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Ray Chcng |ovcs chcss. ! know this bccausc hc has bccn my
studcnt for scvcra| ycars and his cnthusiasm has ncvcr wancd.
NcvcrthcIcss, whcn Ray ñrst mcntioncd that hc wantcd to writc a
book of training cxcrciscs for thc amatcur p|aycr, ! was skcptica|.
Thc chcss markct has its sharc of training matcria|, inc|uding an
abundancc of books with co||cctions of positions to bc so|vcd.
But as Ray unfo|dcd thc p|ans for his work, ! bccamc morc and
morc intrigucd. Hc had comc up with scvcra| innovativc idcas,
mcthods that offcr thc rcadcr a gcnuinc opportunity to acquirc
thc ski||s nccdcd for ucluuÍ p|ay.
First, instcad of sorting thc prob|cms by thcmcs, hc mixcs thcm
togcthcr so that thc studcnt has no advancc idca of what kind of
position hc is dca|ing with. !s thcrc a simp|c chcckmatc, a
comp|cx tactica| scqucncc, or a purc|y stratcgic so|ution to thc
position? Or pcrhaps a mixturc of thcsc c|cmcnts and particu|ar
thcmcs? With hindsight, Ray's point is obvious. this is prcci sc|y
thc situation that a pIaycr is confrontcd with in a rca| gamc!
Whcn considcring your ncxt movc, you'rc on your own and havc
to dccidc what to play bascd upon your own unassistcd thought
proccss. Astonishing|y, l can think of no othcr book that poscs
its prob|cms in this way without hints about how to procccd. For
cxamplc, books that ask you to ñnd a chcckmatc in onc, two, or
thrcc movcs tc|cgraph thcir intcntions, whcrcas cvcn books that
ask 'What's thc bcst movc?' tip you off about thc rc|cvant thcmcs
and choiccs. By contrast, Ray's book forccs you to do thc most
important thing o| a|| . think for yoursc|f.
A rclatcd prob|cm is thc dcgrcc of di mculty. Most cxcrcisc
books movc from casicr prob|cms to morc cha||cnging oncs.
Othcrs cxp|icit|y indicatc to thc rcadcr how hard a givcn position
is to so|vc. Oncc again, this is not information i mpartcd to a
p|aycr in thc rca| wor|d of compctition. Thcrcforc Ray has donc
what sccms obvious in rctrospcct. hc has not on|y choscn a widc
rangc o| prob|cms |rom c|cmcntary to advanccd, but has
randomizcd thc ordcr of thc cxcrciscs with rcspcct to thcir
0
comp|cxity and casc of so|ution. Again, this simp|c arrangcmcnt
of matcria| is sc|dom if cvcr to bc found in othcr chcss books.
Thcsc innovations apart, what about thc prob|cms thcmsc|vcs?
Ray spcnt ovcr a ycar compi|ing cxamp|cs, drawing in |argc part
from an unconvcntiona| sourcc. thc gamcs of amatcurs. Thcsc
wcrc typical|y p|aycd on thc !ntcmct, whcrc² vcnturc to say that
thc majority of gamcs by scrious p|aycrs wi | | soon bc contcstcd.
Thosc invo|vcd in p|aying gamcs via thc !ntcmct should gain
insight i nto thcir typica| tcndcncics and shortcomings. Thcy arc
not so diffcrcnt from thc oncs that show up during ovcr-thc-
board p|ay, and on|y app|icd study can adcquatc|y addrcss and
corrcct thcm. Ray's undcrstanding of thc ways in which amatcurs
think a||ows him to touch upon arcas of misundcrstanding and
ovcrsight that don't occur to thc mastcrs who usua||y writc
cxcrcisc books. !n most cascs thcy toss togcthcr tactica|
cxamp|cs from mastcr gamcs, without particu|ar thought to thc
amatcur audicncc. Thcrc cou|d hard|y bc a grcatcr contrast to thc
cIfort that Ray has invcstcd in thc book bcIorc you.
Chcss authors arc constant|y c|aiming that thcy don't mcrc|y
impart information, but a|so tcach you how to think. As a
tcachcr, ! am painfu||y awarc of how sc|dom that is thc casc.
Tru|y making onc's own dccisions without dcpcnding upon
othcrs' advicc i s usua||y thc |ast stcp in bccoming a strong p|aycr.
But iI you carcIu||y work through thc book bcforc you, you wi||
incvi tab|y improvc in that rcgard, and gain thc satisfaction that
comcs from grcatcr mastcry of thc gamc.
1ohn Watson
!ntcmationa| Mastcr
¯
ÌHlI000£lÍ0H
This book is a training and improvcmcnt program for amatcur
chcss p|aycrs. !t compriscs 600 chcss cxcrciscs and thcir
so|utions. !t i s un|ikc any othcr chcss training book. Whi|c othcrs
focus on|y on tactics, this onc covcrs
Tactics
Attack
Dcfcnsc
Thrcat !dcntiñcation
Countcrp|ay
Opcnings
Midd|cgamcs
Lndgamcs
Thc Thought Proccss
Positiona| I|ay
Stratcgy
Lach cxcrcisc consists of a diagrammcd chcss position, and your
lask is to ñnd thc bcst movc. For cach position you arc to|d on|y
which sidc is to movc; thcrc is no furthcr sct-up. For cxamp|c,
you wi | | not ñnd a caption undcr thc diagram such as 'Whitc to
matc in 3,¨ or ¨How can B|ack cxp|oit thc undcfcndcd rook on
a l ?¨ Thc intcntion is to furnish on|y thc information that you
wou|d havc during a rcal gamc, whcn no such hints arc cxpcctcd
or pcrmittcd. !ndccd, any kind of training tcnds to bc morc
cffcctivc to thc cxtcnt that it simu|atcs thc conditions of actua|
compctition. That is onc of thc corc princip|cs o| this book. For
simi|ar rcasons, thc cxcrcisc positions arc not groupcd by thcmc
or |abc|cd by |cvc| of diñicu|ty. Again, thc idca is that in a rca|
gamc, no onc is going to whispcr in your car 'Hcy, you havc a
ki |lcr knight |ork,¨ or ¨You` d bcttcr spcnd a l itt|c cxtra timc on
this movc, bccausc it ratcs four stars in difñcu|ty.¨
Most chcss puzz|c books consist cntirc|y of tactica| cxcrciscs,
but thcrc is a downsidc to thi s. Kowing at thc outsct that thcrc is
a tactic to bc found di|utcs thc valuc of thc cxcrci sc. Indccd, it
cncouragcs thc rcadcr to adopt an abridgcd thought proccss -
|umping right into ca|cu|ating outragcous sacriñccs, for instancc,
ö
without bcing |cd toward thc so|ution by ski||tu||y rcading thc
c|ucs in thc position. 1ust as ohcn, this rcadcr might prcmaturc|y
stop ca|cu|ating oncc a p|ausib|c tactic has bccn found (and
amrmcd by thc so|ution in thc back ot thc book), without
bothcring to doub|c-chcck whcthcr it rca||y works. For that
rcason ! inc|udcd a numbcr ot positions whcrc thcrc is a
tcmpting tactical try that fai |s tor somc rcason, and thc bcst movc
is somcthing c|sc cntirc|y. !n rca| | itc, many (and pcrhaps most)
tactica| possibi|i tics tum out to bc ñawcd, and thus thc habit ot
doub|c-chccking thcm is wc|| worth cu|tivating. Likcwisc, !
inc|udcd positions in which it is your opponcnt who has thc
tactica| thrcat; your job is thcn to idcntify thc thrcat and takc any
appropriatc dctcnsivc mcasurcs.
Many ot thc cxcrciscs in this book covcr tactica| thcmcs, whi |c
othcrs nccd not havc a tactica| rcso|ution at a||. Thcrc arc
cxcrciscs bui|t upon positiona| idcas, such as outposts, wcak
squarcs, pawn structurc, supcrior minor piccc, and positiona|
sacriñccs. Othcr cxcrciscs arc conccmcd with basic thcorctica|
cndgamcs that cvcry chcss p|aycr shou|d know, or thcy fcaturc
intcrcsting cndgamc positions that havc occurrcd in practicc.
Many of thcm wn| i | |ustratc important cndgamc conccpts,
inc|uding thc activc king, opposition, rooks bchìnd passcd
pawns, and thc outsidc passcd pawn. As far as opcnìngs go, you
wi | | not bc tcstcd tor your spcci ñc know|cdgc of thcorctica|
¨book¨ movcs. You wì| |, howcvcr, nccd to hand|c opcnìng
positions bascd on mndamcnta| prìncìp|cs, such as thosc
conccming thc ccntcr, dcvc|opmcnt, and cast|ing. Of coursc,
thcrc wi | | a|so bc opcning tactics and b|undcrs to contcnd with.
Thc cxcrciscs ìn thìs book appcar in random ordcr, not on|y by
thcmc, but a|so by |cvc| of di mcu|ty. Añcr a||, bcing ab|c to
judgc how much timc and cncrgy to dcvotc to a particu|ar
posìtion i s a va|uab|c skì|| during actua| compctitìon. Thc
cxcrcìscs rangc trom vcry sìmp|c to vcry dìmcu|t, with most
fa||ing into thc midd|c catcgorics. For thc sakc of rcfcrcncc !
havc labc|cd thc so|utìons (but not thc cxcrcisc positions
thcmsc|vcs, ot coursc) wìth up to tour stars to indìcatc thcir
approximatc dìmcu|ty.
V
Bccausc thcy arc not accompanicd by artiñcia| hints, working
through thcsc cxcrciscs wi | | insti|| a morc comp|ctc and rca|istic
movc sc|cction proccss. Thcy prcscnt opportunitics to uti | izc and
strcngthcn your tactica| vision, positiona| undcrstanding,
thcorctica| know|cdgc, and intuitivc judgmcnt in an intcgratcd
and ho|istic manncr. In addition, thcy wi | | cnhancc your abi|ity
to anticipatc your opponcnt's idcas, ca|cu|atc variations, and
cva|uatc thc rcsu|ting positions accuratc|y.
Consi stcnt with thc spirit oI this book, you shou|d try to so|vc
cach prob|cm dircct|y Irom thc diagram; or, sct up thc initia|
position on a board, but do a|| oI thc ana|ysis in your hcad
without moving thc picccs. You can cvcn usc a c|ock to add thc
timc c|cmcnt, giving yoursc|I, say, ha|I an hour to do cach pagc
oI six positions. In short, thcsc cxcrciscs wi| | hc|p you to dcvc|op
thc Iu| | rangc oI ski |Is that you nccd to succccd in practica| p|ay.
Un|ikc a rca| gamc, howcvcr, you wi|| rcccivc immcdiatc,
constructivc Iccdback on cvcry movc sc|cction. !n addition, thcsc
cxcrciscs wi|| put you in contact with a wca|th oI important
chcss thcmcs and idcas, not a|| oI which you may havc
cncountcrcd in your own gamcs.
Thc so|utions wcrc chcckcd using a numbcr oI strong computcr
cngincs. Thc main | inc oI cach so|ution appcars in bcld Iacc.
Somctimcs thc main |inc |o|lows not thc obj cctivc|y bcst
dcIcnsc, but rathcr thc ¨grcatcst p|ausib|c rcsi stancc.¨ For
cxamp|c, thc bcst dcIcnsc to a tactica| combination might bc to
acccdc to thc |oss oI a knight on movc two, howcvcr, by putting
up rcasonab|c rcsistancc thc dcIcndcr might |ast ñvc additiona|
movcs, and thcn |osc a rook. This approach hc|ps to bring out
rc|cvant variations, and morc c|osc|y corrcsponds to thc way
most humans think. !n somc cxcrciscs, particu|ar|y thosc with a
stratcgic or positiona| thcmc, thcrc is ncccssari|y a subjcctivc
c|cmcnt. Whi|c in thosc cascs thcrc may bc morc than onc
acccptab|c movc, ! tricd to sc|cct onc that wou|d mcct thc
rcquircmcnts oI thc position in a spccia| way.
Fina||y, this co||cction oI cxcrciscs is distinguishcd by anothcr
critica| Icaturc. thc vast majority oI thc positions wcrc takcn
|rom amatcur gamcs. (I rc|icd on mastcr gamcs primari|y Ior
cxamp|cs oI positiona| p|ay.) Why shou|d this makc a
ÎÛ
diffcrcncc? Wc amatcurs usc a much widcr varicty of opcnings
than mastcrs, many considcrcd unsound at thc highcst |cvc|s (and
indccd somc arc unsound at any |cvc| ! ). Wc rightm||y continuc
p|aying out positions that thc pro|cssional wou|d dismiss as
rcsignab|c. Wc makc morc mistakcs, wc makc worsc mistakcs,
and wc makc mi stakcs of diûcrcnt kinds. Iositions arising from
mastcr gamcs can bc marvc|s of piccc coordination and activity.
!n our gamcs, howcvcr, i t i s not uncommon for both p|aycrs to
havc p|accd thcir pi cccs awkward|y, or to havc pursucd p|ans
inconsistcnt with thc dcmands of thc position. Rudo|f Spic|mann
oncc quippcd, ¨! can scc A|ckhinc's combinations as wc|| as hc
can, ! just can't gct his positions.¨ Spic|mann was a wor|d c|ass
mastcr; his words shou|d p|acc into pcrspccti vc thc di mcu|tics
thc rcst of us suffcr down in thc |owcr scctions.
For al| thcsc rcasons, thc positions you wi | | ñnd on thc fo| lowing
pagcs do not rcscmb|c thosc gathcrcd i n othcr chcss cxcrcisc
books. Rathcr, thcy contain thc fu| | rangc of cha||cngcs and
opportunitics that wc ordinary morta|s facc at thc chcssboard, on
thc |ong road toward i mprovcmcnt and succcss.
Í Í
LX0I£ÍS0S ßH0 b0Î0lÍ0HS
Thc fo| |owing pagcs contain 600 chcss training cxcrciscs. Each
cxcrci sc consists of a diagrammcd chcss position. You arc to|d
on|y which sidc has thc movc. For cach position your task is to
ñnd thc bcst movc, and bc ab|c to support your choicc using
words and ana|ysis.
Thc cxcrciscs arc |aid out on thc |ch-hand pagcs, six to a pagc.
Thcir solutions appcar on thc corrcsponding right-hand pagcs
(rathcr than a scparatc scction at thc cnd of thc book). Thc
so|utions shou|d bc covcrcd up using a |argc indcx card or a
fo|dcd shcct of papcr, and uncovcrcd as you procccd through thc
cxcrctscs.
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(¡)*
lcrk
¡... NbJ! 2.Rb¡ Nc5 wins thc cxchangc (i. c. , a rook lor a minor
piccc).
(2)**1raþþcd þiccc,lccklcr bcttcrmcvc
Whitc cou|d ccrtain|y pick up thc cxchangc by I . Bxd8. But with
so lcw opcn l¡|cs, and with so many picccs on thc board, thc
matcria| imba|ancc might not bc advantagcous lor qui tc somc
timc. Bcsidcs, Whitc shou|d ñrst chcck whcthcr thcrc is an cvcn
bcttcr movc, and indccd thcrc is onc. ¡.Nb4! traps thc B|ack
quccn. ( I .Nd4 is also cllcctivc.) Notc that thc dcspcratc try
I . . . Nxc4 wou|d bc mct by 2. Qc3.
(J)***Ucnycncmycutþcsls
Thcrc isn't a tactica| shot, but thcrc is a positiona| crisis. Givcn
thc chancc, Whitc would p|ay Nd5 and Bl5, whcn his linc|y
placcd picccs can stand up to Bl ack's quccn. B|ack stops this
p|an by ¡...Ncb! . Now 2.Nd5 runs into 2... Qcb J.Bxcb lxcb
driving thc piccc back.
(4)***Gainacrucialtcmþc
Whitc's p|an is to abandon thc b-pawn, and msh his king ovcr to
thc kingsidc to cat B|ack's rcmaining pawns. Hc gains a prccious
tcmpo with this |itt|c l¡ncssc. ¡. Kb2! ! Kb5 2.KcJ Kc5 J.KdJ
Kb4 4. Kc4 KxbJ. Thc point is that thc Whitc king is on c4
rathcr than d3 whcn B|ack capturcs thc b-pawn. As it tums out,
this onc tcmpo makcs thc dilIcrcncc bctwccn a win and a draw.
(5)**Rcmcvc lhcguard,skcwcr
Whitc wins hcavy matcria| by ¡.Qxg5!, rcmoving thc dclcndcr
olh?. ¡ ...lxg52.Rh8+KfJ.R8h7+Kg84.Rxc7.
(b)*Blundcrchcck
Thc Whitc kight on g3 is hanging (sincc thc L pawn is pinncd).
Moving it away is bcst. ¡.N¡l .
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**Ucñcctìcn,matc
AItcr ¡...l! (thrcatcning matc and dcûccting thc dclcndcr ol h3 )
2.BxlRxhJ,Whitc cannot prcvcnt matc.
(8)
**Llcarancc, lcrk
¡.Bc4+ (c|caring b5 lor thc knight) ¡. ..Kh82.Nb5scoops up thc
þishop on d6.
(º)**Ucñccticn,þrcmcticn
¡.Qxc8+! Qxc8 2.Bab! . B|ack must givc up his quccn or a||ow
thc pawn to promotc.
(¡0)****Ficcc sacriûcctccxþcsc cncmy king
Thc obvious try I . . .Qxc2+ 2. Kal Rb8 3.Qc2 Qxc2 4. Rxc2 Nc5
5.Rxc5+ Nc6 |cads to an unc|car strugg|c. !nstcad, B|ack can
takc chargc with thc spcctacu|ar piccc sac ¡ ...NcJ+! ! 2.bxcJ
QxcJJ.Qc2 ¸3. Rc2 Rb8+ 4.Kc I Qa| + 5. Kd2 Rd8+ nabs a rook,
3. a3 Qxc2+ 4. KaI Qc3+ 5.Ka2 Ra8 and Whitc must shcd a rook
via 6. Rxc5+ to stavc oll immcdiatc matcj JÆÆÆ Rb8+4.Kc¡ QaJ+
5.Kd2 Rd8.Whitc must givc up his quccn.
(¡ ¡)**Obtain ìdcalþawn ccntcr
ÜÌ3Ck Ì3S I3K0H 3 Q3uS0 lIOH lÌ0 SIIu__¡0 IO COHIIOÌ Ih0 0¬
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(¡2)**Achicvccþþcsìtc-cclcrcd bìshcþs
Down two pawns, Whitc's bcst chancc to ho|d a draw is ¡ .Bg5!
Kcb 2.Bxlb Bxlb, rcaching an cnding with oppositc-co|orcd
bishops. Whitc can hopc to sct up a b|ockadc a|ong thc |ight
squarcs.
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(¡ J)***Fcsiticnalþawnsac
¡ . .. c4! 2.lxc4 Nc5. B| ack gcts an outpost lor his knight, thc c-l¡|c
(with targcts) lor his rook, and grcatcr scopc lor his bishop.
Whìtc's |ight-squarcd bishop ìs obstructcd by his own pawn on
c4, howcvcr.
(¡4)***5waþdclcndcrclcutþcsts
To takc advantagc ol thc nicc squarcs at c4, d6 and l5, Whitc has
¡.Bc4! , c|iminating thc cncmy scntry. ¡...Bxc4 ¸or I . . . Bù
2.Bxl+ Kxl 3. Qc4+ Kg? 4.Nll lo||owcd by Nl| -g3-l5j
2.Qxc4+KMJ.Qcb.Now Whitc can p|an on Nd2-c4-d6.
(¡ 5)*lcrk,þin
¡.Qa4+ wins a piccc, as ¡ ...Ncbis mct by 2.d5.
(I b)***1hctacticlails!
Whitc wou|d maintain his c|car advantagc ahcr thc scnsib|c
¡.Rl¡ or ¡.Qc2. Thc tactica| shot l . Rxg?+¹ is tcmpting, and
shou|d bc |ookcd at, but I . . . Kxg? 2. Bh6+ Kh8 3.Qg5? (cxpccting
3 . . . l5 4. Qxh4 with compcnsation) |oscs to 3 . . . Nf+! 4.gxf Rg8
winning thc Whitc quccn.
(¡7)***5avcdby stalcmatccrþcrþclualchcck
Thc Whitc king is scqucstcrcd at a8, prcvcnting thc a-pawn lrom
promoting. On thc othcr hand, thc B|ack pawns havc a c|carcr
path toward thc ñrst rank. Whitc cscapcs with a ha|l point by
¡.Ra5+ Kh4 [ I . . . Kl6 2. Rl5+! j 2.Rh5+! KgJ J.RhJ+! KxhJ
sta|cmatc.
(¡8)** 5lralcgicþawn mancuvcr
Whitc must act quick|y to cngagc thc cncmy bclorc thc |attcr
catchcs up in dcvc|opmcnt. Onc way lorward is ¡ .a4! . Now ì l
¡...b4 ¸ I . . . bxa4 2. Rxa4 Bc? 3. Nd2 intcnding Nc4 with thc
advantagc, on I . . . Rb8 2. axb5 axb5 3. Ra? Whitc scìzcs thc ?th
rankj 2.Rac¡ Bc7 J.bJ thcn Whitc has a targct at c5, an outpost
at c4, a sharc ol thc opcn ñ|c, and a kingsidc pawn majority.
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ÍY
(¡º)* Backrankwcakncss
¡ .Qc8+Qxc8 [ I. Nc8 2. Qxb8j 2.Rxc8+Nc8J.Rxc8matc.
(20)**5lcþlhcmalicþawn advancc
B|ack's countcrp|ay in thc Scmi-S|av Dclcnsc rc|ics on thc . . . c6-
c5 advancc, opcning thc diagona| lor his |ight-squarcd bishop,
cxtcnding thc scopc ol thc rook on c8, and chal!cnging Whitc's
pawn ccntcr. Hcrc, ahcr unusua||y rcstraincd play by both sidcs,
Whitc can prcvcnt B|ack's thcmatic advancc by ¡. b4! .
(2¡)* Ovcrwcrkcd þiccc,dcublcallack
¡.Rxc7! wins a piccc, as ahcr ¡...Qxc72.Qxd5+Whitc snags thc
d-pawn and thc |oosc rook on a8.
(22)**Rcckandþawncndgamc
B|ack wi| | cvcntual|y havc to givc up his rook lor thc c-pawn.
His hopcs rcst with his rcmaining pawn on a6. ¡ ...Rc4! is thc
winning movc, a||owing thc king to join thc strugg|c via c3.
[ I . . . Rxc?? is prcmaturc as 2.Kxc? Kc4 3.Kb6 is a draw, I . . . Rc2?
docsn't a||ow thc B|ack king to pcnctratc in timc 2. Kd? Kd5
3.c8Q Rxc8 4.Kxc8 Kc6 5. Kb8, with a drawj 2.Kd7 KcJ J.c8Q
Rxc84.Kxc8Kxb4winning.
(2J)*** Ucublcallack,þin
l.Qc¡ ! wins thc B|ack h-pawn. !l B|ack trics to dclcnd it by
¡...Kh77, thcn Whitc wins yct morc matcria| by 2.QaJ Nbd7
J.Na4.
(24)**Fcsilicnalcxchangcsac
¡ .Rxlb! gxlb 2.Nd5Qd8J.Nxlb+ Kg7 4.Bd5. For thc cxchangc,
Whitc gcts a pawn, so|c owncrship ol thc d5 outpost, grcatcr
contro| ol thc squarcs l5, l6 and h5; hcavy prcssurc down thc l-
h|c, and a wcakcncd cncmy king.
ÎÜ
Z3. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC
Zö. ÜÌ0Ck IO mOVC
ZÔ. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC
ZV. Ü!0Ck lO mOVC
Z¯. YhÍlC IO mOVC
JU. YhÌlC lO mOVC
ÎÍ
(25)** lcrk,dcublcallack
¡
,..Nd4! 2.cxd4 Qxd4+ J.Kh2 Qxb2. B|ack rcgains his piccc,
rc
maining two pawns up.
(2b)*FrcvcnldcadIyþin
B|ack's ñrst ordcr ol busincss is to prcvcnt Ba6, |osing his quccn.
Thus ¡ ...Kb8.
(27)** 5uþcricrmincrþiccc
¡.Bh4! Bb7 2.Bxc7 Rxc7. Whitc rcmovcs a dclcndcr ol thc
backward pawn at c6, and is |cII with thc supcrior minor piccc.
(28)***FawnsactccþcnIincs
l. .W c4! 2.Bxc4 Bxc4 J.dxc4. !n rctum lor thc pawn, B|ack has
c|carcd c5 lor a knight, thc c-I¡ |c lor his rooks, and thc b8-h2
diagona| lor his quccn. Thcrc lo| |owcd JÆÆ@ Nclb 4.Ng2 Rlc8
5.Nd2 ¸5. Nxc3 wou|d bc answcrcd by 5 . . . Rxc4j 5... Bxd2
b.Qxd2QxgJ+!7.KxgJNxc4+8.Kl4 Nxd2. B|ack has cmcrgcd
with an cxtra advanccd, protcctcd passcd pawn. ( Io|ugacvsky -
Pctrosìan, Moscow l º?0)
(2º)*Uisccvcrcdallack
l..W c5picks up onc ol thc |oosc Whitc knights.
(J0)*** Rcckandþawn(s)vs.bishcþandknight
Whcthcr a rook and pawn(s) arc worth morc than two minor
pìcccs dcpcnds on thc activity |cvc| ol thc rcmaining picccs
(inc|uding pawns). Hcrc, ahcr ¡.Nxg5! lxg5 2.Bxg5+ Kcb
J.Bxd8Rxd84.l4 RM5.c5Bc7 b.gJ,Whitc has a mobi|c passcd
pawn mass and his rooks contro| thc d-ñ!c; B|ack's picccs, in
contrast, do not havc dcccnt squarc>.
ÎÎ
J Î . ÜÌ 0Ck lO mOVC J4. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC
JZ. YhÌlC lO mOVC JJ. YhÌlC lO mOVC
JJ. YhÍlC lO mOVC JÔ. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC
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(J) )**ZugJn0ng
Whitc` s king cannot bc lorccd away lrom thc comcr, but his
pawns can bc lorccd to abandon thcir sovcrcign. Hcrc is onc way
to
do it. ¡...Bc2 2.Ka2 Bb¡ +J. Ka¡ Kc2 Whitc is in ¨ugun_
hc is compc||cd to makc a movc to his disadvan!agc! 4.bJ axbJ
5.a4 b2 matc.
(J2)** Ucublcaltack,disccvcrcd atlack
¡ .BbJ! is dccisivc. ¡ ...Rb8 ¸ I . . .K8 2. Qxd5 wins onc ol thc
knights, I . . . Nxc5 2. Bxd5 with a doub|c attack on a8 and c6j
2.Bxd5 Qd7J.cxlb Bxlb4.Bg5wi|h !hc doub|c thrcat ol Bxc6+
and Bxl6.
(JJ)**Frcvcntcþþcncntlrcmcastling
Whitc a|rcady stands much bcttcr, and hc can compound his
opponcnt's miscry by ¡ .Ngb! , lor ahcr I . . . Rg8 [not ¡ ...lxgb77
2.Bxgbmatcj B|ack is dcnicd thc right to cast|c short.
(J4)**Ucccy,lcrk, rcmcvclhcguard
¡...d2+! 2.Rxd2 Rd2 J.Kxd2 Nc4+ 4.KcJ NxgJ 5.hxgJ Bxc5
e .
WU 5  a ptccc.
(J5)**Ucwna þiccc,swaþþawns
Whitc's bcst chancc to sa|vagc a draw is ¡. c5! , lorcing thc
cxchangc ol Black's |ast pawn. I .d4? wou|d a||ow B|ack to
crcatc a passcd pawn. I . . . RgI 2. c5 RbI + 3.Kc4 b5+, winning.
(Jb)*5kcwcr
¡ .MÆ Bhb! skcwcrs thc Whitc quccn to thc undclcndcd bishop on
t1.
Î+
J¯. YhÍlC lO mOVC 4U. YhÍIC IO mOVC
Jö. ÜÌ0Ck IO mOVC 4 l . ÜÌ0Ck IO mOVC
JV. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC 4Z. ÜÌ0Ck IO mOVC
Îb
(J7)*Matc
¡.Rb8+ BM2.Bhbwith matc to lo||ow.
(J8)* Ucminalicn
¡...Bd5! immobi|izcs thc Whitc knight. With thc Whitc king
| ì k
cwisc chaincd to b3, B|ack wi|| now attack thc kìngsidc.
(Jº)** Frcvcnlcþþcncnt'sþlan
Whitc cou|d try to crcatc a wcakncss at a? or b6 by mcans ol an
a4-a5 advancc. ¡7 ...a5! prcvcnts this idca. Thc backward pawn at
b6 ìs casi|y dclcndcd.
(40)****My hcrsclcrycurkingdcm
Thc g5 knight is nccdcd to covcr thc l ûight squarc - but on|y
lor onc morc tcmpo. ¡.Nh4+! ! Kxg5 ¸ l . . . Kh5 2. Rh8+ Kxg5
(2 . . . Kg4 3.h3+ Kxg5 4. l4 matc) 3. l4+ Kg4 4.h3 matc, I . ¢ . Kh6
2. Rh8+ Kxg5 3. l4+ Kg4 4.h3 matc] 2.l4+ Kh5 ¸2 . . . Kg4 3.h3+
Kh5 4. Rh8 matc, 2 .. . Kh6 3. Rh8 matcj J.Rh8+Kg44.hJmatc.
(4¡)***Rcscucatlackcd quccn
Both quccns arc cn ]rt5c (i. c. , subj cct to capturc). Ahcr thc
sìmp|c cxchangc I . . . Rxc6? 2. Rxl4, Whitc wou|d stand bcttcr duc
to his conncctcd passcd pawns. Docs B|ack havc anything
bcttcr? Hc shou|d |ook lor a way to gct his quccn to a salc squarc
wìth chcck, ìnvcsting somc matcrial il ncccssary. Hcrc's thc way.
l...Rxg2+! 2.Kh¡ [or 2. Kxg2 Qxf+ 3. Kgl Qxdl + 4.KL Rxc6j
2... Rxh2+! J.Nxh2 Bl+ 4.Nxl QxO+ 5.Kh2 Rxcb with a
wìnning matcrìa| advantagc.
(42)***Mcct ñank attackwithccntraIacticn
Whitc has an imprcssivc bui|d-up on thc kìngsidc. Howcvcr,
B|ack can cllcctivc|y countcr with a ccntra| thrust. ¡...Nb4!
2.Rac¡ d5! J.cxd5 Nxd5 4.Nxd5 Bxd5. Now B|ack has activc
pìcccs, thc |ast rcmaining ccntcr pawn, and thc morc sccurc king.
Î0
4J. YhÍlC lO mOVC 4Ô. YhÌlC lO mOVC
44. YhÍlC lO mOVC 4¯. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC
4J. YhÌlC lO mOVC 4ö. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC
ί
(4J)* 5taIcmatc
Whìtc cscapcs wìth a draw by ¡.b8Q+!Qxb8sta|cmatc.
(44)** Lliminatcdclcndcrclcutþcst
¡.Bd5! c|imìnatcs thc |ast B|ack minor piccc dclcndìng d5.
¡... Kh7 2.Bxcb Qxcb J.RdJ Rc7 4.Rcd¡ Rí 5.Nc4
(conccntrating his lorccs on thc backward pawn) 5... Bl8 b.Rd5.
Whitc soon won thc d6 pawn and thc gamc. (Smys|ov - Dcnkcr,
ÜSA/lSSR Radì o Match I º46)
(45)***FarrydcadIythrcat
Whitc had bcttcr contcnd wì th I . . . Qb6+! whcn thc l¡rst p|aycr
must shcd matcria| at d4, or succumb to "Phì |idor's Lcgacy, "
2. KI NL+ 3. Kgl Nh3+ 4. Kh | QgI + 5. Rxg| NL matc. ¡ .Qa5
is bcst, prcvcnting thc ìnìtia| chcck. Notc that l . Rd2?¹ |oscs to
I . . .Qb6+ 2. KlI Qc3 ! wì th thc lata| thrcat ol . . . Nxh2 matc.
(4b)****Ucñccticn
Notc that B|ack's c6 rook dclcnds against Nxl6 matc. Now
¡.Rc¡ ! cìthcr dcûccts or wì ns this crucia| pìccc. ¡...Rac8 ¸or
| . . . a2 2. Rxc6 aI Q 3.Nxl6+ Qxl6 4. Rxl6 and wins, I . . . Bg6
2. Rxc6 Bxh5 3. Rxl6 a2 4. Rù+ Rxù 5. h?+ Kxh? 6. gxùQ+
matìngj 2.Nxlb+ Rxlb J.Rxc8+ Kh74.Rh8+ Kgb 5.g8Q+ with
matc to lo||ow.
(47)**UcubIcattack
¡...Rxc¡+ 2.Qxc¡ Qc2. Thc doub|c attack on f and L l5 
dccì sivc.
(48)*Ucublcattack
¡...BxhJ! 2.BxhJ Qh5. B|ack rcgains thc pìccc and cmcrgcs an
addìtiona| pawn ahcad.
Îö
4V. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC JZ. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC
JU. ÜÌ0Ck IO mOVC JJ. ÜÌ0Ck IO mOVC
J l . YhÍIC lO mOVC J4. YhÍlC lO mOVC
ÎY
(4º)** Ucublc allack,þin,wcak backrank
B|ack wins matcria| by ¡. ..Qd8! (attacking h4 and d2) ¸ | . . . Rad8
2. Rc2 Bl5 3. Rb2 Bxb| a|so winsj 2.Qxd8+Raxd8J.Rc2 BbJ.
(50)***Uisccvcrcdchcck,matc
¡... Rc2+ 2. Kb¡ Bc4! J.Rc¡ [or 3. Rg| (othcrwisc, Whitc |oscs
his
rook to thc discovcrcd chcck) Rxc3+ 4. Ka I Rxc3j J...Rb2+
4.Ka¡Ra2matc.
(5¡)*** l mþriscn cncmyþiccc
¡.Ng5! ! Kc7 [ I . . . Kd7 2. Rd | + Kc7 3.Nxc6+ lxc6 is simi|ar to thc
gamcj 2.Nxcb+ lxcb J.h4 gb 4.l4 and thc B|ack bishop wi||
ncvcr scc thc |ight ol day. (Mi|cs - Smys|ov, Dortmund I º86)
(52)***Llcarancc,blcckadc
I...U! ! c|cars thc l squarc lor thc bishop [ I. Bc8? |oscs duc to
2. g6+ Kh6 3. Kc6! j 2.BxUBlJ.hb Kgb. B|ack has succcsslu| |y
b|ockadcd thc cncmy passcd pawns, cnsuring a draw.
(5J)**Vcakdiagcnal
B|ack wins two pawns by ¡...Qa5+ 2.b4 cxb4 J.B!4 (to covcr
d2) J...bxaJ+4.Bd2Qbb(thrcatcning . . . QxL matc) 5.cJQb2.
(54)****Rcstrictcncmyking
B|ack wou|d |ikc to p|ay . . . g?-g6, |o||owcd by . . . Kg8-g7-l6.
Aftcr ¡ .l5! ! it is much morc dimcu|t lor B|ack to activatc his
king. (Kramnik - Timman, Wijk aan Zcc I ººº)
óÜ
JJ. YhÍlC lO mOVC Jö. ÜÍ8Ck lO mOVC
JÔ. YhÍlC lO mOVC JV. ÜÍ8Ck lO mOVC
J¯. Ü18CK lO mOVC ÔU. ÜÎ8Ck lO mOVC
óÍ
(55)*
Rcckbchindþasscdþawn
ßooks gcncra||y bc|ong bchind passcd pawns, and that is thc
casc hcrc. ¡.Rd¡ ! lo||owcd by 2.Ra¡ givcs Whitc thc bcst
winnìng chanccs.
(5b)***Lxchangccþþcncnl'sbcstþiccc
¡ .Rd¡ ! lorccs thc tradc of B|ack's on|y dcvc|opcd piccc.
¡...Rxd¡ [i. Rc? 2. Rc5 Rb? 3.Rc8! thrcatcning Rdd8 and
Bc5(+)j 2.Kxd¡ and now 2@Æ@ Kd7 J.Rb8! kccps B|ack's picccs
ticd down for scvcral morc movcs. (Fischcr - Euwc, Lcipzig
l º60)
(57)* lcrk
B|ack picks up thc vu|ncrab|c d3 bishop by ¡...Nc52.Qc2Nb4.
(58)* Fin
¡... QhJ+! 2.Kc2 [or 2. Kg| g4j 2...g4. B|ack wins back a piccc
(as thc c3 knight is unprotcctcd) and continucs thc ons|aught.
(5º)**l mþrcvcþicccþlaccmcnt
¡...Nd7! . Thc knight is hcading lor có, whcrc it wi|| harass thc
d4 pawn and support his kings idc pawn advancc [ | . . . Nc8 is |css
cl|cctivc duc to 2. Bl4j. 2.KH NMJ.Kc2 Ncb.(Saidy - Fischcr,
Ncw York I ºó4)
(b0)** Fin, skcwcr, matc
¡...RxcJ! 2.QxcJ [2. Rxc3 Qh| + 3.Kc2 Qxa| B|ack rcmains a
piccc to thc good, 2. lxc3 Qg2 matcj 2... Qg2+ J.Kc2 Rc8. B|ack
@cts a dccisivc matcria| advantagc.
óÎ
Ô l . YhÍlC lO mOVC Ô4. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC
ÔZ. Ü10Ck IO mOVC ÔJ. YhÍlC IO mOVC
ÔJ. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC ÔÔ. YhÍlC lO mOVC
óó
(b¡ )*** Lrcatcsalc rctrcat
Thc h6 bishop is last running out ol salc squarcs. For instancc,
l . Bc3? l4 |cavcs Whitc with thc unp|casant choicc bctwccn
2.Ba? b6 whcn his bishop is out of p|ay, or 2. BcI Rd I + 3. Kc2
Rgl whcn his rook is snookcrcd. Whitc can rcmcdy thc situation
by cithcr ¡. gJ sccuring thc c3 squarc, or ¡ .Rc¡ gaining a tcmpo
and clcaring c I lor a safc rctrcat.
(b2)**5kcwcr,rcmcvcthc guard
B|ack wins matcria| by ¡ ...Rxl+ 2.Kxl Bxc4+ lo| |owcd by
J @ÆÆ Bxh¡ .
(bJ)***Ncutralizcthrcat
¡...a4 is thc on|y movc. Whitc was thrcatcning to p|ay b2-b4,
hitting thc knight that ho|ds back thc dcvastating Qa6+.
(b4)***Fawn saccrcatcscutþcst
¡... g5! 2.lxg5 [othcr movcs conccdc c5 without pockcting thc
olfcrcd matcria|, c. g. , 2.0-0-0 gxl4 3. Qxl4 Ng6 4. Qg3 Ncc5j
2 . . . Nc5. B|ack has crcatcd an outpost lor hcr knight, gaincd a
tcmpo by attacking thc Whitc quccn, and hampcrcd Whitc's
kingsidc pawn storm. (Shirov - 1. Io|gár, Bucnos Aircs I ºº4)
(b5)* 1raþþcd þiccc
¡.g4! traps a bishop.
(bb)*Uisccvcrcdattack,lcrk,þin
Whitc wins at |cast thc cxchangc aûcr ¡ .Ngb+! lxgb 2.Bxdbduc
to thc rcsu|ting pin.
ó+
Ô¯. YhÌlC lO mOVC ¯U. YhÌlC lO mOVC
Ôö. Ü10Ck IO mOVC ¯ l . ÜÍ0Ck lO mOVC
ÔV. ÜÌ8CK lO mOVC ¯Z. YhÍlC lO mOVC
ób
(b7)**Fin,wcak back rank
¡.bxc5! ¸Whitc is on|y up a pawn ahcr | . Rc | Bxc3 2. lxc3 Kù
3.bxc5j ¡ ...Bxc5 2.Rc¡ wins sincc thc B|ack bishop is pinncd
against back rank matc. Notc that 2...Bbb wou|d simply bc mct
by J.Bxbb whcn B|ack cannot both rccapturc at b6 and dc|cnd
his king.
(b8)***1hchcdgchcgunlcashcd
B|ack has adoptcd a "hcdgchog" sct-up. Whitc cnjoys morc
spacc, but B|ack is so|id and has potcntia| lor countcrp|ay,
typica|ly associatcd with thc pawn advanccs . . . b5 and . . . c5. Hcrc
thc thcmatic ¡...c5! wins matcria|. 2.Nc2 ¸2. lxc5? dxc5 3. Nl5
Bc5, 2.Ndc2? Ng4 3.Ql Qc5+ 4. Kh| N!+j 2... Ng4 J.Qc2
Qc5+4.Kl¡ Nxh2+.
(bº)**Ovcrwcrkcdþiccc,blundcrchcck
Thc pawn at c3 is ovcrworkcd, but aûcr I . . .Bxb4?? 2. Kd3 it is
B|ack who must |osc matcria|. Thc right approach is ¡ ...Rg4!
stcpping away lrom thc Whitc king's rcach with tcmpo, 2.gJ and
only now 2...Bxb4. B|ack wi|l kccp thc cxtra pawn.
(70)**Lrcatcþasscdþawn
¡ .cxb5! Bc8 ¸thc point is that ahcr I . . . Bxa2 2. b6 thc pawn
cannot bc stoppcd, Whitc wins thc loot racc I . . .c4 2. b6 c3 3.b?
sìncc hc promotcs with chcckj 2.Bxc5. B|ack wi|| havc to givc
up a pìccc lor thc passcd pawn.
(1¡)**5tcþ thrcatcncd ccmbinaticn
B|ack must prcvcnt | . Nxl! KxI? 2. Qxc6+ Kg6 3. Bd3+ Kh5
4.Qh3 matc. Bcst is ¡. WÆNbb, |cnding thc bishop's protcction to
c6.
(72)**Fin,lcrk,rcmcvcthc guard
Whitc
wins at l cast a piccc by ¡.Bxd7 Qxd7 2.Bxlb Qxl5
¸2 . . . Bb6 3. Qg4 mating soon; 2 . . . gx|6 3.Nxl6+ wìnnìng thc
quccnj J.Nxc5dxc54.BcJ.
ó0
¯J. YhÌlC lO mOVC ¯Ô. YhÌlC lO mOVC
¯4. YhÍlC lO mOVC ¯¯. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC
¯J. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC ¯ö. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC
ó¯
(7J)***Lliminalcdclcndcrclkcysquarc
¡.Nc5!
( intcnding to swap oll thc minor piccc dclcnding b6)
¡...Nxc5 2.lxc5 Rcb8 J.Rbb Bab 4.Rab¡. Thc rook on b6
attacks a6 and c6, it cuts oll thc Black quccn's dclcnsc ol a5, and
its
cxchangc rcsu|ts in a Whitc passcd pawn. (Iortisch -
Radulov, Budapcst I º6º)
(74)***1raþþcd þiccc
¡.Nl4! c|oscs thc |id on thc cncmy quccn ¸ | .Ngl ? fai|s to I . . . l4!
allowing thc quccn t o cscapcj . B|ack's bcst chancc now is
¡.Rd8 2.NhJ QxlI+ J.Qx¡I Rxd5, though Whitc sti|| has a
winning matcria| advantagc.
(75)**** lcrcc slralcgically lavcrablccxchangcs
¡.Na¡ ! ! lorccs thc cxchangc ol both pairs ol rooks, adding
strcngth to thc impcnding passcd h-pawn. 2.Rxd7 Rxd7 J.Rd2
Rxd2+4. Kxd2 h4 5.gxh4 [on 5. Kc2 h3 6. Kf| Bxc3 ?. bxc3 Nc2
B|ack wi|| pick oll quccnsidc pawnsj 5... gxh4 b.N¡c2 hJ 7.NgJ
h2 8.l4. With thc g3 knight g|ucd to thc promotion squarc, B|ack
wi|| p|ay thc rcst ol thc board cllcctivc|y a piccc up. (Ana|ysis
lrom 1. Dona|dson - R. Costigan, USCL Exhibition 2005)
(7b)**Uisccvcrcdallack,malc
¡.Nxl5! uncovcrs an attack on d8. ¡ ...Rxd¡ [ I . . .cxl5 2. Rxd8+
Kh? 3. Bx|5+ ís brutalj 2.Nc7¬ Kh8J.Rxdl Bbb(dcfcnding d8)
[3 . . . g6 4. Rd8+ wins thc c8 bishopj 4.Bgb! B|ack must shcd
hcavy matcria| or lacc a dcad|y chcck a|ong thc h-ñ|c.
(77)**5lavccllallack
¡... Nlb! parrics thc thrcat to h7 (notc that thc g5 pawn is pìnncd)
2.Ql Nxc4 J.dxc4 c5! 4.gb ¸4. |5 Bxl5 ! 5. cxl5?? c4j 4...cxl4.
Now Black ìs much bcttcr.
(78)**Fin, wcak back rank
! ..Qxc¡ +! 2.Qxc1 Rb¡ J.hJ Rxc¡ +4.Kh2Rd¡ and wins.
óö
¯V. YhÍlC lO mOVC
öZ. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC
öU. YhÌlC lO mOVC öJ. ÜÌ0Ck IO mOVC
ö l . YhÍlC lO mOVC ö4. YhÍlC lO mOVC
(7º)* Ucublcattack
¡ .
Qa4+wins a piccc.
(80)****Attackhangingþawns
óV
Thc "hanging pawns" at c5 and d5 must bc put undcr prcssurc.
¡ .Nc¡ ! (hcading to d3, to chcw on c5) ¡...Rbc8 2.Bg4 (to
prcssurc a dclcndcr ol c5) 2... Qgb J.BhJ Rc7 4.NdJ. Whìtc
thrcatcns Qa5 as wc|| as Nl4. Thc ñnish was 4... Nlb 5.Qa5 Nc8
b.Rxc5 Rxc5 7.Nxc5. Facing hcavy matcrìa| |oss, B|ack
rcsigncd. (Korchnoi - Gc||cr, Moscow I º?1)
(8¡)***1hcmatic advancc clthc lQF
Onc ol thc stratcgìc motìls ol thc iso|atcd quccn pawn (! QI) is
its wc||-tìmcd advancc: ¡.d5! cxd52.Nxd5Nxd5J.Qxd5. Whìtc
has thcrcby succccdcd in cxchangìng B|ack's on|y kìngs idc
minor pìccc, opcning thc |ong dìagona| lor hìs bishop, and
crcating tactica| opportunitics bascd on thc wcakncss ol c6, d?
and g?. (Iortisch - Brownc, Amstcrdam I º?I )
(82)**Ucn'tallcw stalcmatc
B|ack must givc thc Whìtc king aìr to brcathc, as I . ¢ . bxa5?? 2.b6
axb6 ìs sta|cmatc. lnstcad, ¡ . .. KcJ 2.axbb axbb J.Kg¡ wins.
B|ack nccds on|y ninc movcs to promotc a pawn, whi|c Whitc
wou|d nccd c|cvcn.
(8J)***Libcratcþiccc,dcvclcþccuntcrþlay
I . . . c6? |ooks "so|ìd," but condcmns thc B|ack bìshop to
passìvìty. Howcvcr, ¡ ...l4! ! crcatcs thc possibì|ìty ol countcrp|ay
a|ong thc l-ñ|c, and ol dcvc|oping thc bishop to l5, outsìdc thc
pawn chain. (Em. Laskcr - Tartakowcr, Mãhrisch-Ostrau I º23)
(84)***Matc
¡.NI¯! docs lorcc chcckmatc, but B|ack's trìcks havc to bc
chcckcd out carclu| |y. Thc cnd mìght bc ¡ ...Rg¡ +! ¸1. . . Rb I
2. R:6+ Kg4 3. Rh4 matcj 2.KhJ! ¸not 2. Kxg| ?? dl Q+j
2... d¡N! 7 (thrcatcning matc himsc|l, ¡ ust ìn casc Whitc has a
|apsc) ¸or 2 . . . Rxg3+ 3. Kxg3 d| Q 4. Rh6 matcj J.Rhbmatc.

