Highlights 2003

Size and Scope of the Social Security Disability Program
• Disability benefits were paid to over 6.8 million people.
• Awards to disabled workers (755,706) accounted for about
91 percent of awards to all disabled beneficiaries (829,831).
• Payments to disabled beneficiaries totaled about $66 billion.
• Benefits were terminated for about 447,485 disabled workers.
• Supplemental Security Income payments were another
source of income for about 1 out of 6 disabled beneficiaries.
Profile of Disabled-Worker Beneficiaries

• Workers accounted for the largest share of disabled
beneficiaries (86 percent).
• Average age was about 51.
• Men constituted about 55 percent.
• Mental disorders was the diagnosis for about a third.
• Average monthly benefit received was $862.
• Supplemental Security Income payments were another
source of income for about 1 out of 7.

Preface
Since 1956, the Social Security program has provided cash benefits to people with
disabilities. This annual report provides program and demographic information about the
people who receive those benefits. The basic topics covered are






beneficiaries in current-payment status;
benefits awarded, withheld, and terminated;
disabled workers who have returned to work;
outcomes of applications for disability benefits;
geographic distribution of beneficiaries;
disabled beneficiaries receiving Social Security, Supplemental Security Income, or
both; and
income of disabled beneficiaries.

This edition includes three new tables. One provides state distributions for blind or
deaf beneficiaries; one provides the average monthly benefit by diagnostic group and age
for disabled workers who work; and the third provides a distribution by diagnosis for beneficiaries who are receiving Social Security, Supplemental Security Income, or both types
of benefits.
Most of the data are from the Social Security Administration's program records. Information on the income of disabled beneficiaries was obtained from the 2001 panel of the
Survey of Income and Program Participation The panel data were linked to information
from the agency’s December 2001 program records. In future editions, we plan to add
more information about the incidence of disability, reinstatement of benefits, workers'
compensation and public disability benefit offset, and continuing disability reviews.
Kevin Kulzer compiled this report for publication. Paul Davies, Carolyn A. Harrison,
Thuy Ho, Art Kahn, Melissa Koenig, Kevin Kulzer, and Clark Pickett wrote the programs
to process the data and produce the statistical tables. Linda Martin managed the project,
wrote data specifications, and validated the data. Emil Loomis designed the cover, Sherry
Snyder and Anthony Nathe edited the report, Kathryn Winstead produced the print publication, and Laurie Brown prepared the electronic versions for the Web.
Your comments and suggestions on this report are welcome and should be directed
to Kevin Kulzer at 410-965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov. For questions related to the content
of the tables, please call or e-mail the contact listed on each table. For additional copies
of the report, please telephone 202-358-6274, e-mail op.publications@ssa.gov, or fax
202-358-6192. This and other publications on the Social Security and Supplemental
Security Income programs are available on our Web site at http://www.socialsecurity.gov/
policy.

Edward J. DeMarco
Associate Commissioner
for Research, Evaluation, and Statistics
August 2004

Notes
The Old-Age and Survivors Insurance (OASI) program provides benefits to retired
workers and their dependent family members and to survivors of deceased
workers. The Disability Insurance (DI) program provides benefits to disabled
workers, their spouses, and children (whether or not disabled).
Benefits are paid from the OASI and DI trust funds. However, not all disabled
beneficiaries are paid from the DI trust fund. All disabled widow(er)s' and most
disabled adult children's benefits are paid from the OASI trust fund. Persons
receiving disability benefits from either trust fund are referred to in this report as
Social Security beneficiaries.
Numbers presented in these tables may differ slightly from other published
statistics because all tables, except those using data from the Survey of Income
and Program Participation, are based on 100 percent data files. In addition, the
definition of an award now includes secondary benefit awards, subsequent
periods of disability, conversions from one class of child's benefit to another, and it
excludes reinstated benefits. These changes resulted in a slight increase in the
award counts beginning with 2001 compared with earlier years.
All years are calendar years unless otherwise specified.

Contents

Background .........................................................................................................1
History of the Social Security Disability Insurance Program ...........................1
Definition of Disability ......................................................................................3
Types of Benefits Available .............................................................................3
Initial Disability Decisionmaking Process ........................................................4
Appeals Process .............................................................................................5
Benefit Calculations ........................................................................................5
Benefits Offset and Withheld ...........................................................................6
Work Incentives ...............................................................................................7
Benefit Termination .........................................................................................8

Charts
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.

All Social Security disabled beneficiaries in current-payment status,
December 2003 ................................................................................................ 13
All Social Security disabled beneficiaries in current-payment status,
December 1970–2003 ...................................................................................... 14
Disabled beneficiaries aged 18–64 in current-payment status as a
percentage of state population aged 18–64, December 2003 .......................... 15
Age of disabled-worker beneficiaries in current-payment status, by sex,
December 2003 ................................................................................................ 16
Average monthly benefit of disabled beneficiaries in current-payment
status, by sex, December 2003 ........................................................................ 17
Disabled beneficiaries in current-payment status, by diagnostic group,
December 2003 ................................................................................................ 18
Social Security disability awards, 1980–2003 ................................................... 19
Average monthly benefit awards, by sex, 2003 ................................................ 20
Disabled-worker awards, by selected diagnostic group, 2003 .......................... 21
Final outcome of disabled-worker applications, 1992–2001 ............................. 22
Social Security and SSI beneficiaries receiving benefits on the basis
of disability, December 2003 .............................................................................. 23
Educational level of disabled-worker beneficiaries, December 2001 ............... 24
Sources of disabled-worker family income, December 2001 ............................ 25

Tables
Beneficiaries in Current-Payment Status
Disabled Beneficiaries and Nondisabled Dependents
1. Number, December 1960–2003 ........................................................................ 29
2. Average monthly benefit, by basis of entitlement, age, and sex,
December 2003 ................................................................................................. 30
All Disabled Beneficiaries
3. Number, average, and total monthly benefits, December 1960–2003 .............. 32
4. Number and average monthly benefit, by sex and age, December 2003 ......... 34
5. Distribution, by sex and monthly benefit, December 2003 ...............................35
6. Distribution, by sex and diagnostic group, December 2003 ............................. 37
7. Average monthly benefit, by sex and diagnostic group, December 2003 ......... 39

8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.

Number aged 18–64 as a percentage of the resident population
aged 18–64, by state, December 2003 ............................................................. 41
Distribution, by state or other area, December 2003 ........................................ 43
Number, by state or other area and diagnostic group, December 2003 ...........45
Percentage distribution, by state or other area and diagnostic group,
December 2003 ................................................................................................ 49
Number receiving Social Security disability benefits because of
blindness or deafness, by state or other area, December 2003 ....................... 53
Total monthly benefits, by state or other area, December 2003 ....................... 55
Number, by type of representative payee, December 2003 .............................. 57
Representative payment, by sex and diagnostic group, December 2003 ......... 58
Percentage distribution of disabled workers, by state or other area and
monthly benefit, December 2003 ...................................................................... 60
Percentage distribution of disabled widow(er)s, by state or other area
and monthly benefit, December 2003 ...............................................................62
Percentage distribution of disabled adult children, by state or other area
and monthly benefit, December 2003 ...............................................................64

Disabled Workers
19. Percentage distribution, by sex and age, December 1960–2003 ..................... 66
20. Number, average primary insurance amount, and average monthly benefit,
by age and sex, December 2003 ...................................................................... 68
21. Distribution, by diagnostic group, 1996–2003 ................................................... 69
22. Distribution of workers under age 50, by diagnostic group, 1996–2003 ...........71
23. Distribution of workers aged 50 or older, by diagnostic group, 1996–2003 ...... 73
24. Distribution, by diagnostic group and age, December 2003 ............................. 75
25. Distribution of workers with a secondary benefit (dual entitlement), by worker's
smaller primary insurance amount and sex, December 2003 .......................... 76
26. Distribution of workers with a secondary benefit (dual entitlement), by type of
secondary benefit and sex, December 2003 .................................................... 77
27. Number, by sex, state or other area, and age, December 2003 ....................... 78
Disabled-Worker Families
28. Number and average monthly family benefit, by selected family composition,
December 1960–2003 ...................................................................................... 82
29. Number, average primary insurance amount, and average monthly family
benefit, by family composition, December 2003 ............................................... 84
30. Distribution, by family composition and age of worker, December 2003 .......... 85

Benefits Awarded, Withheld, and Terminated
Awards to Disabled Beneficiaries and Nondisabled Dependents
31. Number, selected years 1960–2003 ................................................................. 89
32. Average monthly benefit, by basis of entitlement, age, and sex, 2003 ............. 90
Awards to All Disabled Beneficiaries
33. Distribution, by sex and diagnostic group, 2003 ............................................... 92
34. Distribution and average monthly benefit, by state or other area, 2003 ...........94
Awards to Disabled Workers
35. Percentage distribution, by sex and age, 1960–2003 ....................................... 96
36. Distribution, by diagnostic group, 1960–2003 ................................................... 98
37. Distribution of workers under age 50, by diagnostic group,
selected years 1975–2003 .............................................................................. 104
38. Distribution of workers aged 50 or older, by diagnostic group,
selected years 1975–2003 .............................................................................. 108
vi

39.
40.
41.

Average primary insurance amount and average monthly benefit,
by sex, selected years 1960–2003 ................................................................. 112
Distribution, by diagnostic group, sex, and age, 2003 .................................... 113
Distribution, by monthly benefit and sex, 2003 ............................................... 115

Awards to Disabled-Worker Families
42. Number, average primary insurance amount, and average monthly
family benefit, by family composition, 2003 .................................................... 116
43. Distribution, by family composition and age of worker, 2003 .......................... 117
Benefits Withheld from All Disabled Beneficiaries
44. Number, by reason for withholding benefit, December 2003 .......................... 118
Benefits Terminated for All Disabled Beneficiaries
45. Number and rate, 1960–2003 ......................................................................... 119
46. Number, by reason for termination, 2003 ....................................................... 121
47. Number and rate, by state or other area, 2003 ............................................... 122
Disabled Workers Who Work
48. Distribution of workers with benefits withheld because of substantial
work, by diagnostic group and age, December 2003 ..................................... 124
49. Distribution of workers with benefits terminated because of successful
return to work, by diagnostic group and age, 2003 ......................................... 126
50. Average monthly benefit for workers with benefits withheld or terminated,
by diagnostic group and age, December 2003 ............................................... 127
51. Distribution, by state or other area, 2003 ........................................................ 128

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
52.
53.
54.
55.
56.
57.

Notes .............................................................................................................. 132
Outcomes at all adjudicative levels, by year of application, 1992–2002 .........133
Medical decisions at the initial adjudicative level, by year of application
and program, 1992–2002 ............................................................................... 134
Medical decisions at the reconsideration level, by year of application
and program, 1992–2002 ............................................................................... 135
Medical decisions at the hearing level or above, by year of application and
program, 1992–2002 ...................................................................................... 136
Percentage distribution of final medical allowances, by year of application
and reason for allowance, 1992–2002 ............................................................ 137
Percentage distribution of final medical denials, by year of application
and reason for denial, 1992–2002 .................................................................. 138

Disabled Beneficiaries Receiving Social Security, SSI, or Both
58.
59.
60.
61.

Number aged 18–64, by program, December 1996–2003 .............................141
Number aged 18–64, by state or other area, December 2003 ....................... 142
Number aged 18–64 as a percentage of the resident population
aged 18–64, by state, December 2003 ........................................................... 144
Distribution of beneficiaries aged 18–64, by diagnostic group,
December 2003 .............................................................................................. 146

vii

Noninstitutionalized Disabled Beneficiaries:
Survey of Income and Program Participation
62.
63.
64.
65.
66.

Notes .............................................................................................................. 150
Distribution, by selected personal characteristics, December 2001 ............... 151
Social Security as a percentage of personal income, by selected
characteristics, December 2001 ..................................................................... 153
Distribution, by household and family characteristics, December 2001 .........155
Percentage distribution of family income, by source and selected
characteristics, December 2001 ..................................................................... 157
Percentage distribution, by poverty status and selected characteristics,
December 2001 .............................................................................................. 159

Appendix: Sampling Variability ...................................................................................... 163
Glossary ......................................................................................................................... 165

viii

Background
History of the Social Security Disability
Insurance Program
When President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed
the Social Security Act into law on August 14,
1935, the original program was designed to pay
benefits only to retired workers aged 65 or older.
The 1939 amendments added two new
categories of benefits: payments to the spouse
and minor children of a retired worker (known as
dependents benefits) and survivors benefits
paid to the family of a deceased worker. That
change transformed Social Security from a
retirement program for individuals into a familybased economic security program.
The Social Security Amendments of 1954
initiated the Disability Insurance (DI) program
that provided the public with additional coverage
against economic insecurity. Effective as of
1955, there was a disability "freeze" of workers'
Social Security records during years when they
were unable to work. While that measure offered
no cash benefits, it did prevent such periods of
disability from reducing or wiping out retirement
and survivors benefits. This legislation outlined
the work requirements, the definition of disability, the nature of the disability determinations,
and the emphasis on rehabilitation that are still
fundamental to the disability program.
On August 1, 1956, as he signed new disability legislation, President Eisenhower was
quoted as saying, "We will . . . endeavor to
administer the disability [program] efficiently and
effectively, [and] . . . to help rehabilitate the disabled so that they may return to useful employment . . . . I am hopeful that the new law . . . will
advance the economic security of the American
people." These amendments provided cash
benefits to disabled workers aged 50–64 (after a
6-month waiting period) and to adult children of
retired, disabled, or deceased workers, if the
children had been disabled before age 18.
Over the next 4 years, Congress broadened
the scope of the program, providing benefits to

disabled workers' dependents in 1958 and permitting disabled workers under age 50 to qualify
for benefits in 1960. In 1967, the act was further
amended to provide benefits for disabled widows and widowers aged 50–64 at a reduced
rate.
The Social Security Amendments of 1972
further enhanced the disability program by

reducing the waiting period from 6 months
to 5,

increasing from 18 to 22 the age before
which a "childhood disability" must have
begun,

extending Medicare coverage to persons
who had been receiving disability benefits
for 24 consecutive months, and

establishing the needs-based Supplemental
Security Income (SSI) program to replace
the Old-Age Assistance, Aid to the Blind,
and Aid to Permanently and Totally Disabled
programs. The SSI program, unlike the
Social Security disability program, provided
benefits to disabled children under the age
of 18.

Throughout the 1970s, growth in the disability rolls was higher than expected as a result of
increased applications. In addition, relatively few
beneficiaries were being rehabilitated and
returning to work. As a result, Congress enacted
legislation in 1980 that

limited disability benefit levels,

tightened administration of the Social Security and SSI disability programs by instituting
a review of initial disability decisions and by
establishing a periodic review of continuing
disability requirements,

enhanced rehabilitation and work incentive
provisions, and

withheld payment of benefits to incarcerated
felons.

In response to concerns arising from the
implementation of the 1980 provision regarding
the continuing disability review process, Congress legislated in 1982 that persons who
appeal decisions that their disability has ceased

could elect to have benefits and Medicare
coverage continued pending review by an
administrative law judge, and
have an opportunity for a face-to-face evidentiary hearing at the reconsideration level
of appeal.

Two provisions of the Social Security
Amendments of 1983 affected the disability program:

The gradual increase, from 65 to 67, in the
age at which full retirement benefits are payable was made to restore financial soundness to the Old-Age, Survivors, and
Disability Insurance (OASDI) programs. The
increase in full retirement age, which began
in 2000, means that disabled workers and
widow(er)s may remain on the DI rolls for an
additional 2 years before "converting" to
age-based benefits. It is also likely that more
older workers will apply for and become entitled to disability-based benefits because of
this change.
Benefits to disabled widow(er)s were
improved by decreasing the benefit reduction for beneficiaries under age 60 and by
continuing payments to certain disabled
widow(er)s who remarried.

In 1984, the Congress enacted a number of
changes affecting the interpretation of disability,
such as instituting a "medical improvement standard" in the continuing disability review process,
revising the mental impairment listings, and considering the combined effect of all impairments
when determining eligibility for benefits.
From 1984 through 1998, many relatively
minor legislative changes were made in the
Social Security disability program. Those
changes provided additional Medicare protection for the disabled, made the definition of dis-

ability for disabled widow(er)s the same as that
for disabled workers, prohibited eligibility for
individuals whose drug addiction or alcoholism
was a contributing factor to their impairment,
and modified the provisions for a trial work
period.
On December 17, 1999, President Clinton
signed into law the Ticket to Work and Work
Incentives Improvement Act. The purpose of
that legislation is to improve the disability program's work incentives by giving beneficiaries
greater choice in seeking rehabilitation and
employment services. The provisions of the act

create a Ticket to Work and Self-Sufficiency
program that provides disabled beneficiaries
with a voucher they may use to obtain vocational rehabilitation services, employment
services, and other support services from an
employment network of their choice;

prohibit the Social Security Administration
from initiating continuing disability reviews
while the beneficiary is using a ticket;

provide for expedited reinstatement of benefits for individuals whose prior entitlement to
disability and health care benefits had been
terminated as a result of earnings from work
(those former beneficiaries may request
reinstatement of benefits without filing a new
application);

establish a community-based work incentives planning and assistance program for
the purpose of providing accurate information about work incentives to disabled beneficiaries;

expand health care services by allowing the
states to offer Medicaid buy-in for workers
with disabilities even though they may no
longer be eligible for disability benefits under
Social Security or SSI because their medical
condition has improved; and

allow people with disabilities who return to
work to continue their premium-free Medicare Part A coverage for an additional 4½
years beyond the 4 years previously provided (Medicare Part B can also continue if
premiums are paid).

2 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

Definition of Disability
The definition of disability under Social Security
is different from that used by other disability
programs. Social Security pays benefits only for
total disability; it does not pay benefits for partial
disability or for short-term disability.
To be eligible for benefits a person must

be insured for benefits,

not have attained full retirement age,

have filed an application for benefits, and

have a Social Security defined disability.

Meeting the insured requirement means that
a person must have worked long enough—and
recently enough—under Social Security. The
number of work credits (quarters of coverage) a
person needs to qualify for benefits depends on
the individual's age when he or she becomes
disabled.
Section 223(d)(1) of the Social Security Act
defines "disability" as an—
(A) inability to engage in any substantial gainful
activity by reason of any medically
determinable physical or mental impairment
which can be expected to result in death or
which has lasted or can be expected to last
for a continuous period of not less than 12
months; or
(B) in the case of an individual who has attained
age 55 and is blind (within the meaning of
"blindness" as defined in section 216(i)(1)),
inability by reason of such blindness to
engage in substantial gainful activity
requiring skills or abilities comparable to
those of any gainful activity in which he has
previously engaged with some regularity and
over a substantial period of time.
In most cases, a dollar amount is used to
indicate whether a person is engaging in substantial gainful activity (SGA). For 2003, the
SGA amount was $800 per month for a nonblind
individual and $1,330 per month for a blind per-

son. Effective January 2001, the SGA level is
adjusted annually on the basis of the national
average wage index.
A medically determinable physical or mental
impairment is an impairment that results from
anatomical, physiological, or psychological
abnormalities that can be shown by medically
acceptable clinical and laboratory diagnostic
techniques. An impairment must be established
by medical evidence consisting of signs, symptoms, and laboratory findings.

Types of Benefits Available
The Social Security program pays benefits to
disabled individuals and to certain dependents.
Those benefits include the following:
1. Monthly cash benefits, after a 5-month waiting period, for a disabled worker and family. The worker and eligible family members
continue to receive benefits, as long as the
worker remains disabled, until the worker
reaches full retirement age or dies. (At that
time, the disabled-worker benefit would convert to retired-worker benefits, and eligible
family members would become eligible for
retirement- or survivor-based benefits.)
The spouse of a disabled worker is eligible
for benefits if he or she is aged 62 or older or
has in his or her care a child under age 16 or
a disabled adult child who is entitled to
benefits on the worker's earnings record.
Unmarried children are entitled to benefits
until they reach age 18, or until age 19 if
they are a full-time elementary or secondary
school student.
2. Monthly cash benefits, after a 5-month waiting period, for a disabled widow(er) or a
disabled surviving divorced spouse who
is aged 50 to 65. This publication refers to
those individuals as "disabled widow(er)s."
3. Monthly cash benefits payable to disabled
adult children of disabled, retired, or
deceased workers. Those children must be
aged 18 or older and must have become disabled before age 22. The 5-month waiting

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 3

period does not apply to disabled adult children.
4. Medicare benefits, which are available
2 years after the disabled worker, disabled
widow(er), or disabled adult child becomes
eligible for benefits.
5. Vocational rehabilitation services, which
are available for disabled beneficiaries who
could return to work if they were provided
with some assistance.

Initial Disability Decisionmaking Process
The disability decisionmaking process begins
when an individual files an application for
benefits at a Social Security office. An employee
in the office determines if the applicant meets
the nonmedical requirements for benefits such
as age, work credits, performance of SGA, and
relationship to the insured worker. If those
requirements are met, the application is sent to
the Disability Determination Services (DDS)
office in the state where the applicant resides.
The DDS then decides whether an individual is
disabled under Social Security law.
Disability examiners and medical staff in the
DDS office use medical evidence from the applicant's doctors, hospitals, clinics, or institutions
where the individual received treatment. Those
medical sources are also asked for information
about a person's ability to do work-related activities, such as walking, sitting, lifting, carrying,
and remembering instructions.
The DDS may need more medical information before they can decide a person's case. If it
is not available from the individual's current
medical sources, they may ask the applicant to
go to a special examination, called a "consultative examination," that is paid for by the Social
Security Administration (SSA).
A five-step sequential evaluation process is
used to decide if a person is disabled. Those
steps are as follows:
1. Is the individual working? If the person is
working and earning more than the SGA

amount, the person generally cannot be
considered disabled. This decision is made
by a Social Security employee. If the person
is not working at the SGA level, the file goes
to the DDS.
2. Is the condition "severe"? A condition
must interfere with basic work-related activities for a claim to be considered. If it does
not, the person is not found disabled. If it
does, the DDS will go to the next step.
3. Does the individual have an impairment
that meets or equals one that is
described in SSA's Listing of Impairments? SSA maintains a list of impairments
for 14 major body systems: musculoskeletal,
special senses and speech, respiratory, cardiovascular, digestive, genitourinary, hemic
and lymphatic, skin and subcutaneous tissue, endocrine, multiple body, neurological,
mental, neoplastic, and immunologic. Those
impairments are so severe that they automatically mean that a person is disabled. If
the condition is not on the list, the DDS will
have to decide if it is of equal severity to a
listed impairment. If it is, the person is found
disabled. If not, the DDS goes to the next
step.
4. Can the individual do the work he or she
previously did? If the person's condition is
severe but not at the same or equal severity
as an impairment on the list, then the DDS
must determine whether it interferes with a
person's ability to do his or her past work. If
it does not, the claim will be denied. If it
does, the DDS goes to the next step.
5. Can the individual do any other type of
work? To determine an individual's ability to
do other work, the DDS considers the person's medical conditions, age, education,
work experience, and any transferable skills.
If the DDS decides the person cannot do
other work, the claim will be approved. If the
DDS decides that the person can do other
work, the claim will be denied.
A person is considered blind if his or her
vision cannot be corrected to better than 20/200
in the better eye or if his or her visual field is 20

4 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

degrees or less, even with a corrective lens. A
number of special rules apply to persons who
are blind. Those rules recognize the impact of
blindness on a person's ability to work. For
example, the dollar amount used to determine
whether a blind individual is engaging in SGA is
higher than the limit for a sighted person.

Appeals Process
If an applicant's claim for disability benefits is
denied, he or she has the right to appeal that
decision. There are four levels of appeals: (1)
reconsideration by the state DDS, (2) hearing by
an administrative law judge (ALJ), (3) review by
the Appeals Council, and (4) federal court
review. At each level of appeal, claimants or
their representative must file the request for
appeal in writing within 60 days from the date of
the notice of denial.
Generally, the reconsideration is the first
step in the appeals process. The reconsideration is a case review and is similar to the initial
determination except that the case is assigned
to a different disability examiner and medical
team at the DDS. Claimants are given the
opportunity to present additional evidence,
which is considered along with the evidence that
was submitted during the initial determination.
If the claim is again denied, the individual
may request a hearing before an ALJ. Usually
the ALJ will hold a hearing, although the claimant may ask that his or her case be decided on
the basis of the written record without a hearing.
At the hearing, the claimant and witnesses testify under oath or affirmation, and the testimony
is recorded verbatim. The ALJ, who is responsible for looking into all the issues, receives documentary evidence as well as the testimony of
witnesses. The ALJ will allow the claimant, the
claimant's representative, or both to present
arguments and examine witnesses.
The final step in the administrative appeals
process is at the Appeals Council. If the claimant is dissatisfied with the hearing decision, he
or she may request that the Appeals Council
review the case. The Council, made up of
administrative appeals judges, may also, on its

own motion, review a decision within 60 days of
the ALJ's decision.
The Appeals Council considers the evidence
of record, any additional evidence submitted by
the claimant, and the ALJ's findings and conclusions. The Council may grant, deny, or dismiss a
request for review. If it agrees to review the
case, the Council may uphold, modify, or
reverse the ALJ's action, or it may remand it to
the ALJ so that he or she may hold another
hearing and issue a new decision.
Claimants may file an action in a federal district court within 60 days after the date they
receive notice of the Appeals Council's action. If
the U.S. District Court reviews the case record
and does not find in favor of the claimant, the
claimant can continue with the appellate process to the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals.

Benefit Calculations
In addition to meeting the strict medical
definition of disability, an individual must also
meet an insured-status requirement. To be
eligible for disabled-worker benefits, a person
must have worked long enough and recently
enough under Social Security. A person can
earn up to four work credits per year. The
amount of earnings required for a credit
increases each year as general wage levels
rise.
The number of work credits a person needs
for disability benefits depends on the individual's
age when he or she becomes disabled. To be
fully insured, the maximum number of credits a
person needs is 40. To be currently insured, a
person generally needs 20 credits earned in the
last 10 years ending with the year he or she
becomes disabled. However, younger workers
may qualify with fewer credits.
Dependents of a disabled worker are eligible
for benefits if the worker meets both the medical
and insured-status requirements. Disabled
widow(er)s and disabled adult children do not
need to meet a work requirement themselves,
but the worker on whose record they are filing
must be insured.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 5

To determine the amount of a person's
monthly cash benefit, SSA uses the following
four-step process:
1. Calculate each worker's average indexed
monthly earnings (AIME). First, the
worker's annual covered earnings after 1950
are indexed to reflect the general earnings
level in the indexing year—the second calendar year before the year of eligibility (that
is, the year a worker becomes disabled,
reaches age 62, or dies). Earnings in years
after the indexing year are not indexed but
instead are counted at their actual value.
The period used to calculate the AIME
equals the number of full calendar years
elapsing between age 21 and the year of
first eligibility. The actual years used in the
computation are the years of highest earnings after the 5 lowest years of earnings
have been excluded. The AIME is calculated
as the sum of the highest year's earnings,
divided by the number of months in the computation period.
2. Compute the primary insurance amount
(PIA). The formula used to compute the PIA
from the AIME is weighted to provide a
higher PIA-to-AIME ratio for workers with
low earnings. For workers who reach age
62, become disabled, or die in 2003, the PIA
is equal to the sum of:
90 percent of the first $606 of AIME, plus
32 percent of the next $3,047 of AIME,
plus 15 percent of AIME over $3,653.
When subsequent retirement benefits are
computed at conversion to retired-worker
benefits at the full retirement age (FRA), or
at retirement for a worker who earlier recovered from a disability, the years of disability
are disregarded from the PIA calculation.
That preserves insured status and benefit
level.
Alternative methods of computing the PIA
apply to workers who have low earnings but
a steady work history over most of their adult
years and to workers who also receive a
pension based on their own noncovered
work.

3. Compute the family maximum (FMAX).
Monthly benefits payable to the worker and
family members or to the worker's survivors
are limited to a maximum family benefit
amount. The family maximum level for
retired-worker families or survivors usually
ranges from 150 percent to 188 percent of
the worker's PIA. The maximum benefit for
disabled-worker families ranges from the
smaller of 85 percent of AIME (or 100 percent of the PIA, if larger) to about 150 percent of the PIA.
Beginning with the first year of eligibility, the
PIA and FMAX are increased by cost-ofliving adjustments.
4. Compute the person's monthly benefit
amount (MBA). Disabled workers and persons retiring at the FRA are paid 100 percent of the PIA. The PIA is reduced for
workers who retire between age 62 and the
FRA. If a disabled worker receives reduced
retirement benefits before disability entitlement, the disability benefit is reduced by the
number of months for which he or she
received reduced retirement benefits.
Dependents of retired or disabled workers
may receive up to 50 percent of the PIA. Disabled adult children of deceased workers
may receive up to 75 percent of the PIA.
Disabled widow(er)s aged 50 to 60 may
receive up to 71.5 percent of the PIA. Disabled widow(er)s aged 60 to the FRA may
receive up to 100 percent of the PIA, but
benefits are reduced for age, with a maximum reduction of 28.5 percent.
All monthly benefits are limited by the family
maximum, so dependents may not receive
their full MBA.

Benefits Offset and Withheld
Disabled-worker and dependents benefits may
be offset if the disabled worker receives
workers' compensation (WC) or other public
disability benefits (PDB). The 1965 Social
Security Amendments require that benefits be
reduced when the worker is also eligible for
periodic or lump-sum WC/PDB payments, so

6 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

that the combined amount of the disabled
worker's and family's Social Security benefit
plus the WC/PDB does not exceed 80 percent of
the worker's average current earnings. The
combined payments after reduction are never
less than the total Social Security benefits were
before reduction. The reduction continues until
the month the worker reaches age 65 or the
month the WC/PDB payment stops, whichever
comes first.
If a spouse or disabled widow(er) worked for
a federal, state, or local government to which he
or she did not pay Social Security taxes, the
pension he or she receives from that agency
may reduce his or her Social Security benefits.
That provision is known as the government pension offset. The offset will reduce the amount of
the Social Security benefit by two-thirds of the
amount of the government pension.
The annual earnings test applies to nondisabled beneficiaries under the FRA. Benefits for
those beneficiaries are withheld $1 for every $2
they earn above the annual earnings limit. In the
calendar year a beneficiary attains the FRA, for
months before the FRA, $1 is withheld for every
$3 earned over the annual earnings limit for that
age group. A retired worker's earnings will also
affect his or her dependents' benefits, including
those of disabled adult children. In addition, a
spouse's earnings may affect benefits for his or
her children. How a disabled beneficiary's work
affects his or her benefit is discussed in the next
section.
Other reasons for withholding benefits
include spouses who no longer have an entitled
child in their care, beneficiaries who are incarcerated, or beneficiaries whose whereabouts
are unknown.

Work Incentives
Special rules make it possible for disabled
beneficiaries to work and still receive monthly
benefits and Medicare or Medicaid. Those rules
are known as work incentives.
Disabled beneficiaries are encouraged to
return to work by providing a trial work period

(TWP) and an extended period of eligibility
(EPE). During the TWP, earnings are allowed to
exceed the SGA dollar amount for 9 months.
During the 3-year EPE that follows the TWP,
benefits are withheld only for those months in
which earnings exceed the SGA amount. After
the end of the EPE, monthly benefits are terminated when earnings exceed the SGA amount.
Certain impairment-related expenses that a person needs to make in order to work may be
deducted when counting earnings to determine
whether the work is substantial. Even if cash
benefits are withheld, Medicare and Medicaid
coverage can continue.
The Ticket to Work and Work Incentives
Improvement Act has further improved work
incentives. That law substantially expands work
opportunities for people with disabilities. The
provisions of the law become effective at different times in different parts of the country. The
provisions below apply to both Social Security
and SSI.
1. Ticket to Work and Self-Sufficiency Program. Starting in 2002, some Social Security and SSI disability beneficiaries received
a "ticket" that they may use to obtain vocational rehabilitation and other employment
support services from an approved provider
of their choice. The program is voluntary and
will be phased in nationally over a 3-year
period.
2. Expanded Availability of Health Care Services. As of October 1, 2000, the law
expands Medicaid and Medicare coverage
to more people with disabilities who work. It
extends Medicare Part A premium-free coverage for 93 months after the trial work
period for most disabled beneficiaries who
work.
In addition, states now have the option to
expand Medicaid coverage to workers with
disabilities using income and resource limits
set by the states.
3. Expedited Benefits. Effective January 1,
2001, if a person's Social Security or SSI
disability benefits have ended because of
earnings from work and if he or she

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 7

becomes unable to work again within 60
months because of his or her medical condition, the person would be able to request
reinstatement of benefits, including Medicare and Medicaid, without filing a new
application.
4. Disability Reviews Postponed. Effective
January 1, 2001, an individual using a
"ticket" does not need to undergo the regularly scheduled disability reviews. Effective
January 1, 2002, people who have been
receiving Social Security disability benefits
for at least 24 months will not be asked to go
through a disability review because of the
work they are doing. However, regularly
scheduled medical reviews could still be performed and benefits could be terminated if
earnings were above the limits.
5. Work Incentives Outreach Program. The
law directs the Social Security Administration to establish a community-based work
incentives planning and assistance program
to disseminate accurate information about
work incentives and to give beneficiaries
more choice. SSA has established a program of cooperative agreements and contracts to provide benefits planning and
assistance to all disabled beneficiaries,
including information about the availability of
protection and advocacy services.
6. Protection and Advocacy. The law authorizes SSA to make payments to protection
and advocacy systems established in each
state to provide information, advice, and
legal services to disability beneficiaries.
More information about work incentives can
be found at http://www.socialsecurity.gov/work.

Benefit Termination
In general, benefits continue as long as a
person remains disabled. However, under
Social Security law, all disability cases must be
reviewed from time to time to make sure that
people receiving benefits continue to meet the
disability requirements. Benefits continue unless
there is strong proof that a person's impairment

has medically improved and that he or she is
able to return to work.
How often a case is reviewed depends on
the severity of the impairment and the likelihood
of improvement. The frequency can range from
6 months to 7 years. Here are general guidelines for reviews.

Improvement expected—If medical
improvement can be predicted when benefits start, the first review will be 6 to 18
months later.

Improvement possible—If medical
improvement is possible but cannot be predicted, the case will be reviewed about every
3 years.

Improvement not expected—If medical
improvement is not likely, the case will be
reviewed about once every 5 to 7 years.

During a review, the disabled beneficiary is
asked to provide information about any medical
treatment he or she has received and any work
he or she might have done. An evaluation team
that includes a disability examiner and a doctor
then requests the individual's medical records
and carefully reviews his or her file. If the team
decides a person is still disabled, benefits will
continue. If they decide that the person is no
longer disabled, the individual can file an appeal
if he or she disagrees with the determination.
Otherwise, benefits stop 3 months after the
beneficiary is notified that his or her disability
ended.
Benefits for dependents continue as long as
the disabled worker continues to be entitled to
benefits. However, a person's benefits may be
terminated for other reasons. Here are the most
common reasons to terminate benefits:

The beneficiary dies. If the deceased was
the worker, eligible dependents may become
entitled to survivors benefits.

The disabled worker or disabled widow(er)
attains the FRA and their benefit is automatically converted to retired-worker benefits or
aged widow(er)s benefits, respectively.

8 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

The disabled beneficiary is no longer disabled either through medical recovery or
successful reentry to the workforce.

A student reaches age 19 or is no longer
attending elementary or secondary school
full time.

A spouse divorces a worker (with some
exceptions).

Dependent children marry.

Dependents become entitled to another
equal or larger benefit.

Certain divorced spouses remarry.

A spouse no longer has a child under age 16
or a disabled child in his or her care.

A child reaches age 18.

Benefits usually stop effective with the
month the terminating event occurred.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 9

Charts

Chart 1.
All Social Security disabled beneficiaries in current-payment status, December 2003
In December 2003, about 6.8 million people received Social Security disability benefits as disabled workers, disabled widow(er)s, or disabled adult children. The majority (86 percent) were disabled workers, 11 percent were disabled adult children, and 3 percent were disabled widow(er)s.

Disabled widow(er)s
3%
Disabled adult children
11%
Disabled workers
86%

SOURCE: Table 3.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 13

Chart 2.
All Social Security disabled beneficiaries in current-payment status, December 1970–2003
The number of disabled workers grew steadily until 1978, declined slightly until 1983, started to increase again in
1984, and began to increase more rapidly beginning in 1990. The growth in the 1980s and 1990s was the result of
demographic changes, a recession, and legislative changes. The number of disabled adult children has grown
slightly, and the number of disabled widow(er)s has remained fairly level. In December 2003, close to 5.9 million
disabled workers, about 753,000 disabled adult children, and just over 209,000 disabled widow(er)s received disability benefits.

Millions
8
Total
Disabled workers

7

Disabled widow(er)s
Disabled adult children

6

5

4

3

2

1

0
1970

1975

1980

1985

1990

1995

SOURCE: Table 3.

14 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

2000

2003

Chart 3.
Disabled beneficiaries aged 18–64 in current-payment status as a percentage of state population
aged 18–64, December 2003
Disabled beneficiaries aged 18–64 in current-payment status accounted for about 3.6 percent of the population
aged 18–64 in the United States. In 8 states and the District of Columbia, they represented less than 3 percent of
the state population. The states with the highest rates of disabled beneficiaries—5 percent or more—were
Alabama, Arkansas, Kentucky, Maine, Mississippi, South Carolina, Tennessee, and West Virginia.

Under 3%

3–3.9%

4–4.9%

5% or more

SOURCE: Table 8.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 15

Chart 4.
Age of disabled-worker beneficiaries in current-payment status, by sex, December 2003
The percentage of disabled-worker beneficiaries increases with age for both men and women. In December 2003,
the largest percentage of disabled-worker beneficiaries were aged 60 or older. Disability benefits convert to retirement benefits when the worker reaches full retirement age, which is ages 65 to 67, depending on the year of birth.

Percent
25
Men
Women
20

15

10

5

0
Under 25

25–29

30–34

35–39

40–44

45–49

50–54

SOURCE: Table 4.

16 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

55–59 60 or older

Chart 5.
Average monthly benefit of disabled beneficiaries in current-payment status, by sex, December 2003
The average monthly benefit for disabled-worker beneficiaries is higher than that paid to disabled widow(er)s or
disabled adult children. The reason for the difference is that disabled workers receive 100 percent of the primary
insurance amount (PIA), compared with 71.5 percent for disabled widow(er)s and 50 percent for disabled adult
children (if the worker is disabled or retired) or 75 percent (if the worker is deceased).
Because men have traditionally had higher earnings than women, their monthly benefit is higher. This is most obvious in the disabled-worker group. Benefits for disabled widow(er)s and disabled adult children are dependents'
benefits, so their monthly benefit is a function of the worker's earnings. Therefore, a disabled widow's average
benefit tends to be higher than that of a disabled widower because a male worker's earnings are higher than a
female worker's. Benefit amounts are about the same for men and women in the disabled adult children group.

Dollars
1,000
900

Men

800

Women

700
600
500
400
300
200
100
0
Disabled workers

Disabled widow(er)s

Disabled adult children

SOURCE: Table 5.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 17

Chart 6.
Disabled beneficiaries in current-payment status, by diagnostic group, December 2003
The impairment on which disability is based varies with the type of beneficiary. In December 2003, a mental disorder other than retardation was the primary reason disabled workers received benefits; diseases of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue were the leading cause of disability among disabled widow(er)s; and mental
retardation was the predominant reason for disability among disabled adult children.

Percent
50
Disabled workers
45
Disabled widow(er)s
40
Disabled adult children
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0

Mental
retardation

Other
mental
disorders

Nervous
system
and sense
organs

Musculoskeletal
system
and
connective
tissue

Endocrine
diseases

SOURCE: Table 6.

18 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

Circulatory
All other
system
impairments

Chart 7.
Social Security disability awards, 1980–2003
The total number of awards decreased from 1980 through 1982, started to rise in 1983, and began to increase
more rapidly in 1990. Awards for disabled-worker benefits have been most pronounced and drive the overall pattern shown in the total line. They increased from a low of 297,131 in 1982 to 636,637 in 1992, were relatively flat
from 1992 through 2000, and started to increase again in 2001. There were 755,706 worker awards in 2003. Other
awards have risen at a much slower rate. Awards to disabled adult children have gradually increased from 33,470
in 1980 to 46,801 in 2003. Awards to disabled widow(er)s have risen from just over 16,000 in 1980 to 27,324 in
2003.

Thousands
1,600
Total
Disabled workers

1,400

Disabled widow(er)s
Disabled adult children

1,200

1,000

800

600

400

200

0
1980

1985

1990

1995

2000

2003

SOURCE: Table 31.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 19

Chart 8.
Average monthly benefit awards, by sex, 2003
Average monthly benefits for new awards tend to be higher than those paid to beneficiaries who are already on the
rolls (see Chart 5). The exception is payments to newly awarded adult children, whose benefits are slightly lower
than those paid to adult children who are already on the rolls.
The average monthly benefit awarded to disabled workers is higher than that awarded to disabled widow(er)s or
disabled adult children. The reason for the difference is that disabled workers receive 100 percent of the primary
insurance amount, compared with 71.5 percent for disabled widow(er)s and 50 percent for disabled adult children
(if the worker is disabled or retired) or 75 percent (if the worker is deceased).
Because men have traditionally had higher earnings than women, their monthly benefit is higher. This is most obvious in the disabled-worker group. Benefits for disabled widow(er)s and disabled adult children are dependents'
benefits, so their monthly benefit is a function of the worker's earnings. Therefore, a disabled widow's average benefit tends to be higher than that of a disabled widower because a male worker's earnings are higher than a female
worker's. Benefit amounts are about the same for men and women in the disabled adult children group.

Dollars
1,200
Men
1,000

Women

800

600

400

200

0
Disabled workers

Disabled widow(er)s

SOURCE: Table 32.

20 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

Disabled adult children

Chart 9.
Disabled-worker awards, by selected diagnostic group, 2003
In 2003, 755,706 disabled workers were awarded benefits. The primary impairment group was diseases of the
musculoskeletal system and connective tissue (26.3 percent), 25.4 percent had a mental disorder, 11.4 percent
had circulatory problems, 9.4 percent had neoplasms, 8.5 percent had a disease of the nervous system and sense
organs, and 19.0 percent had other impairments.

Neoplasms
9%

Other
19%

Mental disorders
25%

Musculoskeletal system
and connective tissue
26%

Circulatory system
11%

Nervous system
and sense organs
9%

SOURCE: Table 33.
NOTE: Percentages do not add to 100 because of rounding.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 21

Chart 10.
Final outcome of disabled-worker applications, 1992–2001
The final award rate for disabled-worker applicants has varied over time, averaging about 51 percent for claims
filed from 1992 through 2001. The percentage of applicants awarded benefits at the initial claims level averaged
almost 32 percent over the same period and ranged from a high of about 35 percent to a low of 28 percent. The
percentage of applicants awarded at the reconsideration and hearing levels are relatively constant, averaging
about 5 percent and 15 percent, respectively. Denied disability claims have averaged about 48 percent.

Percent
100
Technical

80
Medical denials

60
Pending final
Hearings and Appeals Council awards
40

Reconsideration awards

20

0
1992

Initial awards

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

NOTES: Awards are calculated as medical allowances minus subsequent technical denials. Technical denials
include both nonmedical decision technical denials and medical decisions that were subsequently denied for
technical reasons.
The proportion of claims awarded at each level of the process is likely to change as a result of the Prototype Process being tested in 10 states. Under this test, the reconsideration step of the appeals process was eliminated for
applications filed October 1, 1999, or later. Elimination of the reconsideration level in these states is likely to result
in a decrease in the overall proportion of claims awarded at this step.

SOURCE: Tables 52–58.

22 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

Chart 11.
Social Security and SSI beneficiaries receiving benefits on the basis of disability, December 2003
In December 2003, over 10.4 million people under the age of 65 received benefits on the basis of disability. About
53 percent (5.5 million persons) received benefits from the Social Security program only, 36 percent (3.8 million
persons) received benefits from SSI only (includes approximately 960,000 disabled children under the age of 18),
and 11 percent (1.1 million persons) received benefits from both programs. This total excludes 38,135 disabled
workers, 66,510 disabled adult children, and 756,900 blind and disabled SSI recipients who are aged 65 or older.

Social Security
only
5.5 million

Concurrent
1.1 million

SSI only
3.8 million

Total 10.4 million

SOURCE: Data for beneficiaries aged 18–64 are from Table 58. Data for disabled children under 18 are derived
from Table 7.A1 in the Annual Statistical Supplement, 2003 to the Social Security Bulletin. Washington, DC: Social
Security Administration, Office of Policy.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 23

Chart 12.
Educational level of disabled-worker beneficiaries, December 2001
Disabled workers have varying levels of education and tend to be less educated than the general U.S. population.
Twenty-five percent of disabled-worker beneficiaries have less than a high school education, 38 percent have a
high school education, 28 percent have some college education, and 10 percent have a college degree or
postgraduate level of education.

16 or more years
of education
10%

0–8 years
of education
10%

9–11 years
of education
15%
13–15 years
of education
28%

12 years
of education
38%

SOURCE: Table 62.
NOTE: Percentages do not add to 100 because of rounding.

24 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

Chart 13.
Sources of disabled-worker family income, December 2001
Social Security benefits are the primary source of income for disabled-worker families. About 45 percent of their
income comes from Social Security, 36 percent from family members' earnings, and 4 percent from Supplemental
Security Income. Only 1 percent comes from other public assistance.

