# Rube Goldberg Project

Sarah Bixler
with Cindy Palacios, Dylan Delmoral, & Adriana Rivera Ms. Kondo/ Calculus/ Period 3 Start machine!

Tunnel discontinuity

Fastest av. velocity

Negative velocity

Machine makes the iPod turn on.

Ball falls on lever, making spoon fall to turn on music

Position Graph
) ) ) ( ) ) ) ) ) ) {

Time ( Position ( )

1.6

1.7

2

2.068

2.235

2.303

2.37

2.437

2.5

2.57

2.637

2.67

2.703

)
8.6 6.7 2 0.902 1.47 2.152 3 3.99 5.135 6.214 7.436 8.089 8.231

Instantaneous Velocity ( ) Time ( Position ( ) Instantaneous Velocity ( ) )

-10.25

-11.8

-17.08

-3.172

2.59

10.99

13.1

16.618

16.43

16.99

16.76

9.16

-3.125

2.737

2.77

2.803

2.837

2.87

2.903

2.97

3

3.037

3.27

3.872

7.692

7.237

7.18

7.521

7.606

7.692

7.862

8.061

8.345

8.913

9.311

-9.658

-6.013

1.397

4.12

2.438

2.225

5.161

5.137

2.422

1.326

0.956

Where is the position curve continuous?
The distance curve is continuous at most t-values. For example, the curve is continuous at t= 2.5. We prove this using the 3 conditions of continuity: 1) 2) 3) From the graph, we observe that the We sub in 2.5 into the equation to find f(2.5). ( ) ( ( )

The distance curve is discontinuous at when the ball goes through the tunnel. We prove this using the 3 conditions of continuity: 1) 2) From the graph we can observe and ( ) ( . Therefore, ) ( not 6.7 ) We sub in 1.7 into the equation to find f(1.7). ( 3) ) ( ) ( ) does not exist!

Most Creative Discontinuity!

) ( ) ( ) We combine our work from parts (1) & (2) to see that indeed ( ) ( )

We combine our work from parts (1) and (2) to see that f(1.7) does not exist, it also does not equal limit does not exist at t=1.7. ( ) therefore the

Therefore, the position curve is continuous at t= 2.5 seconds.

Therefore, since condition 1 fails the position curve is discontinuous at t=1.7

Velocity Graph

Time ( Position ( )

1.6

1.768

2

2.068

2.235

2.303

2.37

2.437

2.5

2.57

2.637

2.67

2.703

)
8.6 6.7 2 0.902 1.47 2.152 3 3.99 5.135 6.214 7.436 8.089 8.231

Instantaneous Velocity ( ) Time ( Position ( ) Instantaneous Velocity ( ) )

-10.25

-11.8

-17.08

-3.172

2.59

10.99

13.1

16.618

16.43

16.99

16.76

9.16

-3.125

2.737

2.77

2.803

2.837

2.87

2.903

2.97

3

3.037

3.27

3.872

7.692

7.237

7.18

7.521

7.606

7.692

7.862

8.061

8.345

8.913

9.311

-9.658

-6.013

1.397

4.12

2.438

2.225

5.161

5.137

2.422

1.326

0.956

Fastest Average Velocity
interval by finding the slope between the two times. The fastest average velocity found in the project was between 1.6 & 1.768. ( ) ( ) We can find the fastest average velocity over a time

Area with Most Displacement
I estimated that the most displacement will occur between 2.235-2.637 seconds since there appears to be the most area under the velocity curve at this time. I approximated this displacement using right end-point rectangles, as drawn in the above velocity graph.

( ( )

) (

( )

) (

( )

) (

( )

)

Therefore, at 2.637 seconds the ball is 6.187 inches away from where it started at 2.235 seconds.

Original Design of Invention:
Summary of Changes:
Our design did not go completely as planned. The funnels were exchanged for other household items, including a can and a bottle. Additionally, instead of tubing through the back a tunnel was included. Unfortunately, the original spoon holder proved not sufficient enough for the design, so a lever replaced it. Instead of the ball hitting the spoon, it will hit one side of the lever to trigger the spoon to fall and hit the iPod. Plus, the blue ramp was removed and the location of the last funnel shifted to the far right. Lastly, the first two ramps, that are more superior to the board, were moved closer together (about 3 inches closer than originally designed).