Notes

The Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) is a household survey of
the noninstitutionalized resident population of the United States, conducted by
the U.S. Census Bureau. The survey was designed to improve the measurement
of the economic situation of persons, families, and households in the United
States and to provide a tool for managing and evaluating government transfer
and service programs.
The 1996 SIPP panel consists of 12 interviews, or waves, each of which
gathered 4 months of retrospective data. The sample includes approximately
36,000 households. The SIPP has been matched to SSA administrative records.
Receipt of disability benefits is based on December 1998 SSA records, while all
other characteristics and income amounts are taken from the SIPP. The
estimates are weighted using SIPP sample weights to produce population
estimates.
Poverty calculations based on the SIPP use survey-reported family income for
1998. The poverty thresholds also are provided in the SIPP and are adjusted for
family size and composition. In 1998, the poverty threshold for a one-person
family under age 65 was $8,480. For a four-person family with two related
children under the age of 18, the poverty threshold was $16,530.
SIPP and SSA counts of disabled beneficiaries differ because the SIPP excludes
people living in institutions or outside the continental United States. And, the
match rate between the SIPP and SSA records is not a perfect match.
Furthermore, the SIPP estimates are based on a sample and therefore are
subject to sampling error. Standard errors can be used to measure this sampling
variability. Various sources of nonsampling error also may be important.
Because the SIPP uses a complex sample design, it is inappropriate to calculate
standard errors assuming a simple random sample. Doing so will result in
estimated standard errors that are biased downward. Rather than attempting to
provide tables with approximate SIPP variance estimates, the interested reader
is referred to the Source and Accuracy Statement for the 1996 Public Use Files
from the Survey of Income and Program Participation, available on the SIPP
Internet site at www.sipp.census.gov/sipp/sourceac/s&a96_040501.pdf. The
source and accuracy statement provides information on direct calculation of
standard errors for SIPP estimates. It also provides detailed instructions for
calculating standard errors using generalized variance parameters and simplified
tables.

Individual Income
Table 45.
Selected characteristics, December 1998
Number of disabled beneficiaries

