Annual Statistical

Report on the
Social Security
Disability Insurance
Program, 2004

Social Security Administration
Office of Policy
Office of Research, Evaluation, and Statistics
SSA Publication No. 13-11826
Released: March 2006

Highlights 2004
Size and Scope of the Social Security Disability Program

Disability benefits were paid to nearly 7.2 million people.

Awards to disabled workers (775,244) accounted for about 91 percent of awards
to all disabled beneficiaries (854,871).

Payments to disabled beneficiaries totaled about $70 billion.

Benefits were terminated for about 470,017 disabled workers.

Supplemental Security Income payments were another source of income for
about 1 out of 6 disabled beneficiaries.

Profile of Disabled-Worker Beneficiaries

Workers accounted for the largest share of disabled beneficiaries (86 percent).

Average age was about 51.

Men represented about 54 percent.

Mental disorders was the diagnosis for about a third.

Average monthly benefit received was $894.10.

Supplemental Security Income payments were another source of income for
about 1 out of 7.

Preface
Since 1956, the Social Security program has provided cash benefits to people with disabilities. This annual report provides program and demographic information about the people
who receive those benefits. The basic topics covered are

beneficiaries in current-payment status;

benefits awarded, withheld, and terminated;

disabled workers who have returned to work;

outcomes of applications for disability benefits;

geographic distribution of beneficiaries;

disabled beneficiaries receiving Social Security, Supplemental Security Income, or
both; and

income of disabled beneficiaries.

Most of the data are from the Social Security Administration's program records. Information on the income of disabled beneficiaries was obtained from the 2001 panel of the
Survey of Income and Program Participation. The panel data were linked to information
from the agency's December 2001 program records. In future editions, we plan to add
more information about the incidence of disability, reinstatement of benefits, workers' compensation and public disability benefit offset, and continuing disability reviews.
Kia Masseaux compiled this report for publication, and Carolyn A. Harrison managed
the project. Paul Davies, Carolyn A. Harrison, Thuy Ho, Art Kahn, Kevin Kulzer, and Clark
Pickett wrote the programs to process the data and produce the statistical tables. Linda
Martin wrote data specifications. Glenda Carter, Kevin Kulzer, Connie Marion, and Linda
Martin validated the data. Staff of the Division of Information Resources edited the report
and prepared the print and electronic versions for publication.
Your suggestions and comments on this report are welcome and should be directed to
Kevin Kulzer at 410-965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov. For specific questions about the data,
please call or e-mail the contact listed on each table. For additional copies of the report,
please e-mail op.publications@ssa.gov or call 202-358-6274. This and other publications
on the Social Security and Supplemental Security Income programs are available on our
Web site at http://www.socialsecurity.gov/policy.

Linda Drazga Maxfield
Associate Commissioner
for Research, Evaluation, and Statistics
March 2006

Notes
The Old-Age and Survivors Insurance (OASI) program provides benefits to retired workers
and their dependent family members and to survivors of deceased workers. The Disability
Insurance (DI) program provides benefits to disabled workers, their spouses, and children
(whether or not disabled).
Benefits are paid from the OASI and DI trust funds. However, not all disabled beneficiaries
are paid from the DI trust fund. All disabled widow(er)s' and most disabled adult children's
benefits are paid from the OASI trust fund. Persons receiving disability benefits from either
trust fund are referred to in this report as Social Security beneficiaries.
Numbers presented in these tables may differ slightly from other published statistics
because all tables, except those using data from the Survey of Income and Program
Participation, are based on 100 percent data files. In addition, the definition of an award
now includes secondary benefit awards, subsequent periods of disability, and conversions
from one class of child's benefit to another, and it excludes reinstated benefits. These
changes resulted in a slight increase in the award counts beginning with 2001 compared
with earlier years.
All years are calendar years unless otherwise specified.

Contents
Background. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
History of the Social Security Disability Insurance Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Definition of Disability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Types of Benefits Available . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Initial Disability Decisionmaking Process. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Appeals Process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Benefit Calculations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Benefits Offset and Withheld . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Work Incentives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Benefit Termination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6

Beneficiaries in Current-Payment Status
Charts
1.

All Social Security disabled beneficiaries in current-payment status,
December 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

2.

All Social Security disabled beneficiaries in current-payment status,
December 1970–2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12

3.

Disabled beneficiaries aged 18–64 in current-payment status as a
percentage of state population aged 18–64, December 2004. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

4.

Age of disabled-worker beneficiaries in current-payment status, by sex,
December 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

5.

Average monthly benefit of disabled beneficiaries in currentpayment status, by sex, December 2004. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

6.

Disabled beneficiaries in current-payment status, by diagnostic group,
December 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

Tables

Disabled Beneficiaries and Nondisabled Dependents
1.

Number, selected years 1960–2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

2.

Average monthly benefit, by basis of entitlement, age, and sex,
December 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18

All Disabled Beneficiaries
3.

Number, average, and total monthly benefits, December 1960–2004. . . . . . . . . 20

4.

Number and average monthly benefit, by sex and age, December 2004 . . . . . 22

5.

Distribution, by sex and monthly benefit, December 2004. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23

6.

Distribution, by sex and diagnostic group, December 2004. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25

7.

Average monthly benefit, by sex and diagnostic group, December 2004 . . . . . . 27

8.

Number aged 18–64 as a percentage of the resident population
aged 18–64, by state, December 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29

9.

Distribution, by state or other area, December 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31

10.

Number, by state or other area and diagnostic group, December 2004 . . . . . . . 33

11.

Percentage distribution, by state or other area and diagnostic group,
December 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37

12.

Number receiving Social Security disability benefits because of blindness
or deafness, by state or other area, December 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41

13.

Total monthly benefits, by state or other area, December 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43

14.

Number, by type of representative payee, December 2004. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45

15.

Representative payment, by sex and diagnostic group, December 2004 . . . . . . 46

16.

Percentage distribution of disabled workers, by state or other area
and monthly benefit, December 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48

17.

Percentage distribution of disabled widow(er)s, by state or other area
and monthly benefit, December 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50

18.

Percentage distribution of disabled adult children, by state or other area
and monthly benefit, December 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52

Disabled Workers
19.

Percentage distribution, by sex and age, December 1960–2004 . . . . . . . . . . . .54

20.

Number, average primary insurance amount, and average monthly
benefit, by age and sex, December 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56

21.

Distribution, by diagnostic group, 1996–2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57

22.

Distribution of workers under age 50, by diagnostic group, 1996–2004 . . . . . . . 59

23.

Distribution of workers aged 50 or older, by diagnostic group, 1996–2004 . . . . . 61

24.

Distribution, by diagnostic group and age, December 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63

25.

Distribution of workers with a secondary benefit (dual entitlement),
by worker's smaller primary insurance amount and sex, December 2004 . . . . . 64

26.

Distribution of workers with a secondary benefit (dual entitlement),
by type of secondary benefit and sex, December 2004. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65

27.

Number, by sex, state or other area, and age, December 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66

Disabled-Worker Families
28.

Number and average monthly family benefit, by selected family composition,
December 1960–2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .70

29.

Number, average primary insurance amount, and average monthly
family benefit, by family composition, December 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72

30.

Distribution, by family composition and age of worker, December 2004 . . . . . . . 73

Benefits Awarded, Withheld, and Terminated
Charts
7.

Social Security disability awards, 1980–2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77

8.

Average monthly benefit awards, by sex, 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78

9.

Disabled-worker awards, by selected diagnostic group, 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79

vi ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

Tables

Awards to Disabled Beneficiaries and Nondisabled Dependents
31.

Number, selected years 1960–2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80

32.

Average monthly benefit, by basis of entitlement, age, and sex, 2004 . . . . . . . . 81

Awards to All Disabled Beneficiaries
33.

Distribution, by sex and diagnostic group, 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .83

34.

Distribution and average monthly benefit, by state or other area, 2004 . . . . . . . 85

Awards to Disabled Workers
35.

Percentage distribution, by sex and age, 1960–2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87

36.

Distribution, by diagnostic group, 1960–2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89

37.

Distribution of workers under age 50, by diagnostic group,
selected years 1975–2004. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95

38.

Distribution of workers aged 50 or older, by diagnostic group,
selected years 1975–2004. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99

39.

Average primary insurance amount and average monthly benefit, by sex,
selected years 1960–2004. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103

40.

Distribution, by diagnostic group, sex, and age, 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104

41.

Distribution, by monthly benefit and sex, 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106

Awards to Disabled-Worker Families
42.

Number, average primary insurance amount, and average monthly
family benefit, by family composition, 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107

43.

Distribution, by family composition and age of worker, 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .108

Benefits Withheld from All Disabled Beneficiaries
44.

Number, by reason for withholding benefit, December 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .109

Benefits Terminated for All Disabled Beneficiaries
45.

Number and rate, 1960–2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110

46.

Number, by reason for termination, 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112

47.

Number and rate, by state or other area, 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113

Disabled Workers Who Work
48.

Distribution of workers with benefits withheld because of substantial work,
by diagnostic group and age, December 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115

49.

Distribution of workers with benefits terminated because of successful
return to work, by diagnostic group and age, 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117

50.

Average monthly benefit for workers with benefits withheld,
by diagnostic group and age, December 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118

51.

Average monthly benefit for workers with benefits terminated,
by diagnostic group and age, 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119

52.

Distribution, by state or other area, 2004. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ vii

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124
Charts
10.

Final outcome of disabled-worker applications, 1994–2003 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125

Tables
53.

Outcomes at all adjudicative levels, by year of application, 1992–2003 . . . . . . 126

54.

Medical decisions at the initial adjudicative level, by year of application
and program, 1992–2003 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128

55.

Medical decisions at the reconsideration level, by year of application
and program, 1992–2003 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129

56.

Medical decisions at the hearing level or above, by year of application
and program, 1992–2003 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130

57.

Percentage distribution of final medical allowances, by year of application
and reason for allowance, 1992–2003. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131

58.

Percentage distribution of final medical denials, by year of application
and reason for denial, 1992–2003 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132

Disabled Beneficiaries Receiving Social Security, SSI, or Both
Charts
11.

Social Security and SSI beneficiaries aged 18–64 receiving benefits
on the basis of disability, December 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135

Tables
59.

Number aged 18–64, by program, December 1996–2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136

60.

Number aged 18–64, by state or other area, December 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137

61.

Number aged 18–64 as a percentage of the resident population
aged 18–64, by state, December 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139

62.

Distribution of beneficiaries aged 18–64, by diagnostic group,
December 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141

Noninstitutionalized Disabled Beneficiaries:
Survey of Income and Program Participation
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144
Charts
12.

Educational level of disabled-worker beneficiaries, 2001 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145

13.

Sources of disabled-worker family income, 2001 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146

Tables
63.

Distribution, by selected personal characteristics, 2001 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147

64.

Social Security as a percentage of personal income, by selected
characteristics, 2001 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149

65.

Distribution, by household and family characteristics, 2001 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151

viii ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

66.

Percentage distribution of family income, by source and selected
characteristics, 2001 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153

67.

Percentage distribution, by poverty status and selected
characteristics, 2001 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155

Appendix: Sampling Variability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159
Glossary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ ix

Background
History of the Social Security Disability
Insurance Program
When President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the
Social Security Act into law on August 14, 1935, the
original program was designed to pay benefits only to
retired workers aged 65 and older. The amendments of
1939 added two new categories of benefits: payments
to the spouse and minor children of a retired worker
(known as dependents benefits) and survivors benefits
paid to the family of a deceased worker. That change
transformed Social Security from a retirement program
for individuals into a family-based economic security
program.
The Social Security Amendments of 1954 initiated
the Disability Insurance (DI) program that provided the
public with additional coverage against economic insecurity. Effective as of 1955, there was a disability
"freeze" of workers' Social Security records during
years when they were unable to work. Although that
measure offered no cash benefits, it did prevent such
periods of disability from reducing or wiping out retirement and survivors benefits. This legislation outlined
the work requirements, the definition of disability, the
nature of the disability determinations, and the emphasis on rehabilitation, which are still fundamental to the
disability program.
On August 1, 1956, as he signed new disability legislation, President Eisenhower said, "We will . . .
endeavor to administer the disability [program] efficiently and effectively, [and] . . . to help rehabilitate the
disabled so that they may return to useful employment .
. . . I am hopeful that the new law . . . will advance the
economic security of the American people." These
amendments provided cash benefits to disabled workers aged 50 to 64 (after a 6-month waiting period) and
to adult children of retired, disabled, or deceased workers, if the children had been disabled before the age of
18.
Over the next 4 years, Congress broadened the
scope of the program, providing benefits to disabled
workers' dependents in 1958 and permitting disabled
workers under the age of 50 to qualify for benefits in
1960. In 1967, the act was further amended to provide
benefits for disabled widows and widowers aged 50 to
64 at a reduced rate.
The Social Security Amendments of 1972 further
enhanced the disability program by

reducing the waiting period from 6 months to 5;

increasing from 18 to 22 the age before which a
"childhood disability" must have begun;

extending Medicare coverage to persons who had
been receiving disability benefits for 24 consecutive months; and

establishing the needs-based Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program to replace the Old-Age
Assistance, Aid to the Blind, and Aid to Permanently and Totally Disabled programs. The SSI program, unlike the Social Security disability program,
provided benefits to disabled children under the
age of 18.

Throughout the 1970s, growth in the disability rolls
was higher than expected as a result of increased
applications. In addition, relatively few beneficiaries
were being rehabilitated and returning to work. As a
result, Congress enacted legislation in 1980 that

limited disability benefit levels,

tightened administration of the Social Security and
SSI disability programs by instituting a review of initial disability decisions and by establishing a periodic review of continuing disability requirements,

enhanced rehabilitation and work incentive provisions, and

withheld payment of benefits to incarcerated
felons.

In response to concerns arising from the implementation of the 1980 provision regarding the continuing disability review process, Congress passed
legislation in 1982 that ensured persons, appealing
decisions on the cessation of their disability claim,

could elect to have benefits and Medicare coverage continued pending review by an administrative
law judge, and

have an opportunity for a face-to-face evidentiary
hearing at the reconsideration level of appeal.

Two provisions of the Social Security Amendments
of 1983 affected the disability program:

The gradual increase, from 65 to 67, in the age at
which full retirement benefits are payable was
made to restore financial soundness to the OldAge, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI)
programs. The increase in full retirement age,
which began in 2000, means that disabled workers
and widow(er)s may remain on the DI rolls for an
additional 2 years before "converting" to age-based
benefits. It is also likely that more of these older

ability benefits under Social Security or SSI
because their medical condition has improved; and

workers will apply for and become entitled to disability-based benefits because of this change.

Benefits to disabled widow(er)s were improved by
decreasing the benefit reduction for beneficiaries
under the age of 60 and by continuing payments to
certain disabled widow(er)s who remarried.

In 1984, Congress enacted a number of changes
affecting the interpretation of disability, such as instituting a "medical improvement standard" in the continuing
disability review process, revising the mental impairment listings, and considering the combined effect of
all impairments when determining eligibility for benefits.
From 1984 through 1998, many relatively minor
legislative changes were made in the Social Security
disability program. Those changes provided additional
Medicare protection for the disabled, made the definition of disability for disabled widow(er)s the same as
that for disabled workers, prohibited eligibility for individuals whose drug addiction or alcoholism was a contributing factor to their impairment, and modified the
provisions for a trial work period.

allow people with disabilities who return to work to
continue their premium-free Medicare Part A coverage for an additional 4½ years beyond the
4 years previously provided. (Medicare Part B can
also continue if premiums are paid.)

Definition of Disability
The definition of disability under Social Security is different from that used by other disability programs.
Social Security pays benefits only for total disability; it
does not pay benefits for partial disability or for shortterm disability.
To be eligible for benefits a person must

be insured for benefits,

not have attained full retirement age,

have filed an application for benefits, and

have a Social Security–defined disability.

On December 17, 1999, President Clinton signed
into law the Ticket to Work and Work Incentives
Improvement Act. The purpose of that legislation is to
improve the disability program's work incentives by giving beneficiaries greater choice in seeking rehabilitation and employment services. The provisions of the
act

Meeting the insured requirement means that a person must have worked long enough—and recently
enough—under Social Security. The number of work
credits (quarters of coverage) a person needs to qualify
for benefits depends on the individual's age when he or
she becomes disabled.

Section 223(d)(1) of the Social Security Act defines
disability as an—

create a Ticket to Work and Self-Sufficiency program that provides disabled beneficiaries with a
voucher they may use to obtain vocational rehabilitation services, employment services, and other
support services from an employment network of
their choice;
prohibit the Social Security Administration from initiating continuing disability reviews while the beneficiary is using a ticket;

provide for expedited reinstatement of benefits for
individuals whose prior entitlement to disability and
health care benefits had been terminated as a
result of earnings from work (those former beneficiaries may request reinstatement of benefits without filing a new application);

establish a community-based work incentives planning and assistance program for the purpose of
providing accurate information about work incentives to disabled beneficiaries;

expand health care services by allowing the states
to offer Medicaid buy-in for workers with disabilities
even though they may no longer be eligible for dis-

(A) inability to engage in any substantial gainful activity
by reason of any medically determinable physical
or mental impairment which can be expected to
result in death or which has lasted or can be
expected to last for a continuous period of not less
than 12 months, or
(B) in the case of an individual who has attained the
age of 55 and is blind (within the meaning of blindness as defined in section 216(i)(1)), inability by
reason of such blindness to engage in substantial
gainful activity requiring skills or abilities comparable to those of any gainful activity in which the
individual has previously engaged with some regularity and over a substantial period of time.
In most cases, a dollar amount is used to indicate
whether a person is engaging in substantial gainful
activity (SGA). For 2004, the SGA amount was $810
per month for a nonblind individual and $1,350 per
month for a blind person. Effective January 2001, the
SGA level is adjusted annually on the basis of the
national average wage index.

2 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

A medically determinable physical or mental
impairment is an impairment that results from anatomical, physiological, or psychological abnormalities that
can be shown by medically acceptable clinical and laboratory diagnostic techniques. An impairment must be
established by medical evidence consisting of signs,
symptoms, and laboratory findings.

Types of Benefits Available
The Social Security program pays benefits to disabled
individuals and to certain dependents. Those benefits
include the following:
1. Monthly cash benefits, after a 5-month waiting
period, for a disabled worker and family. The
worker and eligible family members continue to
receive benefits, as long as the worker remains disabled, until the worker reaches full retirement age
(at which time, the disabled-worker benefit converts to retired-worker benefits) or dies. (Eligible
family members would become eligible for retirement- or survivor-based benefits.)
The spouse of a disabled worker is eligible for benefits if he or she is aged 62 or older or has in his or
her care a child under the age of 16 or a disabled
adult child who is entitled to benefits on the
worker's earnings record. Unmarried children are
entitled to benefits until they reach age 18, or until
age 19 if they are a full-time elementary or secondary school student.
2. Monthly cash benefits, after a 5-month waiting
period, for a disabled widow(er) or a disabled
surviving divorced spouse who is aged 50 to 65,
referred to in this publication as disabled
widow(er)s.
3. Monthly cash benefits payable to disabled adult
children of disabled, retired, or deceased workers.
Those children must be aged 18 or older and must
have become disabled before the age of 22. The
5-month waiting period does not apply to disabled
adult children.
4. Medicare benefits, which are available 2 years
after the disabled worker, disabled widow(er), or
disabled adult child becomes eligible for benefits.
5. Vocational rehabilitation services, which are
available for disabled beneficiaries who could
return to work if they were provided with some
assistance.

Initial Disability Decisionmaking Process
The disability decisionmaking process begins when an
individual files an application for benefits at a Social

Security office. An employee in the office determines if
the applicant meets the nonmedical requirements for
benefits such as age, work credits, performance of
SGA, and relationship to the insured worker. If those
requirements are met, the application is sent to the Disability Determination Services (DDS) office in the state
where the applicant resides. The DDS then decides
whether an individual is disabled under Social Security
law.
Disability examiners and medical staff in the DDS
office use medical evidence from the applicant's doctors, hospitals, clinics, or institutions where the individual received treatment. Those medical sources are
also asked for information about a person's ability to do
work-related activities, such as walking, sitting, lifting,
carrying, and remembering instructions.
The DDS may need more medical information
before they can decide a person's case. If it is not available from the individual's current medical sources, they
may ask the applicant to go to a special examination,
called a consultative examination, that is paid for by the
Social Security Administration (SSA).
A five-step sequential evaluation process is used to
decide if a person is disabled. Those steps are as
follows:
1. Is the individual working? If the person is working and earning more than the SGA amount, the
person generally cannot be considered disabled.
This decision is made by a Social Security
employee. If the person is not working at the SGA
level, the file goes to the DDS.
2. Is the condition "severe"? A condition must interfere with basic work-related activities for a claim to
be considered. If it does not, the person is not
found disabled. If it does, the DDS will go to the
next step.
3. Does the individual have an impairment that
meets or equals one that is described in SSA's
Listing of Impairments? SSA maintains a list of
impairments for 14 major body systems: musculoskeletal, special senses and speech, respiratory,
cardiovascular, digestive, genitourinary, hemic and
lymphatic, skin and subcutaneous tissue, endocrine, multiple body, neurological, mental, neoplastic, and immunologic. Those impairments are so
severe that they automatically mean that a person
is disabled. If the condition is not on the list, the
DDS will have to decide if it is of equal severity to a
listed impairment. If it is, the person is found disabled. If not, the DDS goes to the next step.
4. Can the individual do the work he or she previously did? If the person's condition is severe but

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 3

not at the same or equal severity as an impairment
on the list, then the DDS must determine whether it
interferes with a person's ability to do his or her
past work. If it does not, the claim will be denied. If
it does, the DDS goes to the next step.
5. Can the individual do any other type of work?
To determine an individual's ability to do other
work, the DDS considers the person's medical conditions, age, education, work experience, and any
transferable skills. If the DDS decides the person
cannot do other work, the claim will be approved. If
the DDS decides that the person can do other
work, the claim will be denied.
A person is considered blind if his or her vision
cannot be corrected to better than 20/200 in the better
eye or if his or her visual field is 20 degrees or less,
even with a corrective lens. A number of special rules
apply to persons who are blind. Those rules recognize
the impact of blindness on a person's ability to work.
For example, the dollar amount used to determine
whether a blind individual is engaging in SGA is higher
than the limit for a sighted person.

Appeals Process
If an applicant's claim for disability benefits is denied,
he or she has the right to appeal that decision. There
are four levels of appeals: (1) reconsideration by the
state DDS, (2) hearing by an administrative law judge
(ALJ), (3) review by the Appeals Council, and (4) federal court review. At each level of appeal, claimants or
their representative must file the request for appeal in
writing within 60 days from the date of the notice of
denial.
Generally, the reconsideration is the first step in the
appeals process. The reconsideration is a case review
and is similar to the initial determination except that the
case is assigned to a different disability examiner and
medical team at the DDS. Claimants are given the
opportunity to present additional evidence, which is
considered along with the evidence that was submitted
during the initial determination.
If the claim is again denied, the individual may
request a hearing before an ALJ. Usually the ALJ will
hold a hearing, although the claimant may ask that his
or her case be decided on the basis of the written
record without a hearing. At the hearing, the claimant
and witnesses testify under oath or affirmation, and the
testimony is recorded verbatim. The ALJ, who is
responsible for looking into all the issues, receives documentary evidence as well as the testimony of witnesses. The ALJ will allow the claimant, the claimant's

representative, or both to present arguments and
examine witnesses.
The final step in the administrative appeals process
is at the Appeals Council. If the claimant is dissatisfied
with the hearing decision, he or she may request that
the Appeals Council review the case. The council,
made up of administrative appeals judges, may also,
on its own motion, review a decision within 60 days of
the ALJ's decision.
The Appeals Council considers the evidence of
record, any additional evidence submitted by the claimant, and the ALJ's findings and conclusions. The council may grant, deny, or dismiss a request for review. If it
agrees to review the case, the council may uphold,
modify, or reverse the ALJ's action, or it may remand it
to the ALJ so that he or she may hold another hearing
and issue a new decision.
Claimants may file an action in a federal district
court within 60 days after the date they receive notice
of the Appeals Council's action. If the U.S. District
Court reviews the case record and does not find in
favor of the claimant, the claimant can continue with the
appellate process to the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals.

Benefit Calculations
In addition to meeting the strict medical definition of
disability, an individual must also meet an insuredstatus requirement. To be eligible for disabled-worker
benefits, a person must have worked long enough and
recently enough under Social Security. A person can
earn up to four work credits per year. The amount of
earnings required for a credit increases each year as
general wage levels rise.
The number of work credits a person needs for disability benefits depends on the individual's age when
he or she becomes disabled. To be fully insured, the
maximum number of credits a person needs is 40. To
be currently insured, a person generally needs 20
credits earned in the last 10 years ending with the year
he or she becomes disabled. However, younger workers may qualify with fewer credits.
Dependents of a disabled worker are eligible for
benefits if the worker meets both the medical and
insured-status requirements. Disabled widow(er)s and
disabled adult children do not need to meet a work
requirement themselves, but the worker on whose
record they are filing must be insured.
To determine the amount of a person's monthly
cash benefit, SSA uses the following four-step process:

4 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

1. Calculate each worker's average indexed
monthly earnings (AIME). First, the worker's
annual covered earnings after 1950 are indexed to
reflect the general earnings level in the indexing
year—the second calendar year before the year of
eligibility (that is, the year a worker becomes disabled, reaches age 62, or dies). Earnings in years
after the indexing year are not indexed but instead
are counted at their actual value.
The period used to calculate the AIME equals the
number of full calendar years elapsing between
age 21 and the year of first eligibility. The actual
years used in the computation are the years of
highest earnings after the 5 lowest years of earnings have been excluded. The AIME is calculated
as the sum of the highest year's earnings, divided
by the number of months in the computation
period.
2. Compute the primary insurance amount (PIA).
The formula used to compute the PIA from the
AIME is weighted to provide a higher PIA-to-AIME
ratio for workers with low earnings. For workers
who reach age 62, become disabled, or die in
2004, the PIA is equal to the sum of:
90 percent of the first $612 of AIME, plus
32 percent of the next $3,077 of AIME, plus
15 percent of AIME over $3,689.
When subsequent retirement benefits are computed at conversion to retired-worker benefits at
the full retirement age (FRA), or at retirement for a
worker who earlier recovered from a disability, the
years of disability are disregarded from the PIA calculation. That preserves insured status and benefit
level.
Alternative methods of computing the PIA apply to
workers who have low earnings but a steady work
history over most of their adult years and to workers who also receive a pension based on their own
noncovered work.
3. Compute the family maximum (FMAX). Monthly
benefits payable to the worker and family members
or to the worker's survivors are limited to a maximum family benefit amount. The family maximum
level for retired-worker families or survivors usually
ranges from 150 percent to 188 percent of the
worker's PIA. The maximum benefit for disabledworker families ranges from the smaller of 85 percent of AIME (or 100 percent of the PIA, if larger) to
about 150 percent of the PIA.
Beginning with the first year of eligibility, the PIA
and FMAX are increased by cost-of-living adjustments.

4. Compute the person's monthly benefit amount
(MBA). Disabled workers and persons retiring at
the FRA are paid 100 percent of the PIA. The PIA
is reduced for workers who retire between the age
of 62 and the FRA. If a disabled worker receives
reduced retirement benefits before disability entitlement, the disability benefit is reduced by the number of months for which he or she received reduced
retirement benefits.
Dependents of retired or disabled workers may
receive up to 50 percent of the PIA. Disabled adult
children of deceased workers may receive up to
75 percent of the PIA.
Disabled widow(er)s aged 50 to 60 may receive up
to 71.5 percent of the PIA. Disabled widow(er)s
aged 60 to the FRA may receive up to 100 percent
of the PIA, but benefits are reduced for age, with a
maximum reduction of 28.5 percent.
All monthly benefits are limited by the family maximum, so dependents may not receive their full
MBA.

Benefits Offset and Withheld
Disabled-worker and dependents’ benefits may be offset if the disabled worker receives workers' compensation (WC) or other public disability benefits (PDB). The
Social Security Amendments of 1965 require that benefits be reduced when the worker is also eligible for
periodic or lump-sum WC/PDB payments, so that the
combined amounts of the disabled worker's and family's Social Security benefits plus the WC/PDB payment
do not exceed 80 percent of the worker's average current earnings. The combined payments after reduction
are never less than what the total Social Security benefits were before reduction. The reduction continues
until the month the worker reaches age 65 or the month
the WC/PDB payment stops, whichever comes first.
If a spouse or disabled widow(er) worked for a federal, state, or local government to which he or she did
not pay Social Security taxes, the pension he or she
receives from that agency may reduce his or her Social
Security benefits. That provision is known as the
government pension offset. The offset will reduce the
amount of the Social Security benefit by two-thirds of
the amount of the government pension.
The annual earnings test applies to nondisabled
beneficiaries under the FRA. Benefits for those beneficiaries are withheld $1 for every $2 they earn above the
annual earnings limit. In the calendar year a beneficiary attains the FRA, for months before the FRA, $1 is
withheld for every $3 earned over the annual earnings
limit for that age group. A retired worker's earnings will

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 5

also affect his or her dependents' benefits, including
those of disabled adult children. In addition, a spouse's
earnings may affect benefits for his or her children.
(How a disabled beneficiary's work affects his or her
benefit is discussed in the next section.)
Other reasons for withholding benefits include
spouses who no longer have an entitled child in their
care, beneficiaries who are incarcerated, or beneficiaries whose whereabouts are unknown.

Work Incentives
Special rules make it possible for disabled beneficiaries
to work and still receive monthly benefits and Medicare
or Medicaid. Those rules are known as work incentives.
Disabled beneficiaries are encouraged to return to
work by providing a trial work period (TWP) and an
extended period of eligibility (EPE). During the TWP,
earnings are allowed to exceed the SGA dollar amount
for 9 months. During the 3-year EPE that follows the
TWP, benefits are withheld only for those months in
which earnings exceed the SGA amount. After the end
of the EPE, monthly benefits are terminated when
earnings exceed the SGA amount. Certain impairmentrelated expenses that a person needs to make in order
to work may be deducted when counting earnings to
determine whether the work is substantial. Even if cash
benefits are withheld, Medicare and Medicaid coverage
can continue.
The Ticket to Work and Work Incentives Improvement Act has further improved work incentives. That
law substantially expands work opportunities for people
with disabilities. The provisions of the law become
effective at different times in different parts of the country. The provisions below apply to Social Security and
SSI.
1. Ticket to Work and Self-Sufficiency Program.
Starting in 2002, some Social Security and SSI disability beneficiaries received a "ticket" that they
may use to obtain vocational rehabilitation and
other employment-support services from an
approved provider of their choice. The program is
voluntary and will be phased in nationally over a
3-year period.
2. Expanded Availability of Health Care Services.
As of October 1, 2000, the law expands Medicaid
and Medicare coverage to more people with disabilities who work. It extends Medicare Part A
premium-free coverage for 93 months after the trial
work period for most disabled beneficiaries who
work.

In addition, states now have the option to expand
Medicaid coverage to workers with disabilities
using income and resource limits set by the states.
3. Expedited Benefits. Effective January 1, 2001, if a
person's Social Security or SSI disability benefits
have ended because of earnings from work and if
he or she becomes unable to work again within
60 months because of his or her medical condition,
the person would be able to request reinstatement
of benefits, including Medicare and Medicaid, without filing a new application.
4. Disability Reviews Postponed. Effective
January 1, 2001, an individual using a "ticket" does
not need to undergo the regularly scheduled disability reviews. Effective January 1, 2002, people
who have been receiving Social Security disability
benefits for at least 24 months will not be asked to
go through a disability review because of the work
they are doing. However, regularly scheduled medical reviews could still be performed and benefits
could be terminated if earnings were above the
limits.
5. Work Incentives Outreach Program. The law
directs the Social Security Administration to establish a community-based work incentives planning
and assistance program to disseminate accurate
information about work incentives and to give beneficiaries more choice. SSA has established a program of cooperative agreements and contracts to
provide benefits planning and assistance to all disabled beneficiaries, including information about the
availability of protection and advocacy services.
6. Protection and Advocacy. The law authorizes
SSA to make payments to protection and advocacy
systems established in each state to provide information, advice, and legal services to disability
beneficiaries.
More information about work incentives can be
found at http://www.socialsecurity.gov/work.

Benefit Termination
In general, benefits continue as long as a person
remains disabled. However, under Social Security law,
all disability cases must be reviewed from time to time
to make sure that people receiving benefits continue to
meet the disability requirements. Benefits continue
unless there is strong proof that a person's impairment
has medically improved and that he or she is able to
return to work.
How often a case is reviewed depends on the
severity of the impairment and the likelihood of

6 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

The beneficiary dies. If the deceased was the
worker, eligible dependents may become entitled to
survivors' benefits.

Improvement possible—If medical improvement
is possible but cannot be predicted, the case will be
reviewed about every 3 years.

The disabled worker or disabled widow(er) attains
the FRA, and their benefit is automatically converted to retired-worker benefits or aged
widow(er)s benefits, respectively.

Improvement not expected—If medical improvement is not likely, the case will be reviewed about
once every 5 to 7 years.

The disabled beneficiary is no longer disabled
because of medical recovery or successful reentry
to the workforce.

A spouse divorces a worker (with some exceptions).

Certain divorced spouses remarry.

A spouse no longer has a child under the age of 16
or a disabled child in his or her care.

A child reaches age 18.

A student reaches age 19 or is no longer attending
elementary or secondary school full time.

Dependent children marry.

Dependents become entitled to another equal or
larger benefit.

improvement. The frequency can range from 6 months
to 7 years. Here are general guidelines for reviews.

Improvement expected—If medical improvement
can be predicted when benefits start, the first
review will be 6 to 18 months later.

During a review, the disabled beneficiary is asked
to provide information about any medical treatment he
or she has received and any work he or she might have
done. An evaluation team, which includes a disability
examiner and a doctor, then requests the individual's
medical records and carefully reviews his or her file. If
the team decides a person is still disabled, benefits will
continue. If they decide that the person is no longer disabled, the individual can file an appeal if he or she disagrees with the determination. Otherwise, benefits stop
3 months after the beneficiary is notified that his or her
disability ended.
Benefits for dependents continue as long as the
disabled worker continues to be entitled to benefits.
However, a person's benefits may be terminated for
other reasons. The most common reasons to terminate
benefits are the following:

Benefits usually stop effective with the month the
terminating event occurred.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 7

Beneficiaries in CurrentPayment Status

Beneficiaries in Current-Payment Status
Chart 1.
All Social Security disabled beneficiaries in current-payment status, December 2004
In December 2004, nearly 7.2 million people received Social Security disability benefits as disabled workers,
disabled widow(er)s, or disabled adult children. The majority (86 percent) were disabled workers, 11 percent were
disabled adult children, and 3 percent were disabled widow(er)s.

Disabled widow(er)s
3%
Disabled adult children
11%
Disabled workers
86%

SOURCE: Table 3.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 11

Beneficiaries in Current-Payment Status
Chart 2.
All Social Security disabled beneficiaries in current-payment status, December 1970–2004
The number of disabled workers grew steadily until 1978, declined slightly until 1983, started to increase again in
1984, and began to increase more rapidly beginning in 1990. The growth in the 1980s and 1990s was the result of
demographic changes, a recession, and legislative changes. The number of disabled adult children has grown
slightly, and the number of disabled widow(er)s has remained fairly level. In December 2004, more than 6.1 million
disabled workers, about 759,000 disabled adult children, and just over 210,000 disabled widow(er)s received
disability benefits.

Millions
8
Total
Disabled workers

7

Disabled widow(er)s
Disabled adult children

6

5

4

3

2

1

0
1970

1975

1980

1985

1990

1995

SOURCE: Table 3.

12 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

2000

2004

Beneficiaries in Current-Payment Status
Chart 3.
Disabled beneficiaries aged 18–64 in current-payment status as a percentage of state population
aged 18–64, December 2004
Disabled beneficiaries aged 18 to 64 in current-payment status accounted for about 3.7 percent of the population
aged 18 to 64 in the United States. In 7 states and the District of Columbia, they represented less than 3 percent of
the state population. The states with the highest rates of disabled beneficiaries—5 percent or more—were
Alabama, Arkansas, Kentucky, Maine, Mississippi, South Carolina, Tennessee, and West Virginia.

Under 3%

3–3.9%

4–4.9%

5% or more

SOURCE: Table 8.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 13

Beneficiaries in Current-Payment Status
Chart 4.
Age of disabled-worker beneficiaries in current-payment status, by sex, December 2004
The percentage of disabled-worker beneficiaries increases with age for both men and women. In December 2004,
the largest percentage of disabled-worker beneficiaries was aged 60 and older. Disability benefits convert to retirement benefits when the worker reaches full retirement age, 65 to 67, depending on the year of birth.

Percent
30
Men
25
Women

20

15

10

5

0
Under 25

25–29

30–34

35–39

40–44

45–49

50–54

SOURCE: Table 4.

14 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

55–59 60 or older

Beneficiaries in Current-Payment Status
Chart 5.
Average monthly benefit of disabled beneficiaries in current-payment status, by sex, December 2004
The average monthly benefit for disabled-worker beneficiaries is higher than that paid to disabled widow(er)s or
disabled adult children. The reason for the difference is that disabled workers receive 100 percent of the primary
insurance amount (PIA), compared with 71.5 percent for disabled widow(er)s and 50 percent for disabled adult children (if the worker is disabled or retired) or 75 percent (if the worker is deceased).
Because men have traditionally had higher earnings than women, their monthly benefit is higher. This is most
obvious in the disabled-worker group. Benefits for disabled widow(er)s and disabled adult children are dependents'
benefits, so their monthly benefit is a function of the worker's earnings. Therefore, a disabled widow's average
benefit tends to be higher than that of a disabled widower because a male worker's earnings are higher than a
female worker's. Benefit amounts are about the same for men and women in the disabled adult children group.

Dollars
1,200
Men
1,000

Women

800

600

400

200

0

Disabled
workers

Disabled
widow(er)s

Disabled
adult children

SOURCE: Table 5.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 15

Beneficiaries in Current-Payment Status
Chart 6.
Disabled beneficiaries in current-payment status, by diagnostic group, December 2004
The impairment on which disability is based varies with the type of beneficiary. In December 2004, a mental disorder other than retardation was the primary reason disabled workers received benefits; diseases of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue were the leading cause of disability among disabled widow(er)s; and
mental retardation was the predominant reason for disability among disabled adult children.

Percent
50
Disabled workers
45
Disabled widow(er)s
40
Disabled adult children
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0

Mental
retardation

Other
mental
disorders

Nervous
system
and sense
organs

Musculoskeletal
system
and
connective
tissue

Endocrine,
nutritional,
and
metabolic
diseases

Circulatory
All other
system
impairments

SOURCE: Table 6.

16 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

Disabled Beneficiaries and Nondisabled Dependents
Table 1.
Number, selected years 1960–2004
Workers and nondisabled dependents
Children
Spouses under age 18

Adult children of—

Students
aged 18–19

Widow(er)s

Disabled
workers

Retired
workers

Deceased
workers

152,519
532,197
799,111
1,239,058

...
16,437
75,194
147,253

...
...
49,281
109,511

2,962
8,981
14,295
24,193

53,825
87,122
101,341
118,802

47,267
102,287
154,921
219,340

461,878
428,212
365,862
308,059
303,982

1,184,846
1,070,000
894,440
855,560
858,243

140,157
148,879
79,333
50,134
31,875

127,580
121,590
116,372
111,591
109,151

32,883
32,664
30,027
30,209
31,165

140,548
143,633
144,464
148,464
152,667

276,739
286,724
297,917
309,699
322,541

2,656,638
2,728,463
2,785,859
2,821,070
2,886,590

305,532
300,826
290,888
280,780
269,830

889,730
911,698
912,367
898,980
901,400

22,336
20,245
20,183
24,370
23,330

107,005
106,974
106,282
105,810
102,650

33,078
34,641
35,378
35,520
35,950

157,011
161,755
165,675
170,940
172,650

335,753
348,647
360,220
371,890
381,760

4,934,370
5,209,600
5,633,130
6,026,460
6,381,470

3,011,130
3,198,610
3,473,330
3,729,330
3,966,590

264,230
263,780
271,510
272,190
270,220

929,720
986,710
1,090,920
1,188,330
1,276,740

23,960
26,380
25,930
29,660
29,910

101,780
115,010
131,620
148,070
161,650

36,990
38,450
41,720
44,920
48,650

174,560
177,740
181,860
185,270
187,630

392,000
402,920
416,240
428,690
440,080

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

6,674,450
6,906,420
6,998,210
7,192,370
7,391,920

4,186,720
4,386,040
4,505,760
4,697,010
4,873,560

263,130
223,300
207,290
190,120
176,370

1,331,110
1,381,200
1,357,340
1,363,910
1,381,200

29,550
32,820
31,440
30,780
37,020

173,240
182,020
187,220
192,400
197,520

51,790
53,470
53,760
55,690
57,360

188,940
190,050
190,410
189,930
189,820

449,970
457,520
464,990
472,530
479,070

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

7,550,930
7,790,038
8,109,332
8,490,007
8,854,343

5,035,840
5,268,039
5,539,597
5,868,541
6,197,385

164,850
156,978
151,626
150,889
152,995

1,381,500
1,385,374
1,422,296
1,461,635
1,486,422

35,000
38,839
43,916
46,769
47,551

200,130
204,255
207,365
209,360
210,736

58,090
57,920
59,460
62,450
64,739

191,950
191,817
192,087
191,704
191,274

483,570
486,816
492,985
498,659
503,241

Year

Total

Workers

1960
1965
1970
1975

788,543
1,928,460
2,970,538
4,799,853

455,371
988,074
1,492,948
2,488,774

76,599
193,362
283,447
452,922

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

5,223,311
5,008,221
4,532,014
4,382,745
4,406,140

2,858,680
2,776,519
2,603,599
2,569,029
2,596,516

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

4,507,083
4,613,249
4,676,852
4,709,360
4,774,160

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

SOURCES: Social Security Administration. For years before 2001, Annual Statistical Supplement to the Social Security Bulletin , based on
the Master Beneficiary Record, various sampling rates; beginning with 2001, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary
Record file, 100 percent data.
NOTE: . . . = not applicable.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 17

Disabled Beneficiaries and Nondisabled Dependents
Table 2.
Average monthly benefit, by basis of entitlement, age, and sex, December 2004
Total
Basis of entitlement and age

Number

Male

Average monthly
benefit (dollars)

Number

Female

Average monthly
benefit (dollars)

Number

Average monthly
benefit (dollars)

Workers
Total
Under 25
25–29
30–34
35–39
40–44
45–49
50–54
55–59
60–64
65–FRA

6,197,385

894.10

3,373,226

1,002.30

2,824,159

765.00

56,628
137,007
220,035
366,275
622,504
857,014
1,068,229
1,353,782
1,434,690
81,221

484.30
588.40
666.90
731.10
787.30
851.30
916.70
972.70
992.60
973.20

33,171
75,628
116,288
196,696
335,816
462,455
573,424
737,303
796,427
46,018

493.90
599.40
682.30
750.40
824.30
917.20
1,018.40
1,117.10
1,168.70
1,147.70

23,457
61,379
103,747
169,579
286,688
394,559
494,805
616,479
638,263
35,203

470.60
574.70
649.70
708.60
743.90
774.00
798.90
800.00
772.80
745.00

Spouses of disabled workers
Total

152,995

231.50

4,515

186.10

148,480

232.90

Entitlement based on care
of children
Under 30
30–34
35–39
40–44
45–49
50–54
55–FRA

92,277
5,978
10,939
18,050
21,728
17,672
10,571
7,339

188.00
125.10
133.10
152.80
186.00
213.50
240.80
276.00

1,904
67
134
288
425
436
290
264

149.20
121.30
105.80
123.70
135.00
153.90
178.60
188.60

90,373
5,911
10,805
17,762
21,303
17,236
10,281
7,075

188.80
125.10
133.50
153.30
187.00
215.00
242.60
279.30

Entitlement based on age
62–64
65 or older

60,718
34,716
26,002

297.60
288.50
309.80

2,611
644
1,967

213.00
175.00
225.40

58,107
34,072
24,035

301.40
290.60
316.70

Children of disabled workers
Total

1,598,712

264.80

838,597

266.20

760,115

263.10

1,486,422
117,476
310,183
582,573
476,190

256.60
212.30
221.20
247.10
302.40

773,401
59,922
158,338
301,714
253,427

257.20
212.10
220.60
246.80
303.00

713,021
57,554
151,845
280,859
222,763

256.10
212.40
221.90
247.30
301.70

Students aged 18–19

47,551

367.30

27,989

370.90

19,562

362.00

Disabled aged 18 or older

64,739

376.10

37,207

375.90

27,532

376.40

Under age 18
Under 5
5–9
10–14
15–17

Widow(er)s
Total
50–54
55–59
60–FRA

210,736

582.70

7,016

416.60

203,720

588.50

27,181
77,839
105,716

592.60
586.70
577.30

1,239
2,919
2,858

425.80
421.80
407.30

25,942
74,920
102,858

600.60
593.10
582.00
(Continued)

18 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

Disabled Beneficiaries and Nondisabled Dependents
Table 2.
Average monthly benefit, by basis of entitlement, age, and sex, December 2004—Continued
Total
Basis of entitlement and age

Number

Male

Average monthly
benefit (dollars)

Number

Female

Average monthly
benefit (dollars)

Number

Average monthly
benefit (dollars)

Adult children
Total

759,254

587.60

414,697

585.20

344,557

590.40

Children of—
Disabled workers
Retired workers
Deceased workers

64,739
191,274
503,241

376.10
500.50
647.90

37,207
106,203
271,287

375.90
497.70
648.20

27,532
85,071
231,954

376.40
504.10
647.50

Under 25
25–29
30–34
35–39
40–44
45–49
50–54
55–59
60–64
65 or older

72,297
63,001
72,291
89,464
111,566
103,285
79,630
59,213
41,256
67,251

498.90
537.80
573.00
591.50
608.60
619.50
628.50
625.50
621.20
553.80

42,221
35,859
40,687
50,722
63,062
57,627
42,998
30,875
20,828
29,818

498.40
538.90
569.90
589.90
606.40
617.00
627.10
621.00
615.60
552.10

30,076
27,142
31,604
38,742
48,504
45,658
36,632
28,338
20,428
37,433

499.50
536.20
577.00
593.60
611.50
622.60
630.20
630.40
626.90
555.00

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file, 100 percent data.
NOTE: FRA = full retirement age.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 19

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 3.
Number, average, and total monthly benefits, December 1960–2004
Average monthly benefit
(dollars)

Number

Total monthly benefits
(thousands of dollars)

Workers Widow(er)s

Adult
children

559,425
742,296
888,131
993,656
1,077,695

455,371
618,075
740,867
827,014
894,173

...
...
...
...
...

