Notes

The Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) is a household survey of the noninstitutionalized resident population of the United States conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau. The survey was designed to improve the measurement of the economic situation of persons, families, and households in the United States and to provide a tool for managing and evaluating government transfer and service programs. The 2001 SIPP panel consists of 9 interviews, or waves, each of which gathered 4 months of retrospective data. The initial sample includes approximately 36,700 households, divided into 4 rotation groups. The SIPP has been matched to the Social Security Administration’s (SSA’s) administrative records for respondents who provided their Social Security number. The administrative records provide data on the receipt and amount of Supplemental Security Income (SSI) and Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI, or Social Security) benefits for all months covered by the SIPP panel. For SIPP respondents who did not provide their Social Security number, benefit receipt and amounts are taken from the SIPP. All other characteristics and income amounts are taken from the SIPP. The tables in this section use data from wave 2 of the 2001 SIPP. Social Security Disability Insurance beneficiaries are identified as of reference month 4 of the wave 2 interviews, which corresponds to May, June, July, or August 2001, depending on the rotation group. Sample cases are weighted using SIPP person weights. In this year’s tables, the weights are adjusted by type of beneficiary so that the weighted total number of Social Security Disability Insurance beneficiaries matches the estimated number of noninstitutionalized Social Security Disability Insurance beneficiaries in SSA administrative records. Beneficiary characteristics, such as age, sex, race, education, marital status, living arrangements, and health insurance, reflect reference month 4. Income and poverty data are based on all 4 months included in the wave 2 interviews and thus cover a 4-month period between February 2001 and August 2001, depending on the rotation group. The poverty thresholds are provided in the SIPP for the 4 months covered in wave 2 and are adjusted for family size and composition. The use of a single wave, or 4 months, of data for income and poverty estimates is a significant change from previous years, in which annual income and poverty data were reported. The single-wave approach, and particularly the use of wave 2, was followed for several reasons: Social Security numbers for matching to SSA administrative records were collected in wave 2; the sample in the 2001 SIPP panel was cut between waves 1 and 2; and sample attrition is less of a concern early in a panel. An additional change from the SIPP-based estimates published in the 2002 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program is the method of defining Disability Insurance beneficiaries. In the 2002 publication, estimates were based on actual payments received in a given month, which may include lump-sum payments of retroactive benefits. This year, the estimates are based on payment eligibility, which is consistent with the definition of beneficiaries used elsewhere in the report. In tabulations of Medicaid coverage for SSI recipients, the SIPP Medicaid variable has been recoded to reflect the fact that SSI recipients in certain states, sometimes referred to as Section 1634 states, are automatically covered by Medicaid. Thirtytwo states and the District of Columbia provide automatic Medicaid coverage for SSI recipients, accounting for approximately 78 percent of all SSI recipients. SIPP and SSA counts of disabled beneficiaries differ because the SIPP excludes people living in institutions or outside the continental United States. In addition, the match rate between the SIPP and SSA records is not perfect; thus, self-reported benefit information must be used for individuals who could not be matched to SSA records. Furthermore, the SIPP estimates are based on a sample and therefore are subject to sampling error. Standard errors can be used to measure this sampling variability and to determine the statistical significance of the estimates. Various sources of nonsampling error also may be important. Because the SIPP uses a complex sample design, it is inappropriate to calculate standard errors assuming a simple random sample. Doing so will result in estimated standard errors that are biased downward. Readers interested in information about SIPP variance estimates are referred to the SIPP Users’ Guide, available on the SIPP Web site at http://www.sipp.census. gov/sipp/usrguide/sipp2001.pdf. The Users’ Guide provides information on direct calculation of standard errors for SIPP estimates. It also provides detailed instructions for calculating standard errors using generalized variance parameters. Because of concerns about sampling variability and statistical reliability, distributions for which the base is fewer than 150,000 weighted cases are not shown. In addition, individual cells that contain less than 1.0 percent of a distribution are rounded to zero. Therefore, some distributions will not sum to the total.

