects Photographer: Kate Joyce Studios Completion date: 2010 Site area: 35,300 square feet
2010 35,3003,280

James/Swenson Civil Engineering Building

The University of Minnesota Duluth is instituting a new Bachelor of Science degree in Civil Engineering (BSCE). The building will house instructional and research laboratories, as well as office space, for the Civil Engineering Department. The new building builds on and reinforces the existing circulation patterns that are part of the UMD campus. The building materials were selected to showcase the beauty of raw, natural, unaltered building materials that will not only serve as a sustainable building product, but also as a teaching tool to the students within the Civil Engineering Department. Large scuppers distribute all rainwater collected on the roof area to a French Drain located in the entry area of the building on the North Elevation. The French Drain is connected to a Flume within the Hydraulics Laboratory. Water from the French Drain is used as grey water to fill the Flume for student experiments. The exterior Cor-ten skin provides a rainscreen system, which increases the overall R-value of the wall system. The second floor of the building is fed by underfloor air system. This distributes the air evenly through the spaces, while maintaining a high level of user controllability. Innovative and highly efficient system such as displacement ventilation and radiant panels are used throughout the building.

Award name: LEED Gold Certification in 2010 Award-winning reason: The new Civil Engineering Building creates a healthy environment for the occupants through the use of integrated sustainable strategies. Materials: These materials include Cor-Ten steel, pre-cast and poured-in-place concrete, reclaimed local taconite rocks, and reclaimed wood. Designed to display the building system as a pedagogical tool, the building incorporates very few finish materials. The use of raw and locally available products resulted in over 20% of the total building materials being regionally harvested and manufactured, and over 30% of the materials being recycled.
2010LEED 20%30%





Location: Dingmans Ferry, Pennsylvania Designer: Bohlin Cywinski Jackson Photographer: Christopher Barone, Nic Lehoux Completion date: 2006 Building area: 7,750 square feet
2006 7,750720

Pocono Environmental Education Centre

Designed primarily for children, the Pocono Environmental Education Centre is a teaching tool, demonstrating the ways and importance of sustainability and broadening understanding of our interdependent relationship with nature. The building is approached through forest that gives way to wetland, where the undulating black wall is first seen. Tires reclaimed from the Delaware River and park grounds were converted to shingles in a durable, interlocking waterproof skin that is maintenance-free. Visitors reach the building across a planked bridge, entering through an opening in the dark north wall and proceeding through a service area into the bright, sunlit main space. This great south-facing shed makes use of the sun s warmth, mountain breezes and abundant light, drawing upon these natural forces for primary heating, ventilation and illumination. In the gathering space the views of the surrounding landscape, light and shadow, calm and storm inspire appreciation of the natural world and our responsibilities as stewards of the environment. The Pocono Environmental Education Centre promotes reuse of natural resources, directly challenging visitors to consider the possibilities of sustainable design.

Award name: 2008 AIA/COTE Top Ten Green Project Award-winning reason: The new Visitor Activity Centre promotes the Pocono Environmental Education Centres commitment to use its architecture as a teaching tool, so that all visitors to the building will learn the importance of sustainability and broaden their understanding of our interdependency with the natural environment. Materials: The concrete floor slab has an integral stain to minimise additional floor finishes and reduce floor maintenance. Porcelain tile used in the kitchen and serving areas is comprised of more than 95 percent reclaimed and reused unfired raw materials. Engineered wood products have been utilised wherever possible to reduce reliance on old growth forests. Glue-laminated timbers and wood composite framing members are used for the buildings roof structure. Stress-skin panels have been used for the roof of the dining and porch areas where long-span sheathing and high insulating values are desirable. The windows and window wall framing include a thermal break to improve thermal performance. Low-e insulated glass units and low-conductivity edge spacers have been also been used to further increase energy efficiency.



2008/ 95%

1. Vestibule 2. Lobby 3. Main activity space 4. Porch 5. Serving 6. Preparation 7. Dishwashing 8. Dry storage 9. Cooler 10. Freezer 11. Ofce 12. Staff 13. Mechanical 14. Storage

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14.

11 1 14 2 7 6




Location: Phoenix, USA Designer: Line and Space, LLC Photographer: Bill Timmerman Completion date: 2007 Site area: 1,742,400 square feet
2007 1,742,400161,874

Cesar Chavez Library

The library is integrated into a park made of mounded earth, while being adjacent to a large man-made lake a remnant from mid 20th century water attitudes. Through appropriate orientation, glazing at the north and south of the building allows natural daylight to fill interior space. The west elevation is designed with no windows to mitigate direct solar heat gain, reducing demand on the mechanical system. Deep overhangs over all windows protect the building from the harsh desert summer sun. Overhangs extend the usability of outdoor spaces by providing shade over seating and gathering areas as well as a zone of thermal and visual transition from the hot, bright exterior to interior space. Daylighting in public and staff areas minimizes the use of conventional lighting and provides occupants with a connection to the surrounding outdoors. A large overhang coupled with reuse of building exhaust air provides a tempered microclimate in the outdoor reading patio. Adjustable spot diffusers allow users to fine-tune their individual environment increasing the patios comfort and usability. All rainwater from the 37,000 sf roof is collected and stored in the adjacent lake for use in park and landscape irrigation. This quantity balances the total water used for toilet flushing during the year.
20 3,437

