Annual Statistical

Report on the
Social Security
Disability Insurance
Program, 2002

Social Security Administration
Office of Policy
Office of Research, Evaluation, and Statistics

Highlights 2002
Size and Scope of the Social Security Disability Program
• Disability benefits were paid to almost 6.5 million people.
• Awards to disabled workers (730,383) represented about
91 percent of awards to all disabled beneficiaries (805,311).
• Payments to disabled beneficiaries totaled about $62 billion.
• Benefits were terminated for about 479,000 disabled workers.
• Supplemental Security Income payments were another
source of income for about 1 out of 8 disabled beneficiaries.
Profile of Disabled-Worker Beneficiaries

• Workers accounted for the largest share of disabled
beneficiaries (85 percent).
• Average age was about 51.
• Men represented about 56 percent.
• Mental disorders was the diagnosis for almost a third.
• Average monthly benefit received was $834.
• Supplemental Security Income payments were another
source of income for about 1 out of 7.

Preface
Since 1956, the Social Security program has provided cash benefits to people with
disabilities. This annual report provides program and demographic information about the
people who receive those benefits. The basic topics covered are:





Beneficiaries in current payment status;
Benefits awarded, withheld, and terminated;
Disabled-workers who have returned to work;
Outcomes of applications for disabled-worker benefits;
Geographic distribution of beneficiaries;
Disabled beneficiaries receiving Social Security, Supplemental Security Income,
or both; and
• Income of disabled beneficiaries.
This edition includes two new series of tables. One set provides information about
disabled workers who have returned to work. The other provides data about outcomes of
applications, by year of application, for disabled-worker benefits such as the percentage
of claims allowed. In addition, this year we have used 100 percent data files to produce
the award and termination tables.
Most of the data are from the Social Security Administration's (SSA's) program
records. Information on the income of disabled beneficiaries was obtained from the 2001
Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) panel. The SIPP data were linked to
information from SSA's December 2001 program records. In future editions, we plan to
add more information about the incidence of disability, reinstatement of benefits, workers'
compensation and public disability benefit offset, and continuing disability reviews.
Cece Chin compiled this report for publication. Cece Chin, Paul Davies, Carolyn A.
Harrison, Thuy Ho, Art Kahn, Melissa Koenig, Clark Pickett, and Jeff Shapiro wrote the
programs to process the data and produce the statistical tables. Linda Martin managed
the project, wrote data specifications, and validated the data. Emil Loomis designed the
cover, Celine Houget and Laurie Brown edited the report, and Kathryn Winstead provided
final production assistance. Laurie Brown prepared the electronic versions for the Web.
Your comments and suggestions on this report are welcome and should be directed
to Linda Martin at 410-965-2535 or di.asr@ssa.gov. For questions related to the content
of the tables, use the contact information listed on each table. For additional copies of the
report, please telephone 202-358-6274, e-mail op.publications@ssa.gov, or fax 202-3586192. This and other publications on the Social Security and Supplemental Security
Income programs are available on our Web site at www.socialsecurity.gov/policy.
Susan Grad
Acting Associate Commissioner
for Research, Evaluation, and Statistics
August 2003

Notes
The Old-Age and Survivors Insurance (OASI) program provides benefits to retired
workers and their dependent family members and to survivors of deceased
workers. The Disability Insurance (DI) program provides benefits to disabled
workers, their spouses, and children (whether or not disabled).
Benefits are paid from the OASI and DI trust funds. However, not all disabled
beneficiaries are paid from the DI trust fund. All disabled widow(er)s' and most
disabled adult children's benefits are paid from the OASI trust fund. Persons
receiving disability benefits from either trust fund are referred to in this report as
Social Security beneficiaries.
Numbers presented in these tables may differ slightly from other published
statistics because all tables, except those using data from the Survey of Income
and Program Participation, are based on 100 percent data files. In addition, the
definition of an award now includes secondary benefit awards, subsequent
periods of disability, conversions from one class of child's benefit to another, and it
excludes reinstated benefits. These changes resulted in a slight increase in the
number of awards beginning with 2001 compared with earlier years.
All years are calendar years unless otherwise specified.

Contents
Background ............................................................................................................1
History of the Social Security Disability Insurance Program ............................1
Definition of Disability .......................................................................................3
Types of Benefits Available ..............................................................................3
Initial Disability Decisionmaking Process .........................................................4
Appeals Process ..............................................................................................5
Benefit Calculations .........................................................................................5
Benefits Offset and Withheld............................................................................6
Work Incentives................................................................................................7
Benefit Termination ..........................................................................................8

Charts
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.

All Social Security disabled beneficiaries in current payment status,
December 2002........................................................................................13
All Social Security disabled beneficiaries in current payment status,
1970–2002 ...............................................................................................14
Disabled beneficiaries aged 18–64 in current payment status
as a percentage of state population aged 18–64, December 2002..........15
Age of disabled-worker beneficiaries in current payment status,
by sex, December 2002 ...........................................................................16
Average monthly benefit of disabled beneficiaries in current payment
status, by sex, December 2002................................................................17
Disabled beneficiaries in current payment status, by diagnostic group,
December 2002........................................................................................18
Social Security disability awards, 1980–2002 ..........................................19
Average monthly benefit awards, by sex, 2002........................................20
Disabled-worker awards, by selected diagnostic group, 2002 .................21
Final outcome of disabled-worker applications, 1992–2000 ....................22
Social Security and SSI beneficiaries receiving benefits on the
basis of disability, December 2002...........................................................23
Educational level of disabled-worker beneficiaries, December 2001 .......24
Sources of disabled-worker family income, December 2001 ...................25

Tables
Beneficiaries in Current Payment Status
Disabled Beneficiaries and Nondisabled Dependents

1.
2.

Number, selected years 1960–2002 ........................................................29
Average monthly benefit, by basis of entitlement, age, and sex,
December 2002........................................................................................30

All Disabled Beneficiaries

3.
4.
5.
6.

Number, average, and total monthly benefits, December 1960–2002 .....32
Number and average monthly benefit, by sex and age,
December 2002........................................................................................33
Distribution, by sex and monthly benefit, December 2002 .......................34
Distribution, by sex and diagnostic group, December 2002 .....................36

7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.

Average monthly benefit, by sex and diagnostic group,
December 2002........................................................................................38
Number aged 18–64 as a percentage of the resident population
aged 18–64, by state, December 2002 ....................................................40
Distribution, by state or other area, December 2002................................42
Number, by state or other area and diagnostic group, December 2002 ..44
Percentage distribution, by state or other area and diagnostic group,
December 2002........................................................................................48
Total monthly benefits, by state or other area, December 2002 ..............52
Number, by type of representative payee, December 2002.....................54
Representative payment, by sex and diagnostic group,
December 2002........................................................................................55
Percentage distribution of disabled workers, by state or other area
and monthly benefit, December 2002 ......................................................57
Percentage distribution of disabled widow(er)s, by state or other area
and monthly benefit, December 2002 ......................................................59
Percentage distribution of disabled adult children, by state or other area
and monthly benefit, December 2002 ......................................................61

Disabled Workers

18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.

Percentage distribution, by sex and age, December 1960–2002,
selected years ..........................................................................................63
Number, average primary insurance amount, and average monthly
benefit, by age and sex, December 2002.................................................65
Distribution, by diagnostic group, 1996–2002 ..........................................66
Distribution of workers under age 50, by diagnostic group,
1996–2002 ...............................................................................................68
Distribution of workers aged 50 or older, by diagnostic group,
1996–2002 ...............................................................................................70
Distribution, by diagnostic group and age, December 2002.....................72
Distribution of workers with a secondary benefit (dual entitlement), by
worker’s smaller primary insurance amount and sex, December 2002....73
Distribution of workers with a secondary benefit (dual entitlement), by
type of secondary benefit and sex, December 2002 ................................74
Number, by state or other area, sex, and age, December 2002 ..............75

Disabled-Worker Families

27.
28.
29.

Number and average monthly family benefit, by selected family
composition, December 1960–2002, selected years ...............................79
Number, average primary insurance amount, and average monthly
family benefit, by family composition, December 2002 ............................81
Distribution, by family composition and age of worker, December 2002..82

Benefits Awarded, Withheld, and Terminated
Awards to Disabled Beneficiaries and Nondisabled Dependents

30.
31.

Number, selected years 1960–2002 ........................................................85
Average monthly benefit, by basis of entitlement, age, and sex, 2002 ....86

Awards to All Disabled Beneficiaries

32.
33.

vi

Distribution, by sex and diagnostic group, 2002.......................................88
Distribution and average monthly benefit, by state or other area, 2002...90

Awards to Disabled Workers

34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.

Percentage distribution, by sex and age, selected years 1960–2002 ......92
Distribution, by diagnostic group, selected years 1960–2002 ..................94
Distribution of workers under age 50, by diagnostic group,
selected years 1975–2002 .......................................................................98
Distribution of workers aged 50 or older, by diagnostic group,
selected years 1975–2002 .....................................................................102
Average primary insurance amount and average monthly benefit,
by sex, selected years 1960–2002.........................................................106
Distribution, by diagnostic group, sex, and age, 2002............................107
Distribution, by monthly benefit and sex, 2002.......................................109

Awards to Disabled-Worker Families

41.
42.

Number, average primary insurance amount, and average monthly
family benefit, by family composition, 2002............................................110
Distribution, by family composition and age of worker, 2002 .................111

Payments Withheld

43.

Number, by reason for withholding payment, December 2002 ..............112

Benefits Terminated

44.
45.
46.

Number and rate, 1960–2002 ................................................................113
Number, by reason for termination, 2002...............................................114
Number and rate, by state or other area, 2002 ......................................115

Disabled Workers Who Work

47.
48.
49.

Distribution of workers with payments withheld due to substantial work,
by diagnostic group and age, December 2002.......................................117
Distribution of workers with benefits terminated due to successful
return to work, by diagnostic group and age, December 2002...............118
Distribution, by state or other area, 2002 ...............................................119

Outcomes of Applications for Disabled-Worker Benefits
50.
51.
52.
53.
54.
55.

Notes ......................................................................................................122
Outcomes at all adjudicative levels, by year of application,
1992–2001 .............................................................................................123
Medical decisions at the initial adjudicative level, by year of
application and program, 1992–2001.....................................................124
Medical decisions at the reconsideration level, by year of
application and program, 1992–2001.....................................................125
Medical decisions at the hearing level or above, by year of
application and program, 1992–2001.....................................................126
Percentage distribution of final medical allowances, by year of
application and reason for allowance, 1992–2001 .................................127
Percentage distribution of final medical denials, by year of
application and reason for denial, 1992–2001 .......................................128

Disabled Beneficiaries Receiving
Social Security, SSI, or Both
56.
57.
58.

Number aged 18–64, by program, December 1996–2002.....................131
Number aged 18–64, by state or other area, December 2002...............132
Number aged 18–64 as a percentage of the resident population
aged 18–64, by state, December 2002 ..................................................134
vii

Noninstitutionalized Disabled Beneficiaries:
Survey of Income and Program Participation
59.
60.
61.
62.
63.

Notes ......................................................................................................138
Distribution, by selected personal characteristics, December 2001.......139
Social Security as a percentage of personal income,
by selected characteristics, December 2001..........................................141
Distribution, by household and family characteristics,
December 2001......................................................................................143
Percentage distribution of family income, by source
and selected characteristics, December 2001 .......................................145
Poverty status, by selected characteristics, December 2001.................147

Appendix: Sampling Variability..........................................................................151
Glossary .............................................................................................................153

viii

Background
History of the Social Security Disability
Insurance Program
When President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed
the Social Security Act into law on August 14,
1935, the original program was designed to pay
benefits only to retired workers aged 65 or older.
The 1939 amendments added two new
categories of benefits: payments to the spouse
and minor children of a retired worker (known as
dependents benefits) and survivors benefits
paid to the family of a deceased worker. That
change transformed Social Security from a
retirement program for individuals into a familybased economic security program.
The Social Security Amendments of 1954
initiated the Disability Insurance (DI) program
that provided the public with additional coverage
against economic insecurity. Effective as of
1955, there was a disability "freeze" of workers'
Social Security records during years when they
were unable to work. While that measure
offered no cash benefits, it did prevent such
periods of disability from reducing or wiping out
retirement and survivors benefits. This legislation outlined the work requirements, the definition of disability, the nature of the disability
determinations, and the emphasis on rehabilitation that are still fundamental to the disability
program.
On August 1, 1956, as he signed new disability legislation, President Eisenhower was
quoted as saying, "We will . . . endeavor to
administer the disability [program] efficiently and
effectively, [and] . . . to help rehabilitate the disabled so that they may return to useful employment . . . . I am hopeful that the new law . . . will
advance the economic security of the American
people." These amendments provided cash
benefits to disabled workers aged 50-64 (after a
6-month waiting period) and to adult children of
retired, disabled, or deceased workers, if the
children had been disabled before age 18.
Over the next 4 years, Congress broadened
the scope of the program, providing benefits to

disabled workers' dependents in 1958 and permitting disabled workers under age 50 to qualify
for benefits in 1960. In 1967, the act was further
amended to provide benefits for disabled widows and widowers aged 50-64 at a reduced
rate.
The Social Security Amendments of 1972
further enhanced the disability program by:
• Reducing the waiting period from 6 months
to 5;
• Increasing from 18 to 22 the age before
which a "childhood disability" must have
begun;
• Extending Medicare coverage to persons
who had been receiving disability benefits
for 24 consecutive months; and
• Establishing the needs-based Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program to
replace the Old-Age Assistance, Aid to the
Blind, and Aid to Permanently and Totally
Disabled programs. The SSI program,
unlike the Social Security disability program, provided benefits to disabled children under the age of 18.
Throughout the 1970s, growth in the disability rolls was higher than expected as a result of
increased applications. In addition, relatively
few beneficiaries were being rehabilitated and
returning to work. As a result, Congress
enacted legislation in 1980 that:
• Limited disability benefit levels;
• Tightened administration of the Social
Security and SSI disability programs by
instituting a review of initial disability decisions and by establishing a periodic review
of continuing disability requirements;
• Enhanced rehabilitation and work incentive
provisions; and
• Withheld payment of benefits to incarcerated felons.

In response to concerns arising from the
implementation of the 1980 provision regarding
the continuing disability review process, Congress legislated in 1982 that persons who
appeal decisions that their disability has ceased:
• Could elect to have benefits and Medicare
coverage continued pending review by an
administrative law judge; and
• Have an opportunity for a face-to-face evidentiary hearing at the reconsideration
level of appeal.
Two provisions of the Social Security
Amendments of 1983 affected the disability program:
• The gradual increase, from 65 to 67, in the
age at which full retirement benefits are
payable was made to restore financial
soundness to the Old-Age, Survivors, and
Disability Insurance (OASDI) programs.
The increase in full retirement age, which
began in 2000, means that disabled workers and widow(er)s may remain on the DI
rolls for an additional 2 years before "converting" to age-based benefits. It is also
likely that more older workers will apply for,
and become entitled to, disability-based
benefits because of this change.
• Benefits to disabled widow(er)s were
improved by decreasing the benefit reduction for beneficiaries under age 60 and by
continuing payments to certain disabled
widow(er)s who remarried.
In 1984, the Congress enacted a number of
changes affecting the interpretation of disability
such as instituting a "medical improvement standard" in the continuing disability review process,
revising the mental impairment listings, and considering the combined effect of all impairments
when determining eligibility for benefits.
From 1984 through 1998, many relatively
minor legislative changes were made in the
Social Security disability program. Those
changes provided additional Medicare protection for the disabled, made the definition of dis-

ability for disabled widow(er)s the same as that
for disabled workers, prohibited eligibility for
individuals whose drug addiction or alcoholism
was a contributing factor to their impairment,
and modified the provisions for a trial work
period.
On December 17, 1999, President Clinton
signed into law the Ticket to Work and Work
Incentives Improvement Act. The purpose of
that legislation is to improve the disability program's work incentives by giving beneficiaries
greater choice in seeking rehabilitation and
employment services. The provisions of the act:
• Create a Ticket to Work and Self-Sufficiency program that provides disabled beneficiaries with a voucher they may use to
obtain vocational rehabilitation services,
employment services, and other support
services from an employment network of
their choice.
• Prohibit SSA from initiating continuing disability reviews while the beneficiary is
using a ticket.
• Provide for expedited reinstatement of
benefits for individuals whose prior entitlement to disability and health care benefits
had been terminated as a result of earnings from work. Those former beneficiaries
may request reinstatement of benefits without filing a new application.
• Establish a community-based work incentives planning and assistance program for
the purpose of providing accurate information about work incentives to disabled beneficiaries.
• Expand health care services by allowing
the states to offer Medicaid buy-in for workers with disabilities even though they may
no longer be eligible for disability benefits
under Social Security or SSI because their
medical condition has improved.
• Allow people with disabilities who return to
work to continue their premium-free Medicare Part A coverage for an additional 4½
years beyond the 4 years previously pro-

2 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

vided. Medicare Part B can also continue
if premiums are paid.

Definition of Disability
The definition of disability under Social Security
is different from that used by other disability
programs. Social Security pays benefits only for
total disability; it does not pay benefits for partial
disability or for short-term disability.
To be eligible for benefits a person must:
• Be insured for benefits,

stantial gainful activity. For 2002, the SGA
amount was $780 per month for a nonblind individual and $1,300 per month for a blind person.
Effective January 2001, the SGA level is
adjusted annually based upon the national average wage index.
A medically determinable physical or mental
impairment is an impairment that results from
anatomical, physiological, or psychological
abnormalities that can be shown by medically
acceptable clinical and laboratory diagnostic
techniques. An impairment must be established
by medical evidence consisting of signs, symptoms, and laboratory findings.

• Not have attained full retirement age,
• Have filed an application for benefits, and

Types of Benefits Available

• Have a Social Security defined disability.

The Social Security program pays benefits to
disabled individuals and to certain dependents.
Those benefits include the following:

Meeting the insured requirement means that
a person must have worked long enough—and
recently enough—under Social Security. The
number of work credits (quarters of coverage) a
person needs to qualify for benefits depends on
the individual's age when he or she becomes
disabled.
Section 223(d)(1) of the Social Security Act
defines "disability" as an—
(A) Inability to engage in any substantial gainful
activity by reason of any medically
determinable physical or mental impairment
which can be expected to result in death or
which has lasted or can be expected to last
for a continuous period of not less than 12
months; or
(B) In the case of an individual who has attained
age 55 and is blind (within the meaning of
"blindness" as defined in section 216(i)(1)),
inability by reason of such blindness to
engage in substantial gainful activity
requiring skills or abilities comparable to
those of any gainful activity in which he has
previously engaged with some regularity and
over a substantial period of time.
In most cases, a dollar amount is used to
indicate whether a person is engaging in sub-

1. Monthly cash benefits, after a 5-month waiting period, for a disabled worker and family. The worker and eligible family members
continue to receive benefits, as long as the
worker remains disabled, until the worker
reaches full retirement age or dies. (At that
time, the disabled-worker benefit would convert to retired-worker benefits, and eligible
family members would become eligible for
retirement- or survivor-based benefits.)
The spouse of a disabled worker is eligible
for benefits if he or she is aged 62 or older or
has in his or her care a child under age 16 or
a disabled adult child who is entitled to
benefits on the worker's earnings record.
Unmarried children are entitled to benefits
until they reach age 18, or until age 19 if
they are a full-time elementary or secondary
school student.
2. Monthly cash benefits, after a 5-month waiting period, for a disabled widow(er) or a
disabled surviving divorced spouse who
is aged 50 to 65. This publication refers to
those individuals as "disabled widow(er)s."
3. Monthly cash benefits payable to disabled
adult children of disabled, retired, or
deceased workers. Those children must be

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 3

age 18 or older and must have become disabled before age 22. The 5-month waiting
period does not apply to disabled adult children.
4. Medicare benefits are available 2 years
after the disabled worker, disabled
widow(er), or disabled adult child becomes
eligible for benefits.
5. Vocational rehabilitation services are
available for disabled beneficiaries who
could return to work if they were provided
with some assistance.

Initial Disability Decisionmaking Process
The disability decisionmaking process begins
when an individual files an application for
benefits at a Social Security office. An
employee in the office determines if the
applicant meets the nonmedical requirements
for benefits such as age, work credits,
performance of SGA, and relationship to the
insured worker. If those requirements are met,
the application is sent to the Disability
Determination Services (DDS) office in the state
where the applicant resides. The DDS then
decides whether an individual is disabled under
Social Security law.

1. Is the individual working? If the person is
working and earning more than the SGA
amount, the person generally cannot be
considered disabled. This decision is made
by a Social Security employee. If the person
is not working at SGA, the file goes to the
DDS.
2. Is the condition "severe"? A condition
must interfere with basic work-related activities for a claim to be considered. If it does
not, the person is not found disabled. If it
does, the DDS will go to the next step.
3. Does the individual have an impairment
that meets or equals one that is
described in SSA's Listing of Impairments? SSA maintains a list of impairments
for 14 major body systems: musculoskeletal;
special senses and speech; respiratory; cardiovascular; digestive; genitourinary; hemic
and lymphatic; skin and subcutaneous tissue; endocrine; multiple body; neurological;
mental; neoplastic; and the immune system. Those impairments are so severe that
they automatically mean that a person is disabled. If the condition is not on the list, the
DDS will have to decide if it is of equal
severity to a listed impairment. If it is, the
person is found disabled. If not, the DDS
goes to the next step.

Disability examiners and medical staff in the
DDS office use medical evidence from the applicant's doctors, hospitals, clinics, or institutions
where the individual received treatment. Those
medical sources are also asked for information
about a person's ability to do work-related activities, such as walking, sitting, lifting, carrying,
and remembering instructions.

4. Can the individual do the work he or she
previously did? If the person's condition is
severe but not at the same or equal severity
as an impairment on the list, then the DDS
must determine if it interferes with a person's
ability to do his or her past work. If it does
not, the claim will be denied. If it does, the
DDS goes to the next step.

The DDS may need more medical information before they can decide a person's case. If it
is not available from the individual's current
medical sources, they may ask the applicant to
go to a special examination, called a "consultative examination," that is paid for by the Social
Security Administration (SSA).

5. Can the individual do any other type of
work? In order to determine an individual's
ability to do other work, the DDS considers
the person's medical conditions, age, education, work experience, and any transferable
skills. If the DDS decides the person cannot
do other work, the claim will be approved. If
the DDS decides that the person can do
other work, the claim will be denied.

A five-step sequential evaluation process is
used to decide if a person is disabled. Those
steps are as follows:

A person is considered blind if his or her
vision cannot be corrected to better than 20/200

4 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

in the better eye or if his or her visual field is 20
degrees or less, even with a corrective lens. A
number of special rules apply to persons who
are blind. Those rules recognize the impact of
blindness on a person's ability to work. For
example, the dollar amount used to determine if
a blind individual is engaging in SGA is higher
than the limit for a sighted person.

Appeals Process
If an applicant's claim for disability benefits is
denied, he or she has the right to appeal that
decision. There are four levels of appeals: (1)
reconsideration by the state DDS; (2) hearing by
an administrative law judge (ALJ); (3) review by
the Appeals Council; and (4) federal court
review. At each level of appeal, claimants or
their representative must file the request for
appeal in writing within 60 days from the date of
the notice of denial.
Generally, the reconsideration is the first
step in the appeals process. The reconsideration is a case review and is similar to the initial
determination except that the case is assigned
to a different disability examiner and medical
team at the DDS. Claimants are given the
opportunity to present additional evidence,
which is considered along with the evidence that
was submitted during the initial determination.
If the claim is again denied, the individual
may request a hearing before an ALJ. Usually
the ALJ will hold a hearing, although the claimant may ask that his or her case be decided on
the basis of the written record without a hearing.
At the hearing, the claimant and witnesses testify under oath or affirmation, and the testimony
is recorded verbatim. The ALJ is responsible for
looking into all the issues; he or she receives
documentary evidence as well as the testimony
of witnesses. The ALJ will allow the claimant,
the claimant's representative, or both to present
arguments and examine witnesses.
The final step in the administrative appeals
process is at the Appeals Council. If the claimant is dissatisfied with the hearing decision, he
or she may request that the Appeals Council
review the case. The Council, made up of

administrative appeals judges, may also, on its
own motion, review a decision within 60 days of
the ALJ's decision.
The Appeals Council considers the evidence
of record, any additional evidence submitted by
the claimant, and the ALJ's findings and conclusions. The Council may grant, deny, or dismiss a
request for review. If it agrees to review the
case, the Council may uphold, modify, or
reverse the ALJ's action, or it may remand it to
the ALJ so that he or she may hold another
hearing and issue a new decision.
Claimants may file an action in a federal district court within 60 days after the date they
receive notice of the Appeals Council's action. If
the U.S. District Court reviews the case record
and does not find in favor of the claimant, the
claimant can continue with the appellate process to the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals.

Benefit Calculations
In addition to meeting the strict medical
definition of disability, an individual must also
meet an insured-status requirement. To be
eligible for disabled-worker benefits, a person
must have worked long enough and recently
enough under Social Security. A person can
earn up to four work credits per year. The
amount of earnings required for a credit
increases each year as general wage levels
rise.
The number of work credits a person needs
for disability benefits depends on the individual's
age when he or she becomes disabled. To be
fully insured, the maximum number of credits
needed is 40. To be currently insured, a person
generally needs 20 credits earned in the last 10
years ending with the year he or she becomes
disabled. However, younger workers may qualify with fewer credits.
Dependents of a disabled worker are eligible
for benefits if the worker meets both the medical
and insured-status requirements. Disabled
widow(er)s and disabled adult children do not
need to meet a work requirement themselves,

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 5

but the worker on whose record they are filing
must be insured.
To determine the amount of a person's
monthly cash benefit, SSA uses the following
four-step process:
1. Calculate each worker's average indexed
monthly earnings (AIME). First, the
worker's annual covered earnings after 1950
are indexed to reflect the general earnings
level in the indexing year—the second calendar year before the year of eligibility (that
is, the year a worker becomes disabled,
reaches age 62, or dies). Earnings in years
after the indexing year are not indexed but
instead are counted at their actual value.
The period used to calculate the AIME
equals the number of full calendar years
elapsing between age 21 and the year of
first eligibility. The actual years used in the
computation are the years of highest earnings after the 5 lowest years of earnings
have been excluded. The AIME is calculated as the sum of the highest year's earnings, divided by the number of months in the
computation period.
2. Compute the primary insurance amount
(PIA). The formula used to compute the PIA
from the AIME is weighted to provide a
higher PIA-to-AIME ratio for workers with
low earnings. For workers who reach age
62, become disabled, or die in 2002, the PIA
is equal to the sum of:
90 percent of the first $592 of AIME, plus
32 percent of the next $2,975 of AIME,
plus 15 percent of AIME over $3,567.
When subsequent retirement benefits are
computed at conversion to retired-worker
benefits at the full retirement age (FRA), or
at retirement for a worker who earlier recovered from a disability, the years of disability
are disregarded from the PIA calculation.
That preserves insured status and benefit
level.
Alternative methods of computing the PIA
apply to workers who have low earnings but
a steady work history over most of their adult

years and to workers who also receive a
pension based on their own noncovered
work.
3. Compute the family maximum (FMAX).
Monthly benefits payable to the worker and
family members or to the worker's survivors
are limited to a maximum family benefit
amount. The family maximum level for
retired-worker families or survivors usually
ranges from 150 percent to 188 percent of
the worker's PIA. The maximum benefit for
disabled-worker families ranges from the
smaller of 85 percent of AIME (or 100 percent of the PIA, if larger) to about 150 percent of the PIA.
Beginning with the first year of eligibility, the
PIA and FMAX are increased by cost-of-living adjustments.
4. Compute the person's monthly benefit
amount (MBA). Disabled workers and persons retiring at the FRA are paid 100 percent of the PIA. The PIA is reduced for
workers who retire between age 62 and the
FRA. If a disabled worker receives reduced
retirement benefits before disability entitlement, the disability benefit is reduced by the
number of months for which he or she
received reduced retirement benefits.
Dependents of retired or disabled workers
may receive up to 50 percent of the PIA.
Disabled adult children of deceased workers
may receive up to 75 percent of the PIA.
Disabled widow(er)s aged 50-60 may
receive up to 71.5 percent of the PIA. Disabled widow(er)s aged 60 to the FRA may
receive up to 100 percent of the PIA, but
benefits are reduced for age, with a maximum reduction of 28.5 percent.
All monthly benefits are limited by the family
maximum, so dependents may not receive
their full MBA.

Benefits Offset and Withheld
Disabled-worker and dependents benefits may
be offset if the disabled worker receives
workers' compensation (WC) or other public
disability benefits (PDB). The 1965 Social

6 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

Security Amendments require that benefits be
reduced when the worker is also eligible for
periodic or lump-sum WC/PDB payments, so
that the combined amount of the disabled
worker's and family's Social Security benefit
plus the WC/PDB does not exceed 80 percent of
the worker's average current earnings. The
combined payments after reduction are never
less than the total Social Security benefits were
before reduction. The reduction continues until
the month the worker reaches age 65 or the
month the WC/PDB payment stops, whichever
comes first.
If a spouse or disabled widow(er) worked for
a federal, state, or local government to which he
or she did not pay Social Security taxes, the
pension he or she receives from that agency
may reduce his or her Social Security benefits.
That provision is known as the government pension offset. The offset will reduce the amount of
the Social Security benefit by two-thirds of the
amount of the government pension.
The annual earnings test applies to nondisabled beneficiaries under the FRA. Benefits for
those beneficiaries are withheld $1 for every $2
they earn above the annual earnings limit. In
the calendar year a beneficiary attains the FRA,
for months before the FRA, $1 is withheld for
every $3 earned over the annual earnings limit
for that age group. A retired worker's earnings
will also affect his or her dependents' benefits,
including those of disabled adult children. In
addition, a spouse's earnings may affect benefits for his or her children. How a disabled beneficiary's work affects his or her benefit is
discussed in the next section.
Other reasons for withholding benefits
include spouses who no longer have an entitled
child in their care, beneficiaries who are incarcerated, or beneficiaries whose whereabouts
are unknown.

Work Incentives
Special rules make it possible for disabled
beneficiaries to work and still receive monthly

benefits and Medicare or Medicaid. Those rules
are known as work incentives.
Disabled beneficiaries are encouraged to
return to work by providing a trial work period
(TWP) and an extended period of eligibility
(EPE). During the TWP, earnings are allowed to
exceed the SGA dollar amount for 9 months.
During the 3-year EPE that follows the TWP,
benefits are withheld only for those months in
which earnings exceed the SGA amount. After
the end of the EPE, monthly benefits are terminated only after the earnings exceed the SGA
amount. Certain impairment-related expenses
that a person needs to make in order to work
may be deducted when counting earnings to
determine if the work is substantial. Even if
cash benefits are withheld, Medicare and
Medicaid coverage can continue.
The Ticket to Work and Work Incentives
Improvement Act has further improved work
incentives. That law substantially expands work
opportunities for people with disabilities. The
provisions of the law become effective at different times in different parts of the country. The
provisions below apply to both Social Security
and SSI.
1. Ticket to Work and Self-Sufficiency Program. Starting in 2002, some Social Security and SSI disability beneficiaries received
a "ticket" that they may use to obtain vocational rehabilitation and other employment
support services from an approved provider
of their choice. The program is voluntary
and will be phased in nationally over a 3year period.
2. Expanded Availability of Health Care Services. As of October 1, 2000, the law
expands Medicaid and Medicare coverage
to more people with disabilities who work. It
extends Medicare Part A premium-free coverage for 93 months after the trial work
period for most disabled beneficiaries who
work.
In addition, states now have the option to
expand Medicaid coverage to workers with
disabilities using income and resource limits
set by the states.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 7

3. Expedited Benefits. Effective January 1,
2001, if a person's Social Security or SSI
disability benefits have ended because of
earnings from work and he or she becomes
unable to work again within 60 months
because of his or her medical condition, he
or she would be able to request reinstatement of benefits, including Medicare and
Medicaid, without filing a new application.
4. Disability Reviews Postponed. Effective
January 1, 2001, an individual using a
"ticket" does not need to undergo the regularly scheduled disability reviews. Effective
January 1, 2002, people who have been
receiving Social Security disability benefits
for at least 24 months will not be asked to go
through a disability review because of the
work they are doing. However, regularly
scheduled medical reviews could still be performed and benefits could be terminated if
earnings were above the limits.
5. Work Incentives Outreach Program. The
law directs the Social Security Administration to establish a community-based work
incentives planning and assistance program
to disseminate accurate information about
work incentives and to give beneficiaries
more choice. SSA has established a program of cooperative agreements and contracts to provide benefits planning and
assistance to all disabled beneficiaries,
including information about the availability of
protection and advocacy services.
6. Protection and Advocacy. The law authorizes SSA to make payments to protection
and advocacy systems established in each
state to provide information, advice, and
legal services to disability beneficiaries.
More information about work incentives can
be found at www.socialsecurity.gov/work.

Benefit Termination
In general, benefits continue as long as a
person remains disabled. However, under
Social Security law, all disability cases must be
reviewed from time to time to make sure that
people receiving benefits continue to meet the

disability requirements. Benefits continue
unless there is strong proof that a person's
impairment has medically improved and that he
or she is able to return to work.
How often a case is reviewed depends on
the severity of the impairment and the likelihood
of improvement. The frequency can range from
6 months to 7 years. Here are general guidelines for reviews.
• Improvement expected—If medical
improvement can be predicted when benefits start, the first review will be 6 to 18
months later.
• Improvement possible—If medical
improvement is possible but cannot be predicted, the case will be reviewed about
every 3 years.
• Improvement not expected—If medical
improvement is not likely, the case will be
reviewed about once every 5 to 7 years.
During a review, the disabled beneficiary is
asked to provide information about any medical
treatment he or she has received and any work
he or she might have done. An evaluation team
that includes a disability examiner and a doctor
then requests the individual's medical records
and carefully reviews his or her file. If the team
decides a person is still disabled, benefits will
continue. If they decide that the person is no
longer disabled, the individual can file an appeal
if he or she disagrees with the determination.
Otherwise, benefits stop 3 months after the
beneficiary is notified that his or her disability
ended.
Benefits for dependents continue as long as
the disabled worker continues to be entitled to
benefits. However, a person's benefits may be
terminated for other reasons. Here are the most
common reasons to terminate benefits:
• The beneficiary dies. If the deceased was
the worker, eligible dependents may
become entitled to survivors benefits.
• The disabled worker or disabled widow(er)
attains the FRA and their benefit is auto-

8 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

matically converted to retired-worker benefits or aged widow(er)s benefits,
respectively.
• The disabled beneficiary is no longer disabled either through medical recovery or
successful reentry to the workforce.
• A spouse divorces a worker (with some
exceptions).
• Certain divorced spouses remarry.
• A spouse no longer has a child under age
16 or a disabled child in his or her care.

• A child reaches age 18.
• A student reaches age 19 or is no longer
attending elementary or secondary school
full time.
• Dependent children marry.
• Dependents become entitled to another
equal or larger benefit.
Benefits usually stop effective with the
month the terminating event occurred.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 9

Charts

Chart 1.
All Social Security disabled beneficiaries in current payment status, December 2002
In December 2002, about 6.5 million people received disability benefits as disabled workers, disabled widow(er)s,
or disabled adult children. The majority (85 percent) were disabled workers, 12 percent were disabled adult
children, and 3 percent were disabled widow(er)s.

Disabled widow(er)s
3%
Disabled adult children
12%
Disabled workers
85%

SOURCE: Table 3.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 13

Chart 2.
All Social Security disabled beneficiaries in current payment status, 1970–2002
The number of disabled workers grew steadily until 1978, declined slightly until 1983, started to increase again in
1984, and began to increase more rapidly beginning in 1990. The growth in the 1980s and 1990s was the result of
demographic changes, a recession, and legislative changes. The number of disabled adult children has grown
slightly, and the number of disabled widow(er)s has remained fairly level. In 2002, over 5.5 million disabled
workers, about 745,000 disabled adult children, and over 207,000 disabled widow(er)s received disability benefits.
Millions

7
Total
Disabled workers
Disabled adult children
Disabled widow(er)s

6

5

4
3

2

1
0
1970

1975

1980

1985

1990

SOURCE: Table 3.

14 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

1995

2000 2002

Chart 3.
Disabled beneficiaries aged 18–64 in current payment status as a percentage of state population
aged 18–64, December 2002
Disabled beneficiaries aged 18–64 in current payment status accounted for about 3.5 percent of the population
aged 18–64 in the United States. In 12 states, they represented less than 3 percent of the state population. The
states with the highest rates of disabled beneficiaries—5 percent or more—were Alabama, Arkansas, Kentucky,
Maine, Mississippi, and West Virginia.

Under 3%

3–3.9%

4–4.9%

5% or more

SOURCE: Table 8.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 15

Chart 4.
Age of disabled-worker beneficiaries in current payment status, by sex, December 2002
The percentage of disabled-worker beneficiaries increases with age for both men and women. In December 2002,
the largest percentage of disabled-worker beneficiaries were aged 60 or older. Disability benefits convert to
retirement benefits when the worker reaches full retirement age, which is ages 65–67 depending on the year of
birth.

Percent

25
Men

20
Women

15

10

5

0
Under 25

25–29

30–34

35–39

40–44

45–49

50–54

SOURCE: Table 4.

16 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

55–59

60 or older

Chart 5.
Average monthly benefit of disabled beneficiaries in current payment status, by sex, December 2002
The average monthly benefit for disabled-worker beneficiaries is higher than that paid to disabled widow(er)s or
disabled adult children. The reason for the difference is that disabled workers receive 100 percent of the primary
insurance amount (PIA), compared with 71.5 percent for disabled widow(er)s and 50 percent for disabled adult
children (if the worker is disabled or retired) or 75 percent (if the worker is deceased).
Because men have traditionally had higher earnings than women, their monthly benefit is higher. This is most
obvious in the disabled-worker group. Benefits for disabled widow(er)s and disabled adult children are
dependents’ benefits, so their monthly benefit is a function of the worker’s earnings. Therefore, a disabled widow’s
average benefit tends to be higher than that of a disabled widower because a male worker’s earnings are higher
than a female worker’s. Benefit amounts are about the same for men and women in the disabled adult children
group.

Dollars

1,000
Men

900

Women

800
700
600
500
400
300
200
100
0
Disabled workers

Disabled widow(er)s

Disabled adult children

SOURCE: Table 5.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 17

Chart 6.
Disabled beneficiaries in current payment status, by diagnostic group, December 2002
The impairment on which disability is based varies with the type of beneficiary. In December 2002, other mental
disorders was the primary reason disabled workers received benefits; diseases of the musculoskeletal system was
the leading cause of disability among disabled widow(er)s; and mental retardation was the predominant reason for
disability among disabled adult children.

Percent

70
Disabled workers
Disabled widow(er)s

60

Disabled adult children

50

40

30

20

10

0
Mental
retardation

Other
mental
disorders

Nervous
system

Musculoskeletal
system

Endocrine
diseases

SOURCE: Table 6.

18 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

Circulatory
system

All other
impairments

Chart 7.
Social Security disability awards, 1980–2002
The total number of awards decreased from 1980 through 1982, started to rise in 1983, and began to increase
more rapidly in 1990. Awards for disabled-worker benefits have been most pronounced and drive the overall
pattern shown in the total line. They increased from a low of 297,131 in 1982 to 636,637 in 1992, were relatively flat
from 1992 through 2000, and started to increase again in 2001. There were 730,383 worker awards in 2002.
Other awards have risen at a much slower rate. Awards to disabled adult children have gradually increased from
33,470 in 1980 to 46,589 in 2002. Awards to disabled widow(er)s have risen from just over 16,000 in 1980 to
28,339 in 2002.

Thousands

900
800
Total
Disabled workers

700

Disabled adult children
Disabled widow(er)s

600
500
400
300
200
100
0
1980

1985

1990

1995

2000

2002

00

SOURCE: Table 30.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 19

Chart 8.
Average monthly benefit awards, by sex, 2002
Average monthly benefits for new awards tend to be higher than those paid to beneficiaries who are already on the
rolls (see Chart 5). The exception is payments to newly awarded adult children, whose benefits are slightly lower
than those paid to adult children who are already on the rolls.
The average monthly benefit awarded to disabled workers is higher than that awarded to disabled widow(er)s or
disabled adult children. The reason for the difference is that disabled workers receive 100 percent of the primary
insurance amount, compared with 71.5 percent for disabled widow(er)s and 50 percent for disabled adult children
(if the worker is disabled or retired) or 75 percent (if the worker is deceased).
Because men have traditionally had higher earnings than women, their monthly benefit is higher. This is most
obvious in the disabled-worker group. Benefits for disabled widow(er)s and disabled adult children are
dependents’ benefits, so their monthly benefit is a function of the worker’s earnings. Therefore, a disabled widow’s
average benefit tends to be higher than that of a disabled widower because a male worker’s earnings are higher
than a female worker’s. Benefit amounts are about the same for men and women in the disabled adult children
group.
Dollars

1,200
Men
Women

1,000

800

600

400

200

0
Disabled workers

Disabled widow(er)s

SOURCE: Table 31.

20 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

Disabled adult children

Chart 9.
Disabled-worker awards, by selected diagnostic group, 2002
In 2002, 730,383 disabled workers were awarded benefits. The primary impairment was diseases of the
musculoskeletal system and connective tissue (26 percent), 25 percent had a mental disorder, 12 percent had
circulatory problems, 10 percent had neoplasms, 9 percent had a disease of the nervous system or sense organs,
and 19 percent had other impairments.

Other
19%

Neoplasms
10%

Mental disorders
25%

Musculoskeletal
system
26%

Nervous system
9%

Circulatory system
12%
SOURCE: Table 32.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 21

Chart 10.
Final outcome of disabled-worker applications, 1992–2000
The final award rate for disabled-worker applicants has varied over time, averaging about 51 percent for claims
filed from 1992 through 2000. The percentage of applicants awarded benefits at the initial claims level averaged
31 percent over the same period and ranged from a high of about 34 percent to a low of 28 percent. The
percentages of applicants awarded at the reconsideration and hearing levels are relatively constant, averaging 5
percent and 15 percent, respectively. Denied disability claims have averaged about 48 percent.

Percent

100
Technical denials

80
Medical denials

60
Pending final decision
Hearings and Appeals
Council awards
Reconsideration awards

40

20
Initial awards
0
1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

SOURCES: Tables 50–53.
NOTES: Awards are calculated as medical allowances minus subsequent technical denials. Technical denials include denials for nonmedical
reasons and subsequent denials for nonmedical reasons after a medical decision was made.
The proportion of claims awarded at each level of the process is likely to change as a result of the Prototype Process being tested in 10 states.
Under this test, the reconsideration step of the appeals process was eliminated for applications filed October 1, 1999, or later. Elimination of the
reconsideration level in these states is likely to result in a decrease in the overall proportion of claims awarded at this step.

22 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

Chart 11.
Social Security and SSI beneficiaries receiving benefits on the basis of disability, December 2002
In December 2002, about 10 million people under age 65 received benefits on the basis of disability. About 52
percent (5.2 million persons) received benefits from the Social Security program only, 37 percent (3.7 million
persons) received benefits from SSI only, and 11 percent (1.1 million persons) received benefits from both
programs. This total excludes 65,456 disabled adult children and 743,800 blind and disabled SSI recipients who
are aged 65 or older.