104,054
124,221
147,264
166,642
183,522

89.31
89.59
89.99
90.59
91.12

...
...
...
...
...

44.15
45.28
45.67
46.45
47.35

40,669
55,373
66,671
74,919
81,477

...
...
...
...
...

4,594
5,625
6,726
7,741
8,690

1965
1966
1967
1968
1969

1,186,464
1,310,911
1,422,778
1,560,517
1,690,982

988,074
1,097,190
1,193,120
1,295,300
1,394,291

...
...
...
21,563
39,469

198,390
213,721
229,658
243,654
257,222

97.76
98.09
98.43
111.86
112.74

...
...
...
72.25
71.02

51.77
52.42
53.41
61.83
62.79

96,594
107,623
117,439
144,892
157,192

...
...
...
1,558
2,803

10,271
11,203
12,266
15,065
16,151

1970
1971
1972
1973
1974

1,812,786
1,990,098
2,202,090
2,415,383
2,670,092

1,492,948
1,647,684
1,832,916
2,016,626
2,236,882

49,281
56,743
64,167
78,769
92,128

270,557
285,671
305,007
319,988
341,082

131.26
146.52
179.32
183.00
205.70

82.00
90.11
109.54
111.14
125.87

73.21
81.37
98.81
100.14
112.45

195,964
241,419
328,678
369,043
460,127

4,041
5,113
7,029
8,754
11,596

19,807
23,245
30,138
32,044
38,355

1975
1976
1977
1978
1979

2,960,620
3,171,198
3,368,954
3,429,421
3,435,761

2,488,774
2,670,208
2,837,432
2,879,774
2,870,590

109,511
119,427
127,276
129,751
129,833

362,335
381,563
404,246
419,896
435,338

225.90
245.17
265.30
288.30
322.00

137.70
147.01
156.11
165.46
180.52

122.80
132.32
142.12
153.66
171.55

562,214
654,655
752,771
830,239
924,330

15,080
17,557
19,869
21,469
23,437

44,495
50,488
57,451
64,521
74,682

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

3,436,429
3,361,130
3,192,379
3,168,992
3,212,040

2,858,680
2,776,519
2,603,599
2,569,029
2,596,516

127,580
121,590
116,372
111,591
109,151

450,169
463,021
472,408
488,372
506,373

370.70
413.20
440.60
456.20
470.70

205.02
226.58
242.11
250.33
306.24

198.95
224.51
245.07
257.78
270.28

1,059,713
1,147,258
1,147,146
1,171,991
1,222,180

26,156
27,550
28,175
27,935
33,426

89,561
103,953
115,773
125,893
136,862

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

3,289,485
3,380,480
3,453,414
3,507,707
3,583,451

2,656,638
2,728,463
2,785,859
2,830,284
2,895,364

107,005
106,974
106,282
103,123
101,630

525,842
545,043
561,273
574,300
586,457

483.80
487.90
508.20
529.50
556.00

315.26
319.74
333.89
348.05
366.72

281.92
288.79
304.32
320.21
339.47

1,285,281
1,331,217
1,415,774
1,498,635
1,609,822

33,734
34,204
35,486
35,892
37,270

148,245
157,403
170,807
183,897
199,085

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

3,712,763
3,925,472
4,236,080
4,529,466
4,796,313

3,011,294
3,194,938
3,467,783
3,725,966
3,962,954

100,989
114,489
131,324
147,015
160,676

600,480
616,045
636,973
656,485
672,683

587.20
609.40
626.10
641.70
661.40

388.93
406.96
422.65
434.20
446.30

361.71
378.86
393.61
407.20
422.40

1,768,232
1,946,995
2,171,179
2,390,952
2,621,098

39,278
46,592
55,504
63,834
71,710

217,200
233,395
250,719
267,321
284,141

Year

Total

1960
1961
1962
1963
1964

Workers Widow(er)s

Adult
children

Workers Widow(er)s

Adult
children

(Continued)

20 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 3.
Number, average, and total monthly benefits, December 1960–2004—Continued
Average monthly benefit
(dollars)

Number
Adult
children

Adult
children

Total monthly benefits
(thousands of dollars)
Adult
children

Year

Total

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

5,044,388
5,264,321
5,400,781
5,605,272
5,798,776

4,185,263
4,385,623
4,508,134
4,698,319
4,879,455

173,024
181,911
187,938
194,181
198,795

686,101
696,787
704,709
712,772
720,526

681.60
703.90
721.60
733.10
754.10

458.30
471.00
480.40
487.30
499.90

437.30
454.30
468.60
479.40
495.60

2,853,512
3,087,040
3,253,069
3,444,338
3,679,597

79,297
85,680
90,285
94,624
99,378

300,032
316,550
330,227
341,703
357,093

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

5,972,468
6,208,847
6,491,494
6,830,714
7,167,375

5,042,333
5,268,039
5,539,597
5,868,541
6,197,385

201,446
204,255
207,365
209,360
210,736

728,689
736,553
744,532
752,813
759,254

786.40
814.40
834.30
861.60
894.10

519.70
536.70
548.10
563.80
582.70

518.30
537.60
550.40
567.00
587.60

3,965,291
4,290,449
4,621,852
5,054,332
5,540,703

104,681
109,622
113,653
118,010
122,795

377,650
395,956
409,813
426,780
446,096

Workers Widow(er)s

Workers Widow(er)s

Workers Widow(er)s

SOURCES: Social Security Administration. For years before 2000, Annual Statistical Supplement to the Social Security Bulletin , based on
the Master Beneficiary Record, various sampling rates; for 2000, Social Security Disability Insurance Beneficiaries, 100 percent data;
beginning with 2001, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file, 100 percent data.
NOTE: . . . = not applicable.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 21

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 4.
Number and average monthly benefit, by sex and age, December 2004
Total

Number

Age

Widow(er)s

Workers
Average
monthly
benefit
(dollars)

Number

Average
monthly
benefit
(dollars)

Number

Adult children

Average
monthly
benefit
(dollars)

Number

Average
monthly
benefit
(dollars)

All disabled beneficiaries
Total
Under 25
25–29
30–34
35–39
40–44
45–49
50–54
55–59
60–64
65–FRA a

7,167,375

852.50

6,197,385

894.10

210,736

582.70

759,254

587.60

128,925
200,008
292,326
455,739
734,070
960,299
1,175,040
1,490,834
1,581,662
148,472

492.50
572.40
643.70
703.70
760.10
826.30
889.70
938.70
955.10
783.20

56,628
137,007
220,035
366,275
622,504
857,014
1,068,229
1,353,782
1,434,690
81,221

484.30
588.40
666.90
731.10
787.30
851.30
916.70
972.70
992.60
973.20

...
...
...
...
...
...
27,181
77,839
105,716
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
592.60
586.70
577.30
...

72,297
63,001
72,291
89,464
111,566
103,285
79,630
59,213
41,256
67,251

498.90
537.80
573.00
591.50
608.60
619.50
628.50
625.50
621.20
553.80

Men
Subtotal
Under 25
25–29
30–34
35–39
40–44
45–49
50–54
55–59
60–64
65–FRA a

3,794,939

955.60

3,373,226

1,002.30

7,016

416.60

414,697

585.20

75,392
111,487
156,975
247,418
398,878
520,082
617,661
771,097
820,113
75,836

496.40
580.00
653.10
717.50
789.90
884.00
990.00
1,094.60
1,152.00
913.50

33,171
75,628
116,288
196,696
335,816
462,455
573,424
737,303
796,427
46,018

493.90
599.40
682.30
750.40
824.30
917.20
1,018.40
1,117.10
1,168.70
1,147.70

...
...
...
...
...
...
1,239
2,919
2,858
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
425.80
421.80
407.30
...

42,221
35,859
40,687
50,722
63,062
57,627
42,998
30,875
20,828
29,818

498.40
538.90
569.90
589.90
606.40
617.00
627.10
621.00
615.60
552.10

Women
Subtotal
Under 25
25–29
30–34
35–39
40–44
45–49
50–54
55–59
60–64
65–FRA a

3,372,436

736.50

2,824,159

765.00

203,720

588.50

344,557

590.40

53,533
88,521
135,351
208,321
335,192
440,217
557,379
719,737
761,549
72,636

486.90
562.90
632.70
687.20
724.80
758.30
778.60
771.80
743.10
647.10

23,457
61,379
103,747
169,579
286,688
394,559
494,805
616,479
638,263
35,203

470.60
574.70
649.70
708.60
743.90
774.00
798.90
800.00
772.80
745.00

...
...
...
...
...
...
25,942
74,920
102,858
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
600.60
593.10
582.00
...

30,076
27,142
31,604
38,742
48,504
45,658
36,632
28,338
20,428
37,433

499.50
536.20
577.00
593.60
611.50
622.60
630.20
630.40
626.90
555.00

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file, 100 percent data.
NOTE: FRA = full retirement age; . . . = not applicable.
a. FRA applies only to workers and widow(er)s. There is no age limit for adult children.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

22 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 5.
Distribution, by sex and monthly benefit, December 2004
Total

Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult children

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

7,167,375

100.0

6,197,385

100.0

210,736

100.0

759,254

100.0

Less than 300.00
300.00–399.90
400.00–499.90

342,992
353,490
460,794

4.8
4.9
6.4

213,885
229,533
326,476

3.5
3.7
5.3

38,940
23,617
27,788

18.5
11.2
13.2

90,167
100,340
106,530

11.9
13.2
14.0

500.00–599.90
600.00–699.90
700.00–799.90
800.00–899.90
900.00–999.90

814,090
904,817
809,109
684,474
573,231

11.4
12.6
11.3
9.5
8.0

683,138
768,234
699,230
606,026
513,516

11.0
12.4
11.3
9.8
8.3

26,156
23,202
19,733
15,866
14,199

12.4
11.0
9.4
7.5
6.7

104,796
113,381
90,146
62,582
45,516

13.8
14.9
11.9
8.2
6.0

1,000.00–1,099.90
1,100.00–1,199.90
1,200.00–1,299.90
1,300.00–1,399.90
1,400.00–1,499.90

471,793
374,334
308,057
293,455
254,757

6.6
5.2
4.3
4.1
3.6

432,127
358,063
301,298
290,899
253,887

7.0
5.8
4.9
4.7
4.1

10,731
6,435
2,856
1,037
116

5.1
3.1
1.4
0.5
0.1

28,935
9,836
3,903
1,519
754

3.8
1.3
0.5
0.2
0.1

1,500.00–1,599.90
1,600.00–1,699.90
1,700.00–1,799.90
1,800.00 or more

208,294
156,151
88,107
69,430

2.9
2.2
1.2
1.0

207,957
155,946
87,967
69,203

3.4
2.5
1.4
1.1

22
10
11
17

a
a
a
a

315
195
129
210

a
a
a
a

Sex and monthly benefit (dollars)
All disabled beneficiaries

Average benefit (dollars)

852.50

894.10

582.70

587.60

3,794,939

100.0

3,373,226

100.0

7,016

100.0

414,697

100.0

Less than 300.00
300.00–399.90
400.00–499.90

126,656
135,977
179,331

3.3
3.6
4.7

72,343
80,754
120,044

2.1
2.4
3.6

2,644
915
1,107

37.7
13.0
15.8

51,669
54,308
58,180

12.5
13.1
14.0

500.00–599.90
600.00–699.90
700.00–799.90
800.00–899.90
900.00–999.90

317,567
385,200
379,969
349,526
316,348

8.4
10.2
10.0
9.2
8.3

259,822
324,065
330,829
314,978
291,395

7.7
9.6
9.8
9.3
8.6

778
545
378
247
151

11.1
7.8
5.4
3.5
2.2

56,967
60,590
48,762
34,301
24,802

13.7
14.6
11.8
8.3
6.0

1,000.00–1,099.90
1,100.00–1,199.90
1,200.00–1,299.90
1,300.00–1,399.90
1,400.00–1,499.90

283,703
244,875
217,291
220,727
201,140

7.5
6.5
5.7
5.8
5.3

267,677
239,462
215,073
219,895
200,715

7.9
7.1
6.4
6.5
6.0

132
72
37
b
b

1.9
1.0
0.5
b
b

15,894
5,341
2,181
b
b

3.8
1.3
0.5
b
b

1,500.00–1,599.90
1,600.00–1,699.90
1,700.00–1,799.90
1,800.00 or more

169,244
130,208
76,186
60,991

4.5
3.4
2.0
1.6

169,074
130,094
76,117
60,889

5.0
3.9
2.3
1.8

0
b
0
0

0
b
0
0

170
b
69
102

a
b
a
a

Men

Average benefit (dollars)

955.60

1,002.30

416.60

585.20
(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 23

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 5.
Distribution, by sex and monthly benefit, December 2004—Continued
Total
Sex and monthly benefit (dollars)

Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult children

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

3,372,436

100.0

2,824,159

100.0

203,720

100.0

344,557

100.0

Less than 300.00
300.00–399.90
400.00–499.90

216,336
217,513
281,463

6.4
6.4
8.3

141,542
148,779
206,432

5.0
5.3
7.3

36,296
22,702
26,681

17.8
11.1
13.1

38,498
46,032
48,350

11.2
13.4
14.0

500.00–599.90
600.00–699.90
700.00–799.90
800.00–899.90
900.00–999.90

496,523
519,617
429,140
334,948
256,883

14.7
15.4
12.7
9.9
7.6

423,316
444,169
368,401
291,048
222,121

15.0
15.7
13.0
10.3
7.9

25,378
22,657
19,355
15,619
14,048

12.5
11.1
9.5
7.7
6.9

47,829
52,791
41,384
28,281
20,714

13.9
15.3
12.0
8.2
6.0

1,000.00–1,099.90
1,100.00–1,199.90
1,200.00–1,299.90
1,300.00–1,399.90
1,400.00–1,499.90

188,090
129,459
90,766
72,728
53,617

5.6
3.8
2.7
2.2
1.6

164,450
118,601
86,225
71,004
53,172

5.8
4.2
3.1
2.5
1.9

10,599
6,363
2,819
b
b

5.2
3.1
1.4
b
b

13,041
4,495
1,722
b
b

3.8
1.3
0.5
b
b

1,500.00–1,599.90
1,600.00–1,699.90
1,700.00–1,799.90
1,800.00 or more

39,050
25,943
11,921
8,439

1.2
0.8
0.4
0.3

38,883
25,852
11,850
8,314

1.4
0.9
0.4
0.3

22
b
11
17

a
b
a
a

145
b
60
108

a
b
a
a

Women

Average benefit (dollars)

736.50

765.00

588.50

590.40

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file, 100 percent data.
a. Less than 0.05 percent.
b. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

24 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 6.
Distribution, by sex and diagnostic group, December 2004
Total
Diagnostic group

Number

Workers
Percent

Number

Widow(er)s

Percent

Number

Adult children

Percent

Number

Percent

All disabled beneficiaries
Total
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic
diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

7,167,375

100.0

6,197,385

100.0

210,736

100.0

759,254

100.0

18,634

0.3

10,392

0.2

261

0.1

7,981

1.1

268,859
114,942
286,513

3.8
1.6
4.0

247,559
110,178
271,626

4.0
1.8
4.4

18,477
1,777
5,363

8.8
0.8
2.5

2,823
2,987
9,524

0.4
0.4
1.3

661,285
1,922,097
178,889

9.2
26.8
2.5

310,240
1,765,627
172,844

5.0
28.5
2.8

9,623
48,503
4,269

4.6
23.0
2.0

341,422
107,967
1,776

45.0
14.2
0.2

17,879
624,774
97,551
107,088

0.2
8.7
1.4
1.5

15,596
600,144
94,566
103,427

0.3
9.7
1.5
1.7

360
21,262
2,398
1,866

0.2
10.1
1.1
0.9

1,923
3,368
587
1,795

0.3
0.4
0.1
0.2

1,604,595
679,618
206,508
15,702
13,558
348,883

22.4
9.5
2.9
0.2
0.2
4.9

1,540,566
596,369
194,592
14,963
12,038
136,658

24.9
9.6
3.1
0.2
0.2
2.2

59,012
15,064
10,953
484
262
10,802

28.0
7.1
5.2
0.2
0.1
5.1

5,017
68,185
963
255
1,258
201,423

0.7
9.0
0.1
a
0.2
26.5

Men
Subtotal
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic
diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

3,794,939

100.0

3,373,226

100.0

7,016

100.0

414,697

100.0

9,566

0.3

5,390

0.2

10

0.1

4,166

1.0

107,616
83,610
197,539

2.8
2.2
5.2

105,959
81,926
190,556

3.1
2.4
5.6

332
94
337

4.7
1.3
4.8

1,325
1,590
6,646

0.3
0.4
1.6

386,238
973,548
84,619

10.2
25.7
2.2

201,209
903,702
83,461

6.0
26.8
2.5

325
1,380
140

4.6
19.7
2.0

184,704
68,466
1,018

44.5
16.5
0.2

8,103
407,046
51,919
63,499

0.2
10.7
1.4
1.7

7,115
404,117
51,490
62,439

0.2
12.0
1.5
1.9

18
1,115
123
129

0.3
15.9
1.8
1.8

970
1,814
306
931

0.2
0.4
0.1
0.2

800,300
336,720
98,482
6,243
6,518
173,373

21.1
8.9
2.6
0.2
0.2
4.6

796,382
299,870
97,711
6,126
5,846
69,927

23.6
8.9
2.9
0.2
0.2
2.1

1,763
474
339
14
7
416

25.1
6.8
4.8
0.2
0.1
5.9

2,155
36,376
432
103
665
103,030

0.5
8.8
0.1
a
0.2
24.8

(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 25

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 6.
Distribution, by sex and diagnostic group, December 2004—Continued
Total
Diagnostic group

Number

Workers
Percent

Number

Widow(er)s

Percent

Adult children

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Women
Subtotal
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic
diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

3,372,436

100.0

2,824,159

100.0

203,720

100.0

344,557

100.0

9,068

0.3

5,002

0.2

251

0.1

3,815

1.1

161,243
31,332
88,974

4.8
0.9
2.6

141,600
28,252
81,070

5.0
1.0
2.9

18,145
1,683
5,026

8.9
0.8
2.5

1,498
1,397
2,878

0.4
0.4
0.8

275,047
948,549
94,270

8.2
28.1
2.8

109,031
861,925
89,383

3.9
30.5
3.2

9,298
47,123
4,129

4.6
23.1
2.0

156,718
39,501
758

45.5
11.5
0.2

9,776
217,728
45,632
43,589

0.3
6.5
1.4
1.3

8,481
196,027
43,076
40,988

0.3
6.9
1.5
1.5

342
20,147
2,275
1,737

0.2
9.9
1.1
0.9

953
1,554
281
864

0.3
0.5
0.1
0.3

804,295
342,898
108,026
9,459
7,040
175,510

23.8
10.2
3.2
0.3
0.2
5.2

744,184
296,499
96,881
8,837
6,192
66,731

26.4
10.5
3.4
0.3
0.2
2.4

57,249
14,590
10,614
470
255
10,386

28.1
7.2
5.2
0.2
0.1
5.1

2,862
31,809
531
152
593
98,393

0.8
9.2
0.2
a
0.2
28.6

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file, 100 percent data.
NOTE: The diagnosis for disabled adult children typically was not recorded on the Master Beneficiary Record until 1984. Many
beneficiaries entitled before that date are still on the rolls today.
a. Less than 0.05 percent.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

26 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 7.
Average monthly benefit, by sex and diagnostic group, December 2004 (in dollars)
Diagnostic group

Total

Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult children

All disabled beneficiaries
Total
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic
diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

852.50

894.10

582.70

587.60

707.80

778.40

597.10

619.60

830.30
872.00
906.60

852.70
885.40
923.70

568.50
577.80
564.60

580.90
552.00
611.30

592.10
801.50
1,027.10

610.30
820.00
1,042.00

524.50
600.20
600.60

577.60
589.70
608.70

804.00
1,006.50
935.30
927.80

841.50
1,023.90
946.00
940.50

562.50
580.60
601.70
577.60

544.80
603.90
574.80
559.60

934.40
887.10
921.40
855.40
930.00
704.20

949.00
927.00
941.40
869.30
974.30
873.70

582.40
587.30
598.90
586.30
599.70
563.10

580.00
604.20
555.80
555.40
575.10
596.80

Men
Subtotal
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic
diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

955.60

1,002.30

416.60

585.20

746.30

844.80

364.70

619.80

1,028.00
917.50
974.60

1,035.50
925.30
988.20

415.60
457.80
409.30

579.70
542.90
611.50

610.60
867.00
1,199.40

644.80
888.70
1,207.90

354.80
425.10
435.30

573.70
589.70
604.50

892.20
1,140.10
1,067.40
1,024.60

940.90
1,144.50
1,071.80
1,032.80

346.90
428.60
451.70
449.80

545.10
597.20
566.90
552.30

1,100.80
988.80
1,119.00
989.20
1,008.20
746.50

1,103.80
1,037.10
1,123.90
997.80
1,058.40
969.20

414.80
403.50
425.20
394.70
420.90
395.60

576.40
598.10
553.00
555.60
573.00
596.70
(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 27

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 7.
Average monthly benefit, by sex and diagnostic group, December 2004 (in dollars)—Continued
Diagnostic group

Total

Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult children

Women
Subtotal
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic
diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

736.50

765.00

588.50

590.40

667.20

706.70

606.40

619.30

698.40
750.60
755.80

716.00
769.80
772.10

571.30
584.50
575.00

581.90
562.30
610.70

566.20
734.30
872.50

546.40
748.00
887.00

530.50
605.40
606.30

582.10
589.70
614.40

730.90
756.80
785.10
786.70

758.20
775.20
795.70
799.80

573.80
589.00
609.80
587.10

544.40
611.80
583.40
567.60

768.70
787.30
741.30
767.20
857.60
662.50

783.30
815.80
757.30
780.20
894.90
773.70

587.50
593.20
604.40
592.00
604.60
569.80

582.70
611.10
558.10
555.20
577.60
596.80

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file, 100 percent data.
NOTE: The diagnosis for disabled adult children typically was not recorded on the Master Beneficiary Record until 1984. Many
beneficiaries entitled before that date are still on the rolls today.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

28 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 8.
Number aged 18–64 as a percentage of the resident population aged 18–64, by state,
December 2004
Beneficiaries
Resident population a

Number

Percentage of
resident population

184,083,421

6,838,148

3.7

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

2,837,690
425,319
3,464,503
1,694,973
22,474,379

179,203
10,006
124,731
108,717
594,961

6.3
2.4
3.6
6.4
2.6

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

2,971,543
2,191,123
527,897
376,805
10,466,288

75,221
71,701
21,505
10,780
415,927

2.5
3.3
4.1
2.9
4.0

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

5,649,734
792,139
862,156
7,954,855
3,865,264

210,245
20,032
30,096
246,120
153,188

3.7
2.5
3.5
3.1
4.0

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

1,840,875
1,697,432
2,646,408
2,823,165
845,373

65,071
57,108
173,362
131,908
48,817

3.5
3.4
6.6
4.7
5.8

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

3,528,507
4,097,973
6,332,586
3,245,499
1,800,530

97,238
163,210
263,081
96,494
116,304

2.8
4.0
4.2
3.0
6.5

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

3,604,384
592,223
1,080,845
1,469,096
837,834

171,034
21,959
35,408
46,655
33,713

4.7
3.7
3.3
3.2
4.0

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

5,416,679
1,181,528
12,161,909
5,390,480
402,240

167,528
46,438
444,862
264,082
12,365

3.1
3.9
3.7
4.9
3.1

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

7,154,883
2,199,243
2,282,408
7,672,780
686,232

268,629
94,842
79,133
317,000
31,016

3.8
4.3
3.5
4.1
4.5

State
United States

(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 29

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 8.
Number aged 18–64 as a percentage of the resident population aged 18–64, by state,
December 2004—Continued
Beneficiaries
State
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

Resident population a

Number

Percentage of
resident population

2,652,976
470,516
3,771,620
14,006,633
1,441,214

140,239
15,801
195,240
397,752
30,686

5.3
3.4
5.2
2.8
2.1

405,738
4,808,006
4,014,623
1,152,359
3,485,472
328,484

16,956
175,800
127,988
87,721
120,189
10,086

4.2
3.7
3.2
7.6
3.4
3.1

SOURCES: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file, 100 percent data; U.S.
Census Bureau, 2004 estimates of resident population.
NOTE: Data exclude United States territories and other areas.
a. Population estimates for the United States as of July 1, 2004, as reported by the U.S. Census Bureau.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

30 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 9.
Distribution, by state or other area, December 2004
Total

Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult children

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

7,167,375

100.0

6,197,385

100.0

210,736

100.0

759,254

100.0

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

182,537
10,140
126,600
110,732
605,785

2.5
0.1
1.8
1.5
8.5

158,703
9,150
114,578
97,653
528,609

2.6
0.1
1.8
1.6
8.5

6,689
242
3,111
3,903
13,984

3.2
0.1
1.5
1.9
6.6

17,145
748
8,911
9,176
63,192

2.3
0.1
1.2
1.2
8.3

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

76,462
73,525
21,926
10,988
423,668

1.1
1.0
0.3
0.2
5.9

68,862
62,517
19,473
9,436
378,099

1.1
1.0
0.3
0.2
6.1

1,751
1,533
510
252
11,500

0.8
0.7
0.2
0.1
5.5

5,849
9,475
1,943
1,300
34,069

0.8
1.2
0.3
0.2
4.5

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

214,408
20,549
30,714
251,709
156,502

3.0
0.3
0.4
3.5
2.2

186,943
17,740
27,302
212,168
134,461

3.0
0.3
0.4
3.4
2.2

7,216
471
784
7,382
4,875

3.4
0.2
0.4
3.5
2.3

20,249
2,338
2,628
32,159
17,166

2.7
0.3
0.3
4.2
2.3

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

66,845
58,435
176,630
134,653
49,799

0.9
0.8
2.5
1.9
0.7

56,604
50,782
153,184
110,422
44,038

0.9
0.8
2.5
1.8
0.7

1,656
1,558
7,046
5,836
1,165

0.8
0.7
3.3
2.8
0.6

8,585
6,095
16,400
18,395
4,596

1.1
0.8
2.2
2.4
0.6

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

99,184
166,687
268,844
98,857
118,519

1.4
2.3
3.8
1.4
1.7

85,926
145,391
227,568
85,488
102,132

1.4
2.3
3.7
1.4
1.6

2,372
3,318
8,043
1,825
4,581

1.1
1.6
3.8
0.9
2.2

10,886
17,978
33,233
11,544
11,806

1.4
2.4
4.4
1.5
1.6

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

174,543
22,433
36,321
47,388
34,370

2.4
0.3
0.5
0.7
0.5

152,857
19,673
31,282
43,613
30,822

2.5
0.3
0.5
0.7
0.5

5,473
592
822
1,159
738

2.6
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.4

16,213
2,168
4,217
2,616
2,810

2.1
0.3
0.6
0.3
0.4

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

171,482
47,254
456,303
269,787
12,791

2.4
0.7
6.4
3.8
0.2

147,396
41,660
387,666
237,795
10,478

2.4
0.7
6.3
3.8
0.2

4,137
1,224
12,070
8,499
293

2.0
0.6
5.7
4.0
0.1

19,949
4,370
56,567
23,493
2,020

2.6
0.6
7.5
3.1
0.3

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

274,906
96,955
80,659
324,929
31,676

3.8
1.4
1.1
4.5
0.4

230,460
84,410
71,398
275,892
27,875

3.7
1.4
1.2
4.5
0.4

9,232
3,309
2,027
9,813
683

4.4
1.6
1.0
4.7
0.3

35,214
9,236
7,234
39,224
3,118

4.6
1.2
1.0
5.2
0.4

State or area
All areas

(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 31

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 9.
Distribution, by state or other area, December 2004—Continued
Total

Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult children

State or area

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

143,104
16,300
199,064
405,629
31,270

2.0
0.2
2.8
5.7
0.4

124,724
13,837
172,989
350,669
27,163

2.0
0.2
2.8
5.7
0.4

5,038
385
7,502
13,680
712

2.4
0.2
3.6
6.5
0.3

13,342
2,078
18,573
41,280
3,395

1.8
0.3
2.4
5.4
0.4

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

17,320
179,511
130,151
89,720
123,217
10,288

0.2
2.5
1.8
1.3
1.7
0.1

14,992
156,592
115,238
76,039
104,633
9,166

0.2
2.5
1.9
1.2
1.7
0.1

444
5,612
3,061
3,695
2,695
235

0.2
2.7
1.5
1.8
1.3
0.1

1,884
17,307
11,852
9,986
15,889
887

0.2
2.3
1.6
1.3
2.1
0.1

Outlying areas
American Samoa
Guam
Northern Mariana Islands
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

1,199
1,219
219
162,612
1,922

a
a
a
2.3
a

1,045
1,055
169
134,694
1,554

a
a
a
2.2
a

53
34
5
5,095
64

a
a
a
2.4
a

101
130
45
22,823
304

a
a
a
3.0
a

18,135

0.3

12,320

0.2

752

0.4

5,063

0.7

Foreign countries

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file, 100 percent data.
a. Less than 0.05 percent.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

32 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 10.
Number, by state or other area and diagnostic group, December 2004

State or area
All areas

Endocrine,
nutritional,
and
Congenital metabolic
Total anomalies diseases

Infectious
and
parasitic
diseases

Mental disorders
Injuries

Total Retardation

286,513 2,583,382

Other Neoplasms

7,167,375

18,634

268,859

114,942

661,285 1,922,097

178,889

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

182,537
10,140
126,600
110,732
605,785

354
26
272
288
1,611

7,850
302
4,231
4,482
19,540

1,914
120
1,832
1,213
15,183

8,181
487
5,539
4,996
25,391

55,705
3,717
49,817
29,942
233,239

15,772
803
7,440
10,366
41,334

39,933
2,914
42,377
19,576
191,905

4,075
307
2,897
2,884
15,597

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

76,462
73,525
21,926
10,988
423,668

289
188
63
14
1,153

2,368
2,404
854
372
16,704

1,270
1,191
432
723
12,119

3,767
2,202
865
271
21,406

25,124
31,724
7,354
4,571
140,800

6,035
7,688
1,917
1,260
27,550

19,089
24,036
5,437
3,311
113,250

2,033
1,862
609
189
11,725

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

214,408
20,549
30,714
251,709
156,502

479
41
97
597
342

9,595
598
1,067
10,305
7,482

4,653
385
256
3,739
1,717

8,455
824
1,449
8,877
5,367

68,694
8,929
11,480
102,964
57,972

20,340
1,679
2,590
28,057
18,355

48,354
7,250
8,890
74,907
39,617

5,507
560
801
6,604
4,062

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

66,845
58,435
176,630
134,653
49,799

226
164
364
306
156

2,640
2,714
6,192
5,125
1,520

505
599
1,400
2,121
355

2,531
2,682
6,125
5,715
1,841

26,283
21,441
63,493
39,406
20,987

9,262
6,845
16,753
16,271
4,256

17,021
14,596
46,740
23,135
16,731

1,753
1,476
3,547
3,112
1,010

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

99,184
166,687
268,844
98,857
118,519

352
526
681
262
207

3,626
4,209
10,340
2,554
5,486

2,516
2,813
2,382
964
1,410

3,969
5,603
9,352
3,894
4,826

34,105
77,436
107,537
46,704
40,643

9,527
13,421
26,182
11,983
11,690

24,578
64,015
81,355
34,721
28,953

3,143
3,912
6,420
2,543
2,787

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

174,543
22,433
36,321
47,388
34,370

511
68
116
150
86

7,990
653
1,486
1,696
879

2,193
182
385
829
275

7,741
1,197
1,685
2,158
1,258

56,912
7,567
12,253
14,543
15,271

17,397
2,026
4,051
2,223
2,538

39,515
5,541
8,202
12,320
12,733

4,183
530
955
1,216
816

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

171,482
47,254
456,303
269,787
12,791

430
153
1,122
619
59

5,365
1,708
14,288
12,852
337

3,251
616
10,722
4,191
78

6,190
2,529
16,321
9,989
568

61,659
15,964
148,628
85,690
5,054

14,082
3,606
39,947
28,165
1,996

47,577
12,358
108,681
57,525
3,058

5,243
957
12,022
7,091
334

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

274,906
96,955
80,659
324,929
31,676

837
223
230
981
51

10,354
4,285
2,784
12,481
992

2,525
1,103
1,073
3,983
381

8,209
4,043
3,996
13,542
976

123,115
31,017
28,496
110,051
14,064

34,350
9,476
6,824
33,377
3,101

88,765
21,541
21,672
76,674
10,963

6,149
2,311
2,125
8,425
744
(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 33

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 10.
Number, by state or other area and diagnostic group, December 2004—Continued
Diseases of the—

State or area
All areas

Blood and
bloodforming
organs

Musculo- Nervous
skeletal
system
Skin and
CircuGenito- system and
and Respi- subcutalatory Digestive urinary connective
sense
ratory
neous
system
system system
tissue
organs system
tissue

17,879

624,774

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

620
26
215
302
1,262

19,228
672
9,037
12,423
42,631

2,353
158
1,939
1,623
9,415

2,727
115
1,768
1,307
10,735

49,171
2,501
28,559
32,754
137,345

15,394
1,121
12,480
10,259
59,367

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

121
171
79
49
1,267

4,402
5,231
1,838
836
40,941

1,214
893
299
86
7,240

1,010
956
412
413
6,356

18,902
13,012
5,454
1,554
91,134

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

847
30
33
753
398

22,651
1,984
2,040
21,945
14,576

2,989
202
429
2,964
2,300

4,291
550
302
4,193
2,164

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

133
130
278
509
56

4,608
4,541
16,235
15,200
3,501

790
806
2,142
1,635
574

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

420
283
651
188
416

9,863
9,977
22,736
6,249
13,945

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

431
27
70
112
47

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

97,551 107,088

1,604,595

679,618 206,508

Other Unknown

15,702

13,558

348,883

5,904
265
3,382
4,018
10,936

463
25
262
353
1,155

361
27
351
156
1,398

8,237
271
4,019
3,732
20,980

10,186
7,086
2,043
1,102
35,798

2,514
1,805
640
213
12,682

157
169
35
40
1,719

182
114
59
17
839

2,923
4,517
890
538
21,785

47,886
3,345
7,344
43,259
29,366

17,917
1,720
3,403
25,548
16,291

7,205
408
872
7,152
5,982

500
50
63
473
255

336
64
61
457
284

12,403
859
1,017
11,879
7,944

782
792
1,569
2,371
341

13,548
11,997
45,641
34,844
11,844

7,185
6,255
13,037
11,599
4,261

2,145
1,972
6,705
3,399
1,293

127
103
318
380
148

112
114
315
265
90

3,477
2,649
9,269
8,666
1,822

1,331
2,246
3,056
1,070
1,240

2,383
1,477
3,834
1,082
2,049

18,285
31,462
54,873
16,162
24,564

10,693
15,286
25,566
10,780
9,753

2,801
3,740
7,465
2,053
3,539

218
244
580
156
331

164
365
406
160
250

5,315
7,108
12,965
4,036
7,073

15,534
1,358
2,916
4,425
2,359

2,670
281
471
898
436

2,179
236
532
705
265

43,133
5,750
8,149
12,246
6,982

16,751
2,738
4,270
4,914
3,407

6,310
770
1,195
1,711
1,020

375
38
59
107
53

305
51
52
114
70

7,325
987
1,727
1,564
1,146

520
86
1,255
788
20

16,232
2,857
37,838
29,104
969

2,625
786
5,526
3,878
139

2,986
740
6,390
4,596
156

34,973
12,674
121,313
62,353
2,540

18,157
4,923
40,703
22,488
1,494

4,566
1,344
12,040
9,310
381

371
139
846
652
21

426
119
597
529
19

8,488
1,659
26,692
15,657
622

579
167
149
724
64

21,796
9,626
5,495
29,853
2,254

2,756
1,445
1,317
4,827
456

3,670
1,276
927
4,398
294

42,840
25,055
19,048
75,525
6,149

24,247
9,472
10,021
32,136
2,765

8,504
3,599
2,176
9,248
814

383
234
162
509
76

338
152
140
887
95

18,604
2,947
2,520
17,359
1,501

(Continued)

34 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 10.
Number, by state or other area and diagnostic group, December 2004—Continued

State or area

Endocrine,
nutritional,
and
Congenital metabolic
Total anomalies diseases

Infectious
and
parasitic
diseases

Injuries

Mental disorders
Total Retardation

Other Neoplasms

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

143,104
16,300
199,064
405,629
31,270

283
70
443
906
149

5,592
434
7,770
19,464
1,093

1,907
165
2,101
8,494
294

5,848
594
6,817
17,939
1,263

47,818
5,976
72,221
122,016
12,730

13,155
2,092
18,544
32,746
3,490

34,663
3,884
53,677
89,270
9,240

3,428
358
4,785
11,130
691

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

17,320
179,511
130,151
89,720
123,217
10,288

73
482
385
202
515
40

610
7,154
4,381
3,987
4,405
308

182
2,597
1,912
571
1,168
104

713
6,767
5,190
4,329
4,690
563

7,079
58,935
53,199
27,600
49,581
3,521

1,558
18,786
10,551
10,206
14,075
1,000

5,521
40,149
42,648
17,394
35,506
2,521

410
4,834
3,513
1,815
2,972
230

Outlying areas
American Samoa
Guam
Northern Mariana Islands
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

1,199
1,219
219
162,612
1,922

a
a
0
272
a

171
18
6
2,471
42

a
13
a
1,581
25

45
58
14
5,760
95

137
335
61
74,898
561

53
123
24
12,219
189

84
212
37
62,679
372

28
41
5
1,735
45

18,135

110

243

220

811

6,363

1,939

4,424

353

Foreign countries

(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 35

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 10.
Number, by state or other area and diagnostic group, December 2004—Continued
Diseases of the—

State or area

Blood and
bloodforming
organs

Musculo- Nervous
skeletal
Skin and
system
CircuGenito- system and
and Respi- subcutalatory Digestive urinary connective
ratory
neous
sense
system
system system
tissue
tissue
organs system

Other Unknown

614
24
419
1,017
45

16,107
1,216
19,464
39,954
1,758

1,881
171
2,495
6,322
445

2,663
179
2,820
8,772
413

33,290
3,633
44,597
95,926
6,096

11,988
2,228
15,852
43,633
3,960

5,073
536
7,205
10,752
889

382
31
454
842
58

263
32
328
754
75

5,967
653
11,293
17,708
1,311

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

30
569
280
137
263
19

1,127
17,427
8,271
8,936
8,551
735

227
2,483
2,154
1,100
1,504
142

127
3,305
1,631
664
1,560
124

3,593
43,759
26,859
23,285
23,670
2,427

1,617
16,104
13,778
6,478
14,081
1,312

490
5,781
3,334
3,605
2,904
457

32
372
275
182
208
19

37
333
241
161
211
29

973
8,609
4,748
6,668
6,934
258

Outlying areas
American Samoa
Guam
Northern Mariana Islands
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

a
a
a
142
13

120
175
42
9,215
220

a
15
a
954
16

25
65
10
1,224
48

442
252
16
39,209
496

120
153
36
13,567
251

34
39
a
3,068
a

21
a
10
416
a

10
15
a
190
a

25
29
7
7,910
69

24

1,550

125

129

3,509

1,844

233

42

30

2,549

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

Foreign countries

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file, 100 percent data.
NOTE: The diagnosis for disabled adult children typically was not recorded on the Master Beneficiary Record until 1984. Many
beneficiaries entitled before that date are still on the rolls today.
a. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

36 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 11.
Percentage distribution, by state or other area and diagnostic group, December 2004

State or area
All areas

Endocrine,
nutritional, Infectious
and
and
Total
Congenital metabolic parasitic
Number Percent anomalies diseases diseases Injuries

Mental disorders
Total Retardation

Other Neoplasms

7,167,375

100.0

0.3

3.8

1.6

4.0

36.0

9.2

26.8

2.5

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

182,537
10,140
126,600
110,732
605,785

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.2
0.3
0.2
0.3
0.3

4.3
3.0
3.3
4.0
3.2

1.0
1.2
1.4
1.1
2.5

4.5
4.8
4.4
4.5
4.2

30.5
36.6
39.4
27.1
38.5

8.6
7.9
5.9
9.4
6.8

21.9
28.7
33.5
17.7
31.7

2.2
3.0
2.3
2.6
2.6

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

76,462
73,525
21,926
10,988
423,668

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.4
0.3
0.3
0.1
0.3

3.1
3.3
3.9
3.4
3.9

1.7
1.6
2.0
6.6
2.9

4.9
3.0
3.9
2.5
5.1

32.9
43.2
33.5
41.6
33.2

7.9
10.5
8.7
11.5
6.5

25.0
32.7
24.8
30.1
26.7

2.7
2.5
2.8
1.7
2.8

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

214,408
20,549
30,714
251,709
156,502

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.2
0.2
0.3
0.2
0.2

4.5
2.9
3.5
4.1
4.8

2.2
1.9
0.8
1.5
1.1

3.9
4.0
4.7
3.5
3.4

32.1
43.5
37.3
40.9
37.0

9.5
8.2
8.4
11.1
11.7

22.6
35.3
28.9
29.8
25.3

2.6
2.7
2.6
2.6
2.6

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

66,845
58,435
176,630
134,653
49,799

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.3
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.3

3.9
4.6
3.5
3.8
3.1

0.8
1.0
0.8
1.6
0.7

3.8
4.6
3.5
4.2
3.7

39.4
36.7
36.0
29.3
42.1

13.9
11.7
9.5
12.1
8.5

25.5
25.0
26.5
17.2
33.6

2.6
2.5
2.0
2.3
2.0

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

99,184
166,687
268,844
98,857
118,519

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.4
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.2

3.7
2.5
3.8
2.6
4.6

2.5
1.7
0.9
1.0
1.2

4.0
3.4
3.5
3.9
4.1

34.4
46.5
40.0
47.2
34.3

9.6
8.1
9.7
12.1
9.9

24.8
38.4
30.3
35.1
24.4

3.2
2.3
2.4
2.6
2.4

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

174,543
22,433
36,321
47,388
34,370

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3

4.6
2.9
4.1
3.6
2.6

1.3
0.8
1.1
1.7
0.8

4.4
5.3
4.6
4.6
3.7

32.6
33.7
33.8
30.7
44.4

10.0
9.0
11.2
4.7
7.4

22.6
24.7
22.6
26.0
37.0

2.4
2.4
2.6
2.6
2.4

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

171,482
47,254
456,303
269,787
12,791

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.3
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.5

3.1
3.6
3.1
4.8
2.6

1.9
1.3
2.3
1.6
0.6

3.6
5.4
3.6
3.7
4.4

35.9
33.8
32.6
31.7
39.5

8.2
7.6
8.8
10.4
15.6

27.7
26.2
23.8
21.3
23.9

3.1
2.0
2.6
2.6
2.6

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

274,906
96,955
80,659
324,929
31,676

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.3
0.2
0.3
0.3
0.2

3.8
4.4
3.5
3.8
3.1

0.9
1.1
1.3
1.2
1.2

3.0
4.2
5.0
4.2
3.1

44.8
32.0
35.4
33.9
44.4

12.5
9.8
8.5
10.3
9.8

32.3
22.2
26.9
23.6
34.6

2.2
2.4
2.6
2.6
2.3
(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 37

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 11.
Percentage distribution, by state or other area and diagnostic group, December 2004—Continued
Diseases of the—

State or area
All areas

Blood and
bloodforming
organs

Musculo- Nervous
skeletal
system
Skin and
CircuGenito- system and
and Respi- subcutalatory Digestive urinary connective
sense
neous
ratory
system
system system
tissue
organs system
tissue

Other Unknown

0.2

8.7

1.4

1.5

22.4

9.5

2.9

0.2

0.2

4.9

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

0.3
0.3
0.2
0.3
0.2

10.5
6.6
7.1
11.2
7.0

1.3
1.6
1.5
1.5
1.6

1.5
1.1
1.4
1.2
1.8

26.9
24.7
22.6
29.6
22.7

8.4
11.1
9.9
9.3
9.8

3.2
2.6
2.7
3.6
1.8

0.3
0.2
0.2
0.3
0.2

0.2
0.3
0.3
0.1
0.2

4.5
2.7
3.2
3.4
3.5

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

0.2
0.2
0.4
0.4
0.3

5.8
7.1
8.4
7.6
9.7

1.6
1.2
1.4
0.8
1.7

1.3
1.3
1.9
3.8
1.5

24.7
17.7
24.9
14.1
21.5

13.3
9.6
9.3
10.0
8.4

3.3
2.5
2.9
1.9
3.0

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.4
0.4

0.2
0.2
0.3
0.2
0.2

3.8
6.1
4.1
4.9
5.1

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

0.4
0.1
0.1
0.3
0.3

10.6
9.7
6.6
8.7
9.3

1.4
1.0
1.4
1.2
1.5

2.0
2.7
1.0
1.7
1.4

22.3
16.3
23.9
17.2
18.8

8.4
8.4
11.1
10.1
10.4

3.4
2.0
2.8
2.8
3.8

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

0.2
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.2

5.8
4.2
3.3
4.7
5.1

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.4
0.1

6.9
7.8
9.2
11.3
7.0

1.2
1.4
1.2
1.2
1.2

1.2
1.4
0.9
1.8
0.7

20.3
20.5
25.8
25.9
23.8

10.7
10.7
7.4
8.6
8.6

3.2
3.4
3.8
2.5
2.6

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.3
0.3

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

5.2
4.5
5.2
6.4
3.7

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

0.4
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.4

9.9
6.0
8.5
6.3
11.8

1.3
1.3
1.1
1.1
1.0

2.4
0.9
1.4
1.1
1.7

18.4
18.9
20.4
16.3
20.7

10.8
9.2
9.5
10.9
8.2

2.8
2.2
2.8
2.1
3.0

0.2
0.1
0.2
0.2
0.3

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

5.4
4.3
4.8
4.1
6.0

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

0.2
0.1
0.2
0.2
0.1

8.9
6.1
8.0
9.3
6.9

1.5
1.3
1.3
1.9
1.3

1.2
1.1
1.5
1.5
0.8

24.7
25.6
22.4
25.8
20.3

9.6
12.2
11.8
10.4
9.9

3.6
3.4
3.3
3.6
3.0

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

0.2
0.2
0.1
0.2
0.2

4.2
4.4
4.8
3.3
3.3

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

0.3
0.2
0.3
0.3
0.2

9.5
6.0
8.3
10.8
7.6

1.5
1.7
1.2
1.4
1.1

1.7
1.6
1.4
1.7
1.2

20.4
26.8
26.6
23.1
19.9

10.6
10.4
8.9
8.3
11.7

2.7
2.8
2.6
3.5
3.0

0.2
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.2

0.2
0.3
0.1
0.2
0.1

4.9
3.5
5.8
5.8
4.9

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

7.9
9.9
6.8
9.2
7.1

1.0
1.5
1.6
1.5
1.4

1.3
1.3
1.1
1.4
0.9

15.6
25.8
23.6
23.2
19.4

8.8
9.8
12.4
9.9
8.7

3.1
3.7
2.7
2.8
2.6

0.1
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

0.1
0.2
0.2
0.3
0.3

6.8
3.0
3.1
5.3
4.7

(Continued)