öJ. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC öö. YhÌlC IO mOVC
öÔ. Ü10Ck IO mOVC öV. ÜÎ0Ck lO mOVC
ö¯. Ü18Ck lO mOVC VU. YhÍlC lO mOVC

(85
)**
5waþ lavcrabIy, imþcscdcubIcd þawns
¡.
Ng4! . B|ack cxchangcs Whitc's bcttcr bishop and inûicts
doub|cd c-pawns. Thcrc lo||owcd 2.aJ ¸2. Rd3 on|y dc|ays thc
inc
vitab|c 2 . . . Bc6 3.b3 Nb4 4. Rd2 Nxc3 5. lxc3 Bh6j 2... NxcJ
J.lxcJ Bhband thc c3 pawn la||s.
(8b)* lcrk
¡...NcJ! wins thc cxchangc.
(87)* Uisccvcrcd atlack
¡...^xd4! ncts a pawn aûcr 2.Qxd7 ¸or 2.Qd| Nxl+ 3. Nxlj
2. . . Nxl+J.NxlNxd7.
(88)***Fawnsac lcrþicccaclivity
¡ .c5! lxc5 2.l5! Bl J.Nc4. For thc matcria| invcstmcnt Whitc
gcts thc c4 squarc |or his knight and a |ong diagona| for his
bishop, mcanwhi|c B|ack's quccn-bishop battcry has bccn sca|cd
oII by his own pawn. (Botvinnik - Iomar, Vama I º62)
(8º)** Avcid rcckcxchangc
¡...Rcb is thc on|y movc, aûcr which B|ack rctains practica|
drawing chanccs. Trading rooks wou|d bc a mistakc, sincc Whitc
is ab|c to crcatc a passcd c-pawn unassistcd by his king. That
frccs thc Whitc king to advancc or to attack thc B|ack a-pawn.
(º0)* 1raþþcd þiccc
¡.Bg5! traps thc B|ack quccn.

V l . ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC V4. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC
VZ. Ü10Ck lO mOVC VJ. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC
VJ. YhÍIC lO mOVC VÔ. YhÍIC lO mOVC

(º¡)***luardagainstþcrþctualchcck
Thc ìmmcdiatc capturc | . . . Rxa2? wou|d a||ow pcrpctua| chcck
by
2. Qc8+ Kh? 3. Qh3+ Kg6 ¸or 3 .. Qh6 4. Ql5+j 4. Ql5+ ctc.
Bcttcr ìs ¡ ...Qc4+! 2.Kg¡ Qd4+ J. Kh¡ Qd5+ 4.Kg¡ Qc5+
5.Kh¡ Qcb+b.Kg¡ . Now that thc B|ack quccn covcrs c8 against
" " t ` t b R 2¹
thc
pcrp, l  s imc ... xa . .
(º2)**Rcmcvcsuþcricrcncmyþiccc
Thc knight on l5 tìcs a B|ack rook to thc dclcnsc ol d6, and
ho|ds up B|ack's kingsidc pawn majority. Thus ¡ ...Rdd8!
intcnding 2. . . Bc8 |o swap o|| or swat away thc cncmy horsc.
(Bogo|jubow - A|ckhinc, Ilorzhcim I º34)
(ºJ)*Uisccvcrcdattack
¡.Bxd4Bxd42.Bb5+wìns a piccc.
(º4)*Fin,rcmcvcthcguard,cvcrwcrkcdþiccc
B|ack wins a pìccc by hitting thc dclcndcr ol thc c2 bishop.
I . MÆ Bb2! 2.Rb¡ Rxc2. A|so good is | . . . Bh6 2.Rlc | Rc3 3. KL
Rlc8 4.Rc2 (this rook i s now ovcrworkcd) 4 . . . Bxc3+ 5. Rxc3
Rxc2+ 6. Rxc2 Rc2+ ?. Rc2 ¸?. Kg3 Rxa2 8. Rc3 Rd2j ? . . . Rc2+
8. Kxc2 b4 with a straightlorward win.
(º5)**5uþcricrmincrþiccc
¡ ...Bxb4! cnsurcs that B|ack is | ch with thc supcrior minor
piccc. 2.cxb4 ¸2. Rxb4 b5 is no bcttcrj 2...NaJ J.RbJ Nb5 4.cJ
(anothcr Whitc pawn on thc samc co|or as thc bishop) 4...Rc2
5.a4 Ndb. Thc knight wi|| rctum to thc c4 outpost ahcr thc a8
rook has joincd in thc ol|cnsivc. (Najdorl - Avcrbakh, Zürich
| º53)
(ºb)*** Fcsiticnalþawnsac
¡.d5! cxd5 2.Bg2 cb J.0-0. Thc |ong dìagona| has bccn opcncd
for
thc b2 bishop, which bcars down on g?, thus disrupting
B|ack's kingsidc dcvc|opmcnt. Mcanwhì|c, thc B|ack knight has
bccn sidc|incd. ( Kasparov - Andcrsson, Ti|burg I º8 | )
++
V¯. YhÍlC lO mOVC l UU. YhÌlC lO mOVC
Vö. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC l U l . YhÌlC lO mOVC
VV. YhÌlC lO mOVC l UZ. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC
+b
(º7)* An cvcrridinglactcr
Don't
worry about thc attackcd piccc. ¡ .Qg5! and it's matc ncxt
movc.
(º8)***Ovcrwcrkcdþiccc
¡...Qh4! ovcrworks thc Whitc rook, which cannot dclcnd both
c2 and g4. B|ack now thrcatcns 2ÆWÆ Nl+ J.Kh¡ QxhJ+ 4.Rh2
Qxh2 matc. Thcrc is no adcquatc dclcnsc. 2. RL Nxg4+ 3. Kg2
Nxc3+; 2. Rc2 Nxg4+ 3. Kg | Qg3+ 4. Kll Nxc3+, 2. Rg3 Rxc2+
3.KhI Qxg3.
(ºº)** LxþIcitIccscþicccs
¡ .gJ! NhJ+ 2.Kg2 Bl5 J.Nh4 Ng54.Nxl5 cxl5 5.d5!(to contro|
c6) 5...Rlc8 b.l4 Nh7. Whitc stands much bcttcr, with morc
spacc and thc supcrior knight.
( ¡00)** Laughtina matingnct
¡ .Rxg7! Rxl (or c|sc 2. R6 is matc) 2.Kxl c4+ J.Kl4 Rxg7
¸3 .. . Kxh4 4. Rh6 matcj 4.Rhb matc.
( ¡0¡)**UcubIcattack, rcmcvcthcguard
Whitc can snatch an important pawn by ¡ .Nxl!, sincc l . ..Kxl7
2.Qxcb+KMJ.Qxc7+Kg84.Bxhbgxhb5.Qxlb is a b|oodbath.
(¡02)* Lc Ïrc0uChcl
¡...Kd2! 2.Kl4 KdJ! . Whitc must surrcndcr his pawn and thc
gamc.
+0
l UJ. YhÍIC IO mOVC l UÔ. YhÍlC IO mOVC
l U4. YhÍlC lO mOVC l U¯. YhÍIC IO mOVC
l UJ. YhÍlC lO mOVC l Uö. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC

(¡ 0J)**Frcscrvcûnc kingþcsiticn
¡.h5 is ncccssary to prcvcnt . . . g?-g5, which wou|d othcrwisc
drivc thc Whitc king away lrom its cxcc||cnt position.
(¡04)**5cizclhc7

rank
¡.Qc7! is thc on|y way lorward. Anything c|sc wou|d a||ow
B|ack to contcst thc c-l¡|c with a rook. Thc continuation was
¡.WÆ QhJ! ¸ I . . . Qxc? 2. Rc? and c? la||sj 2.QgJ! (dcnying any
countcrp|ay) 2...QxgJ+ ¸2 . . . Qd?? 3. Rc? Qa4 4. Bxc?j J.hxgJ
Rlc8 4.Rb7 BM 5.Rcc7. Whitc is in comp|ctc command.
(Gc|land - Kindcrmann, Dortmund I ºº0)
( ¡ 05)***1hcmclhcrclallcutþcsls
Whitc wou|d | ikc !o post his knight on thc magniñccnt d5
squarc. Thus ¡ .Bg5! to rcmovc thc |ast minor piccc that can
cha||cngc d5. ¡
is bcttcr by lar. Now B|ack must avoid J...Qxc2as hc wou|d |osc
thc cxchangc by 4.RO Qcb 5.Rc¡ Qa4 b.bJ Qd7 7.Nc7.
(Smys|ov - Rudakovsky, Moscow I º45)
(¡0b)***1akcccntrclclcþcnûlc
¡.Rcb! |cavcs B|ack with thc unp|casant choicc bctwccn
¡· .Rxcb ¸not I . . . Nb8 2. Rc8+ Qxc8 3. Rc I Qd8 4. Qc4
pcnctrating dccisivc|yj 2.dxcb Qcb ¸2 . . . Qxc6?? 3.b5j giving
Whitc a protcctcd passcd pawn, or a||owing Whitc to doub|c
rooks on thc c-ñ|c. (Lcvcn h sh - Lisitsin, Moscow I º48)
(¡07)**1raþþcdþiccc,lcrk
Thc B|ack knight has nowhcrc to go. ¡.h5! c4 2.hxgb hxgb
¸2 . . . cxd3? 3. g? lorks thc B|ack rooksj J.Rxh8 Rxh8 4.Bl¡ .
Whitc is a piccc ahcad.
(¡08)****Libcratingþawn cllcr
¡...cb! lrccs thc c? knight, cha||cngcs thc Whitc pawn lront, and
opcns thc d8-h4 diagona| lor thc B|ack quccn. Whitc must not
acccpt thc ollcrcd a-pawn, as 2.dxcb ^xcbJ.Rxab Bxc4 4.lxc4
Qh4 5.Nl Nxl+ b.Bxl Bc5 givcs B|ack a wìnning attack.

l UV. YhÌlC lO mOVC l l Z. ÜÍ0Ck lO mOVC
l l U. YhÌlC lO mOVC l l J. YhÌlC IO mOVC
! Í Ì . ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC l l 4. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC
+V
(¡0º)*UcubIcallack
¡.QbJ attacks thc |oosc bishop and rook. Whitc is up by thc
cxchangc lo||owing ¡... Rxd22.Nxd2.
( ¡¡0)**1raþþcdþiccc
¡.Nxd5! . Whitc wins at |cast a pawn, lor cxamp|c ¡. ..cxd5
2.Bxd5 (attacking thc a8 rook) Bg4! 7J.Qxg4 Nlb 4.Qh4 Nxd5
5.Qxd8+Kxd8b.cxd5.
(¡ ¡T)**1hcmalicccnlraIadvancc
ln thc opcn Sicil ian, a typica| lrccing movc lor B|ack is . . . d6-d5,
and B|ack shou|d constant|y chcck whcthcr it can bc lavorab|y
achicvcd. ln thc prcscnt casc, B|ack is at |cast cqua| ahcr ¡ ...d5!
2.cxd5 Nxd5 J.0-0-0 Nc5. Hc posscsscs thc solc rcmaining
ccntcr pawn, his picccs havc dcccnt squarcs, and hc wi|| soon
cn¡oy thc bishop pair advantagc.
(¡¡2)**MalcriaIsaclcr þicccaclivily
Rathcr than rctrcat thc attackcd rook, Black shou|d prclcr
¡WÆÆ dxc5! 2.Rxd8Rxd8J.BdJ Bhb+4. Kb¡ Bcb. |or thc modcst
matcria| invcstmcnt, B|ack has a pair ol s|ashing bishops and
two bcautilu| ñ|cs lor his rooks. His knight may comc around to
d6, hitting thc targct on c4. His doublcd pawns arc hard|y a
wcakncss hcrc. On thc othcr hand, Whitc's bishop is hcmmcd i n
by his own pawns, hi s knight has |itt|c scopc, and hi s quccn is
rcl cgatcd to passivc dc|cnsc.
(¡ ¡J)*Rcslriclcncmyþiccc
Ahcr ¡ . a4! thc B|ack knight has no salc movcs. Whitc wi| |
procccd to harass thc knight and B|ack's wcak pawns, whi|c his
own knight has a ñnc post at c4.
(¡ ¡4)**Aslilch inlimc
l . . . ab ¸or l . . . a5j . Black must movc his a-pawn, to prcvcnt
I . B
xc6 Bxc6 2.a5 Bc5 3. b4 trapping thc bishop.

l l J. Ü10Ck lO mOVC l l ö. ÜÍ0Ck IO mOVC
l Ì Ô. ÜÍ0Ck IO mOVC l l V. ÜÍ0Ck IO mOVC
l l ¯. Yhilc lO mOVC l ZU. YhÍlC lO mOVC

(¡ ¡5)** Ucn'tþushlhÌ5 þasscd þawn!
Thc Black king will dash ovcr to thc kingsidc to capturc thc
Whitc
pawn and cscort his own h-pawn to thc ñrst rank.
Mcanwhi|c, thc Whitc monarch wants to capturc thc b-pawn, and
thcn hurry to thc comcr to intcrccpt advancing h-pawn. lt's a
simplc loot racc, onc that B|ack happcns to win as lollows.
¡... Kd52.Kb4Kc4J.Kb5Kl4 4. KxbbKg45.Kc5 Kxh4b.Kd4
þgJ 7.KcJ h4 8.Kc2 hJ º.K! ¡ h2 and thc pawn promotcs.
Iushing thc b-pawn ñrst, howcvcr, actua|ly throws away thc
wìn, as thcn thc Whitc king nccds lcwcr stcps to gct back to thc
comcr. l q . . b5?? 2. Kb3 Kd4 3. Kb4 Kc4 4. Kxb5 Kl4 5. Kc4 Kg4
6.Kd3 Kxh4 ?. Kc2 Kg3 8. Kll h4 ¸or 8 . . . Kh2 º.Kl2 drawj º. Kgl
and Whitc a|tcmatcs bctwccn gl and hi (or is sta|cmatcd) lor thc
draw.
(¡ ¡b)****Zugçn0ng, þasscd þawn
Black wìns by ¡ ...c4!(crcating a passcd pawn, and lrccìng c5 lor
hìs king) ¸ l.Kc?? 2. Kb5 (not 2. Kxa5? c4! ) 2 . . . Kb? 3.a4 is only
a drawj 2.dxc4 ¸2. Kxa5 c3j 2ÆÆÆ Kc7! J.KbJ ¸3.c5 dxc5 4. Kb3
Kd6 5. Kc4 a4 puts Whitc in I|t_Iwun_, and hc must surrcndcr
thc d-pawnj JÆÆÆ Kbb! 4.a4 ¸or 4. Kc2 Kc5 5.Kb3 a4+ 6. Kxa4
Kxc4j 4...Kc5 I|t_Iwun_! 5.Kc2Kxc4.
(¡ ¡7)*UcubIcattack
¡.Qd5+picks up thc knight on c6.
(¡ ¡8)**1hctraþlaiIs
Black must rcjcct l . = . bô' intcndìng to trap thc bishop by 2. Bb3??
2 . 4 . a4. lnstcad Whitc has 2. Bxb5! , as 2 . . . cxb5? 3. Nxl6+ Qxl6
4.Qxa8 wins thc cxchangc and a pawn. A bcttcr try lor Black
would bc ¡...Nd5 2.d4 c5, lrccing hís bìshop and lìghtìng lor a
sharc ol thc ccntcr.
(¡ ¡º)**UcvctaiI matc
¡...Qd4+ 2.KxgJ Ql4 matc.
(l20)** 1raþþcd þiccc
¡.Nc4! Nb2 2.QbJ traps thc Bl ack knìght.

l Z l . Ü Í0Ck lO mOVC l Z4. ÜÍ0Ck lO mOVC
l ZZ. YhÌlC lO mOVC l ZJ. ÜÍ0Ck lO mOVC
l ZJ. ÜÍ0Ck lO mOVC l ZÔ. ÜÍ0Ck lO mOVC