Social Security
only
5.2 million

Concurrent
1.1 million

SSI only
3.7 million

Total 10.0 million

SOURCES: Data for beneficiaries aged 18–64 are from Table 56. Data for disabled children under 18 are derived from Table 7.A1 in Social
Security Administration, Annual Statistical Supplement to the Social Security Bulletin, 2002. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing
Office.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 23

Chart 12.
Educational level of disabled-worker beneficiaries, December 2001
Disabled workers have varying levels of education and tend to be less educated than the general U.S. population.
Twenty-five percent of disabled-worker beneficiaries have less than a high school education, 39 percent have a
high school education, 27 percent have some college education, and 9 percent have a college or postgraduate
level of education.

16 or more years of
education
9%

13–15 years of
education
27%

0–8 years of
education
11%

9–11 years of
education
14%

12 years of
education
39%

SOURCE: Table 59.

24 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

Chart 13.
Sources of disabled-worker family income, December 2001
Social Security benefits are the primary source of income for disabled-worker families. About 53 percent of their
income comes from Social Security, 29 percent from family members’ earnings, 4 percent from Supplemental
Security Income, and only 1 percent from other public assistance.

Other
Property income 12%
1%
Other public assistance
1%

Social Security
53%

Family members'
earnings
29%

Supplemental Security
Income
4%

SOURCE: Table 62.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 25

Tables
Beneficiaries in Current
Payment Status

Disabled Beneficiaries and Nondisabled Dependents
Table 1.
Number, selected years 1960–2002
Workers and nondisabled dependents

Adult children of—

Year

Total

Workers

Spouses

Children
under age
18

1960
1965
1970
1975

788,543
1,928,460
2,970,538
4,799,853

455,371
988,074
1,492,948
2,488,774

76,599
193,362
283,447
452,922

152,519
532,197
799,111
1,239,058

n.a.
16,437
75,194
147,253

n.a.
n.a.
49,281
109,511

2,962
8,981
14,295
24,193

53,825
87,122
101,341
118,802

47,267
102,287
154,921
219,340

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

5,223,311
5,008,221
4,532,014
4,382,745
4,406,140

2,858,680
2,776,519
2,603,599
2,569,029
2,596,516

461,878
428,212
365,862
308,059
303,982

1,184,846
1,070,000
894,440
855,560
858,243

140,157
148,879
79,333
50,134
31,875

127,580
121,590
116,372
111,591
109,151

32,883
32,664
30,027
30,209
31,165

140,548
143,633
144,464
148,464
152,667

276,739
286,724
297,917
309,699
322,541

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

4,507,083
4,613,249
4,676,852
4,709,360
4,774,160

2,656,638
2,728,463
2,785,859
2,821,070
2,886,590

305,532
300,826
290,888
280,780
269,830

889,730
911,698
912,367
898,980
901,400

22,336
20,245
20,183
24,370
23,330

107,005
106,974
106,282
105,810
102,650

33,078
34,641
35,378
35,520
35,950

157,011
161,755
165,675
170,940
172,650

335,753
348,647
360,220
371,890
381,760

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

4,934,370
5,209,600
5,633,130
6,026,460
6,381,470

3,011,130
3,198,610
3,473,330
3,729,330
3,966,590

264,230
263,780
271,510
272,190
270,220

929,720
986,710
1,090,920
1,188,330
1,276,740

23,960
26,380
25,930
29,660
29,910

101,780
115,010
131,620
148,070
161,650

36,990
38,450
41,720
44,920
48,650

174,560
177,740
181,860
185,270
187,630

392,000
402,920
416,240
428,690
440,080

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

6,674,450
6,906,420
6,998,210
7,192,370
7,391,920

4,186,720
4,386,040
4,505,760
4,697,010
4,873,560

263,130
223,300
207,290
190,120
176,370

1,331,110
1,381,200
1,357,340
1,363,910
1,381,200

29,550
32,820
31,440
30,780
37,020

173,240
182,020
187,220
192,400
197,520

51,790
53,470
53,760
55,690
57,360

188,940
190,050
190,410
189,930
189,820

449,970
457,520
464,990
472,530
479,070

2000
2001
2002

7,550,930
7,790,038
8,109,332

5,035,840
5,268,039
5,539,597

164,850
156,978
151,626

1,381,500
1,385,374
1,422,296

35,000
38,839
43,916

200,130
204,255
207,365

58,090
57,920
59,460

191,950
191,817
192,087

483,570
486,816
492,985

Students
aged 18–19

Widow(er)s

Disabled
workers

Retired
workers

Deceased
workers

SOURCES: Social Security Administration, Annual Statistical Supplement to the Social Security Bulletin, Table 50 for 1960 data, Table 64 for
1965 data, Table 67 for 1970 data, Table 70 for 1980 data, Tables 100, 106, 108, and 112 for 1981 data, Table 59 for 1982 data, Table 60 for
1983 data, Table 67 for 1984 data, Table 70 for 1985 data, and Table 5.A1 for 1986–2000 data; Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master
Beneficiary Record file beginning with 2001 data.
NOTE: n.a. = not applicable.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov for further information.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 29

Disabled Beneficiaries and Nondisabled Dependents
Table 2.
Average monthly benefit, by basis of entitlement, age, and sex, December 2002
Total
Basis of entitlement and age

Male

Average monthly
Number benefit (dollars)

Female

Average monthly
Number benefit (dollars)

Number

Average monthly
benefit (dollars)

Workers
Total
Under 25
25–29
30–34
35–39
40–44
45–49
50–54
55–59
60 or older

5,539,597

834.30

3,067,251

935.60

2,472,346

708.70

53,380
113,802
211,053
373,310
597,861
783,590
968,489
1,179,445
1,258,667

452.00
549.50
627.30
689.00
749.40
810.50
865.80
906.70
917.20

31,766
63,209
115,537
205,703
331,233
430,073
529,700
647,716
712,314

460.80
561.80
639.80
706.80
786.90
877.40
966.50
1,051.00
1,080.40

21,614
50,593
95,516
167,907
266,628
353,517
438,789
531,729
546,353

439.00
534.20
612.10
667.20
702.90
729.10
744.20
730.90
704.50

Spouses of disabled workers
Total
Entitlement based on care of
children
Under 30
30–34
35–39
40–44
45–49
50–54
55 or older
Entitlement based on age
62–64
65 or older

151,626

212.50

4,137

168.50

147,489

213.70

100,860
6,334
12,219
21,009
23,955
18,703
11,159
7,481

175.80
117.30
124.30
144.30
173.50
202.30
228.90
259.40

2,006
38
104
332
468
468
321
275

136.10
97.00
89.90
109.30
125.10
147.10
155.40
168.90

98,854
6,296
12,115
20,677
23,487
18,235
10,838
7,206

176.60
117.40
124.60
144.80
174.50
203.70
231.00
262.80

50,766
28,547
22,219

285.40
279.40
293.00

2,131
478
1,653

198.90
164.60
208.90

48,635
28,069
20,566

289.20
281.40
299.80

Children of disabled workers
Total

1,525,672

245.00

814,012

246.80

711,660

243.00

1,422,296
113,936
301,780
563,854
442,726

237.40
199.20
205.80
226.90
282.20

753,304
58,063
155,721
297,380
242,140

238.40
198.50
205.20
227.20
282.90

668,992
55,873
146,059
266,474
200,586

236.30
200.00
206.40
226.60
281.30

Students aged 18–19

43,916

350.00

26,333

353.80

17,583

344.50

Disabled aged 18 or older

59,460

349.00

34,375

348.90

25,085

349.20

Under age 18
Under 5
5–9
10–14
15–17

Widow(er)s
Total
50–54
55–59
60 or older

207,365

548.10

6,098

384.70

201,267

553.00

27,409
78,254
101,702

558.50
550.70
543.30

1,014
2,573
2,511

395.50
392.60
372.20

26,395
75,681
99,191

564.70
556.00
547.60
(Continued)

30 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

Disabled Beneficiaries and Nondisabled Dependents
Table 2.
Average monthly benefit, by basis of entitlement, age, and sex, December 2002—Continued
Total
Basis of entitlement and age

Male

Average monthly
Number benefit (dollars)

Female

Average monthly
Number benefit (dollars)

Number

Average monthly
benefit (dollars)

Adult children
Total

744,532

550.40

406,641

548.10

337,891

553.20

Children of—
Disabled workers
Retired workers
Deceased workers

59,460
192,087
492,985

349.00
463.90
608.40

34,375
106,725
265,541

348.90
460.50
609.10

25,085
85,362
227,444

349.20
468.20
607.70

Under 25
25–29
30–34
35–39
40–44
45–49
50 or older

69,674
62,280
74,546
97,475
110,756
97,208
232,593

469.60
507.80
539.90
555.20
571.20
581.30
564.60

40,902
35,434
42,223
55,488
62,440
53,996
116,158

469.40
507.80
537.20
552.70
569.40
579.50
563.90

28,772
26,846
32,323
41,987
48,316
43,212
116,435

469.90
507.90
543.60
558.50
573.70
583.70
565.30

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov for further information.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 31

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 3.
Number, average, and total monthly benefits, December 1960–2002
Average monthly benefit
(dollars)

Number

Total monthly benefits
(thousands of dollars)

Workers Widow(er)s

Adult
children

559,425
742,296
888,131
993,656
1,077,695

455,371
618,075
740,867
827,014
894,173

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

104,054
124,221
147,264
166,642
183,522

89.31
89.59
89.99
90.59
91.12

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

44.15
45.28
45.67
46.45
47.35

40,669
55,373
66,671
74,919
81,477

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

4,594
5,625
6,726
7,741
8,690

1965
1966
1967
1968
1969

1,186,464
1,310,911
1,422,778
1,560,517
1,690,982

988,074
1,097,190
1,193,120
1,295,300
1,394,291

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
21,563
39,469

198,390
213,721
229,658
243,654
257,222

97.76
98.09
98.43
111.86
112.74

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
72.25
71.02

51.77
52.42
53.41
61.83
62.79

96,594
107,623
117,439
144,892
157,192

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
1,558
2,803

10,271
11,203
12,266
15,065
16,151

1970
1971
1972
1973
1974

1,812,786
1,990,098
2,202,090
2,415,383
2,670,092

1,492,948
1,647,684
1,832,916
2,016,626
2,236,882

49,281
56,743
64,167
78,769
92,128

270,557
285,671
305,007
319,988
341,082

131.26
146.52
179.32
183.00
205.70

82.00
90.11
109.54
111.14
125.87

73.21
81.37
98.81
100.14
112.45

195,964
241,419
328,678
369,043
460,127

4,041
5,113
7,029
8,754
11,596

19,807
23,245
30,138
32,044
38,355

1975
1976
1977
1978
1979

2,960,620
3,171,198
3,368,954
3,429,421
3,435,761

2,488,774
2,670,208
2,837,432
2,879,774
2,870,590

109,511
119,427
127,276
129,751
129,833

362,335
381,563
404,246
419,896
435,338

225.90
245.17
265.30
288.30
322.00

137.70
147.01
156.11
165.46
180.52

122.80
132.32
142.12
153.66
171.55

562,214
654,655
752,771
830,239
924,330

15,080
17,557
19,869
21,469
23,437

44,495
50,488
57,451
64,521
74,682

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

3,436,429
3,361,130
3,192,379
3,168,992
3,212,040

2,858,680
2,776,519
2,603,599
2,569,029
2,596,516

127,580
121,590
116,372
111,591
109,151

450,169
463,021
472,408
488,372
506,373

370.70
413.20
440.60
456.20
470.70

205.02
226.58
242.11
250.33
306.24

198.95
224.51
245.07
257.78
270.28

1,059,713
1,147,258
1,147,146
1,171,991
1,222,180

26,156
27,550
28,175
27,935
33,426

89,561
103,953
115,773
125,893
136,862

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

3,289,485
3,380,480
3,453,414
3,507,707
3,583,451

2,656,638
2,728,463
2,785,859
2,830,284
2,895,364

107,005
106,974
106,282
103,123
101,630

525,842
545,043
561,273
574,300
586,457

483.80
487.90
508.20
529.50
556.00

315.26
319.74
333.89
348.05
366.72

281.92
288.79
304.32
320.21
339.47

1,285,281
1,331,217
1,415,774
1,498,635
1,609,822

33,734
34,204
35,486
35,892
37,270

148,245
157,403
170,807
183,897
199,085

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

3,712,763
3,925,472
4,236,080
4,529,466
4,796,313

3,011,294
3,194,938
3,467,783
3,725,966
3,962,954

100,989
114,489
131,324
147,015
160,676

600,480
616,045
636,973
656,485
672,683

587.20
609.40
626.10
641.70
661.40

388.93
406.96
422.65
434.20
446.30

361.71
378.86
393.61
407.20
422.40

1,768,232
1,946,995
2,171,179
2,390,952
2,621,098

39,278
46,592
55,504
63,834
71,710

217,200
233,395
250,719
267,321
284,141

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

5,044,388
5,264,321
5,400,781
5,605,272
5,798,776

4,185,263
4,385,623
4,508,134
4,698,319
4,879,455

173,024
181,911
187,938
194,181
198,795

686,101
696,787
704,709
712,772
720,526

681.60
703.90
721.60
733.10
754.10

458.30
471.00
480.40
487.30
499.90

437.30
454.30
468.60
479.40
495.60

2,853,512
3,087,040
3,253,069
3,444,338
3,679,597

79,297
85,680
90,285
94,624
99,378

300,032
316,550
330,227
341,703
357,093

2000
2001
2002

5,972,468
6,208,847
6,491,494

5,042,333
5,268,039
5,539,597

201,446
204,255
207,365

728,689
736,553
744,532

786.40
814.40
834.30

519.70
536.70
548.10

518.30
537.60
550.40

3,965,291
4,290,449
4,621,852

104,681
109,622
113,653

377,650
395,956
409,813

Year

Total

1960
1961
1962
1963
1964

Workers Widow(er)s

Adult
children

Workers Widow(er)s

Adult
children

SOURCES: Social Security Administration, Annual Statistical Supplement to the Social Security Bulletin, Table 5.A17 for 1960–1999 data;
Social Security Disabled Beneficiaries 100 percent file for 2000 data; Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file
beginning with 2001 data.
NOTE: n.a. = not applicable.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov for further information.

32 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 4.
Number and average monthly benefit, by sex and age, December 2002
Total

Age

Number

Workers
Average
monthly
benefit
(dollars)

Number

Widow(er)s
Average
monthly
benefit
(dollars)

Number

Adult children
Average
monthly
benefit
(dollars)

Number

Average
monthly
benefit
(dollars)

All disabled beneficiaries
Total
Under 25
25–29
30–34
35–39
40–44
45–49
50–54
55–59
60 or older

6,491,494

792.60

5,539,597

834.30

207,365

548.10

744,532

550.40

123,054
176,082
285,599
470,785
708,617
880,798
1,069,722
1,312,956
1,463,881

462.00
534.80
604.50
661.30
721.60
785.20
838.80
872.00
864.40

53,380
113,802
211,053
373,310
597,861
783,590
968,489
1,179,445
1,258,667

452.00
549.50
627.20
689.00
749.40
810.50
865.80
906.70
917.20

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
27,409
78,254
101,702

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
558.50
550.70
543.30

69,674
62,280
74,546
97,475
110,756
97,208
73,824
55,257
103,512

469.60
507.80
539.90
555.20
571.20
581.30
588.10
585.20
536.90

Men
Subtotal
Under 25
25–29
30–34
35–39
40–44
45–49
50–54
55–59
60 or older

3,479,990

889.40

3,067,251

935.60

6,098

384.70

406,641

548.10

72,668
98,643
157,760
261,191
393,673
484,069
570,327
678,826
762,833

465.60
542.40
612.30
674.10
752.40
844.10
939.20
1,028.70
1,043.80

31,766
63,209
115,537
205,703
331,233
430,073
529,700
647,716
712,314

460.80
561.80
639.80
706.80
786.90
877.30
966.50
1,051.10
1,080.40

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
1,014
2,573
2,511

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
395.50
392.60
372.20

40,902
35,434
42,223
55,488
62,440
53,996
39,613
28,537
48,008

469.40
507.80
537.20
552.70
569.40
579.40
587.00
578.90
535.90

Women
Subtotal
Under 25
25–29
30–34
35–39
40–44
45–49
50–54
55–59
60 or older

3,011,504

680.80

2,472,346

708.70

201,267

553.00

337,891

553.20

50,386
77,439
127,839
209,594
314,944
396,729
499,395
634,130
701,048

456.70
525.00
594.80
645.40
683.10
713.30
724.10
704.20
669.10

21,614
50,593
95,516
167,607
266,628
353,517
438,789
531,729
546,353

439.10
534.20
612.10
667.10
702.90
729.10
744.20
730.90
704.50

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
26,395
75,681
99,191

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
564.70
556.00
547.60

28,772
26,846
32,323
41,987
48,316
43,212
34,211
26,720
55,504

469.90
507.90
543.60
558.50
573.70
583.70
589.30
591.80
537.80

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file.
NOTE: n.a. = not applicable.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov for further information.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 33

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 5.
Distribution, by sex and monthly benefit, December 2002
Sex and monthly benefit
(dollars)

Total

Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult children

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

6,491,494

100.0

5,539,597

100.0

207,365

100.0

744,532

100.0

Less than 300.00
300.00–399.90
400.00–499.90

360,401
370,040
546,067

5.6
5.7
8.4

222,231
227,023
403,099

4.0
4.1
7.3

41,262
26,309
28,894

19.9
12.7
13.9

96,908
116,708
114,074

13.0
15.7
15.3

500.00–599.90
600.00–699.90
700.00–799.90
800.00–899.90
900.00–999.90

864,095
848,140
720,280
595,671
496,376

13.3
13.1
11.1
9.2
7.6

726,781
709,032
623,299
529,450
443,592

13.1
12.8
11.3
9.6
8.0

26,542
22,869
19,277
15,496
15,244

12.8
11.0
9.3
7.5
7.4

110,772
116,239
77,704
50,725
37,540

14.9
15.6
10.4
6.8
5.0

1,000.00–1,099.90
1,100.00–1,199.90
1,200.00–1,299.90
1,300.00–1,399.90
1,400.00–1,499.90

392,503
310,627
277,589
279,436
210,348

6.0
4.8
4.3
4.3
3.2

368,948
303,080
275,147
278,580
209,976

6.7
5.5
5.0
5.0
3.8

7,877
2,681
765
95
17

3.8
1.3
0.4

15,678
4,866
1,677
761
355

2.1
0.7
0.2
0.1

1,500.00–1,599.90
1,600.00–1,699.90
1,700.00–1,799.90
1,800.00 or more

127,232
60,036
25,296
7,357

2.0
0.9
0.4
0.1

127,032
59,899
25,192
7,236

2.3
1.1
0.5
0.1

14
11

a

186
126

a

a

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

All disabled beneficiaries

Average benefit (dollars)
Men

792.60

834.30

a
a

548.10

a

a

550.40

3,479,990

100.0

3,067,251

100.0

6,098

100.0

406,641

100.0

Less than 300.00
300.00–399.90
400.00–499.90

133,628
143,623
209,895

3.8
4.1
6.0

75,373
79,538
147,024

2.5
2.6
4.8

2,458
962
951

40.3
15.8
15.6

55,797
63,123
61,920

13.7
15.5
15.2

500.00–599.90
600.00–699.90
700.00–799.90
800.00–899.90
900.00–999.90

346,452
382,545
358,665
324,969
294,418

10.0
11.0
10.3
9.3
8.5

286,028
319,886
316,147
297,003
273,744

9.3
10.4
10.3
9.7
8.9

638
418
281
162
121

10.5
6.9
4.6
2.7
2.0

59,786
62,241
42,237
27,804
20,553

14.7
15.3
10.4
6.8
5.1

1,000.00–1,099.90
1,100.00–1,199.90
1,200.00–1,299.90
1,300.00–1,399.90
1,400.00–1,499.90

258,226
222,239
213,158
226,280
175,906

7.4
6.4
6.1
6.5
5.1

249,407
219,608
212,218
225,848
175,719

8.1
7.2
6.9
7.4
5.7

74
28

1.2
0.5

8,745
2,603

2.2
0.6

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

1,500.00–1,599.90
1,600.00–1,699.90
1,700.00–1,799.90
1,800.00 or more

108,890
52,562
22,361
6,173

3.1
1.5
0.6
0.2

108,795
52,489
22,315
6,109

3.5
1.7
0.7
0.2

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

Average benefit (dollars)

889.40

935.60

384.70

548.10
(Continued)

34 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 5.
Distribution, by sex and monthly benefit, December 2002—Continued
Sex and monthly benefit
(dollars)

Total

Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult children

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

3,011,504

100.0

2,472,346

100.0

201,267

100.0

337,891

100.0

Less than 300.00
300.00–399.90
400.00–499.90

226,773
226,417
336,172

7.5
7.5
11.2

146,858
147,485
256,075

5.9
6.0
10.4

38,804
25,347
27,943

19.3
12.6
13.9

41,111
53,585
52,154

12.2
15.9
15.4

500.00–599.90
600.00–699.90
700.00–799.90
800.00–899.90
900.00–999.90

517,643
465,595
361,615
270,702
201,958

17.2
15.5
12.0
9.0
6.7

440,753
389,146
307,152
232,447
169,848

17.8
15.7
12.4
9.4
6.9

25,904
22,451
18,996
15,334
15,123

12.9
11.2
9.4
7.6
7.5

50,986
53,998
35,467
22,921
16,987

15.1
16.0
10.5
6.8
5.0

1,000.00–1,099.90
1,100.00–1,199.90
1,200.00–1,299.90
1,300.00–1,399.90
1,400.00–1,499.90

134,277
88,388
64,431
53,156
34,442

4.5
2.9
2.1
1.8
1.1

119,541
83,472
62,929
52,732
34,257

4.8
3.4
2.5
2.1
1.4

7,803
2,653

3.9
1.3

6,933
2,263

2.1
0.7

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

1,500.00–1,599.90
1,600.00–1,699.90
1,700.00–1,799.90
1,800.00 or more

18,342
7,474
2,935
1,184

0.6
0.2
0.1

18,237
7,410
2,877
1,127

0.7
0.3
0.1

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

a

b

b

b

b

Women

Average benefit (dollars)

680.80

a

708.70

553.00

553.20

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file.
a. Less than 0.05 percent.
b. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov for further information.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 35

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 6.
Distribution, by sex and diagnostic group, December 2002
Total
Diagnostic group

Number

Workers
Percent

Number

Widow(er)s

Percent

Number

Adult children

Percent

Number

Percent

All disabled beneficiaries
Total
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic
diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

6,491,494

100.0

5,539,597

100.0

207,365

100.0

744,532

100.0

16,606

0.3

9,226

0.2

267

0.1

7,113

1.0

259,335
107,013
262,822

4.0
1.6
4.0

237,020
102,589
248,544

4.3
1.9
4.5

19,634
1,695
5,171

9.5
0.8
2.5

2,681
2,729
9,107

0.4
0.4
1.2

620,423
1,701,328
156,080

9.6
26.2
2.4

286,210
1,558,928
150,138

5.2
28.1
2.7

9,679
45,274
4,262

4.7
21.8
2.1

324,534
97,126
1,680

43.6
13.0
0.2

15,916
584,316
83,152
97,239

0.2
9.0
1.3
1.5

13,708
558,736
80,396
93,645

0.2
10.1
1.5
1.7

354
22,348
2,227
1,837

0.2
10.8
1.1
0.9

1,854
3,232
529
1,757

0.2
0.4
0.1
0.2

1,385,191
612,180
188,897
14,188
10,715
376,093

21.3
9.4
2.9
0.2
0.2
5.8

1,324,762
533,774
176,941
13,429
9,447
142,104

23.9
9.6
3.2
0.2
0.2
2.6

55,677
14,527
11,054
510
214
12,635

26.8
7.0
5.3
0.2
0.1
6.1

4,752
63,879
902
249
1,054
221,354

0.6
8.6
0.1
0.1
29.7

a

Men
Subtotal
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic
diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

3,479,990

100.0

3,067,251

100.0

6,098

100.0

406,641

100.0

8,534

0.2

4,837

0.2

6

0.1

3,691

0.9

100,518
79,130
183,723

2.9
2.3
5.3

98,936
77,584
177,071

3.2
2.5
5.8

295
85
294

4.8
1.4
4.8

1,287
1,461
6,358

0.3
0.4
1.6

365,074
878,971
74,246

10.5
25.3
2.1

188,430
816,141
73,149

6.1
26.6
2.4

295
1,095
134

4.8
18.0
2.2

176,349
61,735
963

43.4
15.2
0.2

7,349
382,100
44,184
57,728

0.2
11.0
1.3
1.7

6,416
379,306
43,823
56,726

0.2
12.4
1.4
1.8

11
1,056
88
94

0.2
17.3
1.4
1.5

922
1,738
273
908

0.2
0.4
0.1
0.2

700,013
306,338
91,563
5,647
5,393
189,479

20.1
8.8
2.6
0.2
0.2
5.4

696,529
271,690
90,828
5,536
4,808
75,441

22.7
8.9
3.0
0.2
0.2
2.5

1,447
397
322
12
8
459

23.7
6.5
5.3
0.2
0.1
7.5

2,037
34,251
413
99
577
113,579

0.5
8.4
0.1
a

0.1
27.9
(Continued)

36 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 6.
Distribution, by sex and diagnostic group, December 2002—Continued
Total
Diagnostic group

Number

Workers
Percent

Number

Widow(er)s

Percent

Number

Adult children

Percent

Number

Percent

Women
Subtotal
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic
diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

3,011,504

100.0

2,472,346

100.0

201,267

100.0

337,891

100.0

8,072

0.3

4,389

0.2

261

0.1

3,422

1.0

158,817
27,883
79,099

5.3
0.9
2.6

138,084
25,005
71,473

5.6
1.0
2.9

19,339
1,610
4,877

9.6
0.8
2.4

1,394
1,268
2,749

0.4
0.4
0.8

255,349
822,357
81,834

8.5
27.3
2.7

97,780
742,787
76,989

4.0
30.0
3.1

9,384
44,179
4,128

4.7
22.0
2.1

148,185
35,391
717

43.9
10.5
0.2

8,567
202,216
38,968
39,511

0.3
6.7
1.3
1.3

7,292
179,430
36,573
36,919

0.3
7.3
1.5
1.5

343
21,292
2,139
1,743

0.2
10.6
1.1
0.9

932
1,494
256
849

0.3
0.4
0.1
0.3

685,178
305,842
97,334
8,541
5,322
186,614

22.8
10.2
3.2
0.3
0.2
6.2

628,233
262,084
86,113
7,893
4,639
66,663

25.4
10.6
3.5
0.3
0.2
2.7

54,230
14,130
10,732
498
206
12,176

26.9
7.0
5.3
0.2
0.1
6.0

2,715
29,628
489
150
477
107,775

0.8
8.8
0.1
a

0.1
31.9

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file.
NOTE: The diagnosis for disabled adult children typically was not recorded on the Master Beneficiary Record until 1984. Many beneficiaries
entitled before that date are still on the rolls today.
a. Less than 0.05 percent.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov for further information.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 37

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 7.
Average monthly benefit, by sex and diagnostic group, December 2002 (in dollars)
Diagnostic group

Total

Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult children

All disabled beneficiaries
Total
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic
diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

792.60

834.30

548.10

550.40

670.50

742.00

551.90

582.10

771.10
820.80
844.80

792.60
833.50
861.40

542.60
546.00
528.60

542.80
516.30
570.80

558.30
752.20
951.30

582.00
769.80
966.70

494.10
568.40
558.90

539.30
555.70
573.40

744.20
936.30
869.60
860.10

781.80
954.10
880.10
872.60

528.20
546.70
567.80
545.10

507.10
564.60
547.50
526.30

865.50
825.70
855.80
796.40
863.10
660.30

880.00
864.50
875.90
811.10
905.90
829.10

545.60
552.30
561.30
538.60
565.10
524.20

545.00
564.10
525.10
531.60
540.50
559.70

Men
Subtotal
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic
diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

889.40

935.60

384.70

548.10

713.60

813.00

448.20

583.80

960.30
862.40
907.90

967.50
869.60
920.90

388.00
426.00
362.80

538.20
508.10
571.20

576.80
814.60
1,115.00

616.00
834.80
1,123.50

331.20
395.30
396.00

535.40
555.10
570.30

824.60
1,063.30
995.70
952.50

871.80
1,067.50
999.70
960.30

426.50
390.90
435.00
405.80

501.50
560.50
532.90
521.70

1,021.90
922.10
1,040.00
923.00
935.40
703.10

1,024.70
968.80
1,044.70
931.20
985.30
921.00

391.60
362.60
390.20
376.80
346.70
358.50

539.90
558.10
526.10
530.60
528.10
559.70
(Continued)

38 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 7.
Average monthly benefit, by sex and diagnostic group, December 2002 (in dollars)—Continued
Diagnostic group

Total

Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult children

Women
Subtotal
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic
diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

680.80

708.70

553.00

553.20

624.80

663.60

554.30

580.30

651.30
702.70
698.20

667.20
721.30
714.00

545.00
552.30
538.60

547.00
525.60
570.00

531.70
685.50
802.80

516.50
698.30
817.70

499.20
572.70
564.20

543.90
556.70
577.60

675.20
696.40
726.70
725.20

702.70
714.20
736.80
737.90

531.40
554.50
573.20
552.60

512.80
569.50
563.10
531.30

705.60
729.20
682.50
712.70
789.90
616.80

719.70
756.30
697.80
726.80
823.60
725.20

549.70
557.60
566.40
542.50
573.50
530.40

548.80
571.10
524.30
532.30
555.40
559.60

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file.
NOTE: The diagnosis for disabled adult children typically was not recorded on the Master Beneficiary Record until 1984. Many beneficiaries
entitled before that date are still on the rolls today.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov for further information.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 39

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 8.
Number aged 18–64 as a percentage of the resident population aged 18–64, by state,
December 2002
Beneficiaries
Resident population a

Number

Percentage of
resident population

179,872,304

6,249,479

3.5

2,790,858
412,158
3,278,354
1,656,170
21,946,806

161,105
9,093
108,750
97,161
542,140

5.8
2.2
3.3
5.9
2.5

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

2,920,952
2,115,336
512,199
390,236
9,976,040

70,835
68,150
18,719
10,140
381,013

2.4
3.2
3.7
2.6
3.8

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

5,478,181
782,474
819,551
7,846,848
3,806,760

197,028
18,347
26,523
228,226
140,175

3.6
2.3
3.2
2.9
3.7

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

1,805,930
1,664,271
2,651,827
2,776,526
829,023

60,720
52,253
159,113
120,745
44,020

3.4
3.1
6.0
4.3
5.3

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

3,461,513
4,100,766
6,248,262
3,165,854
1,764,784

88,554
151,568
241,732
87,445
108,456

2.6
3.7
3.9
2.8
6.1

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

3,517,921
570,327
1,057,653
1,360,646
814,108

155,855
20,610
32,480
40,316
29,016

4.4
3.6
3.1
3.0
3.6

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

5,341,712
1,133,099
12,070,771
5,252,915
393,222

156,021
40,701
422,616
241,742
11,712

2.9
3.6
3.5
4.6
3.0

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

7,027,968
2,159,695
2,222,440
7,562,677
678,191

249,601
84,072
71,888
285,762
28,564

3.6
3.9
3.2
3.8
4.2

State
United States
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

(Continued)

40 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 8.
Number aged 18–64 as a percentage of the resident population aged 18–64, by state,
December 2002—Continued
Beneficiaries
State
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

Resident population a

Number

Percentage of
resident population

2,624,764
457,116
3,673,451
13,524,681
1,404,203

129,183
14,924
179,561
345,995
27,881

4.9
3.3
4.9
2.6
2.0

397,689
4,696,693
3,878,104
1,136,728
3,396,714
317,137

15,637
160,636
114,331
80,561
108,349
9,454

3.9
3.4
2.9
7.1
3.2
3.0

SOURCES: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file; U.S. Census Bureau,
2002 estimates of resident population.
NOTE: Excludes United States territories and other areas.
a. Population estimates for the United States as of July 1, 2002, as reported by the U.S. Census Bureau.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov for further information.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 41

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 9.
Distribution, by state or other area, December 2002
Total
State or area

Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult children

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

6,491,494

100.0

5,539,597

100.0

207,365

100.0

744,532

100.0

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

162,478
9,120
109,183
97,793
545,712

2.5
0.1
1.7
1.5
8.4

139,276
8,197
97,886
85,310
470,665

2.5
0.1
1.8
1.5
8.5

6,378
223
2,975
3,672
13,547

3.1
0.1
1.4
1.8
6.5

16,824
700
8,322
8,811
61,500

2.3
0.1
1.1
1.2
8.3

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

71,247
69,159
18,905
10,246
383,036

1.1
1.1
0.3
0.2
5.9

63,770
58,123
16,492
8,608
339,296

1.2
1.0
0.3
0.2
6.1

1,774
1,595
498
280
11,244

0.9
0.8
0.2
0.1
5.4

5,703
9,441
1,915
1,358
32,496

0.8
1.3
0.3
0.2
4.4

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

198,515
18,615
26,730
231,008
141,869

3.1
0.3
0.4
3.6
2.2

171,333
15,844
23,513
191,744
120,126

3.1
0.3
0.4
3.5
2.2

7,228
464
733
7,497
4,750

3.5
0.2
0.4
3.6
2.3

19,954
2,307
2,484
31,767
16,993

2.7
0.3
0.3
4.3
2.3

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

61,735
52,900
160,518
121,811
44,507

1.0
0.8
2.5
1.9
0.7

51,446
45,339
137,541
98,302
38,926

0.9
0.8
2.5
1.8
0.7

1,727
1,499
6,871
5,691
1,189

0.8
0.7
3.3
2.7
0.6

8,562
6,062
16,106
17,818
4,392

1.1
0.8
2.2
2.4
0.6

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

89,516
153,517
244,448
88,798
109,279

1.4
2.4
3.8
1.4
1.7

76,354
132,229
203,632
75,509
93,231

1.4
2.4
3.7
1.4
1.7

2,396
3,407
7,995
1,852
4,486

1.2
1.6
3.9
0.9
2.2

10,766
17,881
32,821
11,437
11,562

1.4
2.4
4.4
1.5
1.6

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

157,343
20,809
33,007
40,438
29,307

2.4
0.3
0.5
0.6
0.5

135,948
18,077
27,999
37,072
25,971

2.5
0.3
0.5
0.7
0.5

5,389
598
830
1,034
709

2.6
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.3

16,006
2,134
4,178
2,332
2,627

2.1
0.3
0.6
0.3
0.4

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

157,929
40,979
428,516
244,100
12,010

2.4
0.6
6.6
3.8
0.2

133,918
35,601
359,653
213,194
9,654

2.4
0.6
6.5
3.8
0.2

4,163
1,219
12,323
8,126
304

2.0
0.6
5.9
3.9
0.1

19,848
4,159
56,540
22,780
2,052

2.7
0.6
7.6
3.1
0.3

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

252,933
84,938
72,431
290,270
28,937

3.9
1.3
1.1
4.5
0.4

208,282
72,737
63,547
241,917
25,225

3.8
1.3
1.1
4.4
0.5

9,474
3,186
1,931
9,620
675

4.6
1.5
0.9
4.6
0.3

35,177
9,015
6,953
38,733
3,037

4.7
1.2
0.9
5.2
0.4

All areas

a

(Continued)

42 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 9.
Distribution, by state or other area, December 2002—Continued
Total

Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult children

State or area

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

130,261
15,226
181,165
349,135
28,125

2.0
0.2
2.8
5.4
0.4

112,264
12,754
155,631
296,565
24,186

2.0
0.2
2.8
5.4
0.4

4,866
386
7,371
12,951
686

2.3
0.2
3.6
6.2
0.3

13,131
2,086
18,163
39,619
3,253

1.8
0.3
2.4
5.3
0.4

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

15,829
162,239
115,123
81,530
110,111
9,528

0.2
2.5
1.8
1.3
1.7
0.1

13,543
139,695
101,078
67,905
91,892
8,379

0.2
2.5
1.8
1.2
1.7
0.2

444
5,570
2,930
3,644
2,645
262

0.2
2.7
1.4
1.8
1.3
0.1

1,842
16,974
11,115
9,981
15,574
887

0.2
2.3
1.5
1.3
2.1
0.1

Outlying areas
American Samoa
Guam
Northern Mariana Islands
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

1,192
1,031
197
156,471
1,744

b

1,042
875
145
128,630
1,407

b

53

b

97

b

b

c

c

c

c

b

c

c

c

c

2.3

2.5
b

22,740
283

3.1

b

5,101
54

0.2

801

0.4

5,034

0.7

Foreign countries

17,886

b
b

2.4
b

0.3

12,051

b

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file.
a. Includes beneficiaries with unknown state code.
b. Less than 0.05 percent.
c. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov for further information.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 43

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 10.
Number, by state or other area and diagnostic group, December 2002

Total

Congenital
anomalies

Endocrine,
nutritional,
and
metabolic
diseases

6,491,494

16,606

259,335

107,013

262,822

2,321,751

620,423

1,701,328

156,080

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

162,478
9,120
109,183
97,793
545,712

306
23
241
271
1,433

7,074
287
3,840
4,091
18,816

1,657
94
1,664
1,112
14,271

7,387
489
4,906
4,602
23,481

50,436
3,377
40,764
25,908
208,026

14,915
720
6,651
9,354
38,739

35,521
2,657
34,113
16,554
169,287

3,473
255
2,535
2,510
13,521

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

71,247
69,159
18,905
10,246
383,036

250
171
64
16
991

2,230
2,429
843
383
16,574

1,260
1,169
427
674
11,327

3,577
2,128
743
247
20,163

23,236
29,417
6,421
4,188
125,024

5,677
7,307
1,764
1,174
25,647

17,559
22,110
4,657
3,014
99,377

1,860
1,699
507
174
10,159

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

198,515
18,615
26,730
231,008
141,869

435
36
77
551
295

9,457
612
1,038
10,068
7,363

4,349
358
223
3,499
1,577

7,803
767
1,365
8,192
4,867

64,181
7,893
9,696
94,588
51,411

19,451
1,574
2,353
26,397
17,480

44,730
6,319
7,343
68,191
33,931

4,825
504
694
5,851
3,560

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

61,735
52,900
160,518
121,811
44,507

199
153
329
273
140

2,469
2,626
5,891
4,808
1,435

448
556
1,283
1,869
310

2,344
2,520
5,611
5,226
1,728

24,200
19,554
57,044
35,182
18,138

8,709
6,518
16,017
15,167
3,932

15,491
13,036
41,027
20,015
14,206

1,529
1,290
3,068
2,664
929

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

89,516
153,517
244,448
88,798
109,279

327
476
617
231
185

3,678
4,120
10,076
2,381
5,226

2,327
2,855
2,178
898
1,220

3,545
5,177
8,494
3,596
4,400

30,239
69,002
98,342
41,692
36,843

8,873
12,536
24,785
11,220
11,304

21,366
56,466
73,557
30,472
25,539

2,630
3,554
5,649
2,197
2,509

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

157,343
20,809
33,007
40,438
29,307

450
66
105
116
72

7,782
623
1,417
1,493
789

1,940
169
342
766
193

7,178
1,158
1,598
1,816
1,121

51,651
6,763
11,114
12,302
12,453

16,433
1,872
3,792
1,920
2,217

35,218
4,891
7,322
10,382
10,236

3,647
429
821
1,030
683

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

157,929
40,979
428,516
244,100
12,010

401
123
1,030
556
53

5,435
1,564
14,525
12,190
329

3,134
566
10,522
3,816
81

5,714
2,251
15,367
9,068
553

57,316
12,845
139,550
75,998
4,680

13,276
3,184
37,750
26,413
1,921

44,040
9,661
101,800
49,585
2,759

4,690
804
10,856
6,117
305

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

252,933
84,938
72,431
290,270
28,937

723
185
205
891
46

10,231
3,990
2,640
12,120
1,001

2,263
970
968
3,704
359

7,340
3,600
3,710
11,855
924

112,532
26,994
25,882
97,300
12,279

32,531
8,470
6,409
30,600
2,822

80,001
18,524
19,473
66,700
9,457

5,288
2,062
1,799
7,319
691

State or area
All areas

a

Infectious
and
parasitic
diseases

Injuries

Mental disorders
Total Retardation

Other Neoplasms

(Continued)

44 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 10.
Number, by state or other area and diagnostic group, December 2002—Continued
Diseases of the—
Blood and
bloodforming
organs

State or area
a

Circulatory Digestive
system
system

Musculoskeletal
Genitosystem and
urinary
connective
system
tissue

Nervous
system
and
sense
organs

Respiratory
system

Skin and
subcutaneous
tissue

Other Unknown

15,916

584,316

83,152

97,239

1,385,191

612,180

188,897

14,188

10,715

376,093

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

564
23
176
260
1,155

17,398
645
8,306
11,259
39,957

2,015
147
1,622
1,382
8,205

2,573
101
1,600
1,206
9,562

41,277
2,062
24,623
27,976
117,632

13,583
1,041
10,988
9,195
54,111

5,287
248
3,115
3,508
10,511

399
23
235
299
1,011

272
18
307
119
1,146

8,777
287
4,261
4,095
22,874

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

105
159
66
50
1,116

4,224
5,183
1,626
846
39,118

1,043
826
231
77
6,135

900
868
365
371
5,745

17,505
11,666
4,187
1,393
78,791

9,307
6,635
1,857
1,030
30,882

2,393
1,694
573
210
11,686

153
159
31
37
1,651

151
89
45
14
686

3,053
4,867
919
536
22,988

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

755
24
35
710
329

20,756
1,906
1,913
20,382
13,769

2,568
190
369
2,621
1,972

3,918
504
279
3,821
1,948

42,122
2,868
6,207
37,122
25,570

16,106
1,551
2,879
23,161
14,772

6,637
374
795
6,551
5,396

447
43
57
414
248

302
56
38
341
235

13,854
929
1,065
13,136
8,557

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

118
112
247
437
54

4,339
4,157
15,263
13,923
3,383

713
647
1,790
1,377
492

732
712
1,445
2,183
303

12,014
10,025
40,045
30,784
10,393

6,720
5,681
11,788
10,421
3,833

1,930
1,789
6,290
2,954
1,226

110
86
293
334
133

81
88
242
205
71

3,789
2,904
9,889
9,171
1,939

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

371
267
582
163
362

9,198
9,968
21,101
5,636
13,212

1,135
1,990
2,622
900
1,162

2,207
1,373
3,472
987
1,886

15,759
28,697
46,819
13,857
21,810

9,655
14,141
23,264
9,772
8,862

2,597
3,567
6,650
1,798
3,264

200
220
517
137
320

141
311
313
136
199

5,507
7,799
13,752
4,417
7,819

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

384
24
61
98
37

14,307
1,353
2,701
3,979
2,224

2,255
249
396
730
367

2,022
231
468
571
220

36,220
5,350
7,068
10,141
5,995

14,965
2,535
3,909
4,148
3,027

5,824
721
1,062
1,509
864

334
41
55
74
44

231
46
46
90
56

8,153
1,051
1,844
1,575
1,162

446
77
1,177
700
18

15,434
2,662
37,310
27,213
918

2,268
629
4,905
3,285
127

2,825
640
6,039
4,199
138

29,613
11,223
107,102
54,249
2,335

16,505
4,363
37,950
20,169
1,406

4,195
1,209
11,622
8,502
324

343
117
794
593
18

323
104
488
411
16

9,287
1,802
29,279
17,034
709

520
148
132
624
49

20,279
8,759
5,214
27,780
2,152

2,350
1,126
1,079
3,949
383

3,283
1,151
849
3,926
254

37,536
20,720
16,070
63,915
5,692

21,950
8,442
8,999
28,820
2,562

7,486
3,199
1,934
8,164
775

345
214
132
440
74

271
122
109
618
83

20,536
3,256
2,709
18,845
1,613

All areas

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 45

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 10.
Number, by state or other area and diagnostic group, December 2002—Continued