7 4 6

1. Service desk 2. Computer classroom 3. Media stacks 4. Reading nook 5. Catch basin 6. Earth berm 7. Roof gutter

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

1. Shade is crucial 2. Adjustable spot diffuser 3. Plenum with in-line transfer fan 4. Normally exhausted air; harvested and recycled to temper outdoor reading patio

1. 2. 3. 4.

Award name: 2008 AIA/COTE Top Ten Green Project Award-winning reason: The library was recognized for its environmental design in response to the site and the desert climate, in addition to its contribution to the surrounding community. Materials: Concrete masonry, steel and aluminum were selected for their clean appearance, durability, low maintenance, ability to be recycled and local availability. These materials coupled with the open-plan design allow for long-term flexibility and adaptability over time, increasing the service life of the project. Minimal use of interior partitions in public areas allows for easy modifications to shelving and furnishing layouts as the library grows and changes to accommodate future needs.




26 10 24 8 9 4 11 26 12 3 13 14 15 18 17 23 1 4 5 2 26 16 24 25 22 20 23 4 6 26 7 25 23


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14.

15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26.

1. Entrance plaza 2. Entrance 3. Service desk 4. Computers 5. Media stacks 6. Collection stacks 7. Teen area 8. Reading patio 9. Childrens area 10. Easy1-2-3 11. Childerns story room 12. Computer classroom 13. Staff ofces

14. Staff patio 15. Break room 16. Meeting room 17. Staff entrance 18. Circulation workroom 19. New book display 20. Cesar Chavez artifacts display 21. Book drops 22. Catch basin 23. Edge of roof 24. Skyholes 25. Sculpture 26. Earth berms


Location: Santa Barbara, USA Designer: Sasaki Associates Photographer: Sasaki Associates, Inc., Robert Benson, Greg Hursley Completion date: 2007 Site area: 69,500 square feet
2007 69,5006,456

University of California Santa Barbara Student Resource Building

The Student Resource Building (SRB) houses a diverse group of student-related organisations and offices. The entire building arrays around a central glazed space called the Forum. The Forum is the marketplace, the centre of activity for students, and is expressed on the exterior of the building as a shaded glass volume. The interior space is traversed by a glass bridge and also features clerestory windows and large glazed walls at either end that frame dramatic campus vistas. The Multi-Purpose Room is an oval-shaped volume that has an angled roof and is also expressed visually on the buildings exterior. The projects location both reinforces the master-plan principles and orients the building mass in an ideal configuration for daylighting, climate control, and natural ventilation. The site for the sustainable building provides an east/west orientation optimal for environmental conditions. From an urban standpoint, the SRB is also appropriately situated on the border between the campus and the Isla Vista neighbourhood, a funky urban oasis.

2 3

5 4 6


1. Sunlight enters forum in the winter 2. Overhang shades forum in the summer 3. Light ows through clerestory 4. Shades block summer sun 5. Daylight from north 6. Warm air escapes through clerestory 7. Winter sun enters 8. View to outdoors from inner rooms 9. Tree provide shade in the summer and deliver cooler air 10. Natural ventilation circulates through the forum

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

Award name: Top Ten Award of AIA in 2008 Award-winning reason: Sustainability was a resolute goal of the student-funded project. Interior materials were limited and specified focusing on natural, rapidly renewal, materials that contain recycled content with low VOCs. Materials: Rapidly renewable rubber flooring is used for its natural properties that require limited maintenance. Engineered stone floor tiles are made from recycled stone waste formed in a resin matrix which require low maintenance and no waxing or polishing. Exposed concrete frame requires no additional finishes. Wool textiles are made from recycled post-consumer nylon. Glazed office and vision panels transmit light from both the exterior and from the Forums clerestory windows.



1. Multipurpose room 2. Forum 3. Student resource centre 4. Lobby 5. Childrens centre 6. Mechanical 7. Kitchen 8. Womens centre 9. Student conference room 10. Library 11. Computer room 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11.