Noninstitutionalized Disabled Beneficiaries Chart 12. Educational level of disabled-worker beneficiaries, 2001 Disabled workers have varying levels of education and tend to be less educated than the general U.S. population. Twenty-five percent of disabled-worker beneficiaries have less than a high school education, 38 percent have a high school education, 28 percent have some college education, and 10 percent have a college degree or postgraduate level of education.

16 or more years of education 10%

0–8 years of education 10%

9–11 years of education 15% 13–15 years of education 28%

12 years of education 38%
SOURCE: Table 63. NOTE: Percentages do not add to 100 because of rounding.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 145

Noninstitutionalized Disabled Beneficiaries Chart 13. Sources of disabled-worker family income, 2001 Social Security benefits are the primary source of income for disabled-worker families. About 45 percent of their income comes from Social Security, 36 percent from family members' earnings, and 4 percent from Supplemental Security Income. Only 1 percent comes from other public assistance.

Property income 2% Other public assistance 1%

Other 11%

Social Security 45% Family members' earnings 36%

Supplemental Security Income 4%
SOURCE: Table 66. NOTE: Percentages do not add to 100 because of rounding.

146 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

Noninstitutionalized Disabled Beneficiaries Table 63. Distribution, by selected personal characteristics, 2001
Number Characteristic All beneficiaries Sex Men Women Race White Black American Indian, Alaska Native Asian, Pacific Islander Ethnicity Hispanic Non-Hispanic Marital status Married Widowed Divorced or separated Never married Years of education 0–8 9–11 12 13–15 16 or more Relationship to householder Householder Spouse Child Grandchild Parent Sibling Other relative Other nonrelative Health insurance a Medicaid Medicare Private None Source of income a Public assistance Supplemental Security Income Other Earnings Property income Other Total 5,777,265 Workers 5,021,777 Percentage of all beneficiaries Total 100.0 Workers 100.0

3,014,079 2,763,187

2,700,928 2,320,849

52.2 47.8

53.8 46.2

4,440,305 1,187,309 69,954 79,697

3,891,451 989,515 66,967 73,845

76.9 20.6 1.2 1.4

77.5 19.7 1.3 1.5

550,336 5,226,929

466,823 4,554,954

9.5 90.5

9.3 90.7

2,493,490 441,994 1,301,189 1,540,593

2,435,673 242,463 1,273,787 1,069,854

43.2 7.7 22.5 26.7

48.5 4.8 25.4 21.3

708,150 848,884 2,212,433 1,454,797 553,001

486,667 729,622 1,885,525 1,395,925 524,038

12.3 14.7 38.3 25.2 9.6

9.7 14.5 37.6 27.8 10.4

3,370,987 1,030,976 714,987 0 106,616 135,914 97,499 313,160

3,092,060 1,011,721 419,582 0 62,148 81,704 74,313 273,125

58.4 17.9 12.4 0.1 1.9 2.4 1.7 5.4

61.6 20.2 8.4 0.1 1.2 1.6 1.5 5.4

2,224,650 3,237,302 2,406,953 537,687

1,712,883 2,828,038 2,200,805 498,842

38.5 56.0 41.7 9.3

34.1 56.3 43.8 9.9

1,219,905 1,526,269 1,287,381 1,643,520 1,394,892

826,982 1,116,829 1,116,572 1,527,355 1,282,030

21.1 26.4 22.3 28.5 24.1

16.5 22.2 22.2 30.4 25.5 (Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 147

Noninstitutionalized Disabled Beneficiaries Table 63. Distribution, by selected personal characteristics, 2001—Continued
Number Characteristic Total personal income in wave 2 b (dollars) Less than 500 500–999 1,000–1,499 1,500–1,999 2,000–2,499 2,500–2,999 3,000–3,499 3,500–3,999 4,000–4,499 4,500–4,999 5,000 or more Total Workers Percentage of all beneficiaries Total Workers