Property
income
2%

Other
11%

Other public
assistance
1%

Social Security
45%
Family members'
earnings
36%

Supplemental
Security Income
4%

SOURCE: Table 65.
NOTE: Percentages do not add to 100 because of rounding.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 25

Tables
Beneficiaries in CurrentPayment Status

Disabled Beneficiaries and Nondisabled Dependents
Table 1.
Number, December 1960–2003
Workers and nondisabled dependents
Children
Spouses under age 18

Adult children of—

Students
aged 18–19

Widow(er)s

Disabled
workers

Retired
workers

Deceased
workers

152,519
532,197
799,111
1,239,058

...
16,437
75,194
147,253

...
...
49,281
109,511

2,962
8,981
14,295
24,193

53,825
87,122
101,341
118,802

47,267
102,287
154,921
219,340

461,878
428,212
365,862
308,059
303,982

1,184,846
1,070,000
894,440
855,560
858,243

140,157
148,879
79,333
50,134
31,875

127,580
121,590
116,372
111,591
109,151

32,883
32,664
30,027
30,209
31,165

140,548
143,633
144,464
148,464
152,667

276,739
286,724
297,917
309,699
322,541

2,656,638
2,728,463
2,785,859
2,821,070
2,886,590

305,532
300,826
290,888
280,780
269,830

889,730
911,698
912,367
898,980
901,400

22,336
20,245
20,183
24,370
23,330

107,005
106,974
106,282
105,810
102,650

33,078
34,641
35,378
35,520
35,950

157,011
161,755
165,675
170,940
172,650

335,753
348,647
360,220
371,890
381,760

4,934,370
5,209,600
5,633,130
6,026,460
6,381,470

3,011,130
3,198,610
3,473,330
3,729,330
3,966,590

264,230
263,780
271,510
272,190
270,220

929,720
986,710
1,090,920
1,188,330
1,276,740

23,960
26,380
25,930
29,660
29,910

101,780
115,010
131,620
148,070
161,650

36,990
38,450
41,720
44,920
48,650

174,560
177,740
181,860
185,270
187,630

392,000
402,920
416,240
428,690
440,080

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

6,674,450
6,906,420
6,998,210
7,192,370
7,391,920

4,186,720
4,386,040
4,505,760
4,697,010
4,873,560

263,130
223,300
207,290
190,120
176,370

1,331,110
1,381,200
1,357,340
1,363,910
1,381,200

29,550
32,820
31,440
30,780
37,020

173,240
182,020
187,220
192,400
197,520

51,790
53,470
53,760
55,690
57,360

188,940
190,050
190,410
189,930
189,820

449,970
457,520
464,990
472,530
479,070

2000
2001
2002
2003

7,550,930
7,790,038
8,109,332
8,490,007

5,035,840
5,268,039
5,539,597
5,868,541

164,850
156,978
151,626
150,889

1,381,500
1,385,374
1,422,296
1,461,635

35,000
38,839
43,916
46,769

200,130
204,255
207,365
209,360

58,090
57,920
59,460
62,450

191,950
191,817
192,087
191,704

483,570
486,816
492,985
498,659

Year

Total

Workers

1960
1965
1970
1975

788,543
1,928,460
2,970,538
4,799,853

455,371
988,074
1,492,948
2,488,774

76,599
193,362
283,447
452,922

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

5,223,311
5,008,221
4,532,014
4,382,745
4,406,140

2,858,680
2,776,519
2,603,599
2,569,029
2,596,516

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

4,507,083
4,613,249
4,676,852
4,709,360
4,774,160

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

SOURCES: Social Security Administration. For years before 2001, Annual Statistical Supplement to the Social Security Bulletin , based on
the Master Beneficiary Record, various sampling rates; beginning with 2001, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary
Record file, 100 percent data.
NOTE: . . . = not applicable.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 29

Disabled Beneficiaries and Nondisabled Dependents
Table 2.
Average monthly benefit, by basis of entitlement, age, and sex, December 2003
Total
Basis of entitlement and age

Number

Female

Male

Average monthly
benefit (dollars)

Number

Average monthly
benefit (dollars)

Number

Average monthly
benefit (dollars)

Workers
Total
Under 25
25–29
30–34
35–39
40–44
45–49
50–54
55–59
60–64
65 or older

5,868,541

861.60

3,221,316

965.90

2,647,225

734.60

56,750
125,320
215,785
371,249
612,405
823,276
1,016,850
1,258,853
1,349,918
38,135

471.10
568.90
645.50
708.50
765.80
828.70
888.80
937.20
952.30
930.10

33,489
69,442
116,011
201,779
334,681
447,952
551,670
688,354
756,310
21,628

480.20
580.50
658.80
727.40
803.10
894.60
989.60
1,081.10
1,121.80
1,099.00

23,261
55,878
99,774
169,470
277,724
375,324
465,180
570,499
593,608
16,507

458.00
554.50
630.10
686.10
720.90
750.00
769.20
763.40
736.30
708.90

Spouses of disabled workers
Total

150,889

221.40

4,308

176.90

146,581

222.70

Entitlement based on care
of children
Under 30
30–34
35–39
40–44
45–49
50–54
55 or older

96,785
6,226
11,632
19,445
22,947
18,258
10,839
7,438

180.90
121.60
128.60
147.60
178.70
206.70
234.50
265.20

1,977
48
127
316
455
444
309
278

140.00
121.10
92.30
110.80
124.80
148.70
169.50
176.10

94,808
6,178
11,505
19,129
22,492
17,814
10,530
7,160

181.80
121.60
129.00
148.20
179.80
208.20
236.40
268.70

Entitlement based on age
62–64
65 or older

54,104
30,436
23,668

293.70
286.50
302.90

2,331
539
1,792

208.30
172.20
219.20

51,773
29,897
21,876

297.50
288.60
309.70

Children of disabled workers
Total

1,570,854

253.80

830,581

255.50

740,273

252.00

1,461,635
116,842
306,737
578,391
459,665

245.90
204.60
212.90
236.20
290.60

766,650
59,670
157,187
301,659
248,134

246.60
204.10
212.50
236.40
290.90

694,985
57,172
149,550
276,732
211,531

245.10
205.20
213.30
236.10
290.20

Students aged 18–19

46,769

359.20

27,904

362.20

18,865

354.70

Disabled aged 18 or older

62,450

360.90

36,027

361.10

26,423

360.70

Under age 18
Under 5
5–9
10–14
15–17

Widow(er)s
Total
50–54
55–59
60 or older

209,360

563.80

6,571

400.80

202,789

569.10

27,114
77,918
104,328

574.20
567.00
558.70

1,138
2,693
2,740

414.20
405.30
390.80

25,976
75,225
101,588

581.30
572.80
563.20
(Continued)

30 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

Disabled Beneficiaries and Nondisabled Dependents
Table 2.
Average monthly benefit, by basis of entitlement, age, and sex, December 2003—Continued
Total
Basis of entitlement and age

Number

Male

Average monthly
benefit (dollars)

Number

Female

Average monthly
benefit (dollars)

Number

Average monthly
benefit (dollars)

Adult children
Total

752,813

567.00

411,261

564.70

341,552

569.80

Children of—
Disabled workers
Retired workers
Deceased workers

62,450
191,704
498,659

360.90
480.60
626.10

36,027
106,553
268,681

361.10
477.40
626.70

26,423
85,151
229,978

360.70
484.50
625.40

Under 25
25–29
30–34
35–39
40–44
45–49
50–54
55–59
60–64
65 or older

71,767
62,374
73,535
93,964
110,808
100,459
76,698
56,914
39,784
66,510

481.80
521.70
554.90
571.00
588.30
598.50
606.30
603.10
599.00
531.20

42,157
35,432
41,559
53,320
62,597
55,937
41,228
29,595
20,149
29,287

481.80
522.10
552.00
568.70
586.50
596.10
605.20
598.20
593.80
529.60

29,610
26,942
31,976
40,644
48,211
44,522
35,470
27,319
19,635
37,223

481.80
521.20
558.60
574.10
590.70
601.40
607.70
608.30
604.30
532.50

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file, 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 31

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 3.
Number, average, and total monthly benefits, December 1960–2003
Average monthly benefit
(dollars)

Number

Total monthly benefits
(thousands of dollars)

Workers Widow(er)s

Adult
children

455,371
618,075
740,867
827,014
894,173

...
...
...
...
...

104,054
124,221
147,264
166,642
183,522

89.31
89.59
89.99
90.59
91.12

...
...
...
...
...

44.15
45.28
45.67
46.45
47.35

40,669
55,373
66,671
74,919
81,477

...
...
...
...
...

4,594
5,625
6,726
7,741
8,690

1965
1966
1967
1968
1969

1,186,464
988,074
1,310,911 1,097,190
1,422,778 1,193,120
1,560,517 1,295,300
1,690,982 1,394,291

...
...
...
21,563
39,469

198,390
213,721
229,658
243,654
257,222

97.76
98.09
98.43
111.86
112.74

...
...
...
72.25
71.02

51.77
52.42
53.41
61.83
62.79

96,594
107,623
117,439
144,892
157,192

...
...
...
1,558
2,803

10,271
11,203
12,266
15,065
16,151

1970
1971
1972
1973
1974

1,812,786
1,990,098
2,202,090
2,415,383
2,670,092

1,492,948
1,647,684
1,832,916
2,016,626
2,236,882

49,281
56,743
64,167
78,769
92,128

270,557
285,671
305,007
319,988
341,082

131.26
146.52
179.32
183.00
205.70

82.00
90.11
109.54
111.14
125.87

73.21
81.37
98.81
100.14
112.45

195,964
241,419
328,678
369,043
460,127

4,041
5,113
7,029
8,754
11,596

19,807
23,245
30,138
32,044
38,355

1975
1976
1977
1978
1979

2,960,620
3,171,198
3,368,954
3,429,421
3,435,761

2,488,774
2,670,208
2,837,432
2,879,774
2,870,590

109,511
119,427
127,276
129,751
129,833

362,335
381,563
404,246
419,896
435,338

225.90
245.17
265.30
288.30
322.00

137.70
147.01
156.11
165.46
180.52

122.80
132.32
142.12
153.66
171.55

562,214
654,655
752,771
830,239
924,330

15,080
17,557
19,869
21,469
23,437

44,495
50,488
57,451
64,521
74,682

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

3,436,429
3,361,130
3,192,379
3,168,992
3,212,040

2,858,680
2,776,519
2,603,599
2,569,029
2,596,516

127,580
121,590
116,372
111,591
109,151

450,169
463,021
472,408
488,372
506,373

370.70
413.20
440.60
456.20
470.70

205.02
226.58
242.11
250.33
306.24

198.95
224.51
245.07
257.78
270.28

1,059,713
1,147,258
1,147,146
1,171,991
1,222,180

26,156
27,550
28,175
27,935
33,426

89,561
103,953
115,773
125,893
136,862

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

3,289,485
3,380,480
3,453,414
3,507,707
3,583,451

2,656,638
2,728,463
2,785,859
2,830,284
2,895,364

107,005
106,974
106,282
103,123
101,630

525,842
545,043
561,273
574,300
586,457

483.80
487.90
508.20
529.50
556.00

315.26
319.74
333.89
348.05
366.72

281.92
288.79
304.32
320.21
339.47

1,285,281
1,331,217
1,415,774
1,498,635
1,609,822

33,734
34,204
35,486
35,892
37,270

148,245
157,403
170,807
183,897
199,085

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

3,712,763
3,925,472
4,236,080
4,529,466
4,796,313

3,011,294
3,194,938
3,467,783
3,725,966
3,962,954

100,989
114,489
131,324
147,015
160,676

600,480
616,045
636,973
656,485
672,683

587.20
609.40
626.10
641.70
661.40

388.93
406.96
422.65
434.20
446.30

361.71
378.86
393.61
407.20
422.40

1,768,232
1,946,995
2,171,179
2,390,952
2,621,098

39,278
46,592
55,504
63,834
71,710

217,200
233,395
250,719
267,321
284,141

Year

Total

1960
1961
1962
1963
1964

559,425
742,296
888,131
993,656
1,077,695

Workers Widow(er)s

Adult
children

Workers Widow(er)s

Adult
children

(Continued)

32 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 3.
Number, average, and total monthly benefits, December 1960–2003—Continued
Average monthly benefit
(dollars)

Number
Workers Widow(er)s

Adult
children

Workers Widow(er)s

Adult
children

Total monthly benefits
(thousands of dollars)
Workers Widow(er)s

Adult
children

Year

Total

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

5,044,388
5,264,321
5,400,781
5,605,272
5,798,776

4,185,263
4,385,623
4,508,134
4,698,319
4,879,455

173,024
181,911
187,938
194,181
198,795

686,101
696,787
704,709
712,772
720,526

681.60
703.90
721.60
733.10
754.10

458.30
471.00
480.40
487.30
499.90

437.30
454.30
468.60
479.40
495.60

2,853,512
3,087,040
3,253,069
3,444,338
3,679,597

79,297
85,680
90,285
94,624
99,378

300,032
316,550
330,227
341,703
357,093

2000
2001
2002
2003

5,972,468
6,208,847
6,491,494
6,830,714

5,042,333
5,268,039
5,539,597
5,868,541

201,446
204,255
207,365
209,360

728,689
736,553
744,532
752,813

786.40
814.40
834.30
861.60

519.70
536.70
548.10
563.80

518.30
537.60
550.40
567.00

3,965,291
4,290,449
4,621,852
5,054,332

104,681
109,622
113,653
118,010

377,650
395,956
409,813
426,780

SOURCES: Social Security Administration. For years before 2000, Annual Statistical Supplement to the Social Security Bulletin , based on
the Master Beneficiary Record, various sampling rates; for 2000, Social Security Disabled Beneficiaries 100 Percent file; beginning with
2001, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file, 100 percent data.
NOTE: . . . = not applicable.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 33

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 4.
Number and average monthly benefit, by sex and age, December 2003
Total

Number

Age

Workers
Average
monthly
benefit
(dollars)

Number

Widow(er)s
Average
monthly
benefit
(dollars)

Number

Adult children

Average
monthly
benefit
(dollars)

Number

Average
monthly
benefit
(dollars)

All disabled beneficiaries
Total
Under 25
25–29
30–34
35–39
40–44
45–49
50–54
55–59
60 or older

6,830,714

820.00

5,868,541

861.60

209,360

563.80

752,813

567.00

128,517
187,694
289,320
465,213
723,213
923,735
1,120,662
1,393,685
1,598,675

477.10
553.20
622.50
680.80
738.60
803.60
861.80
902.80
899.80

56,750
125,320
215,785
371,249
612,405
823,276
1,016,850
1,258,853
1,388,053

471.10
568.90
645.50
708.50
765.80
828.70
888.80
937.20
951.70

...
...
...
...
...
...
27,114
77,918
104,328

...
...
...
...
...
...
574.20
567.00
558.70

71,767
62,374
73,535
93,964
110,808
100,459
76,698
56,914
106,294

481.80
521.70
554.90
571.00
588.30
598.50
606.30
603.10
556.60

Men
Subtotal

3,639,148

919.60

3,221,316

965.90

6,571

400.80

411,261

564.70

75,646
104,874
157,570
255,099
397,278
503,889
594,036
720,642
830,114

481.10
560.80
630.60
694.20
769.00
861.50
961.90
1,058.80
1,085.10

33,489
69,442
116,011
201,779
334,681
447,952
551,670
688,354
777,938

480.20
580.50
658.80
727.40
803.10
894.60
989.60
1,081.10
1,121.20

...
...
...
...
...
...
1,138
2,693
2,740

...
...
...
...
...
...
414.20
405.30
390.80

42,157
35,432
41,559
53,320
62,597
55,937
41,228
29,595
49,436

481.80
522.10
552.00
568.70
586.50
596.10
605.20
598.20
555.80

Under 25
25–29
30–34
35–39
40–44
45–49
50–54
55–59
60 or older

Women
Subtotal

3,191,566

706.40

2,647,225

734.60

202,789

569.10

341,552

569.80

52,871
82,820
131,750
210,114
325,935
419,846
526,626
673,043
768,561

471.40
543.60
612.70
664.40
701.70
734.20
749.00
735.80
699.60

23,261
55,878
99,774
169,470
277,724
375,324
465,180
570,499
610,115

458.00
554.50
630.10
686.10
720.90
750.00
769.20
763.40
735.50

...
...
...
...
...
...
25,976
75,225
101,588

...
...
...
...
...
...
581.30
572.80
563.20

29,610
26,942
31,976
40,644
48,211
44,522
35,470
27,319
56,858

481.80
521.20
558.60
574.10
590.70
601.40
607.70
608.30
557.30

Under 25
25–29
30–34
35–39
40–44
45–49
50–54
55–59
60 or older

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file, 100 percent data.
NOTE: . . . = not applicable.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

34 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 5.
Distribution, by sex and monthly benefit, December 2003
Total

Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult children

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

6,830,714

100.0

5,868,541

100.0

209,360

100.0

752,813

100.0

Less than 300.00
300.00–399.90
400.00–499.90

354,905
363,856
506,071

5.2
5.3
7.4

220,474
229,902
367,121

3.8
3.9
6.3

40,204
25,182
28,474

19.2
12.0
13.6

94,227
108,772
110,476

12.5
14.4
14.7

500.00–599.90
600.00–699.90
700.00–799.90
800.00–899.90
900.00–999.90

852,715
882,799
764,722
638,343
533,353

12.5
12.9
11.2
9.3
7.8

718,346
742,263
660,995
567,335
477,428

12.2
12.6
11.3
9.7
8.1

26,503
23,168
19,433
15,630
14,749

12.7
11.1
9.3
7.5
7.0

107,866
117,368
84,294
55,378
41,176

14.3
15.6
11.2
7.4
5.5

1,000.00–1,099.90
1,100.00–1,199.90
1,200.00–1,299.90
1,300.00–1,399.90
1,400.00–1,499.90

429,995
338,915
284,184
295,331
230,171

6.3
5.0
4.2
4.3
3.4

398,581
327,846
280,044
293,894
229,673

6.8
5.6
4.8
5.0
3.9

9,537
4,411
1,622
375
26

4.6
2.1
0.8
0.2
a

21,877
6,658
2,518
1,062
472

2.9
0.9
0.3
0.1
0.1

1,500.00–1,599.90
1,600.00–1,699.90
1,700.00–1,799.90
1,800.00 or more

176,513
100,513
51,840
26,488

2.6
1.5
0.8
0.4

176,249
100,347
51,725
26,318

3.0
1.7
0.9
0.4

18
7
9
12

a
a
a
a

246
159
106
158

a
a
a
a

Sex and monthly benefit (dollars)
All disabled beneficiaries

Average benefit (dollars)

820.00

861.60

563.80

567.00

3,639,148

100.0

3,221,316

100.0

6,571

100.0

411,261

100.0

Less than 300.00
300.00–399.90
400.00–499.90

131,421
140,637
195,353

3.6
3.9
5.4

74,768
80,818
134,087

2.3
2.5
4.2

2,557
948
1,043

38.9
14.4
15.9

54,096
58,871
60,223

13.2
14.3
14.6

500.00–599.90
600.00–699.90
700.00–799.90
800.00–899.90
900.00–999.90

337,033
387,773
370,242
337,443
305,844

9.3
10.7
10.2
9.3
8.4

277,917
324,520
324,164
306,932
283,177

8.6
10.1
10.1
9.5
8.8

713
489
317
193
144

10.9
7.4
4.8
2.9
2.2

58,403
62,764
45,761
30,318
22,523

14.2
15.3
11.1
7.4
5.5

1,000.00–1,099.90
1,100.00–1,199.90
1,200.00–1,299.90
1,300.00–1,399.90
1,400.00–1,499.90

270,314
232,574
209,275
231,364
187,676

7.4
6.4
5.8
6.4
5.2

258,173
228,857
207,851
230,796
187,406

8.0
7.1
6.5
7.2
5.8

98
54
b
b
0

1.5
0.8
b
b
0

12,043
3,663
b
b
270

2.9
0.9
b
b
0.1

1,500.00–1,599.90
1,600.00–1,699.90
1,700.00–1,799.90
1,800.00 or more

147,095
86,371
45,651
23,082

4.0
2.4
1.3
0.6

146,970
86,280
45,600
23,000

4.6
2.7
1.4
0.7

0
b
0
0

0
b
0
0

125
b
51
82

a
b
a
a

Men

Average benefit (dollars)

919.60

965.90

400.80

564.70
(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 35

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 5.
Distribution, by sex and monthly benefit, December 2003—Continued
Total
Sex and monthly benefit (dollars)

Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult children

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

3,191,566

100.0

2,647,225

100.0

202,789

100.0

341,552

100.0

Less than 300.00
300.00–399.90
400.00–499.90

223,484
223,219
310,718

7.0
7.0
9.7

145,706
149,084
233,034

5.5
5.6
8.8

37,647
24,234
27,431

18.6
12.0
13.5

40,131
49,901
50,253

11.7
14.6
14.7

500.00–599.90
600.00–699.90
700.00–799.90
800.00–899.90
900.00–999.90

515,682
495,026
394,480
300,900
227,509

16.2
15.5
12.4
9.4
7.1

440,429
417,743
336,831
260,403
194,251

16.6
15.8
12.7
9.8
7.3

25,790
22,679
19,116
15,437
14,605

12.7
11.2
9.4
7.6
7.2

49,463
54,604
38,533
25,060
18,653

14.5
16.0
11.3
7.3
5.5

1,000.00–1,099.90
1,100.00–1,199.90
1,200.00–1,299.90
1,300.00–1,399.90
1,400.00–1,499.90

159,681
106,341
74,909
63,967
42,495

5.0
3.3
2.3
2.0
1.3

140,408
98,989
72,193
63,098
42,267

5.3
3.7
2.7
2.4
1.6

9,439
4,357
b
b
26

4.7
2.1
b
b
a

9,834
2,995
b
b
202

2.9
0.9
b
b
0.1

1,500.00–1,599.90
1,600.00–1,699.90
1,700.00–1,799.90
1,800.00 or more

29,418
14,142
6,189
3,406

0.9
0.4
0.2
0.1

29,279
14,067
6,125
3,318

1.1
0.5
0.2
0.1

18
b
9
12

a
b
a
a

121
b
55
76

a
b
a
a

Women

Average benefit (dollars)

706.40

734.60

569.10

569.80

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file, 100 percent data.
a. Less than 0.05 percent.
b. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

36 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 6.
Distribution, by sex and diagnostic group, December 2003
Workers

Total
Diagnostic group

Number

Percent

Number

Widow(er)s

Percent

Number

Adult children

Percent

Number

Percent

All disabled beneficiaries
Total
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic
diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

6,830,714

100.0

5,868,541

100.0

209,360

100.0

752,813

100.0

17,555

0.3

9,750

0.2

262

0.1

7,543

1.0

264,367
111,445
275,213

3.9
1.6
4.0

242,517
106,767
260,572

4.1
1.8
4.4

19,074
1,757
5,299

9.1
0.8
2.5

2,776
2,921
9,342

0.4
0.4
1.2

642,194
1,812,021
166,992

9.4
26.5
2.4

298,500
1,662,590
160,986

5.1
28.3
2.7

9,679
46,944
4,273

4.6
22.4
2.0

334,015
102,487
1,733

44.4
13.6
0.2

16,953
604,918
90,582
102,093

0.2
8.9
1.3
1.5

14,711
579,778
87,721
98,491

0.3
9.9
1.5
1.7

358
21,838
2,296
1,837

0.2
10.4
1.1
0.9

1,884
3,302
565
1,765

0.3
0.4
0.1
0.2

1,492,654
646,228
197,868
14,904
12,094
362,633

21.9
9.5
2.9
0.2
0.2
5.3

1,430,357
565,244
185,834
14,133
10,705
139,885

24.4
9.6
3.2
0.2
0.2
2.4

57,412
14,781
11,113
514
242
11,681

27.4
7.1
5.3
0.2
0.1
5.6

4,885
66,203
921
257
1,147
211,067

0.6
8.8
0.1
a
0.2
28.0

Men
Subtotal
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic
diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

3,639,148

100.0

3,221,316

100.0

6,571

100.0

411,261

100.0

9,029

0.2

5,086

0.2

7

0.1

3,936

1.0

104,192
81,636
191,065

2.9
2.2
5.3

102,561
79,995
184,233

3.2
2.5
5.7

320
87
324

4.9
1.3
4.9

1,311
1,554
6,508

0.3
0.4
1.6

376,645
926,463
79,238

10.3
25.5
2.2

195,129
860,207
78,088

6.1
26.7
2.4

304
1,235
148

4.6
18.8
2.3

181,212
65,021
1,002

44.1
15.8
0.2

7,761
394,783
48,185
60,551

0.2
10.8
1.3
1.7

6,798
391,925
47,798
59,524

0.2
12.2
1.5
1.8

14
1,076
102
107

0.2
16.4
1.6
1.6

949
1,782
285
920

0.2
0.4
0.1
0.2

749,414
321,869
95,202
5,910
5,976
181,229

20.6
8.8
2.6
0.2
0.2
5.0

745,718
285,957
94,432
5,798
5,344
72,723

23.1
8.9
2.9
0.2
0.2
2.3

1,597
449
354
12
8
427

24.3
6.8
5.4
0.2
0.1
6.5

2,099
35,463
416
100
624
108,079

0.5
8.6
0.1
a
0.2
26.3

(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 37

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 6.
Distribution, by sex and diagnostic group, December 2003—Continued
Total
Diagnostic group

Number

Workers
Percent

Number

Widow(er)s

Percent

Adult children

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Women
Subtotal
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic
diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

3,191,566

100.0

2,647,225

100.0

202,789

100.0

341,552

100.0

8,526

0.3

4,664

0.2

255

0.1

3,607

1.1

160,175
29,809
84,148

5.0
0.9
2.6

139,956
26,772
76,339

5.3
1.0
2.9

18,754
1,670
4,975

9.2
0.8
2.5

1,465
1,367
2,834

0.4
0.4
0.8

265,549
885,558
87,754

8.3
27.7
2.7

103,371
802,383
82,898

3.9
30.3
3.1

9,375
45,709
4,125

4.6
22.5
2.0

152,803
37,466
731

44.7
11.0
0.2

9,192
210,135
42,397
41,542

0.3
6.6
1.3
1.3

7,913
187,853
39,923
38,967

0.3
7.1
1.5
1.5

344
20,762
2,194
1,730

0.2
10.2
1.1
0.9

935
1,520
280
845

0.3
0.4
0.1
0.2

743,240
324,359
102,666
8,994
6,118
181,404

23.3
10.2
3.2
0.3
0.2
5.7

684,639
279,287
91,402
8,335
5,361
67,162

25.9
10.6
3.5
0.3
0.2
2.5

55,815
14,332
10,759
502
234
11,254

27.5
7.1
5.3
0.2
0.1
5.5

2,786
30,740
505
157
523
102,988

0.8
9.0
0.1
a
0.2
30.2

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file, 100 percent data.
NOTE: The diagnosis for disabled adult children typically was not recorded on the Master Beneficiary Record until 1984. Many
beneficiaries entitled before that date are still on the rolls today.
a. Less than 0.05 percent.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

38 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 7.
Average monthly benefit, by sex and diagnostic group, December 2003 (in dollars)
Diagnostic group

Total

Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult children

All disabled beneficiaries
Total
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic
diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

820.00

861.60

563.80

567.00

687.00

757.60

570.20

599.90

797.70
842.60
872.50

819.50
855.80
889.40

554.30
556.70
544.80

558.10
530.50
589.50

573.50
774.70
987.70

594.60
792.70
1,002.90

507.60
582.20
577.70

556.50
571.00
591.00

771.90
968.80
900.40
892.30

809.70
986.20
910.90
904.80

542.50
563.20
586.10
559.60

520.50
583.00
553.70
540.70

896.90
853.80
886.00
820.90
895.30
679.50

911.40
893.10
906.20
835.90
938.90
846.90

562.80
567.60
577.30
550.40
575.90
542.00

562.00
582.10
536.40
533.10
556.00
576.10

Men
Subtotal
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic
diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

919.60

965.90

400.80

564.70

726.40

824.80

392.40

599.80

990.60
886.60
937.70

998.10
894.20
951.00

402.20
426.70
385.90

553.60
520.70
589.70

591.90
838.50
1,155.20

628.70
859.30
1,163.90

342.70
410.80
419.80

552.70
571.00
585.00

855.40
1,098.80
1,029.50
986.60

903.40
1,103.00
1,033.70
994.60

375.70
411.80
421.80
442.30

518.00
577.80
545.80
533.90

1,057.80
952.60
1,076.40
950.70
969.10
721.90

1,060.60
1,000.10
1,081.30
959.10
1,019.30
940.50

404.40
380.00
409.10
367.20
331.40
372.60

560.50
576.10
532.50
532.90
547.40
576.20
(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 39

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 7.
Average monthly benefit, by sex and diagnostic group, December 2003 (in dollars)—Continued
Diagnostic group

Total

Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult children

Women
Subtotal
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic
diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

706.40

734.60

569.10

569.80

645.30

684.30

575.00

599.90

672.10
722.10
724.50

688.70
741.20
740.60

556.90
563.50
555.20

562.00
541.60
588.90

547.30
708.00
836.50

530.20
721.30
851.20

513.00
586.80
583.40

561.00
570.90
599.30

701.50
724.60
753.80
754.70

729.20
742.60
763.90
767.50

549.30
571.10
593.80
566.90

523.10
589.00
561.80
548.10

734.60
755.70
709.50
735.60
823.30
637.10

748.90
783.40
725.30
750.30
858.80
745.50

567.30
573.50
582.90
554.80
584.30
548.40

563.20
589.10
539.70
533.20
566.20
576.10

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file, 100 percent data.
NOTE: The diagnosis for disabled adult children typically was not recorded on the Master Beneficiary Record until 1984. Many
beneficiaries entitled before that date are still on the rolls today.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

40 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 8.
Number aged 18–64 as a percentage of the resident population aged 18–64, by state,
December 2003
Beneficiaries
Resident population a

Number

Percentage of
resident population

181,847,097

6,545,965

3.6

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

2,800,598
418,931
3,347,032
1,666,019
22,299,613

169,948
9,612
116,505
103,077
569,862

6.1
2.3
3.5
6.2
2.6

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

2,956,566
2,177,308
511,753
387,136
10,197,562

72,819
70,161
19,897
10,407
400,463

2.5
3.2
3.9
2.7
3.9

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

5,561,450
791,120
838,653
7,915,561
3,828,683

204,546
19,159
28,475
237,612
146,890

3.7
2.4
3.4
3.0
3.8

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

1,817,016
1,674,841
2,611,264
2,794,431
830,597

62,707
54,352
166,056
125,917
46,706

3.5
3.2
6.4
4.5
5.6

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

3,505,837
4,089,322
6,304,564
3,201,209
1,770,606

92,557
157,173
252,789
91,743
112,262

2.6
3.8
4.0
2.9
6.3

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

3,537,162
576,687
1,066,064
1,408,970
827,282

162,767
21,370
33,881
43,560
31,459

4.6
3.7
3.2
3.1
3.8

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

5,382,937
1,147,314
12,168,408
5,303,591
393,173

161,892
43,296
431,743
253,611
12,026

3.0
3.8
3.5
4.8
3.1

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

7,103,738
2,172,156
2,256,856
7,632,997
681,318

258,167
89,364
75,686
302,196
29,670

3.6
4.1
3.4
4.0
4.4

State
United States

(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 41

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 8.
Number aged 18–64 as a percentage of the resident population aged 18–64, by state,
December 2003—Continued
Beneficiaries
State
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

Resident population a

Number

Percentage of
resident population

2,611,916
459,843
3,720,586
13,703,091
1,405,533

134,979
15,304
187,353
372,793
29,221

5.2
3.3
5.0
2.7
2.1

401,529
4,754,136
3,944,281
1,142,233
3,427,418
320,206

16,272
168,193
121,030
84,431
114,317
9,689

4.1
3.5
3.1
7.4
3.3
3.0

SOURCES: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file, 100 percent data; U.S.
Census Bureau, 2003 estimates of resident population.
NOTE: Data exclude United States territories and other areas.
a. Population estimates for the United States as of July 1, 2003, as reported by the U.S. Census Bureau.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

42 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 9.
Distribution, by state or other area, December 2003
Total
State or area

Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult children

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

6,830,714

100.0

5,868,541

100.0

209,360

100.0

752,813

100.0

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

172,204
9,679
117,684
104,368
576,957

2.5
0.1
1.7
1.5
8.4

148,715
8,719
106,001
91,584
500,805

2.5
0.1
1.8
1.6
8.5

6,494
230
3,067
3,795
13,780

3.1
0.1
1.5
1.8
6.6

16,995
730
8,616
8,989
62,372

2.3
0.1
1.1
1.2
8.3

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

73,607
71,557
20,204
10,565
405,123

1.1
1.0
0.3
0.2
5.9

66,080
60,506
17,778
8,963
360,386

1.1
1.0
0.3
0.2
6.1

1,751
1,564
496
275
11,392

0.8
0.7
0.2
0.1
5.4

5,776
9,487
1,930
1,327
33,345

0.8
1.3
0.3
0.2
4.4

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

207,237
19,546
28,835
241,741
149,345

3.0
0.3
0.4
3.5
2.2

179,753
16,744
25,519
202,250
127,447

3.1
0.3
0.4
3.4
2.2

7,291
473
777
7,410
4,828

3.5
0.2
0.4
3.5
2.3

20,193
2,329
2,539
32,081
17,070

2.7
0.3
0.3
4.3
2.3

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

64,074
55,323
168,368
127,678
47,443

0.9
0.8
2.5
1.9
0.7

53,793
47,741
145,116
103,784
41,733

0.9
0.8
2.5
1.8
0.7

1,705
1,526
6,971
5,774
1,182

0.8
0.7
3.3
2.8
0.6

8,576
6,056
16,281
18,120
4,528

1.1
0.8
2.2
2.4
0.6

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

94,025
159,914
256,920
93,555
113,720

1.4
2.3
3.8
1.4
1.7

80,733
138,588
215,789
80,252
97,461

1.4
2.4
3.7
1.4
1.7

2,383
3,382
8,024
1,819
4,539

1.1
1.6
3.8
0.9
2.2

10,909
17,944
33,107
11,484
11,720

1.4
2.4
4.4
1.5
1.6

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

165,197
21,724
34,635
43,997
31,947

2.4
0.3
0.5
0.6
0.5

143,681
18,983
29,638
40,414
28,510

2.4
0.3
0.5
0.7
0.5

5,386
594
811
1,105
726

2.6
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.3

16,130
2,147
4,186
2,478
2,711

2.1
0.3
0.6
0.3
0.4

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

164,741
43,825
440,378
257,478
12,388

2.4
0.6
6.4
3.8
0.2

140,617
38,332
371,648
225,926
10,073

2.4
0.7
6.3
3.8
0.2

4,200
1,226
12,169
8,394
278

2.0
0.6
5.8
4.0
0.1

19,924
4,267
56,561
23,158
2,037

2.6
0.6
7.5
3.1
0.3

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

262,913
90,766
76,640
308,271
30,193

3.8
1.3
1.1
4.5
0.4

218,386
78,407
67,580
259,516
26,447

3.7
1.3
1.2
4.4
0.5

9,309
3,257
1,985
9,703
669

4.4
1.6
0.9
4.6
0.3

35,218
9,102
7,075
39,052
3,077

4.7
1.2
0.9
5.2
0.4

All areas

a

(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 43

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 9.
Distribution, by state or other area, December 2003—Continued
Total

Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult children

State or area

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

136,839
15,697
189,977
378,160
29,618

2.0
0.2
2.8
5.5
0.4

118,734
13,250
164,127
324,308
25,583

2.0
0.2
2.8
5.5
0.4

4,941
385
7,441
13,388
700

2.4
0.2
3.6
6.4
0.3

13,164
2,062
18,409
40,464
3,335

1.7
0.3
2.4
5.4
0.4

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

16,545
170,751
122,503
85,883
116,710
9,819

0.2
2.5
1.8
1.3
1.7
0.1

14,246
147,946
108,082
72,182
98,234
8,685

0.2
2.5
1.8
1.2
1.7
0.1

436
5,637
2,993
3,662
2,700
251

0.2
2.7
1.4
1.7
1.3
0.1

1,863
17,168
11,428
10,039
15,776
883

0.2
2.3
1.5
1.3
2.1
0.1

Outlying areas
American Samoa
Guam
Northern Mariana Islands
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

1,188
1,120
223
160,670
1,797

b
b
b
2.4
b

1,035
965
168
132,648
1,446

b
b
b
2.3
b

51
31
c
5,149
58

b
b
c
b
b

102
124
c
22,873
293

b
b
c
3.0
b

18,080

0.3

12,259

0.2

784

b

5,037

0.7

Foreign countries

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file, 100 percent data.
a. Includes beneficiaries with unknown state code.
b. Less than 0.05 percent.
c. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

44 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 10.
Number, by state or other area and diagnostic group, December 2003

Endocrine,
nutritional,
and
Congenital metabolic
Total anomalies diseases

State or area
All areas

a

Infectious
and
parasitic
diseases

Mental disorders
Injuries

Total Retardation

275,213 2,454,215

Other Neoplasms

6,830,714

17,555

264,367

111,445

642,194 1,812,021

166,992

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

172,204
9,679
117,684
104,368
576,957

331
24
252
270
1,513

7,494
295
4,020
4,310
19,268

1,801
108
1,764
1,170
14,848

7,783
489
5,278
4,768
24,527

52,995
3,539
45,164
27,980
220,550

15,344
764
7,124
9,875
40,051

37,651
2,775
38,040
18,105
180,499

3,795
278
2,723
2,680
14,658

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

73,607
71,557
20,204
10,565
405,123

268
185
65
14
1,062

2,281
2,439
848
391
16,747

1,281
1,173
428
708
11,812

3,719
2,157
783
264
20,889

24,071
30,631
6,805
4,316
134,055

5,825
7,518
1,845
1,190
26,703

18,246
23,113
4,960
3,126
107,352

1,918
1,780
536
174
10,842

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

207,237
19,546
28,835
241,741
149,345

436
35
91
579
323

9,571
595
1,049
10,254
7,469

4,531
388
246
3,609
1,650

8,122
814
1,398
8,570
5,132

66,897
8,365
10,671
99,181
54,779

20,029
1,618
2,494
27,358
17,969

46,868
6,747
8,177
71,823
36,810

5,287
513
722
6,189
3,837

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

64,074
55,323
168,368
127,678
47,443

208
157
356
297
153

2,516
2,610
6,036
4,970
1,478

487
577
1,351
2,001
345

2,448
2,607
5,902
5,468
1,794

25,228
20,477
60,101
37,137
19,730

9,038
6,730
16,361
15,728
4,116

16,190
13,747
43,740
21,409
15,614

1,672
1,391
3,278
2,822
979

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

94,025
159,914
256,920
93,555
113,720

334
507
635
242
194

3,650
4,206
10,239
2,442
5,313

2,384
2,854
2,292
942
1,332

3,759
5,423
8,918
3,745
4,632

32,062
73,126
102,993
44,004
38,815

9,192
12,977
25,553
11,595
11,467

22,870
60,149
77,440
32,409
27,348

2,848
3,691
6,032
2,309
2,622

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

165,197
21,724
34,635
43,997
31,947

480
68
110
150
84

7,871
647
1,449
1,610
840

2,074
181
366
813
238

7,440
1,190
1,654
1,983
1,187

54,180
7,162
11,702
13,460
13,920

16,952
1,955
3,935
2,090
2,411

37,228
5,207
7,767
11,370
11,509

3,868
464
902
1,105
748

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

164,741
43,825
440,378
257,478
12,388

410
139
1,064
580
55

5,393
1,609
14,443
12,519
325

3,185
585
10,648
4,032
85

5,940
2,389
15,770
9,565
554

59,574
14,301
143,579
81,041
4,870

13,696
3,424
38,942
27,349
1,940

45,878
10,877
104,637
53,692
2,930

5,039
912
11,386
6,542
328

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

262,913
90,766
76,640
308,271
30,193

784
198
227
933
49

10,229
4,130
2,741
12,348
1,017

2,373
1,036
999
3,888
377

7,808
3,842
3,849
12,760
946

117,401
28,814
27,209
103,939
13,135

33,488
8,917
6,644
32,108
2,956

83,913
19,897
20,565
71,831
10,179

5,730
2,192
1,933
7,861
723
(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 45

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 10.
Number, by state or other area and diagnostic group, December 2003—Continued
Diseases of the—
Blood and
bloodforming
organs

State or area
All areas

a

Musculo- Nervous
skeletal
system
Skin and
and Respi- subcutaCircuGenito- system and
latory Digestive urinary connective
sense
ratory
neous
system
system system
tissue
organs system
tissue

16,953

604,918

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

608
25
198
283
1,220

18,283
665
8,633
11,963
41,442

2,172
145
1,803
1,523
8,834

2,646
106
1,698
1,251
10,146

45,018
2,321
26,476
30,315
127,915

14,447
1,099
11,716
9,713
56,943

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

115
159
75
51
1,221

4,250
5,260
1,740
857
40,144

1,131
865
278
82
6,708

963
920
372
376
6,101

18,078
12,382
4,766
1,469
84,913

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

806
25
34
746
358

21,750
1,952
1,981
21,150
14,135

2,800
195
400
2,771
2,148

4,061
527
290
3,997
2,034

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

116
109
261
474
56

4,464
4,316
15,723
14,530
3,424

756
717
1,988
1,500
544

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

384
292
618
176
386

9,562
9,925
21,985
5,965
13,524

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

392
25
68
109
46

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

90,582 102,093

1,492,654

646,228 197,868

Other Unknown

14,904

12,094

362,633

5,603
262
3,265
3,765
10,780

433
24
246
325
1,100

304
20
319
137
1,287

8,491
279
4,129
3,915
21,926

9,730
6,882
1,934
1,054
33,470

2,460
1,769
590
207
12,223

156
164
27
37
1,677

167
109
53
12
761

3,019
4,682
904
553
22,498

45,081
3,097
6,822
39,992
27,497

17,018
1,650
3,126
24,449
15,551

6,942
384
844
6,918
5,682

469
46
60
448
250

320
52
50
398
260

13,146
908
1,051
12,490
8,240

768
751
1,520
2,276
323

12,630
10,832
42,686
32,568
11,208

6,961
5,946
12,447
10,994
4,017

1,995
1,868
6,460
3,189
1,283

113
93
310
350
136

92
96
270
232
83

3,620
2,776
9,679
8,870
1,890

1,243
2,096
2,822
982
1,196

2,277
1,423
3,635
1,018
1,990

16,926
29,973
50,938
15,043
23,022

10,144
14,747
24,499
10,221
9,303

2,677
3,620
7,061
1,954
3,403

204
236
540
143
329

144
338
365
146
223

5,427
7,457
13,348
4,223
7,436

14,771
1,376
2,826
4,184
2,329

2,445
284
434
831
398

2,104
239
501
630
239

39,271
5,559
7,567
11,224
6,470

15,876
2,639
4,063
4,506
3,218

6,032
756
1,107
1,616
968

358
36
59
80
50

265
53
51
107
57

7,770
1,045
1,776
1,589
1,155

485
85
1,208
744
17

15,843
2,714
37,326
28,295
938

2,452
700
5,202
3,649
136

2,924
682
6,258
4,417
147

32,205
11,846
113,248
58,409
2,440

17,250
4,649
39,251
21,267
1,443

4,420
1,264
11,726
8,905
343

365
133
820
615
19

372
113
534
473
18

8,884
1,704
27,915
16,425
670

549
164
142
667
63

20,918
9,155
5,428
28,739
2,193

2,567
1,293
1,189
4,425
405

3,454
1,211
887
4,145
268

39,915
22,856
17,483
70,057
5,876

22,945
8,980
9,593
30,531
2,647

7,987
3,438
2,091
8,643
794

351
223
147
472
75

309
136
122
748
89

19,593
3,098
2,600
18,115
1,536

(Continued)

46 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 10.
Number, by state or other area and diagnostic group, December 2003—Continued

State or area

Endocrine,
nutritional,
and
Congenital metabolic
Total anomalies diseases

Infectious
and
parasitic
diseases

Injuries

Mental disorders
Total Retardation

Other Neoplasms

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

136,839
15,697
189,977
378,160
29,618

271
67
419
808
139

5,549
421
7,556
18,813
1,072

1,803
157
2,017
8,125
285

5,733
553
6,666
16,688
1,215

45,811
5,753
68,931
112,882
12,048

12,739
2,053
18,259
31,607
3,338

33,072
3,700
50,672
81,275
8,710

3,277
314
4,370
10,290
649

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

16,545
170,751
122,503
85,883
116,710
9,819

70
461
371
195
474
36

615
7,024
4,257
3,814
4,310
334

187
2,521
1,839
549
1,092
105

689
6,566
5,028
4,098
4,448
527

6,654
55,988
49,747
26,496
47,348
3,355

1,514
18,338
10,080
9,996
13,587
964

5,140
37,650
39,667
16,500
33,761
2,391

392
4,474
3,211
1,657
2,713
207

Outlying areas
American Samoa
Guam
Northern Mariana Islands
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

1,188
1,120
223
160,670
1,797

b
6
0
268
b

163
14
5
2,455
43

b
10
b
1,537
28

42
54
12
5,727
92

138
314
69
73,755
550

52
116
28
12,086
186

86
198
41
61,669
364

31
35
7
1,668
41

18,080

102

254

212

800

6,159

1,894

4,265

347

Foreign countries

(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 47

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 10.
Number, by state or other area and diagnostic group, December 2003—Continued
Diseases of the—

State or area

Blood and
bloodforming
organs

Musculo- Nervous
skeletal system
Skin and
and Respi- subcutaCircuGenito- system and
latory Digestive urinary connective
sense
ratory
neous
system system system
tissue
organs system
tissue

Other Unknown

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

575
25
395
945
31

15,558
1,194
19,025
37,920
1,674

1,744
155
2,358
5,697
394

2,580
172
2,703
8,265
410

30,933
3,518
41,624
87,319
5,674

11,374
2,132
15,095
40,624
3,747

4,839
495
6,947
10,188
859

367
25
438
785
56

244
28
292
643
70

6,181
688
11,141
18,168
1,295

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

29
543
282
127
244
14

1,121
16,809
7,981
8,744
8,117
724

207
2,273
1,990
1,015
1,386
127

127
3,116
1,503
607
1,445
113

3,369
40,613
24,815
21,688
21,552
2,309

1,547
15,352
13,066
6,172
13,258
1,225

471
5,527
3,157
3,501
2,705
442

25
352
266
169
190
14

33
298
205
143
182
28

1,009
8,834
4,785
6,908
7,246
259

Outlying areas
American Samoa
Guam
Northern Mariana Islands
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

b
b
b
139
13

118
164
36
9,276
198

9
b
b
957
19

26
65
9
1,199
45

439
218
16
38,187
432

119
142
39
13,389
226

30
39
b
3,114
b

22
b
b
421
6

b
13
b
180
7

29
32
8
8,398
73

25

1,588

130

129

3,544

1,781

232

37

30

2,710

Foreign countries

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file, 100 percent data.
NOTE: The diagnosis for disabled adult children typically was not recorded on the Master Beneficiary Record until 1984. Many
beneficiaries entitled before that date are still on the rolls today.
a. Includes beneficiaries with unknown state code.
b. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