4 7


10 9 8

6 6 5 7 5 5 5 5 5

5 5







Location: Tucson, USA Designer: Sasaki Associates Photographer: Bill Timmerman Completion date: 2010 Site area: 54,000 square feet
2010 54,000 5,016

University of Arizona Recreation Centre Expansion

The site for the project was previously a parking lot. The project provides new open space for recreation and socialisation and reduces the local heat island effect by using low-emission paving and white roofs. The project incorporates high-efficiency plumbing fixtures, which reduce its water use by 47.5%. Passive stormwater harvesting strategies have been utilised for the landscaped areas, increasing permeability and reducing runoff through the use of infiltration basins. Most of the plantings that surround the project have been selected for their ability to thrive in an arid environment. The project utilises passive solar measures as the primary approach for energy efficiency, including optimal building orientation, daylight and views on the north and south, opaque walls on the east and west, high-efficiency building envelopes, and cool roofs. For example, the 54,000 sf of white roofing reflects the suns energy and remains cool while reducing both the heat load and the energy costs spent for air conditioning the building.
47.5% 5,016

Award name: LEED Platnimum, 2010 Award-winning reason: Targeted for LEED Silver, the design process revealed a deeper desire to express how sustainability in a desert environment can be achieved. The project is a study of balancing transparency and opacity, and appropriately engaging the qualities of the Sonoran Desert sun. Through design teams collaboration with the owner and construction manager, ultimately the project achieved LEED Platinum certification, without affecting the original project budget. Materials: Materials using recycled content make up over 20% of the total value of the materials in the project. More than 10% of all the materials used for construction were either manufactured or produced within 500 miles of Tucson. Utilising local materials not only resulted in fewer trucks travelling fewer miles, but also helped local business and local economies to thrive.
2010LEED LEED LEED 20%10%800



1. Fitness 2. Courtyard 3. Outdoor Adventures 4. Equipment Preparation 5. M.A.C Gymnasium 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. M.A.C





201 TWA
Location: Kansas City, USA Designer: el dorado Inc. Photographer: Timothy Hursley, Mike Sinclair Completion date: 2007 Site area: 140,000 square feet
el dorado 2007 140,00013,006

TWA Corporate Headquarters

Expansive glazing, primarily on the buildings southern and western faades, made heating and cooling the building efficiently a major goal. Strategies were developed to ensure thermal comfort starting with insulated, low-e glazing units and thermally broken custom window systems. Ultraviolet-blocking shades and the addition of trees, placed in a rhythm to compliment the buildings column spacing, rounded out the architects passive solar improvement strategy. As originally designed, the first two floors of this building were bifurcated by an alley, causing duplicate lift cores, inefficient floor plates and awkward internal navigation. The alley was abandoned and the floors made contiguous. Flexibility and efficiency in delivering conditioned air is achieved through the use of a raised floor plenum. By adding multiple roof gardens with outdoor meeting areas and native grasses and wildflowers, unusable rooftop was transformed into a building and environmental asset. In addition, the planted roof adds excellent insulation, and helps reduce the amount of water entering the city s overtaxed storm-water system. The most sustainable part of the project might very well be the continued use of a building that had been slated for demolition.

Award name: Greening Rooftops for Sustainable Communities Green Excellence Award 2008 Award-winning reason: Both roofscapes offer habitat that supports local and transient bird populations as well as insects and migratory butterflies, most notably the Monarch Butterfly. In addition, they offer improved urban landscape views from adjacent buildings. Respecting the architectural legacy of the original building, but opening up whole new possibilities for beauty and amenity, the TWA HQ green roof exemplifies the incredible potential of the extensive industrial/commercial green roof.
2008 TWA



1. New entrance in 2007 2. Walkway 3. Lift 4. Ofce space 1. 2007 2. 3. 4.



Location: Texas, USA Designer: Jackson & McElhaney Architects Photographer: Greg Hursley, Ron Sprouse, Casey Dunn Completion date: 2003 Site area: 3,030 square feet interior and square feet exterior
2003 3,0302814,000371

Westcave Preserve Environmental Learning Centre

To minimise the impact of construction on the preserve, the building is sited in an existing open space and utilises an existing ranch road and pocket parking in between trees. A model of efficient, earth-friendly architecture, the building is designed to use its sustainable features to teach visitors about the fundamental elements of the physical environment. Sustainable design features double as educational exhibits. The project has won multiple awards based on the success of these exhibits to inspire environmental awareness and conservation in the 10,000 annual visitors to the preserve. Water quality and water cycles are demonstrated through the use of a rainwater collection and filtration system. The system mimics the perched aquifer. Wetlands and Clivus Multrum wastewater systems show recycling of materials in nature. Natural ventilation, orientation and a weather station illustrate the physics of air currents and air quality at the site. Sustainable energy systems, including a photovoltaic array, ground source heat pumps, daylighting, R-30 cellulose insulation, large overhangs, attic fans and efficient lighting are integrated into the building. An interactive panel shows how these sustainable energy systems can be controlled to balance energy demand. Stone walls illustrate fossils of local sedimentary stones. Seasonal cycles are illustrated by a meridian line and sky map embedded in the terrazzo floor.
10,000 R30

6 1 7 2


11 3 8

4 12

1. reused/salvaged wood decking 2. recycled aluminum content in roof 3. recycled steel content in structural steel 4. regional stone walls and seating 5. yash concrete foundation 6. solar powered exhaust fan 7. vented cupola 8. natural ventilation 9. large overhangs for shading 10. summer solstice afternoon sun 11. winter solstice afternoon sun 12. ambient daylight

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12.