38 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 11.
Percentage distribution, by state or other area and diagnostic group, December 2004—Continued

State or area

Endocrine,
nutritional, Infectious
and
and
Total
Congenital metabolic parasitic
Number Percent anomalies diseases diseases Injuries

Total Retardation

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

143,104
16,300
199,064
405,629
31,270

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.2
0.4
0.2
0.2
0.5

3.9
2.7
3.9
4.8
3.5

1.3
1.0
1.1
2.1
0.9

4.1
3.6
3.4
4.4
4.0

33.4
36.6
36.3
30.1
40.7

9.2
12.8
9.3
8.1
11.2

24.2
23.8
27.0
22.0
29.5

2.4
2.2
2.4
2.7
2.2

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

17,320
179,511
130,151
89,720
123,217
10,288

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.4
0.3
0.3
0.2
0.4
0.4

3.5
4.0
3.4
4.4
3.6
3.0

1.1
1.4
1.5
0.6
0.9
1.0

4.1
3.8
4.0
4.8
3.8
5.5

40.9
32.9
40.9
30.8
40.2
34.2

9.0
10.5
8.1
11.4
11.4
9.7

31.9
22.4
32.8
19.4
28.8
24.5

2.4
2.7
2.7
2.0
2.4
2.2

Outlying areas
American Samoa
Guam
Northern Mariana Islands
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

1,199
1,219
219
162,612
1,922

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

a
a
0
0.2
a

14.3
1.5
2.7
1.5
2.2

a
1.1
a
1.0
1.3

3.8
4.8
6.4
3.5
4.9

11.4
27.5
27.9
46.0
29.2

4.4
10.1
11.0
7.5
9.8

7.0
17.4
16.9
38.5
19.4

2.3
3.4
2.3
1.1
2.3

18,135

100.0

0.6

1.3

1.2

4.5

35.1

10.7

24.4

1.9

Foreign countries

Mental disorders
Other Neoplasms

(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 39

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 11.
Percentage distribution, by state or other area and diagnostic group, December 2004—Continued
Diseases of the—

State or area

Blood and
bloodforming
organs

Musculo- Nervous
system
Skin and
skeletal
and Respi- subcutaCircuGenito- system and
sense
ratory
latory Digestive urinary connective
neous
organs system
system
system system
tissue
tissue

Other Unknown

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

0.4
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.1

11.3
7.5
9.8
9.8
5.6

1.3
1.0
1.3
1.6
1.4

1.9
1.1
1.4
2.2
1.3

23.3
22.3
22.4
23.6
19.5

8.4
13.7
8.0
10.8
12.7

3.5
3.3
3.6
2.7
2.8

0.3
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

4.2
4.0
5.7
4.4
4.2

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

0.2
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

6.5
9.7
6.4
10.0
6.9
7.1

1.3
1.4
1.7
1.2
1.2
1.4

0.7
1.8
1.3
0.7
1.3
1.2

20.7
24.4
20.6
26.0
19.2
23.6

9.3
9.0
10.6
7.2
11.4
12.8

2.8
3.2
2.6
4.0
2.4
4.4

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.3

5.6
4.8
3.6
7.4
5.6
2.5

Outlying areas
American Samoa
Guam
Northern Mariana Islands
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

a
a
a
0.1
0.7

10.0
14.4
19.2
5.7
11.4

a
1.2
a
0.6
0.8

2.1
5.3
4.6
0.8
2.5

36.9
20.7
7.3
24.1
25.8

10.0
12.6
16.4
8.3
13.1

2.8
3.2
a
1.9
a

1.8
a
4.6
0.3
a

0.8
1.2
a
0.1
a

2.1
2.4
3.2
4.9
3.6

Foreign countries

0.1

8.5

0.7

0.7

19.3

10.2

1.3

0.2

0.2

14.1

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file, 100 percent data.
NOTE: The diagnosis for disabled adult children typically was not recorded on the Master Beneficiary Record until 1984. Many
beneficiaries entitled before that date are still on the rolls today.
a. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

40 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 12.
Number receiving Social Security disability benefits because of blindness or deafness,
by state or other area, December 2004
Deaf

Blind
Total

Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult
children

Total

Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult
children

102,769

90,425

2,208

10,136

58,994

49,562

1,069

8,363

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

2,440
149
1,670
1,462
9,156

2,174
140
1,504
1,288
7,911

61
a
41
30
185

205
a
125
144
1,060

1,404
115
1,037
796
5,019

1,160
104
903
673
4,137

32
a
12
19
60

212
a
122
104
822

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

990
1,174
297
174
4,785

890
998
272
158
4,289

16
23
a
a
106

84
153
a
a
390

751
651
171
286
3,913

672
557
149
239
3,314

13
5
a
a
52

66
89
a
a
547

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

3,310
293
428
4,016
2,566

2,982
253
388
3,548
2,311

75
a
5
83
44

253
a
35
385
211

1,562
201
196
2,173
1,419

1,255
172
169
1,838
1,233

37
a
5
34
29

270
a
22
301
157

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

952
1,023
2,225
2,104
515

830
926
1,888
1,807
456

14
15
68
66
5

108
82
269
231
54

580
586
1,250
1,182
309

512
528
1,019
835
281

7
6
38
47
a

61
52
193
300
a

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

1,416
2,657
3,258
1,563
1,936

1,260
2,138
2,771
1,381
1,755

24
45
62
20
37

132
474
425
162
144

1,207
1,204
1,919
1,007
863

1,053
1,023
1,612
912
703

11
17
32
12
27

143
164
275
83
133

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

2,510
291
548
754
352

2,238
261
489
673
305

51
9
5
16
8

221
21
54
65
39

1,239
170
317
368
215

1,090
145
297
312
190

16
a
a
7
a

133
a
a
49
a

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

2,542
754
5,616
3,663
152

2,267
649
4,857
3,278
130

45
23
103
95
0

230
82
656
290
22

1,462
381
3,798
1,920
86

1,260
321
3,177
1,672
79

21
15
64
37
0

181
45
557
211
7

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

4,139
1,601
1,406
4,510
384

3,685
1,437
1,230
3,955
328

103
39
22
92
10

351
125
154
463
46

2,477
851
832
2,424
224

2,105
722
713
2,028
195

60
24
12
52
a

312
105
107
344
a

State or area
All areas

(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 41

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 12.
Number receiving Social Security disability benefits because of blindness or deafness,
by state or other area, December 2004—Continued
Blind

Deaf

State or area

Total

Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult
children

Total

Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult
children

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

2,550
240
3,092
7,723
584

2,260
208
2,763
6,968
517

84
a
76
164
5

206
a
253
591
62

923
152
1,439
4,141
356

756
137
1,216
3,522
322

16
a
35
58
7

151
a
188
561
27

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

177
2,226
1,642
948
1,512
123

154
1,961
1,437
810
1,321
113

a
56
28
26
23
a

a
209
177
112
168
a

124
1,209
1,134
526
1,039
65

112
1,036
965
424
914
60

a
26
22
13
14
0

a
147
147
89
111
5

Outlying areas
Puerto Rico
Other b

1,786
100

1,509
88

63
a

214
a

1,132
60

629
44

31
a

472
a

285

216

12

57

129

66

12

51

Foreign countries

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file, 100 percent data.
NOTE: The diagnosis for disabled adult children typically was not recorded on the Master Beneficiary Record until 1984. Many
beneficiaries entitled before that date are still on the rolls today.
a. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
b. Includes American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, and Virgin Islands.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

42 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 13.
Total monthly benefits, by state or other area, December 2004 (in thousands of dollars)
Total

Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult children

6,109,593

5,540,703

122,795

446,096

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

150,509
8,686
113,220
89,915
530,254

137,693
8,093
105,941
83,102
483,141

3,647
156
1,889
2,049
8,815

9,169
437
5,390
4,764
38,298

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

65,599
65,284
19,714
8,375
363,741

61,047
58,205
18,190
7,564
337,368

1,038
881
295
138
6,404

3,514
6,199
1,229
674
19,969

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

179,208
18,066
25,893
220,354
134,400

164,363
16,382
23,845
195,324
120,491

3,805
297
494
4,551
2,963

11,040
1,388
1,553
20,479
10,946

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

54,592
48,632
147,454
111,699
39,377

48,368
43,988
134,627
98,286
36,201

954
901
4,184
3,601
641

5,270
3,743
8,642
9,812
2,535

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

87,510
141,452
243,545
83,624
93,972

79,290
128,600
216,326
75,484
85,770

1,459
1,941
5,325
1,070
2,418

6,761
10,911
21,894
7,070
5,784

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

146,044
18,643
29,328
43,774
29,969

133,483
16,998
26,383
41,386
27,826

3,070
345
452
725
403

9,492
1,300
2,493
1,663
1,741

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

158,955
39,044
408,603
224,250
9,991

143,382
36,006
365,747
207,350
8,681

2,461
735
7,174
4,163
162

13,112
2,303
35,682
12,737
1,148

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

230,171
81,076
69,880
280,324
26,358

202,387
73,956
64,075
249,941
24,129

5,841
1,909
1,265
6,048
372

21,943
5,212
4,540
24,335
1,857

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

120,279
12,702
162,630
342,102
26,495

110,484
11,346
148,522
310,886
23,960

2,537
213
4,003
8,080
442

7,258
1,143
10,105
23,136
2,094

State or area
All areas

(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 43

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 13.
Total monthly benefits, by state or other area, December 2004 (in thousands of dollars)—Continued
State or area

Total

Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult children

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

13,998
153,867
113,770
79,350
104,811
8,871

12,680
140,886
104,294
71,470
93,234
8,178

236
3,220
1,936
2,396
1,592
136

1,082
9,762
7,541
5,484
9,984
556

Outlying areas
American Samoa
Guam
Northern Mariana Islands
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

778
890
113
113,618
1,589

712
821
96
102,680
1,399

24
18
3
2,441
40

41
52
14
8,496
150

12,242

9,637

438

2,167

Foreign countries

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Unnegotiated checks not deducted.
Data exclude lump-sum death payments.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

44 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 14.
Number, by type of representative payee, December 2004
Total

Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult children

7,167,375

6,197,385

210,736

759,254

5,827,590

5,464,905

196,882

165,803

454,085
143,053
48,836
257,197
131,609
98,956
92,133
10,552
4,356
99,008

213,899
142,260
41,149
130,906
54,331
27,290
43,982
6,524
3,071
69,068

534
83
6,243
3,177
1,506
307
636
138
44
1,186

239,652
710
1,444
123,114
75,772
71,359
47,515
3,890
1,241
28,754

Type of payee
All disabled beneficiaries
Without payee
With payee
Parent (natural, adoptive, or stepparent)
Spouse
Child (natural, adoptive, or stepchild)
Other relative
Nonmental institution
Mental institution
Social agency
Public official
Financial organization
Other

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file, 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 45

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 15.
Representative payment, by sex and diagnostic group, December 2004
Workers

Diagnostic group

Total

Widow(er)s

Number Percentwith age with
payee
payee

Total

Adult children

Number Percentwith age with
payee
payee

Total

Number Percentwith age with
payee
payee

All disabled beneficiaries
Total
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and
metabolic diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and sense
organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

6,197,385

732,480

11.8

210,736

13,854

6.6

759,254

593,451

78.2

10,392

1,337

12.9

261

6

2.3

7,981

5,408

67.8

247,559
110,178
271,626

4,062
3,438
23,821

1.6
3.1
8.8

18,477
1,777
5,363

283
55
155

1.5
3.1
2.9

2,823
2,987
9,524

746
1,664
3,753

26.4
55.7
39.4

310,240
1,765,627
172,844

170,546
429,896
2,734

55.0
24.3
1.6

9,623
48,503
4,269

2,562
7,820
70

26.6
16.1
1.6

341,422
107,967
1,776

301,171
69,609
975

88.2
64.5
54.9

15,596
600,144
94,566
103,427

337
29,949
2,624
1,252

2.2
5.0
2.8
1.2

360
21,262
2,398
1,866

9
803
51
38

2.5
3.8
2.1
2.0

1,923
3,368
587
1,795

329
1,642
113
367

17.1
48.8
19.3
20.4

1,540,566

15,662

1.0

59,012

540

0.9

5,017

1,030

20.5

596,369
194,592
14,963
12,038
136,658

27,804
2,380
200
520
15,918

4.7
1.2
1.3
4.3
11.6

15,064
10,953
484
262
10,802

611
135
a
a
707

4.1
1.2
a
a
6.5

68,185
963
255
1,258
201,423

35,604
301
45
808
169,886

52.2
31.3
17.6
64.2
84.3

Men
Subtotal
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and
metabolic diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and sense
organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

3,373,226

483,544

14.3

7,016

544

7.8

414,697

331,259

79.9

5,390

779

14.5

10

0

0

4,166

2,917

70.0

105,959
81,926
190,556

2,337
2,754
18,272

2.2
3.4
9.6

332
94
337

12
a
17

3.6
a
5.0

1,325
1,590
6,646

405
933
2,587

30.6
58.7
38.9

201,209
903,702
83,461

113,894
280,079
1,654

56.6
31.0
2.0

325
1,380
140

84
271
6

25.8
19.6
4.3

184,704
68,466
1,018

166,167
47,044
575

90.0
68.7
56.5

7,115
404,117
51,490
62,439

205
19,566
1,985
842

2.9
4.8
3.9
1.3

18
1,115
123
129

0
43
5
a

0
3.9
4.1
a

970
1,814
306
931

194
930
70
199

20.0
51.3
22.9
21.4

796,382

10,373

1.3

1,763

28

1.6

2,155

567

26.3

299,870
97,711
6,126
5,846
69,927

17,340
1,574
115
376
11,399

5.8
1.6
1.9
6.4
16.3

474
339
14
7
416

27
13
0
0
33

5.7
3.8
0
0
7.9

36,376
432
103
665
103,030

19,651
168
25
452
88,375

54.0
38.9
24.3
68.0
85.8

(Continued)

46 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 15.
Representative payment, by sex and diagnostic group, December 2004—Continued
Workers

Diagnostic group

Total

Widow(er)s

Number Percentwith age with
payee
payee

Total

Adult children

Number Percentwith age with
payee
payee

Total

Number Percentwith age with
payee
payee

Women
Subtotal
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and
metabolic diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and sense
organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

2,824,159

248,936

8.8

203,720

13,310

6.5

344,557

262,192

76.1

5,002

558

11.2

251

6

2.4

3,815

2,491

65.3

141,600
28,252
81,070

1,725
684
5,549

1.2
2.4
6.8

18,145
1,683
5,026

271
a
138

1.5
a
2.7

1,498
1,397
2,878

341
731
1,166

22.8
52.3
40.5

109,031
861,925
89,383

56,652
149,817
1,080

52.0
17.4
1.2

9,298
47,123
4,129

2,478
7,549
64

26.7
16.0
1.6

156,718
39,501
758

135,004
22,565
400

86.1
57.1
52.8

8,481
196,027
43,076
40,988

132
10,383
639
410

1.6
5.3
1.5
1.0

342
20,147
2,275
1,737

9
760
46
a

2.6
3.8
2.0
a

953
1,554
281
864

135
712
43
168

14.2
45.8
15.3
19.4

744,184

5,289

0.7

57,249

512

0.9

2,862

463

16.2

296,499
96,881
8,837
6,192
66,731

10,464
806
85
144
4,519

3.5
0.8
1.0
2.3
6.8

14,590
10,614
470
255
10,386

584
122
a
a
674

4.0
1.1
a
a
6.5

31,809
531
152
593
98,393

15,953
133
20
356
81,511

50.2
25.0
13.2
60.0
82.8

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file, 100 percent data.
NOTE: The diagnosis for disabled adult children typically was not recorded on the Master Beneficiary Record until 1984. Many
beneficiaries entitled before that date are still on the rolls today.
a. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 47

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 16.
Percentage distribution of disabled workers, by state or other area and monthly benefit,
December 2004
Percentage distribution by dollar amount of monthly benefit
State or area
All areas

Number

Less than
Total
400.00

400.00–
599.90

600.00–
799.90

800.00– 1,000.00– 1,200.00–
999.90 1,199.90
or more

Monthly benefit
(dollars)
Average

Median

6,197,385

100.0

7.2

16.3

23.7

18.1

12.8

22.1

894.10

830.40

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

158,703
9,150
114,578
97,653
528,609

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

7.0
8.5
6.0
7.1
8.0

17.2
17.4
14.6
17.2
15.9

25.7
23.4
22.9
25.8
21.7

18.8
16.7
18.4
20.2
16.8

12.2
12.1
13.7
13.3
12.6

19.1
21.9
24.4
16.5
25.0

867.70
884.60
924.70
851.10
914.10

799.20
805.60
864.00
799.00
847.00

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

68,862
62,517
19,473
9,436
378,099

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

6.8
5.5
5.9
8.8
6.4

17.1
14.7
14.4
20.4
16.3

23.7
23.1
22.9
27.7
24.3

18.2
18.5
17.8
19.6
18.6

12.9
13.3
13.7
10.6
13.0

21.2
24.9
25.3
12.9
21.3

886.60
931.10
934.20
801.60
892.40

822.00
865.20
871.20
741.00
827.20

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

186,943
17,740
27,302
212,168
134,461

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

6.2
5.7
8.1
6.9
7.4

16.0
15.3
17.7
15.4
16.3

25.4
22.3
23.3
22.3
23.2

20.1
18.5
17.3
17.5
18.0

13.4
14.3
13.0
12.9
12.7

19.0
23.9
20.7
25.0
22.4

879.30
923.50
873.50
920.70
896.20

821.20
869.00
810.00
855.00
831.00

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

56,604
50,782
153,184
110,422
44,038

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

8.9
7.6
8.4
8.5
8.2

18.1
17.7
17.3
16.7
19.3

24.1
24.1
23.1
22.9
27.0

17.3
18.3
17.3
16.5
18.9

12.2
13.1
12.2
12.0
11.9

19.3
19.2
21.7
23.3
14.7

854.60
866.30
879.00
890.20
822.10

789.00
804.20
812.00
818.20
762.00

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

85,926
145,391
227,568
85,488
102,132

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

6.3
6.2
7.5
7.5
7.1

14.8
16.7
15.1
17.2
17.8

22.8
25.3
20.4
24.1
27.6

18.3
19.0
15.4
17.9
19.4

13.7
12.4
12.2
12.0
12.2

24.2
20.4
29.4
21.4
15.9

922.90
884.60
950.70
883.10
839.90

862.20
815.00
885.00
812.00
779.00

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

152,857
19,673
31,282
43,613
30,822

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

7.5
7.7
8.1
5.0
5.3

17.2
18.4
18.6
13.4
14.8

24.4
23.6
25.4
22.6
25.1

18.2
17.8
18.2
18.8
20.2

12.5
12.6
12.6
14.1
13.9

20.1
20.0
17.2
26.1
20.8

873.40
864.20
843.50
949.10
902.90

807.20
802.20
781.00
889.20
844.00

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

147,396
41,660
387,666
237,795
10,478

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

5.2
8.1
6.7
5.9
8.8

13.6
17.3
15.1
15.5
19.7

21.3
24.2
21.3
25.8
25.2

17.6
18.5
16.9
21.4
17.9

13.2
12.7
12.7
13.8
11.9

29.1
19.2
27.3
17.4
16.6

972.90
864.40
943.60
872.10
828.60

906.20
803.20
874.20
821.20
762.20

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

230,460
84,410
71,398
275,892
27,875

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

9.2
7.9
7.2
7.4
6.6

17.8
16.8
17.0
15.5
17.5

22.1
23.3
22.9
22.5
26.2

16.1
17.9
17.2
17.7
18.8

12.0
13.6
12.6
13.2
12.1

22.6
20.6
23.1
23.6
18.8

878.30
876.30
897.50
906.00
865.70

807.20
819.20
829.00
845.00
797.00

(Continued)

48 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 16.
Percentage distribution of disabled workers, by state or other area and monthly benefit,
December 2004—Continued
Percentage distribution by dollar amount of monthly benefit
State or area

Number

Less than
Total
400.00

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

124,724
13,837
172,989
350,669
27,163

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

5.6
9.4
6.8
7.7
7.9

14.8
19.7
17.2
16.1
18.4

25.2
25.4
26.2
23.5
23.4

21.4
17.8
19.5
18.4
16.3

14.3
12.2
12.8
13.1
11.7

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

14,992
156,592
115,238
76,039
104,633
9,166

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

7.5
6.6
7.4
8.3
7.8
7.8

17.8
15.4
16.7
14.8
16.9
17.9

25.8
23.7
22.9
19.9
23.0
23.0

19.7
19.0
16.9
15.8
17.2
16.1

1,045
1,055

100.0
100.0

14.7
13.9

26.0
17.7

30.0
26.4

169
134,694
1,554

100.0
100.0
100.0

24.9
6.1
5.9

37.3
21.4
14.2

12,320

100.0

17.1

16.1

Outlying areas
American Samoa
Guam
Northern Mariana
Islands
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands
Foreign countries

400.00–
599.90

600.00–
799.90

800.00– 1,000.00– 1,200.00–
999.90 1,199.90
or more

Monthly benefit
(dollars)
Average

Median

18.7
15.5
17.6
21.2
22.3

885.90
820.10
858.60
886.70
882.20

836.00
758.20
798.20
825.20
803.20

12.8
13.4
12.3
12.7
12.5
11.8

16.3
21.9
23.9
28.5
22.6
23.4

845.90
899.80
905.10
940.00
891.20
892.30

790.00
840.00
831.00
883.00
823.20
814.20

16.8
17.5

a
12.1

a
12.2

681.90
778.00

647.20
732.00

24.3
36.5
24.6

7.1
19.1
20.1

a
9.0
14.5

a
8.0
20.6

569.10
762.50
900.40

542.00
712.20
841.60

21.9

17.0

11.9

16.0

782.30

748.60

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file, 100 percent data.
a. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 49

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 17.
Percentage distribution of disabled widow(er)s, by state or other area and monthly benefit,
December 2004
Percentage distribution by dollar amount of monthly benefit

State or area
All areas
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of
Columbia
Florida

Number

Total

210,736 100.0

Monthly benefit
Less
(dollars)
than 200.00– 300.00– 400.00– 500.00– 600.00– 700.00– 800.00– 900.00
200.00 299.90 399.90 499.90 599.90 699.90 799.90 899.90 or more Average Median
9.6

8.9

11.2

13.2

12.4

11.0

9.4

7.5

16.8

582.70

558.20

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

11.5
6.2
8.2
12.8
7.1

9.8
9.5
8.6
11.1
7.5

11.6
6.2
10.8
11.7
10.1

14.0
13.2
12.5
13.6
13.1

12.8
14.0
12.5
13.7
11.7

11.9
8.7
10.3
11.5
10.4

9.4
10.3
9.9
8.0
10.0

6.8
9.1
8.3
6.2
8.4

12.2
22.7
19.0
11.4
21.7

545.20
643.20
607.30
525.10
630.40

523.00
609.50
577.00
505.00
604.00

1,751 100.0
1,533 100.0
510 100.0

8.2
8.4
10.0

8.7
8.7
7.3

10.8
13.0
12.9

14.5
16.2
14.9

11.7
11.7
13.1

10.3
11.3
8.6

10.3
8.3
10.2

8.1
6.5
6.7

17.4
15.9
16.3

593.00
574.70
578.20

569.00
534.00
540.50

252 100.0
11,500 100.0

8.7
10.8

7.5
9.9

17.1
12.1

15.5
13.6

12.3
12.5

14.3
11.0

7.1
8.8

5.6
7.0

11.9
14.4

545.80
556.90

512.50
527.00

6,689
242
3,111
3,903
13,984

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

7,216
471
784
7,382
4,875

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

13.1
6.4
6.4
8.1
8.8

10.4
7.2
7.7
7.9
8.2

12.5
11.5
10.6
10.3
10.3

14.2
11.5
10.7
12.7
12.3

12.8
13.6
12.4
11.7
11.8

10.3
10.8
12.6
11.1
11.1

8.8
9.8
9.7
9.5
9.4

6.1
8.3
10.1
8.3
8.5

11.8
21.0
19.9
20.5
19.6

527.40
630.00
630.30
616.50
607.80

498.00
597.20
610.10
593.00
588.00

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

1,656
1,558
7,046
5,836
1,165

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

8.0
9.1
8.4
7.5
10.6

9.2
9.2
8.1
6.5
8.9

11.7
11.4
11.3
10.6
13.6

12.6
13.2
12.8
13.3
13.7

14.1
12.9
12.8
13.5
12.9

12.4
10.8
11.9
11.5
10.4

10.0
10.3
9.8
8.9
9.9

8.0
8.2
7.6
8.8
7.6

14.0
15.1
17.3
19.6
12.4

576.20
578.20
593.90
617.20
550.30

560.50
553.10
573.00
590.00
521.00

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

2,372
3,318
8,043
1,825
4,581

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

7.9
7.9
6.9
9.1
12.0

7.6
8.7
6.8
8.3
10.8

9.9
12.1
8.9
11.9
12.4

12.2
14.8
11.5
12.1
14.5

12.6
12.3
10.9
12.9
13.4

12.0
11.6
10.6
12.1
11.0

9.8
9.7
10.0
10.0
8.5

8.2
6.6
8.2
6.6
5.4

19.7
16.3
26.2
17.0
11.9

615.00
585.00
662.10
586.40
527.90

597.00
547.00
648.20
558.00
501.00

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

5,473
592
822
1,159
738

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

11.1
6.4
10.2
8.1
12.7

9.4
10.3
10.8
8.0
11.1

11.6
13.7
14.2
11.0
12.5

13.8
15.7
12.3
12.1
12.3

12.0
10.3
9.9
9.9
11.7

10.6
10.0
11.6
10.7
9.3

9.6
9.5
9.0
10.2
8.1

7.0
7.1
8.4
8.9
7.7

14.9
17.1
13.6
21.1
14.5

560.90
582.90
550.30
625.40
546.10

531.00
533.00
514.50
606.00
507.50

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

4,137
1,224
12,070
8,499
293

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

10.3
7.0
9.0
16.5
9.6

8.0
8.7
8.0
12.5
9.9

11.4
10.4
11.3
12.8
12.3

12.5
13.4
13.6
13.5
12.3

12.2
13.9
12.1
12.6
13.3

10.6
12.0
11.0
9.5
14.7

9.2
9.9
9.8
7.5
8.2

6.7
7.4
7.4
5.7
8.2

19.2
17.2
17.9
9.5
11.6

594.80
600.80
594.40
489.80
553.50

561.00
573.00
564.00
460.00
539.00

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

9,232
3,309
2,027
9,813
683

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

7.4
9.9
7.4
7.6
11.3

6.8
8.6
7.4
8.0
10.7

10.3
11.4
10.3
10.0
11.9

11.8
14.0
12.5
12.0
13.9

11.5
12.3
11.7
12.4
12.2

10.7
10.4
10.3
11.3
10.0

10.6
9.7
10.1
10.1
8.9

9.0
7.7
9.3
9.1
8.8

21.9
16.0
21.2
19.4
12.4

632.70
576.90
624.10
616.40
544.60

616.60
546.00
606.00
599.00
516.00

(Continued)

50 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 17.
Percentage distribution of disabled widow(er)s, by state or other area and monthly benefit,
December 2004—Continued
Percentage distribution by dollar amount of monthly benefit

State or area

Monthly benefit
Less
(dollars)
than 200.00– 300.00– 400.00– 500.00– 600.00– 700.00– 800.00– 900.00
200.00 299.90 399.90 499.90 599.90 699.90 799.90 899.90 or more Average Median

Number

Total

5,038
385
7,502
13,680
712

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

15.3
9.6
12.5
8.9
7.2

11.3
10.9
10.8
8.8
8.0

12.5
12.2
11.8
10.9
10.8

12.5
13.2
13.2
13.0
13.9

13.6
14.8
12.7
12.6
12.1

10.8
11.2
11.3
11.3
9.8

7.8
8.3
8.9
9.4
10.1

5.9
5.7
6.9
7.9
6.9

10.2
14.0
11.9
17.3
21.2

503.60
552.20
533.60
590.70
620.50

484.00
529.00
511.00
567.20
580.00

444
5,612
3,061
3,695
2,695
235

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

10.8
10.8
6.5
5.8
9.6
8.1

12.6
8.7
7.5
6.7
8.6
6.8

10.4
11.4
10.8
9.0
9.7
11.9

14.0
13.3
11.3
11.9
12.6
18.3

14.0
11.9
11.6
12.0
12.9
9.8

12.4
11.1
12.4
12.5
12.2
14.9

8.3
9.1
10.1
10.5
8.8
8.5

6.3
7.4
8.2
9.4
8.1
6.0

11.3
16.2
21.5
22.1
17.4
15.7

531.70
573.80
632.40
648.60
590.70
580.50

512.00
550.00
616.00
634.00
570.00
565.00

53 100.0
34 100.0

15.1
a

9.4
a

17.0
a

17.0
26.5

15.1
a

11.3
a

a
0

a
a

a
a

458.40
518.00

436.00
462.60

Northern
Mariana
Islands
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

5 100.0
5,095 100.0
64 100.0

0
11.2
a

a
13.5
a

a
14.5
a

0
17.9
18.8

a
14.7
18.8

0
10.4
a

0
7.4
a

0
4.5
10.9

a
5.8
12.5

514.80
479.30
624.70

379.00
454.20
598.20

Foreign countries

752 100.0

8.1

5.7

10.8

16.1

16.2

10.8

10.8

8.5

13.0

582.40

562.00

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming
Outlying areas
American
Samoa
Guam

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file, 100 percent data.
a. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 51

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 18.
Percentage distribution of disabled adult children, by state or other area and monthly benefit,
December 2004
Percentage distribution by dollar amount of monthly benefit

State or area
All areas
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

Number

Total

759,254 100.0
17,145
748
8,911
9,176
63,192

Monthly benefit
Less
(dollars)
than 200.00– 300.00– 400.00– 500.00– 600.00– 700.00– 800.00– 900.00
200.00 299.90 399.90 499.90 599.90 699.90 799.90 899.90 or more Average Median
5.9

6.0

13.2

14.0

13.8

14.9

11.9

8.2

12.0

587.60

579.10

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

7.1
7.1
5.8
7.9
5.9

7.4
7.8
5.9
7.4
5.8

17.4
13.1
11.1
17.7
11.4

16.6
13.5
13.6
17.7
12.9

14.4
12.0
13.2
15.0
13.6

13.1
13.8
15.1
13.0
15.1

9.6
11.2
12.9
9.3
12.7

6.3
7.5
8.6
5.5
8.8

8.0
14.0
13.8
6.5
13.8

534.80
584.50
604.90
519.20
606.10

510.00
572.50
602.20
495.00
602.00

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of
Columbia
Florida

5,849 100.0
9,475 100.0
1,943 100.0

5.6
4.1
3.1

5.5
4.3
3.5

11.7
8.9
11.0

13.9
10.2
12.7

13.9
12.6
14.3

15.3
17.6
18.3

12.3
14.9
12.6

8.9
10.4
9.7

13.0
17.0
14.8

600.70
654.20
632.80

595.00
662.00
633.20

1,300 100.0
34,069 100.0

7.8
6.1

7.5
6.0

18.6
12.1

18.4
14.4

14.2
14.6

12.2
15.2

9.5
12.1

5.2
8.0

6.6
11.5

518.70
586.20

491.00
577.00

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

20,249
2,338
2,628
32,159
17,166

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

5.9
4.5
6.1
4.4
3.6

6.6
5.3
5.3
4.7
4.1

17.6
13.4
11.1
10.2
9.6

17.0
13.0
13.9
11.9
12.0

15.1
15.5
16.1
12.9
13.8

13.3
16.4
15.8
16.3
17.7

9.7
12.6
12.9
13.4
14.2

6.3
8.9
7.5
10.1
10.0

8.5
10.3
11.4
16.1
15.0

545.30
593.70
591.10
636.90
637.70

519.20
590.10
584.50
640.00
644.00

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

8,585
6,095
16,400
18,395
4,596

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

4.2
4.0
8.0
8.6
7.5

4.5
4.6
8.3
8.4
5.9

10.2
11.1
17.8
16.4
13.0

14.7
14.0
16.4
16.3
16.8

15.0
14.9
13.2
13.5
15.8

16.7
16.1
12.6
12.4
14.7

12.8
13.4
9.5
8.8
11.7

9.7
9.6
6.0
6.2
6.9

12.4
12.3
8.1
9.5
7.6

613.90
614.10
527.00
533.40
551.60

607.00
611.00
497.00
502.00
538.00

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

10,886
17,978
33,233
11,544
11,806

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

3.8
5.7
3.8
4.4
9.0

4.7
5.6
3.8
4.3
9.9

11.8
11.5
8.4
11.7
21.5

12.9
12.8
10.7
14.1
17.0

14.6
13.7
12.8
13.8
13.6

15.7
15.1
16.5
16.5
10.8

13.2
12.9
15.3
12.9
7.2

8.5
9.5
10.9
9.4
4.9

14.7
13.2
17.9
12.8
6.1

621.10
606.90
658.90
612.50
489.90

616.20
605.00
668.00
612.00
454.00

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

16,213
2,168
4,217
2,616
2,810

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

5.9
4.0
4.8
4.5
4.7

5.5
4.8
4.9
5.1
4.3

13.1
11.9
12.4
10.0
9.5

14.8
15.6
15.2
12.4
13.6

14.2
15.0
16.1
13.4
14.6

14.9
16.1
15.8
14.8
16.1

12.1
12.5
11.9
13.1
15.3

8.1
8.9
7.8
9.9
9.7

11.5
11.3
11.2
17.0
12.2

585.50
599.80
591.20
635.80
619.50

576.00
595.00
578.20
633.20
625.00

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

19,949
4,370
56,567
23,493
2,020

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

3.7
8.8
4.2
5.6
4.9

4.0
8.3
4.5
6.6
5.6

9.4
16.7
10.5
17.6
14.2

10.7
15.7
12.4
17.4
17.1

12.9
14.6
13.4
15.4
15.5

16.5
12.5
16.5
13.5
16.7

14.6
8.8
13.9
10.1
9.9

10.8
6.4
10.0
6.2
7.4

17.5
8.3
14.6
7.6
8.8

657.30
527.10
630.80
542.20
568.40

662.00
504.00
633.20
515.20
552.00

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

35,214
9,236
7,234
39,224
3,118

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

4.6
5.9
4.6
4.7
5.4

4.8
6.2
4.6
4.5
6.1

10.7
15.1
9.4
10.1
12.1

12.2
15.7
12.3
12.8
13.3

13.6
14.9
13.8
14.1
14.2

16.4
14.1
17.4
17.4
16.1

13.2
11.2
13.2
13.4
11.5

9.7
7.3
10.5
9.3
9.5

14.7
9.7
14.1
13.7
11.8

623.20
564.40
627.60
620.40
595.70

628.00
545.00
633.00
624.00
592.00

(Continued)

52 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 18.
Percentage distribution of disabled adult children, by state or other area and monthly benefit,
December 2004—Continued
Percentage distribution by dollar amount of monthly benefit

State or area

Monthly benefit
Less
(dollars)
than 200.00– 300.00– 400.00– 500.00– 600.00– 700.00– 800.00– 900.00
200.00 299.90 399.90 499.90 599.90 699.90 799.90 899.90 or more Average Median

Number

Total

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

13,342
2,078
18,573
41,280
3,395

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

5.5
5.9
6.2
7.0
5.2

6.7
5.8
6.5
7.0
5.2

16.8
15.4
17.5
15.2
9.7

17.6
18.1
16.7
15.4
13.0

15.6
15.7
14.9
14.1
14.0

13.7
14.1
13.8
13.4
17.1

9.9
10.8
9.6
10.2
13.3

6.6
6.2
6.4
7.1
8.9

7.7
8.0
8.3
10.7
13.5

544.10
550.30
544.10
560.50
616.70

517.10
526.10
520.00
537.00
619.20

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

1,884
17,307
11,852
9,986
15,889
887

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

5.0
5.7
4.4
7.1
4.0
4.4

5.1
6.1
4.6
6.7
4.1
4.3

13.2
15.5
9.8
15.5
9.9
9.5

15.4
16.1
11.8
15.7
12.6
15.7

18.1
14.5
13.2
14.2
13.8
14.3

14.5
14.5
16.1
15.6
17.9
15.2

12.5
10.6
14.3
10.2
14.0
12.5

7.2
7.2
10.4
6.5
9.8
7.8

8.9
9.7
15.4
8.7
13.9
16.3

574.50
564.10
636.30
549.30
628.40
627.20

565.00
544.20
644.00
536.00
636.00
612.00

101 100.0
130 100.0

11.9
20.8

18.8
14.6

a
24.6

16.8
15.4

15.8
a

a
5.4

a
a

a
a

a
6.2

410.00
401.20

388.00
355.70

Northern
Mariana
Islands
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

45 100.0
22,823 100.0
304 100.0

40.0
17.1
7.6

22.2
16.6
7.9

a
29.8
18.1

13.3
16.7
21.7

a
8.8
17.1

a
5.2
12.5

a
2.9
8.2

a
1.6
a

a
1.3
a

312.60
372.40
493.50

260.00
347.00
480.10

Foreign countries

5,063 100.0

17.3

13.6

19.5

15.0

11.4

10.4

5.9

2.9

4.0

427.90

396.00

Outlying areas
American
Samoa
Guam

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file, 100 percent data.
a. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 53

Disabled Workers
Table 19.
Percentage distribution, by sex and age, December 1960–2004
Percentage distribution
Year

Number
(thousands)

Total,
all ages Under 30

30–34

35–39 a

40–44

45–49

50–54

55–59

60–FRA

Average
age

All disabled workers
1996
1997
1998
1999

4,400
4,508
4,699
4,879

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

3.6
3.2
3.0
2.8

5.6
5.1
4.8
4.4

9.0
8.6
8.3
8.0

11.6
11.6
11.6
11.5

13.8
13.7
13.8
14.0

15.5
16.1
16.5
17.0

18.6
19.2
19.7
20.0

22.4
22.4
22.4
22.3

50.0
50.3
50.5
50.6

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

5,042
5,268
5,540
5,869
6,197

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

2.7
2.8
3.0
3.1
3.1

4.1
4.0
3.8
3.7
3.6

7.6
7.2
6.7
6.3
5.9

11.4
11.1
10.8
10.4
10.0

14.1
14.1
14.1
14.0
13.8

17.6
17.7
17.5
17.3
17.2

20.3
20.7
21.3
21.5
21.8

22.3
22.4
22.7
23.7
24.5

50.8
50.9
51.0
51.3
51.5

Men
1960
1965
1970
1975

356
734
1,069
1,711

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.5
1.0
3.3
4.6

a
a
a
a

3.3
7.5
6.8
7.5

3.0
7.6
6.9
6.2

4.9
10.4
10.9
9.7

16.6
15.4
15.2
15.8

26.7
24.7
23.2
23.2

44.9
33.3
33.7
33.0

57.3
54.4
53.9
53.5

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

1,928
-1,746
1,731
1,748

100.0
-100.0
100.0
100.0

4.1
-4.0
4.2
4.4

a
-a
a
a

9.6
-9.7
10.4
11.3

6.0
-5.8
6.3
6.8

8.9
-7.8
8.0
8.3

14.3
-13.6
13.0
12.8

24.0
-23.6
23.1
22.2

33.1
-35.5
35.0
34.2

52.9
-53.2
52.9
52.5

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

1,785
1,827
1,857
1,869
1,906

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

4.6
4.9
4.8
4.7
4.5

a
a
a
a
a

12.3
13.3
13.8
14.3
14.7

7.3
7.9
8.5
9.0
9.6

8.6
8.9
9.4
9.8
10.3

12.9
12.7
12.5
12.7
12.7

21.4
20.7
20.1
19.6
19.4

32.9
31.5
30.8
29.9
28.8

51.9
51.4
51.1
50.9
50.7

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

1,965
2,066
2,221
2,358
2,476

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

4.5
4.5
4.6
4.6
4.3

a
a
a
a
a

15.2
15.6
16.0
16.2
16.1

10.3
10.7
11.0
11.2
11.4

10.7
11.2
12.0
12.3
12.8

12.7
13.0
13.4
13.9
14.2

19.1
18.6
18.0
17.9
17.8

27.5
26.4
25.0
23.9
23.4

50.4
50.1
49.9
49.6
49.6

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

2,573
2,653
2,667
2,737
2,801

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

4.0
3.7
3.3
3.1
2.8

a
5.7
5.2
4.8
4.5

15.5
9.2
8.7
8.4
8.1

11.5
11.6
11.6
11.6
11.6

13.4
13.7
13.6
13.7
13.8

14.5
15.0
15.6
16.1
16.7

18.0
18.3
18.9
19.3
19.7

23.2
22.9
23.0
23.0
22.9

49.7
50.0
50.3
50.5
50.7

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

2,856
2,948
3,067
3,221
3,373

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

2.8
2.9
3.1
3.2
3.2

4.2
4.0
3.8
3.6
3.4

7.6
7.2
6.7
6.3
5.8

11.4
11.2
10.8
10.4
10.0

13.9
14.0
14.0
13.9
13.7

17.3
17.5
17.3
17.1
17.0

20.0
20.5
21.1
21.4
21.9

22.8
23.0
23.2
24.1
25.0

50.8
51.0
51.1
51.3
51.6
(Continued)

54 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

Disabled Workers
Table 19.
Percentage distribution, by sex and age, December 1960–2004—Continued
Percentage distribution
Year

Number
(thousands)

Total,
all ages Under 30

30–34

35–39 a

40–44

45–49

50–54

55–59

60–FRA

Average
age

Women
1960
1965
1970
1975

99
254
424
778

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.3
0.6
1.9
3.3

a
a
a
a

3.2
5.4
5.1
6.1

3.2
6.3
5.6
5.3

5.3
9.8
10.1
9.0

19.4
16.2
15.9
16.3

31.4
27.3
26.0
25.5

37.2
34.3
35.3
34.5

56.7
55.2
55.0
54.4

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

931
-858
838
849

100.0
-100.0
100.0
100.0

3.4
-3.3
3.5
3.7

a
-a
a
a

8.2
-8.5
9.3
10.2

5.3
-5.1
5.7
6.3

8.2
-7.2
7.5
7.8

14.4
-13.7
12.9
12.8

25.4
-25.2
24.3
23.2

35.0
-37.0
36.8
36.0

53.7
-53.9
53.6
53.2

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

872
902
929
952
989

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

3.8
4.1
4.2
4.0
4.0

a
a
a
a
a

11.2
12.1
12.7
13.1
13.5

6.9
7.6
8.2
8.7
9.2

8.3
8.8
9.4
9.9
10.6

12.9
12.9
12.9
13.2
13.4

22.3
21.6
20.9
20.6
20.1

34.6
32.9
31.7
30.5
29.2

52.6
52.0
51.7
51.4
51.1

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

1,046
1,133
1,252
1,371
1,491

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

3.9
4.0
4.3
4.3
4.1

a
a
a
a
a

14.0
14.3
14.6
14.9
14.8

9.8
10.3
10.7
11.0
11.2

11.1
11.6
12.2
12.6
13.1

13.4
13.8
14.3
14.8
15.3

19.9
19.4
18.8
18.9
18.7

27.9
26.5
25.0
23.5
22.8

50.8
50.5
50.1
49.9
49.9

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

1,614
1,747
1,842
1,961
2,078

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

3.8
3.5
3.1
2.9
2.7

a
5.4
5.0
4.7
4.3

14.5
8.7
8.4
8.2
7.9

11.5
11.6
11.6
11.5
11.5

13.6
13.9
13.9
14.0
14.2

15.7
16.2
16.7
17.0
17.5

18.8
19.1
19.6
20.1
20.5

22.2
21.7
21.5
21.5
21.4

49.9
50.1
50.3
50.5
50.6

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

2,186
2,320
2,472
2,647
2,824

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

2.7
2.8
2.9
3.0
3.0

4.1
4.0
3.9
3.8
3.7

7.5
7.1
6.8
6.4
6.0

11.3
11.1
10.8
10.5
10.2

14.3
14.3
14.3
14.2
14.0

17.9
18.0
17.7
17.6
17.5

20.7
21.1
21.5
21.6
21.8

21.6
21.7
22.1
23.0
23.8

50.8
50.9
51.0
51.2
51.4

SOURCES: Social Security Administration, Annual Statistical Supplement to the Social Security Bulletin , Table 5.D4 from 1960 to 1995;
data for 1988 and 1990 to 1995 are based on a 10 percent sample file from the Master Beneficiary Record; Social Security Disability
Insurance Beneficiaries, 100 percent data, from 1996 to 2000; beginning with 2001, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master
Beneficiary Record file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Combined data for men and women are not available before 1996.
FRA = full retirement age; -- = not available.
a. Ages 30–34 were grouped with ages 35–39 before 1996.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 55

Disabled Workers
Table 20.
Number, average primary insurance amount, and average monthly benefit, by age and sex,
December 2004
Total

Age
All disabled workers
Under 25
25–29
30–34
35–39
40–44
45–49
50–54
55–59
60–64
65–FRA

Men

Number

Average
PIA
(dollars)

Average
monthly
benefit
(dollars)

6,197,385

899.40

56,628
137,007
220,035
366,275
622,504
857,014
1,068,229
1,353,782
1,434,690
81,221

Women

Number

Average
PIA
(dollars)

Average
monthly
benefit
(dollars)

894.10

3,373,226

1,011.10

471.10
582.60
665.00
732.80
791.80

484.30
588.40
666.90
731.10
787.30

33,171
75,628
116,288
196,696
335,816

858.40
924.40
979.80
997.40
977.50

851.30
916.70
972.70
992.60
973.20

462,455
573,424
737,303
796,427
46,018

Number

Average
PIA
(dollars)

Average
monthly
benefit
(dollars)

1,002.30

2,824,159

766.10

765.00

481.70
595.50
684.20
756.60
833.30

493.90
599.40
682.30
750.40
824.30

23,457
61,379
103,747
169,579
286,688

456.10
566.60
643.60
705.30
743.20

470.60
574.70
649.70
708.60
743.90

929.00
1,030.20
1,127.40
1,176.10
1,155.10

917.20
1,018.40
1,117.10
1,168.70
1,147.70

394,559
494,805
616,479
638,263
35,203

775.70
801.70
803.40
774.50
745.50

774.00
798.90
800.00
772.80
745.00

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: The average monthly benefit includes secondary benefit amounts for some beneficiaries who are dually entitled. This results in
the average monthly benefit being larger than the average PIA for some age groups.
PIA = primary insurance amount; FRA = full retirement age.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