48 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 11.
Percentage distribution, by state or other area and diagnostic group, December 2003

Endocrine,
nutritional, Infectious
and
and
Total
Congenital metabolic parasitic
Number Percent anomalies diseases diseases Injuries

State or area
All areas

a

Mental disorders
Total Retardation

Other Neoplasms

6,830,714

100.0

0.3

3.9

1.6

4.0

35.9

9.4

26.5

2.4

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

172,204
9,679
117,684
104,368
576,957

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.3
0.3

4.4
3.0
3.4
4.1
3.3

1.0
1.1
1.5
1.1
2.6

4.5
5.1
4.5
4.6
4.3

30.8
36.6
38.4
26.8
38.2

8.9
7.9
6.1
9.5
6.9

21.9
28.7
32.3
17.3
31.3

2.2
2.9
2.3
2.6
2.5

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

73,607
71,557
20,204
10,565
405,123

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.4
0.3
0.3
0.1
0.3

3.1
3.4
4.2
3.7
4.1

1.7
1.6
2.1
6.7
2.9

5.1
3.0
3.9
2.5
5.2

32.7
42.8
33.6
40.9
33.1

7.9
10.5
9.1
11.3
6.6

24.8
32.3
24.5
29.6
26.5

2.6
2.5
2.7
1.6
2.7

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

207,237
19,546
28,835
241,741
149,345

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.2
0.2
0.3
0.2
0.2

4.6
3.0
3.6
4.2
5.0

2.2
2.0
0.9
1.5
1.1

3.9
4.2
4.8
3.5
3.4

32.3
42.8
37.0
41.0
36.6

9.7
8.3
8.6
11.3
12.0

22.6
34.5
28.4
29.7
24.6

2.6
2.6
2.5
2.6
2.6

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

64,074
55,323
168,368
127,678
47,443

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.3
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.3

3.9
4.7
3.6
3.9
3.1

0.8
1.0
0.8
1.6
0.7

3.8
4.7
3.5
4.3
3.8

39.4
37.0
35.7
29.1
41.6

14.1
12.2
9.7
12.3
8.7

25.3
24.8
26.0
16.8
32.9

2.6
2.5
1.9
2.2
2.1

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

94,025
159,914
256,920
93,555
113,720

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.4
0.3
0.2
0.3
0.2

3.9
2.6
4.0
2.6
4.7

2.5
1.8
0.9
1.0
1.2

4.0
3.4
3.5
4.0
4.1

34.1
45.7
40.0
47.0
34.1

9.8
8.1
9.9
12.4
10.1

24.3
37.6
30.1
34.6
24.0

3.0
2.3
2.3
2.5
2.3

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

165,197
21,724
34,635
43,997
31,947

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3

4.8
3.0
4.2
3.7
2.6

1.3
0.8
1.1
1.8
0.7

4.5
5.5
4.8
4.5
3.7

32.8
33.0
33.8
30.6
43.5

10.3
9.0
11.4
4.8
7.5

22.5
24.0
22.4
25.8
36.0

2.3
2.1
2.6
2.5
2.3

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

164,741
43,825
440,378
257,478
12,388

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.2
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.4

3.3
3.7
3.3
4.9
2.6

1.9
1.3
2.4
1.6
0.7

3.6
5.5
3.6
3.7
4.5

36.1
32.6
32.6
31.5
39.4

8.3
7.8
8.8
10.6
15.7

27.8
24.8
23.8
20.9
23.7

3.1
2.1
2.6
2.5
2.6

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

262,913
90,766
76,640
308,271
30,193

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.3
0.2
0.3
0.3
0.2

3.9
4.6
3.6
4.0
3.4

0.9
1.1
1.3
1.3
1.2

3.0
4.2
5.0
4.1
3.1

44.6
31.7
35.5
33.7
43.5

12.7
9.8
8.7
10.4
9.8

31.9
21.9
26.8
23.3
33.7

2.2
2.4
2.5
2.6
2.4
(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 49

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 11.
Percentage distribution, by state or other area and diagnostic group, December 2003—Continued
Diseases of the—
Blood and
bloodforming
organs

State or area
All areas

a

Musculo- Nervous
skeletal
system
Skin and
and Respi- subcutaCircuGenito- system and
latory Digestive urinary connective
sense
ratory
neous
system
system system
tissue
organs system
tissue

Other Unknown

0.2

8.9

1.3

1.5

21.9

9.5

2.9

0.2

0.2

5.3

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

0.4
0.3
0.2
0.3
0.2

10.6
6.9
7.3
11.5
7.2

1.3
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5

1.5
1.1
1.4
1.2
1.8

26.1
24.0
22.5
29.0
22.2

8.4
11.4
10.0
9.3
9.9

3.3
2.7
2.8
3.6
1.9

0.3
0.2
0.2
0.3
0.2

0.2
0.2
0.3
0.1
0.2

4.9
2.9
3.5
3.8
3.8

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

0.2
0.2
0.4
0.5
0.3

5.8
7.4
8.6
8.1
9.9

1.5
1.2
1.4
0.8
1.7

1.3
1.3
1.8
3.6
1.5

24.6
17.3
23.6
13.9
21.0

13.2
9.6
9.6
10.0
8.3

3.3
2.5
2.9
2.0
3.0

0.2
0.2
0.1
0.4
0.4

0.2
0.2
0.3
0.1
0.2

4.1
6.5
4.5
5.2
5.6

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

0.4
0.1
0.1
0.3
0.2

10.5
10.0
6.9
8.7
9.5

1.4
1.0
1.4
1.1
1.4

2.0
2.7
1.0
1.7
1.4

21.8
15.8
23.7
16.5
18.4

8.2
8.4
10.8
10.1
10.4

3.3
2.0
2.9
2.9
3.8

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

0.2
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.2

6.3
4.6
3.6
5.2
5.5

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.4
0.1

7.0
7.8
9.3
11.4
7.2

1.2
1.3
1.2
1.2
1.1

1.2
1.4
0.9
1.8
0.7

19.7
19.6
25.4
25.5
23.6

10.9
10.7
7.4
8.6
8.5

3.1
3.4
3.8
2.5
2.7

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.3
0.3

0.1
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

5.6
5.0
5.7
6.9
4.0

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

0.4
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.3

10.2
6.2
8.6
6.4
11.9

1.3
1.3
1.1
1.0
1.1

2.4
0.9
1.4
1.1
1.7

18.0
18.7
19.8
16.1
20.2

10.8
9.2
9.5
10.9
8.2

2.8
2.3
2.7
2.1
3.0

0.2
0.1
0.2
0.2
0.3

0.2
0.2
0.1
0.2
0.2

5.8
4.7
5.2
4.5
6.5

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

0.2
0.1
0.2
0.2
0.1

8.9
6.3
8.2
9.5
7.3

1.5
1.3
1.3
1.9
1.2

1.3
1.1
1.4
1.4
0.7

23.8
25.6
21.8
25.5
20.3

9.6
12.1
11.7
10.2
10.1

3.7
3.5
3.2
3.7
3.0

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

0.2
0.2
0.1
0.2
0.2

4.7
4.8
5.1
3.6
3.6

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

0.3
0.2
0.3
0.3
0.1

9.6
6.2
8.5
11.0
7.6

1.5
1.6
1.2
1.4
1.1

1.8
1.6
1.4
1.7
1.2

19.5
27.0
25.7
22.7
19.7

10.5
10.6
8.9
8.3
11.6

2.7
2.9
2.7
3.5
2.8

0.2
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.2

0.2
0.3
0.1
0.2
0.1

5.4
3.9
6.3
6.4
5.4

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

8.0
10.1
7.1
9.3
7.3

1.0
1.4
1.6
1.4
1.3

1.3
1.3
1.2
1.3
0.9

15.2
25.2
22.8
22.7
19.5

8.7
9.9
12.5
9.9
8.8

3.0
3.8
2.7
2.8
2.6

0.1
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

0.1
0.1
0.2
0.2
0.3

7.5
3.4
3.4
5.9
5.1

(Continued)

50 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 11.
Percentage distribution, by state or other area and diagnostic group, December 2003—Continued

State or area

Endocrine,
nutritional, Infectious
and
and
Total
Congenital metabolic parasitic
Number Percent anomalies diseases diseases Injuries

Total Retardation

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

136,839
15,697
189,977
378,160
29,618

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.2
0.4
0.2
0.2
0.5

4.1
2.7
4.0
5.0
3.6

1.3
1.0
1.1
2.1
1.0

4.2
3.5
3.5
4.4
4.1

33.5
36.7
36.3
29.9
40.7

9.3
13.1
9.6
8.4
11.3

24.2
23.6
26.7
21.5
29.4

2.4
2.0
2.3
2.7
2.2

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

16,545
170,751
122,503
85,883
116,710
9,819

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.4
0.3
0.3
0.2
0.4
0.4

3.7
4.1
3.5
4.4
3.7
3.4

1.1
1.5
1.5
0.6
0.9
1.1

4.2
3.8
4.1
4.8
3.8
5.4

40.3
32.7
40.6
30.8
40.5
34.2

9.2
10.7
8.2
11.6
11.6
9.8

31.1
22.0
32.4
19.2
28.9
24.4

2.4
2.6
2.6
1.9
2.3
2.1

Outlying areas
American Samoa
Guam
Northern Mariana Islands
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

1,188
1,120
223
160,670
1,797

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

b
0.5
0
0.2
b

13.7
1.2
2.2
1.5
2.4

b
0.9
b
1.0
1.6

3.5
4.8
5.4
3.6
5.1

11.6
28.1
31.0
45.9
30.7

4.4
10.4
12.6
7.5
10.4

7.2
17.7
18.4
38.4
20.3

2.6
3.1
3.1
1.0
2.3

18,080

100.0

0.6

1.4

1.2

4.4

34.1

10.5

23.6

1.9

Foreign countries

Mental disorders
Other Neoplasms

(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 51

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 11.
Percentage distribution, by state or other area and diagnostic group, December 2003—Continued
Diseases of the—

State or area

Blood and
bloodforming
organs

Musculo- Nervous
skeletal system
Skin and
and Respi- subcutaCircuGenito- system and
latory Digestive urinary connective
sense
ratory
neous
system system system
tissue
organs system
tissue

Other Unknown

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

0.4
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.1

11.4
7.6
10.0
10.0
5.7

1.3
1.0
1.2
1.5
1.3

1.9
1.1
1.4
2.2
1.4

22.6
22.4
21.9
23.1
19.2

8.3
13.6
7.9
10.7
12.7

3.5
3.2
3.7
2.7
2.9

0.3
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

4.5
4.4
5.9
4.8
4.4

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

0.2
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.2
0.1

6.8
9.8
6.5
10.2
7.0
7.4

1.3
1.3
1.6
1.2
1.2
1.3

0.8
1.8
1.2
0.7
1.2
1.2

20.4
23.8
20.3
25.3
18.5
23.5

9.4
9.0
10.7
7.2
11.4
12.5

2.8
3.2
2.6
4.1
2.3
4.5

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.1

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.3

6.1
5.2
3.9
8.0
6.2
2.6

Outlying areas
American Samoa
Guam
Northern Mariana Islands
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

b
b
b
0.1
0.7

9.9
14.6
16.1
5.8
11.0

0.8
b
b
0.6
1.1

2.2
5.8
4.0
0.7
2.5

37.0
19.5
7.2
23.8
24.0

10.0
12.7
17.5
8.3
12.6

2.5
3.5
b
1.9
b

1.9
b
b
0.3
0.3

b
1.2
b
0.1
0.4

2.4
2.9
3.6
5.2
4.1

Foreign countries

0.1

8.8

0.7

0.7

19.6

9.9

1.3

0.2

0.2

15.0

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file, 100 percent data.
NOTE: The diagnosis for disabled adult children typically was not recorded on the Master Beneficiary Record until 1984. Many
beneficiaries entitled before that date are still on the rolls today.
a. Includes beneficiaries with unknown state code.
b. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

52 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 12.
Number receiving Social Security disability benefits because of blindness or deafness, by state or other
area, December 2003
Deaf

Blind
Total

Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult
children

Total

Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult
children

98,425

86,441

2,175

9,809

56,179

46,921

1,060

8,198

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

2,357
151
1,557
1,401
8,737

2,091
140
1,396
1,245
7,528

66
b
40
25
171

200
b
121
131
1,038

1,334
105
969
756
4,808

1,084
94
844
641
3,940

31
b
12
18
62

219
b
113
97
806

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

954
1,140
300
165
4,385

854
965
277
144
3,938

14
21
b
7
100

86
154
b
14
347

688
645
165
265
3,678

618
550
145
209
3,110

9
5
b
b
52

61
90
b
b
516

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

3,102
293
397
3,886
2,448

2,776
254
361
3,430
2,192

81
5
5
81
46

245
34
31
375
210

1,494
197
191
2,058
1,358

1,215
165
160
1,730
1,174

32
b
6
36
26

247
b
25
292
158

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

925
1,009
2,123
1,991
505

807
915
1,809
1,708
442

15
16
64
56
8

103
78
250
227
55

555
563
1,186
1,142
285

492
505
964
797
254

9
5
34
46
b

54
53
188
299
b

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

1,348
2,541
3,163
1,487
1,862

1,198
2,030
2,684
1,307
1,676

27
41
62
19
40

123
470
417
161
146

1,165
1,183
1,831
951
823

1,014
1,004
1,526
862
663

10
17
32
12
26

141
162
273
77
134

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

2,386
283
521
717
334

2,127
253
454
645
287

47
9
9
15
8

212
21
58
57
39

1,197
162
307
356
193

1,040
133
290
296
166

17
b
b
8
5

140
b
b
52
22

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

2,431
723
5,479
3,498
142

2,172
622
4,728
3,118
120

43
23
107
89
b

216
78
644
291
b

1,436
358
3,696
1,804
83

1,227
295
3,084
1,563
75

28
16
62
36
0

181
47
550
205
8

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

3,982
1,523
1,328
4,353
367

3,533
1,361
1,167
3,816
313

104
40
19
91
9

345
122
142
446
45

2,343
785
807
2,299
218

1,982
665
688
1,910
188

62
21
15
52
b

299
99
104
337
b

State or area
All areas

a

(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 53

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 12.
Number receiving Social Security disability benefits because of blindness or deafness, by state or other
area, December 2003—Continued
Blind

Deaf

State or area

Total

Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult
children

Total

Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult
children

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

2,475
220
2,987
7,248
557

2,185
191
2,669
6,551
490

86
b
72
156
6

204
b
246
541
61

873
139
1,378
3,871
331

714
126
1,152
3,284
299

16
b
38
61
7

143
b
188
526
25

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

180
2,179
1,596
923
1,478
124

159
1,922
1,394
786
1,289
113

b
61
28
27
25
b

b
196
174
110
164
b

113
1,160
1,073
495
952
58

101
984
910
390
828
53

0
24
14
11
12
0

12
152
149
94
112
5

Outlying areas
Puerto Rico
Other c

1,798
86

1,521
76

63
b

214
b

1,115
55

612
41

34
b

469
b

277

210

11

56

126

64

12

50

Foreign countries

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file, 100 percent data.
NOTE: The diagnosis for disabled adult children typically was not recorded on the Master Beneficiary Record until 1984. Many
beneficiaries entitled before that date are still on the rolls today.
a. Includes beneficiaries with unknown state code.
b. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
c. Includes American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, and Virgin Islands.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

54 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 13.
Total monthly benefits, by state or other area, December 2003 (in thousands of dollars)
Total

Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult children

5,599,121

5,054,332

118,010

426,780

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

136,156
8,015
101,295
81,438
485,639

123,987
7,466
94,481
75,004
440,736

3,420
140
1,797
1,921
8,362

8,748
409
5,017
4,513
36,541

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

60,801
61,118
17,390
7,785
334,711

56,430
54,268
15,930
6,979
309,679

1,016
870
280
140
6,169

3,355
5,980
1,180
666
18,863

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

166,250
16,462
23,336
203,871
123,615

151,964
14,846
21,409
179,711
110,263

3,690
283
477
4,449
2,858

10,597
1,332
1,450
19,710
10,495

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

50,392
44,216
135,357
101,855
36,103

44,348
39,748
123,125
89,088
33,064

950
874
3,972
3,431
629

5,094
3,594
8,259
9,337
2,409

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

79,738
130,432
224,481
76,061
86,575

71,777
118,006
198,317
68,242
78,754

1,419
1,906
5,120
1,038
2,311

6,542
10,520
21,044
6,782
5,510

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

132,967
17,451
26,927
39,109
26,784

120,925
15,879
24,089
36,921
24,763

2,924
333
446
670
387

9,118
1,239
2,392
1,518
1,634

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

146,464
34,778
379,443
205,145
9,312

131,437
31,891
337,969
189,100
8,047

2,424
714
7,017
3,956
150

12,603
2,173
34,457
12,089
1,114

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

212,565
72,960
63,883
255,754
24,192

185,641
66,183
58,391
226,564
22,073

5,725
1,816
1,188
5,798
355

21,200
4,961
4,304
23,392
1,765

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

110,418
11,717
149,190
306,889
24,079

101,117
10,414
135,687
277,395
21,693

2,393
205
3,874
7,617
417

6,908
1,098
9,629
21,877
1,969

State or area
All areas

a

(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 55

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 13.
Total monthly benefits, by state or other area, December 2003 (in thousands of dollars)—Continued
State or area

Total

Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult children

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

12,872
140,552
103,113
72,928
95,387
8,129

11,610
128,106
94,245
65,326
84,269
7,450

228
3,126
1,841
2,288
1,547
144

1,034
9,319
7,027
5,314
9,571
535

Outlying areas
American Samoa
Guam
Northern Mariana Islands
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

737
794
113
107,945
1,411

673
731
94
97,376
1,234

23
16
2
2,385
36

41
47
17
8,184
142

11,783

9,250

437

2,096

Foreign countries

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Unnegotiated checks not deducted.
Data exclude lump-sum death payments.
a. Includes beneficiaries with unknown state code.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

56 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 14.
Number, by type of representative payee, December 2003
Type of payee
All disabled beneficiaries
Without payee
With payee
Parent (natural, adoptive, or stepparent)
Spouse
Child (natural, adoptive, or stepchild)
Other relative
Nonmental institution
Mental institution
Social agency
Public official
Financial organization
Other

Total

Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult children

6,830,714

5,868,541

209,360

752,813

5,529,247

5,170,787

195,501

162,959

443,619
138,413
46,728
248,901
127,327
98,385
89,829
10,449
4,106
93,710

203,304
137,615
38,961
124,528
51,087
26,330
42,089
6,372
2,844
64,624

497
89
6,389
3,136
1,485
300
605
139
39
1,180

239,818
709
1,378
121,237
74,755
71,755
47,135
3,938
1,223
27,906

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file, 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 57

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 15.
Representative payment, by sex and diagnostic group, December 2003
Workers

Diagnostic group

Total

Adult children

Widow(er)s

Number Percentwith age with
payee
payee

Total

Number Percentwith age with
payee
payee

Total

Number Percentwith age with
payee
payee

All disabled beneficiaries
Total
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and
metabolic diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and sense
organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

5,868,541

697,754

11.9

209,360

13,859

6.6

752,813

589,854

78.4

9,750

1,156

11.9

262

5

1.9

7,543

5,056

67.0

242,517
106,767
260,572

3,776
3,264
23,196

1.6
3.1
8.9

19,074
1,757
5,299

291
55
162

1.5
3.1
3.1

2,776
2,921
9,342

736
1,597
3,659

26.5
54.7
39.2

298,500
1,662,590
160,986

162,937
407,534
2,663

54.6
24.5
1.7

9,679
46,944
4,273

2,645
7,660
77

27.3
16.3
1.8

334,015
102,487
1,733

295,063
66,177
968

88.3
64.6
55.9

14,711
579,778
87,721
98,491

313
29,181
2,443
1,150

2.1
5.0
2.8
1.2

358
21,838
2,296
1,837

12
823
49
34

3.4
3.8
2.1
1.9

1,884
3,302
565
1,765

329
1,607
109
357

17.5
48.7
19.3
20.2

1,430,357

14,310

1.0

57,412

506

0.9

4,885

1,012

20.7

565,244
185,834
14,133
10,705
139,885

26,350
2,227
185
475
16,594

4.7
1.2
1.3
4.4
11.9

14,781
11,113
514
242
11,681

610
140
a
5
a

4.1
1.3
a
2.1
a

66,203
921
257
1,147
211,067

34,262
288
45
736
177,853

51.8
31.3
17.5
64.2
84.3

Men
Subtotal
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and
metabolic diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and sense
organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

3,221,316

464,678

14.4

6,571

518

7.9

411,261

329,065

80.0

5,086

679

13.4

7

a

a

3,936

2,711

68.9

102,561
79,995
184,233

2,173
2,650
17,883

2.1
3.3
9.7

320
87
324

8
a
17

2.5
a
5.2

1,311
1,554
6,508

407
894
2,526

31.0
57.5
38.8

195,129
860,207
78,088

109,658
268,007
1,612

56.2
31.2
2.1

304
1,235
148

79
253
7

26.0
20.5
4.7

181,212
65,021
1,002

163,141
44,665
567

90.0
68.7
56.6

6,798
391,925
47,798
59,524

197
19,145
1,884
775

2.9
4.9
3.9
1.3

14
1,076
102
107

0
48
5
a

0
4.5
4.9
a

949
1,782
285
920

200
911
68
195

21.1
51.1
23.9
21.2

745,718

9,615

1.3

1,597

27

1.7

2,099

562

26.8

285,957
94,432
5,798
5,344
72,723

16,529
1,482
104
348
11,937

5.8
1.6
1.8
6.5
16.4

449
354
12
8
427

27
14
0
0
a

6.0
4.0
0
0
a

35,463
416
100
624
108,079

18,982
164
25
420
92,627

53.5
39.4
25.0
67.3
85.7

(Continued)

58 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 15.
Representative payment, by sex and diagnostic group, December 2003—Continued
Workers

Diagnostic group

Total

Widow(er)s

Number Percentwith age with
payee
payee

Total

Adult children

Number Percentwith age with
payee
payee

Total

Number Percentwith age with
payee
payee

Women
Subtotal
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and
metabolic diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and sense
organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

2,647,225

233,076

8.8

202,789

13,341

6.6

341,552

260,789

76.4

4,664

477

10.2

255

a

a

3,607

2,345

65.0

139,956
26,772
76,339

1,603
614
5,313

1.1
2.3
7.0

18,754
1,670
4,975

283
a
145

1.5
a
2.9

1,465
1,367
2,834

329
703
1,133

22.5
51.4
40.0

103,371
802,383
82,898

53,279
139,527
1,051

51.5
17.4
1.3

9,375
45,709
4,125

2,566
7,407
70

27.4
16.2
1.7

152,803
37,466
731

131,922
21,512
401

86.3
57.4
54.9

7,913
187,853
39,923
38,967

116
10,036
559
375

1.5
5.3
1.4
1.0

344
20,762
2,194
1,730

12
775
44
a

3.5
3.7
2.0
a

935
1,520
280
845

129
696
41
162

13.8
45.8
14.6
19.2

684,639

4,695

0.7

55,815

479

0.9

2,786

450

16.2

279,287
91,402
8,335
5,361
67,162

9,821
745
81
127
4,657

3.5
0.8
1.0
2.4
6.9

14,332
10,759
502
234
11,254

583
126
a
5
752

4.1
1.2
a
2.1
6.7

30,740
505
157
523
102,988

15,280
124
20
316
85,226

49.7
24.6
12.7
60.4
82.8

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file, 100 percent data.
NOTE: The diagnosis for disabled adult children typically was not recorded on the Master Beneficiary Record until 1984. Many
beneficiaries entitled before that date are still on the rolls today.
a. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 59

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 16.
Percentage distribution of disabled workers, by state or other area and monthly benefit,
December 2003
Percentage distribution by dollar amount of monthly benefit
Number

Total

Less than
400.00

400.00–
599.90

600.00–
799.90

5,868,541

100.0

7.7

18.5

23.9

17.8

12.4

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

148,715
8,719
106,001
91,584
500,805

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

7.7
9.1
6.6
7.6
8.5

19.7
19.5
16.6
19.8
17.9

26.1
23.1
23.2
26.2
21.8

18.1
16.4
18.3
19.7
16.8

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

66,080
60,506
17,778
8,963
360,386

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

7.3
5.9
6.5
8.9
7.0

19.5
16.9
16.9
22.5
18.6

23.9
23.6
23.2
28.0
24.6

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

179,753
16,744
25,519
202,250
127,447

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

6.7
6.3
8.9
7.3
7.9

18.3
17.6
20.2
17.5
18.4

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

53,793
47,741
145,116
103,784
41,733

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

9.6
8.4
9.0
9.1
9.0

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

80,733
138,588
215,789
80,252
97,461

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

143,681
18,983
29,638
40,414
28,510

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

State or area
All areas

a

800.00– 1,000.00– 1,200.00–
999.90 1,199.90
or more

Monthly benefit
(dollars)
Average

Median

19.7

861.60

802.10

11.6
11.3
13.3
12.5
12.5

16.8
20.4
22.0
14.2
22.5

834.00
856.50
891.60
819.30
880.30

769.60
782.00
835.00
769.60
818.60

18.0
18.2
17.8
19.3
18.2

12.4
13.0
12.8
10.1
12.6

18.9
22.5
22.7
11.2
19.0

854.30
897.20
896.30
778.90
859.60

793.00
835.60
835.00
719.00
798.00

26.0
22.9
23.1
22.4
23.2

19.7
18.3
17.0
17.5
17.8

12.8
13.7
12.5
12.6
12.3

16.5
21.2
18.3
22.7
20.4

845.70
887.00
839.20
888.90
865.50

791.00
833.60
779.00
828.60
805.00

20.6
20.1
19.5
18.9
21.8

23.8
24.1
22.9
22.7
26.8

16.9
18.1
16.9
16.3
18.5

12.0
12.6
12.0
11.9
11.2

17.2
16.7
19.7
21.1
12.8

824.70
832.90
848.80
858.70
792.50

762.00
775.00
785.60
793.00
736.40

6.7
6.7
7.9
8.0
7.6

16.8
19.1
16.8
19.5
20.5

23.1
25.7
20.3
24.3
28.0

18.5
18.5
15.4
17.5
18.6

13.2
11.9
12.4
11.6
11.4

21.7
18.1
27.3
19.1
13.8

889.40
851.70
919.40
850.60
808.30

833.60
786.00
859.60
783.00
749.60

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

8.1
8.1
8.8
5.4
5.8

19.5
20.6
21.2
15.6
17.0

24.5
23.5
24.8
23.1
25.9

17.8
17.3
18.1
18.8
19.6

12.2
12.4
12.2
13.5
13.2

17.8
18.1
15.0
23.6
18.4

841.90
836.80
813.10
913.90
868.90

779.60
779.00
755.60
857.30
811.60

140,617
38,332
371,648
225,926
10,073

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

5.5
8.6
7.0
6.5
9.6

15.6
19.7
17.0
18.0
22.3

21.9
24.2
21.6
26.8
25.0

17.5
18.4
16.9
20.9
17.0

13.0
12.3
12.6
12.9
11.6

26.4
16.9
24.9
14.9
14.6

935.00
832.30
909.70
837.30
799.20

872.60
775.60
845.60
789.00
733.00

218,386
78,407
67,580
259,516
26,447

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

9.7
8.5
7.9
7.9
6.9

19.7
19.0
19.2
17.6
20.0

21.9
23.2
22.9
22.8
26.5

16.1
17.8
17.1
17.6
18.2

12.0
13.3
12.3
13.0
11.8

20.6
18.1
20.7
21.1
16.5

850.40
844.40
864.30
873.30
834.80

785.60
793.00
800.60
816.70
770.60

(Continued)

60 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 16.
Percentage distribution of disabled workers, by state or other area and monthly benefit,
December 2003—Continued
Percentage distribution by dollar amount of monthly benefit
State or area

Number

Total

Less than
400.00

400.00–
599.90

600.00–
799.90

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

118,734
13,250
164,127
324,308
25,583

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

6.1
10.5
7.3
8.2
8.7

17.0
22.2
19.6
18.2
20.8

26.3
25.3
26.7
23.7
22.9

21.1
17.2
19.1
18.3
16.0

13.4
11.5
12.0
12.7
11.4

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

14,246
147,946
108,082
72,182
98,234
8,685

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

8.2
7.1
7.9
9.0
8.4
8.5

20.1
17.6
18.8
16.5
19.1
19.7

26.0
24.3
22.9
19.9
23.0
23.2

19.6
18.7
16.7
15.8
17.0
15.9

1,035
965

100.0
100.0

17.4
13.7

29.4
21.0

28.0
26.1

168
132,648
1,446

100.0
100.0
100.0

24.4
6.7
6.3

36.9
25.2
18.0

12,259

100.0

17.9

18.0

Outlying areas
American Samoa
Guam
Northern Mariana
Islands
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands
Foreign countries

800.00– 1,000.00– 1,200.00–
999.90 1,199.90
or more

Monthly benefit
(dollars)
Average

Median

16.1
13.3
15.3
18.9
20.2

851.90
786.30
827.00
855.70
848.30

805.00
727.00
770.60
798.60
774.60

11.8
12.9
12.1
12.7
12.2
11.9

14.2
19.4
21.6
26.1
20.3
20.8

815.20
866.20
872.20
905.40
858.10
858.10

761.60
808.60
803.00
853.60
794.60
783.60

15.2
17.3

6.8
10.9

3.3
11.0

650.60
757.90

615.00
718.00

25.6
35.9
25.2

7.1
17.5
19.8

b
8.2
14.0

b
6.5
16.7

561.70
734.50
853.50

549.10
686.60
803.60

21.8

16.7

11.9

13.8

754.70

725.00

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file, 100 percent data.
a. Includes beneficiaries with unknown state code.
b. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 61

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 17.
Percentage distribution of disabled widow(er)s, by state or other area and monthly benefit,
December 2003
Percentage distribution by dollar amount of monthly benefit

State or area
All areas
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of
Columbia
Florida

Number
a

Total

209,360 100.0

Monthly benefit
Less
(dollars)
than 200.00– 300.00– 400.00– 500.00– 600.00– 700.00– 800.00– 900.00
200.00 299.90 399.90 499.90 599.90 699.90 799.90 899.90 or more Average Median
10.0

9.3

12.0

13.6

12.7

11.1

9.3

7.5

14.7

563.80

541.80

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

11.6
7.0
9.0
13.3
7.5

10.7
10.0
9.5
11.4
8.0

12.6
7.8
10.8
13.4
10.9

14.2
13.9
12.5
13.5
13.5

13.2
13.5
12.8
14.0
12.1

11.4
11.3
10.1
10.8
10.5

9.4
9.1
9.9
8.6
9.8

6.2
8.7
8.1
5.7
8.7

10.6
18.7
17.3
9.2
18.9

526.80
610.10
585.90
506.40
606.90

505.00
583.00
561.60
488.00
582.00

1,751 100.0
1,564 100.0
496 100.0

8.3
9.5
10.5

8.4
9.0
9.1

11.3
14.1
11.7

13.9
15.3
14.3

13.0
11.5
12.5

10.6
10.9
10.5

10.5
8.2
9.1

9.1
6.6
8.1

15.0
14.8
14.3

580.70
556.50
564.90

570.00
517.00
546.00

275 100.0
11,392 100.0

10.2
11.2

8.4
10.2

16.4
12.7

17.5
13.8

16.0
12.7

12.0
11.3

5.8
8.9

4.7
6.6

9.1
12.7

509.80
541.60

480.00
516.00

6,494
230
3,067
3,795
13,780

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

7,291
473
777
7,410
4,828

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

13.4
5.9
7.1
8.2
8.7

11.2
8.2
8.5
8.3
8.8

13.7
12.5
10.8
10.9
11.2

14.9
13.7
10.0
12.5
11.9

12.8
13.5
12.9
11.9
12.7

9.9
9.9
12.5
11.5
11.1

8.3
11.6
10.4
9.8
9.8

6.0
8.7
9.7
8.6
8.5

9.8
15.9
18.1
18.3
17.4

506.10
597.80
613.70
600.60
592.00

478.00
568.00
606.00
584.00
575.00

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

1,705
1,526
6,971
5,774
1,182

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

8.3
9.1
8.9
7.7
10.6

10.0
8.4
8.6
7.4
9.8

12.3
11.7
12.1
11.7
13.9

12.8
14.0
13.5
13.3
14.3

14.7
13.0
13.6
14.0
13.1

12.2
11.1
11.4
11.2
12.1

9.6
10.5
9.9
9.5
8.4

7.5
8.2
7.6
8.4
7.4

12.6
14.0
14.4
16.7
10.4

557.40
572.70
570.00
594.30
532.60

546.00
549.50
551.00
568.00
507.00

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

2,383
3,382
8,024
1,819
4,539

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

8.5
8.6
7.2
9.5
12.5

7.6
9.2
6.8
8.6
10.9

10.4
12.9
9.6
12.4
13.6

12.6
15.5
12.1
12.8
15.5

13.2
12.7
11.6
13.3
13.2

12.5
11.1
11.0
11.9
10.8

9.3
8.9
10.0
9.6
8.0

8.6
6.8
8.6
6.4
5.7

17.3
14.3
23.2
15.6
9.8

595.60
563.60
638.20
570.70
509.30

579.00
527.00
626.00
546.00
482.60

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

5,386
594
811
1,105
726

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

11.1
6.2
10.1
8.8
12.3

10.1
11.3
11.1
8.7
11.7

12.6
13.3
12.9
10.7
12.5

14.3
16.7
13.8
12.5
13.6

12.0
11.4
9.4
10.0
11.7

10.5
11.3
12.1
10.4
9.8

9.6
9.1
9.2
10.6
8.8

6.7
6.2
8.4
8.9
7.2

13.0
14.5
12.9
19.5
12.4

543.00
560.50
549.50
606.60
532.50

513.00
526.30
511.00
595.00
499.30

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

4,200
1,226
12,169
8,394
278

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

10.9
6.9
9.4
17.3
10.1

8.1
9.4
8.3
12.9
9.4

11.7
12.3
12.2
13.6
13.3

13.3
13.1
14.0
14.2
12.2

12.2
13.5
11.8
12.1
15.5

10.6
11.7
11.4
9.6
12.2

8.6
9.4
9.4
7.3
9.7

6.9
8.6
7.3
5.1
7.9

17.7
15.2
16.2
8.0
9.7

577.20
582.30
576.80
471.40
540.60

544.50
558.00
549.00
442.00
525.50

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

9,309
3,257
1,985
9,703
669

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

7.5
10.1
8.6
7.8
11.2

7.0
9.0
7.5
8.3
11.4

11.0
12.2
11.3
10.6
12.3

12.1
14.4
11.8
12.4
14.5

12.2
12.3
12.4
12.6
11.7

10.4
11.2
10.9
11.8
11.2

10.9
9.5
10.2
10.3
9.6

9.6
8.0
9.5
9.1
8.2

19.3
13.4
17.8
17.0
10.0

615.10
557.70
598.50
597.70
530.10

602.00
532.00
584.00
583.00
504.00

(Continued)

62 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 17.
Percentage distribution of disabled widow(er)s, by state or other area and monthly benefit,
December 2003—Continued
Percentage distribution by dollar amount of monthly benefit

State or area

Monthly benefit
Less
(dollars)
than 200.00– 300.00– 400.00– 500.00– 600.00– 700.00– 800.00– 900.00
200.00 299.90 399.90 499.90 599.90 699.90 799.90 899.90 or more Average Median

Number

Total

4,941
385
7,441
13,388
700

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

16.1
9.6
12.7
9.4
7.9

11.5
13.5
10.8
9.1
7.9

13.4
11.9
12.4
11.8
11.4

13.5
13.2
13.5
13.4
16.3

13.8
16.6
13.3
13.1
11.1

10.7
9.9
11.4
11.2
11.1

7.4
6.8
8.7
9.5
8.0

5.3
5.2
6.5
7.7
8.1

8.3
13.2
10.6
14.8
18.1

484.40
532.50
520.60
569.10
595.30

463.00
506.00
503.00
548.00
552.50

436
5,637
2,993
3,662
2,700
251

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

11.0
10.9
6.6
6.0
9.7
8.0

11.7
9.3
7.5
7.0
8.4
8.0

11.5
12.0
12.0
9.9
10.8
12.4

14.7
13.9
12.1
12.5
13.6
16.7

12.8
12.2
11.1
12.1
13.4
10.4

14.2
11.5
12.7
13.2
11.9
14.7

8.0
8.8
10.0
11.0
9.0
9.2

6.7
7.1
8.4
9.4
8.3
5.6

9.4
14.2
19.5
18.8
15.0
15.1

523.70
554.70
615.10
625.00
573.10
574.10

514.50
533.00
604.00
617.00
557.00
549.00

51 100.0
31 100.0

b
b

b
b

15.7
19.4

19.6
25.8

17.6
b

b
b

b
b

b
b

0
b

458.60
503.90

464.60
448.00

Northern
Mariana
Islands
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

b 100.0
5,149 100.0
58 100.0

0
11.7
b

b
13.7
b

b
16.5
b

0
18.5
15.5

b
14.3
20.7

0
9.8
13.8

0
6.8
13.8

0
3.7
8.6

b
4.9
13.8

491.10
463.50
626.70

350.80
436.00
596.80

Foreign countries

784 100.0

7.8

6.3

13.1

16.6

16.1

12.1

9.6

7.8

10.7

557.30

541.00

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming
Outlying areas
American
Guam

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file, 100 percent data.
a. Includes beneficiaries with unknown state code.
b. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 63

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 18.
Percentage distribution of disabled adult children, by state or other area and monthly benefit,
December 2003
Percentage distribution by dollar amount of monthly benefit

State or area
All areas
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

Number
a

Total

752,813 100.0
16,995
730
8,616
8,989
62,372

Monthly benefit
Less
(dollars)
than 200.00– 300.00– 400.00– 500.00– 600.00– 700.00– 800.00– 900.00
200.00 299.90 399.90 499.90 599.90 699.90 799.90 899.90 or more Average Median
6.2

6.3

14.4

14.7

14.3

15.6

11.2

7.4

9.9

567.00

558.50

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

7.3
8.5
6.2
8.3
6.1

7.9
7.3
6.2
7.4
6.0

19.2
13.8
12.1
19.6
12.3

17.1
14.5
14.5
17.9
13.7

14.8
12.2
13.7
15.3
14.2

12.9
15.2
16.3
13.1
16.1

9.1
10.3
11.9
8.3
12.3

5.5
6.8
8.0
4.8
7.7

6.3
11.4
11.1
5.3
11.5

514.90
560.60
582.40
502.20
585.90

491.00
545.00
579.30
479.00
582.00

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of
Columbia
Florida

5,776 100.0
9,487 100.0
1,930 100.0

5.8
4.2
3.6

5.7
4.6
3.9

12.8
9.7
11.3

14.5
11.1
13.7

14.6
14.0
14.9

16.4
18.7
19.5

11.4
14.2
11.8

8.2
9.3
9.3

10.6
14.1
12.0

580.90
630.40
611.70

575.00
640.00
613.60

1,327 100.0
33,345 100.0

8.1
6.5

7.5
6.3

20.9
13.2

17.1
15.1

14.8
15.2

13.5
15.9

8.6
11.3

4.3
7.1

5.2
9.5

501.90
565.80

478.60
556.60

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

20,193
2,329
2,539
32,081
17,070

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

6.3
4.6
5.6
4.5
3.8

7.0
6.2
6.2
5.0
4.4

19.2
14.2
12.3
11.3
10.6

17.5
14.1
15.5
12.8
12.9

15.4
16.4
15.8
13.6
14.9

13.2
16.5
16.8
17.3
18.8

9.0
12.9
11.5
12.9
13.2

5.4
6.9
6.6
9.2
9.4

6.9
8.2
9.6
13.3
12.0

524.90
572.20
571.20
614.60
615.00

499.00
573.00
564.00
617.00
619.00

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

8,576
6,056
16,281
18,120
4,528

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

4.1
4.2
8.8
9.0
8.0

4.8
5.1
8.9
8.7
6.3

11.7
12.1
19.2
18.2
14.4

15.5
14.3
16.4
16.5
17.4

15.9
15.4
13.1
13.3
16.6

16.8
17.2
12.8
12.5
14.7

12.5
12.9
8.8
8.3
10.9

8.6
8.5
5.3
5.4
5.7

10.1
10.2
6.6
8.0
6.0

594.00
593.60
507.40
515.40
532.10

584.80
589.00
479.00
484.80
522.00

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

10,909
17,944
33,107
11,484
11,720

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

4.1
5.9
4.0
4.7
9.7

5.0
5.8
4.1
4.6
10.5

13.0
12.7
9.1
13.1
23.0

13.7
13.5
11.7
15.0
17.3

14.9
14.6
13.6
14.2
13.9

16.8
15.9
18.5
17.0
10.2

12.4
12.5
14.2
12.6
6.7

7.7
8.2
10.3
8.1
4.0

12.4
11.0
14.6
10.7
4.8

599.90
586.40
635.80
590.60
470.20

594.00
583.00
644.00
585.00
436.00

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

16,130
2,147
4,186
2,478
2,711

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

6.2
4.4
4.9
4.9
4.8

5.7
5.5
5.3
5.0
4.1

14.5
12.9
13.5
11.1
10.9

15.3
16.3
16.5
13.2
14.2

14.8
15.8
16.2
13.9
15.3

15.5
16.8
16.7
16.8
17.5

11.3
11.4
10.8
12.7
13.8

7.3
8.1
7.0
8.6
8.6

9.5
8.8
9.3
13.9
10.8

565.50
577.20
571.70
613.00
603.00

556.00
570.00
558.80
612.00
604.00

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

19,924
4,267
56,561
23,158
2,037

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

3.9
9.7
4.4
6.0
5.2

4.2
8.8
4.8
7.0
5.8

10.3
17.1
11.5
19.4
15.9

11.4
16.3
13.1
18.0
18.0

14.1
15.1
14.2
15.6
15.9

17.8
12.3
17.6
13.3
16.3

14.2
8.5
13.3
9.3
9.7

9.6
5.4
8.9
5.2
6.0

14.4
6.9
12.1
6.2
7.2

632.70
509.30
609.30
522.10
547.30

639.60
488.00
612.00
496.00
529.00

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

35,218
9,102
7,075
39,052
3,077

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

4.9
6.3
4.7
5.0
6.2

5.1
6.3
5.0
4.6
6.1

11.6
16.5
10.0
11.1
13.1

13.2
16.6
13.1
13.8
14.0

14.3
15.1
14.4
15.0
15.4

17.2
14.9
18.7
18.3
16.7

12.6
10.0
12.9
12.6
10.8

9.0
6.4
9.6
8.5
7.9

12.1
7.9
11.5
11.1
9.8

602.10
545.20
608.40
599.10
573.60

605.60
526.60
615.00
601.60
571.00

(Continued)

64 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 18.
Percentage distribution of disabled adult children, by state or other area and monthly benefit,
December 2003—Continued
Percentage distribution by dollar amount of monthly benefit

State or area

Monthly benefit
Less
(dollars)
than 200.00– 300.00– 400.00– 500.00– 600.00– 700.00– 800.00– 900.00
200.00 299.90 399.90 499.90 599.90 699.90 799.90 899.90 or more Average Median

Number

Total

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

13,164
2,062
18,409
40,464
3,335

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

5.5
6.1
6.8
7.4
5.3

7.2
6.1
6.9
7.4
5.9

18.7
17.6
19.3
16.5
11.0

18.6
17.8
17.0
16.1
14.2

15.4
16.1
15.3
14.2
14.9

13.8
14.2
13.6
13.6
18.1

9.1
9.9
8.8
9.6
12.1

5.7
5.5
5.6
6.3
7.4

6.0
6.6
6.7
8.9
11.2

524.80
532.60
523.20
540.80
590.50

499.00
512.00
499.00
517.00
591.00

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

1,863
17,168
11,428
10,039
15,776
883

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

4.7
6.1
4.5
7.5
4.0
4.5

5.5
6.5
4.7
7.4
4.5
4.5

14.3
17.2
10.8
17.1
11.1
10.9

17.8
16.7
12.7
15.6
13.4
15.5

17.7
15.0
14.2
14.5
14.7
16.1

15.5
14.4
17.2
15.7
19.2
14.5

11.0
9.9
13.6
9.4
12.9
12.3

6.1
6.4
9.4
5.6
8.9
8.2

7.5
7.8
12.8
7.1
11.3
13.5

555.10
543.00
615.00
529.50
606.80
606.20

541.00
524.00
620.00
514.00
612.00
587.00

102 100.0
124 100.0

12.7
20.2

16.7
18.5

27.5
23.4

16.7
16.1

13.7
7.3

b
4.8

b
b

b
b

b
b

398.30
380.70

378.30
344.80

Northern
Mariana
Islands
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

b 100.0
22,873 100.0
293 100.0

37.3
18.3
7.2

17.6
17.0
8.5

11.8
31.3
19.1

11.8
15.6
21.5

9.8
8.0
17.4

b
4.9
12.3

b
2.5
8.5

b
1.3
2.0

0
1.0
3.4

334.30
358.10
483.80

268.60
337.60
472.00

Foreign countries

5,037 100.0

17.6

14.2

20.3

15.2

11.2

10.3

5.2

2.4

3.7

416.20

386.00

Outlying areas
American
Guam

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file, 100 percent data.
a. Includes beneficiaries with unknown state code.
b. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 65

Disabled Workers
Table 19.
Percentage distribution, by sex and age, December 1960–2003
Percentage distribution
Year

Number
(thousands)