Percentage distribution

a

Workers

Adult children

Totala

Workers

Adult children

6,039,819

5,158,545

772,507

100.0

100.0

100.0

3,524,438
2,515,382

3,048,809
2,109,736

468,694
303,813

58.4
41.6

59.1
40.9

60.7
39.3

Race
White
Black
American Indian, Alaska Native
Asian, Pacific Islander

4,756,006
1,142,576
90,551
50,686

4,099,373
949,186
64,114
45,872

568,138
178,256
21,300
4,814

78.7
18.9
1.5
0.8

79.5
18.4
1.2
0.9

73.5
23.1
2.8
0.6

Ethnicity
Non-Hispanic
Hispanic

5,649,663
390,157

4,852,556
305,990

699,444
73,064

93.5
6.5

94.1
5.9

90.5
9.5

Under 25
25–34
35–44
45–54
55 or older

148,570
616,417
1,188,745
1,702,449
2,383,638

28,802
396,441
968,478
1,607,604
2,157,218

119,767
219,975
220,267
94,845
117,653

2.5
10.2
19.7
28.2
39.5

0.6
7.7
18.8
31.2
41.8

15.5
28.5
28.5
12.3
15.2

Years of education
Unknown
0–8
9–11
12
13–15
16 or more

9,174
1,030,000
1,029,707
2,164,207
1,229,337
577,394

9,174
642,331
916,855
1,863,777
1,179,585
546,823

0
357,303
90,879
266,931
35,936
21,459

0.2
17.1
17.0
35.8
20.4
9.6

0.2
12.5
17.8
36.1
22.9
10.6

0
46.3
11.8
34.6
4.7
2.8

2,661,071

2,647,511

9,632

44.1

51.3

1.2

1,826,546
1,155,141
397,061

1,066,811
1,152,000
292,223

759,735
3,140
0

30.2
19.1
6.6

20.7
22.3
5.7

98.3
0.4
0

Family size
1 person
2 persons
3–4 persons
5 or more persons

1,820,615
2,065,996
1,658,502
494,706

1,504,984
1,865,164
1,387,670
400,727

243,130
169,523
266,018
93,836

30.1
34.2
27.5
8.2

29.2
36.2
26.9
7.8

31.5
21.9
34.4
12.1

Household size
1 person
2 persons
3–4 persons
5 or more persons

1,424,628
2,285,734
1,748,952
580,505

1,229,291
2,053,706
1,443,544
432,003

131,014
195,153
297,981
148,359

23.6
37.8
29.0
9.6

23.8
39.8
28.0
8.4

17.0
25.3
38.6
19.2

Under age 18 in household
None
1 person
2–3 persons
4 or more persons

4,738,295
680,734
561,214
59,575

3,987,447
601,900
509,622
59,575

650,294
70,765
51,449
0

78.5
11.3
9.3
1.0

77.3
11.7
9.9
1.2

84.2
9.2
6.7
0

Total

Characteristic
All
Sex
Men
Women

Age

Marital status
Married
Nonmarried
Never married
Divorced or separated
Widowed

(Continued)

2000 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

113

Individual Income
Table 45.
Continued
Number of disabled beneficiaries

Percentage distribution

a

Workers

Adult children

Totala

Workers

Adult children

Health insurance coverage
Medicare
Medicaid
Private insurance
No insurance

4,529,176
2,415,203
2,671,514
238,859

3,879,068
1,836,086
2,449,011
208,971

561,171
529,032
175,301
29,888

75.0
40.0
44.2
4.0

75.2
35.6
47.5
4.1

72.6
68.5
22.7
3.9

Source of individual income
Earningsb
Supplemental Security Income
Pensions
Public assistance

1,406,786
1,480,711
653,038
189,885

1,190,381
1,092,703
601,889
154,283

203,240
347,405
4,210
31,977

23.3
24.5
10.8
3.1

23.1
21.2
11.7
3.0

26.3
45.0
0.5
4.1

Total annual family income (dollars)
Nonec
1.00–4,999.00
5,000.00–9,999.00
10,000.00–14,999.00
15,000.00–19,999.00
20,000.00–24,999.00
25,000.00–29,999.00
30,000.00–34,999.00
35,000.00–39,999.00
40,000.00 or more

18,201
97,307
1,244,748
703,952
635,682
428,146
409,438
510,926
385,268
1,606,151

11,659
89,345
1,018,806
586,225
511,258
348,484
380,487
437,052
329,483
1,445,747

6,542
7,963
176,594
101,136
111,677
63,755
28,951
69,946
55,785
150,157

0.3
1.6
20.6
11.7
10.5
7.1
6.8
8.5
6.4
26.6

0.2
1.7
19.7
11.4
9.9
6.8
7.4
8.5
6.4
28.0

0.8
1.0
22.9
13.1
14.5
8.3
3.7
9.1
7.2
19.4

Total

Characteristic

SOURCE: 1996 Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) matched to SSA administrative records.
NOTE: Individuals receiving disability benefits in December 1998 are identified using SSA administrative data. The unweighted sample size is 1,039
cases for disabled workers and 142 cases for disabled adult children. The unweighted sample size is less than 30 cases for disabled widow(er)s and
is deemed too small to support statistically reliable estimates.
a.

The total is different from the sums of disabled workers and disabled adult children because disabled widow(er)s are not being displayed due to
sample size constraints.

b.

Can include pre-disability earnings, sick payments, and short-term disability payments.

c.

Misreporting in the SIPP likely produced the small number of disability recipients with nonreported family income in 1998.

CONTACT: Paul Davies (202) 358-6225 for further information.

114

2000 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

Individual Income
Table 46.
Social Security as a percentage of personal income, December 1998
Total number

