Annual Statistical

Report on the
Social Security
Disability Insurance
Program, 2001

Social Security Administration
Office of Policy
Office of Research, Evaluation, and Statistics

Highlights 2001
Size and Scope of the Social Security Disability Program

Disability benefits were paid to about 6.2 million people.

Awards to disabled workers (661,900) represented about 90
percent of awards to all disabled beneficiaries (732,700).

Payments to disabled workers and their dependents totaled about
$60 billion.

Benefits were terminated for about 459,000 disabled workers.

Profile of Disabled-Worker Beneficiaries

Workers accounted for the largest share of disabled beneficiaries
(85 percent).

Average age was about 51.

Men represented about 56 percent.

Mental disorders was the diagnosis for a third.

Average monthly benefit received was $814.

Supplemental Security Income payments were another source of
income for about 1 out of 7.

Preface
Since 1956, the Social Security program has provided cash benefits to people with
disabilities. This annual report provides program and demographic information on the
people who receive those benefits. The basic topics covered are:




Beneficiaries in current payment status;
Benefits awarded, withheld, and terminated;
Geographic distribution of beneficiaries;
Social Security beneficiaries who also receive Supplemental Security Income; and
Income of disabled beneficiaries.

Our first edition presented a series of detailed tables on the three categories of
disabled beneficiaries—workers, widow(er)s, and adult children. In this second edition,
we have broadened our scope to include data on disabled-worker families. In addition,
the cross-program tables now provide an unduplicated total of disabled Social Security
beneficiaries who also receive Supplemental Security Income payments, and they
include a distribution by state. The tables on disability terminations have been improved
and now reflect the use of a technique that permits distributions by reason for
terminations, including medical improvement and work. Finally, some of last year’s tables
on race have been replaced with tables using data from the Survey of Income and
Program Participation (SIPP). The race and ethnicity data available through the SIPP are
self-reported and are based on a newer, discrete classification scheme.
Most of the data are from the Social Security Administration's (SSA's) program
records. Information on the income of disabled beneficiaries was obtained from the 1996
SIPP panel. The SIPP data were linked to information from SSA's December 1999
program records. In future editions, we plan to add more information about outcomes of
disability applicants, disabled beneficiaries who work, reinstatement of benefits, workers'
compensation and public disability benefit offset, and continuing disability reviews.
Cece Chin compiled this report for publication. Cece Chin, Paul Davies, Carolyn A.
Harrison, Thuy Ho, Art Kahn, Melissa Koenig, Clark Pickett, and Matt Rassette wrote the
programs to process the data and produce the statistical tables. Linda Martin managed
the project, wrote data specifications, and validated the data. Emil Loomis designed the
cover, and Celine Houget and Laurie Brown edited the report. Laurie Brown prepared the
electronic versions for the Web.
Your comments and suggestions on this report are welcome and should be directed
to Cece at 410-965-5366 or cece.chin@ssa.gov. For questions related to the content of
the tables, please call the contact listed on each table. For additional copies of the report,
please telephone 202-358-6274 or e-mail ores.publications@ssa.gov. This and other
publications on the Social Security and Supplemental Security Income programs are
available on our Web site at www.ssa.gov/policy.
Susan Grad
Acting Associate Commissioner
for Research, Evaluation, and Statistics
September 2002

Notes
The Old-Age and Survivors Insurance (OASI) program provides benefits to retired
workers and their dependent family members and to survivors of deceased
workers. The Disability Insurance (DI) program provides benefits to disabled
workers, their spouses, and children (whether or not disabled).
Benefits are paid from the OASI and DI trust funds. However, not all disabled
beneficiaries are paid from the DI trust fund. All disabled widow(er)s' and most
disabled adult children's benefits are paid from the OASI trust fund. Persons
receiving disability benefits from either trust fund are referred to in this report as
Social Security beneficiaries.
Numbers presented in these tables may differ slightly from other published
statistics because most tables are based on 100 percent data files. Tables giving
data on awards and terminations are based on a 1 percent file for calendar year
2001. In addition, the definition of an award now includes secondary benefit
awards, closed periods of disability, subsequent periods of disability, and
conversions from one class of child’s benefit to another and excludes reinstated
benefits. These changes resulted in a slight increase in the number of awards for
2001 compared with earlier years.
All years are calendar years unless otherwise specified.

Contents
Background ............................................................................................................1
History of the Social Security Disability Insurance Program ............................1
Definition of Disability .......................................................................................3
Types of Benefits Available ..............................................................................3
Initial Disability Decisionmaking Process .........................................................4
Appeals Process ..............................................................................................5
Benefit Calculations .........................................................................................5
Benefits Offset and Withheld............................................................................7
Work Incentives................................................................................................7
Benefit Termination ..........................................................................................8

Charts
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.

All Social Security disabled beneficiaries in current payment status,
December 2001........................................................................................13
All Social Security disabled beneficiaries in current payment status,
1970–2001 ...............................................................................................14
Disabled beneficiaries aged 18–64 in current payment status
as a percentage of state population, December 2001..............................15
Age of disabled-worker beneficiaries in current payment status,
by sex, December 2001 ...........................................................................16
Average monthly benefit of those in current payment status,
by sex, December 2001 ...........................................................................17
Disabled beneficiaries in current payment status, by selected
diagnostic groups, December 2001..........................................................18
Social Security disability awards, 1980–2001 ..........................................19
Average monthly benefit awards, by sex, 2001........................................20
Disabled-worker awards, by selected diagnostic groups, 2001 ...............21
Social Security and SSI beneficiaries receiving benefits on the
basis of disability, December 2001...........................................................22
Educational level of disabled-worker beneficiaries, December 1999 .......23
Sources of disabled-worker family income, December 1999 ...................24

Tables
Beneficiaries in Current Payment Status
All Disabled Beneficiaries

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

Number, average, and total monthly benefits, December 1960–2001 .....27
Number and average monthly benefit, by age and sex,
December 2001........................................................................................28
Distribution, by sex and monthly benefit, December 2001 .......................29
Distribution, by diagnostic group and sex, December 2001 .....................31
Average monthly benefit, by diagnostic group and sex,
December 2001........................................................................................33
Representative payment, by type of payee, December 2001 ..................35
Representative payment, by diagnostic group and sex,
December 2001........................................................................................36

8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.

Number aged 18–64 as a percentage of resident population,
by state, December 2001 .........................................................................38
Distribution, by state or other area, December 2001................................40
Number, by diagnostic group and state or other area, December 2001 ..42
Percentage distribution, by diagnostic group and state or other area,
December 2001........................................................................................46
Total monthly benefits, by state or other area, December 2001 ..............50
Percentage distribution of disabled workers, by monthly benefit
and state or other area, December 2001 .................................................52
Percentage distribution of disabled widow(er)s, by monthly benefit
and state or other area, December 2001 .................................................54
Percentage distribution of disabled adult children, by monthly benefit
and state or other area, December 2001 .................................................56

Disabled Workers

16.
17.
18.
19.
20.

Percentage distribution, by age and sex, December 1960–2001,
selected years ..........................................................................................58
Number, average primary insurance amount, and average monthly
benefit, by sex and age, December 2001.................................................60
Distribution of workers with a secondary benefit (dual entitlement), by
worker’s smaller primary insurance amount and sex, December 2001....61
Distribution of workers with a secondary benefit (dual entitlement), by
type of secondary benefit and sex, December 2001 ................................62
Number, by age, sex, and state or other area, December 2001 ..............63

Disabled-Worker Families

21.
22.
23.

Number and average monthly family benefit, by selected family groups,
December 1960–2001, selected years.....................................................67
Number, average primary insurance amount, and average monthly
family benefit, December 2001.................................................................69
Distribution, by age of worker, December 2001 .......................................70

Benefits Awarded, Withheld, and Terminated
Awards to Disabled Beneficiaries and Nondisabled Dependents

24.
25.

Number, selected years 1960–2001 ........................................................73
Average monthly benefit, by sex and age, 2001 ......................................74

Awards to Disabled Beneficiaries

26.
27.

Distribution, by diagnostic group and sex, 2001.......................................76
Distribution and average monthly benefit, by state or other area, 2001...78

Awards to Disabled Workers

28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.

vi

Percentage distribution, by age and sex, 1960–2001 ..............................80
Distribution, by diagnostic group, selected years 1960–2001 ..................82
Distribution of workers aged 50 or older, by diagnostic group,
selected years 1975–2001 .......................................................................86
Distribution of workers under age 50, by diagnostic group,
selected years 1975–2001 .......................................................................90
Average primary insurance amount and monthly benefit, by sex,
selected years 1960–2001 .......................................................................94
Distribution, by diagnostic group, sex, and age, 2001..............................95
Distribution, by monthly benefit and sex, 2001.........................................97

Awards to Disabled-Worker Families

35.
36.

Number, average primary insurance amount, and average monthly
family benefit, 2001 ..................................................................................98
Distribution, by age of worker, 2001.........................................................99

Payments Withheld

37.

Number, by reason for withholding payment, December 2001 ..............100

Benefits Terminated

38.
39.
40.

Number and rate, 1960–2001 ................................................................101
Number, by reason for termination, 2001...............................................102
Number, by state or other area, 2001 ....................................................103

Disabled Beneficiaries Receiving
Social Security, SSI, or Both
41.
42.

Number aged 18–64, by program, December 1996–2001.....................107
Number aged 18–64, by state or other area, December 2001...............108

Income of Noninstitutionalized Disabled Beneficiaries:
Survey of Income and Program Participation
Individual Income

43.
44.

Distribution, by selected personal characteristics, December 1999.......113
Social Security as a percentage of personal income,
by selected characteristics, December 1999..........................................115

Family Income

45.
46.
47.

Distribution, by household and family characteristics,
December 1999......................................................................................118
Percentage distribution of family income, by source
and selected characteristics, December 1999 .......................................120
Poverty status, by selected characteristics, December 1999.................123

Appendix: Sampling Variability..........................................................................129
Glossary .............................................................................................................131

vii

Background
History of the Social Security
Disability Insurance Program
When President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed
the Social Security Act into law on August 14,
1935, the original program was designed to pay
benefits only to retired workers aged 65 or older.
The 1939 amendments added two new
categories of benefits: payments to the spouse
and minor children of a retired worker (known as
dependents benefits) and survivors benefits
paid to the family of a deceased worker. That
change transformed Social Security from a
retirement program for individuals into a familybased economic security program.
The Social Security Amendments of 1954
initiated the Disability Insurance (DI) program
that provided the public with additional coverage
against economic insecurity. Effective as of
1955, there was a disability "freeze" of workers'
Social Security records during years when they
were unable to work. While that measure
offered no cash benefits, it did prevent such
periods of disability from reducing or wiping out
retirement and survivors benefits. This legislation outlined the work requirements, the definition of disability, the nature of the disability
determinations, and the emphasis on rehabilitation that are still fundamental to the disability
program.
On August 1, 1956, as he signed new disability legislation, President Eisenhower was
quoted as saying, "We will . . . endeavor to
administer the disability [program] efficiently and
effectively, [and] . . . to help rehabilitate the disabled so that they may return to useful employment . . . . I am hopeful that the new law . . . will
advance the economic security of the American
people." These amendments provided cash
benefits to disabled workers aged 50-64 (after a
6-month waiting period) and to adult children of
retired, disabled, or deceased workers, if the
children had been disabled before age 18.
Over the next 4 years, Congress broadened
the scope of the program, providing benefits to

disabled workers' dependents in 1958 and permitting disabled workers under age 50 to qualify
for benefits in 1960. In 1967, the act was further
amended to provide benefits for disabled widows and widowers aged 50-64 at a reduced
rate.
The Social Security Amendments of 1972
further enhanced the disability program by:
• Reducing the waiting period from 6 months
to 5;
• Increasing from 18 to 22 the age before
which a "childhood disability" must have
begun;
• Extending Medicare coverage to persons
who had been receiving disability benefits
for 24 consecutive months; and
• Establishing the needs-based Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program to
replace the Old-Age Assistance, Aid to the
Blind, and Aid to Permanently and Totally
Disabled programs. The SSI program,
unlike the Social Security disability program, provided benefits to disabled children under the age of 18.
Throughout the 1970s, growth in the disability rolls was higher than expected as a result of
increased applications. In addition, relatively
few beneficiaries were being rehabilitated and
returning to work. As a result, Congress
enacted legislation in 1980 that:
• Limited disability benefit levels;
• Tightened administration of the Social
Security and SSI disability programs by
instituting a review of initial disability decisions and by establishing a periodic review
of continuing disability requirements;
• Enhanced rehabilitation and work incentive
provisions; and
• Withheld payment of benefits to incarcerated felons.

In response to concerns arising from the
implementation of the 1980 provision regarding
the continuing disability review process, Congress legislated in 1982 that persons who
appeal decisions that their disability has ceased:
• Could elect to have benefits and Medicare
coverage continued pending review by an
administrative law judge; and
• Have an opportunity for a face-to-face evidentiary hearing at the reconsideration
level of appeal.
Two provisions of the Social Security
Amendments of 1983 affected the disability program:
• The gradual increase, from 65 to 67, in the
age at which full retirement benefits are
payable was made to restore financial
soundness to the Old-Age, Survivors, and
Disability Insurance (OASDI) programs.
The increase in full retirement age, which
began in 2000, means that disabled workers and widow(er)s may remain on the DI
rolls for an additional 2 years before "converting" to age-based benefits. It is also
likely that more older workers will apply for,
and become entitled to, disability-based
benefits because of this change.
• Benefits to disabled widow(er)s were
improved by decreasing the benefit reduction for beneficiaries under age 60 and by
continuing payments to certain disabled
widow(er)s who remarried.
In 1984, the Congress enacted a number of
changes affecting the interpretation of disability
such as instituting a "medical improvement standard" in the continuing disability review process,
revising the mental impairment listings, and considering the combined effect of all impairments
when determining eligibility for benefits.
From 1984 through 1998, many relatively
minor legislative changes were made in the
Social Security disability program. Those
changes provided additional Medicare protection for the disabled, made the definition of dis-

2

ability for disabled widow(er)s the same as that
for disabled workers, prohibited eligibility for
individuals whose drug addiction or alcoholism
was a contributing factor to their impairment,
and modified the provisions for a trial work
period.
On December 17, 1999, President Clinton
signed into law the Ticket to Work and Work
Incentives Improvement Act. The purpose of
that legislation is to improve the disability program's work incentives by giving beneficiaries
greater choice in seeking rehabilitation and
employment services. The provisions of the act:
• Create a Ticket to Work and Self-Sufficiency program that provides disabled beneficiaries with a voucher they may use to
obtain vocational rehabilitation services,
employment services, and other support
services from an employment network of
their choice.
• Prohibit SSA from initiating continuing disability reviews while the beneficiary is
using a ticket.
• Provide for expedited reinstatement of
benefits for individuals whose prior entitlement to disability and health care benefits
had been terminated as a result of earnings from work. Those former beneficiaries
may request reinstatement of benefits without filing a new application.
• Establish a community-based work incentives planning and assistance program for
the purpose of providing accurate information about work incentives to disabled beneficiaries.
• Expand health care services by allowing
the states to offer Medicaid buy-in for workers with disabilities even though they may
no longer be eligible for disability benefits
under Social Security or SSI because their
medical condition has improved.
• Allow people with disabilities who return to
work to continue their premium-free Medicare Part A coverage for an additional 4½
years beyond the 4 years previously pro-

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

vided. Medicare Part B can also continue
if premiums are paid.

Definition of Disability
The definition of disability under Social Security
is different from that used by other disability
programs. Social Security pays benefits only for
total disability; it does not pay benefits for partial
disability or for short-term disability.
To be eligible for benefits a person must:
• Be insured for benefits,
• Not have attained full retirement age,

stantial gainful activity. For 2001, the SGA
amount was $740 per month for a nonblind individual and $1,240 per month for a blind person.
Effective January 2001, the SGA level is
adjusted annually based upon the national average wage index.
A medically determinable physical or mental
impairment is an impairment that results from
anatomical, physiological, or psychological
abnormalities that can be shown by medically
acceptable clinical and laboratory diagnostic
techniques. An impairment must be established
by medical evidence consisting of signs, symptoms, and laboratory findings.

• Have filed an application for benefits, and

Types of Benefits Available

• Have a Social Security defined disability.

The Social Security program pays benefits to
disabled individuals and to certain dependents.
Those benefits include the following:

Meeting the insured requirement means that
a person must have worked long enough—and
recently enough—under Social Security. The
number of work credits (quarters of coverage) a
person needs to qualify for benefits depends on
the individual's age when he or she becomes
disabled.
Section 223(d)(1) of the Social Security Act
defines "disability" as an—
(A) Inability to engage in any substantial gainful
activity by reason of any medically
determinable physical or mental impairment
which can be expected to result in death or
which has lasted or can be expected to last
for a continuous period of not less than 12
months; or
(B) In the case of an individual who has attained
age 55 and is blind (within the meaning of
"blindness" as defined in section 216(i)(1)),
inability by reason of such blindness to
engage in substantial gainful activity
requiring skills or abilities comparable to
those of any gainful activity in which he has
previously engaged with some regularity and
over a substantial period of time.
In most cases, a dollar amount is used to
indicate whether a person is engaging in sub-

1. Monthly cash benefits, after a 5-month waiting period, for a disabled worker and family. The worker and eligible family members
continue to receive benefits, as long as the
worker remains disabled, until the worker
reaches full retirement age or dies. (At that
time, the disabled-worker benefit would convert to retired-worker benefits, and eligible
family members would become eligible for
retirement- or survivor-based benefits.)
The spouse of a disabled worker is eligible
for benefits if he or she is aged 62 or older or
has in his or her care a child under age 16 or
a disabled adult child who is entitled to
benefits on the worker's earnings record.
Unmarried children are entitled to benefits
until they reach age 18, or until age 19 if
they are a full-time elementary or secondary
school student.
2. Monthly cash benefits, after a 5-month waiting period, for a disabled widow(er) or a
disabled surviving divorced spouse who
is aged 50 to 65. This publication refers to
those individuals as "disabled widow(er)s."
3. Monthly cash benefits payable to disabled
adult children of disabled, retired, or
deceased workers. Those children must be

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

3

age 18 or older and must have become disabled before age 22. The 5-month waiting
period does not apply to disabled adult children.
4. Medicare benefits are available 2 years
after the disabled worker, disabled
widow(er), or disabled adult child becomes
eligible for benefits.
5. Vocational rehabilitation services are
available for disabled beneficiaries who
could return to work if they were provided
with some assistance.

Initial Disability
Decisionmaking Process
The disability decisionmaking process begins
when an individual files an application for
benefits at a Social Security office. An
employee in the office determines if the
applicant meets the nonmedical requirements
for benefits such as age, work credits,
performance of SGA, and relationship to the
insured worker. If those requirements are met,
the application is sent to the Disability
Determination Services (DDS) office in the state
where the applicant resides. The DDS then
decides whether an individual is disabled under
Social Security law.
Disability examiners and medical staff in the
DDS office use medical evidence from the applicant's doctors, hospitals, clinics, or institutions
where the individual received treatment. Those
medical sources are also asked for information
about a person's ability to do work-related activities, such as walking, sitting, lifting, carrying,
and remembering instructions.
The DDS may need more medical information before they can decide a person's case. If it
is not available from the individual's current
medical sources, they may ask the applicant to
go to a special examination, called a "consultative examination," that is paid for by the Social
Security Administration (SSA).

4

A five-step sequential evaluation process is
used to decide if a person is disabled. Those
steps are as follows:
1. Is the individual working? If the person is
working and earning more than the SGA
amount, the person generally cannot be
considered disabled. This decision is made
by a Social Security employee. If the person
is not working at SGA, the file goes to the
DDS.
2. Is the condition "severe"? A condition
must interfere with basic work-related activities for a claim to be considered. If it does
not, the person is not found disabled. If it
does, the DDS will go to the next step.
3. Does the individual have an impairment
that meets or equals one that is
described in SSA's Listing of Impairments? SSA maintains a list of impairments
for 14 major body systems: musculoskeletal;
special senses and speech; respiratory; cardiovascular; digestive; genitourinary; hemic
and lymphatic; skin and subcutaneous tissue; endocrine; multiple body; neurological;
mental; neoplastic; and the immune system. Those impairments are so severe that
they automatically mean that a person is disabled. If the condition is not on the list, the
DDS will have to decide if it is of equal
severity to a listed impairment. If it is, the
person is found disabled. If not, the DDS
goes to the next step.
4. Can the individual do the work he or she
previously did? If the person's condition is
severe but not at the same or equal severity
as an impairment on the list, then the DDS
must determine if it interferes with a person's
ability to do his or her past work. If it does
not, the claim will be denied. If it does, the
DDS goes to the next step.
5. Can the individual do any other type of
work? In order to determine an individual's
ability to do other work, the DDS considers
the person's medical conditions, age, education, work experience, and any transferable
skills. If the DDS decides the person cannot
do other work, the claim will be approved. If

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

the DDS decides that the person can do
other work, the claim will be denied.
A person is considered blind if his or her
vision cannot be corrected to better than 20/200
in the better eye or if his or her visual field is 20
degrees or less, even with a corrective lens. A
number of special rules apply to persons who
are blind. Those rules recognize the impact of
blindness on a person's ability to work. For
example, the dollar amount used to determine if
a blind individual is engaging in SGA is higher
than the limit for a sighted person.

Appeals Process
If an applicant's claim for disability benefits is
denied, he or she has the right to appeal that
decision. There are four levels of appeals: (1)
reconsideration by the state DDS; (2) hearing by
an administrative law judge (ALJ); (3) review by
the Appeals Council; and (4) federal court
review. At each level of appeal, claimants or
their representative must file the request for
appeal in writing within 60 days from the date of
the notice of denial.
Generally, the reconsideration is the first
step in the appeals process. The reconsideration is a case review and is similar to the initial
determination except that the case is assigned
to a different disability examiner and medical
team at the DDS. Claimants are given the
opportunity to present additional evidence,
which is considered along with the evidence that
was submitted during the initial determination.
If the claim is again denied, the individual
may request a hearing before an ALJ. Usually
the ALJ will hold a hearing, although the claimant may ask that his or her case be decided on
the basis of the written record without a hearing.
At the hearing, the claimant and witnesses testify under oath or affirmation, and the testimony
is recorded verbatim. The ALJ is responsible for
looking into all the issues; he or she receives
documentary evidence as well as the testimony
of witnesses. The ALJ will allow the claimant,
the claimant's representative, or both to present
arguments and examine witnesses.

The final step in the administrative appeals
process is at the Appeals Council. If the claimant is dissatisfied with the hearing decision, he
or she may request that the Appeals Council
review the case. The Council, made up of
administrative appeals judges, may also, on its
own motion, review a decision within 60 days of
the ALJ's decision.
The Appeals Council considers the evidence
of record, any additional evidence submitted by
the claimant, and the ALJ's findings and conclusions. The Council may grant, deny, or dismiss a
request for review. If it agrees to review the
case, the Council may uphold, modify, or
reverse the ALJ's action, or it may remand it to
the ALJ so that he or she may hold another
hearing and issue a new decision.
Claimants may file an action in a federal district court within 60 days after the date they
receive notice of the Appeals Council's action. If
the U.S. District Court reviews the case record
and does not find in favor of the claimant, the
claimant can continue with the appellate process to the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals.

Benefit Calculations
In addition to meeting the strict medical
definition of disability, an individual must also
meet an insured-status requirement. To be
eligible for disabled-worker benefits, a person
must have worked long enough and recently
enough under Social Security. A person can
earn up to four work credits per year. The
amount of earnings required for a credit
increases each year as general wage levels
rise.
The number of work credits a person needs
for disability benefits depends on the individual's
age when he or she becomes disabled. To be
fully insured, the maximum number of credits
needed is 40. To be currently insured, a person
generally needs 20 credits earned in the last 10
years ending with the year he or she becomes
disabled. However, younger workers may qualify with fewer credits.

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

5

Dependents of a disabled worker are eligible
for benefits if the worker meets both the medical
and insured-status requirements. Disabled
widow(er)s and disabled adult children do not
need to meet a work requirement themselves,
but the worker on whose record they are filing
must be insured.
To determine the amount of a person's
monthly cash benefit, SSA uses the following
four-step process:
1. Calculate each worker's average indexed
monthly earnings (AIME). First, the
worker's annual covered earnings after 1950
are indexed to reflect the general earnings
level in the indexing year—the second calendar year before the year of eligibility (that
is, the year a worker becomes disabled,
reaches age 62, or dies). Earnings in years
after the indexing year are not indexed but
instead are counted at their actual value.
The period used to calculate the AIME
equals the number of full calendar years
elapsing between age 21 and the year of
first eligibility. The actual years used in the
computation are the years of highest earnings after the 5 lowest years of earnings
have been excluded. The AIME is calculated as the sum of the highest year's earnings, divided by the number of months in the
computation period.
2. Compute the primary insurance amount
(PIA). The formula used to compute the PIA
from the AIME is weighted to provide a
higher PIA-to-AIME ratio for workers with
low earnings. For workers who reach age
62, become disabled, or die in 2001, the PIA
is equal to the sum of:
90 percent of the first $561 of AIME, plus
32 percent of the next $2,820 of AIME,
plus 15 percent of AIME over $3,381.
When subsequent retirement benefits are
computed at conversion to retired-worker
benefits at the full retirement age (FRA), or
at retirement for a worker who earlier recovered from a disability, the years of disability
are disregarded from the PIA calculation.

6

That preserves insured status and benefit
level.
Alternative methods of computing the PIA
apply to workers who have low earnings but
a steady work history over most of their adult
years and to workers who also receive a
pension based on their own noncovered
work.
3. Compute the family maximum (FMAX).
Monthly benefits payable to the worker and
family members or to the worker's survivors
are limited to a maximum family benefit
amount. The family maximum level for
retired-worker families or survivors usually
ranges from 150 percent to 188 percent of
the worker's PIA. The maximum benefit for
disabled-worker families ranges from the
smaller of 85 percent of AIME (or 100 percent of the PIA, if larger) to about 150 percent of the PIA.
Beginning with the first year of eligibility, the
PIA and FMAX are increased by cost-of-living adjustments.
4. Compute the person's monthly benefit
amount (MBA). Disabled workers and persons retiring at the FRA are paid 100 percent of the PIA. The PIA is reduced for
workers who retire between age 62 and the
FRA. If a disabled worker receives reduced
retirement benefits before disability entitlement, the disability benefit is reduced by the
number of months for which he or she
received reduced retirement benefits.
Dependents of retired or disabled workers
may receive up to 50 percent of the PIA.
Disabled adult children of deceased workers
may receive up to 75 percent of the PIA.
Disabled widow(er)s aged 50-60 may
receive up to 71.5 percent of the PIA. Disabled widow(er)s aged 60 to the FRA may
receive up to 100 percent of the PIA, but
benefits are reduced for age, with a maximum reduction of 28.5 percent.
All monthly benefits are limited by the family
maximum, so dependents may not receive
their full MBA.

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

Benefits Offset and Withheld

Work Incentives

Disabled-worker and dependents benefits may
be offset if the disabled worker receives
workers' compensation (WC) or other public
disability benefits (PDB). The 1965 Social
Security Amendments require that benefits be
reduced when the worker is also eligible for
periodic or lump-sum WC/PDB payments, so
that the combined amount of the disabled
worker's and family's Social Security benefit
plus the WC/PDB does not exceed 80 percent of
the worker's average current earnings. The
combined payments after reduction are never
less than the total Social Security benefits were
before reduction. The reduction continues until
the month the worker reaches age 65 or the
month the WC/PDB payment stops, whichever
comes first.

Special rules make it possible for disabled
beneficiaries to work and still receive monthly
benefits and Medicare or Medicaid. Those rules
are known as work incentives.

If a spouse or disabled widow(er) worked for
a federal, state, or local government to which he
or she did not pay Social Security taxes, the
pension he or she receives from that agency
may reduce his or her Social Security benefits.
That provision is known as the government pension offset. The offset will reduce the amount of
the Social Security benefit by two-thirds of the
amount of the government pension.
The annual earnings test applies to nondisabled beneficiaries under the FRA. Benefits for
those beneficiaries are withheld $1 for every $2
they earn above the annual earnings limit. In
the calendar year a beneficiary attains the FRA,
for months before the FRA, $1 is withheld for
every $3 earned over the annual earnings limit
for that age group. A retired worker's earnings
will also affect his or her dependents' benefits,
including those of disabled adult children. In
addition, a spouse's earnings may affect benefits for his or her children. How a disabled beneficiary's work affects his or her benefit is
discussed in the next section.
Other reasons for withholding benefits
include spouses who no longer have an entitled
child in their care, beneficiaries who are incarcerated, or beneficiaries whose whereabouts
are unknown.

Disabled beneficiaries are encouraged to
return to work by providing a trial work period
(TWP) and an extended period of eligibility
(EPE). During the TWP, earnings are allowed to
exceed the SGA dollar amount for 9 months.
During the 3-year EPE that follows the TWP,
benefits are withheld only for those months in
which earnings exceed the SGA amount. After
the end of the EPE, monthly benefits are terminated only after the earnings exceed the SGA
amount. Certain impairment-related expenses
that a person needs to make in order to work
may be deducted when counting earnings to
determine if the work is substantial. Even if
cash benefits are withheld, Medicare and
Medicaid coverage can continue.
The Ticket to Work and Work Incentives
Improvement Act has further improved work
incentives. That law substantially expands work
opportunities for people with disabilities. The
provisions of the law become effective at different times in different parts of the country. The
provisions below apply to both Social Security
and SSI.
1. Ticket to Work and Self-Sufficiency Program. Starting in 2002, some Social Security and SSI disability beneficiaries received
a "ticket" that they may use to obtain vocational rehabilitation and other employment
support services from an approved provider
of their choice. The program is voluntary
and will be phased in nationally over a 3year period.
2. Expanded Availability of Health Care Services. As of October 1, 2000, the law
expands Medicaid and Medicare coverage
to more people with disabilities who work. It
extends Medicare Part A premium-free coverage for 93 months after the trial work
period for most disabled beneficiaries who
work.

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

7

In addition, states now have the option to
expand Medicaid coverage to workers with
disabilities using income and resource limits
set by the states.
3. Expedited Benefits. Effective January 1,
2001, if a person's Social Security or SSI
disability benefits have ended because of
earnings from work and he or she becomes
unable to work again within 60 months
because of his or her medical condition, he
or she would be able to request reinstatement of benefits, including Medicare and
Medicaid, without filing a new application.
4. Disability Reviews Postponed. Effective
January 1, 2001, an individual using a
"ticket" does not need to undergo the regularly scheduled disability reviews. Effective
January 1, 2002, people who have been
receiving Social Security disability benefits
for at least 24 months will not be asked to go
through a disability review because of the
work they are doing. However, regularly
scheduled medical reviews could still be performed and benefits could be terminated if
earnings were above the limits.
5. Work Incentives Outreach Program. The
law directs the Social Security Administration to establish a community-based work
incentives planning and assistance program
to disseminate accurate information about
work incentives and to give beneficiaries
more choice. SSA has established a program of cooperative agreements and contracts to provide benefits planning and
assistance to all disabled beneficiaries,
including information about the availability of
protection and advocacy services.
6. Protection and Advocacy. The law authorizes SSA to make payments to protection
and advocacy systems established in each
state to provide information, advice, and
legal services to disability beneficiaries.
More information about work incentives can
be found at www.ssa.gov/work.

8

Benefit Termination
In general, benefits continue as long as a
person remains disabled. However, under
Social Security law, all disability cases must be
reviewed from time to time to make sure that
people receiving benefits continue to meet the
disability requirements. Benefits continue
unless there is strong proof that a person's
impairment has medically improved and that he
or she is able to return to work.
How often a case is reviewed depends on
the severity of the impairment and the likelihood
of improvement. The frequency can range from
6 months to 7 years. Here are general guidelines for reviews.
• Improvement expected—If medical
improvement can be predicted when benefits start, the first review will be 6 to 18
months later.
• Improvement possible—If medical
improvement is possible but cannot be predicted, the case will be reviewed about
every 3 years.
• Improvement not expected—If medical
improvement is not likely, the case will be
reviewed about once every 5 to 7 years.
During a review, the disabled beneficiary is
asked to provide information about any medical
treatment he or she has received and any work
he or she might have done. An evaluation team
that includes a disability examiner and a doctor
then requests the individual's medical records
and carefully reviews his or her file. If the team
decides a person is still disabled, benefits will
continue. If they decide that the person is no
longer disabled, the individual can file an appeal
if he or she disagrees with the determination.
Otherwise, benefits stop 3 months after the
beneficiary is notified that his or her disability
ended.
Benefits for dependents continue as long as
the disabled worker continues to be entitled to
benefits. However, a person's benefits may be

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

terminated for other reasons. Here are the most
common reasons to terminate benefits:
• The beneficiary dies. If the deceased was
the worker, eligible dependents may
become entitled to survivors benefits.
• The disabled worker or disabled widow(er)
attains the FRA and their benefit is automatically converted to retired-worker benefits or aged widow(er)s benefits,
respectively.
• The disabled beneficiary is no longer disabled either through medical recovery or
successful reentry to the workforce.
• A spouse divorces a worker (with some
exceptions).

• Certain divorced spouses remarry.
• A spouse no longer has a child under age
16 or a disabled child in his or her care.
• A child reaches age 18.
• A student reaches age 19 or is no longer
attending elementary or secondary school
full time.
• Dependent children marry.
• Dependents become entitled to another
equal or larger benefit.
Benefits usually stop effective with the
month the terminating event occurred.

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

9

Charts

Chart 1.
All Social Security disabled beneficiaries in current payment status, December 2001
In December 2001, about 6.2 million people received disability benefits as disabled workers, disabled widow(er)s,
or disabled adult children. The majority (85 percent) were disabled workers, 12 percent were disabled adult
children, and 3 percent were disabled widow(er)s.

Disabled widow(er)s
3%
Disabled adult children
12%
Disabled workers
85%

SOURCE: Table 1.

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

13

Chart 2.
All Social Security disabled beneficiaries in current payment status, 1970–2001
The number of disabled workers grew steadily until 1978, declined slightly until 1983, started to increase again in
1984, and began to increase more rapidly beginning in 1990. The growth in the 1980s and 1990s was the result of
demographic changes, a recession, and legislative changes. The number of disabled adult children has grown
slightly, and the number of disabled widow(er)s has remained fairly level. In 2001, over 5 million disabled workers,
204,000 disabled widow(er)s, and 736,000 disabled adult children received disability benefits.

Millions

7
Total
Disabled workers
Disabled widow(er)s
Disabled adult children

6

5

4
3

2

1
0
1970

1975

1980

1985

1990

1995

SOURCE: Table 1.

14

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

2000

Chart 3.
Disabled beneficiaries aged 18–64 in current payment status as a percentage of state population,
December 2001
Disabled beneficiaries aged 18–64 in current payment status accounted for about 3.4 percent of the working-age
population in the United States. In 14 states, they represented less than 3 percent of the state population. The
states with the highest rates of disabled beneficiaries—5 percent or more—were Alabama, Arkansas, Kentucky,
Maine, Mississippi, and West Virginia.

Under 3%

3-3.9%

4-4.9%

5% or more

SOURCE: Table 8.

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

15

Chart 4.
Age of disabled-worker beneficiaries in current payment status, by sex, December 2001
The percentage of disabled-worker beneficiaries increases with age for both men and women. In December 2001,
the largest percentage of disabled-worker beneficiaries were aged 60 or older. Disability benefits convert to
retirement benefits when the worker reaches full retirement age, which is ages 65–67 depending on the year of
birth.

Percent

25
Men
20
Women
15

10

5

0
Under 25

25–29

30–34

35–39

40–44

45–49

50–54

55–59

SOURCE: Table 2.

16

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

60 or older

Chart 5.
Average monthly benefit of those in current payment status, by sex, December 2001
The average monthly benefit for disabled-worker benficiaries is higher than that paid to disabled widow(er)s or
disabled adult children. The reason for the difference is that disabled workers receive 100 percent of the primary
insurance amount (PIA), compared with 71.5 percent for disabled widow(er)s and 50 percent for disabled adult
children (if the worker is disabled or retired) or 75 percent (if the worker is deceased).
Because men have traditionally had higher earnings than women, their monthly benefit is higher. This is most
obvious in the disabled-worker group. Benefits for disabled widow(er)s and disabled adult children are
dependents’ benefits, so their monthly benefit is a function of the worker’s earnings. Therefore, a disabled widow’s
average benefit tends to be higher than that of a disabled widower because a male worker’s earnings are higher
than a female worker’s. Benefit amounts are about the same for men and women in the disabled adult children
group.

Dollars

1,000
Men

900

Women

800
700
600
500
400
300
200
100
0
Disabled workers

Disabled widow(er)s

Disabled adult children

SOURCE: Table 3.

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

17

Chart 6.
Disabled beneficiaries in current payment status, by selected diagnostic groups, December 2001
The impairment on which disability is based varies with the type of beneficiary. In December 2001, other mental
disorders was the primary reason disabled workers received benefits; diseases of the musculoskeletal system was
the leading cause of disability among disabled widow(er)s; and mental retardation was the predominant reason for
disability among disabled adult children.