56 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

Disabled Workers
Table 21.
Distribution, by diagnostic group, 1996–2004

Year

Endocrine,
nutritional, Infectious
and
and
parasitic
Congenital metabolic
Total anomalies
diseases diseases a

Mental disorders
Injuries

Total Retardation

Other Neoplasms

Number
1996
1997
1998
1999

4,399,932
4,508,406
4,698,560
4,879,454

9,023
8,813
8,719
8,546

197,272
215,186
233,724
251,998

87,066
90,175
93,776
96,132

213,772
217,882
224,388
228,800

1,356,310
1,381,178
1,459,118
1,532,155

228,131
235,130
243,745
249,871

1,128,179
1,146,048
1,215,373
1,282,284

124,018
122,775
127,174
131,492

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

5,042,333
5,268,039
5,539,597
5,868,541
6,197,385

8,540
8,752
9,226
9,750
10,392

244,456
239,614
237,020
242,517
247,559

97,919
100,442
102,589
106,767
110,178

231,066
240,948
248,544
260,572
271,626

1,618,758
1,731,886
1,845,138
1,961,090
2,075,867

257,601
273,849
286,210
298,500
310,240

1,361,157
1,458,037
1,558,928
1,662,590
1,765,627

136,404
142,795
150,138
160,986
172,844

Percent
1996
1997
1998
1999

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

4.5
4.8
5.0
5.2

2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0

4.9
4.8
4.8
4.7

30.8
30.6
31.1
31.4

5.2
5.2
5.2
5.1

25.6
25.4
25.9
26.3

2.8
2.7
2.7
2.7

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

4.8
4.5
4.3
4.1
4.0

1.9
1.9
1.9
1.8
1.8

4.6
4.6
4.5
4.4
4.4

32.1
32.9
33.3
33.4
33.5

5.1
5.2
5.2
5.1
5.0

27.0
27.7
28.1
28.3
28.5

2.7
2.7
2.7
2.7
2.8
(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 57

Disabled Workers
Table 21.
Distribution, by diagnostic group, 1996–2004—Continued
Diseases of the—

Year

Blood and
bloodforming
organs

Circulatory
system

Digestive
system

Musculoskeletal Nervous
system
Genito- system and
urinary connective and sense
organs
system
tissue

Respiratory
system

Skin and
subcutaneous
tissue

Other Unknown b

Number
1996
1997
1998
1999

10,539
10,926
11,349
11,687

517,503
522,047
526,573
528,627

54,585
57,383
61,541
65,887

65,425
69,300
74,888
79,524

906,882
962,915
1,024,053
1,086,432

404,618
420,755
441,016
460,133

152,217
155,028
159,869
162,863

10,818
11,267
11,826
12,151

85,115
95,708
110,377
117,326

204,769
167,068
130,169
105,701

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

12,070
12,847
13,708
14,711
15,596

532,998
543,516
558,736
579,778
600,144

69,735
74,680
80,396
87,721
94,566

84,687
88,949
93,645
98,491
103,427

1,152,231
1,231,184
1,324,762
1,430,357
1,540,566

479,246
505,162
533,774
565,244
596,369

166,054
170,383
176,941
185,834
194,592

12,351
12,787
13,429
14,133
14,963

113,167
113,558
9,447
10,705
12,038

82,651
50,536
142,104
139,885
136,658

Percent
1996
1997
1998
1999

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

11.8
11.6
11.2
10.8

1.2
1.3
1.3
1.4

1.5
1.5
1.6
1.6

20.6
21.4
21.8
22.3

9.2
9.3
9.4
9.4

3.5
3.4
3.4
3.3

0.2
0.2
0.3
0.2

1.9
2.1
2.3
2.4

4.7
3.7
2.8
2.2

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.3
0.3

10.6
10.3
10.1
9.9
9.7

1.4
1.4
1.5
1.5
1.5

1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7

22.9
23.4
23.9
24.4
24.9

9.5
9.6
9.6
9.6
9.6

3.3
3.2
3.2
3.2
3.1

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

2.2
2.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

1.6
1.0
2.6
2.4
2.2

SOURCES: Social Security Administration, Social Security Disability Insurance Beneficiaries, 100 percent data, from 1996 to 2000;
beginning with 2001, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file, 100 percent data.
a. AIDS and HIV records are counted in "Infectious and parasitic diseases." Before 1990, they were included in "Other."
b. Beginning with 2002 data, several ill-defined impairment codes were reclassified and added to "Unknown."
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

58 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

Disabled Workers
Table 22.
Distribution of workers under age 50, by diagnostic group, 1996–2004

Year

Endocrine,
nutritional, Infectious
and
and
Congenital metabolic
parasitic
Total anomalies
diseases diseases a

Mental disorders
Injuries

Total Retardation

Other Neoplasms

Number
1996
1997
1998
1999

1,917,424
1,908,103
1,949,052
1,986,422

4,782
4,570
4,503
4,494

76,546
80,950
85,500
89,365

63,819
65,212
66,208
66,245

110,910
110,461
111,266
111,502

865,928
852,279
874,231
891,469

164,041
167,052
170,694
172,232

701,887
685,227
703,537
719,237

41,232
39,783
40,638
41,799

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

2,012,615
2,066,094
2,132,996
2,204,785
2,259,463

4,619
4,883
5,290
5,696
6,157

80,869
74,292
69,229
68,422
66,669

65,695
65,047
64,075
64,376
63,593

110,125
112,969
113,785
115,634
116,155

912,048
961,757
1,005,189
1,043,928
1,077,329

174,759
183,934
190,646
196,420
201,594

737,289
777,823
814,543
847,508
875,735

42,656
44,537
45,994
48,126
49,957

Percent
1996
1997
1998
1999

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

4.0
4.2
4.4
4.5

3.3
3.4
3.4
3.3

5.8
5.8
5.7
5.6

45.2
44.7
44.9
44.9

8.6
8.8
8.8
8.7

36.6
35.9
36.1
36.2

2.2
2.1
2.1
2.1

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.3
0.3

4.0
3.6
3.2
3.1
3.0

3.3
3.1
3.0
2.9
2.8

5.5
5.5
5.3
5.2
5.1

45.3
46.5
47.1
47.3
47.7

8.7
8.9
8.9
8.9
8.9

36.6
37.6
38.2
38.4
38.8

2.1
2.2
2.2
2.2
2.2
(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 59

Disabled Workers
Table 22.
Distribution of workers under age 50, by diagnostic group, 1996–2004—Continued
Diseases of the—

Year

Blood and
bloodforming
organs

Circulatory
system

Digestive
system

Musculoskeletal Nervous
system
Genito- system and
urinary connective and sense
organs
tissue
system

Respiratory
system

Skin and
subcutaneous
tissue

Other Unknown b

Number
1996
1997
1998
1999

6,711
6,809
6,991
7,103

86,607
85,953
84,674
83,736

24,535
25,428
27,219
29,109

36,214
37,896
39,949
41,571

265,043
271,682
284,291
297,185

202,169
204,222
208,607
211,731

24,862
24,750
25,822
26,226

4,926
5,140
5,314
5,467

37,745
43,124
50,140
51,848

65,395
49,844
33,699
27,572

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

7,245
7,646
8,072
8,513
8,855

84,362
85,819
87,860
90,085
91,227

30,357
31,789
33,120
34,722
35,859

43,333
44,628
45,957
47,143
48,231

309,327
322,713
340,244
355,306
367,251

215,744
221,321
228,658
235,860
242,252

26,718
27,472
28,441
29,996
30,883

5,785
5,613
5,843
5,966
6,231

53,437
44,428
4,060
4,496
4,951

20,595
11,180
47,179
46,516
43,863

Percent
1996
1997
1998
1999

0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4

4.5
4.5
4.3
4.2

1.3
1.3
1.4
1.5

1.9
2.0
2.0
2.1

13.8
14.2
14.6
15.0

10.5
10.7
10.7
10.7

1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3

0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3

2.0
2.3
2.6
2.6

3.4
2.6
1.7
1.4

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4

4.2
4.2
4.1
4.1
4.0

1.5
1.5
1.6
1.6
1.6

2.2
2.2
2.2
2.1
2.1

15.4
15.6
16.0
16.1
16.3

10.7
10.7
10.7
10.7
10.7

1.3
1.3
1.3
1.4
1.4

0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3

2.7
2.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

1.0
0.5
2.2
2.1
1.9

SOURCES: Social Security Administration, Social Security Disability Insurance Beneficiaries, 100 percent data, from 1996 to 2000;
beginning with 2001, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file, 100 percent data.
a. AIDS and HIV records are counted in "Infectious and parasitic diseases." Before 1990, they were included in "Other."
b. Beginning with 2002 data, several ill-defined impairment codes were reclassified and added to "Unknown."
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

60 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

Disabled Workers
Table 23.
Distribution of workers aged 50 or older, by diagnostic group, 1996–2004

Year

Endocrine,
nutritional, Infectious
and
and
parasitic
Congenital metabolic
diseases diseases a
Total anomalies

Mental disorders
Injuries

Total Retardation

Other Neoplasms

Number
1996
1997
1998
1999

2,482,508
2,600,303
2,749,508
2,893,032

4,241
4,243
4,216
4,052

120,726
134,236
148,224
162,633

23,247
24,963
27,568
29,887

102,862
107,421
113,122
117,298

490,382
528,899
584,887
640,686

64,090
68,078
73,051
77,639

426,292
460,821
511,836
563,047

82,786
82,992
86,536
89,693

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

3,029,718
3,201,945
3,406,601
3,663,756
3,937,922

3,921
3,869
3,936
4,054
4,235

163,587
165,322
167,791
174,095
180,890

32,224
35,395
38,514
42,391
46,585

120,941
127,979
134,759
144,938
155,471

697,278
770,129
839,949
917,162
998,538

82,842
89,915
95,564
102,080
108,646

614,436
680,214
744,385
815,082
889,892

93,748
98,258
104,144
112,860
122,887

Percent
1996
1997
1998
1999

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.1

4.9
5.2
5.4
5.6

0.9
1.0
1.0
1.0

4.1
4.1
4.1
4.1

19.8
20.3
21.3
22.2

2.6
2.6
2.7
2.7

17.2
17.7
18.6
19.5

3.3
3.2
3.1
3.1

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

5.4
5.2
4.9
4.8
4.6

1.1
1.1
1.1
1.2
1.2

4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
3.9

23.0
24.0
24.7
25.0
25.4

2.7
2.8
2.8
2.8
2.8

20.3
21.2
21.9
22.2
22.6

3.1
3.1
3.1
3.1
3.1
(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 61

Disabled Workers
Table 23.
Distribution of workers aged 50 or older, by diagnostic group, 1996–2004—Continued
Diseases of the—

Year

Blood and
bloodforming
organs

Circulatory
system

Digestive
system

Musculoskeletal Nervous
system
Genito- system and
urinary connective and sense
organs
tissue
system

Respiratory
system

Skin and
subcutaneous
tissue

Other Unknown b

Number
1996
1997
1998
1999

3,828
4,117
4,358
4,584

430,896
436,094
441,899
444,891

30,050
31,955
34,322
36,778

29,211
31,404
34,939
37,953

641,839
691,233
739,762
789,247

202,449
216,533
232,409
248,402

127,355
130,278
134,047
136,637

5,892
6,127
6,512
6,684

47,370
52,584
60,237
65,478

139,374
117,224
96,470
78,129

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

4,825
5,201
5,636
6,198
6,741

448,636
457,697
470,876
489,693
508,917

39,378
42,891
47,276
52,999
58,707

41,354
44,321
47,688
51,348
55,196

842,904
908,471
984,518
1,075,051
1,173,315

263,502
283,841
305,116
329,384
354,117

139,336
142,911
148,500
155,838
163,709

6,866
7,174
7,586
8,167
8,732

69,162
69,130
5,387
6,209
7,087

62,056
39,356
94,925
93,369
92,795

Percent
1996
1997
1998
1999

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

17.4
16.8
16.1
15.4

1.2
1.2
1.2
1.3

1.2
1.2
1.3
1.3

25.9
26.6
26.9
27.3

8.2
8.3
8.5
8.6

5.1
5.0
4.9
4.7

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

1.9
2.0
2.2
2.3

5.6
4.5
3.5
2.7

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

14.8
14.3
13.8
13.4
12.9

1.3
1.3
1.4
1.4
1.5

1.4
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.4

27.8
28.4
28.9
29.3
29.8

8.7
8.9
9.0
9.0
9.0

4.6
4.5
4.4
4.3
4.2

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

2.3
2.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

2.0
1.2
2.8
2.5
2.4

SOURCES: Social Security Administration, Social Security Disability Insurance Beneficiaries, 100 percent data, from 1996 to 2000;
beginning with 2001, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file, 100 percent data.
a. AIDS and HIV records are counted in "Infectious and parasitic diseases." Before 1990, they were included in "Other."
b. Beginning with 2002, several ill-defined impairment codes were reclassified and added to "Unknown."
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

62 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

Disabled Workers
Table 24.
Distribution, by diagnostic group and age, December 2004
Diagnostic group

Total

Under 30

30–39

40–49

50–59

60–FRA

Number
Total
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and
metabolic diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

6,197,385

193,635

586,310

1,479,518

2,422,011

1,515,911

10,392

1,545

2,043

2,569

2,715

1,520

247,559
110,178
271,626

2,883
1,778
10,925

14,683
17,597
32,327

49,103
44,218
72,903

109,747
35,006
97,719

71,143
11,579
57,752

310,240
1,765,627
172,844

36,455
88,844
4,356

67,833
244,350
11,517

97,306
542,541
34,084

81,459
647,991
71,663

27,187
241,901
51,224

15,596
600,144
94,566
103,427

1,990
3,341
1,925
4,591

2,818
16,238
7,571
15,135

4,047
71,648
26,363
28,505

4,469
254,627
40,634
37,721

2,272
254,290
18,073
17,475

1,540,566
596,369
194,592
14,963
12,038
136,658

8,039
22,230
1,271
417
470
2,575

67,900
67,942
5,580
1,618
1,256
9,902

291,312
152,080
24,032
4,196
3,225
31,386

663,507
226,766
79,842
5,750
4,625
57,770

509,808
127,351
83,867
2,982
2,462
35,025

Percent
Total
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and
metabolic diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

0.2

0.8

0.3

0.2

0.1

0.1

4.0
1.8
4.4

1.5
0.9
5.6

2.5
3.0
5.5

3.3
3.0
4.9

4.5
1.4
4.0

4.7
0.8
3.8

5.0
28.5
2.8

18.8
45.9
2.2

11.6
41.7
2.0

6.6
36.7
2.3

3.4
26.8
3.0

1.8
16.0
3.4

0.3
9.7
1.5
1.7

1.0
1.7
1.0
2.4

0.5
2.8
1.3
2.6

0.3
4.8
1.8
1.9

0.2
10.5
1.7
1.6

0.1
16.8
1.2
1.2

24.9
9.6
3.1
0.2
0.2
2.2

4.2
11.5
0.7
0.2
0.2
1.3

11.6
11.6
1.0
0.3
0.2
1.7

19.7
10.3
1.6
0.3
0.2
2.1

27.4
9.4
3.3
0.2
0.2
2.4

33.6
8.4
5.5
0.2
0.2
2.3

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file, 100 percent data.
NOTE: FRA = full retirement age.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 63

Disabled Workers
Table 25.
Distribution of workers with a secondary benefit (dual entitlement), by worker's smaller
primary insurance amount and sex, December 2004
Total
Primary insurance amount (dollars)

Men

Women

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

201,468

100.0

46,617

100.0

154,851

100.0

Less than 300.00
300.00–399.90
400.00–499.90

30,452
28,545
28,360

15.1
14.2
14.1

10,180
10,137
8,514

21.8
21.7
18.3

20,272
18,408
19,846

13.1
11.9
12.8

500.00–599.90
600.00–699.90
700.00–799.90
800.00–899.90
900.00–999.90

41,182
29,196
18,324
10,915
6,410

20.4
14.5
9.1
5.4
3.2

9,309
4,252
1,855
938
543

20.0
9.1
4.0
2.0
1.2

31,873
24,944
16,469
9,977
5,867

20.6
16.1
10.6
6.4
3.8

3,679
4,405

1.8
2.2

337
552

0.7
1.2

3,342
3,853

2.2
2.5

All disabled workers

1,000.00–1,099.90
1,100.00 or more
Average amount (dollars)

543.80

456.20

570.20

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file, 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

64 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

Disabled Workers
Table 26.
Distribution of workers with a secondary benefit (dual entitlement), by type of secondary benefit
and sex, December 2004
Total
Type of secondary benefit
All disabled workers

a

Spouses
Widow(er)s
Disabled widow(er)s
Surviving mothers and fathers
Disabled adult children

Men

Women

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

201,468

100.0

46,617

100.0

154,851

100.0

23,268
29,360
76,499
1,943
70,397

11.5
14.6
38.0
1.0
34.9

154
799
2,441
81
43,142

0.3
1.7
5.2
0.2
92.5

23,114
28,561
74,058
1,862
27,255

14.9
18.4
47.8
1.2
17.6

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file, 100 percent data.
a. Includes a few individuals who are receiving parents benefits.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 65

Disabled Workers
Table 27.
Number, by sex, state or other area, and age, December 2004
State or area

Total

Under 25

25–34

35–44

45–54

55–FRA

All disabled workers
All areas

6,197,385

56,628

357,042

988,779

1,925,243

2,869,693

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

158,703
9,150
114,578
97,653
528,609

967
137
1,110
686
4,287

8,433
670
7,220
5,141
28,439

24,624
1,613
18,323
14,409
85,008

50,947
2,911
35,491
29,874
167,066

73,732
3,819
52,434
47,543
243,809

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

68,862
62,517
19,473
9,436
378,099

680
683
180
111
2,898

3,859
3,905
1,111
628
18,641

11,087
11,624
3,494
1,747
58,618

23,053
18,899
6,197
3,235
116,059

30,183
27,406
8,491
3,715
181,883

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

186,943
17,740
27,302
212,168
134,461

1,222
97
364
2,726
1,514

9,512
982
2,016
14,507
9,355

28,411
2,821
4,223
34,981
22,367

58,071
5,667
8,163
65,286
42,066

89,727
8,173
12,536
94,668
59,159

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

56,604
50,782
153,184
110,422
44,038

838
632
1,155
863
548

4,264
3,452
8,935
6,054
3,210

9,467
8,429
24,672
17,138
8,385

17,366
16,057
48,480
35,447
13,566

24,669
22,212
69,942
50,920
18,329

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

85,926
145,391
227,568
85,488
102,132

925
2,066
2,535
1,769
663

5,005
10,512
14,576
7,032
5,759

15,212
28,585
34,988
15,004
15,914

27,017
45,469
71,808
26,173
32,617

37,767
58,759
103,661
35,510
47,179

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

152,857
19,673
31,282
43,613
30,822

1,432
206
483
370
525

9,079
1,061
2,181
2,194
2,293

24,963
2,847
5,256
6,443
6,161

47,995
6,037
9,605
12,855
9,454

69,388
9,522
13,757
21,751
12,389

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

147,396
41,660
387,666
237,795
10,478

1,137
428
2,617
1,537
144

7,571
2,436
19,491
12,095
772

24,582
6,388
64,163
35,624
1,574

43,993
13,043
117,774
72,669
3,198

70,113
19,365
183,621
115,870
4,790

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

230,460
84,410
71,398
275,892
27,875

3,183
730
547
3,006
346

16,945
4,579
4,107
17,111
1,667

37,427
12,222
10,261
45,521
4,836

70,761
25,711
21,578
85,123
8,758

102,144
41,168
34,905
125,131
12,268

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

124,724
13,837
172,989
350,669
27,163

745
212
1,070
3,115
352

5,782
927
9,423
19,798
2,446

18,076
2,173
27,426
54,343
4,548

38,629
4,296
53,763
110,112
8,074

61,492
6,229
81,307
163,301
11,743
(Continued)

66 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

Disabled Workers
Table 27.
Number, by sex, state or other area, and age, December 2004—Continued
State or area

Total

Under 25

25–34

35–44

45–54

55–FRA

All disabled workers (cont.)
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

14,992
156,592
115,238
76,039
104,633
9,166

256
1,298
1,090
367
1,551
123

1,077
8,561
7,290
3,510
7,766
577

2,728
25,222
18,218
10,259
17,711
1,403

4,641
49,051
35,538
23,953
32,044
2,838

6,290
72,460
53,102
37,950
45,561
4,225

Outlying areas
American Samoa
Guam
Northern Mariana Islands
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

1,045
1,055
169
134,694
1,554

a
9
a
80
a

a
64
a
2,735
a

72
178
40
15,683
203

302
334
58
42,538
428

663
470
50
73,658
865

12,320

6

206

1,084

3,105

7,919

Foreign countries

Men
All areas

3,373,226

33,171

191,916

532,512

1,035,879

1,579,748

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

85,160
5,153
60,970
53,927
286,028

574
85
652
407
2,572

4,547
402
3,740
2,792
15,821

12,978
890
9,540
7,828
47,387

26,956
1,582
18,380
16,365
89,440

40,105
2,194
28,658
26,535
130,808

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

36,348
33,027
9,704
5,099
205,831

425
390
96
62
1,696

2,114
2,104
544
327
10,232

5,818
6,077
1,711
1,022
31,841

11,967
9,810
3,045
1,814
62,422

16,024
14,646
4,308
1,874
99,640

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

98,584
10,563
15,453
114,314
71,479

749
56
209
1,557
884

5,156
581
1,125
7,726
4,887

15,293
1,745
2,320
18,706
11,742

30,169
3,355
4,444
34,744
22,094

47,217
4,826
7,355
51,581
31,872

30,555
26,337
90,015
69,517
25,036

518
375
667
541
310

2,320
1,804
4,879
3,528
1,696

4,979
4,249
14,087
10,622
4,642

9,302
8,191
28,639
22,390
7,651

13,436
11,718
41,743
32,436
10,737

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

44,860
76,119
122,342
45,850
55,214

546
1,125
1,459
991
433

2,637
5,114
7,635
3,606
3,084

7,972
14,621
18,753
7,787
8,416

13,895
23,969
38,337
13,711
17,558

19,810
31,290
56,158
19,755
25,723

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

81,782
11,401
16,171
23,104
15,494

830
124
279
204
271

4,873
585
1,138
1,117
1,056

13,415
1,585
2,590
3,349
2,948

25,370
3,424
4,799
6,600
4,668

37,294
5,683
7,365
11,834
6,551

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 67

Disabled Workers
Table 27.
Number, by sex, state or other area, and age, December 2004—Continued
State or area

Total

Under 25

25–34

35–44

45–54

55–FRA

Men (cont.)
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

76,046
24,780
210,320
121,764
5,994

645
268
1,537
960
91

3,908
1,388
10,550
6,592
441

12,257
3,739
34,485
18,372
855

22,453
7,595
63,818
36,493
1,776

36,783
11,790
99,930
59,347
2,831

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

128,335
46,370
39,815
150,954
14,516

1,810
439
351
1,711
190

9,089
2,553
2,310
8,854
861

20,343
6,827
5,759
24,200
2,498

39,048
13,958
11,619
46,145
4,577

58,045
22,593
19,776
70,044
6,390

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

64,468
7,662
91,446
196,333
14,707

444
133
634
1,827
224

3,084
480
4,923
10,890
1,321

9,236
1,098
14,101
30,364
2,450

19,581
2,394
28,020
60,509
4,294

32,123
3,557
43,768
92,743
6,418

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

8,304
84,061
63,122
50,460
56,219
5,150

140
793
643
227
875
66

582
4,468
4,102
2,079
3,950
322

1,453
13,213
9,998
6,439
9,115
791

2,509
26,170
19,012
15,863
16,967
1,549

3,620
39,417
29,367
25,852
25,312
2,422

Outlying areas
American Samoa
Guam
Northern Mariana Islands
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

612
660
111
75,859
868

0
a
a
65
a

a
a
a
1,783
a

a
111
a
8,990
112

182
216
34
23,479
222

377
292
35
41,542
496

8,853

a

a

714

2,305

5,702

Foreign countries

Women
All areas

2,824,159

23,457

165,126

456,267

889,364

1,289,945

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

73,543
3,997
53,608
43,726
242,581

393
52
458
279
1,715

3,886
268
3,480
2,349
12,618

11,646
723
8,783
6,581
37,621

23,991
1,329
17,111
13,509
77,626

33,627
1,625
23,776
21,008
113,001

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

32,514
29,490
9,769
4,337
172,268

255
293
84
49
1,202

1,745
1,801
567
301
8,409

5,269
5,547
1,783
725
26,777

11,086
9,089
3,152
1,421
53,637

14,159
12,760
4,183
1,841
82,243

88,359
7,177
11,849
97,854
62,982

473
41
155
1,169
630

4,356
401
891
6,781
4,468

13,118
1,076
1,903
16,275
10,625

27,902
2,312
3,719
30,542
19,972

42,510
3,347
5,181
43,087
27,287

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

(Continued)

68 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

Disabled Workers
Table 27.
Number, by sex, state or other area, and age, December 2004—Continued
State or area

Total

Under 25

25–34

35–44

45–54

55–FRA

Women (cont.)
26,049
24,445
63,169
40,905
19,002

320
257
488
322
238

1,944
1,648
4,056
2,526
1,514

4,488
4,180
10,585
6,516
3,743

8,064
7,866
19,841
13,057
5,915

11,233
10,494
28,199
18,484
7,592

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

41,066
69,272
105,226
39,638
46,918

379
941
1,076
778
230

2,368
5,398
6,941
3,426
2,675

7,240
13,964
16,235
7,217
7,498

13,122
21,500
33,471
12,462
15,059

17,957
27,469
47,503
15,755
21,456

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

71,075
8,272
15,111
20,509
15,328

602
82
204
166
254

4,206
476
1,043
1,077
1,237

11,548
1,262
2,666
3,094
3,213

22,625
2,613
4,806
6,255
4,786

32,094
3,839
6,392
9,917
5,838

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

71,350
16,880
177,346
116,031
4,484

492
160
1,080
577
53

3,663
1,048
8,941
5,503
331

12,325
2,649
29,678
17,252
719

21,540
5,448
53,956
36,176
1,422

33,330
7,575
83,691
56,523
1,959

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

102,125
38,040
31,583
124,938
13,359

1,373
291
196
1,295
156

7,856
2,026
1,797
8,257
806

17,084
5,395
4,502
21,321
2,338

31,713
11,753
9,959
38,978
4,181

44,099
18,575
15,129
55,087
5,878

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

60,256
6,175
81,543
154,336
12,456

301
79
436
1,288
128

2,698
447
4,500
8,908
1,125

8,840
1,075
13,325
23,979
2,098

19,048
1,902
25,743
49,603
3,780

29,369
2,672
37,539
70,558
5,325

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

6,688
72,531
52,116
25,579
48,414
4,016

116
505
447
140
676
57

495
4,093
3,188
1,431
3,816
255

1,275
12,009
8,220
3,820
8,596
612

2,132
22,881
16,526
8,090
15,077
1,289

2,670
33,043
23,735
12,098
20,249
1,803

Outlying areas
American Samoa
Guam
Northern Mariana Islands
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

433
395
58
58,835
686

a
a
0
15
a

a
a
a
952
a

a
67
a
6,693
91

120
118
24
19,059
206

286
178
15
32,116
369

3,467

a

a

370

800

2,217

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

Foreign countries

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file, 100 percent data.
NOTE: FRA = full retirement age.
a. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 69

Disabled-Worker Families
Table 28.
Number and average monthly family benefit, by selected family composition,
December 1960–2004
Worker, spouse, and—

Worker only
Year

All

Men

Women

1 child

2 or more
children

Worker and
aged spouse a

Number (thousands)
1960
1965
1970
1975

357
714
1,054
1,750

261
481
680
1,080

96
232
374
671

22
54
77
137

32
109
164
250

22
30
43
66

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

2,061
-1,969
1,961
1,993

1,257
-1,208
1,215
1,241

804
-760
746
752

154
-124
85
83

228
-163
143
140

80
-78
80
76

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

2,039
2,096
2,154
2,194
2,262

1,267
1,301
1,338
1,353
1,390

772
795
816
841
872

84
82
79
77
75

140
136
132
125
120

76
74
74
71
67

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

2,370
2,523
2,738
2,935
3,121

1,448
1,529
1,643
1,743
1,830

922
994
1,094
1,192
1,292

75
76
78
78
76

118
119
125
127
128

63
61
61
59
57

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

3,305
3,473
3,593
3,769
3,924

1,909
1,973
2,006
2,074
2,131

1,396
1,500
1,588
1,695
1,793

75
61
57
52
49

124
104
91
80
72

55
53
53
53
52

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

4,080
4,260
4,487
4,769
5,068

2,191
2,289
2,392
2,525
2,665

1,890
1,970
2,095
2,244
2,403

45
68
64
57
55

65
92
86
82
78

50
57
56
60
65
(Continued)

70 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

Disabled-Worker Families
Table 28.
Number and average monthly family benefit, by selected family composition,
December 1960–2004—Continued
Worker only
Year

All

Worker, spouse, and—

Men

Women

1 child

2 or more
children

Worker and
aged spouse a

Average monthly family benefit (dollars)
1960
1965
1970
1975

87.90
95.40
128.10
218.90

91.90
100.70
136.30
240.00

76.90
85.00
113.10
185.00

184.70
201.00
264.10
441.00

192.20
216.30
273.20
454.00

135.50
145.90
199.20
344.00

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

355.40
-424.40
439.40
454.00

396.20
-474.20
490.90
507.60

291.70
-344.70
355.40
365.70

727.00
-847.40
867.90
881.50

746.10
-858.20
881.80
885.50

573.00
-690.70
716.20
740.40

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

466.90
470.70
491.60
512.20
539.30

523.10
527.80
552.00
576.10
607.10

374.60
377.40
392.60
409.50
431.20

898.10
896.90
929.40
960.20
1,009.40

895.20
888.30
918.30
938.40
971.90

765.00
773.30
815.50
855.40
903.70

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

570.40
592.30
609.50
625.50
646.20

642.80
668.40
688.70
707.20
731.80

456.80
475.50
490.70
506.00
525.00

1,062.10
1,098.00
1,122.10
1,143.00
1,177.60

1,016.00
1,043.30
1,057.40
1,074.20
1,100.00

960.80
1,004.70
1,045.00
1,078.20
1,118.60

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

667.60
690.60
708.00
720.00
741.20

757.40
785.30
806.60
820.20
844.50

544.80
566.00
583.60
597.40
618.50

1,205.50
1,245.90
1,280.20
1,300.40
1,344.90

1,130.90
1,148.50
1,165.90
1,189.40
1,224.20

1,159.90
1,200.60
1,238.50
1,261.90
1,295.30

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

773.60
807.40
827.30
854.80
887.30

880.70
914.40
935.80
965.90
1,001.60

649.40
683.10
703.50
729.70
760.60

1,394.20
1,413.50
1,445.10
1,495.80
1,554.20

1,274.30
1,298.50
1,331.70
1,373.30
1,426.80

1,355.50
1,393.50
1,431.50
1,486.80
1,546.10

SOURCES: Social Security Administration. For years before 2001, Annual Statistical Supplement to the Social Security Bulletin , based on
the Master Beneficiary Record (from 1960 to 1984, various sampling rates; from 1985 to 2000, 10 percent sample); beginning with 2001,
Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: A "family" means beneficiaries entitled on one worker's account.
Data include beneficiaries whose benefits are being withheld.
-- = not available.
a. Spouse's entitlement based on age.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 71

Disabled-Worker Families
Table 29.
Number, average primary insurance amount, and average monthly family benefit, by family
composition, December 2004
Percentage of
Average primary Average monthly families receiving
Number of insurance amount
family benefit maximum family
beneficiaries
(dollars)
(dollars)
benefit a

Family composition

Number
of families

Worker only
Men
Women

2,665,017
2,403,168

2,665,017
2,403,168

1,007.24
761.71

1,001.60
760.60

9.6
21.2

593,525
442,841

1,518,297
1,114,922

978.89
789.69

1,394.40
1,085.00

83.2
90.3

636,683
282,090
117,593

1,273,367
846,275
513,577

905.74
897.17
858.47

1,268.60
1,270.10
1,208.60

85.8
88.2
84.0

65,399

131,078

1,264.37

1,546.10

7.9

2,286
53,415
46,529
30,848

7,575
160,260
186,139
170,234

1,150.50
1,024.68
986.25
941.00

1,855.70
1,544.20
1,463.60
1,364.80

71.7
92.2
90.8
82.7

Worker with children
By sex of worker
Men
Women
By number of children
1 child
2 children
3 or more children
Worker with—
Spouse aged 62 or older b
Spouse aged 62 or older and
1 or more children
Spouse and 1 child
Spouse and 2 children
Spouse and 3 or more children

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: A "family" means beneficiaries entitled on one worker's account.
Data include beneficiaries whose benefits are being withheld.
a. Includes families and worker-only beneficiaries for whom the primary insurance amount is equal to the family maximum amount.
b. If the spouse is also entitled to a retired-worker benefit, only the benefit amount received as a spouse is included.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

72 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

Disabled-Worker Families
Table 30.
Distribution, by family composition and age of worker, December 2004

Family composition

Total,
all ages

Under 30

30–34

35–39

40–44

45–49

50–54

55–59

60–FRA

Number
Worker only
Worker with—
Spouse
Aged 62 or older a
Child in care
Children
1 child
2 children
3 or more children
Families receiving
maximum benefit c

5,068,185

159,046

137,538

205,810

386,084

633,768

909,350 1,241,019 1,395,570

67,685
130,792

0
2,738

b
7,656

b
16,700

66
26,144

362
27,365

1,671
22,062

8,368
16,847

57,204
11,280

636,683
282,090
117,593

22,563
11,562
5,549

36,211
29,025
18,073

68,586
57,221
30,762

125,275
73,419
29,604

141,487
55,267
17,643

112,798
30,149
8,510

79,907
16,653
4,895

49,856
8,794
2,557

1,783,420

130,024

134,149

214,492

310,488

306,808

254,406

228,046

205,007

Percent
Worker only
Worker with—
Spouse
Aged 62 or older a
Child in care
Children
1 child
2 children
3 or more children
Families receiving
maximum benefit c

100.0

3.1

2.7

4.1

7.6

12.5

17.9

24.5

27.5

100.0
100.0

0
2.1

b
5.9

b
12.8

0.1
20.0

0.5
20.9

2.5
16.9

12.4
12.9

84.5
8.6

100.0
100.0
100.0

3.5
4.1
4.7

5.7
10.3
15.4

10.8
20.3
26.2

19.7
26.0
25.2

22.2
19.6
15.0

17.7
10.7
7.2

12.6
5.9
4.2

7.8
3.1
2.2

28.3

64.5

58.7

56.6

48.5

35.0

23.5

16.7

13.4

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: A "family" means beneficiaries entitled on one worker's account.
Data include beneficiaries whose benefits are being withheld.
FRA = full retirement age.
a. Includes spouses aged 62 or older with children.
b. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
c. Includes families and worker-only beneficiaries for whom the primary insurance amount is equal to the family maximum amount.
CONTACT: Kevin Kulzer (410) 965-5366 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 73

Benefits Awarded, Withheld,
and Terminated

Benefits Awarded, Withheld, and Terminated
Chart 7.
Social Security disability awards, 1980–2004
The total number of awards decreased from 1980 through 1982, started to rise in 1983, and began to increase
more rapidly in 1990. Awards for disabled-worker benefits have been most pronounced and drive the overall pattern shown in the total line. They increased from a low of 297,131 in 1982 to 636,637 in 1992, were relatively flat
from 1992 through 2000, and started to increase again in 2001. There were 775,244 worker awards in 2004. Other
awards have risen at a much slower rate. Awards to disabled adult children have gradually increased from 33,470
in 1980 to 51,833 in 2004. Awards to disabled widow(er)s have risen from just over 16,000 in 1980 to
27,744 in 2004.

Thousands
1,000
Total
Disabled workers
Disabled widow(er)s
800

Disabled adult children

600

400

200

0
1980

1985

1990

1995

2000

2004

SOURCE: Table 31.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 77

Benefits Awarded, Withheld, and Terminated
Chart 8.
Average monthly benefit awards, by sex, 2004
Average monthly benefits for new awards tend to be higher than those paid to beneficiaries who are already on the
rolls (see Chart 5). The exception is payments to newly awarded adult children, whose benefits are slightly lower
than those paid to adult children who are already on the rolls.
The average monthly benefit awarded to disabled workers is higher than that awarded to disabled widow(er)s
or disabled adult children. The reason for the difference is that disabled workers receive 100 percent of the primary
insurance amount, compared with 71.5 percent for disabled widow(er)s and 50 percent for disabled adult children
(if the worker is disabled or retired) or 75 percent (if the worker is deceased).
Because men have traditionally had higher earnings than women, their monthly benefit is higher. This is most
obvious in the disabled-worker group. Benefits for disabled widow(er)s and disabled adult children are dependents'
benefits, so their monthly benefit is a function of the worker's earnings. Therefore, a disabled widow's average
benefit tends to be higher than that of a disabled widower because a male worker's earnings are higher than a
female worker's. Benefit amounts are about the same for men and women in the disabled adult children group.

Dollars
1,200
Men
1,000

Women

800

600

400

200

0

Disabled
workers

Disabled
widow(er)s

SOURCE: Table 32.

78 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

Disabled
adult children

Benefits Awarded, Withheld, and Terminated
Chart 9.
Disabled-worker awards, by selected diagnostic group, 2004
In 2004, 775,244 disabled workers were awarded benefits. The primary impairment group was diseases of the
musculoskeletal system and connective tissue (27.1 percent), 24.9 percent had a mental disorder, 11.0 percent
had circulatory problems, 9.5 percent had neoplasms, 8.3 percent had a disease of the nervous system and sense
organs, and 19.1 percent had other impairments.

Neoplasms
9%
Other
19%

Nervous system
and sense organs
8%

Circulatory system
11%

Musculoskeletal system
and connective tissue
27%

Mental disorders
25%
SOURCE: Table 33.
NOTE: Percentages do not add to 100 because of rounding.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 79

Awards to Disabled Beneficiaries and Nondisabled Dependents
Table 31.
Number, selected years 1960–2004
Workers and nondisabled dependents
Children
Spouses under age 18

Adult children of—

Students
aged 18–19

Widow(er)s

Disabled
workers

Retired
workers

Deceased
workers

102,516
175,109
241,627
391,284

...
19,794
71,145
117,043

...
...
15,609
23,521

1,794
2,713
3,774
6,889

12,740
10,017
11,348
14,636

9,819
8,668
9,425
11,182

108,500
95,575
77,835
80,079
81,834

235,079
199,829
153,205
152,954
172,721

143,935
134,390
103,015
68,834
59,990

16,054
14,154
12,440
14,412
17,165

6,194
5,435
4,250
5,107
5,541

16,650
15,365
14,772
17,309
18,330

10,626
9,745
9,685
11,223
12,556

377,371
416,865
415,848
409,490
425,582

83,511
82,435
77,316
73,790
69,113

190,204
198,192
195,030
196,655
197,950

56,108
52,989
54,925
61,725
57,079

17,086
18,418
16,396
15,328
15,168

6,713
6,986
6,787
6,646
6,358

19,661
20,295
20,761
20,544
19,668

12,709
13,244
12,117
11,512
10,975

868,793
990,500
1,167,001
1,177,268
1,177,236

467,977
536,434
636,637
635,238
631,870

69,667
72,754
78,083
74,605
69,549

218,059
250,287
306,002
317,263
327,067

58,894
60,349
66,035
71,081
74,364

15,424
29,590
33,235
31,835
29,903

6,633
7,552
9,548
10,254
9,774

20,862
21,850
23,615
23,173
22,119

11,277
11,684
13,846
13,819
12,590

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

1,173,317
1,139,054
1,059,556
1,087,352
1,106,343

645,832
624,335
587,417
608,131
620,488

63,097
57,528
50,818
47,550
46,164

315,587
311,228
278,040
279,764
283,768

75,929
76,769
76,034
82,567
84,525

29,597
28,611
28,546
29,399
29,650

9,779
9,353
8,474
9,095
9,851

21,566
20,169
19,611
19,932
20,467

11,930
11,061
10,616
10,914
11,430

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

1,051,900
1,118,300
1,219,670
1,259,672
1,311,031

610,700
661,900
730,383
755,706
775,244

38,500
41,100
43,301
44,638
45,649

263,200
268,800
293,131
302,756
313,640

74,600
75,700
77,927
82,447
96,871

27,600
26,500
28,339
27,324
27,744

7,000
9,800
8,507
9,740
13,301

21,100
22,300
22,798
21,836
22,127

9,200
12,200
15,284
15,225
16,455

Year

Total

Workers

1960
1965
1970
1975

388,861
538,983
799,616
1,305,345

207,805
253,499
350,384
592,049

54,187
69,183
96,304
148,741

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

933,597
826,340
672,333
661,467
730,135

396,559
351,847
297,131
311,549
361,998

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

763,363
809,424
799,180
795,690
801,893

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

SOURCES: Social Security Administration. For years before 2000, Annual Statistical Supplement to the Social Security Bulletin , based on
the Master Beneficiary Record, various sampling rates; from 2000 to 2001, Annual Award and Termination Transaction file, 1 percent
sample; data after 2001 are 100 percent data.
NOTES: Data exclude closed period awards in 2002 and 2003 and expedited reinstatement cases since 2002.
. . . = not applicable.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

80 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

Awards to Disabled Beneficiaries and Nondisabled Dependents
Table 32.
Average monthly benefit, by basis of entitlement, age, and sex, 2004

Basis of entitlement and age

Number

Female

Male

Total
Average monthly
benefit a (dollars)

Number

Average monthly
benefit a (dollars)

Number

Average monthly
benefit a (dollars)

Workers
Total
Under 25
25–29
30–34
35–39
40–44
45–49
50–54
55–59
60 or older

775,244

968.50

416,560

1,098.60

358,684

817.40

23,028
28,739
37,877
53,209
80,324
103,685
140,414
175,916
132,052

490.60
652.50
750.90
816.70
879.40
946.50
1,018.50
1,083.60
1,109.20

13,217
14,979
19,038
27,136
40,830
53,347
73,770
97,336
76,907

500.50
670.20
785.50
868.00
960.20
1,057.10
1,160.10
1,257.20
1,286.40

9,811
13,760
18,839
26,073
39,494
50,338
66,644
78,580
55,145

477.30
633.20
715.90
763.30
795.80
829.20
861.90
868.50
862.00

Spouses of disabled workers
Total

45,649

243.70

2,364

169.20

43,285

247.70

Entitlement based on care
of children
Under 30
30–34
35–39
40–44
45–49
50–54
55 or older

19,049
2,419
2,910
3,824
4,077
3,123
1,698
998

181.80
118.40
137.50
161.80
192.00
220.90
243.80
272.60

1,033
80
138
175
238
194
112
96

134.40
85.00
115.40
126.90
135.90
142.60
148.50
179.30

18,016
2,339
2,772
3,649
3,839
2,929
1,586
902

184.60
119.50
138.60
163.50
195.50
226.10
250.60
282.50

Entitlement based on age
62–64
65 or older

26,600
22,363
4,237

288.00
281.40
322.70

1,331
663
668

196.30
169.60
222.90

25,269
21,700
3,569

292.80
284.80
341.30

Children of disabled workers
Total

423,812

257.90

220,767

260.10

203,045

255.50

313,640
54,603
69,510
104,455
85,072

228.30
183.40
197.00
228.20
282.90

159,612
27,920
35,373
53,092
43,227

228.10
183.40
196.50
228.70
282.20

154,028
26,683
34,137
51,363
41,845

228.60
183.40
197.60
227.70
283.60

Students aged 18–19

96,871

348.50

53,500

350.70

43,371

345.90

Disabled aged 18 or older

13,301

294.60

7,655

294.60

5,646

294.70

Under age 18
Under 5
5–9
10–14
15–17

Widow(er)s
Total
50–54
55–59
60 or older

27,744

593.20

1,451

432.70

26,293

602.00

10,594
14,646
2,504

587.60
598.50
585.50

567
759
125

423.20
435.10
460.50

10,027
13,887
2,379

596.90
607.40
592.00
(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 81

Awards to Disabled Beneficiaries and Nondisabled Dependents
Table 32.
Average monthly benefit, by basis of entitlement, age, and sex, 2004—Continued
Total
Basis of entitlement and age

Number

Male

Average monthly
benefit a (dollars)

Number

Female

Average monthly
benefit a (dollars)

Number

Average monthly
benefit a (dollars)

Adult children
Total

51,883

424.90

29,598

425.50

22,285

424.00

Children of—
Disabled workers
Retired workers
Deceased workers

13,301
22,127
16,455

294.60
401.60
561.50

7,655
12,553
9,390

294.60
400.30
566.00

5,646
9,574
7,065

294.70
403.30
555.50

Under 25
25–29
30–34
35–39
40–44
45–49
50–54
55–59
60–64
65 or older

21,350
6,883
7,525
7,660
5,495
1,789
675
303
123
80

425.40
433.50
437.50
432.00
402.40
379.90
395.40
417.80
429.50
489.40

12,387
3,837
4,192
4,426
3,151
963
370
174
62
36

431.10
440.70
431.40
431.90
392.80
364.00
378.20
428.80
347.80
519.70

8,963
3,046
3,333
3,234
2,344
826
305
129
61
44

417.60
424.50
445.10
432.00
415.30
398.40
416.20
402.90
512.50
464.60

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Annual Award and Termination Transaction file, 100 percent data.
NOTE: Data exclude expedited reinstatement cases.
a. Benefits awarded before the December cost-of-living increase are converted to the December rates before averages are computed.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

82 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

Awards to All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 33.
Distribution, by sex and diagnostic group, 2004
Workers