Characteristic

Under 25%
of income

25–49%
of income

50–74%
of income

75–99%
of income

100%
of income

Disabled workers
All

5,158,545

20.3

18.8

22.4

24.3

14.3

3,048,809
2,109,736

18.6
22.6

21.2
15.4

23.0
21.7

21.8
27.7

15.4
12.6

Race
White
Black
American Indian, Alaska Native
Asian, Pacific Islander

4,099,373
949,186
64,114
45,872

19.7
20.8
a
a

20.1
14.1
a
a

21.9
24.7
a
a

25.2
20.7
a
a

13.1
19.8
a
a

Ethnicity
Non-Hispanic
Hispanic

4,852,556
305,990

20.0
25.0

19.0
15.4

23.1
12.3

23.4
37.5

14.6
9.8

28,802
396,441
968,478
1,607,604
2,157,218

a
25.5
23.5
20.0
18.3

a
17.7
15.9
19.7
19.2

a
32.5
23.5
19.2
22.3

a
16.7
20.2
24.8
27.4

a
7.6
17.0
16.3
12.8

Marital status
Married
Nonmarried

2,647,511
2,511,034

22.5
17.9

22.1
15.3

20.2
24.9

24.7
23.8

10.5
18.2

Years of education
Unknown
0–8
9–11
12
13–15
16 or more

9,174
642,331
916,855
1,863,777
1,179,585
546,823

a
16.5
17.3
22.0
19.6
23.9

a
14.1
14.4
19.2
19.4
29.4

a
18.9
22.0
22.7
24.0
23.6

a
38.6
25.5
23.2
20.9
16.7

a
12.0
20.9
12.9
16.2
6.5

Living arrangement
Alone
With others

1,229,291
3,929,254

17.0
21.3

14.8
20.1

21.6
22.7

24.8
24.1

21.9
11.9

Sex
Men
Women

Age
Under 25
25–34
35–44
45–54
55 or older

(Continued)

2000 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

115

Individual Income
Table 46.
Continued
Total number

Characteristic

Under 25%
of income

25–49%
of income

50–74%
of income

75–99%
of income

100%
of income

Disabled adult children
All

772,507

22.0

16.0

23.2

19.0

19.9

468,694
303,813

25.4
16.8

15.2
17.2

17.2
32.3

20.4
16.8

21.8
17.0

Race
White
Black
American Indian, Alaska Native
Asian, Pacific Islander

568,138
178,256
21,300
4,814

17.7
33.3
a
a

18.2
8.5
a
a

24.1
17.2
a
a

21.7
13.0
a
a

18.3
27.9
a
a

Ethnicity
Non-Hispanic
Hispanic

699,444
73,064

20.7
a

16.4
a

20.5
a

20.4
a

22.0
a

119,767
219,975
220,267
117,653
69,458

a
25.4
33.9
a
a

a
17.5
8.4
a
a

a
22.9
21.2
a
a

a
11.9
19.7
a
a

a
22.2
16.8
a
a

Marital status
Married
Nonmarried

9,632
762,876

a
21.5

a
16.2

a
23.0

a
19.2

a
20.2

Years of education
Unknown
0–8
9–11
12
13–15
16 or more

0
357,303
90,879
266,930
35,936
21,459

a
18.4
a
19.7
a
a

a
14.1
a
19.5
a
a

a
28.4
a
26.5
a
a

a
21.3
a
12.1
a
a

a
17.8
a
22.3
a
a

Living arrangement
Alone
With others

131,014
641,493

21.6
22.0

13.4
16.5

29.3
21.9

25.1
17.7

10.5
21.8

Sex
Men
Women

Age
Under 25
25–34
35–44
45–54
55 or older

SOURCE: 1996 Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) matched to SSA administrative records.
NOTES: Individuals receiving disability benefits in December 1998 are identified using SSA administrative data. The unweighted sample size is 1,039
cases for disabled workers and 142 cases for disabled adult children. Disabled widow(er)s are excluded because the unweighted sample size is less
than 30 cases, which is deemed too small to support statistically reliable estimates.
a.

Sample size is too small to support statistically reliable estimates.

CONTACT: Paul Davies (202) 358-6225 for further information.

116

2000 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

Family Income
Table 47.
Share of family income from Social Security, SSI, and other sources, December 1998
Percentage of family income
Supplemental
Social Security Security Income