Award name: 2006 AIA/COTE Top Ten Green Project Award-winning reason: The following features contributed to its winning the COTE Award: sensitive siting in a delicate ecosystem, rainwater harvesting, natural ventilation, energy-efficient mechanical and electrical systems, a photovoltaic panel, interactive educational exhibits demonstrating the green features and maths and science in nature. Materials: The project specifies light-gauge steel framing with highest recycled content. Non-solar cooling loads are provided by an open-floor plan and openings located to catch prevailing breezes and operable windows. Light levels are alternated for appropriateness for different tasks. The photovoltaic (PV) system generates electricity on-site.



1. Entrance 2. Orientation room 3. Ofce 4. Classroom 5. Storage 6. Covered outdoor room 7. Water collection cistern 8. Water collection cistern 9. Trail head 10. Storage 11. Mechanical room 12. Mechanical room 13. Stone terrace 14. Workroom 15. Wildlife cistern 16. Photovoltaic panel 17. Water collection cistern 18. Outdoor classroom 19. Storage 20. Classroom 21. Storage

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21.







4 6 7 5

20 18

16 17

3 1





Location: California, USA Designer: Patel Architecture Photographer: David Glomb Completion date: 2009 Site area: 5,726 square feet
2009 5,726530

Henderson Community Centre

The focus of green design is for the project to work in harmony with the natural features and resources surrounding the site, and to use materials that are sustainably grown or recycled rather than new materials from non-renewable resources. All casework was designed with Bamboo facing. When natural light, sound absorption, views to the outside, air quality, and thermal comfort are factored into interior design, it significantly improves the quality of these spaces. Paint made without Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) and cabinets made without toxins, such as formaldehyde, are suggested, while natural stone for counters and flooring is recommended over synthetic surfaces and carpeting, bringing a natural, comfortable feel to the home. To protect the health of the families who reside in these homes, water-based adhesives and low-VOC adhesives are used to secure the flooring material. This type of thinking promotes the protection of human and environmental health. The designer's commitment to waste management goes far beyond safe disposal of hazardous waste. They delegate their contractors to send all plastics, steel, concrete, cardboard, metal, drywall, glass, and more to waste recycling facilities, thus reducing the amount of waste diverted to landfills. All landscaping around the building was selected to be desert plants and trees which require very minimum amount of water. The drip system irrigation was designed to be even more efficient in water usage.

Award name: LEED Silver (Green Design Award Award-winning reason: It maintained a sustainable site during construction by providing alternate transportation options, a storm water management plan, and a reduced heat island effect on the roof. The buildings design and assembly reduce the lighting power density, and solar panels provide an on-site renewable energy. Materials: For the exterior of the building Sanyos photovoltaic panels were used to off-set more that 5% of the buildings electrical demand. The concrete-based insulated exterior walls reduce the thermal transfer and thermal mass of the building and can also withstand wind and seismic loads. The metal roofing panels and door frames are made from recycled content. The interior of the building also features green design products. Preconsumer recycled wood fiber, with formaldehyde-free adhesives makes up the interior wall panels. Solarban glass



blocks 62% of solar energy while allowing 70% of the visible light in. Polished concrete flooring, eco-friendly carpet, energy-efficient lighting and low flow faucets were all used to help increase the indoor quality of the building.
LEED 5% 62%70%



Location: Monroe, USA Designer: SMP Architects Photographer: Barry Halkin Completion date: 2003 Site area: 12,196,800 square feet
SMP 2003 12,196,800 1,133,120

Immaculate Heart of Mary Motherhouse

The Sisters wanted to leave a legacy to future generations with this project. One of the missions of their order is to respect the Earth and promote eco-justice, so the hope was to create a community that would exemplify these ideals. Since the Servants of the Immaculate Heart of Mary congregation is known for its teaching excellence, the Sisters saw this project as an opportunity to teach the public about important environmental issues. Throughout the design process, issues that the Design Team was studying with the Sisters were presented to neighbours so they could learn about how to live with more respect for the environment. Even if suggested strategies had a very long payback (longer than many of them would live), the Sisters still chose to incorporate them to be able to teach about them the ground coupled HVAC system and the gray water system are examples. The constructed project dramatically showcases many of the sustainable strategies, through exhibits and signage prepared by the Sisters. In addition, the once enclosed and dark buildings were renovated by the Design Team to focus both visitors and residents, even those too infirm to go outdoors, on the beautiful site and the amazing things that SSIHM did with it.