137,268 68,568 109,145 279,175 999,972 658,695 540,878 444,514 412,388 288,747 1,837,916

126,516 63,383 83,288 240,287 739,141 574,236 448,378 396,720 380,887 279,128 1,689,813

2.4 1.2 1.9 4.8 17.3 11.4 9.4 7.7 7.1 5.0 31.8

2.5 1.3 1.7 4.8 14.7 11.4 8.9 7.9 7.6 5.6 33.7

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, administrative records, matched to U.S. Census Bureau, 2001 Survey of Income and Program Participation, wave 2, reference month 4. NOTES: Individuals receiving disability benefits in reference month 4 of wave 2 of the 2001 SIPP are identified using SSA administrative data for those who provided a valid Social Security number and using self-reported SIPP data for those who did not provide a valid number. The unweighted sample size is 1,514 cases for all disabled beneficiaries and 1,389 for disabled workers. Disabled widow(er)s and disabled adult children are not shown separately because the unweighted sample size is too small to support statistically reliable estimates. Cells that contain less than 1.0 percent of all beneficiaries are rounded to zero because of concerns about sampling variability. Therefore, some distributions will not add to the total. a. Individuals may be counted in more than one category. b. Data are based on the sum of the 4 months included in wave 2. This represents a change from tables for previous years, in which annual income data were reported. CONTACT: Paul Davies (202) 358-6277 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

148 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

Noninstitutionalized Disabled Beneficiaries Table 64. Social Security as a percentage of personal income, by selected characteristics, 2001
Percentage distribution Characteristic Number Percentage of total Total Under 25% of income 25–49% of income 50–74% of income 75–99% of income 100% of income

All disabled beneficiaries
Total Sex Men Women Age Under 25 25–34 35–44 45–54 55 or older Race White Black American Indian, Alaska Native Asian, Pacific Islander Ethnicity Hispanic Non-Hispanic Marital status Married Widowed Divorced or separated Never married Years of education 0–8 9–11 12 13–15 16 or more Living arrangement Lives alone Lives with relatives Lives only with nonrelatives 5,777,265 100.0 100.0 20.7 12.7 17.6 21.2 27.8

3,014,079 2,763,187

52.2 47.8

100.0 100.0

22.3 18.9

13.1 12.3

14.9 20.7

19.3 23.4

30.5 24.8

171,455 563,498 1,199,514 1,968,254 1,874,543

3.0 9.8 20.8 34.1 32.5

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

37.8 23.6 26.7 19.8 15.3

20.3 14.0 14.3 12.7 10.5

7.2 19.6 16.1 16.9 19.7

7.5 16.3 16.4 25.0 23.1

27.2 26.5 26.4 25.5 31.4

4,440,305 1,187,309 69,954 79,697

76.9 20.6 1.2 1.4

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

21.2 19.7 a a

12.2 13.2 a a

16.9 18.6 a a

23.0 15.2 a a

26.7 33.4 a a

550,336 5,226,929

9.5 90.5

100.0 100.0

28.4 19.9

10.1 13.0

12.2 18.2

14.2 22.0

35.0 27.0

2,493,490 441,994 1,301,189 1,540,593

43.2 7.7 22.5 26.7

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

22.9 16.0 18.1 20.6

11.5 9.2 13.4 15.0

12.6 39.2 20.3 17.5

24.0 20.3 19.1 19.0

29.1 15.4 29.2 27.9

708,150 848,884 2,212,433 1,454,797 553,001

12.3 14.7 38.3 25.2 9.6

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

16.8 14.1 20.2 22.4 33.1

10.3 10.5 13.1 12.4 18.1

22.3 20.1 17.8 15.6 12.9

15.7 18.3 22.2 24.0 22.0

35.0 37.1 26.8 25.6 13.9

1,149,840 4,317,837 309,589

19.9 74.7 5.4

100.0 100.0 100.0

15.4 22.3 17.6

14.5 12.0 16.1

21.7 16.0 25.4

24.3 20.9 14.5

24.1 28.8 26.6

Disabled workers
Total Sex Men Women 5,021,777 100.0 100.0 20.2 12.9 15.8 22.1 28.9