Average
age

Total,
all ages Under 30

30–34

35–39 a

40–44

45–49

50–54

55–59

60–64

All disabled workers
1996
1997
1998
1999

4,400
4,508
4,699
4,879

50.0
50.3
50.5
50.6

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

3.6
3.2
3.0
2.8

5.6
5.1
4.8
4.4

9.0
8.6
8.3
8.0

11.6
11.6
11.6
11.5

13.8
13.7
13.8
14.0

15.5
16.1
16.5
17.0

18.6
19.2
19.7
20.0

22.4
22.4
22.4
22.3

2000
2001
2002
2003

5,042
5,268
5,540
5,869

50.8
50.9
51.0
51.3

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

2.7
2.8
3.0
3.1

4.1
4.0
3.8
3.7

7.6
7.2
6.7
6.3

11.4
11.1
10.8
10.4

14.1
14.1
14.1
14.0

17.6
17.7
17.5
17.3

20.3
20.7
21.3
21.5

22.3
22.4
22.7
23.7

Men
1960
1965
1970
1975

356
734
1,069
1,711

57.3
54.4
53.9
53.5

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.5
1.0
3.3
4.6

a
a
a
a

3.3
7.5
6.8
7.5

3.0
7.6
6.9
6.2

4.9
10.4
10.9
9.7

16.6
15.4
15.2
15.8

26.7
24.7
23.2
23.2

44.9
33.3
33.7
33.0

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

1,928
-1,746
1,731
1,748

52.9
-53.2
52.9
52.5

100.0
-100.0
100.0
100.0

4.1
-4.0
4.2
4.4

a
-a
a
a

9.6
-9.7
10.4
11.3

6.0
-5.8
6.3
6.8

8.9
-7.8
8.0
8.3

14.3
-13.6
13.0
12.8

24.0
-23.6
23.1
22.2

33.1
-35.5
35.0
34.2

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

1,785
1,827
1,857
1,869
1,906

51.9
51.4
51.1
50.9
50.7

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

4.6
4.9
4.8
4.7
4.5

a
a
a
a
a

12.3
13.3
13.8
14.3
14.7

7.3
7.9
8.5
9.0
9.6

8.6
8.9
9.4
9.8
10.3

12.9
12.7
12.5
12.7
12.7

21.4
20.7
20.1
19.6
19.4

32.9
31.5
30.8
29.9
28.8

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

1,965
2,066
2,221
2,358
2,476

50.4
50.1
49.9
49.6
49.6

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

4.5
4.5
4.6
4.6
4.3

a
a
a
a
a

15.2
15.6
16.0
16.2
16.1

10.3
10.7
11.0
11.2
11.4

10.7
11.2
12.0
12.3
12.8

12.7
13.0
13.4
13.9
14.2

19.1
18.6
18.0
17.9
17.8

27.5
26.4
25.0
23.9
23.4

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

2,573
2,653
2,667
2,737
2,801

49.7
50.0
50.3
50.5
50.7

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

4.0
3.7
3.3
3.1
2.8

a
5.7
5.2
4.8
4.5

15.5
9.2
8.7
8.4
8.1

11.5
11.6
11.6
11.6
11.6

13.4
13.7
13.6
13.7
13.8

14.5
15.0
15.6
16.1
16.7

18.0
18.3
18.9
19.3
19.7

23.2
22.9
23.0
23.0
22.9

2000
2001
2002
2003

2,856
2,948
3,067
3,221

50.8
51.0
51.1
51.3

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

2.8
2.9
3.1
3.2

4.2
4.0
3.8
3.6

7.6
7.2
6.7
6.3

11.4
11.2
10.8
10.4

13.9
14.0
14.0
13.9

17.3
17.5
17.3
17.1

20.0
20.5
21.1
21.4

22.8
23.0
23.2
24.1

(Continued)

66 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

Disabled Workers
Table 19.
Percentage distribution, by sex and age, December 1960–2003—Continued
Percentage distribution
Year

Number
(thousands)

Average
age

Total,
all ages Under 30

30–34

35–39 a

40–44

45–49

50–54

55–59

60–64

Women
1960
1965
1970
1975

99
254
424
778

56.7
55.2
55.0
54.4

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.3
0.6
1.9
3.3

a
a
a
a

3.2
5.4
5.1
6.1

3.2
6.3
5.6
5.3

5.3
9.8
10.1
9.0

19.4
16.2
15.9
16.3

31.4
27.3
26.0
25.5

37.2
34.3
35.3
34.5

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

931
-858
838
849

53.7
-53.9
53.6
53.2

100.0
-100.0
100.0
100.0

3.4
-3.3
3.5
3.7

a
-a
a
a

8.2
-8.5
9.3
10.2

5.3
-5.1
5.7
6.3

8.2
-7.2
7.5
7.8

14.4
-13.7
12.9
12.8

25.4
-25.2
24.3
23.2

35.0
-37.0
36.8
36.0

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

872
902
929
952
989

52.6
52.0
51.7
51.4
51.1

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

3.8
4.1
4.2
4.0
4.0

a
a
a
a
a

11.2
12.1
12.7
13.1
13.5

6.9
7.6
8.2
8.7
9.2

8.3
8.8
9.4
9.9
10.6

12.9
12.9
12.9
13.2
13.4

22.3
21.6
20.9
20.6
20.1

34.6
32.9
31.7
30.5
29.2

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

1,046
1,133
1,252
1,371
1,491

50.8
50.5
50.1
49.9
49.9

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

3.9
4.0
4.3
4.3
4.1

a
a
a
a
a

14.0
14.3
14.6
14.9
14.8

9.8
10.3
10.7
11.0
11.2

11.1
11.6
12.2
12.6
13.1

13.4
13.8
14.3
14.8
15.3

19.9
19.4
18.8
18.9
18.7

27.9
26.5
25.0
23.5
22.8

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

1,614
1,747
1,842
1,961
2,078

49.9
50.1
50.3
50.5
50.6

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

3.8
3.5
3.1
2.9
2.7

a
5.4
5.0
4.7
4.3

14.5
8.7
8.4
8.2
7.9

11.5
11.6
11.6
11.5
11.5

13.6
13.9
13.9
14.0
14.2

15.7
16.2
16.7
17.0
17.5

18.8
19.1
19.6
20.1
20.5

22.2
21.7
21.5
21.5
21.4

2000
2001
2002
2003

2,186
2,320
2,472
2,647

50.8
50.9
51.0
51.2

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

2.7
2.8
2.9
3.0

4.1
4.0
3.9
3.8

7.5
7.1
6.8
6.4

11.3
11.1
10.8
10.5

14.3
14.3
14.3
14.2

17.9
18.0
17.7
17.6

20.7
21.1
21.5
21.6

21.6
21.7
22.1
23.0

SOURCES: Social Security Administration, Annual Statistical Supplement to the Social Security Bulletin , Table 5.D4 for 1960–1995 data;
data for 1988 and 1990–1995 are based on a 10 percent sample file; Social Security Disabled Beneficiaries 100 percent file for 1996–2000
data; Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file beginning with 2001 data.
NOTES: Combined data for men and women are not available before 1996.
-- = not available.
a. Ages 30–34 were grouped with ages 35–39 before 1996.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 67

Disabled Workers
Table 20.
Number, average primary insurance amount, and average monthly benefit, by age and sex,
December 2003
Men

Total

Age
All disabled workers
Under 25
25–29
30–34
35–39
40–44
45–49
50–54
55–59
60 or older

Number

Average
PIA
(dollars)

Average
monthly
benefit
(dollars)

5,868,541

867.00

56,750
125,320
215,785
371,249
612,405
823,276
1,016,850
1,258,853
1,388,053

Women

Number

Average
PIA
(dollars)

Average
monthly
benefit
(dollars)

Number

Average
PIA
(dollars)

Average
monthly
benefit
(dollars)

861.60

3,221,316

974.80

965.90

2,647,225

735.90

734.60

459.50
563.90
643.90
711.00
770.70

471.10
568.90
645.50
708.50
765.80

33,489
69,442
116,011
201,779
334,681

469.40
577.40
660.60
733.90
812.20

480.20
580.50
658.80
727.40
803.10

23,261
55,878
99,774
169,470
277,724

445.30
547.10
624.40
683.70
720.70

458.00
554.50
630.10
686.10
720.90

836.00
896.70
944.40
956.40

828.70
888.80
937.20
951.70

447,952
551,670
688,354
777,938

906.20
1,001.50
1,091.40
1,128.50

894.60
989.60
1,081.10
1,121.20

375,324
465,180
570,499
610,115

752.10
772.30
767.00
737.10

750.00
769.20
763.40
735.50

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: The average monthly benefit includes secondary benefit amounts for some beneficiaries who are dually entitled. This results in
the average monthly benefit being larger than the average PIA for some age groups.
PIA = primary insurance amount.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

68 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

Disabled Workers
Table 21.
Distribution, by diagnostic group, 1996–2003

Year

Endocrine,
nutritional, Infectious
and
and
Congenital metabolic
parasitic
Total anomalies
diseases diseases a

Mental disorders
Injuries

Total Retardation

Other Neoplasms

Number
1996
1997
1998
1999

4,399,932
4,508,406
4,698,560
4,879,454

9,023
8,813
8,719
8,546

197,272
215,186
233,724
251,998

87,066
90,175
93,776
96,132

213,772
217,882
224,388
228,800

1,356,310
1,381,178
1,459,118
1,532,155

228,131
235,130
243,745
249,871

1,128,179
1,146,048
1,215,373
1,282,284

124,018
122,775
127,174
131,492

2000
2001
2002
2003

5,042,333
5,268,039
5,539,597
5,868,541

8,540
8,752
9,226
9,750

244,456
239,614
237,020
242,517

97,919
100,442
102,589
106,767

231,066
240,948
248,544
260,572

1,618,758
1,731,886
1,845,138
1,961,090

257,601
273,849
286,210
298,500

1,361,157
1,458,037
1,558,928
1,662,590

136,404
142,795
150,138
160,986

Percent
1996
1997
1998
1999

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

4.5
4.8
5.0
5.2

2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0

4.9
4.8
4.8
4.7

30.8
30.6
31.1
31.4

5.2
5.2
5.2
5.1

25.6
25.4
25.9
26.3

2.8
2.7
2.7
2.7

2000
2001
2002
2003

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

4.8
4.5
4.3
4.1

1.9
1.9
1.9
1.8

4.6
4.6
4.5
4.4

32.1
32.9
33.3
33.4

5.1
5.2
5.2
5.1

27.0
27.7
28.1
28.3

2.7
2.7
2.7
2.7
(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 69

Disabled Workers
Table 21.
Distribution, by diagnostic group, 1996–2003—Continued
Diseases of the—

Year

Blood and
bloodforming
organs

Circulatory
system

Digestive
system

Musculoskeletal Nervous
Genito- system and
system
urinary connective and sense
system
tissue
organs

Respiratory
system

Skin and
subcutaneous
tissue

Other Unknown b

Number
1996
1997
1998
1999

10,539
10,926
11,349
11,687

517,503
522,047
526,573
528,627

54,585
57,383
61,541
65,887

65,425
69,300
74,888
79,524

906,882
962,915
1,024,053
1,086,432

404,618
420,755
441,016
460,133

152,217
155,028
159,869
162,863

10,818
11,267
11,826
12,151

85,115
95,708
110,377
117,326

204,769
167,068
130,169
105,701

2000
2001
2002
2003

12,070
12,847
13,708
14,711

532,998
543,516
558,736
579,778

69,735
74,680
80,396
87,721

84,687
88,949
93,645
98,491

1,152,231
1,231,184
1,324,762
1,430,357

479,246
505,162
533,774
565,244

166,054
170,383
176,941
185,834

12,351
12,787
13,429
14,133

113,167
113,558
9,447
10,705

82,651
50,536
142,104
139,885

Percent
1996
1997
1998
1999

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

11.8
11.6
11.2
10.8

1.2
1.3
1.3
1.4

1.5
1.5
1.6
1.6

20.6
21.4
21.8
22.3

9.2
9.3
9.4
9.4

3.5
3.4
3.4
3.3

0.2
0.2
0.3
0.2

1.9
2.1
2.3
2.4

4.7
3.7
2.8
2.2

2000
2001
2002
2003

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.3

10.6
10.3
10.1
9.9

1.4
1.4
1.5
1.5

1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7

22.9
23.4
23.9
24.4

9.5
9.6
9.6
9.6

3.3
3.2
3.2
3.2

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

2.2
2.2
0.2
0.2

1.6
1.0
2.6
2.4

SOURCES: Social Security Administration, Social Security Disabled Beneficiaries 100 percent file for 1996–2000 data; Disabled
Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file beginning with 2001, 100 percent data.
a. AIDS and HIV records are counted in Infectious and Parasitic Diseases. Before 1990, they were included in Other.
b. Beginning with 2002 data, several ill-defined impairment codes were reclassified and added to Unknown.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

70 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

Disabled Workers
Table 22.
Distribution of workers under age 50, by diagnostic group, 1996–2003

Year

Endocrine,
nutritional, Infectious
and
and
Congenital metabolic
parasitic
Total anomalies
diseases diseases a

Mental disorders
Injuries

Total Retardation

Other Neoplasms

Number
1996
1997
1998
1999

1,917,424
1,908,103
1,949,052
1,986,422

4,782
4,570
4,503
4,494

76,546
80,950
85,500
89,365

63,819
65,212
66,208
66,245

110,910
110,461
111,266
111,502

865,928
852,279
874,231
891,469

164,041
167,052
170,694
172,232

701,887
685,227
703,537
719,237

41,232
39,783
40,638
41,799

2000
2001
2002
2003

2,012,615
2,066,094
2,132,996
2,204,785

4,619
4,883
5,290
5,696

80,869
74,292
69,229
68,422

65,695
65,047
64,075
64,376

110,125
112,969
113,785
115,634

912,048
961,757
1,005,189
1,043,928

174,759
183,934
190,646
196,420

737,289
777,823
814,543
847,508

42,656
44,537
45,994
48,126

Percent
1996
1997
1998
1999

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

4.0
4.2
4.4
4.5

3.3
3.4
3.4
3.3

5.8
5.8
5.7
5.6

45.2
44.7
44.9
44.9

8.6
8.8
8.8
8.7

36.6
35.9
36.1
36.2

2.2
2.1
2.1
2.1

2000
2001
2002
2003

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.3

4.0
3.6
3.2
3.1

3.3
3.1
3.0
2.9

5.5
5.5
5.3
5.2

45.3
46.5
47.1
47.3

8.7
8.9
8.9
8.9

36.6
37.6
38.2
38.4

2.1
2.2
2.2
2.2
(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 71

Disabled Workers
Table 22.
Distribution of workers under age 50, by diagnostic group, 1996–2003—Continued
Diseases of the—

Year

Blood and
bloodforming
organs

Circulatory
system

Digestive
system

Musculoskeletal Nervous
Genito- system and
system
urinary connective and sense
system
tissue
organs

Respiratory
system

Skin and
subcutaneous
tissue

Other Unknown b

Number
1996
1997
1998
1999

6,711
6,809
6,991
7,103

86,607
85,953
84,674
83,736

24,535
25,428
27,219
29,109

36,214
37,896
39,949
41,571

265,043
271,682
284,291
297,185

202,169
204,222
208,607
211,731

24,862
24,750
25,822
26,226

4,926
5,140
5,314
5,467

37,745
43,124
50,140
51,848

65,395
49,844
33,699
27,572

2000
2001
2002
2003

7,245
7,646
8,072
8,513

84,362
85,819
87,860
90,085

30,357
31,789
33,120
34,722

43,333
44,628
45,957
47,143

309,327
322,713
340,244
355,306

215,744
221,321
228,658
235,860

26,718
27,472
28,441
29,996

5,785
5,613
5,843
5,966

53,437
44,428
4,060
4,496

20,595
11,180
47,179
46,516

Percent
1996
1997
1998
1999

0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4

4.5
4.5
4.3
4.2

1.3
1.3
1.4
1.5

1.9
2.0
2.0
2.1

13.8
14.2
14.6
15.0

10.5
10.7
10.7
10.7

1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3

0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3

2.0
2.3
2.6
2.6

3.4
2.6
1.7
1.4

2000
2001
2002
2003

0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4

4.2
4.2
4.1
4.1

1.5
1.5
1.6
1.6

2.2
2.2
2.2
2.1

15.4
15.6
16.0
16.1

10.7
10.7
10.7
10.7

1.3
1.3
1.3
1.4

0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3

2.7
2.2
0.2
0.2

1.0
0.5
2.2
2.1

SOURCES: Social Security Administration, Social Security Disabled Beneficiaries 100 percent file for 1996–2000 data; Disabled
Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file beginning with 2001, 100 percent data.
a. AIDS and HIV records are counted in Infectious and Parasitic Diseases. Before 1990, they were included in Other.
b. Beginning with 2002 data, several ill-defined impairment codes were reclassified and added to Unknown.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

72 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

Disabled Workers
Table 23.
Distribution of workers aged 50 or older, by diagnostic group, 1996–2003

Year

Endocrine,
nutritional, Infectious
and
and
Congenital metabolic
parasitic
Total anomalies
diseases diseases a

Mental disorders
Injuries

Total Retardation

Other Neoplasms

Number
1996
1997
1998
1999

2,482,508
2,600,303
2,749,508
2,893,032

4,241
4,243
4,216
4,052

120,726
134,236
148,224
162,633

23,247
24,963
27,568
29,887

102,862
107,421
113,122
117,298

490,382
528,899
584,887
640,686

64,090
68,078
73,051
77,639

426,292
460,821
511,836
563,047

82,786
82,992
86,536
89,693

2000
2001
2002
2003

3,029,718
3,201,945
3,406,601
3,484,683

3,921
3,869
3,936
3,823

163,587
165,322
167,791
166,676

32,224
35,395
38,514
38,619

120,941
127,979
134,759
137,270

697,278
770,129
839,949
848,551

82,842
89,915
95,564
92,874

614,436
680,214
744,385
755,677

93,748
98,258
104,144
108,364

Percent
1996
1997
1998
1999

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.1

4.9
5.2
5.4
5.6

0.9
1.0
1.0
1.0

4.1
4.1
4.1
4.1

19.8
20.3
21.3
22.2

2.6
2.6
2.7
2.7

17.2
17.7
18.6
19.5

3.3
3.2
3.1
3.1

2000
2001
2002
2003

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

5.4
5.2
4.9
4.8

1.1
1.1
1.1
1.1

4.0
4.0
4.0
3.9

23.0
24.0
24.7
24.4

2.7
2.8
2.8
2.7

20.3
21.2
21.9
21.7

3.1
3.1
3.1
3.1
(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 73

Disabled Workers
Table 23.
Distribution of workers aged 50 or older, by diagnostic group, 1996–2003—Continued
Diseases of the—

Year

Blood and
bloodforming
organs

Circulatory
system

Digestive
system

Musculoskeletal Nervous
Genito- system and
system
urinary connective and sense
system
tissue
organs

Respiratory
system

Skin and
subcutaneous
tissue

Other Unknown b

Number
1996
1997
1998
1999

3,828
4,117
4,358
4,584

430,896
436,094
441,899
444,891

30,050
31,955
34,322
36,778

29,211
31,404
34,939
37,953

641,839
691,233
739,762
789,247

202,449
216,533
232,409
248,402

127,355
130,278
134,047
136,637

5,892
6,127
6,512
6,684

47,370
52,584
60,237
65,478

139,374
117,224
96,470
78,129

2000
2001
2002
2003

4,825
5,201
5,636
5,808

448,636
457,697
470,876
477,250

39,378
42,891
47,276
49,390

41,354
44,321
47,688
48,007

842,904
908,471
984,518
1,035,502

263,502
283,841
305,116
311,095

139,336
142,911
148,500
151,968

6,866
7,174
7,586
7,675

69,162
69,130
5,387
5,880

62,056
39,356
94,925
88,805

Percent
1996
1997
1998
1999

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

17.4
16.8
16.1
15.4

1.2
1.2
1.2
1.3

1.2
1.2
1.3
1.3

25.9
26.6
26.9
27.3

8.2
8.3
8.5
8.6

5.1
5.0
4.9
4.7

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

1.9
2.0
2.2
2.3

5.6
4.5
3.5
2.7

2000
2001
2002
2003

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

14.8
14.3
13.8
13.7

1.3
1.3
1.4
1.4

1.4
1.4
1.4
1.4

27.8
28.4
28.9
29.7

8.7
8.9
9.0
8.9

4.6
4.5
4.4
4.4

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

2.3
2.2
0.2
0.2

2.0
1.2
2.8
2.5

SOURCES: Social Security Administration, Social Security Disabled Beneficiaries 100 percent file for 1996–2000 data; Disabled
Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file beginning with 2001, 100 percent data.
a. AIDS and HIV records are counted in Infectious and Parasitic Diseases. Before 1990, they were included in Other.
b. Beginning with 2002, several ill-defined impairment codes were reclassified and added to Unknown.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

74 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

Disabled Workers
Table 24.
Distribution, by diagnostic group and age, December 2003
Diagnostic group

Total

Under 30

30–39

40–49

50–59

60–FRA

Number
Total
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and
metabolic diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

5,868,541

182,070

587,034

1,435,681

2,275,703

1,388,053

9,750

1,368

1,960

2,368

2,605

1,449

242,517
106,767
260,572

2,850
1,840
10,825

15,538
19,728
33,696

50,034
42,808
71,113

107,682
31,983
91,515

66,413
10,408
53,423

298,500
1,662,590
160,986

34,669
81,380
4,199

67,111
239,938
11,289

94,640
526,190
32,638

77,018
600,444
66,371

25,062
214,638
46,489

14,711
579,778
87,721
98,491

1,886
3,244
1,807
4,548

2,784
16,246
7,548
14,946

3,843
70,595
25,367
27,649

4,139
249,207
36,653
35,528

2,059
240,486
16,346
15,820

1,430,357
565,244
185,834
14,133
10,705
139,885

7,597
21,042
1,222
388
419
2,786

68,466
68,663
5,584
1,590
1,176
10,771

279,243
146,155
23,190
3,988
2,901
32,959

614,356
213,251
77,401
5,445
4,140
57,965

460,695
116,133
78,437
2,722
2,069
35,404

Percent
Total
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and
metabolic diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

0.2

0.8

0.3

0.2

0.1

0.1

4.1
1.8
4.4

1.6
1.0
5.9

2.6
3.4
5.7

3.5
3.0
5.0

4.7
1.4
4.0

4.8
0.7
3.8

5.1
28.3
2.7

19.0
44.7
2.3

11.4
40.9
1.9

6.6
36.7
2.3

3.4
26.4
2.9

1.8
15.5
3.3

0.3
9.9
1.5
1.7

1.0
1.8
1.0
2.5

0.5
2.8
1.3
2.5

0.3
4.9
1.8
1.9

0.2
11.0
1.6
1.6

0.1
17.3
1.2
1.1

24.4
9.6
3.2
0.2
0.2
2.4

4.2
11.6
0.7
0.2
0.2
1.5

11.7
11.7
1.0
0.3
0.2
1.8

19.5
10.2
1.6
0.3
0.2
2.3

27.0
9.4
3.4
0.2
0.2
2.5

33.2
8.4
5.7
0.2
0.1
2.6

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file, 100 percent data.
NOTE: FRA = full retirement age.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 75

Disabled Workers
Table 25.
Distribution of workers with a secondary benefit (dual entitlement), by worker's smaller
primary insurance amount and sex, December 2003
Total

Men

Women

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

187,451

100.0

43,441

100.0

144,010

100.0

Less than 300.00
300.00–399.90
400.00–499.90

30,021
28,083
29,904

16.0
15.0
16.0

9,874
9,938
8,603

22.7
22.9
19.8

20,147
18,145
21,301

14.0
12.6
14.8

500.00–599.90
600.00–699.90
700.00–799.90
800.00–899.90
900.00–999.90

39,098
25,421
15,205
8,895
5,084

20.9
13.6
8.1
4.7
2.7

8,275
3,442
1,436
802
411

19.0
7.9
3.3
1.8
0.9

30,823
21,979
13,769
8,093
4,673

21.4
15.3
9.6
5.6
3.2

2,736
3,004

1.5
1.6

259
401

0.6
0.9

2,477
2,603

1.7
1.8

Primary insurance amount (dollars)
All disabled workers

1,000.00–1,099.90
1,100.00 or more
Average amount (dollars)

524.10

441.90

548.90

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file, 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

76 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

Disabled Workers
Table 26.
Distribution of workers with a secondary benefit (dual entitlement), by type of secondary benefit
and sex, December 2003
Total
Type of secondary benefit
All disabled workers

a

Spouses
Widow(er)s
Disabled widow(er)s
Surviving mothers and fathers
Disabled adult children

Men

Women

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

187,451

100.0

43,441

100.0

144,010

100.0

21,088
25,121
73,667
1,976
65,598

11.2
13.4
39.3
1.1
35.0

147
664
2,198
73
40,359

0.3
1.5
5.1
0.2
92.9

20,941
24,457
71,469
1,903
25,239

14.5
17.0
49.6
1.3
17.5

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file, 100 percent data.
a. Includes a few individuals who are receiving parents benefits.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 77

Disabled Workers
Table 27.
Number, by sex, state or other area, and age, December 2003
State or area

Total

Under 25

25–34

35–44

45–54

55–FRA

All disabled workers
All areas

a

5,868,541

56,750

341,105

983,654

1,840,126

2,646,906

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

148,715
8,719
106,001
91,584
500,805

989
140
1,144
676
4,027

8,067
651
6,706
4,882
27,051

24,196
1,637
17,673
14,069
85,094

48,477
2,785
33,312
28,350
160,190

66,986
3,506
47,166
43,607
224,443

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

66,080
60,506
17,778
8,963
360,386

711
732
162
107
2,980

3,711
3,908
1,006
537
18,385

11,442
11,727
3,389
1,743
59,344

22,390
18,166
5,624
3,079
111,243

27,826
25,973
7,597
3,497
168,434

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

179,753
16,744
25,519
202,250
127,447

1,374
84
382
2,833
1,570

9,374
954
1,910
13,824
8,738

28,688
2,862
4,154
35,290
22,197

56,779
5,437
7,638
62,629
39,894

83,538
7,407
11,435
87,674
55,048

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

53,793
47,741
145,116
103,784
41,733

844
660
1,151
857
564

4,153
3,227
8,449
5,543
3,060

9,364
8,474
24,293
16,971
8,288

16,612
15,092
46,415
33,714
12,915

22,820
20,288
64,808
46,699
16,906

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

80,733
138,588
215,789
80,252
97,461

778
2,044
2,672
1,682
686

4,757
10,162
13,772
6,558
5,622

14,981
28,476
35,028
14,798
15,963

25,438
42,996
69,234
24,844
31,639

34,779
54,910
95,083
32,370
43,551

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

143,681
18,983
29,638
40,414
28,510

1,416
207
459
343
488

8,667
995
2,168
2,062
2,167

24,725
2,945
5,233
6,269
5,936

45,015
5,904
9,063
12,042
8,729

63,858
8,932
12,715
19,698
11,190

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

140,617
38,332
371,648
225,926
10,073

1,066
381
2,474
1,676
145

7,512
2,216
19,061
11,727
738

24,718
6,224
64,503
35,510
1,636

41,904
12,188
113,403
69,999
3,073

65,417
17,323
172,207
107,014
4,481

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

218,386
78,407
67,580
259,516
26,447

3,306
708
574
3,007
322

15,833
4,096
4,062
16,129
1,587

36,829
11,916
10,251
44,920
4,807

67,839
23,885
20,930
80,242
8,353

94,579
37,802
31,763
115,218
11,378

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

118,734
13,250
164,127
324,308
25,583

767
220
1,164
2,989
378

5,680
899
9,132
18,203
2,237

17,942
2,241
26,995
52,676
4,570

37,454
4,145
51,431
102,828
7,750

56,891
5,745
75,405
147,612
10,648
(Continued)

78 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

Disabled Workers
Table 27.
Number, by sex, state or other area, and age, December 2003—Continued
Total

State or area

Under 25

25–34

35–44

45–54

55–FRA

All disabled workers (cont.)
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

14,246
147,946
108,082
72,182
98,234
8,685

241
1,277
1,086
363
1,624
109

1,033
8,278
6,957
3,373
7,406
531

2,707
24,993
18,017
10,093
17,324
1,403

4,356
46,617
34,035
23,381
30,557
2,709

5,909
66,781
47,987
34,972
41,323
3,933

Outlying areas
American Samoa
Guam
Northern Mariana Islands
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

1,035
965
168
132,648
1,446

b
5
b
81
8

b
71
b
2,939
59

85
168
42
16,432
198

296
301
54
43,144
402

641
420
48
70,052
779

12,259

9

208

1,124

3,130

7,788

Foreign countries

Men
All areas

a

3,221,316

33,489

185,453

536,460

999,622

1,466,292

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

80,620
4,931
56,957
51,033
272,692

606
87
684
414
2,418

4,378
384
3,515
2,652
15,345

12,923
903
9,377
7,758
47,931

25,921
1,530
17,510
15,765
86,094

36,792
2,027
25,871
24,444
120,904

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

35,131
32,226
8,965
4,927
198,157

454
450
79
64
1,718

2,042
2,112
509
291
10,174

6,045
6,160
1,707
1,034
32,792

11,797
9,539
2,784
1,757
60,299

14,793
13,965
3,886
1,781
93,174

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

95,570
10,052
14,583
109,974
68,247

854
48
225
1,627
897

5,166
559
1,070
7,459
4,603

15,633
1,792
2,331
19,092
11,748

29,806
3,251
4,175
33,684
21,118

44,111
4,402
6,782
48,112
29,881

29,238
25,019
86,308
66,249
23,947

523
392
685
535
316

2,238
1,675
4,736
3,287
1,658

4,971
4,348
14,048
10,751
4,661

9,022
7,826
27,803
21,609
7,370

12,484
10,778
39,036
30,067
9,942

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

42,571
73,214
117,021
43,413
53,245

473
1,127
1,516
970
437

2,560
5,006
7,315
3,398
3,019

8,026
14,855
18,938
7,683
8,592

13,093
22,901
37,318
13,168
17,241

18,419
29,325
51,934
18,194
23,956

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

77,521
11,109
15,480
21,494
14,465

813
123
265
193
258

4,727
559
1,129
1,075
1,035

13,425
1,664
2,581
3,239
2,868

23,991
3,416
4,631
6,239
4,365

34,565
5,347
6,874
10,748
5,939

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 79

Disabled Workers
Table 27.
Number, by sex, state or other area, and age, December 2003—Continued
State or area

Total

Under 25

25–34

35–44

45–54

55–FRA

Men (cont.)
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

72,883
23,067
203,299
116,356
5,778

618
241
1,489
1,055
94

3,907
1,305
10,395
6,350
422

12,559
3,709
35,186
18,435
887

21,382
7,249
61,933
35,464
1,739

34,417
10,563
94,296
55,052
2,636

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

122,716
43,421
37,974
143,213
13,904

1,878
427
367
1,717
182

8,641
2,354
2,351
8,391
818

20,276
6,739
5,699
24,205
2,516

37,802
13,071
11,427
43,867
4,411

54,119
20,830
18,130
65,033
5,977

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

61,782
7,334
87,461
183,411
13,925

463
135
701
1,782
232

3,055
479
4,804
10,188
1,194

9,275
1,136
14,020
29,935
2,495

19,168
2,305
27,072
57,271
4,134

29,821
3,279
40,864
84,235
5,870

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

7,983
80,439
59,614
48,371
53,044
4,943

147
770
651
219
929
60

543
4,384
3,947
2,045
3,753
297

1,501
13,281
9,936
6,435
9,026
808

2,367
25,187
18,371
15,642
16,224
1,509

3,425
36,817
26,709
24,030
23,112
2,269

Outlying areas
American Samoa
Guam
Northern Mariana Islands
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

609
614
117
74,887
824

0
b
b
63
b

b
b
b
1,907
b

b
b
33
9,381
122

168
198
30
24,025
212

372
260
37
39,511
447

8,843

b

b

764

2,323

5,627

Foreign countries

Women
All areas

a

2,647,225

23,261

155,652

447,194

840,504

1,180,614

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

68,095
3,788
49,044
40,551
228,113

383
53
460
262
1,609

3,689
267
3,191
2,230
11,706

11,273
734
8,296
6,311
37,163

22,556
1,255
15,802
12,585
74,096

30,194
1,479
21,295
19,163
103,539

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

30,949
28,280
8,813
4,036
162,229

257
282
83
43
1,262

1,669
1,796
497
246
8,211

5,397
5,567
1,682
709
26,552

10,593
8,627
2,840
1,322
50,944

13,033
12,008
3,711
1,716
75,260

84,183
6,692
10,936
92,276
59,200

520
36
157
1,206
673

4,208
395
840
6,365
4,135

13,055
1,070
1,823
16,198
10,449

26,973
2,186
3,463
28,945
18,776

39,427
3,005
4,653
39,562
25,167

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

(Continued)

80 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

Disabled Workers
Table 27.
Number, by sex, state or other area, and age, December 2003—Continued
State or area

Total

Under 25

25–34

35–44

45–54

55–FRA

Women (cont.)
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

24,555
22,722
58,808
37,535
17,786

321
268
466
322
248

1,915
1,552
3,713
2,256
1,402

4,393
4,126
10,245
6,220
3,627

7,590
7,266
18,612
12,105
5,545

10,336
9,510
25,772
16,632
6,964

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

38,162
65,374
98,768
36,839
44,216

305
917
1,156
712
249

2,197
5,156
6,457
3,160
2,603

6,955
13,621
16,090
7,115
7,371

12,345
20,095
31,916
11,676
14,398

16,360
25,585
43,149
14,176
19,595

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

66,160
7,874
14,158
18,920
14,045

603
84
194
150
230

3,940
436
1,039
987
1,132

11,300
1,281
2,652
3,030
3,068

21,024
2,488
4,432
5,803
4,364

29,293
3,585
5,841
8,950
5,251

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

67,734
15,265
168,349
109,570
4,295

448
140
985
621
51

3,605
911
8,666
5,377
316

12,159
2,515
29,317
17,075
749

20,522
4,939
51,470
34,535
1,334

31,000
6,760
77,911
51,962
1,845

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

95,670
34,986
29,606
116,303
12,543

1,428
281
207
1,290
140

7,192
1,742
1,711
7,738
769

16,553
5,177
4,552
20,715
2,291

30,037
10,814
9,503
36,375
3,942

40,460
16,972
13,633
50,185
5,401

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

56,952
5,916
76,666
140,897
11,658

304
85
463
1,207
146

2,625
420
4,328
8,015
1,043

8,667
1,105
12,975
22,741
2,075

18,286
1,840
24,359
45,557
3,616

27,070
2,466
34,541
63,377
4,778

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

6,263
67,507
48,468
23,811
45,190
3,742

94
507
435
144
695
49

490
3,894
3,010
1,328
3,653
234

1,206
11,712
8,081
3,658
8,298
595

1,989
21,430
15,664
7,739
14,333
1,200

2,484
29,964
21,278
10,942
18,211
1,664

Outlying areas
American Samoa
Guam
Northern Mariana Islands
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

426
351
51
57,761
622

b
b
0
18
b

b
b
7
1,032
b

b
b
9
7,051
76

128
103
24
19,119
190

269
160
11
30,541
332

3,416

b

b

360

807

2,161

Foreign countries

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file.
NOTE: FRA = full retirement age.
a. Includes beneficiaries with unknown state code.
b. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 81

Disabled-Worker Families
Table 28.
Number and average monthly family benefit, by selected family composition,
December 1960–2003
Worker, spouse, and—

Worker only
Year

All

Men

Women

1 child

2 or more
children

Worker and
aged spouse a

Number (thousands)
1960
1965
1970
1975

357
714
1,054
1,750

261
481
680
1,080

96
232
374
671

22
54
77
137

32
109
164
250

22
30
43
66

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

2,061
-1,969
1,961
1,993

1,257
-1,208
1,215
1,241

804
-760
746
752

154
-124
85
83

228
-163
143
140

80
-78
80
76

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

2,039
2,096
2,154
2,194
2,262

1,267
1,301
1,338
1,353
1,390

772
795
816
841
872

84
82
79
77
75

140
136
132
125
120

76
74
74
71
67

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

2,370
2,523
2,738
2,935
3,121

1,448
1,529
1,643
1,743
1,830

922
994
1,094
1,192
1,292

75
76
78
78
76

118
119
125
127
128

63
61
61
59
57

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

3,305
3,473
3,593
3,769
3,924

1,909
1,973
2,006
2,074
2,131

1,396
1,500
1,588
1,695
1,793

75
61
57
52
49

124
104
91
80
72

55
53
53
53
52

2000
2001
2002
2003

4,080
4,260
4,487
4,769

2,191
2,289
2,392
2,525

1,890
1,970
2,095
2,244

45
68
64
57

65
92
86
82

50
57
56
60
(Continued)

82 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

Disabled-Worker Families
Table 28.
Number and average monthly family benefit, by selected family composition,
December 1960–2003—Continued
Worker only
Year

All

Worker, spouse, and—

Men

Women

1 child

2 or more
children

Worker and
aged spouse a

Average monthly family benefit (dollars)
1960
1965
1970
1975

87.90
95.40
128.10
218.90

91.90
100.70
136.30
240.00

76.90
85.00
113.10
185.00

184.70
201.00
264.10
441.00

192.20
216.30
273.20
454.00

135.50
145.90
199.20
344.00

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

355.40
-424.40
439.40
454.00

396.20
-474.20
490.90
507.60

291.70
-344.70
355.40
365.70

727.00
-847.40
867.90
881.50

746.10
-858.20
881.80
885.50

573.00
-690.70
716.20
740.40

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

466.90
470.70
491.60
512.20
539.30

523.10
527.80
552.00
576.10
607.10

374.60
377.40
392.60
409.50
431.20

898.10
896.90
929.40
960.20
1,009.40

895.20
888.30
918.30
938.40
971.90

765.00
773.30
815.50
855.40
903.70

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

570.40
592.30
609.50
625.50
646.20

642.80
668.40
688.70
707.20
731.80

456.80
475.50
490.70
506.00
525.00

1,062.10
1,098.00
1,122.10
1,143.00
1,177.60

1,016.00
1,043.30
1,057.40
1,074.20
1,100.00

960.80
1,004.70
1,045.00
1,078.20
1,118.60

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

667.60
690.60
708.00
720.00
741.20

757.40
785.30
806.60
820.20
844.50

544.80
566.00
583.60
597.40
618.50

1,205.50
1,245.90
1,280.20
1,300.40
1,344.90

1,130.90
1,148.50
1,165.90
1,189.40
1,224.20

1,159.90
1,200.60
1,238.50
1,261.90
1,295.30

2000
2001
2002
2003

773.60
807.40
827.30
854.80

880.70
914.40
935.80
965.90

649.40
683.10
703.50
729.70

1,394.20
1,413.50
1,445.10
1,495.80

1,274.30
1,298.50
1,331.70
1,373.30

1,355.50
1,393.50
1,431.50
1,486.80

SOURCES: Social Security Administration. For years before 2001, Annual Statistical Supplement to the Social Security Bulletin , based on
the Master Beneficiary Record (for 1960–1984, various sampling rates; for 1985–2000, 10 percent sample); beginning with 2001,
Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: A family means beneficiaries entitled on one worker’s account.
Data include beneficiaries whose benefits are being withheld.
-- = not available.
a. Spouse’s entitlement based on age.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 83

Disabled-Worker Families
Table 29.
Number, average primary insurance amount, and average monthly family benefit, by family
composition, December 2003
Percentage of
Average primary Average monthly families receiving
Number of insurance amount
family benefit maximum family
beneficiaries
(dollars)
(dollars)
benefit a

Family composition

Number
of families

Worker only
Men
Women

2,524,947
2,243,737

2,524,947
2,243,737

971.72
731.08

965.90
729.70

9.5
21.2

578,747
424,571

1,483,202
1,067,913

944.46
761.39

1,345.90
1,046.90

83.2
89.7

615,342
273,784
114,192

1,230,687
821,357
499,071

874.45
865.62
830.07

1,225.60
1,225.90
1,170.80

85.4
88.0
83.9

59,632

119,521

1,211.80

1,486.80

8.3

1,846
55,529
49,202
32,822

5,893
166,667
196,874
181,216

1,109.02
987.57
949.21
905.58

1,761.90
1,488.60
1,409.40
1,315.50

68.0
91.4
90.2
82.6

Worker with children
By sex of worker
Men
Women
By number of children
1 child
2 children
3 or more children
Worker with—
Spouse aged 62 or older b
Spouse aged 62 or older and
1 or more children
Spouse and 1 child
Spouse and 2 children
Spouse and 3 or more children

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: A family means beneficiaries entitled on one worker’s account.
Data include beneficiaries whose benefits are being withheld.
a. Includes families and worker-only beneficiaries for whom the primary insurance amount is equal to the family maximum amount.
b. If the spouse is also entitled to a retired-worker benefit, only the benefit amount received as a spouse is included.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

84 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

Disabled-Worker Families
Table 30.
Distribution, by family composition and age of worker, December 2003
Family composition

Total,
all ages

Under 30

30–34

35–39

40–44

45–49

50–54

55–59

60–FRA

Number
Worker only
Worker with—
Spouse
Aged 62 or older a
Child in care
Children
1 child
2 children
3 or more children
Families receiving
maximum benefit b

4,768,684

149,198

135,528

209,383

378,213

607,238

862,412 1,150,988 1,275,724

61,478
137,553

0
2,728

5
8,182

13
18,048

73
28,132

342
28,594

1,624
23,029

8,052
17,259

51,369
11,581

615,342
273,784
114,192

21,457
10,976
5,009

35,397
28,467
16,971

69,251
57,451
30,564

123,297
71,581
29,345

135,781
52,701
16,920

108,104
28,781
8,262

74,954
15,632
4,630

47,101
8,195
2,491

1,704,484

121,709

130,321

215,128

302,497

290,109

240,619

213,378

190,723

Percent
Worker only
Worker with—
Spouse
Aged 62 or older a
Child in care
Children
1 child
2 children
3 or more children
Families receiving
maximum benefit b

100.0

3.1

2.8

4.4

7.9

12.7

18.1

24.1

26.8

100.0
100.0

0
2.0

c
5.9

c
13.1

0.1
20.5

0.6
20.8

2.6
16.7

13.1
12.5

83.6
8.4

100.0
100.0
100.0

3.5
4.0
4.4

5.8
10.4
14.9

11.3
21.0
26.8

20.0
26.1
25.7

22.1
19.2
14.8

17.6
10.5
7.2

12.2
5.7
4.1

7.7
3.0
2.2

28.5

64.3

58.0

55.9

48.0

34.5

23.3

16.8

13.7

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: A family means beneficiaries entitled on one worker’s account.
Data include beneficiaries whose benefits are being withheld.
FRA = full retirement age.
a. Includes spouses aged 62 or older with children.
b. Includes families and worker-only beneficiaries for whom the primary insurance amount is equal to the family maximum amount.
c. Less than 0.05 percent.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 85

Tables
Benefits Awarded, Withheld,
and Terminated

Awards to Disabled Beneficiaries and Nondisabled Dependents
Table 31.
Number, selected years 1960–2003
Workers and nondisabled dependents
Children
Spouses under age 18

Adult children of—

Students
aged 18–19

Widow(er)s

Disabled
workers

Retired
workers

Deceased
workers

Year

Total

Workers

1960
1965
1970
1975

388,861
538,983
799,616
1,305,345

207,805
253,499
350,384
592,049

54,187
69,183
96,304
148,741

102,516
175,109
241,627
391,284

...
19,794
71,145
117,043

...
...
15,609
23,521

1,794
2,713
3,774
6,889

12,740
10,017
11,348
14,636

9,819
8,668
9,425
11,182

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

933,597
826,340
672,333
661,467
730,135

396,559
351,847
297,131
311,549
361,998

108,500
95,575
77,835
80,079
81,834

235,079
199,829
153,205
152,954
172,721

143,935
134,390
103,015
68,834
59,990

16,054
14,154
12,440
14,412
17,165

6,194
5,435
4,250
5,107
5,541

16,650
15,365
14,772
17,309
18,330

10,626
9,745
9,685
11,223
12,556

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

763,363
809,424
799,180
795,690
801,893

377,371
416,865
415,848
409,490
425,582

83,511
82,435
77,316
73,790
69,113

190,204
198,192
195,030
196,655
197,950

56,108
52,989
54,925
61,725
57,079

17,086
18,418
16,396
15,328
15,168

6,713
6,986
6,787
6,646
6,358

19,661
20,295
20,761
20,544
19,668

12,709
13,244
12,117
11,512
10,975

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

868,793
990,500
1,167,001
1,177,268
1,177,236

467,977
536,434
636,637
635,238
631,870

69,667
72,754
78,083
74,605
69,549

218,059
250,287
306,002
317,263
327,067

58,894
60,349
66,035
71,081
74,364

15,424
29,590
33,235
31,835
29,903

6,633
7,552
9,548
10,254
9,774

20,862
21,850
23,615
23,173
22,119

11,277
11,684
13,846
13,819
12,590

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

1,173,317
1,139,054
1,059,556
1,087,352
1,106,343

645,832
624,335
587,417
608,131
620,488

63,097
57,528
50,818
47,550
46,164

315,587
311,228
278,040
279,764
283,768

75,929
76,769
76,034
82,567
84,525

29,597
28,611
28,546
29,399
29,650

9,779
9,353
8,474
9,095
9,851

21,566
20,169
19,611
19,932
20,467

11,930
11,061
10,616
10,914
11,430

2000
2001
2002
2003

1,051,900
1,118,300
1,219,670
1,259,672

610,700
661,900
730,383
755,706

38,500
41,100
43,301
44,638

263,200
268,800
293,131
302,756

74,600
75,700
77,927
82,447

27,600
26,500
28,339
27,324

7,000
9,800
8,507
9,740

21,100
22,300
22,798
21,836

9,200
12,200
15,284
15,225

SOURCES: Social Security Administration. For years before 2000, Annual Statistical Supplement to the Social Security Bulletin , based on
the Master Beneficiary Record, various sampling rates; for 2000–2001, Annual Award and Termination Transaction file, 1 percent data;
data after 2001 are 100 percent data from that file.
NOTES: Data exclude closed period awards and expedited reinstatement cases.
. . . = not applicable.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 89

Awards to Disabled Beneficiaries and Nondisabled Dependents
Table 32.
Average monthly benefit, by basis of entitlement, age, and sex, 2003
Total
Basis of entitlement and age

Number

Female

Male

Average monthly
benefit a (dollars)

Number

Average monthly
benefit a (dollars)

Number

Average monthly
benefit a (dollars)