Total

Congenital
anomalies

Endocrine,
nutritional,
and
metabolic
diseases

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

130,261
15,226
181,165
349,135
28,125

254
58
390
759
120

5,444
421
7,318
18,204
1,036

1,707
152
1,938
7,823
257

5,472
534
6,457
15,609
1,144

43,819
5,525
65,432
103,467
11,397

12,550
2,013
17,958
30,280
3,215

31,269
3,512
47,474
73,187
8,182

3,051
309
4,108
9,318
630

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

15,829
162,239
115,123
81,530
110,111
9,528

65
425
367
188
458
33

625
6,938
4,184
3,610
4,289
351

177
2,382
1,771
528
1,027
92

660
6,326
4,757
3,877
4,193
527

6,248
53,121
46,508
25,133
44,798
3,274

1,455
17,770
9,643
9,603
12,998
951

4,793
35,351
36,865
15,530
31,800
2,323

377
4,162
3,033
1,550
2,581
203

1,192
1,031

b

181

b

b

b

b

42
49

123
308

46
117

77
191

36

State or area

Infectious
and
parasitic
diseases

Injuries

Mental disorders
Total Retardation

Other Neoplasms

Outlying areas
American
Samoa
Guam
Northern
Mariana
Islands
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

197
156,471
1,744

b

b

b

263
b

2,474
41

1,496
27

13
5,668
90

54
71,551
523

24
11,862
177

30
59,689
346

1,606
42

Foreign countries

17,886

102

251

213

792

5,962

1,862

4,100

346

b

b

(Continued)

46 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 10.
Number, by state or other area and diagnostic group, December 2002—Continued
Diseases of the—

State or area

Blood
and
bloodforming
organs

Circulatory Digestive
system
system

Musculoskeletal
Genitosystem and
urinary
connective
system
tissue

Nervous
system
and
sense
organs

Respiratory
system

Skin and
subcutaneous
tissue

Other Unknown

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

547
24
383
868
32

15,010
1,180
18,547
35,237
1,682

1,645
148
2,171
5,064
365

2,479
183
2,632
7,758
374

28,503
3,403
38,793
78,311
5,377

10,728
2,033
14,474
37,482
3,495

4,613
486
6,684
9,369
812

363
30
432
685
51

220
22
266
536
58

6,406
718
11,140
18,645
1,295

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

28
498
250
110
242

1,106
16,159
7,634
8,447
7,560
698

188
2,116
1,793
929
1,191
120

116
2,960
1,386
566
1,340
101

3,200
37,736
22,797
19,994
19,553
2,219

1,495
14,358
12,394
5,779
12,525
1,149

444
5,353
2,989
3,394
2,506
420

25
329
263
161
173
18

32
278
169
108
166
25

1,043
9,098
4,828
7,156
7,509
284

121
133

b

b

439

b

56

34
37

b

b

113
124

19

b

b

b

39

32
9,223
192

b

b

b

b

b

1,202
48

36,355
404

3,065

16
406

b

927
19

32
13,022
230

159

b

b

b

8,916
79

1,593

127

123

3,456

1,748

231

34

27

2,856

Outlying areas
American
Samoa
Guam
Northern
Mariana
Islands
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands
Foreign countries

b

b
b

b

138
b

25

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file.
NOTE: The diagnosis for disabled adult children typically was not recorded on the Master Beneficiary Record until 1984. Many beneficiaries
entitled before that date are still on the rolls today.
a. Includes beneficiaries with unknown state code.
b. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov for further information.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 47

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 11.
Percentage distribution, by state or other area and diagnostic group, December 2002

Total
State or area
All areas

Number Percent
a

Endocrine,
nutritional,
and
Congenital metabolic
anomalies
diseases

Infectious
and
parasitic
diseases

Injuries

Mental disorders
Total Retardation

Other Neoplasms

6,491,494

100.0

0.3

4.0

1.6

4.0

35.8

9.6

26.2

2.4

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

162,478
9,120
109,183
97,793
545,712

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.2
0.3
0.2
0.3
0.3

4.4
3.1
3.5
4.2
3.4

1.0
1.0
1.5
1.1
2.6

4.5
5.4
4.5
4.7
4.3

31.1
37.0
37.3
26.5
38.1

9.2
7.9
6.1
9.6
7.1

21.9
29.1
31.2
16.9
31.0

2.1
2.8
2.3
2.6
2.5

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

71,247
69,159
18,905
10,246
383,036

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.4
0.2
0.3
0.2
0.3

3.1
3.5
4.5
3.7
4.3

1.8
1.7
2.3
6.6
3.0

5.0
3.1
3.9
2.4
5.3

32.6
42.6
33.9
40.9
32.6

8.0
10.6
9.3
11.5
6.7

24.6
32.0
24.6
29.4
25.9

2.6
2.5
2.7
1.7
2.7

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

198,515
18,615
26,730
231,008
141,869

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.2
0.2
0.3
0.2
0.2

4.8
3.3
3.9
4.4
5.2

2.2
1.9
0.8
1.5
1.1

3.9
4.1
5.1
3.5
3.4

32.3
42.4
36.3
40.9
36.2

9.8
8.5
8.8
11.4
12.3

22.5
33.9
27.5
29.5
23.9

2.4
2.7
2.6
2.5
2.5

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

61,735
52,900
160,518
121,811
44,507

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.3
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.3

4.0
5.0
3.7
3.9
3.2

0.7
1.1
0.8
1.5
0.7

3.8
4.8
3.5
4.3
3.9

39.2
36.9
35.6
28.9
40.7

14.1
12.3
10.0
12.5
8.8

25.1
24.6
25.6
16.4
31.9

2.5
2.4
1.9
2.2
2.1

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

89,516
153,517
244,448
88,798
109,279

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.4
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.2

4.1
2.7
4.1
2.7
4.8

2.6
1.9
0.9
1.0
1.1

4.0
3.4
3.5
4.0
4.0

33.8
45.0
40.2
46.9
33.7

9.9
8.2
10.1
12.6
10.3

23.9
36.8
30.1
34.3
23.4

2.9
2.3
2.3
2.5
2.3

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

157,343
20,809
33,007
40,438
29,307

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.2

4.9
3.0
4.3
3.7
2.7

1.2
0.8
1.0
1.9
0.7

4.6
5.6
4.8
4.5
3.8

32.8
32.5
33.7
30.4
42.5

10.4
9.0
11.5
4.7
7.6

22.4
23.5
22.2
25.7
34.9

2.3
2.1
2.5
2.5
2.3

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

157,929
40,979
428,516
244,100
12,010

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.3
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.4

3.4
3.8
3.4
5.0
2.7

2.0
1.4
2.5
1.6
0.7

3.6
5.5
3.6
3.7
4.6

36.3
31.4
32.6
31.1
39.0

8.4
7.8
8.8
10.8
16.0

27.9
23.6
23.8
20.3
23.0

3.0
2.0
2.5
2.5
2.5

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

252,933
84,938
72,431
290,270
28,937

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.3
0.2
0.3
0.3
0.2

4.0
4.7
3.6
4.2
3.5

0.9
1.1
1.3
1.3
1.2

2.9
4.2
5.1
4.1
3.2

44.5
31.8
35.7
33.5
42.5

12.9
10.0
8.8
10.5
9.8

31.6
21.8
26.9
23.0
32.7

2.1
2.4
2.5
2.5
2.4
(Continued)

48 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 11.
Percentage distribution, by state or other area and diagnostic group, December 2002—Continued
Diseases of the—
Blood and
bloodforming
organs

State or area
a

Circulatory Digestive
system
system

Musculoskeletal
Genitosystem and
urinary
connective
system
tissue

Nervous
system
and
sense
organs

Respiratory
system

Skin and
subcutaneous
tissue

Other Unknown

0.2

9.0

1.3

1.5

21.3

9.4

2.9

0.2

0.2

5.8

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

0.3
0.3
0.2
0.3
0.2

10.7
7.1
7.6
11.5
7.3

1.2
1.6
1.5
1.4
1.5

1.6
1.1
1.5
1.2
1.8

25.4
22.6
22.6
28.6
21.6

8.4
11.4
10.1
9.4
9.9

3.3
2.7
2.9
3.6
1.9

0.2
0.3
0.2
0.3
0.2

0.2
0.2
0.3
0.1
0.2

5.4
3.1
3.9
4.2
4.2

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

0.1
0.2
0.3
0.5
0.3

5.9
7.5
8.6
8.3
10.2

1.5
1.2
1.2
0.8
1.6

1.3
1.3
1.9
3.6
1.5

24.6
16.9
22.1
13.6
20.6

13.1
9.6
9.8
10.1
8.1

3.4
2.4
3.0
2.0
3.1

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.4
0.4

0.2
0.1
0.2
0.1
0.2

4.3
7.0
4.9
5.2
6.0

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

0.4
0.1
0.1
0.3
0.2

10.5
10.2
7.2
8.8
9.7

1.3
1.0
1.4
1.1
1.4

2.0
2.7
1.0
1.7
1.4

21.2
15.4
23.2
16.1
18.0

8.1
8.3
10.8
10.0
10.4

3.3
2.0
3.0
2.8
3.8

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

0.2
0.3
0.1
0.1
0.2

7.0
5.0
4.0
5.7
6.0

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.4
0.1

7.0
7.9
9.5
11.4
7.6

1.2
1.2
1.1
1.1
1.1

1.2
1.3
0.9
1.8
0.7

19.5
19.0
24.9
25.3
23.4

10.9
10.7
7.3
8.6
8.6

3.1
3.4
3.9
2.4
2.8

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.3
0.3

0.1
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

6.1
5.5
6.2
7.5
4.4

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

0.4
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.3

10.3
6.5
8.6
6.3
12.1

1.3
1.3
1.1
1.0
1.1

2.5
0.9
1.4
1.1
1.7

17.6
18.7
19.2
15.6
20.0

10.8
9.2
9.5
11.0
8.1

2.9
2.3
2.7
2.0
3.0

0.2
0.1
0.2
0.2
0.3

0.2
0.2
0.1
0.2
0.2

6.2
5.1
5.6
5.0
7.2

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

0.2
0.1
0.2
0.2
0.1

9.1
6.5
8.2
9.8
7.6

1.4
1.2
1.2
1.8
1.3

1.3
1.1
1.4
1.4
0.8

23.0
25.7
21.4
25.1
20.5

9.5
12.2
11.8
10.3
10.3

3.7
3.5
3.2
3.7
2.9

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

0.1
0.2
0.1
0.2
0.2

5.2
5.1
5.6
3.9
4.0

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

0.3
0.2
0.3
0.3
0.1

9.8
6.5
8.7
11.1
7.6

1.4
1.5
1.1
1.3
1.1

1.8
1.6
1.4
1.7
1.1

18.8
27.4
25.0
22.2
19.4

10.5
10.6
8.9
8.3
11.7

2.7
3.0
2.7
3.5
2.7

0.2
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.1

0.2
0.3
0.1
0.2
0.1

5.9
4.4
6.8
7.0
5.9

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

8.0
10.3
7.2
9.6
7.4

0.9
1.3
1.5
1.4
1.3

1.3
1.4
1.2
1.4
0.9

14.8
24.4
22.2
22.0
19.7

8.7
9.9
12.4
9.9
8.9

3.0
3.8
2.7
2.8
2.7

0.1
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.3

0.1
0.1
0.2
0.2
0.3

8.1
3.8
3.7
6.5
5.6

All areas

(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 49

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 11.
Percentage distribution, by state or other area and diagnostic group, December 2002—Continued

Total

Endocrine,
nutritional,
and
Congenital metabolic
anomalies
diseases

Infectious
and
parasitic
diseases

Injuries

Mental disorders

State or area

Number Percent

Total Retardation

Other Neoplasms

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

130,261
15,226
181,165
349,135
28,125

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.2
0.4
0.2
0.2
0.4

4.2
2.8
4.0
5.2
3.7

1.3
1.0
1.1
2.2
0.9

4.2
3.5
3.6
4.5
4.1

33.6
36.3
36.1
29.7
40.5

9.6
13.2
9.9
8.7
11.4

24.0
23.1
26.2
21.0
29.1

2.3
2.0
2.3
2.7
2.2

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

15,829
162,239
115,123
81,530
110,111
9,528

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.4
0.3
0.3
0.2
0.4
0.3

3.9
4.3
3.6
4.4
3.9
3.7

1.1
1.5
1.5
0.6
0.9
1.0

4.2
3.9
4.1
4.8
3.8
5.5

39.5
32.8
40.4
30.8
40.7
34.4

9.2
11.0
8.4
11.8
11.8
10.0

30.3
21.8
32.0
19.0
28.9
24.4

2.4
2.6
2.6
1.9
2.3
2.1

b

15.2

b

b

b

b

3.5
4.8

10.4
29.8

3.9
11.3

6.5
18.5

3.5

Outlying areas
American
Samoa
Guam
Northern
Mariana
Islands
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

1,192
1,031

100.0
100.0

197
156,471
1,744

100.0
100.0
100.0

b

b

b

0.2
b

1.6
2.4

1.0
1.5

6.6
3.6
5.2

27.4
45.7
29.9

12.2
7.6
10.1

15.2
38.1
19.8

1.0
2.4

Foreign countries

17,886

100.0

0.6

1.4

1.2

4.4

33.3

10.4

22.9

1.9

b

b

(Continued)

50 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 11.
Percentage distribution, by state or other area and diagnostic group, December 2002—Continued
Diseases of the—

State or area

Blood
and
bloodforming
organs

Circulatory Digestive
system
system

Musculoskeletal
Genitosystem and
urinary
connective
system
tissue

Nervous
system
and
sense
organs

Respiratory
system

Skin and
subcutaneous
tissue

Other Unknown

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

0.4
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.1

11.5
7.7
10.2
10.1
6.0

1.3
1.0
1.2
1.5
1.3

1.9
1.2
1.5
2.2
1.3

21.9
22.3
21.4
22.4
19.1

8.2
13.4
8.0
10.7
12.4

3.5
3.2
3.7
2.7
2.9

0.3
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

0.2
0.1
0.1
0.2
0.2

4.9
4.7
6.1
5.3
4.6

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

0.2
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.2

7.0
10.0
6.6
10.4
6.9
7.3

1.2
1.3
1.6
1.1
1.1
1.3

0.7
1.8
1.2
0.7
1.2
1.1

20.2
23.3
19.8
24.5
17.8
23.3

9.4
8.8
10.8
7.1
11.4
12.1

2.8
3.3
2.6
4.2
2.3
4.4

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

0.2
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.2
0.3

6.6
5.6
4.2
8.8
6.8
3.0

10.2
12.9

b

b

36.8

b

b

2.9
3.6

b

5.4

9.5
12.0

1.6

b

b

b

3.8

b

Outlying areas
American
Samoa
Guam
Northern
Mariana
Islands
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands
Foreign countries

b

b
b

b

0.1
b

0.1

16.2
5.9
11.0

b

b

b

23.2
23.2

2.0

8.1
0.3

b

0.8
2.8

16.2
8.3
13.2

b

0.6
1.1

0.1

b

b

b

5.7
4.5

8.9

0.7

0.7

19.3

9.8

1.3

0.2

0.2

16.0

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file.
NOTE: The diagnosis for disabled adult children typically was not recorded on the Master Beneficiary Record until 1984. Many beneficiaries
entitled before that date are still on the rolls today.
a. Includes beneficiaries with unknown state code.
b. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov for further information.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 51

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 12.
Total monthly benefits, by state or other area, December 2002 (in thousands of dollars)
State or area

Total

Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult children

5,145,158

4,621,686

113,657

409,790

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

124,068
7,304
91,048
73,804
444,100

112,396
6,797
84,622
67,711
401,148

3,269
132
1,701
1,804
8,009

8,404
375
4,724
4,287
34,975

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

57,019
57,042
15,627
7,309
306,314

52,808
50,404
14,219
6,504
282,566

998
860
268
143
5,921

3,207
5,778
1,140
662
17,844

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

153,750
15,147
20,895
188,479
113,878

140,099
13,608
19,088
165,111
100,966

3,521
266
429
4,375
2,732

10,143
1,273
1,379
18,974
10,167

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

47,061
40,818
125,108
94,184
32,690

41,162
36,498
113,389
81,984
29,790

950
832
3,788
3,279
621

4,951
3,490
7,927
8,925
2,277

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

73,385
121,094
206,974
69,547
80,397

65,726
109,049
181,762
61,978
72,916

1,388
1,858
4,932
1,029
2,221

6,268
10,196
20,264
6,539
5,264

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

122,586
16,233
24,815
34,817
23,777

110,920
14,724
22,052
32,827
21,862

2,869
326
445
604
370

8,797
1,183
2,320
1,385
1,544

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

135,156
31,546
357,511
187,591
8,746

120,660
28,798
317,178
172,325
7,492

2,324
687
6,889
3,731
159

12,183
2,060
33,438
11,524
1,094

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

198,527
66,005
58,220
233,116
22,423

172,270
59,528
52,979
204,904
20,379

5,684
1,719
1,126
5,627
350

20,586
4,753
4,117
22,581
1,693

All areas

a

(Continued)

52 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 12.
Total monthly benefits, by state or other area, December 2002 (in thousands of dollars)—Continued
State or area

Total

Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult children

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

101,330
11,004
137,414
273,373
22,103

92,382
9,733
124,474
245,467
19,835

2,303
199
3,739
7,164
400

6,655
1,073
9,207
20,760
1,866

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

11,870
129,012
93,687
67,018
86,955
7,636

10,658
117,078
85,310
59,661
76,289
6,968

226
2,995
1,737
2,222
1,472
147

985
8,935
6,640
5,133
9,195
521

Outlying areas
American Samoa
Guam
Northern Mariana Islands
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

715
712
92
101,581
1,321

654
649
76
91,404
1,160

24
15
4
2,289
32

37
48
12
7,886
130

11,327

8,851

438

2,038

Foreign countries

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file.
NOTES: Unnegotiated checks not deducted.
Excludes lump-sum death payments.
a. Includes beneficiaries with unknown state code.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov for further information.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 53

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 13.
Number, by type of representative payee, December 2002
Type of payee
All disabled beneficiaries
Without payee
With payee
Parent (natural, adoptive, or stepparent)
Spouse
Child (natural, adoptive, or stepchild)
Other relative
Nonmental institution
Mental institution
Social agency
Public official
Financial organization
Other

Total

Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult children

6,491,494

5,539,597

207,365

744,532

5,230,866

4,877,277

193,439

160,150

432,168
133,352
44,588
240,406
123,002
96,829
87,468
10,149
3,860
88,806

192,936
132,552
36,807
118,166
47,835
25,046
40,075
6,053
2,606
60,244

478
93
6,479
3,164
1,477
294
590
140
36
1,175

238,754
707
1,302
119,076
73,690
71,489
46,803
3,956
1,218
27,387

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov for further information.

54 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 14.
Representative payment, by sex and diagnostic group, December 2002
Workers

Diagnostic group

Total

Widow(er)s

Number Percentage
with
with
payee
payee

Total

Adult children

Number Percentage
with
with
payee
payee

Total

Number Percentage
with
with
payee
payee

All disabled beneficiaries
Total

5,539,597

662,320

12.0

207,365

13,926

6.7

744,532

584,382

78.5

Congenital anomalies
9,226
Endocrine, nutritional, and
metabolic diseases
237,020
Infectious and parasitic diseases
102,589
Injuries
248,544
Mental disorders
Retardation
286,210
Other
1,558,928
Neoplasms
150,138
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming
organs
13,708
Circulatory system
558,736
Digestive system
80,396
Genitourinary system
93,645
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
1,324,762
Nervous system and sense
organs
533,774
Respiratory system
176,941
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
13,429
Other
9,447
Unknown
142,104

1,004

10.9

267

5

1.9

7,113

4,741

66.7

3,385
3,092
22,390

1.4
3.0
9.0

19,634
1,695
5,171

282
52
147

1.4
3.1
2.8

2,681
2,729
9,107

685
1,441
3,495

25.6
52.8
38.4

155,489
384,778
2,533

54.3
24.7
1.7

9,679
45,274
4,262

2,690
7,649
84

27.8
16.9
2.0

324,534
97,126
1,680

287,078
62,485
935

88.5
64.3
55.7

307
28,361
2,237
1,099

2.2
5.1
2.8
1.2

354
22,348
2,227
1,837

13
866
43
27

3.7
3.9
1.9
1.5

1,854
3,232
529
1,757

309
1,556
102
351

16.7
48.1
19.3
20.0

12,790

1.0

55,677

489

0.9

4,752

955

20.1

24,790
2,091
165
421
17,388

4.6
1.2
1.2
4.5
12.2

14,527
11,054
510
214
12,635

572
131
4
4
868

3.9
1.2
0.8
1.9
6.9

63,879
902
249
1,054
221,354

32,803
273
47
666
186,460

51.4
30.3
18.9
63.2
84.2

Men
Subtotal
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and
metabolic diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming
organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and sense
organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

3,067,251

445,270

14.5

6,098

488

8.0

406,641

325,714

80.1

4,837

600

12.4

6

a

a

3,691

2,527

68.5

98,936
77,584
177,071

1,951
2,523
17,297

2.0
3.3
9.8

295
85
294

9
2
16

3.1
2.4
5.4

1,287
1,461
6,358

384
816
2,424

29.8
55.9
38.1

188,430
816,141
73,149

105,282
255,884
1,553

55.9
31.4
2.1

295
1,095
134

80
243
6

27.1
22.2
4.5

176,349
61,735
963

158,860
42,248
550

90.1
68.4
57.1

6,416
379,306
43,823
56,726

195
18,778
1,736
729

3.0
5.0
4.0
1.3

11
1,056
88
94

a

a

40
4

3.8
4.5

a

a

922
1,738
273
908

182
877
67
184

19.7
50.5
24.5
20.3

696,529

8,708

1.3

1,447

27

1.9

2,037

537

26.4

271,690
90,828
5,536
4,808
75,441

15,648
1,409
98
314
12,565

5.8
1.6
1.8
6.5
16.7

397
322
12
8
459

19
11

4.8
3.4

a

a

a

a

30

6.5

34,251
413
99
577
113,579

18,153
152
26
373
97,354

53.0
36.8
26.3
64.6
85.7
(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 55

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 14.
Representative payment, by sex and diagnostic group, December 2002—Continued
Workers

Diagnostic group

Total

Widow(er)s

Number Percentage
with
with
payee
payee

Total

Adult children

Number Percentage
with
with
payee
payee

Total

Number Percentage
with
with
payee
payee

Women
Subtotal
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and
metabolic diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming
organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and sense
organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

2,472,346

217,050

8.8

201,267

13,438

6.7

337,891

258,668

76.6

4,389

404

9.2

261

4

1.5

3,422

2,214

64.7

138,084
25,005
71,473

1,434
569
5,093

1.0
2.3
7.1

19,339
1,610
4,877

273
50
131

1.4
3.1
2.7

1,394
1,268
2,749

301
625
1,071

21.6
49.3
39.0

97,780
742,787
76,989

50,207
128,894
980

51.3
17.4
1.3

9,384
44,179
4,128

2,610
7,406
78

27.8
16.8
1.9

148,185
35,391
717

128,218
20,237
385

86.5
57.2
53.7

7,292
179,430
36,573
36,919

112
9,583
501
370

1.5
5.3
1.4
1.0

343
21,292
2,139
1,743

13
826
39
27

3.8
3.9
1.8
1.5

932
1,494
256
849

127
679
35
167

13.6
45.4
13.7
19.7

628,233

4,082

0.6

54,230

462

0.9

2,715

418

15.4

262,084
86,113
7,893
4,639
66,663

9,142
682
67
107
4,823

3.5
0.8
0.8
2.3
7.2

14,130
10,732
498
206
12,176

553
120
4
4
838

3.9
1.1
0.8
1.9
6.9

29,628
489
150
477
107,775

14,650
121
21
293
89,106

49.4
24.7
14.0
61.4
82.7

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file.
NOTE: The diagnosis for disabled adult children typically was not recorded on the Master Beneficiary Record until 1984. Many beneficiaries
entitled before that date are still on the rolls today.
a. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov for further information.

56 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 15.
Percentage distribution of disabled workers, by state or other area and monthly benefit,
December 2002
Monthly benefit
(dollars)

Percentage distribution by dollar amount of benefit
State or area
All areas
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

a

Number

Total

Less than
400.00

400.00–
599.90

600.00–
799.90

800.00– 1,000.00–
999.90
1,199.90

1,200.00
or more

Average

Median

5,539,597

100.0

8.1

20.4

24.1

17.6

12.1

17.7

834.30

779.00

139,276
8,197
97,886
85,310
470,665

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

8.2
9.4
6.8
8.0
8.9

21.9
21.6
18.5
21.9
19.6

26.2
22.8
23.5
26.5
22.0

17.6
16.6
18.1
19.3
16.8

11.3
11.2
13.2
12.1
12.4

14.8
18.3
19.9
12.2
20.4

807.00
829.20
864.50
793.70
852.30

746.00
759.00
811.70
747.70
795.00

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of
Columbia
Florida

63,770
58,123
16,492

100.0
100.0
100.0

7.9
6.3
7.0

21.2
18.7
18.8

24.0
24.0
23.7

17.6
18.1
17.5

12.3
12.6
12.8

17.0
20.2
20.0

828.10
867.20
862.20

770.00
809.00
804.00

8,608
339,296

100.0
100.0

9.3
7.4

24.7
20.6

28.3
24.7

18.5
17.9

9.6
12.3

9.7
17.1

755.60
832.80

700.00
775.00

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

171,333
15,844
23,513
191,744
120,126

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

7.2
6.8
9.6
7.7
8.3

20.5
19.5
22.4
19.3
20.2

26.5
23.0
22.9
22.5
23.2

19.2
18.3
16.8
17.5
17.6

12.1
13.2
11.9
12.6
12.2

14.5
19.2
16.5
20.6
18.6

817.70
858.90
811.80
861.10
840.50

765.70
806.70
753.70
805.70
784.00

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

51,446
45,339
137,541
98,302
38,926

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

10.0
8.9
9.5
9.5
9.7

22.4
22.3
21.2
20.4
24.0

23.7
24.2
22.8
22.7
26.8

16.6
17.7
16.7
16.0
18.1

11.9
12.2
11.8
12.0
10.4

15.3
14.7
18.0
19.3
11.1

800.10
805.00
824.40
834.00
765.30

740.00
751.00
765.00
773.00
713.70

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

76,354
132,229
203,632
75,509
93,231

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

7.0
7.0
8.2
8.6
8.2

18.8
21.3
18.2
21.8
22.9

23.2
26.0
20.3
24.2
28.0

18.6
18.0
15.4
17.2
17.8

12.8
11.6
12.6
11.4
11.0

19.6
16.1
25.3
17.0
12.1

860.80
824.70
892.60
820.80
782.10

809.00
763.00
839.70
757.00
725.00

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

135,948
18,077
27,999
37,072
25,971

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

8.6
8.7
9.3
5.8
6.2

21.5
22.1
23.5
17.4
19.1

24.5
23.4
24.6
23.4
25.9

17.5
17.2
17.6
18.4
19.6

11.8
12.4
11.9
13.4
12.8

16.0
16.3
13.1
21.6
16.4

815.90
814.50
787.60
885.50
841.80

757.70
759.70
731.70
831.70
789.00

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

133,918
35,601
359,653
213,194
9,654

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

5.9
8.8
7.4
7.1
10.3

17.5
21.4
18.6
20.2
23.9

22.4
24.2
21.8
27.5
24.9

17.6
18.5
16.8
20.4
16.6

12.9
11.9
12.5
12.1
11.4

23.8
15.1
22.9
12.9
12.9

901.00
808.90
881.90
808.30
776.10

844.70
757.00
823.00
763.00
713.00

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

208,282
72,737
63,547
241,917
25,225

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

10.1
9.1
8.6
8.3
7.4

21.3
20.7
21.1
19.2
22.1

21.8
23.3
22.9
22.9
26.7

16.0
17.9
16.9
17.5
17.6

12.0
13.1
12.0
13.0
11.8

18.9
16.0
18.5
19.1
14.4

827.10
818.40
833.70
847.00
807.90

766.70
771.00
774.00
794.70
747.00
(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 57

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 15.
Percentage distribution of disabled workers, by state or other area and monthly benefit,
December 2002—Continued
Monthly benefit
(dollars)

Percentage distribution by dollar amount of benefit
State or area

Number

Total

Less than
400.00

400.00–
599.90

600.00–
799.90

800.00– 1,000.00–
999.90
1,199.90

1,200.00
or more

Average

Median

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

112,264
12,754
155,631
296,565
24,186

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

6.6
11.1
7.9
8.6
9.6

19.0
24.3
21.9
20.2
22.5

26.9
25.0
26.8
23.9
22.6

20.8
16.9
18.6
18.1
15.9

12.8
11.2
11.5
12.4
11.0

13.8
11.5
13.5
16.8
18.4

822.90
763.10
799.80
827.70
820.10

779.00
706.70
747.00
775.00
751.00

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

13,543
139,695
101,078
67,905
91,892
8,379

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

9.0
7.6
8.4
9.4
8.9
8.9

21.9
19.5
20.7
17.6
21.0
21.7

26.4
24.7
22.8
20.0
23.0
22.6

19.1
18.3
16.4
15.9
16.6
16.2

11.4
12.4
12.1
12.9
12.3
11.5

12.1
17.5
19.6
24.1
18.1
19.0

787.00
838.10
844.00
878.60
830.20
831.60

738.70
784.00
780.00
833.70
770.70
761.00

Outlying areas
American
Samoa
Guam
Northern
Mariana
Islands
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

1,042
875

100.0
100.0

18.6
13.1

32.5
22.5

26.4
26.6

13.7
17.1

6.0
10.1

2.7
10.5

627.80
741.80

594.00
700.00

145
128,630
1,407

100.0
100.0
100.0

31.0
7.3
7.0

38.6
28.4
19.0

20.7
35.2
26.9

6.2
16.3
19.0

2.1
7.5
13.5

1.4
5.3
14.4

525.80
710.60
824.10

507.00
666.00
778.70

Foreign countries

12,051

100.0

18.5

19.3

21.6

17.1

11.2

12.2

734.50

708.70

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file.
a. Includes beneficiaries with unknown state code.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov for further information.

58 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 16.
Percentage distribution of disabled widow(er)s, by state or other area and monthly benefit,
December 2002
Monthly benefit
(dollars)

Percentage distribution by dollar amount of benefit

Number

Total

Less
than
200.00

207,365

100.0

10.3

9.6

12.7

13.9

12.8

11.0

9.3

7.5

12.9

548.10

529.00

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

6,378
223
2,975
3,672
13,547

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

12.2
7.2
8.8
13.2
7.9

11.0
9.0
10.2
12.0
8.2

13.2
10.3
11.4
14.0
11.8

14.5
14.8
12.9
14.3
13.6

13.7
12.6
12.5
14.5
12.1

11.3
12.6
10.5
10.5
10.7

9.2
8.1
10.2
8.5
9.7

5.9
8.5
8.3
5.3
8.9

9.1
17.0
15.1
7.7
17.1

512.60
592.90
571.70
491.40
591.20

494.00
559.00
550.70
475.00
570.00

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

1,774
1,595
498
280
11,244

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

9.1
10.0
11.4
10.0
11.7

8.9
9.2
10.0
9.6
10.6

12.7
14.9
11.4
15.4
13.1

13.6
15.5
14.7
15.0
14.1

13.4
11.5
13.5
17.5
12.8

10.5
11.0
9.2
11.8
11.1

10.0
8.7
9.0
8.2
9.0

8.1
6.2
8.8
4.3
6.5

13.8
13.0
11.8
8.2
11.0

562.80
539.30
538.80
510.60
526.60

546.00
502.00
520.50
498.00
503.00

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

7,228
464
733
7,497
4,750

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

14.4
8.0
7.9
8.6
9.1

11.9
8.0
8.3
8.5
8.7

14.1
13.4
12.7
11.8
11.8

15.2
13.4
10.2
12.7
12.1

13.3
12.9
14.3
11.9
13.2

9.5
12.3
12.4
11.4
11.1

8.2
9.9
10.4
9.8
10.0

5.4
8.2
10.0
9.0
8.4

8.2
14.0
13.8
16.3
15.5

487.20
573.00
585.00
583.60
575.20

464.00
551.80
576.00
570.00
565.00

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

1,727
1,499
6,871
5,691
1,189

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

8.7
9.9
9.5
7.9
12.3

9.9
8.8
8.7
7.7
9.7

11.2
12.2
12.9
12.4
14.1

14.5
13.9
14.3
13.8
13.7

14.8
13.1
13.1
14.3
13.1

12.1
11.7
11.6
10.6
11.0

9.0
10.2
10.2
10.2
8.7

8.1
8.1
7.5
8.7
7.2

11.6
12.0
12.1
14.4
10.2

550.30
555.30
551.30
576.20
522.60

540.00
538.00
533.00
554.00
501.00

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

2,396
3,407
7,995
1,852
4,486

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

9.3
8.8
7.6
9.5
12.6

8.0
9.8
7.1
9.6
11.2

10.9
14.1
10.0
13.2
14.9

12.6
15.4
12.7
12.9
15.9

13.3
12.7
12.1
13.0
13.6

12.2
11.4
11.0
10.7
10.4

9.5
8.5
9.8
10.3
7.6

9.0
6.6
9.0
6.9
5.6

15.2
12.5
20.8
14.0
8.2

579.20
545.40
616.90
555.60
495.20

566.50
510.00
605.00
534.00
469.50

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

5,389
598
830
1,034
709

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

11.5
7.4
10.7
8.7
12.6

10.4
10.9
11.0
8.8
12.6

13.0
13.0
12.8
12.5
12.8

14.3
17.7
14.0
12.7
13.4

12.1
11.4
10.8
10.9
10.9

10.7
12.2
11.8
11.0
11.1

9.2
9.4
10.4
10.0
8.3

7.4
5.9
7.5
8.8
6.3

11.5
12.2
11.1
16.6
12.0

532.40
545.70
535.80
583.80
521.50

507.00
510.50
514.50
568.50
492.00

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

4,163
1,219
12,323
8,126
304

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

11.2
7.5
9.9
18.0
11.5

8.7
9.2
8.7
12.9
9.9

12.9
12.6
12.5
14.3
14.5

13.1
14.3
14.4
14.3
11.2

12.4
13.9
12.1
11.9
16.1

10.6
11.8
11.3
9.8
9.5

8.4
10.2
9.3
7.1
8.9

6.7
7.8
7.4
4.7
10.2

16.0
12.6
14.3
6.9
8.2

558.20
563.60
559.00
459.10
523.10

534.00
546.00
534.00
432.00
516.80

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

9,474
3,186
1,931
9,620
675

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

7.7
10.5
8.8
8.1
11.7

7.3
9.5
7.8
8.5
10.7

11.4
13.0
12.0
10.9
14.5

12.3
14.3
12.4
12.8
14.5

12.0
12.7
12.2
12.7
11.0

11.1
11.4
11.5
11.4
10.7

10.9
9.5
9.9
10.9
10.1

9.9
8.0
9.5
9.5
8.0

17.3
11.1
15.9
15.1
8.9

600.00
539.50
583.10
584.90
518.90

591.30
520.50
574.00
576.00
494.00

State or area
All areas a

200.00–
299.90

300.00–
399.90

400.00–
499.90

500.00–
599.90

600.00–
699.90

700.00–
799.90

800.00–
899.90

900.00
or more

Average

Median

(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 59

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 16.
Percentage distribution of disabled widow(er)s, by state or other area and monthly benefit,
December 2002—Continued
Monthly benefit
(dollars)

Percentage distribution by dollar amount of benefit

State or area
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming
Outlying areas
American
Samoa
Guam
Northern
Mariana
Islands
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands
Foreign countries

Number

Total

Less
than
200.00

4,866
386
7,371
12,951
686

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

16.7
11.7
13.0
9.6
7.4

11.6
13.5
11.0
9.5
7.9

14.3
11.7
13.2
12.6
12.1

13.5
14.5
14.2
14.0
17.1

13.9
14.0
13.3
13.3
11.2

10.6
9.3
10.9
11.0
11.1

7.2
8.0
8.9
9.5
8.5

4.8
5.7
6.4
7.8
8.0

7.4
11.7
9.0
12.8
16.8

473.20
516.70
507.30
553.20
583.30

452.80
495.50
490.00
533.00
547.00

444
5,570
2,930
3,644
2,645
262

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

10.8
11.1
7.1
5.7
10.0
7.3

11.7
9.9
8.3
7.2
8.9
9.5

13.1
12.8
12.4
10.4
11.3
11.5

14.9
14.1
12.6
13.1
14.2
18.7

14.0
12.9
11.5
12.6
13.6
11.5

13.3
11.5
12.8
13.8
11.9
11.8

8.3
8.6
10.4
11.0
9.0
10.3

6.1
7.0
8.1
9.9
8.0
5.0

7.9
12.2
16.9
16.3
13.1
14.5

510.10
537.70
592.80
609.70
556.40
560.30

493.50
518.00
586.00
606.00
543.00
524.00

53

100.0
100.0

11.3

13.2

b

b

b

25.0

11.3
10.7

11.3

b

18.9
28.6

18.9

b

b

10.7

7.1

458.30
520.80

460.70
443.80

b

25.0
14.6

50.0
18.1

b

b

b

12.5

b

12.5

18.9

b

b

b

b

14.8

13.0

3.3
11.1

b

b

13.6
20.4

7.4

464.30
448.80
591.20

348.00
424.70
570.30

7.1

13.5

16.5

15.9

12.4

11.0

6.9

9.2

546.80

531.00

b

b

5,101
54

100.0
100.0
100.0

11.9
5.6

801

100.0

7.6

200.00–
299.90

300.00–
399.90

400.00–
499.90

500.00–
599.90

600.00–
699.90

700.00–
799.90

800.00–
899.90

900.00
or more

Average

Median

b

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file.
a. Includes beneficiaries with unknown state code.
b. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov for further information.

60 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 17.
Percentage distribution of disabled adult children, by state or other area and monthly benefit,
December 2002
Monthly benefit
(dollars)

Percentage distribution by dollar amount of benefit

Number

Total

Less
than
200.00

744,532

100.0

6.4

6.6

15.7

15.3

14.9

15.6

10.4

6.8

8.2

550.40

541.80

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

16,824
700
8,322
8,811
61,500

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

7.6
9.0
6.2
8.7
6.2

8.3
7.1
6.5
7.9
6.4

21.0
17.1
12.8
21.5
13.4

17.3
15.1
15.3
18.2
14.6

14.8
12.6
14.3
15.5
14.6

12.4
14.4
16.9
11.9
16.8

8.4
9.3
11.0
7.7
11.4

5.0
6.0
7.3
4.3
7.1

5.3
9.3
9.6
4.3
9.7

499.50
535.60
567.60
486.50
568.70

471.00
517.00
567.00
465.00
567.00

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

5,703
9,441
1,915
1,358
32,496

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

6.2
4.5
3.2
8.9
6.7

6.3
4.7
4.6
7.9
6.6

14.0
10.7
12.0
22.6
14.3

14.9
11.8
15.1
17.5
16.1

15.0
14.9
15.6
14.3
15.7

16.4
19.8
20.0
12.1
15.8

10.8
13.0
11.3
8.2
10.4

7.8
9.0
8.6
3.6
6.6

8.8
11.8
9.7
5.0
7.8

562.40
612.00
595.50
487.70
549.10

557.00
623.00
598.00
461.00
539.00

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

19,954
2,307
2,484
31,767
16,993

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

6.6
5.2
5.6
4.7
3.8

7.7
6.8
6.3
5.1
4.5

20.6
15.5
13.4
12.5
11.8

17.9
14.6
17.6
13.4
13.6

15.7
17.4
15.6
14.6
16.2

12.7
15.6
16.7
17.7
18.9

8.4
12.0
11.2
12.3
12.3

4.8
6.1
5.9
8.5
9.0

5.6
6.8
7.9
11.3
9.9

508.30
552.00
555.00
597.30
598.30

485.00
551.70
547.00
599.00
600.70

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

8,562
6,062
16,106
17,818
4,392

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

4.2
4.8
9.0
9.3
8.1

4.7
4.9
9.2
8.9
6.2

12.8
13.4
20.7
20.0
15.8

16.9
15.2
16.8
16.6
18.6

16.6
16.1
13.5
13.4
16.9

16.7
17.5
12.4
12.1
14.9

11.8
11.8
8.1
7.8
9.5

7.8
7.7
4.7
5.3
5.0

8.5
8.6
5.5
6.7
5.1

578.30
575.80
492.20
500.90
518.50

570.00
568.00
465.00
469.00
507.00

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

10,766
17,881
32,821
11,437
11,562

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

4.3
6.1
4.2
4.9
10.2

5.2
6.0
4.2
5.0
11.3

14.0
13.6
9.7
14.4
24.1

14.9
14.2
12.8
15.7
17.4

15.7
15.1
14.6
15.4
13.8

16.8
16.2
19.0
17.0
9.6

11.1
12.1
13.5
11.6
6.0

7.6
7.5
9.9
7.5
3.6

10.4
9.2
12.0
8.6
3.9

582.20
570.20
617.40
571.70
455.30

572.30
567.00
626.00
567.00
421.00

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

16,006
2,134
4,178
2,332
2,627

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

6.4
4.9
4.7
5.4
4.6

5.8
6.0
6.0
5.4
4.6

16.1
14.7
14.8
12.1
11.7

15.6
17.5
18.0
13.1
14.4

15.5
15.7
16.4
14.9
16.6

15.4
16.4
16.0
16.9
18.1

10.8
11.1
10.1
11.8
12.9

6.5
7.3
5.9
8.3
7.9

7.9
6.5
8.1
12.0
9.2

549.60
554.30
555.30
593.70
587.70

540.00
549.50
539.70
594.00
587.70

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

19,848
4,159
56,540
22,780
2,052

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

4.1
10.1
4.6
6.3
5.0

4.5
8.8
5.0
7.5
6.5

11.2
18.4
12.5
21.2
17.8

12.5
17.0
13.7
18.5
18.8

15.2
14.9
15.2
15.4
16.4

18.1
12.2
18.1
13.1
14.9

13.3
8.1
12.4
8.2
9.0

9.0
4.9
8.2
4.7
5.2

12.3
5.6
10.2
5.1
6.3

613.80
495.20
591.40
505.90
533.00

620.00
473.00
594.00
480.00
513.30

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

35,177
9,015
6,953
38,733
3,037

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

5.1
6.5
4.8
5.0
6.7

5.3
6.5
4.8
4.7
6.0

12.6
18.3
11.4
12.1
14.0

14.2
17.4
14.2
14.7
14.4

15.1
15.5
15.1
16.1
16.6

17.3
14.5
18.8
18.3
16.6

11.9
9.4
12.0
11.9
10.6

8.5
5.7
9.1
8.0
7.2

10.0
6.3
9.7
9.1
7.9

585.20
527.20
592.10
583.00
557.30

587.00
507.00
599.00
585.00
557.00

State or area
All areas a

200.00–
299.90

300.00–
399.90

400.00–
499.90

500.00–
599.90

600.00–
699.90

700.00–
799.90

800.00–
899.90

900.00
or more

Average

Median

(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 61

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 17.
Percentage distribution of disabled adult children, by state or other area and monthly benefit,
December 2002—Continued
Monthly benefit
(dollars)

Percentage distribution by dollar amount of benefit

Number

Total

Less
than
200.00

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

13,131
2,086
18,163
39,619
3,253

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

6.2
6.4
7.2
7.7
5.3

7.6
6.2
7.3
7.7
6.4

20.5
19.3
21.1
18.0
11.9

18.8
19.7
17.2
16.7
14.9

15.5
16.0
15.3
14.4
15.9

13.3
13.5
13.0
13.4
18.5

8.1
9.1
8.2
8.8
11.2

4.9
4.6
5.1
5.9
6.5

5.0
5.3
5.5
7.5
9.5

506.80
514.20
506.90
524.00
573.70

482.00
491.00
482.00
499.00
572.70

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

1,842
16,974
11,115
9,981
15,574
887

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

5.3
6.3
4.5
7.9
4.1
4.4

6.2
6.9
5.2
7.6
4.5
4.5

16.7
18.8
11.6
18.4
12.1
12.2

17.4
17.0
13.6
16.4
14.4
17.4

17.4
15.6
15.1
14.8
15.8
16.0

15.3
14.0
17.8
15.0
19.4
16.0

10.3
9.1
12.8
8.8
12.1
10.6

5.6
5.9
8.8
5.4
8.0
8.3

5.8
6.4
10.7
5.8
9.6
10.6

534.70
526.40
597.40
514.30
590.40
587.10

523.00
506.30
600.00
497.70
596.00
573.00

b

2.1
2.3

b

3.1

381.30
378.40

370.70
348.70

State or area

200.00–
299.90

300.00–
399.90

400.00–
499.90

500.00–
599.90

600.00–
699.90

700.00–
799.90

800.00–
899.90

900.00
or more

Average

Median

Outlying areas
American
Samoa
Guam
Northern
Mariana
Islands
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

97
128

100.0
100.0

15.5
21.1

19.6
15.6

24.7
25.0

14.4
14.1

15.5
10.2

5.2
6.3

2.3

44
22,740
283

100.0
100.0
100.0

45.5
19.1
9.5

20.5
17.6
7.8

13.6
32.7
22.6

9.1
14.8
21.6

6.8
7.5
16.6

2.3
4.3
10.6

2.1
5.7

2.3
1.1
2.5

0.8
3.2

274.80
346.80
459.40

219.50
331.00
442.70

Foreign countries

5,034

100.0

18.1

14.5

21.2

15.2

11.2

10.0

4.7

2.1

3.0

404.90

378.00

b

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file.
a. Includes beneficiaries with unknown state code.
b. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov for further information.