2,700,928 2,320,849

53.8 46.2

100.0 100.0

21.5 18.7

12.8 13.1

14.3 17.7

20.3 24.3

31.1 26.3 (Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 149

Noninstitutionalized Disabled Beneficiaries Table 64. Social Security as a percentage of personal income, by selected characteristics, 2001—Continued
Percentage distribution Characteristic Number Percentage of total Total Under 25% of income 25–49% of income 50–74% of income 75–99% of income 100% of income

Disabled workers (cont.)
Age Under 25 25–34 35–44 45–54 55 or older Race White Black American Indian, Alaska Native Asian, Pacific Islander Ethnicity Hispanic Non-Hispanic Marital status Married Widowed Divorced or separated Never married Years of education 0–8 9–11 12 13–15 16 or more Living arrangement Lives alone Lives with relatives Lives only with nonrelatives 80,553 386,793 1,038,800 1,752,882 1,762,749 1.6 7.7 20.7 34.9 35.1 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 a 24.7 25.0 20.4 15.2 a 16.6 14.7 12.5 10.8 a 12.8 16.4 13.8 18.6 a 16.8 17.0 26.6 22.9 a 29.2 27.0 26.8 32.5

3,891,451 989,515 66,967 73,845

77.5 19.7 1.3 1.5

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

20.9 18.2 a a

12.3 14.1 a a

15.4 14.9 a a

23.9 16.5 a a

27.5 36.4 a a

466,823 4,554,954

9.3 90.7

100.0 100.0

25.3 19.7

10.1 13.2

12.9 16.2

14.7 22.9

37.0 28.1

2,435,673 242,463 1,273,787 1,069,854

48.5 4.8 25.4 21.3

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

22.4 15.5 17.6 19.3

11.5 16.8 13.5 14.7

12.6 25.4 19.9 16.3

24.5 19.8 19.2 20.6

29.0 22.5 29.8 29.0

486,667 729,622 1,885,525 1,395,925 524,038

9.7 14.5 37.6 27.8 10.4

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

16.9 14.5 18.4 22.0 32.8

11.5 11.4 13.1 12.6 16.8

15.7 15.6 17.0 15.3 13.6

18.1 20.0 22.1 24.7 22.1

37.9 38.5 29.3 25.5 14.7

1,044,469 3,707,754 269,554

20.8 73.8 5.4

100.0 100.0 100.0

14.5 21.9 19.0

14.8 12.3 14.4

19.0 14.6 21.2

25.7 21.7 14.8

26.1 29.6 30.5

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, administrative records, matched to U.S. Census Bureau, 2001 Survey of Income and Program Participation, wave 2, reference month 4. NOTES: Individuals receiving disability benefits in reference month 4 of wave 2 of the 2001 SIPP are identified using SSA administrative data for those who provided a valid Social Security number and using self-reported SIPP data for those who did not provide a valid number. The unweighted sample size is 1,514 cases for all disabled beneficiaries and 1,389 for disabled workers. Disabled widow(er)s and disabled adult children are not shown separately because the unweighted sample size is too small to support statistically reliable estimates. Cells that contain less than 1.0 percent of all beneficiaries are rounded to zero because of concerns about sampling variability. Therefore, some distributions will not add to the total. Personal income data are based on the 4 months included in wave 2 of the 2001 SIPP. This represents a change from tables for previous years, in which annual income data were reported. a. Sample size is too small to support statistically reliable estimates. Distributions for which the base is fewer than 150,000 weighted cases are not shown. CONTACT: Paul Davies (202) 358-6277 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