Characteristic

Earnings

Public
assistance Property income

Other

Disabled workers
All

45.2

7.1

28.3

1.2

2.1

16.1

45.9
44.2

6.2
8.3

27.7
29.2

1.1
1.4

2.3
1.7

16.7
15.2

Race
White
Black
American Indian, Alaska Native
Asian, Pacific Islander

44.6
48.9
a
a

6.0
10.9
a
a

29.2
23.7
a
a

1.0
2.1
a
a

2.4
0.6
a
a

16.8
13.8
a
a

Ethnicity
Non-Hispanic
Hispanic

45.4
42.4

6.6
14.4

28.4
26.5

1.2
1.9

2.1
2.2

16.3
12.6

a
32.6
44.5
45.8
47.8

a
11.2
9.9
6.5
5.5

a
42.7
31.4
30.5
22.0

a
2.9
1.2
0.4
1.6

a
1.7
2.2
1.5
2.5

a
8.9
10.7
15.2
20.7

Marital status
Married
Nonmarried

35.1
55.9

4.1
10.2

40.1
15.9

0.8
1.7

2.2
1.9

17.7
14.4

Years of education
Unknown
0–8
9–11
12
13–15
16 or more

a
56.4
50.8
41.3
44.4
38.2

a
13.0
10.2
6.3
4.1
3.9

a
15.0
21.2
33.1
30.1
35.0

a
1.8
1.2
1.3
1.3
0.3

a
1.1
1.6
2.0
2.5
3.3

a
12.7
15.0
16.0
17.6
19.3

Living arrangement
Alone
With others

64.8
39.1

11.3
5.8

6.0
35.3

1.0
1.3

1.4
2.3

15.4
16.3

Sex
Men
Women

Age
Under 25
25–34
35–44
45–54
55 or older

(Continued)

2000 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

117

Family Income
Table 47.
Continued
Percentage of family income
Supplemental
Social Security Security Income

Characteristic

Earnings

Public
assistance Property income

Other

Disabled adult children
All

51.3

16.0

19.8

2.7

1.9

8.3

52.4
49.7

16.3
15.5

18.1
22.4

1.8
4.1

1.9
1.9

9.5
6.5

Race
White
Black
American Indian, Alaska Native
Asian, Pacific Islander

53.4
45.5
a
a

15.0
14.1
a
a

17.1
31.3
a
a

1.9
5.6
a
a

2.4
0.5
a
a

10.2
3.1
a
a

Ethnicity
Non-Hispanic
Hispanic

52.4
a

13.6
a

20.5
a

3.0
a

1.9
a

8.6
a

a
42.4
54.1
a
a

a
18.9
16.8
a
a

a
27.1
14.1
a
a

a
3.6
0.1
a
a

a
1.0
2.9
a
a

a
6.9
12.1
a
a

Marital status
Married
Nonmarried

a
51.9

a
16.2

a
18.9

a
2.7

a
1.9

a
8.4

Years of education
Unknown
0–8
9–11
12
13–15
16 or more

a
59.8
a
45.0
a
a

a
21.6
a
12.2
a
a

a
8.5
a
29.7
a
a

a
2.1
a
2.6
a
a

a
0.8
a
2.0
a
a

a
7.2
a
8.4
a
a

Living arrangement
Alone
With others

62.9
48.9

27.9
13.6

2.4
23.4

0.9
3.1

3.1
1.7

2.8
9.5

Sex
Men
Women

Age
Under 25
25–34
35–44
45–54
55 or older

SOURCE: 1996 Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) matched to SSA administrative records.
NOTES: Individuals receiving disability benefits in December 1998 are identified using SSA administrative data. The unweighted sample size is 1,039
cases for disabled workers and 142 cases for disabled adult children. Disabled widow(er)s are excluded because the unweighted sample size is less
than 30 cases, which is deemed too small to support statistically reliable estimates.
a.

Sample size is too small to support statistically reliable estimates.

CONTACT: Paul Davies (202) 358-6225 for further information.