Award name: 2006 AIA/COTE Top Ten Green Project Award-winning reason: The Motherhouse was praised for its water conservation strategies. Although the number of plumbing fixtures was greatly increased, the amount of water that it used was greatly decreased. The jury felt that it was one of the first examples of a sustainable historic renovation. The judges said that there are many buildings similar to the Motherhouse in the countrys inventory and it should be a model for future renovations. Materials: A number of the interior materials were either made from recycled materials (carpet, ceramic tile, bathroom partitions, drywall, ceiling tiles, structural steel) or rapidly renewable materials (most of the floors are covered with either linoleum or cork). Existing materials were also refinished and reused in the renovated building all of the paneled wood doors were refinished and reused, as well as building in cabinets. Marble toilet partitions were cut down and used as counter tops and window sills.



5 6 3

1. Main entrance 2. Courtyard

1. 2.

1. Resident Services 2. Residences 3. Library 4. Classrooms / Meeting 5. Archives 6. Clinic 7. Staff

1. 2. 3. 4. / 5. 6. 7.


1 1. Stair and hall 2. Corridor 3. Lobby 4. Dividing walkway

1. 2. 3. 4.


Location: Canada Designer: Busby Perkins+Will Architects Photographer: Enrico Dagostini and Vince Klassen Completion date: Phase 1 - 2008; Phase 2 - 2009 Site area: Phase 1 - 178,680 square feet; Phase 2 - 152,865 square feet
+ 20082009 178,68016,600152,865 14,420

Dockside Green:Phases I & II

The project includes four detached buildings constructed over a common underground parking structure, including a nine-storey residential tower with commercial units at grade; a two-storey townhouse; a six-storey condo building with commercial units at grade; and, a four-storey residential building. Dockside Green employs an integrated energy system that includes a biomass gasification plant that converts locally-sourced wood waste into a clean burning gas to produce heat and hot water. The biomass gasification system, along with selling the extra biomass heat to a neighbouring hotel, has rendered the project carbon neutral on a net annual basis. The developments many other sustainable features include: on-site wastewater treatment that will save more than 200 million litres of water annually; rooftop gardens; a car co-op with Smart Car; and, additional energy-saving features, including Energy Star appliances, heat recovery ventilation units, and Low E double glazed windows. A series of ponds spread throughout Docksides central greenway also assist in on-site stormwater storage. In 2009 Dockside Green Residential Phase II or Balance was completed. It is one of the first buildings to be declared Carbon Neutral as part of the Clinton Climate Development Initiative. Balance is comprised of two buildings of 10 and 11 storeys. It has 177 residential units, a common underground park ing structure, and townhouses at grade. It is part of the 15-acre mixed-use Dockside Green development, which includes live/work, hotel, retail, office and light industrial uses, as well as numerous public amenities.
9 64 2 2009 1011177 60,700

5 6 7



12 10 16 13 17





22 23

19 20


1. Wood waste 2. Wood 3. Gasier 4. Scrubber 5. Cogeneration unit 6. Exhaust 7. Heat 8. Electricity 9. Grease feedstock 10. To energy plant 11. Glycerin byproduct 12. Bio-diesel

13. Bio-diesel 14. Sewage waste 15. To waste water treatment plant 16. Waste water 17. Bio-gas 18. Treated water for reuse 19. Kitchen and garden waste 20. To compost plant 21. Leachate 22. Sludge 23. Ash 24. Compost

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12.

13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24.

Award name: 2009 AIA/COTE Top Ten Green Projects Award-winning reason: Dockside Green demonstrates design innovation while contributing to its surrounding community. The developments energy systems ensure greenhouse gas neutrality, while allowing the project to become a net-energy provider. Materials: Carpets are carefully selected based on low emissions and environmental qualities. The designers use carpet tiles for corridors in the residential buildings as this will reduce long-term maintenance and waste for condo owners. Bamboo flooring and cabinets are used with upgrade options for other environmentally friendly products like cork flooring. The designers also use some salvaged wood products to promote sustainable harvesting practices. The wood frame townhouses are using Triton Wood, which comes from old growth standing trees that were harvested from reservoirs in British Columbia.




Typical Synergy tower oorplan

Dockside Green site plan





2 1. Dockside Inspiration Office Tower 2. Dockside Inspiration and Balance, with retail coffee shop in front
1. 2.

Location: Richmond, Canada Designer: Cannon Design Photographer: Derek Lepper Photography, Nic Lehoux, City of Richmond, Hubert Kang Completion date: 2008 Site area: 1,393,920 square feet
Nic Lehoux 2008 1,393,920129,500

Richmond Olympic Oval

The Richmond Olympic Oval (ROO) is a ground-breaking facility in the world of sports design. The signature venue for the 2010 Vancouver Olympic Winter Games, the ROO hosted the long-track speed skating competition during the event. Beyond its use during the 2010 Winter Games, the ROO is a unique legacy facility that is being transformed into a multi-use community recreation and sports venue. The sports venue houses one of the most flexible interior spaces available for sport and recreation in the world. The buildings flexibility and adaptive use allow for combined sports, recreation and community uses simultaneously as well as allowing conversions of each of these programmes to new uses. The level of convertibility and multi-use achieved in the ROO is unprecedented in the design of high-performance sport buildings. No other Olympic speed skating oval conceived previously has offered this type of community-based legacy. The ROO is also on the cutting-edge of sustainable design, breaking new ground for sports and wellness facilities. Made of wood salvaged from the pine-beetle epidemic in local forests, the roof is the largest surface ever assembled from conventional lumber. In all stages of design, Cannon Design took every opportunity to reduce energy use and minimise the expenditure of natural resources. Moreover, in the creation of ice, heat energy extracted from the water that is usually wasted is captured by the Oval and used for energy throughout the facility. The Oval has achieved LEED Silver certification.
2010 LEED