Percent

70
Disabled workers
Disabled widow(er)s

60

Disabled adult children
50

40

30

20

10

0
Mental
retardation

Other
mental
disorders

Nervous
system

Musculoskeletal
system

Endocrine
diseases

Circulatory
system

SOURCE: Table 4.

18

2001Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

All other
impairments

Chart 7.
Social Security disability awards, 1980–2001
The total number of awards decreased from 1980 through 1982, started to rise in 1983, and began to increase
more rapidly in 1990. Awards for disabled-worker benefits have been most pronounced and drive the overall
pattern shown in the total line. Disabled-worker awards increased from a low of 297,131 in 1982 to 636,637 in
1992. Awards to disabled workers have been relatively flat since 1992, fluctuating around 600,000. There were
661,900 worker awards in 2001. Awards to disabled widow(er)s have increased at a much slower rate than have
those to disabled workers, rising steadily from just over 16,000 in 1980 to 26,500 in 2001. Awards to disabled adult
children have slowly increased from 33,470 in 1980 to 44,300 in 2001.

800,000
Total
Disabled workers

700,000

Disabled widow(er)s
Disabled adult children

600,000

500,000

400,000

300,000

200,000

100,000

0
1980

1985

1990

1995

2000

SOURCE: Table 24.

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

19

Chart 8.
Average monthly benefit awards, by sex, 2001
Average monthly benefits for new awards tend to be higher than those paid to beneficiaries who are already on the
rolls (see Chart 5). The exception is payments to newly awarded widows, whose benefits are slightly lower than
those paid to widows who were entitled in earlier years.
The average monthly benefit awarded to disabled-workers is higher than that awarded to disabled widow(er)s or
disabled adult children. The reason for the difference is that disabled workers receive 100 percent of the primary
insurance amount (PIA), compared with 71.5 percent for disabled widow(er)s and 50 percent for disabled adult
children (if the worker is disabled or retired) or 75 percent (if the worker is deceased).
Because men have traditionally had higher earnings than women, their monthly benefit is higher. This is most
obvious in the disabled-worker group. Benefits for disabled widow(er)s and disabled adult children are
dependents’ benefits, so their monthly benefit is a function of the worker’s earnings. Therefore, a disabled widow’s
average benefit tends to be higher than that of a disabled widower because a male worker’s earnings are higher
than a female worker’s. Benefit amounts are about the same for men and women in the disabled adult children
group.

Dollars
1,200
Men
Women

1,000

800

600

400

200

0
Disabled workers

Disabled widow(er)s

Disabled adult children

SOURCE: Table 25.

20

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

Chart 9.
Disabled-worker awards, by selected diagnostic groups, 2001
In 2001, 661,900 disabled workers were awarded benefits. Of those with a diagnosis (660,100), the primary
impairment was mental disorders (25 percent), 25 percent had a disease of the musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue, 12 percent had circulatory problems, 9 percent had neoplasms, 8 percent had a disease of the
nervous system or sense organs, and 21 percent had other impairments.

Other
21%

Neoplasms
9%

Mental disorders
25%

Musculoskeletal
system
25%

Nervous system
8%

Circulatory system
12%

SOURCE: Table 26.

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

21

Chart 10.
Social Security and SSI beneficiaries receiving benefits on the basis of disability, December 2001
In December 2001, about 9.7 million people under age 65 received benefits on the basis of disability. About 52
percent (5.0 million persons) received benefits from the Social Security program only, 37 percent (3.6 million
persons) received benefits from SSI only, and 11 percent (1.1 million persons) received benefits from both
programs. This total excludes 64,497 disabled adult children and 730,700 blind and disabled SSI recipients who
are aged 65 or older.

Social Security
only
5.0 million

Concurrent
1.1 million

SSI only
3.6 million

Total 9.7 million

SOURCES: Data for beneficiaries aged 18–64 are from Table 41. Data for disabled children under age 18 are derived from Table 7.D1 in the
Annual Statistical Supplement to the Social Security Bulletin.

22

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

Chart 11.
Educational level of disabled-worker beneficiaries, December 1999
Disabled workers have varying levels of education and tend to be less educated than the general U.S. population.
Thirty percent of disabled-worker beneficiaries have less than a high school education, 35 percent have a high
school education, 24 percent have some college education, and 10 percent have a college or postgraduate level of
education.

16 or more years of
education
10%

13–15 years of
education
24%

0–8 years of
education
12%

9–11 years of
education
18%

12 years of
education
35%

SOURCE: Table 43.
NOTE: Percentage may not sum to 100 because of rounding.

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

23

Chart 12.
Sources of disabled-worker family income, December 1999
Social Security benefits are the primary source of income for disabled-worker families. About 35 percent of their
income comes from Social Security, 32 percent from family members’ earnings, 5 percent from Supplemental
Security Income, and only 2 percent from public assistance.

Other
23%
Social Security
35%
Property income
3%
Public assistance
2%

Family members'
earnings
32%

Supplemental Security
income
5%

SOURCE: Table 46.

24

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

Tables
Beneficiaries in Current
Payment Status

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 1.
Number, average, and total monthly benefits, December 1960–2001
Average monthly benefit
(dollars)

Number

Total monthly benefits
(thousands of dollars)

Workers Widow(er)s

Adult
children

559,425
742,296
888,131
993,656
1,077,695

455,371
618,075
740,867
827,014
894,173

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

104,054
124,221
147,264
166,642
183,522

89.31
89.59
89.99
90.59
91.12

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

44.15
45.28
45.67
46.45
47.35

40,669
55,373
66,671
74,919
81,477

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

4,594
5,625
6,726
7,741
8,690

1965
1966
1967
1968
1969

1,186,464
1,310,911
1,422,778
1,560,517
1,690,982

988,074
1,097,190
1,193,120
1,295,300
1,394,291

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
21,563
39,469

198,390
213,721
229,658
243,654
257,222

97.76
98.09
98.43
111.86
112.74

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
72.25
71.02

51.77
52.42
53.41
61.83
62.79

96,594
107,623
117,439
144,892
157,192

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
1,558
2,803

10,271
11,203
12,266
15,065
16,151

1970
1971
1972
1973
1974

1,812,786
1,990,098
2,202,090
2,415,383
2,670,092

1,492,948
1,647,684
1,832,916
2,016,626
2,236,882

49,281
56,743
64,167
78,769
92,128

270,557
285,671
305,007
319,988
341,082

131.26
146.52
179.32
183.00
205.70

82.00
90.11
109.54
111.14
125.87

73.21
81.37
98.81
100.14
112.45

195,964
241,419
328,678
369,043
460,127

4,041
5,113
7,029
8,754
11,596

19,807
23,245
30,138
32,044
38,355

1975
1976
1977
1978
1979

2,960,620
3,171,198
3,368,954
3,429,421
3,435,761

2,488,774
2,670,208
2,837,432
2,879,774
2,870,590

109,511
119,427
127,276
129,751
129,833

362,335
381,563
404,246
419,896
435,338

225.90
245.17
265.30
288.30
322.00

137.70
147.01
156.11
165.46
180.52

122.80
132.32
142.12
153.66
171.55

562,214
654,655
752,771
830,239
924,330

15,080
17,557
19,869
21,469
23,437

44,495
50,488
57,451
64,521
74,682

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

3,436,429
3,361,130
3,192,379
3,168,992
3,212,040

2,858,680
2,776,519
2,603,599
2,569,029
2,596,516

127,580
121,590
116,372
111,591
109,151

450,169
463,021
472,408
488,372
506,373

370.70
413.20
440.60
456.20
470.70

205.02
226.58
242.11
250.33
306.24

198.95
224.51
245.07
257.78
270.28

1,059,713
1,147,258
1,147,146
1,171,991
1,222,180

26,156
27,550
28,175
27,935
33,426

89,561
103,953
115,773
125,893
136,862

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

3,289,485
3,380,480
3,453,414
3,507,707
3,583,451

2,656,638
2,728,463
2,785,859
2,830,284
2,895,364

107,005
106,974
106,282
103,123
101,630

525,842
545,043
561,273
574,300
586,457

483.80
487.90
508.20
529.50
556.00

315.26
319.74
333.89
348.05
366.72

281.92
288.79
304.32
320.21
339.47

1,285,281
1,331,217
1,415,774
1,498,635
1,609,822

33,734
34,204
35,486
35,892
37,270

148,245
157,403
170,807
183,897
199,085

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

3,712,763
3,925,472
4,236,080
4,529,466
4,796,313

3,011,294
3,194,938
3,467,783
3,725,966
3,962,954

100,989
114,489
131,324
147,015
160,676

600,480
616,045
636,973
656,485
672,683

587.20
609.40
626.10
641.70
661.40

388.93
406.96
422.65
434.20
446.30

361.71
378.86
393.61
407.20
422.40

1,768,232
1,946,995
2,171,179
2,390,952
2,621,098

39,278
46,592
55,504
63,834
71,710

217,200
233,395
250,719
267,321
284,141

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

5,044,388
5,264,321
5,400,781
5,605,272
5,798,776

4,185,263
4,385,623
4,508,134
4,698,319
4,879,455

173,024
181,911
187,938
194,181
198,795

686,101
696,787
704,709
712,772
720,526

681.60
703.90
721.60
733.10
754.10

458.30
471.00
480.40
487.30
499.90

437.30
454.30
468.60
479.40
495.60

2,853,512
3,087,040
3,253,069
3,444,338
3,679,597

79,297
85,680
90,285
94,624
99,378

300,032
316,550
330,227
341,703
357,093

2000
2001

5,972,468
6,208,847

5,042,333
5,268,039

201,446
204,255

728,689
736,553

786.40
814.40

519.70
536.70

518.30
537.60

3,965,291
4,290,449

104,681
109,622

377,650
395,956

Year

Total

1960
1961
1962
1963
1964

Workers Widow(er)s

Adult
children

Workers Widow(er)s

Adult
children

SOURCES: Annual Statistical Supplement to the Social Security Bulletin, Table 5.A17 for 1960–1999 data; Social Security Disabled
Beneficiaries 100 percent file for 2000 data; Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file for 2001 data.
NOTE: n.a. = not applicable.
CONTACT: Cece Chin (410) 965-5366 for further information.

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

27

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 2.
Number and average monthly benefit, by age and sex, December 2001
Total

Age

Number

Workers
Average
monthly
benefit
(dollars)

Number

Widow(er)s
Average
monthly
benefit
(dollars)

Number

Adult children
Average
monthly
benefit
(dollars)

Number

Average
monthly
benefit
(dollars)

All disabled beneficiaries
Total

6,208,847

772.50

5,268,039

814.40

204,255

536.70

736,553

537.60

Under 25
25–29
30–34
35–39
40–44
45–49
50–54
55–59
60 or older

112,621
167,427
285,054
478,018
696,225
837,982
1,032,040
1,223,370
1,376,110

452.20
521.70
590.30
647.50
710.30
771.90
822.50
847.40
837.90

44,430
104,777
209,205
377,233
585,962
744,487
932,419
1,093,572
1,175,954

442.20
535.40
613.00
675.20
738.90
797.40
850.00
882.50
890.80

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
27,750
77,088
99,417

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
541.80
539.00
533.50

68,191
62,650
75,849
100,785
110,263
93,495
71,871
52,710
100,739

458.80
498.80
527.80
543.80
558.20
568.30
574.70
571.60
521.00

Men
Subtotal
Under 25
25–29
30–34
35–39
40–44
45–49
50–54
55–59
60 or older

3,356,020

867.40

2,947,820

913.70

5,580

374.80

402,620

535.30

66,388
94,895
159,804
268,918
391,632
463,852
555,011
633,151
722,369

456.30
529.10
597.60
660.60
742.60
832.20
924.80
1,004.80
1,012.10

26,375
59,072
116,676
211,443
329,274
412,156
515,651
603,637
673,536

452.50
547.90
624.40
693.10
777.80
865.50
952.00
1,026.90
1,048.30

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
955
2,318
2,307

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
391.50
375.80
367.00

40,013
35,823
43,128
57,475
62,358
51,696
38,405
27,196
46,526

458.80
498.30
525.00
541.20
556.70
566.20
572.80
565.90
519.90

Women
Subtotal
Under 25
25–29
30–34
35–39
40–44
45–49
50–54
55–59
60 or older

2,852,827

660.80

2,320,219

688.30

198,675

541.20

333,933

540.30

46,233
72,532
125,250
209,100
304,593
374,130
477,029
590,219
653,741

446.40
512.00
581.10
630.60
668.80
697.10
703.50
678.70
645.40

18,055
45,705
92,529
165,790
256,688
332,331
416,768
489,935
502,418

427.20
519.40
598.70
652.40
689.10
713.00
723.70
704.50
679.60

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
26,795
74,770
97,110

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
547.10
544.10
537.40

28,178
26,827
32,721
43,310
47,905
41,799
33,466
25,514
54,213

458.70
499.40
531.40
547.20
560.00
570.90
576.80
577.60
522.00

SOURCE: Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file.
NOTE: n.a. = not applicable.
CONTACT: Cece Chin (410) 965-5366 for further information.

28

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 3.
Distribution, by sex and monthly benefit, December 2001
Total

Sex and monthly benefit
(dollars)

Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult children

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

6,208,847

100.0

5,268,039

100.0

204,255

100.0

736,553

100.0

Less than 300.00
300.00–399.90
400.00–499.90

359,184
370,434
579,676

5.8
6.0
9.3

218,114
221,900
434,297

4.1
4.2
8.2

41,504
27,014
28,947

20.3
13.2
14.2

99,566
121,520
116,432

13.5
16.5
15.8

500.00–599.90
600.00–699.90
700.00–799.90
800.00–899.90
900.00–999.90

851,167
818,974
683,985
561,626
468,969

13.7
13.2
11.0
9.1
7.6

713,769
679,748
593,212
498,863
419,904

13.6
12.9
11.3
9.5
8.0

26,504
22,445
19,040
15,603
15,195

13.0
11.0
9.3
7.6
7.4

110,894
116,781
71,733
47,160
33,870

15.1
15.9
9.7
6.4
4.6

1,000.00–1,099.90
1,100.00–1,199.90
1,200.00–1,299.90
1,300.00–1,399.90
1,400.00–1,499.90

363,729
293,321
279,975
268,571
179,230

5.9
4.7
4.5
4.3
2.9

345,245
288,169
278,413
267,976
178,906

6.6
5.5
5.3
5.1
3.4

6,056
1,551
310
41
15

3.0
0.8
0.2

12,428
3,601
1,252
554
309

1.7
0.5
0.2
0.1

1,500.00–1,599.90
1,600.00–1,699.90
1,700.00–1,799.90
1,800.00 or more

85,209
33,160
9,580
2,057

1.4
0.5
0.2

85,021
33,037
9,501
1,964

1.6
0.6
0.2

13
8

a

175
115

a

a

b

b

b

b

a

b

b

b

b

All disabled beneficiaries

Average benefit (dollars)
Men

a

772.50

814.40

a
a

536.70

a

a

537.60

3,356,020

100.0

2,947,820

100.0

5,580

100.0

402,620

100.0

Less than 300.00
300.00–399.90
400.00–499.90

132,750
143,937
222,152

4.0
4.3
6.6

73,013
77,448
157,987

2.5
2.6
5.4

2,291
941
865

41.1
16.9
15.5

57,446
65,548
63,300

14.3
16.3
15.7

500.00–599.90
600.00–699.90
700.00–799.90
800.00–899.90
900.00–999.90

346,194
377,859
349,394
315,385
288,031

10.3
11.3
10.4
9.4
8.6

285,760
314,776
310,190
289,352
269,286

9.7
10.7
10.5
9.8
9.1

566
368
236
135
105

10.1
6.6
4.2
2.4
1.9

59,868
62,715
38,968
25,898
18,640

14.9
15.6
9.7
6.4
4.6

1,000.00–1,099.90
1,100.00–1,199.90
1,200.00–1,299.90
1,300.00–1,399.90
1,400.00–1,499.90

248,856
218,301
222,270
223,881
153,659

7.4
6.5
6.6
6.8
4.6

241,896
216,370
221,569
223,577
153,489

8.2
7.3
7.5
7.6
5.2

55
14

1.0
0.3

6,905
1,917

1.7
0.5

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

1,500.00–1,599.90
1,600.00–1,699.90
1,700.00–1,799.90
1,800.00 or more

74,189
29,216
8,386
1,560

2.2
0.9
0.3
0.1

74,090
29,154
8,351
1,512

2.5
1.0
0.3
0.1

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

Average benefit (dollars)

867.40

913.70

374.80

535.30
(Continued)

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

29

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 3.
Distribution, by sex and monthly benefit, December 2001—Continued
Total

Sex and monthly benefit
(dollars)

Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult children

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

2,852,827

100.0

2,320,219

100.0

198,675

100.0

333,933

100.0

Less than 300.00
300.00–399.90
400.00–499.90

226,434
226,497
357,524

7.9
7.9
12.5

145,101
144,452
276,310

6.3
6.2
11.9

39,213
26,073
28,082

19.7
13.1
14.1

42,120
55,972
53,132

12.6
16.8
15.9

500.00–599.90
600.00–699.90
700.00–799.90
800.00–899.90
900.00–999.90

504,973
441,115
334,591
246,241
180,938

17.7
15.5
11.7
8.6
6.3

428,009
364,972
283,022
209,511
150,618

18.5
15.7
12.2
9.0
6.5

25,938
22,077
18,804
15,468
15,090

13.1
11.1
9.5
7.8
7.6

51,026
54,066
32,765
21,262
15,230

15.3
16.2
9.8
6.4
4.6

1,000.00–1,099.90
1,100.00–1,199.90
1,200.00–1,299.90
1,300.00–1,399.90
1,400.00–1,499.90

114,873
75,020
57,705
44,690
25,571

4.0
2.6
2.0
1.6
0.9

103,349
71,799
56,844
44,399
25,417

4.5
3.1
2.5
1.9
1.1

6,001
1,537

3.0
0.8

5,523
1,684

1.7
0.5

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

1,500.00–1,599.90
1,600.00–1,699.90
1,700.00–1,799.90
1,800.00 or more

11,020
3,944
1,194
497

0.4
0.1

10,931
3,883
1,150
452

0.5
0.2
0.1

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

a

b

b

b

b

Women

Average benefit (dollars)

a
a

660.80

688.30

541.20

SOURCE: Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file.
a. Less than 0.05 percent.
b. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Cece Chin (410) 965-5366 for further information.

30

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

540.30

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 4.
Distribution, by diagnostic group and sex, December 2001
Total
Diagnostic group

Number

Workers
Percent

Number

Widow(er)s
Percent

Number

Adult children

Percent

Number

Percent

n.a.

736,553

n.a.

All disabled beneficiaries
Total

6,208,847

n.a.

5,268,039

n.a.

204,255

All disabled beneficiaries with diagnosis available
Total

5,935,816

100.0

5,217,503

100.0

199,546

100.0

518,767

100.0

Infectious and parasitic diseases
104,933
Neoplasms
148,674
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic
diseases
262,548
Diseases of the blood and bloodforming organs
14,961
Mental disorders
Retardation
595,686
Other
1,591,121
Diseases of the—
Nervous system and sense organs
579,883
Circulatory system
569,334
Respiratory system
182,506
Digestive system
77,344
Genitourinary system
92,423
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
13,548
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
1,289,086
Congenital anomalies
15,409
Injuries
254,625
Other
143,735

1.8
2.5

100,442
142,795

1.9
2.7

1,745
4,201

0.9
2.1

2,746
1,678

0.5
0.3

4.4

239,614

4.6

20,190

10.1

2,744

0.5

0.3

12,847

0.3

346

0.2

1,768

0.3

10.0
26.8

273,849
1,458,037

5.3
28.0

9,577
43,226

4.8
21.7

312,260
89,858

60.2
17.3

9.8
9.6
3.1
1.3
1.6
0.2

505,162
543,516
170,383
74,680
88,949
12,787

9.7
10.4
3.3
1.4
1.7
0.3

14,143
22,738
11,221
2,160
1,779
513

7.1
11.4
5.6
1.1
0.9
0.3

60,578
3,080
902
504
1,695
248

11.7
0.6
0.2
0.1
0.3
0.1

21.7
0.3
4.3
2.4

1,231,184
8,752
240,948
113,558

23.6
0.2
4.6
2.2

53,556
262
5,078
8,811

26.8
0.1
2.5
4.4

4,346
6,395
8,599
21,366

0.8
1.2
1.7
4.1

Men
Subtotal
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Neoplasms
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic
diseases
Diseases of the blood and bloodforming organs
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Diseases of the—
Nervous system and sense organs
Circulatory system
Respiratory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Congenital anomalies
Injuries
Other

3,209,980

100.0

2,913,601

100.0

5,374

100.0

291,005

100.0

77,952
70,934

2.4
2.2

76,394
69,847

2.6
2.4

87
129

1.6
2.4

1,471
958

0.5
0.3

100,064

3.1

98,455

3.4

275

5.1

1,334

0.5

7,004

0.2

6,089

0.2

11

0.2

904

0.3

352,807
830,784

11.0
25.9

182,087
772,620

6.3
26.5

262
950

4.9
17.7

170,458
57,214

58.6
19.7

292,377
373,874
89,254
41,218
55,044
5,438

9.1
11.7
2.8
1.3
1.7
0.2

259,446
371,205
88,525
40,876
54,105
5,319

8.9
12.7
3.0
1.4
1.9
0.2

351
1,004
306
79
78
13

6.5
18.7
5.7
1.5
1.5
0.2

32,580
1,665
423
263
861
106

11.2
0.6
0.2
0.1
0.3

658,625
7,954
179,165
67,486

20.5
0.3
5.6
2.1

655,500
4,644
172,875
55,614

22.5
0.2
5.9
1.9

1,281
7
266
275

23.8
0.1
5.0
5.1

1,844
3,303
6,024
11,597

0.6
1.1
2.1
4.0

a

(Continued)

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

31

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 4.
Distribution, by diagnostic group and sex, December 2001—Continued
Total
Diagnostic group

Number

Workers
Percent

Number

Widow(er)s
Percent

Adult children

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Women
Subtotal
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Neoplasms
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic
diseases
Diseases of the blood and bloodforming organs
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Diseases of the—
Nervous system and sense organs
Circulatory system
Respiratory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Congenital anomalies
Injuries
Other

2,725,836

100.0

2,303,902

100.0

194,172

100.0

227,762

100.0

26,981
77,740

1.0
2.9

24,048
72,948

1.0
3.2

1,658
4,072

0.9
2.1

1,275
720

0.6
0.3

162,484

6.0

141,159

6.1

19,915

10.3

1,410

0.6

7,957

0.3

6,758

0.3

335

0.2

864

0.4

242,879
760,337

8.9
27.9

91,762
685,417

4.0
29.8

9,315
42,276

4.8
21.8

141,802
32,644

62.3
14.3

287,506
195,460
93,252
36,126
37,379
8,110

10.6
7.2
3.4
1.3
1.4
0.3

245,716
172,311
81,858
33,804
34,844
7,468

10.7
7.5
3.6
1.5
1.5
0.3

13,792
21,734
10,915
2,081
1,701
500

7.1
11.2
5.6
1.1
0.9
0.3

27,998
1,415
479
241
834
142

12.3
0.6
0.2
0.1
0.4
0.1

630,461
7,455
75,460
76,249

23.1
0.3
2.8
2.8

575,684
4,108
68,073
57,944

25.0
0.2
3.0
2.5

52,275
255
4,812
8,536

26.9
0.1
2.5
4.4

2,502
3,092
2,575
9,769

1.1
1.4
1.1
4.3

SOURCE: Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file.
NOTE: n.a. = not applicable.
a. Less than 0.05 percent.
CONTACT: Cece Chin (410) 965-5366 for further information.

32

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 5.
Average monthly benefit, by diagnostic group and sex, December 2001 (in dollars)
Diagnostic group

Total

Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult children

536.70

537.60

All disabled beneficiaries
Total

772.50

814.40

All disabled beneficiaries with diagnosis available
Total
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Neoplasms
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic
diseases
Diseases of the blood and bloodforming organs
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Diseases of the—
Nervous system and sense organs
Circulatory system
Respiratory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Congenital anomalies
Injuries
Other

780.70

814.70

536.90

532.70

802.60
920.10

815.20
935.50

539.60
540.40

506.80
554.40

751.00

771.80

534.40

528.20

727.70

765.20

514.70

496.80

548.10
736.70

576.10
754.00

486.10
557.90

525.50
543.20

804.80
911.80
832.00
845.80
836.50
774.20

842.80
929.60
852.40
856.20
848.60
789.40

542.40
534.40
549.40
557.40
539.40
524.10

549.60
548.90
503.90
544.20
516.60
507.00

841.90
662.80
824.30
764.90

856.40
733.60
840.30
828.70

532.30
537.10
519.70
508.70

531.30
571.10
555.90
531.50

Men
Subtotal
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Neoplasms
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic
diseases
Diseases of the blood and bloodforming organs
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Diseases of the—
Nervous system and sense organs
Circulatory system
Respiratory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Congenital anomalies
Injuries
Other

878.80

914.50

375.10

530.00

843.40
1,079.80

850.40
1,088.30

403.20
397.90

502.70
550.20

936.50

943.70

363.70

526.60

804.80

852.00

415.20

492.10

567.00
798.90

609.90
818.40

337.60
383.90

521.60
543.00

899.80
1,036.50
1,010.60
969.30
928.00
899.10

945.30
1,040.50
1,015.30
973.10
935.40
908.30

333.50
382.00
378.80
438.30
405.70
372.50

543.60
546.90
501.00
534.90
511.30
502.00

995.20
708.80
886.30
869.00

997.70
806.40
898.70
942.00

383.70
369.90
352.70
348.90

528.80
572.30
555.70
531.20
(Continued)

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

33

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 5.
Average monthly benefit, by diagnostic group and sex, December 2001 (in dollars)—Continued
Diagnostic group

Total

Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult children

Women
Subtotal
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Neoplasms
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic
diseases
Diseases of the blood and bloodforming organs
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Diseases of the—
Nervous system and sense organs
Circulatory system
Respiratory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Congenital anomalies
Injuries
Other

665.20

688.40

541.40

536.20

684.60
774.30

703.30
789.30

546.70
545.00

511.50
560.00

636.70

651.90

536.80

529.80

659.70

686.90

518.00

501.70

520.60
668.80

509.00
681.40

490.20
561.80

530.20
543.60

708.20
673.10
661.10
705.00
701.80
690.40

734.50
690.70
676.30
714.90
713.70
704.70

547.70
541.50
554.10
561.90
545.50
528.00

556.60
551.10
506.50
554.30
522.10
510.70

681.70
613.80
676.90
672.80

695.60
651.40
691.90
720.00

536.00
541.70
529.00
513.90

533.10
569.80
556.30
531.90

SOURCE: Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file.
CONTACT: Cece Chin (410) 965-5366 for further information.

34

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 6.
Representative payment, by type of payee, December 2001
Type of payee

Total

Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult children

6,208,847

5,268,039

204,255

736,553

Without payee

4,987,155

4,638,820

190,425

157,910

With payee
Parent (natural, adoptive, or stepparent)
Spouse
Child (natural, adoptive, or stepchild)
Other relative
Nonmental institution
Mental institution
Social agency
Public official
Financial organization
Other

1,221,692
420,215
129,174
42,527
233,068
117,810
96,000
84,050
9,549
3,627
85,672

629,219
181,577
128,384
34,762
112,805
44,199
24,009
37,937
5,638
2,431
57,477

13,830
467
87
6,567
3,155
1,346
309
587
134
37
1,141

578,643
238,171
703
1,198
117,108
72,265
71,682
45,526
3,777
1,159
27,054

All disabled beneficiaries

SOURCE: Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file.
CONTACT: Cece Chin (410) 965-5366 for further information.

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

35

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 7.
Representative payment, by diagnostic group and sex, December 2001
Workers

Diagnostic group

Total

Number
with
payee

Widow(er)s
Percentage
with
payee

Total

Number
with payee

Adult children
Percentage
with
payee

Total

Number
with
payee

Percentage
with
payee

736,553

578,643

78.6

All disabled beneficiaries
Total

5,268,039

629,219

11.9

204,255

13,830

6.8

Total

5,217,503

613,866

11.8

199,546

13,511

6.8

518,767

395,721

76.3

100,442
142,795

3,007
2,417

3.0
1.7

1,745
4,201

56
80

3.2
1.9

2,746
1,678

1,504
936

54.8
55.8

239,614

3,393

1.4

20,190

276

1.4

2,744

741

27.0

12,847

270

2.1

346

12

3.5

1,768

302

17.1

273,849
1,458,037

147,446
362,438

53.8
24.9

9,577
43,226

2,756
7,538

28.8
17.4

312,260
89,858

276,199
57,808

88.5
64.3

505,162
543,516
170,383
74,680
88,949
12,787

23,201
27,434
1,976
2,091
1,018
163

4.6
5.1
1.2
2.8
1.1
1.3

14,143
22,738
11,221
2,160
1,779
513

566
844
132
43
25

4.0
3.7
1.2
2.0
1.4

a

a

60,578
3,080
902
504
1,695
248

30,977
1,514
265
96
321
59

51.1
49.2
29.4
19.1
18.9
23.8

1,231,184
8,752
240,948
113,558

11,533
804
21,634
5,041

0.9
9.2
9.0
4.4

53,556
262
5,078
8,811

441

0.8

143
591

2.8
6.7

4,346
6,395
8,599
21,366

865
4,187
3,295
16,652

19.9
65.5
38.3
77.9

2,913,601

415,433

14.3

5,374

460

8.6

291,005

227,090

78.0

76,394
69,847

2,452
1,465

3.2
2.1

87
129

a

a

7

5.4

1,471
958

854
554

58.1
57.8

98,455

2,015

2.1

275

11

4.0

1,334

415

31.1

6,089

174

2.9

11

a

a

904

181

20.0

182,087
772,620

100,597
243,256

55.3
31.5

262
950

76
219

29.0
23.1

170,458
57,214

153,435
39,104

90.0
68.4

259,446
371,205
88,525
40,876
54,105
5,319

14,759
18,348
1,356
1,627
680
93

5.7
4.9
1.5
4.0
1.3
1.8

351
1,004
306
79
78
13

20
42
17
5

5.7
4.2
5.6
6.3

a

a

32,580
1,665
423
263
861
106

17,104
855
149
63
173
34

52.5
51.4
35.2
24.0
20.1
32.1

655,500
4,644
172,875
55,614

8,013
480
16,741
3,377

1.2
10.3
9.7
6.1

1,281
7
266
275

27

2.1

17
15

6.4
5.5

1,844
3,303
6,024
11,597

477
2,218
2,292
9,182

25.9
67.2
38.1
79.2

All disabled beneficiaries with diagnosis available

Infectious and parasitic diseases
Neoplasms
Endocrine, nutritional, and
metabolic diseases
Diseases of the blood and bloodforming organs
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Diseases of the—
Nervous system and sense
organs
Circulatory system
Respiratory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Congenital anomalies
Injuries
Other

a

a

Men
Subtotal
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Neoplasms
Endocrine, nutritional, and
metabolic diseases
Diseases of the blood and bloodforming organs
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Diseases of the—
Nervous system and sense
organs
Circulatory system
Respiratory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Congenital anomalies
Injuries
Other

a

a

a

a

(Continued)

36

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 7.
Representative payment, by diagnostic group and sex, December 2001—Continued
Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult children

Diagnostic group

Total

Number
with
payee

Subtotal

2,303,902

198,433

8.6

194,172

13,051

24,048
72,948

555
952

2.3
1.3

1,658
4,072

a

a

73

1.8

1,275
720

650
382

51.0
53.1

141,159

1,378

1.0

19,915

265

1.3

1,410

326

23.1

6,758

96

1.4

335

a

a

864

121

14.0

91,762
685,417

46,849
119,182

51.1
17.4

9,315
42,276

2,680
7,319

28.8
17.3

141,802
32,644

122,764
18,704

86.6
57.3

245,716
172,311
81,858
33,804
34,844
7,468

8,442
9,086
620
464
338
70

3.4
5.3
0.8
1.4
1.0
0.9

13,792
21,734
10,915
2,081
1,701
500

546
802
115
38

4.0
3.7
1.1
1.8

a

a

27,998
1,415
479
241
834
142

13,873
659
116
33
148
25

49.6
46.6
24.2
13.7
17.8
17.6

575,684
4,108
68,073
57,944

3,520
324
4,893
1,664

0.6
7.9
7.2
2.9

52,275
255
4,812
8,536

414

0.8

126
576

2.6
6.8

2,502
3,092
2,575
9,769

388
1,969
1,003
7,470

15.5
63.7
39.0
76.5

Percentage
with
payee

Total

Number
with payee

Percentage
with
payee

Total

Number
with
payee

Percentage
with
payee

6.7

227,762

168,631

74.0

Women

Infectious and parasitic diseases
Neoplasms
Endocrine, nutritional, and
metabolic diseases
Diseases of the blood and bloodforming organs
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Diseases of the—
Nervous system and sense
organs
Circulatory system
Respiratory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Congenital anomalies
Injuries
Other

a

a

a

a

SOURCE: Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file.
a. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Cece Chin (410) 965-5366 for further information.

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

37

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 8.
Number aged 18–64 as a percentage of resident population, by state, December 2001
Beneficiaries
State

Resident population

Number

Percentage of resident population

176,953,784

5,971,315

3.4

2,747,771
407,453
3,132,603
1,623,669
21,144,215

151,019
8,519
102,083
92,073
518,301

5.5
2.1
3.3
5.7
2.5

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

2,838,260
2,138,791
494,467
389,112
9,711,553

69,281
66,093
17,732
9,939
364,808

2.4
3.1
3.6
2.6
3.8

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

5,317,873
756,108
795,680
7,854,830
3,865,854

189,458
17,299
24,756
218,364
133,360

3.6
2.3
3.1
2.8
3.4

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

1,763,303
1,682,561
2,558,726
2,711,760
827,889

58,164
50,361
152,624
114,851
41,702

3.3
3.0
6.0
4.2
5.0

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

3,360,657
4,098,275
6,302,087
3,175,948
1,731,872

85,750
146,665
229,910
83,460
104,508

2.6
3.6
3.6
2.6
6.0

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

3,447,893
559,496
1,041,866
1,309,842
814,471

149,097
19,973
31,058
37,164
27,167

4.3
3.6
3.0
2.8
3.3

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

5,435,114
1,109,372
11,960,990
5,128,840
400,951

151,947
38,214
411,582
230,612
11,314

2.8
3.4
3.4
4.5
2.8

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

7,140,951
2,122,509
2,169,403
7,568,159
660,302

242,215
79,520
67,931
271,650
27,644

3.4
3.7
3.1
3.6
4.2

United States
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

(Continued)

38

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 8.
Number aged 18–64 as a percentage of resident population, by state, December 2001—Continued
Beneficiaries
State
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

Resident population

Number

Percentage of resident population

2,541,428
462,843
3,618,725
13,086,904
1,348,158

123,656
14,502
172,301
320,035
26,449

4.9
3.1
4.8
2.4
2.0

401,335
4,578,340
3,789,913
1,128,452
3,388,628
312,582

15,064
154,452
107,888
76,814
102,719
9,267

3.8
3.4
2.8
6.8
3.0
3.0

SOURCES: Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file; U.S. Census Bureau, 2001 estimates.
CONTACT: Cece Chin (410) 965-5366 for further information.