Workers
Total
Under 25
25–29
30–34
35–39
40–44
45–49
50–54
55–59
60 or older

755,706

937.50

408,516

1,064.90

347,190

787.60

24,340
27,855
37,856
54,496
80,121
101,055
137,035
170,198
122,750

481.60
637.20
730.00
792.70
853.20
921.10
991.40
1,053.30
1,072.30

14,130
14,569
19,140
27,861
40,959
51,833
72,915
94,860
72,249

490.60
657.20
759.00
842.20
932.70
1,030.30
1,132.10
1,226.70
1,246.10

10,210
13,286
18,716
26,635
39,162
49,222
64,120
75,338
50,501

469.10
615.30
700.30
741.00
770.10
806.10
831.50
835.00
823.60

Spouses of disabled workers
Total

44,638

238.10

2,210

166.10

42,428

241.90

Entitlement based on care
of children
Under 30
30–34
35–39
40–44
45–49
50–54
55 or older

19,453
2,606
3,072
4,117
4,169
3,000
1,618
871

174.40
118.50
132.60
155.50
187.20
213.10
236.70
269.40

1,060
72
132
211
259
182
126
78

130.90
84.30
98.00
117.00
128.80
144.50
174.80
171.00

18,393
2,534
2,940
3,906
3,910
2,818
1,492
793

177.00
119.40
134.20
157.60
191.00
217.50
241.90
279.00

Entitlement based on age
62–64
65 or older

25,185
21,339
3,846

287.30
282.00
316.90

1,150
572
578

198.60
188.90
208.20

24,035
20,767
3,268

291.60
284.50
336.20

Children of disabled workers
Total
Under age 18
Under 5
5–9
10–14
15–17
Students aged 18–19
Disabled aged 18 or older

394,943

247.20

206,825

250.30

188,118

243.80

302,756
56,071
70,703
104,139
71,843

219.00
175.40
191.30
220.80
277.60

154,461
28,544
35,971
53,184
36,762

219.30
175.90
191.60
221.50
277.00

148,295
27,527
34,732
50,955
35,081

218.70
174.90
191.00
220.20
278.20

82,447

343.10

46,686

344.80

35,761

340.80

9,740

311.80

5,678

314.60

4,062

307.90

Widow(er)s
Total
50–54
55–59
60 or older

27,324

578.70

1,354

426.40

25,970

586.60

10,237
14,743
2,344

574.40
584.40
561.40

573
681
100

414.30
429.90
472.00

9,664
14,062
2,244

583.90
591.90
565.40
(Continued)

90 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

Awards to Disabled Beneficiaries and Nondisabled Dependents
Table 32.
Average monthly benefit, by basis of entitlement, age, and sex, 2003—Continued
Total
Basis of entitlement and age

Number

Male

Average monthly
benefit a (dollars)

Number

Female

Average monthly
benefit a (dollars)

Number

Average monthly
benefit a (dollars)

Adult children
Total

46,801

436.90

27,036

435.70

19,765

438.40

Children of—
Disabled workers
Retired workers
Deceased workers

9,740
21,836
15,225

311.80
396.50
574.70

5,678
12,479
8,879

314.60
393.90
571.80

4,062
9,357
6,346

307.90
400.00
578.60

Under 25
25–29
30–34
35–39
40–44
45–49
50–54
55–59
60–64
65 or older

17,923
6,271
7,492
7,506
5,173
1,514
489
244
122
67

448.90
448.70
442.10
431.30
395.90
377.70
435.10
468.20
473.20
470.20

10,641
3,621
4,242
4,336
2,901
816
254
128
61
36

450.70
447.60
436.50
430.50
389.20
379.70
425.00
427.00
423.40
471.10

7,282
2,650
3,250
3,170
2,272
698
235
116
61
31

446.20
450.10
449.30
432.50
404.40
375.30
446.00
513.70
522.90
469.20

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Annual Award and Termination Transaction file, 100 percent data.
NOTE: Data exclude closed period awards and expedited reinstatement cases.
a. Benefits awarded before the December cost-of-living increase are converted to the December rates before averages are computed.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 91

Awards to All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 33.
Distribution, by sex and diagnostic group, 2003
Workers

Total
Diagnostic group

Number

Percent

Number

Widow(er)s

Percent

Number

Adult children

Percent

Number

Percent

All disabled beneficiaries
Total
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic
diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

829,831

100.0

755,706

100.0

27,324

100.0

46,801

100.0

2,005

0.2

1,152

0.2

31

0.1

822

1.8

25,614
11,353
30,377

3.1
1.4
3.7

23,407
10,879
28,612

3.1
1.4
3.8

1,872
257
743

6.9
0.9
2.7

335
217
1,022

0.7
0.5
2.2

43,178
190,098
72,280

5.2
22.9
8.7

19,338
172,341
70,942

2.6
22.8
9.4

1,002
6,132
1,095

3.7
22.4
4.0

22,838
11,625
243

48.8
24.8
0.5

2,674
89,031
17,567
17,537

0.3
10.7
2.1
2.1

2,408
85,896
17,084
16,968

0.3
11.4
2.3
2.2

49
2,808
406
310

0.2
10.3
1.5
1.1

217
327
77
259

0.5
0.7
0.2
0.6

207,549
72,192
33,734
1,704
2,070
10,868

25.0
8.7
4.1
0.2
0.2
1.3

199,014
64,369
32,007
1,622
1,871
7,796

26.3
8.5
4.2
0.2
0.2
1.0

7,982
1,908
1,620
62
54
993

29.2
7.0
5.9
0.2
0.2
3.6

553
5,915
107
20
145
2,079

1.2
12.6
0.2
a
0.3
4.4

Men
Subtotal
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic
diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

436,906

100.0

408,516

100.0

1,354

100.0

27,036

100.0

1,064

0.2

619

0.2

b

b

b

b

12,708
7,990
19,695

2.9
1.8
4.5

12,486
7,849
18,904

3.1
1.9
4.6

67
19
62

4.9
1.4
4.6

155
122
729

0.6
0.5
2.7

24,525
89,703
37,495

5.6
20.5
8.6

11,822
81,910
37,289

2.9
20.1
9.1

50
259
62

3.7
19.1
4.6

12,653
7,534
144

46.8
27.9
0.5

1,286
59,344
10,559
10,588

0.3
13.6
2.4
2.4

1,168
58,944
10,489
10,418

0.3
14.4
2.6
2.6

b
214
33
26

b
15.8
2.4
1.9

b
186
37
144

b
0.7
0.1
0.5

101,525
36,813
17,027
712
992
4,880

23.2
8.4
3.9
0.2
0.2
1.1

100,949
33,491
16,902
700
907
3,669

24.7
8.2
4.1
0.2
0.2
0.9

316
96
80
b
b
59

23.3
7.1
5.9
b
b
4.4

260
3,226
45
b
b
1,152

1.0
11.9
0.2
b
b
4.3

(Continued)

92 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

Awards to All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 33.
Distribution, by sex and diagnostic group, 2003—Continued
Total
Diagnostic group

Number

Workers
Percent

Number

Widow(er)s

Percent

Adult children

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Women
Subtotal
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic
diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

392,925

100.0

347,190

100.0

25,970

100.0

19,765

100.0

941

0.2

533

0.2

b

b

b

b

12,906
3,363
10,682

3.3
0.9
2.7

10,921
3,030
9,708

3.1
0.9
2.8

1,805
238
681

7.0
0.9
2.6

180
95
293

0.9
0.5
1.5

18,653
100,395
34,785

4.7
25.6
8.9

7,516
90,431
33,653

2.2
26.0
9.7

952
5,873
1,033

3.7
22.6
4.0

10,185
4,091
99

51.5
20.7
0.5

1,388
29,687
7,008
6,949

0.4
7.6
1.8
1.8

1,240
26,952
6,595
6,550

0.4
7.8
1.9
1.9

b
2,594
373
284

b
10.0
1.4
1.1

b
141
40
115

b
0.7
0.2
0.6

106,024
35,379
16,707
992
1,078
5,988

27.0
9.0
4.3
0.3
0.3
1.5

98,065
30,878
15,105
922
964
4,127

28.2
8.9
4.4
0.3
0.3
1.2

7,666
1,812
1,540
b
b
934

29.5
7.0
5.9
b
b
3.6

293
2,689
62
b
b
927

1.5
13.6
0.3
b
b
4.7

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Annual Award and Termination Transaction file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Data exclude closed period awards and expedited reinstatement cases.
Effective 2001, the Social Security Administration initiated a special review of 130,000 Supplemental Security Income (SSI) recipients who
are potentially eligible for Social Security disability benefits because of earnings while receiving SSI. Many of these claims awarded since
2001 were for individuals under age 35 who were diagnosed with a mental disorder.
a. Less than 0.05 percent.
b. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 93

Awards to All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 34.
Distribution and average monthly benefit, by state or other area, 2003
Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult children

Percent

Average
monthly
benefit
(dollars)

Number

Percent

Average
monthly
benefit
(dollars)

Number

Percent

Average
monthly
benefit
(dollars)

755,706

100.0

937.50

27,324

100.0

578.70

46,801

100.0

436.90

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

18,950
1,213
14,537
12,443
71,471

2.5
0.2
1.9
1.6
9.5

916.20
923.70
945.30
887.50
892.40

869
24
390
564
1,981

3.2
0.1
1.4
2.1
7.3

541.80
562.00
584.40
546.90
621.70

1,047
79
742
693
3,758

2.2
0.2
1.6
1.5
8.0

400.80
420.70
442.80
385.70
468.20

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

7,540
7,660
2,563
1,280
41,662

1.0
1.0
0.3
0.2
5.5

964.20
1,008.60
985.10
854.00
934.50

212
200
54
25
1,446

0.8
0.7
0.2
0.1
5.3

603.10
617.30
600.90
471.40
567.30

368
528
98
56
2,264

0.8
1.1
0.2
0.1
4.8

486.20
493.00
449.50
472.20
441.70

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

21,654
2,140
3,432
27,390
17,029

2.9
0.3
0.5
3.6
2.3

939.20
972.50
912.20
979.80
956.20

904
69
122
931
645

3.3
0.3
0.4
3.4
2.4

534.90
633.30
685.40
613.40
607.90

1,146
120
186
2,065
1,116

2.4
0.3
0.4
4.4
2.4

450.20
490.70
445.60
447.30
449.80

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

6,144
6,178
16,794
13,070
5,259

0.8
0.8
2.2
1.7
0.7

917.90
945.30
902.20
900.00
859.70

196
206
862
779
139

0.7
0.8
3.2
2.9
0.5

553.10
564.00
584.90
611.50
544.00

592
436
934
1,169
352

1.3
0.9
2.0
2.5
0.8

372.10
398.10
426.90
392.80
384.50

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

11,225
17,296
27,780
10,877
10,702

1.5
2.3
3.7
1.4
1.4

985.50
933.90
993.80
952.00
895.70

307
414
1,031
216
590

1.1
1.5
3.8
0.8
2.2

608.80
597.20
652.10
581.20
521.80

584
1,176
1,889
718
729

1.2
2.5
4.0
1.5
1.6

482.40
422.40
496.50
427.90
383.10

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

17,925
2,101
3,846
5,806
3,974

2.4
0.3
0.5
0.8
0.5

929.70
883.90
900.20
976.20
948.90

705
77
102
167
100

2.6
0.3
0.4
0.6
0.4

537.80
547.00
545.80
645.40
560.90

1,113
149
302
230
196

2.4
0.3
0.6
0.5
0.4

383.00
467.10
397.50
485.80
434.50

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

19,691
5,284
44,564
27,693
1,143

2.6
0.7
5.9
3.7
0.2

1,056.20
870.70
1,006.40
933.20
894.70

563
162
1,478
1,134
27

2.1
0.6
5.4
4.2
0.1

607.90
599.50
599.00
473.00
632.20

1,198
266
3,033
1,483
102

2.6
0.6
6.5
3.2
0.2

489.50
399.80
454.80
413.40
355.30

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

27,235
11,265
8,598
36,182
3,206

3.6
1.5
1.1
4.8
0.4

925.10
900.80
966.30
938.00
875.80

1,096
483
293
1,243
77

4.0
1.8
1.1
4.5
0.3

626.20
579.20
618.00
596.20
594.80

1,884
574
559
2,220
171

4.0
1.2
1.2
4.7
0.4

461.90
426.50
438.60
446.20
422.20

State or area
All areas

a

Number

(Continued)

94 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

Awards to All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 34.
Distribution and average monthly benefit, by state or other area, 2003—Continued
Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult children

Percent

Average
monthly
benefit
(dollars)

Number

Percent

Average
monthly
benefit
(dollars)

Number

Percent

Average
monthly
benefit
(dollars)

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

14,209
1,353
19,372
51,612
3,045

1.9
0.2
2.6
6.8
0.4

939.30
850.20
917.10
913.80
954.40

637
50
946
2,010
80

2.3
0.2
3.5
7.4
0.3

476.20
511.60
535.50
578.00
616.30

736
124
1,114
2,706
270

1.6
0.3
2.4
5.8
0.6

432.80
359.30
429.30
439.70
480.80

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

1,730
18,942
14,710
8,946
13,348
1,001

0.2
2.5
1.9
1.2
1.8
0.1

892.00
952.90
971.60
939.50
968.10
956.90

56
671
442
431
339
30

0.2
2.5
1.6
1.6
1.2
0.1

542.60
568.20
647.40
628.50
596.30
643.90

151
1,027
873
511
1,025
51

0.3
2.2
1.9
1.1
2.2
0.1

391.50
435.60
475.30
434.50
423.00
506.30

Outlying areas
Puerto Rico
Other b

10,726
1,280

1.4
0.2

811.30
735.40

538
105

2.0
0.4

473.30
504.30

930
226

2.0
0.5

326.90
342.30

State or area

Number

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Annual Award and Termination Transaction file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Benefits awarded before December cost-of-living increase are converted to December rates before averages are computed.
Data exclude closed period awards and expedited reinstatement cases.
a. Includes beneficiaries with unknown state code.
b. Includes American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, Virgin Islands, and foreign countries.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 95

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 35.
Percentage distribution, by sex and age, 1960–2003
Percentage distribution
Year

Number

Total,
all ages Under 30

30–34 35–39 a

40–44

45–49

55–59

13.1
12.9
13.3
13.4

18.1
18.0
18.0
18.1

21.3
21.6
22.1
22.5

8.7
8.5
8.6
9.0

7.6
7.0
7.1
7.3

48.9
48.6
48.7
49.0

All disabled workers
2000
2001
2002
2003

610,700
661,900
730,383
755,706

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

6.4
7.8
7.6
6.9

4.9
5.3
5.0
5.0

8.4
8.0
7.5
7.2

11.5
10.8
10.8
10.6

60–61 62–FRA

Average
age

50–54

b

Men
1960
1965
1970
1975

168,466
186,808
258,072
408,531

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.8
1.8
6.7
7.7

a
a
a
a

7.0
8.2
7.6
8.6

6.5
7.9
6.5
6.2

10.5
11.1
10.1
9.5

16.7
17.1
14.7
15.7

20.0
25.7
23.5
23.1

11.8
14.0
12.3
12.1

21.3
13.0
16.1
14.6

54.5
53.0
52.1
51.5

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

275,185
244,984
207,453
217,422
247,833

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

8.3
8.6
8.4
9.5
9.2

a
a
a
a
a

9.7
10.2
10.4
11.7
12.8

6.0
6.2
6.3
6.6
7.1

8.4
8.4
8.4
8.4
8.7

14.7
14.5
14.1
13.6
13.4

24.6
24.3
24.6
23.4
22.6

12.3
13.0
12.9
12.2
12.2

14.2
13.1
13.6
13.3
12.7

51.2
50.8
50.9
50.2
50.0

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

274,400
273,700
265,900
265,700
268,600

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

8.7
10.7
9.4
8.4
8.7

a
a
a
a
a

13.3
15.3
16.0
16.0
16.0

7.0
8.1
8.6
9.7
9.5

9.9
9.4
9.3
9.0
10.2

14.6
14.3
13.9
14.6
14.2

23.1
21.3
20.8
21.3
20.6

12.4
11.1
10.9
10.5
9.7

10.6
9.5
11.0
10.2
10.8

50.1
48.7
49.0
49.2
49.0

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

293,300
322,700
395,600
391,800
379,300

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

10.9
9.5
9.5
9.2
6.8

a
a
a
a
a

16.9
17.7
18.5
18.9
18.4

9.4
10.6
10.8
10.1
10.8

9.5
11.0
11.0
11.7
12.7

13.5
14.1
13.0
14.7
15.4

20.5
18.4
18.6
18.8
19.3

10.3
9.4
9.8
8.6
9.0

8.8
9.1
8.7
7.8
7.6

48.1
47.9
47.8
47.7
48.4

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

368,400
347,100
311,100
331,400
338,900

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

7.2
6.9
6.3
6.3
6.2

a
7.2
5.6
6.2
5.2

16.3
9.0
8.9
8.1
7.6

10.7
10.8
10.8
11.1
11.4

11.5
13.2
13.5
12.4
12.4

15.7
16.2
16.1
18.3
18.2

20.4
19.9
21.6
21.6
21.7

8.9
9.3
8.8
8.1
8.8

9.1
7.5
8.2
7.8
8.0

48.9
48.3
48.8
48.8
49.1

2000
2001
2002
2003

328,700
360,000
394,741
408,516

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

6.8
7.5
7.9
7.0

4.6
4.8
4.7
4.7

8.3
7.9
7.1
6.8

10.7
10.0
10.2
10.0

12.7
12.2
12.6
12.7

17.6
17.5
17.6
17.8

21.1
22.7
22.9
23.2

9.1
9.2
9.3
9.7

8.9
8.0
7.8
8.0

49.1
49.1
49.0
49.4

(Continued)

96 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 35.
Percentage distribution, by sex and age, 1960–2003—Continued
Percentage distribution
Year

Number

Total,
all ages Under 30

30–34 35–39 a

40–44

45–49

50–54

55–59

60–61 62–FRA

Average
age

Women
1960
1965
1970
1975

39,339
66,691
92,312
183,518

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.7
1.1
4.2
6.1

a
a
a
a

8.1
6.5
6.3
7.3

8.0
7.4
6.1
6.1

13.3
11.7
11.0
10.1

21.9
19.3
17.5
17.7

24.6
28.3
27.2
25.5

12.4
14.1
13.0
12.2

10.1
10.9
12.9
12.9

52.5
53.2
52.8
52.1

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

121,374
106,863
89,678
94,127
114,165

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

7.4
7.8
8.0
9.0
8.3

a
a
a
a
a

9.7
10.2
10.9
12.2
13.2

6.4
6.5
6.8
7.4
7.9

9.3
9.5
9.5
9.5
9.7

16.3
16.4
15.6
14.8
14.9

25.5
25.1
24.9
23.5
22.8

11.7
12.0
11.7
10.9
10.9

12.2
11.1
11.4
11.6
11.7

51.1
50.8
50.5
49.8
49.7

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

134,500
135,700
143,700
147,000
146,900

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

8.6
9.0
7.5
8.5
7.8

a
a
a
a
a

12.9
15.5
15.2
14.0
14.8

8.0
10.4
8.1
8.8
10.4

10.6
10.5
11.2
10.9
11.9

15.8
14.8
15.8
16.1
13.8

23.3
21.3
23.4
23.5
21.2

10.1
9.6
9.6
10.5
10.8

10.5
8.6
8.8
7.4
8.9

49.7
48.8
49.5
49.3
49.1

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

168,500
190,400
241,300
237,900
234,000

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

8.5
8.5
8.6
7.5
7.4

a
a
a
a
a

16.3
16.8
17.7
17.5
16.9

9.8
10.1
12.0
11.2
11.1

13.1
12.2
12.4
13.1
12.9

14.2
16.2
15.6
16.5
17.0

22.3
19.5
17.6
19.7
20.8

8.9
8.9
8.4
6.8
7.3

6.5
7.4
7.5
7.4
6.4

48.4
48.4
47.7
48.1
48.2

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

263,200
256,900
250,200
271,900
266,900

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

6.4
5.3
6.2
5.4
5.7

a
6.2
6.0
5.9
5.9

16.7
8.9
10.3
9.0
8.7

11.4
11.3
12.2
12.2
12.5

13.8
14.0
14.1
14.5
15.4

17.2
19.0
19.0
19.1
18.1

20.5
21.2
19.0
20.4
20.6

7.6
8.3
6.8
7.6
6.6

6.3
5.8
6.2
5.7
6.2

48.5
48.7
47.9
48.5
48.7

2000
2001
2002
2003

282,000
301,900
335,642
347,190

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

5.8
8.0
7.3
6.8

5.2
5.9
5.3
5.4

8.6
8.2
8.0
7.7

12.3
11.8
11.4
11.3

13.5
13.8
14.2
14.2

18.7
18.5
18.5
18.5

21.6
20.2
21.2
21.7

8.1
7.7
7.7
8.1

6.1
5.9
6.3
6.5

48.7
48.0
48.3
48.6

SOURCES: Social Security Administration. For years before 2000, Annual Statistical Supplement to the Social Security Bulletin , based on
the Master Beneficiary Record, various sampling rates; for 2000–2001, Annual Award and Termination Transaction file, 1 percent data;
data after 2001 are 100 percent data from that file.
NOTES: Age in year of award for 1960–1984; age in month of award after 1984.
Data exclude closed period awards and expedited reinstatement cases.
FRA = full retirement age.
a. Ages 30–34 were grouped with ages 35–39 before 1996.
b. Combined data for men and women are not available before 2000.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 97

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 36.
Distribution, by diagnostic group, 1960–2003

Year

Endocrine,
nutritional,
and
Congenital metabolic
Total anomalies
diseases

Infectious
and
parasitic
diseases a

Mental disorders
Injuries

Total Retardation

b

Other Neoplasms

Number
1960
1961
1962
1963

207,805
279,758
286,434
224,229

865
1,637
2,026
1,646

5,406
7,070
9,383
7,563

10,903
15,153
15,271
10,859

---6,496

17,287
26,864
37,315
24,526

-----

-----

17,739
23,103
27,632
25,042

1967
1968
1969

310,947
330,783
344,741

-2,670
3,004

10,743
11,359
12,169

10,945
10,360
9,828

19,815
25,319
28,473

35,344
41,894
43,225

----

----

33,358
36,560
35,740

1970
1971
1972
1973

350,384
415,897
455,438
491,776

3,597
4,365
4,033
5,276

13,141
15,823
17,352
18,131

8,760
8,524
8,627
7,957

28,231
31,810
31,728
30,418

38,406
42,687
45,253
47,014

-----

-----

36,095
39,629
43,667
50,644

1975
1976
1977
1978

592,049
551,460
568,874
464,415

6,576
5,817
6,681
5,850

23,176
20,966
21,725
16,855

7,579
6,049
5,807
4,512

32,341
29,848
31,942
27,490

67,213
63,667
70,825
54,329

-----

-----

59,852
57,656
59,833
54,878

1981
1982
1983
1984

351,847
298,531
311,490
357,140

3,118
2,432
2,827
2,439

14,768
13,187
14,904
14,418

2,596
2,312
6,730
3,185

20,868
16,617
15,646
16,189

36,318
31,531
50,633
64,078

-----

-----

56,410
50,999
52,379
59,104

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

377,371
416,865
415,848
409,490
425,582

2,480
1,953
787
550
534

16,976
21,260
21,114
14,513
14,279

2,985
2,736
4,676
2,802
3,773

16,558
3,629
20,889
21,022
21,531

68,610
123,983
81,241
85,756
88,500

------

------

55,120
53,176
55,339
53,944
60,352

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

467,977
536,434
636,637
635,238
631,870

511
575
619
543
602

16,255
19,931
29,904
30,862
31,532

22,023
28,245
39,253
37,450
36,087

22,315
24,129
25,042
23,206
22,560

105,173
126,184
164,093
166,045
156,703

------

------

65,939
69,244
77,175
80,266
89,231

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

645,645
624,254
587,700
608,382
620,559

722
777
654
676
645

33,370
33,832
33,807
36,373
36,975

27,993
23,324
15,327
12,680
11,743

27,566
27,616
25,930
25,926
25,925

147,900
132,022
122,901
131,502
138,980

16,681
14,062
12,888
14,506
16,608

131,219
117,960
110,013
116,996
122,372

64,401
63,321
62,279
63,973
65,681

2000
2001
2002
2003

610,700
661,900
730,383
755,706

700
d
1,113
1,152

17,100
19,500
21,830
23,407

10,700
11,200
10,966
10,879

28,700
25,400
28,169
28,612

143,200
168,600
185,313
191,679

17,600
22,500
22,352
19,338

125,600
146,100
162,961
172,341

63,600
62,000
70,369
70,942
(Continued)

98 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 36.
Distribution, by diagnostic group, 1960–2003—Continued
Diseases of the—

Year

Blood and
bloodforming
organs

Circulatory
system

Digestive
system

Musculoskeletal
Genito- system and
urinary connective
tissue
system

Nervous
system
and
sense
organs

Respiratory
system

Skin and
subcutaneous
tissue

Other Unknown c

Number
1960
1961
1962
1963

442
566
739
597

55,855
71,860
82,015
66,468

3,575
4,300
5,922
4,437

1,077
1,608
2,040
1,725

17,124
23,241
33,751
21,744

32,105
44,709
45,261
32,712

16,489
20,030
23,408
19,107

463
794
1,177
719

89
125
494
588

28,386
38,698
---

1967
1968
1969

----

81,507
80,906
105,760

7,627
7,806
8,719

-2,926
2,717

41,090
43,677
47,357

38,278
41,758
21,967

24,646
22,635
23,265

----

7,594
2,913
2,517

----

1970
1971
1972
1973

-1,043
1,155
1,347

108,906
131,854
146,684
158,202

9,051
11,629
13,369
14,614

2,912
3,501
4,304
4,810

52,086
66,558
75,923
85,431

22,575
26,442
28,216
31,139

24,254
30,103
33,038
34,656

-1,667
1,756
1,854

2,370
262
293
283

--40
--

1975
1976
1977
1978

1,491
2,039
1,516
1,236

177,311
165,182
167,801
134,634

17,474
15,194
15,342
12,407

5,719
4,907
5,271
4,719

110,637
105,907
107,840
86,921

39,960
36,156
36,751
29,314

39,485
35,210
35,002
28,005

2,306
2,532
1,766
2,017

929
330
772
1,248

-----

1981
1982
1983
1984

942
808
958
904

85,994
74,242
68,352
70,891

7,363
6,067
5,272
5,895

6,230
3,165
6,489
3,441

58,639
48,985
41,782
45,826

28,516
26,886
26,203
28,201

21,520
19,766
17,978
18,891

1,345
998
848
983

616
536
d
776

6,604
-d
21,919

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

890
1,186
1,205
1,419
1,524

72,764
73,226
76,758
72,224
70,235

5,626
6,262
6,122
6,388
6,803

3,348
3,099
5,801
7,131
9,010

49,214
54,560
63,807
68,623
71,419

28,733
30,328
35,206
34,443
34,756

20,213
23,449
22,978
23,073
21,400

1,110
1,075
1,173
785
828

992
--16,817
20,638

31,752
16,943
18,752
---

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

1,734
1,904
2,277
2,075
2,066

73,585
78,339
89,818
88,623
86,645

7,431
8,648
9,872
10,026
10,520

10,294
10,874
12,763
13,390
15,531

74,501
92,469
96,895
94,255
84,705

37,737
41,551
46,952
45,742
47,820

22,158
23,798
27,264
27,494
30,958

866
1,021
1,070
1,118
1,116

7,455
9,522
13,640
14,143
15,794

------

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

2,006
1,836
1,815
1,801
1,911

83,065
81,209
76,531
76,698
74,755

11,167
11,530
11,310
12,413
13,389

11,956
12,206
12,151
13,118
13,842

141,306
142,776
135,430
141,847
146,754

46,477
45,960
45,496
47,517
49,869

28,831
27,983
26,483
27,148
26,981

1,643
1,588
1,473
1,466
1,416

14,746
18,274
14,436
13,744
10,252

2,496
2,590
1,677
1,500
1,441

2000
2001
2002
2003

1,500
2,200
2,491
2,408

75,400
82,500
85,252
85,896

12,700
15,600
15,976
17,084

14,900
16,300
16,412
16,968

153,600
162,100
186,923
199,014

50,100
54,600
62,519
64,369

26,200
28,300
30,591
32,007

1,700
d
1,609
1,622

9,300
10,000
1,866
1,871

1,300
1,800
8,984
7,796
(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 99

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 36.
Distribution, by diagnostic group, 1960–2003—Continued

Year

Endocrine,
nutritional,
and
Congenital metabolic
diseases
Total anomalies

Infectious
and
parasitic
diseases a

Mental disorders
Injuries

Total Retardation

b

Other Neoplasms

Percent
1960
1961
1962
1963

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.4
0.6
0.7
0.7

2.6
2.5
3.3
3.4

5.2
5.4
5.3
4.8

---2.9

8.3
9.6
13.0
10.9

-----

-----

8.5
8.3
9.6
11.2

1967
1968
1969

100.0
100.0
100.0

-0.8
0.9

3.5
3.4
3.5

3.5
3.1
2.9

6.4
7.7
8.3

11.4
12.7
12.5

----

----

10.7
11.1
10.4

1970
1971
1972
1973

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.0
1.0
0.9
1.1

3.8
3.8
3.8
3.7

2.5
2.0
1.9
1.6

8.1
7.6
7.0
6.2

11.0
10.3
9.9
9.6

-----

-----

10.3
9.5
9.6
10.3

1975
1976
1977
1978

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.1
1.1
1.2
1.3

3.9
3.8
3.8
3.6

1.3
1.1
1.0
1.0

5.5
5.4
5.6
5.9

11.4
11.5
12.5
11.7

-----

-----

10.1
10.5
10.5
11.8

1981
1982
1983
1984

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.9
0.8
0.9
0.7

4.2
4.4
4.8
4.0

0.7
0.8
2.2
0.9

5.9
5.6
5.0
4.5

10.3
10.6
16.3
17.9

-----

-----

16.0
17.1
16.8
16.5

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.7
0.5
0.2
0.1
0.1

4.5
5.1
5.1
3.5
3.4

0.8
0.7
1.1
0.7
0.9

4.4
0.9
5.0
5.1
5.1

18.2
29.7
19.5
20.9
20.8

------

------

14.6
12.8
13.3
13.2
14.2

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

3.5
3.7
4.7
4.9
5.0

4.7
5.3
6.2
5.9
5.7

4.8
4.5
3.9
3.7
3.6

22.5
23.5
25.8
26.1
24.8

------

------

14.1
12.9
12.1
12.6
14.1
(Continued)

100 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 36.
Distribution, by diagnostic group, 1960–2003—Continued
Diseases of the—

Year

Blood and
bloodforming
organs

Circulatory
system

Digestive
system

Musculoskeletal
Genito- system and
urinary connective
tissue
system

Nervous
system
and
sense
organs

Respiratory
system

Skin and
subcutaneous
tissue

Other Unknown c

Percent
1960
1961
1962
1963

0.2
0.2
0.3
0.3

26.9
25.7
28.6
29.6

1.7
1.5
2.1
2.0

0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8

8.2
8.3
11.8
9.7

15.4
16.0
15.8
14.6

7.9
7.2
8.2
8.5

0.2
0.3
0.4
0.3

0
0
0.2
0.3

13.7
13.8
---

1967
1968
1969

----

26.2
24.5
30.7

2.5
2.4
2.5

-0.9
0.8

13.2
13.2
13.7

12.3
12.6
6.4

7.9
6.8
6.7

----

2.4
0.9
0.7

----

1970
1971
1972
1973

-0.3
0.3
0.3

31.1
31.7
32.2
32.2

2.6
2.8
2.9
3.0

0.8
0.8
0.9
1.0

14.9
16.0
16.7
17.4

6.4
6.4
6.2
6.3

6.9
7.2
7.3
7.0

-0.4
0.4
0.4

0.7
0.1
0.1
0.1

--e
--

1975
1976
1977
1978

0.3
0.4
0.3
0.3

29.9
30.0
29.5
29.0

3.0
2.8
2.7
2.7

1.0
0.9
0.9
1.0

18.7
19.2
19.0
18.7

6.7
6.6
6.5
6.3

6.7
6.4
6.2
6.0

0.4
0.5
0.3
0.4

0.2
0.1
0.1
0.3

-----

1981
1982
1983
1984

0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3

24.4
24.9
21.9
19.8

2.1
2.0
1.7
1.7

1.8
1.1
2.1
1.0

16.7
16.4
13.4
12.8

8.1
9.0
8.4
7.9

6.1
6.6
5.8
5.3

0.4
0.3
0.3
0.3

0.2
0.2
d
0.2

1.9
-d
6.1

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

0.2
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.4

19.3
17.6
18.5
17.6
16.5

1.5
1.5
1.5
1.6
1.6

0.9
0.7
1.4
1.7
2.1

13.0
13.1
15.3
16.8
16.8

7.6
7.3
8.5
8.4
8.2

5.4
5.6
5.5
5.6
5.0

0.3
0.3
0.3
0.2
0.2

0.3
--4.1
4.8

8.4
4.1
4.5
---

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

0.4
0.4
0.4
0.3
0.3

15.7
14.6
14.1
14.0
13.7

1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.7

2.2
2.0
2.0
2.1
2.5

15.9
17.2
15.2
14.8
13.4

8.1
7.7
7.4
7.2
7.6

4.7
4.4
4.3
4.3
4.9

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

1.6
1.8
2.1
2.2
2.5

-----(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 101

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 36.
Distribution, by diagnostic group, 1960–2003—Continued

Year

Endocrine,
nutritional, Infectious
and
and
Congenital metabolic
parasitic
Total anomalies
diseases diseases a

Mental disorders b
Injuries

Total Retardation

Other Neoplasms

Percent (cont.)
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

5.2
5.4
5.8
6.0
6.0

4.3
3.7
2.6
2.1
1.9

4.3
4.4
4.4
4.3
4.2

22.9
21.1
20.9
21.6
22.4

2.6
2.3
2.2
2.4
2.7

20.3
18.9
18.7
19.2
19.7

10.0
10.1
10.6
10.5
10.6

2000
2001
2002
2003

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.1
d
0.2
0.2

2.8
2.9
3.0
3.1

1.8
1.7
1.5
1.4

4.7
3.8
3.9
3.8

23.4
25.5
25.4
25.4

2.9
3.4
3.1
2.6

20.6
22.1
22.3
22.8

10.4
9.4
9.6
9.4
(Continued)

102 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 36.
Distribution, by diagnostic group, 1960–2003—Continued
Diseases of the—

Year

Blood and
bloodforming
organs

Circulatory
system

Digestive
system

Musculoskeletal
Genito- system and
urinary connective
tissue
system

Nervous
system
and
sense
organs

Respiratory
system

Skin and
subcutaneous
tissue

Other Unknown c

Percent (cont.)
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3

12.9
13.0
13.0
12.6
12.0

1.7
1.8
1.9
2.0
2.2

1.9
2.0
2.1
2.2
2.2

21.9
22.9
23.0
23.3
23.6

7.2
7.4
7.7
7.8
8.0

4.5
4.5
4.5
4.5
4.3

0.3
0.3
0.3
0.2
0.2

2.3
2.9
2.5
2.3
1.7

0.4
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.2

2000
2001
2002
2003

0.2
0.3
0.3
0.3

12.3
12.5
11.7
11.4

2.1
2.4
2.2
2.3

2.4
2.5
2.2
2.2

25.2
24.5
25.6
26.3

8.2
8.2
8.6
8.5

4.3
4.3
4.2
4.2

0.3
d
0.2
0.2

1.5
1.5
0.3
0.2

0.2
0.3
1.2
1.0

SOURCES: Social Security Administration. For years before 2000, Annual Statistical Supplement to the Social Security Bulletin , based on
the Master Beneficiary Record, various sampling rates; for 2000–2001, Annual Award and Termination Transaction file, 1 percent data;
data after 2001 are 100 percent data from that file.
NOTES: Data exclude closed period awards and expedited reinstatement cases.
Data for 1964–1966 are not available. Before 1995, diagnostic data for cases awarded at the appeals levels were estimated on the basis
of the diagnosis of cases allowed at the initial disability determination level.
Effective 2001, the Social Security Administration initiated a special review of 130,000 Supplemental Security Income (SSI) recipients who
are potentially eligible for Social Security disability benefits because of earnings while receiving SSI. Many of these claims awarded since
2001 were for individuals under age 35 who were diagnosed with a mental disorder.
-- = not available.
a. AIDS and HIV records are counted in Infectious and Parasitic Diseases. Before 1990, they were included in Other.
b. Mental retardation was not identified separately before 1995.
c. Beginning with 2002, several ill-defined impairment codes were reclassified and added to Unknown.
d. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
e. Less than 0.05 percent.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 103

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 37.
Distribution of workers under age 50, by diagnostic group, selected years 1975–2003

Year

Endocrine,
nutritional,
and
Congenital metabolic
Total anomalies
diseases

Infectious
and
parasitic
diseases a

Mental disorders
Injuries

Total Retardation

b

Other Neoplasms

Number
1975
1981
1982
1983
1984

183,493
123,090
109,279
120,606
140,792

3,712
1,945
1,579
1,429
1,375

6,511
5,188
4,739
5,630
5,750

3,357
1,209
1,096
3,759
1,528

17,945
13,327
11,088
10,036
9,535

42,119
24,633
21,654
35,331
43,680

------

------

15,588
15,017
14,581
14,827
16,173

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

158,152
188,355
184,481
183,017
189,708

1,438
1,202
498
326
311

7,534
10,816
12,405
5,848
6,088

1,510
1,534
3,262
1,383
2,497

10,357
1,882
13,064
12,590
12,761

49,313
89,821
58,970
63,282
64,093

------

------

16,857
16,318
17,595
16,859
19,298

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

215,381
255,448
313,175
312,619
292,987

317
384
404
350
384

7,190
8,949
15,349
15,550
15,107

19,290
24,838
34,766
33,072
31,210

12,929
13,892
13,691
12,690
11,563

77,901
94,345
125,609
126,586
116,812

------

------

21,597
23,162
26,485
27,841
30,791

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

308,624
294,077
265,019
273,282
259,680

472
513
435
462
370

14,963
15,013
14,667
15,768
15,426

23,736
19,633
12,361
9,817
8,667

15,325
15,674
14,401
14,321
13,399

108,516
95,089
85,486
90,072
86,642

13,731
11,661
10,679
11,880
9,341

94,785
83,428
74,807
78,192
77,301

22,367
21,940
21,245
22,093
21,960

2000
2001
2002
2003

269,800
296,800
322,539
325,723

d
d
796
857

6,000
7,300
7,875
7,944

6,900
8,900
7,677
7,559

16,200
12,900
13,952
13,716

98,300
118,700
128,791
130,964

14,400
20,200
19,544
16,605

83,900
98,500
109,247
114,359

21,100
20,600
23,725
23,381
(Continued)

104 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 37.
Distribution of workers under age 50, by diagnostic group, selected years 1975–2003—Continued
Diseases of the—

Year

Blood and
bloodforming
organs

Circulatory
system

Digestive
system

Musculoskeletal
Genito- system and
urinary connective
tissue
system

Nervous
system
and
sense
organs

Respiratory
system

Skin and
subcutaneous
tissue

Other Unknown c

Number
1975
1981
1982
1983
1984

748
516
416
457
537

30,293
15,278
14,309
13,589
13,508

5,856
3,000
2,761
2,292
2,304

2,534
3,314
1,740
2,540
1,711

30,635
21,076
17,889
14,158
14,295

17,326
14,478
13,882
13,456
14,041

5,459
3,189
2,757
2,434
2,463

954
687
538
486
475

456
d
250
d
270

-d
-d
13,147

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

472
688
739
867
946

13,650
13,946
16,518
15,535
14,224

2,756
3,020
2,764
3,158
3,311

1,791
1,684
3,005
4,257
5,364

15,060
17,148
20,519
23,285
22,628

14,724
16,295
19,057
18,364
18,896

2,771
3,043
3,535
3,771
3,464

485
537
659
457
404

---13,035
15,424

19,434
10,421
11,891
---

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

1,094
1,218
1,478
1,342
1,278

15,157
16,559
18,775
19,040
16,949

3,693
4,403
5,182
5,328
5,537

6,171
6,437
7,595
7,812
8,840

22,068
29,444
26,347
26,920
17,918

20,627
22,795
26,120
24,901
25,350

3,538
4,073
4,599
4,664
4,929

428
524
573
593
572

3,381
4,425
6,202
5,930
5,747

------

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

1,250
1,118
1,053
1,072
1,031

17,490
17,608
16,333
16,607
15,065

6,036
6,308
6,029
6,683
7,022

6,705
6,872
6,724
7,066
7,172

51,664
54,008
48,741
50,426
49,302

24,814
24,412
23,479
24,297
23,386

5,705
5,747
5,286
5,517
4,783

899
945
826
851
783

6,859
9,197
6,565
7,000
4,383

1,823
-1,388
1,230
289

2000
2001
2002
2003

d
d
1,481
1,405

15,900
16,900
18,348
18,479

6,900
7,600
7,999
8,178

8,500
9,900
8,649
8,738

51,900
50,400
58,796
60,594

25,000
29,900
31,571
31,514

5,400
5,200
6,221
6,663

d
d
877
848

4,700
4,600
945
920

-1,000
4,836
3,963
(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 105

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 37.
Distribution of workers under age 50, by diagnostic group, selected years 1975–2003—Continued

Year

Endocrine,
nutritional,
and
Congenital metabolic
diseases
Total anomalies

Infectious
and
parasitic
diseases a

Mental disorders
Injuries

Total Retardation

b

Other Neoplasms

Percent
1975
1981
1982
1983
1984

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

2.0
1.6
1.4
1.2
1.0

3.5
4.2
4.3
4.7
4.1

1.8
1.0
1.0
3.1
1.1

9.8
10.8
10.1
8.3
6.8

23.0
20.0
19.8
29.3
31.0

------

------

8.5
12.2
13.3
12.3
11.5

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.9
0.6
0.3
0.2
0.2

4.8
5.7
6.7
3.2
3.2

1.0
0.8
1.8
0.8
1.3

6.5
1.0
7.1
6.9
6.7

31.2
47.7
32.0
34.6
33.8

------

------

10.7
8.7
9.5
9.2
10.2

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.1
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.1

3.3
3.5
4.9
5.0
5.2

9.0
9.7
11.1
10.6
10.7

6.0
5.4
4.4
4.1
3.9

36.2
36.9
40.1
40.5
39.9

------

------

10.0
9.1
8.5
8.9
10.5

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.1

4.8
5.1
5.5
5.8
5.9

7.7
6.7
4.7
3.6
3.3

5.0
5.3
5.4
5.2
5.2

35.2
32.3
32.3
33.0
33.4

4.4
4.0
4.0
4.3
3.6

30.7
28.4
28.2
28.6
29.8

7.2
7.5
8.0
8.1
8.5

2000
2001
2002
2003

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

d
d
0.2
0.3

2.2
2.5
2.4
2.4

2.6
3.0
2.4
2.3

6.0
4.3
4.3
4.2

36.5
40.0
39.9
40.2

5.4
6.8
6.1
5.1

31.2
33.2
33.9
35.1

7.8
6.9
7.4
7.2
(Continued)

106 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 37.
Distribution of workers under age 50, by diagnostic group, selected years 1975–2003—Continued
Diseases of the—

Year

Blood and
bloodforming
organs

Circulatory
system

Digestive
system

Musculoskeletal
Genito- system and
urinary connective
tissue
system

Nervous
system
and
sense
organs

Respiratory
system

Skin and
subcutaneous
tissue

Other Unknown c

Percent
1975
1981
1982
1983
1984

0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4

16.5
12.4
13.1
11.3
9.6

3.2
2.4
2.5
1.9
1.6

1.4
2.7
1.6
2.1
1.2

16.7
17.1
16.4
11.7
10.2

9.4
11.8
12.7
11.2
10.0

3.0
2.6
2.5
2.0
1.7

0.5
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3

0.2
d
0.2
d
0.2

-d
-d
9.3

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

0.3
0.4
0.4
0.5
0.5

8.6
7.4
9.0
8.5
7.5

1.7
1.6
1.5
1.7
1.7

1.1
0.9
1.6
2.3
2.8

9.5
9.1
11.1
12.7
11.9

9.3
8.7
10.3
10.0
10.0

1.8
1.6
1.9
2.1
1.8

0.3
0.3
0.4
0.2
0.2

---7.1
8.1

12.3
5.5
6.4
---

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

0.5
0.5
0.5
0.4
0.4

7.0
6.5
6.0
6.1
5.8

1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.9

2.9
2.5
2.4
2.5
3.0

10.2
11.5
8.4
8.6
6.1

9.6
8.9
8.3
8.0
8.7

1.6
1.6
1.5
1.5
1.7

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

1.6
1.7
2.0
1.9
2.0

------

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4

5.7
6.0
6.2
6.1
5.8

2.0
2.1
2.3
2.4
2.7

2.2
2.3
2.5
2.6
2.8

16.7
18.4
18.4
18.5
19.0

8.0
8.3
8.9
8.9
9.0

1.8
2.0
2.0
2.0
1.8

0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3

2.2
3.1
2.5
2.6
1.7

0.6
-0.5
0.5
0.1

2000
2001
2002
2003

d
d
0.5
0.4

5.9
5.7
5.7
5.7

2.6
2.6
2.5
2.5

3.2
3.3
2.7
2.7

19.3
17.0
18.2
18.6

9.3
10.1
9.8
9.7

2.0
1.8
1.9
2.0

d
d
0.3
0.3

1.7
1.6
0.3
0.3

-0.3
1.5
1.2

SOURCES: Social Security Administration. For years before 2000, Annual Statistical Supplement to the Social Security Bulletin , based on
the Master Beneficiary Record, various sampling rates; for 2000–2001, Annual Award and Termination Transaction file, 1 percent data;
data after 2001 are 100 percent data from that file.
NOTES: Data exclude closed period awards and expedited reinstatement cases.
Before 1995, diagnostic data for cases awarded at the appeals levels were estimated on the basis of the diagnosis of cases allowed at the
initial disability determination level.
Effective 2001, the Social Security Administration initiated a special review of 130,000 Supplemental Security Income (SSI) recipients who
are potentially eligible for Social Security disability benefits because of earnings while receiving SSI. Many of these claims awarded since
2001 were for individuals under age 35 who were diagnosed with a mental disorder.
-- = not available.
a. AIDS and HIV records are counted in Infectious and Parasitic Diseases. Before 1990, they were included in Other.
b. Mental retardation was not identified separately before 1995.
c. Beginning with 2002, several ill-defined impairment codes were reclassified and added to Unknown.
d. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 107