Total
Diagnostic group

Widow(er)s

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

854,871

100.0

775,244

100.0

2,236

0.3

1,166

26,588
10,926
31,443

3.1
1.3
3.7

45,941
192,846
74,952

Number

Adult children

Percent

Number

Percent

27,744

100.0

51,883

100.0

0.2

41

0.1

1,029

2.0

24,341
10,510
29,580

3.1
1.4
3.8

1,893
233
735

6.8
0.8
2.6

354
183
1,128

0.7
0.4
2.2

5.4
22.6
8.8

20,479
172,353
73,637

2.6
22.2
9.5

1,035
6,306
1,016

3.7
22.7
3.7

24,427
14,187
299

47.1
27.3
0.6

2,782
88,579
18,600
17,505

0.3
10.4
2.2
2.0

2,479
85,449
18,045
16,869

0.3
11.0
2.3
2.2

55
2,787
433
350

0.2
10.0
1.6
1.3

248
343
122
286

0.5
0.7
0.2
0.6

219,133
73,057
34,252
1,790
2,146
12,095

25.6
8.5
4.0
0.2
0.3
1.4

210,315
64,566
32,562
1,709
1,909
9,275

27.1
8.3
4.2
0.2
0.2
1.2

8,198
2,032
1,559
50
47
974

29.5
7.3
5.6
0.2
0.2
3.5

620
6,459
131
31
190
1,846

1.2
12.4
0.3
0.1
0.4
3.6

All disabled beneficiaries
Total
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic
diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

Men
Subtotal
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic
diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

447,609

100.0

416,560

100.0

1,451

100.0

29,598

100.0

1,181

0.3

620

0.1

5

0.3

556

1.9

13,141
7,523
20,285

2.9
1.7
4.5

12,906
7,409
19,420

3.1
1.8
4.7

60
20
67

4.1
1.4
4.6

175
94
798

0.6
0.3
2.7

25,834
91,026
38,553

5.8
20.3
8.6

12,401
81,794
38,335

3.0
19.6
9.2

56
276
45

3.9
19.0
3.1

13,377
8,956
173

45.2
30.3
0.6

1,344
58,988
11,252
10,571

0.3
13.2
2.5
2.4

1,191
58,577
11,144
10,376

0.3
14.1
2.7
2.5

7
234
41
41

0.5
16.1
2.8
2.8

146
177
67
154

0.5
0.6
0.2
0.5

106,870
36,592
16,943
780
972
5,754

23.9
8.2
3.8
0.2
0.2
1.3

106,200
33,057
16,830
762
867
4,671

25.5
7.9
4.0
0.2
0.2
1.1

380
88
62
a
a
65

26.2
6.1
4.3
a
a
4.5

290
3,447
51
a
a
1,018

1.0
11.6
0.2
a
a
3.4
(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 83

Awards to All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 33.
Distribution, by sex and diagnostic group, 2004—Continued
Total
Diagnostic group

Number

Workers
Percent

Number

Widow(er)s

Percent

Adult children

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Women
Subtotal
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic
diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

407,262

100.0

358,684

100.0

26,293

100.0

22,285

100.0

1,055

0.3

546

0.2

36

0.1

473

2.1

13,447
3,403
11,158

3.3
0.8
2.7

11,435
3,101
10,160

3.2
0.9
2.8

1,833
213
668

7.0
0.8
2.5

179
89
330

0.8
0.4
1.5

20,107
101,820
36,399

4.9
25.0
8.9

8,078
90,559
35,302

2.3
25.2
9.8

979
6,030
971

3.7
22.9
3.7

11,050
5,231
126

49.6
23.5
0.6

1,438
29,591
7,348
6,934

0.4
7.3
1.8
1.7

1,288
26,872
6,901
6,493

0.4
7.5
1.9
1.8

48
2,553
392
309

0.2
9.7
1.5
1.2

102
166
55
132

0.5
0.7
0.2
0.6

112,263
36,465
17,309
1,010
1,174
6,341

27.6
9.0
4.3
0.2
0.3
1.6

104,115
31,509
15,732
947
1,042
4,604

29.0
8.8
4.4
0.3
0.3
1.3

7,818
1,944
1,497
a
a
909

29.7
7.4
5.7
a
a
3.5

330
3,012
80
a
a
828

1.5
13.5
0.4
a
a
3.7

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Annual Award and Termination Transaction file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Data exclude expedited reinstatement cases.
Effective 2001, the Social Security Administration initiated a special review of 130,000 Supplemental Security Income (SSI) recipients who
are potentially eligible for Social Security disability benefits because of earnings while receiving SSI. Many of these claims awarded since
2001 were for individuals under the age of 35 who were diagnosed with a mental disorder.
a. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

84 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

Awards to All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 34.
Distribution and average monthly benefit, by state or other area, 2004
Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult children

Number

Percent

Average
monthly
benefit
(dollars)

775,244

100.0

968.50

27,744

100.0

593.20

51,883

100.0

424.90

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

19,726
1,116
14,796
12,709
72,999

2.5
0.1
1.9
1.6
9.4

952.00
969.20
984.90
919.40
920.70

949
43
393
587
2,006

3.4
0.2
1.4
2.1
7.2

555.90
605.80
625.80
534.90
637.90

1,205
81
787
803
4,408

2.3
0.2
1.5
1.5
8.5

402.60
444.40
438.70
350.10
451.90

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

7,703
7,591
2,874
1,399
39,752

1.0
1.0
0.4
0.2
5.1

993.90
1,031.60
1,003.50
844.10
961.80

222
195
75
20
1,458

0.8
0.7
0.3
0.1
5.3

588.30
596.00
587.70
662.70
563.90

419
606
111
83
2,390

0.8
1.2
0.2
0.2
4.6

441.30
434.50
424.50
420.20
428.30

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

20,793
2,348
3,331
27,244
16,883

2.7
0.3
0.4
3.5
2.2

975.20
996.90
921.70
1,013.80
996.80

861
67
87
953
660

3.1
0.2
0.3
3.4
2.4

556.20
662.40
597.50
607.90
605.00

1,207
133
246
2,145
1,289

2.3
0.3
0.5
4.1
2.5

421.10
437.90
437.90
435.60
434.50

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

6,753
6,811
17,377
14,589
4,770

0.9
0.9
2.2
1.9
0.6

940.40
971.50
930.60
934.60
881.70

199
221
904
855
150

0.7
0.8
3.3
3.1
0.5

603.60
536.20
610.40
634.30
542.50

673
518
1,163
1,290
358

1.3
1.0
2.2
2.5
0.7

358.70
372.80
404.10
401.40
349.20

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

12,830
18,124
28,755
11,322
11,464

1.7
2.3
3.7
1.5
1.5

1,006.60
968.40
1,028.80
970.80
914.50

311
401
1,025
227
552

1.1
1.4
3.7
0.8
2.0

627.50
607.80
689.40
589.70
535.00

611
1,397
2,049
902
838

1.2
2.7
3.9
1.7
1.6

478.50
420.30
486.20
395.80
380.90

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

19,423
2,062
4,196
6,049
3,933

2.5
0.3
0.5
0.8
0.5

955.90
895.00
927.40
1,006.10
979.60

698
78
118
169
97

2.5
0.3
0.4
0.6
0.3

577.90
628.90
510.70
641.00
505.60

1,346
165
349
267
248

2.6
0.3
0.7
0.5
0.5

390.50
378.40
374.20
469.00
392.40

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

20,475
5,735
50,917
27,216
1,208

2.6
0.7
6.6
3.5
0.2

1,084.40
917.60
1,030.70
969.70
903.20

562
171
1,548
1,077
31

2.0
0.6
5.6
3.9
0.1

598.40
607.50
610.40
512.00
519.60

1,462
361
3,486
1,672
126

2.8
0.7
6.7
3.2
0.2

457.80
419.50
450.80
414.80
372.50

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

29,531
11,862
8,395
36,255
3,577

3.8
1.5
1.1
4.7
0.5

943.90
931.10
990.70
979.30
914.30

1,165
477
270
1,230
87

4.2
1.7
1.0
4.4
0.3

637.00
592.10
632.40
605.40
535.30

2,099
687
587
2,445
202

4.0
1.3
1.1
4.7
0.4

427.10
408.60
424.20
437.20
419.30

State or area
All areas

Number

Percent

Average
monthly
benefit
(dollars)

Number

Percent

Average
monthly
benefit
(dollars)

(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 85

Awards to All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 34.
Distribution and average monthly benefit, by state or other area, 2004—Continued
Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult children

Number

Percent

Average
monthly
benefit
(dollars)

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

13,903
1,521
20,046
51,056
3,456

1.8
0.2
2.6
6.6
0.4

972.00
911.50
947.40
947.10
968.70

680
45
972
1,984
103

2.5
0.2
3.5
7.2
0.4

513.80
498.20
519.90
610.10
676.30

798
164
1,120
2,833
315

1.5
0.3
2.2
5.5
0.6

429.20
342.80
425.80
425.20
447.90

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

1,840
19,532
15,075
8,540
13,616
1,229

0.2
2.5
1.9
1.1
1.8
0.2

899.30
983.20
999.80
981.50
995.90
971.60

53
704
447
512
376
36

0.2
2.5
1.6
1.8
1.4
0.1

559.10
589.70
640.00
650.30
611.10
514.90

149
1,191
1,111
571
1,197
72

0.3
2.3
2.1
1.1
2.3
0.1

396.80
426.10
486.50
412.10
393.80
427.90

9,144
1,393

1.2
0.2

839.00
753.70

522
111

1.9
0.4

481.60
575.90

923
225

1.8
0.4

313.80
324.70

State or area

Outlying areas
Puerto Rico
Other a

Number

Percent

Average
monthly
benefit
(dollars)

Number

Percent

Average
monthly
benefit
(dollars)

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Annual Award and Termination Transaction file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Benefits awarded before December cost-of-living increase are converted to December rates before averages are computed.
Data exclude expedited reinstatement cases.
a. Includes American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, Virgin Islands, and foreign countries.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

86 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 35.
Percentage distribution, by sex and age, 1960–2004
Percentage distribution
Year

Number

Total,
all ages Under 30

30–34 35–39 a

40–44

50–54

55–59

60–61

62 or
older

Average
age

13.1
12.9
13.3
13.4
13.4

18.1
18.0
18.0
18.1
18.1

21.3
21.6
22.1
22.5
22.7

8.7
8.5
8.6
9.0
8.9

7.6
7.0
7.1
7.3
8.1

48.9
48.6
48.7
49.0
49.3

45–49

All disabled workers
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

610,700
661,900
730,383
755,706
775,244

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

6.4
7.8
7.6
6.9
6.7

4.9
5.3
5.0
5.0
4.9

8.4
8.0
7.5
7.2
6.9

11.5
10.8
10.8
10.6
10.4

b

Men
1960
1965
1970
1975

168,466
186,808
258,072
408,531

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.8
1.8
6.7
7.7

a
a
a
a

7.0
8.2
7.6
8.6

6.5
7.9
6.5
6.2

10.5
11.1
10.1
9.5

16.7
17.1
14.7
15.7

20.0
25.7
23.5
23.1

11.8
14.0
12.3
12.1

21.3
13.0
16.1
14.6

54.5
53.0
52.1
51.5

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

275,185
244,984
207,453
217,422
247,833

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

8.3
8.6
8.4
9.5
9.2

a
a
a
a
a

9.7
10.2
10.4
11.7
12.8

6.0
6.2
6.3
6.6
7.1

8.4
8.4
8.4
8.4
8.7

14.7
14.5
14.1
13.6
13.4

24.6
24.3
24.6
23.4
22.6

12.3
13.0
12.9
12.2
12.2

14.2
13.1
13.6
13.3
12.7

51.2
50.8
50.9
50.2
50.0

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

274,400
273,700
265,900
265,700
268,600

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

8.7
10.7
9.4
8.4
8.7

a
a
a
a
a

13.3
15.3
16.0
16.0
16.0

7.0
8.1
8.6
9.7
9.5

9.9
9.4
9.3
9.0
10.2

14.6
14.3
13.9
14.6
14.2

23.1
21.3
20.8
21.3
20.6

12.4
11.1
10.9
10.5
9.7

10.6
9.5
11.0
10.2
10.8

50.1
48.7
49.0
49.2
49.0

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

293,300
322,700
395,600
391,800
379,300

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

10.9
9.5
9.5
9.2
6.8

a
a
a
a
a

16.9
17.7
18.5
18.9
18.4

9.4
10.6
10.8
10.1
10.8

9.5
11.0
11.0
11.7
12.7

13.5
14.1
13.0
14.7
15.4

20.5
18.4
18.6
18.8
19.3

10.3
9.4
9.8
8.6
9.0

8.8
9.1
8.7
7.8
7.6

48.1
47.9
47.8
47.7
48.4

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

368,400
347,100
311,100
331,400
338,900

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

7.2
6.9
6.3
6.3
6.2

a
7.2
5.6
6.2
5.2

16.3
9.0
8.9
8.1
7.6

10.7
10.8
10.8
11.1
11.4

11.5
13.2
13.5
12.4
12.4

15.7
16.2
16.1
18.3
18.2

20.4
19.9
21.6
21.6
21.7

8.9
9.3
8.8
8.1
8.8

9.1
7.5
8.2
7.8
8.0

48.9
48.3
48.8
48.8
49.1

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

328,700
360,000
394,741
408,516
416,560

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

6.8
7.5
7.9
7.0
6.8

4.6
4.8
4.7
4.7
4.6

8.3
7.9
7.1
6.8
6.5

10.7
10.0
10.2
10.0
9.8

12.7
12.2
12.6
12.7
12.8

17.6
17.5
17.6
17.8
17.7

21.1
22.7
22.9
23.2
23.4

9.1
9.2
9.3
9.7
9.6

8.9
8.0
7.8
8.0
8.9

49.1
49.1
49.0
49.4
49.6

(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 87

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 35.
Percentage distribution, by sex and age, 1960–2004—Continued
Percentage distribution
Year

Number

Total,
all ages Under 30

30–34 35–39 a

40–44

45–49

50–54

55–59

60–61

62 or
older

Average
age

Women
1960
1965
1970
1975

39,339
66,691
92,312
183,518

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.7
1.1
4.2
6.1

a
a
a
a

8.1
6.5
6.3
7.3

8.0
7.4
6.1
6.1

13.3
11.7
11.0
10.1

21.9
19.3
17.5
17.7

24.6
28.3
27.2
25.5

12.4
14.1
13.0
12.2

10.1
10.9
12.9
12.9

52.5
53.2
52.8
52.1

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

121,374
106,863
89,678
94,127
114,165

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

7.4
7.8
8.0
9.0
8.3

a
a
a
a
a

9.7
10.2
10.9
12.2
13.2

6.4
6.5
6.8
7.4
7.9

9.3
9.5
9.5
9.5
9.7

16.3
16.4
15.6
14.8
14.9

25.5
25.1
24.9
23.5
22.8

11.7
12.0
11.7
10.9
10.9

12.2
11.1
11.4
11.6
11.7

51.1
50.8
50.5
49.8
49.7

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

134,500
135,700
143,700
147,000
146,900

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

8.6
9.0
7.5
8.5
7.8

a
a
a
a
a

12.9
15.5
15.2
14.0
14.8

8.0
10.4
8.1
8.8
10.4

10.6
10.5
11.2
10.9
11.9

15.8
14.8
15.8
16.1
13.8

23.3
21.3
23.4
23.5
21.2

10.1
9.6
9.6
10.5
10.8

10.5
8.6
8.8
7.4
8.9

49.7
48.8
49.5
49.3
49.1

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

168,500
190,400
241,300
237,900
234,000

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

8.5
8.5
8.6
7.5
7.4

a
a
a
a
a

16.3
16.8
17.7
17.5
16.9

9.8
10.1
12.0
11.2
11.1

13.1
12.2
12.4
13.1
12.9

14.2
16.2
15.6
16.5
17.0

22.3
19.5
17.6
19.7
20.8

8.9
8.9
8.4
6.8
7.3

6.5
7.4
7.5
7.4
6.4

48.4
48.4
47.7
48.1
48.2

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

263,200
256,900
250,200
271,900
266,900

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

6.4
5.3
6.2
5.4
5.7

a
6.2
6.0
5.9
5.9

16.7
8.9
10.3
9.0
8.7

11.4
11.3
12.2
12.2
12.5

13.8
14.0
14.1
14.5
15.4

17.2
19.0
19.0
19.1
18.1

20.5
21.2
19.0
20.4
20.6

7.6
8.3
6.8
7.6
6.6

6.3
5.8
6.2
5.7
6.2

48.5
48.7
47.9
48.5
48.7

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

282,000
301,900
335,642
347,190
358,684

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

5.8
8.0
7.3
6.8
6.6

5.2
5.9
5.3
5.4
5.3

8.6
8.2
8.0
7.7
7.3

12.3
11.8
11.4
11.3
11.0

13.5
13.8
14.2
14.2
14.0

18.7
18.5
18.5
18.5
18.6

21.6
20.2
21.2
21.7
21.9

8.1
7.7
7.7
8.1
8.2

6.1
5.9
6.3
6.5
7.2

48.7
48.0
48.3
48.6
48.9

SOURCES: Social Security Administration. For years before 2000, Annual Statistical Supplement to the Social Security Bulletin , based on
the Master Beneficiary Record, various sampling rates; from 2000 to 2001, Annual Award and Termination Transaction file, 1 percent
sample; data after 2001 are 100 percent data.
NOTES: Age in year of award from 1960 to 1984; age in month of award after 1984.
Data exclude closed period awards in 2002 and 2003 and expedited reinstatement cases since 2002.
a. Ages 30–34 were grouped with ages 35–39 before 1996.
b. Combined data for men and women are not available before 2000.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

88 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 36.
Distribution, by diagnostic group, 1960–2004

Year

Endocrine,
nutritional, Infectious
and
and
parasitic
Congenital metabolic
diseases diseases a
Total anomalies

Mental disorders
Injuries

Total Retardation

b

Other Neoplasms

Number
1960
1961
1962
1963

207,805
279,758
286,434
224,229

865
1,637
2,026
1,646

5,406
7,070
9,383
7,563

10,903
15,153
15,271
10,859

---6,496

17,287
26,864
37,315
24,526

-----

-----

17,739
23,103
27,632
25,042

1967
1968
1969

310,947
330,783
344,741

-2,670
3,004

10,743
11,359
12,169

10,945
10,360
9,828

19,815
25,319
28,473

35,344
41,894
43,225

----

----

33,358
36,560
35,740

1970
1971
1972
1973

350,384
415,897
455,438
491,776

3,597
4,365
4,033
5,276

13,141
15,823
17,352
18,131

8,760
8,524
8,627
7,957

28,231
31,810
31,728
30,418

38,406
42,687
45,253
47,014

-----

-----

36,095
39,629
43,667
50,644

1975
1976
1977
1978

592,049
551,460
568,874
464,415

6,576
5,817
6,681
5,850

23,176
20,966
21,725
16,855

7,579
6,049
5,807
4,512

32,341
29,848
31,942
27,490

67,213
63,667
70,825
54,329

-----

-----

59,852
57,656
59,833
54,878

1981
1982
1983
1984

351,847
298,531
311,490
357,140

3,118
2,432
2,827
2,439

14,768
13,187
14,904
14,418

2,596
2,312
6,730
3,185

20,868
16,617
15,646
16,189

36,318
31,531
50,633
64,078

-----

-----

56,410
50,999
52,379
59,104

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

377,371
416,865
415,848
409,490
425,582

2,480
1,953
787
550
534

16,976
21,260
21,114
14,513
14,279

2,985
2,736
4,676
2,802
3,773

16,558
3,629
20,889
21,022
21,531

68,610
123,983
81,241
85,756
88,500

------

------

55,120
53,176
55,339
53,944
60,352

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

467,977
536,434
636,637
635,238
631,870

511
575
619
543
602

16,255
19,931
29,904
30,862
31,532

22,023
28,245
39,253
37,450
36,087

22,315
24,129
25,042
23,206
22,560

105,173
126,184
164,093
166,045
156,703

------

------

65,939
69,244
77,175
80,266
89,231

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

645,645
624,254
587,700
608,382
620,559

722
777
654
676
645

33,370
33,832
33,807
36,373
36,975

27,993
23,324
15,327
12,680
11,743

27,566
27,616
25,930
25,926
25,925

147,900
132,022
122,901
131,502
138,980

16,681
14,062
12,888
14,506
16,608

131,219
117,960
110,013
116,996
122,372

64,401
63,321
62,279
63,973
65,681

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

610,700
661,900
730,383
755,706
775,244

700
d
1,113
1,152
1,166

17,100
19,500
21,830
23,407
24,341

10,700
11,200
10,966
10,879
10,510

28,700
25,400
28,169
28,612
29,580

143,200
168,600
185,313
191,679
192,832

17,600
22,500
22,352
19,338
20,479

125,600
146,100
162,961
172,341
172,353

63,600
62,000
70,369
70,942
73,637
(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 89

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 36.
Distribution, by diagnostic group, 1960–2004—Continued
Diseases of the—

Year

Blood and
bloodforming
organs

Circulatory
system

Digestive
system

Musculoskeletal
Genito- system and
urinary connective
tissue
system

Nervous
system
and
sense
organs

Respiratory
system

Skin and
subcutaneous
tissue

Other Unknown c

Number
1960
1961
1962
1963

442
566
739
597

55,855
71,860
82,015
66,468

3,575
4,300
5,922
4,437

1,077
1,608
2,040
1,725

17,124
23,241
33,751
21,744

32,105
44,709
45,261
32,712

16,489
20,030
23,408
19,107

463
794
1,177
719

89
125
494
588

28,386
38,698
---

1967
1968
1969

----

81,507
80,906
105,760

7,627
7,806
8,719

-2,926
2,717

41,090
43,677
47,357

38,278
41,758
21,967

24,646
22,635
23,265

----

7,594
2,913
2,517

----

1970
1971
1972
1973

-1,043
1,155
1,347

108,906
131,854
146,684
158,202

9,051
11,629
13,369
14,614

2,912
3,501
4,304
4,810

52,086
66,558
75,923
85,431

22,575
26,442
28,216
31,139

24,254
30,103
33,038
34,656

-1,667
1,756
1,854

2,370
262
293
283

--40
--

1975
1976
1977
1978

1,491
2,039
1,516
1,236

177,311
165,182
167,801
134,634

17,474
15,194
15,342
12,407

5,719
4,907
5,271
4,719

110,637
105,907
107,840
86,921

39,960
36,156
36,751
29,314

39,485
35,210
35,002
28,005

2,306
2,532
1,766
2,017

929
330
772
1,248

-----

1981
1982
1983
1984

942
808
958
904

85,994
74,242
68,352
70,891

7,363
6,067
5,272
5,895

6,230
3,165
6,489
3,441

58,639
48,985
41,782
45,826

28,516
26,886
26,203
28,201

21,520
19,766
17,978
18,891

1,345
998
848
983

616
536
d
776

6,604
-d
21,919

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

890
1,186
1,205
1,419
1,524

72,764
73,226
76,758
72,224
70,235

5,626
6,262
6,122
6,388
6,803

3,348
3,099
5,801
7,131
9,010

49,214
54,560
63,807
68,623
71,419

28,733
30,328
35,206
34,443
34,756

20,213
23,449
22,978
23,073
21,400

1,110
1,075
1,173
785
828

992
--16,817
20,638

31,752
16,943
18,752
---

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

1,734
1,904
2,277
2,075
2,066

73,585
78,339
89,818
88,623
86,645

7,431
8,648
9,872
10,026
10,520

10,294
10,874
12,763
13,390
15,531

74,501
92,469
96,895
94,255
84,705

37,737
41,551
46,952
45,742
47,820

22,158
23,798
27,264
27,494
30,958

866
1,021
1,070
1,118
1,116

7,455
9,522
13,640
14,143
15,794

------

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

2,006
1,836
1,815
1,801
1,911

83,065
81,209
76,531
76,698
74,755

11,167
11,530
11,310
12,413
13,389

11,956
12,206
12,151
13,118
13,842

141,306
142,776
135,430
141,847
146,754

46,477
45,960
45,496
47,517
49,869

28,831
27,983
26,483
27,148
26,981

1,643
1,588
1,473
1,466
1,416

14,746
18,274
14,436
13,744
10,252

2,496
2,590
1,677
1,500
1,441

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

1,500
2,200
2,491
2,408
2,479

75,400
82,500
85,252
85,896
85,449

12,700
15,600
15,976
17,084
18,045

14,900
16,300
16,412
16,968
16,869

153,600
162,100
186,923
199,014
210,315

50,100
54,600
62,519
64,369
64,566

26,200
28,300
30,591
32,007
32,562

1,700
d
1,609
1,622
1,709

9,300
10,000
1,866
1,871
1,909

1,300
1,800
8,984
7,796
9,275
(Continued)

90 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 36.
Distribution, by diagnostic group, 1960–2004—Continued

Year

Endocrine,
nutritional, Infectious
and
and
Congenital metabolic
parasitic
Total anomalies
diseases diseases a

Mental disorders
Injuries

Total Retardation

b

Other Neoplasms

Percent
1960
1961
1962
1963

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.4
0.6
0.7
0.7

2.6
2.5
3.3
3.4

5.2
5.4
5.3
4.8

---2.9

8.3
9.6
13.0
10.9

-----

-----

8.5
8.3
9.6
11.2

1967
1968
1969

100.0
100.0
100.0

-0.8
0.9

3.5
3.4
3.5

3.5
3.1
2.9

6.4
7.7
8.3

11.4
12.7
12.5

----

----

10.7
11.1
10.4

1970
1971
1972
1973

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.0
1.0
0.9
1.1

3.8
3.8
3.8
3.7

2.5
2.0
1.9
1.6

8.1
7.6
7.0
6.2

11.0
10.3
9.9
9.6

-----

-----

10.3
9.5
9.6
10.3

1975
1976
1977
1978

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.1
1.1
1.2
1.3

3.9
3.8
3.8
3.6

1.3
1.1
1.0
1.0

5.5
5.4
5.6
5.9

11.4
11.5
12.5
11.7

-----

-----

10.1
10.5
10.5
11.8

1981
1982
1983
1984

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.9
0.8
0.9
0.7

4.2
4.4
4.8
4.0

0.7
0.8
2.2
0.9

5.9
5.6
5.0
4.5

10.3
10.6
16.3
17.9

-----

-----

16.0
17.1
16.8
16.5

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.7
0.5
0.2
0.1
0.1

4.5
5.1
5.1
3.5
3.4

0.8
0.7
1.1
0.7
0.9

4.4
0.9
5.0
5.1
5.1

18.2
29.7
19.5
20.9
20.8

------

------

14.6
12.8
13.3
13.2
14.2

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

3.5
3.7
4.7
4.9
5.0

4.7
5.3
6.2
5.9
5.7

4.8
4.5
3.9
3.7
3.6

22.5
23.5
25.8
26.1
24.8

------

------

14.1
12.9
12.1
12.6
14.1
(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 91

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 36.
Distribution, by diagnostic group, 1960–2004—Continued
Diseases of the—

Year

Blood and
bloodforming
organs

Circulatory
system

Digestive
system

Musculoskeletal
Genito- system and
urinary connective
system
tissue

Nervous
system
and
sense
organs

Respiratory
system

Skin and
subcutaneous
tissue

Other Unknown c

Percent
1960
1961
1962
1963

0.2
0.2
0.3
0.3

26.9
25.7
28.6
29.6

1.7
1.5
2.1
2.0

0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8

8.2
8.3
11.8
9.7

15.4
16.0
15.8
14.6

7.9
7.2
8.2
8.5

0.2
0.3
0.4
0.3

0
0
0.2
0.3

13.7
13.8
---

1967
1968
1969

----

26.2
24.5
30.7

2.5
2.4
2.5

-0.9
0.8

13.2
13.2
13.7

12.3
12.6
6.4

7.9
6.8
6.7

----

2.4
0.9
0.7

----

1970
1971
1972
1973

-0.3
0.3
0.3

31.1
31.7
32.2
32.2

2.6
2.8
2.9
3.0

0.8
0.8
0.9
1.0

14.9
16.0
16.7
17.4

6.4
6.4
6.2
6.3

6.9
7.2
7.3
7.0

-0.4
0.4
0.4

0.7
0.1
0.1
0.1

--e
--

1975
1976
1977
1978

0.3
0.4
0.3
0.3

29.9
30.0
29.5
29.0

3.0
2.8
2.7
2.7

1.0
0.9
0.9
1.0

18.7
19.2
19.0
18.7

6.7
6.6
6.5
6.3

6.7
6.4
6.2
6.0

0.4
0.5
0.3
0.4

0.2
0.1
0.1
0.3

-----

1981
1982
1983
1984

0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3

24.4
24.9
21.9
19.8

2.1
2.0
1.7
1.7

1.8
1.1
2.1
1.0

16.7
16.4
13.4
12.8

8.1
9.0
8.4
7.9

6.1
6.6
5.8
5.3

0.4
0.3
0.3
0.3

0.2
0.2
d
0.2

1.9
-d
6.1

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

0.2
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.4

19.3
17.6
18.5
17.6
16.5

1.5
1.5
1.5
1.6
1.6

0.9
0.7
1.4
1.7
2.1

13.0
13.1
15.3
16.8
16.8

7.6
7.3
8.5
8.4
8.2

5.4
5.6
5.5
5.6
5.0

0.3
0.3
0.3
0.2
0.2

0.3
--4.1
4.8

8.4
4.1
4.5
---

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

0.4
0.4
0.4
0.3
0.3

15.7
14.6
14.1
14.0
13.7

1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.7

2.2
2.0
2.0
2.1
2.5

15.9
17.2
15.2
14.8
13.4

8.1
7.7
7.4
7.2
7.6

4.7
4.4
4.3
4.3
4.9

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

1.6
1.8
2.1
2.2
2.5

-----(Continued)

92 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 36.
Distribution, by diagnostic group, 1960–2004—Continued

Year

Endocrine,
nutritional, Infectious
and
and
Congenital metabolic
parasitic
Total anomalies
diseases diseases a

Mental disorders
Injuries

Total Retardation

b

Other Neoplasms

Percent (cont.)
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

5.2
5.4
5.8
6.0
6.0

4.3
3.7
2.6
2.1
1.9

4.3
4.4
4.4
4.3
4.2

22.9
21.1
20.9
21.6
22.4

2.6
2.3
2.2
2.4
2.7

20.3
18.9
18.7
19.2
19.7

10.0
10.1
10.6
10.5
10.6

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.1
d
0.2
0.2
0.2

2.8
2.9
3.0
3.1
3.1

1.8
1.7
1.5
1.4
1.4

4.7
3.8
3.9
3.8
3.8

23.4
25.5
25.4
25.4
24.8

2.9
3.4
3.1
2.6
2.6

20.6
22.1
22.3
22.8
22.2

10.4
9.4
9.6
9.4
9.5
(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 93

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 36.
Distribution, by diagnostic group, 1960–2004—Continued
Diseases of the—

Year

Blood and
bloodforming
organs

Circulatory
system

Digestive
system

Musculoskeletal
Genito- system and
urinary connective
system
tissue

Nervous
system
and
sense
organs

Respiratory
system

Skin and
subcutaneous
tissue

Other Unknown c

Percent (cont.)
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3

12.9
13.0
13.0
12.6
12.0

1.7
1.8
1.9
2.0
2.2

1.9
2.0
2.1
2.2
2.2

21.9
22.9
23.0
23.3
23.6

7.2
7.4
7.7
7.8
8.0

4.5
4.5
4.5
4.5
4.3

0.3
0.3
0.3
0.2
0.2

2.3
2.9
2.5
2.3
1.7

0.4
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.2

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

0.2
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3

12.3
12.5
11.7
11.4
11.0

2.1
2.4
2.2
2.3
2.3

2.4
2.5
2.2
2.2
2.2

25.2
24.5
25.6
26.3
27.1

8.2
8.2
8.6
8.5
8.3

4.3
4.3
4.2
4.2
4.2

0.3
d
0.2
0.2
0.2

1.5
1.5
0.3
0.2
0.2

0.2
0.3
1.2
1.0
1.2

SOURCES: Social Security Administration. For years before 2000, Annual Statistical Supplement to the Social Security Bulletin , based on
the Master Beneficiary Record, various sampling rates; from 2000 to 2001, Annual Award and Termination Transaction file, 1 percent
sample; data after 2001 are 100 percent data.
NOTES: Data exclude closed period awards in 2002 and 2003 and expedited reinstatement cases since 2002.
Data from 1964 to 1966 are not available. Before 1995, diagnostic data for cases awarded at the appeals levels were estimated on the
basis of the diagnosis of cases allowed at the initial disability determination level.
Effective 2001, the Social Security Administration initiated a special review of 130,000 Supplemental Security Income (SSI) recipients who
are potentially eligible for Social Security disability benefits because of earnings while receiving SSI. Many of these claims awarded since
2001 were for individuals under the age of 35 who were diagnosed with a mental disorder.
-- = not available.
a. AIDS and HIV records are counted in "Infectious and parasitic diseases." Before 1990, they were included in "Other."
b. Mental retardation was not identified separately before 1995.
c. Beginning with 2002, several ill-defined impairment codes were reclassified and added to "Unknown."
d. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
e. Less than 0.05 percent.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

94 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 37.
Distribution of workers under age 50, by diagnostic group, selected years 1975–2004

Year

Endocrine,
nutritional, Infectious
and
and
parasitic
Congenital metabolic
Total anomalies
diseases diseases a

Mental disorders
Injuries

Total Retardation

b

Other Neoplasms

Number
1975
1981
1982
1983
1984

183,493
123,090
109,279
120,606
140,792

3,712
1,945
1,579
1,429
1,375

6,511
5,188
4,739
5,630
5,750

3,357
1,209
1,096
3,759
1,528

17,945
13,327
11,088
10,036
9,535

42,119
24,633
21,654
35,331
43,680

------

------

15,588
15,017
14,581
14,827
16,173

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

158,152
188,355
184,481
183,017
189,708

1,438
1,202
498
326
311

7,534
10,816
12,405
5,848
6,088

1,510
1,534
3,262
1,383
2,497

10,357
1,882
13,064
12,590
12,761

49,313
89,821
58,970
63,282
64,093

------

------

16,857
16,318
17,595
16,859
19,298

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

215,381
255,448
313,175
312,619
292,987

317
384
404
350
384

7,190
8,949
15,349
15,550
15,107

19,290
24,838
34,766
33,072
31,210

12,929
13,892
13,691
12,690
11,563

77,901
94,345
125,609
126,586
116,812

------

------

21,597
23,162
26,485
27,841
30,791

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

308,624
294,077
265,019
273,282
259,680

472
513
435
462
370

14,963
15,013
14,667
15,768
15,426

23,736
19,633
12,361
9,817
8,667

15,325
15,674
14,401
14,321
13,399

108,516
95,089
85,486
90,072
86,642

13,731
11,661
10,679
11,880
9,341

94,785
83,428
74,807
78,192
77,301

22,367
21,940
21,245
22,093
21,960

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

269,800
296,800
322,539
325,723
326,862

d
d
796
857
851

6,000
7,300
7,875
7,944
8,288

6,900
8,900
7,677
7,559
6,991

16,200
12,900
13,952
13,716
14,146

98,300
118,700
128,791
130,964
129,592

14,400
20,200
19,544
16,605
17,699

83,900
98,500
109,247
114,359
111,893

21,100
20,600
23,725
23,381
23,577
(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 95

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 37.
Distribution of workers under age 50, by diagnostic group, selected years 1975–2004—Continued
Diseases of the—

Year

Blood and
bloodforming
organs

Circulatory
system

Digestive
system

Musculoskeletal
Genito- system and
urinary connective
system
tissue

Nervous
system
and
sense
organs

Respiratory
system

Skin and
subcutaneous
tissue

Other Unknown c

Number
1975
1981
1982
1983
1984

748
516
416
457
537

30,293
15,278
14,309
13,589
13,508

5,856
3,000
2,761
2,292
2,304

2,534
3,314
1,740
2,540
1,711

30,635
21,076
17,889
14,158
14,295

17,326
14,478
13,882
13,456
14,041

5,459
3,189
2,757
2,434
2,463

954
687
538
486
475

456
d
250
d
270

-d
-d
13,147

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

472
688
739
867
946

13,650
13,946
16,518
15,535
14,224

2,756
3,020
2,764
3,158
3,311

1,791
1,684
3,005
4,257
5,364

15,060
17,148
20,519
23,285
22,628

14,724
16,295
19,057
18,364
18,896

2,771
3,043
3,535
3,771
3,464

485
537
659
457
404

---13,035
15,424

19,434
10,421
11,891
---

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

1,094
1,218
1,478
1,342
1,278

15,157
16,559
18,775
19,040
16,949

3,693
4,403
5,182
5,328
5,537

6,171
6,437
7,595
7,812
8,840

22,068
29,444
26,347
26,920
17,918

20,627
22,795
26,120
24,901
25,350

3,538
4,073
4,599
4,664
4,929

428
524
573
593
572

3,381
4,425
6,202
5,930
5,747

------

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

1,250
1,118
1,053
1,072
1,031

17,490
17,608
16,333
16,607
15,065

6,036
6,308
6,029
6,683
7,022

6,705
6,872
6,724
7,066
7,172

51,664
54,008
48,741
50,426
49,302

24,814
24,412
23,479
24,297
23,386

5,705
5,747
5,286
5,517
4,783

899
945
826
851
783

6,859
9,197
6,565
7,000
4,383

1,823
-1,388
1,230
289

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

d
d
1,481
1,405
1,429

15,900
16,900
18,348
18,479
17,862

6,900
7,600
7,999
8,178
8,375

8,500
9,900
8,649
8,738
8,441

51,900
50,400
58,796
60,594
63,432

25,000
29,900
31,571
31,514
31,142

5,400
5,200
6,221
6,663
6,537

d
d
877
848
937

4,700
4,600
945
920
925

-1,000
4,836
3,963
4,337
(Continued)

96 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 37.
Distribution of workers under age 50, by diagnostic group, selected years 1975–2004—Continued

Year

Endocrine,
nutritional, Infectious
and
and
Congenital metabolic
parasitic
Total anomalies
diseases diseases a

Mental disorders
Injuries

Total Retardation

b

Other Neoplasms

Percent
1975
1981
1982
1983
1984

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

2.0
1.6
1.4
1.2
1.0

3.5
4.2
4.3
4.7
4.1

1.8
1.0
1.0
3.1
1.1

9.8
10.8
10.1
8.3
6.8

23.0
20.0
19.8
29.3
31.0

------

------

8.5
12.2
13.3
12.3
11.5

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.9
0.6
0.3
0.2
0.2

4.8
5.7
6.7
3.2
3.2

1.0
0.8
1.8
0.8
1.3

6.5
1.0
7.1
6.9
6.7

31.2
47.7
32.0
34.6
33.8

------

------

10.7
8.7
9.5
9.2
10.2

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.1
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.1

3.3
3.5
4.9
5.0
5.2

9.0
9.7
11.1
10.6
10.7

6.0
5.4
4.4
4.1
3.9

36.2
36.9
40.1
40.5
39.9

------

------

10.0
9.1
8.5
8.9
10.5

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.1

4.8
5.1
5.5
5.8
5.9

7.7
6.7
4.7
3.6
3.3

5.0
5.3
5.4
5.2
5.2

35.2
32.3
32.3
33.0
33.4

4.4
4.0
4.0
4.3
3.6

30.7
28.4
28.2
28.6
29.8

7.2
7.5
8.0
8.1
8.5

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

d
d
0.2
0.3
0.3

2.2
2.5
2.4
2.4
2.5

2.6
3.0
2.4
2.3
2.1

6.0
4.3
4.3
4.2
4.3

36.5
40.0
39.9
40.2
39.6

5.4
6.8
6.1
5.1
5.4

31.2
33.2
33.9
35.1
34.2

7.8
6.9
7.4
7.2
7.2
(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 97

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 37.
Distribution of workers under age 50, by diagnostic group, selected years 1975–2004—Continued
Diseases of the—

Year

Blood and
bloodforming
organs

Circulatory
system

Digestive
system

Musculoskeletal
Genito- system and
urinary connective
system
tissue

Nervous
system
and
sense
organs

Respiratory
system

Skin and
subcutaneous
tissue

Other Unknown c

Percent
1975
1981
1982
1983
1984

0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4

16.5
12.4
13.1
11.3
9.6

3.2
2.4
2.5
1.9
1.6

1.4
2.7
1.6
2.1
1.2

16.7
17.1
16.4
11.7
10.2

9.4
11.8
12.7
11.2
10.0

3.0
2.6
2.5
2.0
1.7

0.5
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3

0.2
d
0.2
d
0.2

-d
-d
9.3

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

0.3
0.4
0.4
0.5
0.5

8.6
7.4
9.0
8.5
7.5

1.7
1.6
1.5
1.7
1.7

1.1
0.9
1.6
2.3
2.8

9.5
9.1
11.1
12.7
11.9

9.3
8.7
10.3
10.0
10.0

1.8
1.6
1.9
2.1
1.8

0.3
0.3
0.4
0.2
0.2

---7.1
8.1

12.3
5.5
6.4
---

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

0.5
0.5
0.5
0.4
0.4

7.0
6.5
6.0
6.1
5.8

1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.9

2.9
2.5
2.4
2.5
3.0

10.2
11.5
8.4
8.6
6.1

9.6
8.9
8.3
8.0
8.7

1.6
1.6
1.5
1.5
1.7

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

1.6
1.7
2.0
1.9
2.0

------

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4

5.7
6.0
6.2
6.1
5.8

2.0
2.1
2.3
2.4
2.7

2.2
2.3
2.5
2.6
2.8

16.7
18.4
18.4
18.5
19.0

8.0
8.3
8.9
8.9
9.0

1.8
2.0
2.0
2.0
1.8

0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3

2.2
3.1
2.5
2.6
1.7

0.6
-0.5
0.5
0.1

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

d
d
0.5
0.4
0.4

5.9
5.7
5.7
5.7
5.5

2.6
2.6
2.5
2.5
2.6

3.2
3.3
2.7
2.7
2.6

19.3
17.0
18.2
18.6
19.4

9.3
10.1
9.8
9.7
9.5

2.0
1.8
1.9
2.0
2.0

d
d
0.3
0.3
0.3

1.7
1.6
0.3
0.3
0.3

-0.3
1.5
1.2
1.3

SOURCES: Social Security Administration. For years before 2000, Annual Statistical Supplement to the Social Security Bulletin , based on
the Master Beneficiary Record, various sampling rates; from 2000 to 2001, Annual Award and Termination Transaction file, 1 percent
sample; data after 2001 are 100 percent data.
NOTES: Data exclude closed period awards in 2002 and 2003 and expedited reinstatement cases since 2002.
Before 1995, diagnostic data for cases awarded at the appeals levels were estimated on the basis of the diagnosis of cases allowed at the
initial disability determination level.
Effective 2001, the Social Security Administration initiated a special review of 130,000 Supplemental Security Income (SSI) recipients who
are potentially eligible for Social Security disability benefits because of earnings while receiving SSI. Many of these claims awarded since
2001 were for individuals under the age of 35 who were diagnosed with a mental disorder.
-- = not available.
a. AIDS and HIV records are counted in "Infectious and parasitic diseases." Before 1990, they were included in "Other."
b. Mental retardation was not identified separately before 1995.
c. Beginning with 2002, several ill-defined impairment codes were reclassified and added to "Unknown."
d. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

98 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 38.
Distribution of workers aged 50 or older, by diagnostic group, selected years 1975–2004

Year

Endocrine,
nutritional, Infectious
and
and
Congenital metabolic
parasitic
Total anomalies
diseases diseases a

Mental disorders
Injuries

Total Retardation

b

Other Neoplasms

Number
1975
1981
1982
1983
1984

408,556
222,162
189,252
190,884
216,348

2,864
1,173
853
1,398
1,064

16,665
9,580
8,448
9,274
8,668

4,222
1,387
1,216
2,971
1,657

14,396
7,541
5,529
5,610
6,654

25,094
11,685
9,877
15,302
20,398

------

------

44,264
41,393
36,418
37,552
42,931

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

219,219
228,510
231,367
226,473
235,874

1,042
751
289
224
223

9,442
10,444
8,709
8,665
8,191

1,475
1,202
1,414
1,419
1,276

6,201
1,747
7,825
8,432
8,770

19,297
34,162
22,271
22,474
24,407

------

------

38,263
36,858
37,744
37,085
41,054

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

252,596
280,986
323,462
322,619
338,833

194
191
215
193
218

9,065
10,982
14,555
15,312
16,425

2,733
3,407
4,487
4,378
4,877

9,386
10,237
11,351
10,516
10,997

27,272
31,839
38,484
39,459
39,891

------

------

44,342
46,082
50,690
52,425
58,440

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

337,021
330,177
322,681
335,100
360,879

250
264
219
214
275

18,407
18,819
19,140
20,605
21,549

4,257
3,691
2,966
2,863
3,076

12,241
11,942
11,529
11,605
12,526

39,384
36,933
37,415
41,430
52,338

2,950
2,401
2,209
2,626
7,267

36,434
34,532
35,206
38,804
45,071

42,034
41,381
41,034
41,880
43,721

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

340,900
365,100
407,844
429,983
448,382

d
d
317
295
315

11,100
12,200
13,955
15,463
16,053

3,800
2,300
3,289
3,320
3,519

12,500
12,500
14,217
14,896
15,434

44,900
49,900
56,522
60,715
63,240

3,200
2,300
2,808
2,733
2,780

41,700
47,600
53,714
57,982
60,460

42,500
41,400
46,644
47,561
50,060
(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 99

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 38.
Distribution of workers aged 50 or older, by diagnostic group, selected years 1975–2004—Continued
Diseases of the—

Year

Blood and
bloodforming
organs

Circulatory
system

Digestive
system

Musculoskeletal
Genito- system and
urinary connective
system
tissue

Nervous
system
and
sense
organs

Respiratory
system

Skin and
subcutaneous
tissue

Other Unknown c

Number
1975
1981
1982
1983
1984

743
426
392
501
367

147,018
70,716
59,933
54,763
57,383

11,618
4,363
3,306
2,980
3,591

3,185
2,916
1,425
3,949
1,730

80,002
37,563
31,096
27,624
31,531

22,634
14,038
13,004
12,747
14,160

34,026
18,331
17,009
15,544
16,428

1,352
658
460
362
508

473
d
287
d
506

-d
-d
8,772

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

418
498
466
552
578

59,114
59,280
60,240
56,689
56,011

2,870
3,242
3,358
3,230
3,492

1,557
1,415
2,796
2,874
3,646

34,154
37,412
43,288
45,338
48,791

14,009
14,033
16,149
16,079
15,860

17,442
20,406
19,443
19,302
17,936

625
538
514
328
424

---3,782
5,216

13,310
6,522
6,861
---

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

640
686
799
733
788

58,428
61,780
71,043
69,583
69,696

3,738
4,245
4,690
4,698
4,983

4,123
4,437
5,168
5,578
6,691

52,433
63,025
70,548
67,335
66,787

17,110
18,756
20,832
20,841
22,470

18,620
19,725
22,665
22,830
26,029

438
497
497
525
544

4,074
5,097
7,438
8,213
10,047

------

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

756
718
762
729
880

65,575
63,601
60,198
60,091
59,690

5,131
5,222
5,281
5,730
6,367

5,251
5,334
5,427
6,052
6,670

89,642
88,768
86,689
91,421
97,452

21,663
21,548
22,017
23,200
26,483

23,126
22,236
21,197
21,631
22,198

744
643
647
615
633

8,560
9,077
7,871
6,744
5,869

--289
290
1,152

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

d
d
1,010
1,003
1,050

59,500
65,600
66,904
67,417
67,587

5,800
8,000
7,977
8,906
9,670

6,400
6,400
7,763
8,230
8,428

101,700
111,700
128,127
138,420
146,883

25,100
24,700
30,948
32,855
33,424

20,800
23,100
24,370
25,344
26,025

d
d
732
774
772

4,600
5,400
921
951
984

600
800
4,148
3,833
4,938
(Continued)