1. The ROO preserves the Fraser River and surrounding environment 2. The Richmond Olympic Oval at night
1. 2.

Award name: The Globe Foundation and the World Green Building Council Excellence for Green Building Award Award-winning reason: The design team have displayed a commitment to green building by incorporating building technologies and materials that minimise environmental impacts while taking advantage of local resources, innovations, and businesses. Materials: The Richmond Olympic Oval is a model for cutting-edge sustainable design, breaking new ground for sports and wellness facilities. In addition to conferring direct environmental and social benefits, the Ovals green design features are also expected to yield significant operational cost savings over the buildings lifespan. The building has achieved LEED Silver Certification, a highly unusual achievement for a facility of this type and size.




8 9

1. The ROO earned numerous design awards 2. The ROO will help spur urban development projects in the surrounding area 3. The ROO offers stunning views of its natural surroundings
1. 2. 3.

1. 1. Fitness Equipment Area 2. 2. Core Fitness 3. 3. Meeting Room 4. 4. Tenant 5. 5. Support 6. Multi-purpose Room 6. 7. 7. Tenant 8. 8. Speed Skating Oval 9. 9. Support





3 1. The ROO roof structure is made entirely of pine-beetle kill wood 2. The ROO hosted all speed skating events during the 2010 Vancouver Winter Olympics 3. The ROO also serves as a training centre for world-class athletes
1. 2. 2010 3.

Location: Calgary, Canada Designer: Kasian Architecture Interior Design and Planning Ltd Photographer: Robert Lemermeyer Completion date: 2007 Building area: 1,000,000 square feet
Kasian 2007 1,000,00092,900

Calgary Courts Centre

The Calgary Courts Centre, which has been designed to meet LEED Silver, is the largest courthouse in Canada and the third largest in North America. The Calgary Courts Centre represents the ideal that justice should be open and accessible to all, resulting in a design solution focused on transparency. The building has two towers, with 20 and 24 storeys respectively, which are joined by a prominent 26-storey glazed central atrium which has become the heart of the Calgary Courts Centre. The design makes extensive use of glass and windows and achieves a high level of unobtrusive security. The project uses low-flow toilets and sensors on sinks in all washrooms to reduce water consumption by over 25%. It collects rainwater in a storage tank in the basement for use in irrigation. The Calgary Courts Centre attains 42% more energy efficiency in comparison to a standard building. Some of the strategies used to attain this include triple glazing, a system to recover waste heat from air exhausted out of the building, high-efficiency heating and cooling equipment, and daylight harvesting, which employs special lighting systems within the building that automatically adjusts based on the amount of natural light entering the spaces. Kasian worked with a team of design consultants on the Calgary Courts Centre project, including architect Carlos Ott, NORR, Spillis Candela DMJM, and landscape architect, Cornelia Oberlander.
LEED 202426 25% 42% Kasian NORRDMJM

1. The architectural expression of the building 2. The extensive use of glass 3. At approximately one million square feet, the building is the third largest court centres in North America
1. 2. 3. 92,903

Award name: The Miami Chapter, AIA Green Building Award 2008 Award-winning reason: The central glass atrium of the new Calgary Courts Centre is an architectural metaphor for the concept that justice must be transparent to all. It also connects two reinforced concrete towers via a system of structural steel bridges and trusses in an engineering feat that could be a first in North America. Materials: The project uses wheatstraw fibreboard in all millwork, which is a rapidly renewable and non-toxic material. It uses recycled materials such as fly-ash, an industrial waste product, in the concrete, and incorporating steel and rebar that is over 90% recycled. It also re-uses salvaged construction materials from demolition.
2008 90%






This modern court is designed to foster democratic rights, individual freedoms and justice.


With 73 courtrooms, it is the largest courthouse facility in Canada


Location: Provincetown, MA, USA Designer: Machado and Silvetti Associates Photographer: Anton Grassl/Esto Completion date: 2006 Building area: 19,500 square feet
/ 2006 19,5001,812

Provincetown Art Association and Museum

4 5 6 7

The renovation and expansion to Provincetown Art Association and Museum (PAAM) created a new architectural identity for the institution, while improving PAAMs ability to display and store art. The objectives for the project included establishing a clear entrance for the Museum that incorporated an existing historic structure; developing a clear sequence of gallery spaces that could be used individually or collectively; and expanding the Museum School and art storage areas. The project was realised in two phases. The first involved the renovation of the Hargood House and two galleries, making a library and expanding the office spaces. This was followed by a second phase of new construction. This included creating the Patrons, Jalbert and Duffy Galleries, as well as much needed new art storage areas and an expanded Museum School. In contrast to the existing galleries, which are closed within the building, the new ones open towards Commercial Street. This gesture is meant to literally and figuratively open the institution to the community. As part of the second phase, all of the buildings mechanical, electrical and plumbing systems were replaced. The work took nearly three years to complete and has roughly doubled the size of the institution.