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 38.
Distribution of workers aged 50 or older, by diagnostic group, selected years 1975–2003

Year

Endocrine,
nutritional,
and
Congenital metabolic
diseases
Total anomalies

Infectious
and
parasitic
diseases a

Mental disorders
Injuries

Total Retardation

b

Other Neoplasms

Number
1975
1981
1982
1983
1984

408,556
222,162
189,252
190,884
216,348

2,864
1,173
853
1,398
1,064

16,665
9,580
8,448
9,274
8,668

4,222
1,387
1,216
2,971
1,657

14,396
7,541
5,529
5,610
6,654

25,094
11,685
9,877
15,302
20,398

------

------

44,264
41,393
36,418
37,552
42,931

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

219,219
228,510
231,367
226,473
235,874

1,042
751
289
224
223

9,442
10,444
8,709
8,665
8,191

1,475
1,202
1,414
1,419
1,276

6,201
1,747
7,825
8,432
8,770

19,297
34,162
22,271
22,474
24,407

------

------

38,263
36,858
37,744
37,085
41,054

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

252,596
280,986
323,462
322,619
338,833

194
191
215
193
218

9,065
10,982
14,555
15,312
16,425

2,733
3,407
4,487
4,378
4,877

9,386
10,237
11,351
10,516
10,997

27,272
31,839
38,484
39,459
39,891

------

------

44,342
46,082
50,690
52,425
58,440

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

337,021
330,177
322,681
335,100
360,879

250
264
219
214
275

18,407
18,819
19,140
20,605
21,549

4,257
3,691
2,966
2,863
3,076

12,241
11,942
11,529
11,605
12,526

39,384
36,933
37,415
41,430
52,338

2,950
2,401
2,209
2,626
7,267

36,434
34,532
35,206
38,804
45,071

42,034
41,381
41,034
41,880
43,721

2000
2001
2002
2003

340,900
365,100
407,844
429,983

d
d
317
295

11,100
12,200
13,955
15,463

3,800
2,300
3,289
3,320

12,500
12,500
14,217
14,896

44,900
49,900
56,522
60,715

3,200
2,300
2,808
2,733

41,700
47,600
53,714
57,982

42,500
41,400
46,644
47,561
(Continued)

108 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 38.
Distribution of workers aged 50 or older, by diagnostic group, selected years 1975–2003—Continued
Diseases of the—

Year

Blood and
bloodforming
organs

Circulatory
system

Digestive
system

Musculoskeletal
Genito- system and
urinary connective
tissue
system

Nervous
system
and
sense
organs

Respiratory
system

Skin and
subcutaneous
tissue

Other Unknown c

Number
1975
1981
1982
1983
1984

743
426
392
501
367

147,018
70,716
59,933
54,763
57,383

11,618
4,363
3,306
2,980
3,591

3,185
2,916
1,425
3,949
1,730

80,002
37,563
31,096
27,624
31,531

22,634
14,038
13,004
12,747
14,160

34,026
18,331
17,009
15,544
16,428

1,352
658
460
362
508

473
d
287
d
506

-d
-d
8,772

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

418
498
466
552
578

59,114
59,280
60,240
56,689
56,011

2,870
3,242
3,358
3,230
3,492

1,557
1,415
2,796
2,874
3,646

34,154
37,412
43,288
45,338
48,791

14,009
14,033
16,149
16,079
15,860

17,442
20,406
19,443
19,302
17,936

625
538
514
328
424

---3,782
5,216

13,310
6,522
6,861
---

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

640
686
799
733
788

58,428
61,780
71,043
69,583
69,696

3,738
4,245
4,690
4,698
4,983

4,123
4,437
5,168
5,578
6,691

52,433
63,025
70,548
67,335
66,787

17,110
18,756
20,832
20,841
22,470

18,620
19,725
22,665
22,830
26,029

438
497
497
525
544

4,074
5,097
7,438
8,213
10,047

------

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

756
718
762
729
880

65,575
63,601
60,198
60,091
59,690

5,131
5,222
5,281
5,730
6,367

5,251
5,334
5,427
6,052
6,670

89,642
88,768
86,689
91,421
97,452

21,663
21,548
22,017
23,200
26,483

23,126
22,236
21,197
21,631
22,198

744
643
647
615
633

8,560
9,077
7,871
6,744
5,869

--289
290
1,152

2000
2001
2002
2003

d
d
1,010
1,003

59,500
65,600
66,904
67,417

5,800
8,000
7,977
8,906

6,400
6,400
7,763
8,230

101,700
111,700
128,127
138,420

25,100
24,700
30,948
32,855

20,800
23,100
24,370
25,344

d
d
732
774

4,600
5,400
921
951

600
800
4,148
3,833
(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 109

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 38.
Distribution of workers aged 50 or older, by diagnostic group, selected years 1975–2003—Continued

Year

Endocrine,
nutritional,
and
Congenital metabolic
diseases
Total anomalies

Infectious
and
parasitic
diseases a

Mental disorders
Injuries

Total Retardation

b

Other Neoplasms

Percent
1975
1981
1982
1983
1984

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.7
0.5
0.5
0.7
0.5

4.1
4.3
4.5
4.9
4.0

1.0
0.6
0.6
1.6
0.8

3.5
3.4
2.9
2.9
3.1

6.1
5.3
5.2
8.0
9.4

------

------

10.8
18.6
19.2
19.7
19.8

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.5
0.3
0.1
0.1
0.1

4.3
4.6
3.8
3.8
3.5

0.7
0.5
0.6
0.6
0.5

2.8
0.8
3.4
3.7
3.7

8.8
14.9
9.6
9.9
10.3

------

------

17.5
16.1
16.3
16.4
17.4

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

3.6
3.9
4.5
4.7
4.8

1.1
1.2
1.4
1.4
1.4

3.7
3.6
3.5
3.3
3.2

10.8
11.3
11.9
12.2
11.8

------

------

17.6
16.4
15.7
16.2
17.2

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

5.5
5.7
5.9
6.1
6.0

1.3
1.1
0.9
0.9
0.9

3.6
3.6
3.6
3.5
3.5

11.7
11.2
11.6
12.4
14.5

0.9
0.7
0.7
0.8
2.0

10.8
10.5
10.9
11.6
12.5

12.5
12.5
12.7
12.5
12.1

2000
2001
2002
2003

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

d
d
0.1
0.1

3.3
3.3
3.4
3.6

1.1
0.6
0.8
0.8

3.7
3.4
3.5
3.5

13.2
13.7
13.9
14.1

0.9
0.6
0.7
0.6

12.2
13.0
13.2
13.5

12.5
11.3
11.4
11.1
(Continued)

110 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 38.
Distribution of workers aged 50 or older, by diagnostic group, selected years 1975–2003—Continued
Diseases of the—

Year

Blood and
bloodforming
organs

Circulatory
system

Digestive
system

Musculoskeletal
Genito- system and
urinary connective
system
tissue

Nervous
system
and
sense
organs

Respiratory
system

Skin and
subcutaneous
tissue

Other Unknown c

Percent
1975
1981
1982
1983
1984

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.3
0.2

36.0
31.8
31.7
28.7
26.5

2.8
2.0
1.7
1.6
1.7

0.8
1.3
0.8
2.1
0.8

19.6
16.9
16.4
14.5
14.6

5.5
6.3
6.9
6.7
6.5

8.3
8.3
9.0
8.1
7.6

0.3
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.2

0.1
d
0.2
d
0.2

-d
-d
4.1

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

27.0
25.9
26.0
25.0
23.7

1.3
1.4
1.5
1.4
1.5

0.7
0.6
1.2
1.3
1.5

15.6
16.4
18.7
20.0
20.7

6.4
6.1
7.0
7.1
6.7

8.0
8.9
8.4
8.5
7.6

0.3
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.2

---1.7
2.2

6.1
2.9
3.0
---

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

0.3
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

23.1
22.0
22.0
21.6
20.6

1.5
1.5
1.4
1.5
1.5

1.6
1.6
1.6
1.7
2.0

20.8
22.4
21.8
20.9
19.7

6.8
6.7
6.4
6.5
6.6

7.4
7.0
7.0
7.1
7.7

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

1.6
1.8
2.3
2.5
3.0

------

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

19.5
19.3
18.7
17.9
16.5

1.5
1.6
1.6
1.7
1.8

1.6
1.6
1.7
1.8
1.8

26.6
26.9
26.9
27.3
27.0

6.4
6.5
6.8
6.9
7.3

6.9
6.7
6.6
6.5
6.2

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

2.5
2.7
2.4
2.0
1.6

--0.1
0.1
0.3

2000
2001
2002
2003

d
d
0.2
0.2

17.5
18.0
16.4
15.7

1.7
2.2
2.0
2.1

1.9
1.8
1.9
1.9

29.8
30.6
31.4
32.2

7.4
6.8
7.6
7.6

6.1
6.3
6.0
5.9

d
d
0.2
0.2

1.3
1.5
0.2
0.2

0.2
0.2
1.0
0.9

SOURCES: Social Security Administration. For years before 2000, Annual Statistical Supplement to the Social Security Bulletin , based on
the Master Beneficiary Record, various sampling rates; for 2000–2001, Annual Award and Termination Transaction file, 1 percent data;
data after 2001 are 100 percent data from that file.
NOTES: Data exclude closed period awards and expedited reinstatement cases.
Before 1995, diagnostic data for cases awarded at the appeals levels were estimated on the basis of the diagnosis of cases allowed at the
initial disability determination level.
Effective 2001, the Social Security Administration initiated a special review of 130,000 Supplemental Security Income (SSI) recipients who
are potentially eligible for Social Security disability benefits because of earnings while receiving SSI. Many of these claims awarded since
2001 were for individuals under age 35 who were diagnosed with a mental disorder.
-- = not available.
a. AIDS and HIV records are counted in Infectious and Parasitic Diseases. Before 1990, they were included in Other.
b. Mental retardation was not identified separately before 1995.
c. Beginning with 2002, several ill-defined impairment codes were reclassified and added to Unknown.
d. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 111

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 39.
Average primary insurance amount and average monthly benefit, by sex, selected years
1960–2003 (in dollars)
Average primary insurance amount

Average monthly benefit

All disabled
workers

Men

Women

All disabled
workers

Men

Women

1960
1965 (Jan.–Aug.)
1965 (Sept.–Dec.)
1970
1975
1980

-------

-------

-------

91.20
93.30
101.30
139.80
241.20
406.30

94.00
97.90
106.50
148.40
263.80
449.40

78.90
80.30
86.80
115.70
190.90
308.50

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

------

------

------

475.60
473.80
506.00
297.40
562.10

530.40
531.50
573.20
321.20
634.40

363.70
357.40
381.60
263.50
429.90

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

------

------

------

594.20
605.50
621.90
639.80
672.80

667.90
685.20
699.80
720.10
757.70

465.80
470.60
494.20
507.70
535.00

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

-734.00
752.00
771.30
813.20

-836.40
855.40
879.50
922.30

-595.70
623.50
639.50
674.70

687.70
709.10
728.10
746.30
787.80

786.90
807.90
824.00
846.80
890.70

549.00
575.60
608.80
623.80
657.10

2000
2001
2002
2003

856.80
891.60
923.90
963.10

975.30
1,019.60
1,053.00
1,096.70

718.70
739.00
772.10
805.90

833.70
867.70
898.60
937.50

947.70
989.30
1,021.70
1,064.90

700.90
722.60
753.90
787.60

Year

SOURCES: Social Security Administration. For years before 2000, Annual Statistical Supplement to the Social Security Bulletin , based on
the Master Beneficiary Record, various sampling rates; for 2000–2001, Annual Award and Termination Transaction file, 1 percent data;
data after 2001 are 100 percent data from that file.
NOTES: Data exclude closed period awards and expedited reinstatement cases.
Benefits awarded before the December cost-of-living increase are converted to the December rates before averages are computed.
-- = not available.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

112 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 40.
Distribution, by diagnostic group, sex, and age, 2003
Total
Diagnostic group

All ages

Under
35

Men
35–49

50 or
older All ages

Under
35

Women
35–49

50 or
older All ages

Under
35

35–49

50 or
older

Number
Total

755,706

Congenital anomalies
1,152
Endocrine, nutritional, and
23,407
metabolic diseases
Infectious and parasitic
diseases
10,879
Injuries
28,612
Mental disorders
Retardation
19,338
Other
172,341
70,942
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and bloodforming organs
2,408
Circulatory system
85,896
Digestive system
17,084
Genitourinary system 16,968
Musculoskeletal
system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and
sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

90,051 235,672 429,983 408,516

47,839 120,653 240,024 347,190

42,212 115,019 189,959

523

334

295

619

286

171

162

533

237

163

133

1,601

6,343

15,463

12,486

759

3,215

8,512

10,921

842

3,128

6,951

1,723
4,445

5,836
9,271

3,320
14,896

7,849
18,904

1,193
3,194

4,522
6,221

2,134
9,489

3,030
9,708

530
1,251

1,314
3,050

1,186
5,407

9,814
41,264
4,026

6,791
73,095
19,355

2,733
57,982
47,561

11,822
81,910
37,289

5,833
21,307
2,072

4,210
32,606
9,037

1,779
27,997
26,180

7,516
90,431
33,653

3,981
19,957
1,954

2,581
40,489
10,318

954
29,985
21,381

683
2,309
1,201
2,501

722
16,170
6,977
6,237

1,003
67,417
8,906
8,230

1,168
58,944
10,489
10,418

330
1,263
570
1,432

308
10,323
4,288
3,843

530
47,358
5,631
5,143

1,240
26,952
6,595
6,550

353
1,046
631
1,069

414
5,847
2,689
2,394

473
20,059
3,275
3,087

199,014

7,829

52,765 138,420 100,949

3,585

26,745

70,619

98,065

4,244

26,020

67,801

64,369
32,007

9,879
808

21,635
5,855

32,855
25,344

33,491
16,902

5,006
319

10,692
2,628

17,793
13,955

30,878
15,105

4,873
489

10,943
3,227

15,062
11,389

1,622
1,871
7,796

220
217
1,008

628
703
2,955

774
951
3,833

700
907
3,669

69
122
499

287
312
1,245

344
473
1,925

922
964
4,127

151
95
509

341
391
1,710

430
478
1,908

(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 113

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 40.
Distribution, by diagnostic group, sex, and age, 2003—Continued
Total
Diagnostic group

All ages

Under
35

Men
35–49

50 or
older All ages

Under
35

Women
35–49

50 or
older All ages

Under
35

35–49

50 or
older

Percent
Total
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and
metabolic diseases
Infectious and parasitic
diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and bloodforming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal
system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and
sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

0.2

0.6

0.1

0.1

0.2

0.6

0.1

0.1

0.2

0.6

0.1

0.1

3.1

1.8

2.7

3.6

3.1

1.6

2.7

3.5

3.1

2.0

2.7

3.7

1.4
3.8

1.9
4.9

2.5
3.9

0.8
3.5

1.9
4.6

2.5
6.7

3.7
5.2

0.9
4.0

0.9
2.8

1.3
3.0

1.1
2.7

0.6
2.8

2.6
22.8
9.4

10.9
45.8
4.5

2.9
31.0
8.2

0.6
13.5
11.1

2.9
20.1
9.1

12.2
44.5
4.3

3.5
27.0
7.5

0.7
11.7
10.9

2.2
26.0
9.7

9.4
47.3
4.6

2.2
35.2
9.0

0.5
15.8
11.3

0.3
11.4
2.3
2.2

0.8
2.6
1.3
2.8

0.3
6.9
3.0
2.6

0.2
15.7
2.1
1.9

0.3
14.4
2.6
2.6

0.7
2.6
1.2
3.0

0.3
8.6
3.6
3.2

0.2
19.7
2.3
2.1

0.4
7.8
1.9
1.9

0.8
2.5
1.5
2.5

0.4
5.1
2.3
2.1

0.2
10.6
1.7
1.6

26.3

8.7

22.4

32.2

24.7

7.5

22.2

29.4

28.2

10.1

22.6

35.7

8.5
4.2

11.0
0.9

9.2
2.5

7.6
5.9

8.2
4.1

10.5
0.7

8.9
2.2

7.4
5.8

8.9
4.4

11.5
1.2

9.5
2.8

7.9
6.0

0.2
0.2
1.0

0.2
0.2
1.1

0.3
0.3
1.3

0.2
0.2
0.9

0.2
0.2
0.9

0.1
0.3
1.0

0.2
0.3
1.0

0.1
0.2
0.8

0.3
0.3
1.2

0.4
0.2
1.2

0.3
0.3
1.5

0.2
0.3
1.0

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Annual Award and Termination Transaction file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Data exclude closed period awards and expedited reinstatement cases.
Effective 2001, the Social Security Administration initiated a special review of 130,000 Supplemental Security Income (SSI) recipients who
are potentially eligible for Social Security disability benefits because of earnings while receiving SSI. Many of these claims awarded since
2001 were for individuals under age 35 who were diagnosed with a mental disorder.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

114 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 41.
Distribution, by monthly benefit and sex, 2003
All disabled workers
Monthly benefit (dollars)

Men

Women

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

755,706

100.0

408,516

100.0

347,190

100.0

Less than 100.00
100.00–199.90
200.00–299.90
300.00–399.90
400.00–499.90

5,975
10,313
24,377
29,931
32,948

0.8
1.4
3.2
4.0
4.4

3,279
3,779
8,886
10,878
11,920

0.8
0.9
2.2
2.7
2.9

2,696
6,534
15,491
19,053
21,028

0.8
1.9
4.5
5.5
6.1

500.00–599.90
600.00–699.90
700.00–799.90
800.00–899.90
900.00–999.90

63,380
82,379
75,693
68,578
60,175

8.4
10.9
10.0
9.1
8.0

22,497
31,411
32,588
32,770
31,907

5.5
7.7
8.0
8.0
7.8

40,883
50,968
43,105
35,808
28,268

11.8
14.7
12.4
10.3
8.1

1,000.00–1,099.90
1,100.00–1,199.90
1,200.00–1,299.90
1,300.00–1,399.90
1,400.00–1,499.90

52,176
45,287
38,609
33,058
29,236

6.9
6.0
5.1
4.4
3.9

30,292
28,989
26,533
23,933
22,222

7.4
7.1
6.5
5.9
5.4

21,884
16,298
12,076
9,125
7,014

6.3
4.7
3.5
2.6
2.0

1,500.00–1,599.90
1,600.00 or more

37,711
65,880

5.0
8.7

29,777
56,855

7.3
13.9

7,934
9,025

2.3
2.6

Total

Average benefit (dollars)

937.50

1,064.90

787.60

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Annual Award and Termination Transaction file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Benefits awarded before the December cost-of-living increase are converted to the December rates before averages are
computed.
Data exclude closed period awards and expedited reinstatement cases.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 115

Awards to Disabled-Worker Families
Table 42.
Number, average primary insurance amount, and average monthly family benefit, by family
composition, 2003

Family composition
Worker only
Men
Women
Worker with children
By sex of worker
Men
Women
By number of children
1 child
2 children
3 or more children
Worker with—
Spouse aged 62 or older b
Spouse aged 62 or older and
1 or more children
Spouse and 1 child
Spouse and 2 children
Spouse and 3 or more children

Number
of families

Percentage of
Average primary Average monthly families receiving
family benefit maximum family
Number of insurance amount
(dollars)
(dollars)
beneficiaries
benefit a

320,499
289,297

320,499
289,297

1,094.40
803.60

1,064.40
785.40

10.1
22.0

68,719
56,502

181,912
148,643

1,080.80
815.70

1,524.20
1,100.20

88.0
91.8

69,139
38,605
17,477

138,278
115,815
76,462

979.90
957.00
896.50

1,357.10
1,331.40
1,240.30

89.2
90.6
89.6

6,166

12,360

1,369.20

1,649.30

8.6

131
5,048
5,217
3,795

427
15,147
20,869
20,971

1,307.10
1,130.70
1,093.30
1,021.00

2,074.30
1,633.90
1,560.50
1,428.20

67.2
87.0
87.6
82.5

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Annual Award and Termination Transaction file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: A family means beneficiaries entitled on one worker’s account. The data may understate the number of families with
dependents because records of awards to dependents made in a different calendar year are not available for inclusion.
Data exclude closed period awards and expedited reinstatement cases; they include beneficiaries whose benefits are being withheld.
a. Includes families and worker-only beneficiaries for whom the primary insurance amount is equal to the family maximum amount.
b. If the spouse is also entitled to a retired-worker benefit, only the benefit amount received as a spouse is included.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

116 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

Awards to Disabled-Worker Families
Table 43.
Distribution, by family composition and age of worker, 2003
Family composition

Total,
all ages

Under 30

30–34

35–39

40–44

45–49

50–54

55–59

60–FRA

Number
Worker only
Worker with—
Spouse
Aged 62 or older a
Child in care
Children
1 child
2 children
3 or more children
Families receiving
maximum benefit c

609,796

40,959

22,112

30,587

50,453

76,218

118,516

157,764

113,187

6,297
14,060

0
871

b
1,412

b
2,279

b
2,837

31
2,493

182
2,090

1,037
1,459

5,039
619

69,139
38,605
17,477

5,216
3,395
1,733

5,310
5,436
3,551

8,454
8,384
4,753

13,608
9,281
3,896

14,150
6,174
1,934

11,721
3,530
948

7,572
1,831
491

3,108
574
171

221,103

33,268

20,979

29,103

36,661

33,425

29,771

25,356

12,540

Percent
Worker only
Worker with—
Spouse
Aged 62 or older a
Child in care
Children
1 child
2 children
3 or more children
Families receiving
maximum benefit c

100.0

6.7

3.6

5.0

8.3

12.5

19.4

25.9

18.6

100.0
100.0

0
6.2

b
10.0

b
16.2

b
20.2

0.5
17.7

2.9
14.9

16.5
10.4

80.0
4.4

100.0
100.0
100.0

7.5
8.8
9.9

7.7
14.1
20.3

12.2
21.7
27.2

19.7
24.0
22.3

20.5
16.0
11.1

17.0
9.1
5.4

11.0
4.7
2.8

4.5
1.5
1.0

29.3

63.8

55.5

53.4

45.8

33.1

21.7

14.9

10.2

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Annual Award and Termination Transaction file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: A family means beneficiaries entitled on one worker’s account. The data may understate the number of families with
dependents because records of awards to dependents made in a different calendar year are not available for inclusion.
Data exclude closed period awards and expedited reinstatement cases; they include beneficiaries whose benefits are being withheld.
FRA = full retirement age.
a. Includes spouses aged 62 or older with children.
b. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
c. Includes families and worker-only beneficiaries for whom the primary insurance amount is equal to the family maximum amount.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 117

Benefits Withheld from All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 44.
Number, by reason for withholding benefit, December 2003
Workers and nondisabled dependents

Adult children of—

Children
Students
Spouses under age 18 aged 18–19 Widow(er)s

Disabled
workers

Retired Deceased
workers workers

All
beneficiaries

Workers

Total

559,554

102,492

55,466

218,127

6,841

4,159

19,982

88,784

63,703

Address unknown

18,186

8,672

393

6,536

149

263

281

327

1,565

5,952

3,892

141

1,565

6

7

95

54

192

14,062

5,806

793

6,604

102

254

120

109

274

7,908
4,300

1,851
1,515

516
a

5,329
1,864

114
a

...
23

98
79

...
127

...
680

38,583
42,379
10,998
30,748

25,780
33,470
...
...

871
294
10,998
30,688

10,324
390
...
a

72
38
...
a

114
133
...
...

475
1,364
...
...

310
1,151
...
...

637
5,539
...
...

113

...

...

...

...

...

...

113

...

2,479
338,314
45,532

...
...
21,506

1,946
7,354
a

...
169,277
a

...
6,072
276

533
2,332
500

...
15,504
1,966

...
85,521
1,072

...
52,254
2,562

Reason

Determination of
continuing disability
pending
Recoupment of
overpayment
Workers’ compensation
offset
Payee not determined
Substantial gainful
activity
Imprisoned or confined
Entitled child not in care
Beneficiary earnings
Earnings of the other
beneficiaries
Government pension
offset
Technical entitlement
Other

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: These data represent the total number of beneficiaries with benefits withheld in December 2003 regardless of when their benefits
were initially withheld.
. . . = not applicable.
a. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

118 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

Benefits Terminated for All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 45.
Number and rate, 1960–2003
Total

Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult children

Year

Number

Rate

Number

Rate

Number

Rate

Number

Rate

1960
1961
1962
1963
1964

91,543
118,842
132,144
143,008
144,422

164
160
149
144
134

89,090
115,546
128,299
137,850
138,576

196
187
173
167
155

------

------

2,453
3,296
3,845
5,158
5,846

24
27
26
31
32

1965
1966
1967
1968
1969

163,276
175,959
218,077
232,817
263,191

138
134
153
151
159

156,648
168,630
208,899
222,197
251,269

159
154
175
172
180

------

------

6,628
7,329
9,178
10,620
11,922

33
34
40
44
46

1970
1971
1972
1973
1974

272,239
278,092
275,663
317,237
336,246

154
144
129
136
130

260,444
266,471
261,739
304,792
320,958

174
162
143
151
143

------

------

11,795
11,621
13,924
12,445
15,288

44
41
46
39
45

1975
1976
1977
1978
1979

344,727
367,608
418,394
431,067
441,101

121
120
129
131
133

329,532
351,504
401,334
413,571
422,503

132
132
141
144
147

------

------

15,195
16,104
17,060
17,496
18,598

42
42
42
42
43

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

422,612
449,669
500,282
473,327
391,190

128
139
163
155
126

408,051
434,187
483,847
453,621
371,913

143
156
186
177
143

------

------

14,561
15,482
16,435
19,706
19,277

32
33
35
40
38

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

357,006
358,289
365,004
375,621
371,128

112
109
109
110
107

339,984
341,276
347,948
356,143
351,402

128
125
125
126
121

------

------

17,022
17,013
17,056
19,478
19,726

32
31
30
34
34

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

368,208
369,026
379,653
391,159
404,624

102
97
92
89
87

348,194
351,303
361,796
372,317
384,590

116
110
104
100
97

------

------

20,014
17,723
17,857
18,842
20,034

33
29
28
29
30
(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 119

Benefits Terminated for All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 45.
Number and rate, 1960–2003—Continued
Total

Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult children

Year

Number

Rate

Number

Rate

Number

Rate

Number

Rate

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

422,114
420,756
491,194
436,244
463,394

87
83
94
81
83

399,475
396,980
464,984
409,489
433,950

95
91
103
87
89

------

------

22,639
23,776
26,210
26,755
29,444

33
34
37
38
41

2000
2001
2002
2003

493,651
513,472
535,465
501,222

86
83
82
73

460,351
459,073
479,364
447,485

91
87
87
76

-21,411
21,379
20,707

-105
103
99

33,300
32,988
34,722
33,030

46
45
47
44

SOURCES: Social Security Administration. For years before 2000, Annual Statistical Supplement to the Social Security Bulletin , based on
the Master Beneficiary Record, various sampling rates; for 2000, Social Security Disabled Beneficiaries 100 Percent file and Annual
Termination file (100 percent data); beginning with 2001, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file, 100
percent data.
NOTES: The termination rate is the number of terminations per 1,000 beneficiaries in current-payment status.
-- = not available.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

120 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

Benefits Terminated for All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 46.
Number, by reason for termination, 2003

Reason for termination
Total
Death of beneficiary
Termination resulting
from death of worker
Attainment of age—
18 by children
19 by students
FRA by disabled
workers
FRA by disabled
widow(er)s
Termination of spouse's
benefit because child
attains age 16
Marriage, remarriage, or
divorce of beneficiary
Entitlement to an equal or
larger Social Security
benefit
Does not meet medical
standards a
Medical improvement b
Work above substantial gainful activity c
Miscellaneous
reasons d
Student no longer
attending school
Other

Workers and nondisabled dependents

Adult children of—

All
beneficiaries

Workers

923,015

447,485

48,969

280,623

92,201

20,707

9,476

6,091

17,463

211,118

185,209

1,421

714

39

6,750

544

3,076

13,365

34,645

...

6,476

25,307

1,178

...

1,676

8

...

181,232
4,848

...
...

...
...

181,232
...

...
4,848

...
...

...
...

...
...

...
...

225,519

199,662

15,817

5,839

327

...

3,874

...

...

12,378

...

...

...

...

12,378

...

...

...

16,098

...

16,098

...

...

...

...

...

...

7,972

...

2,510

3,288

257

65

356

256

1,240

3,621

...

1,505

795

35

524

177

391

194

97,891
--

53,396
13,701

2,177
--

36,682
--

361
--

290
57

1,740
--

795
--

2,450
--

--

27,926

--

--

--

159

--

--

--

--

11,769

--

--

--

66

--

--

--

83,752
43,941

...
9,218

...
2,965

...
26,766

83,752
1,404

...
700

...
1,109

...
1,565

...
214

Children
Students
Spouses under age 18 aged 18–19 Widow(er)s

Disabled
workers

Retired Deceased
workers workers

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Annual Termination file and the Termination Supplement file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: These data represent the total number of beneficiaries whose benefits were terminated during the calendar year regardless of
the effective date of the termination.
. . . = not applicable; FRA = full retirement age; -- = not available.
a. Dependents benefits terminate when the disabled worker no longer meets the requirements for disability benefits. Disabled widow(er)s
and disabled adult children of deceased or retired workers lose their benefits when they no longer meet the requirements for disability
benefits.
b. Includes beneficiaries who medically improved, who did not cooperate during the medical review, or whose whereabouts are unknown.
c. Excludes disabled beneficiaries whose monthly benefits have been suspended because they are engaging in substantial gainful
activity during the extended period of eligibility.
d. Includes beneficiaries who did not comply with alcohol or drug abuse treatment programs or who refused vocational rehabilitation
services.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 121

Benefits Terminated for All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 47.
Number and rate, by state or other area, 2003
Total
State or area

Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult children

Number

Rate

Number

Rate

Number

Rate

Number

Rate

501,222

73

447,485

76

20,707

99

33,030

44

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

11,632
657
8,850
7,551
42,419

68
68
75
72
74

10,201
610
8,187
6,728
38,611

69
70
77
73
77

613
18
280
365
1,390

94
78
91
96
101

818
29
383
458
2,418

48
40
44
51
39

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

5,862
5,327
1,589
878
31,655

80
74
79
83
78

5,428
4,776
1,460
786
29,117

82
79
82
88
81

178
186
48
24
1,045

102
119
97
87
92

256
365
81
68
1,493

44
38
42
51
45

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

15,959
1,522
2,132
18,160
11,185

77
78
74
75
75

14,306
1,374
1,940
15,998
9,930

80
82
76
79
78

713
54
67
828
429

98
114
86
112
89

940
94
125
1,334
826

47
40
49
42
48

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

4,627
4,195
11,234
9,621
3,122

72
76
67
75
66

4,043
3,744
9,807
8,062
2,757

75
78
68
78
66

163
138
651
629
121

96
90
93
109
102

421
313
776
930
244

49
52
48
51
54

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

7,562
11,032
17,701
6,866
8,230

80
69
69
73
72

6,885
9,915
15,517
6,140
7,233

85
72
72
77
74

260
322
780
179
417

109
95
97
98
92

417
795
1,404
547
580

38
44
42
48
49

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

12,118
1,672
2,588
3,719
2,123

73
77
75
85
66

10,760
1,508
2,265
3,484
1,924

75
79
76
86
67

531
71
91
119
74

99
120
112
108
102

827
93
232
116
125

51
43
55
47
46

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

13,094
3,188
31,974
18,844
938

79
73
73
73
76

11,886
2,877
28,402
17,027
820

85
75
76
75
81

400
137
1,210
711
32

95
112
99
85
115

808
174
2,362
1,106
86

41
41
42
48
42

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

20,499
6,989
5,858
21,589
2,027

78
77
76
70
67

17,799
6,243
5,367
18,923
1,807

82
80
79
73
68

1,035
327
195
970
72

111
100
98
100
108

1,665
419
296
1,696
148

47
46
42
43
48

All areas

a

(Continued)

122 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

Benefits Terminated for All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 47.
Number and rate, by state or other area, 2003—Continued
Total
State or area

Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult children

Number

Rate

Number

Rate

Number

Rate

Number

Rate

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

10,086
1,211
14,231
28,765
2,223

74
77
75
76
75

9,051
1,054
12,617
25,831
2,011

76
80
77
80
79

464
49
710
1,332
61

94
127
95
99
87

571
108
904
1,602
151

43
52
49
40
45

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

1,206
12,526
8,901
5,609
8,462
790

73
73
73
65
73
80

1,072
11,253
8,094
4,783
7,571
709

75
76
75
66
77
82

48
524
321
393
229
28

110
93
107
107
85
112

86
749
486
433
662
53

46
44
43
43
42
60

8,603
1,821

54
81

7,260
1,532

55
97

537
138

104
149

806
151

35
27

Outlying areas
Puerto Rico
Other b

SOURCES: Social Security Administration, Annual Termination file and Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary
Record file, 100 percent data.
NOTE: The termination rate is the number of terminations per 1,000 beneficiaries in current-payment status.
a. Includes beneficiaries with unknown state code.
b. Includes American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, Virgin Islands, and foreign countries.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 123

Disabled Workers Who Work
Table 48.
Distribution of workers with benefits withheld because of substantial work, by diagnostic group and age,
December 2003
Diagnostic group

Total

Under 30

30–39

40–49

50–59

60–FRA

Number
Total
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic
diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

25,780

2,460

5,763

8,898

6,825

1,834

67

24

22

14

a

a

843
942
1,843

39
34
227

166
268
474

316
461
562

269
162
437

53
17
143

872
7,544
2,378

311
816
174

271
1,975
389

215
2,856
733

70
1,652
864

5
245
218

177
1,308
597
942

34
38
35
106

56
156
91
272

56
334
221
319

a
533
211
194

a
247
39
51

4,587
2,626
333
69
56
596

121
419
18
a
a
56

618
771
58
26
14
136

1,664
810
101
18
22
196

1,622
483
97
18
12
168

562
143
59
a
a
40
(Continued)

124 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

Disabled Workers Who Work
Table 48.
Distribution of workers with benefits withheld because of substantial work, by diagnostic group and age,
December 2003—Continued
Total

Diagnostic group

Under 30

30–39

40–49

50–59

60–FRA

Percent
Total
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic
diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

0.3

1.0

0.4

0.2

a

a

3.3
3.7
7.1

1.6
1.4
9.2

2.9
4.7
8.2

3.6
5.2
6.3

3.9
2.4
6.4

2.9
0.9
7.8

3.4
29.3
9.2

12.6
33.2
7.1

4.7
34.3
6.7

2.4
32.1
8.2

1.0
24.2
12.7

0.3
13.4
11.9

0.7
5.1
2.3
3.7

1.4
1.5
1.4
4.3

1.0
2.7
1.6
4.7

0.6
3.8
2.5
3.6

a
7.8
3.1
2.8

a
13.5
2.1
2.8

17.8
10.2
1.3
0.3
0.2
2.3

4.9
17.0
0.7
a
a
2.3

10.7
13.4
1.0
0.5
0.2
2.4

18.7
9.1
1.1
0.2
0.2
2.2

23.8
7.1
1.4
0.3
0.2
2.5

30.6
7.8
3.2
a
a
2.2

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: These data represent the total number of beneficiaries with benefits withheld in December 2003 regardless of when their
benefits were initially withheld.
FRA = full retirement age.
a. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 125

Disabled Workers Who Work
Table 49.
Distribution of workers with benefits terminated because of successful return to work, by diagnostic group
and age, 2003
Diagnostic group

Total

Under 30

30–39

40–49

50–59

60–FRA

Number
Total
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic
diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

27,926

1,894

7,416

9,824

6,745

2,047

84

a

36

13

12

a

991
1,245
1,737

33
18
131

176
377
504

413
622
594

293
209
366

76
19
142

1,801
9,365
1,303

303
609
88

795
2,755
249

520
3,561
362

154
2,080
442

29
360
162

180
1,217
448
1,003

30
31
13
74

76
134
80
330

38
285
150
348

29
486
173
220

7
281
32
31

4,237
3,157
370
62
46
680

96
392
12
a
a
38

586
1,077
72
12
8
149

1,557
985
102
23
17
234

1,353
580
113
21
16
198

645
123
71
a
a
61

Percent
Total
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic
diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

0.3

a

0.5

0.1

0.2

a

3.5
4.5
6.2

1.7
1.0
6.9

2.4
5.1
6.8

4.2
6.3
6.0

4.3
3.1
5.4

3.7
0.9
6.9

6.4
33.5
4.7

16.0
32.2
4.6

10.7
37.1
3.4

5.3
36.2
3.7

2.3
30.8
6.6

1.4
17.6
7.9

0.6
4.4
1.6
3.6

1.6
1.6
0.7
3.9

1.0
1.8
1.1
4.4

0.4
2.9
1.5
3.5

0.4
7.2
2.6
3.3

0.3
13.7
1.6
1.5

15.2
11.3
1.3
0.2
0.2
2.4

5.1
20.7
0.6
a
a
2.0

7.9
14.5
1.0
0.2
0.1
2.0

15.8
10.0
1.0
0.2
0.2
2.4

20.1
8.6
1.7
0.3
0.2
2.9

31.5
6.0
3.5
a
a
3.0

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Termination Supplement file, 100 percent data.
NOTE: FRA = full retirement age.
a. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

126 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

Disabled Workers Who Work
Table 50.
Average monthly benefit for workers with benefits withheld or terminated, by diagnostic group and
age, December 2003 (in dollars)
Total

Diagnostic group

Under 30

30–39

40–49

50–59

60–FRA

Withheld
Total
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic
diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

958.90

761.40

897.30

972.70

1,044.40

1,032.20

853.80

798.50

853.60

875.70

1,009.10

946.60

866.10
992.60
1,042.50

796.60
860.70
875.70

838.10
907.60
1,002.80

850.00
1,037.00
1,050.20

896.80
1,037.00
1,138.40

945.70
971.10
1,115.20

671.50
887.60
1,158.80

629.50
728.70
887.90

697.60
838.70
1,095.40

685.00
911.00
1,200.00

679.90
972.20
1,211.40

1,167.90
967.10
1,140.40

1,040.30
1,072.40
1,099.10
1,063.10

801.90
837.80
770.80
823.80

950.30
988.70
985.20
962.60

1,204.80
1,038.50
1,088.60
1,109.70

1,127.60
1,114.90
1,193.50
1,221.50

1,433.30
1,115.40
1,208.20
1,201.50

944.00
948.70
918.50
996.90
969.50
914.80

753.60
777.50
741.20
742.20
896.80
706.70

896.90
917.40
816.00
856.20
824.30
893.00

937.70
974.60
915.40
1,042.60
918.50
955.40

982.60
1,065.80
1,005.00
1,196.60
1,209.50
948.90

944.10
1,077.10
936.60
1,083.50
1,111.30
937.30

Terminated
Total
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic
diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

875.10

745.70

830.70

875.80

939.20

941.60

831.90

802.40

828.30

896.90

823.50

818.90

830.10
925.80
974.50

860.60
936.50
878.30

835.20
897.70
954.60

810.40
928.00
980.90

835.10
962.60
1,018.20

892.80
995.00
994.30

693.60
823.70
1,049.60

651.30
702.90
861.50

678.70
790.60
999.40

709.70
822.50
1,075.60

788.30
888.60
1,091.10

750.40
917.80
1,057.90

899.80
954.80
964.40
955.40

754.50
792.20
647.30
791.50

807.00
884.70
845.30
911.30

988.00
930.10
939.70
965.80

1,148.30
968.70
1,066.20
1,046.40

1,021.60
1,007.00
956.00
1,052.10

897.20
896.10
865.80
839.90
879.50
902.10

788.70
767.70
844.60
595.00
699.90
796.90

897.50
860.20
797.70
918.40
727.40
820.70

890.20
927.10
840.30
832.20
951.10
899.60

917.10
974.90
920.00
867.50
899.80
975.60

887.90
1,000.00
888.70
719.00
891.10
937.50

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file and Termination
Supplement file, 100 percent data.
NOTE: FRA = full retirement age.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 127

Disabled Workers Who Work
Table 51.
Distribution, by state or other area, 2003
Workers with benefits terminated
because of successful return
to work, calendar year

Workers with benefits withheld
because of substantial work,
December
All workers,
December

Number

Percentage
of all workers

Number

Percentage
of all workers

5,868,541

25,780

0.4

27,926

0.5

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

148,715
8,719
106,001
91,584
500,805

240
54
556
258
2,619

0.2
0.6
0.5
0.3
0.5

331
52
596
307
2,688

0.2
0.6
0.6
0.3
0.5

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

66,080
60,506
17,778
8,963
360,386

403
401
107
27
1,328

0.6
0.7
0.6
0.3
0.4

590
369
128
51
1,570

0.9
0.6
0.7
0.6
0.4

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

179,753
16,744
25,519
202,250
127,447

424
89
78
1,258
556

0.2
0.5
0.3
0.6
0.4

579
70
112
1,326
628

0.3
0.4
0.4
0.7
0.5

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

53,793
47,741
145,116
103,784
41,733

275
296
399
341
270

0.5
0.6
0.3
0.3
0.6

283
247
384
375
281

0.5
0.5
0.3
0.4
0.7

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

80,733
138,588
215,789
80,252
97,461

354
983
927
530
190

0.4
0.7
0.4
0.7
0.2

508
1,169
1,144
610
244

0.6
0.8
0.5
0.8
0.3

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

143,681
18,983
29,638
40,414
28,510

608
70
183
201
269

0.4
0.4
0.6
0.5
0.9

556
86
160
253
228

0.4
0.5
0.5
0.6
0.8

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

140,617
38,332
371,648
225,926
10,073

832
144
2,343
616
45

0.6
0.4
0.6
0.3
0.4

805
188
2,211
783
53

0.6
0.5
0.6
0.3
0.5

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

218,386
78,407
67,580
259,516
26,447

1,194
204
299
1,277
185

0.5
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.7

1,305
264
341
1,110
154

0.6
0.3
0.5
0.4
0.6

State or area
All areas

a

(Continued)

128 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

Disabled Workers Who Work
Table 51.
Distribution, by state or other area, 2003—Continued
Workers with benefits withheld
because of substantial work,
December

Workers with benefits terminated
because of successful return
to work, calendar year

All workers,
December

Number

Percentage
of all workers

Number

Percentage
of all workers

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

118,734
13,250
164,127
324,308
25,583

205
97
425
1,114
139

0.2
0.7
0.3
0.3
0.5

354
80
520
1,322
134

0.3
0.6
0.3
0.4
0.5

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

14,246
147,946
108,082
72,182
98,234
8,685

130
591
677
183
641
53

0.9
0.4
0.6
0.3
0.7
0.6

112
705
653
130
626
61

0.8
0.5
0.6
0.2
0.6
0.7

Outlying areas
Puerto Rico
Other b

132,648
15,873

80
12

0.1
0.1

71
19

0.1
0.1

State or area

SOURCES: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file and Termination
Supplement file, 100 percent data.
a. Includes beneficiaries with unknown state code.
b. Includes American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, Virgin Islands, and foreign countries.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 129

Tables
Outcomes of Applications
for Disability Benefits

Notes
The tables in this section provide data on the outcomes of applications for disability benefits. The data on
applications are derived from the Social Security Administration's (SSA's) Disability Research File maintained
by the Office of Disability Programs. Each year this file is updated with information about applications for disability benefits that is then used to determine the outcome of those applications. The outcome data in these
tables are reported by year of filing and include decisions made through the administrative appeals process.
Table 52 shows the total number of applications filed in a year, the number denied for nonmedical reasons
before a medical decision is made (technical denials), the number that are pending a final decision, the outcome of applications for which a medical allowance or denial was made, and award and allowance rates.
Applications for which a medical allowance or denial decision was made but which were subsequently denied
for nonmedical reasons are shown under the medical decision header as subsequent denials. The most
common nonmedical reason for denying a claim is insufficient number of recent work credits.
The allowance rate is calculated by dividing the number of medical allowances (including subsequent technical denials) by the total number of medical decisions made for a 1-year cohort. The award rate is a broader
program measure that is calculated as the number of allowances minus subsequent denials divided by total
applications (minus pending claims) filed for a given year.
Claims that remain pending after 6 years are probably the result of imperfect data rather than excessive
delays in the decisionmaking process. It is highly probable that decisions have been rendered on most of the
older claims. For more recent years, the award and allowance rates will change as decisions are made on
pending claims.
Tables 53–55 show the allowance rate for Social Security only and the Social Security portion of concurrent
applications (which are claims for both Social Security and Supplemental Security Income disability benefits).
Each table shows a different level in the administrative decisionmaking process, that is, initial, reconsideration, and hearing or higher level.
Beginning with 2000, the proportion of claims awarded at each level of the process changed as a result of the
Prototype Process being tested in 10 states. Under this test, the reconsideration step of the appeals process
was eliminated for applications filed October 1, 1999, or later. Elimination of the reconsideration level in these
states results in a decrease in the aggregate proportion of claims awarded at this step.
This section includes one table that shows the reason for medical allowance and one that shows the reason
for medical denial (Tables 56 and 57). The reasons are derived from the sequential evaluation process used
by decisionmakers. SSA maintains a list of impairments that are considered disabling under its regulations.
An applicant can be found to be disabled if he or she



has a listed impairment,
has a severe impairment that is equal to a listed impairment,
has a severe impairment when medical and vocational factors are considered, or
had previously established entitlement to a disability benefit.

An applicant can be denied benefits if he or she




has an impairment that is not expected to last 12 months,
has an impairment that is not considered severe,
is able to perform his or her usual type of work,
is able to perform another type of work, or
has an impairment resulting from drug addiction or alcoholism, provides insufficient medical evidence,
fails to cooperate, fails to follow prescribed treatment, does not want to continue development of the
claim, or returns to substantial work before disability can be established.