100 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 38.
Distribution of workers aged 50 or older, by diagnostic group, selected years 1975–2004—Continued

Year

Endocrine,
nutritional, Infectious
and
and
Congenital metabolic
parasitic
Total anomalies
diseases diseases a

Mental disorders
Injuries

Total Retardation

b

Other Neoplasms

Percent
1975
1981
1982
1983
1984

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.7
0.5
0.5
0.7
0.5

4.1
4.3
4.5
4.9
4.0

1.0
0.6
0.6
1.6
0.8

3.5
3.4
2.9
2.9
3.1

6.1
5.3
5.2
8.0
9.4

------

------

10.8
18.6
19.2
19.7
19.8

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.5
0.3
0.1
0.1
0.1

4.3
4.6
3.8
3.8
3.5

0.7
0.5
0.6
0.6
0.5

2.8
0.8
3.4
3.7
3.7

8.8
14.9
9.6
9.9
10.3

------

------

17.5
16.1
16.3
16.4
17.4

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

3.6
3.9
4.5
4.7
4.8

1.1
1.2
1.4
1.4
1.4

3.7
3.6
3.5
3.3
3.2

10.8
11.3
11.9
12.2
11.8

------

------

17.6
16.4
15.7
16.2
17.2

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

5.5
5.7
5.9
6.1
6.0

1.3
1.1
0.9
0.9
0.9

3.6
3.6
3.6
3.5
3.5

11.7
11.2
11.6
12.4
14.5

0.9
0.7
0.7
0.8
2.0

10.8
10.5
10.9
11.6
12.5

12.5
12.5
12.7
12.5
12.1

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

d
d
0.1
0.1
0.1

3.3
3.3
3.4
3.6
3.6

1.1
0.6
0.8
0.8
0.8

3.7
3.4
3.5
3.5
3.4

13.2
13.7
13.9
14.1
14.1

0.9
0.6
0.7
0.6
0.6

12.2
13.0
13.2
13.5
13.5

12.5
11.3
11.4
11.1
11.2
(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 101

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 38.
Distribution of workers aged 50 or older, by diagnostic group, selected years 1975–2004—Continued
Diseases of the—

Year

Blood and
bloodforming
organs

Circulatory
system

Digestive
system

Musculoskeletal
Genito- system and
urinary connective
system
tissue

Nervous
system
and
sense
organs

Respiratory
system

Skin and
subcutaneous
tissue

Other Unknown c

Percent
1975
1981
1982
1983
1984

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.3
0.2

36.0
31.8
31.7
28.7
26.5

2.8
2.0
1.7
1.6
1.7

0.8
1.3
0.8
2.1
0.8

19.6
16.9
16.4
14.5
14.6

5.5
6.3
6.9
6.7
6.5

8.3
8.3
9.0
8.1
7.6

0.3
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.2

0.1
d
0.2
d
0.2

-d
-d
4.1

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

27.0
25.9
26.0
25.0
23.7

1.3
1.4
1.5
1.4
1.5

0.7
0.6
1.2
1.3
1.5

15.6
16.4
18.7
20.0
20.7

6.4
6.1
7.0
7.1
6.7

8.0
8.9
8.4
8.5
7.6

0.3
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.2

---1.7
2.2

6.1
2.9
3.0
---

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

0.3
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

23.1
22.0
22.0
21.6
20.6

1.5
1.5
1.4
1.5
1.5

1.6
1.6
1.6
1.7
2.0

20.8
22.4
21.8
20.9
19.7

6.8
6.7
6.4
6.5
6.6

7.4
7.0
7.0
7.1
7.7

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

1.6
1.8
2.3
2.5
3.0

------

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

19.5
19.3
18.7
17.9
16.5

1.5
1.6
1.6
1.7
1.8

1.6
1.6
1.7
1.8
1.8

26.6
26.9
26.9
27.3
27.0

6.4
6.5
6.8
6.9
7.3

6.9
6.7
6.6
6.5
6.2

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

2.5
2.7
2.4
2.0
1.6

--0.1
0.1
0.3

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

d
d
0.2
0.2
0.2

17.5
18.0
16.4
15.7
15.1

1.7
2.2
2.0
2.1
2.2

1.9
1.8
1.9
1.9
1.9

29.8
30.6
31.4
32.2
32.8

7.4
6.8
7.6
7.6
7.5

6.1
6.3
6.0
5.9
5.8

d
d
0.2
0.2
0.2

1.3
1.5
0.2
0.2
0.2

0.2
0.2
1.0
0.9
1.1

SOURCES: Social Security Administration. For years before 2000, Annual Statistical Supplement to the Social Security Bulletin , based on
the Master Beneficiary Record, various sampling rates; from 2000 to 2001, Annual Award and Termination Transaction file, 1 percent
sample; data after 2001 are 100 percent data.
NOTES: Data exclude closed period awards in 2002 and 2003 and expedited reinstatement cases since 2002.
Before 1995, diagnostic data for cases awarded at the appeals levels were estimated on the basis of the diagnosis of cases allowed at the
initial disability determination level.
Effective 2001, the Social Security Administration initiated a special review of 130,000 Supplemental Security Income (SSI) recipients who
are potentially eligible for Social Security disability benefits because of earnings while receiving SSI. Many of these claims awarded since
2001 were for individuals under the age of 35 who were diagnosed with a mental disorder.
-- = not available.
a. AIDS and HIV records are counted in "Infectious and parasitic diseases." Before 1990, they were included in "Other."
b. Mental retardation was not identified separately before 1995.
c. Beginning with 2002, several ill-defined impairment codes were reclassified and added to "Unknown."
d. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

102 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 39.
Average primary insurance amount and average monthly benefit, by sex, selected years
1960–2004 (in dollars)
Average primary insurance amount

Average monthly benefit

All disabled
workers

Men

Women

All disabled
workers

Men

Women

1960
1965 (Jan.–Aug.)
1965 (Sept.–Dec.)
1970
1975
1980

-------

-------

-------

91.20
93.30
101.30
139.80
241.20
406.30

94.00
97.90
106.50
148.40
263.80
449.40

78.90
80.30
86.80
115.70
190.90
308.50

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

------

------

------

475.60
473.80
506.00
297.40
562.10

530.40
531.50
573.20
321.20
634.40

363.70
357.40
381.60
263.50
429.90

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

------

------

------

594.20
605.50
621.90
639.80
672.80

667.90
685.20
699.80
720.10
757.70

465.80
470.60
494.20
507.70
535.00

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

-734.00
752.00
771.30
813.20

-836.40
855.40
879.50
922.30

-595.70
623.50
639.50
674.70

687.70
709.10
728.10
746.30
787.80

786.90
807.90
824.00
846.80
890.70

549.00
575.60
608.80
623.80
657.10

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

856.80
891.60
923.90
963.10
994.00

975.30
1,019.60
1,053.00
1,096.70
1,130.30

718.70
739.00
772.10
805.90
835.70

833.70
867.70
898.60
937.50
968.50

947.70
989.30
1,021.70
1,064.90
1,098.60

700.90
722.60
753.90
787.60
817.40

Year

SOURCES: Social Security Administration. For years before 2000, Annual Statistical Supplement to the Social Security Bulletin , based on
the Master Beneficiary Record, various sampling rates; from 2000 to 2001, Annual Award and Termination Transaction file, 1 percent
sample; data after 2001 are 100 percent data.
NOTES: Data exclude closed period awards in 2002 and 2003 and expedited reinstatement cases since 2002.
Benefits awarded before the December cost-of-living increase are converted to the December rates before averages are computed.
-- = not available.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 103

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 40.
Distribution, by diagnostic group, sex, and age, 2004
Total
Diagnostic group

All ages

Under
35

Women

Men
35–49

50 or
older All ages

Under
35

35–49

50 or
older All ages

Under
35

35–49

50 or
older

Number
Total

775,244

1,166
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and
24,341
metabolic diseases
Infectious and parasitic
10,510
diseases
29,580
Injuries
Mental disorders
20,479
Retardation
172,353
Other
73,637
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and bloodforming organs
2,479
Circulatory system
85,449
Digestive system
18,045
Genitourinary system 16,869
Musculoskeletal
system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and
sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

89,644 237,218 448,382 416,560

47,234 121,313 248,013 358,684

42,410 115,905 200,369

501

350

315

620

257

185

178

546

244

165

137

1,781

6,507

16,053

12,906

857

3,292

8,757

11,435

924

3,215

7,296

1,517
4,363

5,474
9,783

3,519
15,434

7,409
19,420

1,021
3,118

4,127
6,588

2,261
9,714

3,101
10,160

496
1,245

1,347
3,195

1,258
5,720

10,448
40,243
3,932

7,251
71,650
19,645

2,780
60,460
50,060

12,401
81,794
38,335

6,148
20,625
1,966

4,491
31,928
8,974

1,762
29,241
27,395

8,078
90,559
35,302

4,300
19,618
1,966

2,760
39,722
10,671

1,018
31,219
22,665

703
2,184
1,263
2,422

726
15,678
7,112
6,019

1,050
67,587
9,670
8,428

1,191
58,577
11,144
10,376

325
1,188
584
1,383

315
10,085
4,350
3,696

551
47,304
6,210
5,297

1,288
26,872
6,901
6,493

378
996
679
1,039

411
5,593
2,762
2,323

499
20,283
3,460
3,131

210,315

8,293

55,139 146,883 106,200

3,906

28,226

74,068 104,115

4,387

26,913

72,815

64,566
32,562

9,659
812

21,483
5,725

33,424
26,025

33,057
16,830

4,803
330

10,493
2,456

17,761
14,044

31,509
15,732

4,856
482

10,990
3,269

15,663
11,981

1,709
1,909
9,275

268
240
1,015

669
685
3,322

772
984
4,938

762
867
4,671

93
141
489

289
296
1,522

380
430
2,660

947
1,042
4,604

175
99
526

380
389
1,800

392
554
2,278

(Continued)

104 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 40.
Distribution, by diagnostic group, sex, and age, 2004—Continued
Total
Diagnostic group

All ages

Under
35

Men
35–49

50 or
older All ages

Under
35

Women
35–49

50 or
older All ages

Under
35

35–49

50 or
older

Percent
Total
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and
metabolic diseases
Infectious and parasitic
diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and bloodforming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal
system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and
sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

0.2

0.6

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.5

0.2

0.1

0.2

0.6

0.1

0.1

3.1

2.0

2.7

3.6

3.1

1.8

2.7

3.5

3.2

2.2

2.8

3.6

1.4
3.8

1.7
4.9

2.3
4.1

0.8
3.4

1.8
4.7

2.2
6.6

3.4
5.4

0.9
3.9

0.9
2.8

1.2
2.9

1.2
2.8

0.6
2.9

2.6
22.2
9.5

11.7
44.9
4.4

3.1
30.2
8.3

0.6
13.5
11.2

3.0
19.6
9.2

13.0
43.7
4.2

3.7
26.3
7.4

0.7
11.8
11.0

2.3
25.2
9.8

10.1
46.3
4.6

2.4
34.3
9.2

0.5
15.6
11.3

0.3
11.0
2.3
2.2

0.8
2.4
1.4
2.7

0.3
6.6
3.0
2.5

0.2
15.1
2.2
1.9

0.3
14.1
2.7
2.5

0.7
2.5
1.2
2.9

0.3
8.3
3.6
3.0

0.2
19.1
2.5
2.1

0.4
7.5
1.9
1.8

0.9
2.3
1.6
2.4

0.4
4.8
2.4
2.0

0.2
10.1
1.7
1.6

27.1

9.3

23.2

32.8

25.5

8.3

23.3

29.9

29.0

10.3

23.2

36.3

8.3
4.2

10.8
0.9

9.1
2.4

7.5
5.8

7.9
4.0

10.2
0.7

8.6
2.0

7.2
5.7

8.8
4.4

11.5
1.1

9.5
2.8

7.8
6.0

0.2
0.2
1.2

0.3
0.3
1.1

0.3
0.3
1.4

0.2
0.2
1.1

0.2
0.2
1.1

0.2
0.3
1.0

0.2
0.2
1.3

0.2
0.2
1.1

0.3
0.3
1.3

0.4
0.2
1.2

0.3
0.3
1.6

0.2
0.3
1.1

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Annual Award and Termination Transaction file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Data exclude expedited reinstatement cases.
Effective 2001, the Social Security Administration initiated a special review of 130,000 Supplemental Security Income (SSI) recipients who
are potentially eligible for Social Security disability benefits because of earnings while receiving SSI. Many of these claims awarded since
2001 were for individuals under the age of 35 who were diagnosed with a mental disorder.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 105

Awards to Disabled Workers
Table 41.
Distribution, by monthly benefit and sex, 2004
All disabled workers

Men

Women

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

775,244

100.0

416,560

100.0

358,684

100.0

Less than 100.00
100.00–199.90
200.00–299.90
300.00–399.90
400.00–499.90

5,480
9,606
23,927
29,460
32,230

0.7
1.2
3.1
3.8
4.2

2,958
3,468
8,692
10,658
11,763

0.7
0.8
2.1
2.6
2.8

2,522
6,138
15,235
18,802
20,467

0.7
1.7
4.2
5.2
5.7

500.00–599.90
600.00–699.90
700.00–799.90
800.00–899.90
900.00–999.90

53,414
82,179
77,558
70,857
62,558

6.9
10.6
10.0
9.1
8.1

19,091
30,814
32,286
32,836
31,899

4.6
7.4
7.8
7.9
7.7

34,323
51,365
45,272
38,021
30,659

9.6
14.3
12.6
10.6
8.5

1,000.00–1,099.90
1,100.00–1,199.90
1,200.00–1,299.90
1,300.00–1,399.90
1,400.00–1,499.90

55,404
47,243
40,842
35,007
29,320

7.1
6.1
5.3
4.5
3.8

31,159
29,163
27,095
24,563
21,522

7.5
7.0
6.5
5.9
5.2

24,245
18,080
13,747
10,444
7,798

6.8
5.0
3.8
2.9
2.2

1,500.00–1,599.90
1,600.00 or more

29,945
90,214

3.9
11.6

22,957
75,636

5.5
18.2

6,988
14,578

1.9
4.1

Monthly benefit (dollars)
Total

Average benefit (dollars)

968.50

1,098.60

817.40

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Annual Award and Termination Transaction file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Benefits awarded before the December cost-of-living increase are converted to the December rates before averages are
computed.
Data exclude expedited reinstatement cases.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

106 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

Awards to Disabled-Worker Families
Table 42.
Number, average primary insurance amount, and average monthly family benefit, by family
composition, 2004

Family composition
Worker only
Men
Women
Worker with children
By sex of worker
Men
Women
By number of children
1 child
2 children
3 or more children
Worker with—
Spouse aged 62 or older b
Spouse aged 62 or older and
1 or more children
Spouse and 1 child
Spouse and 2 children
Spouse and 3 or more children

Number
of families

Percentage of
Average primary Average monthly families receiving
Number of insurance amount
family benefit maximum family
benefit a
beneficiaries
(dollars)
(dollars)

327,372
298,632

327,372
298,632

1,126.00
833.20

1,095.70
815.00

10.3
22.0

71,126
58,716

190,177
156,434

1,122.70
847.00

1,600.70
1,151.10

85.9
89.5

69,711
40,674
19,457

139,422
122,022
85,167

1,016.70
996.00
935.30

1,410.40
1,415.30
1,313.60

85.4
90.3
89.3

5,893

11,812

1,422.10

1,698.80

8.7

147
4,557
4,707
3,775

478
13,674
18,830
20,991

1,273.40
1,161.00
1,144.50
1,057.30

2,044.50
1,677.30
1,638.80
1,500.90

66.0
87.0
86.5
83.5

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Annual Award and Termination Transaction file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: A family means beneficiaries entitled on one worker's account. The data may understate the number of families with
dependents because records of awards to dependents made in a different calendar year are not available for inclusion.
Data exclude expedited reinstatement cases; they include beneficiaries whose benefits are being withheld.
a. Includes families and worker-only beneficiaries for whom the primary insurance amount is equal to the family maximum amount.
b. If the spouse is also entitled to a retired-worker benefit, only the benefit amount received as a spouse is included.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 107

Awards to Disabled-Worker Families
Table 43.
Distribution, by family composition and age of worker, 2004

Family composition

Total,
all ages

Under 30

30–34

35–39

40–44

45–49

50–54

55–59

60 or
older

Number
Worker only
Worker with—
Spouse
Aged 62 or older a
Child in care
Children
1 child
2 children
3 or more children
Families receiving
maximum benefit b

626,004

41,259

22,547

30,102

50,254

77,030

120,077

162,376

122,359

6,040
13,039

0
752

0
1,354

0
2,033

7
2,591

20
2,400

162
1,925

892
1,374

4,959
610

69,711
40,674
19,457

4,981
3,066
1,692

5,129
5,172
3,654

7,641
8,336
5,072

13,087
9,868
4,472

14,386
7,284
2,514

12,725
4,251
1,222

8,500
2,078
645

3,262
619
186

225,050

32,506

20,937

28,517

36,863

34,882

31,377

26,864

13,104

Percent
Worker only
Worker with—
Spouse
Aged 62 or older a
Child in care
Children
1 child
2 children
3 or more children
Families receiving
maximum benefit b

100.0

6.6

3.6

4.8

8.0

12.3

19.2

25.9

19.5

100.0
100.0

0
5.8

0
10.4

0
15.6

0.1
19.9

0.3
18.4

2.7
14.8

14.8
10.5

82.1
4.7

100.0
100.0
100.0

7.1
7.5
8.7

7.4
12.7
18.8

11.0
20.5
26.1

18.8
24.3
23.0

20.6
17.9
12.9

18.3
10.5
6.3

12.2
5.1
3.3

4.7
1.5
1.0

29.0

62.8

55.3

53.6

45.9

33.7

22.4

15.3

9.9

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Annual Award and Termination Transaction file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: A family means beneficiaries entitled on one worker's account. The data may understate the number of families with
dependents because records of awards to dependents made in a different calendar year are not available for inclusion.
Data exclude expedited reinstatement cases; they include beneficiaries whose benefits are being withheld.
a. Includes spouses aged 62 or older with children.
b. Includes families and worker-only beneficiaries for whom the primary insurance amount is equal to the family maximum amount.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

108 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

Benefits Withheld from All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 44.
Number, by reason for withholding benefit, December 2004
Workers and nondisabled dependents

Adult children of—

All
beneficiaries

Workers

Total

574,865

105,643

52,852

227,205

2,784

4,579

22,059

91,303

68,440

Address unknown

20,445

10,105

429

7,045

115

318

321

360

1,752

6,667

4,438

141

1,687

13

9

113

47

219

14,277

5,883

753

6,752

157

242

113

72

305

5,721
6,722

1,666
1,910

408
6

3,542
3,671

34
10

...
36

71
98

...
154

...
837

34,688
43,281
9,677
29,134

23,709
34,550
...
...

770
272
9,640
28,984

9,137
167
...
137

35
24
...
13

109
140
37
...

375
1,377
...
...

175
1,105
...
...

378
5,646
...
...

150

...

...

...

...

...

...

150

...

2,765
353,924
47,414

...
...
23,382

2,212
7,615
1,622

...
179,816
15,251

...
2,106
277

553
2,473
662

...
17,455
2,136

...
88,044
1,196

...
56,415
2,888

Reason

Determination of
continuing disability
pending
Recoupment of
overpayment
Workers' compensation
offset
Payee not determined
Substantial gainful
activity
Imprisoned or confined
Entitled child not in care
Beneficiary earnings
Earnings of the other
beneficiaries
Government pension
offset
Technical entitlement
Other

Children
Students
Spouses under age 18 aged 18–19 Widow(er)s

Disabled
workers

Retired Deceased
workers workers

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: These data represent the total number of beneficiaries with benefits withheld in December 2004 regardless of when their
benefits were initially withheld.
. . . = not applicable.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 109

Benefits Terminated for All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 45.
Number and rate, 1960–2004
Total

Widow(er)s

Workers

Adult children

Year

Number

Rate

Number

Rate

Number

Rate

Number

Rate

1960
1961
1962
1963
1964

91,543
118,842
132,144
143,008
144,422

164
160
149
144
134

89,090
115,546
128,299
137,850
138,576

196
187
173
167
155

------

------

2,453
3,296
3,845
5,158
5,846

24
27
26
31
32

1965
1966
1967
1968
1969

163,276
175,959
218,077
232,817
263,191

138
134
153
151
159

156,648
168,630
208,899
222,197
251,269

159
154
175
172
180

------

------

6,628
7,329
9,178
10,620
11,922

33
34
40
44
46

1970
1971
1972
1973
1974

272,239
278,092
275,663
317,237
336,246

154
144
129
136
130

260,444
266,471
261,739
304,792
320,958

174
162
143
151
143

------

------

11,795
11,621
13,924
12,445
15,288

44
41
46
39
45

1975
1976
1977
1978
1979

344,727
367,608
418,394
431,067
441,101

121
120
129
131
133

329,532
351,504
401,334
413,571
422,503

132
132
141
144
147

------

------

15,195
16,104
17,060
17,496
18,598

42
42
42
42
43

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

422,612
449,669
500,282
473,327
391,190

128
139
163
155
126

408,051
434,187
483,847
453,621
371,913

143
156
186
177
143

------

------

14,561
15,482
16,435
19,706
19,277

32
33
35
40
38

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

357,006
358,289
365,004
375,621
371,128

112
109
109
110
107

339,984
341,276
347,948
356,143
351,402

128
125
125
126
121

------

------

17,022
17,013
17,056
19,478
19,726

32
31
30
34
34

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

368,208
369,026
379,653
391,159
404,624

102
97
92
89
87

348,194
351,303
361,796
372,317
384,590

116
110
104
100
97

------

------

20,014
17,723
17,857
18,842
20,034

33
29
28
29
30
(Continued)

110 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

Benefits Terminated for All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 45.
Number and rate, 1960–2004—Continued
Total

Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult children

Year

Number

Rate

Number

Rate

Number

Rate

Number

Rate

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

422,114
420,756
491,194
436,244
463,394

87
83
94
81
83

399,475
396,980
464,984
409,489
433,950

95
91
103
87
89

------

------

22,639
23,776
26,210
26,755
29,444

33
34
37
38
41

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004 a

493,651
513,472
535,465
501,222
525,418

86
83
82
73
73

460,351
459,073
479,364
447,485
470,017

91
87
87
76
76

-21,411
21,379
20,707
23,572

-105
103
99
112

33,300
32,988
34,722
33,030
31,829

46
45
47
44
42

SOURCES: Social Security Administration. For years before 2000, Annual Statistical Supplement to the Social Security Bulletin , based on
the Master Beneficiary Record, various sampling rates; for 2000, Social Security Disability Insurance Beneficiaries, 100 percent data, and
Annual Termination file, 100 percent data; from 2001 to 2003, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file, 100
percent data; in 2004, Annual Award and Termination Transaction file, 100 percent data, and Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents
Master Beneficiary Record file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: The termination rate is the number of terminations per 1,000 beneficiaries in current-payment status.
-- = not available.
a. Data include closed period awards.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 111

Benefits Terminated for All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 46.
Number, by reason for termination, 2004

Reason for termination
Total
Death of beneficiary
Termination resulting
from death of worker
Attainment of age—
18 by children
19 by students
FRA by disabled
workers
FRA by disabled
widow(er)s
Elected reduced
retirement

a

Termination of spouse's
benefit because child
attains age 16
Marriage, remarriage, or
divorce of beneficiary
Entitlement to an equal or
larger Social Security
benefit
Does not meet medical
standards b
Medical improvement c
Work above substantial gainful activity d
Miscellaneous
reasons e
Student no longer
attending school
Other

Workers and nondisabled dependents

Adult children of—

All
beneficiaries

Workers

961,581

470,017

48,951

284,617

102,595

23,572

8,834

4,682

18,313

214,967

188,205

1,439

753

61

6,448

589

3,120

14,352

49,846

...

7,201

38,752

1,509

...

2,384

...

...

193,534
12,869

...
...

...
...

193,534
...

...
12,869

...
...

...
...

...
...

...
...

233,894

206,346

17,672

6,157

321

...

3,398

...

...

16,273

...

...

...

...

16,273

...

...

...

1,082

1,082

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

16,497

...

16,497

...

...

...

...

...

...

5,386

...

1,899

2,012

196

11

425

248

595

2,393

...

1,087

201

12

315

130

275

373

116,371
--

54,061
25,256

2,745
--

41,955
--

12,011
--

229
59

1,716
638

889
229

2,765
901

--

28,613

--

--

--

166

965

593

1,710

--

192

--

--

--

4

113

67

154

75,583
22,886

...
20,323

...
411

...
1,253

75,583
33

...
296

...
192

...
150

...
228

Children
Students
Spouses under age 18 aged 18–19 Widow(er)s

Disabled
workers

Retired Deceased
workers workers

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Annual Award and Termination Transaction file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: These data represent the total number of beneficiaries whose benefits were terminated during the calendar year regardless of
the effective date of the termination.
Data include closed period awards.
. . . = not applicable; FRA = full retirement age; -- = not available.
a. Beneficiaries are terminated from the Disability Trust Fund and start receiving benefits from the Retirement Survivor Trust Fund.
b. Dependents' benefits terminate when the disabled worker no longer meets the requirements for disability benefits. Disabled widow(er)s
and disabled adult children of deceased or retired workers lose their benefits when they no longer meet the requirements for disability
benefits.
c. Includes beneficiaries who medically improved, who did not cooperate during the medical review, or whose whereabouts are unknown.
d. Excludes disabled beneficiaries whose monthly benefits have been suspended because they are engaging in substantial gainful
activity during the extended period of eligibility.
e. Includes beneficiaries who did not comply with alcohol or drug abuse treatment programs or who refused vocational rehabilitation
services.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

112 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

Benefits Terminated for All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 47.
Number and rate, by state or other area, 2004
Total
State or area

Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult children

Number

Rate

Number

Rate

Number

Rate

Number

Rate

525,418

73

470,017

76

23,572

112

31,829

42

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

12,291
732
9,223
8,053
43,783

67
72
73
73
72

10,794
667
8,509
7,181
40,009

68
73
74
74
76

654
34
331
417
1,502

98
140
106
107
107

843
31
383
455
2,272

49
41
43
50
36

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

5,748
5,562
1,564
861
33,591

75
76
71
78
79

5,304
5,037
1,427
770
30,816

77
81
73
82
82

177
187
66
36
1,343

101
122
129
143
117

267
338
71
55
1,432

46
36
37
42
42

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

17,113
1,507
2,266
18,615
11,806

80
73
74
74
75

15,298
1,386
2,072
16,462
10,451

82
78
76
78
78

888
47
75
852
539

123
100
96
115
111

927
74
119
1,301
816

46
32
45
40
48

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

4,963
4,431
11,373
9,800
3,090

74
76
64
73
62

4,336
3,918
9,864
8,447
2,778

77
77
64
76
63

222
199
695
626
138

134
128
99
107
118

405
314
814
727
174

47
52
50
40
38

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

8,016
11,185
18,721
6,925
8,454

81
67
70
70
71

7,294
9,992
16,430
6,163
7,470

85
69
72
72
73

292
373
928
209
459

123
112
115
115
100

430
820
1,363
553
525

40
46
41
48
44

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

12,831
1,823
2,943
3,888
2,379

74
81
81
82
69

11,408
1,633
2,645
3,674
2,151

75
83
85
84
70

578
79
99
112
98

106
133
120
97
133

845
111
199
102
130

52
51
47
39
46

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

13,671
3,250
33,578
19,915
967

80
69
74
74
76

12,320
2,948
30,002
17,887
853

84
71
77
75
81

528
133
1,321
967
29

128
109
109
114
99

823
169
2,255
1,061
85

41
39
40
45
42

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

21,139
7,396
6,100
22,535
2,081

77
76
76
69
66

18,492
6,593
5,581
19,926
1,896

80
78
78
72
68

1,095
403
215
1,017
64

119
122
106
104
94

1,552
400
304
1,592
121

44
43
42
41
39

All areas

(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 113

Benefits Terminated for All Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 47.
Number and rate, by state or other area, 2004—Continued
Total

Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult children

Number

Rate

Number

Rate

Number

Rate

Number

Rate

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

10,408
1,213
14,797
30,473
2,426

73
74
74
75
78

9,376
1,065
13,096
27,402
2,185

75
77
76
78
80

543
55
857
1,492
91

108
143
114
109
128

489
93
844
1,579
150

37
45
45
38
44

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

1,280
12,714
9,280
5,665
8,841
877

74
71
71
63
72
85

1,147
11,312
8,503
4,832
7,772
787

77
72
74
64
74
86

44
655
334
339
356
42

99
117
109
92
132
179

89
747
443
494
713
48

47
43
37
49
45
54

Outlying areas
Puerto Rico
Other a

11,074
2,201

68
97

9,744
1,912

72
118

581
156

114
172

749
133

33
24

State or area

SOURCES: Social Security Administration, Annual Award and Termination Transaction file, 100 percent data, and Disabled Beneficiaries
and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: The termination rate is the number of terminations per 1,000 beneficiaries in current-payment status.
Data includes closed period awards.
a. Includes American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, Virgin Islands, and foreign countries.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

114 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

Disabled Workers Who Work
Table 48.
Distribution of workers with benefits withheld because of substantial work, by diagnostic group and age,
December 2004
Diagnostic group

Total

Under 30

30–39

40–49

50–59

60–FRA

Number
Total
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic
diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

23,709

2,413

4,908

8,016

6,525

1,847

65

25

19

13

a

a

653
794
1,620

32
26
203

113
205
387

254
385
466

188
161
441

66
17
123

831
7,085
2,295

335
807
183

239
1,748
369

189
2,616
699

62
1,671
790

6
243
254

153
1,184
541
873

34
40
33
100

35
125
76
230

45
286
188
327

34
503
213
165

5
230
31
51

4,261
2,397
329
66
52
510

101
422
14
a
a
46

546
658
40
13
13
92

1,464
744
109
24
17
190

1,553
451
112
19
a
147

597
122
54
a
a
35
(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 115

Disabled Workers Who Work
Table 48.
Distribution of workers with benefits withheld because of substantial work, by diagnostic group and age,
December 2004—Continued
Diagnostic group

Total

Under 30

30–39

40–49

50–59

60–FRA

Percent
Total
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic
diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

0.3

1.0

0.4

0.2

a

a

2.8
3.3
6.8

1.3
1.1
8.4

2.3
4.2
7.9

3.2
4.8
5.8

2.9
2.5
6.8

3.6
0.9
6.7

3.5
29.9
9.7

13.9
33.4
7.6

4.9
35.6
7.5

2.4
32.6
8.7

1.0
25.6
12.1

0.3
13.2
13.8

0.6
5.0
2.3
3.7

1.4
1.7
1.4
4.1

0.7
2.5
1.5
4.7

0.6
3.6
2.3
4.1

0.5
7.7
3.3
2.5

0.3
12.5
1.7
2.8

18.0
10.1
1.4
0.3
0.2
2.2

4.2
17.5
0.6
a
a
1.9

11.1
13.4
0.8
0.3
0.3
1.9

18.3
9.3
1.4
0.3
0.2
2.4

23.8
6.9
1.7
0.3
a
2.3

32.3
6.6
2.9
a
a
1.9

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: These data represent the total number of beneficiaries with benefits withheld in December 2004 regardless of when their
benefits were initially withheld.
FRA = full retirement age.
a. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

116 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

Disabled Workers Who Work
Table 49.
Distribution of workers with benefits terminated because of successful return to work,
by diagnostic group and age, 2004

Diagnostic group

Total

Under 30

30–39

40–49

50–59

60 or
older

Number
Total
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic
diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

28,613

2,142

6,978

10,104

7,360

2,029

86

26

31

22

a

a

1,011
1,306
1,703

34
19
144

174
357
510

379
659
580

338
238
358

86
33
111

1,853
9,034
1,283

405
660
82

721
2,417
219

520
3,451
368

186
2,174
497

21
332
117

215
1,180
484
960

38
35
20
75

71
124
82
311

60
277
177
338

37
480
166
199

9
264
39
37

4,679
3,263
347
64
57
1,088

105
401
16
a
a
75

580
1,041
62
16
11
251

1,684
1,038
102
26
20
403

1,612
631
119
14
a
293

698
152
48
a
a
66

Percent
Total
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic
diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

0.3

1.2

0.4

0.2

a

a

3.5
4.6
6.0

1.6
0.9
6.7

2.5
5.1
7.3

3.8
6.5
5.7

4.6
3.2
4.9

4.2
1.6
5.5

6.5
31.6
4.5

18.9
30.8
3.8

10.3
34.6
3.1

5.1
34.2
3.6

2.5
29.5
6.8

1.0
16.4
5.8

0.8
4.1
1.7
3.4

1.8
1.6
0.9
3.5

1.0
1.8
1.2
4.5

0.6
2.7
1.8
3.3

0.5
6.5
2.3
2.7

0.4
13.0
1.9
1.8

16.4
11.4
1.2
0.2
0.2
3.8

4.9
18.7
0.7
a
a
3.5

8.3
14.9
0.9
0.2
0.2
3.6

16.7
10.3
1.0
0.3
0.2
4.0

21.9
8.6
1.6
0.2
a
4.0

34.4
7.5
2.4
a
a
3.3

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Annual Award and Termination Transaction file, 100 percent data.
a. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 117

Disabled Workers Who Work
Table 50.
Average monthly benefit for workers with benefits withheld, by diagnostic group and age,
December 2004 (in dollars)
Diagnostic group
Total
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic
diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

Total

Under 30

30–39

40–49

50–59

60–FRA

1,008.10

786.50

938.80

1,023.40

1,096.20

1,104.20

896.20

808.80

868.40

965.00

1,100.80

1,160.50

915.20
1,031.00
1,092.50

721.50
874.00
938.90

918.30
986.00
1,039.40

906.40
1,048.20
1,118.40

931.10
1,064.00
1,165.90

992.70
1,111.10
1,152.40

695.80
931.20
1,226.90

661.10
749.80
905.10

701.80
878.30
1,167.20

739.00
950.90
1,271.70

720.80
1,022.90
1,288.00

769.60
1,071.10
1,232.50

1,080.20
1,123.80
1,158.00
1,097.70

835.80
829.10
833.00
915.50

1,034.40
1,021.10
1,065.60
986.90

1,236.30
1,097.60
1,134.20
1,135.80

1,156.40
1,179.70
1,233.10
1,249.40

1,137.70
1,141.20
1,358.20
1,220.60

1,006.30
984.50
993.30
1,036.20
958.80
964.00

792.90
791.30
825.70
771.00
715.10
737.70

945.00
938.70
896.10
954.80
818.00
924.70

1,000.00
1,026.70
957.50
1,068.60
1,030.20
1,000.60

1,036.80
1,119.80
1,037.40
1,131.00
1,102.40
1,018.00

1,034.30
1,143.00
1,089.80
1,054.40
1,065.70
939.70

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file, 100 percent data.
NOTE: FRA = full retirement age.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

118 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

Disabled Workers Who Work
Table 51.
Average monthly benefit for workers with benefits terminated, by diagnostic group and age, 2004
(in dollars)

Diagnostic group
Total
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic
diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

Total

Under 30

30–39

40–49

50–59

60 or
older

892.00

757.50

841.60

896.00

954.20

961.90

806.60

752.20

884.20

766.20

760.40

815.70

846.80
964.90
986.20

819.10
951.20
886.70

830.30
901.90
969.00

813.10
996.70
965.00

883.50
987.30
1,052.30

895.70
855.70
1,091.70

687.10
841.90
1,087.10

655.20
728.20
901.80

686.00
793.90
1,038.90

678.30
851.50
1,115.40

776.10
900.70
1,122.80

765.50
932.50
1,067.30

942.90
998.70
1,026.80
985.80

791.90
833.10
717.40
869.60

870.80
918.60
933.40
910.70

994.80
973.60
1,015.40
1,012.50

1,069.80
1,010.30
1,107.60
1,093.10

1,280.70
1,063.70
1,090.30
1,030.50

902.10
909.70
874.50
930.40
972.30
875.10

758.60
792.70
747.70
784.50
948.80
734.80

872.00
881.00
879.70
908.20
828.10
825.60

902.70
920.30
865.40
880.80
944.90
874.90

919.00
994.30
921.30
1,070.60
1,125.10
934.30

908.10
991.00
813.30
954.60
963.10
961.60

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Annual Award and Termination Transaction file, 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 119

Disabled Workers Who Work
Table 52.
Distribution, by state or other area, 2004
Workers with benefits terminated
because of successful return
to work, calendar year

Workers with benefits withheld
because of substantial work,
December
All workers,
December

Number

Percentage
of all workers

Number

Percentage
of all workers

6,197,385

23,709

0.4

28,613

0.5

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

158,703
9,150
114,578
97,653
528,609

231
45
593
221
2,273

0.1
0.5
0.5
0.2
0.4

354
54
565
287
2,781

0.2
0.6
0.5
0.3
0.5

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

68,862
62,517
19,473
9,436
378,099

330
371
93
26
1,185

0.5
0.6
0.5
0.3
0.3

520
371
127
67
1,534

0.8
0.6
0.7
0.7
0.4

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

186,943
17,740
27,302
212,168
134,461

353
79
93
1,072
468

0.2
0.4
0.3
0.5
0.3

570
72
147
1,337
545

0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.4

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

56,604
50,782
153,184
110,422
44,038

258
245
399
347
218

0.5
0.5
0.3
0.3
0.5

284
249
364
411
252

0.5
0.5
0.2
0.4
0.6

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

85,926
145,391
227,568
85,488
102,132

284
899
869
488
194

0.3
0.6
0.4
0.6
0.2

549
1,099
1,102
586
290

0.6
0.8
0.5
0.7
0.3

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

152,857
19,673
31,282
43,613
30,822

531
76
155
143
236

0.3
0.4
0.5
0.3
0.8

629
103
202
244
254

0.4
0.5
0.6
0.6
0.8

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

147,396
41,660
387,666
237,795
10,478

847
160
2,361
557
37

0.6
0.4
0.6
0.2
0.4

887
161
2,826
806
64

0.6
0.4
0.7
0.3
0.6

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

230,460
84,410
71,398
275,892
27,875

1,004
223
267
1,343
177

0.4
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6

1,362
283
279
1,104
152

0.6
0.3
0.4
0.4
0.5

State or area
All areas

(Continued)

120 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

Disabled Workers Who Work
Table 52.
Distribution, by state or other area, 2004—Continued
Workers with benefits terminated
because of successful return
to work, calendar year

Workers with benefits withheld
because of substantial work,
December
All workers,
December

Number

Percentage
of all workers

Number

Percentage
of all workers

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

124,724
13,837
172,989
350,669
27,163

173
95
389
1,005
150

0.1
0.7
0.2
0.3
0.6

348
124
491
1,385
134

0.3
0.9
0.3
0.4
0.5

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

14,992
156,592
115,238
76,039
104,633
9,166

123
546
575
185
576
42

0.8
0.3
0.5
0.2
0.6
0.5

125
578
665
118
603
71

0.8
0.4
0.6
0.2
0.6
0.8

Outlying areas
Puerto Rico
Other a

134,694
16,143

81
18

0.1
0.1

79
19

0.1
0.1

State or area

SOURCES: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file, 100 percent data, and
Annual Award and Termination Transaction file, 100 percent data.
a. Includes American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, Virgin Islands, and foreign countries.
CONTACT: Carolyn A. Harrison (410) 965-5522 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 121

Outcomes of Applications
for Disability Benefits

Notes
The tables in this section provide data on the outcomes of applications for disability benefits. The data on applications are
derived from the Social Security Administration's (SSA's) Disability Research File maintained by the Office of Disability Programs. Each year this file is updated with information about applications for disability benefits that is then used to determine the
outcome of those applications. The outcome data in these tables are reported by year of filing and include decisions made
through the administrative appeals process.
Table 53 shows the total number of applications filed in a year, the number denied for nonmedical reasons before a medical
decision is made (technical denials), the number that are pending a final decision, the outcome of applications for which a medical allowance or denial was made, and award and allowance rates. Applications for which a medical allowance or denial decision was made but which were subsequently denied for nonmedical reasons are shown under the medical decision header as
subsequent denials. The most common nonmedical reason for denying a claim is insufficient number of recent work credits.
The allowance rate is calculated by dividing the number of medical allowances (including subsequent technical denials) by
the total number of medical decisions made for a 1-year cohort. The award rate is a broader program measure that is calculated
as the number of allowances minus subsequent denials divided by total applications (minus pending claims) filed for a given
year.
Claims that remain pending after 6 years are probably the result of imperfect data rather than excessive delays in the
decisionmaking process. It is highly probable that decisions have been rendered on most of the older claims. For more recent
years, the award and allowance rates will change as decisions are made on pending claims.
Tables 54–56 show the allowance rate for Social Security only and the Social Security portion of concurrent applications
(which are claims for both Social Security and Supplemental Security Income disability benefits). Each table shows a different
level in the administrative decisionmaking process, that is, initial adjudicative, reconsideration, and hearing or higher level.
Beginning with 2000, the proportion of claims awarded at each level of the process changed as a result of the Prototype
Process being tested in 10 states. Under this test, the reconsideration step of the appeals process was eliminated for applications filed October 1, 1999, or later. Elimination of the reconsideration level in these states results in a decrease in the aggregate
proportion of claims awarded at this step.
The next section includes one table that shows the reason for medical allowance and one that shows the reason for medical
denial (Tables 57 and 58). The reasons are derived from the sequential evaluation process used by decisionmakers. SSA maintains a list of impairments that are considered disabling under its regulations. An applicant can be found to be disabled if he or
she

has a listed impairment,

has a severe impairment that is equal to a listed impairment,

has a severe impairment when medical and vocational factors are considered, or

had previously established entitlement to a disability benefit.
An applicant can be denied benefits if he or she

has an impairment that is not expected to last 12 months,

has an impairment that is not considered severe,

is able to perform his or her usual type of work,

is able to perform another type of work, or

has an impairment resulting from drug addiction or alcoholism, provides insufficient medical evidence, fails to cooperate,
fails to follow prescribed treatment, does not want to continue development of the claim, or returns to substantial work
before disability can be established.