(¡ 2¡}***LxþIcitwcakncsscs
B|ack can cxp|oit thc wcakncss ol c3, d5 and L by ¡. ..l5! . Whitc
cannot avoid matcria| |oss. 2.Qc¡ [2. Nxb6 Qxb6 3. cxl5 Bh6
4.Kh| Bxc3 winning thc cxchangc; 2. Qg3 Nxd5 3. cxd5 c4
winnìng a piccc (as thc bishop guards thc knight on c2)j
2... Nxd5 J.cxd5 Qbb 4.NgJ Bhb and thc c3 pawn la||s with
morc |osscs to lo||ow.
(¡ 22}****1hcGrcckGiH
l.Bxh7+! Kxh7 [ l . . . Kh8 2. Qh4 Ncl5 3. Qh5 Nh6 4. Bxh6 gxh6
5. Qxh6 Rc8 6. Bl5+ Kg8 7. Ng5 winningj 2.Qh4+ Kg8 ¸2 . . . Kg6
3.Nc5+ Kl5 4. Ql4 matcj J.Ng5 Rc8 4.Qh7+ KM 5.Qh8+ Ng8
b.Nh7+ Kc7 7. Bg5+ lb ¸7 . . . Nl6 8. Bxl6+ gxl6 º. Qxl6 matcj
8.Qxg7+Níº. Bxlb+Kdb¡ 0.Bxd8winning.
(¡2J}** Kinginthccþcn
¡...^g5+ ¸ l . . . Rù+? wou|d a||ow Whitc to cscapc by 2. Kg2j
2.Kg2 ¸2. Kl4 Rc4+ 3. Kxg5 Ql5 matc, 2. Kg3 Qxh3+ 3. Kl4 Qh4
matcj 2... QxhJ+J.Kg¡ Nf matc.
(¡24}***lcrk,skcwcr,disccvcrcdattack
l...c5! 2.Bxc5 ¸2. Bg3 c4 lorks two picccs, 2. Nxc5 Nh5 B|ack
wi|l pick oll onc o! thc cncmy knightsj 2...Nxc5 J.Nxc5 Ng4
(un|cashing thc powcrlu| g7 bishop) 4.l4 ¸4. Nxg4 a||ows Bxc3+
5. Kl| Bxg4 6. Qxg4 Bxa| and winsj 4... Nxc55.lxc5 Bxc5b.Qd2
d4! 7.cxd4 ¸7. Nc2 dxc3 8.Qxc3 Bxal winningj 7... Qxd4
winning a piccc.
(¡25}****McctþcsiticnaIthrcat
Whitc thrcatcns Bh4! hitting somc scnsitivc dark squarcs and
prcvcnting B|ack lrom doub|ing rooks on thc d-ñ|c. B|ack's
so|ution is ¡... Nh5! ! tying thc Whitc bishop to passivc dclcnsc o|
thc l4 pawn (2. g2-g3 i s cvcn worsc). Thcrc lo||owcd 2.BgJ Qc8
J.NcJ Qa4 and B|ack cvcntua||y won. (Botvinnik - Rcshcvsky,
[
oscow I º48)
|
)
2b}** Lxþcscdking
¡ ...Qd4+2.Kh¡ QOJ.Qg¡ Qxf+4.Qg2Qxg2matc.
b+
Î Z¯. YhÍlC lO mOVC Ì JU. YHÌlC IO mOVC
Î Zö. ÜÌ0Ck IO mOVC l J Î . YhÌlC lO mOVC
l ZV. ÜÌ0Ck IO mOVC 1JZ. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC
bb
(¡ 27}*** Frcmcticn,win backa þawn
Whitc camot prcvcnt thc |oss ol his d6 pawn. Howcvcr, hc can
maintain thc matcria| ba|ancc by ¡ .Rc¡ ! lb 2.l4 Rd8 ¸thc tactica|
point bcing 2 . . . cx|4?? 3. d? Rd8 4.Rc8+ and winsj J.lxc5 lxc5
4.Rxc5Rxdb5.Rc7.
(¡ 28}*** UcubIcchcck,matc
B|ack wi ns a pawn with ¡. ..Bxg2!,sincc 2.Kxg27 is punishcd by
2... NcJ+J.KhJQd7+with matc to lo| |ow.
(¡2º}** Rcmcvcthcguard,disccvcrcdattack
¡... NxO! picks up a pawn. !I thc knight i s takcn (in any ol thc
thrcc ways), thcn B|ack wi|| capturc onc oI thc bishops.
(¡J0}**1raþþcdþiccc
Whitc surc|y has a hugc advantagc altcr any routinc dcvc|oping
movc. Bcttcr sti ||, hc can trap thc cncmy quccn as lo| |ows: ¡ .hJ!
Qgb 2.c5l5J.cxlb Qxlb ¸or 3 . . . Ql 4. Nc5j 4.Bg5Q¡¯5.Nc5.
(¡J¡}***RcþcIcncmyattack
B|ack thrcatcns . . . Rxh3 with dcvastating conscqucnccs. Thc bcst
dclcnsc i s ¡ .Qxd4! to rc|icvc thc agoni zing pin on Í. Now thc
B|ack quccn i s undcr attack ¸altcr I . Rc2? Rxh3 B|ack's assau|t
ragcs on, and thi s dclcnsivc idca is no |ongcr avai|ab|cj. ¡ ...Qxl
|othcrwisc B|ack is just a piccc down) 2.gxl cxd4 J.Rxc7! .
Whitc shou|d win thc rcsu|ting cndgamc.
(¡J2}**Ucn't grab thcþawn!
l . . . Nxc4?? may appcar to wi n a pawn duc to 2. Qxc4?? Rdl
matc. But instcad ol la| |ing lor thc back rank matc, Whitc can
p|ay 2. l4! gctting a piccc |or two pawns. Bcttcr trics lor B|ack
arc ¡ ...Bl4 to prcvcnt BcI -g5x|6, and ¡...c4to shut thc a2 bishop
out ol p|ay.

l JJ. ÜÌ0Ck IO mOVC l JÔ. YhÌlC IO mOVC
I J4. Yh|IC IO mOVC I J¯. ÜÌ0Ck IO mOVC
l JJ. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC l Jö. YhÌlC IO mOVC

(I J
J)*** lntcrlcrcncc
B|ack
quickcst win i s ¡ ...d5! intcrlcring with thc Whitc quccn's
dclcnsc against matc ¸ I . . . L 2. Qxl Qxl 3.Bxh6 Bxh6 a|so
wìnsj 2.Qa8+KlJ.NgJl4.Qxd5+ Nxd5 matc ncxt movc.
( I J4)*** LcntrcIcruciaIsquarc
Thc on|y way to makc progrcss i s ¡.Kgb! ! paradoxica||y moving
away lrom thc pawns. B|ack must conccdc thc g5 squarc, and
thcn |osc thc g-pawn. Onc Whitc pawn wi | | survivc to cnsurc thc
wìn. ¡ ...Kl ¸ I . . .Kc4 2. Kg5 Kl 3. Kl5 Kg2 4. Kxg4j 2. Kg5 KxO
J.Kxg4with victory in sight.
(¡ J5)** lcrk,traþþcdþiccc
¡...Ng4! wins thc cxchangc. 2.Rl (sincc . . . Nc3 was thrcatcncd)
2...NcJJ.RxcJ(lorccd, as Whitc's quccn is trappcd) J...dxcJ.
(¡Jb)**Uisarm cncmyccmbinaticn
B|ack is thrcatcning I . . . Rxl! winning a piccc, sincc 2. gxL?
drops thc quccn to 2 . . . Qg6+ 3. Khl Ng3+. Whitc can prcvcnt
matcria| |oss by, lor cxamp|c, ¡ .Nd2 (moving thc knight away),
¡.Qd¡ (rcmoving thc quccn lrom thc potcntìa| discovcrcd
attack), or ¡.Rac¡ (protccting thc quccn).
(1J7)***Frcvcntccuntcrþlay
l. g5! ! ki||s countcrp|ay by prcvcnting Whitc lrom bui |ding thc
advanccd pawn chain d6-c5-l4. Thc continuation might bc 2.gJ
g4! J.hJ h5! .
(¡J8)****Hangingþawnsadvancc
Whitc's hanging pawns cou|d bccomc a wcakncss. But on thc
othcr hand, thcy contro| a quartct ol important squarcs, and thcir
potcntia| to advancc i s a constant mcnacc to B|ack. A casc in
point. ¡ .d5! Nc5 ¸ l . . . cxd5 2.Nd4 Nhl6 3.Nl5 Ql8 4. Nc7+
picking up thc cxchangcj 2.Ng5gbJ.Bc2Ng74.Qd4.Thc quccn
takcs up thc ncw|y vacatcd d4 squarc. Whitc has an imprcssivc
attack. Thc ñnish was 4... QM 5.Qh4 h5 b.Bg4! ! l5 7.Nxcb
^gxcb 8.dxcb Rc8 º.Bxh5 Qhb ¡0.Qlb l4 ¡¡.Q1 matc.
(G|igoric - Kcrcs, Zagrcb I º48)

Î JV. YhÍlC IO mOVC Î 4Z. ÜÌ0Ck IO mOVC
Î 4U. YhÍlC lO mOVC Î 4J. YhÍlC IO mOVC
Î 4l . ÜÌ0Ck IO mOVC l 44. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC
bV
(¡ Jº)** lcrk,rcmcvcthcguard
But lor thc c? pawn, Nxl6+ wou|d lork thc B|ack king and
quccn. Hcncc ¡.Rc7! Rc7 2.Nxlb+.
(¡40)** ¡mþriscncncmyþiccc
¡ .Ra4! (dclcnding b4 and prcparing to drivc back thc knight by
Qa2) ¸ l .Qa4! Nb8 2. b5 achicvcs thc samc thingj ¡ ...Nb8 2.b5.
Now thc knight is comp|ctc|y |ockcd out ol p|ay. (Alckhinc -
Schwartz, London I º26)
(¡4¡)**Ucublc attack
¡...Qxbb+ 2.Rxbb Bxl5 J.cxl5 c4 wins matcria|, as B|ack now
thrcatcns both . . . Bd4+ and . . . cxL.
(¡42)***Lxþcscdking
l...QcJ! wins hcavy matcria|, duc to thc thrcat ol . . . Rù+: 2.gJ
¸2.Qc2 Rù+ 3. Kc l Qc3+ 4. Kdl Qxal + and B|ack i s up a rook,
2.QL Rù wins thc quccnj 2... RM+ J.Kg2 RO+ 4.Kh¡ ¸4. Kgl
Rc2+ 5. Khl QL+ 6. Kgl Qg2 matcj 4... Qc4+mating.
(¡4J)***lcilcncmy þlan
B|ack thrcatcns to p|ay . . . c5-c4, lo| |owcd by . . . Bl5 (skcwcring
thc Whitc quccn and rook), and cvcntua||y . . . cxd4, opcning thc
|ong diagona| lor his dark-squarcd bishop. ¡.BhJ! stops this p|an
by pinning thc c-pawn to thc dclcndcr ol b?. (Ta| - Botvinnik,
Moscow I º60)
(¡44)** Brcakthcþin
Thc pin a|ong thc c-ñ|c is obvious|y a worry lor B|ack. Now i s
hìs |ast chancc t o skip away by ¡ . . . 0-0! with at |cast an cqua|
position ¸but on othcr movcs Whitc p|ays 2. Bg5 or 2. Bl4, and
thcn thc Black king rca||y is stuck in thc midd|cj . Thc bishop
cannot bc capturcd, as 2.Qxc777Rlc8 wins matcria| lor B|ack.

l 4J. YhÌlC lO mOVC l 4ö. ÜÌ0Ck IO mOVC
l 4Ô. YhÌIC lO mOVC l 4V. YhÍIC IO mOVC
l 4¯. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC l JU. ÜÌ8Ck IO mOVC


45)**1raþþcdþiccc
¡.l4! traps thc knight on c5. Notc that ahcr ¡ ...Ng4! 7 2.Bxg4
Bxg4 J.Qxg4 Bb2 4.l5 Bxc¡ 5.Rxc¡ Whitc has capturcd two
minor picccs lor a rook.
(¡ 4b)** Vcakcncncmyþcsiticn
Whitc causcs maximum miscry by ¡ .cb! Ndlb ¸not I . . . lxc6??
2.Qh5+ g6 3. Qxg6+ hxg6 4. Bxg6 matcj 2.cxl+ Kxl J.Nl.
B|ack' s king i s cxposcd, and Whitc wi|| hammcr thc wcak
squarcs c5 and c6.
( l 47)** lcrk
¡...Nl4! 2.Qd2 Qxd4+!J.Qxd4Nc2+ncts a piccc.
(¡48)* Fin,rcmcvcthcguard
¡.c5 hì ts a dclcndcr ol thc pìnncd c4 knight, winnìng matcria|.
2.Rxdb RxdbJ.lRxd¡ + 4.Bxd¡ Bxc45.lxc4.
(¡4º)****5craþccutadraw
Whitc's advanccd pawns arc doomcd. Howcvcr, Whitc can
cnsurc a draw by ¡.Rl4+! ! ¸ l .Rh4 Rxc6 2. Rxh7+ Kc6 3.h4 Rd6
4.h5 gxh5 5. Rxh5 shou|d a|so bc a draw, but B|ack can pro|ong
thc agonyj ¡...Kc7 [ l . . .Kg7 2. Rc4 Rxc6 3. Rc8 Nl 4. d8Q Nxd8
5. Rxd8 i s a drawj 2.Rc4+ (thc point. Whitc's rook gocs to c4
with chcck, and hcncc it rcachcs c8 in timc to attack thc knight)
2... KdbJ.Rc8Nxcb4.d8Q+Nxd85.Rxd8+,with a book draw.
(¡50)***Gccd timclcra brcak
B|ack shou|d p|ay thc dcsircd brcak ¡ ...b5! cvcn though thc a6
pawn is |ch undclcndcd. 2.Qxab7 wou|d bc punishcd by 2...b4
J.Nb5Ra84.Qb7Rxa25.Rb¡ Bxb2.

l J l . YhÌlC IO mOVC l J4. YhÌlC lO mOVC
Ì JZ. YhÌIC lO mOVC l JJ. ÜÌ0Ck IO mOVC
l JJ. YhÍlC lO mOVC l JÔ. ÜÎ8Ck lO mOVC


5¡)* UcubIcattack
¡.Nxc7
Kxc72.Bc5+wins a piccc.
(¡52)**Fin,dcubIcattack
¡.c4! wins a piccc, lor i l ¡... Bgb ¸or l . . .dxc4 2. lxc4 Bg4 3. Bxl6j
thcn 2.c5.
(¡5J)**Outñanking
Thc Whitc king must rcach d6, c6 or l6 (or, in princip|c, a6 or
b6) in ordcr to "outl!ank" his countcrpart. ¡.Kl5! ¸howcvcr, ahcr
l .Kc5? Kc? Whitc can makc no progrcssj ¡ . ..Kc7 2. Kc5 Kd7
J.Klb Kd84.KcbKc75.Kc7Kc8b.KdbKb77.Kd7and B|ack
is lorccd to rc|inquish his pawns.
(¡54)****MakcIcmcnadc
Whitc cannot avoid |osing thc cxchangc. Howcvcr, ¡ .Rb2! !
minimizcs thc damagc by gctting B|ack's bcttcr bishop lor thc
rook. Ahcr ¡... Nxl+ 2.Bxl Bxb2 J.Bxb2 Bcb 4.Ndb a|| ol
Whitc's picccs arc wondcrluhy positioncd.
(¡55)*Ovcrwcrkcdþiccc
Thc Whitc king cannot covcr both L and thc promotion squarc.
¡.. .NxO!2.KxO h¡QJ.Rxh¡ Rxh¡ with a straightlorward win.
(¡5b)**1raþþcdþiccc
Thc Whitc quccn is stuck at c6. Nothing can prcvcnt hcr dcmisc
ahcr ¡... Rb8! lo|l owcd by ... Rbb.
0+
Î J¯. YhÌlC lO mOVC l ÔU. YhÌlC lO mOVC
l Jö. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC Ì Ôl . YhÌlC lO mOVC
l JV. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC l ÔZ. YhÌlC lO mOVC
0b
(¡57)*** Uclcnsivcsac
Whitc's bcst hopc to ñght lor a draw is ¡.RxcJ! ¸ l . Kb2 wou|d
a|low I . . .c4 2. Rd2 c3 and B|ack crashcs throughj ¡.dxcJ
2.
QxcJ. Whitc has surviva| chanccs duc to his advanccd
quccns idc pawns.
(¡ 58)**1hcmaticþawn advancc
This pawn structurc can arisc lrom a widc varicty ol opcnings,
inc|uding thc Frcnch, A|ckhinc, Caro-Kann and Scandinavian
dclcnscs. B|ack's usua| objcctivc going into thc midd|cgamc i s to
achicvc !hc . . . c6-c5 thrust (or |css common|y, . . . c6-c5). !n thc
prcscnt casc, ¡.c5! givcs B|ack a comlortab|c gamc. 2.dxc5
¸ahcr 2.d5 cxd5 3. cxd5 Bd6 Whitc has to bc mindlu| ol thc push
... c5-c4, and ol thc rickcty matcria| on d5, c5 and l4j 2... Bxc5
and B|ack has two activc bishops and p|ay against thc c4 pawn.
(O|igoric - Smys|ov, Moscow | º63)
(¡5º)***Ucn' tcatþciscncdþawns
B|ack shou|d not snatch pawns by I . . . Nxg4? 2. hxg4 Bxg4,
intcnding to rccapturc a pi ccc on |hc |-ñ|c. Whìtc can actuahy
kccp thc cxtra piccc. 3. Bg5 ! Bxl ¸3 . . . Bxg5 4. Nxg5j 4. Bxc7
Nxc7 5.Bxl Rxf3 6. Rxc7. Thc simp|c rctrcat ¡...Bfi s bcttcr.
(¡b0)***1hcþrinciþIccltwcwcakncsscs
Whi!c's thrcat oI Nc3-l5xh6 tcthcrs thc B|ack knight !o g7. and
|orccs thc B|ack kìng !o stay ncar thc l-ñ|c. To win, Whitc opcns
a sccond lront by ¡ .Kc2! , hcading lor c3 to support thc b3-b4
brcak. (Kasparov - Hûbncr, Hamburg I º85)
(¡b¡)*lcrk
Whìtc wins a pi ccc by ¡.d4, |or cxamp|c, ¡ ...cxd4 2.cxd4 Bbb
J.d5.
(¡ b2)* Fin
¡.Ba5is !hc most lorcclu| option, winning thc quccn.
00
l ÔJ. ÜÍ0Ck lO mOVC l ÔÔ. YhÌlC IO mOVC
l Ô4. YhÍlC IO mOVC l Ô¯. ÜÍ0Ck lO mOVC
l ÔJ. ÜÌ0Ck IO mOVC l Ôö. YhÌlC lO mOVC

(¡bJ)*** Frcmctcthc rìghtþawn
Both sidcs wi|| promotc ahcr I. Kc3? 2.Kh5, or I. b5? ! 2. a5 ! .
Thc bcst approach is ¡ ...a5! 2.Kxh5 b5 J.axb5 ¸3. Kxg4 bxa4 is
si
mi |arj J...Kxb5 4.Kxg4 a4. Thc incipicnt B|ack quccn wi||
covcr Whitc's promotion squarc h8 lor an casy win.
(¡b4)*** Ucñcctìcn,rcmcvcthcguard
Thc rook at l strains to dclcnd both d7 and l4. Whitc wins
matcria| by ¡ .Rxd7! Rxd72.RxdJ cxdJJ.Kxl4. Whitc wi|| now
shorc up his quccnsidc and prcss his matcria| advantagc.
(¡b5)****Oñcrancthcrcxchangc
B|ack has a|rcady sacril¡ccd an cxchangc lor a passcd pawn and
thc bishop pair. But bccausc ol Whitc's wc|| p|accd knight it is
diñ¡cu|t lor B|ack to makc progrcss. B|ack thcrclorc ollcrs a
sccond cxchangc. ¡ .. .RcJ! ! 2.NxcJ [rclusing thc ollcrcd matcria|
docsn't hc|p. 2.Nd4 Bc5 3. Rcdl Bxd4 4. Rxd4 Rxb3j 2...bxcJ
and thc mighty bishops wi|| cscort a pawn through. (Trojancscu
- Pctrosian, Bucharcst l º53)
(¡bb)** Matc,þìn
¡ .Qxh4 Nxh4 2.RgJ l5 ¸2 . . . Bd7 a||ows 3. Rxg7+ Kh8 4.Rxl+
Kg8 5.Rg7+ Kh8 6. Rg5+ Rl6 7. Bxl6 matcj J.hJ wmnmg a
piccc.
(¡b7)**Fìn,lcrk,dìsccvcrcd attack
¡...c5! 2.Bg5 ¸2. Bh2?? a||ows thc lork 2 . . . c4, 2. dxc5?? |oscs to
` 4 4 . dxc5 with an attack on cach bishopj 2... cxd4 and Whitc is a
pawn down.
(¡b8)** Uìsccvcrcd attack, þìn
¡.Bg5+Nlb2.c5wins a piccc.

l ÔV. ÜÌ0CK IO mOVC l ¯Z. ÜÌ0Ck IO mOVC
l ¯U. YhÍlC IO mOVC l ¯J. ÜÌ0Ck IO mOVC
l ¯ l . ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC l ¯4. YhÍIC lO mOVC
0V
(¡ b9)* lìnalrcckcllcr
¡...
RxgJ+!2.Kh4 ¸2.hxg3 Qxg3 matcj 2...Blb matc.
(¡70)**l ntcrlcrcncc,þin
¡ .Bh4! Rh82.Bh7!wins thc B|ack quccn.
(¡7¡)**5kcwcr,dcublcattack
Rathcr than mcrc|y cxchangc bishop lor rook, B|ack can win thc
rook outright by ¡...Qc¡+! 2.RO Qc5+ J.Rl4 QcJ+ 4.Kh2
Qxl4+.
(I 72)**VVcakbackrank,cvcrwcrkcdþiccc
Whitc i s a piccc down alIcr ¡.Nxc5, lor il 2.bxc57 Rxd2
J.Rxd2 Rxd2, thcn Whitc cannot both rccapturc thc rook and
dclcnd thc vu|ncrab|c lirst rank.
(¡7J)****Ucncthurry
Rathcr than capturc immcdiatc|y at d4, B|ack ñrst tics down thc
Whitc rook, and improvcs his king positìon. ¡ ...RhJ! ¸on
l . . . Kxd4? 2. Rg4+ Kd5 3. Rh4 Whitc gcts an outsidc passcd
pawn, probab|y cnough to sccurc a drawj 2.Rd2 Kc4 J.Kc¡
Rh4. B|ack ncxt capturcs thc d-pawn undcr much bcttcr
cìrcumstanccs. (Smys|ov - Kcrcs, Moscow/Lcningrad l º4 l )
(I 74)***Lrcatccutþcãt
¡.lb! lorccs thc rcmova| ol B|ack's c-pawn, |caving Whitc in so|c
posscssìon ol thc cxcc||cnt d5 outpost. ¡ ...cxlb ¸much worsc is
I Þ ¤ . Bxl6 2. Rxfb! cxf6 3. Nd5 whcn matc at g7 is |oomìng; B|ack
is
simi|ar|y doomcd af\cr l . . . Bh8 2. lxc7 Qxc7 3. Nd5 Qc6
¹.Nl6+j 2.Nd5 and Whitc won shoi!Iy. (Smys|ov - Timman,
Moscow l º8 l )
¯Ü
Ì ¯J. YhÍlC lO mOVC l ¯ö. YhÍlC lO mOVC
l ¯Ô. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC Ì ¯V. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC
l ¯¯. YhÍlC lO mOVC Ì öU. YhÍlC lO mOVC
¯Ì
(I 75)** Lxchangcbadbìãhcþlcrgccd
¡ .g4! lorccs thc cxchangc ol Whitc's bad bishop lor B|ack's good
bishop. Thc scquc| was ¡ ...hxg4 2.Bxg4 Bxg4 J.Qxg4 Qd7
¢.Qxd7+ Kxd7. With thc supcrior mìnor pìccc by lar, Whitc
won ì n a lurthcr I 0 movcs. (Suctìn - Matanovic, Bc|gradc l º74)
(I 7b)*Fìn
I ...Nxc2+2.Qxc2Qxg5puts B|ack a piccc up.
(¡77)*UcubIcattack
Thc opcning movcs wcrc | . c4 c5 2. NL Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Bxc6
dxc6 5. 0-0 l6 6. d4 cxd4 7. Nxd4 Bc5?? (D). Whitc contìnucd
8.Qh5+winning thc bì shop.
(¡78)**Faããcdþawn,cutþcãt,cþcn ñlc
Whitc docs wc|| to p|ay ¡.c5! Bxc5 2.Nxc5obtainìng a protcctcd
passcd pawn, a nìcc squarc lor hìs knight, and a scmi-opcn ñ |c
toward B|ack` s doub|cd backward pawns.
(I 79)*Alìttlchcuãckccþìng
¡...ab ¸or I . . . b4j is a ncccssary stcp, as thc c6 pawn ¡S 
ovcrworkcd, dcfcnding both b5 and d5.
(¡80)**Bya razcr' ãcdgc
Whìtc |ands thc ñrst punch by ¡ .Qg8+ Kgb 2.Qxcb+ Kh7
¸` * . * Kg5 3.Ql5+ Kh4 4.Qg4 matcj J.Ql5+ gb 4.Qlmatc.
¯Î
l ö Ì . YhÌIC IO mOVC Ì ö4. ÜÌ0Ck IO mOVC
l öZ. YhÌIC IO mOVC Ì öJ. ÜÌ0Ck IO mOVC
l öJ. YhÌlC lO mOVC Ì öÔ. YhÍlC lO mOVC
¯ó

8¡ )***Uiãruþtcncmyþlanã
B|ack` s
countcrp|ay wi|| bc bascd, i n part, on a quccnsidc
cxpansion. ¡.BcJ! takcs contro| ol thc important squarc c5.
Thcrc lo||owcd ¡.Bc7 [thc c5 pawn i s taboo. I . . . Qxc5?? drops
thc
quccn to 2. Bd4; whi|c l . . . Nxc5? |oscs to 2. Qg3! whcn thc
k
night wi | | bc pinncd a|ong thc c-ñ|c and capturcdj 2.Nc5 Bxc5
3.B
xc5. B|ack has di |1¡cu|ty cast|ing short and arranging thc
... c7-c5 advancc.
(¡82)*Ucublcattack
Whitc wins a piccc as lo||ows. ¡ . Bxg8!Rxg82.Qc4.
(¡8J)** Frcmctìcn,þìn,rcmcvcthcguard
Momcntari|y down a piccc, Whitc's bcst chancc is ¡.d7! QxL
¸or l . . .Bxd7?? 2. Qxb7; I . . .Qxd7?? 2.Qxa8j 2.dxc8Q Qxg2+
3.Kxg2 Raxc8.
( I 84)***Lxþcãcdking
l . . ÑQL! [Whitc is sti|| dangcrous ahcr thc quccn swap l ..Nxc | ?
2.gxl4 Rxl4 3. Rxg6 Kh7 4. Rc6j 2.Qal QcJ+ J.Kg2 [3.Kh I
NC+ 4. Kg2 Qc4+ 5. Kll Nh3+ mating ncxt movcj J... RO+
4.KhJ [4.Khl Ql3+ 5. KgI Qg2 matcj 4...Nl4+ 5.Kg4 Qc2+
b.Kh4 Rxh2matc.
(¡85)* Rcckbchindþaããcdþawn
Rooks gcncra||y bc|ong bchind passcd pawns, inc|uding thosc ol
thc cncmy. ¡ ...Rc¡+2.Kh2 Ra¡ givcs B|ack thc bcst chancc to
sp|it thc point.
(¡8b)**Lhangckcyãquarcã
¡ .cb! [ I.Kc3? Kd5 2. Kd3 Kxc5 3. Kc3 d6 and B|ack wi ns, as his
king has rcachcd onc o| thc "kcy squarcs" c5, d5 and c5 ol his
pawnj ¡ ...dxcb 2.KcJ carns a draw. Thc B|ack king has bccn
prcvcntcd lrom rcaching thc ncw kcy squarcs b4, c4 and d4.
¯+
l ö¯. YhÍlC lO mOVC l VU. YhÍlC lO mOVC
l öö. ÜÍ0Ck lO mOVC l V l . YhÍlC lO mOVC
l öV. YhÌlC lO mOVC l VZ. YhÍlC lO mOVC
¯b
(I 87)** Lcrridcrmatc
I .R
lb+Kh5 2.Ng7+Kh4J.Rhbmatc.
(¡88)**5trikc atcncmyþawn ccntcr
¡... d5! ¸or cxchanging on d4 ñrstj wi | | cithcr |iquidatc Whitc's
two-pawn ccntcr, or |cavc Whitc with an iso|atcd c-pawn al\cr
. . . dxc4 and lxc4, thus cnsuring cqua|ity. Opcning thc ccntcr a|so
rcduccs Whitc's prospccts ol attacking on thc kingsidc.
(¡89)*Uisccvcrcd chcck, matc
¡.Bh7+Kh82.Bgb+Kg8J.Qh7matc.
(I 90)***Bcttcr lQF middIcgamc
Ahcr thc lorccd scrics ol cxchangcs ¡ .cxd5 cxd5 ¸ l . . . Nxd5?
|oscs matcria| . 2. Nc4 Bc? 3. c4 N5l6 4. Nlxc5 Nxc5 5.dxc5,
I . . . c4? 2.dxc6 |oscs a pawnj 2.dxc5 Nxc5 J.Nxc5 Bxc5 4.Bxc5
Rxc5 5.Nl Whitc has thc |avorab|c sidc o| an iso|atcd quccn
pawn midd|cgamc. Thc piccc cxchangcs havc scrvcd to di|utc
B|ack's dynamic potcntia|. Whitc lurthcrmorc has thc ñnc d4
squarc lor his knight, and hc posscsscs thc bcttcr bishop.
(¡9I )***lix lavcrablcþawnstructurc
¡.QcJ! ñxcs in p|acc thc B|ack c- and d-pawns, which gct in thc
way ol B|ack's minor picccs. Whitc's knights wi|| occupy thc
|ovc|y outposts at c5 and d4. (Botvi nni k - Bo|cs|avsky, Moscow
l º4l ).
(¡92)* UcubIc attack
¡.Qa4+wins a piccc.
¯0
l VJ. Ü10Ck lO mOVC Ì VÔ. YhÍlC lO mOVC
l V4. ÜÎ0Ck lO mOVC l V¯. ÜÍ0Ck lO mOVC
l VJ. YhÌlC lO mOVC l Vö. ÜÍ8Ck lO mOVC
¯¯