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Table 52.
Outcomes at all adjudicative levels, by year of application, 1992–2002
Medical decisions

Year

Total

Pending
final
decision

Denials
Technical
denials a

Allowances

Subsequent
Medical nonmedical b

Awards

Subsequent
denials c

Award
rate d
(percent)

Allowance
rate e
(percent)

705,595
753,666
776,982
664,582

1,860
1,941
1,958
2,170

56.1
56.2
54.7
47.1

61.5
62.8
62.3
56.6

All disabled beneficiaries
1999
2000
2001
2002

1,265,055
1,364,396
1,504,773
1,685,182

8,207
22,403
83,114
274,936

104,315
136,014
170,323
229,536

441,001
446,519
468,687
509,650

4,077
3,853
3,709
4,308
Workers

1992
1993
1994

1,310,004
1,384,501
1,383,092

0
0
0

130,885
140,314
130,243

481,439
540,906
573,247

5,725
5,626
5,506

689,111
695,007
671,699

2,844
2,648
2,397

52.6
50.2
48.6

58.8
56.2
53.9

1995
1996
1997
1998

1,301,472
1,313,818
1,164,680
1,138,101

0
6,201
5,552
4,838

123,714
116,943
106,820
96,663

542,346
531,869
445,222
418,672

5,049
5,014
4,217
4,215

628,127
651,675
601,010
611,668

2,236
2,116
1,859
2,045

48.3
49.8
51.9
54.0

53.6
55.0
57.4
59.3

1999
2000
2001
2002

1,167,664
1,265,214
1,408,135
1,587,452

8,070
22,062
81,967
270,885

102,291
133,915
168,045
227,018

414,599
420,806
442,927
480,854

4,029
3,818
3,664
4,251

636,887
682,739
709,629
602,321

1,788
1,874
1,903
2,123

54.9
54.9
53.5
45.7

60.5
61.8
61.5
55.6

29,094
29,583
28,667
25,546

37
29
19
16

72.8
74.3
73.8
70.5

75.2
76.9
76.5
73.6

39,614
41,344
38,686
36,715

35
38
36
31

69.2
70.0
68.3
63.9

70.3
71.2
69.6
65.2

Widow(er)s
1999
2000
2001
2002

40,055
39,996
39,510
38,574

84
188
642
2,333

1,173
1,256
1,342
1,510

9,650
8,929
8,826
9,150

17
11
14
19

Adult children
1999
2000
2001
2002

57,336
59,186
57,128
59,156

53
153
505
1,718

851
843
936
1,008

16,752
16,784
16,934
19,646

31
24
31
38

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disability Research file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Data for the initial and reconsideration levels are current through June 2003. Data for the hearing level or above are current
through September 2003.
Because a number of applications remain pending for more recent years, the award and allowance rates will change over time. Cases
can be pending at the initial or appellate levels and can include either medical or technical issues.
Data include decisions for Social Security–only applications and applications for both Social Security and Supplemental Security Income
(SSI); they do not include SSI-only applications.
Data for 1992–1998 are available for disabled workers only.
a. Applications were denied for nonmedical reasons; therefore no decision was made on severity of impairment.
b. Applications were denied for nonmedical reasons after a decision was made that the applicant did not meet the medical severity
criteria for disability benefits.
c. Applications were denied for nonmedical reasons after a decision was made that the applicant met the medical severity criteria for
disability benefits.
d. Rate determined by dividing awards by all applications minus pending claims for that year.
e. Rate determined by dividing medical allowances by all medical decisions for that year.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 133

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Table 53.
Medical decisions at the initial adjudicative level, by year of application and program, 1992–2002
Decisions on applications
for Social Security only

All decisions

Year

Total

Allowances

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Total

Allowances

Decisions on applications
for both Social Security and SSI

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Total Allowances

Allowance
rate a,b
(percent)

All disabled beneficiaries
1999
2000
2001
2002

1,160,634
1,228,138
1,333,578
1,453,089

459,999
501,946
553,880
555,725

39.6
40.9
41.5
38.2

649,825
688,123
734,786
772,283

313,676
340,331
374,350
369,462

48.3
49.5
50.9
47.8

510,809
540,015
598,792
680,806

146,323
161,615
179,530
186,263

28.6
29.9
30.0
27.4

Workers
1992
1993
1994

1,179,119
1,244,187
1,252,849

436,715
421,560
390,785

37.0
33.9
31.2

558,741
571,464
591,405

248,385
240,839
233,059

44.5
42.1
39.4

620,378
672,723
661,444

188,330
180,721
157,726

30.4
26.9
23.8

1995
1996
1997
1998

1,177,758
1,196,825
1,057,791
1,041,352

367,293
384,167
357,880
374,376

31.2
32.1
33.8
36.0

569,960
593,987
551,888
550,763

223,457
237,474
228,793
238,989

39.2
40.0
41.5
43.4

607,798
602,838
505,903
490,589

143,836
146,693
129,087
135,387

23.7
24.3
25.5
27.6

1999
2000
2001
2002

1,065,271
1,131,064
1,239,245
1,357,952

397,335
436,605
490,983
495,681

37.3
38.6
39.6
36.5

578,728
615,302
664,710
703,861

259,910
284,388
320,796
318,828

44.9
46.2
48.3
45.3

486,543
515,762
574,535
654,091

137,425
152,217
170,187
176,853

28.2
29.5
29.6
27.0

71.9
73.6
73.7
71.9

9,280
8,858
8,578
8,506

3,642
3,784
3,697
3,523

39.2
42.7
43.1
41.4

78.3
79.1
78.4
75.5

14,986
15,395
15,679
18,209

5,256
5,614
5,646
5,887

35.1
36.5
36.0
32.3

Widow(er)s
1999
2000
2001
2002

38,881
38,737
38,165
37,051

24,933
25,781
25,501
24,042

64.1
66.6
66.8
64.9

29,601
29,879
29,587
28,545

21,291
21,997
21,804
20,519

Adult children
1999
2000
2001
2002

56,482
58,337
56,168
58,086

37,731
39,560
37,396
36,002

66.8
67.8
66.6
62.0

41,496
42,942
40,489
39,877

32,475
33,946
31,750
30,115

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disability Research file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Data are current through June 2003.
Because a number of applications remain pending for more recent years, the allowance rate will change over time.
Applications with a medical decision may be pending a final nonmedical decision or be subsequently denied for nonmedical reasons.
Data for 1992–1998 are available for disabled workers only.
SSI = Supplemental Security Income.
a. Rate determined by dividing medical allowances by all medical decisions for that year.
b. Rate for the Social Security portion only.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

134 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Table 54.
Medical decisions at the reconsideration level, by year of application and program, 1992–2002
Decisions on applications
for Social Security only

All decisions

Year

Total

Allowances

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Total

Allowances

Decisions on applications
for both Social Security and SSI

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Total Allowances

Allowance
rate a,b
(percent)

All disabled beneficiaries
1999
2000
2001
2002

398,161
408,455
428,465
442,376

61,143
58,590
56,827
46,336

15.4
14.3
13.3
10.5

210,334
215,372
218,180
221,795

34,724
33,233
31,934
26,004

16.5
15.4
14.6
11.7

187,827
193,083
210,285
220,581

26,419
25,357
24,893
20,332

14.1
13.1
11.8
9.2

Workers
1992
1993
1994

419,798
469,151
489,728

53,881
58,275
62,757

12.8
12.4
12.8

190,594
206,606
226,010

25,352
27,306
31,468

13.3
13.2
13.9

229,204
262,545
263,718

28,529
30,969
31,289

12.4
11.8
11.9

1995
1996
1997
1998

458,033
464,577
403,204
384,966

60,584
65,466
59,978
61,742

13.2
14.1
14.9
16.0

218,947
226,328
206,127
199,261

31,563
33,596
33,373
34,043

14.4
14.8
16.2
17.1

239,086
238,249
197,077
185,705

29,021
31,870
26,605
27,699

12.1
13.4
13.5
14.9

1999
2000
2001
2002

385,386
396,960
417,542
432,347

57,808
55,762
54,564
44,920

15.0
14.0
13.1
10.4

203,673
209,075
212,257
216,420

33,192
31,946
30,832
25,305

16.3
15.3
14.5
11.7

181,713
187,885
205,285
215,927

24,616
23,816
23,732
19,615

13.5
12.7
11.6
9.1

22.3
19.1
18.8
12.8

3,000
2,499
2,310
1,990

1,066
836
680
379

35.5
33.5
29.4
19.0

24.1
22.5
18.2
13.4

3,114
2,699
2,690
2,664

737
705
481
338

23.7
26.1
17.9
12.7

Widow(er)s
1999
2000
2001
2002

7,108
6,353
6,063
5,354

1,983
1,574
1,386
809

27.9
24.8
22.9
15.1

4,108
3,854
3,753
3,364

917
738
706
430

Adult children
1999
2000
2001
2002

5,667
5,142
4,860
4,675

1,352
1,254
877
607

23.9
24.4
18.0
13.0

2,553
2,443
2,170
2,011

615
549
396
269

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disability Research file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Data are current through June 2003.
Because a number of applications remain pending for more recent years, the allowance rate will change over time.
Applications with a medical decision may be pending a final nonmedical decision or be subsequently denied for nonmedical reasons.
A revised process was introduced on October 1, 1999, in 10 states, under which initial denials could be appealed directly to the hearing
level without a reconsideration.
Data for 1992–1998 are available for disabled workers only.
SSI = Supplemental Security Income.
a. Rate determined by dividing medical allowances by all medical decisions for that year.
b. Rate for the Social Security portion only.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 135

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Table 55.
Medical decisions at the hearing level or above, by year of application and program, 1992–2002
Decisions on applications
for Social Security only

All decisions

Year

Total

Allowances

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Total

Allowances

Decisions on applications
for both Social Security and SSI

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Total Allowances

Allowance
rate a,b
(percent)

All disabled beneficiaries
1999
2000
2001
2002

255,641
265,565
223,905
83,090

186,313
195,070
168,233
64,691

72.9
73.5
75.1
77.9

140,324
145,579
122,392
47,843

110,634
115,556
99,241
40,115

78.8
79.4
81.1
83.8

115,317
119,986
101,513
35,247

75,679
79,514
68,992
24,576

65.6
66.3
68.0
69.7

Workers
1992
1993
1994

275,863
310,655
323,604

201,359
217,816
220,553

73.0
70.1
68.2

131,624
143,997
156,455

105,371
112,593
119,309

80.1
78.2
76.3

144,239
166,658
167,149

95,988
105,223
101,244

66.5
63.1
60.6

1995
1996
1997
1998

301,914
300,075
261,773
246,681

202,486
204,158
185,011
177,595

67.1
68.0
70.7
72.0

150,879
155,388
138,645
132,670

113,669
116,039
106,966
104,007

75.3
74.7
77.2
78.4

151,035
144,687
123,128
114,011

88,817
88,119
78,045
73,588

58.8
60.9
63.4
64.5

1999
2000
2001
2002

251,642
261,502
220,783
81,966

183,532
192,245
165,985
63,843

72.9
73.5
75.2
77.9

137,286
142,494
119,958
46,917

108,463
113,350
97,451
39,402

79.0
79.5
81.2
84.0

114,356
119,008
100,825
35,049

75,069
78,895
68,534
24,441

65.6
66.3
68.0
69.7

77.6
78.4
80.6
83.4

660
667
450
128

482
492
352
107

73.0
73.8
78.2
83.6

54.5
52.9
53.7
54.0

301
311
238
70

128
127
106
28

42.5
40.8
44.5
40.0

Widow(er)s
1999
2000
2001
2002

2,894
2,919
2,245
852

2,215
2,257
1,799
711

76.5
77.3
80.1
83.5

2,234
2,252
1,795
724

1,733
1,765
1,447
604

Adult children
1999
2000
2001
2002

1,105
1,144
877
272

566
568
449
137

51.2
49.7
51.2
50.4

804
833
639
202

438
441
343
109

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disability Research file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Data are current through September 2003.
Because a number of applications remain pending for more recent years, the allowance rate will change over time.
Applications with a medical decision may be pending a final nonmedical decision or be subsequently denied for nonmedical reasons.
A revised process was introduced on October 1, 1999, in 10 states, under which initial denials could be appealed directly to the hearing
level without a reconsideration.
Data for 1992–1998 are available for disabled workers only.
SSI = Supplemental Security Income.
a. Rate determined by dividing medical allowances by all medical decisions for that year.
b. Rate for Social Security portion only.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

136 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Table 56.
Percentage distribution of final medical allowances, by year of application and reason for allowance,
1992–2002
Total
Year

Number

Percent

Meets level of
severity of listings

Equals level of
severity of listings

Medical and vocational
factors considered

Other

a

All disabled beneficiaries
1999
2000
2001
2002

705,595
753,666
776,982
664,582

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

33.1
31.6
32.2
37.3

6.0
6.3
6.6
7.0

27.1
29.7
32.4
38.9

33.8
32.4
28.8
16.8

Workers
1992
1993
1994

689,111
695,007
671,699

100.0
100.0
100.0

34.3
34.3
34.5

11.1
8.7
6.9

24.3
23.6
25.6

30.3
33.4
32.9

1995
1996
1997
1998

628,127
651,675
601,010
611,668

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

34.5
34.2
35.0
35.6

6.8
7.0
7.6
6.6

26.9
27.4
26.5
27.0

31.9
31.4
30.9
30.8

1999
2000
2001
2002

636,887
682,739
709,629
602,321

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

33.8
32.3
32.9
38.4

6.3
6.6
6.9
7.4

28.4
31.2
33.9
41.1

31.5
29.9
26.3
13.1

2.5
2.5
2.7
2.4

24.6
26.4
28.2
30.3

58.0
58.3
56.2
54.0

3.2
3.1
3.1
3.3

7.4
7.3
8.3
8.5

53.5
54.7
54.3
52.1

Widow(er)s
1999
2000
2001
2002

29,094
29,583
28,667
25,546

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

14.9
12.8
12.9
13.3
Adult children

1999
2000
2001
2002

39,614
41,344
38,686
36,715

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

35.9
35.0
34.3
36.2

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disability Research file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Data for the initial and reconsideration levels are current through June 2003. Data for the hearing level or above are current
through September 2003.
Because a number of applications remain pending for more recent years, the numbers and percentages will change over time.
Applications with a medical decision may be pending a final nonmedical decision or be subsequently denied for nonmedical reasons.
Data include decisions for Social Security–only applications and applications for both Social Security and Supplemental Security Income
(SSI); they do not include SSI-only claims.
Data for 1992–1998 are available for disabled workers only.
a. Includes applications for which the disability was previously established and those for which the basis for the determination is not
available. The majority of applications for which the basis of determination is not available are cases allowed at or above the hearing
level.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 137

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Table 57.
Percentage distribution of final medical denials, by year of application and reason for denial, 1992–2002

Total
Year

Number

Impairment did not or
is not expected to
last 12 months
Percent

Impairment
is not severe

Able to do
usual past work

Able to do
other type of work

Other a

17.8
17.2
16.7
16.9

28.2
28.2
27.8
27.9

30.8
30.2
30.5
30.2

12.9
14.2
15.4
16.0

All disabled beneficiaries
1999
2000
2001
2002

445,078
450,372
472,396
513,958

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

10.3
10.2
9.5
9.1
Workers

1992
1993
1994

487,164
546,532
578,753

100.0
100.0
100.0

10.7
10.4
10.2

22.9
22.7
21.5

28.4
27.6
25.9

29.6
29.8
28.8

8.4
9.5
13.6

1995
1996
1997
1998

547,395
536,883
449,439
422,887

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

10.6
10.3
10.7
10.8

20.8
19.7
18.6
18.3

25.3
24.9
25.8
27.8

29.4
30.8
30.6
30.8

13.8
14.2
14.2
12.3

1999
2000
2001
2002

418,628
424,624
446,591
485,105

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

10.7
10.6
9.9
9.4

17.4
16.8
16.3
16.5

29.3
29.2
28.8
28.9

30.0
29.5
29.8
29.4

12.6
14.0
15.2
15.8

29.1
29.0
27.0
24.8

31.8
31.3
31.3
32.7

22.6
22.4
23.5
24.6

10.8
12.1
13.5
12.9

22.7
22.8
21.2
21.2

0.7
0.7
1.0
0.9

53.3
51.9
53.0
53.3

20.2
21.7
22.2
22.1

Widow(er)s
1999
2000
2001
2002

9,667
8,940
8,840
9,169

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

5.6
5.3
4.8
5.0
Adult children

1999
2000
2001
2002

16,783
16,808
16,965
19,684

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

3.1
2.8
2.6
2.5

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disability Research file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Data for the initial and reconsideration levels are current through June 2003. Data for the hearing level or above are current
through September 2003.
Because a number of applications remain pending for more recent years, the numbers and percentages will change over time.
Applications with a medical decision may be pending a final nonmedical decision or be subsequently denied for nonmedical reasons.
Data include decisions for Social Security–only applications and applications for both Social Security and Supplemental Security Income
(SSI); they do not include SSI-only claims.
Data for 1992–1998 are available for disabled workers only.
a. Applicant has an impairment resulting from drug addiction or alcoholism, provided insufficient medical evidence, failed to cooperate,
failed to follow prescribed treatment, did not want to continue development of the claim, or returned to substantial work before disability
could be established. Also includes cases denied at or above the hearing level for which the basis of determination is not available.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

138 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

Tables
Disabled Beneficiaries
Receiving Social Security,
SSI, or Both

Disabled Beneficiaries Receiving Social Security, SSI, or Both
Table 58.
Number aged 18–64, by program, December 1996–2003
Social Security only
Year

Total

Total

Both Social Security and SSI

Workers Widow(er)s

Adult
children

Total

SSI only

Workers Widow(er)s

Adult
children

Number
1996
1997
1998
1999

7,689,664
7,811,748
8,086,259
8,399,309

4,122,152
4,250,155
4,440,264
4,703,774

-----

-----

-----

2,559,750
2,550,105
2,618,615
2,650,586

1,007,762
1,011,488
1,027,380
1,044,949

-----

-----

-----

2000
2001
2002
2003

8,599,465
8,791,338
9,106,014
9,445,573

4,850,835
4,979,844
5,228,262
5,492,325

-4,495,477
4,738,246
4,997,137

-87,833
87,900
87,203

-396,534
402,116
407,985

2,690,446
2,732,020
2,768,782
2,811,647

1,058,184
1,079,474
1,108,970
1,141,601

-772,562
801,351
833,269

-35,222
34,671
34,101

-271,690
272,948
274,231

Total monthly benefits

a

(millions of dollars)

1996
1997
1998
1999

4,887
5,106
5,379
5,680

3,072
3,245
3,444
3,691

-----

-----

-----

1,222
1,257
1,313
1,346

584
604
622
643

-----

-----

-----

2000
2001
2002
2003

6,058
6,542
6,920
7,416

3,975
4,299
4,629
5,024

-3,976
4,294
4,674

-65
67
69

-258
268
281

1,408
1,491
1,544
1,603

675
719
747
790

-530
554
592

-22
22
22

-167
171
176

Average monthly benefit

b

(dollars)

1996
1997
1998
1999

624.80
637.80
649.90
662.50

744.60
762.80
775.00
784.10

-----

-----

-----

456.00
458.10
467.90
477.60

546.90
557.10
564.30
576.70

-----

-----

-----

2000
2001
2002
2003

689.30
722.84
744.40
768.50

818.80
862.60
884.60
914.10

-883.70
905.40
934.80

-744.80
764.40
790.80

-650.00
666.00
687.30

489.00
506.80
522.50
533.50

594.90
615.20
625.20
638.20

-618.40
626.90
639.90

-595.10
608.30
620.90

-608.70
622.20
635.10

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file and Supplemental
Security Record file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Supplemental Security Income (SSI) counts include recipients of federal SSI, federally administered state supplementation, or
both. Social Security beneficiaries who are entitled to both a primary and a secondary benefit (dual entitlement) are counted only once in
this table.
-- = not available.
a. Includes retroactive SSI payments.
b. Excludes retroactive payments for both programs.
CONTACT: Art Kahn (410) 965-0186 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 141

Disabled Beneficiaries Receiving Social Security, SSI, or Both
Table 59.
Number aged 18–64, by state or other area, December 2003
Widow(er)s

Workers

State or area
All areas

b

Total

Average
Number SSI benefit a
with SSI
(dollars)

Total

Adult children

Average
Number SSI benefit a
with SSI
(dollars)

Total

Average
Number SSI benefit a
with SSI
(dollars)

5,830,406

833,269

184.00

121,304

34,101

190.00

682,216

274,231

236.80

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

147,851
8,680
105,280
90,932
497,419

22,497
1,398
11,129
12,836
134,593

148.90
159.90
161.10
150.10
284.50

3,567
162
1,677
1,975
8,797

1,207
41
347
669
3,675

165.80
187.60
185.00
156.00
304.50

15,536
695
8,092
8,319
58,326

8,196
300
3,047
4,160
37,028

213.00
221.10
213.20
219.50
358.80

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

65,712
60,139
17,663
8,912
357,815

8,583
6,202
1,818
1,637
43,780

151.20
150.60
161.90
170.60
154.60

946
832
224
209
5,887

191
261
45
84
1,497

175.30
176.40
167.00
174.50
165.60

5,313
8,389
1,726
1,217
31,016

2,104
2,129
587
430
12,359

199.10
210.20
195.00
242.90
208.20

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

178,601
16,637
25,377
200,917
126,696

23,981
1,903
3,665
23,043
15,042

143.30
203.80
164.50
170.10
167.20

3,929
318
431
4,427
2,440

1,417
84
87
1,022
449

162.20
195.90
189.40
180.10
166.50

18,564
2,031
2,300
29,106
15,258

9,123
987
911
7,577
3,800

201.70
361.20
194.80
212.40
201.30

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

53,446
47,432
144,256
103,104
41,488

7,828
6,513
23,008
15,954
6,254

165.40
161.20
157.40
158.50
152.30

801
769
4,577
4,153
634

201
174
1,473
1,299
183

152.40
164.60
175.20
166.10
150.20

7,500
5,361
14,750
16,956
3,999

2,379
1,808
7,451
7,909
1,922

188.60
196.20
226.20
227.40
206.10

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

80,230
137,799
214,463
79,788
96,834

9,293
24,923
26,913
9,829
15,251

153.50
183.20
173.00
160.10
147.40

1,474
1,971
4,686
882
2,642

345
755
1,020
189
1,055

165.20
232.50
168.90
184.70
169.20

9,907
15,897
30,144
10,067
10,842

3,232
6,609
11,775
3,056
6,045

191.70
231.70
200.60
197.10
230.90

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

142,751
18,836
29,403
40,111
28,315

18,535
2,530
4,158
4,083
2,581

163.50
157.80
159.60
151.60
152.60

2,761
318
400
564
290

730
87
75
84
52

173.60
169.50
190.40
175.00
125.60

14,539
1,927
3,635
2,325
2,397

5,621
829
1,301
758
750

210.40
192.50
196.50
204.10
196.80

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

139,659
38,086
368,936
224,447
10,009

15,967
5,919
58,430
27,573
1,400

164.10
155.60
207.50
151.50
159.20

2,155
830
7,316
3,780
150

583
263
2,548
1,278
44

188.40
167.90
218.50
165.10
161.10

17,890
3,966
50,407
20,630
1,720

5,463
1,990
23,636
9,288
632

212.90
221.30
273.20
203.50
196.80

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

217,010
77,871
67,173
257,926
26,277

30,156
9,899
9,356
35,730
4,758

172.90
165.60
154.60
181.40
175.70

5,863
1,832
1,073
5,870
322

1,305
484
212
1,610
104

171.80
162.00
167.80
189.50
204.10

31,663
8,192
6,440
34,323
2,700

9,212
3,188
2,295
13,073
1,277

205.20
206.80
197.60
231.20
226.60
(Continued)

142 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

Disabled Beneficiaries Receiving Social Security, SSI, or Both
Table 59.
Number aged 18–64, by state or other area, December 2003—Continued
Workers

State or area

Total

Widow(er)s

Average
Number SSI benefit a
with SSI
(dollars)

Total

Adult children

Average
Number SSI benefit a
with SSI
(dollars)

Total

Average
Number SSI benefit a
with SSI
(dollars)

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

117,977
13,159
163,130
322,153
25,438

12,806
1,960
21,861
45,786
3,159

150.90
167.20
155.80
155.80
161.00

2,447
204
4,099
8,257
357

837
70
1,276
2,385
75

170.40
192.30
174.90
169.80
201.40

12,006
1,732
16,701
37,043
3,048

5,422
801
7,918
15,200
937

200.60
194.00
212.00
214.60
206.00

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

14,169
147,039
107,424
71,722
97,632
8,634

2,547
17,026
14,831
8,825
14,134
1,057

176.80
151.90
159.80
159.60
159.40
162.30

228
3,151
1,664
2,609
1,333
119

86
852
309
604
340
19

163.00
155.70
178.70
161.30
164.60
191.00

1,653
15,432
10,508
9,013
13,906
799

923
6,299
3,428
3,947
4,722
254

217.70
205.50
197.10
223.40
185.50
182.80

147,405

329

206.89

4,895

19

228.74

26,210

143

293.47

Outlying areas

c

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file and Supplemental
Security Record file, 100 percent data.
NOTE: Supplemental Security Income (SSI) counts include recipients of federal SSI, federally administered state supplementation, or
both. Social Security beneficiaries who are entitled to both a primary and a secondary benefit (dual entitlement) are counted only once
in this table.
a. Excludes retroactive payments.
b. Includes beneficiaries with unknown state code.
c. Includes American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, and foreign countries.
CONTACT: Art Kahn (410) 965-0186 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 143

Disabled Beneficiaries Receiving Social Security, SSI, or Both
Table 60.
Number aged 18–64 as a percentage of the resident population aged 18–64, by state,
December 2003
Beneficiaries
Resident population a

Number

Percentage of
resident population

181,847,097

9,266,439

5.1

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

2,800,598
418,931
3,347,032
1,666,019
22,299,613

232,749
14,348
154,050
133,837
955,734

8.3
3.4
4.6
8.0
4.3

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

2,956,566
2,177,308
511,753
387,136
10,197,562

94,904
93,274
24,733
20,226
532,681

3.2
4.3
4.8
5.2
5.2

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

5,561,450
791,120
838,653
7,915,561
3,828,683

281,637
27,937
37,214
358,286
187,450

5.1
3.5
4.4
4.5
4.9

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

1,817,016
1,674,841
2,611,264
2,794,431
830,597

79,709
69,603
249,792
197,950
60,310

4.4
4.2
9.6
7.1
7.3

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

3,505,837
4,089,322
6,304,564
3,201,209
1,770,606

130,946
226,464
354,342
121,406
159,294

3.7
5.5
5.6
3.8
9.0

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

3,537,162
576,687
1,066,064
1,408,970
827,282

211,033
27,722
42,426
55,557
37,022

6.0
4.8
4.0
3.9
4.5

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

5,382,937
1,147,314
12,168,408
5,303,591
393,173

216,034
63,217
675,476
319,858
14,984

4.0
5.5
5.6
6.0
3.8

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

7,103,738
2,172,156
2,256,856
7,632,997
681,318

379,853
121,365
100,431
443,342
41,229

5.3
5.6
4.5
5.8
6.1

State
United States

(Continued)

144 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

Disabled Beneficiaries Receiving Social Security, SSI, or Both
Table 60.
Number aged 18–64 as a percentage of the resident population aged 18–64, by state,
December 2003—Continued
Beneficiaries
State
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

Resident population a

Number

Percentage of
resident population

2,611,916
459,843
3,720,586
13,703,091
1,405,533

174,452
19,751
254,098
532,613
38,531

6.7
4.3
6.8
3.9
2.7

401,529
4,754,136
3,944,281
1,142,233
3,427,418
320,206

21,110
218,070
172,093
124,388
150,764
12,144

5.3
4.6
4.4
10.9
4.4
3.8

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file and Supplemental
Security Record file, 100 percent data; U.S. Census Bureau, 2003 estimates of resident population.
NOTES: Data exclude United States territories and other areas.
Supplemental Security Income (SSI) counts include recipients of federal SSI, federally administered state supplementation, or both. Social
Security beneficiaries who are entitled to both a primary and a secondary benefit (dual entitlement) are counted only once in this table.
a. Population estimates for the United States as of July 1, 2003, as reported by the U.S. Census Bureau.
CONTACT: Art Kahn (410) 965-0186 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 145

Disabled Beneficiaries Receiving Social Security, SSI, or Both
Table 61.
Distribution of beneficiaries aged 18–64, by diagnostic group, December 2003
Social Security only
Diagnostic group

Total

Workers Widow(er)s

Both Social Security and SSI
Adult
children

SSI only

Workers Widow(er)s

Adult
children

833,269

34,101

274,231

Number
Total
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and
metabolic diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming
organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and sense
organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

9,445,573

4,997,137

87,203

407,985 2,811,647

33,807

7,738

119

4,532

16,530

1,966

43

2,879

365,866
158,008
339,572

202,744
88,755
230,675

8,160
705
2,086

1,452
1,413
5,830

110,544
47,782
68,787

38,029
17,729
28,275

3,674
344
593

1,263
1,280
3,326

1,241,921
2,752,508
194,547

186,448
1,325,237
148,186

3,828
20,431
1,700

188,526
56,235
1,028

611,372
967,069
31,030

111,453
332,183
11,557

4,066
7,482
398

136,228
43,871
648

27,567
721,950
114,418
130,129

11,799
526,976
77,784
86,557

135
9,416
942
765

893
2,009
314
887

10,839
133,605
25,394
29,272

2,861
45,584
9,484
11,536

66
3,172
267
256

974
1,188
233
856

1,707,254

1,298,688

23,145

2,628

255,319

118,951

6,377

2,146

850,796
252,948
18,676
18,207
517,399

500,320
163,327
12,308
9,579
120,016

6,014
4,826
178
99
4,654

39,281
463
140
657
101,697

216,235
61,919
4,113
6,311
215,526

61,866
20,285
1,767
1,078
18,665

1,721
1,686
58
26
3,872

25,359
442
112
457
52,969
(Continued)

146 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

Disabled Beneficiaries Receiving Social Security, SSI, or Both
Table 61.
Distribution of beneficiaries aged 18–64, by diagnostic group, December 2003—Continued
Both Social Security and SSI

Social Security only
Diagnostic group

Total

Workers Widow(er)s

Adult
children

SSI only

Workers Widow(er)s

Adult
children

Percent
Total
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and
metabolic diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming
organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and sense
organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

0.4

0.2

0.1

1.1

0.6

0.2

0.1

1.0

3.9
1.7
3.6

4.1
1.8
4.6

9.4
0.8
2.4

0.4
0.3
1.4

3.9
1.7
2.4

4.6
2.1
3.4

10.8
1.0
1.7

0.5
0.5
1.2

13.1
29.1
2.1

3.7
26.5
3.0

4.4
23.4
1.9

46.2
13.8
0.3

21.7
34.4
1.1

13.4
39.9
1.4

11.9
21.9
1.2

49.7
16.0
0.2

0.3
7.6
1.2
1.4

0.2
10.5
1.6
1.7

0.2
10.8
1.1
0.9

0.2
0.5
0.1
0.2

0.4
4.8
0.9
1.0

0.3
5.5
1.1
1.4

0.2
9.3
0.8
0.8

0.4
0.4
0.1
0.3

18.1

26.0

26.5

0.6

9.1

14.3

18.7

0.8

9.0
2.7
0.2
0.2
5.5

10.0
3.3
0.2
0.2
2.4

6.9
5.5
0.2
0.1
5.3

9.6
0.1
a
0.2
24.9

7.7
2.2
0.1
0.2
7.7

7.4
2.4
0.2
0.1
2.2

5.0
4.9
0.2
0.1
11.4

9.2
0.2
a
0.2
19.3

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file and Supplemental
Security Record file, 100 percent data.
NOTE: Supplemental Security Income (SSI) counts include recipients of federal SSI, federally administered state supplementation, or
both. Social Security beneficiaries who are entitled to both a primary and a secondary benefit (dual entitlement) are counted only once in
this table.
a. Less than 0.05 percent.
CONTACT: Art Kahn (410) 965-0186 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 147

Tables
Noninstitutionalized
Disabled Beneficiaries:
Survey of Income
and Program Participation

Notes
The Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) is a household survey of the noninstitutionalized resident population of the United States conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau. The survey was designed to improve the measurement of
the economic situation of persons, families, and households in the United States and to provide a tool for managing and
evaluating government transfer and service programs.
The 2001 SIPP panel consists of 9 interviews, or waves, each of which gathered 4 months of retrospective data. The initial
sample includes approximately 36,700 households, divided into 4 rotation groups. The SIPP has been matched to the Social
Security Administration’s (SSA’s) administrative records for respondents who provided their Social Security number. The
administrative records provide data on the receipt and amount of Supplemental Security Income (SSI) and Social Security
benefits for all months covered by the SIPP panel. For SIPP respondents who did not provide their Social Security number,
benefit receipt and amounts are taken from the SIPP. All other characteristics and income amounts are taken from the SIPP.
The tables in this section use data from wave 2 of the 2001 SIPP. Social Security Disability Insurance beneficiaries are identified as of reference month 4 of the wave 2 interviews, which corresponds to May, June, July, or August 2001, depending on
the rotation group. Sample cases are weighted using SIPP person weights. In this year’s tables, the weights are adjusted by
type of beneficiary so that the weighted total number of Social Security Disability Insurance beneficiaries matches the estimated number of noninstitutionalized Social Security Disability Insurance beneficiaries in SSA administrative records. Beneficiary characteristics, such as age, sex, race, education, marital status, living arrangements, and health insurance, reflect
reference month 4. Income and poverty data are based on all 4 months included in the wave 2 interviews and thus cover a
4-month period between February 2001 and August 2001, depending on the rotation group. The poverty thresholds are provided in the SIPP for the 4 months covered in wave 2 and are adjusted for family size and composition.
The use of a single wave, or 4 months, of data for income and poverty estimates is a significant change from previous years,
in which annual income and poverty data were reported. The single-wave approach, and particularly the use of wave 2, was
followed for several reasons: Social Security numbers for matching to SSA administrative records were collected in wave 2;
the sample in the 2001 SIPP panel was cut between waves 1 and 2; and sample attrition is less of a concern early in a
panel.
An additional change from the SIPP-based estimates published in the 2002 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security
Disability Insurance Program is the method of defining Disability Insurance beneficiaries. In the 2002 publication, estimates
were based on actual payments received in a given month, which may include lump-sum payments of retroactive benefits.
This year, the estimates are based on payment eligibility, which is consistent with the definition of beneficiaries used elsewhere in the report.
In tabulations of Medicaid coverage for SSI recipients, the SIPP Medicaid variable has been recoded to reflect the fact that
SSI recipients in certain states, sometimes referred to as Section 1634 states, are automatically covered by Medicaid.
Thirty-two states and the District of Columbia provide automatic Medicaid coverage for SSI recipients, accounting for
approximately 78 percent of all SSI recipients.
SIPP and SSA counts of disabled beneficiaries differ because the SIPP excludes people living in institutions or outside the
continental United States. In addition, the match rate between the SIPP and SSA records is not perfect; thus, self-reported
benefit information must be used for individuals who could not be matched to SSA records. Furthermore, the SIPP estimates
are based on a sample and therefore are subject to sampling error. Standard errors can be used to measure this sampling
variability and to determine the statistical significance of the estimates. Various sources of nonsampling error also may be
important.
Because the SIPP uses a complex sample design, it is inappropriate to calculate standard errors assuming a simple random
sample. Doing so will result in estimated standard errors that are biased downward. Readers interested in information about
SIPP variance estimates are referred to the SIPP Users’ Guide, available on the SIPP Web site at http://www.sipp.census.
gov/sipp/usrguide/sipp2001.pdf. The Users’ Guide provides information on direct calculation of standard errors for SIPP
estimates. It also provides detailed instructions for calculating standard errors using generalized variance parameters.
Because of concerns about sampling variability and statistical reliability, distributions for which the base is fewer than
150,000 weighted cases are not shown. In addition, individual cells that contain less than 1.0 percent of a distribution are
rounded to zero. Therefore, some distributions will not sum to the total.

Noninstitutionalized Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 62.
Distribution, by selected personal characteristics, December 2001
Number

Percentage of all beneficiaries

Total

Workers

Total

Workers

5,777,265

5,021,777

100.0

100.0

Sex
Men
Women

3,014,079
2,763,187

2,700,928
2,320,849

52.2
47.8

53.8
46.2

Race
White
Black
American Indian, Alaska Native
Asian, Pacific Islander

4,440,305
1,187,309
69,954
79,697

3,891,451
989,515
66,967
73,845

76.9
20.6
1.2
1.4

77.5
19.7
1.3
1.5

Ethnicity
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic

550,336
5,226,929

466,823
4,554,954

9.5
90.5

9.3
90.7

Marital status
Married
Widowed
Divorced or separated
Never married

2,493,490
441,994
1,301,189
1,540,593

2,435,673
242,463
1,273,787
1,069,854

43.2
7.7
22.5
26.7

48.5
4.8
25.4
21.3

Years of education
0–8
9–11
12
13–15
16 or more

708,150
848,884
2,212,433
1,454,797
553,001

486,667
729,622
1,885,525
1,395,925
524,038

12.3
14.7
38.3
25.2
9.6

9.7
14.5
37.6
27.8
10.4

Relationship to householder
Householder
Spouse
Child
Grandchild
Parent
Sibling
Other relative
Other nonrelative

3,370,987
1,030,976
714,987
0
106,616
135,914
97,499
313,160

3,092,060
1,011,721
419,582
0
62,148
81,704
74,313
273,125

58.4
17.9
12.4
0.1
1.9
2.4
1.7
5.4

61.6
20.2
8.4
0.1
1.2
1.6
1.5
5.4

Health insurance a
Medicaid
Medicare
Private
None

2,224,650
3,237,302
2,406,953
537,687

1,712,883
2,828,038
2,200,805
498,842

38.5
56.0
41.7
9.3

34.1
56.3
43.8
9.9

Source of income a
Public assistance
Supplemental Security Income
Other
Earnings
Property income
Other

1,219,905
1,526,269
1,287,381
1,643,520
1,394,892

826,982
1,116,829
1,116,572
1,527,355
1,282,030

21.1
26.4
22.3
28.5
24.1

16.5
22.2
22.2
30.4
25.5

Characteristic
All beneficiaries

(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 151

Noninstitutionalized Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 62.
Distribution, by selected personal characteristics, December 2001—Continued
Number
Total

Workers

Total

Workers

137,268
68,568
109,145
279,175
999,972
658,695
540,878
444,514
412,388
288,747
1,837,916

126,516
63,383
83,288
240,287
739,141
574,236
448,378
396,720
380,887
279,128
1,689,813

2.4
1.2
1.9
4.8
17.3
11.4
9.4
7.7
7.1
5.0
31.8

2.5
1.3
1.7
4.8
14.7
11.4
8.9
7.9
7.6
5.6
33.7

Characteristic
Total personal income in wave 2 b (dollars)
Less than 500
500–999
1,000–1,499
1,500–1,999
2,000–2,499
2,500–2,999
3,000–3,499
3,500–3,999
4,000–4,499
4,500–4,999
5,000 or more

Percentage of all beneficiaries

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, SSA administrative records, matched to U.S. Census Bureau, 2001 Survey of Income and
Program Participation, wave 2, reference month 4.
NOTES: Individuals receiving disability benefits in reference month 4 of wave 2 of the 2001 SIPP are identified using SSA administrative
data for those who provided a valid Social Security number and using self-reported SIPP data for those who did not provide a valid
number. The unweighted sample size is 1,514 cases for all disabled beneficiaries and 1,389 for disabled workers. Disabled widow(er)s
and disabled adult children are not shown separately because the unweighted sample size is too small to support statistically reliable
estimates.
Cells that contain less than 1.0 percent of all beneficiaries are rounded to zero because of concerns about sampling variability. Therefore,
some distributions will not add to the total.
a. Individuals may be counted in more than one category.
b. Data are based on the sum of the 4 months included in wave 2. This represents a change from tables for previous years, in which
annual income data were reported.
CONTACT: Paul Davies (410) 966-0299 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

152 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

Noninstitutionalized Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 63.
Social Security as a percentage of personal income, by selected characteristics,
December 2001
Percentage distribution
Characteristic

Number

Percentage
of total

Total

Under 25%
of income

25–49%
of income

50–74%
of income

75–99%
of income

100% of
income

All disabled beneficiaries
Total

5,777,265

100.0

100.0

20.7

12.7

17.6

21.2

27.8

Sex
Men
Women

3,014,079
2,763,187

52.2
47.8

100.0
100.0

22.3
18.9

13.1
12.3

14.9
20.7

19.3
23.4

30.5
24.8

Age
Under 25
25–34
35–44
45–54
55 or older

171,455
563,498
1,199,514
1,968,254
1,874,543

3.0
9.8
20.8
34.1
32.5

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

37.8
23.6
26.7
19.8
15.3

20.3
14.0
14.3
12.7
10.5

7.2
19.6
16.1
16.9
19.7

7.5
16.3
16.4
25.0
23.1

27.2
26.5
26.4
25.5
31.4

Race
White
Black
American Indian, Alaska Native
Asian, Pacific Islander

4,440,305
1,187,309
69,954
79,697

76.9
20.6
1.2
1.4

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

21.2
19.7
a
a

12.2
13.2
a
a

16.9
18.6
a
a

23.0
15.2
a
a

26.7
33.4
a
a

Ethnicity
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic

550,336
5,226,929

9.5
90.5

100.0
100.0

28.4
19.9

10.1
13.0

12.2
18.2

14.2
22.0

35.0
27.0

Marital status
Married
Widowed
Divorced or separated
Never married

2,493,490
441,994
1,301,189
1,540,593

43.2
7.7
22.5
26.7

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

22.9
16.0
18.1
20.6

11.5
9.2
13.4
15.0

12.6
39.2
20.3
17.5

24.0
20.3
19.1
19.0

29.1
15.4
29.2
27.9

Years of education
0–8
9–11
12
13–15
16 or more

708,150
848,884
2,212,433
1,454,797
553,001

12.3
14.7
38.3
25.2
9.6

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

16.8
14.1
20.2
22.4
33.1

10.3
10.5
13.1
12.4
18.1

22.3
20.1
17.8
15.6
12.9

15.7
18.3
22.2
24.0
22.0

35.0
37.1
26.8
25.6
13.9

Living arrangement
Lives alone
Lives with relatives
Lives only with nonrelatives

1,149,840
4,317,837
309,589

19.9
74.7
5.4

100.0
100.0
100.0

15.4
22.3
17.6

14.5
12.0
16.1

21.7
16.0
25.4

24.3
20.9
14.5

24.1
28.8
26.6

Disabled workers
Total
Sex
Men
Women

5,021,777

100.0

100.0

20.2

12.9

15.8

22.1

28.9

2,700,928
2,320,849

53.8
46.2

100.0
100.0

21.5
18.7

12.8
13.1

14.3
17.7

20.3
24.3

31.1
26.3
(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 153

Noninstitutionalized Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 63.
Social Security as a percentage of personal income, by selected characteristics,
December 2001—Continued
Percentage distribution
Characteristic

Number

Percentage
of total

Total

Under 25%
of income

25–49%
of income

50–74%
of income

75–99%
of income

100% of
income

Disabled workers (cont.)
Age
Under 25
25–34
35–44
45–54
55 or older

80,553
386,793
1,038,800
1,752,882
1,762,749

1.6
7.7
20.7
34.9
35.1

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

a
24.7
25.0
20.4
15.2

a
16.6
14.7
12.5
10.8

a
12.8
16.4
13.8
18.6

a
16.8
17.0
26.6
22.9

a
29.2
27.0
26.8
32.5

Race
White
Black
American Indian, Alaska Native
Asian, Pacific Islander

3,891,451
989,515
66,967
73,845

77.5
19.7
1.3
1.5

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

20.9
18.2
a
a

12.3
14.1
a
a

15.4
14.9
a
a

23.9
16.5
a
a

27.5
36.4
a
a

Ethnicity
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic

466,823
4,554,954

9.3
90.7

100.0
100.0

25.3
19.7

10.1
13.2

12.9
16.2

14.7
22.9

37.0
28.1

Marital status
Married
Widowed
Divorced or separated
Never married

2,435,673
242,463
1,273,787
1,069,854

48.5
4.8
25.4
21.3

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

22.4
15.5
17.6
19.3

11.5
16.8
13.5
14.7

12.6
25.4
19.9
16.3

24.5
19.8
19.2
20.6

29.0
22.5
29.8
29.0

Years of education
0–8
9–11
12
13–15
16 or more

486,667
729,622
1,885,525
1,395,925
524,038

9.7
14.5
37.6
27.8
10.4

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

16.9
14.5
18.4
22.0
32.8

11.5
11.4
13.1
12.6
16.8

15.7
15.6
17.0
15.3
13.6

18.1
20.0
22.1
24.7
22.1

37.9
38.5
29.3
25.5
14.7

Living arrangement
Lives alone
Lives with relatives
Lives only with nonrelatives

1,044,469
3,707,754
269,554

20.8
73.8
5.4

100.0
100.0
100.0

14.5
21.9
19.0

14.8
12.3
14.4

19.0
14.6
21.2

25.7
21.7
14.8

26.1
29.6
30.5

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, SSA administrative records, matched to U.S. Census Bureau, 2001 Survey of Income and
Program Participation, wave 2, reference month 4.
NOTES: Individuals receiving disability benefits in reference month 4 of wave 2 of the 2001 SIPP are identified using SSA administrative
data for those who provided a valid Social Security number and using self-reported SIPP data for those who did not provide a valid
number. The unweighted sample size is 1,514 cases for all disabled beneficiaries and 1,389 for disabled workers. Disabled widow(er)s
and disabled adult children are not shown separately because the unweighted sample size is too small to support statistically reliable
estimates.
Cells that contain less than 1.0 percent of all beneficiaries are rounded to zero because of concerns about sampling variability. Therefore,
some distributions will not add to the total.
Personal income data are based on the 4 months included in wave 2 of the 2001 SIPP. This represents a change from tables for previous
years, in which annual income data were reported.
a. Sample size is too small to support statistically reliable estimates. Distributions for which the base is fewer than 150,000 weighted
cases are not shown.
CONTACT: Paul Davies (410) 966-0299 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

154 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

Noninstitutionalized Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 64.
Distribution, by household and family characteristics, December 2001
Number
Characteristic

