Vostok Voskhod .

Konstantin Feoktistov. pilot. or escape tower.S. launched the world's first multi-manned spacecraft. One concession was backup solid retrorocket package mounted on nose of spacecraft. The mission featured television pictures of the crew from space. the first to carry a scientist and a physician into space.S. no spacesuits. Vladimir Komarov. scientist.The U. ejection seats. investigated the in-flight work potential and co-operation of a group of cosmonauts consisting of specialists in different branches of science and technology. Voskhod I. conducted scientific physico-technical and medico-biological research. physician. The crew were Col. Tested the new multi-seat space ship.R. . and Boris Yegorov. Potentially dangerous modification of Vostok to upstage American Gemini flights.

Webb." Photo of actual Voskhod 3 Spacecraft." It was. In the United States. NASA Administrator James E. the "space race" was again running under the green flag. Voskhod 1 had a significant worldwide impact. called it a "significant space accomplishment. "a clear indication that the Russians are continuing a large space program for the achievement of national power and prestige. commenting on the spectacular. which was never flown .Coming before the two-man Gemini flights. he said.

Voskhod 3.Voskhod 1 being mated to its R-7 (A-1) booster rocket. never flown .

Voskhod 1 Interior .

he returned safely to the spacecraft through an inflatable airlock. This mission was the original raison d'etre of the Voskhod series. creating a serious fire hazard in a craft only qualified for sea level nitrogen-oxygen gas mixes (Cosmonaut Bondarenko had burned to death in a ground accident in such circumstances. who had to ski to the clearing from the spacecraft. the primary hatch would not seal completely. Another Voskhod objective. this was the swan song of the Soviet space program and for Korolev. Vostok 2 finally landed near Perm in the Ural mountains in heavy forest at 59:34 N 55:28 E on March 19. surrounded by wolves. preceding the Apollo 204 disaster by many years). Recovery crew had to chop down trees to clear a landing zone for helicopter recovery of the crew. with a two man crew of Colonel Pavel Belyayev and Lt. before being located. The crew spent the night in the woods. 1965 9:02 GMT.which did not exist on Vostok). The service module failed to separate completely." After 10 min of extravehicular activity. Although trumpeted to the world as a triumph (with suspect TV pictures and film of the spacewalk which did not match). the picture is drawn cartoon style but the antennae are drawn almost correctly and one porthole is in the right place! Leonov 'swims' serenely in space while Pavel Belyaev looks as though he is driving a motor car. He had to bleed air from the suit in order to get into the airlock. A manually controlled retrofire was accomplished one orbit later (perhaps with the backup solid rocket retropack on the nose of spacecraft . It almost ended in disaster when Leonov was unable to reenter the airlock due to stiffness of the inflated spacesuit. This was the Cosmos 110 mission of 1966. with the original name 'Advance'.service module before connecting wires burned through. was eventually achieved by Soyuz 9 in 1970. During Voskhod 2's second orbit. Belyaev (on the left) and Leonov are depicted in photographs. but they were cancelled in order that work could be concentrated on developing and building Soyuz. . A Voskhod spacecraft re-fitted to carry two dogs took them on a flight which carried them into the lower layers of the van Allen radiation belts which surround the Earth. On re-entry the primary retrorockets failed. After Leonov finally managed to get back into the spacecraft cabin. Colonel Aleksey Leonov. On 1965's one rouble sheet. leading to wild gyrations of the joined reentry sphere . Only some days later could the capsule itself be removed. The environmental control system compensated by flooding the cabin with oxygen. a two-week stay in orbit. Leonov stepped from the vehicle and performed mankind's first "walk in space.First spacewalk. Further Voskhod missions were planned for 1966 and beyond.

It shows the spherical heat-shielded cabin and the inflatable airlock which he used to exit from and re-enter the cabin.The 1980 version is based on a painting by Leonov . The inset 50 kopeck stamp shows the cosmonaut in his spacesuit as he would have been viewed by the camera which can be seen mounted on the rim of the open airlock.a substitute for photographs which were not taken because of the difficulties Leonov had with his spacesuit. .

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