9J)**Ucñcctìcn,þrcmctìcn
Thc simp|cst win is ¡.Rc¡ ! (dcûccting thc Whitc rook lrom thc
promotion squarc) 2.Rxc¡ Rd¡ ! .
(¡94)* Quccnsac,þrcmctìcn
¡...Qb¡+2.Rxb¡axb¡Qmatc.
(¡95)***¡acìngan¡QF,tradcmìncrþìcccs
A p|aycr laci ng an cncmy iso|atcd quccn pawn shou|d gcncra||y
scck to cxchangc minor pi cccs, thcrcby rcducing his opponcnt's
attacking prospccts, and bringing thc position c|oscr to an
cndgamc, whcrc thc wcakncss ol thc iso|atcd pawn is morc
acutc|y lc|t. Whitc achicvcd thi s hcrc by ¡ .Nc5! Bcb 2.Nxcb
Rxcb [thc tactica| point i s that rccapturing with a pawn drops thc
cxchangc: 2 . . . bxc6?? 3. Ba6j. (Karpov - Spassky, Montrca|
I º7º)
( l 9b)**5uþcrìcrþìcccactìvìty
Añcr ¡. Bxlb! gxlb 2.db Rd7 J.Rhc¡ Whitc has a dangcrous
passcd pawn; hc contro|s thc opcn ñ|c, and his knight is
unassai|ab|c on its ñnc outpost. By contrast B|ack's king is stuck
to h6, his rooks arc rc|cgatcd to dclcnsivc dutics, and his bishop
is rathcr hcmmcd in.
(¡97)***1hctactìclaìls,shìcld kìng
Thc tactica| shot I . . . Rxl?? 2. Qxl Bxc4 lai |s duc to 3. Qù+.
This suggcsts ¡.Kh7! , tucking thc king away so that such
tactica| idcas arc cnab|cd.
(¡98)**Undclcndcdþawn
B|ack can salc|y grab a pawn by ¡..Nb4! 2.Qc2 ¸2.Nxc4??
drops thc cxchangc to 2 . . . Nxd3 3. Nxd6 Nxc | , 2.Qbl ?? hangs thc
d2
knightj 2...Rxc¡ [B|ack is a pi ccc down ahcr 2 . . . Nxa2??
3.Rxc7 Qxc7 4. Nxc4j J.Rxc¡Nxa2.
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Ì VV. YhÌIC IO mOVC ZUZ. ÜÍ0Ck IO mOVC
ZUU. Ü10Ck lO mOVC ZUJ. ÜÍ0Ck lO mOVC
ZUl . YhÌlC lO mOVC ZU4. YhÌlC lO mOVC
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(I
99)*** lcrcc winningcndgamc
Wh
itc's quccnsidc pawn majority i s a |ong tcrm assct, but i n thc
mcantimc hc must bcwarc ol pcrpctua| chcck and mating thrcats
duc to his cxposcd king. Thc on|y way to wìn is I .Qc5! . Whitc
µrcatcns matc at g?. This lorccs ¡@ÆÆ Qc¡+ and sìmp|ihcation to
an
casi|y won cndgamc ¸ l . . .Rl6?? 2.Qxl6, l . . .Qd3+? 2. Kh2j
2.Qxc¡ Rxc ¡ J. Rxa7.
(200)** Ucl1ccticn, lcrk
¡. .. NhJ+! 2.BxhJNL+J.Kg2Nxd4.
(20I )* 1raþþcdþiccc
¡ .Rd7!traps thc B|ack quccn.
(202)***5accrcatcãtargctã,activity
At thc board B|ack chosc thc pawn sac I...d5! with thc idca
2.cxd5 ¸thc gamc continucd 2. Nxd5 Bxd5 3.cxd5 Rxc2 4. b3 c4
and B|ack wonj 2...c4, opcning up thc position lor hi s bishop
pair, and undcrscoring thc wcakncss ol Whitc's pawns. A|so
good i s thc typicaI cxchangc sac I . . . Rxc3 ! ? 2.bxc3 Bxc4.
(Pctrosian - Smys|ov, Moscow l º4º)
(20J)**1hcFhilidcrFcãiticn
Thc surcst way to draw is ¡ ...Rbb! prcvcnting thc Whitc king
from rcaching thc 6th rank. (B|ack can a|so draw altcr l . . . Rb I ,
but on|y with vcry prccisc p|ay. ) Al\cr 2.cb(what c|sc can Whitc
try?), B|ack rcsponds 2ÆÆÆ Rb¡ ! . Now thc Whitc king has no covcr
from thc rook's chccks.
(204)***1hc¡uccnaFcãiticn
Thìs is gcncra||y thc h nish to aim lor whcn you` rc a pawn up in
¤  rook cndgamc. ¡.Rc2+! ñrst cuts oll thc B|ack kìng. I ...Kb7
¸ l . . .Kd6 |oscs immcdiatc|y duc to 2. Kd8j 2.Rc4! Thc rook i s
p|accd on thc 4th rank, out ol thc B|ack king's rcach, t o shic|d his
own king lrom chccks at thc crucia| momcnt. 2..Æ RO J.Kd7
Rd2+ 4.Kcb Rc2+ 5.Kdb Rd2+ b.Kc5 Rc2+ 7.Rc4 and thc
pawn wi | | promotc.
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ZUJ. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC ZUö. ÜÍ0Ck lO mOVC
ZUÔ. Yh|lC lO mOVC ZUV. YhÍlC lO mOVC
ZU¯. YhÍlC lO mOVC Z l U. ÜÌ8Ck lO mOVC
(205)* Rcckãac
¡...RxhJ+! 2.gxhJQxhJ+J.Kg¡ Qh¡ matc.
(20b)** FrcvcntccuntcrþIay
öÌ
¡.BcJ! prcvcnts . . . Rd2 and thc unlavorab|c comp|ications that
wou|d lo||ow. ( Kasparov - Vukic, Skara Echt l º80)
(207)**Ovcrwcrkcdþiccc
B|ack's rook i s ovcrworkcd, guarding both c7 and l5. Whitc ncts
8 pawn by ¡ .Nxl5! [ l .Nh5 ! a|so wins a pawn al\cr two
cxchangcs at c7j, lor cxamp|c ¡ ...Bxl5 2.Bxc7Rxc7J.Rxl5.
(208)****Obtainsuþcricrmincrþicccs
¡...Nd7! ! . This movc inhibits thc c4-c5 advancc, thcrcby
rcstricting Whitc's | ight-squarcd bishop; it a|so prcparcs . . . Bc5,
to c|iminatc Whitc's "good" bishop. Thc gamc continucd 2.Nd2
a5! (to prcvcnt b2-b4) J.Bc2 a4! 4.KO Bc5! 5.Bxc5 Nxc5.
B|ack has supcrior minor picccs. Thc pawn on a4 cnsurcs that
thc powcrlu||y postcd knight cannot bc chascd away. ( Domcncch
- F|ohr, Rosas l º35)
(209)***lcrk,cvcrwcrkcdþiccc
Thc knight on d6 cannot adcquatc|y dclcnd both c4 and I.
¡.Nhb+ ¸or l . Bxc4! ñrstj ¡ ...Kh8 2.Bxc4 and Whitc has won a
pawn, as af\cr 2...Nxc477 [2 . . . Qxc4?? 3.Qxc4 Nxc4 4. N|+ Kg8
5. Nxd8 is simi |arj J.Nl+Kg84.Nxd8Whitc wins thc cxchangc
as wc||.
(2¡0)***Ucublcattacks
Whitc has bui|t up a lom¡idab|c pawn lront, and is thrcatcning
thc B|ack quccn. Rctrcating thc quccn wou|d on|y ccmcnt
Whitc's ovcrwhc|ming prcscncc thc ccntcr. !nstcad, B|ack can
|cvcragc thc |ooscncss ol Whitc's rooks by ¡ ...Nxc5! . Thc knight
shou|d not bc takcn. Af\cr 2.Bg2 ¸2.Qxc5? QL wins a rook by
oitting h | and c3, or 2.dxc5 Qc6 a|so winning a rookj 2...Nd7
`.0-0 cbB|ack i s sti|| i n thc gamc.
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Zl l . ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC Z l 4. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC
Z l Z. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC Z l J. YhÌlC lO mOVC
Z l J. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOvC Z l Ô. ÜÎ0Ck lO mOvC
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(2¡ ¡ )* Ucublc attack
Thc doub|c attack ¡.RdJwi ns a pawn.
(2¡2)**Blundcrchcck
Black had bcttcr do somcthing about Whitc` s thrcat olNd6 matc.
I . . . Qa5+?? wou|d bc a tcrrib|c mistakc, as Whitc has 2.Bd2 Qb6
¸2 . . . Qxb5?? drops thc quccn to 3. Nd6+j 3.Nd6+ Kd8 4. Nxl¯+
s!i | l winning matcria|. Bcttcr is ¡.Nd5to dc|cnd d6.
(2¡J)***¡ccãcmatcrìal,cxþcãcd kìng
Whitc's knight and rook arc unprotcctcd, his king is cxposcd, and
hc has |oosc pawns, B|ack's king is sccurc, his bishop is wc||
postcd, and his rook has prospccts on thc opcn b-l¡|c. From
B|ack` s point ol vicw, trading quccns wou|d dissipatc thcsc
asscIs; instcad, hc shou|d |ook lor a way into convcrt thcm to
hard currcncy. ¡ ...Qcb! is onc way to do it [ I . . . Qd? is a|so goodj.
2.Nc4 ¸or 2. Qd5 Qb6+ 3. Kc2 Qb2+ 4. Kdl Qbl· 5. Kc2 Qc2+
6.KL Qd3+ picking up thc rookj 2... Qxc4+ J.Kc¡ Qxg2 4.QdJ
Qxh2. B|ack i s up thrcc pawns and has |asting prcssurc.
(2¡4)**Fìn,dcñcctìcn
¡...Rc2+ 2.KgJ h4+! (dcßcction) ¸2 . . . Qc5+ a|so winsj J.Kxh4
j3. KI4 Qc5 matcj J...QxL.
(2¡5)**Frcmctìcn, backrank
B|ack's vu|ncrab|c back rank a||ows ¡.Qxg8! Rxg82.RM+ RxM
j2 . . . Bd8 3. Rxg8 a6 4. Rxd8+ Ka? 5.c8Qj J.cxMQ+ Bd8. From
hcrc thc simp|cst wìn wou|d bc 4.Ql4+ Bc7 5.Qxc7+ Qxc7
b.Rxc7 Kxc7 7.gxh4.
(Z¡b)**Lrcatctwcthrcatã
¡.Ñ .Nxd4 2.Qxd4 d5 wi ns matcria|, as B|ack thrcatcns both
. . . dxc4 and . . . Bc5.
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Z Ì ¯. Ü10Ck lO mOVC ZZU. YhÌlC lO mOVC
Z Ì ö. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC ZZ l . YhÌlC lO mOVC
Z Î V. YhÍIC lO mOVC ZZZ. ÜÌ8Ck lO mOVC
öb
(2¡
7)***Uisccvcrcd attack, matc, rcmcvc thcguard
¡...
Q! packs thc trip|c thrcat of . . . Qxg5, . . . L-C, and (i ndircct|y)
. . . Qhó+. Now 2.Nxl [2.Nh3 C and B|ack must givc up thc
knight to stop Qc I j 2... Qhb+J.Kg¡ c4 wins thc knight, which is
hc|d to thc dcfcnsc of h2.
(2¡8)**Oþcnlilc tcwardtargcts
¡...ab! 2.bxab Rxab. B|ack has opcncd thc a-ñ|c to go ahcr thc
wcak pawns at a2 and c3. Thc ñnish was J.dxc5 bxc5 4.Ng2
Nd5 5.RdJ Rla8 b.c4 Nc5! winning matcria|. (Mattison -
A|ckIinc, Car|sbad l º2º)
(2¡9)*Rcmcvcthcguard
¡. hJ Bh52.NgJ. Whitc wi|| win a piccc.
(220)***¡limi natcþctcntial blcckadcr
Onc of Whitc's chicf stratcgic asscts is his passcd pawn on d5.
Knights arc gcncra|ly thc bcst b|ockadcrs of passcd pawns, and
indccd thc knight on f5 is poiscd to assumc this ro|c on d6.
Hcncc Whitc snaps i t off forthwith. ¡.Bxl5! . (Fischcr - Bcrlincr,
Ncw York l º60)
(Z2¡)*Uistantcþþcsiticn
Whitc sp|its thc point by ¡.Kg¡ , lor cxamp|c, ¡ ...Kl4 [or l . . . f4
2. KLj 2.KO and B|ack cannot makc progrcss.
(222)***Fcsiticnalcxchangcsac
¡...RxcJ! 2.lxcJ Nc5 J.Qc2 Rc8 4.Rl Bhb 5.QcJ Qc7. B|ack
oas cxcc||cnt compcnsation for thc cxchangc - hc has a grcat
outpost lor his kni ght (which in tum sccurcs his quccnsidc
pawns), and his |ong-rangc pi cccs convcrgc on c3. In contrast,
Whitc's bi shop is constraincd by his own pawns, and his major
picccs arc not working wc|| togcthcr. (Po|ugacvsky - Pctrosian,
Moscow I º83)
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ZZJ. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC ZZÔ. YhÌlC lO mOVC
ZZ4. YhÍlC lO mOVC ZZ¯. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC
ZZJ. YhÍlC lO mOVC ZZö. ÜÌ0CK lO mOVC
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(22J)***5tcþthrcatcncdmatc
B|ack must act upon thc thrcat ol I . RI8+! Kxh8 2. RI3+ Kg8
3.Rh
8+! Kxh8 4. Qh2+ Kg8 5. Qh? matc. ¡ ...Rlc8 is thc bcst
chancc lor surviva|. Thc B|ack king can cscapc via I-c?, and thc
doub|cd rooks crcatc opportunìtics lor pcrpctua| chcck.
(224)** Unstcþþablclcrcc
¡.Qh5! . Thc quccn is hcading toward h6 and g?. ¡...Kh8
¸ | . . . Qd8 2. Rxg6+! Kh8 (2 . . . hxg6 3.Qxg6+ with matc to lo| |ow)
3. Rg? mating short|y, I ..Þd8 2.Qh6 Þc6 3 . Bxc6 and ìt's matc
ncxt movcj 2.Qhb [2.Rxg6! a|so winsj 2...Rg8 J.Bxl. B|ack
must jcttison hcavy matcria| to stop immincnt matc.
(225)** Fin, dcñccticn,disccvcrcdattack
¡.Bg5! Ql ¸or l. Qg6 2. Bc? winning thc cxchangcj 2.Bhb.
Whitc wìns matcria| by capturing ncxt on g?.
(22b)*** Ucñccticn,lcrk,avcìdcxchangc
Whitc has sacrìñccd a pawn lor a massivc |cad in dcvc|opmcnt.
Rathcr than tradc quccns, Whitc shou|d p|ay ¡ .Qc2! prcparing
Rd| lo||owcd by Qc6+. Thcrc is no dclcnsc. ¡...Bc7 a||ows thc
main idca ¸or l. Bd? 2. Rb8+ Rxb8 3. Rxb8+ Kc? 4. Bc5+ Kl6
5. BxI with a dccisivc advantagcj 2.Rd¡, whcn B|ack must
surrcndcr his quccn or |osc a rook to Qc6+.
(227)* ¡crk
¡...BxcJ 2.QxcJNc4wins thc cxchangc.
(228)****¡mþrcvcwcrstþiccc
B|ack shou|d improvc his worst piccc by ¡...Bd7! 2.Qa5 Bb5.
Hc has thcrcby prcvcntcd thc cxchangc ol this bishop (lo| |owing
thc
anticipatcd Nc5), protcctcd his a-pawn (thus lrccing his rook
to
takc part in thc olfcnsc), s|owcd Whitc's invasion ol thc
quc
cnsidc, and takcn contro| of thc Í squarc (hcncc |caving
Whitc vu| nciab|c a|ong thc l-l¡|c ahcr thc incvitab|c cxchangc on
@3). Þotc that B|ack's othcr bishop is a|rcady doing good work.
a|ìcr thc capturc on g3, thc c3 pawn wi|| bccomc a targct. (Euwc
· Bo|cs| avsky, Zûrich I º53)
öö
ZZV. YhÌlC lO mOVC ZJZ. YhÌlC lO mOVC
ZJU. YhÌlC lO mOVC ZJJ. ÜÍ8Ck lO mOVC
ZJ l . YhÌlC lO mOVC ZJ4. YhÌlC lO mOVC
öV
(2
29)**Ucccy, lcrk
¡.Qd8+ Kg72.Qxh8+! Kxh8 J.Nxl+c|inchcs thc lu|| point.
(2J0)***5kcwcr,cvcrwcrkcdþiccc
Thc B|ack knight at l6 is straincd, having to dclcnd h5 and
support d?. Whitc takcs advantagc by ¡.Nxd7 Nxd7 ¸ I . . .Qxd??
2.bxc6 Qxc6 ( Whitc cmcrgcs a lu|| piccc ahcad al\cr 2 . . . bxc6
3. Rxd? Rxb3 4. Rxg?+ Kg? 5. Nxb3) 3. Bb5 skcwcring quccn
and rook] 2.Bxh5winning a pawn.
(2J¡)**¡scIatcdþasscd þawns
¡.g4! . Il B|ack capturcs onc pawn, thcn thc othcr wi|| promotc,
c. g. , ¡ ...Kc52.Ka2 KlbJ.c4! Kg54.c5! Kgb5.KaJ,ctc.
(2J2)**UcubIcattack,rcmcvcthcguard
l.QbJ! . Þow Whitc thrcatcns to p| ay Bxl+, or win a pì ccc by
d4-d5 (hì tting thc dc|cndcr ol thc b4 bì shop). B|ack cannot mcct
both thrcats.
(2JJ)**¡crk, rcmcvc thcguard,wcak back rank
¡.NcJ! wì ns, as Whitc cannot mcct thc thrcat ol . . . Þc2+ and
stì|| dclcnd hì s rook. For cxamp|c, 2.Kl¡ Nc2 J.Qh27Qclmatc.
(ZJ4)***l mþcdccncmydcvcIcþmcnt
l . Bc5! puts hcat on thc g? pawn, thus ì ntcrlcring wìth B|ack's
dcvc|opmcnt. !l B|ack trics . . . l7-l6, thcn thc wcakcncd c6 pawn
wi|| bccomc a juicy targct. (Ponomarìov - Conqucst, Torshavn
`000)

ZJJ. ÜÎ0Ck IO mOVC ZJö. ÜÎ0Ck IO mOVC
ZJÔ. ÜÎ0Ck lO mOVC ZJV. ÜÎ0Ck lO mOVC
ZJ¯. YhÌIC lO mOVC Z4U. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC

(2J5)***LIiminatccþþcncnt'sbcstþiccc
B|ack cnjoys a |cad in dcvc|opmcnt. !n particu|ar, his rooks arc
conncctcd, sitting on usclu| ñ|cs. Trading oñ Whitc's bcst piccc
amp|iñcs thcsc advantagcs. ¡ ...Nd7! 2.Nxd7 (lorccd, or c|sc thc
b2 pawn i s |ost) 2... Rxd7.A|| ol B|ack's picccs arc bcttcr p|accd
than thcir countcrparts. Ncxt camc J.Bc¡ Bc4! oncc again
rcmoving Whitc's bcst piccc. 4.RhJ BxdJ 5.RxdJ RxdJ b.cxdJ
Kc2 7.Rb¡ Bd4 winning a pawn. (Wciss - B| ackbumc, Ncw
(ork I 88º)
(2Jb)*Fin
¡...Nxd4wins a pawn.
(2J7)** ¡aslbrcak
¡.a5! is thc on|y way to win. Any othcr movc |cts B|ack capturc
thc c-pawn, thcn stop thc quccnsidc pawns. ¡ . ÆÆ Kxc5 ¸ I . . . Kc5
2.b6 axb6 3.a6! j 2.bb axbb J.ab! ¸not 3. axb6?? Kd6 drawingj
and thc pawn promotcs.
(2J8)** Lliminatckcyþiccc
¡...Bab! c|iminatcs thc pridc ol Whitc's posttton, his |ight-
squarcd bishop, thus grcat|y rcducing Whitc's attacking prospccts
and lurthcr wcakcning thc ho|c at c4.
(2J9)** lincarmatc
B|ack is assurcd ol dc|ivcring "| incar matc" ahcr ¡ ...R8c5!
¸ I . . . |c5! works cqua||y wc||j . Whitc has on|y dcspcration
mancuvcrs, but thcsc must bc chcckcd carclu| |y, c. g. , 2.dxc5
2¯ÆÆ Rxc5 J.Bc5 Rxc5 4.Rb5 Rxb5 5.Ql¡ Rh5+ b.QhJ RxhJ
matc.
(240)****5waþcllvitaIdclcndcr
Whitc has a passcd pawn, but his king is cxposcd, and his quccn
cannot casì |y rctum lor dclcnsc. B|ack takcs chargc by chopping
oll thc dclcnsivc knight, a||owing his quccn to pcnctratc
Jangcrous|y. ¡...Bc2! 2.KO Bxl! J.Kxl Qh4 with trcmcndous
countcrp|ay.

Z4 l . ÜÌ8Ck lO mOVC Z44. YhÌIC IO mOVC
Z+Z. ÜÌ8Ck IO mOVC Z+J. ÜÌ8Ck lO mOVC
Z+J. YhÍlC lO mOVC Z+Ô. YhÌlC lO mOVC
(2
4¡)* ¡crk
¡... Nb4 2.Qb5NdJ wins thc cxchangc.
(242)* Uncvcn tradc

¡...b4 2. Nd¡ Nxc4 J.Qxb4. B|ack has advantagcous|y tradcd his
ûank pawn lor a Whitc ccntcr pawn.
(24J)***Lrcatcþasscdþawn
¡.l5! wins by crcating a dangcrous passcd pawn. ¡ ...Bxl5
¸ I
¸ .gxl5 2. Bxh5 givcs Whitc an outsidc passcd pawn, l. g5
2.hxg5 h4 3.g6 Bxl5 (3 . . . h3 4. g? h2 5.g8Q hl Q 6. Qd8+ Whitc
dc|ivcrs matc ncxt movc) 4. g? Bh? 5. Bxd5 and winsj 2.Bxd5
Bc8 J.04. Þow with ñm contro| ol c5, Whitc is winning.
(Po|ugacvsky - Mccking, Mar dcl P|ata I º? I )
(244)*Ucñccticn
¡.RM+BxM2.Rd8matc.
(245)*** Fin, skcwcr
¡...Rb2! . Thc immcdiatc thrcat is Bb4. 2.Kc2 ¸or c|sc. 2.Þl
RbI + wins a rook, 2. Kd| Rd8 wins a piccc, 2. Þl| Bb4+ 3. KdI
Rd8+ 4. Kcl Ba3 with a dcad|y discovcrcd chcckj 2...Bb4 J.Rd¡
Rd8and thc dclcnsc crumblcs.
(24b)**Uisccuragccncmybrcak
Þcvcr movc thc samc piccc twicc in thc opcning . . . unti| it's a
good movc. ¡ .BdJ! prcvcnts B|ack lrom gaining spacc on thc
kingsidc by . . . I-l5, whi |c clcaring thc way lor his own
quccnsidc cxpansion by c2-c4. (Tarrasch - Showa|tcr, Vicnna
I 8º8)
V+
Z4¯. YhÌlC lO mOVC ZJU. YhÌlC IO mOVC
Z4ö. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC ZJ l . YhÌlC lO mOVC
Z4V. YhÌlc lO mOVC ZJZ. ÜÍ8Ck lO mOvC
Vb
(2
47)* ¡crk
¡.NLQhb2.g5wins a piccc.
(248)*Uisccvcrcdattack
¡... Ng4! thrcatcns matc and opcns up an attack on thc d6 knight.
Ahcr 2.h4 QxdbB|ack is a c|car piccc to thc good.
(249)*Uisccvcrcdattack
¡.Bxl+! wins at |cast a pawn, sincc altcr ¡ ...KxlWhitc rcgains
a piccc by 2.Ng5+ Kc8J.Qxg4.
(250)***Ucstrcyccuntcrþlay
l . Bxc5?? |oscs to Rh4 matc. Instcad, ¡ .Rgb! ! forccs an cxchangc
of rooks, thus dashing B|ack's hopcs lor matc or pcrpctua| chcck.
¡...Rxgb [or I . . .Rh4+ 2.Kg3 Rg4+ 3. Rxg4 Rxg4+ 4.Kh3,
I . . . RL+ 2.Kg3 Rxg6+ 3. KxIj 2.Bxc5+ Kg8 J.Bxl4. Whitc` s
unopposcd ccntra| pawn mass sca|s thc victory.
(25¡)**Fin,lcrk
Whitc wins a c|car pawn by ¡.Nxb5! , lor il ¡ ...Qxc27 [worsc is
I . . .axb5?? 2. Rxa8j 2.Qbbthc thrcat olÞc7+ is dcvastating.
(252)**Lxchangcsac
¡...Rl3! chops oll thc dclcndcr ol h2. 2.gxl3 ¸2.Qxl Qxh2+
3. Kll Ba6+ a|so |cads to matcj 2...Qxh2+J.Kl¡ QxOmatc.
V0
ZJJ. YhÌlC lO mOVC ZJÔ. YhÌlC IO mOVC
ZJ4. YhÌIC lO mOVC ZJ¯. ÜÍ0Ck lO mOVC
ZJJ. YhÍlC lO mOVC ZJö. YhÌlC IO mOVC

(2
5J)**Fawnmaj crily,bishcþþair
¡.dxc5! ¸ I .Þxc5 ñrst works cqua||y wc|| j ¡ ...Bxc52.Nxc5Qxc5.
Whitc has brokcn up his opponcnt's bishop pair, and cstab|ishcd
a hcalthy kings idc pawn majority.
(254)***Lrcalcþasscdþawns
Whitc wins by ¡ .Bxlb! gxlb 2.l4! Kdb J.g5 crcating a passcd
pawn on thc kingsidc, J... lxg5 4.lxg5 Kc7 5.gxhb KM b.b4 and
anothcr onc on thc quccnsidc. B|ack cannot stop both.
(255)**** Rcmcvclhcguard,crcalc culþcsl
¡ .a4! thrcatcns to rcmovc a dclcndcr ol d5, ahcr which thc
cmbatt|cd pawn la||s. Il B|ack trics ¡ ...a5 thcn Whitc scizcs thc
ncw|y crcatcd outpost by 2.Nb5 with a dccisivc advantagc. For
cxamp|c, 2... Qgb J.Nc7 Rb8 4.cb! ( intcrlcrcncc) 4... Na8 5.c7
and wins.
(25b)***Ucublcallack,þawnslruclurc
I .Nhb+! gxhb 2.Qg4+ Kh8 J.Qxd7. Whitc rcgaìns thc piccc,
a|tcr having wrcckcd thc pawn covcr lor thc B|ack king. (Fischcr
¬ Kcrcs, Zûrich I º5º)
(257)**1hcürslcslwilhlhcmcslcsl
¡...Ql! wins for B|ack. !f 2. g3 Bh3 thcn Qg2 matc, 2. Kll Rxg2
3. Rc2 Rxh2 thrcatcning Rh I matc. Whitc's dcspcration chccks
a|so comc to nothing.
(258)***1raþþcdþiccc,þin
Thc B|ack knight is ncar|y trappcd. Whitc shou|d start by
pìnning its dclcndcr. ¡ .RaJ! Nc2 2.Ra2 a4 J.b4 aJ 4.Kc2 Kl
¤.Kd2 and ñna||y thc horsc is caught.

ZJV. YhÌlC lO mOVC ZÔZ. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC
ZÔU. YhÍlC lO mOVC ZÔJ. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC
ZÔl . YhÌIC lO mOVC ZÔ4. YhÌlC lO mOVC
VV
(259)*** Mincrity attack
By a
dvancing thc b-pawn, Whitc wi| | |cavc his opponcnt with a
back
ward pawn on c6, or iso|atcd pawns on d5 and b?. ¡ .b5!
axb5 2.axb5 Rcc8 J.bxcb bxcb [not 3 . . . Rxc6?? 4. Bxd5+j . Þow
Whìtc has a tasty targct on c6.
(2b0)**UcubIcattack
l . Rxc6? Þc4+ 2. Kd5+ Rxc6 3. Kxc6 Þxa3 is bad lor Whìtc.
Howcvcr, thc intrcpid ¡ .Kxcb! wins at |cast a piccc. !ndccd,
B|ack` s discovcrcd chccks arc harm|css. For cxamp|c, ¡ ...Nc4+
¸or I . . . Kl5 2. Kb5, I . . . Na8+ 2. Kb?j 2.Kb5 attacking knìght and
rook.
(2b¡)*¡crk,dcl1ccticn
¡.Ncb+! Bxcb 2.Qd8 matc.
(2b2)**Ucl1ccticn, matc
¡...Bc5+! dcñccts thc Whitc knight lrom dclcnsc ol d5. 2.Nxc5
¸2.d4 Bxd4+ 3.Þxd4 Qxd4+ 4. QL QaI + 5.QlI Qxl| matc,
2.Nd4 Qxd4+ 3. Ql2 QxL matcj 2...Qd4+ J.QO Qal + 4.Qcl
Qxc¡ matc.
(2bJ)***1raþþcd þiccc
Thc Whitc knight ìs dangcrous|y short ol salc squarcs. ¡ ...Kdb!
2.Na8 [2.Þc8+ Kc? wì ns a piccc] 2...Nd7 taking away thc b6
squarc. Þow thc thrcat is . . . b5. Thcrc lo||owcd J.Bg8 hb 4.Bh7
(trying to gct to c4) ¸anothcr try is 4.c4 b5 5. Bd5 bxc4 6. Bxc6
Kxc6 ?. Kc4 Kb? and thc horsc is comcrcd anyway] 4...Nlb!
5·Bgb Nd5+b.Klb5and at |ast thc knìght |a| |s.
(2b4)***Obtain rcckcn thc7

rank
¡.h5! thrcatcns to wì n a pawn, so B|ack's rcp|y is lorccd. ¡ ...Rlb
¸ I . . .gxh5 2. Rh l j 2.hxgb hxgb J.Rh¡ lo||owcd by 4.Rh7. Thc
rook on thc ?th rank attacks B|ack's pawns and |imìts thc activity
OI B|ack's kìng. (Capab|anca - Tartakowcr, Þcw York I º24)
Í ÜÜ
ZÔJ. ÜÌ8Ck IO mOVC ZÔö. ÜÌ8Ck IO mOVC
ZÔÔ. ÜÌ8Ck IO mOVC ZÔV. YhÌIC IO mOVC
ZÔ¯. YhÍIC lO mOVC Z¯U. ÜÌ8Ck IO mOvC
(2b5)* ¡crk
Í ÜÍ
¡.@.Nd4 2.Qc4 [or 2. Qa4 Qxa4 3.Nxa4 Nxc2+j 2...Nxc2+. B|ack
wins thc cxchangc and stops Whitc lrom cast|ing.
(2bb)* UcubIcattack
¡.WW Rc4!picks oll a bishop.
(2b7)***LrcatcandscizccþcnûIc
Whitc takcs command by ¡.dxc5! ¸c|osing thc ccntcr by I .d5?
favors thc sidc with thc knightj . ¡ ...dxc5 2.Rad¡ Rad8 J.Rd5!
bb ¸3 ... Rxd5? 4.cxd5 wou|d gìvc Whitc a protcctcd passcd
pawnj 4.Rcd¡ . Now Whitc owns thc opcn l¡|c, and his bishop
has p|cnty ol scopc. (Botvinnik - Chckhovcr, Lcningrad I º38)
(2b8)* VuIncrabIckingandquccn
l. ..Rc2! lorccs Whitc to givc up his quccn or gct matcd.
(2b9)** FcsiticnaI þavv nsac
I .d5!cxd52.c5. Whìtc has blockcd thc cncmy bishop and quccn,
frccd thc |ovc|y d4 squarc lor his knight, and opcncd up thc bI-
h7 diagona| lor hi s bishop. (Po|ugacvsky - Ta|, Moscow I º6º)
(270)** Frcþarcþawnbrcak
With thc ccntcr pawns b|ockcd, cach p|aycr wi|| scck activity in
thc rcspcctivc wing in which hc has morc spacc. Accordìng|y,
B|ack's p|an is to |aunch a kingsidc pawn stom: starting with
. . l-l5. First, hc c|cars thc way by ¡...Nd7 ¸or . . . Nc8j.
Í ÜÎ
Z¯ l . ÜÌ0Ck IO mOVC Z¯4. Ül0Ck IO mOVC
Z¯Z. ÜÌ0Ck IO mOVC Z¯J. YhÌIC IO mOVC
Z¯J. YhÌIC lO mOVC Z¯Ô. YhÌIC IO mOVC
¡ Ü3
(27¡)*VuIncrabIc king
¡...Qh5+2.KgJ Qh4matc.
(272)** ArtiliciaI suþþcrtþcint
B|ack is in chargc hcrc, owning thc c-ñ|c and bcaring down on
thc iso|atcd d-pawn. Þow ¡...h5! discouragcs g2-g4, thcrclorc
sccuring thc knight on l5. (Whitc cou|d dis|odgc thc stccd by
2.Þg3 Þxg3 3.hxg3, but at thc cost ol doub|cd pawns and
wcakcning c3. ) Þow 2.hJ is mct by 2...h4! . (Em. Laskcr -
Capab|anca, Havana I º2 I )
(27J)* Fin
l . Bb5wins matcria|, c.g., ¡ ...Qd72.Nc5Nxc5J.Bxd7+Ncxd7.
(274)**LcntrcIcþcn ûIc
B|ack takcs contro| ol thc opcn l-ñ|c by ¡ ...BhJ! , for thcn
Whitc` s rooks wi| | bc unab|c to opposc B|ack` s lrom Í . Trying
to swap oll thc bishop docsn` t hc|p Whitc. 2. BfI Bg4 3. Bc2
RL! .
(275)**Lutcllcncmyking
l.Rgl+! . This lorccs thc B|ack king oflsidc, a||owing Whitc` s
king and pawns to advancc i n thc ccntcr. ¡...Khb 2.cb! . Thc
rcsu|ting passcd pawn sccurcs thc win.
(27b)**¡ntcrlcrcncc,dcnycastIing
l.cb! intcrfcrcs with thc dclcnsc ol thc l5 knight. ¡ ...Qlb
[ I . 4 . Bxc6?? 2. Bxf5] 2.cxl+ Kxl. Whitc has a c|car positiona|
advantagc.
Í Ü+
Z¯¯. Ül0Ck IO mOVC ZöU. YhÌlC IO mOVC
Z¯ö. Ül0Ck lO mOVC Zö Ì . YhÌIC lO mOVC
Z¯V. YhÍlC lO mOVC ZöZ. YDÌlC IO mOVC
ÍÜb
(277)***Ucn'tgrab thc þawn
ln
thc gamc B|ack p|aycd ¡ ...Bg7 tidying up his kingsidc.
lndccd, B|ack must rc¡cct thc tactica| shot I . . . Þxa3?? with thc
idca ol winning a pawn by 2.bxa3?? 2 . . . Rxc3. Instcad, Whitc has
2.Ql3! putting thrcc Black picccs cn ]rt5c. B|ack |oscs at lcast
thc cxchangc lor a pawn. 2 . . . Rxc3 ¸2 . . . Bxc4 3. Nxc4 Bxd4
4. Rxd4 Þc4 5.Nl6+j 3.bxc3. (Grûnlcld - A|ckhinc, Carlsbad
I º23)
(278)*FhilidcrRcvicw
Ahcr ¡ ...Rb¡! thc Whitc king has no covcr lrom cnd|css chccks,
thus cnsuring a draw. Il hc trics to "chargc" thc B|ack rook, thcn
thc pawn wì | | la|l.
(279)**¡uccnaRcvicw
Thc cncmy king has bccn cut ofl from thc pawn. Thc ncxt stcp is
"bui|ding thc bridgc" by ¡.Rc4! . Thc Whitc king wi| | gct out ol
thc pawn's way and bc shic|dcd lrom chccks at ¡ust thc right
tìmc. I.RO ¸ I. Rc| 2. Rl4 Rc2 3. KI and Black must givc up
thc rook or thc pawn wi|| promotc] 2.Kd7 Rd2+ J.Kcb Rc2+
4.Kdb Rd2+ ¸4 . . . Kb6 5. Rd4 RcI 6. Kd? winning] 5.Kc5 Rc2+
b.Rc4. Thc samc idca with I . Rc5 docsn't quitc work, duc to
I . . .Kb6.
(280)** Lxþcscdking,skcwcr
I .Rí+ Kcb 2.Qc8+ Kbb ¸2 . . . Kd5 3.Qd?+ Qd6 4.Rl5 matcj
J.Rxb7+picks up thc |oosc rook on b2.
(28¡ )**Vulncrablcking
¡.Qhb Rg8 ¸ I . . . Qxb2 2. Þg5 lo| |owcd by 3. Qxh? matcj 2.Qlb+
Kg7J.Qxg7matc.
(282)****Brcakthcblcckadc
l.
Rxab! Rxab2.db!Qxc5 ¸lorccd, or clsc 2 . . . Qxd6? 3. Bd5+ Kl8
¹.Qh8+ Kc? 5.Qg?+ Kc8 6.Ql7 matcj J.lxc5. !n rctum lor thc
cxchangc, Whitc has obtaincd thrcc advanccd conncctcd passcd
pawns. (Panov - Taimanov, Moscow I º52)
Í Ü0
ZöJ. ÜÌ8Ck lO mOVC ZöÔ. ÜÌ8Ck lO mOVC
Zö4. YhÍlC lO mOVC Zö¯. YhÌlC IO mOVC
ZöJ. Ül8Ck lO mOVC Zöö. ÜÌ8Ck lO mOVC
Ìܯ
(28J)****Vinaþiccc,Icsc thc gamc
B|ack can win a piccc by I . . . c5?, thrcatcning to lork two picccs
or chasc thc bishop on d3. But ahcr 2. Bxl6! gxl6 ¸rc|ativc|y
bcttcr is 2 . . . Qxl6 3.Nxd5 whcn B|ack has on|y |ost a pawnj
3. Nh4 c4 4.Nxc4 dxc4 5.Qg4+ Whitc has a dcvastating attack.
!nstcad, B|ack wou|d do bcttcr with ¡. ..Bc7or ¡ . . . Rc8.
(284)**Brcakuþcþþcsingþawn chain
Whitc crcatcs a passcd pawn whi|c |caving B|ack with
wcakncsscs. ¡.b5! Ra8 ¸ l . . .cxb5 2. Rxd5 b4 3. Rb5, l . . . Rbc8
2.bxc6 bxc6 3. a6j 2.bxcb bxcbJ.Rb¡ with a wi nning advantagc.
(285)** Frcssurc wcakþawn
¡...cxd4 2.cxd4 Qbband thc d4 pawn la| | s, c. g. , J.Bxcb+ bxcb
4.Kh¡ BxL5.RxLQxd4.
(28b)**McctñankassauItbyccntraIacticn
Whitc has |aunchcd a ñank attack whi|c thc ccntcr is ñuid and
his king is uncast|cd. B|ack right|y rcsponds by a ccntra| thrust.
¡...cxd4! 2.Nxd4 d5! . B|ack wi| | c|car thc ccntra| ñ|cs toward
thc Whitc king wc|| bclorc Whitc can brcak through on thc
kingsìdc.
(Z87)**AnticiþatctacticaIidca
Thc p|ausib|c movc l . Kd4? must bc rcjcctcd bccausc of thc rcp|y
l . . . BxL! whcn B| ack wins. !nstcad, sccuring L by ¡. Bd¡ is
ncccssary to ho|d thc draw.
(Z88)* Ovcrwcrkcdþiccc
B|ack wins a pawn by ¡ ...Nxc4! stncc thc d3 pawn ts
ovcrworkcd. Notc that l . . . Bxc4? is inlcrior duc to 2. h4 Þ|
3.Bxl Bxg2+ 4.Kxg2 Rxl.
Í Üö
ZöV. YhÌlC lO mOVC ZVZ. ÜÍ0Ck lO mOVC
ZVU. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC ZVJ. YhÌlC lO mOVC
ZV! . YhÌlC lO mOVC ZV4. YhÌlC lO mOVC
ÌÜV
(289)***UcubIcattacks,dcnycastIing
¡.Bxcb! Bd5 [othcrwisc B| ack |oscs matcria|. I . . .0-0-0 2. Bxl
Bxl 3.Qxl Rù 4. Qb3, I . . . lxc6 2.Qxc6+ Kù 3.Qxc4; I . . . Bxl
2.Bxd7+ Kxd7 3.Qxl+ Kc8 4. Qxlj 2.Bxd5 cxd5J.QcJ+ KM
and B|ack cannot cast|c ¸3 . . . Bc7? 4. Rcl is cvcn worscj .
(290)***Frcvcntanncyingþin
Whitc is thrcatcning Bg5 (with thoughts ol c4-c5), whcn thc pin
cannot bc brokcn without somc kind ol conccssion, such as
wcakcning B| ack's kingsidc. By ¡.Nc8! ! B|ack prcvcnts thc pin,
and c|cars thc way lor his l-pawn to cha|l cngc Whitc's broad
pawn ccntcr. Latcr, thc knight may hcad to d6, hitting thc wcak
c4 pawn. (Gc||cr - Euwc, Zûrich l º53)
(29¡)***1cmþtingIinclaiIs
Thc othcrwisc attractivc movc | .Þa4? is punishcd by l . . . BxL+!
2. Kh| ¸2. RxL QxL+ 3. KxL Nxc4+j 2 . . . Nxc4 3. Þxb6 Þxg5
4.RxL axb6. Rathcr, B|ack nccds to bitc thc bu||ct and dclcnd
his b-pawn by ¡.Rb¡ .
(292)**Quccnvs. þawn cn thc 7

