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STUDY ON DAYLIGHTING FOR REDUCING ENERGYCONSUMPTION IN HOSPITALS.
LABEEBA K B090319AR S9 B ARCH DEPARTMENT OF ARCHITECTURE RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
’ Hardly any other application area demands such complex lighting solutions as health and care facilities. However. it is easy to calculate that. For many years. the impressive progress that have been done in the electronic field these last year’s open new prospects in the field of lighting energy savings. to the CO2 emission reduction. Daylight saving time transitions and hospital treatments due to accidents or manic episodes by T A Lahiti (3). After centuries of painstakingly and ingeniously manipulating our buildings to suit the vagaries of natural light .we find paradoxically that we have very little aptitude for manipulating our new wealth of artificial light.AIM OF THE RESEARCH To find out the extend of energy saving possible in hospitals in hot humid climate through day lighting by maintaining the required healing environment through a case study of a government hospital. a great number of studies dealing with the reduction of energy consumption in buildings have already been done. as day lighting in certain areas can reduce this. Some of the literature studies that have been done are by (1)M Bodart “Global energy savings in offices buildings by the use of daylighting”. In india more than . ‘Daylighting design: enhancing energy efficiency and visual quality’ by K Steemers(2). Government hospitals in India due to poor day lighting and artificial design find it difficult to provide patients with a good healing environment due to the booming energy consumption. different strategies of day lighting should be thought of. RELEVANCE OF THE RESEARCH Lighting is one of the largest energy consumers in hospitals. Various studies have shown that some 20% of the total energy consumption in a hospital is accounted for by the lighting installation. on a national scale. .from the national perspective too it is important to have a research in to various strategies that can be adopted to make a government hospital energy efficient and patient friendly. 1.Hence. The percent is comparable to the emissions from light duty vehicles even. However. this consumption reduction can be very important and participate in a significant way. where an extremely wide range of requirements have to be met in order to create perfect conditions High energy usage by artificial lighting is a serious issue in present times due to percentage it contributes to the carbon dioxide emissions. Hence we should keep it to the minimum and bring in more nature to the buildings.Hence. .60% of people(lower and middle income families) depend on the government hospitals too.
1 energy consumption in various spaces 1. 3.to calculate the reduced energy consumption after this measure.1In other occupancies 2. b.1 standards -quantity 3. under kerala hot humid climate environment.spaces where day lighting can be employed .2 factors effecting energy consumption 2. OBJECTIVES OF THE RESEARCH PROGRAMME a. To make a simulation model that applies the abouve work elements or strategies in the spaces of the case study. To compare the energy consumption value to other few hospital standards worldwide. To formulate the various work elements whose manipulation can result in a lower energy consumption. -active day lighting strategies -sunlight protection devices. e. c. Study about and compile the various daylight design strategies for the work elements already listed down and analyses their efficiency from data collection and case study which includes. d. To establish through comparative case study(IMCH) . Space lighting requirements in various spaces 3.METHODOLOGY 1.2 can they be applied in healthcare sector as well 3. -site planning strategies for passive day lighting -day lighting in wards -interior open spaces.2.influence of day lighting on global consumption –general study 2.WORKPLAN A. Importance of lighting in hospitals and factors affecting energy consumption(through case study) 1.2 healing standards-qualitative 4.the percentage of energy consumption contributed by lighting sector in a typical government hospital in south india. to verify if the lighting management as a function of the daylighting has an influence on the building global consumption.
the glazing luminous transmission coefficient. Out of these .the opening orientation .1 active and passive day lighting through case study 4. The varios factors identified will be .3 innovative strategies for day lighting -literature Energy or economy consumption in day lighting protection devices 6. -the wall reflection coefficients -site planning of spaces -humidity and temperature in study area. .and hospitals look for functional importance rather than other factors. .Calicut medical college campus.Circulation spaces C.those that are easier to be applied on an existing building are given special importance.the façade configuration.Icu 4. The site zoning of spaces are given less importance as in an urban context it will be very difficult.2 application in different hospital spaces A. B. METHODOLOGY CHART .Open atrias D. This requires the use of various scientific equipment’s and computer simulations.Waiting areas B.Wards E.4.with minimum modifications to the existing structure. ORGANIZATION OF WORK ELEMENTS Various work elements or influential factors are identified in the first part of the methodology through the case study in IMCH .the room width. CONCLUSIONS OF A INTEGRATED lighting scenario for a pediatric ward.