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

39

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 9.
Distribution, by state or other area, December 2001
Total
State or area

Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult children

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

6,208,847

100.0

5,268,039

100.0

204,255

100.0

736,553

100.0

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

152,413
8,550
102,491
92,713
521,840

2.5
0.1
1.7
1.5
8.4

129,615
7,671
91,578
80,410
448,238

2.5
0.2
1.7
1.5
8.5

6,192
218
2,862
3,623
13,300

3.0
0.1
1.4
1.8
6.5

16,606
661
8,051
8,680
60,302

2.3
0.1
1.1
1.2
8.2

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

69,695
67,082
17,920
10,044
366,834

1.1
1.1
0.3
0.2
5.9

62,225
56,087
15,540
8,417
324,090

1.2
1.1
0.3
0.2
6.2

1,793
1,591
504
290
10,987

0.9
0.8
0.3
0.1
5.4

5,677
9,404
1,876
1,337
31,757

0.8
1.3
0.3
0.2
4.3

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

190,915
17,566
24,954
221,108
135,054

3.1
0.3
0.4
3.6
2.2

164,223
14,844
21,838
182,061
113,500

3.1
0.3
0.4
3.5
2.2

7,077
448
702
7,528
4,719

3.5
0.2
0.3
3.7
2.3

19,615
2,274
2,414
31,519
16,835

2.7
0.3
0.3
4.3
2.3

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

59,195
51,023
154,040
115,913
42,178

1.0
0.8
2.5
1.9
0.7

48,883
43,490
131,186
92,768
36,673

0.9
0.8
2.5
1.8
0.7

1,739
1,451
6,762
5,561
1,167

0.9
0.7
3.3
2.7
0.6

8,573
6,082
16,092
17,584
4,338

1.2
0.8
2.2
2.4
0.6

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

86,697
148,621
232,598
84,806
105,321

1.4
2.4
3.8
1.4
1.7

73,549
127,431
192,024
71,539
89,514

1.4
2.4
3.7
1.4
1.7

2,365
3,405
7,974
1,825
4,378

1.2
1.7
3.9
0.9
2.1

10,783
17,785
32,600
11,442
11,429

1.5
2.4
4.4
1.6
1.6

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

150,598
20,165
31,596
37,280
27,461

2.4
0.3
0.5
0.6
0.4

129,371
17,420
26,611
34,042
24,167

2.5
0.3
0.5
0.7
0.5

5,333
619
824
1,023
681

2.6
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.3

15,894
2,126
4,161
2,215
2,613

2.2
0.3
0.6
0.3
0.4

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

153,847
38,481
417,561
232,965
11,616

2.5
0.6
6.7
3.8
0.2

130,032
33,238
349,196
202,616
9,263

2.5
0.6
6.6
3.9
0.2

4,114
1,192
12,251
7,944
284

2.0
0.6
6.0
3.9
0.1

19,701
4,051
56,114
22,405
2,069

2.7
0.6
7.6
3.0
0.3

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

245,551
80,391
68,454
276,179
28,013

4.0
1.3
1.1
4.5
0.5

200,768
68,375
59,795
228,076
24,320

3.8
1.3
1.1
4.3
0.5

9,587
3,100
1,865
9,544
686

4.7
1.5
0.9
4.7
0.3

35,196
8,916
6,794
38,559
3,007

4.8
1.2
0.9
5.2
0.4

All areas

a

(Continued)

40

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 9.
Distribution, by state or other area, December 2001—Continued
Total

Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult children

State or area

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

124,695
14,797
173,901
323,137
26,696

2.0
0.2
2.8
5.2
0.4

106,988
12,311
148,698
271,977
22,845

2.0
0.2
2.8
5.2
0.4

4,788
396
7,248
12,326
687

2.3
0.2
3.6
6.0
0.3

12,919
2,090
17,955
38,834
3,164

1.8
0.3
2.4
5.3
0.4

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

15,260
156,048
108,682
77,776
104,479
9,340

0.3
2.5
1.8
1.3
1.7
0.2

12,994
133,678
94,915
64,254
86,342
8,215

0.3
2.5
1.8
1.2
1.6
0.2

457
5,520
2,847
3,571
2,616
263

0.2
2.7
1.4
1.8
1.3
0.1

1,809
16,850
10,920
9,951
15,521
862

0.3
2.3
1.5
1.4
2.1
0.1

Outlying areas
American Samoa
Guam
Northern Mariana Islands
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

1,214
906
201
152,799
1,630

b

1,065
756
147
125,163
1,314

b

51

b

98

b

b

c

c

c

c

b

c

c

c

c

2.4

5,041
49

2.5
b

22,595
267

3.1

b

0.2

845

0.4

4,980

0.7

Foreign countries

17,479

b
b

2.5
b

0.3

11,654

b

SOURCE: Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file.
a. Includes beneficiaries with unknown state code.
b. Less than 0.05 percent.
c. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Cece Chin (410) 965-5366 for further information.

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

41

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 10.
Number, by diagnostic group and state or other area, December 2001
Mental disorders
Infectious
and
parasitic
diseases Neoplasms

Endocrine, Diseases of
nutritional,
blood and
and
bloodmetabolic
forming
diseases
organs

All disabled
beneficiaries

Total with
diagnosis
available

6,208,847

5,935,816

104,933

148,674

262,548

14,961

2,186,807

595,686

1,591,121

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

152,413
8,550
102,491
92,713
521,840

146,223
8,396
99,742
89,680
502,766

1,571
95
1,624
1,086
14,116

3,167
265
2,472
2,411
12,845

6,899
291
3,773
4,002
18,966

521
22
174
239
1,082

46,978
3,133
36,914
24,182
196,209

14,084
683
6,225
8,850
37,083

32,894
2,450
30,689
15,332
159,126

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

69,695
67,082
17,920
10,044
366,834

67,857
63,803
17,171
9,623
355,752

1,275
1,158
415
670
11,079

1,717
1,616
478
175
9,754

2,293
2,487
844
422
16,874

109
145
56
57
1,034

22,359
27,984
6,046
3,993
117,265

5,496
6,976
1,680
1,116
24,457

16,863
21,008
4,366
2,877
92,808

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

190,915
17,566
24,954
221,108
135,054

183,532
16,692
24,172
209,718
128,628

4,223
349
211
3,372
1,560

4,596
464
620
5,670
3,443

9,577
659
1,032
10,392
7,548

679
28
31
656
299

60,861
7,332
8,811
89,582
47,956

18,535
1,505
2,223
25,372
16,949

42,326
5,827
6,588
64,210
31,007

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

59,195
51,023
154,040
115,913
42,178

55,966
49,095
148,082
109,929
40,526

452
581
1,251
1,732
293

1,437
1,239
2,881
2,550
876

2,470
2,745
5,800
4,802
1,474

100
113
226
419
49

23,094
18,668
54,049
33,146
16,697

8,470
6,398
15,474
14,611
3,756

14,624
12,270
38,575
18,535
12,941

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

86,697
148,621
232,598
84,806
105,321

82,220
141,695
220,259
80,682
101,401

2,270
2,837
2,149
890
1,128

2,534
3,451
5,395
2,084
2,393

3,803
4,381
10,335
2,428
5,227

378
249
556
148
343

28,814
64,823
92,866
39,383
35,133

8,461
12,044
23,876
10,868
11,035

20,353
52,779
68,990
28,515
24,098

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

150,598
20,165
31,596
37,280
27,461

144,901
19,524
30,083
36,499
26,495

1,900
168
328
727
193

3,396
459
787
940
653

7,900
630
1,422
1,533
825

339
29
55
97
37

49,068
6,435
10,459
11,138
11,333

16,116
1,827
3,632
1,775
2,146

32,952
4,608
6,827
9,363
9,187

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

153,847
38,481
417,561
232,965
11,616

145,494
37,131
395,285
225,009
10,967

3,167
567
10,445
3,656
81

4,592
786
10,478
5,755
273

5,712
1,554
15,359
12,146
338

441
64
1,151
657
16

54,719
11,510
134,705
70,886
4,503

12,642
2,928
36,507
25,262
1,865

42,077
8,582
98,198
45,624
2,638

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

245,551
80,391
68,454
276,179
28,013

231,473
77,394
66,404
259,602
26,798

2,234
935
955
3,616
351

5,013
1,933
1,772
6,913
667

10,401
4,026
2,711
12,377
1,008

478
136
124
587
50

107,765
25,214
24,355
90,443
11,590

31,592
7,931
6,190
29,017
2,676

76,173
17,283
18,165
61,426
8,914

State or area
All areas

a

Total Retardation

Other

(Continued)

42

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 10.
Number, by diagnostic group and state or other area, December 2001—Continued
Diseases of the—
Nervous
system
and
sense
organs

Circulatory
system

579,883

569,334

182,506

77,344

92,423

13,548

1,289,086

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

12,709
983
10,279
8,658
51,673

16,431
630
8,158
10,765
39,038

5,016
229
3,008
3,318
10,397

1,848
134
1,505
1,264
7,636

2,450
98
1,489
1,151
9,070

371
23
230
258
966

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

8,963
6,363
1,723
1,008
29,167

4,174
5,144
1,612
829
38,691

2,332
1,691
543
205
11,385

984
774
197
75
5,765

886
838
356
389
5,485

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

15,141
1,470
2,718
21,952
13,935

20,080
1,784
1,846
19,804
13,259

6,428
341
766
6,265
5,130

2,346
184
319
2,399
1,812

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

6,337
5,431
11,103
9,840
3,625

4,312
4,034
14,899
13,143
3,345

1,853
1,663
6,207
2,759
1,198

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

9,160
13,588
21,941
9,271
8,375

9,053
10,109
20,382
5,411
12,704

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

14,165
2,424
3,705
3,774
2,869

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

State or area
All areas

a

Respiratory Digestive
system
system

Genitourinary
system

Skin and Musculoskeletal
subcutasystem and
neous
connective Congenital
tissue anomalies
tissue

Injuries

Other

15,409

254,625

143,735

37,387
1,846
23,007
25,897
109,574

299
22
219
242
1,319

7,131
462
4,816
4,511
22,708

3,445
163
2,074
1,696
7,167

162
146
30
35
1,574

17,153
11,146
3,848
1,365
73,654

241
168
57
11
891

3,608
2,092
698
246
19,350

1,601
2,051
268
143
13,784

3,726
466
253
3,669
1,825

434
35
58
390
218

39,259
2,627
5,741
33,885
23,636

415
34
69
515
263

7,495
727
1,292
7,826
4,684

8,272
192
405
3,341
3,060

672
610
1,651
1,233
459

681
722
1,371
2,041
296

107
89
273
325
131

11,154
9,400
37,627
28,630
9,779

183
136
313
268
125

2,253
2,413
5,517
5,053
1,700

861
1,251
4,914
3,988
479

2,577
3,565
6,373
1,717
3,155

1,054
1,913
2,376
847
1,105

2,115
1,338
3,250
934
1,743

201
213
472
125
297

14,900
27,793
42,538
12,888
20,504

320
427
581
218
174

3,486
5,087
8,159
3,468
4,200

1,555
1,921
2,886
870
4,920

13,990
1,331
2,665
3,774
2,128

5,631
702
1,006
1,421
798

2,028
238
355
653
341

1,907
215
438
517
214

319
38
55
73
40

33,395
5,161
6,599
9,119
5,574

440
68
94
82
64

6,967
1,135
1,606
1,705
1,109

3,456
491
509
946
317

15,918
4,064
36,560
18,973
1,328

15,237
2,539
37,579
26,410
926

4,142
1,120
11,514
8,121
296

2,172
585
4,706
3,091
111

2,787
602
5,866
3,960
125

370
109
792
560
19

27,738
10,599
100,622
50,604
2,218

393
110
969
504
50

5,674
2,161
15,251
8,684
565

2,432
761
9,288
11,002
118

20,856
7,965
8,461
27,347
2,451

19,776
8,431
5,037
27,054
2,204

7,039
3,032
1,811
7,878
763

2,221
1,022
976
3,698
368

3,087
1,086
762
3,744
234

332
200
117
420
68

35,632
19,071
14,629
58,635
5,520

651
178
187
803
46

7,066
3,480
3,556
11,380
946

8,922
685
951
4,707
532

(Continued)

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

43

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 10.
Number, by diagnostic group and state or other area, December 2001—Continued
Mental disorders
Infectious
and
parasitic
diseases Neoplasms

Endocrine, Diseases of
nutritional,
blood and
and
bloodmetabolic
forming
diseases
organs

All disabled
beneficiaries

Total with
diagnosis
available

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

124,695
14,797
173,901
323,137
26,696

120,156
14,175
167,298
309,644
25,964

1,673
150
1,919
7,587
259

2,922
320
3,898
8,648
552

5,520
414
7,383
17,740
1,067

549
21
355
773
29

41,591
5,256
62,145
93,527
10,711

12,103
1,964
17,389
28,825
3,063

29,488
3,292
44,756
64,702
7,648

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

15,260
156,048
108,682
77,776
104,479
9,340

14,616
149,617
105,595
73,093
98,041
9,147

193
2,351
1,709
523
1,001
87

360
4,032
2,919
1,439
2,394
214

634
7,011
4,184
3,524
4,276
358

31
477
233
112
222

5,803
50,292
43,186
23,715
42,048
3,140

1,403
17,095
9,236
9,268
12,430
920

4,400
33,197
33,950
14,447
29,618
2,220

1,214
906

1,177
870

15

a

196

a

31

a

a

108
250

39
103

69
147

201
152,799
1,630

195
143,345
1,546

a

a

a

a

1,496
29

1,605
30

2,463
43

136
14

49
68,385
506

20
11,482
164

29
56,903
342

17,479

14,591

220

335

242

22

5,643

1,814

3,829

State or area

Outlying areas
American Samoa
Guam
Northern
Mariana
Islands
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands
Foreign countries

a

a

Total Retardation

Other

(Continued)

44

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 10.
Number, by diagnostic group and state or other area, December 2001—Continued
Diseases of the—
Nervous
system
and
sense
organs

Circulatory
system

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

10,226
1,925
13,799
34,447
3,252

14,689
1,192
18,028
33,126
1,620

4,382
481
6,545
8,774
794

1,565
148
2,049
4,522
345

2,422
179
2,467
7,196
352

348
30
410
651
52

26,255
3,304
36,440
70,576
5,109

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

1,407
13,710
11,672
5,505
11,827
1,118

1,115
15,952
7,476
8,268
7,160
714

444
5,253
2,886
3,358
2,359
426

172
1,999
1,662
857
1,084
116

113
2,850
1,296
552
1,228
102

26
337
221
150
153

117
115

120
117

32
29

b
b

b
49

32
12,599
213

30
9,286
177

b
3,084
b

b
936
b

1,638

1,543

239

127

State or area

Outlying areas
American Samoa
Guam
Northern
Mariana
Islands
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands
Foreign countries

Respiratory Digestive
system
system

Genitourinary
system

Skin and Musculoskeletal
subcutasystem and
neous
connective Congenital
tissue anomalies
tissue

Injuries

Other

236
58
384
715
107

5,314
525
6,358
14,725
1,104

2,464
172
5,118
6,637
611

3,089
35,360
21,000
18,265
18,002
2,162

63
400
327
175
410
31

649
6,157
4,677
3,657
4,012
511

517
3,436
2,147
2,993
1,865
143

17
b

436
b

b
b

b
53

30
21

b
1,230
44

24
400
b

b
34,823
354

b
256
b

b
5,705
83

b
941
b

117

32

3,376

86

776

195

b

SOURCE: Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file.
a. Includes beneficiaries with unknown state code.
b. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Cece Chin (410) 965-5366 for further information.

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

45

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 11.
Percentage distribution, by diagnostic group and state or other area, December 2001

All
disabled
beneficiaries
(number)

State or area
All areas

a

Total with
diagnosis
available
(number)

6,208,847 5,935,816

Total with Infectious
diagnosis
and
available parasitic
(percent) diseases

Endocrine,
nutritional,
and
metabolic
Neoplasms
diseases

Diseases
of blood
and
bloodforming
organs

Mental disorders

Total Retardation

Other

100.0

1.8

2.5

4.4

0.3

36.9

10.0

26.8

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

152,413
8,550
102,491
92,713
521,840

146,223
8,396
99,742
89,680
502,766

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.1
1.1
1.6
1.2
2.8

2.2
3.2
2.5
2.7
2.6

4.7
3.5
3.8
4.5
3.8

0.4
0.3
0.2
0.3
0.2

32.1
37.3
37.0
27.0
39.0

9.6
8.1
6.2
9.9
7.4

22.5
29.2
30.8
17.1
31.7

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

69,695
67,082
17,920
10,044
366,834

67,857
63,803
17,171
9,623
355,752

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.9
1.8
2.4
7.0
3.1

2.5
2.5
2.8
1.8
2.7

3.4
3.9
4.9
4.4
4.7

0.2
0.2
0.3
0.6
0.3

33.0
43.9
35.2
41.5
33.0

8.1
10.9
9.8
11.6
6.9

24.9
32.9
25.4
29.9
26.1

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

190,915
17,566
24,954
221,108
135,054

183,532
16,692
24,172
209,718
128,628

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

2.3
2.1
0.9
1.6
1.2

2.5
2.8
2.6
2.7
2.7

5.2
4.0
4.3
5.0
5.9

0.4
0.2
0.1
0.3
0.2

33.2
43.9
36.5
42.7
37.3

10.1
9.0
9.2
12.1
13.2

23.1
34.9
27.3
30.6
24.1

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

59,195
51,023
154,040
115,913
42,178

55,966
49,095
148,082
109,929
40,526

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.8
1.2
0.8
1.6
0.7

2.6
2.5
2.0
2.3
2.2

4.4
5.6
3.9
4.4
3.6

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.4
0.1

41.3
38.0
36.5
30.2
41.2

15.1
13.0
10.5
13.3
9.3

26.1
25.0
26.1
16.9
31.9

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

86,697
148,621
232,598
84,806
105,321

82,220
141,695
220,259
80,682
101,401

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

2.8
2.0
1.0
1.1
1.1

3.1
2.4
2.5
2.6
2.4

4.6
3.1
4.7
3.0
5.2

0.5
0.2
0.3
0.2
0.3

35.0
45.8
42.2
48.8
34.7

10.3
8.5
10.8
13.5
10.9

24.8
37.3
31.3
35.3
23.8

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

150,598
20,165
31,596
37,280
27,461

144,901
19,524
30,083
36,499
26,495

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.3
0.9
1.1
2.0
0.7

2.3
2.4
2.6
2.6
2.5

5.5
3.2
4.7
4.2
3.1

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.3
0.1

33.9
33.0
34.8
30.5
42.8

11.1
9.4
12.1
4.9
8.1

22.7
23.6
22.7
25.7
34.7

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

153,847
38,481
417,561
232,965
11,616

145,494
37,131
395,285
225,009
10,967

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

2.2
1.5
2.6
1.6
0.7

3.2
2.1
2.7
2.6
2.5

3.9
4.2
3.9
5.4
3.1

0.3
0.2
0.3
0.3
0.2

37.6
31.0
34.1
31.5
41.1

8.7
7.9
9.2
11.2
17.0

28.9
23.1
24.8
20.3
24.1

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

245,551
80,391
68,454
276,179
28,013

231,473
77,394
66,404
259,602
26,798

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.0
1.2
1.4
1.4
1.3

2.2
2.5
2.7
2.7
2.5

4.5
5.2
4.1
4.8
3.8

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

46.6
32.6
36.7
34.8
43.3

13.7
10.3
9.3
11.2
10.0

32.9
22.3
27.4
23.7
33.3

(Continued)

46

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 11.
Percentage distribution, by diagnostic group and state or other area, December 2001—Continued
Diseases of the—
Nervous
system
and
sense
organs

Circulatory
system

9.8

9.6

3.1

1.3

1.6

0.2

21.7

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

8.7
11.7
10.3
9.7
10.3

11.2
7.5
8.2
12.0
7.8

3.4
2.7
3.0
3.7
2.1

1.3
1.6
1.5
1.4
1.5

1.7
1.2
1.5
1.3
1.8

0.3
0.3
0.2
0.3
0.2

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

13.2
10.0
10.0
10.5
8.2

6.2
8.1
9.4
8.6
10.9

3.4
2.7
3.2
2.1
3.2

1.5
1.2
1.2
0.8
1.6

1.3
1.3
2.1
4.0
1.5

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

8.3
8.8
11.2
10.5
10.8

10.9
10.7
7.6
9.4
10.3

3.5
2.0
3.2
3.0
4.0

1.3
1.1
1.3
1.1
1.4

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

11.3
11.1
7.5
9.0
8.9

7.7
8.2
10.1
12.0
8.3

3.3
3.4
4.2
2.5
3.0

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

11.1
9.6
10.0
11.5
8.3

11.0
7.1
9.3
6.7
12.5

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

9.8
12.4
12.3
10.3
10.8

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

State or area
All areas

a

Respiratory Digestive
system
system

Genitourinary
system

Skin and Musculoskeletal
subcutasystem and
neous
connective Congenital
tissue anomalies
tissue

Injuries

Other

0.3

4.3

2.4

25.6
22.0
23.1
28.9
21.8

0.2
0.3
0.2
0.3
0.3

4.9
5.5
4.8
5.0
4.5

2.4
1.9
2.1
1.9
1.4

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.4
0.4

25.3
17.5
22.4
14.2
20.7

0.4
0.3
0.3
0.1
0.3

5.3
3.3
4.1
2.6
5.4

2.4
3.2
1.6
1.5
3.9

2.0
2.8
1.1
1.8
1.4

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

21.4
15.7
23.8
16.2
18.4

0.2
0.2
0.3
0.3
0.2

4.1
4.4
5.4
3.7
3.6

4.5
1.2
1.7
1.6
2.4

1.2
1.2
1.1
1.1
1.1

1.2
1.5
0.9
1.9
0.7

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.3
0.3

19.9
19.2
25.4
26.0
24.1

0.3
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.3

4.0
4.9
3.7
4.6
4.2

1.5
2.6
3.3
3.6
1.2

3.1
2.5
2.9
2.1
3.1

1.3
1.4
1.1
1.1
1.1

2.6
0.9
1.5
1.2
1.7

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.3

18.1
19.6
19.3
16.0
20.2

0.4
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.2

4.2
3.6
3.7
4.3
4.1

1.9
1.4
1.3
1.1
4.9

9.7
6.8
8.9
10.3
8.0

3.9
3.6
3.3
3.9
3.0

1.4
1.2
1.2
1.8
1.3

1.3
1.1
1.5
1.4
0.8

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

23.1
26.4
21.9
25.0
21.0

0.3
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.2

4.8
5.8
5.3
4.7
4.2

2.4
2.5
1.7
2.6
1.2

10.9
11.0
9.3
8.4
12.1

10.5
6.8
9.5
11.7
8.4

2.9
3.0
2.9
3.6
2.7

1.5
1.6
1.2
1.4
1.0

1.9
1.6
1.5
1.8
1.1

0.3
0.3
0.2
0.3
0.2

19.1
28.5
25.5
22.5
20.2

0.3
0.3
0.3
0.2
0.5

3.9
5.8
3.9
3.9
5.2

1.7
2.1
2.4
4.9
1.1

9.0
10.3
12.7
10.5
9.2

8.5
10.9
7.6
10.4
8.2

3.0
3.9
2.7
3.0
2.9

1.0
1.3
1.5
1.4
1.4

1.3
1.4
1.2
1.4
0.9

0.1
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.3

15.4
24.6
22.0
22.6
20.6

0.3
0.2
0.3
0.3
0.2

3.1
4.5
5.4
4.4
3.5

3.9
0.9
1.4
1.8
2.0

(Continued)

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

47

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 11.
Percentage distribution, by diagnostic group and state or other area, December 2001—Continued

State or area

All
disabled
beneficiaries
(number)

Total with Total with Infectious
diagnosis diagnosis
and
available available parasitic
(number) (percent) diseases Neoplasms

Endocrine,
nutritional,
and
metabolic
diseases

Diseases
of blood
and
bloodforming
organs

Mental disorders

Total Retardation

Other

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

124,695
14,797
173,901
323,137
26,696

120,156
14,175
167,298
309,644
25,964

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.4
1.1
1.2
2.5
1.0

2.4
2.3
2.3
2.8
2.1

4.6
2.9
4.4
5.7
4.1

0.5
0.2
0.2
0.3
0.1

34.6
37.1
37.1
30.2
41.3

10.1
13.9
10.4
9.3
11.8

24.5
23.2
26.8
20.9
29.5

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

15,260
156,048
108,682
77,776
104,479
9,340

14,616
149,617
105,595
73,093
98,041
9,147

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.3
1.6
1.6
0.7
1.0
1.0

2.5
2.7
2.8
2.0
2.4
2.3

4.3
4.7
4.0
4.8
4.4
3.9

0.2
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.2

39.7
33.6
40.9
32.5
42.9
34.3

9.6
11.4
8.8
12.7
12.7
10.1

30.1
22.2
32.2
19.8
30.2
24.3

1,214
906

1,177
870

100.0
100.0

1.3

b

16.7

b

3.6

b

b

9.2
28.7

3.3
11.8

5.9
16.9

201
152,799
1,630

195
143,345
1,546

100.0
100.0
100.0

b

b

b

b

1.0
1.9

1.1
1.9

1.7
2.8

0.1
0.9

25.1
47.7
32.7

10.3
8.0
10.6

14.9
39.7
22.1

17,479

14,591

100.0

0.2

0.2

0.1

0.2

0.5

0.3

0.2

Outlying areas
American Samoa
Guam
Northern
Mariana
Islands
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands
Foreign countries

b

b

(Continued)

48

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 11.
Percentage distribution, by diagnostic group and state or other area, December 2001—Continued
Diseases of the—
Nervous
system
and
sense
organs

Circulatory
system

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

8.5
13.6
8.3
11.1
12.5

12.2
8.4
10.8
10.7
6.2

3.7
3.4
3.9
2.8
3.1

1.3
1.0
1.2
1.5
1.3

2.0
1.3
1.5
2.3
1.4

0.3
0.2
0.3
0.2
0.2

21.9
23.3
21.8
22.8
19.7

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

9.6
9.2
11.1
7.5
12.1
12.2

7.6
10.7
7.1
11.3
7.3
7.8

3.0
3.5
2.7
4.6
2.4
4.7

1.2
1.3
1.6
1.2
1.1
1.3

0.8
1.9
1.2
0.8
1.3
1.1

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

21.1
23.6
19.9
25.0
18.4
23.6

b

b

1.4

5.6

b

12.3
0.3

State or area

Respiratory Digestive
system
system

Genitourinary
system

Outlying areas
American Samoa
Guam
Northern
Mariana
Islands
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

9.9
13.2

10.2
13.5

2.7
3.3

16.4
8.8
13.8

15.4
6.5
11.5

b

b

b

2.2

0.7

b

b

0.9
2.9

Foreign countries

11.2

10.6

1.6

0.9

0.8

b

Skin and Musculoskeletal
subcutasystem and
neous
connective Congenital
tissue anomalies
tissue

b

Injuries

Other

0.2
0.4
0.2
0.2
0.4

4.4
3.7
3.8
4.8
4.3

2.1
1.2
3.1
2.1
2.4

0.4
0.3
0.3
0.2
0.4
0.3

4.4
4.1
4.4
5.0
4.1
5.6

3.5
2.3
2.0
4.1
1.9
1.6

37.0

b

b

b

b

6.1

2.6
2.4

b

b

b

b

0.2
b

4.0
5.4

0.7

b

24.3
22.9

0.2

23.1

0.6

5.3

1.3

b

SOURCE: Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file.
a. Includes beneficiaries with unknown state code.
b. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Cece Chin (410) 965-5366 for further information.

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

49

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 12.
Total monthly benefits, by state or other area, December 2001 (in thousands of dollars)
State or area

Total

Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult children

4,796,024

4,290,449

109,622

395,956

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

113,020
6,680
83,478
68,151
413,756

101,844
6,208
77,418
62,271
372,513

3,105
126
1,595
1,757
7,697

8,071
346
4,465
4,122
33,549

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

54,488
53,963
14,379
6,961
286,435

50,381
47,493
13,025
6,185
263,683

997
841
266
141
5,681

3,111
5,628
1,088
635
17,069

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

143,879
13,905
18,988
175,754
105,851

130,784
12,431
17,272
153,048
93,351

3,357
254
397
4,307
2,676

9,740
1,220
1,318
18,399
9,823

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

44,054
38,427
117,167
87,445
30,180

38,281
34,222
105,820
75,750
27,372

945
788
3,624
3,116
600

4,829
3,417
7,724
8,579
2,208

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

69,326
114,581
192,545
64,512
75,302

61,844
102,842
168,056
57,152
68,145

1,346
1,826
4,824
985
2,103

6,136
9,913
19,664
6,375
5,054

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

114,429
15,385
23,146
31,188
21,674

103,150
13,908
20,458
29,330
19,830

2,768
326
431
566
350

8,511
1,150
2,257
1,292
1,495

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

128,008
29,024
339,519
173,852
8,251

113,944
26,415
300,392
159,224
7,024

2,246
644
6,713
3,570
153

11,818
1,964
32,413
11,058
1,074

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

188,789
60,892
53,595
216,019
21,113

162,979
54,669
48,590
188,548
19,135

5,679
1,636
1,073
5,477
346

20,130
4,587
3,932
21,993
1,632

All areas

a

(Continued)

50

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 12.
Total monthly benefits, by state or other area, December 2001 (in thousands of dollars)—Continued
State or area

Total

Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult children

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

94,239
10,394
128,372
245,998
20,462

85,649
9,151
115,913
219,475
18,294

2,199
199
3,595
6,661
390

6,391
1,044
8,864
19,859
1,777

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

11,186
120,982
86,176
62,433
80,492
7,335

10,001
109,470
78,146
55,289
70,080
6,692

231
2,892
1,667
2,137
1,444
149

954
8,621
6,363
5,008
8,968
494

Outlying areas
American Samoa
Guam
Northern Mariana Islands
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

717
607
90
96,393
1,186

657
550
74
86,571
1,040

24
13
4
2,206
27

36
44
13
7,617
118

Foreign countries

10,829

8,405

447

1,978

SOURCE: Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file.
NOTES: Unnegotiated checks not deducted.
Excludes lump-sum death payments.
a. Includes beneficiaries with unknown state code.
CONTACT: Cece Chin (410) 965-5366 for further information.

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

51

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 13.
Percentage distribution of disabled workers, by monthly benefit and state or other area,
December 2001
Monthly benefit
(dollars)

Percentage distribution by dollar amount of benefit
State or area
All areas

a

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

Number

Total

Less than
400.00

400.00–
599.90

600.00–
799.90

800.00–
999.90

1,000.00–
1,199.90

1,200.00
or more

Average

Median

5,268,039

100.0

8.4

21.8

24.2

17.4

12.0

16.2

814.40

762.80

129,615
7,671
91,578
80,410
448,238

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

8.5
9.8
7.0
8.4
9.0

23.5
22.9
19.7
23.4
20.9

26.3
22.8
23.5
26.8
22.2

17.4
16.6
18.1
19.2
16.9

11.1
10.8
13.3
11.4
12.3

13.2
17.2
18.4
10.9
18.7

785.70
809.30
845.40
774.40
831.10

729.00
741.00
797.00
731.40
778.00

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of
Columbia
Florida

62,225
56,087
15,540

100.0
100.0
100.0

8.0
6.5
7.7

22.6
20.0
20.3

24.2
24.3
23.9

17.4
18.1
17.1

12.3
12.5
12.8

15.5
18.6
18.4

809.70
846.80
838.20

755.00
792.00
783.00

8,417
324,090

100.0
100.0

9.6
7.7

26.7
22.0

28.4
24.7

17.7
17.8

9.2
12.1

8.4
15.7

734.90
813.60

683.00
759.00

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

164,223
14,844
21,838
182,061
113,500

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

7.5
7.2
9.9
7.8
8.5

22.0
20.7
23.8
20.5
21.5

26.9
23.5
22.9
22.6
23.0

19.0
17.9
16.8
17.6
17.6

11.7
13.3
11.9
12.7
12.2

12.9
17.5
14.8
18.9
17.2

796.40
837.50
790.90
840.60
822.50

747.00
787.00
736.00
790.00
770.00

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

48,883
43,490
131,186
92,768
36,673

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

10.1
9.4
9.8
9.6
10.2

23.8
23.5
22.4
21.6
25.6

23.6
24.2
22.9
22.7
26.8

16.7
17.5
16.5
15.9
17.8

11.9
12.1
11.8
12.3
9.9

14.0
13.4
16.7
17.8
9.8

783.10
786.90
806.60
816.60
746.40

726.00
735.00
751.00
760.00
697.00

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

73,549
127,431
192,024
71,539
89,514

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

7.2
7.2
8.2
8.9
8.7

20.1
22.8
19.1
23.3
24.8

23.5
26.0
20.2
24.3
28.1

18.7
17.8
15.7
16.9
17.3

12.6
11.4
13.0
11.2
10.5

18.0
14.9
23.8
15.4
10.7

840.90
807.00
875.20
798.90
761.30

793.00
748.00
829.00
738.00
707.00

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

129,371
17,420
26,611
34,042
24,167

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

8.9
8.9
9.6
6.0
6.5

22.8
23.4
24.9
19.1
20.6

24.5
22.9
24.8
23.7
26.3

17.4
17.3
17.4
18.3
19.3

11.7
12.7
11.7
13.1
12.4

14.7
14.8
11.5
19.9
15.0

797.30
798.40
768.80
861.60
820.60

742.00
747.00
714.00
810.00
770.00

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

130,032
33,238
349,196
202,616
9,263

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

6.1
8.8
7.6
7.4
10.9

19.0
22.5
19.8
21.9
25.4

22.7
24.6
22.1
28.0
24.6

17.5
18.4
16.9
20.0
16.3

12.8
11.9
12.5
11.4
11.2

21.9
13.8
21.2
11.3
11.7

876.30
794.70
860.20
785.80
758.30

823.00
746.00
806.00
743.00
699.00

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

200,768
68,375
59,795
228,076
24,320

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

10.1
9.4
9.0
8.6
7.8

22.3
22.1
22.4
20.5
23.6

21.7
23.1
22.8
23.0
26.8

16.0
18.0
16.7
17.3
17.6

12.3
13.2
12.2
13.1
11.3

17.6
14.4
16.8
17.4
12.9

811.80
799.60
812.60
826.70
786.80

756.00
756.00
757.00
778.00
729.00
(Continued)

52

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 13.
Percentage distribution of disabled workers, by monthly benefit and state or other area,
December 2001—Continued
Monthly benefit
(dollars)

Percentage distribution by dollar amount of benefit
State or area

Number

Total

Less than
400.00

400.00–
599.90

600.00–
799.90

800.00–
999.90

1,000.00–
1,199.90

1,200.00
or more

Average

Median

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

106,988
12,311
148,698
271,977
22,845

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

7.0
11.7
8.2
8.7
10.0

20.7
26.2
23.6
21.7
23.9

27.4
24.4
27.0
24.3
22.5

20.4
16.5
18.2
18.0
15.4

12.3
10.9
11.1
12.3
11.3

12.2
10.3
12.0
15.1
17.0

800.60
743.30
779.50
807.00
800.80

759.00
689.00
729.00
758.00
736.00

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

12,994
133,678
94,915
64,254
86,342
8,215

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

9.2
7.9
8.7
9.5
9.1
9.0

23.9
20.9
22.0
18.5
22.4
23.1

26.1
24.9
22.8
20.1
23.0
22.3

18.7
18.0
16.4
16.1
16.6
16.0

11.2
12.3
12.0
13.4
12.4
12.2

11.0
16.1
18.1
22.4
16.6
17.5

769.70
818.90
823.30
860.50
811.70
814.70

723.00
768.00
765.00
821.00
756.00
750.00

1,065
756

100.0
100.0

20.3
13.4

32.3
24.6

25.5
24.9

13.6
18.3

5.5
10.1

2.8
8.9

616.70
727.90

583.00
692.50

147
125,163

100.0
100.0

32.7
8.0

40.8
30.9

18.4
34.3

5.4
15.4

2.0
7.0

0.7
4.4

501.40
691.70

500.00
650.00

1,314

100.0

7.6

20.0

29.5

19.3

11.6

12.0

791.60

745.00

11,654

100.0

18.6

20.2

21.9

17.3

11.2

10.9

721.20

701.00

Outlying areas
American
Samoa
Guam
Northern
Mariana
Islands
Puerto Rico
Virgin
Islands
Foreign countries

SOURCE: Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file.
a. Includes beneficiaries with unknown state code.
CONTACT: Cece Chin (410) 965-5366 for further information.