150 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

Noninstitutionalized Disabled Beneficiaries Table 65. Distribution, by household and family characteristics, 2001
Number Characteristic All beneficiaries Household type Family Married couple present No married couple, male householder No married couple, female householder Nonfamily Male householder Female householder Group quarters Ownership status of living quarters Owned Not owned Residence in public housing Household receipt of a — Energy assistance Housing assistance Food stamps Household size 1 person 2 persons 3–4 persons 5 or more persons Family size 1 person 2 persons 3–4 persons 5 or more persons Under age 18 in family None 1 person 2 persons 3–4 persons 5 or more persons Total household income in wave 2 b (dollars) Less than 2,500 2,500–4,999 5,000–7,499 7,500–9,999 10,000–14,999 15,000–19,999 20,000 or more Total 5,777,265 Workers 5,021,777 Percentage of all beneficiaries Total 100.0 Workers 100.0

2,831,071 267,032 1,105,663 771,521 762,361 0

2,594,974 218,973 792,601 714,338 671,468 0

49.0 4.6 19.1 13.4 13.2 0

51.7 4.4 15.8 14.2 13.4 0

3,570,146 2,207,119 360,529

3,121,776 1,900,001 310,431

61.8 38.2 6.2

62.2 37.8 6.2

331,546 247,775 1,025,286

269,639 193,185 828,981

5.7 4.3 17.8

5.4 3.9 16.5

1,149,840 2,206,623 1,819,890 600,912

1,044,469 2,036,483 1,446,651 494,174

19.9 38.2 31.5 10.4

20.8 40.6 28.8 9.8

1,646,811 1,956,850 1,636,164 537,440

1,474,710 1,811,651 1,299,655 435,760

28.5 33.9 28.3 9.3

29.4 36.1 25.9 8.7

4,382,538 661,458 405,656 286,758 0

3,853,649 551,426 350,144 225,703 0

75.9 11.5 7.0 5.0 0

76.7 11.0 7.0 4.5 0

396,603 909,093 946,869 721,602 1,149,663 662,221 991,214

358,895 807,594 745,531 625,267 1,023,142 567,917 893,431

6.9 15.7 16.4 12.5 19.9 11.5 17.2

7.2 16.1 14.9 12.5 20.4 11.3 17.8 (Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 151

Noninstitutionalized Disabled Beneficiaries Table 65. Distribution, by household and family characteristics, 2001—Continued
Number Characteristic Total family income in wave 2 b (dollars) Less than 2,500 2,500–4,999 5,000–7,499 7,500–9,999 10,000–14,999 15,000–19,999 20,000 or more Total Workers Percentage of all beneficiaries Total Workers

530,713 1,087,008 997,029 695,567 997,817 582,716 886,416

455,848 977,045 796,269 609,334 890,870 503,778 788,633

9.2 18.8 17.3 12.0 17.3 10.1 15.3

9.1 19.5 15.9 12.1 17.7 10.0 15.7

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, administrative records, matched to U.S. Census Bureau, 2001 Survey of Income and Program Participation, wave 2, reference month 4. NOTES: Individuals receiving disability benefits in reference month 4 of wave 2 of the 2001 SIPP are identified using SSA administrative data for those who provided a valid Social Security number and using self-reported SIPP data for those who did not provide a valid number. The unweighted sample size is 1,514 cases for all disabled beneficiaries and 1,389 for disabled workers. Disabled widow(er)s and disabled adult children are not shown separately because the unweighted sample size is too small to support statistically reliable estimates. Cells that contain less than 1.0 percent of all beneficiaries are rounded to zero because of concerns about sampling variability. Therefore, some distributions will not add to the total. A family is a group of two or more persons related by birth, marriage, or adoption and residing together. A household includes related family members and all the unrelated persons, if any, such as lodgers, foster children, wards, or employees who share the housing unit. A person living alone in a housing unit or a group of unrelated persons sharing a housing unit as partners is also counted as a household. a. Individuals may be counted in more than one category. b. Data are based on the sum of the 4 months included in wave 2. This represents a change from tables for previous years, in which annual income data were reported. CONTACT: Paul Davies (202) 358-6277 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