1. Permanent storage 5. Directors ofce 2. Gallery 6. Ofce 3. Lobby 7. Stair 4. Painting studio

1. 5. 2. 6. 3. 7. 4.

14 13 12


10 9 8 7 6

4 3 2

1. Concrete slab on grade, rigid insulation, vapor barrier, compacted gravel and geotextile 2. Concrete foundation wall with insulation and damproong 3. Structural slab on steel framing 4. Fiber block ooring 5. Exterior door 6. Dutch lap wood shingle assembly on furring 7. Exterior structural sheathing and air barrier 8. Platform framing with insulation 9. Wood louver assembly on furring 10. Structural steel framing for glass lantern 11. Edge of ceiling 12. Insulated glazing 13. Plaster ceiling at lantern 14. Single ply roofing membrance with insulation

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14.

Award name: 2007 National LEED Milestone: First LEED Certified Art Museum In The USA Award-winning reason: PAAM was designed to rigorous standards of sustainable design and has earned a Silver LEED rating. PAAM is the first LEED rated art museum in the United States. Significant aspects of PAAMs green design include a thermally efficient building skin, the use of natural light and a daylight dimming system for the galleries and studio spaces, and a photovoltaic array on the new roof. The building also has a natural ventilation system which, when appropriate, allows the building to be cooled with outside air. Materials: Some of the significant sustainable design elements include: a thermally efficient building skin with a wood rain-screen wall, added insulation and high-performance windows and skylights; use of natural light, where possible, for gallery and studio spaces; use of photovoltaic array to satisfy some of the buildings electrical needs; a natural ventilation system for gallery and studio spaces; installation of high-efficient plumbing and mechanical equipment; use of recycled, local and low-emitting building materials where possible; installation of a landscape which uses native plants and minimises storm water run-off; a parking lot made with permeable paving that does not create additional run-off on site.


1 1. View of the new addition, with a base of board-formed concrete, a middle section of over-scaled shingles and louvered upper level 2. Faade view with the renovated portion on the right and the new addition on the left 3. View from the western side of the addition with Cape Cod Bay in the background
1. 2. 3.



2 4 3 1 15 5 6

7 8 9 4 10 3 4 11 14 13 12 14

1. Preparations area 2. Special exhibits gallery 3. Hinged movable wall 4. Gallery 5. Loading dock 6. Lift 7. School vestibule 8. Mens restroom 9. Womens restroom 10. Bookshop 11. Museum ticketing 12. Vestibule 13. Coat room 14. Storage 15. library 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15.




1. A new light-filled studio space in the addition 2. View of a new studio interior 3. Interior view of the new front galleries with windows that open to the main faade on Commercial Street, making the Provincetown Art Association and Museum accessible to the public
1. 2. 3.

Location: Texas, USA Designer: BNIM Architects and Lake/Flato Architects Photographer: Hester + Hardaway, Richard Payne Completion date: 2004 Site area: 195,000 square feet
BNIM/ + 2004 195,00018,116

UT School of Nursing and Student Centre

The School of Nursing and Student Community Centre is an eight-story facility located in Houston's Texas Medical Centre on a prominent site adjacent to Fay Park. This facility has been designed with three primary guiding principles: provide physical and visual connections to Fay Park; express the interior functions within the exterior massing and materials; maximise human health and productivity and minimise the impact on the environment. The building includes approximately 20,000 sf of state-of-the-art classrooms, a 200-seat auditorium, caf and dining room, bookshop, student lounge, student government offices, research laboratory and faculty offices. Outdoor spaces include a labyrinth for the Texas Medical Centre Community. Using the LEED rating system as a starting point, the building strives for the highest levels of sustainable and pedagogical design. The building has achieved a LEED Gold rating, though, it has been designed to accommodate systems that could eventually take it to a Platinum level, including a photovoltaic array on the rooftop.