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

53

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 14.
Percentage distribution of disabled widow(er)s, by monthly benefit and state or other area,
December 2001
Monthly benefit
(dollars)

Percentage distribution by dollar amount of benefit

Number

Total

Less
than
200.00

204,255

100.0

10.5

9.9

13.2

14.2

13.0

11.0

9.3

7.6

11.4

536.70

519.60

6,192
218
2,862
3,623
13,300

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

12.0
9.2
8.9
13.1
8.0

11.5
8.7
10.3
12.4
8.4

13.8
10.1
12.5
14.2
12.3

14.9
11.9
13.1
15.1
13.9

14.0
15.6
12.4
14.0
12.3

11.1
11.0
10.8
10.5
10.9

9.3
7.8
10.5
8.3
10.0

5.4
9.6
8.4
5.4
8.9

7.8
16.1
13.1
7.1
15.4

501.50
576.40
557.30
485.10
578.70

483.00
550.50
537.50
469.00
559.00

1,793
1,591
504

100.0
100.0
100.0

8.6
9.6
13.5

9.2
9.4
9.5

12.6
15.5
11.5

14.5
16.6
13.9

13.3
12.5
12.9

11.6
10.1
10.1

10.4
8.7
8.1

8.0
6.1
9.9

11.9
11.6
10.5

555.90
528.70
528.20

541.00
495.00
515.00

290
10,987

100.0
100.0

11.0
11.8

12.1
10.5

14.8
14.0

17.6
14.1

16.9
13.3

10.0
10.9

6.9
8.8

4.1
6.7

6.6
9.8

485.50
517.00

467.50
496.00

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

7,077
448
702
7,528
4,719

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

15.0
7.1
7.7
8.4
9.0

12.0
9.6
10.0
8.5
9.1

14.6
13.4
12.0
12.9
11.9

15.5
13.6
12.3
12.9
12.5

13.5
12.3
13.5
12.6
13.5

9.3
13.2
12.8
11.0
11.1

8.0
8.3
10.7
10.0
10.2

5.2
9.2
9.5
9.2
8.9

6.9
13.4
11.5
14.5
14.0

474.30
566.80
565.90
572.20
567.20

454.00
548.00
564.00
557.50
559.00

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

1,739
1,451
6,762
5,561
1,167

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

9.1
10.0
9.9
8.1
11.7

10.0
9.4
9.2
8.1
10.5

11.0
12.4
13.6
13.3
14.0

15.0
13.2
14.6
14.5
14.0

14.8
14.2
13.6
14.1
13.3

11.7
12.2
11.4
10.7
11.1

9.3
9.8
9.9
10.4
9.9

8.4
8.6
7.7
8.5
7.4

10.6
10.3
10.2
12.3
8.1

543.30
543.00
535.90
560.40
514.00

533.00
534.00
518.00
542.00
499.00

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

2,365
3,405
7,974
1,825
4,378

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

9.3
9.6
7.6
9.7
13.3

8.5
9.8
7.3
10.2
11.7

11.0
14.1
10.6
13.4
15.7

13.2
16.1
12.9
13.6
16.0

13.5
11.9
12.0
13.6
13.3

12.0
11.5
10.9
10.2
10.3

9.7
8.5
9.9
10.3
7.3

9.4
7.4
10.1
7.0
5.5

13.6
11.2
18.7
12.0
6.9

569.00
536.30
605.00
539.80
480.40

558.00
503.00
597.00
519.00
456.00

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

5,333
619
824
1,023
681

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

11.7
9.2
11.5
9.8
12.0

11.1
10.3
10.7
9.3
13.8

13.2
13.6
13.4
13.3
12.0

14.9
17.1
14.3
13.8
12.3

11.9
11.8
10.4
11.1
12.2

10.6
11.6
12.1
11.5
11.9

9.0
11.0
10.6
9.6
10.1

7.7
6.1
7.9
8.1
5.6

9.8
9.2
9.1
13.5
10.0

519.00
527.00
523.40
553.00
513.30

492.00
493.00
501.00
538.00
493.00

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

4,114
1,192
12,251
7,944
284

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

11.6
8.3
10.2
18.3
9.2

9.0
10.2
9.0
13.4
8.5

13.7
14.2
12.9
14.5
14.8

13.3
14.5
14.4
14.5
13.7

12.4
14.2
12.2
12.3
15.9

10.2
10.6
11.6
9.7
9.2

7.7
9.4
9.4
6.7
9.9

7.4
8.3
7.4
4.5
11.6

14.7
10.4
13.0
6.0
7.4

545.90
540.20
548.00
449.50
537.90

520.00
519.00
525.00
427.00
515.00

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

9,587
3,100
1,865
9,544
686

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

7.5
10.4
8.5
8.3
13.1

7.4
10.3
8.0
8.5
10.9

11.6
13.7
12.4
11.3
14.7

12.6
14.5
12.4
13.2
15.2

12.1
12.8
12.2
13.1
10.6

11.3
11.0
12.4
11.5
9.5

11.5
9.8
10.7
11.1
10.1

10.7
7.9
9.6
10.0
7.9

15.4
9.7
13.9
13.1
8.0

592.30
527.90
575.40
573.90
505.10

590.00
510.00
574.00
568.00
472.50

State or area
All areas a
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of
Columbia
Florida

200.00–
299.90

300.00–
399.90

400.00–
499.90

500.00–
599.90

600.00–
699.90

700.00–
799.90

800.00–
899.90

900.00
or more

Average

Median

(Continued)

54

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 14.
Percentage distribution of disabled widow(er)s, by monthly benefit and state or other area,
December 2001—Continued
Monthly benefit
(dollars)

Percentage distribution by dollar amount of benefit

State or area
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming
Outlying areas
American
Samoa
Guam
Northern
Mariana
Islands
Puerto Rico
Virgin
Islands
Foreign countries

Number

Total

Less
than
200.00

4,788
396
7,248
12,326
687

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

17.3
13.4
13.2
9.7
7.3

12.5
13.6
11.3
9.8
8.7

14.9
12.4
13.5
13.1
13.3

13.6
14.9
15.1
14.1
16.2

13.5
12.9
13.5
13.8
12.8

10.3
9.1
10.7
11.3
11.2

7.0
8.8
8.9
9.3
7.3

4.8
4.6
6.1
8.0
8.3

6.2
10.4
7.7
10.9
15.0

459.30
502.00
496.00
540.40
568.10

439.00
478.50
480.00
523.00
537.00

457
5,520
2,847
3,571
2,616
263

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

9.9
11.6
6.7
5.5
9.7
6.5

11.8
10.1
8.6
6.9
8.9
11.0

14.7
13.8
12.5
11.5
12.4
12.2

14.0
14.1
13.0
13.0
13.5
17.1

15.1
13.1
11.8
13.9
13.6
10.7

13.1
11.1
12.8
13.8
11.9
10.7

8.3
8.4
10.4
10.9
9.1
9.1

6.1
7.0
8.5
10.2
8.7
7.2

7.0
10.7
15.7
14.4
12.2
15.6

505.20
523.90
585.40
598.40
551.90
565.10

496.00
503.00
581.00
597.00
541.00
531.00

51

100.0
100.0

7.8

13.7
7.4

15.7
22.2

b

11.8

7.8

13.7
3.7

b

b

25.9

7.4

b

473.50
495.00

454.00
430.00

25.0
15.5

50.0
19.3

b

b

b

18.4

13.3

8.9

12.5
6.4

b

12.1

3.1

12.5
3.2

457.60
437.60

343.00
413.40

4.1

6.1

10.2

18.4

22.5

14.3

10.2

10.2

4.1

557.90

537.00

8.5

6.5

15.2

17.2

15.6

12.8

10.9

5.4

7.9

529.00

517.00

b

b

5,041
49
845

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

b

b

200.00–
299.90

300.00–
399.90

400.00–
499.90

500.00–
599.90

600.00–
699.90

700.00–
799.90

800.00–
899.90

900.00
or more

Average

Median

b

b

SOURCE: Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file.
a. Includes beneficiaries with unknown state code.
b. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Cece Chin (410) 965-5366 for further information.

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

55

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 15.
Percentage distribution of disabled adult children, by monthly benefit and state or other area,
December 2001
Monthly benefit
(dollars)

Percentage distribution by dollar amount of benefit

State or area
All areas a
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

Number

Total

Less
than
200.00

736,553

100.0

6.6

6.9

16.5

15.8

15.1

15.9

9.7

6.4

7.1

537.60

528.70

16,606
661
8,051
8,680
60,302

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

8.1
8.9
6.6
8.8
6.3

8.9
8.0
7.0
8.6
6.6

22.0
18.0
13.3
22.8
13.9

17.5
15.0
15.5
18.6
15.2

14.4
13.8
14.8
14.8
14.9

12.4
14.1
17.3
11.8
17.4

7.9
8.0
9.7
7.0
10.6

4.5
5.6
7.2
3.8
6.7

4.4
8.6
8.5
3.8
8.4

486.00
524.20
554.60
474.90
556.40

460.00
500.00
553.00
453.00
553.00

200.00–
299.90

300.00–
399.90

400.00–
499.90

500.00–
599.90

600.00–
699.90

700.00–
799.90

800.00–
899.90

900.00
or more

Average

Median

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of
Columbia
Florida

5,677
9,404
1,876

100.0
100.0
100.0

6.7
4.7
3.6

6.7
4.7
4.6

14.6
10.9
12.7

15.6
12.5
16.5

15.0
15.5
16.2

16.5
20.7
19.4

10.3
12.4
10.5

7.1
8.5
8.2

7.6
10.2
8.4

548.00
598.50
579.80

542.00
611.00
580.00

1,337
31,757

100.0
100.0

9.4
6.8

8.6
6.9

23.1
15.0

18.3
16.7

13.9
15.8

12.4
16.1

6.7
9.8

3.4
6.2

4.2
6.8

474.70
537.50

453.00
527.00

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

19,615
2,274
2,414
31,519
16,835

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

6.9
5.3
5.8
4.7
4.2

8.0
7.1
5.9
5.5
4.6

21.8
16.3
14.4
13.2
12.7

18.2
15.6
17.6
13.9
14.3

15.4
18.4
16.6
15.0
16.4

12.4
15.8
16.9
18.2
19.1

7.8
10.3
10.4
11.5
11.8

4.6
5.4
5.3
8.2
8.2

4.8
5.9
7.2
10.0
8.7

496.50
536.50
546.00
583.70
583.50

471.00
533.00
537.50
585.00
586.00

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

8,573
6,082
16,092
17,584
4,338

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

4.5
5.2
9.3
9.6
8.2

4.9
5.2
9.7
9.7
6.4

14.0
14.2
22.1
20.9
16.4

17.5
15.7
16.8
16.6
19.2

16.8
16.2
13.4
13.3
16.7

17.1
17.9
12.2
12.0
15.0

11.0
11.2
7.3
7.2
9.2

6.8
7.0
4.5
5.0
4.4

7.4
7.5
4.9
5.8
4.6

563.20
561.90
480.00
487.90
509.00

556.00
557.00
450.00
458.00
498.00

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

10,783
17,785
32,600
11,442
11,429

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

4.5
6.1
4.3
4.9
10.8

5.3
6.2
4.4
5.2
11.7

14.8
14.3
10.3
15.4
25.5

15.7
14.9
13.6
16.3
17.3

16.0
15.6
15.1
16.0
13.6

17.0
16.6
19.6
17.2
9.3

10.5
11.4
12.9
10.7
5.4

7.3
6.9
9.4
6.9
3.3

9.0
8.1
10.4
7.3
3.1

569.00
557.40
603.20
557.20
442.20

559.00
554.00
614.00
553.00
410.00

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

15,894
2,126
4,161
2,215
2,613

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

6.6
4.9
4.8
5.2
5.1

6.2
5.9
5.8
5.2
4.3

17.1
15.9
16.3
12.8
13.4

16.1
18.0
18.5
13.6
15.2

15.8
16.3
16.4
16.8
16.5

15.4
16.8
16.4
16.7
18.0

10.0
10.1
8.9
11.0
12.5

6.1
6.9
6.1
8.0
7.4

6.8
5.3
6.8
10.7
7.8

535.50
541.00
542.40
583.50
572.00

524.00
534.00
527.00
580.00
569.00

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

19,701
4,051
56,114
22,405
2,069

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

4.2
10.1
4.9
6.5
5.3

4.8
9.5
5.1
7.9
7.1

11.4
19.2
13.3
22.6
18.8

13.3
17.1
14.3
18.9
18.6

15.6
14.8
15.7
15.2
16.9

18.7
12.3
18.5
12.7
14.8

12.6
7.4
11.6
7.5
8.0

8.6
4.6
7.7
4.3
4.8

10.7
4.9
8.9
4.5
5.7

599.90
484.90
577.60
493.50
519.10

604.00
462.00
579.00
468.00
500.00

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

35,196
8,916
6,794
38,559
3,007

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

5.2
6.6
4.8
5.0
7.0

5.5
7.1
5.1
4.9
6.5

13.2
19.2
12.3
12.8
14.9

15.0
17.9
14.8
15.5
14.6

15.1
15.3
15.6
16.5
17.5

17.9
14.9
19.2
18.8
15.8

11.4
8.4
11.7
11.0
10.3

8.2
5.3
8.3
7.7
6.6

8.5
5.3
8.3
7.8
6.8

572.00
514.40
578.80
570.40
542.60

573.00
495.00
585.00
572.00
543.00

(Continued)

56

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 15.
Percentage distribution of disabled adult children, by monthly benefit and state or other area,
December 2001—Continued
Monthly benefit
(dollars)

Percentage distribution by dollar amount of benefit

Number

Total

Less
than
200.00

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

12,919
2,090
17,955
38,834
3,164

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

6.4
7.4
7.4
7.9
5.5

8.0
6.3
8.0
8.1
6.2

21.9
20.8
22.4
19.0
12.6

19.0
19.8
17.4
17.1
16.3

15.5
15.9
15.2
14.3
15.9

13.0
13.4
12.7
13.4
18.4

7.6
7.2
7.7
8.2
10.3

4.4
4.6
4.7
5.5
6.7

4.3
4.6
4.6
6.5
8.1

494.70
499.70
493.70
511.40
561.70

470.00
480.00
468.00
485.00
559.50

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

1,809
16,850
10,920
9,951
15,521
862

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

5.5
6.5
4.6
7.9
4.2
4.8

6.0
7.4
5.6
8.0
4.7
5.3

16.7
20.2
12.3
18.9
12.8
12.0

18.5
17.3
14.5
17.0
15.3
17.9

17.5
15.7
15.4
15.3
16.1
16.9

16.1
13.6
18.0
14.8
20.1
15.9

9.8
8.6
12.0
8.1
11.2
10.1

5.1
5.4
8.2
5.0
7.8
7.8

4.8
5.3
9.4
5.0
7.9
9.4

527.50
511.60
582.70
503.20
577.80
572.80

516.00
491.00
584.00
485.00
583.00
559.00

98
123

100.0
100.0

17.4
24.4

19.4
17.9

26.5
25.2

18.4
13.8

9.2
7.3

5.1
5.7

1.0

1.0
3.3

2.0

366.80
354.10

365.00
335.00

46
22,595
267

100.0
100.0
100.0

47.8
20.0
10.9

17.4
18.3
10.5

13.0
33.1
22.9

8.7
13.9
21.0

6.5
7.1
15.4

2.2
4.1
10.9

2.2
0.9
2.3

b

1.8
3.4

0.7
3.0

276.70
337.10
442.10

216.00
326.00
428.00

4,980

100.0

18.3

14.8

22.2

14.8

11.2

10.2

4.0

2.0

2.6

397.20

372.00

State or area

Outlying areas
American
Samoa
Guam
Northern
Mariana
Islands
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands
Foreign countries

200.00–
299.90

300.00–
399.90

400.00–
499.90

500.00–
599.90

600.00–
699.90

700.00–
799.90

800.00–
899.90

900.00
or more

Average

Median

b

b

b

SOURCE: Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file.
a. Includes beneficiaries with unknown state code.
b. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Cece Chin (410) 965-5366 for further information.

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

57

Disabled Workers
Table 16.
Percentage distribution, by age and sex, December 1960–2001, selected years
Year

Number
(thousands)

Average
age

Percentage distribution
Total Under 30

30–34

35–39 a

40–44

45–49

50–54

55–59

60–64

All disabled workers
1996
1997
1998
1999

4,400
4,521
4,712
4,879

50.0
50.3
50.5
50.6

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

3.6
3.3
3.0
2.8

5.6
5.2
4.8
4.4

9.0
8.6
8.3
8.0

11.6
11.6
11.6
11.5

13.8
13.7
13.8
14.0

15.5
16.1
16.5
17.0

18.6
19.2
19.7
20.0

22.4
22.4
22.3
22.3

2000
2001

5,042
5,268

50.8
50.9

100.0
100.0

2.7
2.8

4.1
4.0

7.6
7.2

11.4
11.1

14.1
14.1

17.6
17.7

20.3
20.7

22.3
22.4

a

3.3
7.5
6.8
7.5

3.0
7.6
6.9
6.2

4.9
10.4
10.9
9.7

16.6
15.4
15.2
15.8

26.7
24.7
23.2
23.2

44.9
33.3
33.7
33.0

Men
1960
1965
1970
1975

356
734
1,069
1,711

57.3
54.4
53.9
53.5

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.5
1.0
3.3
4.6

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

1,928

52.9

100.0

4.1

a

9.6

6.0

8.9

14.3

24.0

33.1

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

1,746
1,731
1,748

53.2
52.9
52.5

100.0
100.0
100.0

4.0
4.2
4.4

a

9.7
10.4
11.3

5.8
6.3
6.8

7.8
8.0
8.3

13.6
13.0
12.8

23.6
23.1
22.2

35.5
35.0
34.2

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

1,785
1,827
1,857
1,869
1,906

51.9
51.4
51.1
50.9
50.7

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

4.6
4.9
4.8
4.7
4.5

a

12.3
13.3
13.8
14.3
14.7

7.3
7.9
8.5
9.0
9.6

8.6
8.9
9.4
9.8
10.3

12.9
12.7
12.5
12.7
12.7

21.4
20.7
20.1
19.6
19.4

32.9
31.5
30.8
29.9
28.8

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

1,965
2,066
2,221
2,358
2,476

50.4
50.1
49.9
49.6
49.6

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

4.5
4.5
4.6
4.6
4.3

a

15.2
15.6
16.0
16.2
16.1

10.3
10.7
11.0
11.2
11.4

10.7
11.2
12.0
12.3
12.8

12.7
13.0
13.4
13.9
14.2

19.1
18.6
18.0
17.9
17.8

27.5
26.4
25.0
23.9
23.4

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

2,573
2,653
2,674
2,746
2,801

49.7
50.0
50.3
50.5
50.7

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

4.0
3.7
3.3
3.1
2.8

a

5.7
5.2
4.8
4.5

15.5
9.2
8.8
8.4
8.1

11.5
11.6
11.6
11.6
11.6

13.4
13.7
13.6
13.7
13.8

14.5
15.0
15.7
16.1
16.7

18.0
18.3
18.9
19.4
19.7

23.2
22.9
23.0
23.0
22.9

2000
2001

2,856
2,948

50.8
51.0

100.0
100.0

2.8
2.9

4.2
4.0

7.6
7.2

11.4
11.2

13.9
14.0

17.3
17.5

20.0
20.5

22.8
23.0

a
a
a

a
a

a
a
a
a

a
a
a
a

(Continued)

58

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

Disabled Workers
Table 16.
Percentage distribution, by age and sex, December 1960–2001, selected years—Continued
Year

Number
(thousands)

Average
age

Percentage distribution
Total Under 30

30–34

35–39 a

40–44

45–49

50–54

55–59

60–64

3.2
5.4
5.1
6.1

3.2
6.3
5.6
5.3

5.3
9.8
10.1
9.0

19.4
16.2
15.9
16.3

31.4
27.3
26.0
25.5

37.2
34.3
35.3
34.5

Women
a

1960
1965
1970
1975

99
254
424
778

56.7
55.2
55.0
54.4

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.3
0.6
1.9
3.3

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

931

53.7

100.0

3.4

a

8.2

5.3

8.2

14.4

25.4

35.0

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

858
838
849

53.9
53.6
53.2

100.0
100.0
100.0

3.3
3.5
3.7

a

8.5
9.3
10.2

5.1
5.7
6.3

7.2
7.5
7.8

13.7
12.9
12.8

25.2
24.3
23.2

37.0
36.8
36.0

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

872
902
929
952
989

52.6
52.0
51.7
51.4
51.1

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

3.8
4.1
4.2
4.0
4.0

a

11.2
12.1
12.7
13.1
13.5

6.9
7.6
8.2
8.7
9.2

8.3
8.8
9.4
9.9
10.6

12.9
12.9
12.9
13.2
13.4

22.3
21.6
20.9
20.6
20.1

34.6
32.9
31.7
30.5
29.2

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

1,046
1,133
1,252
1,371
1,491

50.8
50.5
50.1
49.9
49.9

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

3.9
4.0
4.3
4.3
4.1

a

14.0
14.3
14.6
14.9
14.8

9.8
10.3
10.7
11.0
11.2

11.1
11.6
12.2
12.6
13.1

13.4
13.8
14.3
14.8
15.3

19.9
19.4
18.8
18.9
18.7

27.9
26.5
25.0
23.5
22.8

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

1,614
1,747
1,847
1,967
2,078

49.9
50.1
50.3
50.4
50.6

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

3.8
3.5
3.2
2.9
2.7

5.4
5.0
4.7
4.3

14.5
8.7
8.4
8.2
7.9

11.5
11.6
11.6
11.5
11.5

13.6
13.9
13.9
14.0
14.2

15.7
16.2
16.7
17.1
17.5

18.8
19.1
19.7
20.1
20.5

22.2
21.7
21.5
21.5
21.4

2000
2001

2,186
2,320

50.8
50.9

100.0
100.0

2.7
2.8

4.1
4.0

7.5
7.1

11.3
11.1

14.3
14.3

17.9
18.0

20.7
21.1

21.6
21.7

a
a
a

a
a

a
a
a
a

a
a
a
a
a

SOURCES: Annual Statistical Supplement to the Social Security Bulletin, Table 5.D4 for 1960–1995 data; 1988 and 1990–1995 data are
based on a 10 percent sample; Social Security Disabled Beneficiaries 100 percent file for 1996–2000 data; Disabled Beneficiaries and
Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file for 2001 data.
NOTE: Combined data for men and women are not available prior to 1996.
a. Ages 30–34 and 35–39 grouped together in the 35–39 column before 1996.
b. Not available.
CONTACT: Cece Chin (410) 965-5366 for further information.

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

59

Disabled Workers
Table 17.
Number, average primary insurance amount, and average monthly benefit, by sex and age,
December 2001
Total

Age
All disabled workers
Under 25
25–29
30–34
35–39
40–44
45–49
50–54
55–59
60 or older

Men

Number

Average
PIA
(dollars)

Average
monthly
benefit
(dollars)

5,268,039

820.00

44,430
104,777
209,205
377,233
585,962
744,487
932,419
1,093,572
1,175,954

432.50
530.90
611.70
678.20
744.80
804.80
857.80
889.80
895.10

Women

Number

Average
PIA
(dollars)

Average
monthly
benefit
(dollars)

Number

Average
PIA
(dollars)

Average
monthly
benefit
(dollars)

814.40

2,947,820

922.40

913.70

2,320,219

689.90

688.30

442.20
535.40
613.00
675.20
738.90
797.40
850.00
882.50
890.80

26,375
59,072
116,676
211,443
329,274
412,156
515,651
603,637
673,536

443.50
545.10
626.10
699.40
787.70
876.80
963.20
1,037.20
1,055.00

452.50
547.90
624.40
693.10
777.80
865.50
952.00
1,026.90
1,048.30

18,055
45,705
92,529
165,790
256,688
332,331
416,768
489,935
502,418

416.30
512.60
593.60
651.10
689.70
715.50
727.20
708.20
680.80

427.20
519.40
598.70
652.40
689.10
713.00
723.70
704.50
679.60

SOURCE: Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file.
NOTES: The average monthly benefit includes secondary benefit amounts for some beneficiaries who are dually entitled. This results in the
average monthly benefit being larger than the average PIA for some age groups.
PIA = primary insurance amount.
CONTACT: Cece Chin (410) 965-5366 for further information.

60

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

Disabled Workers
Table 18.
Distribution of workers with a secondary benefit (dual entitlement), by worker’s smaller primary insurance
amount and sex, December 2001
Total

Men

Women

Primary insurance amount (dollars)

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

All disabled workers

165,349

100.0

38,415

100.0

126,934

100.0

Less than 300.00
300.00–399.90
400.00–499.90

28,962
26,824
32,326

17.5
16.2
19.6

9,242
9,497
8,824

24.1
24.7
23.0

19,720
17,327
23,502

15.5
13.7
18.5

500.00–599.90
600.00–699.90
700.00–799.90
800.00–899.90
900.00–999.90

33,795
19,759
11,228
6,133
3,284

20.4
12.0
6.8
3.7
2.0

6,208
2,384
1,028
537
289

16.2
6.2
2.7
1.4
0.8

27,587
17,375
10,200
5,596
2,995

21.7
13.7
8.0
4.4
2.4

1,588
1,450

1.0
0.9

178
228

0.5
0.6

1,410
1,222

1.1
1.0

1,000.00–1,099.90
1,100.00 or more
Average benefit (dollars)

494.80

421.90

516.90

SOURCE: Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file.
CONTACT: Cece Chin (410) 965-5366 for further information.

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

61

Disabled Workers
Table 19.
Distribution of workers with a secondary benefit (dual entitlement), by type of secondary benefit and sex,
December 2001
Total
Type of secondary benefit

Men

Women

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

a

165,349

100.0

38,415

100.0

126,934

100.0

Spouses
Widow(er)s
Disabled widow(er)s
Surviving mothers and fathers
Disabled adult children

17,734
21,648
65,855
1,877
58,232

10.7
13.1
39.8
1.1
35.2

121
501
1,712
66
36,015

0.3
1.3
4.5
0.2
93.8

17,613
21,147
64,143
1,811
22,217

13.9
16.7
50.5
1.4
17.5

All disabled workers

SOURCE: Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file.
a. Includes a few individuals who are receiving parents benefits.
CONTACT: Cece Chin (410) 965-5366 for further information.

62

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

Disabled Workers
Table 20.
Number, by age, sex, and state or other area, December 2001
State or area

Total

Under 25

25–34

35–44

45–54

55–64

All disabled workers
All areas

a

5,268,039

44,430

313,982

963,195

1,676,906

2,269,526

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

129,615
7,671
91,578
80,410
448,238

847
110
855
570
2,582

7,127
650
5,482
4,181
25,301

22,866
1,639
16,514
13,271
83,631

42,991
2,524
29,514
25,351
145,254

55,784
2,748
39,213
37,037
191,470

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

62,225
56,087
15,540
8,417
324,090

531
577
136
76
2,352

3,690
3,942
993
539
17,339

12,282
11,751
3,112
1,811
58,573

21,231
17,028
5,000
2,790
101,531

24,491
22,789
6,299
3,201
144,295

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

164,223
14,844
21,838
182,061
113,500

1,148
91
272
2,202
1,248

8,796
935
1,515
12,539
7,678

28,750
2,825
3,929
34,699
21,400

53,268
4,855
6,747
56,279
35,621

72,261
6,138
9,375
76,342
47,553

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

48,883
43,490
131,186
92,768
36,673

764
631
1,012
614
373

3,839
2,990
7,719
4,799
2,801

9,416
8,554
23,559
16,582
7,673

15,166
13,841
42,837
30,506
11,496

19,698
17,474
56,059
40,267
14,330

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

73,549
127,431
192,024
71,539
89,514

594
1,489
1,995
1,301
671

4,644
9,817
12,226
5,915
5,440

14,671
28,367
34,295
14,872
16,026

23,361
39,335
63,051
22,159
29,223

30,279
48,423
80,457
27,292
38,154

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

129,371
17,420
26,611
34,042
24,167

1,198
147
401
235
333

8,108
988
1,969
1,788
1,875

24,498
2,999
5,213
5,582
5,384

40,446
5,509
8,153
10,366
7,476

55,121
7,777
10,875
16,071
9,099

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

130,032
33,238
349,196
202,616
9,263

879
241
2,163
1,461
150

7,832
1,798
19,698
11,005
634

24,918
5,684
65,818
34,567
1,748

39,261
10,904
107,706
64,306
2,832

57,142
14,611
153,811
91,277
3,899

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

200,768
68,375
59,795
228,076
24,320

2,696
487
537
2,074
199

14,350
3,496
3,923
14,217
1,612

37,010
11,233
10,226
42,007
4,828

63,273
21,199
19,082
71,522
7,818

83,439
31,960
26,027
98,256
9,863

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

106,988
12,311
148,698
271,977
22,845

638
223
1,087
2,031
360

5,440
815
8,600
14,700
1,944

17,758
2,313
26,064
48,566
4,496

34,680
3,901
47,185
87,252
6,873

48,472
5,059
65,762
119,428
9,172
(Continued)

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

63

Disabled Workers
Table 20.
Number, by age, sex, and state or other area, December 2001—Continued
State or area

Total

Under 25

25–34

35–44

45–54

55–64

All disabled workers (cont.)
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

12,994
133,678
94,915
64,254
86,342
8,215

152
1,030
815
258
1,402
79

972
7,730
6,247
2,950
6,379
522

2,594
24,506
17,661
9,757
16,661
1,501

4,119
42,761
30,557
21,548
27,252
2,633

5,157
57,651
39,635
29,741
34,648
3,480

Outlying areas
American Samoa
Guam
Northern Mariana Islands
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

1,065
756
147
125,163
1,314

b

b

b

b

74
160
39
16,913
190

323
235
41
43,215
345

653
299
43
61,842
709

1,149

3,170

7,110

Foreign countries

11,654

b

b

90

3,103

b

b

b

b

Men
a

2,947,820

26,375

175,748

540,717

927,807

1,277,173

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

72,163
4,368
50,117
45,924
247,594

538
71
507
355
1,582

4,022
409
3,033
2,348
14,855

12,755
916
8,862
7,613
48,254

23,565
1,380
15,900
14,536
78,612

31,283
1,592
21,815
21,072
104,291

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

33,485
30,332
8,087
4,729
181,814

332
359
76
38
1,430

2,038
2,165
525
312
9,679

6,592
6,344
1,652
1,105
33,375

11,337
9,042
2,504
1,611
56,113

13,186
12,422
3,330
1,663
81,217

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

88,753
9,055
12,567
100,753
62,173

683
58
145
1,266
717

4,996
556
867
6,990
4,232

16,072
1,804
2,212
19,421
11,703

28,479
2,960
3,801
30,616
19,146

38,523
3,677
5,542
42,460
26,375

26,980
23,196
79,942
60,910
21,518

463
356
603
401
219

2,055
1,597
4,399
3,011
1,575

5,138
4,459
14,120
11,011
4,432

8,344
7,339
26,350
20,109
6,773

10,980
9,445
34,470
26,378
8,519

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

39,761
68,753
106,568
39,127
49,593

356
827
1,162
726
430

2,572
4,982
6,821
3,134
2,981

8,145
15,398
19,193
7,845
8,828

12,220
21,273
34,526
12,001
16,258

16,468
26,273
44,866
15,421
21,096

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

71,094
10,420
14,054
18,362
12,611

706
90
225
127
171

4,599
556
997
947
939

13,601
1,762
2,596
2,938
2,665

21,898
3,301
4,272
5,501
3,914

30,290
4,711
5,964
8,849
4,922

All areas

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

(Continued)

64

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

Disabled Workers
Table 20.
Number, by age, sex, and state or other area, December 2001—Continued
State or area

Total

Under 25

25–34

35–44

45–54

55–64

Men (cont.)
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

68,585
20,449
194,490
105,725
5,413

533
154
1,312
910
97

4,141
1,138
10,972
6,096
359

13,067
3,525
36,758
18,135
982

20,338
6,659
59,497
32,994
1,634

30,506
8,973
85,951
47,590
2,341

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

114,688
38,674
33,816
128,948
13,072

1,527
267
331
1,212
104

8,031
2,099
2,307
7,674
875

20,987
6,519
5,658
23,471
2,636

35,708
11,817
10,560
39,963
4,204

48,435
17,972
14,960
56,628
5,253

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

56,652
6,905
80,986
158,119
12,609

371
131
663
1,245
214

2,953
415
4,628
8,691
1,075

9,510
1,218
13,998
28,793
2,495

18,078
2,208
25,490
49,880
3,725

25,740
2,933
36,207
69,510
5,100

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

7,426
74,718
53,238
44,332
47,392
4,777

91
629
478
167
792
43

530
4,214
3,584
1,856
3,358
302

1,444
13,541
10,015
6,480
8,842
860

2,322
23,804
16,740
14,926
14,743
1,487

3,039
32,530
22,421
20,903
19,657
2,085

Outlying areas
American Samoa
Guam
Northern Mariana Islands
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

643
513
98
71,445
743

b

b
b

b

b

70

2,007

b

b

53
108
24
9,847
121

183
166
26
24,403
180

395

b

35,118
401

b

b

814

2,390

5,191

Foreign countries

8,540

b
b

Women
All areas

a

2,320,219

18,055

138,234

422,478

749,099

992,353

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

57,452
3,303
41,461
34,486
200,644

309
39
348
215
1,000

3,105
241
2,449
1,833
10,446

10,111
723
7,652
5,658
35,377

19,426
1,144
13,614
10,815
66,642

24,501
1,156
17,398
15,965
87,179

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

28,740
25,755
7,453
3,688
142,276

199
218
60
38
922

1,652
1,777
468
227
7,660

5,690
5,407
1,460
706
25,198

9,894
7,986
2,496
1,179
45,418

11,305
10,367
2,969
1,538
63,078

75,470
5,789
9,271
81,308
51,327

465
33
127
936
531

3,800
379
648
5,549
3,446

12,678
1,021
1,717
15,278
9,697

24,789
1,895
2,946
25,663
16,475

33,738
2,461
3,833
33,882
21,178

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

(Continued)

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

65

Disabled Workers
Table 20.
Number, by age, sex, and state or other area, December 2001—Continued
State or area

Total

Under 25

25–34

35–44

45–54

55–64

Women (cont.)
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

21,903
20,294
51,244
31,858
15,155

301
275
409
213
154

1,784
1,393
3,320
1,788
1,226

4,278
4,095
9,439
5,571
3,241

6,822
6,502
16,487
10,397
4,723

8,718
8,029
21,589
13,889
5,811

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

33,788
58,678
85,456
32,412
39,921

238
662
833
575
241

2,072
4,835
5,405
2,781
2,459

6,526
12,969
15,102
7,027
7,198

11,141
18,062
28,525
10,158
12,965

13,811
22,150
35,591
11,871
17,058

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

58,277
7,000
12,557
15,680
11,556

492
57
176
108
162

3,509
432
972
841
936

10,897
1,237
2,617
2,644
2,719

18,548
2,208
3,881
4,865
3,562

24,831
3,066
4,911
7,222
4,177

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

61,447
12,789
154,706
96,891
3,850

346
87
851
551
53

3,691
660
8,726
4,909
275

11,851
2,159
29,060
16,432
766

18,923
4,245
48,209
31,312
1,198

26,636
5,638
67,860
43,687
1,558

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

86,080
29,701
25,979
99,128
11,248

1,169
220
206
862
95

6,319
1,397
1,616
6,543
737

16,023
4,714
4,568
18,536
2,192

27,565
9,382
8,522
31,559
3,614

35,004
13,988
11,067
41,628
4,610

50,336
5,406
67,712
113,858
10,236

267
92
424
786
146

2,487
400
3,972
6,009
869

8,248
1,095
12,066
19,773
2,001

16,602
1,693
21,695
37,372
3,148

22,732
2,126
29,555
49,918
4,072

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

5,568
58,960
41,677
19,922
38,950
3,438

61
401
337
91
610
36

442
3,516
2,663
1,094
3,021
220

1,150
10,965
7,646
3,277
7,819
641

1,797
18,957
13,817
6,622
12,509
1,146

2,118
25,121
17,214
8,838
14,991
1,395

Outlying areas
American Samoa
Guam
Northern Mariana Islands
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

422
243
49
53,718
571

b

b
b

b

b

20

1,096

b

b

21
52
15
7,066
69

140
69
15
18,812
165

258

b

26,724
308

b

b

335

780

1,919

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

Foreign countries

3,114

SOURCE: Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file.
a. Includes beneficiaries with unknown state code.
b. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Cece Chin (410) 965-5366 for further information.

66

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

b
b

Disabled-Worker Families
Table 21.
Number and average monthly family benefit, by selected family groups, December 1960–2001,
selected years
Worker only
Year

All

Worker, spouse, and—

Men

Women

1 child

2 or more children

Worker and
aged spouse a

Number (thousands)
1960
1965
1970
1975

357
714
1,054
1,750

261
481
680
1,080

96
232
374
671

22
54
77
137

32
109
164
250

22
30
43
66

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

2,061

1,257

804

154

228

80

b

b

b

b

b

b

1,969
1,961
1,993

1,208
1,215
1,241

760
746
752

124
85
83

163
143
140

78
80
76

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

2,039
2,096
2,154
2,194
2,262

1,267
1,301
1,338
1,353
1,390

772
795
816
841
872

84
82
79
77
75

140
136
132
125
120

76
74
74
71
67

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

2,370
2,523
2,738
2,935
3,121

1,448
1,529
1,643
1,743
1,830

922
994
1,094
1,192
1,292

75
76
78
78
76

118
119
125
127
128

63
61
61
59
57

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

3,305
3,473
3,593
3,769
3,924

1,909
1,973
2,006
2,074
2,131

1,396
1,500
1,588
1,695
1,793

75
61
57
52
49

124
104
91
80
72

55
53
53
53
52

2000
2001

4,080
4,260

2,191
2,289

1,890
1,970

45
68

65
92

50
57
(Continued)

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

67

Disabled-Worker Families
Table 21.
Number and average monthly family benefit, by selected family groups, December 1960–2001,
selected years—Continued
Worker only
Year

All

Worker, spouse, and—

Men

Women

1 child

2 or more children

Worker and
aged spouse a

Average monthly family benefit (dollars)
1960
1965
1970
1975

87.90
95.40
128.10
218.90

91.90
100.70
136.30
240.00

76.90
85.00
113.10
185.00

184.70
201.00
264.10
441.00

192.20
216.30
273.20
454.00

135.50
145.90
199.20
344.00

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

355.40

396.20

291.70

727.00

746.10

573.00

b

b

b

b

b

b

424.40
439.40
454.00

474.20
490.90
507.60

344.70
355.40
365.70

847.40
867.90
881.50

858.20
881.80
885.50

690.70
716.20
740.40

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

466.90
470.70
491.60
512.20
539.30

523.10
527.80
552.00
576.10
607.10

374.60
377.40
392.60
409.50
431.20

898.10
896.90
929.40
960.20
1,009.40

895.20
888.30
918.30
938.40
971.90

765.00
773.30
815.50
855.40
903.70

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

570.40
592.30
609.50
625.50
646.20

642.80
668.40
688.70
707.20
731.80

456.80
475.50
490.70
506.00
525.00

1,062.10
1,098.00
1,122.10
1,143.00
1,177.60

1,016.00
1,043.30
1,057.40
1,074.20
1,100.00

960.80
1,004.70
1,045.00
1,078.20
1,118.60

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

667.60
690.60
708.00
720.00
741.20

757.40
785.30
806.60
820.20
844.50

544.80
566.00
583.60
597.40
618.50

1,205.50
1,245.90
1,280.20
1,300.40
1,344.90

1,130.90
1,148.50
1,165.90
1,189.40
1,224.20

1,159.90
1,200.60
1,238.50
1,261.90
1,295.30

2000
2001

773.60
807.40

880.70
914.40

649.40
683.10

1,394.20
1,413.50

1,274.30
1,298.50

1,355.50
1,393.50

SOURCES: Annual Statistical Supplement to the Social Security Bulletin, Table 5.H1 for 1960–2000 data. Data for 1985–2000 are based on
10 percent sample. Data for prior years are based on different sampling rates. Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary
Record file beginning with 2001.
NOTES: A family means beneficiaries entitled on one worker’s account.
Includes beneficiaries whose benefits are being withheld.
a. Spouse’s entitlement based on age.
b. Not available.
CONTACT: Cece Chin (410) 965-5366 for further information.