we should make sure that the permissions drawings etc will be provided. Act 2.CALICUT MEDICAL COLLEGE is considered as the case study. 1-this involves identifying a suitable case study.Then. This can go for a long period of time .-1 month max.This is an activity that should be done simultaneously with act.It involves procurement of books .journals.collecting analyzing and compiling data . WORK BREAKDOWN AND TIME SCHEDULE It changes according to the different activity in the research process Act.C.internet surfing.let us assume IMCH .5 week maximum. This process can take a period of 1-1.this can be done only through visiting a few hospitals surfing about it etc.1 or even way before activity 1.hence should be started well before the case study.once identified . .
. Simulation model of the spaces to be prepared.softwares and a personnel knowing the softwareTime schedule-2 weeks to 1 month Act 6’-energy consumption reduction value from the simulated model-2 days.Once the survey is the analysis compiles the percentage of energy consumption . Equipments required-a computer. C.This is done by the researcher himself . -1 week for analysis Act 5.Before starting this activity care should be taken to hire personnels for survey. procure the equipment’s required(lux meters etc for measuring lighting intensity).-2 years-5 years.Once the percentage is obtained it is correlated with other studies done and compiled. because it will be difficult to study in entire India because of the variation in daylight hours at all places.no:of personnels required: Surveyors-3 Draftsman-1 Equipment personnel-2 Lux meters required -3 Time required with these many resourses are. Time schedule -1 week Act 4. basically in south India. For survey. Act 8 –I will not be able to estimate the time period-it might take years to decades to be implemented in a government hospital project in kerala.This process is the most hectic one.measurement and compiling data. It is limited to hospitals in hot humid climate.Act 3 .2 weeks. STUDY AREA My study area only concerns with government hospitals .not private hospitals as energy efficiency and cost reduction is very important in their case as they are subsidized centers and requires a cost reduction in services to channel the money to other important aspects such as good health services. As the case study hospital(imch) is of remarkable size and shape. Time schedule-1 week Act 5’. Total time till validation-4 months Act 7-sent the simulation model and findings for validation .
DELIVERABLES EXPECTED Existing condition mapping of the case study in drawings . Existing percentage energy consumption and comparison with other hospital standards. This evaluation comes from an integrated approach combining the day lighting and the thermal aspects.000 Computer -20000 Softwares-2000 Literature books-4000 Travel expenses -1000 Publishing in journal expenses-4000 Conference expenses-2500 5. ABSTRACT OF RESEARCH PROJECT. These simulations were performed by coupling a daylighting simulation tool (ADELINE) and a dynamic thermal simulation software (TRNSYS).4. 6. The objective of the work was to evaluate the methods and impacts of lighting energy savings on global energy consumption in hospital buildings in hot humid climate through case studies done. These simulations allows me to determine the main parameters playing a rule on . 7.APPROXIMATE BUDGET No: of personnel:7 -14. A simulated model of case study with the proposed strategies Energy consumption reduced values from the simulation model.el sevier Conducting programmes and studies to students within the case study hospital . Several façade configurations have been modeled.charts etc for lighting energy consumption. METHODS OF DISSEMINATION AND SCOPE Conducting seminars for IMA or indian public health mission Conducting conferences Publishing papers in journals on building services…eg. The study presented here is based on simulation results. for the four main orientations and three combinations of internal wall reflection coefficients.
. Simulation based tools have been used for getting to the final result. improve comfort and well-being.lighting consumption. so as to decrease energy consumption for lighting. Research in daylighting of hospitals focuses on increasing how much natural light we can use in imch. and provide a connection to the outside. heating and cooling. generate aesthetical value. The global primary energy saving coming not only from the reduction of the lighting consumption but also from the reduction of lighting internal loads could then reach 40%. I learned that daylighting can reduce artificial lighting consumption from certain percentage . for a type of glazing usually used in hospital buildings.