152 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

Noninstitutionalized Disabled Beneficiaries Table 66. Percentage distribution of family income, by source and selected characteristics, 2001
Public assistance Social Security Supplemental Security Income Property income

Characteristic

Total

Other

Earnings

Other

All beneficiaries
Total Sex Men Women Age Under 25 25–34 35–44 45–54 55 or older Race White Black American Indian, Alaska Native Asian, Pacific Islander Ethnicity Hispanic Non-Hispanic Marital status Married Widowed Divorced or separated Never married Years of education 0–8 9–11 12 13–15 16 or more Living arrangement Lives alone Lives with relatives Lives only with nonrelatives 100.0 45.0 6.1 1.4 34.8 1.5 11.0

100.0 100.0

45.8 44.2

4.9 7.5

1.2 1.7

35.1 34.5

1.6 1.5

11.5 10.6

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

24.5 41.0 41.5 44.6 50.8

13.6 8.7 6.9 6.3 4.0

2.0 1.5 2.0 1.5 1.0

50.8 38.6 37.7 36.8 28.4

0 0 1.3 1.3 2.2

8.9 9.4 10.7 9.5 13.6

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

44.4 47.2 a a

5.0 10.0 a a

1.1 2.6 a a

36.1 31.4 a a

1.9 0 a a

11.5 8.6 a a

100.0 100.0

41.5 45.4

8.7 5.9

0 1.5

40.2 34.3

0 1.6

8.0 11.4

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

34.4 49.3 57.1 50.9

2.8 14.4 6.6 8.7

0 2.3 2.9 1.6

50.1 22.2 19.6 26.6

1.7 0 0 2.0

10.7 11.0 13.0 10.1

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

50.5 49.2 43.8 45.0 36.7

10.7 7.6 6.4 4.5 1.1

1.3 0 1.6 1.8 0

27.0 31.4 36.0 36.3 41.6

1.7 0 1.4 1.4 3.3

8.8 10.3 10.7 11.0 16.5

100.0 100.0 100.0

65.0 38.5 61.8

8.1 5.3 10.2

1.5 1.3 3.1

13.0 41.9 17.5

1.0 1.8 0

11.5 11.2 7.3

Disabled workers
Total Sex Men Women 100.0 45.4 4.4 1.2 36.2 1.5 11.3

100.0 100.0

46.4 44.2

3.7 5.2

1.0 1.4

35.7 36.7

1.4 1.6

11.7 10.9 (Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 153

Noninstitutionalized Disabled Beneficiaries Table 66. Percentage distribution of family income, by source and selected characteristics, 2001—Continued
Public assistance Social Security Supplemental Security Income Property income

Characteristic

Total

Other

Earnings

Other

Disabled workers (cont.)
Age Under 25 25–34 35–44 45–54 55 or older Race White Black American Indian, Alaska Native Asian, Pacific Islander Ethnicity Hispanic Non-Hispanic Marital status Married Widowed Divorced or separated Never married Years of education 0–8 9–11 12 13–15 16 or more Living arrangement Lives alone Lives with relatives Lives only with nonrelatives 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 a 38.2 41.6 44.8 51.0 a 6.2 5.0 4.4 3.3 a 1.5 1.7 1.5 0 a 42.9 39.8 38.4 29.1 a 0 0 1.1 2.3 a 10.3 11.0 9.7 13.9