rank
I.Qcb+! lorccs thc Whitc king to b|ock his pawn's advancc.
Rcpcating this idca givcs thc B|ack king timc to march toward
thc action. A typica| ñnish is 2.Kd8 Kd5 J.Kc7 Qcb+ 4.Kd8
Kcb5.Kc8Qxd7+b. Kb8Qb7.
(29J)*5taIcmatctrick
l.Ka8! lrustratcs B|ack's cflorts duc ¡ ...Qxc7sta|cmatc.
(294)**lcrccwcakncsscs
Whitc has a ñnc opportunity i n ¡cb! ¸or | . Bxg6 ñrstj Qdb [ahcr
I . . . txc6 2. Bxg6+ hxg6 3.Qd3 Whitc wi|| cnjoy thc |ovcly c5
outpost, and attack thc targcts on c6 and g6, thc B|ack king is in
lor a |ong, co|d wintcr a|\cr I . . . Bxd3 2. cxI+ Kxl 3. Qxd3j
2.cxl+ Bxl J.Nl. Whì tc wi|| cxp|oit thc wcak squarcs c5 and
c6.
Í ÌÜ
ZVJ. YhÍIC IO mOVC ZVo. YhÍIC IO mOVC
ZVÔ. ÜÌ0Ck IO mOVC ZVV. ÜÌ8Ck IO mOVC
ZV¯. YhÍ|C |O mOVC JUU. ÜÌ8Ck IO mOVC
Í Í Í
(2
95)****VuIncrabIcquccn
Thc B|ack quccn isn't thrcatcning anything at thc momcnt.
¡.Bg5! takcs advantagc ol hcr cxposcd condition. Thc thrcat is to
stick Black with doublcd l-pawns, and thcrc isn` t a satislactory
answcr. I . . . Nd?? docsn` t hclp, as 2.h3 Qg3 3.Nc2 traps thc Bl ack
quccn. I . . . Nc8 is just awlu| . thc knight gcts in thc way and has
no placc to go. A|l owing thc cxchangc by ¡. ..Rac8 2.hJ Qd7
J.Bxlb gxlb4.Nd5and Whitc is much bcttcr.
(29b)*VuIncrabIc king
¡...BxhJ wins a piccc, sincc 2.gxhJ7 wou|d a| |ow 2...Ql+ with
matc ncxt movc.
(297)** Fin,cutþcst,þrcvcntcastIing
Whitc has two strong continuations. Thc simplcst is ¡.c5 Nd5
2.Ndb+ whcn Bl ack has |ost cast|ing privi |cgcs, and Whitc has a
powcrlu| knight on d6. B|ack's knight on d5 is not doing much,
howcvcr. Thc a|tcmativc l .Qa4 is a|so crushing. I . . .Bd? [ I . . . Qc?
2. c5 Nd5 3.Nd6+ K|8 4. Rc l , I . . .Qd? 2.Na5, I . . . Bb? 2. c5 Nd5
3. Nd6+j 2. Nd6+ Kù 3.Bb5.
(298)*¡crk
¡.c5wins a piccc.
(299)*** FcsiticnaIþawnsac
A|\cr ¡.@.d4! 2.cxd4 Rc8 Whitc's pawn is b|ocking his own
quccn-rook battcry and his king is staring at a nasty discovcrcd
chcck, mcanwhi|c Bl ack has opcncd up thc |ong diagonal lor his
oishop. (Magcrramov - Kasparov, Baku I º??)
(J00)* UcubIcattack
¡..W BcJ2.QdJ Bxl4 wins back a pawn.
Í ÍÎ
JUÌ . YhÍlC lO mOVC JU4. ÜÌ8Ck lO mOVC
JUZ. YhÍlC lO mOVC JUJ. YhÌlC lO mOVC
JUJ. ÜÌ8Ck lO mOVC JUÓ. YhÍlC lO mOVC
Í Íó
(J0
¡ )** lcrk, þin
¡.N
d5! wins a piccc, c. g. , ¡...BgJ 2.Nbb Rd8 J.Rxd7 Rxd7
4.Bb5.
(J02}**1raþþcdþiccc
¡ . Nc5! . This contro|s a6 and d3, potcntial ñight squarcs lor thc
Black knight. ¡ ... Kc7 2.KcJ Na2+ J.Kb2 Nb4 4.KbJ. Thc
knight is trappcd.
(J0J}** Fawn wcakncsscs
Which rccapturc? I . . . Kxù ho|ds on to d4, but a||ows 2q Ql+
Kg8 3. Qxb7. Ahcr saving thc rook B|ack has |oosc pawns to
worry about. Bcttcr is ¡ ...QxM 2.Qxd4 Ncb J.QcJ Ql5 whcn it
ì s Whitc who wi|| drop a pawn.
(J04)*** Ucvclcþmcnl,ccnlcr
Black has to attcnd to two mattcrs. gct his bishop into p|ay, and
grab a sharc ol thc ccntcr. By ¡ ...db 2.bJ c5 B|ack` s bishop is
|rccd, and Whitc is prcvcntcd lrom cxpanding by c4-c5. Thc
"ho|c" on d5 is not a worry, as Whitc is not in a position to
occupy it.
(J05}**Uisccvcrcd allack,sþacc,dcvclcþmcnl
¡.Bxc4! dxc4 2.d5 (discovcrcd attack) 2... Qab J.db Bd8. Whitc
cn¡oys a hugc spacc advantagc and a |cad in dcvclopmcnt.
(J0b)***Uncasllcd king,lccscmalcriaI
Whitc wins by ¡ .Ndxcb! ¸ l . Nlxc6 is cqua||y cf1cctivcj ¡ ...lxcb
2.Nxcb Qcb J. Nxg7+ KM ¸3 . . . Kd8 4. Bh3j 4.Qxd7. Whitc has
rcgaincd thc invcstcd piccc, and thc attack ragcs on. Notc that
4.Ñ W Kxg7 is mct by 5.Bd4+snaring a rook.
Í Í +
JU¯. YhÍIC lO mOVC J l U. YhÍlC IO mOVC
JUö. ÜÌ0Ck IO mOVC J l I . YhÍlC lO mOVC
JUV. ÜÍ0Ck lO mOVC J l Z. YhÌlC lO mOVC
Ì Ìb
(J07)**Lxchangcsac yicldsattack
Thc position bcgs lor thc cxchangc sacriñcc ¡ .Rlb! gxlb 2.Qh5
Kh7. Whitc could lollow up with J.Bc¡ ! , Nd2-c4-c3-l5, and
R|I -l-h3 wì th a winnìng attack.
(J08)***1akcthc shcrt sidc
Duc to thc thrcat ol matc, thc Black king must abandon thc
promotion squarc ¸notc that I . . . RcI ? loscs to 2. Ra8+ Rc8
3. Rxc8+ Kxc8 4. Kg?j . Thc rulc ol thumb hcrc is that thc
dclcnding king should run to thc "short" sidc. ¡ ...Kg8! 2.Ra8+
Kh7J.RMRa¡ ! ¸indccd, going to thc "long" sidc loscs. I . . . Kc8?
2. Ra8+ Kd? 3. Rù Rhl 4. Kl Rh?+ 5. Kg6 Rhl 6. l6 Rg| +
?. Klj. Now Black draws by giving cnd|css rook chccks lrom
thc |ong sidc. Or, il Whitc trics 4.Rc8, thcn Black gocs back to
4...Rl¡ ! , and Whitc has not madc progrcss.
(J0º}***1icdcwn cncmy þiccc
Whitc docs not havc a good answcr to ¡ ...h5! 2.Nh2 tying down
thc knight to thc protcction of g4 ¸2.gxh5 gxh5 3.Ng| is a|so no
good (hcrc notc that 3. h4 would allow thc Black king to
pcnctratc to l5 and g4)j .
(J¡0}*Ucublcallack
¡.Qd4! attacks thc |oosc matcrial on b6 and h8.
(J¡ ¡)**Fin,lcrk
¡ .c4! wins a piccc, bccausc ¡ ...Nlb ¸or I . . . Nxc3 2. Bxc6+ Bd?
(2 ... Kù 3. Rd8 matc) 3. Bxd?+ Kf8 4. lxc3j 2.Bxcb+ Bd7 J.Bxa8
would drop a wholc rook.
(J¡2)**Malc,lcrk
¡ .Nab thrcatcns Nc?, cithcr winning thc cxchangc or mating.
¡ . ..lb ¸ahcr I . . . c6? 2. Rd? Black |oscs a wholc rook. I . . . Rc8??
2.Nc?+ Rxc? 3.Rd8 matcj 2.Nc7+KlJ.Nxa8.
Í Í0
J Ì J. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC J Ì Ô. YhÌlC IO mOVC
J Ì 4. YhÌlC IO mOVC J Ì ¯. YhÌlC IO mOVC
J ! J. YhÍIC lO mOVC J ! ö. YhÍlC IO mOVC
¡ ¡7
(J
¡ J)**Ficcc sac lcr altack
B|ack sccurcs thc lu| | point by ¡ ...Nxb2! 2.Kxb2 QcJ+ J.Kb¡
QaJ whcn thcrc is no satislactory dclcnsc against NcJ+.
(J¡4)****Oþcnmc,lcrk,lraþþcdþiccc
Whitc wins by ¡ .Nl5+! ! ripping opcn thc c-ñ|c. ¡ ...cxl5 [I . . . Kù
|oscs a piccc to 2. Nxc5 duc to 2 ... Rxc5?? 3. Qd8 matc, I . . . Kc8??
|oscs thc quccn ahcr 2. Ncd6+ Bxd6 3. Nxd6+j 2.Nxc5 Qcb
j2 ... Rc5?? |oscs to 3. Rcl +j J.Rc¡+ KM 4.Nd7+ Kg8 5.h5! .
Now Whitc i s cllcctivc|y p|aying a piccc up, as thc h8 rook wi| |
not scc day|ight lor a vcry |ong timc.
(J¡ 5)***Frcvcnlccunlcratlack
B|ack has idcas about I . . .Bxh3 2. gxh3 Qxh3 with an attack or
pcrpctua| chcck. ¡ .RcJ puts an cnd to such thoughts, and
prcparcs to doublc rooks on thc opcn c-ñ|c. (Ponomariov -
Korchnoi, Donctsk 2OO I )j
(J¡ b)****Rcmcvckcydclcndcr
¡.Bxl5! ! wins by rcmoving thc piccc dclcnding g?. Whitc can
mcct any thrcats to his own back rank. ¡... cxl5 [ I . . .Rb8 2. Qg5
ÌI 3.Qxg?+ Kc8 4. Bl6 and B|ack has only spitc chccks |ch,
| . . . a2 2. Qg5 al Q+ 3. Bbl g6 4. Qc? Qxbl + 5. Rxb| Rl 6. Rb8+
matingj 2.Qg5KlJ.Qxg7+Kcb4.RxMwith matc ncxt movc.
(J¡7)* Unsalc king
¡.Qh5+Qhb2.Qxl+Qg7J.Qxg7matc.
(J¡ 8)***Nc limc lcrgrccd
Thc matcria|istic l . Bxh3 Qxh3 2. Nxb?? invitcs troub|c. 2 . . . Ng4
3. N| Ndc3 ! 4. fxc3 Nxc3 5.Qxl+ Kh8 (5 . . . Kxl?? 6. Ng5+)
6.Nh4 Rù and thc Whitc quccn is pimcd against matc at ll .
Whitc shou|d prclcr to prcscrvc his |ight-squarcd bishop by
¡.BL. (Rcti - A|ckhinc, Badcn-Badcn | º25)
Í Íö
J Î V. ÜÌ8Ck lO mOVC JZZ. ÜÌ8Ck lO mOVC
JZU. ÜÌ8Ck lO mOVC JZJ. ÜÌ8Ck lO mOVC
JZÌ . ÜÌ8Ck lO mOVC JZ4. VÌlC lO mOVC
Ì ÌV
(J¡ º)** Rcscucattackcdþiccc
Lach p|aycr has a rook cn ]rt5c. B|ack gcts his own rook out ol
dangcr by ¡ .. .Rd2+2.Kcb Rc4+J.Kb7 a||owing J... Bxc¡ .
(J20)**Rcmcvcdclcndcrclwcaksquarcs
By ¡ ...Ng4! intcnding . . . NxL ncxt, B|ack wi|| not on|y obtain
thc bishop pair, but a|so rcmovc thc dclcndcr of thc vul ncrab|c
dark squarcs in thc Whitc camp. (Anand - lvanchuk, Linarcs
l ººl )
(J2¡)*Vulncrablcþawns
Whitc's kingsidc pawns cannot bc dclcndcd within a movc.
B|ack wil | surcly win a pawn ahcr ¡... Bll .
(J22)**1raþþcdþiccc
Thc Whitc quccn is l ost ahcr I.b5! 2.Qb4 a5. A|tcmativcly,
Bl ack wins a piccc by I . . . Bd5 2. Ql4 Qxf4 3. Bxl4 Bxl 4. Bxl
Nd3+.
(J2J)***Ucluscmulliþlclhrcats
B|ack is up thc cxchangc and a pawn, but Whitc has thc thrcat ol
I . Ba6 Ra8 2. Bb? rcgaining thc cxchangc, and ol Bh6 in
conjunction with Rdl or Ql6. ¡..Qd4 dclcnds thc kingsidc dark
squarcs, and vacatcs a squarc lor thc cndangcrcd c8 rook.
(J24)***Makclhclactical idca wcrk
l .BcJ? attacking thc guard ol d? docsn't win matcria|, as B|ack
can rcspond I . . . Rc8 2. Rxd? Kc8 rcgaining thc piccc. Howcvcr,
¡ .Bdb+! ncts at |cast thc cxchangc. I.Kg8 ¸ I . . . Kc8 2. Rc I +j
2.Bc7.
Í ÎÜ
JZJ. YhÍlC lO mOVC JZö. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC
JZÔ. YhÌIC lO mOVC JZV. YhÍIC IO mOVC
JZ¯. YhÍlC lO mOVC JJU. ÜÌ8Ck IO mOVC
ÌÎÌ
(J25)*5lcþ lrccingmcvc
¡.NcJ! is bcst, prcvcnting . . . d6-d5(+), and thus kccping thc
B|ack bishop boxcd in. I .Nl6 is |css c|car. I . . . Bc? 2.Nd5 Bxg5
3. Nc?+ Kd? 4. Nxb5 Kc6.
(J2b)* Ucublcallack,dcccy, rcmcvclhcguard
l .Rxd7! Qa8 ¸ I . . .Qxd? |oscs thc quccn to 2.Bxc6+j 2.Qxcb+i s
crushing.
(J27)****Fin,dcñcclicn
l .Bhb! ! dcûccts thc dclcndcr ol c5. B|ack |oscs at |cast a pavn.
¡...Bxhb ¸ I . . . 0-0 2. Bxg? Kxg? 3. Nxc5 lo| |ovcd by capturing on
d?, I . . .Bl6 2.Bg5 Bg? 3.Nd5 ! and thc c? knight dropsj 2.Nxc5.
Nov thc bishop on d? la||s. 2...NcbJ.Nxd7.
(J28)**ZugJn0ng, samc-cclcrcdbishcþs
I.Bg7! ¸or I . . . Bh8! j 2.BcI Bc5. Whitc is in Zu_Zwun_. !f hc
movcs his bishop, thcn hc |oscs a pavn, il hc movcs his king,
thcn thc B|ack king invadcs dccisivc|y.
(J2º)**Oþþcsilicn,culsidcþasscdþawn
l . l5?? actua||y makcs B|ack's dclcnsivc job casicr, as hc can nov
cat thc f-pavn, and thcn scurry ovcr to thc comcr to prcvcnt thc
a-pavn hom promoting. Thc on|y vinning movc lor Whitc is
¡ .KdJ! taking thc opposition. ¡.Kc5 ¸on I . . .Kc6 2. Kc4 Kl5
3. Kb5 Kxl4 4. Kxa5 Kc5 5. Kb6 Kd6 6. Kb? Whitc rcachcs g? j ust
in timc to takc contro| ol thc comcr squarcsj 2.Kc4 Kdb J.Kl5
Kc7 4.Kgb. Whitc has rcachcd onc ol thc "kcy squarcs" lor his
passcd pavn, cnab|ing it to promotc.
(JJ0)** Arliûcialsuþþcrlþcinl
Thc c5 squarc is not a "ho|c" in thc strict scnsc, as i t can bc
attackcd by a pavn. Yct, B|ack has 1. .. Nc5! (nov c4 is attackcd)
2.Qc2 a5! crcating an "artiñcia| support point" by inhibiting b2-
b4. Notc a|so that J.aJ, intcnding b2-b4 latcr, can bc ansvcrcd
by J... a4! .
Í ÎÎ
JJ l . VhÍIC IO mOVC JJ4. VhÍIC IO mOVC
JJZ. YhÌIC lO mOVC JJJ. YhÌIC IO mOVC
JJJ. VhÌIC lO mOVC JJÔ. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOvC
Í ¿ó
(JJ¡)***¡nlcrlcrcncc,dcñccticn,cþcnûlc
I .Qh8+? Rg8 2. Qh6+ is a pcrpctua| chcck at bcst. Whitc shou|d
p|ay ¡ .c4! (intcrlcring vith B|ack` s mating thrcat) ¡ ...Bxc4 (thc
f-ñ|c is thus c|carcd lor a dccisivc chcck) ¸ I . . . dxc4 2. RhH Qd?
3. Bg4j 2.Qh8+Rg8J.Rhl¡ +vinning.
(JJ2)***Malc,skcwcr
Whitc vins vith ¡ .Qlb! thrcatcning matc by Qh8+ (a|so
skcvcring thc a8 rook), vhi|c maintaining thc prcssurc on c?.
¡...Rxc¡ + 2.Rxc¡ Kg8 J.Rc7. Nov B|ack must surrcndcr his
quccn or bc matcd, c. g. , JÆÆÆQc¡+ 4.Kh2 RM 5.RcJ Rc8
¸5 . . . Qc?+ 6. Rg3+j b. RgJ+KM7.Qdb+Kc88.Rg8matc.
(JJJ)*1raþþcd þiccc
¡ .b4Bbb2.c5 vins a piccc.
(JJ4)***Lndgamcwithrcckandþawns
Thc routinc cxchangc | .cxl6+ Kxl6 sti|| |cavcs a |ot ol vork to
bc donc. !nstcad, Whitc shou|d p|ay ¡ .Rc7+ KM 2.Rb7! lxc5
¸2 . . . Rxb3 is mct by 3.a5 ! Ra3 4. axb6 Rb3 5. cxl6 vinningj
J.Rxbbobtaìning conncctcd passcd pavns.
(JJ5}***Vin aþawn,lcsclhcgamc
¡ .Qc4 maintains thc ba|ancc. !ndccd, Whitc shou|d rcsist
snatching a pavn by | . Rxc?? Rxc? ¸ I . . . Bxc??? 2. QxI7+j 2.Qxb8
as B|ack has thc rclutation 2 . . . RcI + 3. Rxc| QxcI + 4.Kh2 Bc5+
bagging thc quccn.
(
JJb)**Bcwarclhcintcrmcdialcmcvc
I . . .Nxc4? 2.dxc4? Bxh4 vou|d vin a pavn lor B|ack, but Whitc
vìns vith thc intcrmcdìatc movc 2.Nd5! Nxc3 (2 . . . Qd8 3. Nxc?+
Qxc? 4. Qxc4) 3.bxc3 Qb? 4. Nxc?+ nctting a piccc lor tvo
pavns. B|ack shou|d prclcr ¡...Bcbinstcad.
Í Î+
JJ¯. ÜÍ8Ck IO mOVC J4U. YhÍIC IO mOVC
JJö. YhÌlC lO mOVC J4l . ÜÍ8Ck lO mOVC
JJV. ÜÌ8Ck lO mOVC J4Z. YhÌlC IO mOVC
Ì Îb
(JJ7)****Fawnslruclurc,ccnlrclccnlcrsquarc
¡...BxcJ! ! sticks Whitc vith an unp|casant choicc. 2. Qxc3 Nc4
3. Qd3 Nxg3 4. lxg3 and Whitc's pavn structurc is inlcrior. Or,
2.bxcJ 2...Nc4J.Bh2c54.Nl Bcb |cavcs Whitc vith a vcak c-
pavn and givcs B|ack contro| o| c4. Furthcnuorc, il Whitc trics
to cvict thc knight by a |atcr L-l, thcn his king position vi | | bc
vcakcncd, cspccia||y thc surrounding dark squarcs. (G|igoric -
Smys|ov, Amstcrdam I º?I )
(JJ8)****Lrcalclargcl
¡.c5! ! dxc5 (othcrvisc Whitc capturcs on d6, |caving B|ack vith
an iso|atcd pavn) 2.Nxcb Bxcb J.Bxcb+ bxcb 4.Qc2. Black is
|ch vith doub|cd iso|atcd pavns on a scmi-opcn ñ|c. Whitc can
rccapturc onc pavn casi|y (thcrcby rcstoring thc matcria|
ba|ancc), and thcn tormcnt thc othcr onc mcrci|css|y. (Andcrsson
- Van dcr Wic|, Wijk aan Zcc I º83)
(JJº)**Frcvcnlþcsilicnallhrcat
Whitc has thc positiona| thrcat ol Nc3-c4-d6( +). Black can bcst
addrcss this by cithcr ¡ ...db or | . . . d5. B|ack is h nc ahcr 2.cxdb
QxdbJ.Nc4Qc7.Notc that thc c5 pavn is salc. 4. Nxc5?? Qa5+.
(J40)*linalking-hunl
¡.Qh8+Kgb2.Rxg7+Klb J.QMmatc.
(J4¡)***Kingþcsilicn, rcscrvclcmþc
¡...Kcb! is thc vinning movc ¸ I . . . h6'! squandcrs a prccious
rcscrvc tcmpo, a||oving a drav. 2. Kg3 Kf5 3.Kl h5 4.a4,
I ¤ . . dxc4¹'! throvs avay a lu|l point, as Whitc has thc passcd
pavn ahcr 2.bxc4j . 2.KgJ ¸2. Kg5 d4! 3. Kg4 dxc3 4. Kl Kl5
5. Kxc3 Kg4 6. Kc4 Kxh4 thc outsidc passcd pavn dccidcs, 2. a4
bums Whitc's rcscrvc tcmpo 2 . . . K|6 and nov thc Whitc king
must givc vayj 2...Kl5 J.Kl hb ¸3 . . . d4'! 4. cxd4 cxd4 5. b4! j
4.a4h5and nov thc Black king pcnctratcs via c4 or g4.
(J42)*lcrk
I .c5vì ns a piccc.
ÍÎ0
J4J. ÜÍ8Ck l O mOVC J4Ô. VhÌlC lO mOVC
J44. ÜÌ8Ck lO mOVC J4¯. YhÌlC lO mOVC
J4J. ÜÌ8Ck lO mOVC J4ö. YhÌlC lO mOVC
Íί
(J4J)**Llcarancc
¡...Rg¡+! ! 2.Kxg¡ Rg8+ J.Kl¡ ¸3.Qg5 docsn't savc Whitcj
J...Rg¡+4.Kxg¡ Qg8+5.Kl¡ Qg2 matc.
(J44)** Llcarancc,þin
At thc momcnt Whitc has thrcc advanccd ccntcr pavns lor a
piccc. ¡ ...Nxcb! cats onc pawn and c|cars c5 lor thc bishop. Thc
kight is salc, as 2.dxcb7 Bc5 vins thc quccn.
(J45)*Ucublcattack
¡...Nxh4! simp|y wins a pavn, as ahcr 2.Bxh47 B|ack vins
anothcr pavn and rcgains thc piccc by 2...Rxl4, hitting both
bishops.
(J4b)***Fin,wcakbackrank,lcrk, dclcnsc
¡.Qd4! vins matcria|. It a|so prcvcnts B|ack's intcndcd . . . Nl4
and . . . Qh3+. l | B|ack dclcnds thc c5 knight, |or instancc by
¡...Qdb, thcn 2.Rcc¡ . Moving thc knight is no bcttcr. I . . .NI
2.Qxd5 ! Qd8 (B|ack's vcak back rank must bc hc|d) 3. Rxc8+
Qxc8 4. Rc l Ql8 5.Qd? vith thc doub|c thrcat ol Rc8 and Qxh3,
I . . .Nc6 (or . . . Nc4) |oscs to 2. Rxc8+ Qxc8 3.Qxd5+.
(J47)***Rcscucatlackcdþicccs
Whitc rcscucs his knights by ¡ .Nh4! lo||ovcd by Nl4, thc
tactica| point bcing that ¡ ...gxhJ7 2.Qh5+ Kc7 J.Ngb+ vins,
c.g., Kf 4.Nc5+ Kc7 5.Qf+ Kdb b.Nc4+ Kcb 7.Qxcb+ Kb5
8.Ndb+Ka5º.Nxb7+Ka4 ¡ 0.QbJmatc.
(J48)***Ucn'lsnatch thc þawn
B|ack cnjoys supcrior dcvc|opmcnt and an cqua| sharc ol thc
ccntcr. Furthcrmorc, hc is about to doub|c rooks on thc only
opcn ñ|c. According|y, Whitc must rcsist grabbing a pavn by
l .c3? Ba7 2. Bxc5 as this vcakcns thc d-l¡| c irrcparab|y. B|ack
cn¡oys tcrri l¡c compcnsation. 2 . . . Rld8 3. Bxl6 ¸3. Bc2? drops thc
bishop to 3 . . . Rd2, 3.BbI Rd2 is miscrablc lor Whitc. 3. Bb5 |oscs
to 3 . . . c6 4. Ba4 b5 as thc bishop has no placc to goj 3 . . . Qxl6 4. c5
Qg5 5. Bc4 Bxh3. A morc prudcnt coursc lor Whitc vou|d bc
¡ . Kb¡Rld82.NcJ,gc|ting thc knight back into p|ay.
Í Îö
J4V. ÜÌ0Ck IO mOVC JJZ. ÜÌ0Ck IO mOVC
JJU. YhÍlC lO mOVC JJJ. YhÍlC IO mOVC
JJ ! . YhÍlC lO mOVC JJ4. YhÍlC lO mOVC
ÍÎV
(J4º)****Attack,salcty ncl
B|ack's d-pavn i s undcr attack. Thc solid I . . . Qc? vou|d bc
cnough to prcscrvc B|ack's matcrial advantagc. Bcttcr, hovcvcr,
is l ...Rxh2+! ! 2.Kxh2 Kh8+J.KgJ Nh5+ 4.Kh2 [4. Kg4 al |ovs
thc Black quccn to join in vith chcck, and matc to lol |ov.
4 . . . Qd?+ 5. Kh4 Qc?+ 6. Kg4 (6. Kh3 Nl4+ ?. Kg4 l5+ 8. Kg3 Qh4
matc) 6 . . . l5+ ?. Kh3 Nf4+ 8. Kg3 Qh4 matcj 4...Nl4+ 5.KgJ
Black shou|d havc notcd that at this point hc has at |cast a
pcrpctua| chcck by . . . Nh5+. Assuming that a drav vou|d bc
acccptab|c, Black can procccd vith thc initia| rook sacri ñcc
vithout having to ca|cu|atc bcyond thi s point. Thcn hc shou|d
|ook lor a vinning continuation. As it happcns, B|ack docs havc
a lorccd vin, c. g. , 5...Qc7! b.KO Rh2 7.Ql¡ Qh4+ 8.KcJ
Nxg2+ º.KdJ Qd4+ ¡ 0. Kc2 NcJ+ ¡ ¡ .KbJ Nxd¡ ¡2.Qxd¡
Rb2+! .
(J50)**Obstructcncmyþlans
Thc routinc | . Bc3 vou|d bc j ust ñnc, but ¡ .a4! bcttcr mccts thc
dcmands ol thc position. This movc discouragcs B|ack lrom thc
quccnsidc l¡anchctto (i . c. , . . . b6 |o||ovcd by . . . Bb?) - vhcrc vi|l
hc put that bishop nov'' I t a|so stops B|ack lrom cxpanding by
. . . a?-a6 ¸or . . . c?-c6j and . . . b?-b5. (A|ckhinc - Mikcnas,
Folkcstonc l º33)
(J5¡ )** Fin,traþþcdþiccc
l . Bhb! vins matcria|, sincc ¡..W Kl mccts vith 2.QcJ trapping
thc h3 bishop.
(J52)*1raþþcd þiccc
¡.Bc2picks up thc cxchangc.
(J5J)* Fin
Whitc vins back a piccc by ¡ .Rxc4! Rxc42.BdJ.
(J54)**lcrk,dcsþcradc
Whitc obtains a vinning cndgamc by ¡. Rxgb! hxgb 2.Nxgb+
Kg7 J.Nxc7 Rc8 4. Nxcb bxcb 5.KgJ. l .Nxg6+ hxg6 2. Rxg6 c5
3.dxc5 Rxc5 |cavcs Whitc vith a morc dilñcult tcchnical task.
ÍóÜ
JJJ. YhÍlC IO mOVC JJö. YhÍIC IO mOVC
JJÔ. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC JJV. YhÍlC lO mOVC
JJ¯. YhÍlC |O mOVC JÔU. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC
ÌóÌ
(J55)****¡ccalsuþcricritycllcrcc
Whitc vou|d havc thc cdgc altcr l .Qg3. Hovcvcr, ¡ .Rxlb! gxlb
2.QL! is comp|ctc|y vinning ¸2. Qg3+? vou|d gi vc B|ack an
cxtra tcmpo to organizc a dclcnsc. 2 . . . Kh8 3. Qh4 Rg8 4.Qxl6+
Rg? 5. Rll Qc? and ho|dsj. B|ack` s quccn and rooks just can` t
covcr thc cxposcd |incs in timc. Thc ñnish cou|d bc 2...Rc7
J.Qxlb Rdd74.RdJ KM5.RgJQa7 b.Bxf Rxf7.Qd8matc.
(J5b)***Uclcnsc, dcublc attack
B|ack not on|y dclcnds against thc mating thrcats, but a|so
obtains a dccisivc advantagc, by ¡...Bxg2+! 2.Rxg2 Qd¡+J.Rg¡
QL+4.Rg2 Rxl4 attacki ng thc bishop and quccn. B|ack's cxtra
pavns vi|| dccidc.
(J57)**5amc-cclcrcd bishcþs,þrcmcticn
¡ .Bc2 ( I . Ba4 Bh5 2.Bc2 Bc8 amounts to thc samc thing) ¡ ...Kc5
2.Bgb. B|ack must yic|d c?, and thcn thc pavn cannot bc
stoppcd.
(J58)***Fawnsac lcractivcking
¡.l5! ¸ l.KL lo||ovcd by 2. Rg3 is |css c|car|y vinningj ¡...cxl5
2.Kl4. Whitc rcgains thc pavn vith cxcc||cnt piccc p|accmcnt.
Thc ñnish vas 2...Rcb ¸a|so lutilc is 2 . . . Rl 3. Rg3+ Kh6 4. Rg5j
J.Kxl5 Rgb 4.cb! Rg4 5.Kc5 Rc4+ b.Kdb Rxd4 7.RcJ.
(Capab|anca - E|iskascs, Moscov I º36)
(J5º)*Rcmcvcthcguard
Whitc can salc|y snatch a pavn by ¡ .Bxcb dxcb 2.Nxc5.
(Jb0)** Blundcrchcck
Thc natura| I . . .O-O?? is punishcd by 2. Bxc5 dxc5 3. Rxl6! Bxl6
¹.Qxd? vhcn Whitc nabs tvo picccs lor a rook. !nstcad, B|ack
shou|d prclcr ¡...Nc4cr¡ . . . Bcb.
ÍóÎ
JÔ l . ÜÌ0Ck IO mOVC JÔ4. VhÌIC IO mOVC
JÔZ. Vh|IC IO mOVC JÔJ. VhÌIC IO mOVC
JÔJ. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC JÔÔ. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC
Ìóó
(Jb¡ )***Ucñcclicn
B|ack is a c|car pavn up ahcr ¡ . ..cxd4 2.Nxd4 Nlxd4 J.cxd4
Nxd4! sincc 4.Qxd477drops matcria| to thc dcl!cction 4WÆW Rc¡+!
5.Rxc¡ [5. Bfl Qxd4 6. Rxd4 Rxa l j 5. . . Qxd4.
(Jb2)*** lcrcca scccndwcakncss
Whitc vi|| a|rcady bc targcting B|ack's iso|atcd d-pavn. By
¡.b4! Whitc ñxcs an cncmy pavn on a6, and prcparcs to attack it
by Nc5. Notc that ¡ ...a5 vou|d a||ov 2.b5, vhcn thc passcd
pavn is cvcn morc ol a prob|cm |or B|ack. (Fischcr - Pctrosian,
Bucnos Aircs I º? I )
(JbJ)** Hcld backcncmydcvclcþmcnt
¡ ...Qg5! tics thc Whitc bishop dovn to thc dclcnsc ol g2, and
thus kccps thc Whitc king stuck in thc ccntra| ñ|cs. I . . . Rc8+
2. Bc2 Qg5 achicvcs thc samc thing.
(Jb4)** Uisccvcrcdallack
¡ . Rxcb! vins a piccc, duc to thc combination ¡ ...lxcb 2.Bxcb+
KMJ.Rd8+.
(Jb5)**Guard againsldcublcallack
B|ack is thrcatcning to vin thc cxchangc by . . . cxd4 lo| |ovcd by
. . . Bc4. ¡ .Rld¡ so|vcs thc prob|cm.
(Jbb)***Fcsilicnalþawnsac
¡ ...c4! 2.Bxlb+ [2. lxc4 Bxc3 3.bxc3 l4 is simi|arj 2... Qxlb
J.lxc4 l4! . !n rctum for a pavn, B|ack has a good knight vcrsus
Whitc's bad bishop; in addition, his kings idc pavn majority is
|ooking ominous. (Pi|nik - Gc||cr, Götcborg I º55)
Íó+
JÔ¯. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC J¯Û. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC
JÔö. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC J¯ Ì . YhÍlC lO mOVC
JÔV. YhÍlC |O mOVC J¯Z. YhÍlC lO mOVC
Ìób
(Jb7)** Lxchangcsaclcrallack
¡...RxL! 2.gxl3 Nxc5. B|ack wi|| gct a pawn and a promising
attack lor thc cxchangc.
(Jb8)***lcrccadvanlagccusquccnswaþ
¡ ...Qc8! forccs thc cxchangc of quccns, |caving Whitc unab|c to
guard c4. Ahcr 2.Qxc8+Rxc8thc B|ack knight wi| | hcad for thc
ncw|y crcatcd c4 outpost, lrom whcrc it wi|| strikc dccp into
cncmy tcrritory, and lrom whcrc it cannot bc cxpc||cd. !t a|so
l¡xcs thc Whitc pawn on c3, thcrcby boxing in thc Whitc bishop.
(Niko|ic - Timman, Amstcrdam I º84)
(Jbº)****Fin,dcñcclicn,lcrk,rcmcvclhcguard
Thc gamc wcnt l . Bxc4 Qxc4 2. Nd6 Qxc2 3. Nxc8, winning thc
cxchangc but |osing his c2 pawn. Whitc shou|d havc prclcrrcd
I.Ql3! , sti|! winning at |cast thc cxchangc, whi |c ho|ding on to
c2. ¡ ...Nlb ¸ I . . . Nc5 2. b4 Nd? 3.Ql4 Qxc2 4. Qg5 g6 5. Bxc6 Rxc6
6. Nc?+, I . . . Ng5 2.Ql4 Ql6 3.Nd6j 2.Ql4 Qxl4 J.gxl4. Whitc
cithcr wins thc knight on c6, or dc|ivcrs a nasty lork at c?. (Em.
Laskcr - Tarrasch, St. Ictcrsburg I ºI 4)
(J70)** Makc way lcrlhcmcrlal blcw
¡...Qd¡+ 2.Rg¡ Qd5+J.Rg2H matc.
(J7¡ )***Allackwcaksquarc
¡.Bxcb! is bcst, c|caring thc g-ñ|c with tcmpo lor an attack on
g?. Ahcr ¡.W.Rxcb 2.Rxcb bxcb J.Rg¡ Qd5+ 4.Qxd5 Nxd5
5.Rxg7Rb8b.Bc5,Whitc wi|| pick ofl at |cast two pawns.
(J72)*Rcmcvclhcguard
¡ .Rxd5! wins a piccc, as suddcn|y thc B|ack quccn is hanging.
Íó0
J¯J. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC J¯Ô. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC
J¯4. Yh|lC lO mOVC J¯¯. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC
J¯J. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOvC J¯ö. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOvC
Ìó¯
(J7J)**Hcld uþ cncmyþrcgrcss
¡ . ..Nd4! immobi|izcs Whitc's quccnsìdc pawns and s|ows thc
Whitc king's progrcss toward thc ccntcr. (Smys|ov - Sax,
Ti|burg I º?º)
(J74)*Uisccvcrcdallack
Whitc wins a piccc by I. Bc4+Kh82.Nxd4.
(J75)**Vulncrablcking
¡ . .. QcJ+ lorccs matc. 2.Kl¡ ¸2. KdI RbI + 3. Kc2 Qb3 matcj
2... Rb¡ +J.Rd¡ Rxd¡ +4.Qc¡ Kxc¡matc.
(J7b)* Fin, dcublcd rccks
¡... Rbb¡ wins hcavy matcria| .
(J77)* Bishcþþair
Bl ack shou|d |op oll thc c3 bishop by ¡ ...Ng4! . This not on|y
givcs B|ack thc bishop pair, but a|so cnhanccs thc va|uc ol his
own dark-squarcd bishop.
(J78)**Lcnlcrlcrklrick
¡ ...Nxc4! . Eithcr B|ack rcmains a pawn up, or lo||owing 2.Rxc4
d5 J. Kc¡ dxc4 4.Nxc5 Nxc5 5.Rxc5 Bdb b.RcJ Bl5, B|ack has
thc bìshop pair, a hugc dcvc|opmcnt |cad, and a dcath-grip on thc
d3 squarc.
Íóö
J¯V. YhÍIC IO mOVC JöZ. YhÍlC lO mOVC
JöU. YhÍIC lO mOVC JöJ. ÜÍ0Ck IO mOVC
JöI . Ül0Ck lO mOVC Jö4. YhÍlC lO mOVC
ÌóV
(J7º)***Ncarlylraþþcd þiccc
Whitc wins duc to thc vu|ncrab|c position ol thc B|ack quccn.
¡.aJ! BxcJ ¸or I . . .Bd6 (thrcatcning . . . Bg3+) 2.Rh3! Bc8 (2 . . . Nc?
3. b4 Qa6 4.c5) 3.b4 Qa6 4.b5j 2.BxcJ Qab J.c5 b5 4.a4 Nc7
¸4 . . . Bc8 5. axb5j 5.Bxb5 and now B|ack must givc up a piccc to
rcscuc his quccn 5...Bxl! b.QxlQc8.
(J80)* Fin
¡.Nxd5wins a pawn, as ìts putatìvc dclcndcr is suddcn|y pìnncd.
(J8¡)**Multi-þurþcscmcvc
¡...Rb8! compc|s thc rcp|y 2.bJ. Thus B|ack dcvc|ops a pìccc
with gain in timc, prcvcnts Nb I -d2-b3( -c5), and lorccs anothcr
cncmy pawn onto thc samc co|or squarc as his bishop. (Marsha||
- Lm. Laskcr, Ncw York I º0?)
(J82)**Lndcrmincþawnchain
Whìtc has sacriñccd a pawn lor cxcc||cnt king posttion. To
ñnish thc job. ¡ .db! cxdb 2.Kxdb Kc8 J.Kcb. Whitc wil l
annihi|atc B|ack's quccnsidc pawns lor an casy win.
(J8J)***Ucublcattack,þawnccnlcr
¡...c5! is good lor B|ack, taking advantagc ol thc momcntary
cxposurc ol thc a I rook. For cxamp|c, 2.lxc5 ¸2. c4 cxl4 givcs
Whitc an in|crior King's Gambit - thc c I bishop cvcntually has
to capturc on l4, so b2-b3 was a wastcd movc, othcr trics such as
2. c3 a||ow 2 . . . c4 3. Nd4 d5 whcn B|ack has a strong two-pawn
ccntcrj 2... dxc5givcs B|ack lrcc and casy dcvc|opmcnt, bccausc
J.Nxc577 |oscs a piccc to J... Qd4.
(J84)***Avcid lhc skcwcr
Pcrlunctory dcvc|opmcnt such as I . Bc3? wou|d a||ow I . . .c5
2. Nl Bb5 skcwcring thc quccn and rook. Notc that 3.c4??
docsn't hclp, duc to 3 . . . Bxh2+. !nstcad, Whitc shou|d play l ÑNl
ur ¡ .Nl5.
Ì+Ü
JöJ. ÜÌ0Ck IO mOVC 3öö. ÜÌ0Ck IO mOVC
JöÔ. YhÍlC lO mOVC JöV. YhÌIC IO mOVC
Jö¯. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC JVU. YhÍlC IO mOVC
Ì+Í
(J85)***¡ccscQicccs
B|ack can win matcria|, sccing that ncithcr Whitc minor piccc
has a |oI ol salc squarcs. ¡ ...c5! 2.NbJ ¸2.Nb5 c6 and thc knighI
is trappcd, 2.Nc6 Qd6 3.Na5 c4! and again thc knight is doomcdj
2...c4! J.Nc¡ ¸3. Nd4 c5 is a lami|iar story 4.Nc6 (4.Nb5 a6)
4 . . . Qc?j J...Rb8 4.Rb¡ Bg4 5.QcJ Rbb intcnding . . . Qb8,
winning thc bishop. Rcsistancc is luti |c, c.g., b.Na2 Qb8 7.Nb4
a5.
(J8b)** lsilrcallya lhrcal7
In Ihc actua| gamc Whitc p|aycd thc undcvc|oping movc I . Bll ?
rcacting to a non-cxistcnt thrcat. Somcthing ordinary such as
I .Bg5 tums out to bc j ust |¡nc, as B|ack has no attack al\cr
¡ ...BxhJ77 2.gxhJ QxhJJ.Bl¡ Qg4+4.Bg2.
(J87)**Rcck vs. lwc advanccdQawns
Conncctcd pawns on thc 6th rank can usua||y bcat a |onc rook,
but hcrc B|ack ho|ds a trump card. ¡ ...Rc¡ ! 2.KhJ (lorccd, duc
Io thc thrcat ol matc) 2... Rh¡ +J.Kg2 Rxhb4.g7Rgb+.
(J88)***UisruQlcncmydcvclcQmcnl
Castling now wou|d al!ow Whitc to p|ay c2-c3 and comp|ctc his
dcvc|opmcnt without dimcu|ty. It is worth thc tcmpo to p|ay
¡... Bb5! . !l Whitc trics c2-c3, thcn B|ack wi|| capturc on lI ,
prcvcnting Whitc lrom castling. !l Whitc gocs lor thc ñanchctto,
thcn B|ack scizcs c4 with his knight. (Lipnitsky - Smys|ov,
Moscow I º5 I )
(J8º)**Ucublcallack,malc
Both sidcs havc dcad|y thrcats, but Whitc strikcs ñrst with
¡ .g4+! Kh4 ¸ I . . .Kg5 2. Bl4+ snags thc rookj 2.BgJ+ Kg5
¸ ` Þ . . Kh3 3.g5 matcj J.Bl4+winning matcria|.
(Jº0)*lcrk
¡ .NbJ Qbb[or I . . . Qb4 2.a3 Qb6 3 .Na4j 2.Na4wins a piccc.
Í+Î
JVl . YhÍIC IO mOVC JV4. ÜÍ0Ck IO mOVC
JVZ. YhÌIC IO mOV0 JVJ. YhÍIC IO mOV0
JVJ. ÜÌ0Ck IO mOVC JVÔ. YhÍlC IO mOVC
Î +ó
(Jº¡}***5kcwcr, matingnct
Whitc can win a rook or lorcc matc by ¡ .Rc4+! Kl5 [ l . . . Kh5
2.Rh4 matcj 2.Rl4+ Kc5 J.Ra5+ Kcb 4.Rg5. Whitc can sti| |
stop thc passcd pawn. Notc that l . l+! a|so wins. I . . . Rxl
j I . . . Kl5 2. Rac6 thrcatcning R2c5 matc 2 . . . Rc5 3. g4+ K|4 4. R6c4
matc, I . . .Kh5 2. g4+ Kh4 3. Rh6+ Rh5 4.Rxh5 matcj 2. Rc4+ Kl5
3. Kx|.
(Jº2}***Ovcrwcrkcdþiccc
Whitc takcs chargc by ¡ .Qh5! [ l. Q| is |css c|fcctivc. I . . .Qxg5
2. Bxd5 Qg6 and now c6 and l arc sccurc, l .Nxl7! ? Kl7
2. Ql+ Kc6 is spccu|ativcj ¡ ...Qd7. Thc B|ack quccn cannot
adcquatc|y guard bo|h l and d5 j I . . . g6 2. Ql Qxg5 3. Bxd5 Kd7
(to dclcnd c6) 4. Qx|+ winsj. 2.Qxf+ Qxf J.Nxf Kxf
4.Bxd5+and Whitc is up a c|car pawn.
(JºJ}*lcrk
¡...Nh5 crcatcs thc doub|c thrcat ol winning thc l4 pawn or
going to g3 with a lork.
(Jº4}*lcrk
B|ack wins thc cxchangc by ¡ ...QxhJ! 2.gxhJNL+.
(Jº5}****Rcstrictcþþcncnt'sþiccc
l .h4! hb 2.NhJ! ! . This stops . . . g6-g5, and thus cnsurcs that
B|ack's dark-squarcd bishop wi|| bc imprisoncd bchind a wa|| ol
pawns. [2. Nl is |css cllcctivc duc to 2 . . . Bc6. j (Karpov -
Kasparov, London I º86)
(Jºb}**lcrk,matingnct
l .Qb5! thrcatcns matc at d7 [ I .Qa4 works just as wc||j. Thcrc ìs
no satislactory dclcnsc. ¡ ...Kc8 j I . . . Qc7 2. Nc6+ winning thc
quccnj 2.Qd7+ Kb8J.Ncbmatc.
Í ++
JV¯. YhÍIC IO mOVC 4UU. ÜÌ0Ck IO mOVC
JVö. ÜÌ0Ck IO mOVC 4Ul . ÜÌ0Ck IO mOVC
JVV. VhÍIC lO mOVC 4UZ. VhÍIC IO mOVC
(Jº7)*1raþþcdþiccc
¡.BaJ wins thc cxchangc.
(Jº8)***1urn backmincrily atlack
Î +b
B|ack can ha|t Whitc` s intcndcd quccnsidc minority attack by
I.b5! 2.QbJ Nbb J.Rlc¡ axb4 4.axb4 Nc4. Thc knight on c4
shiclds thc c6 pawn from attack, and il thc knight is cxchangcd,
B|ack gcts a protcctcd passcd pawn.
(Jºº)** Frcvcnl invasicn
Whitc is bustcd il thc B|ack kìng managcs to gct to c4. Thc
Wh itc monarch must rush to b3 to stop this. ¡.KO ¸or | .Kll j
I. Kc8 2.Kc2 Kd7 J.Kd2 Kcb 4. Kc2 Kd5 5. KbJ and Whitc
survivcs to continuc thc ñght.
(400)* lcrk,rcmcvc thcguard
¡...b4! salc|y wìns matcria|, lor cxamp|c 2.Ncc2 ¸2. Bxg7 bxc3 !
| Whitc is sti|| attacking ahcr 2 . . . Kxg7?! 3.Nbl Nxc4 4.Qc3 Nl6
5. h5 ! ) 3.Qh6 cxb2+ 4. Kxb2 Ng4 ncts a pìcccj 2... Nxc4 J.Ql4
Bxhb4.QxhbNxO.
(40¡ )**1akclhcþcrþ
B|ack has nothing bcttcr than to lorcc pcrpctua| chcck by
I.RxgJ+2.hxgJQxgJ+J.Kl¡ QL+ctc.
(402)***5alvagcblcakcndgamc
¡.Nl¡ ! Ra¡ (on othcr movcs thc Whitc king just hcads toward
c2) 2.Nd2! Rxb¡ ¸2 . . . Bxd2 3. Rxb2 and B|ack cannot lorcc matcj
J.NxbI . Thc pawn is b|ockadcd.
Í +0
4UJ. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC 4UÔ. YhÍlC lO mOVC
4U4. YhÍlC IO mOVC 4U¯. ÜÍ0Ck IO mOVC
4UJ. YhÍlC lO mOVC 4Uö. YhÍIC IO mOVC
Í+¯
(40J)*** Undcrþrcmcticn,çugçnung
¡. ..Rc7+ 2.Kg8 ¸2. K¡8 Kg6 3.Kg8 Rc8 matcj 2...Kgb and B|ack
had to bc rcady lor thc undcrpromotion J.h8N+! 7 ¸3.h8Q Rc8
matcj J...Klb 4.Ngb Kxgb.
(404)*** Bcwarc thcdisccvcrcdattack
Thc bishop on g5 ìs a |ittlc l oosc, putting Whitc in dangcr o|
. . Nxc4 tricks. For cxamp|c, onc movc to avoid is thc othcrwisc
dcsirab|c I . 0-0-0'! which |oscs a pawn to I . . .Nxc4! 2.Bxc? ¸or
2.Nxc4 Bxc4 3.Bxc? (3.Qxc4 Bxg5+) 3 . . . Bxl 4. Bxd8 Bxc2
5. Bxc2 Rd8j 2 . . . Nxc3 3. Bxd8 Nxc2+ (with Whitc having
cast|cd |ong, this capturc comcs with chcck, so thc d8 bishop has
no chancc to cscapc) 4.Bxc2 Rxd8. Thus in thc gamc Whitc
playcd ¡ . Bxlb! and cast|cd on his ncxt tum. (Rogcrs - Mi los,
Manì|a I ºº2)
(405)***Fcsilicnalþawnþlay
¡.d4! cxd4 ¸or I . . . Qd6 2.dxc5 Qxc5j 2.Nxd4. Whìtc has thc
bcttcr bishop, and thc d4 outpost lor hcr knight. Shc may crcatc a
passcd pawn by a2-a4. On thc othcr hand, B|ack's iso|atcd d-
pawn is vu|ncrab|c on a scmi-opcn ñ|c. And with b5 undcr
attack, Whìtc wì l | bc thc ñrst to sl ìdc a rook to thc opcn c-ñ|c.
(Ana|ysis lrom Nudc|man - 1usto, Ma|ta I º80)
(40b)****Lxþcscdquccn andwcaksquarc
Whitc can punish B|ack's prcmaturc quccn sortic by ¡ .Nb5!
(thrcatcning Nc?+, and taking aim at thc juicy d6 squarc) ¡ ...Rb8
2.c5 (hitting d6 again, whi|c c|caring c4 lor thc othcr knight)
2ÝÑW Nd7 ¸2 . . . dxc5 3. Nc?+ Kc? 4. Ba3+ Kd8 5. Nc4+ winning thc
quccn, 2 . . . Nxc5 3. l4 snaring a picccj J.Nc4 (taking a shot at thc
Black quccn, thus triplc-tcaming on d6 with gain in tìmc)
J... Qd84.cxdbwith an ovcrwhc|ming advantagc.
(407)* Ucublcaltack,rcmcvcthc guard
¡. .Ñ Qb2! . B|ack wi| | win cithcr thc pawn on a3 or thc onc on d3.
(408)* Ycurþawncrycurlilc
¡.Bxcb! picks up a pawn, sincc ¡ . M.bxcb77|oscs to 2.Qabmatc.
Í +ö
4UV. ÜÍ0Ck IO mOVC 4 l 2. YhÌlC IO mOVC
4 l U. ÜÍ0Ck IO mOVC 4 l J. ÜÍ0Ck IO mOVC
4 l l . YhÌIC |O mOVC 4! 4. YhÍlC lO mOVC
Ì+V
(40º)***Ucñccticn,matc
l. RL? wou|d a||ow 2. Rb8+ Kh? J.c5+ g6 4. Rb?+ whcn B|ack
had bcttcr acccpt thc pcrpctua| chcck. ¡ . .. a2! ! c|iminatcs this
drawing rcsourcc by dcñccting thc bishop Irom its contro| oI h ?.
Now 2.Bxa2ROwins Ior B|ack.
(4¡0)*Nctsclast- thclcrklails!
Thc hasty Iork I . . .Nxc2?? |oscs to 2. Qa4+! . Thc simp|c rctrcat
¡...Ncbis bcttcr.
(4¡ ¡)**¡ntcrlcrcncc, matc
¡.Bl! b|ocks thc B|ack quccn's dcIcnsc oI g?, cnab|ing a quick
ñnìsh. ¡ ...c2 ¸ I . . . QxI only dc|ays thc incvitab|cj 2.Bxg7+Bxg7
J.Qxg7matc.
(4¡ 2)**lcrk,dìsccvcrcd chcck
¡ .Nxl! Kxí 2.l5! . Whitc rcgains thc piccc with a supcnor
position.
(4¡J)***5acrccktcgctþasscdþawns
B|ack wins by ¡...cxb4! ! sacriñcing a rook to crcatc unstoppab|c
passcd pawns. 2.Rxc8 ¸2. axb4 Rxc2 J. Rxc2 a3 4. Ra2 Kd4 ìs no
bcttcrj 2... Rxc8J.Rxc8bxaJ4. Rc¡ b4 5.Ra¡ bJ.
(4¡4)***Rcstrictcncmylcrccs
Al\cr ¡ .g5! Bc8 2.g4! thc B|ack picccs havc nowhcrc to go, and
nothing to do. (Hort - Ciocâ|tca, Budapcst I º?J)
Í bÜ
4 Ì J. YhÌIC IO mOVC 4 l ö. ÜÍ8Ck IO mOVC
4 l Ô. YhÍIC IO mOVC 4 l V. YhÍIC IO mOVC
4 Ì ¯. YhÌIC lO mOVC 4ZU. ÜÌ8Ck IO mOVC
Î bÎ
(4¡ 5)***UcubIcattack,lcrk
Whitc comcs up a pawn ahcad al\cr ¡.Ng5 gb 2.Nxcb! Rlc8
¸2 . . . lxc6?? 3. Qxc6+ Kh8 4. Qxd6j J.Qd4! Bc5 [or 3 . . . Qxd4
4.Nxd4j 4.Qxb2 Bxb2 5.Nc7.
(4I b)*Farrytwcthrcats
Whitc must copc with thc thrcats of . . . Nxd3 matc and . . . NL
matc. ¡.Nd4or ¡ .Nl4i s bcst.
(4¡ 7)***Attack,salctynct,skcwcr
¡.Qb8+ [ I .Qd8+? is at bcst a pcrpctua| chcckj ¡ ...Kh7 2.Bg8+
Kgb [2 . . . Kh8 3. Bl+ with matc to lo||owj J.QgJ+ Klb [3 . . . Kf5