118

2000 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

Family Income
Table 48.
Poverty status, December 1998
Total
number

Characteristic

Under 50%
of poverty

50–99%
of poverty

100–124%
of poverty

125–149%
of poverty

150–199%
of poverty

200–299%
of poverty

300% or
more of
poverty

Disabled workers
All

5,158,545

2.5

19.6

7.5

6.9

13.7

19.1

30.9

3,048,809
2,109,736

2.3
2.6

16.7
23.7

7.4
7.5

7.7
5.6

15.1
11.7

19.3
18.8

31.4
30.1

Race
White
Black
American Indian, Alaska Native
Asian, Pacific Islander

4,099,373
949,186
64,114
45,872

1.7
4.9
a
a

17.4
29.0
a
a

7.5
7.6
a
a

6.0
10.7
a
a

13.3
16.4
a
a

20.2
13.8
a
a

34.0
17.7
a
a

Ethnicity
Non-Hispanic
Hispanic

4,852,556
305,990

20.2
7.2

18.9
30.0

7.9
1.1

6.6
10.9

13.7
14.1

19.0
20.8

31.8
15.9

28,802
396,442
968,478
1,607,604
2,157,218

a
2.8
3.0
2.9
1.8

a
22.8
21.5
18.7
18.9

a
4.2
9.6
8.2
6.6

a
11.6
6.6
7.1
6.0

a
19.1
18.3
11.6
12.0

a
13.3
16.8
18.6
21.8

a
26.2
24.2
33.0
32.8

Marital status
Married
Nonmarried

2,647,511
2,511,034

1.4
3.6

8.8
31.0

3.7
11.4

4.9
9.0

13.3
14.1

24.5
13.5

43.6
17.5

Years of education
Unknown
0–8
9–11
12
13–15
16 or more

9,174
642,331
916,855
1,863,777
1,179,585
546,823

a
3.7
3.4
2.9
0.7
1.8

a
39.1
25.0
17.7
14.6
5.1

a
8.6
10.5
6.4
6.2
7.5

a
10.8
10.2
5.7
5.7
3.0

a
9.2
15.0
13.5
16.8
11.2

a
15.7
16.7
20.1
20.9
20.4

a
12.9
19.3
33.8
35.1
51.2

Sex
Men
Women

Age
Under 25
25–34
35–44
45–54
55 or older

(Continued)

2000 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

119

Family Income
Table 48.
Continued
Total
number

Characteristics

Under 50%
of poverty

50–99%
of poverty

100–124%
of poverty

125–149%
of poverty

150–199%
of poverty

200–299%
of poverty

300% or
more of
poverty

Disabled adult children
All

772,507

2.9

27.0

6.6

7.7

18.1

23.1

14.6

468,694
303,813

3.1
2.7

28.9
24.2

5.4
8.4

8.2
6.8

15.0
22.9

23.0
23.1

16.3
11.9

Race
White
Black
American Indian, Alaska Native
Asian, Pacific Islander

568,138
178,256
21,300
4,814

1.2
9.0
a
a

30.0
21.6
a
a

5.1
9.7
a
a

7.1
10.5
a
a

17.8
21.8
a
a

22.3
16.9
a
a

16.6
10.5
a
a

Ethnicity
Non-Hispanic
Hispanic

699,444
73,064

3.2
a

27.6
a

6.0
a

7.9
a

19.2
a

21.9
a

14.2
a

119,767
219,975
220,267
94,845
117,653

a
5.4
4.8
a
a

a
15.1
30.1
a
a

a
7.3
6.9
a
a

a
11.8
4.7
a
a

a
18.3
10.8
a
a

a
31.3
23.6
a
a

a
10.9
19.0
a
a

Marital status
Married
Nonmarried

9,632
762,876

a
3.0

a
27.4

a
6.7

a
7.2

a
18.4

a
23.4

a
14.0

Years of education
Unknown
0–8
9–11
12
13–15
16 or more

0
357,303
90,879
266,931
35,936
21,459

a
1.8
a
1.5
a
a

a
38.5
a
12.0
a
a

a
7.7
a
6.5
a
a

a
7.5
a
9.7
a
a

a
14.1
a
28.0
a
a

a
19.7
a
30.3
a
a

a
10.8
a
12.0
a
a

Sex
Men
Women

Age
Under 25
25–34
35–44
45–54
55 or older

SOURCE: 1996 Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) matched to SSA administrative records.
NOTES: Individuals receiving disability benefits in December 1998 are identified using SSA administrative data. The unweighted sample size is 1,039
cases for disabled workers and 142 cases for disabled adult children. Disabled widow(er)s are excluded because the unweighted sample size is less
than 30 cases, which is deemed too small to support statistically reliable estimates.
a.

Sample size is too small to support statistically reliable estimates.

CONTACT: Paul Davies (202) 358-6225 for further information.

120

2000 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

Family Income
Table 49.
Poverty status before and after Social Security benefits, December 1998
After Social Security

Before Social Security

Total
numbera

Under 50%
of poverty

50–99%
of poverty

100–124%
of poverty

125–149%
of poverty

150–199%
of poverty

200–299% 300% or more
of poverty
of poverty

All disabled beneficiaries
All
Under 50% of poverty
50–99% of poverty
100–124% of poverty
125–149% of poverty
150–199% of poverty
200–299% of poverty
300% or more

6,039,819

2.5

20.7

7.6

7.0

14.1

19.7

28.4

1,897,044
1,017,953
345,266
290,581
608,486
718,535
1,161,954

7.9
0
0
0
0
0
0

55.5
19.4
0
0
0
0
0

16.2
12.2
7.8
0
0
0
0

8.9
18.6
15.4
4.1
0
0
0

8.6
34.0
34.8
36.0
19.6
0
0

2.9
14.7
38.6
52.6
65.7
41.7
0

0
1.1
3.5
7.3
14.7
58.3
100.0

Disabled workers
All
Under 50% of poverty
50–99% of poverty
100–124% of poverty
125–149% of poverty
150–199% of poverty
200–299% of poverty
300% or more