68

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

Disabled-Worker Families
Table 22.
Number, average primary insurance amount, and average monthly family benefit, December 2001
Average primary
Number of insurance amount
beneficiaries
(dollars)

Percentage of
Average monthly families receiving
family benefit maximum family
(dollars)
benefit

Family composition

Number of
families

Worker only
Men
Women

2,289,722
1,970,580

2,289,722
1,970,578

920.20
684.70

914.40
683.10

8.9
20.9

533,406
376,944

1,372,780
945,500

893.90
717.70

1,276.30
987.60

83.3
89.1

555,505
250,651
104,194

1,111,010
751,959
455,311

827.90
819.10
788.50

1,161.20
1,163.20
1,117.90

84.9
88.1
84.4

57,354

114,967

1,130.40

1,393.50

8.3

1,770
66,012
54,425
37,070

5,627
198,137
217,761
204,770

1,040.60
927.80
898.00
851.50

1,654.50
1,408.30
1,335.50
1,241.40

67.8
90.4
89.6
82.9

Worker with children
By sex of worker
Men
Women
By number of children
1 child
2 children
3 or more children
Workers with—
Spouse aged 62 or older a
Spouse aged 62 or older and 1 or more
children
Spouse and 1 child
Spouse and 2 children
Spouse and 3 or more children

SOURCE: Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file.
NOTES: A family means beneficiaries entitled on one worker’s account.
Includes beneficiaries whose benefits are being withheld.
a. If the spouse is also entitled to a retired-worker benefit, only the benefit amount received as a spouse is included.
CONTACT: Cece Chin (410) 965-5366 for further information.

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

69

Disabled-Worker Families
Table 23.
Distribution, by age of worker, December 2001
Total,
all ages

Family composition

Under 30

30–34

35–39

40–44

45–49

50–54

55–59 60 or older

Number
Worker only
Worker with—
Spouse
Aged 62 or older a
Child in care
Children
1 child
2 children
3 or more children
Families receiving
maximum benefit c

4,260,302

123,854

134,738

217,238

364,179

549,869

792,418

1,002,519

1,075,487

59,124
157,507

b

b

b

2,876

9,594

21,902

73
33,436

375
32,546

1,677
26,631

7,822
18,510

49,164
12,012

555,505
250,651
104,194

18,264
8,843
3,766

34,256
26,663
14,977

69,276
56,233
29,288

115,079
66,670
27,213

120,359
46,230
14,907

95,886
25,958
7,754

63,003
13,204
4,082

39,382
6,850
2,207

1,541,857

99,229

123,758

214,339

280,724

256,452

216,795

187,086

163,474

Percent
Worker only
Worker with—
Spouse
Aged 62 or older a
Child in care
Children
1 child
2 children
3 or more children

100.0

2.9

3.2

5.1

8.6

12.9

18.6

23.5

25.2

100.0
100.0

b

b

b

1.8

6.1

13.9

0.1
21.2

0.6
20.7

2.8
16.9

13.2
11.8

83.2
7.6

100.0
100.0
100.0

3.3
3.5
3.6

6.2
10.6
14.4

12.5
22.4
28.1

20.7
26.6
26.1

21.7
18.4
14.3

17.3
10.4
7.4

11.3
5.3
3.9

7.1
2.7
2.1

28.6

63.0

56.2

54.4

46.3

33.6

22.8

16.9

13.8

Families receiving
maximum benefit c

SOURCE: Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file.
NOTES: A family means beneficiaries entitled on one worker’s account.
Includes beneficiaries whose benefits are being withheld.
a. Includes spouses aged 62 or older with children.
b. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
c. Includes worker-only families.
CONTACT: Cece Chin (410) 965-5366 for further information.

70

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

Tables
Benefits Awarded,
Withheld, and Terminated

Awards to Disabled Beneficiaries and Nondisabled Dependents
Table 24.
Number, selected years 1960–2001
Workers and nondisabled dependents

Adult children of—

Year

Total

Workers

Spouses

Children
under age
18

1960
1965
1970
1975

388,861
538,983
799,616
1,305,345

207,805
253,499
350,384
592,049

54,187
69,183
96,304
148,741

102,516
175,109
241,627
391,284

n.a.
19,794
71,145
117,043

n.a.
n.a.
15,609
23,521

1,794
2,713
3,774
6,889

12,740
10,017
11,348
14,636

9,819
8,668
9,425
11,182

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

933,597
826,340
672,333
661,467
730,135

396,559
351,847
297,131
311,549
361,998

108,500
95,575
77,835
80,079
81,834

235,079
199,829
153,205
152,954
172,721

143,935
134,390
103,015
68,834
59,990

16,054
14,154
12,440
14,412
17,165

6,194
5,435
4,250
5,107
5,541

16,650
15,365
14,772
17,309
18,330

10,626
9,745
9,685
11,223
12,556

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

763,363
809,424
799,180
795,690
801,893

377,371
416,865
415,848
409,490
425,582

83,511
82,435
77,316
73,790
69,113

190,204
198,192
195,030
196,655
197,950

56,108
52,989
54,925
61,725
57,079

17,086
18,418
16,396
15,328
15,168

6,713
6,986
6,787
6,646
6,358

19,661
20,295
20,761
20,544
19,668

12,709
13,244
12,117
11,512
10,975

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

868,793
990,500
1,167,001
1,177,268
1,177,236

467,977
536,434
636,637
635,238
631,870

69,667
72,754
78,083
74,605
69,549

218,059
250,287
306,002
317,263
327,067

58,894
60,349
66,035
71,081
74,364

15,424
29,590
33,235
31,835
29,903

6,633
7,552
9,548
10,254
9,774

20,862
21,850
23,615
23,173
22,119

11,277
11,684
13,846
13,819
12,590

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

1,173,317
1,139,054
1,059,556
1,087,352
1,106,343

645,832
624,335
587,417
608,131
620,488

63,097
57,528
50,818
47,550
46,164

315,587
311,228
278,040
279,764
283,768

75,929
76,769
76,034
82,567
84,525

29,597
28,611
28,546
29,399
29,650

9,779
9,353
8,474
9,095
9,851

21,566
20,169
19,611
19,932
20,467

11,930
11,061
10,616
10,914
11,430

2000
2001

1,051,900
1,118,300

610,700
661,900

38,500
41,100

263,200
268,800

74,600
75,700

27,600
26,500

7,000
9,800

21,100
22,300

9,200
12,200

Students
aged 18–19

Widow(er)s

Disabled
workers

Retired
workers

Deceased
workers

SOURCES: Annual Statistical Supplement to the Social Security Bulletin, Tables 6.A1, 6.D4, and 6.D8 for years prior to 2000; 2000–2001
data are based on a 1 percent sample from the Annual Award and Termination Transaction file.
NOTE: n.a. = not applicable.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 for further information.

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

73

Awards to Disabled Beneficiaries and Nondisabled Dependents
Table 25.
Average monthly benefit, by sex and age, 2001
Total

Male

Average monthly
benefit a
Number
(dollars)

Characteristic

Female

Average monthly
benefit a
Number
(dollars)

Average monthly
benefit a
Number
(dollars)

Workers
Total
Under 25
25–29
30–34
35–39
40–44
45–49
50–54
55–59
60 or older

661,900

867.70

360,000

989.30

301,900

722.60

24,100
27,200
35,100
53,200
71,700
85,500
118,900
142,700
103,500

417.50
575.40
667.50
736.60
806.50
859.60
934.10
991.60
986.30

12,400
14,700
17,400
28,600
36,000
43,900
63,000
81,600
62,400

408.00
577.40
686.60
783.20
876.10
957.70
1,079.10
1,158.70
1,156.20

11,700
12,500
17,700
24,600
35,700
41,600
55,900
61,100
41,100

427.60
573.10
648.80
682.50
736.30
756.20
770.80
768.40
728.40

Spouses of disabled workers
Total

41,100

238.40

1,800

232.20

39,300

238.70

Entitlement based on care of
children
Under 30
30–34
35–39
40–44
45–49
50–54
55 or older

15,500
1,900
2,200
2,700
3,100
3,000
1,400
1,200

165.50
77.30
133.70
142.80
178.00
196.80
206.50
255.80

600

184.50

14,900

164.70

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

Entitlement based on age
62–64
65 or older

22,000
3,600

265.10
389.40

500
700

89.90
374.80

21,500
2,900

269.10
392.90

Children of disabled workers
Total
Under age 18
Under 5
5–9
10–14
15–17
Students aged 18–19
Disabled aged 18 or older

354,300

231.60

187,100

232.60

167,200

230.40

268,800
52,600
66,600
91,300
58,300

204.20
170.40
181.80
198.80
268.80

139,400
27,400
34,600
48,100
29,300

202.20
165.60
183.90
198.20
264.90

129,400
25,200
32,000
43,200
29,000

206.30
175.60
179.50
199.50
272.80

75,700

320.60

42,300

326.40

33,400

313.30

9,800

293.90

5,400

281.50

4,400

309.30

Widow(er)s
Total
50–54
55–59
60 or older

26,500
10,400
14,300
1,800

538.30

1,300

374.00

25,200

546.70

543.40
545.20
453.10

b

b

b

b

900

429.30

13,400

553.00

b

b

b

b

(Continued)

74

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

Awards to Disabled Beneficiaries and Nondisabled Dependents
Table 25.
Average monthly benefit, by sex and age, 2001—Continued
Total

Characteristic

Male

Average monthly
benefit a
Number
(dollars)

Female

Average monthly
benefit a
Number
(dollars)

Average monthly
benefit a
Number
(dollars)

Adult children
Total

44,300

426.50

25,400

411.70

18,900

446.30

Children of—
Disabled workers
Retired workers
Deceased workers

9,800
22,300
12,200

293.90
386.70
605.60

5,400
12,600
7,400

281.50
346.20
618.40

4,400
9,700
4,800

309.30
439.30
585.90

Under 25
25–29
30–34
35–39
40–44
45–49
50 or older

15,800
5,200
7,100
7,900
6,400
1,100
800

416.50
436.00
454.00
432.70
399.00
492.20
385.40

9,200
2,900
3,500
4,200
4,300
500

425.30
447.50
439.60
383.50
356.30
514.60

6,600
2,300
3,600
3,700
2,100
600

404.10
421.40
468.10
488.60
486.30
473.50

b

b

b

b

SOURCE: Annual Award and Termination Transaction file, based on a 1 percent sample.
a. Benefits awarded before the December cost-of-living increase are converted to the December rates before averages are computed.
b. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 for further information.

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

75

Awards to Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 26.
Distribution, by diagnostic group and sex, 2001
Total
Diagnostic group

Number

Workers
Percent

Number

Widow(er)s
Percent

Number

Adult children

Percent

Number

Percent

n.a.

44,300

n.a.

All disabled beneficiaries
Total

732,700

n.a.

661,900

n.a.

26,500

All disabled beneficiaries with diagnosis available
Total

727,200

Infectious and parasitic diseases
Neoplasms
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic
diseases
Diseases of the blood and bloodforming organs
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Diseases of the—
Nervous system and sense organs
Circulatory system
Respiratory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Congenital anomalies
Injuries
Other

100.0

660,100

100.0

26,100

100.0

41,000

100.0

a

a

a

11,700
63,500

1.6
8.7

11,200
62,000

1.7
9.4

a
a

a

a

a

22,000

3.0

19,500

3.0

a

a

a

a

2,200

0.3

2,200

0.3

a

a

a

a

45,000
160,300

6.2
22.0

22,500
146,100

3.4
22.1

800
5,500

3.1
21.1

21,700
8,700

52.9
21.2

61,700
86,400
30,000
16,100
16,500
1,800

8.5
11.9
4.1
2.2
2.3
0.3

54,600
82,500
28,300
15,600
16,300
1,700

8.3
12.5
4.3
2.4
2.5
0.3

2,300

8.8

4,800

11.7

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

169,500
1,300
26,800
12,400

23.3
0.2
3.7
1.7

162,100

24.6

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

1,200

2.9

25,400
10,000

3.9
1.5

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

Men
Subtotal
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Neoplasms
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic
diseases
Diseases of the blood and bloodforming organs
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Diseases of the—
Nervous system and sense organs
Circulatory system
Respiratory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Congenital anomalies
Injuries
Other

383,600

100.0

359,200

100.0

1,200

100.0

23,200

100.0

7,200
32,400

1.9
8.5

7,000
32,200

2.0
9.0

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

10,800

2.8

10,600

3.0

a

a

a

a

1,100

0.3

1,100

0.3

a

a

a

a

24,600
72,500

6.4
18.9

12,500
67,400

3.5
18.8

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

31,400
59,900
16,100
9,300
10,100
800

8.2
15.6
4.2
2.4
2.6
0.2

28,300
59,200
16,000
9,200
10,100
800

7.9
16.5
4.5
2.6
2.8
0.2

a

a

a

a

83,800

21.9

83,500

23.3

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

17,700
5,500

4.6
1.4

17,000
4,300

4.7
1.2

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

(Continued)

76

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

Awards to Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 26.
Distribution, by diagnostic group and sex, 2001—Continued
Total
Diagnostic group

Number

Workers
Percent

Number

Widow(er)s
Percent

Adult children

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Women
Subtotal
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Neoplasms
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic
diseases
Diseases of the blood and bloodforming organs
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Diseases of the—
Nervous system and sense organs
Circulatory system
Respiratory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Congenital anomalies
Injuries
Other

343,600

100.0

300,900

100.0

24,900

100.0

17,800

100.0

4,500
31,100

1.3
9.1

4,200
29,800

1.4
9.9

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

11,200

3.3

8,900

3.0

a

a

a

a

1,100

0.3

1,100

0.4

a

a

a

a

20,400
87,800

5.9
25.6

10,000
78,700

3.3
26.2

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

30,300
26,500
13,900
6,800
6,400
1,000

8.8
7.7
4.1
2.0
1.9
0.3

26,300
23,300
12,300
6,400
6,200
900

8.7
7.7
4.1
2.1
2.1
0.3

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

85,700

24.9

78,600

26.1

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

9,100
6,900

2.7
2.0

8,400
5,700

2.8
1.9

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

SOURCE: Annual Award and Termination Transaction file, based on a 1 percent sample.
NOTE: n.a. = not applicable.
a. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 for further information.

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

77

Awards to Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 27.
Distribution and average monthly benefit, by state or other area, 2001
Workers

State or area
All areas a
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

Widow(er)s

Adult children

Number

Percent

Average
monthly
benefit
(dollars)

661,900

100.0

867.70

26,500

100.0

538.30

44,300

100.0

426.50

19,300
900
12,400
9,000
55,600

2.9
0.1
1.9
1.4
8.4

857.10
1,007.00
908.30
904.90
843.40

b

b

b

1,300

2.9

335.30

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

1,200

4.5

636.80

900
500
4,000

2.0
1.1
9.0

601.40
536.60
482.40

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

1,200

4.5

677.80

1,500

3.4

505.60

800

3.0

606.10

900

2.0

298.60

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

1,400

5.3

723.20

b

b

b

1,300
1,000

2.9
2.3

414.70
508.40

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

1,000
800

3.8
3.0

610.50
479.70

500
1,300
700

1.1
2.9
1.6

415.10
380.20
373.90

b

b

b

b

b

b

500

1.9

441.20

b

b

b

1,100

4.2

623.90

b

b

b

500

1.9

345.80

1,000
1,200
1,800
1,100
600

2.3
2.7
4.1
2.5
1.4

438.00
424.70
428.20
317.20
328.90

Number

Percent

Average
monthly
benefit
(dollars)

Number

Percent

Average
monthly
benefit
(dollars)

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

6,700
7,800
3,100
1,700
39,100

1.0
1.2
0.5
0.3
5.9

861.50
873.80
913.40
641.50
831.70

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

22,100
2,100
2,300
23,800
14,100

3.3
0.3
0.4
3.6
2.1

820.80
821.80
901.40
953.30
939.40

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

7,200
5,400
14,100
10,900
4,500

1.1
0.8
2.1
1.7
0.7

796.40
940.00
771.30
803.70
845.60

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

10,600
13,600
24,100
10,000
11,600

1.6
2.1
3.6
1.5
1.8

986.40
894.40
900.60
903.10
774.80

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

16,400
1,400
3,300
4,400
4,000

2.5
0.2
0.5
0.7
0.6

834.00
1,021.80
855.50
955.30
891.60

700

2.6

594.60

1,100

2.5

385.00

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

19,600
3,800
41,400
22,800
900

3.0
0.6
6.3
3.4
0.1

962.80
815.60
908.90
847.10
788.70

b

b

b

600
2,200
1,800

2.3
8.3
6.8

521.90
526.20
312.60

1,500
300
4,100
1,300

3.4
0.7
9.3
2.9

462.60
454.40
566.80
413.10

b

b

b

b

b

b

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

23,100
9,800
7,200
36,500
2,000

3.5
1.5
1.1
5.5
0.3

880.60
835.00
952.20
842.90
1,004.20

1,400

5.3

634.40

2,200

5.0

446.10

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

900

3.4

589.70

2,100

4.7

320.10

b

b

b

b

b

b

(Continued)

78

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

Awards to Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 27.
Distribution and average monthly benefit, by state or other area, 2001—Continued
Workers

State or area

Number

Percent

Widow(er)s
Average
monthly
benefit
(dollars)

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

12,600
1,400
15,200
38,400
3,100

1.9
0.2
2.3
5.8
0.5

873.90
762.40
876.00
848.20
898.70

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

1,200
16,000
13,800
5,700
11,800
1,100

0.2
2.4
2.1
0.9
1.8
0.2

894.60
898.30
894.10
814.80
898.80
800.40

Outlying areas
Puerto Rico
Other c

11,000
1,700

1.7
0.3

715.80
536.30

Adult children

Number

Percent

Average
monthly
benefit
(dollars)

Number

Percent

Average
monthly
benefit
(dollars)

b

b

b

600

1.4

631.80

b

b

b

b

b

b

600
2,200

2.3
8.3

258.70
552.40

700
1,600

1.6
3.6

346.20
518.90

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

500

1.9

373.30

b

b

b

1,000
600

2.3
1.4

362.30
424.50

800

3.0

723.80

b

b

b

b

b

b

1,400

3.2

351.30

b

b

b

b

b

b

900

3.4

458.90

700

1.6

242.30

b

b

b

b

b

b

SOURCE: Annual Award and Termination Transaction file, based on a 1 percent sample.
NOTE: Benefits awarded before December cost-of-living increase are converted to December rates before averages are computed.
a. Includes beneficiaries with unknown state code.
b. Fewer than 500 beneficiaries.
c. Includes American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, Virgin Islands, and foreign countries.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-55366 for further information.

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

79

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 28.
Percentage distribution, by age and sex, 1960–2001
Percentage distribution
Year

Total
number

Average
age

Total, Under
all ages
30

30–34 35–39 a

40–44

50–54

55–59

60–61

62–64

65–67 b

13.1
12.9

18.1
18.0

21.3
21.6

8.7
8.5

7.6
7.0

0.2
0.1

45–49

All disabled workers
2000
2001

610,700
661,900

48.9
48.6

100.0
100.0

6.4
7.8

4.9
5.3

8.4
8.0

11.5
10.8
Men

1960
1965
1970
1975

168,466
186,808
258,072
408,531

54.5
53.0
52.1
51.5

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.8
1.8
6.7
7.7

a

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

275,185
244,984
207,453
217,422
247,833

51.2
50.8
50.9
50.2
50.0

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

8.3
8.6
8.4
9.5
9.2

a

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

274,400
273,700
265,900
265,700
268,600

50.1
48.7
49.0
49.2
49.0

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

8.7
10.7
9.4
8.4
8.7

a

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

293,300
322,700
395,600
391,800
379,300

48.1
47.9
47.8
47.7
48.4

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

10.9
9.5
9.5
9.2
6.8

a

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

368,400
347,100
311,100
331,400
338,900

48.9
48.3
48.8
48.8
49.1

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

7.2
6.9
6.3
6.3
6.2

a

2000
2001

328,700
360,000

49.1
49.1

100.0
100.0

6.8
7.5

7.0
8.2
7.6
8.6

6.5
7.9
6.5
6.2

10.5
11.1
10.1
9.5

16.7
17.1
14.7
15.7

20.0
25.7
23.5
23.1

11.8
14.0
12.3
12.1

21.3
13.0
16.1
14.6

5.4
1.0
2.6
2.5

9.7
10.2
10.4
11.7
12.8

6.0
6.2
6.3
6.6
7.1

8.4
8.4
8.4
8.4
8.7

14.7
14.5
14.1
13.6
13.4

24.6
24.3
24.6
23.4
22.6

12.3
13.0
12.9
12.2
12.2

14.2
13.1
13.6
13.3
12.7

1.8
1.7
1.2
1.3
1.3

13.3
15.3
16.0
16.0
16.0

7.0
8.1
8.6
9.7
9.5

9.9
9.4
9.3
9.0
10.2

14.6
14.3
13.9
14.6
14.2

23.1
21.3
20.8
21.3
20.6

12.4
11.1
10.9
10.5
9.7

10.6
9.5
11.0
10.2
10.8

0.3
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.3

16.9
17.7
18.5
18.9
18.4

9.4
10.6
10.8
10.1
10.8

9.5
11.0
11.0
11.7
12.7

13.5
14.1
13.0
14.7
15.4

20.5
18.4
18.6
18.8
19.3

10.3
9.4
9.8
8.6
9.0

8.8
9.1
8.7
7.8
7.6

0.1
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.1

7.2
5.6
6.2
5.2

16.3
9.0
8.9
8.1
7.6

10.7
10.8
10.8
11.1
11.4

11.5
13.2
13.5
12.4
12.4

15.7
16.2
16.1
18.3
18.2

20.4
19.9
21.6
21.6
21.7

8.9
9.3
8.8
8.1
8.8

9.1
7.5
8.2
7.8
8.0

0.2
0.1
0.1
0.2
0.3

4.6
4.8

8.3
7.9

10.7
10.0

12.7
12.2

17.6
17.5

21.1
22.7

9.1
9.2

8.9
8.0

0.2
0.1

a
a
a

a
a
a
a

a
a
a
a

a
a
a
a

(Continued)

80

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 28.
Percentage distribution, by age and sex, 1960–2001—Continued
Percentage distribution
Year

Total
number

Average
age

Total, Under
all ages
30

30–34 35–39 a

40–44

45–49

50–54

55–59

60–61

62–64

65–67 b

Women
1960
1965
1970
1975

39,339
66,691
92,312
183,518

52.5
53.2
52.8
52.1

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.7
1.1
4.2
6.1

a

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

121,374
106,863
89,678
94,127
114,165

51.1
50.8
50.5
49.8
49.7

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

7.4
7.8
8.0
9.0
8.3

a

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

134,500
135,700
143,700
147,000
146,900

49.7
48.8
49.5
49.3
49.1

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

8.6
9.0
7.5
8.5
7.8

a

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

168,500
190,400
241,300
237,900
234,000

48.4
48.4
47.7
48.1
48.2

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

8.5
8.5
8.6
7.5
7.4

a

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

263,200
256,900
250,200
271,900
266,900

48.5
48.7
47.9
48.5
48.7

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

6.4
5.3
6.2
5.4
5.7

2000
2001

282,000
301,900

48.7
48.0

100.0
100.0

5.8
8.0

8.1
6.5
6.3
7.3

8.0
7.4
6.1
6.1

13.3
11.7
11.0
10.1

21.9
19.3
17.5
17.7

24.6
28.3
27.2
25.5

12.4
14.1
13.0
12.2

10.1
10.9
12.9
12.9

0.8
0.6
1.7
2.1

9.7
10.2
10.9
12.2
13.2

6.4
6.5
6.8
7.4
7.9

9.3
9.5
9.5
9.5
9.7

16.3
16.4
15.6
14.8
14.9

25.5
25.1
24.9
23.5
22.8

11.7
12.0
11.7
10.9
10.9

12.2
11.1
11.4
11.6
11.7

1.5
1.4
1.1
1.1
1.2

12.9
15.5
15.2
14.0
14.8

8.0
10.4
8.1
8.8
10.4

10.6
10.5
11.2
10.9
11.9

15.8
14.8
15.8
16.1
13.8

23.3
21.3
23.4
23.5
21.2

10.1
9.6
9.6
10.5
10.8

10.5
8.6
8.8
7.4
8.9

0.1
0.2
0.3
0.3
0.3

16.3
16.8
17.7
17.5
16.9

9.8
10.1
12.0
11.2
11.1

13.1
12.2
12.4
13.1
12.9

14.2
16.2
15.6
16.5
17.0

22.3
19.5
17.6
19.7
20.8

8.9
8.9
8.4
6.8
7.3

6.5
7.4
7.5
7.4
6.4

0.4
0.4
0.2
0.2
0.2

6.2
6.0
5.9
5.9

16.7
8.9
10.3
9.0
8.7

11.4
11.3
12.2
12.2
12.5

13.8
14.0
14.1
14.5
15.4

17.2
19.0
19.0
19.1
18.1

20.5
21.2
19.0
20.4
20.6

7.6
8.3
6.8
7.6
6.6

6.3
5.8
6.2
5.7
6.2

0.1
0.1
0.2
0.2
0.3

5.2
5.9

8.6
8.2

12.3
11.8

13.5
13.8

18.7
18.5

21.6
20.2

8.1
7.7

6.1
5.9

0.2
0.1

a
a
a

a
a
a
a

a
a
a
a

a
a
a
a
a

SOURCES: Annual Statistical Supplement to the Social Security Bulletin, Table 6.C2 for years prior to 2000; Annual Award and
Termination Transaction file. Beginning in 1985, data are based on a 1 percent sample.
NOTE: Age in year of award for 1960–1984. Age in month of award for 1985–2001.
a. Ages 30–39 grouped together in the 35–39 column before 1996.
b. Includes awards processed after attainment of full retirement age.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 for further information.

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

81

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 29.
Distribution, by diagnostic group, selected years 1960–2001
Mental disorders c

Year a

All disabled
workers

Total with
Infectious
diagnosis and parasitic
available
diseases b

Neoplasms

Endocrine,
nutritional,
and
metabolic
diseases

Diseases of
blood and
bloodforming
organs

Total

Retardation

Other

Number
1960
1961
1962
1963

207,805
279,758
286,434
224,229

179,419
241,060
286,434
224,229

10,903
15,153
15,271
10,859

17,739
23,103
27,632
25,042

5,406
7,070
9,383
7,563

442
566
739
597

17,287
26,864
37,315
24,526

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

1967
1968
1969

310,947
330,783
344,741

310,947
330,783
344,741

10,945
10,360
9,828

33,358
36,560
35,740

10,743
11,359
12,169

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

35,344
41,894
43,225

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

1970
1971
1972
1973

350,384
415,897
455,438
491,776

350,384
415,897
455,398
491,776

8,760
8,524
8,627
7,957

36,095
39,629
43,667
50,644

13,141
15,823
17,352
18,131

n.a.
1,043
1,155
1,347

38,406
42,687
45,253
47,014

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

1975
1976
1977
1978

592,049
551,460
568,874
464,415

592,049
551,460
568,874
464,415

7,579
6,049
5,807
4,512

59,852
57,656
59,833
54,878

23,176
20,966
21,725
16,855

1,491
2,039
1,516
1,236

67,213
63,667
70,825
54,329

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

1981
1982
1983
1984

351,847
298,531
311,490
357,140

345,243
298,531
311,488
335,221

2,596
2,312
6,730
3,185

56,410
50,999
52,379
59,104

14,768
13,187
14,904
14,418

942
808
958
904

36,318
31,531
50,633
64,078

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

377,371
416,865
415,848
409,490
425,582

345,619
399,922
397,096
409,490
425,582

2,985
2,736
4,676
2,802
3,773

55,120
53,176
55,339
53,944
60,352

16,976
21,260
21,114
14,513
14,279

890
1,186
1,205
1,419
1,524

68,610
123,983
81,241
85,756
88,500

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

467,977
536,434
636,637
635,238
631,870

467,977
536,434
636,637
635,238
631,870

22,023
28,245
39,253
37,450
36,087

65,939
69,244
77,175
80,266
89,231

16,255
19,931
29,904
30,862
31,532

1,734
1,904
2,277
2,075
2,066

105,173
126,184
164,093
166,045
156,703

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

645,645
624,254
587,700
608,382
620,559

643,149
621,664
586,023
606,882
619,118

27,993
23,324
15,327
12,680
11,743

64,401
63,321
62,279
63,973
65,681

33,370
33,832
33,807
36,373
36,975

2,006
1,836
1,815
1,801
1,911

147,900
132,022
122,901
131,502
138,980

16,681
14,062
12,888
14,506
16,608

131,219
117,960
110,013
116,996
122,372

2000
2001

610,700
661,900

609,400
660,100

10,700
11,200

63,600
62,000

17,100
19,500

1,500
2,200

143,200
168,600

17,600
22,500

125,600
146,100
(Continued)

.

82

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 29.
Distribution, by diagnostic group, selected years 1960–2001—Continued
Diseases of the—

Year a

Nervous
system and
sense Circulatory Respiratory
organs
system
system

Digestive
system

Genitourinary
system

MusculoSkin and
skeletal
subcuta- system and
neous connective Congenital
tissue
tissue anomalies

Injuries

Other

Number
1960
1961
1962
1963

32,105
44,709
45,261
32,712

55,855
71,860
82,015
66,468

16,489
20,030
23,408
19,107

3,575
4,300
5,922
4,437

1,077
1,608
2,040
1,725

463
794
1,177
719

17,124
23,241
33,751
21,744

865
1,637
2,026
1,646

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
6,496

89
125
494
588

1967
1968
1969

38,278
41,758
21,967

81,507
80,906
105,760

24,646
22,635
23,265

7,627
7,806
8,719

n.a.
2,926
2,717

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

41,090
43,677
47,357

n.a.
2,670
3,004

19,815
25,319
28,473

7,594
2,913
2,517

1970
1971
1972
1973

22,575
26,442
28,216
31,139

108,906
131,854
146,684
158,202

24,254
30,103
33,038
34,656

9,051
11,629
13,369
14,614

2,912
3,501
4,304
4,810

n.a.
1,667
1,756
1,854

52,086
66,558
75,923
85,431

3,597
4,365
4,033
5,276

28,231
31,810
31,728
30,418

2,370
262
293
283

1975
1976
1977
1978

39,960
36,156
36,751
29,314

177,311
165,182
167,801
134,634

39,485
35,210
35,002
28,005

17,474
15,194
15,342
12,407

5,719
4,907
5,271
4,719

2,306
2,532
1,766
2,017

110,637
105,907
107,840
86,921

6,576
5,817
6,681
5,850

32,341
29,848
31,942
27,490

929
330
772
1,248

1981
1982
1983
1984

28,516
26,886
26,203
28,201

85,994
74,242
68,352
70,891

21,520
19,766
17,978
18,891

7,363
6,067
5,272
5,895

6,230
3,165
6,489
3,441

1,345
998
848
983

58,639
48,985
41,782
45,826

3,118
2,432
2,827
2,439

20,868
16,617
15,646
16,189

616
536
487
776

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

28,733
30,328
35,206
34,443
34,756

72,764
73,226
76,758
72,224
70,235

20,213
23,449
22,978
23,073
21,400

5,626
6,262
6,122
6,388
6,803

3,348
3,099
5,801
7,131
9,010

1,110
1,075
1,173
785
828

49,214
54,560
63,807
68,623
71,419

2,480
1,953
787
550
534

16,558
3,629
20,889
21,022
21,531

992
n.a.
n.a.
16,817
20,638

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

37,737
41,551
46,952
45,742
47,820

73,585
78,339
89,818
88,623
86,645

22,158
23,798
27,264
27,494
30,958

7,431
8,648
9,872
10,026
10,520

10,294
10,874
12,763
13,390
15,531

866
1,021
1,070
1,118
1,116

74,501
92,469
96,895
94,255
84,705

511
575
619
543
602

22,315
24,129
25,042
23,206
22,560

7,455
9,522
13,640
14,143
15,794

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

46,477
45,960
45,496
47,517
49,869

83,065
81,209
76,531
76,698
74,755

28,831
27,983
26,483
27,148
26,981

11,167
11,530
11,310
12,413
13,389

11,956
12,206
12,151
13,118
13,842

1,643
1,588
1,473
1,466
1,416

141,306
142,776
135,430
141,847
146,754

722
777
654
676
645

27,566
27,616
25,930
25,926
25,925

14,746
18,274
14,436
13,744
10,252

2000
2001

50,100
54,600

75,400
82,500

26,200
28,300

12,700
15,600

14,900
16,300

1,700

153,600
162,100

700

28,700
25,400

9,300
10,000

d

d

(Continued)

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

83

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 29.
Distribution, by diagnostic group, selected years 1960–2001—Continued
Mental disorders c

Year a

All disabled
workers

Total with
Infectious
diagnosis and parasitic
available
diseases b

Neoplasms

Endocrine,
nutritional,
and
metabolic
diseases

Diseases of
blood and
bloodforming
organs

Total

Retardation

Other

Percent
1960
1961
1962
1963

207,805
279,758
286,434
224,229

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

6.1
6.3
5.3
4.8

9.9
9.6
9.6
11.2

3.0
2.9
3.3
3.4

0.2
0.2
0.3
0.3

9.6
11.1
13.0
10.9

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

1967
1968
1969

310,947
330,783
344,741

100.0
100.0
100.0

3.5
3.1
2.9

10.7
11.1
10.4

3.5
3.4
3.5

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

11.4
12.7
12.5

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

1970
1971
1972
1973

350,384
415,897
455,438
491,776

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

2.5
2.0
1.9
1.6

10.3
9.5
9.6
10.3

3.8
3.8
3.8
3.7

n.a.
0.3
0.3
0.3

11.0
10.3
9.9
9.6

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

1975
1976
1977
1978

592,049
551,460
568,874
464,415

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.3
1.1
1.0
1.0

10.1
10.5
10.5
11.8

3.9
3.8
3.8
3.6

0.3
0.4
0.3
0.3

11.4
11.5
12.5
11.7

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

1981
1982
1983
1984

351,847
298,531
311,490
357,140

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.8
0.8
2.2
1.0

16.3
17.1
16.8
17.6

4.3
4.4
4.8
4.3

0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3

10.5
10.6
16.3
19.1

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

377,371
416,865
415,848
409,490
425,582

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.9
0.7
1.2
0.7
0.9

15.9
13.3
13.9
13.2
14.2

4.9
5.3
5.3
3.5
3.4

0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.4

19.9
31.0
20.5
20.9
20.8

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

467,977
536,434
636,637
635,238
631,870

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

4.7
5.3
6.2
5.9
5.7

14.1
12.9
12.1
12.6
14.1

3.5
3.7
4.7
4.9
5.0

0.4
0.4
0.4
0.3
0.3

22.5
23.5
25.8
26.1
24.8

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

645,645
624,254
587,700
608,382
620,559

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

4.4
3.8
2.6
2.1
1.9

10.0
10.2
10.6
10.5
10.6

5.2
5.4
5.8
6.0
6.0

0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3

23.0
21.2
21.0
21.7
22.4

2.6
2.3
2.2
2.4
2.7

20.4
19.0
18.8
19.3
19.8

2000
2001

610,700
661,900

100.0
100.0

1.8
1.7

10.4
9.4

2.8
3.0

0.2
0.3

23.5
25.5

2.9
3.4

20.6
22.1

(Continued)
SOURCES: Annual Statistical Supplement to the Social Security Bulletin, Table 6.C3; Annual Award and Termination Transaction file.
Beginning in 2000, data are based on a 1 percent sample.
NOTE: n.a. = not available.

