Benefits Awarded, Withheld, and Terminated

Chart 8.
Social Security disability awards, 1980–2005
The total number of awards decreased from 1980 through 1982, started to rise in 1983, and began to increase
more rapidly in 1990. Awards for disabled-worker benefits have been most pronounced and drive the overall pattern shown in the total line. They increased from a low of 297,131 in 1982 to 636,637 in 1992, were relatively flat
from 1992 through 2000, and started to increase again in 2001. There were 821,207 worker awards in 2005. Other
awards have risen at a much slower rate. Awards to disabled adult children have gradually increased from 33,470
in 1980 to 58,898 in 2005. Awards to disabled widow(er)s have risen from just over 16,000 in 1980 to
29,576 in 2005.

Thousands
1,000

Total
Disabled workers
Disabled widow(er)s
800

Disabled adult children

600

400

200

0

1980

1985

1990

1995

2000

2005

SOURCE: Table 35.

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2005 ♦ 85

Benefits Awarded, Withheld, and Terminated
Chart 9.
Average monthly benefit awards, by sex, 2005
Average monthly benefits for new awards tend to be higher than those paid to beneficiaries who are already on the
rolls (see Chart 5). The exception is payments to newly awarded adult children, whose benefits are lower than
those paid to adult children who are already on the rolls.
The average monthly benefit awarded to disabled workers is higher than that awarded to disabled widow(er)s
or disabled adult children. The reason for the difference is that disabled workers receive 100 percent of the primary
insurance amount, compared with 71.5 percent for disabled widow(er)s and 50 percent for disabled adult children
(if the worker is disabled or retired) or 75 percent (if the worker is deceased).
Because men have traditionally had higher earnings than women, their monthly benefit is higher. This is most
obvious in the disabled-worker group. Benefits for disabled widow(er)s and disabled adult children are dependents'
benefits, so their monthly benefit is a function of the worker's earnings. Therefore, a disabled widow's average
benefit tends to be higher than that of a disabled widower because a male worker's earnings are higher than a
female worker's. Benefit amounts are about the same for men and women in the disabled adult children group.

Dollars
1,200
Men
1,000
Women

800

600

400

200

0
Disabled
workers

Disabled
widow(er)s

SOURCE: Table 36.

86 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2005

Disabled
adult children

Awards to Disabled Beneficiaries and Nondisabled Dependents
Table 35.
Number, selected years 1960–2005
Workers and nondisabled dependents
Children
Spouses under age 18

Adult children of—

Students
aged 18–19

Widow(er)s

Disabled
workers

Retired
workers

Deceased
workers

102,516
175,109
241,627
391,284

...
19,794
71,145
117,043

...
...
15,609
23,521

1,794
2,713
3,774
6,889

12,740
10,017
11,348
14,636

9,819
8,668
9,425
11,182

108,500
95,575
77,835
80,079
81,834

235,079
199,829
153,205
152,954
172,721

143,935
134,390
103,015
68,834
59,990

16,054
14,154
12,440
14,412
17,165

6,194
5,435
4,250
5,107
5,541

16,650
15,365
14,772
17,309
18,330

10,626
9,745
9,685
11,223
12,556

377,371
416,865
415,848
409,490
425,582

83,511
82,435
77,316
73,790
69,113

190,204
198,192
195,030
196,655
197,950

56,108
52,989
54,925
61,725
57,079

17,086
18,418
16,396
15,328
15,168

6,713
6,986
6,787
6,646
6,358

19,661
20,295
20,761
20,544
19,668

12,709
13,244
12,117
11,512
10,975

868,793
990,500
1,167,001
1,177,268
1,177,236

467,977
536,434
636,637
635,238
631,870

69,667
72,754
78,083
74,605
69,549

218,059
250,287
306,002
317,263
327,067

58,894
60,349
66,035
71,081
74,364

15,424
29,590
33,235
31,835
29,903

6,633
7,552
9,548
10,254
9,774

20,862
21,850
23,615
23,173
22,119

11,277
11,684
13,846
13,819
12,590

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

1,173,317
1,139,054
1,059,556
1,087,352
1,106,343

645,832
624,335
587,417
608,131
620,488

63,097
57,528
50,818
47,550
46,164

315,587
311,228
278,040
279,764
283,768

75,929
76,769
76,034
82,567
84,525

29,597
28,611
28,546
29,399
29,650

9,779
9,353
8,474
9,095
9,851

21,566
20,169
19,611
19,932
20,467

11,930
11,061
10,616
10,914
11,430

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

1,051,900
1,118,300
1,219,670
1,259,672
1,311,031
1,402,509

610,700
661,900
730,383
755,706
775,244
821,207

38,500
41,100
43,301
44,638
45,649
49,917

263,200
268,800
293,131
302,756
313,640
338,506

74,600
75,700
77,927
82,447
96,871
104,405

27,600
26,500
28,339
27,324
27,744
29,576

7,000
9,800
8,507
9,740
13,301
15,334

21,100
22,300
22,798
21,836
22,127
25,591

9,200
12,200
15,284
15,225
16,455
17,973

Year

Total

Workers

1960
1965
1970
1975

388,861
538,983
799,616
1,305,345

207,805
253,499
350,384
592,049

54,187
69,183
96,304
148,741

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

933,597
826,340
672,333
661,467
730,135

396,559
351,847
297,131
311,549
361,998

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

763,363
809,424
799,180
795,690
801,893

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

SOURCES: Social Security Administration. For years before 2000, Annual Statistical Supplement to the Social Security Bulletin , based on
the Master Beneficiary Record, various sampling rates; from 2000 to 2001, Annual Award and Termination Transaction file, 1 percent
sample; data after 2001 are 100 percent data.
NOTES: Data exclude closed period awards in 2002 and 2003 and expedited reinstatement cases since 2002.
. . . = not applicable.
CONTACT: Glenda Carter (410) 965-7794 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