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

44.6 48.7 a a

3.4 7.6 a a

1.0 2.0 a a

37.5 32.3 a a

1.8 0 a a

11.7 9.1 a a

100.0 100.0

43.6 45.6

5.0 4.4

0 1.3

41.5 35.6

1.0 1.5

8.4 11.6

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

34.8 52.2 57.8 53.2

2.3 6.6 6.0 6.9

0 0 2.7 1.7

50.0 26.8 19.4 26.8

1.7 1.5 0 1.6

10.9 12.7 13.2 9.8

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

51.0 51.1 44.1 45.5 36.5

7.5 7.0 4.1 3.6 1.1

0 1.0 1.3 1.7 0

31.4 30.9 37.7 36.6 41.1

0 0 1.4 1.4 3.5

9.0 9.2 11.3 11.2 17.0

100.0 100.0 100.0

66.8 38.1 62.9

7.2 3.5 7.0

1.6 1.0 3.1

12.8 43.9 19.6

1.0 1.7 0

10.5 11.9 7.3

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, administrative records, matched to U.S. Census Bureau, 2001 Survey of Income and Program Participation, wave 2, reference month 4. NOTES: Individuals receiving disability benefits in reference month 4 of wave 2 of the 2001 SIPP are identified using SSA administrative data for those who provided a valid Social Security number and using self-reported SIPP data for those who did not provide a valid number. The unweighted sample size is 1,514 cases for all disabled beneficiaries and 1,389 for disabled workers. Disabled widow(er)s and disabled adult children are not shown separately because the unweighted sample size is too small to support statistically reliable estimates. Cells that contain less than 1.0 percent of all beneficiaries are rounded to zero because of concerns about sampling variability. Therefore, some distributions will not add to the total. Family income data are based on the 4 months included in wave 2 of the 2001 SIPP. This represents a change from tables for previous years, in which annual income data were reported. a. Sample size is too small to support statistically reliable estimates. Distributions for which the base is fewer than 150,000 weighted cases are not shown. CONTACT: Paul Davies (202) 358-6277 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

154 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

Noninstitutionalized Disabled Beneficiaries Table 67. Percentage distribution, by poverty status and selected characteristics, 2001
Family income relative to poverty threshold Under 100% Characteristic Total Subtotal Under 50% 50–99% 100–124% 125–149% 150–199% 200–299% 300% or more

All beneficiaries
Total Sex Men Women Age Under 25 25–34 35–44 45–54 55 or older Race White Black American Indian, Alaska Native Asian, Pacific Islander Ethnicity Hispanic Non-Hispanic Marital status Married Widowed Divorced or Never married Years of education 0–8 9–11 12 13–15 16 or more 5,777,265 20.2 2.7 17.5 8.9 7.4 13.8 20.5 29.2

3,014,079 2,763,187

16.6 24.1

2.2 3.3

14.4 20.9

8.4 9.5

7.1 7.7

14.2 13.3

22.9 17.8

30.8 27.5

171,455 563,498 1,199,514 1,968,254 1,874,543

19.5 19.3 22.6 19.0 20.3

3.0 2.9 4.3 1.7 2.6

16.4 16.4 18.3 17.3 17.6

0 9.1 8.2 9.6 9.5

9.4 9.2 8.5 6.2 7.3

20.8 13.1 13.9 13.6 13.5

20.7 21.3 21.1 20.1 20.2

29.6 28.1 25.7 31.6 29.3

4,440,305 1,187,309 69,954 79,697

18.4 26.0 a a

1.9 5.9 a a

16.6 20.1 a a

7.4 14.3 a a

7.1 8.9 a a

13.2 16.6 a a

21.0 17.6 a a

32.7 16.6 a a

550,336 5,226,929

25.3 19.7

5.6 2.4

19.7 17.3

6.5 9.2

8.7 7.3

18.3 13.3

19.4 20.6

21.8 30.0

2,493,490 441,994 1,301,189 1,540,593

10.1 35.6 31.9 22.2

1.4 5.2 4.7 2.4

8.7 30.5 27.2 19.8

6.0 15.8 12.0 9.1

6.1 5.2 9.9 8.1

13.8 8.2 13.6 15.4

21.6 24.9 14.2 22.6

42.4 10.3 18.4 22.5

708,150 848,884 2,212,433 1,454,797 553,001

29.4 24.8 19.0 18.7 10.2

5.5 4.9 1.3 2.8 1.2

24.0 20.0 17.7 15.9 9.0

10.8 12.5 9.7 6.2 5.5

8.4 10.0 7.1 6.7 5.2

13.2 12.6 13.8 15.6 11.5

21.5 20.1 21.7 20.0 16.0

16.8 19.9 28.8 32.8 51.6

Disabled workers
Total Sex Men Women 5,021,777 19.6 2.5 17.1 8.5 7.5 13.9 20.2 30.3