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Chart 10.
Final outcome of disabled-worker applications, 1994–2003
The final award rate for disabled-worker applicants has varied over time, averaging more than 49 percent for claims
filed from 1994 through 2003. The percentage of applicants awarded benefits at the initial claims level averaged
31 percent over the same period and ranged from a high of about 35 percent to a low of 28 percent. The percentage of applicants awarded at the reconsideration and hearing levels are relatively constant, averaging 4 percent
and 14 percent, respectively. Denied disability claims have averaged about 48 percent.
Percent
100

Technical denials

80
Medical denials
60

Pending final decision
40
Hearings and Appeals Council awards
Reconsideration awards
20
Initial awards
0
1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

SOURCE: Tables 53–58.
NOTES: Awards are calculated as medical allowances minus subsequent technical denials. Technical denials include both nonmedical decision
technical denials and medical decisions that were subsequently denied for technical reasons.
The proportion of claims awarded at each level of the process is likely to change as a result of the Prototype Process being tested in 10 states.
Under this test, the reconsideration step of the appeals process was eliminated for applications filed October 1, 1999, or later. Elimination of the
reconsideration level in these states is likely to result in a decrease in the overall proportion of claims awarded at this step.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 125

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Table 53.
Outcomes at all adjudicative levels, by year of application, 1992–2003
Medical decisions

Year

Total

Pending
final
decision

Denials
Technical
denials a

Allowances

Subsequent
Medical nonmedical b

Awards

Subsequent
denials c

Award
rate d
(percent)

Allowance
rate e
(percent)

707,169
759,440
823,786
800,338
651,002

1,858
1,940
1,934
2,134
2,264

56.1
56.1
55.5
50.8
40.6

61.4
62.6
63.0
59.8
53.3

All disabled beneficiaries
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

1,265,055
1,364,396
1,513,536
1,706,759
1,903,272

4,786
10,251
30,426
132,080
300,410

104,330
136,072
170,380
230,895
374,430

442,841
452,851
483,392
537,073
570,274

4,071
3,842
3,618
4,239
4,892

Workers
1992
1993
1994

1,310,004
1,384,501
1,383,092

0
0
0

130,885
140,314
130,240

481,439
540,906
573,158

5,725
5,626
5,506

689,111
695,007
671,791

2,844
2,648
2,397

52.6
50.2
48.6

58.8
56.2
53.9

1995
1996
1997
1998

1,301,472
1,313,818
1,164,680
1,138,101

0
0
4,621
3,210

123,712
116,990
106,822
96,677

542,183
537,721
445,664
419,503

5,049
5,012
4,216
4,214

628,292
651,979
601,498
612,452

2,236
2,116
1,859
2,045

48.3
49.6
51.9
54.0

53.6
54.7
57.4
59.3

1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

1,167,664
1,265,214
1,414,598
1,602,789
1,802,488

4,675
10,074
29,973
130,257
296,376

102,306
133,967
168,094
228,297
371,475

416,422
427,066
457,809
507,742
538,366

4,023
3,807
3,575
4,180
4,835

638,452
688,427
753,268
730,230
589,254

1,786
1,873
1,879
2,083
2,182

54.9
54.8
54.4
49.6
39.1

60.5
61.7
62.2
59.0
52.2

29,099
29,633
30,011
28,902
24,691

37
29
19
19
49

72.8
74.3
75.0
73.1
68.1

75.1
76.8
77.7
76.1
71.6

Widow(er)s
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

40,055
39,996
40,238
40,580
38,536

69
99
240
1,036
2,302

1,173
1,257
1,344
1,535
1,647

9,660
8,967
8,611
9,068
9,818

17
11
13
20
29

(Continued)

126 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Table 53.
Outcomes at all adjudicative levels, by year of application, 1992–2003—Continued
Medical decisions

Year

Total

Pending
final
decision

Denials
Technical
denials a

Allowances

Subsequent
Medical nonmedical b

Awards

Subsequent
denials c

Award
rate d
(percent)

Allowance
rate e
(percent)

39,618
41,380
40,507
41,206
37,057

35
38
36
32
33

69.1
70.0
69.3
65.8
61.2

70.3
71.1
70.5
67.0
62.7

Adult children
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

57,336
59,186
58,700
63,390
62,248

42
78
213
787
1,732

851
848
942
1,063
1,308

16,759
16,818
16,972
20,263
22,090

31
24
30
39
28

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disability Research file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Data for the initial and reconsideration levels are current through June 2004. Data for the hearing level or above are current
through August 2004.
Because a number of applications remain pending for more recent years, the award and allowance rates will change over time. Cases
can be pending at the initial or appellate levels and can include either medical or technical issues.
Data include decisions for Social Security–only applications and applications for both Social Security and Supplemental Security Income
(SSI); they do not include SSI-only applications.
Data from 1992 to 1998 are available for disabled workers only.
a. Applications were denied for nonmedical reasons; therefore no decision was made on severity of impairment.
b. Applications were denied for nonmedical reasons after a decision was made that the applicant did not meet the medical severity
criteria for disability benefits.
c. Applications were denied for nonmedical reasons after a decision was made that the applicant met the medical severity criteria for
disability benefits.
d. Rate determined by dividing awards by all applications minus pending claims for that year.
e. Rate determined by dividing medical allowances by all medical decisions for that year.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 127

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Table 54.
Medical decisions at the initial adjudicative level, by year of application and program, 1992–2003
Decisions on applications
for Social Security only

All decisions

Year

Total

Allowances

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Total

Allowances

Decisions on applications
for both Social Security and SSI

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Total Allowances

Allowance
rate a,b
(percent)

All disabled beneficiaries
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

1,160,649
1,228,182
1,342,817
1,474,682
1,525,515

459,999
501,946
560,106
570,428
561,375

39.6
40.9
41.7
38.7
36.8

649,840
688,167
742,775
786,584
775,685

313,676
340,331
379,872
380,849
364,875

48.3
49.5
51.1
48.4
47.0

510,809
540,015
600,042
688,098
749,830

146,323
161,615
180,234
189,579
196,500

28.6
29.9
30.0
27.6
26.2

Workers
1992
1993
1994

1,179,119
1,244,187
1,252,852

436,715
421,560
390,785

37.0
33.9
31.2

558,741
571,464
591,408

248,385
240,839
233,059

44.5
42.1
39.4

620,378
672,723
661,444

188,330
180,721
157,726

30.4
26.9
23.8

1995
1996
1997
1998

1,177,760
1,196,828
1,057,794
1,041,362

367,293
384,167
357,880
374,376

31.2
32.1
33.8
36.0

569,962
593,990
551,891
550,773

223,457
237,474
228,793
238,989

39.2
40.0
41.5
43.4

607,798
602,838
505,903
490,589

143,836
146,693
129,087
135,387

23.7
24.3
25.5
27.6

1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

1,065,286
1,131,108
1,246,173
1,373,343
1,427,746

397,335
436,605
494,907
504,712
501,570

37.3
38.6
39.7
36.8
35.1

578,743
615,346
670,481
712,627
708,132

259,910
284,388
324,189
324,909
314,903

44.9
46.2
48.4
45.6
44.5

486,543
515,762
575,692
660,716
719,614

137,425
152,217
170,718
179,803
186,667

28.2
29.5
29.7
27.2
25.9

28.1
26.4
25.8
26.9
28.1

9,280
8,858
8,610
8,687
9,184

3,642
3,784
3,784
3,696
3,530

39.2
42.7
43.9
42.5
38.4

78.3
79.1
79.1
77.4
75.4

14,986
15,395
15,740
18,695
21,032

5,256
5,614
5,732
6,080
6,303

35.1
36.5
36.4
32.5
30.0

Widow(er)s
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

38,881
38,737
38,894
39,039
36,878

24,933
25,781
26,242
25,886
23,449

64.1
66.6
67.5
66.3
63.6

29,601
29,879
30,284
30,356
27,702

8,310
7,882
7,826
8,164
7,779

Adult children
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

56,482
58,337
57,750
62,300
60,891

37,731
39,560
38,957
39,830
36,356

66.8
67.8
67.5
63.9
59.7

41,496
42,942
42,010
43,605
39,859

32,475
33,946
33,225
33,750
30,053

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disability Research file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Data are current through June 2004.
Because a number of applications remain pending for more recent years, the allowance rate will change over time.
Applications with a medical decision may be pending a final nonmedical decision or be subsequently denied for nonmedical reasons.
Data from 1992 to 1998 are available for disabled workers only.
SSI = Supplemental Security Income.
a. Rate determined by dividing medical allowances by all medical decisions for that year.
b. Rate for the Social Security portion only.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

128 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Table 55.
Medical decisions at the reconsideration level, by year of application and program, 1992–2003
Decisions on applications
for Social Security only

All decisions

Year

Total

Allowances

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Total

Allowances

Decisions on applications
for both Social Security and SSI

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Total Allowances

Allowance
rate a,b
(percent)

All disabled beneficiaries
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

398,176
408,499
435,072
495,402
454,458

61,143
58,590
58,417
59,551
45,945

15.4
14.3
13.4
12.0
10.1

210,349
215,416
222,192
245,647
218,012

34,724
33,233
32,590
32,742
25,115

16.5
15.4
14.7
13.3
11.5

187,827
193,083
212,880
249,755
236,446

26,419
25,357
25,827
26,809
20,830

14.1
13.1
12.1
10.7
8.8

Workers
1992
1993
1994

419,798
469,151
489,731

53,881
58,275
62,757

12.8
12.4
12.8

190,594
206,606
226,013

25,352
27,306
31,468

13.3
13.2
13.9

229,204
262,545
263,718

28,529
30,969
31,289

12.4
11.8
11.9

1995
1996
1997
1998

458,035
464,580
403,207
384,976

60,584
65,466
59,978
61,742

13.2
14.1
14.9
16.0

218,949
226,331
206,130
199,271

31,563
33,596
33,373
34,043

14.4
14.8
16.2
17.1

239,086
238,249
197,077
185,705

29,021
31,870
26,605
27,699

12.1
13.4
13.5
14.9

1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

385,401
397,004
423,898
483,286
444,380

57,808
55,762
55,822
57,351
44,534

15.0
14.0
13.2
11.9
10.0

203,688
209,119
216,096
239,310
213,302

33,192
31,946
31,420
31,746
24,460

16.3
15.3
14.5
13.3
11.5

181,713
187,885
207,802
243,976
231,078

24,616
23,816
24,402
25,605
20,074

13.5
12.7
11.7
10.5
8.7

22.3
19.1
19.2
15.8
14.1

3,000
2,499
2,333
2,365
2,237

1,066
836
858
637
350

35.5
33.5
36.8
26.9
15.6

24.1
22.5
19.2
15.6
13.6

3,114
2,699
2,745
3,414
3,131

737
705
567
567
406

23.7
26.1
20.7
16.6
13.0

Widow(er)s
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

7,108
6,353
6,192
6,248
5,219

1,983
1,574
1,599
1,250
770

27.9
24.8
25.8
20.0
14.8

4,108
3,854
3,859
3,883
2,982

917
738
741
613
420

Adult children
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

5,667
5,142
4,982
5,868
4,859

1,352
1,254
996
950
641

23.9
24.4
20.0
16.2
13.2

2,553
2,443
2,237
2,454
1,728

615
549
429
383
235

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disability Research file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Data are current through June 2004.
Because a number of applications remain pending for more recent years, the allowance rate will change over time.
Applications with a medical decision may be pending a final nonmedical decision or be subsequently denied for nonmedical reasons.
A revised process was introduced on October 1, 1999, in 10 states, under which initial denials could be appealed directly to the hearing
level without a reconsideration.
Data from 1992 to 1998 are available for disabled workers only.
SSI = Supplemental Security Income.
a. Rate determined by dividing medical allowances by all medical decisions for that year.
b. Rate for the Social Security portion only.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 129

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Table 56.
Medical decisions at the hearing level or above, by year of application and program, 1992–2003
Decisions on applications
for Social Security only

All decisions

Year

Total

Allowances

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Total

Allowances

Decisions on applications
for both Social Security and SSI

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Total Allowances

Allowance
rate a,b
(percent)

All disabled beneficiaries
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

259,057
277,685
281,835
228,652
58,130

187,885
200,843
207,197
172,493
45,946

72.5
72.3
73.5
75.4
79.0

141,940
151,007
150,307
123,185
33,836

111,443
118,345
120,145
100,985
28,878

78.5
78.4
79.9
82.0
85.3

117,117
126,678
131,528
105,467
24,294

76,442
82,498
87,052
71,508
17,068

65.3
65.1
66.2
67.8
70.3

Workers
1992
1993
1994

275,863
310,655
323,607

201,359
217,816
220,645

73.0
70.1
68.2

131,624
143,997
156,458

105,371
112,593
119,338

80.1
78.2
76.3

144,239
166,658
167,149

95,988
105,223
101,307

66.5
63.1
60.6

1995
1996
1997
1998

301,916
306,243
262,704
248,298

202,651
204,462
185,499
178,379

67.1
66.8
70.6
71.8

150,881
157,788
139,052
133,420

113,746
116,190
107,191
104,389

75.4
73.6
77.1
78.2

151,035
148,455
123,652
114,878

88,905
88,272
78,308
73,990

58.9
59.5
63.3
64.4

1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

255,032
273,463
277,899
225,526
57,348

185,095
197,932
204,418
170,250
45,332

72.6
72.4
73.6
75.5
79.0

138,883
147,801
147,270
120,747
33,234

109,266
116,072
117,944
99,181
28,400

78.7
78.5
80.1
82.1
85.5

116,149
125,662
130,629
104,779
24,114

75,829
81,860
86,474
71,069
16,932

65.3
65.1
66.2
67.8
70.2

77.4
77.8
80.0
81.5
85.3

665
686
567
429
133

484
502
433
328
114

72.8
73.2
76.4
76.5
85.7

54.2
52.9
52.9
53.4
56.8

303
330
332
259
47

129
136
145
111
22

42.6
41.2
43.7
42.9
46.8

Widow(er)s
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

2,909
3,007
2,762
2,217
610

2,220
2,307
2,189
1,785
521

76.3
76.7
79.3
80.5
85.4

2,244
2,321
2,195
1,788
477

1,736
1,805
1,756
1,457
407

Adult children
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

1,116
1,215
1,174
909
172

570
604
590
458
93

51.1
49.7
50.3
50.4
54.1

813
885
842
650
125

441
468
445
347
71

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disability Research file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Data are current through August 2004.
Because a number of applications remain pending for more recent years, the allowance rate will change over time.
Applications with a medical decision may be pending a final nonmedical decision or be subsequently denied for nonmedical reasons.
A revised process was introduced on October 1, 1999, in 10 states, under which initial denials could be appealed directly to the hearing
level without a reconsideration.
Data from 1992 to 1998 are available for disabled workers only.
SSI = Supplemental Security Income.
a. Rate determined by dividing medical allowances by all medical decisions for that year.
b. Rate for the Social Security portion only.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

130 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Table 57.
Percentage distribution of final medical allowances, by year of application and reason for allowance,
1992–2003
Total
Year

Number

Percent

Meets level of
severity of listings

Equals level of
severity of listings

Medical and vocational
factors considered

Other

a

All disabled beneficiaries
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

707,169
759,440
823,786
800,338
651,002

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

33.1
31.4
30.6
31.8
37.4

5.9
6.2
6.2
6.0
6.9

27.0
29.5
30.7
33.7
42.1

34.0
32.9
32.5
28.5
13.6

Workers
1992
1993
1994

689,111
695,007
671,791

100.0
100.0
100.0

34.3
34.3
34.5

11.1
8.7
6.9

24.3
23.6
25.6

30.3
33.4
32.9

1995
1996
1997
1998

628,292
651,979
601,498
612,452

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

34.5
34.2
35.0
35.5

6.7
7.0
7.6
6.6

26.8
27.4
26.4
27.0

31.9
31.4
31.0
30.9

1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

638,452
688,427
753,268
730,230
589,254

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

33.7
32.0
31.2
32.5
38.5

6.3
6.6
6.5
6.3
7.4

28.4
30.9
32.1
35.3
44.7

31.7
30.5
30.2
25.9
9.4

2.5
2.5
2.6
2.2
2.5

24.6
26.3
27.1
28.0
30.1

58.0
58.3
57.9
57.8
54.8

3.2
3.1
3.0
3.0
3.1

7.4
7.3
8.0
8.0
9.1

53.5
54.7
55.9
55.8
52.0

Widow(er)s
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

29,099
29,633
30,011
28,902
24,691

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

14.9
12.8
12.3
12.1
12.5

Adult children
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

39,618
41,380
40,507
41,206
37,057

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

35.9
35.0
33.0
33.2
35.8

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disability Research file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Data for the initial and reconsideration levels are current through June 2004. Data for the hearing level or above are current
through August 2004.
Because a number of applications remain pending for more recent years, the numbers and percentages will change over time.
Applications with a medical decision may be pending a final nonmedical decision or be subsequently denied for nonmedical reasons.
Data include decisions for Social Security–only applications and applications for both Social Security and Supplemental Security Income
(SSI); they do not include SSI-only claims.
Data from 1992 to 1998 are available for disabled workers only.
a. Includes applications for which the disability was previously established and those for which the basis for the determination is not
available. The majority of applications for which the basis of determination is not available are cases allowed at or above the hearing
level.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 131

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Table 58.
Percentage distribution of final medical denials, by year of application and reason for denial, 1992–2003

Total
Year

Number

Percent

Impairment did not or
is not expected to
last 12 months

Impairment
is not severe

Able to do
usual past work

Able to do
other type of work

Other

a

All disabled beneficiaries
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

446,912
456,693
487,010
541,312
575,166

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

10.3
10.1
9.4
8.8
8.0

17.8
17.2
16.8
17.2
17.0

28.3
28.2
27.9
27.9
28.4

30.8
30.4
30.8
30.6
31.1

12.8
14.1
15.1
15.5
15.5

Workers
1992
1993
1994

487,164
546,532
578,664

100.0
100.0
100.0

10.7
10.4
10.2

22.9
22.7
21.5

28.4
27.6
25.9

29.6
29.8
28.8

8.4
9.5
13.6

1995
1996
1997
1998

547,232
542,733
449,880
423,717

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

10.6
10.2
10.7
10.8

20.8
19.6
18.6
18.3

25.4
24.7
25.8
27.8

29.4
30.6
30.6
30.8

13.8
14.8
14.2
12.3

1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

420,445
430,873
461,384
511,922
543,201

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

10.7
10.5
9.7
9.1
8.3

17.4
16.7
16.4
16.8
16.7

29.3
29.3
28.9
28.9
29.4

30.1
29.7
30.2
29.8
30.4

12.6
13.8
14.9
15.3
15.3

31.8
31.4
31.1
32.4
33.4

22.7
22.4
22.8
24.0
24.2

10.8
12.1
13.7
13.0
13.0

0.7
0.7
0.9
0.8
0.7

53.3
51.9
52.8
53.6
53.6

20.2
21.7
22.4
21.8
22.0

Widow(er)s
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

9,677
8,978
8,624
9,088
9,847

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

5.6
5.3
4.7
4.8
4.6

29.1
29.0
27.6
25.7
24.7

Adult children
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

16,790
16,842
17,002
20,302
22,118

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

3.1
2.9
2.6
2.3
2.2

22.7
22.9
21.3
21.4
21.5

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disability Research file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Data for the initial and reconsideration levels are current through June 2004. Data for the hearing level or above are current
through August 2004.
Because a number of applications remain pending for more recent years, the numbers and percentages will change over time.
Applications with a medical decision may be pending a final nonmedical decision or be subsequently denied for nonmedical reasons.
Data include decisions for Social Security–only applications and applications for both Social Security and Supplemental Security Income
(SSI); they do not include SSI-only claims.
Data from 1992 to 1998 are available for disabled workers only.
a. Applicant has an impairment resulting from drug addiction or alcoholism, provided insufficient medical evidence, failed to cooperate,
failed to follow prescribed treatment, did not want to continue development of the claim, or returned to substantial work before disability
could be established. Also includes cases denied at or above the hearing level for which the basis of determination is not available.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

132 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

Disabled Beneficiaries
Receiving Social Security,
SSI, or Both

Disabled Beneficiaries Receiving Social Security, SSI, or Both
Chart 11.
Social Security and SSI beneficiaries aged 18–64 receiving benefits on the basis of disability,
December 2004
In December 2004, more than 9.8 million people aged 18 to 64 received benefits on the basis of disability. About
59 percent (5.8 million) received benefits from the Social Security program only, 29 percent (2.9 million) received
benefits from the Supplemental Security Income program (SSI) only, and 12 percent (1.2 million) received benefits
from both programs.

Social Security
only
5.8 million

Concurrent
1.2 million

SSI only
2.9 million

Total 9.8 million
SOURCE: Table 59.
NOTE: Sum of each category does not equal the total because of rounding.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 135

Disabled Beneficiaries Receiving Social Security, SSI, or Both
Table 59.
Number aged 18–64, by program, December 1996–2004
Both Social Security and SSI

Social Security only
Year

Total

Total

Workers Widow(er)s

Adult
children

SSI only

Total

Workers Widow(er)s

Adult
children

Number
1996
1997
1998
1999

7,689,664
7,811,748
8,086,259
8,399,309

4,122,152
4,250,155
4,440,264
4,703,774

-----

-----

-----

2,559,750
2,550,105
2,618,615
2,650,586

1,007,762
1,011,488
1,027,380
1,044,949

-----

-----

-----

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

8,599,465
8,791,338
9,106,014
9,445,573
9,773,201

4,850,835
4,979,844
5,228,262
5,492,325
5,756,093

-4,495,477
4,738,246
4,997,137
5,257,314

-87,833
87,900
87,203
89,874

-396,534
402,116
407,985
408,905

2,690,446
2,732,020
2,768,782
2,811,647
2,850,815

1,058,184
1,079,474
1,108,970
1,141,601
1,166,293

-772,562
801,351
833,269
858,850

-35,222
34,671
34,101
33,072

-271,690
272,948
274,231
274,371

Total monthly benefits

a

(millions of dollars)

1996
1997
1998
1999

4,887
5,106
5,379
5,680

3,072
3,245
3,444
3,691

-----

-----

-----

1,222
1,257
1,313
1,346

584
604
622
643

-----

-----

-----

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

6,058
6,542
6,920
7,416
7,980

3,975
4,299
4,629
5,024
5,464

-3,976
4,294
4,674
5,096

-65
67
69
72

-258
268
281
296

1,408
1,491
1,544
1,603
1,686

675
719
747
790
829

-530
554
592
626

-22
22
22
22

-167
171
176
180

Average monthly benefit

b

(dollars)

1996
1997
1998
1999

624.80
637.80
649.90
662.50

744.60
762.80
775.00
784.10

-----

-----

-----

456.00
458.10
467.90
477.60

546.90
557.10
564.30
576.70

-----

-----

-----

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

689.30
722.84
744.40
768.50
796.80

818.80
862.60
884.60
914.10
947.80

-883.70
905.40
934.80
967.80

-744.80
764.40
790.80
804.80

-650.00
666.00
687.30
722.50

489.00
506.80
522.50
533.50
545.90

594.90
615.20
625.20
638.20
655.20

-618.40
626.90
639.90
657.10

-595.10
608.30
620.90
639.10

-608.70
622.20
635.10
651.40

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file and Supplemental
Security Record file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Supplemental Security Income (SSI) counts include recipients of federal SSI, federally administered state supplementation, or
both. Social Security beneficiaries who are entitled to a primary and a secondary benefit (dual entitlement) are counted only once in this
table.
-- = not available.
a. Includes retroactive SSI payments.
b. Excludes retroactive payments for both programs.
CONTACT: Art Kahn (410) 965-0186 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

136 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

Disabled Beneficiaries Receiving Social Security, SSI, or Both
Table 60.
Number aged 18–64, by state or other area, December 2004
Workers

State or area
All areas

Total

Widow(er)s

Average
Number SSI benefit a
with SSI
(dollars)

Total

Adult children

Average
Number SSI benefit a
with SSI
(dollars)

Total

Average
Number SSI benefit a
with SSI
(dollars)

6,116,164

858,850

188.80

122,946

33,072

194.70

683,276

274,371

241.40

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

156,743
9,041
113,182
96,311
521,639

22,869
1,397
11,538
13,150
139,540

154.20
159.90
167.00
154.30
284.30

3,683
166
1,697
2,057
9,069

1,192
35
342
658
3,699

170.20
175.60
180.40
164.60
302.70

15,679
712
8,330
8,465
58,881

8,174
290
3,095
4,260
37,194

216.40
219.00
220.00
224.10
358.80

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

68,060
61,735
19,251
9,335
372,501

8,721
6,353
1,921
1,718
44,082

158.40
159.10
168.40
187.10
158.80

933
829
237
193
6,010

188
252
46
71
1,489

185.20
188.90
162.10
201.40
171.50

5,356
8,326
1,722
1,180
31,616

2,108
2,115
586
415
12,447

208.60
217.90
197.00
260.60
212.90

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

184,332
17,511
26,910
209,408
132,840

24,049
1,961
3,764
23,643
15,602

147.00
213.80
168.20
174.40
171.90

3,976
319
428
4,385
2,478

1,331
76
80
993
431

164.60
207.50
175.40
179.80
175.50

18,562
2,026
2,376
29,028
15,322

9,015
974
930
7,505
3,896

204.40
363.10
200.70
218.50
207.60

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

55,834
50,123
151,384
108,780
43,567

8,217
6,729
23,683
16,367
6,340

174.80
165.60
162.70
165.10
158.90

795
778
4,659
4,219
614

190
168
1,407
1,224
180

156.40
167.90
186.60
167.00
155.70

7,516
5,397
14,831
17,217
4,035

2,350
1,813
7,473
8,008
1,939

197.20
200.50
230.70
231.90
210.50

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

84,952
143,811
224,667
84,479
100,754

9,736
25,561
28,532
10,417
15,399

163.70
188.80
177.60
166.30
153.80

1,451
1,952
4,753
907
2,702

331
733
1,007
193
998

161.00
240.30
176.90
186.30
168.70

9,804
15,957
30,168
10,083
10,909

3,150
6,576
11,545
3,053
5,994

195.50
239.30
206.70
202.40
234.70

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

150,838
19,405
30,892
43,015
30,467

19,102
2,561
4,276
4,191
2,728

169.00
163.20
163.90
159.20
162.40

2,861
319
400
618
303

706
93
66
82
45

177.30
196.30
190.50
202.40
144.20

14,609
1,942
3,657
2,454
2,472

5,595
818
1,312
797
780

214.20
194.80
204.10
216.70
198.00

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

145,331
41,137
382,164
234,509
10,338

16,183
6,233
59,725
27,715
1,396

172.30
163.00
213.60
157.00
160.70

2,149
828
7,321
3,893
154

544
252
2,469
1,221
39

189.90
164.30
218.80
167.00
171.20

17,827
4,050
50,220
20,848
1,702

5,402
2,047
23,575
9,365
628

216.90
226.10
278.80
208.60
199.00

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

227,611
83,155
70,440
272,451
27,567

32,045
10,410
9,606
37,521
4,863

179.30
169.90
160.20
185.60
180.20

5,819
1,849
1,119
6,007
336

1,237
481
209
1,572
100

180.90
169.00
181.90
193.20
219.10

31,502
8,310
6,572
34,413
2,734

9,144
3,229
2,342
13,030
1,271

214.30
215.40
199.20
236.20
236.20
(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 137

Disabled Beneficiaries Receiving Social Security, SSI, or Both
Table 60.
Number aged 18–64, by state or other area, December 2004—Continued
Workers

State or area

Total

Widow(er)s

Average
Number SSI benefit a
with SSI
(dollars)

Total

Adult children

Average
Number SSI benefit a
with SSI
(dollars)

Total

Average
Number SSI benefit a
with SSI
(dollars)

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

122,968
13,652
170,824
346,054
26,832

13,099
1,951
22,133
48,162
3,215

156.40
169.40
160.10
161.80
167.20

2,504
207
4,145
8,563
361

799
67
1,222
2,371
70

177.10
191.60
185.80
177.10
190.40

12,128
1,733
16,816
37,722
3,098

5,511
790
7,819
15,410
927

205.90
198.70
213.80
220.00
208.10

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

14,819
154,561
113,917
75,035
103,407
9,046

2,628
17,431
15,294
9,116
14,674
1,128

183.90
158.70
166.10
162.70
166.20
162.10

234
3,177
1,700
2,606
1,324
110

90
782
319
586
305
19

171.70
157.30
180.30
175.00
170.70
192.40

1,668
15,509
10,874
8,948
13,993
796

914
6,249
3,535
3,915
4,739
246

222.70
210.80
206.50
225.40
192.00
192.20

148,579

175

165.30

4,749

12

146.40

23,181

76

282.40

Outlying areas

b

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file, 100 percent data, and
Supplemental Security Record file, 100 percent data.
NOTE: Supplemental Security Income (SSI) counts include recipients of federal SSI, federally administered state supplementation, or
both. Social Security beneficiaries who are entitled to a primary and a secondary benefit (dual entitlement) are counted only once in this
table.
a. Excludes retroactive payments.
b. Includes American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, and foreign countries.
CONTACT: Art Kahn (410) 965-0186 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

138 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

Disabled Beneficiaries Receiving Social Security, SSI, or Both
Table 61.
Number aged 18–64 as a percentage of the resident population aged 18–64, by state,
December 2004
Beneficiaries
Resident population a

Number

Percentage of
resident population

184,083,421

9,596,399

5.2

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

2,837,690
425,319
3,464,503
1,694,973
22,474,379

242,678
14,885
163,656
140,402
987,040

8.6
3.5
4.7
8.3
4.4

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

2,971,543
2,191,123
527,897
376,805
10,466,288

97,363
94,957
26,627
20,792
550,231

3.3
4.3
5.0
5.5
5.3

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

5,649,734
792,139
862,156
7,954,855
3,865,264

288,585
29,178
39,159
365,730
194,589

5.1
3.7
4.5
4.6
5.0

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

1,840,875
1,697,432
2,646,408
2,823,165
845,373

82,337
72,700
257,168
205,136
62,637

4.5
4.3
9.7
7.3
7.4

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

3,528,507
4,097,973
6,332,586
3,245,499
1,800,530

136,865
232,877
365,117
126,602
163,197

3.9
5.7
5.8
3.9
9.1

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

3,604,384
592,223
1,080,845
1,469,096
837,834

219,967
28,426
44,156
59,149
39,490

6.1
4.8
4.1
4.0
4.7

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

5,416,679
1,181,528
12,161,909
5,390,480
402,240

221,823
66,968
688,515
331,887
15,284

4.1
5.7
5.7
6.2
3.8

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

7,154,883
2,199,243
2,282,408
7,672,780
686,232

390,522
127,927
104,440
460,193
42,941

5.5
5.8
4.6
6.0
6.3

State
United States

(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 139

Disabled Beneficiaries Receiving Social Security, SSI, or Both
Table 61.
Number aged 18–64 as a percentage of the resident population aged 18–64, by state,
December 2004—Continued
Beneficiaries
State
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

Resident population a

Number

Percentage of
resident population

2,652,976
470,516
3,771,620
14,006,633
1,441,214

179,766
20,274
262,539
565,046
40,108

6.8
4.3
7.0
4.0
2.8

405,738
4,808,006
4,014,623
1,152,359
3,485,472
328,484

21,883
226,554
180,133
128,266
157,128
12,506

5.4
4.7
4.5
11.1
4.5
3.8

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file, 100 percent data, and
Supplemental Security Record file, 100 percent data; U.S. Census Bureau, 2004 estimates of resident population.
NOTES: Data exclude United States territories and other areas.
Supplemental Security Income (SSI) counts include recipients of federal SSI, federally administered state supplementation, or both. Social
Security beneficiaries who are entitled to a primary and a secondary benefit (dual entitlement) are counted only once in this table.
a. Population estimates for the United States as of July 1, 2004, as reported by the U.S. Census Bureau.
CONTACT: Art Kahn (410) 965-0186 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

140 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

Disabled Beneficiaries Receiving Social Security, SSI, or Both
Table 62.
Distribution of beneficiaries aged 18–64, by diagnostic group, December 2004
Social Security only
Diagnostic group

Total

Workers Widow(er)s

Both Social Security and SSI
Adult
children

SSI only

Workers Widow(er)s

Adult
children

858,850

33,072

274,371

Number
Total
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and
metabolic diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming
organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and sense
organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

9,773,201

5,257,314

89,874

408,905 2,850,815

36,501

8,122

121

4,818

18,180

2,183

45

3,032

365,231
160,268
350,365

206,498
91,926
239,773

8,007
742
2,180

1,480
1,381
5,912

107,211
46,929
69,942

37,297
17,658
28,610

3,463
342
587

1,275
1,290
3,361

1,261,956
2,894,922
206,046

192,983
1,407,432
158,407

3,898
21,393
1,773

192,164
615,802
59,268 1,006,178
1,035
31,837

115,982
347,203
11,946

3,955
7,585
378

137,172
45,863
670

28,706
733,216
121,915
134,798

12,517
539,710
83,731
91,038

141
9,330
984
798

937
2,015
343
920

11,116
132,890
26,426
29,444

2,967
45,073
9,918
11,502

63
2,990
282
251

965
1,208
231
845

1,815,744

1,389,395

24,542

2,679

267,262

123,404

6,285

2,177

883,944
259,385
19,461
20,241
480,502

525,769
169,603
12,994
10,766
116,650

6,251
4,927
181
105
4,501

40,345
473
146
707
94,282

220,091
62,102
4,184
6,976
194,245

64,015
20,266
1,801
1,144
17,881

1,681
1,550
51
24
3,540

25,792
464
104
519
49,403
(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 141

Disabled Beneficiaries Receiving Social Security, SSI, or Both
Table 62.
Distribution of beneficiaries aged 18–64, by diagnostic group, December 2004—Continued
Social Security only
Diagnostic group

Total

Workers Widow(er)s

Both Social Security and SSI
Adult
children

SSI only

Workers Widow(er)s

Adult
children

Percent
Total
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and
metabolic diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming
organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and sense
organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

0.4

0.2

0.1

1.2

0.6

0.3

0.1

1.1

3.7
1.6
3.6

3.9
1.7
4.6

8.9
0.8
2.4

0.4
0.3
1.4

3.8
1.6
2.5

4.3
2.1
3.3

10.5
1.0
1.8

0.5
0.5
1.2

12.9
29.6
2.1

3.7
26.8
3.0

4.3
23.8
2.0

47.0
14.5
0.3

21.6
35.3
1.1

13.5
40.4
1.4

12.0
22.9
1.1

50.0
16.7
0.2

0.3
7.5
1.2
1.4

0.2
10.3
1.6
1.7

0.2
10.4
1.1
0.9

0.2
0.5
0.1
0.2

0.4
4.7
0.9
1.0

0.3
5.2
1.2
1.3

0.2
9.0
0.9
0.8

0.4
0.4
0.1
0.3

18.6

26.4

27.3

0.7

9.4

14.4

19.0

0.8

9.0
2.7
0.2
0.2
4.9

10.0
3.2
0.2
0.2
2.2

7.0
5.5
0.2
0.1
5.0

9.9
0.1
a
0.2
23.1

7.7
2.2
0.1
0.2
6.8

7.5
2.4
0.2
0.1
2.1

5.1
4.7
0.2
0.1
10.7

9.4
0.2
a
0.2
18.0

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file, 100 percent data, and
Supplemental Security Record file, 100 percent data.
NOTE: Supplemental Security Income (SSI) counts include recipients of federal SSI, federally administered state supplementation, or
both. Social Security beneficiaries who are entitled to a primary and a secondary benefit (dual entitlement) are counted only once in this
table.
a. Less than 0.05 percent.
CONTACT: Art Kahn (410) 965-0186 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

142 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

Noninstitutionalized
Disabled Beneficiaries:
Survey of Income
and Program Participation

Notes
The Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) is a household survey of the noninstitutionalized resident population of
the United States conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau. The survey was designed to improve the measurement of the economic situation of persons, families, and households in the United States and to provide a tool for managing and evaluating government transfer and service programs.
The 2001 SIPP panel consists of 9 interviews, or waves, each of which gathered 4 months of retrospective data. The initial
sample includes approximately 36,700 households, divided into 4 rotation groups. The SIPP has been matched to the Social
Security Administration’s (SSA’s) administrative records for respondents who provided their Social Security number. The administrative records provide data on the receipt and amount of Supplemental Security Income (SSI) and Old-Age, Survivors, and
Disability Insurance (OASDI, or Social Security) benefits for all months covered by the SIPP panel. For SIPP respondents who
did not provide their Social Security number, benefit receipt and amounts are taken from the SIPP. All other characteristics and
income amounts are taken from the SIPP.
The tables in this section use data from wave 2 of the 2001 SIPP. Social Security Disability Insurance beneficiaries are
identified as of reference month 4 of the wave 2 interviews, which corresponds to May, June, July, or August 2001, depending on
the rotation group. Sample cases are weighted using SIPP person weights. In this year’s tables, the weights are adjusted by
type of beneficiary so that the weighted total number of Social Security Disability Insurance beneficiaries matches the estimated
number of noninstitutionalized Social Security Disability Insurance beneficiaries in SSA administrative records. Beneficiary characteristics, such as age, sex, race, education, marital status, living arrangements, and health insurance, reflect reference
month 4. Income and poverty data are based on all 4 months included in the wave 2 interviews and thus cover a 4-month period
between February 2001 and August 2001, depending on the rotation group. The poverty thresholds are provided in the SIPP for
the 4 months covered in wave 2 and are adjusted for family size and composition.
The use of a single wave, or 4 months, of data for income and poverty estimates is a significant change from previous
years, in which annual income and poverty data were reported. The single-wave approach, and particularly the use of wave 2,
was followed for several reasons: Social Security numbers for matching to SSA administrative records were collected in wave 2;
the sample in the 2001 SIPP panel was cut between waves 1 and 2; and sample attrition is less of a concern early in a panel.
An additional change from the SIPP-based estimates published in the 2002 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security
Disability Insurance Program is the method of defining Disability Insurance beneficiaries. In the 2002 publication, estimates
were based on actual payments received in a given month, which may include lump-sum payments of retroactive benefits. This
year, the estimates are based on payment eligibility, which is consistent with the definition of beneficiaries used elsewhere in the
report.
In tabulations of Medicaid coverage for SSI recipients, the SIPP Medicaid variable has been recoded to reflect the fact that
SSI recipients in certain states, sometimes referred to as Section 1634 states, are automatically covered by Medicaid. Thirtytwo states and the District of Columbia provide automatic Medicaid coverage for SSI recipients, accounting for approximately
78 percent of all SSI recipients.
SIPP and SSA counts of disabled beneficiaries differ because the SIPP excludes people living in institutions or outside the
continental United States. In addition, the match rate between the SIPP and SSA records is not perfect; thus, self-reported benefit information must be used for individuals who could not be matched to SSA records. Furthermore, the SIPP estimates are
based on a sample and therefore are subject to sampling error. Standard errors can be used to measure this sampling variability
and to determine the statistical significance of the estimates. Various sources of nonsampling error also may be important.
Because the SIPP uses a complex sample design, it is inappropriate to calculate standard errors assuming a simple random sample. Doing so will result in estimated standard errors that are biased downward. Readers interested in information
about SIPP variance estimates are referred to the SIPP Users’ Guide, available on the SIPP Web site at http://www.sipp.census.
gov/sipp/usrguide/sipp2001.pdf. The Users’ Guide provides information on direct calculation of standard errors for SIPP estimates. It also provides detailed instructions for calculating standard errors using generalized variance parameters.
Because of concerns about sampling variability and statistical reliability, distributions for which the base is fewer than
150,000 weighted cases are not shown. In addition, individual cells that contain less than 1.0 percent of a distribution are
rounded to zero. Therefore, some distributions will not sum to the total.

Noninstitutionalized Disabled Beneficiaries
Chart 12.
Educational level of disabled-worker beneficiaries, 2001
Disabled workers have varying levels of education and tend to be less educated than the general U.S. population.
Twenty-five percent of disabled-worker beneficiaries have less than a high school education, 38 percent have a
high school education, 28 percent have some college education, and 10 percent have a college degree or postgraduate level of education.

16 or more years
of education
10%

0–8 years
of education
10%

9–11 years
of education
15%
13–15 years
of education
28%

12 years
of education
38%
SOURCE: Table 63.
NOTE: Percentages do not add to 100 because of rounding.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 145

Noninstitutionalized Disabled Beneficiaries
Chart 13.
Sources of disabled-worker family income, 2001
Social Security benefits are the primary source of income for disabled-worker families. About 45 percent of their
income comes from Social Security, 36 percent from family members' earnings, and 4 percent from Supplemental
Security Income. Only 1 percent comes from other public assistance.

Property
income
2%

Other
11%

Other public
assistance
1%

Social Security
45%
Family members'
earnings
36%

Supplemental
Security Income
4%
SOURCE: Table 66.
NOTE: Percentages do not add to 100 because of rounding.

146 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

Noninstitutionalized Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 63.
Distribution, by selected personal characteristics, 2001
Number
Characteristic

Percentage of all beneficiaries

Total

Workers

Total

Workers

5,777,265

5,021,777

100.0

100.0

Sex
Men
Women

3,014,079
2,763,187

2,700,928
2,320,849

52.2
47.8

53.8
46.2

Race
White
Black
American Indian, Alaska Native
Asian, Pacific Islander

4,440,305
1,187,309
69,954
79,697

3,891,451
989,515
66,967
73,845

76.9
20.6
1.2
1.4

77.5
19.7
1.3
1.5

Ethnicity
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic

550,336
5,226,929

466,823
4,554,954

9.5
90.5

9.3
90.7

Marital status
Married
Widowed
Divorced or separated
Never married

2,493,490
441,994
1,301,189
1,540,593

2,435,673
242,463
1,273,787
1,069,854

43.2
7.7
22.5
26.7

48.5
4.8
25.4
21.3

Years of education
0–8
9–11
12
13–15
16 or more

708,150
848,884
2,212,433
1,454,797
553,001

486,667
729,622
1,885,525
1,395,925
524,038

12.3
14.7
38.3
25.2
9.6

9.7
14.5
37.6
27.8
10.4

Relationship to householder
Householder
Spouse
Child
Grandchild
Parent
Sibling
Other relative
Other nonrelative

3,370,987
1,030,976
714,987
0
106,616
135,914
97,499
313,160

3,092,060
1,011,721
419,582
0
62,148
81,704
74,313
273,125

58.4
17.9
12.4
0.1
1.9
2.4
1.7
5.4

61.6
20.2
8.4
0.1
1.2
1.6
1.5
5.4

Health insurance a
Medicaid
Medicare
Private
None

2,224,650
3,237,302
2,406,953
537,687

1,712,883
2,828,038
2,200,805
498,842

38.5
56.0
41.7
9.3

34.1
56.3
43.8
9.9

Source of income a
Public assistance
Supplemental Security Income
Other
Earnings
Property income
Other

1,219,905
1,526,269
1,287,381
1,643,520
1,394,892

826,982
1,116,829
1,116,572
1,527,355
1,282,030

21.1
26.4
22.3
28.5
24.1

16.5
22.2
22.2
30.4
25.5

All beneficiaries

(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 147

Noninstitutionalized Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 63.
Distribution, by selected personal characteristics, 2001—Continued
Number
Total

Workers

Total

Workers

137,268
68,568
109,145
279,175
999,972
658,695
540,878
444,514
412,388
288,747
1,837,916

126,516
63,383
83,288
240,287
739,141
574,236
448,378
396,720
380,887
279,128
1,689,813

2.4
1.2
1.9
4.8
17.3
11.4
9.4
7.7
7.1
5.0
31.8

2.5
1.3
1.7
4.8
14.7
11.4
8.9
7.9
7.6
5.6
33.7

Characteristic
Total personal income in wave 2 b (dollars)
Less than 500
500–999
1,000–1,499
1,500–1,999
2,000–2,499
2,500–2,999
3,000–3,499
3,500–3,999
4,000–4,499
4,500–4,999
5,000 or more

Percentage of all beneficiaries

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, administrative records, matched to U.S. Census Bureau, 2001 Survey of Income and Program
Participation, wave 2, reference month 4.
NOTES: Individuals receiving disability benefits in reference month 4 of wave 2 of the 2001 SIPP are identified using SSA administrative
data for those who provided a valid Social Security number and using self-reported SIPP data for those who did not provide a valid
number. The unweighted sample size is 1,514 cases for all disabled beneficiaries and 1,389 for disabled workers. Disabled widow(er)s
and disabled adult children are not shown separately because the unweighted sample size is too small to support statistically reliable
estimates.
Cells that contain less than 1.0 percent of all beneficiaries are rounded to zero because of concerns about sampling variability. Therefore,
some distributions will not add to the total.
a. Individuals may be counted in more than one category.
b. Data are based on the sum of the 4 months included in wave 2. This represents a change from tables for previous years, in which
annual income data were reported.
CONTACT: Paul Davies (202) 358-6277 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

148 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

Noninstitutionalized Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 64.
Social Security as a percentage of personal income, by selected characteristics, 2001
Percentage distribution
Characteristic

Number

Percentage
of total

Total

Under 25%
of income

25–49%
of income

50–74%
of income

75–99%
of income

100% of
income

All disabled beneficiaries
Total

5,777,265

100.0

100.0

20.7

12.7

17.6

21.2

27.8

Sex
Men
Women

3,014,079
2,763,187

52.2
47.8

100.0
100.0

22.3
18.9

13.1
12.3

14.9
20.7

19.3
23.4

30.5
24.8

Age
Under 25
25–34
35–44
45–54
55 or older

171,455
563,498
1,199,514
1,968,254
1,874,543

3.0
9.8
20.8
34.1
32.5

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

37.8
23.6
26.7
19.8
15.3

20.3
14.0
14.3
12.7
10.5

7.2
19.6
16.1
16.9
19.7

7.5
16.3
16.4
25.0
23.1

27.2
26.5
26.4
25.5
31.4

Race
White
Black
American Indian, Alaska Native
Asian, Pacific Islander

4,440,305
1,187,309
69,954
79,697

76.9
20.6
1.2
1.4

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

21.2
19.7
a
a

12.2
13.2
a
a

16.9
18.6
a
a

23.0
15.2
a
a

26.7
33.4
a
a

Ethnicity
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic

550,336
5,226,929

9.5
90.5

100.0
100.0

28.4
19.9

10.1
13.0

12.2
18.2

14.2
22.0

35.0
27.0

Marital status
Married
Widowed
Divorced or separated
Never married

2,493,490
441,994
1,301,189
1,540,593

43.2
7.7
22.5
26.7

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

22.9
16.0
18.1
20.6

11.5
9.2
13.4
15.0

12.6
39.2
20.3
17.5

24.0
20.3
19.1
19.0

29.1
15.4
29.2
27.9

Years of education
0–8
9–11
12
13–15
16 or more

708,150
848,884
2,212,433
1,454,797
553,001

12.3
14.7
38.3
25.2
9.6

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

16.8
14.1
20.2
22.4
33.1

10.3
10.5
13.1
12.4
18.1

22.3
20.1
17.8
15.6
12.9

15.7
18.3
22.2
24.0
22.0

35.0
37.1
26.8
25.6
13.9

Living arrangement
Lives alone
Lives with relatives
Lives only with nonrelatives

1,149,840
4,317,837
309,589

19.9
74.7
5.4

100.0
100.0
100.0

15.4
22.3
17.6

14.5
12.0
16.1

21.7
16.0
25.4

24.3
20.9
14.5

24.1
28.8
26.6

Disabled workers
Total
Sex
Men
Women

5,021,777

100.0

100.0

20.2

12.9

15.8

22.1

28.9

2,700,928
2,320,849

53.8
46.2

100.0
100.0

21.5
18.7

12.8
13.1

14.3
17.7

20.3
24.3

31.1
26.3
(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 149

Noninstitutionalized Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 64.
Social Security as a percentage of personal income, by selected characteristics, 2001—Continued
Percentage distribution
Characteristic

Number

Percentage
of total

Total

Under 25%
of income

25–49%
of income

50–74%
of income

75–99%
of income

100% of
income

Disabled workers (cont.)
Age
Under 25
25–34
35–44
45–54
55 or older

80,553
386,793
1,038,800
1,752,882
1,762,749

1.6
7.7
20.7
34.9
35.1

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

a
24.7
25.0
20.4
15.2

a
16.6
14.7
12.5
10.8

a
12.8
16.4
13.8
18.6

a
16.8
17.0
26.6
22.9

a
29.2
27.0
26.8
32.5

Race
White
Black
American Indian, Alaska Native
Asian, Pacific Islander

3,891,451
989,515
66,967
73,845

77.5
19.7
1.3
1.5

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

20.9
18.2
a
a

12.3
14.1
a
a

15.4
14.9
a
a

23.9
16.5
a
a

27.5
36.4
a
a

Ethnicity
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic

466,823
4,554,954

9.3
90.7

100.0
100.0

25.3
19.7

10.1
13.2

12.9
16.2

14.7
22.9

37.0
28.1

Marital status
Married
Widowed
Divorced or separated
Never married

2,435,673
242,463
1,273,787
1,069,854

48.5
4.8
25.4
21.3

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

22.4
15.5
17.6
19.3

11.5
16.8
13.5
14.7

12.6
25.4
19.9
16.3

24.5
19.8
19.2
20.6

29.0
22.5
29.8
29.0

Years of education
0–8
9–11
12
13–15
16 or more

486,667
729,622
1,885,525
1,395,925
524,038

9.7
14.5
37.6
27.8
10.4

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

16.9
14.5
18.4
22.0
32.8

11.5
11.4
13.1
12.6
16.8

15.7
15.6
17.0
15.3
13.6

18.1
20.0
22.1
24.7
22.1

37.9
38.5
29.3
25.5
14.7

Living arrangement
Lives alone
Lives with relatives
Lives only with nonrelatives

1,044,469
3,707,754
269,554

20.8
73.8
5.4

100.0
100.0
100.0

14.5
21.9
19.0

14.8
12.3
14.4

19.0
14.6
21.2

25.7
21.7
14.8

26.1
29.6
30.5

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, administrative records, matched to U.S. Census Bureau, 2001 Survey of Income and Program
Participation, wave 2, reference month 4.
NOTES: Individuals receiving disability benefits in reference month 4 of wave 2 of the 2001 SIPP are identified using SSA administrative
data for those who provided a valid Social Security number and using self-reported SIPP data for those who did not provide a valid
number. The unweighted sample size is 1,514 cases for all disabled beneficiaries and 1,389 for disabled workers. Disabled widow(er)s
and disabled adult children are not shown separately because the unweighted sample size is too small to support statistically reliable
estimates.
Cells that contain less than 1.0 percent of all beneficiaries are rounded to zero because of concerns about sampling variability. Therefore,
some distributions will not add to the total.
Personal income data are based on the 4 months included in wave 2 of the 2001 SIPP. This represents a change from tables for previous
years, in which annual income data were reported.
a. Sample size is too small to support statistically reliable estimates. Distributions for which the base is fewer than 150,000 weighted
cases are not shown.
CONTACT: Paul Davies (202) 358-6277 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