84

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 29.
Distribution, by diagnostic group, selected years 1960–2001—Continued
Diseases of the—

Year a

Nervous
system and
sense Circulatory Respiratory
organs
system
system

Digestive
system

Genitourinary
system

MusculoSkin and
skeletal
subcuta- system and
neous connective Congenital
tissue
tissue anomalies

Injuries

Other

Percent
1960
1961
1962
1963

17.9
18.5
15.8
14.6

31.1
29.8
28.6
29.6

9.2
8.3
8.2
8.5

2.0
1.8
2.1
2.0

0.6
0.7
0.7
0.8

0.3
0.3
0.4
0.3

9.5
9.6
11.8
9.7

0.5
0.7
0.7
0.7

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
2.9

0.0
0.1
0.2
0.3

1967
1968
1969

12.3
12.6
6.4

26.2
24.5
30.7

7.9
6.8
6.7

2.5
2.4
2.5

n.a.
0.9
0.8

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

13.2
13.2
13.7

n.a.
0.8
0.9

6.4
7.7
8.3

2.4
0.9
0.7

1970
1971
1972
1973

6.4
6.4
6.2
6.3

31.1
31.7
32.2
32.2

6.9
7.2
7.3
7.0

2.6
2.8
2.9
3.0

0.8
0.8
0.9
1.0

n.a.
0.4
0.4
0.4

14.9
16.0
16.7
17.4

1.0
1.0
0.9
1.1

8.1
7.6
7.0
6.2

0.7
0.1
0.1
0.1

1975
1976
1977
1978

6.7
6.6
6.5
6.3

29.9
30.0
29.5
29.0

6.7
6.4
6.2
6.0

3.0
2.8
2.7
2.7

1.0
0.9
0.9
1.0

0.4
0.5
0.3
0.4

18.7
19.2
19.0
18.7

1.1
1.1
1.2
1.3

5.5
5.4
5.6
5.9

0.2
0.1
0.1
0.3

1981
1982
1983
1984

8.3
9.0
8.4
8.4

24.9
24.9
21.9
21.1

6.2
6.6
5.8
5.6

2.1
2.0
1.7
1.8

1.8
1.1
2.1
1.0

0.4
0.3
0.3
0.3

17.0
16.4
13.4
13.7

0.9
0.8
0.9
0.7

6.0
5.6
5.0
4.8

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

8.3
7.6
8.9
8.4
8.2

21.1
18.3
19.3
17.6
16.5

5.8
5.9
5.8
5.6
5.0

1.6
1.6
1.5
1.6
1.6

1.0
0.8
1.5
1.7
2.1

0.3
0.3
0.3
0.2
0.2

14.2
13.6
16.1
16.8
16.8

0.7
0.5
0.2
0.1
0.1

4.8
0.9
5.3
5.1
5.1

0.3
n.a.
n.a.
4.1
4.8

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

8.1
7.7
7.4
7.2
7.6

15.7
14.6
14.1
14.0
13.7

4.7
4.4
4.3
4.3
4.9

1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.7

2.2
2.0
2.0
2.1
2.5

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

15.9
17.2
15.2
14.8
13.4

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

4.8
4.5
3.9
3.7
3.6

1.6
1.8
2.1
2.2
2.5

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

7.2
7.4
7.8
7.8
8.1

12.9
13.1
13.1
12.6
12.1

4.5
4.5
4.5
4.5
4.4

1.7
1.9
1.9
2.0
2.2

1.9
2.0
2.1
2.2
2.2

0.3
0.3
0.3
0.2
0.2

22.0
23.0
23.1
23.4
23.7

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

4.3
4.4
4.4
4.3
4.2

2.3
2.9
2.5
2.3
1.7

2000
2001

8.2
8.3

12.4
12.5

4.3
4.3

2.1
2.4

2.4
2.5

0.3

25.2
24.6

0.1

4.7
3.8

1.5
1.5

d

d

a. Data for 1964–1966 are not available. As of 1995, diagnostic data for awards are no longer based solely on cases allowed at the initial
disability determination level.
b. AIDS and HIV records are counted in “Infectious and parasitic diseases.” Before 1990, they were included in “Other.”
c. Mental retardation not identified separately before 1995.
d. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 for further information.

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

85

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 30.
Distribution of workers aged 50 or older, by diagnostic group, selected years 1975–2001
Mental disorders c

Year a

All disabled
workers

Total with
Infectious
diagnosis and parasitic
available
diseases b

Neoplasms

Endocrine,
nutritional,
and
metabolic
diseases

Diseases of
blood and
bloodforming
organs

Total

Retardation

Other

Number
1975
1981
1982
1983
1984

408,556
222,162
189,252
190,884
216,348

408,556
222,155
189,252
190,883
207,576

4,222
1,387
1,216
2,971
1,657

44,264
41,393
36,418
37,552
42,931

16,665
9,580
8,448
9,274
8,668

743
426
392
501
367

25,094
11,685
9,877
15,302
20,398

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

219,219
228,510
231,367
226,473
235,874

205,909
221,988
224,506
226,473
235,874

1,475
1,202
1,414
1,419
1,276

38,263
36,858
37,744
37,085
41,054

9,442
10,444
8,709
8,665
8,191

418
498
466
552
578

19,297
34,162
22,271
22,474
24,407

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

252,596
280,986
323,462
322,619
338,833

252,596
280,986
323,462
322,619
338,883

2,733
3,407
4,487
4,378
4,877

44,342
46,082
50,690
52,425
58,440

9,065
10,982
14,555
15,312
16,425

640
686
799
733
788

27,272
31,839
38,484
39,459
39,891

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

337,021
330,177
322,681
335,100
360,879

337,021
330,177
322,392
334,810
359,727

4,257
3,691
2,966
2,863
3,076

42,034
41,381
41,034
41,880
43,721

18,407
18,819
19,140
20,605
21,549

756
718
762
729
880

39,384
36,933
37,415
41,430
52,338

2,950
2,401
2,209
2,626
7,267

36,434
34,532
35,206
38,804
45,071

2000
2001

340,900
365,100

340,300
364,300

3,800
2,300

42,500
41,400

11,100
12,200

d

44,900
49,900

3,200
2,300

41,700
47,600

d

(Continued)
.

86

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 30.
Distribution of workers aged 50 or older, by diagnostic group, selected years 1975–2001—Continued
Diseases of the—

Year a

Nervous
system and
sense Circulatory Respiratory
organs
system
system

Digestive
system

Genitourinary
system

MusculoSkin and
skeletal
subcuta- system and
neous connective Congenital
tissue
tissue anomalies

Injuries

Other

Number
1975
1981
1982
1983
1984

22,634
14,038
13,004
12,747
14,160

147,018
70,716
59,933
54,763
57,383

34,026
18,331
17,009
15,544
16,428

11,618
4,363
3,306
2,980
3,591

3,185
2,916
1,425
3,949
1,730

1,352
658
460
362
508

80,002
37,563
31,096
27,624
31,531

2,864
1,173
853
1,398
1,064

14,396
7,541
5,529
5,610
6,654

473
385
287
306
506

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

14,009
14,033
16,149
16,079
15,860

59,114
59,280
60,240
56,689
56,011

17,442
20,406
19,443
19,302
17,936

2,870
3,242
3,358
3,230
3,492

1,557
1,415
2,796
2,874
3,646

625
538
514
328
424

34,154
37,412
43,288
45,338
48,791

1,042
751
289
224
223

6,201
1,747
7,825
8,432
8,770

n.a
n.a
n.a
3,782
5,216

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

17,110
18,756
20,832
20,841
22,470

58,428
61,780
71,043
69,583
69,696

18,620
19,725
22,665
22,830
26,029

3,738
4,245
4,690
4,698
4,983

4,123
4,437
5,168
5,578
6,691

438
497
497
525
544

52,433
63,025
70,548
67,335
66,787

194
191
215
193
218

9,386
10,237
11,351
10,516
10,997

4,074
5,097
7,438
8,213
10,047

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

21,663
21,548
22,017
23,200
26,483

65,575
63,601
60,198
60,091
59,690

23,126
22,236
21,197
21,631
22,198

5,131
5,222
5,281
5,730
6,367

5,251
5,334
5,427
6,052
6,670

744
643
647
615
633

89,642
88,768
86,689
91,421
97,452

250
264
219
214
275

12,241
11,942
11,529
11,605
12,526

8,560
9,077
7,871
6,744
5,869

2000
2001

25,100
24,700

59,500
65,600

20,800
23,100

5,800
8,000

6,400
6,400

d

101,700
111,700

d

12,500
12,500

4,600
5,400

d

d

(Continued)

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

87

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 30.
Distribution of workers aged 50 or older, by diagnostic group, selected years 1975–2001—Continued
Mental disorders c

Year a

All disabled
workers

Total with
Infectious
diagnosis and parasitic
available
diseases b

Neoplasms

Endocrine,
nutritional,
and
metabolic
diseases

Diseases of
blood and
bloodforming
organs

Total

Retardation

Other

Percent
1975
1981
1982
1983
1984

408,556
222,162
189,252
190,884
216,348

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.0
0.6
0.6
1.6
0.8

10.8
18.6
19.2
19.7
20.7

4.1
4.3
4.5
4.9
4.2

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.3
0.2

6.1
5.3
5.2
8.0
9.8

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

219,219
228,510
231,367
226,473
235,874

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.7
0.5
0.6
0.6
0.5

18.6
16.6
16.8
16.4
17.4

4.6
4.7
3.9
3.8
3.5

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

9.4
15.4
9.9
9.9
10.3

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

252,596
280,986
323,462
322,619
338,833

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.1
1.2
1.4
1.4
1.4

17.6
16.4
15.7
16.2
17.2

3.6
3.9
4.5
4.7
4.8

0.3
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

10.8
11.3
11.9
12.2
11.8

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

337,021
330,177
322,681
335,100
360,879

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.3
1.1
0.9
0.9
0.9

12.5
12.5
12.7
12.5
12.2

5.5
5.7
5.9
6.2
6.0

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

11.7
11.2
11.6
12.4
14.5

0.9
0.7
0.7
0.8
2.0

10.8
10.5
10.9
11.6
12.5

2000
2001

340,900
365,100

100.0
100.0

1.1
0.6

12.5
11.4

3.3
3.3

d

13.2
13.7

0.9
0.6

12.3
13.1

d

(Continued)

88

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 30.
Distribution of workers aged 50 or older, by diagnostic group, selected years 1975–2001—Continued
Diseases of the—

Year a

Nervous
system and
sense Circulatory Respiratory
organs
system
system

Digestive
system

Genitourinary
system

MusculoSkin and
skeletal
subcuta- system and
neous connective Congenital
tissue
tissue anomalies

Injuries

Other

Percent
1975
1981
1982
1983
1984

5.5
6.3
6.9
6.7
6.8

36.0
31.8
31.7
28.7
27.6

8.3
8.3
9.0
8.1
7.9

2.8
2.0
1.7
1.6
1.7

0.8
1.3
0.8
2.1
0.8

0.3
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.2

19.6
16.9
16.4
14.5
15.2

0.7
0.5
0.5
0.7
0.5

3.5
3.4
2.9
2.9
3.2

0.1
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

6.8
6.3
7.2
7.1
6.7

28.7
26.7
26.8
25.0
23.7

8.5
9.2
8.7
8.5
7.6

1.4
1.5
1.5
1.4
1.5

0.8
0.6
1.2
1.3
1.5

0.3
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.2

16.6
16.9
19.3
20.0
20.7

0.5
0.3
0.1
0.1
0.1

3.0
0.8
3.5
3.7
3.7

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
1.7
2.2

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

6.8
6.7
6.4
6.5
6.6

23.1
22.0
22.0
21.6
20.6

7.4
7.0
7.0
7.1
7.7

1.5
1.5
1.4
1.5
1.5

1.6
1.6
1.6
1.7
2.0

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

20.8
22.4
21.8
20.9
19.7

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

3.7
3.6
3.5
3.3
3.2

1.6
1.8
2.3
2.5
3.0

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

6.4
6.5
6.8
6.9
7.4

19.5
19.3
18.7
17.9
16.6

6.9
6.7
6.6
6.5
6.2

1.5
1.6
1.6
1.7
1.8

1.6
1.6
1.7
1.8
1.9

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

26.6
26.9
26.9
27.3
27.1

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

3.6
3.6
3.6
3.5
3.5

2.5
2.7
2.4
2.0
1.6

2000
2001

7.4
6.8

17.5
18.0

6.1
6.3

1.7
2.2

1.9
1.8

d

29.9
30.7

d

3.7
3.4

1.4
1.5

d

d

SOURCES: Annual Statistical Supplement to the Social Security Bulletin, Table 6.C3; Annual Award and Termination Transaction
file. Beginning in 2000, data are based on a 1 percent sample.
NOTE: n.a. = not available.
a. As of 1995, diagnostic data for awards are no longer based solely on cases allowed at the initial disability determination level.
b. AIDS and HIV records are counted in “Infectious and parasitic diseases.” Before 1990, they were included in “Other.”
c. Mental retardation not identified separately before 1995.
d. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 for further information.

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

89

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 31.
Distribution of workers under age 50, by diagnostic group, selected years 1975–2001
Mental disorders c

Year a

All disabled
workers

Total with
Infectious
diagnosis and parasitic
available
diseases b

Neoplasms

Endocrine,
nutritional,
and
metabolic
diseases

Diseases of
blood and
bloodforming
organs

Total

Retardation

Other

Number
1975
1981
1982
1983
1984

183,493
123,090
109,279
120,606
140,792

183,493
123,088
109,279
120,605
127,645

3,357
1,209
1,096
3,759
1,528

15,588
15,017
14,581
14,827
16,173

6,511
5,188
4,739
5,630
5,750

748
516
416
457
537

42,119
24,633
21,654
35,331
43,680

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

158,152
188,355
184,481
183,017
189,708

138,718
177,934
172,590
183,017
189,709

1,510
1,534
3,262
1,383
2,497

16,857
16,318
17,595
16,859
19,298

7,534
10,816
12,405
5,848
6,088

472
688
739
867
946

49,313
89,821
58,970
63,282
64,093

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

215,381
255,448
313,175
312,619
292,987

215,381
255,448
313,175
312,619
292,987

19,290
24,838
34,766
33,072
31,210

21,597
23,162
26,485
27,841
30,791

7,190
8,949
15,349
15,550
15,107

1,094
1,218
1,478
1,342
1,278

77,901
94,345
125,609
126,586
116,812

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

308,624
294,077
265,019
273,282
259,680

306,801
294,077
263,631
272,052
259,391

23,736
19,633
12,361
9,817
8,667

22,367
21,940
21,245
22,093
21,960

14,963
15,013
14,667
15,768
15,426

1,250
1,118
1,053
1,072
1,031

108,516
95,089
85,486
90,072
86,642

13,731
11,661
10,679
11,880
9,341

94,785
83,428
74,807
78,192
77,301

2000
2001

269,800
296,800

269,100
295,800

6,900
8,900

21,100
20,600

6,000
7,300

d

98,300
118,700

14,400
20,200

83,900
98,500

d

(Continued)
.

90

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 31.
Distribution of workers under age 50, by diagnostic group, selected years 1975–2001—Continued
Diseases of the—

Year a

Nervous
system and
sense Circulatory Respiratory
organs
system
system

Digestive
system

Genitourinary
system

MusculoSkin and
skeletal
subcuta- system and
neous connective Congenital
tissue
tissue anomalies

Injuries

Other

Number
1975
1981
1982
1983
1984

17,326
14,478
13,882
13,456
14,041

30,293
15,278
14,309
13,589
13,508

5,459
3,189
2,757
2,434
2,463

5,856
3,000
2,761
2,292
2,304

2,534
3,314
1,740
2,540
1,711

954
687
538
486
475

30,635
21,076
17,889
14,158
14,295

3,712
1,945
1,579
1,429
1,375

17,945
13,327
11,088
10,036
9,535

456
231
250
181
270

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

14,724
16,295
19,057
18,364
18,896

13,650
13,946
16,518
15,535
14,224

2,771
3,043
3,535
3,771
3,464

2,756
3,020
2,764
3,158
3,311

1,791
1,684
3,005
4,257
5,364

485
537
659
457
404

15,060
17,148
20,519
23,285
22,628

1,438
1,202
498
326
311

10,357
1,882
13,064
12,590
12,761

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
13,035
15,424

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

20,627
22,795
26,120
24,901
25,350

15,157
16,559
18,775
19,040
16,949

3,538
4,073
4,599
4,664
4,929

3,693
4,403
5,182
5,328
5,537

6,171
6,437
7,595
7,812
8,840

428
524
573
593
572

22,068
29,444
26,347
26,920
17,918

317
384
404
350
384

12,929
13,892
13,691
12,690
11,563

3,381
4,425
6,202
5,930
5,747

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

24,814
24,412
23,479
24,297
23,386

17,490
17,608
16,333
16,607
15,065

5,705
5,747
5,286
5,517
4,783

6,036
6,308
6,029
6,683
7,022

6,705
6,872
6,724
7,066
7,172

899
945
826
851
783

51,664
54,008
48,741
50,426
49,302

472
513
435
462
370

15,325
15,674
14,401
14,321
13,399

6,859
9,197
6,565
7,000
4,383

2000
2001

25,000
29,900

15,900
16,900

5,400
5,200

6,900
7,600

8,500
9,900

d

51,900
50,400

d

16,200
12,900

4,700
4,600

d

d

(Continued)

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

91

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 31.
Distribution of workers under age 50, by diagnostic group, selected years 1975–2001—Continued
Mental disorders c

Year a

All disabled
workers

Total with
Infectious
diagnosis and parasitic
available
diseases b

Neoplasms

Endocrine,
nutritional,
and
metabolic
diseases

Diseases of
blood and
bloodforming
organs

Total

Retardation

Other

Percent
1975
1981
1982
1983
1984

183,493
123,090
109,279
120,606
140,792

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.8
1.0
1.0
3.1
1.2

8.5
12.2
13.3
12.3
12.7

3.5
4.2
4.3
4.7
4.5

0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4

23.0
20.0
19.8
29.3
34.2

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

158,152
188,355
184,481
183,017
189,708

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.1
0.9
1.9
0.8
1.3

12.2
9.2
10.2
9.2
10.2

5.4
6.1
7.2
3.2
3.2

0.3
0.4
0.4
0.5
0.5

35.5
50.5
34.2
34.6
33.8

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

215,381
255,448
313,175
312,619
292,987

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

9.0
9.7
11.1
10.6
10.7

10.0
9.1
8.5
8.9
10.5

3.3
3.5
4.9
5.0
5.2

0.5
0.5
0.5
0.4
0.4

36.2
36.9
40.1
40.5
39.9

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

308,624
294,077
265,019
273,282
259,680

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

7.7
6.7
4.7
3.6
3.3

7.3
7.5
8.1
8.1
8.5

4.9
5.1
5.6
5.8
5.9

0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4

35.4
32.3
32.4
33.1
33.4

4.5
4.0
4.1
4.4
3.6

30.9
28.4
28.4
28.7
29.8

2000
2001

269,800
296,800

100.0
100.0

2.6
3.0

7.8
7.0

2.2
2.5

d

36.5
40.1

5.4
6.8

31.2
33.3

d

(Continued)

92

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 31.
Distribution of workers under age 50, by diagnostic group, selected years 1975–2001—Continued
Diseases of the—

Year a

Nervous
system and
sense Circulatory Respiratory
organs
system
system

Digestive
system

Genitourinary
system

MusculoSkin and
skeletal
subcuta- system and
neous connective Congenital
tissue
tissue anomalies

Injuries

Other

Percent
1975
1981
1982
1983
1984

9.4
11.8
12.7
11.2
11.0

16.5
12.4
13.1
11.3
10.6

3.0
2.6
2.5
2.0
1.9

3.2
2.4
2.5
1.9
1.8

1.4
2.7
1.6
2.1
1.3

0.5
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.4

16.7
17.1
16.4
11.7
11.2

2.0
1.6
1.4
1.2
1.1

9.8
10.8
10.1
8.3
7.5

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

10.6
9.2
11.0
10.0
10.0

9.8
7.8
9.6
8.5
7.5

2.0
1.7
2.0
2.1
1.8

2.0
1.7
1.6
1.7
1.7

1.3
0.9
1.7
2.3
2.8

0.3
0.3
0.4
0.2
0.2

10.9
9.6
11.9
12.7
11.9

1.0
0.7
0.3
0.2
0.2

7.5
1.1
7.6
6.9
6.7

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
7.1
8.1

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

9.6
8.9
8.3
8.0
8.7

7.0
6.5
6.0
6.1
5.8

1.6
1.6
1.5
1.5
1.7

1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.9

2.9
2.5
2.4
2.5
3.0

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

10.2
11.5
8.4
8.6
6.1

0.1
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.1

6.0
5.4
4.4
4.1
3.9

1.6
1.7
2.0
1.9
2.0

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

8.1
8.3
8.9
8.9
9.0

5.7
6.0
6.2
6.1
5.8

1.9
2.0
2.0
2.0
1.8

2.0
2.1
2.3
2.5
2.7

2.2
2.3
2.6
2.6
2.8

0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3

16.8
18.4
18.5
18.5
19.0

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.1

5.0
5.3
5.5
5.3
5.2

2.2
3.1
2.5
2.6
1.7

2000
2001

9.3
10.1

5.9
5.7

2.0
1.8

2.6
2.6

3.2
3.3

d

19.3
17.0

d

6.0
4.4

1.7
1.6

d

d

SOURCES: Annual Statistical Supplement to the Social Security Bulletin, Table 6.C3; Annual Award and Termination Transaction
file. Beginning 2000, data are based on a 1 percent sample.
NOTE: n.a. = not available.
a. As of 1995, diagnostic data for awards are no longer based solely on cases allowed at the initial disability determination level.
b. AIDS and HIV records are counted in “Infectious and parasitic diseases.” Before 1990, they were included in “Other.”
c. Mental retardation not identified separately before 1995.
d. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 for further information.

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

93

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 32.
Average primary insurance amount and monthly benefit, by sex, selected years 1960–2001 (in dollars)
Average primary insurance amount

Average monthly benefit

Year

All disabled workers

Men

Women

All disabled workers

Men

Women

1960

n.a.

n.a.

n.a.

91.20

94.00

78.90

1965 (Jan.–Aug.)

n.a.

n.a.

n.a.

93.30

97.90

80.30

1965 (Sept.–Dec.)

n.a.

n.a.

n.a.

101.30

106.50

86.80

1970

n.a.

n.a.

n.a.

139.80

148.40

115.70

1975

n.a.

n.a.

n.a.

241.20

263.80

190.90

1980

n.a.

n.a.

n.a.

406.30

449.40

308.50

1985

n.a.

n.a.

n.a.

475.60

530.40

363.70

1986

n.a.

n.a.

n.a.

473.80

531.50

357.40

1987

n.a.

n.a.

n.a.

506.00

573.20

381.60

1988

n.a.

n.a.

n.a.

297.40

321.20

263.50

1989

n.a.

n.a.

n.a.

562.10

634.40

429.90

1990

n.a.

n.a.

n.a.

594.20

667.90

465.80

1991

n.a.

n.a.

n.a.

605.50

685.20

470.60

1992

n.a.

n.a.

n.a.

621.90

699.80

494.20

1993

n.a.

n.a.

n.a.

639.80

720.10

507.70

1994

n.a.

n.a.

n.a.

672.80

757.70

535.00

1995

n.a.

n.a.

n.a.

687.70

786.90

549.00

1996

734.00

836.40

595.70

709.10

807.90

575.60

1997

752.00

855.40

623.50

728.10

824.00

608.80

1998

771.30

879.50

639.50

746.30

846.80

623.80

1999

813.20

922.30

674.70

787.80

890.70

657.10

2000

856.80

975.30

718.70

833.70

947.70

700.90

2001

891.60

1,019.60

739.00

867.70

989.30

722.60

SOURCES: Annual Statistical Supplement to the Social Security Bulletin, Tables 6.A4 for years prior to 2000; Annual Award and Termination
Transaction file. Beginning in 1985, data are based on a 1 percent sample.
NOTES: Benefits awarded before the December cost-of-living increase are converted to the December rates before averages are computed.
n.a. = not available.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 for further information.

94

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 33.
Distribution, by diagnostic group, sex, and age, 2001
Total
Diagnostic group

All ages

Under
35

Men

35–49

50 or
older All ages

Under
35

Women
35–49

50 or
older All ages

Under
35

35–49

50 or
older

Number
All disabled workers

661,900 86,400 210,400 365,100 360,000 44,500 108,500 207,000 301,900 41,900 101,900 158,100

Total with diagnosis
available

660,100 86,100 209,700 364,300 359,200 44,500 108,000 206,700 300,900 41,600 101,700 157,600

Infectious and parasitic
diseases
11,200 1,900
Neoplasms
62,000 3,200
Endocrine, nutritional,
and metabolic diseases 19,500 1,100
Diseases of the blood
and blood-forming
organs
2,200 1,100
Mental disorders
Retardation
22,500 11,900
Other
146,100 36,000
Diseases of the—
Nervous system and
sense organs
54,600 11,000
Circulatory system
82,500 2,400
Respiratory system
28,300 1,000
Digestive system
15,600 1,000
Genitourinary system 16,300 3,400
Skin and
subcutaneous
a
tissue
1,700
Musculoskeletal
system and
connective tissue
162,100 7,000
a
a
Congenital anomalies
Injuries
25,400 4,000
Other
10,000
800

7,000
17,400

2,300
41,400

7,000
32,200

1,400
1,400

4,600
8,300

1,000
22,500

4,200
29,800

500
1,800

2,400
9,100

1,300
18,900

6,200

12,200

10,600

a

3,500

6,400

8,900

a

2,700

5,800

700

a

1,100

600

a

a

1,100

500

500

a

8,300
62,500

2,300
47,600

12,500 6,600
67,400 18,100

4,700
27,300

1,200
22,000

10,000 5,300
78,700 17,900

3,600
35,200

1,100
25,600

18,900
14,500
4,200
6,600
6,500

24,700
65,600
23,100
8,000
6,400

28,300
59,200
16,000
9,200
10,100

2,100

9,100
10,000
1,800
3,900
3,800

13,700
48,200
13,900
4,900
4,200

26,300
23,300
12,300
6,400
6,200

9,800
4,500
2,400
2,700
2,700

11,000
17,400
9,200
3,100
2,200

800

700

800

a

a

500

900

a

500

a

43,400 111,700

5,500
1,000
a
a

5,500
1,400
a
a

1,300

83,500

3,500

22,300

57,700

78,600

3,500

21,100

54,000

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

8,900
3,800

12,500
5,400

17,000
4,300

2,700

6,400
1,800

7,900
2,300

8,400
5,700

1,300

2,500
2,000

4,600
3,100

a

a

(Continued)

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

95

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 33.
Distribution, by diagnostic group, sex, and age, 2001—Continued
Total
Diagnostic group

All ages

Under
35

Men

35–49

50 or
older All ages

Under
35

Women
35–49

50 or
older All ages

Under
35

35–49

50 or
older

Percent
Total with diagnosis
available
Infectious and parasitic
diseases
Neoplasms
Endocrine, nutritional,
and metabolic diseases
Diseases of the blood
and blood-forming
organs
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Diseases of the—
Nervous system and
sense organs
Circulatory system
Respiratory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Skin and
subcutaneous
tissue
Musculoskeletal
system and
connective tissue
Congenital anomalies
Injuries
Other

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

1.7
9.4

2.2
3.7

3.3
8.3

0.6
11.4

2.0
9.0

3.2
3.2

4.3
7.7

0.5
10.9

1.4
9.9

1.2
4.3

2.4
9.0

0.8
12.0

3.0

1.3

3.0

3.4

3.0

a

3.2

3.1

3.0

a

2.7

3.7

0.3

1.3

0.3

a

0.3

1.4

a

a

0.4

1.2

0.5

a

3.4
22.1

13.8
41.8

4.0
29.8

0.6
13.1

3.5
18.8

14.8
40.7

4.4
25.3

0.6
10.6

3.3
26.2

12.7
43.0

3.5
34.6

0.7
16.2

8.3
12.5
4.3
2.4
2.5

12.8
2.8
1.2
1.2
4.0

9.0
6.9
2.0
3.2
3.1

6.8
18.0
6.3
2.2
1.8

7.9
16.5
4.5
2.6
2.8

12.4
2.3

6.6
23.3
6.7
2.4
2.0

8.7
7.7
4.1
2.1
2.1

13.2
3.4

4.7

8.4
9.3
1.7
3.6
3.5

9.6
4.4
2.4
2.7
2.7

7.0
11.0
5.8
2.0
1.4

0.3

a

0.4

0.2

0.2

a

a

0.2

0.3

a

0.5

a

24.6

8.1

20.7

30.7

23.3

7.9

20.7

27.9

26.1

8.4

20.8

34.3

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

3.9
1.5

4.7
0.9

4.2
1.8

3.4
1.5

4.7

6.1
0.5

5.9
1.7

3.8
1.1

2.8
1.9

3.1

2.5
2.0

2.9
2.0

a

a
a

SOURCE: Annual Award and Termination Transaction file, based on a 1 percent sample.
NOTE: n.a. = not applicable.
a. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 for further information.

96

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

a
a

3.1

a

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 34.
Distribution, by monthly benefit and sex, 2001
All disabled workers
Monthly benefit (dollars)

Men

Women

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

661,900

100.0

360,000

100

301,900

100.0

Less than 100.00
100.00–199.90
200.00–299.90
300.00–399.90
400.00–499.90

5,300
12,900
24,300
26,700
38,700

0.8
2.0
3.7
4.0
5.9

2,500
4,100
9,300
9,400
14,800

0.7
1.1
2.6
2.6
4.1

2,800
8,800
15,000
17,300
23,900

0.9
2.9
5.0
5.7
7.9

500.00–599.90
600.00–699.90
700.00–799.90
800.00–899.90
900.00–999.90

76,500
70,400
64,900
60,400
50,200

11.6
10.6
9.8
9.1
7.6

29,400
26,800
30,600
30,000
28,400

8.2
7.4
8.5
8.3
7.9

47,100
43,600
34,300
30,400
21,800

15.6
14.4
11.4
10.1
7.2

1,000.00–1,099.90
1,100.00–1,199.90
1,200.00–1,299.90
1,300.00–1,399.90
1,400.00–1,499.90

43,600
41,000
33,100
28,300
35,700

6.6
6.2
5.0
4.3
5.4

26,100
28,900
24,300
21,200
29,100

7.3
8.0
6.8
5.9
8.1

17,500
12,100
8,800
7,100
6,600

5.8
4.0
2.9
2.4
2.2

1,500.00–1,599.90
1,600.00 or more

24,900
25,000

3.8
3.8

22,300
22,800

6.2
6.3

2,600
2,200

0.9
0.7

Total

Average benefit (dollars)

867.70

989.30

722.60

SOURCE: Annual Award and Termination Transaction File, based on a 1 percent sample.
NOTE: Benefits awarded before the December cost-of-living increase are converted to the December rates before averages are computed.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5422 for further information.

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

97

Awards to Disabled-Worker Families
Table 35.
Number, average primary insurance amount, and average monthly family benefit, 2001

Number of
families

Family composition
Worker only
Men
Women
Worker with children
By sex of worker
Men
Women
By number of children
1 child
2 children
3 or more children

Average primary
Number of insurance amount
beneficiaries
(dollars)

Percentage of
Average monthly families receiving
family benefit maximum family
(dollars)
benefit

282,100
248,300

282,100
248,300

1,021.73
732.65

994.20
716.70

10.5
22.9

63,200
52,900

169,800
139,500

986.82
764.4

1,396.30
1,039.70

86.9
93.2

61,800
36,700
17,600

123,600
110,100
75,600

908.56
880.31
815.19

1,272.50
1,230.90
1,104.30

90.6
89.4
87.5

4,500

9,100

1,229.68

1,506.60

17.8

Workers with—
Spouse aged 62 or older a
Spouse aged 62 or older and 1 or more
children
Spouse and 1 child
Spouse and 2 children
Spouse and 3 or more children

b

b

b

b

b

4,100
3,000
3,500

12,300
12,000
19,300

1,083.99
1,118.77
987.99

1,552.00
1,514.80
1,352.10

85.4
80.0
77.1

SOURCE: Annual Award and Termination Transaction file, based on a 1 percent sample.
NOTES: A family means beneficiaries entitled on one worker’s account. The data may understate the number of families with dependents
because records of awards to dependents made in a different calendar year are not available for inclusion.
Includes beneficiaries whose benefits are being withheld.
a. If the spouse is also entitled to a retired-worker benefit, only the benefit amount received as a spouse is included.
b. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 for further information.

98

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

Awards to Disabled-Worker Families
Table 36.
Distribution, by age of worker, 2001
Total,
all ages

Family composition

Under 30

30–34

35–39

40–44

45–49

50–54

55–59 60 or older

64,400

102,600

131,800

97,500

900
1,600

3,500

Number
Worker only
Worker with—
Spouse
Aged 62 or older a
Child in care
Children
1 child
2 children
3 or more children
Families receiving
maximum benefit c

530,400

39,400

20,400

29,600

44,700

4,600
10,600

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

1,600

1,200

2,000

1,900

1,500

61,800
36,700
17,600

6,000
3,600
1,900

4,300
5,000
3,800

9,200
8,000
5,200

12,100
9,500
3,200

11,700
5,100
2,400

10,300
3,700
600

6,600
1,400

1,600

b

b

200,100

32,800

19,700

28,500

32,400

29,000

24,200

21,800

11,700

12.1

19.3

24.9

18.4

19.6
15.1

76.1

b

b

Percent
Worker only
Worker with—
Spouse
Aged 62 or older a
Child in care
Children
1 child
2 children
3 or more children

100.0

7.4

100.0
100.0

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

15.1

11.3

18.9

17.9

14.2

100.0
100.0
100.0

9.7
9.8
10.8

7.0
13.6
21.6

14.9
21.8
29.6

19.6
25.9
18.2

18.9
13.9
13.6

16.7
10.1
3.4

10.7
3.8

2.6

b

b

30.5

64.1

56.3

53.9

45.4

34.0

20.5

15.3

11.8

Families receiving
maximum benefit c

3.9

5.6

8.4

b

b

SOURCE: Annual Award and Termination Transaction file, based on a 1 percent sample.
NOTES: A family means beneficiaries entitled on one worker’s account. The data may understate the number of families with dependents
because records of awards to dependents made in a different calendar year are not available for inclusion.
Includes beneficiaries whose benefits are being withheld.
a. Includes spouse aged 62 or older with children.
b. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
c. Includes worker-only families.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 for further information.

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

99

Payments Withheld
Table 37.
Number, by reason for withholding payment, December 2001
Disabled workers and nondisabled dependents
Reason payment withheld
Total
Address unknown
Determination of
continuing disability
pending
Recoupment of
overpayment
Workers’ compensation
offset
Payee not determined
Substantial gainful activity
Imprisoned or confined
Entitled child not in care
Beneficiary earnings
Earnings of the other
beneficiaries
Government pension
offset
Technical entitlement
Other

Disabled adult children of—

All
beneficiaries

Workers

538,086

104,045

61,010

202,719

7,916

3,922

17,545

83,957

56,972

16,676

8,439

443

5,417

113

256

244

314

1,450

9,320

5,927

254

2,461

19

13

145

103

398

13,011

5,034

949

6,268

67

256

96

95

246

7,885
4,969
46,546
37,945
11,580
34,935

1,971
1,690
31,437
29,843
n.a.
n.a.

584
10
1,150
294
11,573
34,808

5,178
2,188
11,907
325
n.a.

86
8
65
28
n.a.

a

a

19
123
94
7

163
383
1,113
n.a.

0
810
830
5,027
n.a.

a

a

a

62
81
651
1,221
n.a.
n.a.

a

a

195

n.a.

5

a

a

0

0

184

a

2,134
299,769
53,121

n.a.
n.a.
19,704

1,622
7,486
1,832

n.a.
145,358
23,544

n.a.
5,208
2,306

512
2,224
407

n.a.
13,350
1,695

n.a.
80,533
1,050

n.a.
45,610
2,584

Children
Students
Disabled
Spouses under age 18 aged 18–19 widow(er)s

Disabled
workers

Retired Deceased
workers
workers

SOURCE: Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file.
NOTES: These data represent the total number of beneficiaries with benefits withheld in December 2001 regardless of when their benefits
were initially withheld.
n.a. = not applicable.
a. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 for further information.

100

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

Benefits Terminated
Table 38.
Number and rate, 1960–2001
Total

Disabled workers

Disabled adult children

Year

Number

Rate

Number

Rate

Number

Rate

1960
1961
1962
1963
1964

91,543
118,842
132,144
143,008
144,422

164
160
149
144
134

89,090
115,546
128,299
137,850
138,576

196
187
173
167
155

2,453
3,296
3,845
5,158
5,846

24
27
26
31
32

1965
1966
1967
1968
1969

163,276
175,959
218,077
232,817
263,191

138
134
153
151
159

156,648
168,630
208,899
222,197
251,269

159
154
175
172
180

6,628
7,329
9,178
10,620
11,922

33
34
40
44
46

1970
1971
1972
1973
1974

272,239
278,092
275,663
317,237
336,246

154
144
129
136
130

260,444
266,471
261,739
304,792
320,958

174
162
143
151
143

11,795
11,621
13,924
12,445
15,288

44
41
46
39
45

1975
1976
1977
1978
1979

344,727
367,608
418,394
431,067
441,101

121
120
129
131
133

329,532
351,504
401,334
413,571
422,503

132
132
141
144
147

15,195
16,104
17,060
17,496
18,598

42
42
42
42
43

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

422,612
449,669
500,282
473,327
391,190

128
139
163
155
126

408,051
434,187
483,847
453,621
371,913

143
156
186
177
143

14,561
15,482
16,435
19,706
19,277

32
33
35
40
38

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

357,006
358,289
365,004
375,621
371,128

112
109
109
110
107

339,984
341,276
347,948
356,143
351,402

128
125
125
126
121

17,022
17,013
17,056
19,478
19,726

32
31
30
34
34

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

368,208
369,026
379,653
391,159
404,624

102
97
92
89
87

348,194
351,303
361,796
372,317
384,590

116
110
104
100
97

20,014
17,723
17,857
18,842
20,034

33
29
28
29
30

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

422,114
420,756
491,194
436,244
463,394

87
83
94
81
83

399,475
396,980
464,984
409,489
433,950

95
91
103
87
89

22,639
23,776
26,210
26,755
29,444

33
34
37
38
41

2000
2001

493,651
492,061

86
82

460,351
459,073

91
87

33,300
32,988

46
45

SOURCES: Annual Statistical Supplement to the Social Security Bulletin, Table 5.A17 and 6.F1 for 1960–1999 data; Social Security Disabled
Beneficiaries 100 percent file; Annual Termination file data; Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file.
NOTES: The termination rate is the number of terminations per 1,000 beneficiaries in current payment status.
Data not available for disabled widow(er)s.
n.a. = not available.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 for further information.