62 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

b

Disabled Workers
Table 18.
Percentage distribution, by sex and age, December 1960–2002, selected years
Year

Number
(thousands)

Average
age Total, all ages Under 30

Percentage distribution
30–34

35–39 a

40–44

45–49

50–54

55–59

60–64

All disabled workers
1996
1997
1998
1999

4,400
4,508
4,699
4,879

50.0
50.3
50.5
50.6

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

3.6
3.2
3.0
2.8

5.6
5.1
4.8
4.4

9.0
8.6
8.3
8.0

11.6
11.6
11.6
11.5

13.8
13.7
13.8
14.0

15.5
16.1
16.5
17.0

18.6
19.2
19.7
20.0

22.4
22.4
22.4
22.3

2000
2001
2002

5,042
5,268
5,540

50.8
50.9
51.0

100.0
100.0
100.0

2.7
2.8
3.0

4.1
4.0
3.8

7.6
7.2
6.7

11.4
11.1
10.8

14.1
14.1
14.1

17.6
17.7
17.5

20.3
20.7
21.3

22.3
22.4
22.7

3.3
7.5
6.8
7.5

3.0
7.6
6.9
6.2

4.9
10.4
10.9
9.7

16.6
15.4
15.2
15.8

26.7
24.7
23.2
23.2

44.9
33.3
33.7
33.0
33.1

Men
a

1960
1965
1970
1975

356
734
1,069
1,711

57.3
54.4
53.9
53.5

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.5
1.0
3.3
4.6

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

1,928

52.9

100.0

4.1

a

9.6

6.0

8.9

14.3

24.0

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

1,746
1,731
1,748

53.2
52.9
52.5

100.0
100.0
100.0

4.0
4.2
4.4

a

9.7
10.4
11.3

5.8
6.3
6.8

7.8
8.0
8.3

13.6
13.0
12.8

23.6
23.1
22.2

35.5
35.0
34.2

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

1,785
1,827
1,857
1,869
1,906

51.9
51.4
51.1
50.9
50.7

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

4.6
4.9
4.8
4.7
4.5

a

12.3
13.3
13.8
14.3
14.7

7.3
7.9
8.5
9.0
9.6

8.6
8.9
9.4
9.8
10.3

12.9
12.7
12.5
12.7
12.7

21.4
20.7
20.1
19.6
19.4

32.9
31.5
30.8
29.9
28.8

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

1,965
2,066
2,221
2,358
2,476

50.4
50.1
49.9
49.6
49.6

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

4.5
4.5
4.6
4.6
4.3

a

15.2
15.6
16.0
16.2
16.1

10.3
10.7
11.0
11.2
11.4

10.7
11.2
12.0
12.3
12.8

12.7
13.0
13.4
13.9
14.2

19.1
18.6
18.0
17.9
17.8

27.5
26.4
25.0
23.9
23.4

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

2,573
2,653
2,667
2,737
2,801

49.7
50.0
50.3
50.5
50.7

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

4.0
3.7
3.3
3.1
2.8

a

5.7
5.2
4.8
4.5

15.5
9.2
8.7
8.4
8.1

11.5
11.6
11.6
11.6
11.6

13.4
13.7
13.6
13.7
13.8

14.5
15.0
15.6
16.1
16.7

18.0
18.3
18.9
19.3
19.7

23.2
22.9
23.0
23.0
22.9

2000
2001
2002

2,856
2,948
3,067

50.8
51.0
51.1

100.0
100.0
100.0

2.8
2.9
3.1

4.2
4.0
3.8

7.6
7.2
6.7

11.4
11.2
10.8

13.9
14.0
14.0

17.3
17.5
17.3

20.0
20.5
21.1

22.8
23.0
23.2

a
a
a

a
a

a
a
a
a

a
a
a
a

(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 63

Disabled Workers
Table 18.
Percentage distribution, by sex and age, December 1960–2002, selected years—Continued
Year

Number
(thousands)

Average
age Total, all ages Under 30

Percentage distribution
30–34

35–39 a

40–44

45–49

50–54

55–59

60–64

3.2
5.4
5.1
6.1

3.2
6.3
5.6
5.3

5.3
9.8
10.1
9.0

19.4
16.2
15.9
16.3

31.4
27.3
26.0
25.5

37.2
34.3
35.3
34.5
35.0

Women
a

1960
1965
1970
1975

99
254
424
778

56.7
55.2
55.0
54.4

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.3
0.6
1.9
3.3

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

931

53.7

100.0

3.4

a

8.2

5.3

8.2

14.4

25.4

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

858
838
849

53.9
53.6
53.2

100.0
100.0
100.0

3.3
3.5
3.7

a

8.5
9.3
10.2

5.1
5.7
6.3

7.2
7.5
7.8

13.7
12.9
12.8

25.2
24.3
23.2

37.0
36.8
36.0

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

872
902
929
952
989

52.6
52.0
51.7
51.4
51.1

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

3.8
4.1
4.2
4.0
4.0

a

11.2
12.1
12.7
13.1
13.5

6.9
7.6
8.2
8.7
9.2

8.3
8.8
9.4
9.9
10.6

12.9
12.9
12.9
13.2
13.4

22.3
21.6
20.9
20.6
20.1

34.6
32.9
31.7
30.5
29.2

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

1,046
1,133
1,252
1,371
1,491

50.8
50.5
50.1
49.9
49.9

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

3.9
4.0
4.3
4.3
4.1

a

14.0
14.3
14.6
14.9
14.8

9.8
10.3
10.7
11.0
11.2

11.1
11.6
12.2
12.6
13.1

13.4
13.8
14.3
14.8
15.3

19.9
19.4
18.8
18.9
18.7

27.9
26.5
25.0
23.5
22.8

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

1,614
1,747
1,842
1,961
2,078

49.9
50.1
50.3
50.5
50.6

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

3.8
3.5
3.1
2.9
2.7

5.4
5.0
4.7
4.3

14.5
8.7
8.4
8.2
7.9

11.5
11.6
11.6
11.5
11.5

13.6
13.9
13.9
14.0
14.2

15.7
16.2
16.7
17.0
17.5

18.8
19.1
19.6
20.1
20.5

22.2
21.7
21.5
21.5
21.4

2000
2001
2002

2,186
2,320
2,472

50.8
50.9
51.0

100.0
100.0
100.0

2.7
2.8
2.9

4.1
4.0
3.9

7.5
7.1
6.8

11.3
11.1
10.8

14.3
14.3
14.3

17.9
18.0
17.7

20.7
21.1
21.5

21.6
21.7
22.1

a
a
a

a
a

a
a
a
a

a
a
a
a
a

SOURCES: Social Security Administration, Annual Statistical Supplement to the Social Security Bulletin, Table 5.D4 for 1960–1995 data; data
for 1988 and 1990–1995 are based on a 10 percent sample file; Social Security Disabled Beneficiaries 100 percent file for 1996–2000 data;
Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file beginning with 2001 data.
NOTE: Combined data for men and women are not available before 1996.
a. Ages 30–34 were grouped with ages 35–39 before 1996.
b. Not available.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov for further information.

64 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

Disabled Workers
Table 19.
Number, average primary insurance amount, and average monthly benefit, by age and sex,
December 2002
Total

Age
All disabled workers
Under 25
25–29
30–34
35–39
40–44
45–49
50–54
55–59
60 or older

Men

Number

Average
PIA
(dollars)

Average
monthly
benefit
(dollars)

5,539,597

839.70

53,380
113,802
211,053
373,310
597,861
783,590
968,489
1,179,445
1,258,667

442.30
544.80
625.60
691.50
754.60
817.60
873.40
914.00
921.90

Women

Number

Average
PIA
(dollars)

Average
monthly
benefit
(dollars)

Number

Average
PIA
(dollars)

Average
monthly
benefit
(dollars)

834.30

3,067,251

944.20

935.60

2,472,346

710.10

708.70

452.00
549.50
627.20
689.00
749.40
810.50
865.80
906.70
917.20

31,766
63,209
115,537
205,703
331,233
430,073
529,700
647,716
712,314

451.90
558.70
641.00
713.00
796.00
888.60
977.90
1,061.30
1,087.40

460.80
561.80
639.80
706.80
786.90
877.30
966.50
1,051.10
1,080.40

21,614
50,593
95,516
167,607
266,628
353,517
438,789
531,729
546,353

428.20
527.30
606.90
665.10
703.10
731.20
747.40
734.50
706.00

439.10
534.20
612.10
667.10
702.90
729.10
744.20
730.90
704.50

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file.
NOTES: The average monthly benefit includes secondary benefit amounts for some beneficiaries who are dually entitled. This results in the
average monthly benefit being larger than the average PIA for some age groups.
PIA = primary insurance amount.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov for further information.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 65

Disabled Workers
v

Table 20.
Distribution, by diagnostic group, 1996–2002

Year

Total

Endocrine,
nutritional, Infectious and
Congenital and metabolic
parasitic
anomalies
diseases
diseasesa

Mental disorders
Injuries

Total Retardation

Other

Neoplasms

Number
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000

4,399,932
4,508,406
4,698,560
4,879,454
5,042,333

9,023
8,813
8,719
8,546
8,540

197,272
215,186
233,724
251,998
244,456

87,066
90,175
93,776
96,132
97,919

213,772
217,882
224,388
228,800
231,066

1,356,310
1,381,178
1,459,118
1,532,155
1,618,758

228,131
235,130
243,745
249,871
257,601

1,128,179
1,146,048
1,215,373
1,282,284
1,361,157

124,018
122,775
127,174
131,492
136,404

2001
2002

5,268,039
5,539,597

8,752
9,226

239,614
237,020

100,442
102,589

240,948
248,544

1,731,886
1,845,138

273,849
286,210

1,458,037
1,558,928

142,795
150,138

Percent
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

4.5
4.8
5.0
5.2
4.8

2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
1.9

4.9
4.8
4.8
4.7
4.6

30.8
30.6
31.1
31.4
32.1

5.2
5.2
5.2
5.1
5.1

25.6
25.4
25.9
26.3
27.0

2.8
2.7
2.7
2.7
2.7

2001
2002

100.0
100.0

0.2
0.2

4.5
4.3

1.9
1.9

4.6
4.5

32.9
33.3

5.2
5.2

27.7
28.1

2.7
2.7
(Continued)

66 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

Disabled Workers
v

Table 20.
Distribution, by diagnostic group, 1996–2002—Continued
Diseases of the—

Year

Blood
and
bloodforming
organs

Circulatory
system

Digestive
system

Genitourinary
system

Musculoskeletal
system and
connective
tissue

Nervous
system and
sense
organs

RespiSkin and
ratory
subcutasystem neous tissue

Other Unknown b

Number
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000

10,539
10,926
11,349
11,687
12,070

517,503
522,047
526,573
528,627
532,998

54,585
57,383
61,541
65,887
69,735

65,425
69,300
74,888
79,524
84,687

906,882
962,915
1,024,053
1,086,432
1,152,231

404,618
420,755
441,016
460,133
479,246

152,217
155,028
159,869
162,863
166,054

10,818
11,267
11,826
12,151
12,351

85,115
95,708
110,377
117,326
113,167

204,769
167,068
130,169
105,701
82,651

2001
2002

12,847
13,708

543,516
558,736

74,680
80,396

88,949
93,645

1,231,184
1,324,762

505,162
533,774

170,383
176,941

12,787
13,429

113,558
9,447

50,536
142,104

Percent
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

11.8
11.6
11.2
10.8
10.6

1.2
1.3
1.3
1.4
1.4

1.5
1.5
1.6
1.6
1.7

20.6
21.4
21.8
22.3
22.9

9.2
9.3
9.4
9.4
9.5

3.5
3.4
3.4
3.3
3.3

0.2
0.2
0.3
0.2
0.2

1.9
2.1
2.3
2.4
2.2

4.7
3.7
2.8
2.2
1.6

2001
2002

0.2
0.2

10.3
10.1

1.4
1.5

1.7
1.7

23.4
23.9

9.6
9.6

3.2
3.2

0.2
0.2

2.2
0.2

1.0
2.6

SOURCES: Social Security Administration, Social Security Disabled Beneficiaries 100 percent file for 1996–2000 data; Disabled Beneficiaries
and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file beginning with 2001 data.
a. AIDS and HIV records are counted in Infectious and parasitic diseases. Before 1990, they were included in Other.
b. Beginning with 2002, several ill-defined impairment codes were reclassified and added to the Unknown group.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov for further information.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 67

Disabled Workers
v

Table 21.
Distribution of workers under age 50, by diagnostic group, 1996–2002

Year

Total

Endocrine,
nutritional, Infectious and
Congenital and metabolic
parasitic
anomalies
diseases
diseases a

Mental disorders
Injuries

Total Retardation

Other

Neoplasms

Number
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002

1,917,424
1,908,103
1,949,052
1,986,422
2,012,615
2,066,094
2,132,996

4,782
4,570
4,503
4,494
4,619
4,883
5,290

76,546
80,950
85,500
89,365
80,869
74,292
69,229

63,819
65,212
66,208
66,245
65,695
65,047
64,075

110,910
110,461
111,266
111,502
110,125
112,969
113,785

865,928
852,279
874,231
891,469
912,048
961,757
1,005,189

164,041
167,052
170,694
172,232
174,759
183,934
190,646

701,887
685,227
703,537
719,237
737,289
777,823
814,543

41,232
39,783
40,638
41,799
42,656
44,537
45,994

45.2
44.7
44.9
44.9
45.3
46.5
47.1

8.6
8.8
8.8
8.7
8.7
8.9
8.9

36.6
35.9
36.1
36.2
36.6
37.6
38.2

2.2
2.1
2.1
2.1
2.1
2.2
2.2

Percent
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

4.0
4.2
4.4
4.5
4.0
3.6
3.2

3.3
3.4
3.4
3.3
3.3
3.1
3.0

5.8
5.8
5.7
5.6
5.5
5.5
5.3

(Continued)

68 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

Disabled Workers
v

Table 21.
Distribution of workers under age 50, by diagnostic group, 1996–2002—Continued
Diseases of the—

Year

Blood
and
bloodforming
organs

Circulatory
system

Digestive
system

Genitourinary
system

Musculoskeletal
system and
connective
tissue

Nervous
system and
sense
organs

RespiSkin and
ratory
subcutasystem neous tissue

Other Unknown b

Number
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000

6,711
6,809
6,991
7,103
7,245

86,607
85,953
84,674
83,736
84,362

24,535
25,428
27,219
29,109
30,357

36,214
37,896
39,949
41,571
43,333

265,043
271,682
284,291
297,185
309,327

202,169
204,222
208,607
211,731
215,744

24,862
24,750
25,822
26,226
26,718

4,926
5,140
5,314
5,467
5,785

37,745
43,124
50,140
51,848
53,437

65,395
49,844
33,699
27,572
20,595

2001
2002

7,646
8,072

85,819
87,860

31,789
33,120

44,628
45,957

322,713
340,244

221,321
228,658

27,472
28,441

5,613
5,843

44,428
4,060

11,180
47,179

Percent
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000

0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4

4.5
4.5
4.3
4.2
4.2

1.3
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.5

1.9
2.0
2.0
2.1
2.2

13.8
14.2
14.6
15.0
15.4

10.5
10.7
10.7
10.7
10.7

1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3

0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3

2.0
2.3
2.6
2.6
2.7

3.4
2.6
1.7
1.4
1.0

2001
2002

0.4
0.4

4.2
4.1

1.5
1.6

2.2
2.2

15.6
16.0

10.7
10.7

1.3
1.3

0.3
0.3

2.2
0.2

0.5
2.2

SOURCES: Social Security Administration, Social Security Disabled Beneficiaries 100 percent file for 1996–2000 data; Disabled Beneficiaries
and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file beginning with 2001 data.
a. AIDS and HIV records are counted in Infectious and parasitic diseases. Before 1990, they were included in Other.
b. Beginning with 2002, several ill-defined impairment codes were reclassified and added to the Unknown group.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov for further information.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 69

Disabled Workers
v

Table 22.
Distribution of workers aged 50 or older, by diagnostic group, 1996–2002

Year

Total

Endocrine,
nutritional, Infectious and
Congenital and metabolic
parasitic
anomalies
diseases
diseases a

Mental disorders
Injuries

Total Retardation

Other

Neoplasms

Number
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000

2,482,508
2,600,303
2,749,508
2,893,032
3,029,718

4,241
4,243
4,216
4,052
3,921

120,726
134,236
148,224
162,633
163,587

23,247
24,963
27,568
29,887
32,224

102,862
107,421
113,122
117,298
120,941

490,382
528,899
584,887
640,686
697,278

64,090
68,078
73,051
77,639
82,842

426,292
460,821
511,836
563,047
614,436

82,786
82,992
86,536
89,693
93,748

2001
2002

3,201,945
3,406,601

3,869
3,936

165,322
167,791

35,395
38,514

127,979
134,759

770,129
839,949

89,915
95,564

680,214
744,385

98,258
104,144

Percent
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.1

4.9
5.2
5.4
5.6
5.4

0.9
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.1

4.1
4.1
4.1
4.1
4.0

19.8
20.3
21.3
22.2
23.0

2.6
2.6
2.7
2.7
2.7

17.2
17.7
18.6
19.5
20.3

3.3
3.2
3.1
3.1
3.1

2001
2002

100.0
100.0

0.1
0.1

5.2
4.9

1.1
1.1

4.0
4.0

24.0
24.7

2.8
2.8

21.2
21.9

3.1
3.1
(Continued)

70 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

Disabled Workers
v

Table 22.
Distribution of workers aged 50 or older, by diagnostic group, 1996–2002—Continued
Diseases of the—

Year

Blood
and
bloodforming
organs

Circulatory
system

Digestive
system

Genitourinary
system

Musculoskeletal
system and
connective
tissue

Nervous
system and
sense
organs

RespiSkin and
ratory
subcutasystem neous tissue

Other Unknown b

Number
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000

3,828
4,117
4,358
4,584
4,825

430,896
436,094
441,899
444,891
448,636

30,050
31,955
34,322
36,778
39,378

29,211
31,404
34,939
37,953
41,354

641,839
691,233
739,762
789,247
842,904

202,449
216,533
232,409
248,402
263,502

127,355
130,278
134,047
136,637
139,336

5,892
6,127
6,512
6,684
6,866

47,370
52,584
60,237
65,478
69,162

139,374
117,224
96,470
78,129
62,056

2001
2002

5,201
5,636

457,697
470,876

42,891
47,276

44,321
47,688

908,471
984,518

283,841
305,116

142,911
148,500

7,174
7,586

69,130
5,387

39,356
94,925

Percent
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

17.4
16.8
16.1
15.4
14.8

1.2
1.2
1.2
1.3
1.3

1.2
1.2
1.3
1.3
1.4

25.9
26.6
26.9
27.3
27.8

8.2
8.3
8.5
8.6
8.7

5.1
5.0
4.9
4.7
4.6

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

1.9
2.0
2.2
2.3
2.3

5.6
4.5
3.5
2.7
2.0

2001
2002

0.2
0.2

14.3
13.8

1.3
1.4

1.4
1.4

28.4
28.9

8.9
9.0

4.5
4.4

0.2
0.2

2.2
0.2

1.2
2.8

SOURCES: Social Security Administration, Social Security Disabled Beneficiaries 100 percent file for 1996–2000 data; Disabled Beneficiaries
and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file beginning with 2001 data.
a. AIDS and HIV records are counted in Infectious and parasitic diseases. Before 1990, they were included in Other.
b. Beginning with 2002, several ill-defined impairment codes were reclassified and added to the Unknown group.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov for further information.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 71

Disabled Workers
Table 23.
Distribution, by diagnostic group and age, December 2002
Diagnostic group

Total

Under 30

30–39

40–49

50–59

60–64

Number
Total
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic
diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

5,539,597

167,182

584,363

1,381,451

2,147,934

1,258,667

9,226

1,190

1,852

2,248

2,514

1,422

237,020
102,589
248,544

2,809
1,865
10,499

16,041
21,594
34,673

50,379
40,616
68,613

106,407
29,086
85,679

61,384
9,428
49,080

286,210
1,558,928
150,138

32,670
71,863
3,993

66,166
236,757
11,210

91,810
505,923
30,791

72,515
556,285
62,259

23,049
188,100
41,885

13,708
558,736
80,396
93,645

1,716
3,049
1,671
4,483

2,721
15,965
7,374
14,614

3,635
68,846
24,075
26,860

3,815
246,249
32,568
33,647

1,821
224,627
14,708
14,041

1,324,762
533,774
176,941
13,429
9,447
142,104

7,062
19,586
1,168
364
369
2,825

68,374
67,774
5,515
1,647
1,099
10,987

264,808
141,298
21,758
3,832
2,592
33,367

573,317
201,110
75,745
5,062
3,711
57,965

411,201
104,006
72,755
2,524
1,676
36,960

Percent
Total
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic
diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

0.2

0.7

0.3

0.2

0.1

0.1

4.3
1.9
4.5

1.7
1.1
6.3

2.7
3.7
5.9

3.6
2.9
5.0

5.0
1.4
4.0

4.9
0.7
3.9

5.2
28.1
2.7

19.5
43.0
2.4

11.3
40.5
1.9

6.6
36.6
2.2

3.4
25.9
2.9

1.8
14.9
3.3

0.2
10.1
1.5
1.7

1.0
1.8
1.0
2.7

0.5
2.7
1.3
2.5

0.3
5.0
1.7
1.9

0.2
11.5
1.5
1.6

0.1
17.8
1.2
1.1

23.9
9.6
3.2
0.2
0.2
2.6

4.2
11.7
0.7
0.2
0.2
1.7

11.7
11.6
0.9
0.3
0.2
1.9

19.2
10.2
1.6
0.3
0.2
2.4

26.7
9.4
3.5
0.2
0.2
2.7

32.7
8.3
5.8
0.2
0.1
2.9

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov for further information.

72 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

Disabled Workers
Table 24.
Distribution of workers with a secondary benefit (dual entitlement), by worker’s smaller primary insurance
amount and sex, December 2002
Total
Primary insurance amount (dollars)

Men

Women

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

174,799

100.0

40,749

100.0

134,050

100.0

Less than 300.00
300.00–399.90
400.00–499.90

29,349
27,588
31,181

16.8
15.8
17.8

9,474
9,780
8,898

23.2
24.0
21.8

19,875
17,808
22,283

14.8
13.3
16.6

500.00–599.90
600.00–699.90
700.00–799.90
800.00–899.90
900.00–999.90

36,377
22,065
12,832
7,294
4,009

20.8
12.6
7.3
4.2
2.3

7,141
2,795
1,173
631
331

17.5
6.9
2.9
1.5
0.8

29,236
19,270
11,659
6,663
3,678

21.8
14.4
8.7
5.0
2.7

2,014
2,090

1.2
1.2

211
315

0.5
0.8

1,803
1,775

1.3
1.3

All disabled workers

1,000.00–1,099.90
1,100.00 or more
Average benefit (dollars)

507.40

430.30

530.80

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov for further information.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 73

Disabled Workers
Table 25.
Distribution of workers with a secondary benefit (dual entitlement), by type of secondary benefit and sex,
December 2002
Total

Men

Women

Type of secondary benefit

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

a

174,799

100.0

40,749

100.0

134,050

100.0

18,899
23,029
69,442
1,908
61,520

10.8
13.2
39.7
1.1
35.2

145
568
1,974
65
37,997

0.4
1.4
4.8
0.2
93.2

18,754
22,461
67,468
1,843
23,523

14.0
16.8
50.3
1.4
17.5

All disabled workers

Spouses
Widow(er)s
Disabled widow(er)s
Surviving mothers and fathers
Disabled adult children

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file.
a. Includes a few individuals who are receiving parents benefits.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov for further information.

74 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

Disabled Workers
Table 26.
Number, by state or other area, sex, and age, December 2002
State or area

Total

Under 25

25–34

35–44

45–54

55–64

All disabled workers
a

5,539,597

53,380

324,855

971,171

1,752,079

2,438,112

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

139,276
8,197
97,886
85,310
470,665

984
106
1,021
653
3,394

7,635
650
6,101
4,441
25,814

23,653
1,687
16,902
13,617
83,922

45,891
2,653
31,193
26,728
151,945

61,113
3,101
42,669
39,871
205,590

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

63,770
58,123
16,492
8,608
339,296

668
708
162
89
2,815

3,625
3,890
984
516
17,542

11,736
11,797
3,258
1,800
58,565

21,678
17,436
5,272
2,920
105,691

26,063
24,292
6,816
3,283
154,683

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

171,333
15,844
23,513
191,744
120,126

1,318
82
350
2,657
1,470

9,091
933
1,693
13,193
8,166

28,789
2,862
4,003
35,031
21,787

54,826
5,161
7,173
59,532
37,569

77,309
6,806
10,294
81,331
51,134

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

51,446
45,339
137,541
98,302
38,926

866
674
1,133
792
500

3,996
3,076
8,059
5,108
2,856

9,423
8,489
23,725
16,794
7,986

15,965
14,350
44,497
32,252
12,093

21,196
18,750
60,127
43,356
15,491

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

76,354
132,229
203,632
75,509
93,231

730
1,866
2,508
1,540
729

4,663
9,844
12,989
6,235
5,541

14,687
28,237
34,859
14,819
15,874

24,168
40,853
66,228
23,389
30,358

32,106
51,429
87,048
29,526
40,729

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

135,948
18,077
27,999
37,072
25,971

1,424
190
459
298
421

8,262
975
2,059
2,024
1,962

24,631
2,971
5,222
5,950
5,617

42,569
5,695
8,565
11,121
7,995

59,062
8,246
11,694
17,679
9,976

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

133,918
35,601
359,653
213,194
9,654

993
361
2,463
1,688
146

7,561
1,996
19,177
11,361
685

24,755
5,905
65,157
34,772
1,689

40,145
11,553
110,563
67,068
2,956

60,464
15,786
162,293
98,305
4,178

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

208,282
72,737
63,547
241,917
25,225

3,195
639
571
2,671
250

14,928
3,710
4,067
14,915
1,616

36,666
11,493
10,213
43,363
4,774

64,862
22,427
20,052
75,308
8,090

88,631
34,468
28,644
105,660
10,495

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

112,264
12,754
155,631
296,565
24,186

746
228
1,185
2,613
401

5,494
857
8,745
16,433
2,082

17,847
2,275
26,426
50,625
4,542

35,920
4,023
49,089
94,690
7,295

52,257
5,371
70,186
132,204
9,866

All areas

(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 75

Disabled Workers
Table 26.
Number, by state or other area, sex, and age, December 2002—Continued
State or area

Total

Under 25

25–34

35–44

45–54

55–64

All disabled workers (cont.)
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

13,543
139,695
101,078
67,905
91,892
8,379

200
1,260
1,045
316
1,593
97

1,000
7,890
6,504
3,103
6,869
526

2,662
24,678
17,873
9,902
17,084
1,430

4,240
44,430
32,232
22,343
28,813
2,675

5,441
61,437
43,424
32,241
37,533
3,651

Outlying areas
American Samoa
Guam
Northern Mariana Islands
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

1,042
875
145
128,630
1,407

b

b

b

b

75
181
36
16,680
200

327
271
48
43,317
376

626
360
42
65,512
766

1,163

3,180

7,478

Foreign countries

12,051

b

b

89

3,032

b

b

b

b

Men
a

3,067,251

31,766

178,746

536,936

959,773

1,360,030

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

76,456
4,666
53,045
48,074
257,926

609
68
616
406
2,085

4,226
393
3,245
2,445
14,805

12,896
938
9,005
7,605
47,781

24,788
1,471
16,598
15,078
82,096

33,937
1,796
23,581
22,540
111,159

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

34,032
31,198
8,437
4,772
188,288

405
415
80
52
1,704

1,985
2,121
509
293
9,760

6,257
6,284
1,686
1,082
32,844

11,474
9,200
2,615
1,670
57,736

13,911
13,178
3,547
1,675
86,244

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

91,820
9,560
13,451
105,170
65,059

805
42
201
1,525
841

5,084
554
950
7,179
4,380

15,833
1,794
2,262
19,326
11,767

29,121
3,093
3,975
32,183
20,070

40,977
4,077
6,063
44,957
28,001

28,104
23,930
82,810
63,502
22,516

535
395
670
494
294

2,131
1,618
4,535
3,117
1,556

5,089
4,372
13,934
10,867
4,544

8,656
7,513
27,108
20,907
6,978

11,693
10,032
36,563
28,117
9,144

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

40,753
70,488
111,459
41,066
51,344

469
1,028
1,426
899
465

2,534
4,908
7,049
3,301
3,016

7,979
15,003
19,140
7,711
8,688

12,558
21,948
35,834
12,543
16,685

17,213
27,601
48,010
16,612
22,490

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

73,982
10,741
14,685
19,879
13,259

838
117
265
178
216

4,598
555
1,069
1,050
954

13,474
1,729
2,592
3,091
2,714

22,838
3,354
4,455
5,832
4,071

32,234
4,986
6,304
9,728
5,304

All areas

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

(Continued)

76 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

Disabled Workers
Table 26.
Number, by state or other area, sex, and age, December 2002—Continued
State or area

Total

Under 25

25–34

35–44

45–54

55–64

Men (cont.)
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

69,812
21,614
198,254
110,425
5,555

595
232
1,522
1,050
101

3,954
1,215
10,516
6,219
385

12,716
3,559
35,920
18,146
938

20,581
6,964
60,708
34,108
1,672

31,966
9,644
89,588
50,902
2,459

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

117,924
40,736
35,813
134,986
13,421

1,840
376
366
1,555
141

8,240
2,180
2,345
7,837
862

20,490
6,638
5,664
23,792
2,563

36,265
12,375
11,042
41,554
4,306

51,089
19,167
16,396
60,248
5,549

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

58,930
7,111
83,822
169,801
13,189

445
134
707
1,575
239

2,983
451
4,642
9,490
1,097

9,371
1,179
13,997
29,363
2,502

18,552
2,250
26,153
53,350
3,894

27,579
3,097
38,323
76,023
5,457

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

7,676
76,901
56,191
46,108
49,958
4,789

125
759
622
199
903
56

542
4,217
3,724
1,905
3,534
301

1,488
13,338
10,001
6,437
8,990
827

2,346
24,336
17,533
15,205
15,416
1,486

3,175
34,251
24,311
22,362
21,115
2,119

Outlying areas
American Samoa
Guam
Northern Mariana Islands
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

626
566
100
72,858
793

b

b

b

b

121

b

b

b

67

1,950

b

b

9,608
119

184
182
29
24,240
190

376

b

36,993
450

b

b

798

2,388

5,447

Foreign countries

8,779

b
b

Women
All areas

a

2,472,346

21,614

146,109

434,235

792,306

1,078,082

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

62,820
3,531
44,841
37,236
212,739

375
38
405
247
1,309

3,409
257
2,856
1,996
11,009

10,757
749
7,897
6,012
36,141

21,103
1,182
14,595
11,650
69,849

27,176
1,305
19,088
17,331
94,431

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

29,738
26,925
8,055
3,836
151,008

263
293
82
37
1,111

1,640
1,769
475
223
7,782

5,479
5,513
1,572
718
25,721

10,204
8,236
2,657
1,250
47,955

12,152
11,114
3,269
1,608
68,439

79,513
6,284
10,062
86,574
55,067

513
40
149
1,132
629

4,007
379
743
6,014
3,786

12,956
1,068
1,741
15,705
10,020

25,705
2,068
3,198
27,349
17,499

36,332
2,729
4,231
36,374
23,133

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 77

Disabled Workers
Table 26.
Number, by state or other area, sex, and age, December 2002—Continued
State or area

Total

Under 25

25–34

35–44

45–54

55–64

Women (cont.)
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

23,342
21,409
54,731
34,800
16,410

331
279
463
298
206

1,865
1,458
3,524
1,991
1,300

4,334
4,117
9,791
5,927
3,442

7,309
6,837
17,389
11,345
5,115

9,503
8,718
23,564
15,239
6,347

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

35,601
61,741
92,173
34,443
41,887

261
838
1,082
641
264

2,129
4,936
5,940
2,934
2,525

6,708
13,234
15,719
7,108
7,186

11,610
18,905
30,394
10,846
13,673

14,893
23,828
39,038
12,914
18,239

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

61,966
7,336
13,314
17,193
12,712

586
73
194
120
205

3,664
420
990
974
1,008

11,157
1,242
2,630
2,859
2,903

19,731
2,341
4,110
5,289
3,924

26,828
3,260
5,390
7,951
4,672

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

64,106
13,987
161,399
102,769
4,099

398
129
941
638
45

3,607
781
8,661
5,142
300

12,039
2,346
29,237
16,626
751

19,564
4,589
49,855
32,960
1,284

28,498
6,142
72,705
47,403
1,719

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

90,358
32,001
27,734
106,931
11,804

1,355
263
205
1,116
109

6,688
1,530
1,722
7,078
754

16,176
4,855
4,549
19,571
2,211

28,597
10,052
9,010
33,754
3,784

37,542
15,301
12,248
45,412
4,946

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

53,334
5,643
71,809
126,764
10,997

301
94
478
1,038
162

2,511
406
4,103
6,943
985

8,476
1,096
12,429
21,262
2,040

17,368
1,773
22,936
41,340
3,401

24,678
2,274
31,863
56,181
4,409

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

5,867
62,794
44,887
21,797
41,934
3,590

75
501
423
117
690
41

458
3,673
2,780
1,198
3,335
225

1,174
11,340
7,872
3,465
8,094
603

1,894
20,094
14,699
7,138
13,397
1,189

2,266
27,186
19,113
9,879
16,418
1,532

Outlying areas
American Samoa
Guam
Northern Mariana Islands
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

416
309
45
55,772
614

b

b

b

b

60

b

b

b

22

1,082

b

b

7,072
81

143
89
19
19,077
186

250

b

28,519
316

b

b

365

792

2,031

Foreign countries

3,272

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file.
a. Includes beneficiaries with unknown state code.
b. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov for further information.

78 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

b
b

Disabled-Worker Families
v

Table 27.
Number and average monthly family benefit, by selected family composition, December 1960–2002,
selected years
Worker only
Year

All

Worker, spouse, and—

Men

Women

1 child

2 or more children

Worker and
aged spouse a

Number (thousands)
1960
1965
1970
1975

357
714
1,054
1,750

261
481
680
1,080

96
232
374
671

22
54
77
137

32
109
164
250

22
30
43
66

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

2,061

1,257

804

154

228

80

b

b

b

b

b

b

1,969
1,961
1,993

1,208
1,215
1,241

760
746
752

124
85
83

163
143
140

78
80
76

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

2,039
2,096
2,154
2,194
2,262

1,267
1,301
1,338
1,353
1,390

772
795
816
841
872

84
82
79
77
75

140
136
132
125
120

76
74
74
71
67

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

2,370
2,523
2,738
2,935
3,121

1,448
1,529
1,643
1,743
1,830

922
994
1,094
1,192
1,292

75
76
78
78
76

118
119
125
127
128

63
61
61
59
57

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

3,305
3,473
3,593
3,769
3,924

1,909
1,973
2,006
2,074
2,131

1,396
1,500
1,588
1,695
1,793

75
61
57
52
49

124
104
91
80
72

55
53
53
53
52

2000
2001
2002

4,080
4,260
4,487

2,191
2,289
2,392

1,890
1,970
2,095

45
68
64

65
92
86

50
57
56
(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 79

Disabled-Worker Families
Table 27.
Number and average monthly family benefit, by selected family composition, December 1960–2002,
selected years—Continued
Worker only
Year

All

Worker, spouse, and—

Men

Women

1 child

2 or more children

Worker and
aged spouse a

Average monthly family benefit (dollars)
1960
1965
1970
1975

87.90
95.40
128.10
218.90

91.90
100.70
136.30
240.00

76.90
85.00
113.10
185.00

184.70
201.00
264.10
441.00

192.20
216.30
273.20
454.00

135.50
145.90
199.20
344.00

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

355.40

396.20

291.70

727.00

746.10

573.00

b

b

b

b

b

b

424.40
439.40
454.00

474.20
490.90
507.60

344.70
355.40
365.70

847.40
867.90
881.50

858.20
881.80
885.50

690.70
716.20
740.40

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

466.90
470.70
491.60
512.20
539.30

523.10
527.80
552.00
576.10
607.10

374.60
377.40
392.60
409.50
431.20

898.10
896.90
929.40
960.20
1,009.40

895.20
888.30
918.30
938.40
971.90

765.00
773.30
815.50
855.40
903.70

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

570.40
592.30
609.50
625.50
646.20

642.80
668.40
688.70
707.20
731.80

456.80
475.50
490.70
506.00
525.00

1,062.10
1,098.00
1,122.10
1,143.00
1,177.60

1,016.00
1,043.30
1,057.40
1,074.20
1,100.00

960.80
1,004.70
1,045.00
1,078.20
1,118.60

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

667.60
690.60
708.00
720.00
741.20

757.40
785.30
806.60
820.20
844.50

544.80
566.00
583.60
597.40
618.50

1,205.50
1,245.90
1,280.20
1,300.40
1,344.90

1,130.90
1,148.50
1,165.90
1,189.40
1,224.20

1,159.90
1,200.60
1,238.50
1,261.90
1,295.30

2000
2001
2002

773.60
807.40
908.20

880.70
914.40
935.80

649.40
683.10
703.50

1,394.20
1,413.50
1,445.10

1,274.30
1,298.50
1,331.70

1,355.50
1,393.50
1,431.50

SOURCES: Social Security Administration, Annual Statistical Supplement to the Social Security Bulletin, Table 5.H1 for 1960–2000 data.
Data for 1985–2000 are based on a 10 percent sample file; data for prior years are based on different sampling rates. Disabled Beneficiaries
and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file beginning with 2001 data.
NOTES: A family means beneficiaries entitled on one worker’s account.
Includes beneficiaries whose benefits are being withheld.
a. Spouse’s entitlement based on age.
b. Not available.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov for further information.