4. Bh?+; 3 . . .Kh5 4. Bl+j 4.Qdb+ Kg5 5.h4+! [Whitc's "sa|cty
nct" at movc I was to takc thc pcrpctua| chcck hcrc by 5.Qg3+
Kf6 6. Qd6+ ctc. j 5...Qxh4 [5 . . . Kxh4 6. Qg3+ Kh5 ?. Bl+,
5 . . .Kg4 6. f+, 5 . . . Kh5 6. B|+ Kg4 ?. Qg3+ Kf5 8. Bg6+j b.Qc7+.
Whitc picks up a bishop, and rcmains two pawns up.
(4¡8)*1wcþins
¡...c4!wins matcria|, as both Whitc kights arc pinncd.
(4¡ º)**UcubIcattack,disccvcrcdchcck
¡.Nxb5! wins a pawn, thc tactica| point bcing ¡ ...axb577
2.Bxb5+Kc7J.Rd7+with yct morc gains.
(420)**Attackþawnchain
¡...h4! wins a pawn. 2.g4 [2.gxh4? Bxf4 3. Rc2 Þxh4 is worsc
for Whitcj 2...Bxl4J.gxl5 Bxd24.Rc2 Bhb.
Í bÎ
4Z l . Ül0Ck IO mOVC 4Z4. ÜÌ0Ck IO mOVC
4ZZ. YhÍIC IO mOVC 4ZJ. YhÌlC IO mOVC
4ZJ. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC 4ZÔ. YhÌlC IO mOVC
Í bó
(42¡ )***¡crk,þin,dcubIcattack
B|ack wins at |cast a pawn by ¡ ...Nc2! 2.Rad¡ Bab J.bJ Rlc8
4.Rd2 ¸4.Nc4 Bxc4 5.bxc4 Rxc4j 4... NxaJ.
(422)****UcubIcattack
Hcrc's thc way to takc advantagc ol thc |oosc knight on g4.
¡ .Rdc¡ Qb4 2.RabI QdbJ.Rxb8+ Qxb8 4.Bb5+ KM [4 .. . Kd8
5. Qdl + Bd6 (5 . . . Qd6 6.Qc2) 6. Rc6 Kc? ?.Nh4 lo||owcd by Nl5+
or Qxg4] 5.Bd7with thc dua| thrcat ol Bxg4 and Rc8+.
(42J)* Laughtinthcnct
¡ ...Kc7!wins, as Whitc cannot prcvcnt . . . Rd5 matc.
(424)*Uisccvcrcdattack,cvcrwcrkcdþiccc,þin
¡...Nxc4ncts a pawn. 2.Qxc4 ¸2. Nxc4 Bxa l ] 2...BxcJ.
(425)*¡crk,disccvcrcdattack
¡.Nxl! [ l .Nxc6 a|so ncts a pawn, l .Ng6? Bxl4 2.Nxh8 Bc? is
no good, as thc knight is trappcd] ¡ ...Kxl 2. Bxdb. Whitc has
won a pawn and prcvcntcd B|ack lrom cast|ing.
(42b)** Vin aquccn,Icscthcgamc
¡.hxgJ. Whitc must capturc thc knight, rcstoring matcria|
cqua|ity. Taking thc discovcrcd chcck wou|d bc disastrous, c. g. ,
l .Nc5+?? Kh8! 2.hxg3 ¸ccrtainly not 2.Nxb??? KIÌ matc]
2 . . . dxc5 whcn Whitc is just a piccc down.
Îb+
4Z¯. YhÌIC IO mOVC 4JU. YhÍIC IO mOVC
4Zö. ÜÌ0Ck IO mOVC 4J l . ÜÌ0Ck IO mOVC
4ZV. YhÍIC lO mOVC 4JZ. ÜÌ0Ck IO mOVC
Ìbb
(427)**Uisccuragccncmybrcak
B|ack's p|an i s to achicvc thc . . . c?-c5 brcak. Whitc can bcst rcsist
this by ¡.NdJ lo| | owcd by ¸ l . Rc I is |css attractìvc duc to thc
|atcnt prcssurc on Lj 2. Bl4. (vanchuk - Iomcs, Tcrrassa I ºº I )
(428)**lcrccbackcncmyþiccc
¡WWÑ b4! lorccs thc c3 knight to rctrcat to b I or d l , scvcrcly
hampcring Whitc's dcvc|opmcnt. Worsc is 2.Na477 Qcb whcn
B|ack wins a piccc.
(42º)****Matingnct,skcwcr
Thc obvious try l .Nxd6 Rxd6 2.Qxa? Rd? is not a c|car win.
Whitc can sca| thc victory, howcvcr, with ¡ .Qc5! vo|untari|y
unpinning thc cncmy rook to crcatc a mating thrcat [ l .Qg5+ Kl
2.Ql4+ Kc? 3.Qc5 comcs to thc samc thingj . ¡ÆÆÆ Rd5 [ l . . . Kl
2.Nxd6+, I . . . R8d? 2. Nxd6 Rxd6 3.Qxg?+ Kc8 4. Qxb?j
2.Qxg7+Kc8J.Nlbmatc.
(4J0)***1raþþcdþiccc,lcrk,disccvcry,cxþcscdking
¡.Bc¡ ! ! Qxa¡ [thc thrcat is 2. Bb2 Qb4 3.a3 Qb5 4. a4 Qb4 5.c3
trapping thc B|ack quccn, thcrc is no cscapc. I . . .Qd4 |oscs to
2. Bb2 Qd? 3.Nb6+, l . . .Qb4 is mct by 2. Bd2 Qb5 3.a4j 2.Bl4! .
Whitc thrcatcns Nb6 matc, so thc B|ack quccn la||s. As an
a|tcmatìvc, l . Bd2! Qd4 2. Ba5 wins at |cast thc cxchangc. Thc
rook cannot hidc. 2 . . . Rc8 3. c3 Qd? 4. Nb6+.
(4J¡ )* Uisccvcrcdattack
¡...Nxc4! wins a pawn. 2.Nxc4 ¸2. lxc4 Bxd4 and B|ack picks oll
yct morc matcria| at c3j 2... Qxd2+J.Nxd2 Rxd4.
(4J2)**Lramþcþþcncnt'sþcsiticn
¡...d4! 2.Nb¡ ¸or 2. cxd4 cxd4 3. NbI d3j 2. ..dJ. Thc pawn on d3
wi| | bc a thom in Whitc's ûcsh lor a |ong tìmc.
Íb0
4JJ. YhÍlC IO mOVC 4JÔ. YhÍlC IO mOVC
4J4. ÜÌ0Ck IO mOVC 4J¯. ÜÍ0Ck lO mOVC
4JJ. YhÍIC lO mOVC 4Jö. ÜÌ0Ck IO mOVC
Ìb¯
(4JJ)****Lxchangcsac launchcscllcnsivc
¡ .Rxlb! gxlb 2.Qxhb givcs Whitc a winning attack. 2@@Æ Qc7
¸2 . . . Bc6 3. Nh4! and now B|ack cannot stop both Nl5 and Rd3-
g3(+), c. g. , 3 . . . Rbd8 4.Bd5 ! ! ; 2 . . . l5 3. Ng5 Bc6 4. Qh?+ Kù
5. Nxc6+ Rxc6 6. Bxc6 lxc4 ?.Rd?j J.Qgb+ KM 4.Qh7 Qb7
5.Nh4Bcbb.Qh8+Kc77.Ngb+lxgb8.Qg7+Blº.Qxlmatc.
(4J4)**lcrtily backrank
¡. ..Ra8 is thc on|y movc. I . . . Rd2? lai|s to 2. Rc8 Rd8 3. Rbc I ! ,
simi|ar|y I . . . Qù? 2.Rc8 Rc8 3. Rbc| !
(4J5)**Ucccy,lcrk
¡ .Rb7! cnds a|| rcsistancc. ¡ ...Qxb7 2.Ndb+ wins thc quccn.
I .Nxd? Qxd? 2. Nxd6+ Kù 3. Qxd? Rxd? 4. Rb8+ ncts thc
cxchangc, and shou|d a|so win.
(4Jb)*Ucublcattack
¡.Qd4+picks oll thc |oosc rook on a?.
(4J7)**Ucñccticn,matc
¡ ...l4! crcatcs thc thrcat ol matc by K¡ . Whitc must rcp|y
2.Rxl4 a||owing 2...Rh¡+ ¸thc immcdiatc 2 . . . Rxc3? admits too
much countcrp|ay. 3. Rl+ Kc8 4. Rxa? Rxc5 5. RL! Kb8 6. Rxh?
ctc. j J.KgJRxcJ+ winning thc knight.
(4J8)*** Lcnsistcncy, ccntralstructurc,timc
¡...cxd4 is ca||cd lor. This justiñcs thc p|accmcnt ol thc rook on
c8, which now prcssurcs thc c4 pawn. On othcr movcs, Whitc
can c|osc thc ccntcr by d4-d5; B|ack wou|d thcn havc wastcd onc
Icmpo on . . . Rù-c8, and must wastc anothcr to movc it back (in
support ol thc . . . |-l5 brcak).
Í bö
4JV. YhÍlC lO mOVC 44Z. ÜÌ0Ck IO mOVC
44U. YhÍlC lO mOVC 44J. YhÌIC lO mOVC
44l . YhÍIC lO mOVC 444. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC
ÌbV
(4Jº)*** Fawn stcrm,matc
I|`s hard to arguc against l . 0-0 or l . Qc2, but a|rcady ahcr ¡ .c5! ,
B|ack must cough up a piccc or bc matcd. ¡ . .. Ng8 ¸ l . . .dxc5
2. lxc5 amounts |o thc samc thtng. 2 . . . Ng8 3.có Bc8 4. cx|7+
]I 5. Bxgó+ Kxgó ó. Nh4+ Kló ?. Q|+ Bl5 8.Qxf5 matcj 2.cb
Bc8 ¸2 . . . lxcó 3. Bxgó matcj J.cxl+ Kxl 4.Bxgb+ Kxgb
5.Nh4+Klbb.Nc4+Kl7.Qh5+gb 8.Qxgb matc.
(440)***FrcvcntþcrþctuaIchcck
Whitc would |ikc to capturc at gó, crcating mattng thrcats, but
B|ack might gct a pcrpctua| chcck starting with Qc5+. Thus
¡ . Rc7! ñrst. Now B|ack must gtvc up his quccn or bc matcd.
¡... Ra82.Qxgb.
(44¡ )***Fins
Whitc wins at |cast two pawns by ¡.Bl4! c5 ¸not I . . .cxf4?
2. Rxd4+ Kc8 3. Rxc8 matcj 2.bxcb+ bxcb J.Rxc5 c5 ¸or
3 . . . Rxc5 4. Bxc5 c5 5. Bxd4 cxd4 ó. Rxd4+j 4.Rxc5 Rc¡+ 5.Rxc¡
Bxc5.
(442)***Uissclvccncmyþawnccntcr
Thts is j ust thc right momcnt for ¡.cxd4! 2.Nxd4 ¸2. cxd4 wou|d
a||ow 2 . . . Nb4j 2... Nc5 J.Bl¡ d5! . By disso|ving Whitc's pawn
ccntcr, B|ack has cqua|izcd. (Tarrasch - A|ckhinc, Badcn-Badcn
I º25)
(44J)**FiccclcrJ þawnsandmcrc
l.Nxl! . Whitc gcts at |cast thrcc pawns and thc initiativc lor a
knight. ¡...Kxl 2.Ng5+ Kc8 J.Qxcb RM 4.Qc8+ Qd8 5.Qxb7
^bd7. Whitc has thc p|casant choicc bctwccn ó. Qxcó, ó.Ncó or
ó. Rc l .
(444)*Ovcrwcrkcd þiccc
¡...Nc2+ 2. Kh¡ Nxc¡ J.Rxc¡ BxO |cavcs B|ack a pawn up.
Í0Ü
44J. ÜÌ0Ck IO mOVC 44ö. YhÍIC IO mOVC
44Ô. YhÍIC IO mOVC 44V. YhÍIC IO mOVC
44¯. YhÍIC IO mOVC 4JU. ÜÍ0Ck IO mOVC
Ì0Ì
(445)* lcrk
¡... NcJ wins thc cxchangc.
(44b)****Rcstrict cncmy þiccc
¡ .cb! (thrcatcning Bc5 winning thc cxchangc) ¡ ...bb ¸on I. Rd8
Whitc just kccps up thc prcssurc, c. g. , 2. Rc | a6 3. Qa4j 2.b5 ab
J.a4. Rcmarkab|y, B|ack's l ight-squarcd bishop has bccomc
imprisoncd. Whitc can conduct kingsidc opcrations cllcctivc|y a
piccc up. (Ictrosian - Fischcr, B|cd I º5º)
(447)*Fin
¡ .Qcb+Kh7[or I . . . K8 2. Rh6+j 2.Rlwins thc quccn.
(448)***Rccksac,disccvcrcdchcck
Whì tc wins matcria| by 1.Rxg5+! lxg5 [ I. KI 2. Qh5 ! wins a
rook duc to 2 . . . Rxh5 3. Rg8 matcj 2.Bxg5 KM ¸thcrc l5  no
cscapc. 2 . . . Qc8 3. Bc7+ Kh7 4.Qh5 matcj J.Bxc7+Kxc7.
(44º)**Ovcrwcrkcdþiccc,dcublcchcck
Whitc can win back a pawn by ¡.Nxdb! . !ndccd, il thc knight is
capturcd, thcn Whì tc ncts a sccond pawn. 1...Qxdb 2.Qxg7+
þxg7 J.Bxc5+.
(450)** Fin,dcublc attack
B| ack should snatch back a pawn by ¡ ...Nxd4! . Il thc knight ì s
takcn, thcn Whitc |oscs hi s quccn. 2.cxd47 Bb4+ J.Bd2 ¸3. Kdl
Rxd4+j J... Rhc8.
Í 0Î
4J l . ÜÌ8Ck lO mOVC 4J4. YhÌlC lO mOVC
4JZ. YhÍlC lO mOVC 4JJ. YhÌlC lO mOVC
4JJ. YhÌlC lO mOVC 4JÔ. ÜÌ8Ck lO mOvC
Ì0ó
(45¡ )**1raþþcdþiccc,rcmcvc thc guard
B|ack wins a piccc by ¡ ...Kcb 2.Rx Rh8 J.Bgb Rhb 4. Rg7
Klb.
(452)**1raþþcdþiccc,lcrk
¡.Kb¡ ! wins thc cxchangc - thcrc is no salc squarc lor thc rook.
I ...Rc4 [ I . . . Rc2 2.Nc3+j 2.Ndb+.
(45J)**ObstructcncmydcvcIcþmcnt
¡ .Qb4 momcntari|y stops B|ack lrom cast|ing. Thcrc lo||owcd
¡ WWW Nd5 2.QaJ Qc7 J. Bb5+ Bd7 4.Bxd7+and B|ack sti || cannot
cast|c short ahcr cithcr rccapturc. (Topa|ov - Barccv, Dortmund
2002)
(454)**Ucûccticn
¡.Rl¡+ Kc2 2.RO+! dcñccts thc B|ack rook lrom covcragc ol
thc passcd pawn.
(455)** Lrcatctargctandcutþcst
l . Bxlb! cxlb [or I .. . Bxf6 2. Nd5 Bd? 3. Nxf6+ cxf6j 2.Nd5.
Whitc's knights arc wc|| p|accd and thc d6 pawn wi| | bc a targct.
(45b)****Uisrcgardcncmycutþcst!
B|ack's ñrst impu|sc might bc to swap oll thc knight on d5.
Howcvcr, ahcr any cxchangcs at d5, Whitc is |clt with a
dangcrously postcd piccc. For cxamp|c, ahcr I . . . Nxd5 2. Bxd5
Bc6 3. Radl Bxd5 4. Rxd5 thc backward d6 pawn is in lor scrious
pain. !nstcad, B|ack might rcason that thc d5 knight is not
accomp|ishing much by itscl l; in lact, it is hindcring thc bishop
on c4 and b|ocking thc d6 pawn lrom immcdiatc dangcr.
Thcrclorc, B|ack ought to pursuc his own p|ans bclorc Whitc can
dcvc|op scrious thrcats. !n thc gamc his choicc was ¡ .Ngb! ! ,
prcscrving thc knight, with idcas about an cvcntua| . . . Nl4 and
. . . I-f5. (Bcrc|ovich - Svid|cr, Moscow 2003)
Î 0+
4J¯. YhÍIC IO mOVC 4ÔU. YhÍIC IO mOVC
4Jö. ÜÍ0Ck IO mOVC 4ÔÌ . ÜÍ0Ck IO mOVC
4JV. YhÍlC lO mOVC 4ÔZ. VhÍIC lO mOVC
Í0b
(457)**Vrcng-ccIcrcdbishcþ
I l thc B|ack king cou|d gct to g8 or h8 thìs wou|d bc a draw, as
thc bishop docsn` t contro| thc promotion squarc. Thc on|y way
to sccurc thc lu| | point is ¡ .Bcb+! KM [ I . . . Kxc6 2. h?, | . . . Kl6
2. Bg8j 2. Kgband thc pawn marchcs lorth.
(458)* Ucublc attack,wcakback rank
I.Rd5!wins thc knight, duc to Whitc's back rank wcakncss.
(45º)***Fawn sacþrcþclsattack
Whitc adds luc| to his attack by ¡ .c5! dxc5. Thc pawn sacriñcc
has opcncd thc d-ñ|c lor Whitc's othcr rook, and c|carcd c4 lor
thc knight on c3. B|ack's doub|cd iso|atcd c-pawns gct in thc way
ol his own bishops. Thcrc lo| |owcd 2.Nc4 thrcatcning thc lork
Nd6+ 2...Qc7 J.QgJ! dclcnding thc d4 knight by pìnning c5
J...Nc7 4.Rad¡ scizing thc ncw|y opcncd ñ|c. (Nunn - A.
Soko|ov, Dubai I º86)
(4b0)****¡iquidatccutsidc þawns
Whitc's quccnsidc pawns arc doomcd. ¡a5! cnsurcs that B|ack's
othcrwisc dangcrous a-pawn gocs down, too ¸ I . l4? on|y draws
al\cr I . . . cxl! , I . KI| ?? Kc5 2. Kg2 Kb4 3. Kh3 Kxa4 4.Kxh4
Kxb5 and it is B|ack who wins thc loot raccj . ¡WWÆ hJ 2.Kl¡ Kc5
J.bb axbb4.axbbKxbb5.Kg¡.
(4b¡)****Lcntrclclwcaksquarcs
¡...Nd4! cuts oll Whitc's dark-squarcd bishop lrom thc
vu|ncrab|c dark squarcs around his king. 2.Bc5 Qcb J.BdJ
(dclcnding c2) J... Nd7 4.Bxd4 [worsc is 4.Nc2 Nxc5 5. bxc5
Bc3+ 6. KhI Nxc2 ?.Qxc2 Bxc5j 4WWÆ cxd4 5.Nc2 BcJ+. Whitc
was lorccd to part with his va|uab|c dclcndcr, whcrcas B|ack's
bi shop has bccomc a monstcr. (Smyslov - Botvinnik, Moscow
I º58)
(4b2)***5kcwcr
¡ .Rg4! wins a pawn. I.gb 2.Rh4 h5 J.g4 and Whitc wi||
capturc twicc on h5, sincc J... hxg47 wou|d a||ow 4.Rh8+.
(A|ckhinc - Marsha||, St. Ictcrsburg I ºI 4)
Í00
4ÔJ. YhÍlC lO mOVC 4ÔÔ. YhÌlC lO mOVC
4Ô4. YhÌlC |O mOVC 4Ô¯. YhÌlC IO mOVC
4ÔJ. YhÌIC |O mOVC 4Ôö. YhÌlC IO mOVC
Ì0¯
(4bJ)** lndclcnsiblcþawn
¡.Bh4! picks oll thc l6 pawn, as ¡... Kc777 ¸ I . . .Rd6?? is
punishcd by 2. Ra8+j mccts with 2.Rc5+KdbJ.Bxlb snaring thc
cxchangc.
(4b4)**1raþþcd þiccc
¡.Ql attacks l and dcnics flight squarcs to thc B|ack quccn.
Altcr ¡ ...lb2.Rc¡ Qh2J.Ng4 QhJ4.Rh¡ thc quccn is trappcd.
(4b5)**Uisccvcrcdattack
Whitc wins at |cast a pawn by ¡.Ng5! gb ¸ I . . . Nl6 2. Nxl! is
simi|arj 2.Nxl! as 2...Kxl7 J.Rc7+uncovcrs an attack on thc
B|ack quccn.
(4bb)* Lxþcscd king
I.Rd7! . B|ack must givc up his quccn, or c|sc bc matcd, c. g. ,
¡. . .Qc82.Qc5+Kg8J.Rg7+Kh84.Rl+Kg85.Qg7matc.
(4b7)* Ucublcattack
¡.c5! wins matcria|, lor il ¡ ...Ng8 thcn 2.Ql with a doub|c
attack on a8 and l.
(4b8)***¡awnsaccrcatcswcakncsscs
Ahcr thc (tcmporary) pawn sac ¡ .d5! Rxd5 2.Rxd5 cxd5 J.bJ,
Whitc has two sa|c and so|id pawn is|ands, comparcd to B|ack's
six lu||y iso|atcd pawns. Whitc wi|| rcgain a pawn soon, thcn
attack thc rcmaining pawn wcakncsscs. (Dccp B|uc - Kasparov,
Phi|adc|phia I ºº6)
Í 0ö
4ÔV. YhÌlC IO mOVC 4¯Z. ÜÍ0Ck lO mOVC
4¯U. YhÍIC lO mOVC 4¯J. YhÌlC IO mOVC
4¯ l . ÜÌ0Ck lO mOvC 4¯4. YhÌIC IO mOVC
Í0V
(4bº)****Attack,lcrk
Whitc wins at |cast thc cxchangc ahcr ¡ .Nlb+! Kh8 ¸ l . . .gxl6
2. Bxc6 Qc3 (2 . . . lxc6 3. Qg6+ K8 4. Rd? with matc to lo| |ow)
3. Qg6+ Kh8 4. Qxl6+ Kg8 5. Rd? winningj 2.Bxcb! Qc7 ¸2 . . . lxc6
3.Nd?, 2 ... Qc6 3. Nd?, 2 . . . gxl6 3.Qxh6+ Kg8 4. Bf5 matc to
lo||owj J.Nd7Qxcb4.NxMRxM.
(470)*Ucublcattack
¡.Bxc4 Bxc4 2.Qd4 wiIh thc doub|c thrcat ol Qxc4 and Qxg?
matc.
(47¡ )***Ovcrwcrkcdþiccc
¡ . ..RaJ2.RbJ [2. Qc2 Nxd3j . Now thc Whitc quccn is strugg|ing
to dclcnd b3, d3 and d4. 2... NxdJ! J.RxaJ ¸3.Qxd3 Bxd4+j
J...Bxd4+4.Qxd4 QxaJ.
(472)** An cunccclþrcvcnticn
¡ ...a5or ¡ ...ab is ncccssary to prcvcnt a4-a5-a6 and thc rcsu|ting
tactica| prob|cms down thc |ong diagona|. (Io|ugacvsky - Ta|,
Lcningrad I º? I )
(47J)***Assailbackward þawn
¡.Bbb! prcvcnts thc B|ack rook lrom coming to thc aid ol thc
backward d-pawn. ¡ ...Nb8(i ntcnding . . . Nd? to cxpc| thc bishop,
othcrwisc Whitc pl ays Rd2 and Qdl ) 2.Bxcb lxcb J.Qh4! (to
rcmovc thc on|y dclcndcr ol d6) J... Qd7 4.Qd8+ Qxd8 5.Bxd8
and thc cmbatt|cd pawn is |ost. (Smys|ov - Rcshcvsky, Moscow
I º48)
(474)***lcrk
Whitc wins by ¡.Rxg7+! Rxg7 2. Rxg7+ Kh8 ¸2 ... Kxg? a||ows
3. Nc6+ snaring thc quccnj J.Qd¡ ! with a winning attack.
Í ¯Ü
+¯J. ÜÌ0Ck IO mOVC +¯ö. ÜÌ0Ck IO mOVC
+¯Ô. YhÌlC IO mOVC +¯V. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC
+¯¯. YhÌlC IO mOVC +öU. YhÌlC lO mOVC
Í ¯Í
(475)* Uìsccvcrcd attack
¡...hb2.Nl^xc4ncts a pavn bccausc oI thc |oosc bishop on l4.
(47b)***1hc þawnìs lcst anyway
B|ack thrcatcns to vin a pavn by capturing tvicc on c3. Whitc's
bcst coursc vou|d bc to acccpt thc |oss ol thc pavn in rctum for
a sizcab|c |cad in dcvc|opmcnt. ¡. 0-0! ¸rcinlorcing c3 is luti|c
anyvay, c. g. , l . RcI dxc4 2. Bxc4 Nc4 vith attacks on c3 and g5j
¡ ...BxcJ 2.bxcJ QxcJ J.Rc¡ Qa5 4.Qc2 0-0 5.Bl4. Whitc
stands wc||, B|ack has dimcu|ty gctting his bishop into p|ay.
(477)**Ucñcctìcn,dìsccvcrcd attack
I .gJ! QhJ 2.Bxh7+ Kxh7 J.Rxd8 picks up thc cxchangc and a
pawn. Thc immcdiatc l . Bxh7?? docsn` t quitc vork, as d8 is
protcctcd altcr | . . . Nxh7.
(478)*1raþþcdþìccc
¡...gbtraps thc bishop.
(47º)*Grabthcbìshcþþaìr
B|ack shou|d snap oll Whitc's dark squarcd bishop by ¡ ...Ng4.
This not on|y |ovcrs thc hcat on h6 (cnab|ing Black to cast|c
short), but also cnhanccs thc strcngth ol B|ack's f¡anchcttocd
bishop. Ahcr any othcr movc, such as I . . . Nbd7, Whitc cou|d
p|ay 2. L prcvcnting this cxchangc.
(480)**Llcarancc,þìn
¡.Bxb8! Rxb82.Nl4 wins thc bishop on h5 duc to thc additiona|
thrcat ol Bb5, pinning and winnìng thc quccn.
ÍJZ
4o Ì . Yh|lC l O mOVC 4o4. ÜÎ0Ck IO mOVC
4öZ. ÜÎ0Ck lO mOVC 4oJ. HÍ0Ck IO mOVC
4oJ. YhÌlC IO mOVC 4oÔ. YhÌlC IO mOVC
Í ¯ó
(48¡)***Frcvcntcxchangcsac
B|ack wou|d gct a winning attack out ol I . . . Rxl! 2. gxl Nxc5
3.Nd4 Nl4. ¡ .Ncd4is an cllcctivc antidotc.
(482)***Ucstrcycncmypawn ccntcr
¡ ...cb! 2.Bxab ¸2.Nc3 cxd4 3.Nxd4 Nxc5j 2...cxd5 J.BdJ cxd4
4.cxdbdxc45.Bxc4Qxdb.B|ack has won a pawn.
(48J)**Ucublcattack
Whitc wins thc cxposcd rook on a8 as lo| |ows. ¡. Bxf+! [not
l . Ql? Ql6j ¡..Æ Kxf [ I . . .Kc? 2. Bxg8 Rxg8 3.Qh5 is miscrab|c
lor B|ackj 2.Qh5+ gb [othcr rcp|ics arc simi|ar|y hand|cd, c. g. ,
2 . . . Kc? 3.Qc5+ K|7 4.Qd5+j J.Qd5+.
(484)**Ncarlytrappcdpiccc
Thc Whitc knight at g5 docsn't havc many salc squarcs. Now
¡ ...Qdb! takcs away c6. Thc thrcat is . . . h?-h6, trapping thc
knight. Whitc must thcrclorc choosc bctwccn 2. Qc2, 2. Nc5, or
2.c4, in cach casc surrcndcring a pawn to rcscuc thc piccc.
(485)**Kingpcsiticn,ñxwcakncss
¡...Bb¡ [ l . . .a5 is |css cllcctivc, as alIcr 2. c4 thc Whitc quccnsidc
i s out ol immcdiatc dangcrj 2.aJ a5. B|ack has ccmcntcd thc
wcakncss ol b3, and c|carcd thc way lor his king to advancc.
|Smys|ov - Kcrcs, Moscow l º52)
(48b)***Lxchangcsac
Whitc is up a pawn, but it is diH¡cu|t to makc hcadway wht|c
B| ack maintains hi s wc| | postcd knight. Howcvcr, Whitc crcatcs
winning chanccs by ¡.Rc7+! Nxc7 2.Rxc7+ Kd8 J. Rxf! , lor
cxamp|c J...RxaJ4.l5cxl55.cbRc8 b.d5.
Í ¯+
4ö¯. ÜÌ0Ck IO mOVC 4VU. YhÌIC IO mOVC
4öö. YhÌIC lO mOV0 4V! . YhÌIC IO mOVC
4öV. ÜÌ0Ck IO mOVC 4VZ. YhÍIC IO mOVC
ͯb
(487)**Attackãcccndwcakncãã
With c4 a|rcady undcr sicgc, B|ack strains Whitc's dclcnscs by
going ahcr thc wcak a-pawn. ¡ ...Rh1 2.Kd2 ¸2. Kc2 Ral 3. Kb3
Rc I j 2... Ra¡ J.Bdl Bxc4.
(488)***Kccþ cncmy þicccþinncd
l . l4! kicks oll thc winning idca ol scnding a pawn down thc c-
ñ|c. ( I . Rc? Bd6 2. Bxl!+? wou|d win a pawn, but at thc cost ol
lrccing thc cncmy bishop. Fo||owing 2 . . . Kù 3. Rd? Bc? 4.Bd5
B|ack can hopc to draw by b|ockading thc cxtra Whitc pawn.)
Ahcr ¡ ...cxl4+ 2.Kxl4 Rb7 J.c5 Rc7 B|ack is ncar|y in
;u_Zwun_ cvcntua||y his rook wi|| havc to dcscrt thc c-ñ|c. Thc
h nish was 4.h4 hb5.h5 Ra7 b.cbg5+ 7.hxgbKg78.gxlBdb+
º.Kc4h5¡ 0. Rg8+Khb ¡ ¡ .lb.
(48º)*Hcad'cmcllatthcþaãã
¡.h5! wins a piccc sincc both thc kight and bishop nccd to
cscapc via L. 2.Nl2 ¸2. Bxl5 is no bcttcr. 2 . . . cxl5 3.Nh6+ Kg?j
2ÆMW h4.
(4º0)**5tcþtwcthrcatã
B|ack is thrcatcning not on|y . . . Rxb2, but a|so . . . Nl4, attacking
thc guard lor thc c6 knight. ¡ .Bc¡ is thc on|y way to mcct both
thrcats.
(4º¡ )***5train thc dclcndcr
¡ .Nd5! strains B|ack's dclcnsc ol h?. ¡ ...Qdb¸thc kight cannot
bc capturcd. I . . w cxd5?? 2. Qxc?, I . . . Þxd5?? 2. Bxh?+ Þxh?
|2 . . . Kh8 3. Þxl! matc) 3. Qxh?+ Kù 4. Qh8 matcj 2.Nxlb+Qxlb
J.Bxh7+Kh84.BdJand Whitc has won a critica| pawn.
(4º2)**¡ntcrlcrcncc
l .Rd5! ! wins on thc spot. Thc rook intcrlcrcs with thc B|ack
quccn's dclcnsc against Qg4+, lo||owcd by matc at g?. B|ack
must cithcr givc up his quccn or succumb to thc matc.
ͯ0
4VJ. ÜÌ0Ck IO mOVC 4VÔ. YhÍlC lO mOVC
4V4. YhÍIC lO mOVC 4V¯. YhÍlC IO mOVC
4VJ. YhÍIC lO mOVC 4Vö. ÜÌ8Ck lO mOVC
̯¯
(4ºJ)**1raþþcdþiccc
B|ack wins a piccc by ¡ ...gb2.BhJ g5J.Nlc2g4.
(4º4)***lcrk,matc,traþþcd þiccc
¡.Ng5! wins thc pawn on c6. lndccd, iI ¡ ...Rxd47 ¸ I. Bc8?
2. Rxc6 Bd? 3. Rxa6 (thrcatcnìng Ra8+ wìth matc to Io||ow)
3 . . . h6 4.Nl and Whitc has pi ckcd up two pawns. j thcn 2. Nxcb
Kc4 ¸2 . . . Rc4 3. Nc5 wins thc bishopj J. RO (thrcatcning RI
matc) JÆWÆ hb4.RM+Kh75.Rb8and thc bishop is trappcd.
(4º5)***¡mþrcvcþiccc, attackwcakncsãcs
¡ .Nd2! . Thc knight is hcadìng Ior c4 whcrc it wi| | attack wcak
B|ack pawns. Notc that Whitc is undctcrrcd by ¡ ...Bhb 2.Nc4!
ßxc¡ J.BxdbQd84.BxM.
(4ºb)**Rcãtrìctcncmyþìccc
Whitc shou|d p|ay ¡.Qh5!. Thc thrcat to l forccs ¡ . ..cb aftcr
which B|ack's |ight-squarcd bìshop ìs bad indccd. Añcr I . . .c5 thc
bishop sti || has nowhcrc to go! (1amicson - Ta|, Ni cc l º?4)
(4º7)*UcubIcattack
l.Nxc7+Qxc72.Qd5+wins thc rook on a8.
(4º8)**Rcmcvcthcguard,dcûccticn
I ...Nxg22.Kxg2BxcJJ.QxcJQxd5+wins a pawn.
Í ¯ö
4VV. YhÍIC IO mOVC JUZ. YhÍIC IO mOVC
JUU. ÜÌ0Ck IO mOVC JUJ. ÜÌ0Ck IO mOVC
JU! . YhÍIC |O mOVC JU4. NhÌIC IO mOVC
ͯV
(4ºº)****Llcarancc,intcrlcrcncc,attack
B|ack has snatchcd a pawn at a2, |caving his king vu|ncrab|c.
Thc immcdiatc I .Qd?+ is adcquatc|y hand|cd by I . . . Bf7. Whitc
wins by ¡ .c4! intcr|cring with thc B|ack bishop's rctum to
dclcnsc. ¡ ...Bxc4 ¸ I . . . Rb??? drops thc bishop to 2. Qa | ] 2.Bxc4
bxc4J.Qd7+with a winning attack.
(500)*** Rcsþcnd tcthrcat
Whitc's thrcat is I . Nc4! winning at |cast a pawn. 2 . . . Qd5 (to
protcct c5) 3. N|g5 (now thc B|ack quccn must movc again, duc
to thc thrcat ol Nl6+) 3 . . . Qd8 ¸3 . . . Ql5 4. Nxh?! Kxh? 5.g4! wins
thc B|ack quccn, simi|ar|y 3 . . . Qc5 4. Nxh?! ] 4. Nxc5. Dclcnding
thc pawn by ¡ ...bb is sulhcicnt to maintain thc ba|ancc, ¡. ..Qc7
has a|so bccn p|aycd hcrc.
(50¡)**1hcscramblc
With thc B|ack king cut oI| a|ong a ñ|c, and with thc pawn
sumcicnt|y advanccd, thc Whitc king can lorcc its way in lront
ol thc pawn. ¡ .Kc5 Rc8+ 2.KbbRd8 J.Kcb Rc8+ 4. Kd7. Now
it is a mattcr o| rcaching thc Luccna position, which is a book
wm.
(502)***Ucn'tsnatchthcþawn!
B|ack cannot savc his d-pawn ahcr I . Bc6?, but hc wou|dn't nccd
to. | . . . c3 2. bxc3 ¸or 2. Bxd5 Bd3+! 3. Kxd3 cxb2 and B|ack wi||
promotc] 2 . . . b2 3. Bxd5 Bd3+ 4. Kxd3 bl Q÷. |nstcad, ¡. Kd2 or
¡.Kd¡ maintains thc status quo.
(50J)* Backrankwcakncss
¡...Bxd4 simp|y wins a piccc, as 2.Rxd47'¦ a||ows a back rank
matc.
(504)*1raþþcdþiccc,lcrk
¡.c5! wins a piccc, lor il thc bishop rctrcats, thcn 2.hJ traps thc
|night (thc movcs may bc rcvcrscd).
Í öÜ
JUJ. YhÌIC IO mOVC JUö. YhÍIC IO mDVC
JUÔ. YhÌIC lO mOVC JUV. ÜÍ8Ck lO mOVC
JU¯. ÜÌ8Ck lO mOVC J Ì U. YhilC IO mOVC
Í öÍ
(505)**Uisccvcrcdattack,ccntrclimþcrtantsquarc
Añcr ¡ .Nc4! Qc7 ¸I . . . Nxc4 2. Qxc6 Rb8 3. Bxc4 Whitc has won
a pawnj 2.Nxdb+QxdbJ.c4Qc74.b4, Whitc cnjoys thc bishop
pair, and hìs grip on c5 stilIcs countcrp|ay.
(50b)****Faticncc!
Whitc has thc cdgc in thì s positton, duc to thc harmonious
p|accmcnt ol his rooks, thc somcwhat cxposcd condition ol thc
B|ack king, and thc |ight squarc wcakncsscs in B| ack's pawn
lormation. Thcsc lragi|c asscts wou|d cvaporatc ìl quccns wcrc
cxchangcd, so Whitc gocs lor ¡ .Qd¡ ! ! . Thc supcrñcia||y
appca|ing ccntra|ization I .Qd5? mcrc|y invitcs B|ack to rcpcat
hìs oIlcr by I . . .Qg8. Now 2.QdI wou|d a||ow 2 . . . d5 whcn
B|ack's ccntra| stcamro||cr gcts undcr way. (Adams - Tiviakov,
Wijk aan Zcc 2003)
(507)**Ucnycncmycutþcst
¡...BM is nccdcd hcrc, intcnding ..Æ Bhb, to activatc thc bishop
and to prcvcnt Ng3-c2-l4-c6.
(508)***Bccausc shc'swcrthit
¡.Nxc5! Bxd¡ ¸Whitc is a hca|thy pawn up ahcr I . . . dxc5
2.Qxh5j 2.NxcbQd7J.Ncxc7+Kh84.Raxd¡ |cavcs Whitc with
a pawn and thrcc aggrcssivc|y dcp|oycd minor picccs lor thc
quccn. Thc B|ack hcavy picccs havc | i tt|c scopc with a|| thc
pawns around.
(50º)* lcrk
¡ . ..c5! wins matcria|. 2.dxc5dxc5J.Bh2c4.
(5¡ 0)**5trugglclcr bcttcrmincrþiccc
¡ .g4! discouragcs B|ack from trying . . . l6-l5 (to |imit thc Whitc
knight and improvc thc scopc ol his bishop), and c|cars thc way
lor Nc2-g3-f5. From l5, thc knight wi| | |cnd suppon to thc c3
pawn, and dominatc thc opposing bishop.
Í öÎ
J l Í . YhÍIC IO mOVC J ! 4. ÜÌ0Ck IO mOVC
J ! Z. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC J l J. ÜÌ0Ck IO mOVC
J Ì J. YhÍlC lO mOVC J ! Ô. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC
Íöó
(5¡ ¡ )***1argct wcak þawn
Whitc wins by targcting thc wcak h6 pawn. ¡ .Kg4 Ng7 2.Bxg7
Rxg7 J.Kh5 Rh7 4.Rdb Bc8!7 (sctting a trap) 5.lb ¸ol coursc
not 5. Rxh6?? l6+ droppìng thc rookj 5WÆW Rh8 b.c5 Ka7 7.Bc4.
B|ack has no usclu| movcs.
(5¡2)**5tcþtwcþIans
Whitc wou|d |ikc to p|ay Rc7, with countcrp|ay, or Kg2, lrccing
his comcrcd rook. ¡ ...QhJ! stops both idcas, and wins thc l
pawn as wc| | .
(5¡ J)**FrcvcntdcubIcattack
Ahcad a rook lor thrcc pawns, Whitc was cagcr to rip opcn thc a-
ñ|c lor a quick ñnish by I .a4?? ovcr|ooking I . . .Bc4 (doub|c
attack) 2.b5 Bxc2 3.a5 ¸3. RlcI Bg4 4.a5 Bc8 traps thc Whitc
quccnj 3 . . . BxH 4. axb6 Bxg2+ 5. Kxg2 cxb6 winning casi|y.
¡.Rac¡ stops thc thrcat and prcscrvcs Whitc's wim¡ing advantagc
¸ l .Nd4 is a|so good, as I . . .Bc4?? 2.Nc6+ |cads to matcj .
(5¡4)**UcubIcattack
B|ack ncts a pawn by ¡ .. .Nlxc4! sincc 2.Nxc4 ¸or 2. Bxc4 Nxc4
3.Nxc4 Qa5+ 4. Qd2 Qc5j 2WWÆ Nxc4 J.Bxc4 Qa5+ lo||owcd by
.Ñ .Qc5rcgains thc piccc.
(5¡5)** lcrk,traþþcd þiccc
¡...BxO+! [or I . . .Qb6 ñrstj wins matcria|. 2.KxO Qbb+ J.KgJ
Qxb24.NcJNxcJ5.dxcJ QxcJ+.
(5¡ b)****1acticIcscs,takcthcþcrþ
Thc tactica| try I . . . Rxb2+? 2.Qxb2 Qh2+ 3. Kl Qxb2 wins thc
Whitc quccn, but |oscs thc gamc duc to back rank issucs. 4. BI¯!
Qa3+ [4 . . . g6 5.h6, 4 . . . h6 5. Rc8+ Kh7 6. Bg6 matcj 5. Rc3 Qù
6. Rc8 Qxc8 ?. Bxc8. Rathcr, B|ack shou|d takc thc pcrpctua|
chcck ¡ ...Qh2+ 2.Kl¡ ¸2.Kc3?? drops thc quccn to a skcwcr.
2 . . . Qg3+j 2...Qh¡+ J.KO ctc. [ahcr 3. Kc2? Rxb2+ 4.Qxb2
Qg2+ 5. Kd3 Qxb2 B|ack is winningj.
Ì ö+
J Ì ¯. ÜÌ8Ck lO mOVC JZU. ÜÌ8Ck lO mOVC
J l ö. YhÍlC lO mOVC JZl . ÜÌ8Ck lO mOVC
J l V. YhÍlC lO mOVC JZZ. ÜÌ8Ck lO mOVC
Íöb
(5¡7)**Uisccvcrcd attack,dcublcaltack
Whitc |oscs matcria| ahcr ¡... Nxc4 2.Bxc7 Qxc7J.Qxc4 Qb4+
fo||owcd by . . . Qxb2.
(5¡ 8)*5kcwcr,dcublcallack
Whitc wins thc cxchangc by ¡.Bl¡ Rc52.Bl4.
(5¡º)*1raþþcd þiccc
¡.Rd4QcJ 2.RbJand thc B|ack quccn is trappcd.
(520)**Fcrþclualchcck,skcwcr
¡...Kb2! ! sccurcs a draw. 2.c8Q ¸2. Kc8 Rc3j 2WWW RbJ+ with
cnd|css chccks a|ong thc a- and b-ñIcs, or an cqua|izing skcwcr.
(52 l)***Frcvcnlcncmycastling
Ahcr 1 . ..Bb4+! 2.axb4 Bxb5 J.bxa5 Bc4 4.QaJ bxa5 thc
matcrìa| situation is |cvc|, but B|ack has prcvcntcd hcr opponcnt
from cast|ing. That was a|| shc nccdcd to |aunch a succcsslu|
attack. (Karpov - 1. Io|gár, Wijk aan Zcc 2003)
(522)***Ucn'llraþthcþiccc
B|ack can trap a pìccc momcntarì|y by I . . . g5¹ but it comcs to a
nct |oss ahcr 2. Nxg5+! hxg5 3.Qh5+ Bh6 4. Bxg5 Qg? 5. Bc2+
Bl5 6. Bxh6 Qxh6 ?. Bxl5+. Bcttcr is ¡... Bl protccting thc
dc|ì catc b I -h? diagona|.
Í ö0
523. YhÌlC IO mOVC
JZÔ. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC
JZ4. YhÍlC lO mOVC
JZ¯. YhÍlC lO mOVC
JZJ. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC
JZö. YhÍIC lO mOVC
Íö¯
(52J)****AnticiþatcccuntcrþIay
Bclorc committing to thc natura| |ungc | . Qa7!, Whitc had bcttcr
takc into account I . . .Qh4! ! . Now 2.Qxc? [or 2. BL Bxd4! ; 2. Kg2
Ra8! j wou|d a||ow B|ack trcmcndous countcrp|ay starting with
2 . . . QgJ+. !nstcad, ¡ .Kg2or ¡ .QU ho|ds thc |inc.
(524)**1raþþcdþiccc,þin
¡.dJ Qa5+2.cJ! NxcJJ.Qd2wins a piccc.
(525)***5cizcccntraIsquarc
¡ ...Bxl3! 2.Qxl3 ¸or 2.cxl Nc6j 2... Qxl3 J.cxl3 Ncb. Thc B|ack
knight wi| | takc rcsidcncc on d4, lrom whcrc it cannot bc
dis|odgcd.
(52b)***LIcarancc,lcrk,skcwcr
B|ack wins a pawn by ¡ ...RxgJ! ! 2.lxgJ [worsc is 2. Rxd4 Rxg2
J. Rd2 Rg4j 2... NbJ+J.Kc2 Nxd2 sincc 4.Kxd27wou|d drop at
|cast a sccond pawn to 4...Rxb2+. (Ana|ysis hom Hutchings -
Kccnc, Woo|acombc I º?J)
(527)***Rcmcvckcydclcndcr
Whitc has initiatcd a quccns idc pawn storm, but thcrc is not yct a
knockout punch. A |ogical ncxt stcp is I .Bc4! to cxchangc thc
dclcndcr ol thc wcak |ight squarcs around thc cncmy king.
(Padcvsky - Kholmov, Drcsdcn I º56)
(528)**LIcscþcsiticnadvantagccusIy
¡.d5! c|oscs thc ccntcr strong|y in Whitc's lavor. B|ack's minor
pìcccs havc no dcccnt squarcs; his rooks arc doub|cd against a
brick wa||, and hc has no usclu| pawn brcaks (lor cxamp|c, I . . . l5
2. c4 lxc4 J. fxc4 hc|ps Whitc). Whitc, on thc othcr hand, wi||
kccp pushing his quccnsidc pawns, wc|| supportcd by his knights
and rooks.
Í öö
52º. YhÍlC lO mOVC JJZ. YhÍlC lO mOVC
JJU. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC JJJ. YhÌlC lO mOVC
JJ Ì . ÜÍ0Ck lO mOVC
JJ4. Ül0Ck lO mOVC
ÌöV
(52º)***UcnycruciaIsquarcs
¡ .Nl5! Ng2 ¸ I . . .Nxl5 2. Kxl5 and Whitc wins thc loot racc,
I . . . Kxb4 2. Nxh4 is simi|arj 2.Kc5! prcvcntìng thc knight lrom
rcaching l4 and stopping thc pawn. (Timman - Rcc, Amstcrdam
I º84)
(5J0)** Fcwcrlulbrcak
¡...d5! opcns up thc position much to B|ack's lavor. For
cxamp|c, altcr 2.cxd5 ¸on 2.QL d4 3. Nd | Bg5 Whitc must givc
up thc cxchangc or a pawnj 2@ÆÆ cxd5 Bl ack cnjoys thc bishop
paìr, two strong ccntcr pawns, and a grip on thc c-ñ|c. On thc
othcr hand, Whìtc's knights |ack support points.
(5J¡ )* Uclcnsc,wcakbackrank
¡... Bcb! dclcnds against thc dcad|y . . . Rc8(+), |caving B|ack with
a winnìng matcria| advantagc. Thc bìshop cannot bc capturcd
duc to Whitc's wcak back rank.
(5J2)** Frcmctìcn,dìsccvcrcdchcck
Whitc has ¡. Rc8! Rxa7 (or cl sc thc pawn promotcs) 2.Kbb+
wìnning thc rook.
(5JJ)***Frcssurcwcakþawn
¡.bJ! c|cars a path lor Nd3-b2-c4. ¡... g52.KLRb7J.Nb2 Rb5
4.Nc4 dcfcndìng thc a5 pawn and putting maximum forcc on thc
backward d6 pawn. (Anand - lvanchuk, Monaco 200I )
(5J4)***Fìn,lcrk,rcmcvcthcguard
¡...b4! 2.Nd¡ ¸2.Nc2 Nl5! 3. Ql2 (3. cxl5?? Qxg2 matc) 3 . . . Nxc3
4.Qxc3 Bxb2 attacking thc guard ol a2j 2...bJ J.cxbJ cxbJ wìns
thc pìnncd bìshop.
Ì VÜ
JJJ. ÜÌ00k IO mOVC JJö. YhIlC lO mOVC
JJÔ. ÜÌ0Ck IO mOVC JJV. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC
JJ¯. YhIlC lO mOVC J4U. YhiIC lO mOVC
ÌVÌ
(5J5)** Lxtractccnccssicn
Against thc ii1itating ¡ ...Bg4! , Whitc has thrcc options, nonc
p|casant. ( l ) tradc oll his prccious |ight-squarcd bishop; (2)
b|ock thc bi shop (and wcakcn hi s kings idc) by L-L; or (3) |osc
matcria| .
(5Jb)* Matingthrcat
¡ ...Rc8! ¸or . . . Rùj 2.RxbJ+KxbJ J.Kc¡ Ra8is thc casicst win.
(5J7)***Obstructadvcrsary'sdcvclcþmcnt
C|car|y B|ack nccds to dcvc|op his kingsidc and cast|c.
Howcvcr, ¡ .Bd4! ho|ds thc ù bishop to thc dclcnsc ol thc g-
pawn. B|ack now has to p|ay somcthing awkward such as ¡ÆÆÆ lb
in ordcr to comp|ctc his dcvc|opmcnt. This wi|| makc thc
lorthcoming g2-g4-g5 a|| thc morc cllcctivc. (Short - Iogorc|ov,
Gibra|tar 2004)
(5J8)****Quartcrbackswccþ
Whitc brcaks through by ¡.g4! lxg4 ¸or I . . .hxg4 2. h5! gxh5
3. Bxl5+ Kc7 4. Rhxh5; l . . . Rdù 2.gxl5+ gxl5 3. Rhgl Rg5
4. Rg5j 2.BxgbRdlXJ.RlJ and Whitc wi| | mop up thc g- and h-
pawns, wmnmg. (Ana|ysis lrom Kasparov - Bacrot, Sarajcvo
2000)
(5Jº)** 1raþþcdþiccc,rcmcvcthcguard
B|ack has givcn up two pawns lor an attack on thc Whitc king.
Thc attack itsc|l has sta||cd - thcrc ìs no brcakthrough vìa g3, lor
cxamp|c. Sti | l , B|ack gcts thc uppcr hand by ¡. ..Qc8!humi|iating
thc bìshop on a7.
(540)***Ncarlytraþþcdþiccc
Whìtc can wìn at |cast a pawn duc to thc vu|ncrab|c rook on a8.
¡.c5! c|carìng c4 lor thc bishop ¡. ..Qd8 ¸ I . . .Qc7 2. Bc4 Bb7
3.cxd6 Whitc kccps thc cxtra pawnj 2.dxc5Bb7 ¸2 ... bxc5 3. Bc4
d5 4.cxd5 Bb7 5. c4, 2 . . . dxc5 3. Bc4j J.cxdb.
Ì VÎ
J4Ì . YhÍlC lO mOVC J44. YhÍlC lO mOVC
J4Z. YhÌlC IO mOVC J4J. YhÌIC IO mOVC
J4J. YhÍIC lO mOVC J4Ô. Ül0Ck IO mOVC
ÍVó
(54¡ )*** lcrk, ccntral advancc
¡ .c5! Ng4 ¸ l . . .dxc5 2.dxc5 is cvcn worscj 2.cb! lxcb J.Ng5
Whìtc rcgains thc pawn with a supcrior position.
(542)***1argctwcaksquarcs
B|ack shou|d havc p|aycd . . . c?-c6 car|icr ìn ordcr to b|unt thc
bishop on b3. Now l is vu| ncrab|c and thc knight on c6 is a
|itt|c shaky. Whitc takcs advantagc by ¡ .Bxlb! (giving hìs quccn
acccss to h5 and d5) ¡ ...cxlb ¸ I . . .gxl6 2. Nxc6 Bxc6 3.Qh5 and l
cannot bc dcfcndcd any lurthcrj 2.Qh5 Qc7 ¸2 . . . g6 3. BxI+
KxI 4. Qd5+ Kg? 5. Nxc6j J.0-0-0. Whitc cnjoys an cnormous
advantagc.
(54J)**Outsidcþasscd þawn
¡ .Rxh5+! Rxh5 2.Bxh5 Kxh5 J.b5. A Whitc pawn wi||
promotc.
(544)**5tcþcncmycastling
I .h4! prcvcnts B|ack lrom cast|ing |ong (duc to Bh3), a||ows thc
Whìtc bishop to dcvc|op outsidc his ccntcr pawns, and starts
Whitc's kìngsìdc assau|t.
(545)****5wallcwthcbait!
¡.Rxab! wi||ing|y la||i ng into thc "trap" ¸ l .a5 fo| |owcd by b5
wou|d bc a morc tcchnica||y dcmanding way to winj ¡ ...Bxd4
2.Rxlb Bxlb. But ahcr J.a5 Bc5 ¸3 . . . Bd8 4. Kd4j 4.b5 h4 5.ab
thc pawns cannot bc stoppcd. (A|ckhinc - Bogo|jubow, Drcsdcn
l º36)
(54b)*** Bcat thc blcckadc
If Whìtc can achicvc NH-d2-c4, b|ockading thc ccntcr, thcn it
wì|| bc dilñcu|t lor B|ack to makc progrcss. Hcncc ¡... c4!2.bxc4
RaJ J.Qd2 Qc5 (thrcatcning d4-d3+) 4. KgJ Bxc4. B|ack has
rcgaìncd thc pawn, crcatcd a passcd pawn, and opcncd |incs
toward thc Whitc king. (Znosko-Borovsky - A|ckhinc, St.
Ictcrsburg I ºI 3)
Í V+
J4¯. VhÍlC lO mOVC JJU. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC
J4ö. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC JJ l . VhÍlC lO mOVC
J4V. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC JJZ. VhÍlC lO mVC
Î Vb
(547)* Rcmcvc thc guard
¡.Bxlb Bxlb 2.Nxd5wins a pawn.
(548)***Rcsistthcþicccgrab
I . . . b5?? traps thc bishop, but |oscs matcria| ovcra|| a|tcr 2. Bb6
Qc8 3.Þc? Qd8 4.Þxa8 Qc8 5.Þc? Qd8 6.Þd5 Qc8 ?. Bc5.
Bcttcr is ¡... Nxd52.Qxd5Ng4J.Bg5Qbb.
(54º)***5windlcalcrt!
¡...Qc2+ is thc bcst movc, but añcr 2.KhJ B|ack must avoid
2 . . . Qxd| ?? 3. Bh6! |osing his quccn. !nstcad, 2ÆØÆ Bxl! lorccs
Whitc to givc up his quccn or bc matcd.
(550)** Fawn structurc, þiccc activity
Gcncra||y, B|ack wou|dn't want to "conccdc thc ccntcr" by thc
pawn cxchangcs ¡ . .. cxd4 2.cxd4 cxd4 J.Nxd4. In this casc,
howcvcr, ahcr J... 0-0 4.Rc¡ Rfc8 and . . . Rac8 a|| ol B|ack's
pìcccs arc wondcrlu||y activc, and c4 is a targct. Whitc has no
way to attack thc potcntia||y wcak d6 pawn.
(55¡)**lcrks,rcckcn7