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

101

Benefits Terminated
Table 39.
Number, by reason for termination, 2001
Disabled adult children of—

Disabled workers and nondisabled dependents

Reason for termination

All
beneficiaries

Workers

908,500

455,200

Total
Death of beneficiary
Termination resulting from
death of worker
Attainment of age—
18 by children
19 by students
65 by disabled workers
65 by disabled widow(er)s
Termination of spouse’s
benefit because child attains
age 16
Marriage, remarriage, or
divorce of beneficiary
Entitlement to an equal or
larger Social Security
benefit
Does not meet medical
standards b
Medical improvement
Work above substantial
gainful activity d
Miscellaneous reasons
Student no longer attending
school
Other

Children
under age
Spouses
18
50,500

Students
aged
Disabled Disabled
18–19 widow(er)s workers

Retired Deceased
workers
workers

259,900

83,000

26,400

10,000

4,800

18,700

6,200

a

2,600

14,500

201,800

175,700

1,600

900

a

45,100

n.a.

5,600

35,600

1,200

n.a.

2,700

a

n.a.

174,800
23,400
255,900
19,400

n.a.
n.a.
222,000
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
22,000
n.a.

174,800
n.a.
8,000
n.a.

n.a.
23,400
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
19,400

n.a.
n.a.
3,600
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

15,600

n.a.

15,600

n.a.

n.a.

n.a.

n.a.

n.a.

n.a.

12,000

n.a.

2,000

8,300

a

a

500

a

500

2,600

n.a.

600

500

a

a

a

a

500

2,600

30,900

a

600

2,500

1,200

2,900

c

c

c

c

c

c

a

21,700

21,700

c

29,000
4,900

29,000
4,900

c

c

c

c

c

c

c

c

c

c

c

c

c

c

57,500
3,800

n.a.
1,900

n.a.
500

n.a.
900

57,500

n.a.

n.a.

n.a.

n.a.

a

a

a

a

a

SOURCE: Annual Award and Termination Transaction file, based on a 1 percent sample.
NOTES: These data represent the total number of beneficiaries whose benefits were terminated during the calendar year regardless of the
effective date of the termination.
n.a. = not applicable.
a. Fewer than 500 beneficiaries.
b. Dependents benefits terminate when the disabled worker no longer meets the requirements for disability benefits. Disabled widow(er) and
disabled adult children of deceased or retired workers lose their benefits when they no longer meet the requirements for disability benefits.
c. Not available.
d. Excludes disabled beneficiaries whose monthly benefits have been suspended because they are engaging in substantial gainful activity
during the extended period of eligibility.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 for further information.

102

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

Benefits Terminated
Table 40.
Number, by state or other area, 2001
State or area
All areas

a

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

Total

Disabled workers

Disabled widow(er)s

Disabled adult children

515,100

455,200

26,400

33,500

12,000
800
8,600
7,200
41,700

10,300
700
7,600
6,100
37,200

1,100

600

b

b

b

b

b

b

1,700

2,800

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

1,000

1,300

700

700

b

b

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

6,800
5,800
1,300
1,200
33,600

6,000
4,600
1,200
1,200
31,300

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

17,000
1,600
3,000
20,600
11,000

15,600
1,500
2,900
17,700
9,500

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

5,200
4,000
12,100
10,300
2,800

4,500
3,800
10,400
9,300
2,400

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

8,200
12,300
16,700
8,300
9,000

7,000
11,200
14,600
6,900
8,300

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

12,400
1,100
3,100
3,100
2,100

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

b

b

900
500

2,000
1,000

b

b

b

b

1,000

700

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

1,000

1,100

b

b

b

b

11,600
1,000
2,900
3,100
1,800

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

12,300
3,900
32,300
20,800
1,200

11,200
3,600
28,100
18,900
900

b

b

b

b

1,500
700

2,700
1,200

b

b

20,400
6,600
4,100
20,800
1,800

17,100
5,900
3,600
17,700
1,600

1,100

2,200

b

b

b

b

1,300

1,800

b

b

(Continued)

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

103

Benefits Terminated
Table 40.
Number, by state or other area, 2001—Continued
State or area

Total

Disabled workers

Disabled widow(er)s

Disabled adult children

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

9,400
1,000
12,500
31,300
1,900

8,100
900
10,700
27,500
1,900

700

600

b

b

900
2,200

900
1,600

b

b

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

1,300
11,800
9,800
6,400
9,500
600

900
10,200
9,200
5,300
8,600
600

b

b

500

1,100

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

Outlying areas
Puerto Rico
Other c

10,300
2,100

8,800
1,600

700

800

b

b

SOURCE: Annual Award and Termination file, based on a 1 percent sample.
a. Includes beneficiaries with unknown state code.
b. Fewer than 500 beneficiaries.
c. Includes American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, Virgin Islands, and foreign countries.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 for further information.

104

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

Tables
Disabled Beneficiaries
Receiving Social Security,
SSI, or Both

Disabled Beneficiaries Receiving Social Security, SSI, or Both
Table 41.
Number aged 18–64, by program, December 1996–2001
Average monthly benefit a
(dollars)

Number

SSI only

Both
Social
Security
and SSI

Social
Security
only

Total monthly benefits b
(millions of dollars)

SSI only

Both
Social
Security
and SSI

Social
Security
only

SSI only

Both
Social
Security
and SSI

Year

Total

Social
Security
only

1996
1997
1998
1999

7,689,664
7,811,748
8,086,259
8,399,309

4,122,152
4,250,155
4,440,264
4,703,774

2,559,750
2,550,105
2,618,615
2,650,586

1,007,762
1,011,488
1,027,380
1,044,949

744.60
762.80
775.00
784.10

456.00
458.10
467.90
477.60

546.90
557.10
564.30
576.70

3,072
3,245
3,444
3,691

1,222
1,257
1,313
1,346

584
604
622
643

2000
2001

8,599,465
8,791,338

4,850,835
4,979,844

2,690,446
2,732,020

1,058,184
1,079,474

818.80
862.60

489.00
506.80

594.90
615.20

3,975
4,299

1,408
1,491

675
719

SOURCES: Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file; Revised Management Information Counts System.
NOTE: SSI counts include recipients of federal SSI, federally administered state supplementation, or both. Social Security beneficiaries who
are entitled to both a primary and a secondary benefit (dual entitlement) are counted only once in this table.
a. Excludes retroactive payments for either program.
b. Includes retroactive SSI payments.
CONTACT: Art Kahn (410) 965-0186 for further information.

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

107

Disabled Beneficiaries Receiving Social Security, SSI, or Both
Table 42.
Number aged 18–64, by state or other area, December 2001
Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult children

Total

Number
with SSI

Average
SSI
benefit a
(dollars)

5,268,039

772,562

173.40

123,055

35,222

178.50

668,224

271,690

224.70

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

129,615
7,671
91,578
80,410
448,238

20,848
1,326
9,830
11,784
122,373

146.20
155.10
151.70
145.00
242.00

3,637
155
1,620
1,985
8,647

1,290
40
349
687
3,577

165.00
163.50
176.40
147.90
255.70

15,164
624
7,590
8,019
56,489

8,114
273
2,862
4,100
35,816

208.90
209.20
203.00
212.00
315.00

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

62,225
56,087
15,540
8,417
324,090

8,061
5,909
1,693
1,624
41,508

142.80
146.90
155.80
159.10
153.10

1,006
912
242
226
5,836

219
302
46
83
1,503

186.90
175.20
148.90
173.20
157.90

5,219
8,356
1,683
1,226
29,553

2,120
2,118
571
431
11,878

198.20
204.80
187.70
235.10
198.60

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

164,223
14,844
21,838
182,061
113,500

23,434
1,844
3,231
21,015
13,279

141.50
203.00
152.20
162.60
159.70

3,935
309
382
4,667
2,519

1,481
69
81
1,109
445

155.30
215.20
147.70
171.80
159.30

18,086
1,991
2,201
28,632
15,064

9,125
965
883
7,441
3,708

195.20
348.90
185.40
203.30
195.70

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

48,883
43,490
131,186
92,768
36,673

7,122
6,009
21,333
14,679
5,814

161.00
158.60
155.00
151.80
148.20

879
768
4,613
4,120
669

202
171
1,561
1,337
182

161.10
154.20
172.50
165.80
140.70

7,505
5,399
14,626
16,486
3,830

2,429
1,789
7,475
7,821
1,835

178.90
193.90
218.10
220.40
195.90

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

73,549
127,431
192,024
71,539
89,514

8,797
23,822
23,192
9,057
15,375

151.80
175.70
166.20
153.10
146.10

1,520
2,029
4,884
919
2,620

370
783
1,040
199
1,098

149.80
227.10
155.70
184.90
166.60

9,797
15,740
29,798
10,044
10,577

3,282
6,566
12,195
3,003
6,034

183.80
223.00
194.00
185.90
225.00

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

129,371
17,420
26,611
34,042
24,167

17,416
2,338
3,846
3,605
2,192

159.90
151.30
153.50
142.70
145.90

2,884
350
420
522
300

798
98
79
88
57

164.10
165.20
177.60
150.30
158.90

14,344
1,921
3,599
2,086
2,302

5,711
847
1,318
690
746

203.70
187.70
184.30
187.70
194.10

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

130,032
33,238
349,196
202,616
9,263

15,622
5,117
57,311
26,188
1,309

160.90
147.20
205.30
147.90
147.60

2,151
819
7,592
3,808
170

568
282
2,706
1,337
40

175.90
174.30
206.80
158.90
144.60

17,689
3,777
49,948
19,936
1,751

5,592
1,950
23,485
9,191
642

204.80
213.20
270.80
196.80
189.40

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

200,768
68,375
59,795
228,076
24,320

26,953
9,004
8,729
31,875
4,592

164.90
156.00
153.50
176.50
171.10

6,311
1,831
1,052
6,028
333

1,341
514
210
1,642
113

165.80
167.10
170.40
182.10
204.20

31,715
8,016
6,195
33,829
2,616

9,283
3,190
2,243
12,964
1,320

197.70
201.90
186.00
222.50
227.80

State or area
All areas

Total

Number
with SSI

Average
SSI
benefit a
(dollars)

Total

Number
with SSI

Average
SSI
benefit a
(dollars)

(Continued)

108

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

Disabled Beneficiaries Receiving Social Security, SSI, or Both
Table 42.
Number aged 18–64, by state or other area, December 2001—Continued
Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult children

Total

Number
with SSI

Average
SSI
benefit a
(dollars)

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

106,988
12,311
148,698
271,977
22,845

12,415
1,854
21,084
40,399
2,969

148.50
154.80
152.70
147.80
161.00

2,498
222
4,208
7,797
371

878
73
1,368
2,347
75

158.00
194.60
164.10
161.10
199.50

11,833
1,768
16,298
35,615
2,895

5,488
825
7,932
14,752
906

196.40
190.30
206.50
207.00
190.40

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

12,994
133,678
94,915
64,254
86,342
8,215

2,461
16,104
14,507
7,959
12,433
1,057

177.40
145.70
171.90
153.20
154.20
154.10

258
3,222
1,694
2,691
1,356
135

95
933
337
642
333
26

175.20
152.50
189.00
156.80
157.20
172.30

1,603
15,194
10,025
8,968
13,696
782

924
6,377
3,505
4,002
4,630
250

215.40
198.10
201.20
213.40
174.80
178.30

Outlying areas b

140,138

264

189.20

4,933

18

188.40

26,124

93

335.40

State or area

Total

Number
with SSI

Average
SSI
benefit a
(dollars)

Total

Number
with SSI

Average
SSI
benefit a
(dollars)

SOURCES: Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file; Revised Management Information Counts
System.
NOTE: SSI counts include recipients of federal SSI, federally administered state supplementation or both. Social Security beneficiaries who
are entitled to both a primary and a secondary benefit (dual entitlement) are counted only once in this table.
a. Does not include retroactive payments.
b. Includes American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, and foreign countries.
CONTACT: Art Kahn (410) 965-0186 for further information.

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

109

Tables
Income of
Noninstitutionalized
Disabled Beneficiaries:
SIPP

Notes
The Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) is a household survey of the
noninstitutionalized resident population of the United States, conducted by the U.S.
Census Bureau. The survey was designed to improve the measurement of the economic
situation of persons, families, and households in the United States and to provide a tool for
managing and evaluating government transfer and service programs.
The 1996 SIPP panel consists of 12 interviews, or waves, each of which gathered 4
months of retrospective data. The sample includes approximately 36,000 households,
divided into four rotation groups. The SIPP has been matched to the Social Security
Administration’s (SSA’s) administrative records. Receipt of disability benefits and the
monthly benefit amount is based on December 1999 SSA records, and all other
characteristics are taken from the SIPP. In December 1999, only three of the four SIPP
rotation groups were interviewed. However, since rotation groups are assigned randomly,
the sample is still nationally representative. SIPP sample weights are used to produce
population estimates. The weights have been adjusted to reflect the fact that only three of
the four rotation groups were used for the tabulations.
Poverty calculations based on the SIPP use survey-reported family income for 1999, with
the survey-reported Social Security disability and SSI benefit amounts replaced by the
Social Security disability and SSI benefit amounts from SSA administrative records. The
poverty thresholds are provided in the SIPP and are adjusted for family size and
composition. In 1999, the poverty threshold for a one-person family under age 65 was
$8,667. For a two-person family aged 65 or older, the poverty threshold was $10,070. For
a four-person family with two related children under the age of 18, the poverty threshold
was $16,895.
In tabulations of Medicaid coverage, the SIPP Medicaid variable has been recoded to
reflect the fact that SSI beneficiaries in certain states, sometimes referred to as Section
1634 states, are automatically covered by Medicaid. Thirty-two states plus the District of
Columbia provide automatic Medicaid coverage for SSI beneficiaries, accounting for
approximately 78 percent of all SSI beneficiaries.
SIPP and SSA counts of disabled beneficiaries differ because the SIPP excludes people
living in institutions or outside the continental United States. In addition, the match rate
between the SIPP and SSA records is not perfect. Furthermore, the SIPP estimates are
based on a sample and therefore are subject to sampling error. Standard errors can be
used to measure this sampling variability. Various sources of nonsampling error also may
be important.
Because the SIPP uses a complex sample design, it is inappropriate to calculate standard
errors assuming a simple random sample. Doing so will result in estimated standard
errors that are biased downward. Readers interested in information about SIPP variance
estimates are referred to the Source and Accuracy Statement for the 1996 Public Use
Files from the Survey of Income and Program Participation, available on the SIPP Internet
site at www.sipp.census.gov/sipp/sourceac/s&a96_040501.pdf. The source and accuracy
statement provides information on direct calculation of standard errors for SIPP estimates.
It also provides detailed instructions for calculating standard errors using generalized
variance parameters and simplified tables.

Individual Income
Table 43.
Distribution, by selected personal characteristics, December 1999
Number

Percentage of all in category

Total

Workers

Adult
children

6,145,121

5,444,977

625,172

n.a.

n.a.

n.a.

3,632,828
2,512,293

3,273,514
2,171,462

359,313
265,858

59.1
40.9

60.1
39.9

57.5
42.5

Race
White
Black
American Indian, Alaska Native
Asian, Pacific Islander

4,830,983
1,134,631
125,652
53,855

4,310,471
989,124
91,527
53,855

459,014
137,833
28,324

78.6
18.5
2.0
0.9

79.2
18.2
1.7
1.0

73.4
22.0
4.5

Ethnicity
Non-Hispanic
Hispanic

5,709,753
435,368

5,102,349
342,628

542,930
82,241

92.9
7.1

93.7
6.3

86.8
13.2

Relationship to householder
Householder
Spouse
Child
Grandchild
Parent
Sibling
Other relative
Other nonrelative

3,836,233
1,117,357
847,078
6,573
46,279
104,217
74,095
113,288

3,641,047
1,112,818
454,837

127,887

66.9
20.4
8.4

20.5
0.0
62.7
1.1

46,279
65,810
46,327
77,860

38,408
27,768
32,294

62.4
18.2
13.8
0.1
0.8
1.7
1.2
1.8

0.8
1.2
0.9
1.4

6.1
4.4
5.2

Years of education
0–8
9–11
12
13–15
16 or more

954,373
1,108,516
2,127,622
1,369,984
584,626

653,094
996,712
1,909,447
1,326,309
559,416

258,918
102,967
202,057
43,675
17,555

15.5
18.0
34.6
22.3
9.5

12.0
18.3
35.1
24.4
10.3

41.4
16.5
32.3
7.0
2.8

Marital status
Married
Widowed
Divorced or separated
Never married

2,796,830
338,715
1,399,011
1,610,564

2,786,121
271,608
1,395,685
991,562

6,169

51.2
5.0
25.6
18.2

1.0

619,002

45.5
5.5
22.8
26.2

99.0

Health insurance b
Medicaid
Medicare
Private insurance
No insurance

2,535,368
4,311,541
2,736,599
365,516

1,966,576
3,810,000
2,560,267
334,481

510,386
463,467
160,423
19,008

41.3
70.2
44.5
5.9

36.1
70.0
47.0
6.1

81.6
74.1
25.7
3.0

Characteristic
All noninstitutionalized disabled beneficiaries

Total

Workers

Adult
children

Sex
Men
Women

a

a

a

392,242
6,573
a

a
a

a

a

a

a
a

(Continued)

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

113

Individual Income
Table 43.
Distribution, by selected personal characteristics, December 1999—Continued
Number

Percentage of all in category

Total

Workers

Adult
children

Source of income b
Earnings
Supplemental Security Income
Other public assistance
Property income
Other sources

1,350,593
1,566,801
1,896,317
2,625,292
5,460,907

1,182,727
1,113,649
1,496,732
2,499,745
4,867,631

167,865
402,848
353,820
113,059
533,281

22.0
25.5
30.9
42.7
88.9

21.7
20.5
27.5
45.9
89.4

26.9
64.4
56.6
18.1
85.3

Total personal income in 1999 c (dollars)
Less than 2,500
2,500– 4,999
5,000–7,499
7,500– 9,999
10,000–12,499
12,500–14,999
15,000–17,499
17,500–19,999
20,000–22,499
22,500–24,999
25,000 or more

438,534
597,379
1,257,854
1,044,851
708,566
460,239
284,165
279,944
197,855
204,904
670,831

46,374
52,011
304,645
94,870
56,125
12,371
20,503
8,193
6,916
19,753
3,411

392,161
527,609
925,196
941,281
640,176
447,867
263,661
271,751
182,703
185,151
667,420

7.1
9.7
20.5
17.0
11.5
7.5
4.6
4.6
3.2
3.3
10.9

7.2
9.7
17.0
17.3
11.8
8.2
4.8
5.0
3.4
3.4
12.3

7.4
8.3
48.7
15.2
9.0
2.0
3.3
1.3
1.1
3.2
0.5

Characteristic

Total

Workers

Adult
children

SOURCE: 1996 Survey of Income and Program Participation matched to SSA administrative records.
NOTES: Individuals receiving disability benefits in December 1999 are identified using SSA administrative data. The unweighted sample size
is 793 cases for disabled workers and 87 cases for disabled adult children. Disabled widow(er)s are not shown separately because the
unweighted sample size is less than 30 cases, which is deemed too small to support statistically reliable estimates.
n.a. = not applicable.
a. Sample size is too small to support statistically reliable estimates.
b. Details do not add to totals because individuals can be counted in more than one category.
c. Annual data.
CONTACT: Paul Davies (202) 358-6225 for further information.

114

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

Individual Income
Table 44.
Social Security as a percentage of personal income, by selected characteristics,
December 1999
Percentage of
total or
Number
subtotal

Characteristic

Percentage distribution
Total

Under 25%
of income

25–49%
of income

50–74%
of income

75–99%
of income

100%
of income

All disabled beneficiaries
Total

6,145,121

100.0

100.0

25.3

16.5

17.4

25.3

15.4

Under 25
25–34
35–44
45–54
55 or older

148,086
477,184
1,167,284
1,887,162
2,465,405

2.4
7.8
19.0
30.7
40.1

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

a

a

a

a

a

30.7
25.0
23.7
25.1

22.3
10.4
17.6
17.4

14.6
18.2
15.3
19.2

23.5
27.6
25.3
24.6

9.0
18.8
18.2
13.8

Men
Women

3,632,828
2,512,293

59.1
40.9

100.0
100.0

23.6
27.8

18.4
13.9

17.4
17.4

24.7
26.3

15.9
14.7

4,830,983
1,134,631

78.6
18.5

100.0
100.0

25.0
21.1

16.4
17.8

17.6
18.5

26.1
23.5

15.0
19.1

125,652
53,855

2.0
0.9

100.0
100.0

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

Ethnicity
Non-Hispanic
Hispanic

5,709,753
435,368

92.9
7.1

100.0
100.0

25.3
25.0

16.8
13.5

17.2
19.6

25.3
26.3

15.4
15.7

Marital status
Married
Widowed
Divorced or separated
Never married

2,796,830
338,715
1,399,011
1,610,564

45.5
5.5
22.8
26.2

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

25.5
22.3
29.0
22.4

17.6
11.2
16.1
16.2

16.0
24.8
15.6
19.9

25.5
21.9
25.0
26.1

15.5
19.9
14.3
15.3

Years of education
0–8
9–11
12
13–15
16 or more

954,373
1,108,516
2,127,622
1,369,984
584,626

15.5
18.0
34.6
22.3
9.5

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

23.4
15.9
25.0
29.4
37.8

13.8
11.8
18.2
19.7
16.8

20.7
18.7
16.1
16.3
17.3

25.5
29.0
27.2
23.1
16.6

16.6
24.7
13.6
11.6
11.6

Living arrangement
Lives alone
Lives with relatives
Lives only with nonrelatives

1,536,534
4,342,941
265,646

25.0
70.7
4.3

100.0
100.0
100.0

23.9
25.9
23.9

16.7
16.4
18.0

19.5
16.5
20.7

24.5
25.5
27.7

15.3
15.8
9.7

Age

Sex

Race
White
Black
American Indian, Alaska
Native
Asian, Pacific Islander

(Continued)

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

115

Individual Income
Table 44.
Social Security as a percentage of personal income, by selected characteristics,
December 1999—Continued
Percentage of
total or
Number
subtotal

Characteristic

Percentage distribution
Total

Under 25%
of income

25–49%
of income

50–74%
of income

75–99%
of income

100%
of income

Disabled workers
Subtotal

5,444,977

100.0

100.0

24.9

17.2

16.0

26.1

15.8

Under 25
25-34
35-44
45-54
55 or older

23,969
349,104
942,263
1,798,631
2,331,009

0.4
6.4
17.3
33.0
42.8

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

23.3
23.5
25.2

11.0
17.3
18.1

15.9
15.1
17.8

31.2
26.2
24.4

18.6
18.0
14.5

Men
Women

3,273,514
2,171,462

60.1
39.9

100.0
100.0

23.6
26.9

19.1
14.4

16.3
15.5

25.2
27.5

15.9
15.7

4,310,471
989,124

79.2
18.2

100.0
100.0

25.4
18.6

16.5
20.5

15.8
18.0

26.7
24.4

15.6
18.6

91,527
53,855

1.7
1.0

100.0
100.0

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

Ethnicity
Non-Hispanic
Hispanic

5,102,349
342,627

93.7
6.3

100.0
100.0

25.2
20.8

17.2
17.1

16.1
13.4

25.8
31.8

15.8
16.9

Marital status
Married
Widowed
Divorced or separated
Never married

2,786,121
271,608
1,395,685
991,562

51.2
5.0
25.6
18.2

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

25.6
16.7
29.1
19.1

17.6
11.3
16.2
19.1

15.8
25.0
15.6
14.4

25.4
23.8
24.8
30.7

15.6
23.2
14.3
16.7

Years of education
0–8
9–11
12
13–15
16 or more

653,094
996,712
1,909,447
1,326,309
559,415

12.0
18.3
35.1
24.4
10.3

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

21.8
16.7
24.5
28.3
36.4

16.1
9.7
19.2
20.3
17.5

13.8
20.2
13.9
16.6
16.7

28.3
28.9
28.1
23.8
17.3

20.1
24.4
14.3
11.0
12.1

Living arrangement
Lives alone
Lives with relatives
Lives only with nonrelatives

1,389,283
3,825,476
230,218

25.5
70.3
4.2

100.0
100.0
100.0

23.5
25.2
27.6

17.3
17.4
13.0

18.2
15.0
18.6

24.9
26.4
29.7

16.1
16.0
11.2

Age

Sex

Race
White
Black
American Indian, Alaska
Native
Asian, Pacific Islander

(Continued)

116

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

Individual Income
Table 44.
Social Security as a percentage of personal income, by selected characteristics,
December 1999—Continued
Percentage of
total or
Number
subtotal

Characteristic

Percentage distribution
Total

Under 25%
of income

25–49%
of income

50–74%
of income

75–99%
of income

100%
of income

Disabled adult children
Subtotal

625,172

100.0

100.0

27.3

11.6

29.5

18.6

13.0

Under 25
25-34
35-44
45-54
55 or older

124,116
128,081
225,021
81,113
66,841

19.9
20.5
36.0
13.0
10.7

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

31.9

8.1

27.9

12.6

19.5

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

Men
Women

359,313
265,858

57.5
42.5

100.0
100.0

23.8
32.1

12.3
10.5

28.1
31.5

20.2
16.5

15.6
9.4

459,014
137,833

73.4
22.0

100.0
100.0

19.0

15.7

34.1

20.8

10.4

a

a

a

a

a

28,324
0

4.5
0.0

100.0
100.0

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

Ethnicity
Non-Hispanic
Hispanic

542,930
82,241

86.8
13.2

100.0
100.0

24.5

13.3

27.7

21.5

13.0

a

a

a

a

a

Marital status
Married
Widowed
Divorced or separated
Never married

6,169
0
0
619,002

1.0
0.0
0.0
99.0

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

27.6

11.7

28.8

18.8

13.1

Years of education
0–8
9–11
12
13–15
16 or more

258,918
102,967
202,057
43,675
17,555

41.4
16.5
32.3
7.0
2.8

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

26.0

7.6

38.2

17.7

10.6

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

Living arrangement
Lives alone
Lives with relatives
Lives only with nonrelatives

106,292
486,585
32,294

17.0
77.8
5.2

100.0
100.0
100.0

a

a

a

a

a

29.4

9.3

28.0

18.3

15.1

a

a

a

a

a

Age

Sex

Race
White
Black
American Indian, Alaska
Native
Asian, Pacific Islander

SOURCE: 1996 Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) matched to SSA administrative records.
NOTE: Individuals receiving disability benefits in December 1999 are identified using SSA administrative data. The unweighted sample size is
793 cases for disabled workers and 87 cases for disabled adult children. Disabled widow(er)s are not shown separately because the
unweighted sample size is less than 30 cases, which is deemed too small to support statistically reliable estimates.
a. Sample size is too small to support statistically reliable estimates.
CONTACT: Paul Davies (202) 358-6225 for further information.

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

117

Family Income
Table 45.
Distribution, by household and family characteristics, December 1999
Number

Percentage of all in category

Total

Workers

Adult
children

6,145,121

5,444,977

625,172

n.a.

n.a.

n.a.

3,091,594
242,267
1,051,100

2,892,442
223,003
727,251

194,613
19,264
297,509

50.3
3.9
17.1

53.1
4.1
13.4

31.1
3.1
47.6

987,594
752,445
20,122

912,663
669,496
20,122

71,797
41,989

16.1
12.2
0.3

16.8
12.3
0.4

11.5
6.7

3,915,240
2,229,881

3,459,399
1,985,577

414,837
210,335

63.7
36.3

63.5
36.5

66.4
33.6

393,673

333,964

59,709

6.4

6.1

9.6

Household receipt of—
Energy assistance
Housing assistance
Food stamps

293,155
210,446
1,146,136

239,695
192,821
952,653

48,307
9,969
172,195

4.8
3.4
18.7

4.4
3.5
17.5

7.7
1.6
27.5

Total household income in 1999 b (dollars)
Less than 5,000
5,000–9,999
10,000–14,999
15,000–19,999
20,000–24,999
25,000–29,999
30,000–34,999
35,000–39,999
40,000 or more

243,779
973,828
646,183
594,220
610,082
466,633
431,752
412,364
1,766,279

222,865
865,557
545,364
542,995
516,762
425,214
388,648
358,691
1,578,880

13,495
81,842
84,303
51,226
93,320
33,746
43,104
44,972
179,162

4.0
15.8
10.5
9.7
9.9
7.6
7.0
6.7
28.7

4.1
15.9
10.0
10.0
9.5
7.8
7.1
6.6
29.0

2.2
13.1
13.5
8.2
14.9
5.4
6.9
7.2
28.7

Characteristic
All noninstitutionalized disabled beneficiaries
Household type
Family
Married couple present
No married couple, male householder
No married couple, female householder
Nonfamily
Male householder
Female householder
Group quarters
Ownership status of living quarters
Owned
Not owned
Residence in public housing

a

Total

Workers

Adult
children

a

(Continued)

118

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

Family Income
Table 45.
Distribution, by household and family characteristics, December 1999—Continued
Number

Percentage of all in category

Total

Workers

Adult
children

Total family income in 1999 b (dollars)
Less than 5,000
5,000–9,999
10,000–14,999
15,000–19,999
20,000–24,999
25,000–29,999
30,000–34,999
35,000–39,999
40,000 or more

295,445
1,055,121
672,542
629,952
613,001
428,190
428,651
395,468
1,626,750

262,900
929,964
577,628
567,231
512,765
402,993
385,547
341,795
1,464,152

19,325
101,396
78,398
62,721
100,236
20,658
43,104
44,972
154,362

4.8
17.2
10.9
10.3
10.0
7.0
7.0
6.4
26.5

4.8
17.1
10.6
10.4
9.4
7.4
7.1
6.3
26.9

3.1
16.2
12.5
10.0
16.0
3.3
6.9
7.2
24.7

Household size
1 person
2 persons
3–4 persons
5 or more persons

1,536,534
2,339,937
1,722,256
546,394

1,389,283
2,158,838
1,466,629
430,227

106,292
150,219
252,493
116,167

25.0
38.1
28.0
8.9

25.5
39.6
26.9
7.9

17.0
24.0
40.4
18.6

Family size
1 person
2 persons
3–4 persons
5 or more persons

1,796,649
2,169,908
1,691,263
487,302

1,613,970
1,996,303
1,438,769
395,935

138,587
142,726
252,493
91,366

29.2
35.3
27.5
7.9

29.6
36.7
26.4
7.3

22.2
22.8
40.4
14.6

Under age 18 in family
None
1 person
2 persons
3–4 persons
5 or more persons

4,903,712
661,154
387,376
172,366
20,513

4,322,234
598,514
352,068
151,648
20,513

511,657
57,488
35,308
20,719

79.8
10.8
6.3
2.8
0.3

79.4
11.0
6.5
2.8
0.4

81.8
9.2
5.6
3.3

Characteristic

a

Total

Workers

Adult
children

a

SOURCE: 1996 Survey of Income and Program Participation matched to SSA administrative records.
NOTES: Individuals receiving disability benefits in December 1999 are identified using SSA administrative data. The unweighted sample size
is 793 cases for disabled workers and 87 cases for disabled adult children. Disabled widow(er)s are not shown separately because the
unweighted sample size is less than 30 cases, which is deemed too small to support statistically reliable estimates.
n.a. = not applicable.
a. Sample size is too small to support statistically reliable estimates.
b. Annual data.
CONTACT: Paul Davies (202) 358-6225 for further information.

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

119

Family Income
Table 46.
Percentage distribution of family income, by source and selected characteristics,
December 1999
Supplemental
Security
Total Social Security
Income

Characteristic

Earnings

Other public
assistance

Property
income

Other

All noninstitutionalized disabled beneficiaries
Total

100.0

36.4

6.5

31.0

1.5

2.8

21.7

100.0
100.0

37.6
34.8

5.0
8.7

30.2
32.2

1.6
1.3

2.5
3.2

23.1
19.8

100.0
100.0

36.6
37.0

5.7
8.0

30.4
34.6

1.2
2.6

3.4
0.8

22.7
17.1

100.0
100.0

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

100.0
100.0

36.2
39.2

5.7
16.7

31.5
24.5

1.4
2.5

2.9
1.4

22.2
15.6

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

a

a

a

a

a

a

28.4
35.6
40.0
36.2

12.6
7.5
6.7
4.7

48.8
35.0
28.2
26.9

0.5
1.4
2.3
1.1

0.6
2.2
2.4
3.5

9.0
18.3
20.5
27.5

Marital status
Married
Widowed
Divorced or separated
Never married

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

27.2
44.0
42.6
45.4

2.5
8.2
9.4
10.7

42.9
17.6
16.2
26.0

1.5
0.7
2.9
0.4

2.8
4.9
3.5
1.9

23.1
24.6
25.4
15.5

Years of education
0–8
9–11
12
13–15
16 or more

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

46.3
46.6
33.7
28.9
28.6

16.4
6.0
5.4
3.4
2.6

19.3
26.3
34.8
35.5
34.7

3.0
1.3
0.7
2.4

0.8
1.0
3.3
4.3
4.5

14.3
18.8
22.0
25.5
29.6

100.0
100.0

50.3
30.9

10.7
4.8

10.6
39.7

0.8
1.7

2.9
2.9

24.6
20.0

100.0

46.5

10.5

6.7

1.5

1.1

33.7

Sex
Men
Women
Race
White
Black
American Indian, Alaska
Native
Asian, Pacific Islander
Ethnicity
Non-Hispanic
Hispanic
Age
Under 25
25–34
35–44
45–54
55 or older

Living arrangement
Lives alone
Lives with relatives
Lives only with
nonrelatives

a

(Continued)

120

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

Family Income
Table 46.
Percentage distribution of family income, by source and selected characteristics,
December 1999—Continued
Supplemental
Security
Total Social Security
Income

Characteristic

Earnings

Other public
assistance

Property
income

Other

Disabled workers
Subtotal

100.0

35.5

5.0

32.0

1.6

2.8

23.2

100.0
100.0

36.4
34.1

3.7
7.0

31.3
33.0

1.7
1.4

2.7
2.9

24.2
21.6

100.0
100.0

35.4
36.9

4.6
6.5

31.5
33.7

1.3
2.9

3.3
0.8

23.8
19.3

100.0
100.0

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

100.0
100.0

35.3
38.8

4.6
11.1

32.3
27.3

1.5
3.2

2.9
0.8

23.4
18.8

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

34.0
39.6
35.0

4.7
6.3
3.9

37.2
29.2
27.5

1.8
2.4
1.2

2.1
2.4
3.7

20.2
20.2
28.8

Marital status
Married
Widowed
Divorced or separated
Never married

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

27.3
44.5
42.5
46.2

2.4
5.1
9.4
6.0

42.7
16.7
16.3
28.0

1.5
0.8
2.9
0.3

2.8
6.1
3.5
0.8

23.2
26.8
25.5
18.8

Years of education
0–8
9–11
12
13–15
16 or more

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

42.2
46.5
33.7
29.4
28.7

12.4
4.5
4.8
3.3
2.3

23.8
26.7
34.7
34.9
34.5

4.3
1.5
0.7
2.4
0.0

0.3
1.0
2.8
4.4
4.7

17.0
19.8
23.3
25.6
29.8

100.0
100.0

49.5
29.8

9.5
3.2

11.0
41.2

0.9
1.9

3.2
2.7

26.0
21.2

100.0

45.7

7.4

5.0

1.8

1.2

38.9

Sex
Men
Women
Race
White
Black
American Indian, Alaska
Native
Asian, Pacific Islander
Ethnicity
Non-Hispanic
Hispanic
Age
Under 25
25–34
35–44
45–54
55 or older

Living arrangement
Lives alone
Lives with relatives
Lives only with
nonrelatives

(Continued)

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

121

Family Income
Table 46.
Percentage distribution of family income, by source and selected characteristics,
December 1999—Continued
Supplemental
Security
Total Social Security
Income

Characteristic

Earnings

Other public
assistance

Property
income

Other

Disabled adult children
Subtotal

100.0

43.9

18.2

23.5

0.5

3.7

10.3

100.0
100.0

47.9
38.4

17.4
19.3

20.4
27.6

0.2
0.9

1.3
6.9

12.8
6.8

100.0
100.0

46.5

14.8

20.1

0.4

4.8

13.4

a

a

a

a

a

a

100.0
100.0

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

100.0
100.0

45.5

14.6

24.6

0.6

3.6

11.2

a

a

a

a

a

a

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

Sex
Men
Women
Race
White
Black
American Indian, Alaska
Native
Asian, Pacific Islander
Ethnicity
Non-Hispanic
Hispanic
Age
Under 25
25–34
35–44
45–54
55 or older

42.1

19.1

25.9

a

2.6

10.4

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

44.2

18.3

22.9

0.5

3.7

10.4

Marital status
Married
Widowed
Divorced or separated
Never married

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

Years of education
0–8
9–11
12
13–15
16 or more

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

55.7

24.8

8.6

0.3

2.1

8.6

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

100.0
100.0

a

a

a

a

a

a

39.8

17.1

26.7

0.6

4.7

11.1

a

a

a

a

a

a

Living arrangement
Lives alone
Lives with relatives
Lives only with
nonrelatives

100.0

SOURCE: 1996 Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) matched to SSA administrative records.
NOTE: Individuals receiving disability benefits in December 1999 are identified using SSA administrative data. The unweighted sample size
is 793 cases for disabled workers and 87 cases for disabled adult children. Disabled widow(er)s are not shown separately because the
unweighted sample size is less than 30 cases, which is deemed too small to support statistically reliable estimates.
a. Sample size is too small to support statistically reliable estimates.
CONTACT: Paul Davies (202) 358-6225 for further information.