80 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

Disabled-Worker Families
Table 28.
Number, average primary insurance amount, and average monthly family benefit, by family composition,
December 2002
Average primary
Number of insurance amount
beneficiaries
(dollars)

Percentage of
Average monthly families receiving
family benefit maximum family
(dollars)
benefit a

Family composition

Number of
families

Worker only
Men
Women

2,391,549
2,094,967

2,391,549
2,094,967

941.50
705.00

935.80
703.50

9.2
21.1

552,399
399,367

1,419,984
1,003,567

915.80
737.10

1,306.90
1,014.60

83.4
89.6

581,108
261,724
108,934

1,162,216
785,177
476,158

847.90
839.20
806.90

1,189.30
1,190.70
1,141.40

85.4
88.2
84.3

55,931

112,119

1,167.50

1,431.50

8.6

1,729
62,593
51,444
34,607

5,503
187,865
205,836
191,003

1,071.80
949.30
919.00
875.50

1,702.80
1,439.20
1,367.00
1,276.00

68.2
90.8
90.1
82.8

Worker with children
By sex of worker
Men
Women
By number of children
1 child
2 children
3 or more children
Worker with—
Spouse aged 62 or older b
Spouse aged 62 or older and 1 or more
children
Spouse and 1 child
Spouse and 2 children
Spouse and 3 or more children

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file.
NOTES: A family means beneficiaries entitled on one worker’s account.
Includes beneficiaries whose benefits are being withheld.
a. Includes families and worker-only beneficiaries for whom the primary insurance amount is equal to the family maximum amount.
b. If the spouse is also entitled to a retired-worker benefit, only the benefit amount received as a spouse is included.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov for further information.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 81

Disabled-Worker Families
Table 29.
Distribution, by family composition and age of worker, December 2002
Family composition

Total,
all ages

Under 30

30–34

35–39

40–44

45–49

50–54

55–59

60–FRA

Number
Worker only
Worker with—
Spouse
Aged 62 or older a
Child in care
Children
1 child
2 children
3 or more children
Families receiving
maximum benefit c

4,486,516

137,888

57,660
148,644

b

2,683

581,108
261,724
108,934

19,777
9,844
4,295

1,619,282

111,485

134,027

212,835

369,938

578,066

820,963

1,077,991

1,154,808

b

b

8,881

19,874

76
30,897

359
31,113

1,677
25,082

7,882
18,255

47,654
11,859

34,761
27,311
15,815

68,753
56,729
29,933

118,625
69,040
28,234

127,170
49,477
16,019

100,721
27,579
7,989

68,822
14,355
4,394

42,479
7,389
2,255

126,427

214,468

291,279

272,968

227,516

200,783

174,356

Percent
Worker only
Worker with—
Spouse
Aged 62 or older a
Child in care
Children
1 child
2 children
3 or more children
Families receiving
maximum benefit c

100.0

3.1

3.0

4.7

8.2

12.9

18.3

24.0

25.7

100.0
100.0

b

b

b

1.8

6.0

13.4

0.1
20.8

0.6
20.9

2.9
16.9

13.7
12.3

82.6
8.0

100.0
100.0
100.0

3.4
3.8
3.9

6.0
10.4
14.5

11.8
21.7
27.5

20.4
26.4
25.9

21.9
18.9
14.7

17.3
10.5
7.3

11.8
5.5
4.0

7.3
2.8
2.1

28.7

63.9

57.3

55.3

47.2

34.0

23.1

16.8

13.8

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file.
NOTES: A family means beneficiaries entitled on one worker’s account.
Includes beneficiaries whose benefits are being withheld.
FRA = full retirement age.
a. Includes spouses aged 62 or older with children.
b. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
c. Includes families and worker-only beneficiaries for whom the primary insurance amount is equal to the family maximum amount.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov for further information.

82 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

Tables
Benefits Awarded,
Withheld, and Terminated

Awards to Disabled Beneficiaries and Nondisabled Dependents
Table 30.
Number, selected years 1960–2002
Workers and nondisabled dependents

Adult children of—

Year

Total

Workers

Spouses

Children
under age
18

1960
1965
1970
1975

388,861
538,983
799,616
1,305,345

207,805
253,499
350,384
592,049

54,187
69,183
96,304
148,741

102,516
175,109
241,627
391,284

n.a.
19,794
71,145
117,043

n.a.
n.a.
15,609
23,521

1,794
2,713
3,774
6,889

12,740
10,017
11,348
14,636

9,819
8,668
9,425
11,182

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

933,597
826,340
672,333
661,467
730,135

396,559
351,847
297,131
311,549
361,998

108,500
95,575
77,835
80,079
81,834

235,079
199,829
153,205
152,954
172,721

143,935
134,390
103,015
68,834
59,990

16,054
14,154
12,440
14,412
17,165

6,194
5,435
4,250
5,107
5,541

16,650
15,365
14,772
17,309
18,330

10,626
9,745
9,685
11,223
12,556

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

763,363
809,424
799,180
795,690
801,893

377,371
416,865
415,848
409,490
425,582

83,511
82,435
77,316
73,790
69,113

190,204
198,192
195,030
196,655
197,950

56,108
52,989
54,925
61,725
57,079

17,086
18,418
16,396
15,328
15,168

6,713
6,986
6,787
6,646
6,358

19,661
20,295
20,761
20,544
19,668

12,709
13,244
12,117
11,512
10,975

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

868,793
990,500
1,167,001
1,177,268
1,177,236

467,977
536,434
636,637
635,238
631,870

69,667
72,754
78,083
74,605
69,549

218,059
250,287
306,002
317,263
327,067

58,894
60,349
66,035
71,081
74,364

15,424
29,590
33,235
31,835
29,903

6,633
7,552
9,548
10,254
9,774

20,862
21,850
23,615
23,173
22,119

11,277
11,684
13,846
13,819
12,590

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

1,173,317
1,139,054
1,059,556
1,087,352
1,106,343

645,832
624,335
587,417
608,131
620,488

63,097
57,528
50,818
47,550
46,164

315,587
311,228
278,040
279,764
283,768

75,929
76,769
76,034
82,567
84,525

29,597
28,611
28,546
29,399
29,650

9,779
9,353
8,474
9,095
9,851

21,566
20,169
19,611
19,932
20,467

11,930
11,061
10,616
10,914
11,430

2000
2001
2002

1,051,900
1,118,300
1,219,670

610,700
661,900
730,383

38,500
41,100
43,301

263,200
268,800
293,131

74,600
75,700
77,927

27,600
26,500
28,339

7,000
9,800
8,507

21,100
22,300
22,798

9,200
12,200
15,284

Students
aged 18–19

Widow(er)s

Disabled
workers

Retired
workers

Deceased
workers

SOURCES: Social Security Administration, Annual Statistical Supplement to the Social Security Bulletin, Tables 6.A1, 6.D4, and 6.D8 for
years before 2000; data for 2000–2001 are based on a 1 percent sample from the Annual Award and Termination Transaction file; data for
2002 are based on 100 percent data from the Annual Award and Termination Transaction file.
NOTES: Excludes closed period awards and expedited reinstatement cases.
n.a. = not applicable.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 or di.asr@ssa.gov for further information.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 85

Awards to Disabled Beneficiaries and Nondisabled Dependents
Table 31.
Average monthly benefit, by basis of entitlement, age, and sex, 2002
Total

Basis of entitlement and age

Male

Average monthly
benefit a
Number
(dollars)

Female

Average monthly
benefit a
Number
(dollars)

Average monthly
benefit a
Number
(dollars)

Workers
Total
Under 25
25–29
30–34
35–39
40–44
45–49
50–54
55–59
60 or older

730,383

898.60

394,741

1,021.70

335,642

753.90

27,767
27,879
36,227
54,818
78,560
97,288
131,693
161,580
114,571

446.30
602.50
709.80
768.50
828.60
894.40
959.20
1,011.60
1,024.90

16,395
14,628
18,590
27,999
40,134
49,671
69,441
90,292
67,591

454.20
619.90
737.40
815.50
905.40
1,002.50
1,102.70
1,183.20
1,193.90

11,372
13,251
17,637
26,819
38,426
47,617
62,252
71,288
46,980

434.90
583.30
680.70
719.40
748.40
781.70
799.20
794.40
781.70

Spouses of disabled workers
Total

43,301

229.50

2,019

161.80

41,282

232.80

Entitlement based on care of
children
Under 30
30–34
35–39
40–44
45–49
50–54
55 or older

19,329
2,606
3,080
4,206
4,148
2,873
1,558
858

169.40
111.90
128.20
151.90
180.90
210.80
233.10
267.70

928
58
99
197
229
197
90
58

134.70
98.90
114.60
120.40
126.90
164.20
155.00
152.80

18,401
2,548
2,981
4,009
3,919
2,676
1,468
800

171.10
112.20
128.70
153.40
184.00
214.30
237.90
276.00

Entitlement based on age
62–64
65 or older

20,381
3,591

273.60
302.90

531
560

169.20
199.60

19,850
3,031

276.40
322.00

Children of disabled workers
Total
Under age 18
Under 5
5–9
10–14
15–17
Students aged 18–19
Disabled aged 18 or older

379,565

240.20

199,840

242.80

179,725

237.40

293,131
54,840
68,753
100,394
69,144

213.40
172.80
186.10
214.80
270.80

150,284
27,910
35,112
51,613
35,649

213.20
171.70
185.50
215.00
270.50

142,847
26,930
33,641
48,781
33,495

213.60
173.80
186.80
214.50
271.20

77,927

333.40

44,611

335.30

33,316

330.80

8,507

309.90

4,945

306.00

3,562

315.50

Widow(er)s
Total
50–54
55–59
60 or older

28,339

564.40

1,366

411.40

26,973

572.20

10,624
15,332
2,383

566.00
567.80
535.50

524
728
114

404.20
413.30
432.40

10,100
14,604
2,269

574.40
575.50
540.70
(Continued)

86 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

Awards to Disabled Beneficiaries and Nondisabled Dependents
Table 31.
Average monthly benefit, by basis of entitlement, age, and sex, 2002—Continued
Total

Basis of entitlement and age

Male

Average monthly
benefit a
Number
(dollars)

Female

Average monthly
benefit a
Number
(dollars)

Average monthly
benefit a
Number
(dollars)

Adult children
Total

46,589

429.00

26,906

425.40

19,683

434.00

Children of—
Disabled workers
Retired workers
Deceased workers

8,507
22,798
15,284

309.90
383.60
563.00

4,945
13,033
8,928

306.00
377.40
561.50

3,562
9,765
6,356

315.50
391.90
565.10

Under 25
25–29
30–34
35–39
40–44
45–49
50 or older

17,515
6,202
7,357
7,910
5,235
1,450
920

444.30
434.00
432.60
418.10
393.00
394.30
428.20

10,390
3,553
4,165
4,569
2,935
822
472

443.40
432.50
432.90
406.80
383.30
393.70
404.10

7,125
2,649
3,192
3,341
2,300
628
448

445.70
436.00
432.20
433.70
405.40
394.90
453.50

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Annual Award and Termination Transaction file.
NOTE: Excludes closed period awards and expedited reinstatement cases.
a. Benefits awarded before the December cost-of-living increase are converted to the December rates before averages are computed.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 or di.asr@ssa.gov for further information.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 87

Awards to All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 32.
Distribution, by sex and diagnostic group, 2002
Total
Diagnostic group

Number

Workers
Percent

Number

Widow(er)s

Percent

Number

Adult children

Percent

Number

Percent

All disabled beneficiaries
Total
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic
diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

805,311

100.0

730,383

100.0

28,339

100.0

46,589

100.0

1,956

0.2

1,113

0.2

42

0.1

801

1.7

24,170
11,402
29,920

3.0
1.4
3.7

21,830
10,966
28,170

3.0
1.5
3.9

2,007
227
707

7.1
0.8
2.5

333
209
1,043

0.7
0.4
2.2

45,030
179,930
71,816

5.6
22.3
8.9

22,352
162,961
70,369

3.1
22.3
9.6

1,095
6,299
1,181

3.9
22.2
4.2

21,583
10,670
266

46.3
22.9
0.6

2,773
88,598
16,459
17,010

0.3
11.0
2.0
2.1

2,491
85,252
15,976
16,412

0.3
11.7
2.2
2.2

46
2,988
386
345

0.2
10.5
1.4
1.2

236
358
97
253

0.5
0.8
0.2
0.5

195,631
70,210
32,307
1,711
2,048
14,340

24.3
8.7
4.0
0.2
0.3
1.8

186,923
62,519
30,591
1,609
1,866
8,983

25.6
8.6
4.2
0.2
0.3
1.2

8,120
2,001
1,618
72
41
1,164

28.7
7.1
5.7
0.3
0.1
4.1

588
5,690
98
30
141
4,193

1.3
12.2
0.2
0.1
0.3
9.0

100.0

1,366

100.0

26,906

100.0

a

a

a

Men
Subtotal
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic
diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

423,013

100.0

394,741

995

0.2

575

0.1

a

11,814
8,121
19,267

2.8
1.9
4.6

11,581
7,991
18,457

2.9
2.0
4.7

62
13
62

4.5
1.0
4.5

171
117
748

0.6
0.4
2.8

25,607
84,518
37,552

6.1
20.0
8.9

13,711
77,238
37,342

3.5
19.6
9.5

58
263
46

4.2
19.3
3.4

11,838
7,017
164

44.0
26.1
0.6

1,346
58,748
9,898
10,165

0.3
13.9
2.3
2.4

1,234
58,330
9,817
10,002

0.3
14.8
2.5
2.5

0
224
29
34

0
16.4
2.1
2.5

112
194
52
129

0.4
0.7
0.2
0.5

94,963
35,560
16,260
666
985
6,548

22.4
8.4
3.8
0.2
0.2
1.5

94,362
32,273
16,144
655
913
4,116

23.9
8.2
4.1
0.2
0.2
1.0

327
93
70

23.9
6.8
5.1

274
3,194
46

1.0
11.9
0.2

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

80

5.9

2,352

8.7
(Continued)

88 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

Awards to All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 32.
Distribution, by sex and diagnostic group, 2002—Continued
Total
Diagnostic group

Number

Workers
Percent

Number

Widow(er)s

Percent

Number

Adult children

Percent

Number

Percent

Women
Subtotal
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic
diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

382,298

100.0

335,642

100.0

26,973

100.0

19,683

100.0

961

0.3

538

0.2

a

a

a

a

12,356
3,281
10,653

3.2
0.9
2.8

10,249
2,975
9,713

3.1
0.9
2.9

1,945
214
645

7.2
0.8
2.4

162
92
295

0.8
0.5
1.5

19,423
95,412
34,264

5.1
25.0
9.0

8,641
85,723
33,027

2.6
25.5
9.8

1,037
6,036
1,135

3.8
22.4
4.2

9,745
3,653
102

49.5
18.6
0.5

1,427
29,850
6,561
6,845

0.4
7.8
1.7
1.8

1,257
26,922
6,159
6,410

0.4
8.0
1.8
1.9

46
2,764
357
311

0.2
10.2
1.3
1.2

124
164
45
124

0.6
0.8
0.2
0.6

100,668
34,650
16,047
1,045
1,063
7,792

26.3
9.1
4.2
0.3
0.3
2.0

92,561
30,246
14,447
954
953
4,867

27.6
9.0
4.3
0.3
0.3
1.5

7,793
1,908
1,548

28.9
7.1
5.7

314
2,496
52

1.6
12.7
0.3

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

1,084

4.0

1,841

9.4

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Annual Award and Termination Transaction file.
NOTES: Excludes closed period awards and expedited reinstatement cases.
Effective 2001, the Social Security Administration initiated a special review of 130,000 Supplemental Security Income (SSI) recipients who are
potentially eligible for Social Security disability benefits due to earnings while receiving SSI. Many of these claims awarded since 2001 were
for individuals under age 35 who were diagnosed with a mental disorder.
a. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information of particular individuals.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 or di.asr@ssa.gov for further information.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 89

Awards to All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 33.
Distribution and average monthly benefit, by state or other area, 2002
Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult children

Number

Percent

Average
monthly
benefit
(dollars)

730,383

100.0

898.60

28,339

100.0

564.40

46,589

100.0

429.00

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

19,646
1,203
13,503
11,561
65,635

2.7
0.2
1.8
1.6
9.0

876.80
931.40
912.10
854.90
862.80

921
27
409
520
1,986

3.2
0.1
1.4
1.8
7.0

533.60
631.50
603.90
494.90
608.20

1,121
74
605
608
3,878

2.4
0.2
1.3
1.3
8.3

409.10
354.00
484.90
380.40
466.60

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

7,101
7,045
2,258
1,180
39,862

1.0
1.0
0.3
0.2
5.5

914.00
960.10
927.90
818.20
891.20

219
193
59
35
1,512

0.8
0.7
0.2
0.1
5.3

559.70
549.20
563.70
502.90
528.50

372
545
109
66
2,191

0.8
1.2
0.2
0.1
4.7

462.10
416.00
499.00
443.40
413.20

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

21,127
2,272
3,420
28,029
16,580

2.9
0.3
0.5
3.8
2.3

893.70
923.60
877.40
940.60
925.00

960
68
116
994
625

3.4
0.2
0.4
3.5
2.2

518.00
536.80
573.70
591.10
598.70

1,184
157
183
2,033
1,109

2.5
0.3
0.4
4.4
2.4

423.00
434.10
424.60
439.00
447.50

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

6,674
5,765
16,286
13,866
4,829

0.9
0.8
2.2
1.9
0.7

884.90
883.70
868.90
866.50
817.10

206
235
844
831
149

0.7
0.8
3.0
2.9
0.5

547.80
571.20
572.70
595.80
574.10

532
411
901
1,074
257

1.1
0.9
1.9
2.3
0.6

391.20
409.00
413.30
401.40
375.40

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

10,032
16,483
28,495
10,546
10,807

1.4
2.3
3.9
1.4
1.5

943.40
887.10
942.30
909.50
860.00

331
434
1,067
240
619

1.2
1.5
3.8
0.8
2.2

586.40
566.00
641.10
604.50
527.80

503
1,117
1,925
714
725

1.1
2.4
4.1
1.5
1.6

494.70
447.70
466.70
428.70
383.60

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

17,288
2,043
3,749
6,067
3,811

2.4
0.3
0.5
0.8
0.5

896.90
855.60
868.40
936.40
905.60

684
71
112
171
109

2.4
0.3
0.4
0.6
0.4

561.00
631.80
543.80
624.80
526.50

1,076
161
282
183
171

2.3
0.3
0.6
0.4
0.4

416.50
361.60
394.00
453.70
423.50

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

17,734
5,103
44,196
27,092
1,210

2.4
0.7
6.1
3.7
0.2

1,009.90
828.80
970.90
892.50
854.20

561
169
1,588
1,083
56

2.0
0.6
5.6
3.8
0.2

569.00
607.80
578.50
474.50
420.80

1,181
314
3,323
1,406
116

2.5
0.7
7.1
3.0
0.2

480.20
397.80
456.80
412.00
368.80

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

25,669
10,227
8,326
33,593
3,016

3.5
1.4
1.1
4.6
0.4

890.20
871.30
920.90
903.10
847.40

1,179
492
297
1,288
76

4.2
1.7
1.0
4.5
0.3

601.60
568.00
577.20
606.10
533.30

1,889
562
529
2,169
177

4.1
1.2
1.1
4.7
0.4

431.50
442.50
435.10
435.20
411.10

State or area
All areas a

Number

Percent

Average
monthly
benefit
(dollars)

Number

Percent

Average
monthly
benefit
(dollars)

(Continued)

90 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

Awards to All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 33.
Distribution and average monthly benefit, by state or other area, 2002—Continued
Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult children

Number

Percent

Average
monthly
benefit
(dollars)

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

13,685
1,450
18,976
50,796
3,309

1.9
0.2
2.6
7.0
0.5

902.30
823.40
879.40
879.10
897.40

665
48
998
2,138
102

2.3
0.2
3.5
7.5
0.4

498.60
495.10
515.60
577.90
610.00

782
142
1,126
2,584
280

1.7
0.3
2.4
5.5
0.6

416.60
311.00
410.00
432.90
456.30

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

1,649
16,918
14,401
8,393
13,359
860

0.2
2.3
2.0
1.1
1.8
0.1

843.70
895.50
929.30
903.90
920.90
902.70

53
701
405
450
387
34

0.2
2.5
1.4
1.6
1.4
0.1

498.50
536.00
595.50
621.10
559.50
569.30

127
1,033
786
520
1,056
75

0.3
2.2
1.7
1.1
2.3
0.2

370.40
434.80
482.10
420.80
407.90
396.80

Outlying areas
Puerto Rico
Other b

11,236
1,300

1.5
0.2

768.70
617.50

564
111

2.0
0.4

464.80
510.70

968
286

2.1
0.6

309.00
317.90

State or area

Number

Percent

Average
monthly
benefit
(dollars)

Number

Percent

Average
monthly
benefit
(dollars)

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Annual Award and Termination Transaction file.
NOTES: Benefits awarded before December cost-of-living increase are converted to December rates before averages are computed.
Excludes closed period awards and expedited reinstatement cases.
a. Includes beneficiaries with unknown state code.
b. Includes American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, Virgin Islands, and foreign countries.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 or di.asr@ssa.gov for further information.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 91

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 34.
Percentage distribution, by sex and age, selected years 1960–2002
Percentage distribution
Year

Number

Average
age

Total,
all ages

Under
30

30–34

35–39 a

40–44

45–49

50–54

55–59

60–61

62–FRA

11.5
10.8
10.8

13.1
12.9
13.3

18.1
18.0
18.0

21.3
21.6
22.1

8.7
8.5
8.6

7.6
7.0
7.1

7.0
8.2
7.6
8.6

6.5
7.9
6.5
6.2

10.5
11.1
10.1
9.5

16.7
17.1
14.7
15.7

20.0
25.7
23.5
23.1

11.8
14.0
12.3
12.1

21.3
13.0
16.1
14.6

9.7
10.2
10.4
11.7
12.8

6.0
6.2
6.3
6.6
7.1

8.4
8.4
8.4
8.4
8.7

14.7
14.5
14.1
13.6
13.4

24.6
24.3
24.6
23.4
22.6

12.3
13.0
12.9
12.2
12.2

14.2
13.1
13.6
13.3
12.7

13.3
15.3
16.0
16.0
16.0

7.0
8.1
8.6
9.7
9.5

9.9
9.4
9.3
9.0
10.2

14.6
14.3
13.9
14.6
14.2

23.1
21.3
20.8
21.3
20.6

12.4
11.1
10.9
10.5
9.7

10.6
9.5
11.0
10.2
10.8

16.9
17.7
18.5
18.9
18.4

9.4
10.6
10.8
10.1
10.8

9.5
11.0
11.0
11.7
12.7

13.5
14.1
13.0
14.7
15.4

20.5
18.4
18.6
18.8
19.3

10.3
9.4
9.8
8.6
9.0

8.8
9.1
8.7
7.8
7.6

All disabled workers
2000
2001
2002

610,700
661,900
730,383

48.9
48.6
48.7

100.0
100.0
100.0

6.4
7.8
7.6

4.9
5.3
5.0

8.4
8.0
7.5
Men

1960
1965
1970
1975

168,466
186,808
258,072
408,531

54.5
53.0
52.1
51.5

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.8
1.8
6.7
7.7

a

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

275,185
244,984
207,453
217,422
247,833

51.2
50.8
50.9
50.2
50.0

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

8.3
8.6
8.4
9.5
9.2

a

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

274,400
273,700
265,900
265,700
268,600

50.1
48.7
49.0
49.2
49.0

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

8.7
10.7
9.4
8.4
8.7

a

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

293,300
322,700
395,600
391,800
379,300

48.1
47.9
47.8
47.7
48.4

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

10.9
9.5
9.5
9.2
6.8

a

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

368,400
347,100
311,100
331,400
338,900

48.9
48.3
48.8
48.8
49.1

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

7.2
6.9
6.3
6.3
6.2

a

7.2
5.6
6.2
5.2

16.3
9.0
8.9
8.1
7.6

10.7
10.8
10.8
11.1
11.4

11.5
13.2
13.5
12.4
12.4

15.7
16.2
16.1
18.3
18.2

20.4
19.9
21.6
21.6
21.7

8.9
9.3
8.8
8.1
8.8

9.1
7.5
8.2
7.8
8.0

2000
2001
2002

328,700
360,000
394,741

49.1
49.1
49.0

100.0
100.0
100.0

6.8
7.5
7.9

4.6
4.8
4.7

8.3
7.9
7.1

10.7
10.0
10.2

12.7
12.2
12.6

17.6
17.5
17.6

21.1
22.7
22.9

9.1
9.2
9.3

8.9
8.0
7.8

a
a
a

a
a
a
a

a
a
a
a

a
a
a
a

(Continued)

92 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 34.
Percentage distribution, by sex and age, selected years 1960–2002—Continued
Percentage distribution
Year

Number

Average
age

Total,
all ages

Under
30

30–34

35–39 a

40–44

45–49

50–54

55–59

60–61

62–FRA

8.1
6.5
6.3
7.3

8.0
7.4
6.1
6.1

13.3
11.7
11.0
10.1

21.9
19.3
17.5
17.7

24.6
28.3
27.2
25.5

12.4
14.1
13.0
12.2

10.1
10.9
12.9
12.9

9.7
10.2
10.9
12.2
13.2

6.4
6.5
6.8
7.4
7.9

9.3
9.5
9.5
9.5
9.7

16.3
16.4
15.6
14.8
14.9

25.5
25.1
24.9
23.5
22.8

11.7
12.0
11.7
10.9
10.9

12.2
11.1
11.4
11.6
11.7

12.9
15.5
15.2
14.0
14.8

8.0
10.4
8.1
8.8
10.4

10.6
10.5
11.2
10.9
11.9

15.8
14.8
15.8
16.1
13.8

23.3
21.3
23.4
23.5
21.2

10.1
9.6
9.6
10.5
10.8

10.5
8.6
8.8
7.4
8.9

16.3
16.8
17.7
17.5
16.9

9.8
10.1
12.0
11.2
11.1

13.1
12.2
12.4
13.1
12.9

14.2
16.2
15.6
16.5
17.0

22.3
19.5
17.6
19.7
20.8

8.9
8.9
8.4
6.8
7.3

6.5
7.4
7.5
7.4
6.4

Women
1960
1965
1970
1975

39,339
66,691
92,312
183,518

52.5
53.2
52.8
52.1

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.7
1.1
4.2
6.1

a

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

121,374
106,863
89,678
94,127
114,165

51.1
50.8
50.5
49.8
49.7

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

7.4
7.8
8.0
9.0
8.3

a

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

134,500
135,700
143,700
147,000
146,900

49.7
48.8
49.5
49.3
49.1

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

8.6
9.0
7.5
8.5
7.8

a

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

168,500
190,400
241,300
237,900
234,000

48.4
48.4
47.7
48.1
48.2

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

8.5
8.5
8.6
7.5
7.4

a

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

263,200
256,900
250,200
271,900
266,900

48.5
48.7
47.9
48.5
48.7

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

6.4
5.3
6.2
5.4
5.7

a

6.2
6.0
5.9
5.9

16.7
8.9
10.3
9.0
8.7

11.4
11.3
12.2
12.2
12.5

13.8
14.0
14.1
14.5
15.4

17.2
19.0
19.0
19.1
18.1

20.5
21.2
19.0
20.4
20.6

7.6
8.3
6.8
7.6
6.6

6.3
5.8
6.2
5.7
6.2

2000
2001
2002

282,000
301,900
335,642

48.7
48.0
48.3

100.0
100.0
100.0

5.8
8.0
7.3

5.2
5.9
5.3

8.6
8.2
8.0

12.3
11.8
11.4

13.5
13.8
14.2

18.7
18.5
18.5

21.6
20.2
21.2

8.1
7.7
7.7

6.1
5.9
6.3

a
a
a

a
a
a
a

a
a
a
a

a
a
a
a

SOURCES: Social Security Administration, Annual Statistical Supplement to the Social Security Bulletin, Table 6.C2 for years before 2000;
data for 1985–2001 are based on a 1 percent sample from the Annual Award and Termination Transaction file; data for 2002 are based on 100
percent data from the Annual Award and Termination Transaction file.
NOTES: Age in year of award for 1960–1984. Age in month of award for 1985–2002.
Excludes closed period awards and expedited reinstatement cases.
Combined data for men and women are not available before 2000.
FRA = full retirement age.
a. Ages 30–34 were grouped with ages 35–39 before 1996.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 or di.asr@ssa.gov for further information.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 93

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 35.
Distribution, by diagnostic group, selected years 1960–2002

Year

Total

Congenital
anomalies

Endocrine,
nutritional,
and
Infectious
metabolic and parasitic
diseases
diseases a

Mental disorders b
Injuries

Total

Retardation

Other

Neoplasms

Number
1960
1961
1962
1963

207,805
279,758
286,434
224,229

865
1,637
2,026
1,646

5,406
7,070
9,383
7,563

10,903
15,153
15,271
10,859

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
6,496

17,287
26,864
37,315
24,526

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

17,739
23,103
27,632
25,042

1967
1968
1969

310,947
330,783
344,741

n.a.
2,670
3,004

10,743
11,359
12,169

10,945
10,360
9,828

19,815
25,319
28,473

35,344
41,894
43,225

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

33,358
36,560
35,740

1970
1971
1972
1973

350,384
415,897
455,438
491,776

3,597
4,365
4,033
5,276

13,141
15,823
17,352
18,131

8,760
8,524
8,627
7,957

28,231
31,810
31,728
30,418

38,406
42,687
45,253
47,014

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

36,095
39,629
43,667
50,644

1975
1976
1977
1978

592,049
551,460
568,874
464,415

6,576
5,817
6,681
5,850

23,176
20,966
21,725
16,855

7,579
6,049
5,807
4,512

32,341
29,848
31,942
27,490

67,213
63,667
70,825
54,329

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

59,852
57,656
59,833
54,878

1981
1982
1983
1984

351,847
298,531
311,490
357,140

3,118
2,432
2,827
2,439

14,768
13,187
14,904
14,418

2,596
2,312
6,730
3,185

20,868
16,617
15,646
16,189

36,318
31,531
50,633
64,078

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

56,410
50,999
52,379
59,104

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

377,371
416,865
415,848
409,490
425,582

2,480
1,953
787
550
534

16,976
21,260
21,114
14,513
14,279

2,985
2,736
4,676
2,802
3,773

16,558
3,629
20,889
21,022
21,531

68,610
123,983
81,241
85,756
88,500

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

55,120
53,176
55,339
53,944
60,352

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

467,977
536,434
636,637
635,238
631,870

511
575
619
543
602

16,255
19,931
29,904
30,862
31,532

22,023
28,245
39,253
37,450
36,087

22,315
24,129
25,042
23,206
22,560

105,173
126,184
164,093
166,045
156,703

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

65,939
69,244
77,175
80,266
89,231

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

645,645
624,254
587,700
608,382
620,559

722
777
654
676
645

33,370
33,832
33,807
36,373
36,975

27,993
23,324
15,327
12,680
11,743

27,566
27,616
25,930
25,926
25,925

147,900
132,022
122,901
131,502
138,980

16,681
14,062
12,888
14,506
16,608

131,219
117,960
110,013
116,996
122,372

64,401
63,321
62,279
63,973
65,681

2000
2001
2002

610,700
661,900
730,383

700

17,100
19,500
21,830

10,700
11,200
10,966

28,700
25,400
28,169

143,200
168,600
185,313

17,600
22,500
22,352

125,600
146,100
162,961

63,600
62,000
70,369

d

1,113

(Continued)

94 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 35.
Distribution, by diagnostic group, selected years 1960–2002—Continued
Diseases of the—

Year

Blood and
bloodforming
organs

Circulatory
system

Digestive
system

Genitourinary
system

Nervous
Musculoskeletal
system
system and and sense
connective tissue
organs

Respiratory
system

Skin and
subcutaneous
tissue

Other

Unknown c

Number
1960
1961
1962
1963

442
566
739
597

55,855
71,860
82,015
66,468

3,575
4,300
5,922
4,437

1,077
1,608
2,040
1,725

17,124
23,241
33,751
21,744

32,105
44,709
45,261
32,712

16,489
20,030
23,408
19,107

463
794
1,177
719

89
125
494
588

28,386
38,698
n.a.
n.a.

1967
1968
1969

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

81,507
80,906
105,760

7,627
7,806
8,719

n.a.
2,926
2,717

41,090
43,677
47,357

38,278
41,758
21,967

24,646
22,635
23,265

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

7,594
2,913
2,517

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

1970
1971
1972
1973

n.a.
1,043
1,155
1,347

108,906
131,854
146,684
158,202

9,051
11,629
13,369
14,614

2,912
3,501
4,304
4,810

52,086
66,558
75,923
85,431

22,575
26,442
28,216
31,139

24,254
30,103
33,038
34,656

n.a.
1,667
1,756
1,854

2,370
262
293
283

n.a.
n.a.
40
n.a.

1975
1976
1977
1978

1,491
2,039
1,516
1,236

177,311
165,182
167,801
134,634

17,474
15,194
15,342
12,407

5,719
4,907
5,271
4,719

110,637
105,907
107,840
86,921

39,960
36,156
36,751
29,314

39,485
35,210
35,002
28,005

2,306
2,532
1,766
2,017

929
330
772
1,248

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

1981
1982
1983
1984

942
808
958
904

85,994
74,242
68,352
70,891

7,363
6,067
5,272
5,895

6,230
3,165
6,489
3,441

58,639
48,985
41,782
45,826

28,516
26,886
26,203
28,201

21,520
19,766
17,978
18,891

1,345
998
848
983

616
536

6,604
n.a.

d

d

776

21,919

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

890
1,186
1,205
1,419
1,524

72,764
73,226
76,758
72,224
70,235

5,626
6,262
6,122
6,388
6,803

3,348
3,099
5,801
7,131
9,010

49,214
54,560
63,807
68,623
71,419

28,733
30,328
35,206
34,443
34,756

20,213
23,449
22,978
23,073
21,400

1,110
1,075
1,173
785
828

992
n.a.
n.a.
16,817
20,638

31,752
16,943
18,752
n.a.
n.a.

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

1,734
1,904
2,277
2,075
2,066

73,585
78,339
89,818
88,623
86,645

7,431
8,648
9,872
10,026
10,520

10,294
10,874
12,763
13,390
15,531

74,501
92,469
96,895
94,255
84,705

37,737
41,551
46,952
45,742
47,820

22,158
23,798
27,264
27,494
30,958

866
1,021
1,070
1,118
1,116

7,455
9,522
13,640
14,143
15,794

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

2,006
1,836
1,815
1,801
1,911

83,065
81,209
76,531
76,698
74,755

11,167
11,530
11,310
12,413
13,389

11,956
12,206
12,151
13,118
13,842

141,306
142,776
135,430
141,847
146,754

46,477
45,960
45,496
47,517
49,869

28,831
27,983
26,483
27,148
26,981

1,643
1,588
1,473
1,466
1,416

14,746
18,274
14,436
13,744
10,252

2,496
2,590
1,677
1,500
1,441

2000
2001
2002

1,500
2,200
2,491

75,400
82,500
85,252

12,700
15,600
15,976

14,900
16,300
16,412

153,600
162,100
186,923

50,100
54,600
62,519

26,200
28,300
30,591

1,700

9,300
10,000
1,866

1,300
1,800
8,984

d

1,609

(Continued)
SOURCES: Social Security Administration, Annual Statistical Supplement to the Social Security Bulletin, Table 6.C3 for years before 2000;
data for 2000–2001 are based on a 1 percent sample from the Annual Award and Termination Transaction file; data for 2002 are based on 100
percent data from the Annual Award and Termination Transaction file.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 95

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 35.
Distribution, by diagnostic group, selected years 1960–2002—Continued

Year

Total

Congenital
anomalies

Endocrine,
nutritional,
and
metabolic
diseases

Infectious
and
parasitic
diseases a

Mental disorders b
Injuries

Total

Retardation

Other

Neoplasms

Percent
1960
1961
1962
1963

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.4
0.6
0.7
0.7

2.6
2.5
3.3
3.4

5.2
5.4
5.3
4.8

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
2.9

8.3
9.6
13.0
10.9

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

8.5
8.3
9.6
11.2

1967
1968
1969

100.0
100.0
100.0

n.a.
0.8
0.9

3.5
3.4
3.5

3.5
3.1
2.9

6.4
7.7
8.3

11.4
12.7
12.5

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

10.7
11.1
10.4

1970
1971
1972
1973

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.0
1.0
0.9
1.1

3.8
3.8
3.8
3.7

2.5
2.0
1.9
1.6

8.1
7.6
7.0
6.2

11.0
10.3
9.9
9.6

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

10.3
9.5
9.6
10.3

1975
1976
1977
1978

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.1
1.1
1.2
1.3

3.9
3.8
3.8
3.6

1.3
1.1
1.0
1.0

5.5
5.4
5.6
5.9

11.4
11.5
12.5
11.7

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

10.1
10.5
10.5
11.8

1981
1982
1983
1984

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.9
0.8
0.9
0.7

4.2
4.4
4.8
4.0

0.7
0.8
2.2
0.9

5.9
5.6
5.0
4.5

10.3
10.6
16.3
17.9

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

16.0
17.1
16.8
16.5

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.7
0.5
0.2
0.1
0.1

4.5
5.1
5.1
3.5
3.4

0.8
0.7
1.1
0.7
0.9

4.4
0.9
5.0
5.1
5.1

18.2
29.7
19.5
20.9
20.8

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

14.6
12.8
13.3
13.2
14.2

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

3.5
3.7
4.7
4.9
5.0

4.7
5.3
6.2
5.9
5.7

4.8
4.5
3.9
3.7
3.6

22.5
23.5
25.8
26.1
24.8

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

14.1
12.9
12.1
12.6
14.1

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

5.2
5.4
5.8
6.0
6.0

4.3
3.7
2.6
2.1
1.9

4.3
4.4
4.4
4.3
4.2

22.9
21.1
20.9
21.6
22.4

2.6
2.3
2.2
2.4
2.7

20.3
18.9
18.7
19.2
19.7

10.0
10.1
10.6
10.5
10.6

2000
2001
2002

100.0
100.0
100.0

0.1

2.8
2.9
3.0

1.8
1.7
1.5

4.7
3.8
3.9

23.4
25.5
25.4

2.9
3.4
3.1

20.6
22.1
22.3

10.4
9.4
9.6

d

0.2

(Continued)
NOTES: Excludes closed period awards and expedited reinstatement cases.
Data for 1964–1966 are not available. Before 1995, diagnostic data for cases awarded at the appeals levels were estimated on the basis of
the diagnosis of cases allowed at the initial disability determination level.
Effective 2001, the Social Security Administration initiated a special review of 130,000 Supplemental Security Income (SSI) recipients who are
potentially eligible for Social Security disability benefits due to earnings while receiving SSI. Many of these claims awarded since 2001 were
for individuals under age 35 who were diagnosed with a mental disorder.
n.a. = not available.

96 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 35.
Distribution, by diagnostic group, selected years 1960–2002—Continued
Diseases of the—

Year

Blood and
bloodforming
organs

Circulatory
system

Digestive
system

Genitourinary
system

Nervous
Musculoskeletal
system
system and and sense
connective tissue
organs

Respiratory
system

Skin and
subcutaneous
tissue

Other

Unknown c

Percent
1960
1961
1962
1963

0.2
0.2
0.3
0.3

26.9
25.7
28.6
29.6

1.7
1.5
2.1
2.0

0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8

8.2
8.3
11.8
9.7

15.4
16.0
15.8
14.6

7.9
7.2
8.2
8.5

0.2
0.3
0.4
0.3

0
0
0.2
0.3

13.7
13.8
n.a.
n.a.

1967
1968
1969

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

26.2
24.5
30.7

2.5
2.4
2.5

n.a.
0.9
0.8

13.2
13.2
13.7

12.3
12.6
6.4

7.9
6.8
6.7

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

2.4
0.9
0.7

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

1970
1971
1972
1973

n.a.
0.3
0.3
0.3

31.1
31.7
32.2
32.2

2.6
2.8
2.9
3.0

0.8
0.8
0.9
1.0

14.9
16.0
16.7
17.4

6.4
6.4
6.2
6.3

6.9
7.2
7.3
7.0

n.a.
0.4
0.4
0.4

0.7
0.1
0.1
0.1

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

1975
1976
1977
1978

0.3
0.4
0.3
0.3

29.9
30.0
29.5
29.0

3.0
2.8
2.7
2.7

1.0
0.9
0.9
1.0

18.7
19.2
19.0
18.7

6.7
6.6
6.5
6.3

6.7
6.4
6.2
6.0

0.4
0.5
0.3
0.4

0.2
0.1
0.1
0.3

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

1981
1982
1983
1984

0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3

24.4
24.9
21.9
19.8

2.1
2.0
1.7
1.7

1.8
1.1
2.1
1.0

16.7
16.4
13.4
12.8

8.1
9.0
8.4
7.9

6.1
6.6
5.8
5.3

0.4
0.3
0.3
0.3

0.2
0.2

1.9
n.a.

d

d

0.2

6.1

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

0.2
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.4

19.3
17.6
18.5
17.6
16.5

1.5
1.5
1.5
1.6
1.6

0.9
0.7
1.4
1.7
2.1

13.0
13.1
15.3
16.8
16.8

7.6
7.3
8.5
8.4
8.2

5.4
5.6
5.5
5.6
5.0

0.3
0.3
0.3
0.2
0.2

0.3
n.a.
n.a.
4.1
4.8

8.4
4.1
4.5
n.a.
n.a.

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

0.4
0.4
0.4
0.3
0.3

15.7
14.6
14.1
14.0
13.7

1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.7

2.2
2.0
2.0
2.1
2.5

15.9
17.2
15.2
14.8
13.4

8.1
7.7
7.4
7.2
7.6

4.7
4.4
4.3
4.3
4.9

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

1.6
1.8
2.1
2.2
2.5

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3

12.9
13.0
13.0
12.6
12.0

1.7
1.8
1.9
2.0
2.2

1.9
2.0
2.1
2.2
2.2

21.9
22.9
23.0
23.3
23.6

7.2
7.4
7.7
7.8
8.0

4.5
4.5
4.5
4.5
4.3

0.3
0.3
0.3
0.2
0.2

2.3
2.9
2.5
2.3
1.7

0.4
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.2

2000
2001
2002

0.2
0.3
0.3

12.3
12.5
11.7

2.1
2.4
2.2

2.4
2.5
2.2

25.2
24.5
25.6

8.2
8.2
8.6

4.3
4.3
4.2

0.3

1.5
1.5
0.3

0.2
0.3
1.2

d

0.2

e

a. AIDS and HIV records are counted in Infectious and parasitic diseases. Before 1990, they were included in Other.
b. Mental retardation was not identified separately before 1995.
c.

Beginning with 2002, several ill-defined impairment codes were reclassified and added to the Unknown group.

d. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
e. Less than 0.05 percent.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 or di.asr@ssa.gov for further information.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 97

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 36.
Distribution of workers under age 50, by diagnostic group, selected years 1975–2002

Year

Total

Congenital
anomalies

Endocrine,
nutritional,
and
Infectious
metabolic and parasitic
diseases
diseases a

Mental disorders b
Injuries

Total

Retardation

Other

Neoplasms

Number
1975
1981
1982
1983
1984

183,493
123,090
109,279
120,606
140,792

3,712
1,945
1,579
1,429
1,375

6,511
5,188
4,739
5,630
5,750

3,357
1,209
1,096
3,759
1,528

17,945
13,327
11,088
10,036
9,535

42,119
24,633
21,654
35,331
43,680

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

15,588
15,017
14,581
14,827
16,173

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

158,152
188,355
184,481
183,017
189,708

1,438
1,202
498
326
311

7,534
10,816
12,405
5,848
6,088

1,510
1,534
3,262
1,383
2,497

10,357
1,882
13,064
12,590
12,761

49,313
89,821
58,970
63,282
64,093

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

16,857
16,318
17,595
16,859
19,298

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

215,381
255,448
313,175
312,619
292,987

317
384
404
350
384

7,190
8,949
15,349
15,550
15,107

19,290
24,838
34,766
33,072
31,210

12,929
13,892
13,691
12,690
11,563

77,901
94,345
125,609
126,586
116,812

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

21,597
23,162
26,485
27,841
30,791

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

308,624
294,077
265,019
273,282
259,680

472
513
435
462
370

14,963
15,013
14,667
15,768
15,426

23,736
19,633
12,361
9,817
8,667

15,325
15,674
14,401
14,321
13,399

108,516
95,089
85,486
90,072
86,642

13,731
11,661
10,679
11,880
9,341

94,785
83,428
74,807
78,192
77,301

22,367
21,940
21,245
22,093
21,960

2000
2001
2002

269,800
296,800
322,539

d

6,000
7,300
7,875

6,900
8,900
7,677

16,200
12,900
13,952

98,300
118,700
128,791

14,400
20,200
19,544

83,900
98,500
109,247

21,100
20,600
23,725

d

796

(Continued)

98 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 36.
Distribution of workers under age 50, by diagnostic group, selected years 1975–2002—Continued
Diseases of the—

Year

Blood and
bloodforming
organs

Circulatory
system

Digestive
system

Genitourinary
system

Nervous
Musculoskeletal
system
system and and sense
connective tissue
organs

Respiratory
system

Skin and
subcutaneous
tissue

Other

Unknown c

Number
1975
1981
1982
1983
1984

748
516
416
457
537

30,293
15,278
14,309
13,589
13,508

5,856
3,000
2,761
2,292
2,304

2,534
3,314
1,740
2,540
1,711

30,635
21,076
17,889
14,158
14,295

17,326
14,478
13,882
13,456
14,041

5,459
3,189
2,757
2,434
2,463

954
687
538
486
475

456

n.a.

d

d

250

n.a.