rank
Whitc wins thc a5 pawn by ¡NaJ! Kc7 [ I . . . Kd? 2.Þc4 and thc
pawn cannot bc dclcndcd. 2 . . . a4 (2 . . . Ra8 3.Þb6+) 3.Þb6+,
I . . . Bd3 2. Rc3 lo| |owcd by Rc5j 2.Rc7+ Klb J.Ra7 Rc8 4.hJ
and thc pawn la||s.
(552)***Fins,rcmcvcthcguard
By l .Nd5! Whitc puts a scvcrc strain on B|ack's posítion. Thc
immcdiatc thrcat is to capturc at c6, whcn suddcn|y thc c? knight
is inadcquatc|y dclcndcd. ¡...Qc8 [ I . . .h6 a|so la||s short. 2. Bl6
Rh? 3. Bxc6 Bxc6 4. Bxc? wínsj 2.Nlb+ Bxlb (othcrwisc Whítc
wins a piccc by Þxd? and d5) J.Bxlb with a c|car advantagc.
Í V0
JJJ. YhÍIC IO mOVC JJÔ. YhÍlC lO mOVC
JJ4. ÜÌ0Ck IO mOVC JJ¯. ÜÌ0Ck IO mOVC
JJJ. YhÍIC lO mOVC JJö. ÜÍ0Ck IO mOVC
ÍV¯
(55J)***1akclhc þcrþ
Down by two conncctcd passcd pawns, Whitc has nothing bcttcr
than thc pcrpctua| chcck ¡ .Rcb QaJ 2.Rhb gxhb J.Qgb+ Kh8
4.Qxhb+ctc.
(554)***Fcsilicnalcxchangc sac
¡ ...Rb4! ! 2.Bxb4 cxb4. ln rctum lor thc sacril¡ccd matcria|,
B|ack gcts a protcctcd passcd pawn, usc ol thc c5 squarc, and
potcntia| prc surc against Whitc` s backward c-pawn. (Sc|cznicv -
Alckhinc, Tribcrg l º2 l )
(555)**linalassaull
¡ .Rxhb+! Kxhb 2.QhJ+ Kgb ¸2 . . . Qh5 3.Qxh5 matcj J.Qh5
matc.
(55b)***Funishcþcningccnlusicn
Thc opcning movcs wcrc I .c4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 dxc4 4. Nxc4
Bl5 5.Ng3 Bg6 6. Nl h6?? (D). B|ack has conluscd two ol thc
main |incs ol thc Classical Caro-Kann. his |ast movc would havc
bccn corrcct ahcr 6.h4. Now lrom thc diagrammcd position
Whitc cou|d havc p|aycd 7.Nc5! with a signiñcant advantagc,
duc to thc sol\cning ol g6 and l. Thc continuation might bc
7ÆÆÆ Bh7 ¸B|ack has a miscrab|c structurc ahcr cíthcr ? . . . Qd6
8. Qg4 Nd? º.Nxg6 Qxg6 I O. Qxg6 lxg6 I I . Bd3, or ? . . . Nl6
8.Nxg6 lxg6 º.Qd3j 8.Ql Nlb º.QbJ with a doub|c attack on
b? and l. In thc actua| gamc, Whitc unlortunatc|y playcd
?. h4?'!, transposing back to thc book |inc and missing his chancc.
(557)* Ucublc allack
B|ack has mishand|cd this Exchangc Grûnlc|d, putting his knight
on c6 instcad of cha||cnging Whitc's pawn ccntcr with . . . c?-c5.
Hc can rcdccm himsc|l, howcvcr, by ¡ ...Nxd4! winning a pawn,
c. g. , 2.cxd4Qxd4J.Rb¡Qxc4.
(558)***¡mþrcvcwcrslþiccc
¡.Bc8! is thc way lorward, intcnding . . . Bd? lo||owcd by a
sacri ñcc on h3.
Í Vö
JJV. YhÍlC lO mOVC JÔZ. YhÌlC lO mOVC
JÔU. YhÌlC lO mOVC JÔJ. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC
JÔ! . YhÍlC lO mOVC JÔ4. YhÌlC IO mOVC
ÍVV
(55º)****Activcking
Thc Whitc king wou|d bc unab|c to outñank B|ack's a|ong thc
kingsidc. Thc bcst chancc to win is to attack thc quccnsidc by
I .Kb4! It |ooks as though Whitc is marching into a brick wa|l ,
but in lact B|ack wi|| bc compc||cd to scutt|c his d-pawn, or
movc (and thus wcakcn) his ñank pawns. Thc ñnish cou|d bc
¡...Kcb 2.Ka5! ab ¸or 2 . . . Kdó 3. Kb5 Kd? 4.Kc5 Kcó 5.b4 bó+
ó. Kcó and B|ack pawns wi || dropj J.b4 Kc7 4.b5 axb5 5.Kxb5
bb b.Kab! Kcb 7.a4! Kc7 8.Ka7! Kcb º.Kb8! b5 I 0.a5! b4
¡ ¡.ab bJ ¡ 2.a7 b2 ¡J.a8Q+. It is not possib|c or dcsirab|c to
work out cvcry possib|c |inc to thc cnd -just scc cnough to pick
thc ñrst movc!
(5b0)**5cizcwcaksquarc
Thc wcakncss ol dó points to I .c5! Qh4 2.Qxh4 Bxh4 J.Nb5!
KM4.Ndb.
(5b¡)**Oncþawnstcþstwc
I .b5! ho|ds up B|ack's quccnsidc pawn majority, cnab|ing Whitc
to push his own pawns on thc othcr ñank.
(5b2)***Lrcatclu}lcr king
I .hJ! ! . By giving his king air to brcathc, Whitc c|iminatcs his
back rank worrics, a||owing his rook to join in thc assau|t
¸ I . Bxù?! Kxù and it's sti|| a gamcj ¡... QxaJ 2.Rd7 QcI+
J.KO! ¸3. Kh2 Ql4+j J... Qb2+ 4.KgJ h5 5.BxM and B|ack's
dclcnsc crumb|cs.
(5bJ)***Ficccsaclcrtwcþasscdþawns
With most ol Whitc's army on thc kings idc, B|ack shou|d crcatc
quccnsidc passcd pawns by ¡ ...Bxa4! ! 2.bxa4 bJ J.BbI Nxa4
4.Nl NcJ 5.Nd2 a4.
(5b4)**Uisccvcrcdattack
Whitc wins a piccc with thc discovcrcd attack ¡ .Nd5! QxdJ
2.Nxc7+Kh8 J.cxdJ. Thc knight is salc. it can cmcrgc via có or
bc dcIcndcd by Rb ?.
ÎÜÜ
JÔJ. YhÍlC lO mOVC JÔö. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC
JÔÔ. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC JÔV. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC
JÔ¯. YhÍIC lO mOVC J¯U. YhÍlC IO mOVC
ÎÜÍ
(5b5)***lntcrlcrcncc,wcakbackrank,disccvcrcd attack
Whitc wins by ¡.Bl+! Kh8 2.Bd5! (intcrlcring with thc B|ack
rook's rctum to thc 8th rank) 2...Rd¡ [2 . . . g6 3. Qxù+ Qxù
4.Rx|+ Kg? 5. Rg8+ Kh6 6. Bc4, 2 . . . h6 3. Qx|+ Qx| 4.R|+
Kh? 5. Blj J.Rxd¡ gb4.QO cxd55.Qd4+Bg7b.Qxd5.
(5bb)***Ucublcchcck
B|ack wins by ¡ ...NdJ! 2.QbJ NO+ J.Kg¡ Nxc4+ [thc mating
attcmpt 3 . . . Nh3+?! intcnding 4. Kl Qgl +?? lai|s duc to 5. Nxgl
NL+ 6. RxLj 4.Kh¡ NO+ 5.Kg¡ BxcJ b.NxcJ NhJ+ 7.Kl¡
Qg¡+ 8.Kc2 Qxg2+. Whitc's pawns wi| | bc dccimatcd and his
king rcmains cxposcd.
(5b7)** Ucstrcyþawnccvcr
¡.Bxhb! wins a vita| pawn, sincc ahcr ¡...gxhb 2.Qxhb thcrc is
no adcquatc dclcnsc against Rc | -c3-g3 (or -h3).
(5b8)* Ucn'tcastlcintcattack
B|ack shou|dn't cvcn think about cast|ing kingsidc at this
momcnt - it` s not worth thc timc to ñgurc out whcthcr thc
sacriñcc Bxh?+ works (as a mattcr ol lact, it docs). !t` s bcttcr to
gct in ... Nbcband ...Ngb ñrst, whi|c bcing wary ol Whitc` s Bc4
tricks.
(5bº)***Ucn' t allcwþcrþctualchcck
With a dangcrous passcd pawn and hcavy prcssurc on g2, B|ack
shou|d bc prcssing lor a win. Thus ¡...Kh5! is ca||cd lor, to
rcducc Whitc's chanccs lor pcrpctua| chcck.
(570)****Matingnct,lcrk
¡ .a4+! Ka5 [ I . . . Rxa4 2.Nc3+j 2.Nc5! bb [now, conccding a
pawn by 2 . . . c6 is objcctivc|y bcst, as it is sti|| a ñght altcr
3.Nxb?+ Kb6 4.Nd6 Kc5j J.cJ! . Suddcn|y thc B|ack rook
docsn't havc many safc squarcs, and his king is caught in a
mating nct. Now J...Rd2 [3 . . . Rd5 4. Ka3 (thrcatcning matc by
b2-b4) 4 . . . Rxc5 5. b4+, 3 . . . Rdl 4. Kc4 bxc5 5.b4+ matingj 4.KaJ!
|orccs B|ack to givc ttp his rook to stop b2-b4 matc.
ÎÜÎ
J¯ l . YhÍlC lO mOVC J¯4. YhÍlC lO mOVC
J¯Z. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC J¯J. YhÍlC lO mOV0
J¯J. YhÍlC lO mOVC J¯Ô. YhÍlC lO mOVC
ÎÜó
(57¡)****5ac,sac,malc!
¡.Bxh7+! ! Kxh7 [ I . . . Kh8 2. Qh5 and thcrc's no dclcnsc against
Bg6+j 2.Qh5+ Kg8 J.Blb! . Whitc lorccs matc, c. g. , J...Rcb
[3 . . . gxl6 4. cxl6 vith Qg5+ and matc ncxtj 4.Qg5Rxlb 5.cxlb gb
b.Qhbthcn Qg? matc.
(512)** Ucublcallack, dìsccvcrcd atlack
¡...ab! vins matcria|. 2.PcJ [2. Na? Rxa7 3. Bxa? Qxa?j 2ÆÆÆ b5
J.Bc2 [3.axb5 axb5 attacking a3 and c4j J ÆÆÆ b4vith a pavn lork.
(57J)***¡crk,ccntraIbrcakthrcugh
¡.Plxc5! dxc5 2.db Bxdb J.Pxdb+. Whitc cn¡oys a |cad in
dcvc|opmcnt, a much safcr king, and thc supcrior pavn structurc.
Onc possibi|ity nov is J...Kc7 4.Qd5 Qxdb 5.Qxa8 vinning thc
cxchangc.
(574)***Uclcndlccscþiccc
B|ack's thrcat is l . . . Bxd4 2. Bxd4 Rxc3 ! 3.Rxc3 Rxc2 nabbing
tvo minor picccs |or a rook. Whítc p|aycd l . Rfd l and mct vith
l . . .Rxc3! 2. lxc3 Qc? 3.Na2 RxcI 4. Nxc I Bxa4 5.Qxa4 Qxc3+
6. Khl vhcn 6 . . . Bxd4 vou|d havc bccn cxcc||cnt lor B|ack. A
bcttcr dc|cnsc ís ¡.RlcI or ¡.BdJ. (Lauticr - Topa|ov, E|ista
I º88)
(575)**5uþcricr mìncrþìccc
Whitc is |ch vith thc supcrior minor piccc ahcr ¡ .Pxg5 Qxg5
2.BxcbRxcbJ.PcJ lo||ovcd by Pd5.
(57b)***5acþawntcgctrcckcn7