2,700,928 2,320,849

15.9 24.0

2.1 2.9

13.7 21.1

8.7 8.3

7.6 7.5

14.3 13.5

23.0 16.9

30.6 29.8 (Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004 ♦ 155

Noninstitutionalized Disabled Beneficiaries Table 67. Percentage distribution, by poverty status and selected characteristics, 2001—Continued
Family income relative to poverty threshold Under 100% Characteristic Total Subtotal Under 50% 50–99% 100–124% 125–149% 150–199% 200–299% 300% or more

Disabled workers (cont.)
Age Under 25 25–34 35–44 45–54 55 or older Race White Black American Indian, Alaska Native Asian, Pacific Islander Ethnicity Hispanic Non-Hispanic Marital status Married Widowed Divorced or Never married Years of education 0–8 9–11 12 13–15 16 or more 80,553 386,793 1,038,800 1,752,882 1,762,749 a 21.1 21.8 19.0 18.8 a 0 5.0 1.9 1.8 a 20.4 16.9 17.1 17.1 a 9.1 8.7 8.1 9.2 a 8.9 8.1 6.7 7.3 a 14.1 14.0 13.5 14.3 a 23.0 22.2 19.1 19.3 a 23.7 25.1 33.6 31.1

3,891,451 989,515 66,967 73,845

17.9 25.3 a a

2.0 4.3 a a

15.9 21.0 a a

7.2 13.5 a a

7.4 8.5 a a

13.3 17.2 a a

20.1 19.7 a a

34.0 15.9 a a

466,823 4,554,954

24.0 19.2

6.6 2.0

17.3 17.1

6.2 8.8

9.1 7.4

18.6 13.4

19.6 20.2

22.5 31.1

2,435,673 242,463 1,273,787 1,069,854

9.3 34.3 31.9 25.2

1.1 2.2 4.8 2.9

8.2 32.1 27.2 22.2

6.1 10.2 11.5 10.1

6.2 7.3 9.9 7.6

13.8 9.1 13.9 15.3

22.1 20.3 14.5 22.4

42.5 18.8 18.3 19.3

486,667 729,622 1,885,525 1,395,925 524,038

26.1 25.5 18.9 18.6 10.7

4.4 4.2 1.5 2.7 1.2

21.7 21.3 17.4 15.9 9.5

10.6 14.5 8.2 6.2 5.8

9.7 11.7 6.4 6.7 5.5

14.3 13.6 14.2 14.7 11.0

22.3 14.5 23.1 20.4 14.7

16.9 20.2 29.2 33.4 52.3

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, administrative records, matched to U.S. Census Bureau, 2001 Survey of Income and Program Participation, wave 2, reference month 4. NOTES: Individuals receiving disability benefits in reference month 4 of wave 2 of the 2001 SIPP are identified using SSA administrative data for those who provided a valid Social Security number and using self-reported SIPP data for those who did not provide a valid number. The unweighted sample size is 1,514 cases for all disabled beneficiaries and 1,389 for disabled workers. Disabled widow(er)s and disabled adult children are not shown separately because the unweighted sample size is too small to support statistically reliable estimates. Cells that contain less than 1.0 percent of all beneficiaries are rounded to zero because of concerns about sampling variability. Therefore, some distributions will not add to the total. Family income data and poverty thresholds are based on the 4 months included in wave 2 of the 2001 SIPP. This represents a change from tables for previous years, in which annual income and poverty data were reported. a. Sample size is too small to support statistically reliable estimates. Distributions for which the base is fewer than 150,000 weighted cases are not shown. CONTACT: Paul Davies (202) 358-6277 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

156 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2004

Appendix and Glossary