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

472
688
739
867
946

13,650
13,946
16,518
15,535
14,224

2,756
3,020
2,764
3,158
3,311

1,791
1,684
3,005
4,257
5,364

15,060
17,148
20,519
23,285
22,628

14,724
16,295
19,057
18,364
18,896

2,771
3,043
3,535
3,771
3,464

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

1,094
1,218
1,478
1,342
1,278

15,157
16,559
18,775
19,040
16,949

3,693
4,403
5,182
5,328
5,537

6,171
6,437
7,595
7,812
8,840

22,068
29,444
26,347
26,920
17,918

20,627
22,795
26,120
24,901
25,350

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

1,250
1,118
1,053
1,072
1,031

17,490
17,608
16,333
16,607
15,065

6,036
6,308
6,029
6,683
7,022

6,705
6,872
6,724
7,066
7,172

51,664
54,008
48,741
50,426
49,302

2000
2001
2002

d

15,900
16,900
18,348

6,900
7,600
7,999

8,500
9,900
8,649

51,900
50,400
58,796

d

1,481

d

d

270

13,147

485
537
659
457
404

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
13,035
15,424

19,434
10,421
11,891
n.a.
n.a.

3,538
4,073
4,599
4,664
4,929

428
524
573
593
572

3,381
4,425
6,202
5,930
5,747

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

24,814
24,412
23,479
24,297
23,386

5,705
5,747
5,286
5,517
4,783

899
945
826
851
783

6,859
9,197
6,565
7,000
4,383

1,823
n.a.
1,388
1,230
289

25,000
29,900
31,571

5,400
5,200
6,221

d

4,700
4,600
945

n.a.
1,000
4,836

d

877

(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 99

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 36.
Distribution of workers under age 50, by diagnostic group, selected years 1975–2002—Continued

Year

Total

Congenital
anomalies

Endocrine,
nutritional,
and
metabolic
diseases

Infectious
and
parasitic
diseases a

Mental disorders b
Injuries

Total

Retardation

Other

Neoplasms

Percent
1975
1981
1982
1983
1984

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

2.0
1.6
1.4
1.2
1.0

3.5
4.2
4.3
4.7
4.1

1.8
1.0
1.0
3.1
1.1

9.8
10.8
10.1
8.3
6.8

23.0
20.0
19.8
29.3
31.0

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

8.5
12.2
13.3
12.3
11.5

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.9
0.6
0.3
0.2
0.2

4.8
5.7
6.7
3.2
3.2

1.0
0.8
1.8
0.8
1.3

6.5
1.0
7.1
6.9
6.7

31.2
47.7
32.0
34.6
33.8

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

10.7
8.7
9.5
9.2
10.2

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.1
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.1

3.3
3.5
4.9
5.0
5.2

9.0
9.7
11.1
10.6
10.7

6.0
5.4
4.4
4.1
3.9

36.2
36.9
40.1
40.5
39.9

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

10.0
9.1
8.5
8.9
10.5

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.1

4.8
5.1
5.5
5.8
5.9

7.7
6.7
4.7
3.6
3.3

5.0
5.3
5.4
5.2
5.2

35.2
32.3
32.3
33.0
33.4

4.4
4.0
4.0
4.3
3.6

30.7
28.4
28.2
28.6
29.8

7.2
7.5
8.0
8.1
8.5

2000
2001
2002

100.0
100.0
100.0

d

2.2
2.5
2.4

2.6
3.0
2.4

6.0
4.3
4.3

36.5
40.0
39.9

5.4
6.8
6.1

31.2
33.2
33.9

7.8
6.9
7.4

d

0.2

(Continued)

100 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 36.
Distribution of workers under age 50, by diagnostic group, selected years 1975–2002—Continued
Diseases of the—

Year

Blood and
bloodforming
organs

Circulatory
system

Digestive
system

Genitourinary
system

Nervous
Musculoskeletal
system
system and and sense
connective tissue
organs

Respiratory
system

Skin and
subcutaneous
tissue

Other

Unknown c

0.2

n.a.

Percent
1975
1981
1982
1983
1984

0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4

16.5
12.4
13.1
11.3
9.6

3.2
2.4
2.5
1.9
1.6

1.4
2.7
1.6
2.1
1.2

16.7
17.1
16.4
11.7
10.2

9.4
11.8
12.7
11.2
10.0

3.0
2.6
2.5
2.0
1.7

0.5
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3

d

d

0.2

n.a.

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

0.3
0.4
0.4
0.5
0.5

8.6
7.4
9.0
8.5
7.5

1.7
1.6
1.5
1.7
1.7

1.1
0.9
1.6
2.3
2.8

9.5
9.1
11.1
12.7
11.9

9.3
8.7
10.3
10.0
10.0

1.8
1.6
1.9
2.1
1.8

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

0.5
0.5
0.5
0.4
0.4

7.0
6.5
6.0
6.1
5.8

1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.9

2.9
2.5
2.4
2.5
3.0

10.2
11.5
8.4
8.6
6.1

9.6
8.9
8.3
8.0
8.7

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4

5.7
6.0
6.2
6.1
5.8

2.0
2.1
2.3
2.4
2.7

2.2
2.3
2.5
2.6
2.8

16.7
18.4
18.4
18.5
19.0

2000
2001
2002

d

5.9
5.7
5.7

2.6
2.6
2.5

3.2
3.3
2.7

19.3
17.0
18.2

d

0.5

d

d

0.2

9.3

0.3
0.3
0.4
0.2
0.2

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
7.1
8.1

12.3
5.5
6.4
n.a.
n.a.

1.6
1.6
1.5
1.5
1.7

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

1.6
1.7
2.0
1.9
2.0

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

8.0
8.3
8.9
8.9
9.0

1.8
2.0
2.0
2.0
1.8

0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3

2.2
3.1
2.5
2.6
1.7

0.6
n.a.
0.5
0.5
0.1

9.3
10.1
9.8

2.0
1.8
1.9

d

1.7
1.6
0.3

n.a.
0.3
1.5

d

0.3

SOURCES: Social Security Administration, Annual Statistical Supplement to the Social Security Bulletin, Table 6.C3 for years before 2000;
data for 2000–2001 are based on a 1 percent sample from the Annual Award and Termination Transaction file; data for 2002 are based on 100
percent data from the Annual Award and Termination Transaction file.
NOTES: Excludes closed period awards and expedited reinstatement cases.
Before 1995, diagnostic data for cases awarded at the appeals levels were estimated on the basis of the diagnosis of cases allowed at the
initial disability determination level.
Effective 2001, the Social Security Administration initiated a special review of 130,000 Supplemental Security Income (SSI) recipients who are
potentially eligible for Social Security disability benefits due to earnings while receiving SSI. Many of these claims awarded since 2001 were
for individuals under age 35 who were diagnosed with a mental disorder.
n.a. = not available.
a. AIDS and HIV records are counted in Infectious and parasitic diseases. Before 1990, they were included in Other.
b. Mental retardation was not identified separately before 1995.
c. Beginning with 2002, several ill-defined impairment codes were reclassified and added to the Unknown group.
d. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 or di.asr@ssa.gov for further information.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 101

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 37.
Distribution of workers aged 50 or older, by diagnostic group, selected years 1975–2002

Year

Total

Congenital
anomalies

Endocrine,
nutritional,
and
Infectious
metabolic and parasitic
diseases
diseases a

Mental disorders b
Injuries

Total

Retardation

Other

Neoplasms

Number
1975
1981
1982
1983
1984

408,556
222,162
189,252
190,884
216,348

2,864
1,173
853
1,398
1,064

16,665
9,580
8,448
9,274
8,668

4,222
1,387
1,216
2,971
1,657

14,396
7,541
5,529
5,610
6,654

25,094
11,685
9,877
15,302
20,398

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

44,264
41,393
36,418
37,552
42,931

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

219,219
228,510
231,367
226,473
235,874

1,042
751
289
224
223

9,442
10,444
8,709
8,665
8,191

1,475
1,202
1,414
1,419
1,276

6,201
1,747
7,825
8,432
8,770

19,297
34,162
22,271
22,474
24,407

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

38,263
36,858
37,744
37,085
41,054

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

252,596
280,986
323,462
322,619
338,833

194
191
215
193
218

9,065
10,982
14,555
15,312
16,425

2,733
3,407
4,487
4,378
4,877

9,386
10,237
11,351
10,516
10,997

27,272
31,839
38,484
39,459
39,891

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

44,342
46,082
50,690
52,425
58,440

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

337,021
330,177
322,681
335,100
360,879

250
264
219
214
275

18,407
18,819
19,140
20,605
21,549

4,257
3,691
2,966
2,863
3,076

12,241
11,942
11,529
11,605
12,526

39,384
36,933
37,415
41,430
52,338

2,950
2,401
2,209
2,626
7,267

36,434
34,532
35,206
38,804
45,071

42,034
41,381
41,034
41,880
43,721

2000
2001
2002

340,900
365,100
407,844

d

11,100
12,200
13,955

3,800
2,300
3,289

12,500
12,500
14,217

44,900
49,900
56,522

3,200
2,300
2,808

41,700
47,600
53,714

42,500
41,400
46,644

d

317

(Continued)

102 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 37.
Distribution of workers aged 50 or older, by diagnostic group, selected years 1975–2002—Continued
Diseases of the—

Year

Blood and
bloodforming
organs

Circulatory
system

Digestive
system

Genitourinary
system

Nervous
Musculoskeletal
system
system and and sense
connective tissue
organs

Respiratory
system

Skin and
subcutaneous
tissue

Other

Unknown c

Number
1975
1981
1982
1983
1984

743
426
392
501
367

147,018
70,716
59,933
54,763
57,383

11,618
4,363
3,306
2,980
3,591

3,185
2,916
1,425
3,949
1,730

80,002
37,563
31,096
27,624
31,531

22,634
14,038
13,004
12,747
14,160

34,026
18,331
17,009
15,544
16,428

1,352
658
460
362
508

473

n.a.

d

d

287

n.a.

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

418
498
466
552
578

59,114
59,280
60,240
56,689
56,011

2,870
3,242
3,358
3,230
3,492

1,557
1,415
2,796
2,874
3,646

34,154
37,412
43,288
45,338
48,791

14,009
14,033
16,149
16,079
15,860

17,442
20,406
19,443
19,302
17,936

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

640
686
799
733
788

58,428
61,780
71,043
69,583
69,696

3,738
4,245
4,690
4,698
4,983

4,123
4,437
5,168
5,578
6,691

52,433
63,025
70,548
67,335
66,787

17,110
18,756
20,832
20,841
22,470

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

756
718
762
729
880

65,575
63,601
60,198
60,091
59,690

5,131
5,222
5,281
5,730
6,367

5,251
5,334
5,427
6,052
6,670

89,642
88,768
86,689
91,421
97,452

2000
2001
2002

d

59,500
65,600
66,904

5,800
8,000
7,977

6,400
6,400
7,763

101,700
111,700
128,127

d

1,010

d

d

506

8,772

625
538
514
328
424

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
3,782
5,216

13,310
6,522
6,861
n.a.
n.a.

18,620
19,725
22,665
22,830
26,029

438
497
497
525
544

4,074
5,097
7,438
8,213
10,047

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

21,663
21,548
22,017
23,200
26,483

23,126
22,236
21,197
21,631
22,198

744
643
647
615
633

8,560
9,077
7,871
6,744
5,869

n.a.
n.a.
289
290
1,152

25,100
24,700
30,948

20,800
23,100
24,370

d

4,600
5,400
921

600
800
4,148

d

732

(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 103

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 37.
Distribution of workers aged 50 or older, by diagnostic group, selected years 1975–2002—Continued

Year

Total

Congenital
anomalies

Endocrine,
nutritional,
and
metabolic
diseases

Infectious
and
parasitic
diseases a

Mental disorders b
Injuries

Total

Retardation

Other

Neoplasms

Percent
1975
1981
1982
1983
1984

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.7
0.5
0.5
0.7
0.5

4.1
4.3
4.5
4.9
4.0

1.0
0.6
0.6
1.6
0.8

3.5
3.4
2.9
2.9
3.1

6.1
5.3
5.2
8.0
9.4

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

10.8
18.6
19.2
19.7
19.8

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.5
0.3
0.1
0.1
0.1

4.3
4.6
3.8
3.8
3.5

0.7
0.5
0.6
0.6
0.5

2.8
0.8
3.4
3.7
3.7

8.8
14.9
9.6
9.9
10.3

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

17.5
16.1
16.3
16.4
17.4

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

3.6
3.9
4.5
4.7
4.8

1.1
1.2
1.4
1.4
1.4

3.7
3.6
3.5
3.3
3.2

10.8
11.3
11.9
12.2
11.8

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

17.6
16.4
15.7
16.2
17.2

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

5.5
5.7
5.9
6.1
6.0

1.3
1.1
0.9
0.9
0.9

3.6
3.6
3.6
3.5
3.5

11.7
11.2
11.6
12.4
14.5

0.9
0.7
0.7
0.8
2.0

10.8
10.5
10.9
11.6
12.5

12.5
12.5
12.7
12.5
12.1

2000
2001
2002

100.0
100.0
100.0

d

3.3
3.3
3.4

1.1
0.6
0.8

3.7
3.4
3.5

13.2
13.7
13.9

0.9
0.6
0.7

12.2
13.0
13.2

12.5
11.3
11.4

d

0.1

(Continued)

104 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 37.
Distribution of workers aged 50 or older, by diagnostic group, selected years 1975–2002—Continued
Diseases of the—

Year

Blood and
bloodforming
organs

Circulatory
system

Digestive
system

Genitourinary
system

Nervous
Musculoskeletal
system
system and and sense
connective tissue
organs

Respiratory
system

Skin and
subcutaneous
tissue

Other

Unknown c

0.1

n.a.

Percent
1975
1981
1982
1983
1984

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.3
0.2

36.0
31.8
31.7
28.7
26.5

2.8
2.0
1.7
1.6
1.7

0.8
1.3
0.8
2.1
0.8

19.6
16.9
16.4
14.5
14.6

5.5
6.3
6.9
6.7
6.5

8.3
8.3
9.0
8.1
7.6

0.3
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.2

d

d

0.2

n.a.

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

27.0
25.9
26.0
25.0
23.7

1.3
1.4
1.5
1.4
1.5

0.7
0.6
1.2
1.3
1.5

15.6
16.4
18.7
20.0
20.7

6.4
6.1
7.0
7.1
6.7

8.0
8.9
8.4
8.5
7.6

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

0.3
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

23.1
22.0
22.0
21.6
20.6

1.5
1.5
1.4
1.5
1.5

1.6
1.6
1.6
1.7
2.0

20.8
22.4
21.8
20.9
19.7

6.8
6.7
6.4
6.5
6.6

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

19.5
19.3
18.7
17.9
16.5

1.5
1.6
1.6
1.7
1.8

1.6
1.6
1.7
1.8
1.8

26.6
26.9
26.9
27.3
27.0

2000
2001
2002

d

17.5
18.0
16.4

1.7
2.2
2.0

1.9
1.8
1.9

29.8
30.6
31.4

d

0.2

d

d

0.2

4.1

0.3
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.2

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
1.7
2.2

6.1
2.9
3.0
n.a.
n.a.

7.4
7.0
7.0
7.1
7.7

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

1.6
1.8
2.3
2.5
3.0

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

6.4
6.5
6.8
6.9
7.3

6.9
6.7
6.6
6.5
6.2

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

2.5
2.7
2.4
2.0
1.6

n.a.
n.a.
0.1
0.1
0.3

7.4
6.8
7.6

6.1
6.3
6.0

d

1.3
1.5
0.2

0.2
0.2
1.0

d

0.2

SOURCES: Social Security Administration, Annual Statistical Supplement to the Social Security Bulletin, Table 6.C3 for years before 2000;
data for 2000–2001 are based on a 1 percent sample from the Annual Award and Termination Transaction file; data for 2002 are based on 100
percent data from the Annual Award and Termination Transaction file.
NOTES: Excludes closed period awards and expedited reinstatement cases.
Before 1995, diagnostic data for cases awarded at the appeals levels were estimated on the basis of the diagnosis of cases allowed at the
initial disability determination level.
Effective 2001, the Social Security Administration initiated a special review of 130,000 Supplemental Security Income (SSI) recipients who are
potentially eligible for Social Security disability benefits due to earnings while receiving SSI. Many of these claims awarded since 2001 were
for individuals under age 35 who were diagnosed with a mental disorder.
n.a. = not available.
a. AIDS and HIV records are counted in Infectious and parasitic diseases. Before 1990, they were included in Other.
b. Mental retardation was not identified separately before 1995.
c. Beginning with 2002, several ill-defined impairment codes were reclassified and added to the Unknown group.
d. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 or di.asr@ssa.gov for further information.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 105

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 38.
Average primary insurance amount and average monthly benefit, by sex, selected years 1960–2002
(in dollars)
Average primary insurance amount
Year

Average monthly benefit

All disabled workers

Men

Women

All disabled workers

Men

Women

1960
1965 (Jan.–Aug.)
1965 (Sept.–Dec.)
1970
1975
1980

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

91.20
93.30
101.30
139.80
241.20
406.30

94.00
97.90
106.50
148.40
263.80
449.40

78.90
80.30
86.80
115.70
190.90
308.50

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

475.60
473.80
506.00
297.40
562.10

530.40
531.50
573.20
321.20
634.40

363.70
357.40
381.60
263.50
429.90

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

594.20
605.50
621.90
639.80
672.80

667.90
685.20
699.80
720.10
757.70

465.80
470.60
494.20
507.70
535.00

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

n.a.
734.00
752.00
771.30
813.20

n.a.
836.40
855.40
879.50
922.30

n.a.
595.70
623.50
639.50
674.70

687.70
709.10
728.10
746.30
787.80

786.90
807.90
824.00
846.80
890.70

549.00
575.60
608.80
623.80
657.10

2000
2001
2002

856.80
891.60
923.90

975.30
1,019.60
1,053.00

718.70
739.00
772.10

833.70
867.70
898.60

947.70
989.30
1,021.70

700.90
722.60
753.90

SOURCES: Social Security Administration, Annual Statistical Supplement to the Social Security Bulletin, Table 6.A4 for years before 2000;
data for 1985–2000 are based on a 1 percent sample from the Annual Award and Termination Transaction file; data for 2002 are based on 100
percent data from the Annual Award and Termination Transaction file.
NOTES: Excludes closed period awards and expedited reinstatement cases.
Benefits awarded before the December cost-of-living increase are converted to the December rates before averages are computed.
n.a. = not available.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 or di.asr@ssa.gov for further information.

106 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 39.
Distribution, by diagnostic group, sex, and age, 2002
Total
Diagnostic group

All ages

Under
35

Men

35–49

50 or
older All ages

Under
35

Women
35–49

50 or
older All ages

Under
35

35–49

50 or
older

Number
Total

730,383 91,873 230,666 407,844 394,741 49,613 117,804 227,324 335,642 42,260 112,862 180,520

Congenital anomalies
1,113
490
Endocrine, nutritional, and
metabolic diseases
21,830 1,654
Infectious and parasitic
diseases
10,966 1,848
Injuries
28,169 4,633
Mental disorders
Retardation
22,352 12,644
Other
162,961 39,279
Neoplasms
70,369 4,080
Diseases of the—
Blood and bloodforming organs
2,491
752
Circulatory system
85,252 2,214
Digestive system
15,976 1,158
Genitourinary system
16,412 2,541
Musculoskeletal
system and
connective tissue
186,923 7,610
Nervous system and
sense organs
62,519 10,344
Respiratory system
30,591
773
Skin and subcutaneous
tissue
1,609
238
Other
1,866
252
Unknown
8,984 1,363

306

317

575

254

154

167

538

236

152

150

6,221

13,955

11,581

779

3,197

7,605

10,249

875

3,024

6,350

5,829
9,319

3,289
14,217

7,991
18,457

1,336
3,310

4,505
6,164

2,150
8,983

2,975
9,712

512
1,323

1,324
3,155

1,139
5,234

6,900
69,968
19,645

2,808
53,714
46,644

13,711 7,633
77,238 20,618
37,342 2,128

4,320
30,906
9,342

1,758
25,714
25,872

8,641
5,011
85,723 18,661
33,027 1,952

2,580
39,062
10,303

1,050
28,000
20,772

729
16,134
6,841
6,108

1,010
66,904
7,977
7,763

1,234
58,330
9,817
10,002

328
1,267
517
1,417

364
10,186
4,244
3,803

542
46,877
5,056
4,782

1,257
26,922
6,159
6,410

424
947
641
1,124

365
5,948
2,597
2,305

468
20,027
2,921
2,981

51,186 128,127

94,362

3,527

25,925

64,910

92,561

4,083

25,261

63,217

21,227
5,448

30,948
24,370

32,273
16,144

5,328
282

10,280
2,386

16,665
13,476

30,246
14,447

5,016
491

10,947
3,062

14,283
10,894

639
693
3,473

732
921
4,148

655
913
4,116

80
138
671

265
319
1,444

310
456
2,001

954
953
4,868

158
114
692

374
374
2,029

422
465
2,147

(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 107

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 39.
Distribution, by diagnostic group, sex, and age, 2002—Continued
Total
Diagnostic group

All ages

Under
35

Men

35–49

50 or
older All ages

Under
35

Women
35–49

50 or
older All ages

Under
35

35–49

50 or
older

Percent
Total
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and
metabolic diseases
Infectious and parasitic
diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and bloodforming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal
system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and
sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous
tissue
Other
Unknown

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

0.2

0.5

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.5

0.1

0.1

0.2

0.6

0.1

0.1

3.0

1.8

2.7

3.4

2.9

1.6

2.7

3.3

3.1

2.1

2.7

3.5

1.5
3.9

2.0
5.0

2.5
4.0

0.8
3.5

2.0
4.7

2.7
6.7

3.8
5.2

0.9
4.0

0.9
2.9

1.2
3.1

1.2
2.8

0.6
2.9

3.1
22.3
9.6

13.8
42.8
4.4

3.0
30.3
8.5

0.7
13.2
11.4

3.5
19.6
9.5

15.4
41.6
4.3

3.7
26.2
7.9

0.8
11.3
11.4

2.6
25.5
9.8

11.9
44.2
4.6

2.3
34.6
9.1

0.6
15.5
11.5

0.3
11.7
2.2
2.2

0.8
2.4
1.3
2.8

0.3
7.0
3.0
2.6

0.2
16.4
2.0
1.9

0.3
14.8
2.5
2.5

0.7
2.6
1.0
2.9

0.3
8.6
3.6
3.2

0.2
20.6
2.2
2.1

0.4
8.0
1.8
1.9

1.0
2.2
1.5
2.7

0.3
5.3
2.3
2.0

0.3
11.1
1.6
1.7

25.6

8.3

22.2

31.4

23.9

7.1

22.0

28.6

27.6

9.7

22.4

35.0

8.6
4.2

11.3
0.8

9.2
2.4

7.6
6.0

8.2
4.1

10.7
0.6

8.7
2.0

7.3
5.9

9.0
4.3

11.9
1.2

9.7
2.7

7.9
6.0

0.2
0.3
1.2

0.3
0.3
1.5

0.3
0.3
1.5

0.2
0.2
1.0

0.2
0.2
1.0

0.2
0.3
1.4

0.2
0.3
1.2

0.1
0.2
0.9

0.3
0.3
1.5

0.4
0.3
1.6

0.3
0.3
1.8

0.2
0.3
1.2

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Annual Award and Termination Transaction file.
NOTES: Excludes closed period awards and expedited reinstatement cases.
Effective 2001, the Social Security Administration initiated a special review of 130,000 Supplemental Security Income (SSI) recipients who are
potentially eligible for Social Security disability benefits due to earnings while receiving SSI. Many of these claims awarded since 2001 were
for individuals under age 35 who were diagnosed with a mental disorder.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 or di.asr@ssa.gov for further information.

108 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 40.
Distribution, by monthly benefit and sex, 2002
All disabled workers
Monthly benefit (dollars)

Men

Women

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

730,383

100.0

394,741

100.0

335,642

100.0

Less than 100.00
100.00–199.90
200.00–299.90
300.00–399.90
400.00–499.90

6,124
12,314
26,828
31,201
34,247

0.8
1.7
3.7
4.3
4.7

3,362
4,807
10,160
11,316
12,455

0.9
1.2
2.6
2.9
3.2

2,762
7,507
16,668
19,885
21,792

0.8
2.2
5.0
5.9
6.5

500.00–599.90
600.00–699.90
700.00–799.90
800.00–899.90
900.00–999.90

72,912
80,449
72,576
65,654
57,514

10.0
11.0
9.9
9.0
7.9

25,799
31,391
31,713
32,464
31,353

6.5
8.0
8.0
8.2
7.9

47,113
49,058
40,863
33,190
26,161

14.0
14.6
12.2
9.9
7.8

1,000.00–1,099.90
1,100.00–1,199.90
1,200.00–1,299.90
1,300.00–1,399.90
1,400.00–1,499.90

49,123
42,305
36,090
30,570
34,118

6.7
5.8
4.9
4.2
4.7

29,796
28,109
25,635
22,706
26,591

7.5
7.1
6.5
5.8
6.7

19,327
14,196
10,455
7,864
7,527

5.8
4.2
3.1
2.3
2.2

1,500.00–1,599.90
1,600.00 or more

36,059
42,299

4.9
5.8

29,783
37,301

7.5
9.4

6,276
4,998

1.9
1.5

Total

Average benefit (dollars)

898.60

1,021.70

753.90

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Annual Award and Termination Transaction file.
NOTES: Benefits awarded before the December cost-of-living increase are converted to the December rates before averages are computed.
Excludes closed period awards and expedited reinstatement cases.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5422 or di.asr@ssa.gov for further information.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 109

Awards to Disabled-Worker Families
Table 41.
Number, average primary insurance amount, and average monthly family benefit,
by family composition, 2002

Family composition
Worker only
Men
Women
Worker with children
By sex of worker
Men
Women
By number of children
1 child
2 children
3 or more children

Number of
families

Average primary
Number of insurance amount
beneficiaries
(dollars)

Percentage of
Average monthly families receiving
family benefit maximum family
(dollars)
benefit a

308,978
279,711

308,978
279,711

1,049.60
768.30

1,019.30
750.10

10.7
22.3

66,431
54,542

175,884
143,609

1,042.40
789.40

1,472.50
1,068.20

88.1
92.0

66,636
37,322
17,015

133,272
111,966
74,255

945.30
924.20
871.20

1,312.10
1,290.40
1,204.10

89.4
90.8
89.7

6,082

12,187

1,312.90

1,585.30

9.5

136
5,042
5,175
3,685

449
15,126
20,700
20,354

1,236.00
1,087.80
1,057.70
1,002.80

1,920.80
1,569.30
1,504.70
1,408.70

62.5
86.5
86.8
82.8

Worker with—
Spouse aged 62 or older b
Spouse aged 62 or older and 1 or more
children
Spouse and 1 child
Spouse and 2 children
Spouse and 3 or more children

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Annual Award and Termination Transaction file.
NOTES: A family means beneficiaries entitled on one worker’s account. The data may understate the number of families with dependents
because records of awards to dependents made in a different calendar year are not available for inclusion.
Excludes closed period awards and expedited reinstatement cases.
Includes beneficiaries whose benefits are being withheld.
a. Includes families and worker-only beneficiaries for whom the primary insurance amount is equal to the family maximum amount.
b. If the spouse is also entitled to a retired-worker benefit, only the benefit amount received as a spouse is included.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 or di.asr@ssa.gov for further information.

110 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

Awards to Disabled-Worker Families
Table 42.
Distribution, by family composition and age of worker, 2002
Family composition

Total,
all ages

Under 30

30–34

35–39

40–44

45–49

50–54

55–59

60–FRA

Number
Worker only
Worker with—
Spouse
Aged 62 or older a
Child in care
Children
1 child
2 children
3 or more children
Families receiving
maximum benefit b

588,689

44,413

21,332

30,832

49,587

73,405

113,996

149,628

105,496

6,218
13,902

0
834

0
1,409

0
2,215

6
2,816

40
2,493

164
2,083

1,070
1,458

4,938
594

66,636
37,322
17,015

5,468
3,288
1,604

5,034
5,071
3,327

8,433
8,471
4,783

13,324
9,010
3,714

13,447
5,853
1,945

10,959
3,429
984

7,143
1,687
515

2,828
513
143

216,934

36,702

19,709

29,076

35,397

31,744

28,385

24,214

11,707

Percent
Worker only
Worker with—
Spouse
Aged 62 or older a
Child in care
Children
1 child
2 children
3 or more children
Families receiving
maximum benefit b

100.0

7.5

3.6

5.2

8.4

12.5

19.4

25.4

17.9

100.0
100.0

0
6.0

0
10.1

0
15.9

0.1
20.3

0.6
17.9

2.6
15.0

17.2
10.5

79.4
4.3

100.0
100.0
100.0

8.2
8.8
9.4

7.6
13.6
19.6

12.7
22.7
28.1

20.0
24.1
21.8

20.2
15.7
11.4

16.4
9.2
5.8

10.7
4.5
3.0

4.2
1.4
0.8

29.7

66.0

54.5

53.1

45.1

32.7

21.6

15.0

10.2

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Annual Award and Termination Transaction file.
NOTES: A family means beneficiaries entitled on one worker’s account. The data may understate the number of families with dependents
because records of awards to dependents made in a different calendar year are not available for inclusion.
Excludes closed period awards and expedited reinstatement cases.
Includes beneficiaries whose benefits are being withheld.
FRA = full retirement age.
a. Includes spouse aged 62 or older with children.
b. Includes families and worker-only beneficiaries for whom the primary insurance amount is equal to the family maximum amount.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 or di.asr@ssa.gov for further information.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 111

Payments Withheld
Table 43.
Number, by reason for withholding payment, December 2002
Disabled workers and nondisabled dependents
Reason
Total
Address unknown
Determination of
continuing disability
pending
Recoupment of
overpayment
Workers’ compensation
offset
Payee not determined
Substantial gainful activity
Imprisoned or confined
Entitled child not in care
Beneficiary earnings
Earnings of the other
beneficiaries
Government pension
offset
Technical entitlement
Other

Disabled adult children of—

All
beneficiaries

Workers

545,605

104,989

57,557

207,437

6,435

4,033

18,584

86,299

60,271

17,734

8,737

411

6,117

142

238

281

318

1,490

8,300

5,273

226

2,240

11

18

159

73

300

13,605

5,682

780

6,328

101

248

115

84

267

7,871
4,098
44,295
40,620
11,286
32,432

1,973
1,405
29,501
32,017
n.a.
n.a.

555
8
1,034
296
11,281
32,347

5,160
1,701
11,795
373
n.a.

100
5
83
33
n.a.

n.a.
26
134
120
5

74
84
639
1,302
n.a.

n.a.
147
340
1,158
n.a.

n.a.
722
769
5,321
n.a.

a

a

a

a

a

a

126

n.a.

5

a

a

a

a

112

a

2,233
316,845
46,160

n.a.
n.a.
20,401

1,713
7,321
1,580

n.a.
155,647
17,997

n.a.
5,672
277

520
2,260
460

n.a.
14,107
1,822

n.a.
82,997
1,066

n.a.
48,841
2,557

Children
Students
Disabled
Spouses under age 18 aged 18–19 widow(er)s

Disabled
workers

Retired Deceased
workers
workers

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file.
NOTES: These data represent the total number of beneficiaries with payments withheld in December 2002 regardless of when their payments
were initially withheld.
n.a. = not applicable.
a. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 or di.asr@ssa.gov for further information.

112 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

Benefits Terminated
Table 44.
Number and rate, 1960–2002
Total

Disabled workers

Disabled widow(er)s

Disabled adult children

Year

Number

Rate

Number

Rate

Number

Rate

Number

Rate

1960
1961
1962
1963
1964

91,543
118,842
132,144
143,008
144,422

164
160
149
144
134

89,090
115,546
128,299
137,850
138,576

196
187
173
167
155

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

2,453
3,296
3,845
5,158
5,846

24
27
26
31
32

1965
1966
1967
1968
1969

163,276
175,959
218,077
232,817
263,191

138
134
153
151
159

156,648
168,630
208,899
222,197
251,269

159
154
175
172
180

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

6,628
7,329
9,178
10,620
11,922

33
34
40
44
46

1970
1971
1972
1973
1974

272,239
278,092
275,663
317,237
336,246

154
144
129
136
130

260,444
266,471
261,739
304,792
320,958

174
162
143
151
143

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

11,795
11,621
13,924
12,445
15,288

44
41
46
39
45

1975
1976
1977
1978
1979

344,727
367,608
418,394
431,067
441,101

121
120
129
131
133

329,532
351,504
401,334
413,571
422,503

132
132
141
144
147

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

15,195
16,104
17,060
17,496
18,598

42
42
42
42
43

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

422,612
449,669
500,282
473,327
391,190

128
139
163
155
126

408,051
434,187
483,847
453,621
371,913

143
156
186
177
143

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

14,561
15,482
16,435
19,706
19,277

32
33
35
40
38

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

357,006
358,289
365,004
375,621
371,128

112
109
109
110
107

339,984
341,276
347,948
356,143
351,402

128
125
125
126
121

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

17,022
17,013
17,056
19,478
19,726

32
31
30
34
34

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

368,208
369,026
379,653
391,159
404,624

102
97
92
89
87

348,194
351,303
361,796
372,317
384,590

116
110
104
100
97

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

20,014
17,723
17,857
18,842
20,034

33
29
28
29
30

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

422,114
420,756
491,194
436,244
463,394

87
83
94
81
83

399,475
396,980
464,984
409,489
433,950

95
91
103
87
89

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

22,639
23,776
26,210
26,755
29,444

33
34
37
38
41

2000
2001
2002

493,651
513,472
535,465

86
83
82

460,351
459,073
479,364

91
87
87

n.a.
21,411
21,379

n.a.
105
103

33,300
32,988
34,722

46
45
47

SOURCES: Social Security Administration, Annual Statistical Supplement to the Social Security Bulletin, Table 5.A17 and 6.F1 for 1960–1999
data; Social Security Disabled Beneficiaries 100 percent file for 2000 data; Annual Termination file for 2000 data; Disabled Beneficiaries and
Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file for data beginning with 2001.
NOTES: The termination rate is the number of terminations per 1,000 beneficiaries in current payment status.
n.a. = not available.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 or di.asr@ssa.gov for further information.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 113

Benefits Terminated
Table 45.
Number, by reason for termination, 2002
Disabled adult children of—

Disabled workers and nondisabled dependents

Reason for termination
Total
Death of beneficiary
Termination resulting from
death of worker
Attainment of age—
18 by children
19 by students
65 by disabled workers
65 by disabled widow(er)s
Termination of spouse’s
benefit because child attains
age 16
Marriage, remarriage, or
divorce of beneficiary
Entitlement to an equal or
larger Social Security benefit
Does not meet medical
standards a
Medical improvement b
Work above substantial
gainful activity d
Miscellaneous reasons e
Student no longer attending
school
Other

Children
under age
Spouses
18

Students
aged
Disabled Disabled
18–19 widow(er)s workers

Retired Deceased
workers
workers

All
beneficiaries

Workers

962,268

479,364

53,590

282,771

90,442

21,379

10,182

6,463

18,077

206,837

180,602

1,372

952

66

6,797

557

3,106

13,385

36,066

n.a.

6,760

26,530

1,152

n.a.

1,617

7

n.a.

172,704
13,275
256,033
12,788

n.a.
n.a.
225,674
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
18,326
n.a.

172,704
n.a.
7,044
n.a.

n.a.
13,275
415
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
12,788

n.a.
n.a.
4,574
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

17,033

n.a.

17,033

n.a.

n.a.

n.a.

n.a.

n.a.

n.a.

9,684

n.a.

2,534

4,715

270

56

364

264

1,481

4,111

n.a.

1,503

846

35

615

306

532

274

112,607
17,918

62,788
17,866

2,806

40,906

388

912

2,712

c

c

264
52

1,831

c

c

c

c

29,308
15,826

29,165
15,757

c

c

c

c

c

c

c

143
69

c

c

c

c

c

73,400
47,730

n.a.
10,300

n.a.
3,256

n.a.
29,074

73,400
1,441

n.a.
859

n.a.
933

n.a.
1,642

n.a.
225

SOURCES: Social Security Administration, Annual Termination file; 2002 Termination Supplement file.
NOTES: These data represent the total number of beneficiaries whose benefits were terminated during the calendar year regardless of the
effective date of the termination.
n.a. = not applicable.
a. Dependents benefits terminate when the disabled worker no longer meets the requirements for disability benefits. Disabled widow(er)s and
disabled adult children of deceased or retired workers lose their benefits when they no longer meet the requirements for disability benefits.
b. Includes beneficiaries who medically improved, who did not cooperate during the medical review, or whose whereabouts are unknown.
c. Not available.
d. Excludes disabled beneficiaries whose monthly benefits have been suspended because they are engaging in substantial gainful activity
during the extended period of eligibility.
e. Includes beneficiaries who did not comply with alcohol or drug abuse treatment programs or who refused vocational rehabilitation services.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 or di.asr@ssa.gov for further information.

114 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

Benefits Terminated
Table 46.
Number and rate, by state or other area, 2002
Total
State or area

Disabled workers

Disabled widow(er)s

Disabled adult children

Number

Rate

Number

Rate

Number

Rate

Number

Rate

535,465

82

479,364

87

21,379

103

34,722

47

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

12,043
758
9,324
8,076
46,051

74
83
85
83
84

10,580
698
8,647
7,188
41,977

76
85
88
84
89

621
23
304
382
1,436

97
103
102
104
106

842
37
373
506
2,638

50
53
45
57
43

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

6,037
5,621
1,584
996
34,255

85
81
84
97
89

5,540
5,040
1,440
900
31,665

87
87
87
105
93

197
153
56
41
1,112

111
96
112
146
99

300
428
88
55
1,478

53
45
46
41
45

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

17,255
1,471
2,161
19,798
11,953

87
79
81
86
84

15,567
1,333
1,998
17,515
10,531

91
84
85
91
88

731
52
63
870
506

101
112
86
116
107

957
86
100
1,413
916

48
37
40
44
54

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

4,921
4,562
11,977
9,987
3,180

80
86
75
82
71

4,352
4,082
10,458
8,536
2,861

85
90
76
87
73

172
151
664
619
120

100
101
97
109
101

397
329
855
832
199

46
54
53
47
45

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

7,916
11,959
19,180
7,169
8,723

88
78
78
81
80

7,177
10,787
16,827
6,428
7,682

94
82
83
85
82

271
331
863
183
435

113
97
108
99
97

468
841
1,490
558
606

43
47
45
49
52

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

12,722
1,771
2,765
3,985
2,226

81
85
84
99
76

11,340
1,591
2,471
3,743
2,033

83
88
88
101
78

521
67
77
130
72

97
112
93
126
102

861
113
217
112
121

54
53
52
48
46

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

14,460
3,403
34,639
20,042
1,028

92
83
81
82
86

13,109
3,097
31,034
18,244
893

98
87
86
86
93

425
120
1,183
719
31

102
98
96
88
102

926
186
2,422
1,079
104

47
45
43
47
51

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

21,842
7,392
6,057
23,206
2,228

86
87
84
80
77

18,964
6,577
5,517
20,362
2,034

91
90
87
84
81

1,153
338
209
1,031
60

122
106
108
107
89

1,725
477
331
1,813
134

49
53
48
47
44

All areas

a

(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 115

Benefits Terminated
Table 46.
Number and rate, by state or other area, 2002—Continued
Total
State or area

Disabled workers

Disabled widow(er)s

Disabled adult children

Number

Rate

Number

Rate

Number

Rate

Number

Rate

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

10,550
1,243
15,113
30,605
2,397

81
82
83
88
85

9,506
1,108
13,409
27,491
2,142

85
87
86
93
89

462
38
756
1,348
79

95
98
103
104
115

582
97
948
1,766
176

44
47
52
45
54

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

1,297
13,116
9,405
5,779
9,285
867

82
81
82
71
84
91

1,162
11,757
8,591
4,923
8,205
797

86
84
85
72
89
95

49
538
276
394
285
29

110
97
94
108
108
111

86
821
538
462
795
41

47
48
48
46
51
46

9,095
1,839

58
91

7,775
1,542

60
109

507
121

99
136

813
176

36
33

Outlying areas
Puerto Rico
Other b

SOURCES: Social Security Administration, Annual Termination file; Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file.
NOTE: The termination rate is the number of terminations per 1,000 beneficiaries in current payment status.
a. Includes beneficiaries with unknown state code.
b. Includes American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, Virgin Islands, and foreign countries.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 or di.asr@ssa.gov for further information.