5,158,545

2.5

19.6

7.5

6.9

13.7

19.1

30.9

1,561,630
792,513
264,094
260,330
527,807
684,954
1,067,217

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

8.1
19.5
0
0
0
0
0

54.8
11.5
10.2
0
0
0
0

17.0
19.4
17.2
4.5
0
0
0

9.1
35.1
31.9
38.8
19.6
0
0

2.0
14.0
36.3
51.7
63.5
40.7
0

0
55.0
4.5
4.9
16.9
59.3
100.0

Disabled adult children
All
Under 50% of poverty
50–99% of poverty
100–124% of poverty
125–149% of poverty
150–199% of poverty
200–299% of poverty
300% or more

772,507

2.9

27.0

6.6

7.7

18.1

23.1

14.6

286,868
194,700
76,689
30,251
69,856
29,653
84,490

b
b
b
b
b
b
b

b
b
b
b
b
b
b

b
b
b
b
b
b
b

b
b
b
b
b
b
b

b
b
b
b
b
b
b

b
b
b
b
b
b
b

b
b
b
b
b
b
b

SOURCE: 1996 Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) matched to SSA administrative records.
NOTES: Individuals receiving disability benefits in December 1998 are identified using SSA administrative data. The unweighted sample size is 1,039
cases for disabled workers and 142 cases for disabled adult children. Disabled widow(er)s are excluded because the unweighted sample size is less
than 30 cases, which is deemed too small to support statistically reliable estimates.
a.

The total numbers of disabled beneficiaries (overall and by poverty status) are different from the sums of disabled workers and disabled adult
children because disabled widow(er)s are not being displayed due to sample size constraints.

b.

Sample size is too small to support statistically reliable estimates.

CONTACT: Paul Davies (202) 358-6225 for further information.

2000 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

121

Family Income
Table 50.
Aggregate annual poverty gap before and after Social Security benefits, December 1998
Before Social Security

Characteristic

After Social Security

Percentage reduction in gap

Disabled workers
All

15,968,637,620

12,680,205,394

20.6

9,417,033,850
6,551,603,769

7,708,263,306
4,971,942,088

18.1
24.1

Race
White
Black
American Indian, Alaska Native
Asian, Pacific Islander

11,691,631,909
3,984,707,440
a
a

9,635,981,739
2,893,967,994
a
a

17.6
27.4
a
a

Ethnicity
Non-Hispanic
Hispanic

14,616,844,114
1,351,793,505

11,853,716,220
826,489,175

18.9
38.9

a
1,190,305,883
3,335,530,815
5,114,505,949
6,310,158,858

a
785,698,941
2,645,509,624
4,019,184,021
5,217,966,672

a
34.0
20.7
21.4
17.3

Sex
Men
Women

Age
Under 25
25–34
35–44
45–54
55 or older

Disabled adult children
All

3,062,074,290

2,328,631,655

24.0

1,986,066,688
1,076,007,603

1,495,678,723
832,952,932

24.7
22.6

Race
White
Black
American Indian, Alaska Native
Asian, Pacific Islander

2,148,987,620
821,590,626
a
a

1,695,066,328
542,069,282
a
a

21.1
34.0
a
a

Ethnicity
Non-Hispanic
Hispanic

2,792,885,456
a

2,147,869,606
a

23.1
a

a
922,480,489
986,961,608
a
a

a
730,084,671
694,549,769
a
a

a
20.9
29.6
a
a

Sex
Men
Women

Age
Under 25
25–34
35–44
45–54
55 or older

SOURCE: 1996 Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) matched to SSA administrative records.
NOTES: Individuals receiving disability benefits in December 1998 are identified using SSA administrative data. The unweighted sample size is
1,039 cases for disabled workers and 142 cases for disabled adult children. Disabled widow(er)s are excluded because the unweighted sample size
is less than 30 cases, which is deemed too small to support statistically reliable estimates. The aggregate poverty gap is the sum of the shortfall
between family income and the poverty threshold. By definition, the shortfall is zero for individuals in families with income greater than the poverty
thresholds.
a.

Sample size is too small to support statistically reliable estimates.

CONTACT: Paul Davies (202) 358-6225 for further information.

122

2000 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program