Award name: 2006 AIA/COTE Top Ten Green project Award-winning reason: The School of Nursing utilised a holistic design approach that unites faade design, building systems, resource conservation and materials reclamation in creation of a high-performing, integrated educational and academic workplace facility. The strategies have a quantifiable return on investment: the annual purchased utilities cost for the School of Nursing is approximately 60% less than comparable buildings on the campus. In addition, rainwater storage tanks capture approximately 826,140 gallons of rainwater or grey water (non-potable water) per year fulfilling the estimated 42,000 gallons needed each month for toilet flushing and irrigation. Materials: The building structure is primarily concrete, with 48% of the portland cement replaced by flyash, and structural steel, with 80% recycled content. Cladding materials include locally salvaged brick, reclaimed cypress logs, and recycled aluminum panels. The stone base, brick walls, and cypress siding were all sourced within 500 miles of the building site.
2006/ 60% 826,14042,000 48%80% 800



1. Fay park 2. Labyrinth 3. Service building 4. Water cisterns 5. Breezeway 6. Main entrance 7. Main lobby 8. Caf 9. Auditorium 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

5 9 7 6 8 2 3



2 1. Atria at the School of Nursing and Student Centre brings daylight deep into the eight-story building 2. Spaces throughout the building are designed with a connection to nature
1. 2.

Location: Hong Kong, China Designer: AD+RG Architecture Design and Research Group (In Collaboration with AGC Design Ltd and Wang Weijen Architecture) Photographer: Tang Ka Fai, Shum Kam Chung Completion date: 2007 Site area: 283,090 square feet
AGC 2007 283,09026,300

Hong Kong Polytechnic University Hong Kong Community College

The form is composed of various teaching blocks stacked spirally in the air, which are separated with sky gardens at different levels. The various blocks have different degrees of opacity. The opacity controls the degrees of direct sunlight casting into the interior of the building with different degrees of intensity. The interface of the low block and high block is spatially separated with a top sky-lighted atrium. It serves as a focal point to link up various facilities together and orientates the internal space and circulation. The mass teaching facilities are arranged on the lower floors. They are shared and connected effectively with the escalators and lifts system. Main staircases are always provided next to the escalators and also link up all sky gardens together. It helps to bring the outdoor atmosphere to the interior. Sky garden is one of the major design features. From the appearance of the building, a spiral-chain of sky gardens could be perceived and the conspicuous feature is distinctive from the surroundings. The sky gardens are conducive to students discussions on projects and casual gathering for socialising. Among the intense urban fabric, the sky gardens provide good locations for viewing towards Hung Hom district and the relatively open Hung Hom Station and Coliseum areas. The choice of bamboo in the sky gardens suffices to let sun light shining into the interiors and some large trees are also planted to form a lively and pleasant atmosphere.

Award name: Merit Award in New Construction Category, Green Building Award 2008 Award-winning reason: Its notable feature is the integration of a spiral chain of sky gardens in the tower, resulting in hanging garden spaces for academic interaction and a more permeable building mass for facilitating air ventilation in the surroundings. Materials: Eco-paving block was provided at the non-building area on LG.F. A bleed-off tank located on 4/F will be provided to collect bleed-off water from cooling towers, which will be transferred to flushing water tank for flushing purpose. Air-transferring duct completed with silencer will be provided for air-conditioned areas for transferring air to the corridors, from which the used air will then be transferred to the toilets where exhaust system is installed.




1. Stage and backstage area 2. Store room 3. Multi-purpose hall 4. Building line above 5. Classroom 6. AHU 7. Lecture theatre 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.
2 3 1

5 4 5





AD+RG Architecture Design and Research Group Ltd

Website: Contact:


Website: Contact:


Hughes Condon Marler Architects

Website: Contact:

Website: Contact:

BNIM Architects

Jackson&McElhaney Architects

Website: Contact:

Website: Contact:

Bohlin Cywinski Jackson

Website: Contact:

Kasian Architecture Interior Design and Planning Ltd

Website: Contact:

Busby Perkins+Will Architects

Website: Contact:


Website: Contact:

Cannon Design

Website: Contact:

Lake Flato Architects

Website: Contact:

DesignLAB Architects

Website: Contact:

Leers Weinzapfel Associates


El Dorado Inc

Website: Contact:

Levitt Bernstein Associates

Website: Contact:


Line and Space,LLC

Website: Contact:

Susan Maxman&Partners


Machado and Silvetti Associates

Website: Contact:

Swatt Architects

Website: Contact:

Moore Ruble Yudell Architects and Planners

Website: Contact:

The Kubala Washatko Architects

Website: Contact:

Patel Architecture

Website: Contact:

VMDO Architects

Website: Contact:


Website: Contact:

ZGF Architects

Website: Contact:

Ray Kappe Architects

Website: Contact:

Ross Barney Architects

Website: Contact:

Sasaki Associates

Website: Contact:


Author: Roger Chen Print version (Hardcover) - 2011 ISBN 9787538165562 Published by Liaoning Science & Technology Publishing House Shenyang, Liaoning, China eBook version - 2011 ISBN 9781619870284 Published by Profession Design Press Co., Ltd California, United States of America Distributed by Actrace, United States of America Website:, Copyright2011 Liaoning Science & Technology Publishing House License agreement: Unauthorized copying prohibited.

- 2011 9787538165562 - 2011 9781619870284 Actrace2011, 2011