150 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

Noninstitutionalized Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 65.
Distribution, by household and family characteristics, 2001
Number
Characteristic

Percentage of all beneficiaries

Total

Workers

Total

Workers

5,777,265

5,021,777

100.0

100.0

2,831,071
267,032
1,105,663

2,594,974
218,973
792,601

49.0
4.6
19.1

51.7
4.4
15.8

771,521
762,361
0

714,338
671,468
0

13.4
13.2
0

14.2
13.4
0

3,570,146
2,207,119

3,121,776
1,900,001

61.8
38.2

62.2
37.8

360,529

310,431

6.2

6.2

Household receipt of a —
Energy assistance
Housing assistance
Food stamps

331,546
247,775
1,025,286

269,639
193,185
828,981

5.7
4.3
17.8

5.4
3.9
16.5

Household size
1 person
2 persons
3–4 persons
5 or more persons

1,149,840
2,206,623
1,819,890
600,912

1,044,469
2,036,483
1,446,651
494,174

19.9
38.2
31.5
10.4

20.8
40.6
28.8
9.8

Family size
1 person
2 persons
3–4 persons
5 or more persons

1,646,811
1,956,850
1,636,164
537,440

1,474,710
1,811,651
1,299,655
435,760

28.5
33.9
28.3
9.3

29.4
36.1
25.9
8.7

Under age 18 in family
None
1 person
2 persons
3–4 persons
5 or more persons

4,382,538
661,458
405,656
286,758
0

3,853,649
551,426
350,144
225,703
0

75.9
11.5
7.0
5.0
0

76.7
11.0
7.0
4.5
0

Total household income in wave 2 b (dollars)
Less than 2,500
2,500–4,999
5,000–7,499
7,500–9,999
10,000–14,999
15,000–19,999
20,000 or more

396,603
909,093
946,869
721,602
1,149,663
662,221
991,214

358,895
807,594
745,531
625,267
1,023,142
567,917
893,431

6.9
15.7
16.4
12.5
19.9
11.5
17.2

7.2
16.1
14.9
12.5
20.4
11.3
17.8

All beneficiaries
Household type
Family
Married couple present
No married couple, male householder
No married couple, female householder
Nonfamily
Male householder
Female householder
Group quarters
Ownership status of living quarters
Owned
Not owned
Residence in public housing

(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 151

Noninstitutionalized Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 65.
Distribution, by household and family characteristics, 2001—Continued
Number
Characteristic
Total family income in wave 2 b (dollars)
Less than 2,500
2,500–4,999
5,000–7,499
7,500–9,999
10,000–14,999
15,000–19,999
20,000 or more

Percentage of all beneficiaries

Total

Workers

Total

Workers

530,713
1,087,008
997,029
695,567
997,817
582,716
886,416

455,848
977,045
796,269
609,334
890,870
503,778
788,633

9.2
18.8
17.3
12.0
17.3
10.1
15.3

9.1
19.5
15.9
12.1
17.7
10.0
15.7

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, administrative records, matched to U.S. Census Bureau, 2001 Survey of Income and Program
Participation, wave 2, reference month 4.
NOTES: Individuals receiving disability benefits in reference month 4 of wave 2 of the 2001 SIPP are identified using SSA administrative
data for those who provided a valid Social Security number and using self-reported SIPP data for those who did not provide a valid
number. The unweighted sample size is 1,514 cases for all disabled beneficiaries and 1,389 for disabled workers. Disabled widow(er)s
and disabled adult children are not shown separately because the unweighted sample size is too small to support statistically reliable
estimates.
Cells that contain less than 1.0 percent of all beneficiaries are rounded to zero because of concerns about sampling variability. Therefore,
some distributions will not add to the total.
A family is a group of two or more persons related by birth, marriage, or adoption and residing together. A household includes related
family members and all the unrelated persons, if any, such as lodgers, foster children, wards, or employees who share the housing unit. A
person living alone in a housing unit or a group of unrelated persons sharing a housing unit as partners is also counted as a household.
a. Individuals may be counted in more than one category.
b. Data are based on the sum of the 4 months included in wave 2. This represents a change from tables for previous years, in which
annual income data were reported.
CONTACT: Paul Davies (202) 358-6277 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

152 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

Noninstitutionalized Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 66.
Percentage distribution of family income, by source and selected characteristics, 2001
Public assistance

Characteristic

Total

Social
Security

Supplemental
Security
Income

Other

Earnings

Property
income

Other

All beneficiaries
Total

100.0

45.0

6.1

1.4

34.8

1.5

11.0

Sex
Men
Women

100.0
100.0

45.8
44.2

4.9
7.5

1.2
1.7

35.1
34.5

1.6
1.5

11.5
10.6

Age
Under 25
25–34
35–44
45–54
55 or older

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

24.5
41.0
41.5
44.6
50.8

13.6
8.7
6.9
6.3
4.0

2.0
1.5
2.0
1.5
1.0

50.8
38.6
37.7
36.8
28.4

0
0
1.3
1.3
2.2

8.9
9.4
10.7
9.5
13.6

Race
White
Black
American Indian, Alaska Native
Asian, Pacific Islander

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

44.4
47.2
a
a

5.0
10.0
a
a

1.1
2.6
a
a

36.1
31.4
a
a

1.9
0
a
a

11.5
8.6
a
a

Ethnicity
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic

100.0
100.0

41.5
45.4

8.7
5.9

0
1.5

40.2
34.3

0
1.6

8.0
11.4

Marital status
Married
Widowed
Divorced or separated
Never married

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

34.4
49.3
57.1
50.9

2.8
14.4
6.6
8.7

0
2.3
2.9
1.6

50.1
22.2
19.6
26.6

1.7
0
0
2.0

10.7
11.0
13.0
10.1

Years of education
0–8
9–11
12
13–15
16 or more

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

50.5
49.2
43.8
45.0
36.7

10.7
7.6
6.4
4.5
1.1

1.3
0
1.6
1.8
0

27.0
31.4
36.0
36.3
41.6

1.7
0
1.4
1.4
3.3

8.8
10.3
10.7
11.0
16.5

Living arrangement
Lives alone
Lives with relatives
Lives only with nonrelatives

100.0
100.0
100.0

65.0
38.5
61.8

8.1
5.3
10.2

1.5
1.3
3.1

13.0
41.9
17.5

1.0
1.8
0

11.5
11.2
7.3

Disabled workers
Total
Sex
Men
Women

100.0

45.4

4.4

1.2

36.2

1.5

11.3

100.0
100.0

46.4
44.2

3.7
5.2

1.0
1.4

35.7
36.7

1.4
1.6

11.7
10.9
(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 153

Noninstitutionalized Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 66.
Percentage distribution of family income, by source and selected characteristics, 2001—Continued
Public assistance

Characteristic

Total

Social
Security

Supplemental
Security
Income

Other

Earnings

Property
income

Other

Disabled workers (cont.)
Age
Under 25
25–34
35–44
45–54
55 or older

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

a
38.2
41.6
44.8
51.0

a
6.2
5.0
4.4
3.3

a
1.5
1.7
1.5
0

a
42.9
39.8
38.4
29.1

a
0
0
1.1
2.3

a
10.3
11.0
9.7
13.9

Race
White
Black
American Indian, Alaska Native
Asian, Pacific Islander

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

44.6
48.7
a
a

3.4
7.6
a
a

1.0
2.0
a
a

37.5
32.3
a
a

1.8
0
a
a

11.7
9.1
a
a

Ethnicity
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic

100.0
100.0

43.6
45.6

5.0
4.4

0
1.3

41.5
35.6

1.0
1.5

8.4
11.6

Marital status
Married
Widowed
Divorced or separated
Never married

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

34.8
52.2
57.8
53.2

2.3
6.6
6.0
6.9

0
0
2.7
1.7

50.0
26.8
19.4
26.8

1.7
1.5
0
1.6

10.9
12.7
13.2
9.8

Years of education
0–8
9–11
12
13–15
16 or more

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

51.0
51.1
44.1
45.5
36.5

7.5
7.0
4.1
3.6
1.1

0
1.0
1.3
1.7
0

31.4
30.9
37.7
36.6
41.1

0
0
1.4
1.4
3.5

9.0
9.2
11.3
11.2
17.0

Living arrangement
Lives alone
Lives with relatives
Lives only with nonrelatives

100.0
100.0
100.0

66.8
38.1
62.9

7.2
3.5
7.0

1.6
1.0
3.1

12.8
43.9
19.6

1.0
1.7
0

10.5
11.9
7.3

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, administrative records, matched to U.S. Census Bureau, 2001 Survey of Income and Program
Participation, wave 2, reference month 4.
NOTES: Individuals receiving disability benefits in reference month 4 of wave 2 of the 2001 SIPP are identified using SSA administrative
data for those who provided a valid Social Security number and using self-reported SIPP data for those who did not provide a valid
number. The unweighted sample size is 1,514 cases for all disabled beneficiaries and 1,389 for disabled workers. Disabled widow(er)s
and disabled adult children are not shown separately because the unweighted sample size is too small to support statistically reliable
estimates.
Cells that contain less than 1.0 percent of all beneficiaries are rounded to zero because of concerns about sampling variability. Therefore,
some distributions will not add to the total.
Family income data are based on the 4 months included in wave 2 of the 2001 SIPP. This represents a change from tables for previous
years, in which annual income data were reported.
a. Sample size is too small to support statistically reliable estimates. Distributions for which the base is fewer than 150,000 weighted
cases are not shown.
CONTACT: Paul Davies (202) 358-6277 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

154 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

Noninstitutionalized Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 67.
Percentage distribution, by poverty status and selected characteristics, 2001
Family income relative to poverty threshold
Under 100%
Characteristic

Total

Subtotal

Under
50%

50–99% 100–124% 125–149% 150–199% 200–299%

300%
or more

All beneficiaries
Total

5,777,265

20.2

2.7

17.5

8.9

7.4

13.8

20.5

29.2

Sex
Men
Women

3,014,079
2,763,187

16.6
24.1

2.2
3.3

14.4
20.9

8.4
9.5

7.1
7.7

14.2
13.3

22.9
17.8

30.8
27.5

Age
Under 25
25–34
35–44
45–54
55 or older

171,455
563,498
1,199,514
1,968,254
1,874,543

19.5
19.3
22.6
19.0
20.3

3.0
2.9
4.3
1.7
2.6

16.4
16.4
18.3
17.3
17.6

0
9.1
8.2
9.6
9.5

9.4
9.2
8.5
6.2
7.3

20.8
13.1
13.9
13.6
13.5

20.7
21.3
21.1
20.1
20.2

29.6
28.1
25.7
31.6
29.3

4,440,305
1,187,309

18.4
26.0

1.9
5.9

16.6
20.1

7.4
14.3

7.1
8.9

13.2
16.6

21.0
17.6

32.7
16.6

69,954

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

79,697

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

Ethnicity
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic

550,336
5,226,929

25.3
19.7

5.6
2.4

19.7
17.3

6.5
9.2

8.7
7.3

18.3
13.3

19.4
20.6

21.8
30.0

Marital status
Married
Widowed
Divorced or
Never married

2,493,490
441,994
1,301,189
1,540,593

10.1
35.6
31.9
22.2

1.4
5.2
4.7
2.4

8.7
30.5
27.2
19.8

6.0
15.8
12.0
9.1

6.1
5.2
9.9
8.1

13.8
8.2
13.6
15.4

21.6
24.9
14.2
22.6

42.4
10.3
18.4
22.5

Years of education
0–8
9–11
12
13–15
16 or more

708,150
848,884
2,212,433
1,454,797
553,001

29.4
24.8
19.0
18.7
10.2

5.5
4.9
1.3
2.8
1.2

24.0
20.0
17.7
15.9
9.0

10.8
12.5
9.7
6.2
5.5

8.4
10.0
7.1
6.7
5.2

13.2
12.6
13.8
15.6
11.5

21.5
20.1
21.7
20.0
16.0

16.8
19.9
28.8
32.8
51.6

Race
White
Black
American Indian,
Alaska Native
Asian, Pacific
Islander

Disabled workers
Total
Sex
Men
Women

5,021,777

19.6

2.5

17.1

8.5

7.5

13.9

20.2

30.3

2,700,928
2,320,849

15.9
24.0

2.1
2.9

13.7
21.1

8.7
8.3

7.6
7.5

14.3
13.5

23.0
16.9

30.6
29.8
(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 155

Noninstitutionalized Disabled Beneficiaries
Table 67.
Percentage distribution, by poverty status and selected characteristics, 2001—Continued
Family income relative to poverty threshold
Under 100%
Characteristic

Total

Subtotal

Under
50%

50–99% 100–124% 125–149% 150–199% 200–299%

300%
or more

Disabled workers (cont.)
Age
Under 25
25–34
35–44
45–54
55 or older

80,553
386,793
1,038,800
1,752,882
1,762,749

a
21.1
21.8
19.0
18.8

a
0
5.0
1.9
1.8

a
20.4
16.9
17.1
17.1

a
9.1
8.7
8.1
9.2

a
8.9
8.1
6.7
7.3

a
14.1
14.0
13.5
14.3

a
23.0
22.2
19.1
19.3

a
23.7
25.1
33.6
31.1

3,891,451
989,515

17.9
25.3

2.0
4.3

15.9
21.0

7.2
13.5

7.4
8.5

13.3
17.2

20.1
19.7

34.0
15.9

66,967

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

73,845

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

Ethnicity
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic

466,823
4,554,954

24.0
19.2

6.6
2.0

17.3
17.1

6.2
8.8

9.1
7.4

18.6
13.4

19.6
20.2

22.5
31.1

Marital status
Married
Widowed
Divorced or
Never married

2,435,673
242,463
1,273,787
1,069,854

9.3
34.3
31.9
25.2

1.1
2.2
4.8
2.9

8.2
32.1
27.2
22.2

6.1
10.2
11.5
10.1

6.2
7.3
9.9
7.6

13.8
9.1
13.9
15.3

22.1
20.3
14.5
22.4

42.5
18.8
18.3
19.3

Years of education
0–8
9–11
12
13–15
16 or more

486,667
729,622
1,885,525
1,395,925
524,038

26.1
25.5
18.9
18.6
10.7

4.4
4.2
1.5
2.7
1.2

21.7
21.3
17.4
15.9
9.5

10.6
14.5
8.2
6.2
5.8

9.7
11.7
6.4
6.7
5.5

14.3
13.6
14.2
14.7
11.0

22.3
14.5
23.1
20.4
14.7

16.9
20.2
29.2
33.4
52.3

Race
White
Black
American Indian,
Alaska Native
Asian, Pacific
Islander

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, administrative records, matched to U.S. Census Bureau, 2001 Survey of Income and Program
Participation, wave 2, reference month 4.
NOTES: Individuals receiving disability benefits in reference month 4 of wave 2 of the 2001 SIPP are identified using SSA administrative
data for those who provided a valid Social Security number and using self-reported SIPP data for those who did not provide a valid
number. The unweighted sample size is 1,514 cases for all disabled beneficiaries and 1,389 for disabled workers. Disabled widow(er)s
and disabled adult children are not shown separately because the unweighted sample size is too small to support statistically reliable
estimates.
Cells that contain less than 1.0 percent of all beneficiaries are rounded to zero because of concerns about sampling variability. Therefore,
some distributions will not add to the total.
Family income data and poverty thresholds are based on the 4 months included in wave 2 of the 2001 SIPP. This represents a change
from tables for previous years, in which annual income and poverty data were reported.
a. Sample size is too small to support statistically reliable estimates. Distributions for which the base is fewer than 150,000 weighted
cases are not shown.
CONTACT: Paul Davies (202) 358-6277 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

156 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

Appendix and Glossary

Appendix:
Sampling Variability
Estimates based on sample data may differ from the
figures that would have been obtained had all, rather
than specified samples, of the records been used.
These differences are termed sampling variability. The
standard error is a measure of the sampling variability.
About 68 percent of all possible probability samples
selected with the same specifications will give estimates within one standard error of the figure obtained
from a compilation of all records. Similarly, approximately 90 percent will give estimates within 1.645 standard errors, about 95 percent will give estimates within
two standard errors, and about 99 percent will give estimates within two and one-half standard errors. The
standard error of an estimate depends on the design
elements such as the method of sampling, sample
size, and the estimation process.
Because of the large number of data cells tabulated from the sample files, it is not practical to calculate the standard error for every possible cell. However,
standard errors for a large number of cells were estimated. These estimates were used to fit regression
curves to provide estimates of approximate standard
errors associated with tabulated counts and proportions.

Table A-1.
Approximations of standard errors of estimated
number of persons
Size of estimate (inflated)

Standard error
1 percent file

500

250

1,000

300

2,500

500

5,000

800

7,500

900

10,000

1,100

25,000

1,700

50,000

2,400

75,000

3,000

100,000

3,400

250,000

5,400

500,000

7,800

750,000

9,600

1,000,000

11,100

5,000,000

25,800

10,000,000

36,900

25,000,000

57,700

50,000,000

76,100

75,000,000

The tables showing the sampling variability provide
a general order of magnitude for similar estimates from
the various sample files. Table A-1 presents approximate standard errors for the estimated number of persons from the 1 percent and the 10 percent files. The
reliability of an estimated percentage depends on both
the size of the percentage and on the size of the total
on which the percentage is based. Data in Table A-2
provide approximations of the standard errors of the
estimated percentage of persons in the 1 percent and
10 percent files. The standard errors are expressed in
percentage points and the bases shown are in terms of
inflated data.

82,900
10 percent file

100
500
1,000

30
70
100

5,000

225

10,000

300

50,000

700

100,000

1,000

500,000

2,200

1,000,000

3,200

2,000,000

4,300

3,000,000

5,300

5,000,000

6,500

10,000,000

8,500

20,000,000

9,300

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 159

Table A-2.
Approximations of standard errors of estimated
percentage of persons
Size of base
(inflated)

2 or 98

5 or 95

10 or 90

25 or 75

50

1 percent file
1,000

4.7

7.3

10.1

14.5

16.8

10,000

1.5

2.3

3.2

4.6

5.3

50,000

0.7

1.0

1.4

2.1

2.4

100,000

0.5

0.7

1.0

1.5

1.7

500,000

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.7

0.8

1,000,000

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.5

0.5

5,000,000

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.2

0.2

10,000,000

a

0.1

0.1

0.2

0.2

50,000,000

a

a

a

0.1

0.1

100,000,000

a

a

a

a

a

10 percent file
500

1.9

3.0

4.1

5.9

6.8

1,000

1.3

2.1

2.9

4.1

4.8

2,500

0.8

1.3

1.8

2.6

3.0

10,000

0.4

0.6

0.9

1.3

1.5

50,000

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.6

0.7

100,000

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.5

500,000

a

0.1

0.1

0.2

0.2

1,000,000

a

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.2

5,000,000

a

a

a

a

0.1

10,000,000

a

a

a

a

a

50,000,000

a

a

a

a

a

a. Less than 0.05 percent.

160 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

Glossary
administrative law judge (ALJ). An official of the Social Security
Administration's (SSA's) Office of Hearings and Appeals who is specially qualified by
education and experience to hold hearings and make independent decisions regarding eligibility for SSA programs on the basis of all evidence and testimony. ALJs conduct impartial hearings and issue decisions to claimants who have appealed previous
determinations by SSA. See also administrative review process.
administrative review process. The procedures followed by the Social Security Administration (SSA) in determining one's rights under title II and title XVI of the Social Security Act. The administrative review process consists of several steps, which must
usually be requested in the following order within certain time periods: initial determination, reconsideration, decision of the administrative law judge, and a review by
SSA's Appeals Council.
age. In tables showing beneficiaries in current payment status, the age classification is
based on the beneficiary's current age. In tables showing awards, age is the beneficiary's age in the month of award.
allowance. A determination by the Disability Determination Services, an administrative
law judge, or the Appeals Council that an applicant meets the medical definition of disability under the law. See also disability.
allowance rate. The percentage of allowed disability applications in a given time period
calculated as the number of medically allowed applications divided by the total number of applications with a medical decision. At the hearing level, allowance rates are
computed either as a percentage of dispositions (including dismissals) or as a percentage of decisions (excluding dismissals). In this publication, hearing level allowance rates are computed as a percentage of dispositions. An allowance rate provides
a narrower view of the disability program than does an award rate because it excludes
nonmedical determinations from its base.
Appeals Council. The organization within the Social Security Administration's Office of
Hearings and Appeals that makes the final decision in the administrative review process. See also administrative review process.
auxiliary benefit. A monthly benefit payable to a spouse or child of a retired or disabled
worker (dependents benefit) or to a survivor of a deceased worker (survivors benefit).
average. See mean.
average current earnings. Earnings used to determine whether the workers' compensation or public disability benefit offset applies. Average current earnings are defined as
the highest of the following:

The average monthly earnings used to figure a person's Social Security disability
benefit.

The average monthly earnings from any work covered by Social Security that a
person did (including self-employment) during the 5 highest consecutive years
after 1950.

The average monthly earnings from work or self-employment during the year a
person became disabled or in the highest year of earnings that a person had during the 5-year period just before that person became disabled. (Divide the total
year's earnings by 12 to get the average current earnings.)

All earnings covered by Social Security, including amounts above the maximum taxable by Social Security, may be used when figuring average current earnings. See
also workers' compensation and public disability benefit offset.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 161

average indexed monthly earnings (AIME). The amount of earnings used in determining the primary insurance amount (PIA) for most workers who attain age 62, become
disabled, or die after 1978. A worker's actual past earnings are adjusted by changes in
the average wage index to bring them up to their approximately equivalent value at the
time of eligibility for benefits. If the person attained age 62, became disabled, or died
before 1979, the average monthly wage is used to calculate the PIA. See also primary insurance amount.
average monthly wage (AMW). The dollar amount used in calculating a person's monthly
primary insurance amount (PIA) if that person attained age 62, became disabled, or
died before 1979. The AMW is determined by dividing the total earnings in the "computation years" by the number of months in those same years. If the person attained
age 62, became disabled or died after 1978, average indexed monthly earnings are
used to calculate the PIA. See also primary insurance amount.
average wage index. The average amount of total wages for each year after 1950, including wages in noncovered employment and wages in covered employment in excess of
the Social Security contribution and benefit base. Those average yearly amounts are
used to index the earnings of most workers who first become eligible for benefits in
1979 or later and to make automatic adjustments in the contribution and benefit base,
bend points, earnings test exempt amounts, and other wage-indexed amounts.
award. An administrative determination that an individual is entitled to receive monthly
benefits or a lump-sum death payment. Awards can represent not only new entrants to
the benefit rolls but also persons already on the rolls who become entitled to a different type of benefit. See conversion of benefits.
award rate. The percentage of awarded applications in a given time period calculated as
the number of awarded applications divided by the total number of applications
decided, including technical denials and dismissals. An award rate provides a broader
view of the program than does an allowance rate because an award rate includes as
its base all applications decided.
bend points. The dollar amounts defining the average indexed monthly earnings or primary insurance amount brackets in the benefit formulas. See also average indexed
monthly earnings and primary insurance amount.
beneficiary. A person who is entitled to either Social Security or Supplemental Security
Income benefits. The Social Security benefit may be either in current-payment status
or withheld.
benefits in force. The sum of the number of persons with benefits in current-payment
status and the number of persons with benefits withheld.
benefit termination. See termination.
benefits withheld. See withholding.
blind. Blindness, for Social Security purposes, means either central visual acuity of
20/200 or less in the better eye with the use of a correcting lens, or a limitation in the
fields of vision so that the widest diameter of the visual field subtends an angle of
20 degrees or less (tunnel vision).
child's benefit. A monthly benefit payable to the children of a retired or disabled worker or
of a deceased worker who died either fully or currently insured. Benefits are payable to
unmarried children under age 18 (up to age 19 if attending elementary or secondary
school full time) and to disabled children aged 18 or older who became disabled
before age 22. Under certain circumstances, benefits can be paid to stepchildren,
grandchildren, or adopted children. Benefits for disabled children may be continued if
they marry certain other Social Security beneficiaries.

162 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

closed period award. An administrative determination that an individual is entitled to
receive benefits for a limited period of time. The determination is usually made after
the period of entitlement has ended.
cost-of-living adjustment (COLA). The annual increases in benefits, effective for
December, reflecting the increase in the cost of living. The benefit increase equals the
percentage increase in the consumer price index for urban wage earners and clerical
workers (CPI-W) measured from the average over July, August, and September of the
preceding year to the average for the same 3 months in the current year. If the
increase is less than one-tenth of 1 percent, when rounded, there is no automatic
increase for the current year; the increase for the next year would reflect the increase
in the cost of living over a 2-year period. Also see consumer price index.
concurrent claim. A claim for both Title II (Social Security) and Title XVI (Supplemental
Security Income) benefits.
consumer price index (CPI). A measure of the average change in prices over time for a
fixed group of goods and services; also considered a relative measure of inflation. The
CPI-U is the price index for all urban consumers. The CPI-W is the price index for
urban wage earners and clerical workers. In this report, all references to the CPI refer
to the CPI-W.
continuing disability review (CDR). A periodic review to determine if a disabled individual is still medically eligible to receive benefits.
conversion of benefits. An award of benefits to persons already on the rolls whose benefits in one category are terminated but who become entitled to another type of benefit. Two frequent events causing conversions are the attainment of full retirement age
by a disabled worker or a disabled widow(er) and the death of a retired or disabled
worker. See also award.
covered earnings and employment. All wages and self-employment income creditable
for Social Security purposes. Most employment and self-employment is covered under
the program. In a few situations, the employer elects coverage, for example, religious
orders under a vow of poverty, foreign affiliates of U.S. employers, or state and local
governments. Since July 1991, coverage is mandatory for state and local employees
who are not participating in a public employee retirement system.
current payment. Benefits paid for a given month, with or without deductions (provided
the deductions are less than a full month's benefit). The amounts shown are before
the deduction of Medicare Part B (Supplementary Medical Insurance) premiums. Benefits in current payment status at the end of a month are usually payable the following
month.
dependents benefit. See auxiliary benefit.
diagnostic group. Classification of impairments, by body system, that identifies the medical condition(s) on which disability-related benefits are based. Before 1985, the coding
of the primary and secondary diagnoses for Social Security and Supplemental
Security Income claimants was in accordance with the International Classification of
Diseases: 9th Revision, Clinical Modification, 4th ed., using 4-digit ICD-9 codes. In
1985, the Social Security Administration (SSA) implemented a revised method to
determine and enter impairment codes in administrative records. This revised
approach provides for a modified impairment coding system, generally using 3 digits
(followed by zero), loosely based on the ICD-9 codes. For research purposes, the
ICD-9 codes and SSA impairment codes are, typically, not identical. However, the
diagnostic groupings shown in the statistical tables closely parallel the major ICD-9
disease classifications. See also Listing of Impairments.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 163

disability. The inability to engage in substantial gainful activity (SGA) by reason of any
medically determinable physical or mental impairment that can be expected to result
in death or to last for a continuous period of not less than 12 months. (Special rules
apply for workers aged 55 or older whose disability is based on blindness. The
12-month requirement does not apply to SSI beneficiaries who are blind.)
Individuals are considered to be disabled only if their physical or mental impairment(s)
are of such severity that they are not only unable to do their previous work but
cannot—because of their age, education, or work experience—engage in any other
kind of substantial gainful activity that exists in the national economy, regardless of
whether such work exists in the immediate area in which they live, or whether a
specific job vacancy exists for them, or whether they would be hired if they applied for
work.
The SGA criterion does not apply to children under age 18 in the Supplemental
Security Income program. The standard for them is a medically determinable physical
or mental impairment that results in marked and severe functional limitations.
Disability Determination Services (DDS). The state agency responsible for developing
medical evidence and rendering the initial determination and reconsideration on
whether a claimant is disabled or a beneficiary continues to be disabled within the
meaning of the law.
Disability Insurance (DI) Trust Fund. See trust funds.
disabled adult child. A disabled person aged 18 or older—a son, daughter, or eligible
grandchild of a retired, deceased, or disabled worker—whose disability began before
age 22.
disabled adult child's benefit. A monthly benefit payable to a disabled adult child.
disabled widow(er)s benefit. See widow(er)s benefit.
disabled-worker benefit. A monthly benefit payable to a disabled worker who has not
reached full retirement age and who is insured for disability. Before November 1960,
disability benefits were limited to disabled workers aged 50 to 64.
drug addiction and alcoholism (DA&A). Conditions that, if determined a contributing
factor material to the determination of disability, will prevent entitlement to disability
benefits or mandate removal of persons from the program rolls.
dual entitlement. The entitlement of a beneficiary to both a worker (primary) benefit and
a higher secondary benefit. The primary benefit is paid in full, but the secondary benefit is paid only in the amount by which it exceeds the primary benefit. If the two benefits are financed from the same trust fund, the beneficiary is usually represented only
once in the statistics—as a retired-worker or a disabled-worker beneficiary—and the
benefit amount recorded is the larger amount associated with the secondary benefit. If
the benefits are paid from different trust funds, then the beneficiary is represented
twice, with the respective benefit amounts recorded for each type of benefit.
duration. A factor in the determination of disability. To be eligible for benefits, a claimant
must have a disability that has lasted, or is expected to last, at least 12 months or is
expected to end in death. See also sequential evaluation process.
earnings test. The provision requiring the withholding of benefits if nondisabled beneficiaries under full retirement age have earnings in excess of certain exempt amounts.
entitlement. The state of meeting the applicable requirements for receipt of benefits,
including the filing of an application. An entitlement can be retroactive to before the
month of application for benefits and, thus, precede the date of award. The retroactive
period can be 12 months for disabled workers, their spouses and children, and disabled widow(er)s. The maximum retroactive period for other types of beneficiaries is
6 months.
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equals listing. A determination that a medical condition is equal in severity to the criteria
in the Listing of Impairments.
expedited appeals process. This process permits an individual to go directly to a federal
district court after review of the initial determination without first completing the administrative review process, if the only dispute is whether an applicable provision of the
Social Security Act is constitutional. See also administrative review process.
expedited reinstatement of benefits. A provision of the Ticket to Work and Work Incentives Improvement Act. Effective January 1, 2001, if a person's Social Security or SSI
disability benefits have ended because of earnings from work and he or she becomes
unable to work again within 60 months because of his or her impairment, he or she
would be able to request reinstatement of benefits, including Medicare and Medicaid,
without filing a new application.
extended period of eligibility (EPE). The 36-month period after the completion of a trial
work period for beneficiaries who continue to have a disabling condition and work.
Monthly benefits are continued for 3 months after the trial work period and are then
suspended if earnings are above the substantial gainful activity level. If earnings drop
below the substantial gainful activity level during the EPE, monthly benefits may be
resumed without a new application and disability determination. Medicare coverage
continues throughout the EPE. See also trial work period and substantial gainful
activity.
father's benefit. A monthly benefit payable to a widower or surviving divorced father if
(1) the deceased worker on whose earnings record the benefit is paid was either fully
or currently insured at the time of her death and (2) an entitled child of the worker is in
his care and is under the age of 16 or disabled.
federal court review. When an individual disagrees with the Social Security Administration's final decision, he or she may request judicial review by filing a civil action in a
federal district court. See also administrative review process.
federally administered Supplemental Security Income (SSI). Federal SSI payments
and state supplementation payments issued by the Social Security Administration on
behalf of states. (This report does not cover state supplementation payments that are
state administered.)
full retirement age (FRA). The age at which a person may first become entitled to unreduced retirement benefits. Beginning in 2000, the FRA for a worker or spouse born in
1938 or later, or a widow(er) born in 1940 or later, will gradually increase from age 65
until it reaches age 67 in 2022. The higher FRA affects the benefit amount of persons
who choose to receive reduced benefits. Also known as the normal retirement
age (NRA).
government pension offset (GPO). A law that affects spouse's or widow(er)s benefits.
Benefits are subject to reduction by any government pensions payable to the spouse
on the basis of his or her own earnings in noncovered employment. The offset
reduces the Social Security benefit amount by two-thirds of the amount of the government pension.
hearing. The level following reconsideration in the administrative review process. The
hearing is a de novo procedure at which the claimant, the claimant's representative, or
both may appear in person, submit new evidence, examine the evidence used in making the determination under review, give testimony, and present and question witnesses. The hearing is on the record but is informal and nonadversarial.
Hospital Insurance (HI) Trust Fund. See trust funds.
husband's benefit. A monthly benefit payable to a husband or a divorced husband
(aged 62 or older) of a retired or disabled worker. Also see spouse's benefit.

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impairment-related work expense (IRWE). The costs of items or services that a disabled person needs to work. The expenses, when paid by the beneficiary, are
deducted from his or her gross earnings when determining if the work is considered
substantial gainful activity.
initial determination. The first decision made in determining eligibility for, and entitlement
to, benefits. A Social Security field office employee makes the decision on nonmedical
factors such as insured status, substantial gainful activity, income, and resources. If
the nonmedical factors are met, a state Disability Determination Services employee
makes the decision on the medical factors. See also administrative review process.
insured status. The state or condition of having sufficient quarters of coverage to meet
the eligibility requirements for retired-worker or disabled-worker benefits or to permit
the worker's spouse and children or survivors to establish eligibility for benefits in the
event of the beneficiary's disability, retirement, or death. See also quarters of
coverage.
Listing of Impairments. Issued by the Social Security Administration and used to identify
medical conditions for purposes of determining disability. See also diagnostic group.
Master Beneficiary Record (MBR). The MBR contains the data needed to administer the
Social Security benefit program. The MBR contains a record for each person who
(1) is currently entitled to benefits, (2) is no longer receiving benefits but received
them in the past, or (3) filed a claim for benefits but was denied (though the person
may be appealing that decision).
maximum family benefit. The maximum monthly amount that can be paid on a worker's
earnings record. Whenever the total of the individual monthly benefits payable to all
the beneficiaries entitled on one earnings record exceeds the maximum, each dependents or survivors benefit is proportionately reduced to bring the total to within the
maximum. Benefits payable to divorced spouses or surviving divorced spouses are
not reduced under the family maximum provision.
mean. An arithmetic mean is the sum of the observed data divided by the number of
observations. Compare with median.
median. A median is a figure that falls in the exact middle of a ranking of numbers in
ascending or descending order. Compare with mean.
medical listings. The common term for the Listing of Impairments. See also
diagnostic group.
Medicare. A nationwide, federally administered health insurance program that covers the
cost of hospitalization, medical care, and some related services for most people over
the age of 65, for people receiving Social Security Disability Insurance benefits for
2 years, and for people with end-stage renal disease. Medicare consists of two separate but coordinated programs—Part A (Hospital Insurance) and Part B (Supplementary Medical Insurance).
Medicare eligibility based on disability. Medicare benefits are available 2 years after
the disabled worker, disabled widow(er), or disabled adult child becomes eligible for
benefits.
meets listing. A physical or mental impairment that meets the criteria in the Listing of
Impairments and is sufficient to establish disability. This determination is made at the
third step in the sequential evaluation process. See also sequential evaluation
process.

166 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

monthly benefit. In this report, "monthly benefit" refers to the monthly benefit
credited (MBC), which is derived as follows:
1. Subtract the Medicare premium from the monthly benefit amount (MBA);
2. Round the result down to the nearest whole dollar; and
3. Add back the Medicare premium to the rounded result from 2 above.
For example, if a monthly benefit amount is $678.20 and the corresponding Medicare
premium is $43.80, then the MBC is $677.80 ($678.20 - $43.80 = $634.40 rounded
down to $634.00 + $43.80 = $677.80).
monthly benefit amount (MBA). The amount payable after reduction, if necessary, for
age, family maximum, and other reasons but before any deduction for Medicare
(Part B) premiums.
mother's benefit. A monthly benefit payable to a widow or surviving divorced mother if
(1) the deceased worker on whose earnings record the benefit is paid was either fully
or currently insured at the time of his death and (2) an entitled child of the worker is in
her care and is under age 16 or disabled.
nonsevere impairment. An impairment that does not significantly limit a person's physical or mental ability to perform basic work activities.
Old-Age and Survivors Insurance (OASI) Trust Fund. See trust funds.
Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI). The programs under the Social
Security Act that pay for (1) monthly benefits to retired workers and their spouses and
children and to survivors of deceased insured workers (OASI) and (2) monthly benefits to disabled workers and their spouses and children and for rehabilitation services
provided to the disabled (DI).
other work. Work that exists in the national economy, other than the work a person has
done previously.
parent's benefit. A monthly benefit payable to a dependent parent (aged 62 or older) of a
deceased, fully insured worker.
period of disability. A continuous period of at least 5 months, during which a person is
entitled to disability benefits.
poverty thresholds. The poverty thresholds are a series of income levels, with different
values for family units of different sizes, below which the family units are considered
poor. The thresholds are used mainly for statistical purposes in calculating official poverty population figures. They are issued annually by the U.S. Census Bureau in the
Current Population Reports series. The thresholds are adjusted annually for price
changes using the annual average consumer price index for all urban consumers
(CPI-U).
prevalence. The percentage of a population receiving benefits at a specified time. For
Social Security disability benefits, prevalence is expressed as a percentage of the
population insured for Disability Insurance.
primary insurance amount (PIA). The monthly amount payable to a retired worker who
begins to receive benefits at full retirement age or to a disabled worker who has never
received a retirement benefit reduced for age. This amount, which is derived from the
worker's average monthly wage or average indexed monthly earnings, is also used as
a base for computing all types of benefits payable on the basis of one individual's
earnings record.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 167

prototype process. A disability redesign model being tested in 10 states that represent
about 20 percent to 25 percent of the national disability claims workload. Implementation of the Prototype Process began on October 1, 1999, in Alabama, Alaska, Colorado, Louisiana, Michigan, Missouri, New Hampshire, Pennsylvania, and in parts of
California and New York (expanded to all of New York in April 2001). This model
includes

use of a single decisionmaker—a new position that gives the disability examiner
authority to determine eligibility without requiring physician input in most cases,

use of a predecision claimant conference,

use of an enhanced decision explanation, and

elimination of the reconsideration step of the appeals process.

public disability benefit (PDB). A benefit paid under a federal, state, or local government
law or plan that pays for conditions that are not job related. Examples are civil service
disability benefits, military disability benefits, state temporary disability benefits, and
state or local government retirement benefits that are based on disability. See also
workers' compensation and public disability benefit offset.
quarters of coverage (QC). Basic unit of measurement for determining insured status. In
2001, a worker receives one quarter of coverage (up to a total of four) for each $830 of
annual covered earnings. The amount of earnings required for a quarter of coverage
is subject to annual automatic increases in proportion to increases in average earnings. See also insured status.
race. Racial and ethnic data received via the Survey of Income and Program Participation
are self-reported by the survey respondents.
reconsideration. An independent reexamination of all evidence on record related to a
case. It is based on the evidence submitted for the initial determination plus any further evidence and information that the claimant or the claimant's representative may
submit in connection with the reconsideration. Different employees than the ones who
made the initial determination make a reconsideration determination. See also administrative review process.
relevant past work. Work that a person did before filing for disability benefits.
representative payee. A person designated by the Social Security Administration to
receive monthly benefit checks on behalf of an adult beneficiary who is unable to manage his or her own funds. A beneficiary under age 18 is generally considered incapable of managing benefit payments, and a representative payee will be selected to
receive benefits on the beneficiary's behalf.
retired-worker (old-age) benefit. A monthly benefit payable to a fully insured retired
worker aged 62 or older. Retired-worker benefit data do not include special age-72
benefits, unless indicated. See also special age-72 benefit.
secondary benefit. An additional monthly benefit payable to a spouse or child of a retired
or disabled worker, or to a survivor of a deceased worker who also receives a primary
benefit as a disabled or retired worker. See dual entitlement.
self-employment. Operation of a trade or business by an individual or by a partnership in
which an individual is a member.
sequential evaluation process. The five-step process used in determining whether an
individual meets the definition of disability as defined in the law.
special age-72 benefit. A monthly payment to certain persons who reached age 72
before 1968 and never worked in employment covered by Social Security. Those who
reached age 72 between 1968 and 1971 must have Social Security coverage to qualify. This benefit is not available to people who reach age 72 after 1971.
168 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

spouse's benefit. A monthly benefit payable to a spouse or a divorced spouse of a retired
or disabled worker under one of the following conditions:
1. The spouse is aged 62 or older or has an entitled child of the worker in his or her
care who is under age 16 or is disabled; or
2. The divorced spouse is aged 62 or older and was married to the worker for
10 years before the divorce became final; or
3. The spouse is a deemed spouse (including a divorced deemed spouse) who
entered into an invalid ceremonial marriage in good faith.
state agency. A common term for Disability Determination Services, the state agency that
makes the initial and reconsideration determinations of whether a claimant is disabled
or a beneficiary continues to be disabled within the meaning of the law.
statutory blindness. See blind.
student benefit. Child's benefit payable to a full-time unmarried elementary or secondary
school student aged 18-19. Student benefits end at age 19 or at the end of the current
semester or quarter, whichever is later. Also see child's benefit.
substantial gainful activity (SGA). Describes a level of work activity that is productive
and yields or usually yields remuneration or profit. The Social Security Administration's regulations establish a dollar amount to indicate whether a person's work is substantial.
Supplemental Security Income (SSI). A federal program for low-income aged, blind, and
disabled individuals who meet income and resource requirements. It replaced the
former federal/state programs of Old-Age Assistance, Aid to the Blind, and Aid to the
Permanently and Totally Disabled. SSI is funded by general tax revenues, not Social
Security taxes.
Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP). The SIPP is a household survey
of the noninstitutionalized resident population of the United States, conducted by the
U.S. Census Bureau. It was designed to improve the measurement of the economic
situation of persons, families, and households in the United States and to provide a
tool for managing and evaluating government transfer and service programs.
survivors benefit. See auxiliary benefit.
suspended benefit. See withholding.
technical entitlement. Occurs when a beneficiary is entitled to benefits on more than one
earnings record but is eligible to receive payments on only one earnings record. There
are two types of technical entitlement:

Simultaneous technical entitlement. Beneficiary is entitled to the same type of
benefit on more than one earnings record.

Potential dual entitlement. Beneficiary is entitled to different types of benefits and
the secondary benefit amount exceeds the primary benefit, but reduction for age
or family maximum causes the primary benefit to exceed the secondary benefit
amount.

termination. Cessation of payment of a specific type of benefit because the beneficiary is
no longer entitled to receive it. For example, benefits might terminate as a result of the
death of the beneficiary, the recovery of a disabled beneficiary, or the attainment of
age 18 by a child beneficiary. In some cases, the individual may become immediately
entitled to another type of benefit (such as the conversion of a disabled-worker benefit
at full retirement age to a retired-worker benefit).
Title II benefits. Refers to benefits administered by the Social Security Administration
under the federal Old-Age and Survivors Insurance Trust Fund and federal Disability
Insurance Trust Fund. See trust funds.
Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 169

Title XVI benefits. Refers to benefits administered by the Social Security Administration
under the Supplemental Security Income program. See Supplemental Security
Income.
trial work period (TWP). A 9-month trial work period during which monthly benefits continue for beneficiaries who are still disabled but return to work. If the disability ends
after completion of the trial work period, monthly benefits are continued for an additional 3 months, and then entitlement is terminated. A disabled beneficiary would
exhaust the trial work period only if services were performed in any 9 months within a
period of 60 consecutive months. For a discussion of procedures when the disabling
condition continues, see extended period of eligibility.
trust funds. Separate accounts in the U.S. Treasury in which are deposited the taxes
received under the Federal Insurance Contributions Act and the Self-Employment
Contributions Act, contributions resulting from coverage of state and local government
employees, any sums received under the financial interchange with the railroad retirement account, voluntary hospital and medical insurance premiums, and transfers of
federal general revenues. Funds not withdrawn for current monthly or service benefits,
the financial interchange, and administrative expenses are invested in interest-bearing
federal securities, as required by law; the interest earned is also deposited in the trust
funds.

Old-Age and Survivors Insurance (OASI). The trust fund used for paying monthly
benefits to retired-worker (old-age) beneficiaries and their spouses and children
and to survivors of deceased insured workers, including most disabled adult children and disabled widow(er)s.

Disability Insurance (DI). The trust fund used for paying monthly benefits to disabled-worker beneficiaries and their spouses and children and for providing rehabilitation services to the disabled.

Hospital Insurance (HI). The trust fund used for paying part of the costs of inpatient hospital services and related care for aged and disabled individuals who
meet the eligibility requirements.

Supplementary Medical Insurance (SMI). The trust fund used for paying part of
the costs of physician's services, outpatient hospital services, and other related
medical and health services for voluntarily enrolled aged and disabled individuals.

usual work. See relevant past work.
vocational considerations. Age, education, and work experience, which are considered
at the final step of the sequential evaluation process.
wages. All payment for services performed for an employer. Wages do not have to be
cash. The cash value of all compensation paid to an employee in any form other than
cash is also considered wages (unless the form of payment is specifically not covered
under the Social Security Act).
widow(er)s benefit. Monthly benefit payable to a widow(er) or surviving divorced
widow(er) of a worker fully insured at the time of death, if he or she is (1) aged 60 or
older or (2) aged 50 to 59 and has been disabled throughout a waiting period of 5 consecutive calendar months that began no later than 7 years after the month in which
the worker died or after the end of his or her entitlement to benefits as a widowed
mother or father.
A surviving divorced widow(er)'s marriage to a worker must have lasted 10 years
before the divorce became final. Effective for benefits payable after December 1983,
benefits are continued for disabled widow(er)s and surviving divorced widow(er)s who
remarry after the age of first eligibility for benefits.

170 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

Effective January 1991, benefits may be payable to a deemed widow(er), including a
divorced deemed widow(er). A deemed widow(er) is a person who entered into an
invalid ceremonial marriage in good faith.
wife's benefit. A monthly benefit payable to a wife or divorced wife of a retired or disabled
worker. Also see spouse's benefit.
withholding. Temporarily stopping benefit payments until the condition or conditions
causing the suspension are known to have ended. The suspension does not affect eligibility for Medicare benefits.
work credits. See quarters of coverage.
worker. A person who has earnings creditable for Social Security purposes on the basis
of services for wages in covered employment or on the basis of income from covered
self-employment.
workers' compensation and public disability benefit offset. A requirement that
reduces the benefits to a disabled worker and dependents if the worker also receives
workers' compensation (WC) or other public disability benefits (PDB). The reduction
continues until the month the worker reaches age 65 or the month the WC/PDB payments stop, whichever comes first.

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