116 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

Disabled Workers Who Work
Table 47.
Distribution of workers with payments withheld due to substantial work, by diagnostic group and age,
December 2002
Diagnostic group

Total

Under 30

30–39

40–49

50–59

60–FRA

Number
Total
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic
diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

29,501

2,751

7,210

10,150

7,536

1,854

75

25

25

14

11

0

1,064
1,111
2,120

53
21
281

222
386
612

402
523
626

328
168
458

59
13
143

1,103
8,770
2,518

347
919
192

402
2,453
437

265
3,315
738

83
1,841
917

6
242
234

207
1,445
664
1,056

33
52
28
113

68
178
114
323

60
368
239
345

35
592
245
235

11
255
38
40

5,129
3,021
387
70
61
700

127
466
21

785
939
65
20
16
165

1,901
937
117
20
16
264

1,707
565
139
20
19
173

609
114
45

a
a

60

a
a

38

Percent
Total
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic
diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

0.3

0.9

0.3

0.1

0.1

0

3.6
3.8
7.2

1.9
0.8
10.2

3.1
5.4
8.5

4.0
5.2
6.2

4.4
2.2
6.1

3.2
0.7
7.7

3.7
29.7
8.5

12.6
33.4
7.0

5.6
34.0
6.1

2.6
32.7
7.3

1.1
24.4
12.2

0.3
13.1
12.6

0.7
4.9
2.3
3.6

1.2
1.9
1.0
4.1

0.9
2.5
1.6
4.5

0.6
3.6
2.4
3.4

0.5
7.9
3.3
3.1

0.6
13.8
2.0
2.2

17.4
10.2
1.3
0.2
0.2
2.4

4.6
16.9
0.8

10.9
13.0
0.9
0.3
0.2
2.3

18.7
9.2
1.2
0.2
0.2
2.6

22.7
7.5
1.8
0.3
0.3
2.3

32.8
6.1
2.4

a
a

2.2

a
a

2.0

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file.
NOTES: These data represent the total number of beneficiaries with benefits withheld in December 2002 regardless of when their benefits
were initially withheld.
FRA = full retirement age.
a. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 or di.asr@ssa.gov for further information.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 117

Disabled Workers Who Work
Table 48.
Distribution of workers with benefits terminated due to successful return to work,
by diagnostic group and age, 2002
Diagnostic group

Total

Under 30

30–39

40–49

50–59

60–FRA

Number
Total
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic
diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

29,165

2,032

8,469

10,259

6,588

1,817

91

18

a

22

12

a

992
1,293
1,925

35
22
159

207
457
658

395
566
665

289
224
324

66
24
119

2,097
9,889
1,282

372
636
103

968
3,056
239

567
3,808
383

167
2,054
412

23
335
145

181
1,188
418
1,138

33
31
21
93

65
150
75
403

52
299
136
384

23
450
149
223

8
258
37
35

4,022
3,370
343
73
31
832

79
355
22

589
1,280
62
20

1,479
1,050
110
29
10
304

1,333
579
91
20
13
225

542
106
58

a
a

a

49

198

a
a

56

Percent
Total
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic
diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

0.3

0.9

a

0.2

0.2

a

3.4
4.4
6.6

1.7
1.1
7.8

2.4
5.4
7.8

3.9
5.5
6.5

4.4
3.4
4.9

3.6
1.3
6.5

7.2
33.9
4.4

18.3
31.3
5.1

11.4
36.1
2.8

5.5
37.1
3.7

2.5
31.2
6.3

1.3
18.4
8.0

0.6
4.1
1.4
3.9

1.6
1.5
1.0
4.6

0.8
1.8
0.9
4.8

0.5
2.9
1.3
3.7

0.3
6.8
2.3
3.4

0.4
14.2
2.0
1.9

13.8
11.6
1.2
0.3
0.1
2.9

3.9
17.5
1.1

7.0
15.1
0.7
0.2

14.4
10.2
1.1
0.3
0.1
3.0

20.2
8.8
1.4
0.3
0.2
3.4

29.8
5.8
3.2

a
a

a

2.4

2.3

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, 2002 Termination Supplement file.
NOTE: FRA = full retirement age.
a. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov for further information.

118 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

a
a

3.1

Disabled Workers Who Work
Table 49.
Distribution, by state or other area, 2002
Workers with benefits withheld due to
substantial work, December

Workers with benefits terminated due to
successful return to work, calendar year

All workers,
December

Number

Percentage
of all workers

Number

Percentage
of all workers

5,539,597

29,501

0.5

29,165

0.5

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

139,276
8,197
97,886
85,310
470,665

283
54
539
296
3,033

0.2
0.7
0.6
0.3
0.6

352
45
635
284
2,624

0.3
0.5
0.6
0.3
0.6

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

63,770
58,123
16,492
8,608
339,296

501
390
105
30
1,406

0.8
0.7
0.6
0.3
0.4

553
392
100
74
1,568

0.9
0.7
0.6
0.9
0.5

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

171,333
15,844
23,513
191,744
120,126

542
90
110
1,508
699

0.3
0.6
0.5
0.8
0.6

669
68
128
1,412
690

0.4
0.4
0.5
0.7
0.6

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

51,446
45,339
137,541
98,302
38,926

336
311
471
339
307

0.7
0.7
0.3
0.3
0.8

322
281
459
347
227

0.6
0.6
0.3
0.4
0.6

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

76,354
132,229
203,632
75,509
93,231

388
1,190
1,174
631
235

0.5
0.9
0.6
0.8
0.3

534
1,075
1,314
682
291

0.7
0.8
0.6
0.9
0.3

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

135,948
18,077
27,999
37,072
25,971

685
83
234
212
298

0.5
0.5
0.8
0.6
1.1

694
75
174
271
225

0.5
0.4
0.6
0.7
0.9

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

133,918
35,601
359,653
213,194
9,654

907
129
2,426
782
61

0.7
0.4
0.7
0.4
0.6

824
222
2,130
904
58

0.6
0.6
0.6
0.4
0.6

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

208,282
72,737
63,547
241,917
25,225

1,401
223
332
1,455
211

0.7
0.3
0.5
0.6
0.8

1,435
271
313
1,140
155

0.7
0.4
0.5
0.5
0.6

State or area
All areas a

(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 119

Disabled Workers Who Work
Table 49.
Distribution, by state or other area, 2002—Continued
Workers with benefits withheld due to
substantial work, December

Workers with benefits terminated due to
successful return to work, calendar year

All workers,
December

Number

Percentage
of all workers

Number

Percentage
of all workers

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

112,264
12,754
155,631
296,565
24,186

242
106
519
1,304
163

0.2
0.8
0.3
0.4
0.7

336
103
590
1,468
191

0.3
0.8
0.4
0.5
0.8

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

13,543
139,695
101,078
67,905
91,892
8,379

141
704
814
183
755
53

1.0
0.5
0.8
0.3
0.8
0.6

114
650
798
143
644
43

0.8
0.5
0.8
0.2
0.7
0.5

Outlying areas
Puerto Rico
Other

128,630
15,520

88
10

0.1
0.1

53
10

0
0.1

State or area

SOURCES: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file; 2002 Termination
Supplement file.
a. Includes beneficiaries with unknown state code.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 or di.asr@ssa.gov for further information.

120 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

Tables
Outcomes of Applications
for Disabled-Worker Benefits

Notes
The tables in this section provide data on the outcomes of disabled-worker applications. The data on applications are derived from the Social Security Administration's (SSA's) Disability Research File (DRF) maintained
by the Office of Disability Programs. Each year the DRF is updated with information about applications for
disability benefits that is then used to determine the outcome of those applications. The outcome data in
these tables are reported by year of filing and include decisions made through the administrative appeals process.
Table 50 shows the total number of applications filed in a year, the number denied for nonmedical reasons
before a medical decision is made (technical denials), the number that are pending a final decision, the outcome of applications for which a medical allowance or denial was made, and award and allowance rates.
Applications for which a medical allowance or denial decision was made but were subsequently denied for
nonmedical reasons are shown under the medical decision header as subsequent denials. The most common nonmedical reason for denying a claim is insufficient number of recent work credits.
The allowance rate is calculated by dividing the number of medical allowances (including subsequent technical denials) by the total number of medical decisions made for a 1-year cohort. The award rate is a broader
program measure that is calculated as the number of allowances minus subsequent denials divided by total
applications (minus pending claims) filed for a given year.
Claims that remain pending after 6 years are probably the result of imperfect data rather than excessive
delays in the decisionmaking process. It is highly probable that decisions have been rendered on most of the
older claims. For more recent years, the award and allowance rates will change as decisions are made on
pending claims.
Tables 51–53 show the allowance rate for Social Security only and the Social Security portion of concurrent (a
claim for both Social Security and SSI disability benefits) applications, one for each level in the administrative
decisionmaking process, that is, initial, reconsideration, and hearing or higher level.
Beginning with 2000, the proportion of claims awarded at each level of the process changed as a result of the
Prototype Process being tested in 10 states. Under this test, the reconsideration step of the appeals process
was eliminated for applications filed October 1, 1999, or later. Elimination of the reconsideration level in these
states results in a decrease in the aggregate proportion of claims awarded at this step.
This section includes one table that shows the reason for medical allowance and one that shows reason for
medical denial (Tables 54 and 55). The reasons are derived from the sequential evaluation process used by
decisionmakers. SSA maintains a list of impairments that are considered disabling under its regulations. An
applicant can be found to be disabled if he or she:



Has a listed impairment,
Has a severe impairment that is equal to a listed impairment,
Has a severe impairment when medical and vocational factors are considered, or
Had previously established entitlement to a disability benefit.

An applicant can be denied benefits if he or she:




Has an impairment that is not expected to last 12 months,
Has an impairment that is not considered severe,
Is able to perform his or her usual type of work,
Is able to perform another type of work, or
Has an impairment resulting from drug addiction or alcoholism, provides insufficient medical evidence,
fails to cooperate, fails to follow prescribed treatment, does not want to continue development of the
claim, or returns to substantial work before disability can be established.

Outcomes of Applications for Disabled-Worker Benefits
Table 50.
Outcomes at all adjudicative levels, by year of application, 1992–2001
Medical decisions
Denials

Allowances

Award
rate d
(percent)

Allowance
rate e
(percent)

Year

Total

Pending
final
decision

1992
1993
1994

1,310,004
1,384,501
1,383,092

0
0
0

130,885
140,314
130,246

481,439
540,998
573,402

5,725
5,626
5,507

689,111
694,915
671,540

2,844
2,648
2,397

52.6
50.2
48.6

58.8
56.2
53.9

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

1,301,472
1,313,818
1,164,680
1,138,101
1,167,664

6,156
7,586
8,321
10,420
21,287

123,651
116,932
106,807
96,627
102,203

536,589
531,269
443,910
415,648
407,277

5,052
5,014
4,219
4,220
4,040

627,788
650,901
599,564
609,141
631,067

2,236
2,116
1,859
2,045
1,790

48.5
49.8
51.8
54.0
55.0

53.9
55.0
57.4
59.4
60.7

2000
2001

1,257,160
1,388,090

73,927
239,575

133,821
167,075

405,907
415,530

3,930
3,836

637,677
560,094

1,898
1,980

53.9
48.8

61.1
57.4

Technical
denials a

Medical

Subsequent
nonmedical b

Subsequent
Awards
denials c

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disability Research file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Data for the initial and reconsideration levels are current through June 2002. Data for the hearing level or above are current through
July 2002.
Because a number of applications remain pending for more recent years, the award and allowance rates will change over time. Cases can be
pending at the initial or appellate levels and can include either medical or technical issues.
Includes decisions for Social Security-only applications and applications for both Social Security and SSI. Does not include SSI-only
applications.
a. Applications denied for nonmedical reasons so no decision was made on severity of impairment.
b. Applications denied for nonmedical reasons after a decision was made that applicant did not meet the medical severity criteria for disability
benefits.
c. Applications denied for nonmedical reasons after a decision was made that applicant met the medical severity criteria for disability benefits.
d. Rate determined by dividing awards by all applications minus pending claims for that year.
e. Rate determined by dividing medical allowances by all medical decisions for that year.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or di.asr@ssa.gov for further information.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 123

Outcomes of Applications for Disabled-Worker Benefits
Table 51.
Medical decisions at the initial adjudicative level, by year of application and program, 1992–2001
Decisions on applications for
Social Security only

All decisions

Decisions on applications
for both Social Security and SSI

Year

Total

Allowances

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

1992
1993
1994

1,179,119
1,244,187
1,252,846

436,715
421,560
390,785

37.0
33.9
31.2

558,741
571,464
591,402

248,385
240,839
233,059

44.5
42.1
39.4

620,378
672,723
661,444

188,330
180,721
157,726

30.4
26.9
23.8

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

1,177,754
1,196,824
1,057,779
1,041,340
1,065,234

367,293
384,167
357,880
374,376
397,335

31.2
32.1
33.8
36.0
37.3

569,956
593,986
551,876
550,751
578,691

223,457
237,474
228,793
238,989
259,910

39.2
40.0
41.5
43.4
44.9

607,798
602,838
505,903
490,589
486,543

143,836
146,693
129,087
135,387
137,425

23.7
24.3
25.5
27.6
28.2

2000
2001

1,122,536
1,218,623

433,188
479,779

38.6
39.4

609,243
652,076

281,585
312,640

46.2
47.9

513,293
566,547

151,603
167,139

29.5
29.5

Total

Allowances

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Total

Allowances

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disability Research file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Data are current through June 2002.
Because a number of applications remain pending for more recent years, the allowance rate will change over time.
Applications with a medical decision may be pending a final nonmedical decision or subsequently denied for nonmedical reasons.
a. Rate determined by dividing medical allowances by all medical decisions for that year.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or di.asr@ssa.gov for further information.

124 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

Outcomes of Applications for Disabled-Worker Benefits
Table 52.
Medical decisions at the reconsideration level, by year of application and program, 1992–2001
Decisions on applications
for Social Security only

All decisions

Decisions on applications
for both Social Security and SSI

Year

Total

Allowances

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

1992
1993
1994

419,798
469,151
489,725

53,881
58,275
62,757

12.8
12.4
12.8

190,594
206,606
226,007

25,352
27,306
31,468

13.3
13.2
13.9

229,204
262,545
263,718

28,529
30,969
31,289

12.4
11.8
11.9

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

458,029
464,576
403,192
384,954
385,349

60,584
65,466
59,978
61,742
57,808

13.2
14.1
14.9
16.0
15.0

218,943
226,327
206,115
199,249
203,636

31,563
33,596
33,373
34,043
33,192

14.4
14.8
16.2
17.1
16.3

239,086
238,249
197,077
185,705
181,713

29,021
31,870
26,605
27,699
24,616

12.1
13.4
13.5
14.9
13.5

2000
2001

388,345
347,863

54,356
41,015

14.0
11.8

204,118
177,859

31,327
23,677

15.3
13.3

184,227
170,004

23,029
17,338

12.5
10.2

Total

Allowances

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Total

Allowances

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disability Research file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Data are current through June 2002.
Because a number of applications remain pending for more recent years, the allowance rate will change over time.
Applications with a medical decision may be pending a final nonmedical decision or subsequently denied for nonmedical reasons.
A revised process was introduced on October 1, 1999, in 10 states, under which initial denials could be appealed directly to the hearing level
without a reconsideration.
a. Rate determined by dividing medical allowances by all medical decisions for that year.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or di.asr@ssa.gov for further information.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 125

Outcomes of Applications for Disabled-Worker Benefits
Table 53.
Medical decisions at the hearing level or above, by year of application and program, 1992–2001
Decisions on applications
for Social Security only

All decisions

Decisions on applications
for both Social Security and SSI

Year

Total

Allowances

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

1992
1993
1994

275,863
310,655
323,601

201,359
217,724
220,394

73.0
70.1
68.1

131,624
143,997
156,452

105,371
112,561
119,251

80.1
78.2
76.2

144,239
166,658
167,149

95,988
105,163
101,143

66.5
63.1
60.5

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

295,811
298,700
259,010
241,121
238,480

202,147
203,384
183,565
175,068
177,714

68.3
68.1
70.9
72.6
74.5

148,614
154,758
137,317
130,092
131,091

113,512
115,671
106,259
102,764
105,509

76.4
74.7
77.4
79.0
80.5

147,197
143,942
121,693
111,029
107,389

88,635
87,713
77,306
72,304
72,205

60.2
60.9
63.5
65.1
67.2

2000
2001

202,880
53,555

152,031
41,280

74.9
77.1

113,620
31,333

91,817
25,817

80.8
82.4

89,260
22,222

60,214
15,463

67.5
69.6

Total

Allowances

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Total

Allowances

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disability Research file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Data are current through July 2002.
Because a number of applications remain pending for more recent years, the allowance rate will change over time.
Applications with a medical decision may be pending a final nonmedical decision or subsequently denied for nonmedical reasons.
A revised process was introduced on October 1, 1999, in 10 states, under which initial denials could be appealed directly to the hearing level
without a reconsideration.
a. Rate determined by dividing medical allowances by all medical decisions for that year.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or di.asr@ssa.gov for further information.

126 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

Outcomes of Applications for Disabled-Worker Benefits
Table 54.
Percentage distribution of final medical allowances, by year of application and reason for allowance,
1992–2001
Total

Medical and
Meets level of
Equals level of vocational factors
Percent severity of listings severity of listings
considered

Other a

Year

Number

1992
1993
1994

689,111
694,915
671,540

100.0
100.0
100.0

34.3
34.3
34.5

11.1
8.7
6.9

24.3
23.6
25.6

30.3
33.4
32.9

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

627,788
650,901
599,564
609,141
631,067

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

34.5
34.2
35.1
35.7
34.1

6.8
7.0
7.6
6.6
6.3

26.9
27.5
26.5
27.1
28.7

31.9
31.3
30.8
30.5
30.9

2000
2001

637,677
560,094

100.0
100.0

34.4
40.4

7.1
8.4

33.2
40.9

25.3
10.3

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disability Research file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Data for the initial and reconsideration levels are current through June 2002. Data for the hearing level or above are current through
July 2002.
Because a number of applications remain pending for more recent years, the numbers and percentages will change over time.
Applications with a medical decision may be pending a final nonmedical decision or subsequently denied for nonmedical reasons.
Includes decisions for Social Security-only applications and applications for both Social Security and SSI. Does not include SSI-only claims.
a. Includes applications for which the disability was previously established and those for which the basis for the determination is not available.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or di.asr@ssa.gov for further information.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 127

Outcomes of Applications for Disabled-Worker Benefits
Table 55.
Percentage distribution of final medical denials, by year of application and reason for denial, 1992–2001
Total

Year

Number

Percent

Impairment did
not or is not
expected to
last 12 months

1992
1993
1994

487,164
546,624
578,909

100.0
100.0
100.0

10.7
10.4
10.2

22.9
22.7
21.5

28.4
27.6
25.9

29.6
29.8
28.8

8.4
9.5
13.6

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

541,641
536,283
448,129
419,868
411,317

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

10.7
10.3
10.7
10.9
10.8

20.9
19.8
18.6
18.3
17.4

25.5
24.9
25.8
27.7
29.2

29.6
30.8
30.6
30.7
29.8

13.4
14.2
14.2
12.4
12.8

2000
2001

409,837
419,366

100.0
100.0

10.8
10.3

16.7
15.9

29.1
28.9

29.1
29.4

14.3
15.6

Impairment Able to do usual Able to do other
is not severe
past work
type of work

Other a

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disability Research file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Data for the initial and reconsideration levels are current through June 2002. Data for the hearing level or above are current through
July 2002.
Because a number of applications remain pending for more recent years, the numbers and percentages will change over time.
Applications with a medical decision may be pending a final nonmedical decision or subsequently denied for nonmedical reasons.
Includes decisions for Social Security-only applications and applications for both Social Security and SSI. Does not include SSI-only claims.
a. Applicant has an impairment resulting from drug addiction or alcoholism, provided insufficient medical evidence, failed to cooperate, failed
to follow prescribed treatment, did not want to continue development of the claim, or returned to substantial work before disability could be
established.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or di.asr@ssa.gov for further information.

128 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

Tables
Disabled Beneficiaries
Receiving Social Security,
SSI, or Both

Disabled Beneficiaries Receiving Social Security, SSI, or Both
Table 56.
Number aged 18–64, by program, December 1996–2002
Average monthly benefit a
(dollars)

Number

SSI only

Both
Social
Security
and SSI

Social
Security
only

Total monthly benefits b
(millions of dollars)

SSI only

Both
Social
Security
and SSI

Social
Security
only

SSI only

Both
Social
Security
and SSI

Year

Total

Social
Security
only

1996
1997
1998
1999

7,689,664
7,811,748
8,086,259
8,399,309

4,122,152
4,250,155
4,440,264
4,703,774

2,559,750
2,550,105
2,618,615
2,650,586

1,007,762
1,011,488
1,027,380
1,044,949

744.60
762.80
775.00
784.10

456.00
458.10
467.90
477.60

546.90
557.10
564.30
576.70

3,072
3,245
3,444
3,691

1,222
1,257
1,313
1,346

584
604
622
643

2000
2001
2002

8,599,465
8,791,338
9,106,014

4,850,835
4,979,844
5,228,262

2,690,446
2,732,020
2,768,782

1,058,184
1,079,474
1,108,970

818.80
862.60
884.60

489.00
506.80
522.50

594.90
615.20
625.20

3,975
4,299
4,629

1,408
1,491
1,544

675
719
747

SOURCES: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file; Supplemental Security
Record file.
NOTE: SSI counts include recipients of federal SSI, federally administered state supplementation, or both. Social Security beneficiaries who
are entitled to both a primary and a secondary benefit (dual entitlement) are counted only once in this table.
a. Excludes retroactive payments for both programs.
b. Includes retroactive SSI payments.
CONTACT: Art Kahn (410) 965-0186 or di.asr@ssa.gov for further information.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 131

Disabled Beneficiaries Receiving Social Security, SSI, or Both
Table 57.
Number aged 18–64, by state or other area, December 2002
Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult children

State or area

Total

Number
with SSI

Average
SSI
benefit a
(dollars)

All areas

5,539,597

801,351

178.60

122,571

34,671

186.00

675,064

272,948

232.10

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

139,276
8,197
97,886
85,310
470,665

21,793
1,369
10,433
12,154
128,183

147.10
155.60
156.40
146.90
264.40

3,620
156
1,656
1,945
8,755

1,264
41
335
663
3,609

162.90
194.40
175.70
148.00
282.80

15,375
664
7,830
8,139
57,576

8,181
292
2,945
4,111
36,571

211.80
225.70
206.90
216.20
339.60

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

63,770
58,123
16,492
8,608
339,296

8,262
6,078
1,711
1,614
42,526

150.70
149.70
156.50
169.70
152.50

974
877
234
216
5,864

211
280
48
81
1,487

182.20
172.80
174.60
163.10
166.00

5,241
8,366
1,720
1,247
30,249

2,109
2,138
586
440
12,139

198.10
212.00
192.60
239.50
204.60

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

171,333
15,844
23,513
191,744
120,126

23,952
1,885
3,420
22,011
14,110

141.60
205.30
161.10
166.60
164.10

3,943
310
398
4,565
2,460

1,445
76
74
1,078
445

157.40
215.20
156.00
178.60
159.30

18,374
2,023
2,256
28,820
15,206

9,207
988
887
7,529
3,736

200.00
363.00
188.60
208.70
200.00

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

51,446
45,339
137,541
98,302
38,926

7,584
6,242
22,239
15,321
6,126

163.60
159.60
154.60
156.00
152.80

851
778
4,614
4,173
662

204
173
1,532
1,335
183

154.90
168.40
173.90
167.70
148.50

7,499
5,388
14,629
16,680
3,867

2,391
1,770
7,451
7,841
1,863

182.10
196.40
222.70
224.40
203.80

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

76,354
132,229
203,632
75,509
93,231

9,018
24,155
25,305
9,449
15,401

151.40
181.90
170.50
157.10
145.30

1,501
2,001
4,745
915
2,652

349
773
1,025
185
1,075

163.20
231.00
164.20
189.90
171.90

9,764
15,839
29,955
10,027
10,687

3,212
6,553
11,967
3,047
6,021

187.50
229.10
198.50
193.40
228.20

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

135,948
18,077
27,999
37,072
25,971

17,924
2,434
3,945
3,901
2,340

159.80
155.20
153.20
154.60
149.80

2,874
328
423
545
296

767
90
79
83
52

170.60
173.70
195.50
179.50
147.70

14,455
1,915
3,620
2,192
2,319

5,648
832
1,306
731
731

207.80
193.40
194.30
206.60
189.10

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

133,918
35,601
359,653
213,194
9,654

15,654
5,541
57,682
26,932
1,360

161.50
154.90
204.80
148.60
151.20

2,146
837
7,507
3,795
170

572
264
2,651
1,315
48

188.00
171.00
213.40
163.10
156.50

17,789
3,865
50,406
20,290
1,735

5,518
1,971
23,593
9,245
633

210.50
221.10
272.70
200.90
195.50

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

208,282
72,737
63,547
241,917
25,225

28,495
9,317
9,141
33,472
4,665

169.70
161.30
155.60
178.50
172.50

6,086
1,843
1,050
5,973
331

1,333
510
200
1,596
117

169.80
164.20
160.50
190.40
208.10

31,660
8,107
6,322
33,979
2,635

9,280
3,191
2,262
13,016
1,293

202.60
207.60
193.00
226.90
231.20

Total

Number
with SSI

Average
SSI
benefit a
(dollars)

Total

Number
with SSI

Average
SSI
benefit a
(dollars)

(Continued)

132 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

Disabled Beneficiaries Receiving Social Security, SSI, or Both
Table 57.
Number aged 18–64, by state or other area, December 2002—Continued
Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult children

Total

Number
with SSI

Average
SSI
benefit a
(dollars)

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

112,264
12,754
155,631
296,565
24,186

12,505
1,904
21,540
42,985
3,063

148.70
160.50
152.90
153.40
161.80

2,498
214
4,189
8,117
360

859
76
1,341
2,392
75

167.90
185.70
172.80
171.50
183.70

11,995
1,759
16,478
36,285
2,975

5,553
825
7,916
14,980
919

199.60
191.80
209.60
212.90
194.90

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

13,543
139,695
101,078
67,905
91,892
8,379

2,524
16,548
14,141
8,357
13,388
1,039

179.10
149.30
157.50
155.80
159.00
156.50

246
3,167
1,672
2,663
1,324
127

91
880
319
613
338
23

165.60
153.70
187.00
161.40
162.50
184.50

1,638
15,272
10,214
8,976
13,725
808

956
6,293
3,357
3,975
4,603
247

223.10
202.60
191.70
219.70
180.40
187.00

Outlying areas b

144,218

213

197.80

4,925

16

222.40

26,229

99

314.10

State or area

Total

Number
with SSI

Average
SSI
benefit a
(dollars)

Total

Number
with SSI

Average
SSI
benefit a
(dollars)

SOURCES: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file; Supplemental Security
Record file.
NOTE: SSI counts include recipients of federal SSI, federally administered state supplementation, or both. Social Security beneficiaries who
are entitled to both a primary and a secondary benefit (dual entitlement) are counted only once in this table.
a. Does not include retroactive payments.
b. Includes American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, and foreign countries.
CONTACT: Art Kahn (410) 965-0186 or di.asr@ssa.gov for further information.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 133

Disabled Beneficiaries Receiving Social Security, SSI, or Both
Table 58.
Number aged 18–64 as a percentage of the resident population aged 18–64, by state,
December 2002
Beneficiaries
Resident population a

Number

Percentage of
resident population

179,872,304

8,930,403

5.0

2,790,858
412,158
3,278,354
1,656,170
21,946,806

223,378
13,649
145,069
127,324
921,118

8.0
3.3
4.4
7.7
4.2

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

2,920,952
2,115,336
512,199
390,236
9,976,040

92,842
90,892
23,449
19,895
508,449

3.2
4.3
4.6
5.1
5.1

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

5,478,181
782,474
819,551
7,846,848
3,806,760

272,762
26,952
34,844
348,371
179,801

5.0
3.4
4.3
4.4
4.7

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

1,805,930
1,664,271
2,651,827
2,776,526
829,023

77,814
67,241
242,292
192,450
57,271

4.3
4.0
9.1
6.9
6.9

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

3,461,513
4,100,766
6,248,262
3,165,854
1,764,784

126,398
220,757
342,593
116,231
155,342

3.7
5.4
5.5
3.7
8.8

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

3,517,921
570,327
1,057,653
1,360,646
814,108

203,746
26,875
40,890
51,728
34,340

5.8
4.7
3.9
3.8
4.2

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

5,341,712
1,133,099
12,070,771
5,252,915
393,222

209,463
60,144
668,825
306,975
14,629

3.9
5.3
5.5
5.8
3.7

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

7,027,968
2,159,695
2,222,440
7,562,677
678,191

371,403
115,225
96,027
424,070
39,779

5.3
5.3
4.3
5.6
5.9

State
United States
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

(Continued)

134 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

Disabled Beneficiaries Receiving Social Security, SSI, or Both
Table 58.
Number aged 18–64 as a percentage of the resident population aged 18–64, by state,
December 2002—Continued
Beneficiaries
State
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

Resident population a

Number

Percentage of
resident population

2,624,764
457,116
3,673,451
13,524,681
1,404,203

168,374
19,415
245,870
498,388
37,115

6.4
4.2
6.7
3.7
2.6

397,689
4,696,693
3,878,104
1,136,728
3,396,714
317,137

20,321
209,503
163,984
119,967
144,264
11,899

5.1
4.5
4.2
10.6
4.2
3.8

SOURCES: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file; Supplemental Security
Record file; U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 estimates of resident population.
NOTE: Excludes United States territories and other areas.
a. Population estimates for the United States as of July 1, 2002, as reported by the U.S. Census Bureau.
CONTACT: Art Kahn (410) 965-0186 or di.asr@ssa.gov for further information

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 135

Tables
Noninstitutionalized
Disabled Beneficiaries:
Survey of Income and
Program Participation

Notes
The Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) is a household survey of the noninstitutionalized resident population of the United States conducted by the U.S. Census
Bureau. The survey was designed to improve the measurement of the economic situation
of persons, families, and households in the United States and to provide a tool for managing and evaluating government transfer and service programs.
The 2001 SIPP panel consists of 9 interviews, or waves, each of which gathered 4 months
of retrospective data. The sample includes approximately 36,700 households, divided into
4 rotation groups. The Social Security Administration (SSA) has matched SIPP data to its
administrative records. Receipt of Social Security Disability Insurance (DI) and Supplemental Security Income (SSI) disability benefits and the DI and SSI benefit amounts are
based on December 2001 SSA records for sample members who provided a valid Social
Security Number (SSN), while those items are based on SIPP self-reports for sample
members who did not provide a valid SSN. All other characteristics are taken from the
SIPP. SIPP sample weights are used to produce population estimates. The weights have
been adjusted by DI beneficiary type so the population totals match counts of noninstitutionalized DI beneficiaries from SSA records.
Poverty calculations based on the SIPP use survey-reported family income for 2001, with
the survey-reported DI and SSI benefit amounts adjusted to reflect SSA administrative
data for those cases in which sample members provided valid SSNs. The poverty thresholds are provided in the SIPP and are adjusted for family size and composition. In 2001,
the poverty threshold for a one-person family under age 65 was $9,214. For a two-person
family aged 65 or older, the poverty threshold was $10,715. For a four-person family with
two related children under the age of 18, the poverty threshold was $17,960.
In tabulations of Medicaid coverage, the SIPP Medicaid variable has been recoded to
reflect the fact that SSI beneficiaries in certain states, sometimes referred to as Section
1634 states, are automatically covered by Medicaid. Thirty-two states plus the District of
Columbia provide automatic Medicaid coverage for SSI beneficiaries, accounting for
approximately 78 percent of all SSI beneficiaries.
SIPP and SSA counts of disabled beneficiaries differ because the SIPP excludes people
living in institutions or outside the continental United States. In addition, the match rate
between the SIPP and SSA records is not perfect. Furthermore, the SIPP estimates are
based on a sample and therefore are subject to sampling error. Standard errors can be
used to measure this sampling variability. Various sources of nonsampling error also may
be important.
Because the SIPP uses a complex sample design, it is inappropriate to calculate standard
errors assuming a simple random sample. Doing so will result in estimated standard
errors that are biased downward. Readers interested in information about SIPP variance
estimates are referred to the Source and Accuracy Statement for the 1996 Public Use
Files from the Survey of Income and Program Participation, available on the SIPP Internet
site at www.sipp.census.gov/sipp/sourceac/s&a96_040501.pdf. (A source and accuracy
statement is not yet available for the 2001 SIPP.) The source and accuracy statement provides information on direct calculation of standard errors for SIPP estimates. It also provides detailed instructions for calculating standard errors using generalized variance
parameters and simplified tables.

Noninstitutionalized Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 59.
Distribution, by selected personal characteristics, December 2001
Number
Characteristic

Percentage of all beneficiaries

Total

Workers

Total

Workers

5,926,358

5,165,899

n.a.

n.a.

3,145,639
2,780,719

2,834,584
2,331,315

53.1
46.9

54.9
45.1

4,525,786
1,243,712

3,999,041
1,035,234

76.4
21.0

77.4
20.0

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

533,352
5,393,007

452,033
4,713,866

9.0
91.0

8.8
91.2

3,416,998
1,087,224
820,816

3,106,755
1,087,224
500,564

57.7
18.3
13.9

60.1
21.0
9.7

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

172,485

a

2.9

a

a

a

a

a

272,665

243,070

4.6

4.7

Years of education
0–8
9–11
12
13–15
16 or more

805,402
913,358
2,315,900
1,397,711
493,987

569,942
740,676
2,010,774
1,379,345
465,161

13.6
15.4
39.1
23.6
8.3

11.0
14.3
38.9
26.7
9.0

Marital status
Married
Widowed
Divorced or separated
Never married

2,530,930
444,573
1,333,225
1,617,630

2,501,149
247,086
1,300,291
1,117,373

42.7
7.5
22.5
27.3

48.4
4.8
25.2
21.6

Health insurance b
Medicaid
Medicare
Private
None

2,471,354
4,413,356
2,271,848
307,365

2,030,234
3,839,612
1,988,934
265,602

41.7
74.5
38.3
5.2

39.3
74.3
38.5
5.1

All beneficiaries
Sex
Men
Women
Race
White
Black
American Indian, Alaska Native
Asian, Pacific Islander
Ethnicity
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic
Relationship to householder
Householder
Spouse
Child
Grandchild
Parent
Sibling
Other relative
Other nonrelative

(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 139

Noninstitutionalized Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 59.
Distribution, by selected personal characteristics, December 2001—Continued
Number
Characteristic
Source of income b
Earnings
Supplemental Security Income
Other public assistance
Property income
Other sources
Total personal income in 2001 c (dollars)
Less than 2,500
2,500–4,999
5,000–7,499
7,500–9,999
10,000–12,499
12,500–14,999
15,000–17,499
17,500–19,999
20,000–22,499
22,500–24,999
25,000–34,999
35,000 or more

Percentage of all beneficiaries

Total

Workers

Total

Workers

1,138,132
1,646,374
2,287,291
2,214,066
2,147,320

956,218
1,303,261
1,884,598
2,028,124
1,960,531

19.2
27.8
38.6
37.4
36.2

18.5
25.2
36.5
39.3
38.0

a

a

a

a

198,843
1,201,501
1,204,033
895,097
540,712
553,482
281,144
226,076
147,929
347,950
263,581

168,646
945,261
984,513
792,364
520,246
484,546
272,417
208,812
147,929
323,521
263,581

3.4
20.3
20.3
15.1
9.1
9.3
4.7
3.8
2.5
5.8
4.4

3.3
18.3
19.1
15.3
10.1
9.4
5.3
4.0
2.9
6.3
5.2

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, SSA administrative records, matched to U.S. Census Bureau, 2001 Survey of Income and Program
Participation.
NOTE: Individuals receiving disability benefits in December 2001 are identified using SSA administrative data for those who provided a valid
Social Security number (SSN) and using self-reported SIPP data for those who did not provide a valid SSN. The unweighted sample size is
1,124 cases for all disabled beneficiaries and 1,037 for disabled workers. Disabled widow(er)s and disabled adult children are not shown
separately because the unweighted sample size is too small to support statistically reliable estimates.
n.a. = not applicable.
a. Sample size is too small to support statistically reliable estimates.
b. Individuals may be counted in more than one category.
c. Annual data.
CONTACT: Paul Davies (410) 966-0299 or di.asr@ssa.gov for further information.

140 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

Noninstitutionalized Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 60.
Social Security as a percentage of personal income, by selected characteristics,
December 2001
Percentage distribution
Characteristic

Number

Percentage
of total

Total

Under 25%
of income

25–49%
of income

50–74%
of income

75–99%
of income

100%
of income

All disabled beneficiaries
Total

5,926,358

100.0

100.0

7.7

17.0

24.3

30.1

20.9

Age
Under 25
25–34
35–44
45–54
55 or older

179,976
540,995
1,111,848
1,898,048
2,195,491

3.0
9.1
18.8
32.0
37.0

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

a

a

a

a

a

6.2
11.2
6.7
5.5

17.5
14.6
14.4
20.2

36.2
26.2
20.3
24.2

22.8
27.9
39.2
26.7

17.4
20.0
19.5
23.4

Sex
Men
Women

3,145,639
2,780,719

53.1
46.9

100.0
100.0

9.3
5.8

18.6
15.2

22.0
26.9

27.5
33.1

22.6
19.0

4,525,786
1,243,712

76.4
21.0

100.0
100.0

6.6
11.6

15.9
19.8

24.2
23.7

32.2
23.5

21.0
21.5

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

100.0
100.0

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

Ethnicity
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic

533,352
5,393,007

9.0
91.0

100.0
100.0

6.4
7.8

21.0
16.6

19.0
24.8

22.0
30.9

31.5
19.9

Marital status
Married
Widowed
Divorced or separated
Never married

2,530,930
444,573
1,333,225
1,617,630

42.7
7.5
22.5
27.3

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

9.2
4.3
4.4
9.0

14.7
13.6
21.7
17.6

20.0
41.4
26.4
24.7

35.2
26.1
28.2
24.8

21.0
14.6
19.4
23.8

Years of education
0–8
9–11
12
13–15
16 or more

805,402
913,358
2,315,900
1,397,711
493,987

13.6
15.4
39.1
23.6
8.3

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

5.4
5.9
8.1
7.9
11.9

14.5
14.3
18.8
14.0
25.8

28.4
22.2
24.3
24.4
21.4

23.1
29.9
29.6
34.8
30.9

28.5
27.7
19.2
18.8
10.0

Living arrangement
Lives alone
Lives with relatives
Lives only with nonrelatives

1,244,728
4,236,995
444,635

21.0
71.5
7.5

100.0
100.0
100.0

4.8
8.0
12.6

20.9
15.3
21.8

28.3
22.6
29.7

29.9
30.7
25.0

16.1
23.4
10.9

Race
White
Black
American Indian, Alaska
Native
Asian, Pacific Islander

(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 141

Noninstitutionalized Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 60.
Social Security as a percentage of personal income, by selected characteristics,
December 2001—Continued
Percentage distribution
Characteristic

Number

Percentage
of total

Total

Under 25%
of income

25–49%
of income

50–74%
of income

75–99%
of income

100%
of income

22.8

31.1

20.8

Disabled workers
Total

5,165,899

100.0

100.0

7.4

17.8

Age
Under 25
25-34
35-44
45-54
55 or older

a

a

a

a

a

a

7.3
18.9
33.6
38.6

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

a

374,841
977,162
1,734,684
1,995,317

8.9
11.4
5.9
6.0

25.2
13.1
14.0
21.2

26.4
28.3
20.0
21.9

22.9
27.1
40.4
27.9

16.6
20.1
19.7
23.0

Sex
Men
Women

2,834,584
2,331,315

54.9
45.1

100.0
100.0

8.2
6.5

19.8
15.5

20.7
25.4

28.8
34.0

22.6
18.6

3,999,041
1,035,234

77.4
20.0

100.0
100.0

6.5
10.7

16.6
21.3

22.9
20.7

33.2
24.6

20.7
22.7

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

100.0
100.0

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

Ethnicity
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic

452,033
4,713,866

8.8
91.2

100.0
100.0

3.9
7.8

18.9
17.7

22.5
22.8

22.5
32.0

32.3
19.7

Marital status
Married
Widowed
Divorced or separated
Never married

2,501,149
247,086
1,300,291
1,117,373

48.4
4.8
25.2
21.6

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

8.8
7.8
4.1
8.1

14.9
18.9
21.8
19.6

19.8
32.2
26.6
23.2

35.3
27.9
28.5
25.6

21.2
13.2
19.0
23.6

Years of education
0–8
9–11
12
13–15
16 or more

569,942
740,676
2,010,774
1,379,345
465,161

11.0
14.3
38.9
26.7
9.0

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

6.6
4.2
8.4
7.3
9.8

13.5
16.4
20.3
14.2
25.8

24.4
16.3
23.4
24.7
22.7

28.3
34.9
28.1
34.7
31.0

27.2
28.2
19.8
19.0
10.7

Living arrangement
Lives alone
Lives with relatives
Lives only with nonrelatives

1,123,348
3,662,535
380,016

21.7
70.9
7.4

100.0
100.0
100.0

4.3
8.0
11.3

21.3
16.2
23.6

25.8
21.6
25.0

31.7
31.4
27.3

16.9
22.8
12.8

Race
White
Black
American Indian, Alaska
Native
Asian, Pacific Islander

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, SSA administrative records, matched to U.S. Census Bureau, 2001 Survey of Income and Program
Participation.
NOTE: Individuals receiving disability benefits in December 2001 are identified using SSA administrative data for those who provided a valid
Social Security number (SSN) and using self-reported SIPP data for those who did not provide a valid SSN. The unweighted sample size is
1,124 cases for all disabled beneficiaries and 1,037 for disabled workers. Disabled widow(er)s and disabled adult children are not shown
separately because the unweighted sample size is too small to support statistically reliable estimates.
a. Sample size is too small to support statistically reliable estimates.
CONTACT: Paul Davies (410) 966-0299 or di.asr@ssa.gov for further information.

142 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

Noninstitutionalized Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 61.
Distribution, by household and family characteristics, December 2001
Number
Characteristic
All beneficiaries
Household type
Family
Married couple present
No married couple, male householder
No married couple, female householder
Nonfamily
Male householder
Female householder
Group quarters
Ownership status of living quarters
Owned
Not owned
Residence in public housing
Household receipt of b—
Energy assistance
Housing assistance
Food stamps
Total household income in 2001 c (dollars)
Less than 5,000
5,000–9,999
10,000–14,999
15,000–19,999
20,000–24,999
25,000–29,999
30,000–34,999
35,000–39,999
40,000–44,999
45,000–49,999
50,000–54,999
55,000–59,999
60,000–64,999
65,000–99,999
100,000 or more

Percentage of all beneficiaries

Total

Workers

Total

Workers

5,926,358

5,165,899

n.a.

n.a.