88 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2005

Awards to Disabled Beneficiaries and Nondisabled Dependents
Table 36.
Average monthly benefit, by basis of entitlement, age, and sex, 2005
Total
Basis of entitlement and age

Number

Male

Average monthly
benefit a (dollars)

Number

Female

Average monthly
benefit a (dollars)

Number

Average monthly
benefit a (dollars)

Workers
Total
Under 25
25–29
30–34
35–39
40–44
45–49
50–54
55–59
60 or older

821,207

1,001.50

440,008

1,133.30

381,199

849.30

22,775
29,815
38,137
54,268
83,419
110,401
151,250
189,592
141,550

505.90
682.50
778.60
842.00
902.40
971.80
1,044.40
1,119.60
1,146.90

13,358
15,605
19,064
27,512
42,525
56,851
78,932
104,396
81,765

511.30
702.00
812.00
897.80
983.50
1,086.20
1,188.40
1,291.50
1,326.90

9,417
14,210
19,073
26,756
40,894
53,550
72,318
85,196
59,785

498.30
661.20
745.10
784.60
818.00
850.50
887.30
908.90
900.80

Spouses of disabled workers
Total

49,917

257.00

2,488

181.60

47,429

260.90

Entitlement based on care
of children
Under 30
30–34
35–39
40–44
45–49
50–54
55–FRA

18,287
2,368
2,741
3,588
3,952
3,002
1,629
1,007

186.30
122.60
139.40
164.60
198.20
228.20
244.90
274.10

918
62
115
164
212
163
115
87

141.80
78.50
118.70
135.00
147.20
139.30
185.20
164.60

17,369
2,306
2,626
3,424
3,740
2,839
1,514
920

188.60
123.80
140.30
166.10
201.10
233.30
249.40
284.40

Entitlement based on age
62–64
65 or older

31,630
26,664
4,966

297.80
293.00
323.70

1,570
732
838

204.80
180.30
226.20

30,060
25,932
4,128

302.70
296.20
343.50

Children of disabled workers
Total

458,245

265.00

238,416

267.10

219,829

262.60

Under age 18
Under 5
5–9
10–14
15–17

338,506
58,247
74,167
109,753
96,339

233.40
188.90
201.50
233.30
284.90

172,255
29,670
37,748
56,032
48,805

233.00
189.00
201.30
233.00
284.20

166,251
28,577
36,419
53,721
47,534

233.80
188.70
201.70
233.60
285.60

Students aged 18–19

104,405

361.10

57,145

364.10

47,260

357.50

15,334

308.50

9,016

305.30

6,318

313.00

Disabled aged 18 or older

Widow(er)s
Total
50–54
55–59
60 or older

29,576

609.70

1,679

453.10

27,897

619.20

11,319
15,541
2,716

605.20
617.00
586.90

611
888
180

448.90
452.50
470.00

10,708
14,653
2,536

614.20
627.00
595.10
(Continued)

Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2005 ♦ 89

Awards to Disabled Beneficiaries and Nondisabled Dependents
Table 36.
Average monthly benefit, by basis of entitlement, age, and sex, 2005—Continued
Total
Basis of entitlement and age

Number

Male

Average monthly
benefit a (dollars)

Number

Female

Average monthly
benefit a (dollars)

Number

Average monthly
benefit a (dollars)

Adult children
Total

58,898

442.40

34,099

437.60

24,799

449.00

Children of—
Disabled workers
Retired workers
Deceased workers

15,334
25,591
17,973

308.50
419.60
589.10

9,016
14,563
10,520

305.30
414.90
582.30

6,318
11,028
7,453

313.00
425.80
598.70

Under 25
25–29
30–34
35–39
40–44
45–49
50–54
55–59
60–64
65 or older

24,532
7,710
8,148
8,572
6,405
2,135
791
358
155
92

449.00
454.00
454.60
441.80
413.10
370.90
434.20
437.00
420.50
531.30

14,492
4,498
4,628
4,893
3,636
1,220
396
205
86
45

448.30
452.50
443.10
431.80
405.20
358.00
442.00
413.80
401.00
473.70

10,040
3,212
3,520
3,679
2,769
915
395
153
69
47

450.00
455.90
469.70
455.10
423.40
388.20
426.40
468.10
444.80
586.60

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Annual Award and Termination Transaction file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Data exclude expedited reinstatement cases.
FRA = full retirement age.
a. Benefits awarded before the December cost-of-living increase are converted to the December rates before averages are computed.
CONTACT: Glenda Carter (410) 965-7794 or di.asr@ssa.gov.

90 ♦ Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2005