122

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

Family Income
Table 47.
Poverty status, by selected characteristics, December 1999
Income relative to poverty threshold
Characteristic

Total number

Under 50%

50–99%

100–124%

125–149%

150–199%

200–299%

300% or
more

All noninstitutionalized disabled beneficiaries
Total

6,145,121

370,940

983,482

524,872

364,153

881,856

1,390,262

1,629,555

3,632,828
2,512,293

198,591
172,349

521,789
461,693

306,955
217,917

227,070
137,083

554,714
327,142

797,018
593,244

1,026,690
602,865

4,830,983
1,134,631

256,744
94,177

731,708
235,759

396,718
142,883

332,324
25,219

694,077
140,230

1,012,057
352,402

1,407,354
161,960

125,652

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

53,855

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

5,709,753
435,368

342,780
28,161

893,158
90,324

484,310
40,562

323,088
41,065

787,081
94,775

1,312,840
77,422

1,566,496
63,059

148,086
477,184
1,167,284
1,887,162
2,465,405

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

19,279
95,864
136,270
119,528

118,206
197,101
304,138
352,283

51,930
112,063
171,343
175,810

16,172
68,941
127,561
144,273

119,511
153,413
260,213
342,898

81,636
293,291
346,996
611,235

70,450
246,611
540,642
719,378

2,796,830
338,715

86,250
35,509

188,452
96,340

162,440
22,579

127,460
47,393

426,165
25,294

743,430
61,681

1,062,634
49,920

1,399,011
1,610,564

162,892
86,289

364,119
334,571

176,426
163,427

107,966
81,335

118,103
312,294

262,671
322,481

206,834
310,167

954,373
1,108,516
2,127,622
1,369,984
584,626

63,768
75,112
115,679
85,616
30,764

236,185
276,772
298,668
146,374
25,484

95,879
96,071
240,103
66,062
26,757

127,959
61,680
73,188
80,495
20,831

139,494
183,294
314,386
178,321
66,361

165,401
275,968
496,646
345,583
106,665

125,686
139,620
588,953
467,533
307,763

Sex
Men
Women
Race
White
Black
American Indian,
Alaska Native
Asian, Pacific
Islander
Ethnicity
Non-Hispanic
Hispanic
Age
Under 25
25–34
35–44
45–54
55 or older
Marital status
Married
Widowed
Divorced or
separated
Never married
Years of education
0–8
9–11
12
13–15
16 or more

(Continued)

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

123

Family Income
Table 47.
Poverty status, by selected characteristics, December 1999—Continued
Income relative to poverty threshold
Characteristic

Total number

Under 50%

50–99%

100–124%

125–149%

150–199%

200–299%

300% or
more

Disabled workers
Subtotal

5,444,977

334,513

838,311

440,270

336,175

749,737

1,234,334

1,511,637

3,273,514
2,171,462

179,337
155,176

451,792
386,520

264,557
175,712

211,946
124,230

493,173
256,564

700,742
533,591

971,967
539,669

4,310,471
989,124

230,001
84,493

618,768
209,330

346,611
90,387

304,346
25,219

622,860
107,652

895,038
313,493

129,847
158,549

91,527

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

53,855

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

5,102,349
342,627

306,353
28,161

763,749
74,562

418,711
21,559

295,110
41,065

689,859
59,878

1,162,536
71,797

1,466,030
45,606

23,969
349,104
942,263
1,798,631
2,331,009

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

80,464
124,927
119,528

168,109
284,601
291,746

90,942
166,161
153,327

59,551
123,291
137,161

82,882
247,802
342,898

258,414
332,518
583,908

201,901
519,332
702,442

Sex
Men
Women
Race
White
Black
American Indian,
Alaska Native
Asian, Pacific
Islander
Ethnicity
Non-Hispanic
Hispanic
Age
Under 25
25–34
35–44
45–54
55 or older
Marital status
Married
Widowed
Divorced or
separated
Never married

2,786,121
271,608

86,250
28,091

188,452
70,104

156,270
13,176

127,460
40,280

426,165
25,294

738,890
61,681

1,062,634
32,983

1,395,685
991,562

162,892
57,281

360,793
218,963

176,426
94,398

107,966
60,469

118,103
180,175

262,671
171,091

206,834
209,185

Years of education
0–8
9–11
12
13–15
16 or more

653,094
996,712
1,909,447
1,326,309
559,415

59,843
65,428
102,431
85,616
21,194

153,298
248,308
272,503
146,374
17,828

48,016
82,514
216,921
66,062
26,757

111,316
56,086
71,576
76,366
20,831

70,419
156,626
278,011
178,321
66,361

125,663
255,532
439,828
314,630
98,681

84,539
132,219
528,176
458,940
307,763
(Continued)

124

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

Family Income
Table 47.
Poverty status, by selected characteristics, December 1999—Continued
Income relative to poverty threshold
Characteristic

Total number

Under 50%

50–99%

100–124%

125–149%

150–199%

200–299%

300% or
more

Disabled adult children
Subtotal

625,172

29,009

115,608

75,199

20,866

132,119

151,389

100,982

359,313
265,858

19,254
9,755

69,997
45,611

42,398
32,801

15,125
5,741

61,541
70,578

96,276
55,113

54,723
46,259

459,014
137,833

19,325

92,313

40,703

20,866

71,218

117,019

97,571

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

28,324

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

542,930
82,241

29,009

105,194

61,347

20,866

97,222

145,764

83,529

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

124,116
128,081
225,021
81,113
66,841

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

15,400

28,992

21,122

9,390

70,530

34,877

44,710

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

Sex
Men
Women
Race
White
Black
American Indian,
Alaska Native
Asian, Pacific
Islander
Ethnicity
Non-Hispanic
Hispanic
Age
Under 25
25–34
35–44
45–54
55 or older
Marital status
Married
Widowed
Divorced or
separated
Never married
Years of education
0–8
9–11
12
13–15
16 or more

6,169

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

619,002

29,009

115,608

69,029

20,866

132,119

151,389

100,982

258,918
102,967
202,057
43,675
17,555

3,925

65,278

38,460

9,530

69,076

39,738

32,911

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

SOURCE: 1996 Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) matched to SSA administrative records.
NOTE: Individuals receiving disability benefits in December 1999 are identified using SSA administrative data. The unweighted sample size is
793 cases for disabled workers and 87 cases for disabled adult children. Disabled widow(er)s are not shown separately because the
unweighted sample size is less than 30 cases, which is deemed too small to support statistically reliable estimates.
a. Sample size is too small to support statistically reliable estimates.
CONTACT: Paul Davies (202) 358-6225 for further information.

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

125

Appendix and Glossary

Appendix:
Sampling Variability
Estimates based on sample data differ from the figures that would have been obtained had all,
rather than a sample, of the records been used. These differences are termed sampling variability. The standard error is a measure of the sampling variability; that is, the variation that occurs
by chance because a sample is used. The standard error is used to describe confidence intervals. The confidence interval represents the extent to which the sample results can be relied
upon to describe the results that would have occurred if the entire population (universe) had
been used for data compilation rather than the sample.
In about 68 percent of all probability samples with the same selection criteria, the universe
value will be included in the interval from one standard error below to one standard error above
the sample estimate. Similarly, about 95 percent of all possible samples will give estimates within
two standard errors, and about 99 percent will give estimates within two and one-half standard
errors.
Tables A-1 and A-2 provide approximations of standard errors of estimates shown in this
report. Table A-1 presents approximate standard errors for the estimated number of recipients
from the 1 percent and the 10 percent sample files. Table A-2 represents approximation of standard errors for the estimated percentage of persons from the 1 percent and 10 percent files. Linear interpolation may be used to obtain values not specifically shown.
Table A-1.
Approximations of standard errors of estimated
number of persons
Size of estimate (inflated)

Standard error
1 percent file

500
1,000
2,500
5,000
7,500
10,000
25,000
50,000
75,000
100,000
250,000
500,000
750,000
1,000,000
5,000,000
10,000,000
25,000,000
50,000,000
75,000,000

250
300
500
800
900
1,100
1,700
2,400
3,000
3,400
5,400
7,800
9,600
11,100
25,800
36,900
57,700
76,100
82,900
10 percent file

100
500
1,000
5,000
10,000
50,000
100,000
500,000
1,000,000
2,000,000
3,000,000
5,000,000
10,000,000
20,000,000

30
70
100
225
300
700
1,000
2,200
3,200
4,300
5,300
6,500
8,500
9,300

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

129

Table A-2.
Approximations of standard errors of estimated
percentage of persons from 1 percent and 10 percent
files
Estimated percentage
Size of base
(inflated)

2 or 98

5 or 95

10 or 90

25 or 75

50

14.5
4.6
2.1
1.5
0.7
0.5
0.2
0.2
0.1
a

16.8
5.3
2.4
1.7
0.8
0.5
0.2
0.2
0.1
a

5.9
4.1
2.6
1.3
0.6
0.4
0.2
0.1
a
a
a

6.8
4.8
3.0
1.5
0.7
0.5
0.2
0.2
0.1
a
a

1 percent file
1,000
10,000
50,000
100,000
500,000
1,000,000
5,000,000
10,000,000
50,000,000
100,000,000

4.7
1.5
0.7
0.5
0.2
0.1
0.1
a
a
a

7.3
2.3
1.0
0.7
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.1
a
a

500
1,000
2,500
10,000
50,000
100,000
500,000
1,000,000
5,000,000
10,000,000
50,000,000

1.9
1.3
0.8
0.4
0.2
0.1
a
a
a
a
a

3.0
2.1
1.3
0.6
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.1
a
a
a

10.1
3.2
1.4
1.0
0.4
0.3
0.1
0.1
a
a

10 percent file
4.1
2.9
1.8
0.9
0.4
0.3
0.1
0.1
a
a
a

a. Less than 0.05 percent.

130

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

Glossary
administrative law judge (ALJ). An official of the Social Security
Administration's (SSA's) Office of Hearings and Appeals who is specially
qualified by education and experience to hold hearings and make independent
decisions regarding eligibility for SSA programs based on all evidence and
testimony. ALJs conduct impartial hearings and issue decisions to claimants
who have appealed previous determinations by SSA. Also see
administrative review process.
administrative review process. The procedures followed by the Social Security
Administration (SSA) in determining one's rights under title II and title XVI of
the Social Security Act. The administrative review process consists of several
steps, which must usually be requested within certain time periods, in the
following order: initial determination, reconsideration, decision of the
administrative law judge, and a review by SSA's Appeals Council.
age. In tables showing beneficiaries in current payment status, the age
classification is based on the beneficiary's current age. In tables showing
awards, age is the beneficiary's age in the month of award.
allowance. A determination by the Disability Determination Services, an
administrative law judge, or the Appeals Council that an applicant meets the
medical definition of disability under the law. Also see disability.
Appeals Council. The organization within the Social Security Administration's
Office of Hearings and Appeals that makes the final decision in the
administrative review process. Also see administrative review process.
auxiliary benefit. A monthly benefit payable to a spouse or child of a retired or
disabled worker (dependents benefit), or to a survivor of a deceased worker
(survivors benefit).
average. See mean.
average current earnings. Earnings used to determine whether the workers'
compensation or public disability benefit offset applies. Average current
earnings are defined as the highest of the following:
• The average monthly earnings used to figure a person's Social Security
disability benefit.
• The average monthly earnings from any work covered by Social Security
that a person did (including self-employment) during the 5 highest
consecutive years after 1950.
• The average monthly earnings from work or self-employment during the year
a person became disabled or in the highest year of earnings that a person
had during the 5-year period just before that person became disabled.
(Divide the total year's earnings by 12 to get the average current earnings.)

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

131

All earnings covered by Social Security, including amounts above the maximum taxable by Social Security, may be used when figuring average current
earnings. Also see workers' compensation and public disability benefit
offset.
average indexed monthly earnings (AIME). The amount of earnings used in
determining the primary insurance amount (PIA) for most workers who attain
age 62, become disabled, or die after 1978. A worker's actual past earnings
are adjusted by changes in the average wage index in order to bring them up
to their approximately equivalent value at the time of eligibility for benefits. If
the person attained age 62, became disabled, or died before 1979, the
average monthly wage is used to calculate the PIA. Also see primary
insurance amount.
average monthly wage (AMW). The dollar amount used in calculating a
person's monthly primary insurance amount (PIA) if that person attained age
62, became disabled, or died before 1979. The AMW is determined by
dividing the total earnings in the "computation years" by the number of months
in those same years. If the person attained age 62, became disabled or died
after 1978, average indexed monthly earnings are used to calculate the
PIA. Also see primary insurance amount.
average wage index. The average amount of total wages for each year after
1950, including wages in noncovered employment and wages in covered
employment in excess of the Social Security contribution and benefit base.
Those average yearly amounts are used to index the earnings of most
workers first becoming eligible for benefits in 1979 or later, and for automatic
adjustments in the contribution and benefit base, bend points, earnings test
exempt amounts, and other wage-indexed amounts.
award. An administrative determination that an individual is entitled to receive
monthly benefits or a lump-sum death payment. Awards can represent not
only new entrants to the benefit rolls but also persons already on the rolls who
become entitled to a different type of benefit (see conversion of benefits).
bend points. The dollar amounts defining the average indexed monthly earnings
or primary insurance amount brackets in the benefit formulas. Also see
average indexed monthly earnings and primary insurance amount.
beneficiary. A person who is entitled to either Social Security or Supplemental
Security Income benefits. The Social Security benefit may be either in current
payment status or withheld.
benefits in force. The sum of the number of persons with benefits in current
payment status and persons with benefits withheld.
benefit termination. See termination.
benefits withheld. See withholding.
blind. "Blindness," for Social Security purposes, means either central visual
acuity of 20/200 or less in the better eye with the use of a correcting lens, or a
132

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

limitation in the fields of vision so that the widest diameter of the visual field
subtends an angle of 20 degrees or less (tunnel vision).
child's benefit. A monthly benefit payable to the children of a retired or disabled
worker or of a deceased worker who died either fully or currently insured.
Benefits are payable to unmarried children under age 18 (up to age 19 if
attending elementary or secondary school full time) and to disabled children
aged 18 or older who became disabled before age 22. Under certain
circumstances, benefits can be paid to stepchildren, grandchildren, or adopted
children. Benefits for disabled children may be continued if they marry certain
other Social Security beneficiaries.
cost-of-living adjustment (COLA). The annual increases in benefits, effective
for December, reflecting the increase in the cost of living. The benefit increase
equals the percentage increase in the consumer price index for urban wage
earners and clerical workers (CPI-W) measured from the average over July,
August, and September of the preceding year to the average for the same 3
months in the current year. If the increase is less than one-tenth of 1 percent,
when rounded, there is no automatic increase for the current year; the
increase for the next year would reflect the increase in the cost of living over a
2-year period. Also see consumer price index.
concurrent claim. A claim for both Title II (Social Security) and Title XVI
(Supplemental Security Income) benefits.
consumer price index (CPI). A measure of the average change in prices over
time for a fixed group of goods and services; also considered a relative
measure of inflation. The CPI-U is the price index for all urban consumers.
The CPI-W is the price index for urban wage earners and clerical workers. In
this report, all references to the CPI refer to the CPI-W.
continuing disability review (CDR). A periodic review to determine if a disabled
individual is still medically eligible to receive benefits.
conversion of benefits. An award of benefits to persons already on the rolls
whose benefits in one category are terminated but who become entitled to
another type of benefit. Two frequent events causing conversions are the
attainment of full retirement age by a disabled worker or a disabled widow(er)
and the death of a retired or disabled worker. Also see award.
covered earnings and employment. All wages and self-employment income
creditable for Social Security purposes. Most employment and selfemployment is covered under the program. In a few situations, the employer
elects coverage, for example, religious orders under a vow of poverty, foreign
affiliates of U.S. employers, or state and local governments. Since July 1991,
coverage is mandatory for state and local employees who are not participating
in a public employee retirement system.
current payment. Benefits paid for a given month, with or without deductions
(provided the deductions are less than a full month's benefit). The amounts
shown are before the deduction of Medicare Part B (Supplementary Medical

2001 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program

133

Insurance) premiums. Benefits in current payment status at the end of a
month are usually payable the following month.
dependents benefit. See auxiliary benefit.
diagnostic group. Classification of impairments, by body system, that identifies
the medical condition(s) on which disability-related benefits are based. Before
1985, the coding of the primary and secondary diagnoses for Social Security
and Supplemental Security Income claimants was in accordance with the
International Classification of Diseases: Clinical Modification, 4th ed., 9th rev.,
using 4-digit ICD-9 codes. In 1985, the Social Security Administration (SSA)
implemented a revised method to determine and enter impairment codes in
administrative records. This revised approach provides for a modified
impairment coding system, generally using 3 digits (followed by zero), loosely
based on the ICD-9 codes. For research purposes, the ICD-9 codes and SSA
impairment codes are, typically, not identical. However, the diagnostic
groupings shown in the statistical tables closely parallel the major ICD-9
disease classifications. Also see Listing of Impairments.
disability. The inability to engage in substantial gainful activity (SGA) by reason
of any medically determinable physical or mental impairment that can be
expected to result in death or to last for a continuous period of not less than 12
months. (Special rules apply for workers aged 55 or older whose disability is
based on blindness. The 12-month requirement does not apply to SSI
beneficiaries who are blind.)
Individuals are considered to be disabled only if their physical or mental
impairment(s) are of such severity that they are not only unable to do their previous work but cannot—because of their age, education, or work experience—
engage in any other kind of substantial gainful activity that exists in the
national economy, regardless of whether such work exists in the immediate
area in which they live, or whether a specific job vacancy exists for them, or
whether they would be hired if they applied for work.
The SGA criterion does not apply to children under age 18 in the Supplemental Security Income program. The standard for them is a medically determinable physical or mental impairment that results in marked and severe
functional limitations.
Disability Determination Services (DDS). The state agency responsible for
developing medical evidence and rendering the initial determination and
reconsideration on whether a claimant is disabled or a beneficiary continues to
be disabled within the meaning of the law.
Disability Insurance (DI) Trust Fund. See trust funds.
disabled adult child. A disabled person aged 18 or older—a son, daughter, or
eligible grandchild of a retired, deceased, or disabled worker—whose
disability began before age 22.
disabled adult child's benefit. A monthly benefit payable to a disabled adult
child.
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disabled widow(er)s benefit. See widow(er)s benefit.
disabled-worker benefit. A monthly benefit payable to a disabled worker who
has not reached full retirement age and who is insured for disability. Before
November 1960, disability benefits were limited to disabled workers aged 5064.
drug addiction and alcoholism (DA&A). Conditions that, if determined a
contributing factor material to the determination of disability, will prevent
entitlement to disability benefits or mandate removal of persons from the
program rolls.
dual entitlement. The entitlement of a beneficiary to both a worker (primary)
benefit and a higher secondary benefit. The primary benefit is paid in full, but
the secondary benefit is paid only in the amount by which it exceeds the
primary benefit. If the two benefits are financed from the same trust fund, the
beneficiary is usually represented only once in the statistics—as a retiredworker or a disabled-worker beneficiary—and the benefit amount recorded is
the larger amount associated with the secondary benefit. If the benefits are
paid from different trust funds, then the beneficiary is represented twice, with
the respective benefit amounts recorded for each type of benefit.
duration. A factor in the determination of disability. To be eligible for benefits, a
claimant must have a disability that has lasted, or is expected to last, at least
12 months or is expected to end in death. Also see sequential evaluation
process.
earnings test. The provision requiring the withholding of benefits if nondisabled
beneficiaries under full retirement age have earnings in excess of certain
exempt amounts.
entitlement. The state of meeting the applicable requirements for receipt of
benefits, including the filing of an application. An entitlement can be
retroactive to before the month of application for benefits and, thus, precede
the date of award. The retroactive period can be 12 months for disabled
workers, their spouses and children, and disabled widow(er)s. The maximum
retroactive period for other types of beneficiaries is 6 months.
equals listing. A determination that a medical condition is equal in severity to the
criteria in the Listing of Impairments.
expedited appeals process. This process permits an individual to go directly to
a federal district court after review of the initial determination without first
completing the administrative review process, if the only dispute is whether an
applicable provision of the Social Security Act is constitutional. Also see
administrative review process.
extended period of eligibility (EPE). The 36-month period after the completion
of a trial work period for beneficiaries who continue to have a disabling
condition and work. Monthly benefits are continued for 3 months after the trial
work period and are then suspended if earnings are above the substantial
gainful activity level. If earnings drop below the substantial gainful activity
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level during the EPE, monthly benefits may be resumed without a new
application and disability determination. Medicare coverage continues
throughout the EPE. Also see trial work period and substantial gainful
activity.
father's benefit. A monthly benefit payable to a widower or surviving divorced
father if (1) the deceased worker on whose earnings record the benefit is paid
was either fully or currently insured at the time of death and (2) an entitled
child of the worker in his care is under age 16 or is disabled.
federally administered Supplemental Security Income (SSI). Federal SSI
payments and state supplementation payments issued by the Social Security
Administration on behalf of states. [This report does not cover state
supplementation payments that are state administered.]
federal court review. When an individual disagrees with the Social Security
Administration's final decision, he or she may request judicial review by filing a
civil action in a federal district court. Also see administrative review
process.
full retirement age (FRA). The age at which a person may first become entitled
to unreduced retirement benefits. Beginning in 2000, the FRA for a worker or
spouse born in 1938 or later, or a widow(er) born in 1940 or later, will gradually
increase from age 65 until it reaches age 67 in 2022. The higher FRA affects
the benefit amount of persons who choose to receive reduced benefits. Also
known as the normal retirement age (NRA).
government pension offset (GPO). A law that affects spouse's or widow(er)s
benefits. Benefits are subject to reduction by any government pensions
payable to the spouse on the basis of his or her own earnings in noncovered
employment. The offset reduces the Social Security benefit amount by twothirds of the amount of the government pension.
hearing. The level following reconsideration in the administrative review process.
The hearing is a de novo procedure at which the claimant, his or her
representative, or both may appear in person, submit new evidence, examine
the evidence used in making the determination under review, give testimony,
and present and question witnesses. The hearing is on the record but is
informal and nonadversarial.
Hospital Insurance (HI) Trust Fund. See trust funds.
husband's benefit. A monthly benefit payable to a husband or a divorced
husband (aged 62 or older) of a retired or disabled worker. Also see spouse's
benefit.
impairment-related work expense (IRWE). The costs of items or services that a
disabled person needs to work. The expenses, when paid by the beneficiary,
are deducted from his or her gross earnings when determining if the work is
considered substantial gainful activity.

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initial determination. The first decision made in determining eligibility for, and
entitlement to, benefits. A Social Security field office employee makes the
decision on nonmedical factors such as insured status, substantial gainful
activity, income, and resources. If the nonmedical factors are met, a state
Disability Determination Services employee makes the decision on the
medical factors. Also see administrative review process.
insured status. The state or condition of having sufficient quarters of coverage to
meet the eligibility requirements for retired-worker or disabled-worker benefits,
or to permit the worker's spouse and children or survivors to establish
eligibility for benefits in the event of his or her disability, retirement, or death.
Also see quarters of coverage.
Listing of Impairments. Issued by the Social Security Administration and used
to identify medical conditions for purposes of determining disability. Also see
diagnostic group.
Master Beneficiary Record (MBR). The MBR contains the data needed to
administer the Social Security benefit program. The MBR contains a record
for each person who (1) is currently entitled to benefits, (2) is no longer
receiving benefits but received them in the past, or (3) filed a claim for benefits
but was denied (though the person may be appealing that decision).
maximum family benefit. The maximum monthly amount that can be paid on a
worker's earnings record. Whenever the total of the individual monthly
benefits payable to all the beneficiaries entitled on one earnings record
exceeds the maximum, each dependents or survivors benefit is
proportionately reduced to bring the total to within the maximum. Benefits
payable to divorced spouses or surviving divorced spouses are not reduced
under the family maximum provision.
mean. An arithmetic mean is the sum of the observed data divided by the number
of observations. Compare with median.
median. A median is a figure that falls in the exact middle of a ranking of
numbers in ascending or descending order. Compare with mean.
medical listings. The common term for the Listing of Impairments. Also see
diagnostic group.
Medicare. A nationwide, federally administered health insurance program that
covers the cost of hospitalization, medical care, and some related services for
most people over age 65, people receiving Social Security Disability Insurance
benefits for 2 years, and people with end-stage renal disease. Medicare
consists of two separate but coordinated programs—Part A (Hospital
Insurance) and Part B (Supplementary Medical Insurance).
meets listing. A physical or mental impairment that meets the criteria in the
Listing of Impairments and is sufficient to establish disability. This
determination is made at the third step in the sequential evaluation process.
Also see sequential evaluation process.

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Medicare eligibility based on disability. Medicare benefits are available 2
years after the disabled worker, disabled widow(er), or disabled adult child
becomes eligible for benefits.
monthly benefit amount (MBA). The amount payable after reduction, if
necessary, for age, family maximum, and other reasons but before any
deduction for Medicare (Part B) premiums.
monthly benefit. In this report, "monthly benefit" refers to the monthly benefit
credited (MBC), which is derived as follows:
1. Subtract the Medicare premium from the monthly benefit amount (MBA);
2. Round the result down to the nearest whole dollar; and
3. Add back the Medicare premium to the rounded result from 2 above.
For example, if a monthly benefit amount is $678.20 and the corresponding
Medicare premium is $43.80, then the MBC is $677.80 ($678.20 - $43.80 =
$634.40 rounded down to $634.00 + $43.80 = $677.80).
mother's benefit. A monthly benefit payable to a widow or surviving divorced
mother if (1) the deceased worker on whose account the benefit is paid was
either fully or currently insured at the time of his death and (2) the entitled child
of the worker is in her care and is under age 16 or disabled.
nonsevere impairment. An impairment that does not significantly limit a person's
physical or mental ability to perform basic work activities.
Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI). The programs under
the Social Security Act that pay for (1) monthly benefits to retired workers and
their spouses and children and to survivors of deceased insured workers
(OASI) and (2) monthly benefits to disabled workers and their spouses and
children and for rehabilitation services provided to the disabled (DI).
Old-Age and Survivors Insurance (OASI) Trust Fund. See trust funds.
other work. Work that exists in the national economy, other than the work a
person has done previously.
parent's benefit. A monthly benefit payable to a dependent parent (aged 62 or
older) of a deceased, fully insured worker.
period of disability. A continuous period of at least 5 months, during which a
person is entitled to disability benefits.
poverty thresholds. The poverty thresholds are a series of income levels, with
different values for family units of different sizes, below which the family units
are considered poor. The thresholds are used mainly for statistical purposes in
calculating official poverty population figures. They are issued annually by the
U.S. Census Bureau in the Current Population Reports series. The thresholds
are adjusted annually for price changes using the annual average consumer
price index for all urban consumers (CPI-U).
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prevalence. The percentage of a population receiving benefits at a specified
time. For Social Security disability benefits, prevalence is expressed as a
percentage of the population insured for Disability Insurance.
primary insurance amount (PIA). The monthly amount payable to a retired
worker who begins to receive benefits at full retirement age or to a disabled
worker who has never received a retirement benefit reduced for age. This
amount, which is derived from the worker's average monthly wage or average
indexed monthly earnings, is also used as a base for computing all types of
benefits payable on the basis of one individual's earnings record.
public disability benefit (PDB). A benefit paid under a federal, state, or local
government law or plan that pays for conditions that are not job-related.
Examples are civil service disability benefits, military disability benefits, state
temporary disability benefits, and state or local government retirement benefits
that are based on disability. Also see workers' compensation and public
disability benefit offset.
quarters of coverage (QC). Basic unit of measurement for determining insured
status. In 2001, a worker receives one quarter of coverage (up to a total of
four) for each $830 of annual covered earnings. The amount of earnings
required for a quarter of coverage is subject to annual automatic increases in
proportion to increases in average earnings. Also see insured status.
race. Racial and ethnic data received via the Survey of Income and Program
Participation are self-reported by the survey respondents.
reconsideration. An independent reexamination of all evidence on record
related to a case. It is based on the evidence submitted for the initial
determination plus any further evidence and information that the claimant or
his or her representative may submit in connection with the reconsideration.
Different employees than the ones who made the initial determination make a
reconsideration determination. Also see administrative review process.
relevant past work. Work that a person did before filing for disability benefits.
representative payee. A person designated by the Social Security
Administration to receive monthly benefit checks on behalf of an adult
beneficiary who is unable to manage his or her own funds. A beneficiary
under age 18 is generally considered incapable of managing benefit
payments, and a representative payee will be selected to receive benefits on
the beneficiary's behalf.
retired-worker (old-age) benefit. A monthly benefit payable to a fully insured
retired worker aged 62 or older. Retired-worker benefit data do not include
special age-72 benefits, unless indicated. Also see special age-72 benefit.
secondary benefit. An additional monthly benefit payable to a spouse or child of
a retired or disabled worker, or to a survivor of a deceased worker who also
receives a primary benefit as a disabled or retired worker. See dual
entitlement.

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self-employment. Operation of a trade or business by an individual or by a
partnership in which an individual is a member.
sequential evaluation process. The five-step process used in determining
whether an individual meets the definition of disability as defined in the law.
special age-72 benefit. A monthly payment to certain persons who reached age
72 before 1968 and never worked in employment covered by Social Security.
Those who reached age 72 between 1968 and 1971 must have Social
Security coverage to qualify. This benefit is not available to people who reach
age 72 after 1971.
spouse's benefit. A monthly benefit payable to a spouse or a divorced spouse of
a retired or disabled worker under one of the following conditions:
1. The spouse is aged 62 or older or has an entitled child of the worker in his
or her care who is under age 16 or is disabled; or
2. The divorced spouse is aged 62 or older and was married to the worker for
10 years before the divorce became final; or
3. The spouse is a deemed spouse (including a divorced deemed spouse)
who entered into an invalid ceremonial marriage in good faith.
state agency. A common term for Disability Determination Services, the state
agency that makes the initial and reconsideration determinations of whether a
claimant is disabled or a beneficiary continues to be disabled within the
meaning of the law.
statutory blindness. See blind.
student benefit. Child's benefit payable to a full-time unmarried elementary or
secondary school student aged 18-19. Student benefits end at age 19 or at
the end of the current semester or quarter, whichever is later. Also see child's
benefit.
substantial gainful activity (SGA). Describes a level of work activity that is
productive and yields or usually yields remuneration or profit. The Social
Security Administration's regulations establish a dollar amount to indicate
whether a person's work is substantial.
Supplemental Security Income (SSI). A federal program for low-income aged,
blind, and disabled individuals who meet income and resource requirements.
It replaced the former federal/state programs of Old-Age Assistance, Aid to the
Blind, and Aid to the Permanently and Totally Disabled. SSI is funded by
general tax revenues, not Social Security taxes.
Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP). The SIPP is a household
survey of the noninstitutionalized resident population of the United States,
conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau. It was designed to improve the
measurement of the economic situation of persons, families, and households
in the United States and to provide a tool for managing and evaluating
government transfer and service programs.
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survivors benefit. See auxiliary benefit.
suspended benefit. See withholding.
technical entitlement. Occurs when a beneficiary is entitled to benefits on more
than one earnings record but is eligible to receive payments on only one
earnings record. There are two types of technical entitlement:
• Simultaneous technical entitlement. Beneficiary is entitled to the same type
of benefit on more than one earnings record.
• Potential dual entitlement. Beneficiary is entitled to different types of benefits
and the secondary benefit amount exceeds the primary benefit, but reduction
for age or family maximum causes the primary benefit to exceed the
secondary benefit amount.
termination. Cessation of payment of a specific type of benefit because the
beneficiary is no longer entitled to receive it. For example, benefits might
terminate as a result of the death of the beneficiary, the recovery of a disabled
beneficiary, or the attainment of age 18 by a child beneficiary. In some cases,
the individual may become immediately entitled to another type of benefit
(such as the conversion of a disabled-worker benefit at normal retirement age
to a retired-worker benefit).
Title II benefits. Refers to benefits administered by the Social Security
Administration under the Federal Old-Age and Survivors Insurance Trust Fund
and Federal Disability Insurance Trust Fund. See trust funds.
Title XVI benefits. Refers to benefits administered by the Social Security
Administration under the Supplemental Security Income program. See
Supplemental Security Income.
trial work period (TWP). A 9-month trial work period during which monthly
benefits continue for beneficiaries who are still disabled but return to work. If
the disability ends after completion of the trial work period, monthly benefits
are continued for an additional 3 months and then entitlement is terminated. A
disabled beneficiary would exhaust the trial work period only if services were
performed in any 9 months within a period of 60 consecutive months. For a
discussion of procedures when the disabling condition continues, see
extended period of eligibility.
trust funds. Separate accounts in the U.S. Treasury in which are deposited the
taxes received under the Federal Insurance Contributions Act and the SelfEmployment Contributions Act, contributions resulting from coverage of state
and local government employees, any sums received under the financial
interchange with the railroad retirement account, voluntary hospital and
medical insurance premiums, and transfers of federal general revenues.
Funds not withdrawn for current monthly or service benefits, the financial
interchange, and administrative expenses are invested in interest-bearing
federal securities, as required by law; the interest earned is also deposited in
the trust funds.

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• Old-Age and Survivors Insurance (OASI). The trust fund used for paying
monthly benefits to retired-worker (old-age) beneficiaries and their spouses
and children and to survivors of deceased insured workers, including most
disabled adult children and disabled widow(er)s.
• Disability Insurance (DI). The trust fund used for paying monthly benefits to
disabled-worker beneficiaries and their spouses and children and for
providing rehabilitation services to the disabled.
• Hospital Insurance (HI). The trust fund used for paying part of the costs of
inpatient hospital services and related care for aged and disabled individuals
who meet the eligibility requirements.
• Supplementary Medical Insurance (SMI). The trust fund used for paying part
of the costs of physician's services, outpatient hospital services, and other
related medical and health services for voluntarily enrolled aged and
disabled individuals.
usual work. See relevant past work.
vocational considerations. Age, education, and work experience, considered at
the final step of the sequential evaluation process.
wages. All payment for services performed for an employer. Wages do not have
to be cash. The cash value of all compensation paid to an employee in any
form other than cash is also considered wages (unless the form of payment is
specifically not covered under the Social Security Act).
widow(er)s benefit. Monthly benefit payable to a widow(er) or surviving divorced
widow(er) of a worker fully insured at the time of death, if he or she is (1) aged
60 or older or (2) aged 50-59 and has been disabled throughout a waiting
period of 5 consecutive calendar months that began no later than 7 years after
the month in which the worker died or after the end of his or her entitlement to
benefits as a widowed mother or father.
A surviving divorced widow(er)'s marriage to a worker must have lasted 10
years before the divorce became final. Effective for benefits payable after
December 1983, benefits are continued for disabled widow(er)s and surviving
divorced widow(er)s who remarry after the age of first eligibility for benefits.
Effective January 1991, benefits may be payable to a deemed widow(er),
including a divorced deemed widow(er). A deemed widow(er) is a person who
entered into an invalid ceremonial marriage in good faith.
wife's benefit. A monthly benefit payable to a wife or divorced wife of a retired or
disabled worker. Also see spouse's benefit.
withholding. Temporarily stopping benefit payments until the condition(s)
causing the suspension are known to have ended. The suspension does not
affect eligibility for Medicare benefits.
work credits. See quarters of coverage.

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worker. A person who has earnings creditable for Social Security purposes on
the basis of services for wages in covered employment or on the basis of
income from covered self-employment.
workers' compensation and public disability benefit offset. A requirement
that reduces the benefits to a disabled worker and dependents if the worker
also receives workers' compensation (WC) or other public disability benefits
(PDB). The reduction continues until the month the worker reaches age 65 or
the month the WC/PDB payments stop, whichever comes first.

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