2,889,082
243,200
1,175,399

2,723,031
209,859
785,142

48.7
4.1
19.8

52.7
4.1
15.2

779,141
811,783

730,098
697,116

13.1
13.7

14.1
13.5

a

a

a

a

3,691,065
2,235,293

3,233,985
1,931,913

62.3
37.7

62.6
37.4

406,863

337,902

6.9

6.5

439,431
222,724
1,053,423

393,666
197,921
861,891

7.4
3.8
17.8

7.6
3.8
16.7

a

a

a

a

616,484
670,962
677,883
644,097
459,390
517,734
379,959
320,480
271,796
262,057
171,754
184,246
526,002
202,582

522,604
588,400
597,749
494,619
388,206
453,023
339,727
285,775
241,095
208,101
167,102
184,246
492,211
182,107

10.4
11.3
11.4
10.9
7.8
8.7
6.4
5.4
4.6
4.4
2.9
3.1
8.9
3.4

10.1
11.4
11.6
9.6
7.5
8.8
6.6
5.5
4.7
4.0
3.2
3.6
9.5
3.5
(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 143

Noninstitutionalized Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 61.
Distribution, by household and family characteristics, December 2001—Continued
Number
Characteristic

Percentage of all beneficiaries

Total

Workers

Total

Workers

a

a

a

a

796,028
753,675
741,324
650,212
377,454
506,624
333,077
295,393
240,974
248,806
160,595
156,499
458,737
173,055

664,374
664,120
664,782
519,072
302,456
441,914
287,118
268,352
221,737
208,101
155,943
156,499
424,946
152,580

13.4
12.7
12.5
11.0
6.4
8.5
5.6
5.0
4.1
4.2
2.7
2.6
7.7
2.9

12.9
12.9
12.9
10.0
5.9
8.6
5.6
5.2
4.3
4.0
3.0
3.0
8.3
3.0

Household size
1 person
2 persons
3–4 persons
5 or more persons

1,244,728
2,309,189
1,784,279
588,162

1,123,348
2,093,358
1,469,873
479,320

21.0
39.0
30.1
9.9

21.7
40.5
28.5
9.3

Family size
1 person
2 persons
3–4 persons
5 or more persons

1,681,381
2,089,812
1,665,932
489,233

1,495,382
1,904,426
1,371,438
394,653

28.4
35.3
28.1
8.3

28.9
36.9
26.5
7.6

4,624,455
681,381
340,730
237,962

4,031,902
600,017
302,892
189,257

78.0
11.5
5.7
4.0

78.0
11.6
5.9
3.7

a

a

a

a

Total family income in 2001 c (dollars)
Less than 5,000
5,000–9,999
10,000–14,999
15,000–19,999
20,000–24,999
25,000–29,999
30,000–34,999
35,000–39,999
40,000–44,999
45,000–49,999
50,000–54,999
55,000–59,999
60,000–64,999
65,000–99,999
100,000 or more

Under age 18 in family
None
1 person
2 persons
3–4 persons
5 or more persons

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, SSA administrative records, matched to U.S. Census Bureau, 2001 Survey of Income and Program
Participation.
NOTES: Individuals receiving disability benefits in December 2001 are identified using SSA administrative data for those who provided a valid
Social Security number (SSN) and using self-reported SIPP data for those who did not provide a valid SSN. The unweighted sample size is
1,124 cases for all disabled beneficiaries and 1,037 for disabled workers. Disabled widow(er)s and disabled adult children are not shown
separately because the unweighted sample size is too small to support statistically reliable estimates.
A family is a group of two or more persons related by birth, marriage, or adoption and residing together. A household includes related family
members and all the unrelated persons, if any, such as lodgers, foster children, wards, or employees who share the housing unit. A person
living alone in a housing unit or a group of unrelated persons sharing a housing unit as partners is also counted as a household.
n.a. = not applicable.
a. Sample size is too small to support statistically reliable estimates.
b. Individuals may be counted in more than one category.
c. Annual data.
CONTACT: Paul Davies (410) 966-0299 or di.asr@ssa.gov for further information.

144 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

Noninstitutionalized Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 62.
Percentage distribution of family income, by source and selected characteristics,
December 2001

Characteristic

Supplemental
Security
Total Social Security
Income

Earnings

Other public
assistance

Property
income

Other

All beneficiaries
Total

100.0

52.7

5.3

27.4

1.2

1.2

12.2

100.0
100.0

53.8
51.4

4.3
6.4

27.3
27.5

0.8
1.7

0.9
1.6

12.9
11.4

100.0
100.0

52.0
54.3

4.4
8.0

28.8
24.6

0.9
2.5

1.5
0.2

12.5
10.4

100.0
100.0

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

Ethnicity
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic

100.0
100.0

53.1
52.6

9.1
4.9

26.8
27.5

1.0
1.3

0.6
1.3

9.6
12.5

Age
Under 25
25–34
35–44
45–54
55 or older

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

a

a

a

a

a

a

46.1
48.7
55.2
55.7

9.1
6.2
4.8
3.8

36.3
31.0
29.4
20.6

0.5
2.4
1.4
0.6

0.7
0.9
1.0
1.5

7.3
10.8
8.2
17.9

Marital status
Married
Widowed
Divorced or separated
Never married

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

41.6
56.8
67.2
56.8

2.2
9.8
6.5
7.9

41.6
17.9
9.6
22.5

0.8
2.4
2.2
0.8

1.3
0.6
0.6
1.8

12.5
12.6
14.0
10.2

Years of education
0–8
9–11
12
13–15
16 or more

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

60.4
53.2
47.7
55.4
54.5

7.4
7.1
5.5
3.8
1.6

21.3
25.4
31.6
26.4
23.9

1.0
1.0
1.5
1.5
0.5

1.2
1.1
1.2
1.1
1.7

8.8
12.2
12.5
11.8
17.8

100.0
100.0

73.2
44.6

7.5
4.1

5.5
35.8

0.8
1.4

0.6
1.5

12.5
12.6

100.0

71.5

9.9

8.4

1.5

0.3

8.3

Sex
Men
Women
Race
White
Black
American Indian, Alaska
Native
Asian, Pacific Islander

Living arrangement
Lives alone
Lives with relatives
Lives only with
nonrelatives

(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 145

Noninstitutionalized Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 62.
Percentage distribution of family income, by source and selected characteristics,
December 2001—Continued

Characteristic

Supplemental
Security
Total Social Security
Income

Earnings

Other public
assistance

Property
income

Other

Disabled workers
Total

100.0

52.6

4.3

28.5

1.1

1.0

12.5

100.0
100.0

54.1
50.7

3.5
5.2

27.5
29.8

0.9
1.4

0.8
1.3

13.2
11.7

100.0
100.0

51.8
54.9

3.6
6.1

29.9
25.6

0.9
2.1

1.2
0.2

12.6
11.1

100.0
100.0

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

Ethnicity
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic

100.0
100.0

54.2
52.4

5.9
4.1

28.8
28.5

1.0
1.1

0.6
1.1

9.4
12.8

Age
Under 25
25–34
35–44
45–54
55 or older

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

a

a

a

a

a

a

40.8
49.6
54.5
55.6

7.1
5.5
3.6
3.4

43.9
31.7
31.3
20.7

0.2
1.9
1.5
0.4

0.7
0.9
0.8
1.4

7.3
10.5
8.2
18.5

Marital status
Married
Widowed
Divorced or separated
Never married

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

41.8
59.2
67.3
58.0

2.0
6.4
6.0
6.9

41.7
16.2
9.8
23.4

0.6
1.9
2.2
0.8

1.3
1.0
0.6
1.0

12.7
15.3
14.0
9.8

Years of education
0–8
9–11
12
13–15
16 or more

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

59.7
55.2
46.9
55.9
54.5

5.3
5.8
4.8
3.2
1.7

25.3
25.4
33.1
26.8
22.9

0.2
0.9
1.3
1.4
0.5

0.5
0.5
1.1
1.1
1.8

9.0
12.2
12.9
11.6
18.5

100.0
100.0

74.2
43.8

6.7
3.1

5.0
38.0

0.9
1.1

0.6
1.2

12.8
12.9

100.0

73.5

8.8

7.1

1.8

0.4

8.5

Sex
Men
Women
Race
White
Black
American Indian, Alaska
Native
Asian, Pacific Islander

Living arrangement
Lives alone
Lives with relatives
Lives only with
nonrelatives

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, SSA administrative records, matched to U.S. Census Bureau, 2001 Survey of Income and Program
Participation.
NOTE: Individuals receiving disability benefits in December 2001 are identified using SSA administrative data for those who provided a valid
Social Security number (SSN) and using self-reported SIPP data for those who did not provide a valid SSN. The unweighted sample size is
1,124 cases for all disabled beneficiaries and 1,037 for disabled workers. Disabled widow(er)s and disabled adult children are not shown
separately because the unweighted sample size is too small to support statistically reliable estimates.
a. Sample size is too small to support statistically reliable estimates.
CONTACT: Paul Davies (410) 966-0299 or di.asr@ssa.gov for further information.

146 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

Noninstitutionalized Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 63.
Poverty status, by selected characteristics, December 2001
Family income relative to poverty threshold
Characteristic

Total

Under 50%

50–99%

100–124%

125–149%

150–199%

200–299%

300% or
more

All beneficiaries
Total

5,926,358

83,125

922,091

556,198

515,724

902,098

1,213,527

1,733,596

3,145,639
2,780,719

38,893
44,232

386,511
535,581

294,225
261,973

245,989
269,735

478,541
423,557

656,198
557,329

1,045,283
688,313

4,525,786
1,243,712

32,573
50,552

648,680
226,181

382,212
158,357

374,153
141,571

629,722
250,224

972,699
201,096

1,485,747
215,731

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

Ethnicity
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic

533,352
5,393,007

5,031
78,094

84,803
837,289

52,985
503,213

89,838
425,885

96,374
805,724

125,666
1,087,861

78,655
1,654,940

Age
Under 25
25–34
35–44
45–54
55 or older

179,976
540,995
1,111,848
1,898,048
2,195,491

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

16,487
21,419
12,698
32,522

71,892
203,437
325,423
295,690

34,015
89,458
232,181
200,544

69,627
109,092
138,636
173,816

97,103
147,126
237,798
401,032

77,578
227,404
402,325
464,606

174,293
313,911
548,988
627,282

2,530,930
444,573

43,924
16,224

143,350
105,577

189,785
68,199

178,805
46,266

362,918
75,247

563,352
100,451

1,048,797
32,609

1,333,225
1,617,630

17,302
5,675

351,589
321,576

186,460
111,753

120,662
169,990

196,531
267,403

235,038
314,686

225,643
426,547

805,402
913,358
2,315,900
1,397,711
493,987

22,283
37,959
11,640
11,244

160,151
156,693
315,937
227,071
62,240

88,702
108,703
203,723
138,036
17,034

97,044
101,730
209,153
75,354
32,443

154,485
106,345
393,283
189,862
58,122

152,003
237,379
406,358
325,699
92,087

130,734
164,549
775,808
430,445
232,060

Sex
Men
Women
Race
White
Black
American Indian,
Alaska Native
Asian, Pacific
Islander

Marital status
Married
Widowed
Divorced or
separated
Never married
Years of education
0–8
9–11
12
13–15
16 or more

a

(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 147

Noninstitutionalized Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 63.
Poverty status, by selected characteristics, December 2001—Continued
Family income relative to poverty threshold
Characteristic

Total

Under 50%

50–99%

100–124%

125–149%

150–199%

200–299%

300% or
more

Disabled workers
Total
Sex
Men
Women
Race
White
Black
American Indian,
Alaska Native
Asian, Pacific
Islander
Ethnicity
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic
Age
Under 25
25–34
35–44
45–54
55 or older
Marital status
Married
Widowed
Divorced or
separated
Never married
Years of education
0–8
9–11
12
13–15
16 or more

5,165,899

50,483

797,697

474,119

423,153

766,447

1,060,721

1,593,279

2,834,584
2,331,315

28,081
22,402

358,904
438,793

257,336
216,784

222,578
200,575

439,247
327,200

585,131
475,590

943,307
649,972

3,999,041
1,035,234

32,573
17,910

553,787
213,565

331,457
127,033

314,938
108,215

544,837
199,458

844,450
184,890

1,376,998
184,163

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

452,033
4,713,866

5,031
45,452

59,343
738,354

43,185
430,935

89,838
333,315

74,603
691,844

101,378
959,343

78,655
1,514,623

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

374,841
977,162
1,734,684
1,995,317

68
21,419
12,698
16,297

71,892
170,088
295,216
242,671

12,634
82,356
212,439
166,690

34,058
99,148
132,380
144,596

74,405
130,219
173,470
379,860

53,273
201,826
381,710
417,921

128,510
272,106
526,771
627,282

2,501,149
247,086

33,112
a

135,961
58,195

189,785
23,010

167,225
28,835

362,918
45,487

563,352
58,951

1,048,797
32,609

1,300,291
1,117,373

17,302
68

330,206
273,335

186,460
74,864

115,867
111,227

189,774
168,268

235,038
203,380

225,643
286,230

569,942
740,676
2,010,774
1,379,345
465,161

6,059
21,541
11,640
11,244

91,596
144,896
279,714
219,251
62,240

73,194
93,342
152,513
138,036
17,034

69,668
90,150
155,539
75,354
32,443

116,720
88,325
323,963
179,316
58,122

111,528
153,763
393,376
325,699
76,356

101,177
148,660
694,030
430,445
218,966

a

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, SSA administrative records, matched to U.S. Census Bureau, 2001 Survey of Income and Program
Participation.
NOTE: Individuals receiving disability benefits in December 2001 are identified using SSA administrative data for those who provided a valid
Social Security number (SSN) and using self-reported SIPP data for those who did not provide a valid SSN. The unweighted sample size is
1,124 cases for all disabled beneficiaries and 1,037 for disabled workers. Disabled widow(er)s and disabled adult children are not shown
separately because the unweighted sample size is too small to support statistically reliable estimates.
a. Sample size is too small to support statistically reliable estimates.
CONTACT: Paul Davies (410) 966-0299 or di.asr@ssa.gov for further information.

148 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

Appendix and Glossary

Appendix:
Sampling Variability
Estimates based on sample data differ from the figures that would have been obtained had all,
rather than a sample, of the records been used. These differences are termed sampling variability. The standard error is a measure of the sampling variability; that is, the variation that occurs
by chance because a sample is used. The standard error is used to describe confidence intervals. The confidence interval represents the extent to which the sample results can be relied
upon to describe the results that would have occurred if the entire population (universe) had been
used for data compilation rather than the sample.
In about 68 percent of all probability samples with the same selection criteria, the universe
value will be included in the interval from one standard error below to one standard error above
the sample estimate. Similarly, about 95 percent of all possible samples will give estimates
within two standard errors, and about 99 percent will give estimates within two and one-half standard errors.
Tables A-1 and A-2 provide approximations of standard errors of estimates shown in this
report. Table A-1 presents approximations of standard errors for the estimated number of recipients from the 1 percent and 10 percent sample files. Table A-2 represents approximation of standard errors for the estimated percentage of persons from the 1 percent and 10 percent files.
Linear interpolation may be used to obtain values not specifically shown.
Table A-1.
Approximations of standard errors of estimated
number of persons
Size of estimate (inflated)

Standard error
1 percent file

500
1,000
2,500
5,000
7,500
10,000
25,000
50,000
75,000
100,000
250,000
500,000
750,000
1,000,000
5,000,000
10,000,000
25,000,000
50,000,000
75,000,000

250
300
500
800
900
1,100
1,700
2,400
3,000
3,400
5,400
7,800
9,600
11,100
25,800
36,900
57,700
76,100
82,900
10 percent file

100
500
1,000
5,000
10,000
50,000
100,000
500,000
1,000,000
2,000,000
3,000,000
5,000,000
10,000,000
20,000,000

30
70
100
225
300
700
1,000
2,200
3,200
4,300
5,300
6,500
8,500
9,300

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 151

Table A-2.
Approximations of standard errors of estimated
percentage of persons from 1 percent and 10 percent
files
Estimated percentage
Size of base
(inflated)

2 or 98

5 or 95

10 or 90

25 or 75

50

14.5
4.6
2.1
1.5
0.7
0.5
0.2
0.2
0.1
a

16.8
5.3
2.4
1.7
0.8
0.5
0.2
0.2
0.1
a

5.9
4.1
2.6
1.3
0.6
0.4
0.2
0.1
a
a
a

6.8
4.8
3.0
1.5
0.7
0.5
0.2
0.2
0.1
a
a

1 percent file
1,000
10,000
50,000
100,000
500,000
1,000,000
5,000,000
10,000,000
50,000,000
100,000,000

4.7
1.5
0.7
0.5
0.2
0.1
0.1
a
a
a

7.3
2.3
1.0
0.7
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.1
a
a

500
1,000
2,500
10,000
50,000
100,000
500,000
1,000,000
5,000,000
10,000,000
50,000,000

1.9
1.3
0.8
0.4
0.2
0.1
a
a
a
a
a

3.0
2.1
1.3
0.6
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.1
a
a
a

10.1
3.2
1.4
1.0
0.4
0.3
0.1
0.1
a
a

10 percent file
4.1
2.9
1.8
0.9
0.4
0.3
0.1
0.1
a
a
a

a. Less than 0.05 percent.

152 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

Glossary
administrative law judge (ALJ). An official of the Social Security
Administration's (SSA's) Office of Hearings and Appeals who is specially
qualified by education and experience to hold hearings and make independent
decisions regarding eligibility for SSA programs based on all evidence and
testimony. ALJs conduct impartial hearings and issue decisions to claimants
who have appealed previous determinations by SSA. Also see
administrative review process.
administrative review process. The procedures followed by the Social Security
Administration (SSA) in determining one's rights under title II and title XVI of
the Social Security Act. The administrative review process consists of several
steps, which must usually be requested within certain time periods, in the
following order: initial determination, reconsideration, decision of the
administrative law judge, and a review by SSA's Appeals Council.
age. In tables showing beneficiaries in current payment status, the age
classification is based on the beneficiary's current age. In tables showing
awards, age is the beneficiary's age in the month of award.
allowance. A determination by the Disability Determination Services, an
administrative law judge, or the Appeals Council that an applicant meets the
medical definition of disability under the law. Also see disability.
allowance rate. The percentage of allowed disability applications in a given time
period calculated as the number of medically allowed applications divided by
the total number of applications with a medical decision. At the hearing level,
allowance rates are computed either as a percentage of dispositions
(including dismissals) or as a percentage of decisions (excluding dismissals).
In this publication, hearing level allowance rates are computed as a
percentage of dispositions. An allowance rate provides a narrower view of the
disability program than does an award rate because it excludes nonmedical
determinations from its base.
Appeals Council. The organization within the Social Security Administration's
Office of Hearings and Appeals that makes the final decision in the
administrative review process. Also see administrative review process.
auxiliary benefit. A monthly benefit payable to a spouse or child of a retired or
disabled worker (dependents benefit), or to a survivor of a deceased worker
(survivors benefit).
average. See mean.
average current earnings. Earnings used to determine whether the workers'
compensation or public disability benefit offset applies. Average current
earnings are defined as the highest of the following:
• The average monthly earnings used to figure a person's Social Security
disability benefit.
Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 153

• The average monthly earnings from any work covered by Social Security
that a person did (including self-employment) during the 5 highest
consecutive years after 1950.
• The average monthly earnings from work or self-employment during the year
a person became disabled or in the highest year of earnings that a person
had during the 5-year period just before that person became disabled.
(Divide the total year's earnings by 12 to get the average current earnings.)
All earnings covered by Social Security, including amounts above the maximum taxable by Social Security, may be used when figuring average current
earnings. Also see workers' compensation and public disability benefit
offset.
average indexed monthly earnings (AIME). The amount of earnings used in
determining the primary insurance amount (PIA) for most workers who attain
age 62, become disabled, or die after 1978. A worker's actual past earnings
are adjusted by changes in the average wage index in order to bring them up
to their approximately equivalent value at the time of eligibility for benefits. If
the person attained age 62, became disabled, or died before 1979, the
average monthly wage is used to calculate the PIA. Also see primary
insurance amount.
average monthly wage (AMW). The dollar amount used in calculating a
person's monthly primary insurance amount (PIA) if that person attained age
62, became disabled, or died before 1979. The AMW is determined by
dividing the total earnings in the "computation years" by the number of months
in those same years. If the person attained age 62, became disabled or died
after 1978, average indexed monthly earnings are used to calculate the
PIA. Also see primary insurance amount.
average wage index. The average amount of total wages for each year after
1950, including wages in noncovered employment and wages in covered
employment in excess of the Social Security contribution and benefit base.
Those average yearly amounts are used to index the earnings of most
workers first becoming eligible for benefits in 1979 or later, and for automatic
adjustments in the contribution and benefit base, bend points, earnings test
exempt amounts, and other wage-indexed amounts.
award. An administrative determination that an individual is entitled to receive
monthly benefits or a lump-sum death payment. Awards can represent not
only new entrants to the benefit rolls but also persons already on the rolls who
become entitled to a different type of benefit (see conversion of benefits).
award rate. The percentage of awarded applications in a given time period
calculated as the number of awarded applications divided by the total number
of applications decided, including technical denials and dismissals. An award
rate provides a broader view of the program than does an allowance rate
because it includes all applications decided as its base.

154 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

bend points. The dollar amounts defining the average indexed monthly earnings
or primary insurance amount brackets in the benefit formulas. Also see
average indexed monthly earnings and primary insurance amount.
beneficiary. A person who is entitled to either Social Security or Supplemental
Security Income benefits. The Social Security benefit may be either in current
payment status or withheld.
benefits in force. The sum of the number of persons with benefits in current
payment status and persons with benefits withheld.
benefit termination. See termination.
benefits withheld. See withholding.
blind. "Blindness," for Social Security purposes, means either central visual
acuity of 20/200 or less in the better eye with the use of a correcting lens, or a
limitation in the fields of vision so that the widest diameter of the visual field
subtends an angle of 20 degrees or less (tunnel vision).
child's benefit. A monthly benefit payable to the children of a retired or disabled
worker or of a deceased worker who died either fully or currently insured.
Benefits are payable to unmarried children under age 18 (up to age 19 if
attending elementary or secondary school full time) and to disabled children
aged 18 or older who became disabled before age 22. Under certain
circumstances, benefits can be paid to stepchildren, grandchildren, or adopted
children. Benefits for disabled children may be continued if they marry certain
other Social Security beneficiaries.
closed period award. An administrative determination that an individual is
entitled to receive benefits for a limited period of time. The determination is
usually made after the period of entitlement has ended.
cost-of-living adjustment (COLA). The annual increases in benefits, effective
for December, reflecting the increase in the cost of living. The benefit increase
equals the percentage increase in the consumer price index for urban wage
earners and clerical workers (CPI-W) measured from the average over July,
August, and September of the preceding year to the average for the same 3
months in the current year. If the increase is less than one-tenth of 1 percent,
when rounded, there is no automatic increase for the current year; the
increase for the next year would reflect the increase in the cost of living over a
2-year period. Also see consumer price index.
concurrent claim. A claim for both Title II (Social Security) and Title XVI
(Supplemental Security Income) benefits.
consumer price index (CPI). A measure of the average change in prices over
time for a fixed group of goods and services; also considered a relative
measure of inflation. The CPI-U is the price index for all urban consumers.
The CPI-W is the price index for urban wage earners and clerical workers. In
this report, all references to the CPI refer to the CPI-W.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 155

continuing disability review (CDR). A periodic review to determine if a disabled
individual is still medically eligible to receive benefits.
conversion of benefits. An award of benefits to persons already on the rolls
whose benefits in one category are terminated but who become entitled to
another type of benefit. Two frequent events causing conversions are the
attainment of full retirement age by a disabled worker or a disabled widow(er)
and the death of a retired or disabled worker. Also see award.
covered earnings and employment. All wages and self-employment income
creditable for Social Security purposes. Most employment and selfemployment is covered under the program. In a few situations, the employer
elects coverage, for example, religious orders under a vow of poverty, foreign
affiliates of U.S. employers, or state and local governments. Since July 1991,
coverage is mandatory for state and local employees who are not participating
in a public employee retirement system.
current payment. Benefits paid for a given month, with or without deductions
(provided the deductions are less than a full month's benefit). The amounts
shown are before the deduction of Medicare Part B (Supplementary Medical
Insurance) premiums. Benefits in current payment status at the end of a
month are usually payable the following month.
dependents benefit. See auxiliary benefit.
diagnostic group. Classification of impairments, by body system, that identifies
the medical condition(s) on which disability-related benefits are based. Before
1985, the coding of the primary and secondary diagnoses for Social Security
and Supplemental Security Income claimants was in accordance with the
International Classification of Diseases: Clinical Modification, 4th ed., 9th rev.,
using 4-digit ICD-9 codes. In 1985, the Social Security Administration (SSA)
implemented a revised method to determine and enter impairment codes in
administrative records. This revised approach provides for a modified
impairment coding system, generally using 3 digits (followed by zero), loosely
based on the ICD-9 codes. For research purposes, the ICD-9 codes and SSA
impairment codes are, typically, not identical. However, the diagnostic
groupings shown in the statistical tables closely parallel the major ICD-9
disease classifications. Also see Listing of Impairments.
disability. The inability to engage in substantial gainful activity (SGA) by reason
of any medically determinable physical or mental impairment that can be
expected to result in death or to last for a continuous period of not less than 12
months. (Special rules apply for workers aged 55 or older whose disability is
based on blindness. The 12-month requirement does not apply to SSI
beneficiaries who are blind.)
Individuals are considered to be disabled only if their physical or mental
impairment(s) are of such severity that they are not only unable to do their previous work but cannot—because of their age, education, or work experience—
engage in any other kind of substantial gainful activity that exists in the
national economy, regardless of whether such work exists in the immediate

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area in which they live, or whether a specific job vacancy exists for them, or
whether they would be hired if they applied for work.
The SGA criterion does not apply to children under age 18 in the Supplemental Security Income program. The standard for them is a medically determinable physical or mental impairment that results in marked and severe
functional limitations.
Disability Determination Services (DDS). The state agency responsible for
developing medical evidence and rendering the initial determination and
reconsideration on whether a claimant is disabled or a beneficiary continues to
be disabled within the meaning of the law.
Disability Insurance (DI) Trust Fund. See trust funds.
disabled adult child. A disabled person aged 18 or older—a son, daughter, or
eligible grandchild of a retired, deceased, or disabled worker—whose
disability began before age 22.
disabled adult child's benefit. A monthly benefit payable to a disabled adult
child.
disabled widow(er)s benefit. See widow(er)s benefit.
disabled-worker benefit. A monthly benefit payable to a disabled worker who
has not reached full retirement age and who is insured for disability. Before
November 1960, disability benefits were limited to disabled workers aged 5064.
drug addiction and alcoholism (DA&A). Conditions that, if determined a
contributing factor material to the determination of disability, will prevent
entitlement to disability benefits or mandate removal of persons from the
program rolls.
dual entitlement. The entitlement of a beneficiary to both a worker (primary)
benefit and a higher secondary benefit. The primary benefit is paid in full, but
the secondary benefit is paid only in the amount by which it exceeds the
primary benefit. If the two benefits are financed from the same trust fund, the
beneficiary is usually represented only once in the statistics—as a retiredworker or a disabled-worker beneficiary—and the benefit amount recorded is
the larger amount associated with the secondary benefit. If the benefits are
paid from different trust funds, then the beneficiary is represented twice, with
the respective benefit amounts recorded for each type of benefit.
duration. A factor in the determination of disability. To be eligible for benefits, a
claimant must have a disability that has lasted, or is expected to last, at least
12 months or is expected to end in death. Also see sequential evaluation
process.
earnings test. The provision requiring the withholding of benefits if nondisabled
beneficiaries under full retirement age have earnings in excess of certain
exempt amounts.
Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 157

entitlement. The state of meeting the applicable requirements for receipt of
benefits, including the filing of an application. An entitlement can be
retroactive to before the month of application for benefits and, thus, precede
the date of award. The retroactive period can be 12 months for disabled
workers, their spouses and children, and disabled widow(er)s. The maximum
retroactive period for other types of beneficiaries is 6 months.
equals listing. A determination that a medical condition is equal in severity to the
criteria in the Listing of Impairments.
expedited appeals process. This process permits an individual to go directly to
a federal district court after review of the initial determination without first
completing the administrative review process, if the only dispute is whether an
applicable provision of the Social Security Act is constitutional. Also see
administrative review process.
expedited reinstatement of benefits. A provision of the Ticket to Work and
Work Incentives Improvement Act. Effective January 1, 2001, if a person's
Social Security or SSI disability benefits have ended because of earnings from
work and he or she becomes unable to work again within 60 months because
of his or her impairment, he or she would be able to request reinstatement of
benefits, including Medicare and Medicaid, without filing a new application.
extended period of eligibility (EPE). The 36-month period after the completion
of a trial work period for beneficiaries who continue to have a disabling
condition and work. Monthly benefits are continued for 3 months after the trial
work period and are then suspended if earnings are above the substantial
gainful activity level. If earnings drop below the substantial gainful activity
level during the EPE, monthly benefits may be resumed without a new
application and disability determination. Medicare coverage continues
throughout the EPE. Also see trial work period and substantial gainful
activity.
father's benefit. A monthly benefit payable to a widower or surviving divorced
father if (1) the deceased worker on whose earnings record the benefit is paid
was either fully or currently insured at the time of death and (2) an entitled
child of the worker in his care is under age 16 or is disabled.
federally administered Supplemental Security Income (SSI). Federal SSI
payments and state supplementation payments issued by the Social Security
Administration on behalf of states. [This report does not cover state
supplementation payments that are state administered.]
federal court review. When an individual disagrees with the Social Security
Administration's final decision, he or she may request judicial review by filing a
civil action in a federal district court. Also see administrative review
process.
full retirement age (FRA). The age at which a person may first become entitled
to unreduced retirement benefits. Beginning in 2000, the FRA for a worker or
spouse born in 1938 or later, or a widow(er) born in 1940 or later, will gradually
increase from age 65 until it reaches age 67 in 2022. The higher FRA affects
158 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

the benefit amount of persons who choose to receive reduced benefits. Also
known as the normal retirement age (NRA).
government pension offset (GPO). A law that affects spouse's or widow(er)s
benefits. Benefits are subject to reduction by any government pensions
payable to the spouse on the basis of his or her own earnings in noncovered
employment. The offset reduces the Social Security benefit amount by twothirds of the amount of the government pension.
hearing. The level following reconsideration in the administrative review process.
The hearing is a de novo procedure at which the claimant, his or her
representative, or both may appear in person, submit new evidence, examine
the evidence used in making the determination under review, give testimony,
and present and question witnesses. The hearing is on the record but is
informal and nonadversarial.
Hospital Insurance (HI) Trust Fund. See trust funds.
husband's benefit. A monthly benefit payable to a husband or a divorced
husband (aged 62 or older) of a retired or disabled worker. Also see spouse's
benefit.
impairment-related work expense (IRWE). The costs of items or services that a
disabled person needs to work. The expenses, when paid by the beneficiary,
are deducted from his or her gross earnings when determining if the work is
considered substantial gainful activity.
initial determination. The first decision made in determining eligibility for, and
entitlement to, benefits. A Social Security field office employee makes the
decision on nonmedical factors such as insured status, substantial gainful
activity, income, and resources. If the nonmedical factors are met, a state
Disability Determination Services employee makes the decision on the
medical factors. Also see administrative review process.
insured status. The state or condition of having sufficient quarters of coverage to
meet the eligibility requirements for retired-worker or disabled-worker benefits,
or to permit the worker's spouse and children or survivors to establish
eligibility for benefits in the event of his or her disability, retirement, or death.
Also see quarters of coverage.
Listing of Impairments. Issued by the Social Security Administration and used
to identify medical conditions for purposes of determining disability. Also see
diagnostic group.
Master Beneficiary Record (MBR). The MBR contains the data needed to
administer the Social Security benefit program. The MBR contains a record
for each person who (1) is currently entitled to benefits, (2) is no longer
receiving benefits but received them in the past, or (3) filed a claim for benefits
but was denied (though the person may be appealing that decision).
maximum family benefit. The maximum monthly amount that can be paid on a
worker's earnings record. Whenever the total of the individual monthly
Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 159

benefits payable to all the beneficiaries entitled on one earnings record
exceeds the maximum, each dependents or survivors benefit is
proportionately reduced to bring the total to within the maximum. Benefits
payable to divorced spouses or surviving divorced spouses are not reduced
under the family maximum provision.
mean. An arithmetic mean is the sum of the observed data divided by the number
of observations. Compare with median.
median. A median is a figure that falls in the exact middle of a ranking of
numbers in ascending or descending order. Compare with mean.
medical listings. The common term for the Listing of Impairments. Also see
diagnostic group.
Medicare. A nationwide, federally administered health insurance program that
covers the cost of hospitalization, medical care, and some related services for
most people over age 65, people receiving Social Security Disability Insurance
benefits for 2 years, and people with end-stage renal disease. Medicare
consists of two separate but coordinated programs—Part A (Hospital
Insurance) and Part B (Supplementary Medical Insurance).
meets listing. A physical or mental impairment that meets the criteria in the
Listing of Impairments and is sufficient to establish disability. This
determination is made at the third step in the sequential evaluation process.
Also see sequential evaluation process.
Medicare eligibility based on disability. Medicare benefits are available 2
years after the disabled worker, disabled widow(er), or disabled adult child
becomes eligible for benefits.
monthly benefit amount (MBA). The amount payable after reduction, if
necessary, for age, family maximum, and other reasons but before any
deduction for Medicare (Part B) premiums.
monthly benefit. In this report, "monthly benefit" refers to the monthly benefit
credited (MBC), which is derived as follows:
1. Subtract the Medicare premium from the monthly benefit amount (MBA);
2. Round the result down to the nearest whole dollar; and
3. Add back the Medicare premium to the rounded result from 2 above.
For example, if a monthly benefit amount is $678.20 and the corresponding
Medicare premium is $43.80, then the MBC is $677.80 ($678.20 - $43.80 =
$634.40 rounded down to $634.00 + $43.80 = $677.80).
mother's benefit. A monthly benefit payable to a widow or surviving divorced
mother if (1) the deceased worker on whose account the benefit is paid was
either fully or currently insured at the time of his death and (2) the entitled child
of the worker is in her care and is under age 16 or disabled.
160 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

nonsevere impairment. An impairment that does not significantly limit a person's
physical or mental ability to perform basic work activities.
Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI). The programs under
the Social Security Act that pay for (1) monthly benefits to retired workers and
their spouses and children and to survivors of deceased insured workers
(OASI) and (2) monthly benefits to disabled workers and their spouses and
children and for rehabilitation services provided to the disabled (DI).
Old-Age and Survivors Insurance (OASI) Trust Fund. See trust funds.
other work. Work that exists in the national economy, other than the work a
person has done previously.
parent's benefit. A monthly benefit payable to a dependent parent (aged 62 or
older) of a deceased, fully insured worker.
period of disability. A continuous period of at least 5 months, during which a
person is entitled to disability benefits.
poverty thresholds. The poverty thresholds are a series of income levels, with
different values for family units of different sizes, below which the family units
are considered poor. The thresholds are used mainly for statistical purposes in
calculating official poverty population figures. They are issued annually by the
U.S. Census Bureau in the Current Population Reports series. The thresholds
are adjusted annually for price changes using the annual average consumer
price index for all urban consumers (CPI-U).
prevalence. The percentage of a population receiving benefits at a specified
time. For Social Security disability benefits, prevalence is expressed as a
percentage of the population insured for Disability Insurance.
primary insurance amount (PIA). The monthly amount payable to a retired
worker who begins to receive benefits at full retirement age or to a disabled
worker who has never received a retirement benefit reduced for age. This
amount, which is derived from the worker's average monthly wage or average
indexed monthly earnings, is also used as a base for computing all types of
benefits payable on the basis of one individual's earnings record.
prototype process. A disability redesign model being tested in 10 states that
represent about 20 percent to 25 percent of the national disability claims
workload. Implementation of the Prototype Process began on October 1,
1999, in Alabama, Alaska, Colorado, Louisiana, Michigan, Missouri, New
Hampshire, Pennsylvania, and in parts of California and New York (expanded
to all of New York in April 2001). This model includes:
• Use of a single decisionmaker—a new position that gives the disability
examiner authority to determine eligibility without requiring physician input in
most cases,
• Use of a pre-decision claimant conference,

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 161

• Use of an enhanced decision explanation, and
• Elimination of the reconsideration step of the appeals process.
public disability benefit (PDB). A benefit paid under a federal, state, or local
government law or plan that pays for conditions that are not job-related.
Examples are civil service disability benefits, military disability benefits, state
temporary disability benefits, and state or local government retirement benefits
that are based on disability. Also see workers' compensation and public
disability benefit offset.
quarters of coverage (QC). Basic unit of measurement for determining insured
status. In 2001, a worker receives one quarter of coverage (up to a total of
four) for each $830 of annual covered earnings. The amount of earnings
required for a quarter of coverage is subject to annual automatic increases in
proportion to increases in average earnings. Also see insured status.
race. Racial and ethnic data received via the Survey of Income and Program
Participation are self-reported by the survey respondents.
reconsideration. An independent reexamination of all evidence on record
related to a case. It is based on the evidence submitted for the initial
determination plus any further evidence and information that the claimant or
his or her representative may submit in connection with the reconsideration.
Different employees than the ones who made the initial determination make a
reconsideration determination. Also see administrative review process.
relevant past work. Work that a person did before filing for disability benefits.
representative payee. A person designated by the Social Security
Administration to receive monthly benefit checks on behalf of an adult
beneficiary who is unable to manage his or her own funds. A beneficiary
under age 18 is generally considered incapable of managing benefit
payments, and a representative payee will be selected to receive benefits on
the beneficiary's behalf.
retired-worker (old-age) benefit. A monthly benefit payable to a fully insured
retired worker aged 62 or older. Retired-worker benefit data do not include
special age-72 benefits, unless indicated. Also see special age-72 benefit.
secondary benefit. An additional monthly benefit payable to a spouse or child of
a retired or disabled worker, or to a survivor of a deceased worker who also
receives a primary benefit as a disabled or retired worker. See dual
entitlement.
self-employment. Operation of a trade or business by an individual or by a
partnership in which an individual is a member.
sequential evaluation process. The five-step process used in determining
whether an individual meets the definition of disability as defined in the law.

162 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

special age-72 benefit. A monthly payment to certain persons who reached age
72 before 1968 and never worked in employment covered by Social Security.
Those who reached age 72 between 1968 and 1971 must have Social
Security coverage to qualify. This benefit is not available to people who reach
age 72 after 1971.
spouse's benefit. A monthly benefit payable to a spouse or a divorced spouse of
a retired or disabled worker under one of the following conditions:
1. The spouse is aged 62 or older or has an entitled child of the worker in his
or her care who is under age 16 or is disabled; or
2. The divorced spouse is aged 62 or older and was married to the worker for
10 years before the divorce became final; or
3. The spouse is a deemed spouse (including a divorced deemed spouse)
who entered into an invalid ceremonial marriage in good faith.
state agency. A common term for Disability Determination Services, the state
agency that makes the initial and reconsideration determinations of whether a
claimant is disabled or a beneficiary continues to be disabled within the
meaning of the law.
statutory blindness. See blind.
student benefit. Child's benefit payable to a full-time unmarried elementary or
secondary school student aged 18-19. Student benefits end at age 19 or at
the end of the current semester or quarter, whichever is later. Also see child's
benefit.
substantial gainful activity (SGA). Describes a level of work activity that is
productive and yields or usually yields remuneration or profit. The Social
Security Administration's regulations establish a dollar amount to indicate
whether a person's work is substantial.
Supplemental Security Income (SSI). A federal program for low-income aged,
blind, and disabled individuals who meet income and resource requirements.
It replaced the former federal/state programs of Old-Age Assistance, Aid to the
Blind, and Aid to the Permanently and Totally Disabled. SSI is funded by
general tax revenues, not Social Security taxes.
Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP). The SIPP is a household
survey of the noninstitutionalized resident population of the United States,
conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau. It was designed to improve the
measurement of the economic situation of persons, families, and households
in the United States and to provide a tool for managing and evaluating
government transfer and service programs.
survivors benefit. See auxiliary benefit.
suspended benefit. See withholding.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 163

technical entitlement. Occurs when a beneficiary is entitled to benefits on more
than one earnings record but is eligible to receive payments on only one
earnings record. There are two types of technical entitlement:
• Simultaneous technical entitlement. Beneficiary is entitled to the same type
of benefit on more than one earnings record.
• Potential dual entitlement. Beneficiary is entitled to different types of benefits
and the secondary benefit amount exceeds the primary benefit, but reduction
for age or family maximum causes the primary benefit to exceed the
secondary benefit amount.
termination. Cessation of payment of a specific type of benefit because the
beneficiary is no longer entitled to receive it. For example, benefits might
terminate as a result of the death of the beneficiary, the recovery of a disabled
beneficiary, or the attainment of age 18 by a child beneficiary. In some cases,
the individual may become immediately entitled to another type of benefit
(such as the conversion of a disabled-worker benefit at normal retirement age
to a retired-worker benefit).
Title II benefits. Refers to benefits administered by the Social Security
Administration under the Federal Old-Age and Survivors Insurance Trust Fund
and Federal Disability Insurance Trust Fund. See trust funds.
Title XVI benefits. Refers to benefits administered by the Social Security
Administration under the Supplemental Security Income program. See
Supplemental Security Income.
trial work period (TWP). A 9-month trial work period during which monthly
benefits continue for beneficiaries who are still disabled but return to work. If
the disability ends after completion of the trial work period, monthly benefits
are continued for an additional 3 months and then entitlement is terminated. A
disabled beneficiary would exhaust the trial work period only if services were
performed in any 9 months within a period of 60 consecutive months. For a
discussion of procedures when the disabling condition continues, see
extended period of eligibility.
trust funds. Separate accounts in the U.S. Treasury in which are deposited the
taxes received under the Federal Insurance Contributions Act and the SelfEmployment Contributions Act, contributions resulting from coverage of state
and local government employees, any sums received under the financial
interchange with the railroad retirement account, voluntary hospital and
medical insurance premiums, and transfers of federal general revenues.
Funds not withdrawn for current monthly or service benefits, the financial
interchange, and administrative expenses are invested in interest-bearing
federal securities, as required by law; the interest earned is also deposited in
the trust funds.
• Old-Age and Survivors Insurance (OASI). The trust fund used for paying
monthly benefits to retired-worker (old-age) beneficiaries and their spouses
and children and to survivors of deceased insured workers, including most
disabled adult children and disabled widow(er)s.
164 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002

• Disability Insurance (DI). The trust fund used for paying monthly benefits to
disabled-worker beneficiaries and their spouses and children and for
providing rehabilitation services to the disabled.
• Hospital Insurance (HI). The trust fund used for paying part of the costs of
inpatient hospital services and related care for aged and disabled individuals
who meet the eligibility requirements.
• Supplementary Medical Insurance (SMI). The trust fund used for paying part
of the costs of physician's services, outpatient hospital services, and other
related medical and health services for voluntarily enrolled aged and
disabled individuals.
usual work. See relevant past work.
vocational considerations. Age, education, and work experience, considered at
the final step of the sequential evaluation process.
wages. All payment for services performed for an employer. Wages do not have
to be cash. The cash value of all compensation paid to an employee in any
form other than cash is also considered wages (unless the form of payment is
specifically not covered under the Social Security Act).
widow(er)s benefit. Monthly benefit payable to a widow(er) or surviving divorced
widow(er) of a worker fully insured at the time of death, if he or she is (1) aged
60 or older or (2) aged 50-59 and has been disabled throughout a waiting
period of 5 consecutive calendar months that began no later than 7 years after
the month in which the worker died or after the end of his or her entitlement to
benefits as a widowed mother or father.
A surviving divorced widow(er)'s marriage to a worker must have lasted 10
years before the divorce became final. Effective for benefits payable after
December 1983, benefits are continued for disabled widow(er)s and surviving
divorced widow(er)s who remarry after the age of first eligibility for benefits.
Effective January 1991, benefits may be payable to a deemed widow(er),
including a divorced deemed widow(er). A deemed widow(er) is a person who
entered into an invalid ceremonial marriage in good faith.
wife's benefit. A monthly benefit payable to a wife or divorced wife of a retired or
disabled worker. Also see spouse's benefit.
withholding. Temporarily stopping benefit payments until the condition(s)
causing the suspension are known to have ended. The suspension does not
affect eligibility for Medicare benefits.
work credits. See quarters of coverage.
worker. A person who has earnings creditable for Social Security purposes on
the basis of services for wages in covered employment or on the basis of
income from covered self-employment.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002 ♦ 165

workers' compensation and public disability benefit offset. A requirement
that reduces the benefits to a disabled worker and dependents if the worker
also receives workers' compensation (WC) or other public disability benefits
(PDB). The reduction continues until the month the worker reaches age 65 or
the month the WC/PDB payments stop, whichever comes first.

166 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2002