Percentage of all beneficiaries

Total

Workers

Total

Workers

5,777,265

5,021,777

100.0

100.0

2,831,071
267,032
1,105,663

2,594,974
218,973
792,601

49.0
4.6
19.1

51.7
4.4
15.8

771,521
762,361
0

714,338
671,468
0

13.4
13.2
0

14.2
13.4
0

3,570,146
2,207,119

3,121,776
1,900,001

61.8
38.2

62.2
37.8

360,529

310,431

6.2

6.2

Household receipt of a —
Energy assistance
Housing assistance
Food stamps

331,546
247,775
1,025,286

269,639
193,185
828,981

5.7
4.3
17.8

5.4
3.9
16.5

Household size
1 person
2 persons
3–4 persons
5 or more persons

1,149,840
2,206,623
1,819,890
600,912

1,044,469
2,036,483
1,446,651
494,174

19.9
38.2
31.5
10.4

20.8
40.6
28.8
9.8

Family size
1 person
2 persons
3–4 persons
5 or more persons

1,646,811
1,956,850
1,636,164
537,440

1,474,710
1,811,651
1,299,655
435,760

28.5
33.9
28.3
9.3

29.4
36.1
25.9
8.7

Under age 18 in family
None
1 person
2 persons
3–4 persons
5 or more persons

4,382,538
661,458
405,656
286,758
0

3,853,649
551,426
350,144
225,703
0

75.9
11.5
7.0
5.0
0

76.7
11.0
7.0
4.5
0

Total household income in wave 2 b (dollars)
Less than 2,500
2,500–4,999
5,000–7,499
7,500–9,999
10,000–14,999
15,000–19,999
20,000 or more

396,603
909,093
946,869
721,602
1,149,663
662,221
991,214

358,895
807,594
745,531
625,267
1,023,142
567,917
893,431

6.9
15.7
16.4
12.5
19.9
11.5
17.2

7.2
16.1
14.9
12.5
20.4
11.3
17.8

All beneficiaries
Household type
Family
Married couple present
No married couple, male householder
No married couple, female householder
Nonfamily
Male householder
Female householder
Group quarters
Ownership status of living quarters
Owned
Not owned
Residence in public housing

(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 155

Noninstitutionalized Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 64.
Distribution, by household and family characteristics, December 2001—Continued
Number
Total

Workers

Total

Workers

530,713
1,087,008
997,029
695,567
997,817
582,716
886,416

455,848
977,045
796,269
609,334
890,870
503,778
788,633

9.2
18.8
17.3
12.0
17.3
10.1
15.3

9.1
19.5
15.9
12.1
17.7
10.0
15.7

Characteristic
Total family income in wave 2 b (dollars)
Less than 2,500
2,500–4,999
5,000–7,499
7,500–9,999
10,000–14,999
15,000–19,999
20,000 or more

Percentage of all beneficiaries

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, SSA administrative records, matched to U.S. Census Bureau, 2001 Survey of Income and
Program Participation, wave 2, reference month 4.
NOTES: Individuals receiving disability benefits in reference month 4 of wave 2 of the 2001 SIPP are identified using SSA administrative
data for those who provided a valid Social Security number and using self-reported SIPP data for those who did not provide a valid
number. The unweighted sample size is 1,514 cases for all disabled beneficiaries and 1,389 for disabled workers. Disabled widow(er)s
and disabled adult children are not shown separately because the unweighted sample size is too small to support statistically reliable
estimates.
Cells that contain less than 1.0 percent of all beneficiaries are rounded to zero because of concerns about sampling variability. Therefore,
some distributions will not add to the total.
A family is a group of two or more persons related by birth, marriage, or adoption and residing together. A household includes related
family members and all the unrelated persons, if any, such as lodgers, foster children, wards, or employees who share the housing unit.
A person living alone in a housing unit or a group of unrelated persons sharing a housing unit as partners is also counted as a household.
a. Individuals may be counted in more than one category.
b. Data are based on the sum of the 4 months included in wave 2. This represents a change from tables for previous years, in which
annual income data were reported.
CONTACT: Paul Davies (410) 966-0299 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

156 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

Noninstitutionalized Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 65.
Percentage distribution of family income, by source and selected characteristics,
December 2001
Public assistance

Characteristic

Total

Social
Security

Supplemental
Security
Income

Other

Earnings

Property
income

Other

All beneficiaries
Total

100.0

45.0

6.1

1.4

34.8

1.5

11.0

Sex
Men
Women

100.0
100.0

45.8
44.2

4.9
7.5

1.2
1.7

35.1
34.5

1.6
1.5

11.5
10.6

Age
Under 25
25–34
35–44
45–54
55 or older

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

24.5
41.0
41.5
44.6
50.8

13.6
8.7
6.9
6.3
4.0

2.0
1.5
2.0
1.5
1.0

50.8
38.6
37.7
36.8
28.4

0
0
1.3
1.3
2.2

8.9
9.4
10.7
9.5
13.6

Race
White
Black
American Indian, Alaska Native
Asian, Pacific Islander

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

44.4
47.2
a
a

5.0
10.0
a
a

1.1
2.6
a
a

36.1
31.4
a
a

1.9
0
a
a

11.5
8.6
a
a

Ethnicity
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic

100.0
100.0

41.5
45.4

8.7
5.9

0
1.5

40.2
34.3

0
1.6

8.0
11.4

Marital status
Married
Widowed
Divorced or separated
Never married

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

34.4
49.3
57.1
50.9

2.8
14.4
6.6
8.7

0
2.3
2.9
1.6

50.1
22.2
19.6
26.6

1.7
0
0
2.0

10.7
11.0
13.0
10.1

Years of education
0–8
9–11
12
13–15
16 or more

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

50.5
49.2
43.8
45.0
36.7

10.7
7.6
6.4
4.5
1.1

1.3
0
1.6
1.8
0

27.0
31.4
36.0
36.3
41.6

1.7
0
1.4
1.4
3.3

8.8
10.3
10.7
11.0
16.5

Living arrangement
Lives alone
Lives with relatives
Lives only with nonrelatives

100.0
100.0
100.0

65.0
38.5
61.8

8.1
5.3
10.2

1.5
1.3
3.1

13.0
41.9
17.5

1.0
1.8
0

11.5
11.2
7.3

Disabled workers
Total
Sex
Men
Women

100.0

45.4

4.4

1.2

36.2

1.5

11.3

100.0
100.0

46.4
44.2

3.7
5.2

1.0
1.4

35.7
36.7

1.4
1.6

11.7
10.9
(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 157

Noninstitutionalized Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 65.
Percentage distribution of family income, by source and selected characteristics,
December 2001—Continued
Public assistance

Characteristic

Total

Social
Security

Supplemental
Security
Income

Other

Earnings

Property
income

Other

Disabled workers (cont.)
Age
Under 25
25–34
35–44
45–54
55 or older

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

a
38.2
41.6
44.8
51.0

a
6.2
5.0
4.4
3.3

a
1.5
1.7
1.5
0

a
42.9
39.8
38.4
29.1

a
0
0
1.1
2.3

a
10.3
11.0
9.7
13.9

Race
White
Black
American Indian, Alaska Native
Asian, Pacific Islander

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

44.6
48.7
a
a

3.4
7.6
a
a

1.0
2.0
a
a

37.5
32.3
a
a

1.8
0
a
a

11.7
9.1
a
a

Ethnicity
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic

100.0
100.0

43.6
45.6

5.0
4.4

0
1.3

41.5
35.6

1.0
1.5

8.4
11.6

Marital status
Married
Widowed
Divorced or separated
Never married

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

34.8
52.2
57.8
53.2

2.3
6.6
6.0
6.9

0
0
2.7
1.7

50.0
26.8
19.4
26.8

1.7
1.5
0
1.6

10.9
12.7
13.2
9.8

Years of education
0–8
9–11
12
13–15
16 or more

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

51.0
51.1
44.1
45.5
36.5

7.5
7.0
4.1
3.6
1.1

0
1.0
1.3
1.7
0

31.4
30.9
37.7
36.6
41.1

0
0
1.4
1.4
3.5

9.0
9.2
11.3
11.2
17.0

Living arrangement
Lives alone
Lives with relatives
Lives only with nonrelatives

100.0
100.0
100.0

66.8
38.1
62.9

7.2
3.5
7.0

1.6
1.0
3.1

12.8
43.9
19.6

1.0
1.7
0

10.5
11.9
7.3

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, SSA administrative records, matched to U.S. Census Bureau, 2001 Survey of Income and
Program Participation, wave 2, reference month 4.
NOTES: Individuals receiving disability benefits in reference month 4 of wave 2 of the 2001 SIPP are identified using SSA administrative
data for those who provided a valid Social Security number and using self-reported SIPP data for those who did not provide a valid
number. The unweighted sample size is 1,514 cases for all disabled beneficiaries and 1,389 for disabled workers. Disabled widow(er)s
and disabled adult children are not shown separately because the unweighted sample size is too small to support statistically reliable
estimates.
Cells that contain less than 1.0 percent of all beneficiaries are rounded to zero because of concerns about sampling variability. Therefore,
some distributions will not add to the total.
Family income data are based on the 4 months included in wave 2 of the 2001 SIPP. This represents a change from tables for previous
years, in which annual income data were reported.
a. Sample size is too small to support statistically reliable estimates. Distributions for which the base is fewer than 150,000 weighted
cases are not shown.
CONTACT: Paul Davies (410) 966-0299 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

158 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

Noninstitutionalized Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 66.
Poverty status, by selected characteristics, December 2001
Family income relative to poverty threshold
Under 100%
Characteristic

Total

Subtotal

Under
50%

50–99% 100–124% 125–149% 150–199% 200–299%

300%
or more

All beneficiaries
Total

5,777,265

20.2

2.7

17.5

8.9

7.4

13.8

20.5

29.2

Sex
Men
Women

3,014,079
2,763,187

16.6
24.1

2.2
3.3

14.4
20.9

8.4
9.5

7.1
7.7

14.2
13.3

22.9
17.8

30.8
27.5

Age
Under 25
25–34
35–44
45–54
55 or older

171,455
563,498
1,199,514
1,968,254
1,874,543

19.5
19.3
22.6
19.0
20.3

3.0
2.9
4.3
1.7
2.6

16.4
16.4
18.3
17.3
17.6

0
9.1
8.2
9.6
9.5

9.4
9.2
8.5
6.2
7.3

20.8
13.1
13.9
13.6
13.5

20.7
21.3
21.1
20.1
20.2

29.6
28.1
25.7
31.6
29.3

4,440,305
1,187,309

18.4
26.0

1.9
5.9

16.6
20.1

7.4
14.3

7.1
8.9

13.2
16.6

21.0
17.6

32.7
16.6

69,954

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

79,697

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

Ethnicity
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic

550,336
5,226,929

25.3
19.7

5.6
2.4

19.7
17.3

6.5
9.2

8.7
7.3

18.3
13.3

19.4
20.6

21.8
30.0

Marital status
Married
Widowed
Divorced or
Never married

2,493,490
441,994
1,301,189
1,540,593

10.1
35.6
31.9
22.2

1.4
5.2
4.7
2.4

8.7
30.5
27.2
19.8

6.0
15.8
12.0
9.1

6.1
5.2
9.9
8.1

13.8
8.2
13.6
15.4

21.6
24.9
14.2
22.6

42.4
10.3
18.4
22.5

Years of education
0–8
9–11
12
13–15
16 or more

708,150
848,884
2,212,433
1,454,797
553,001

29.4
24.8
19.0
18.7
10.2

5.5
4.9
1.3
2.8
1.2

24.0
20.0
17.7
15.9
9.0

10.8
12.5
9.7
6.2
5.5

8.4
10.0
7.1
6.7
5.2

13.2
12.6
13.8
15.6
11.5

21.5
20.1
21.7
20.0
16.0

16.8
19.9
28.8
32.8
51.6

Race
White
Black
American Indian,
Alaska Native
Asian, Pacific
Islander

Disabled workers
Total
Sex
Men
Women

5,021,777

19.6

2.5

17.1

8.5

7.5

13.9

20.2

30.3

2,700,928
2,320,849

15.9
24.0

2.1
2.9

13.7
21.1

8.7
8.3

7.6
7.5

14.3
13.5

23.0
16.9

30.6
29.8
(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 159

Noninstitutionalized Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 66.
Poverty status, by selected characteristics, December 2001—Continued
Family income relative to poverty threshold
Under 100%
Characteristic

Total

Subtotal

Under
50%

50–99% 100–124% 125–149% 150–199% 200–299%

300%
or more

Disabled workers (cont.)
Age
Under 25
25–34
35–44
45–54
55 or older

80,553
386,793
1,038,800
1,752,882
1,762,749

a
21.1
21.8
19.0
18.8

a
0
5.0
1.9
1.8

a
20.4
16.9
17.1
17.1

a
9.1
8.7
8.1
9.2

a
8.9
8.1
6.7
7.3

a
14.1
14.0
13.5
14.3

a
23.0
22.2
19.1
19.3

a
23.7
25.1
33.6
31.1

3,891,451
989,515

17.9
25.3

2.0
4.3

15.9
21.0

7.2
13.5

7.4
8.5

13.3
17.2

20.1
19.7

34.0
15.9

66,967

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

73,845

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

Ethnicity
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic

466,823
4,554,954

24.0
19.2

6.6
2.0

17.3
17.1

6.2
8.8

9.1
7.4

18.6
13.4

19.6
20.2

22.5
31.1

Marital status
Married
Widowed
Divorced or
Never married

2,435,673
242,463
1,273,787
1,069,854

9.3
34.3
31.9
25.2

1.1
2.2
4.8
2.9

8.2
32.1
27.2
22.2

6.1
10.2
11.5
10.1

6.2
7.3
9.9
7.6

13.8
9.1
13.9
15.3

22.1
20.3
14.5
22.4

42.5
18.8
18.3
19.3

Years of education
0–8
9–11
12
13–15
16 or more

486,667
729,622
1,885,525
1,395,925
524,038

26.1
25.5
18.9
18.6
10.7

4.4
4.2
1.5
2.7
1.2

21.7
21.3
17.4
15.9
9.5

10.6
14.5
8.2
6.2
5.8

9.7
11.7
6.4
6.7
5.5

14.3
13.6
14.2
14.7
11.0

22.3
14.5
23.1
20.4
14.7

16.9
20.2
29.2
33.4
52.3

Race
White
Black
American Indian,
Alaska Native
Asian, Pacific
Islander

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, SSA administrative records, matched to U.S. Census Bureau, 2001 Survey of Income and
Program Participation, wave 2, reference month 4.
NOTES: Individuals receiving disability benefits in reference month 4 of wave 2 of the 2001 SIPP are identified using SSA administrative
data for those who provided a valid Social Security number and using self-reported SIPP data for those who did not provide a valid
number. The unweighted sample size is 1,514 cases for all disabled beneficiaries and 1,389 for disabled workers. Disabled widow(er)s
and disabled adult children are not shown separately because the unweighted sample size is too small to support statistically reliable
estimates.
Cells that contain less than 1.0 percent of all beneficiaries are rounded to zero because of concerns about sampling variability. Therefore,
some distributions will not add to the total.
Family income data and poverty thresholds are based on the 4 months included in wave 2 of the 2001 SIPP. This represents a change
from tables for previous years, in which annual income and poverty data were reported.
a. Sample size is too small to support statistically reliable estimates. Distributions for which the base is fewer than 150,000 weighted
cases are not shown.
CONTACT: Paul Davies (410) 966-0299 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

160 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

Appendix and Glossary

Appendix:
Sampling Variability
Estimates based on sample data may differ
from the figures that would have been
obtained had all, rather than specified samples, of the records been used. These differences are termed sampling variability. The
standard error is a measure of the sampling
variability. About 68 percent of all possible
probability samples selected with the same
specifications will give estimates within one
standard error of the figure obtained from a
compilation of all records. Similarly, approximately 90 percent will give estimates within
1.645 standard errors, about 95 percent will
give estimates within two standard errors, and
about 99 percent will give estimates within two
and one-half standard errors. The standard
error of an estimate depends on the design
elements such as the method of sampling,
sample size, and the estimation process.
Because of the large number of data
cells tabulated from the sample files, it is not
practical to calculate the standard error for
every possible cell. However, standard errors
for a large number of cells were estimated.
These estimates were used to fit regression
curves to provide estimates of approximate
standard errors associated with tabulated
counts and proportions.
The tables showing the sampling variability provide a general order of magnitude
for similar estimates from the various sample
files. Table A-1 presents approximate standard
errors for the estimated number of persons
from the 1 percent and the 10 percent files.
The reliability of an estimated percentage
depends on both the size of the percentage
and on the size of the total on which the percentage is based. Data in Table A-2 provide
approximations of the standard errors of the
estimated percentage of persons in the 1 percent and 10 percent files. The standard errors
are expressed in percentage points and the
bases shown are in terms of inflated data.

Table A-1.
Approximations of standard errors of estimated
number of persons
Size of estimate (inflated)

Standard error

1 percent file

500
1,000
2,500
5,000
7,500
10,000
25,000
50,000
75,000
100,000
250,000
500,000
750,000
1,000,000
5,000,000
10,000,000
25,000,000
50,000,000
75,000,000

250
300
500
800
900
1,100
1,700
2,400
3,000
3,400
5,400
7,800
9,600
11,100
25,800
36,900
57,700
76,100
82,900
10 percent file

100
500
1,000
5,000
10,000
50,000
100,000
500,000
1,000,000
2,000,000
3,000,000
5,000,000
10,000,000
20,000,000

30
70
100
225
300
700
1,000
2,200
3,200
4,300
5,300
6,500
8,500
9,300

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 163

Table A-2.
Approximations of standard errors of estimated
percentage of persons
Size of base
(inflated)

2 or 98

5 or 95 10 or 90 25 or 75

50

1 percent file

1,000
10,000
50,000
100,000
500,000
1,000,000
5,000,000
10,000,000
50,000,000
100,000,000

4.7
1.5
0.7
0.5
0.2
0.1
0.1
a

7.3
2.3
1.0
0.7
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.1

10.1
3.2
1.4
1.0
0.4
0.3
0.1
0.1
a

14.5
4.6
2.1
1.5
0.7
0.5
0.2
0.2
0.1

16.8
5.3
2.4
1.7
0.8
0.5
0.2
0.2
0.1

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

6.8
4.8
3.0
1.5
0.7
0.5
0.2
0.2
0.1

10 percent file

500
1,000
2,500
10,000
50,000
100,000
500,000
1,000,000
5,000,000
10,000,000
50,000,000

1.9
1.3
0.8
0.4
0.2
0.1
a

3.0
2.1
1.3
0.6
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.1

4.1
2.9
1.8
0.9
0.4
0.3
0.1
0.1

5.9
4.1
2.6
1.3
0.6
0.4
0.2
0.1

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a. Less than 0.05 percent.

164 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

Glossary
administrative law judge (ALJ). An official of the Social Security
Administration's (SSA's) Office of Hearings and Appeals who is specially
qualified by education and experience to hold hearings and make independent
decisions regarding eligibility for SSA programs on the basis of all evidence
and testimony. ALJs conduct impartial hearings and issue decisions to
claimants who have appealed previous determinations by SSA. See also
administrative review process.
administrative review process. The procedures followed by the Social Security
Administration (SSA) in determining one's rights under title II and title XVI of
the Social Security Act. The administrative review process consists of several
steps, which must usually be requested in the following order within certain
time periods: initial determination, reconsideration, decision of the
administrative law judge, and a review by SSA's Appeals Council.
age. In tables showing beneficiaries in current payment status, the age
classification is based on the beneficiary's current age. In tables showing
awards, age is the beneficiary's age in the month of award.
allowance. A determination by the Disability Determination Services, an
administrative law judge, or the Appeals Council that an applicant meets the
medical definition of disability under the law. See also disability.
allowance rate. The percentage of allowed disability applications in a given time
period calculated as the number of medically allowed applications divided by
the total number of applications with a medical decision. At the hearing level,
allowance rates are computed either as a percentage of dispositions
(including dismissals) or as a percentage of decisions (excluding dismissals).
In this publication, hearing level allowance rates are computed as a
percentage of dispositions. An allowance rate provides a narrower view of the
disability program than does an award rate because it excludes nonmedical
determinations from its base.
Appeals Council. The organization within the Social Security Administration's
Office of Hearings and Appeals that makes the final decision in the
administrative review process. See also administrative review process.
auxiliary benefit. A monthly benefit payable to a spouse or child of a retired or
disabled worker (dependents benefit) or to a survivor of a deceased worker
(survivors benefit).
average. See mean.
average current earnings. Earnings used to determine whether the workers'
compensation or public disability benefit offset applies. Average current
earnings are defined as the highest of the following:
• The average monthly earnings used to figure a person's Social Security
disability benefit.
Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 165

• The average monthly earnings from any work covered by Social Security
that a person did (including self-employment) during the 5 highest
consecutive years after 1950.
• The average monthly earnings from work or self-employment during the year
a person became disabled or in the highest year of earnings that a person
had during the 5-year period just before that person became disabled.
(Divide the total year's earnings by 12 to get the average current earnings.)
All earnings covered by Social Security, including amounts above the maximum taxable by Social Security, may be used when figuring average current
earnings. See also workers' compensation and public disability benefit
offset.
average indexed monthly earnings (AIME). The amount of earnings used in
determining the primary insurance amount (PIA) for most workers who attain
age 62, become disabled, or die after 1978. A worker's actual past earnings
are adjusted by changes in the average wage index to bring them up to their
approximately equivalent value at the time of eligibility for benefits. If the
person attained age 62, became disabled, or died before 1979, the average
monthly wage is used to calculate the PIA. See also primary insurance
amount.
average monthly wage (AMW). The dollar amount used in calculating a
person's monthly primary insurance amount (PIA) if that person attained age
62, became disabled, or died before 1979. The AMW is determined by
dividing the total earnings in the "computation years" by the number of months
in those same years. If the person attained age 62, became disabled or died
after 1978, average indexed monthly earnings are used to calculate the
PIA. See also primary insurance amount.
average wage index. The average amount of total wages for each year after
1950, including wages in noncovered employment and wages in covered
employment in excess of the Social Security contribution and benefit base.
Those average yearly amounts are used to index the earnings of most
workers who first become eligible for benefits in 1979 or later and to make
automatic adjustments in the contribution and benefit base, bend points,
earnings test exempt amounts, and other wage-indexed amounts.
award. An administrative determination that an individual is entitled to receive
monthly benefits or a lump-sum death payment. Awards can represent not
only new entrants to the benefit rolls but also persons already on the rolls who
become entitled to a different type of benefit. See conversion of benefits.
award rate. The percentage of awarded applications in a given time period
calculated as the number of awarded applications divided by the total number
of applications decided, including technical denials and dismissals. An award
rate provides a broader view of the program than does an allowance rate
because an award rate includes as its base all applications decided.

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bend points. The dollar amounts defining the average indexed monthly earnings
or primary insurance amount brackets in the benefit formulas. See also
average indexed monthly earnings and primary insurance amount.
beneficiary. A person who is entitled to either Social Security or Supplemental
Security Income benefits. The Social Security benefit may be either in
current-payment status or withheld.
benefits in force. The sum of the number of persons with benefits in currentpayment status and the number of persons with benefits withheld.
benefit termination. See termination.
benefits withheld. See withholding.
blind. Blindness, for Social Security purposes, means either central visual acuity
of 20/200 or less in the better eye with the use of a correcting lens, or a
limitation in the fields of vision so that the widest diameter of the visual field
subtends an angle of 20 degrees or less (tunnel vision).
child's benefit. A monthly benefit payable to the children of a retired or disabled
worker or of a deceased worker who died either fully or currently insured.
Benefits are payable to unmarried children under age 18 (up to age 19 if
attending elementary or secondary school full time) and to disabled children
aged 18 or older who became disabled before age 22. Under certain
circumstances, benefits can be paid to stepchildren, grandchildren, or adopted
children. Benefits for disabled children may be continued if they marry certain
other Social Security beneficiaries.
closed period award. An administrative determination that an individual is
entitled to receive benefits for a limited period of time. The determination is
usually made after the period of entitlement has ended.
cost-of-living adjustment (COLA). The annual increases in benefits, effective
for December, reflecting the increase in the cost of living. The benefit increase
equals the percentage increase in the consumer price index for urban wage
earners and clerical workers (CPI-W) measured from the average over July,
August, and September of the preceding year to the average for the same 3
months in the current year. If the increase is less than one-tenth of 1 percent,
when rounded, there is no automatic increase for the current year; the
increase for the next year would reflect the increase in the cost of living over a
2-year period. Also see consumer price index.
concurrent claim. A claim for both Title II (Social Security) and Title XVI
(Supplemental Security Income) benefits.
consumer price index (CPI). A measure of the average change in prices over
time for a fixed group of goods and services; also considered a relative
measure of inflation. The CPI-U is the price index for all urban consumers.
The CPI-W is the price index for urban wage earners and clerical workers. In
this report, all references to the CPI refer to the CPI-W.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 167

continuing disability review (CDR). A periodic review to determine if a disabled
individual is still medically eligible to receive benefits.
conversion of benefits. An award of benefits to persons already on the rolls
whose benefits in one category are terminated but who become entitled to
another type of benefit. Two frequent events causing conversions are the
attainment of full retirement age by a disabled worker or a disabled widow(er)
and the death of a retired or disabled worker. See also award.
covered earnings and employment. All wages and self-employment income
creditable for Social Security purposes. Most employment and selfemployment is covered under the program. In a few situations, the employer
elects coverage, for example, religious orders under a vow of poverty, foreign
affiliates of U.S. employers, or state and local governments. Since July 1991,
coverage is mandatory for state and local employees who are not participating
in a public employee retirement system.
current payment. Benefits paid for a given month, with or without deductions
(provided the deductions are less than a full month's benefit). The amounts
shown are before the deduction of Medicare Part B (Supplementary Medical
Insurance) premiums. Benefits in current payment status at the end of a
month are usually payable the following month.
dependents benefit. See auxiliary benefit.
diagnostic group. Classification of impairments, by body system, that identifies
the medical condition(s) on which disability-related benefits are based. Before
1985, the coding of the primary and secondary diagnoses for Social Security
and Supplemental Security Income claimants was in accordance with the
International Classification of Diseases: 9th Revision, Clinical Modification,
4th ed., using 4-digit ICD-9 codes. In 1985, the Social Security Administration
(SSA) implemented a revised method to determine and enter impairment
codes in administrative records. This revised approach provides for a
modified impairment coding system, generally using 3 digits (followed by
zero), loosely based on the ICD-9 codes. For research purposes, the ICD-9
codes and SSA impairment codes are, typically, not identical. However, the
diagnostic groupings shown in the statistical tables closely parallel the major
ICD-9 disease classifications. See also Listing of Impairments.
disability. The inability to engage in substantial gainful activity (SGA) by reason
of any medically determinable physical or mental impairment that can be
expected to result in death or to last for a continuous period of not less than 12
months. (Special rules apply for workers aged 55 or older whose disability is
based on blindness. The 12-month requirement does not apply to SSI
beneficiaries who are blind.)
Individuals are considered to be disabled only if their physical or mental
impairment(s) are of such severity that they are not only unable to do their previous work but cannot—because of their age, education, or work experience—
engage in any other kind of substantial gainful activity that exists in the
national economy, regardless of whether such work exists in the immediate

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area in which they live, or whether a specific job vacancy exists for them, or
whether they would be hired if they applied for work.
The SGA criterion does not apply to children under age 18 in the Supplemental Security Income program. The standard for them is a medically determinable physical or mental impairment that results in marked and severe
functional limitations.
Disability Determination Services (DDS). The state agency responsible for
developing medical evidence and rendering the initial determination and
reconsideration on whether a claimant is disabled or a beneficiary continues to
be disabled within the meaning of the law.
Disability Insurance (DI) Trust Fund. See trust funds.
disabled adult child. A disabled person aged 18 or older—a son, daughter, or
eligible grandchild of a retired, deceased, or disabled worker—whose
disability began before age 22.
disabled adult child's benefit. A monthly benefit payable to a disabled adult
child.
disabled widow(er)s benefit. See widow(er)s benefit.
disabled-worker benefit. A monthly benefit payable to a disabled worker who
has not reached full retirement age and who is insured for disability. Before
November 1960, disability benefits were limited to disabled workers aged
50 to 64.
drug addiction and alcoholism (DA&A). Conditions that, if determined a
contributing factor material to the determination of disability, will prevent
entitlement to disability benefits or mandate removal of persons from the
program rolls.
dual entitlement. The entitlement of a beneficiary to both a worker (primary)
benefit and a higher secondary benefit. The primary benefit is paid in full, but
the secondary benefit is paid only in the amount by which it exceeds the
primary benefit. If the two benefits are financed from the same trust fund, the
beneficiary is usually represented only once in the statistics—as a retiredworker or a disabled-worker beneficiary—and the benefit amount recorded is
the larger amount associated with the secondary benefit. If the benefits are
paid from different trust funds, then the beneficiary is represented twice, with
the respective benefit amounts recorded for each type of benefit.
duration. A factor in the determination of disability. To be eligible for benefits, a
claimant must have a disability that has lasted, or is expected to last, at least
12 months or is expected to end in death. See also sequential evaluation
process.
earnings test. The provision requiring the withholding of benefits if nondisabled
beneficiaries under full retirement age have earnings in excess of certain
exempt amounts.
Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 169

entitlement. The state of meeting the applicable requirements for receipt of
benefits, including the filing of an application. An entitlement can be
retroactive to before the month of application for benefits and, thus, precede
the date of award. The retroactive period can be 12 months for disabled
workers, their spouses and children, and disabled widow(er)s. The maximum
retroactive period for other types of beneficiaries is 6 months.
equals listing. A determination that a medical condition is equal in severity to the
criteria in the Listing of Impairments.
expedited appeals process. This process permits an individual to go directly to
a federal district court after review of the initial determination without first
completing the administrative review process, if the only dispute is whether an
applicable provision of the Social Security Act is constitutional. See also
administrative review process.
expedited reinstatement of benefits. A provision of the Ticket to Work and
Work Incentives Improvement Act. Effective January 1, 2001, if a person's
Social Security or SSI disability benefits have ended because of earnings from
work and he or she becomes unable to work again within 60 months because
of his or her impairment, he or she would be able to request reinstatement of
benefits, including Medicare and Medicaid, without filing a new application.
extended period of eligibility (EPE). The 36-month period after the completion
of a trial work period for beneficiaries who continue to have a disabling
condition and work. Monthly benefits are continued for 3 months after the trial
work period and are then suspended if earnings are above the substantial
gainful activity level. If earnings drop below the substantial gainful activity
level during the EPE, monthly benefits may be resumed without a new
application and disability determination. Medicare coverage continues
throughout the EPE. See also trial work period and substantial gainful
activity.
father's benefit. A monthly benefit payable to a widower or surviving divorced
father if (1) the deceased worker on whose earnings record the benefit is paid
was either fully or currently insured at the time of her death and (2) an entitled
child of the worker’s in his care and is under the age of 16 or disabled.
federal court review. When an individual disagrees with the Social Security
Administration's final decision, he or she may request judicial review by filing a
civil action in a federal district court. See also administrative review
process.
federally administered Supplemental Security Income (SSI). Federal SSI
payments and state supplementation payments issued by the Social Security
Administration on behalf of states. (This report does not cover state
supplementation payments that are state administered.)
full retirement age (FRA). The age at which a person may first become entitled
to unreduced retirement benefits. Beginning in 2000, the FRA for a worker or
spouse born in 1938 or later, or a widow(er) born in 1940 or later, will gradually
increase from age 65 until it reaches age 67 in 2022. The higher FRA affects
170 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

the benefit amount of persons who choose to receive reduced benefits. Also
known as the normal retirement age (NRA).
government pension offset (GPO). A law that affects spouse's or widow(er)s
benefits. Benefits are subject to reduction by any government pensions
payable to the spouse on the basis of his or her own earnings in noncovered
employment. The offset reduces the Social Security benefit amount by twothirds of the amount of the government pension.
hearing. The level following reconsideration in the administrative review process.
The hearing is a de novo procedure at which the claimant, the claimant’s
representative, or both may appear in person, submit new evidence, examine
the evidence used in making the determination under review, give testimony,
and present and question witnesses. The hearing is on the record but is
informal and nonadversarial.
Hospital Insurance (HI) Trust Fund. See trust funds.
husband's benefit. A monthly benefit payable to a husband or a divorced
husband (aged 62 or older) of a retired or disabled worker. Also see spouse's
benefit.
impairment-related work expense (IRWE). The costs of items or services that a
disabled person needs to work. The expenses, when paid by the beneficiary,
are deducted from his or her gross earnings when determining if the work is
considered substantial gainful activity.
initial determination. The first decision made in determining eligibility for, and
entitlement to, benefits. A Social Security field office employee makes the
decision on nonmedical factors such as insured status, substantial gainful
activity, income, and resources. If the nonmedical factors are met, a state
Disability Determination Services employee makes the decision on the
medical factors. See also administrative review process.
insured status. The state or condition of having sufficient quarters of coverage to
meet the eligibility requirements for retired-worker or disabled-worker benefits
or to permit the worker's spouse and children or survivors to establish
eligibility for benefits in the event of the beneficiary’s disability, retirement, or
death. Also see quarters of coverage.
Listing of Impairments. Issued by the Social Security Administration and used
to identify medical conditions for purposes of determining disability. See also
diagnostic group.
Master Beneficiary Record (MBR). The MBR contains the data needed to
administer the Social Security benefit program. The MBR contains a record
for each person who (1) is currently entitled to benefits, (2) is no longer
receiving benefits but received them in the past, or (3) filed a claim for benefits
but was denied (though the person may be appealing that decision).
maximum family benefit. The maximum monthly amount that can be paid on a
worker's earnings record. Whenever the total of the individual monthly
Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 171

benefits payable to all the beneficiaries entitled on one earnings record
exceeds the maximum, each dependents or survivors benefit is
proportionately reduced to bring the total to within the maximum. Benefits
payable to divorced spouses or surviving divorced spouses are not reduced
under the family maximum provision.
mean. An arithmetic mean is the sum of the observed data divided by the number
of observations. Compare with median.
median. A median is a figure that falls in the exact middle of a ranking of
numbers in ascending or descending order. Compare with mean.
medical listings. The common term for the Listing of Impairments. See also
diagnostic group.
Medicare. A nationwide, federally administered health insurance program that
covers the cost of hospitalization, medical care, and some related services for
most people over the age of 65, for people receiving Social Security Disability
Insurance benefits for 2 years, and for people with end-stage renal disease.
Medicare consists of two separate but coordinated programs—Part A
(Hospital Insurance) and Part B (Supplementary Medical Insurance).
Medicare eligibility based on disability. Medicare benefits are available 2
years after the disabled worker, disabled widow(er), or disabled adult child
becomes eligible for benefits.
meets listing. A physical or mental impairment that meets the criteria in the
Listing of Impairments and is sufficient to establish disability. This
determination is made at the third step in the sequential evaluation process.
See also sequential evaluation process.
monthly benefit. In this report, "monthly benefit" refers to the monthly benefit
credited (MBC), which is derived as follows:
1. Subtract the Medicare premium from the monthly benefit amount (MBA);
2. Round the result down to the nearest whole dollar; and
3. Add back the Medicare premium to the rounded result from 2 above.
For example, if a monthly benefit amount is $678.20 and the corresponding
Medicare premium is $43.80, then the MBC is $677.80 ($678.20 - $43.80 =
$634.40 rounded down to $634.00 + $43.80 = $677.80).
monthly benefit amount (MBA). The amount payable after reduction, if
necessary, for age, family maximum, and other reasons but before any
deduction for Medicare (Part B) premiums.
mother's benefit. A monthly benefit payable to a widow or surviving divorced
mother if (1) the deceased worker on whose earnings record the benefit is
paid was either fully or currently insured at the time of his death and (2) an
entitled child of the worker is in her care and is under age 16 or disabled.

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nonsevere impairment. An impairment that does not significantly limit a person's
physical or mental ability to perform basic work activities.
Old-Age and Survivors Insurance (OASI) Trust Fund. See trust funds.
Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI). The programs under
the Social Security Act that pay for (1) monthly benefits to retired workers and
their spouses and children and to survivors of deceased insured workers
(OASI) and (2) monthly benefits to disabled workers and their spouses and
children and for rehabilitation services provided to the disabled (DI).
other work. Work that exists in the national economy, other than the work a
person has done previously.
parent's benefit. A monthly benefit payable to a dependent parent (aged 62 or
older) of a deceased, fully insured worker.
period of disability. A continuous period of at least 5 months, during which a
person is entitled to disability benefits.
poverty thresholds. The poverty thresholds are a series of income levels, with
different values for family units of different sizes, below which the family units
are considered poor. The thresholds are used mainly for statistical purposes in
calculating official poverty population figures. They are issued annually by the
U.S. Census Bureau in the Current Population Reports series. The thresholds
are adjusted annually for price changes using the annual average consumer
price index for all urban consumers (CPI-U).
prevalence. The percentage of a population receiving benefits at a specified
time. For Social Security disability benefits, prevalence is expressed as a
percentage of the population insured for Disability Insurance.
primary insurance amount (PIA). The monthly amount payable to a retired
worker who begins to receive benefits at full retirement age or to a disabled
worker who has never received a retirement benefit reduced for age. This
amount, which is derived from the worker's average monthly wage or average
indexed monthly earnings, is also used as a base for computing all types of
benefits payable on the basis of one individual's earnings record.
prototype process. A disability redesign model being tested in 10 states that
represent about 20 percent to 25 percent of the national disability claims
workload. Implementation of the Prototype Process began on October 1,
1999, in Alabama, Alaska, Colorado, Louisiana, Michigan, Missouri, New
Hampshire, Pennsylvania, and in parts of California and New York (expanded
to all of New York in April 2001). This model includes
• use of a single decisionmaker—a new position that gives the disability
examiner authority to determine eligibility without requiring physician input in
most cases,
• use of a predecision claimant conference,

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003 ♦ 173

• use of an enhanced decision explanation, and
• elimination of the reconsideration step of the appeals process.
public disability benefit (PDB). A benefit paid under a federal, state, or local
government law or plan that pays for conditions that are not job related.
Examples are civil service disability benefits, military disability benefits, state
temporary disability benefits, and state or local government retirement benefits
that are based on disability. See also workers' compensation and public
disability benefit offset.
quarters of coverage (QC). Basic unit of measurement for determining insured
status. In 2001, a worker receives one quarter of coverage (up to a total of
four) for each $830 of annual covered earnings. The amount of earnings
required for a quarter of coverage is subject to annual automatic increases in
proportion to increases in average earnings. See also insured status.
race. Racial and ethnic data received via the Survey of Income and Program
Participation are self-reported by the survey respondents.
reconsideration. An independent reexamination of all evidence on record
related to a case. It is based on the evidence submitted for the initial
determination plus any further evidence and information that the claimant or
the claimant’s representative may submit in connection with the reconsideration. Different employees than the ones who made the initial determination
make a reconsideration determination. See also administrative review
process.
relevant past work. Work that a person did before filing for disability benefits.
representative payee. A person designated by the Social Security
Administration to receive monthly benefit checks on behalf of an adult
beneficiary who is unable to manage his or her own funds. A beneficiary
under age 18 is generally considered incapable of managing benefit
payments, and a representative payee will be selected to receive benefits on
the beneficiary's behalf.
retired-worker (old-age) benefit. A monthly benefit payable to a fully insured
retired worker aged 62 or older. Retired-worker benefit data do not include
special age-72 benefits, unless indicated. See also special age-72 benefit.
secondary benefit. An additional monthly benefit payable to a spouse or child of
a retired or disabled worker, or to a survivor of a deceased worker who also
receives a primary benefit as a disabled or retired worker. See dual
entitlement.
self-employment. Operation of a trade or business by an individual or by a
partnership in which an individual is a member.
sequential evaluation process. The five-step process used in determining
whether an individual meets the definition of disability as defined in the law.

174 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

special age-72 benefit. A monthly payment to certain persons who reached age
72 before 1968 and never worked in employment covered by Social Security.
Those who reached age 72 between 1968 and 1971 must have Social
Security coverage to qualify. This benefit is not available to people who reach
age 72 after 1971.
spouse's benefit. A monthly benefit payable to a spouse or a divorced spouse of
a retired or disabled worker under one of the following conditions:
1. The spouse is aged 62 or older or has an entitled child of the worker in his
or her care who is under age 16 or is disabled; or
2. The divorced spouse is aged 62 or older and was married to the worker for
10 years before the divorce became final; or
3. The spouse is a deemed spouse (including a divorced deemed spouse)
who entered into an invalid ceremonial marriage in good faith.
state agency. A common term for Disability Determination Services, the state
agency that makes the initial and reconsideration determinations of whether a
claimant is disabled or a beneficiary continues to be disabled within the
meaning of the law.
statutory blindness. See blind.
student benefit. Child's benefit payable to a full-time unmarried elementary or
secondary school student aged 18-19. Student benefits end at age 19 or at
the end of the current semester or quarter, whichever is later. Also see child's
benefit.
substantial gainful activity (SGA). Describes a level of work activity that is
productive and yields or usually yields remuneration or profit. The Social
Security Administration's regulations establish a dollar amount to indicate
whether a person's work is substantial.
Supplemental Security Income (SSI). A federal program for low-income aged,
blind, and disabled individuals who meet income and resource requirements.
It replaced the former federal/state programs of Old-Age Assistance, Aid to the
Blind, and Aid to the Permanently and Totally Disabled. SSI is funded by
general tax revenues, not Social Security taxes.
Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP). The SIPP is a household
survey of the noninstitutionalized resident population of the United States,
conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau. It was designed to improve the
measurement of the economic situation of persons, families, and households
in the United States and to provide a tool for managing and evaluating
government transfer and service programs.
survivors benefit. See auxiliary benefit.
suspended benefit. See withholding.

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technical entitlement. Occurs when a beneficiary is entitled to benefits on more
than one earnings record but is eligible to receive payments on only one
earnings record. There are two types of technical entitlement:
• Simultaneous technical entitlement. Beneficiary is entitled to the same type
of benefit on more than one earnings record.
• Potential dual entitlement. Beneficiary is entitled to different types of benefits
and the secondary benefit amount exceeds the primary benefit, but reduction
for age or family maximum causes the primary benefit to exceed the
secondary benefit amount.
termination. Cessation of payment of a specific type of benefit because the
beneficiary is no longer entitled to receive it. For example, benefits might
terminate as a result of the death of the beneficiary, the recovery of a disabled
beneficiary, or the attainment of age 18 by a child beneficiary. In some cases,
the individual may become immediately entitled to another type of benefit
(such as the conversion of a disabled-worker benefit at full retirement age to a
retired-worker benefit).
Title II benefits. Refers to benefits administered by the Social Security
Administration under the federal Old-Age and Survivors Insurance Trust Fund
and federal Disability Insurance Trust Fund. See trust funds.
Title XVI benefits. Refers to benefits administered by the Social Security
Administration under the Supplemental Security Income program. See
Supplemental Security Income.
trial work period (TWP). A 9-month trial work period during which monthly
benefits continue for beneficiaries who are still disabled but return to work. If
the disability ends after completion of the trial work period, monthly benefits
are continued for an additional 3 months, and then entitlement is terminated.
A disabled beneficiary would exhaust the trial work period only if services were
performed in any 9 months within a period of 60 consecutive months. For a
discussion of procedures when the disabling condition continues, see
extended period of eligibility.
trust funds. Separate accounts in the U.S. Treasury in which are deposited the
taxes received under the Federal Insurance Contributions Act and the SelfEmployment Contributions Act, contributions resulting from coverage of state
and local government employees, any sums received under the financial
interchange with the railroad retirement account, voluntary hospital and
medical insurance premiums, and transfers of federal general revenues.
Funds not withdrawn for current monthly or service benefits, the financial
interchange, and administrative expenses are invested in interest-bearing
federal securities, as required by law; the interest earned is also deposited in
the trust funds.
• Old-Age and Survivors Insurance (OASI). The trust fund used for paying
monthly benefits to retired-worker (old-age) beneficiaries and their spouses
and children and to survivors of deceased insured workers, including most
disabled adult children and disabled widow(er)s.
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• Disability Insurance (DI). The trust fund used for paying monthly benefits to
disabled-worker beneficiaries and their spouses and children and for
providing rehabilitation services to the disabled.
• Hospital Insurance (HI). The trust fund used for paying part of the costs of
inpatient hospital services and related care for aged and disabled individuals
who meet the eligibility requirements.
• Supplementary Medical Insurance (SMI). The trust fund used for paying part
of the costs of physician's services, outpatient hospital services, and other
related medical and health services for voluntarily enrolled aged and
disabled individuals.
usual work. See relevant past work.
vocational considerations. Age, education, and work experience, which are
considered at the final step of the sequential evaluation process.
wages. All payment for services performed for an employer. Wages do not have
to be cash. The cash value of all compensation paid to an employee in any
form other than cash is also considered wages (unless the form of payment is
specifically not covered under the Social Security Act).
widow(er)s benefit. Monthly benefit payable to a widow(er) or surviving divorced
widow(er) of a worker fully insured at the time of death, if he or she is (1) aged
60 or older or (2) aged 50–59 and has been disabled throughout a waiting
period of 5 consecutive calendar months that began no later than 7 years after
the month in which the worker died or after the end of his or her entitlement to
benefits as a widowed mother or father.
A surviving divorced widow(er)'s marriage to a worker must have lasted 10
years before the divorce became final. Effective for benefits payable after
December 1983, benefits are continued for disabled widow(er)s and surviving
divorced widow(er)s who remarry after the age of first eligibility for benefits.
Effective January 1991, benefits may be payable to a deemed widow(er),
including a divorced deemed widow(er). A deemed widow(er) is a person who
entered into an invalid ceremonial marriage in good faith.
wife's benefit. A monthly benefit payable to a wife or divorced wife of a retired or
disabled worker. Also see spouse's benefit.
withholding. Temporarily stopping benefit payments until the condition or
conditions causing the suspension are known to have ended. The suspension
does not affect eligibility for Medicare benefits.
work credits. See quarters of coverage.
worker. A person who has earnings creditable for Social Security purposes on
the basis of services for wages in covered employment or on the basis of
income from covered self-employment.

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workers' compensation and public disability benefit offset. A requirement
that reduces the benefits to a disabled worker and dependents if the worker
also receives workers' compensation (WC) or other public disability benefits
(PDB). The reduction continues until the month the worker reaches age 65 or
the month the WC/PDB payments stop, whichever comes first.

178 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003