rank
B|ack has a numbcr ol vcak pavns, but Whitc nccds a vay to
gct to thcm. I .c4! [ I . |5 cxf5 2. Rxd5 Rd8 3. RxI a|so vínsj vi th
thc idca ¡... dxc4 2.Rd7 Rb8 J.KO. Whitc vi|| rcgain thc
matcría| vith intcrcst. In thc gamc B|ack dcc|incd thc pavn ollcr
but rcsigncd ahcr l . . . Rd8 2. cxd5 cxd5 3. Rcl Kù 4. Bd4 Ra8
5.c6! Nd8 [5 . . . bxc6 6. Bc5+ Kg8 ?. Rc6 Nd8 8. Rc8+ Kl º. Rh8
h6 I O.Bb6j 6. Bc5+ Kg8 ?. Rc8+. ( A|ckhinc - Euvc, Amstcrdam
I º3?)
ÎÜ+
J¯¯. YhÍlC lO mOVC JöU. YhÍlC IO mOVC
J¯ö. Ül0Ck lO mOVC Jö Ì . YhÍlC lO mOVC
J¯V. YhtIC |O mOVC JöZ. ÜÌ0Ck IO mOVC
ÎÜb
(577)**Lutcllcþþcncnt'sking
¡ .Rdb! , cutting oll thc B|ack king's approach toward c2, is thc
on|y winning movc. ¡ ...Kb52.Kd4Ka5J.Kc5Ka44.Kcb, ctc.
(578)** 1raþþcdþiccc
¡...Bc2! wins thc cxchangc, lor il thc rook movcs, thcn . . . Nb6
traps thc Whitc quccn. (Csom - Lukács, Budapcst I º?º)
(57º)**Matingattack
¡.g4! . Black must part with his quccn to prcvcnt matc. ¡ . W @ Qxcb
2.Rxcb.
(580)*** Ucccy,blundcrchcck
Thc immcdiatc Nxl6 wou|d uncovcr a ñcrcc attack on g6, but
unlortunatc|y this |oscs to . . . Qxg3. On thc othcr hand, il Nxl6
cou|d bc achicvcd with chcck, thcn this idca might work. Thus
¡.Rh7+! ! Kxh7 ¸or I . . . Kù 2. Qxg6 Kc8 3.Nc5! mating short|yj
2.Nxlb+ NxlbJ.Qxgb+Kh84.Rh¡+with matc to lo||ow.
(58¡ )****Ovcrwcrkcdþiccc,þin,attack
¡.Nc5! . Thc B|ack quccn is now ovcrworkcd, having to guard
both d? and l6. Thìs cnab|cs Whitc to doub|c thc B|ack f-pawn
(or ruin thc pawn covcr ìn somc othcr way), opcnìng |incs to thc
B|ack king. For cxamp|c. ¡ ...Nxc5 ¸ I . . .Bc8 2.Ng4! Nxd4
3.Nxf6+ gxl6 4. Bh4 Nl5 5. Bxf5 cxl5 6. Nxd5 with a crushing
attack, I . . .h6 2. Bxl6 gxl6 (2 . . . Qxl6 3.Nxd?) 3.Qg4+ Kh8 4. Qh5
Kg? 5. Rc3 with a dcad|y chcck to lo| |ow, I . . . Kh8 2. Bxl6 gxl6
3.Qh5 l5 4.Nxl+ winning thc quccn, I . . .Nxd4 2.Nxd? Qxd?
3. Bxf6 gxf6 4. Qg4+ baggìng a picccj 2.dxc5 hb J.cxlb hxg5
4.Qh5matc to lo||ow.
(582)**Uisccvcrcdattack
B|ack wìns a pawn by ¡ ...cxd4 2.Nxd4 ¸2. Bxf6 Bxf6 docsn't
hc|p Whitcj 2 ÆÆÆ Nxc4! J.Nxc4 ¸3. Bxc? Qxc? is no bcttcrj
J... Bxg5.
ÎÜ0
JöJ. YhÌlC IO mOVC JöÔ. ÜÍ0Ck IO mOVC
Jö4. YhÌIC IO mOVC Jö¯. YhÌlC lO mOVC
JöJ. YhÍIC IO mOVC Jöö. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC
Îܯ
(58J)*** Fin,wcakbackrank
¡.hJ! c|iminatcs Whitc's back rank wcakncss, thus activating thc
thrcat ol Rxc I . !l thc quccn cscapcs, unpinning thc Whitc rook,
thcn B|ack's back rank i ssucs comc into p|ay ¸ l .Q|+?? Rxù and
now Whitc's rook is pinncd, making Rxù (matc) impossib|c,
| . Rxc I ?? |oscs to I . . . Rxc I +j ¡ ...Qc2 ¸ I . . .Qc? 2.Qxc?j 2.QM+
with matc to lo|l ow.
(584)**¡adc-awayj umþcr
l. Nc¡ ! . Thcrc is no dclcnsc against Nd3, winning at lcast thc
cxchangc.
(585)** ¡nducc wcakncsscs
¡.Bc5! Rc8 ¸ I. Bc? |oscs a pawn. 2. Bxc? Þxc? 3. Nxc5j 2.Ng5
Bcb(thc on|y way to dclcnd l) J.Nxcblxcb4.Bb5 lo||owcd by
Bxc6. B|ack is |ch with two pairs ol doub|cd iso|atcd pawns.
(Vasiukov - Ghcorghiu, Mani|a I º?4)
(58b)* Ucñccli0n
¡...Bh2+!2.Kxh2 Qxf¡ wins thc cxchangc.
(587)***1hcrc'sarighlway and a wr0ngway
It wou|d bc a mistakc to assumc that B|ack wi| | la| | lor I . Rg?+
Bxg??? 2. hxg?+ Kxg? ¸2 .. .Kg8 3. Rh8+ Kxg? 4.Qh6 matc,
2 . . . Kg6 3.Qh6 matcj 3. Qh6+ Kg8 4.Qh8 matc. Ol coursc, B|ack
nccd not bc so coopcrativc. Ahcr I . . . Kh8 2.Qg2 Qd8 Whitc is a
piccc down without a c|car win. Rathcr, Whitc shou|d p|ay
¡Qg2! lorcing matc, c. g. , I.RxcJ 2WQg7+ Bxg7 J.hxg7+ Kg8
4.Rh8matc. (Adorjan - Rib|i, Budapcst I º?º)
(588)*** Frcvcnlunlav0rablccxchangc
Thc knight on c? is hc|ping to ho|d oll Whitc's minority attack,
which is bascd on a3-a4 lo| |owcd by b4-b5. Thcrclorc B| ack
p|ays ¡ .. . Bdb! to prcvcnt its cxchangc. Thcrc lol |owcd 2.Bxdb
^b5J.QbJ Nxdband B|ack has lurthcr improvcd thc position ol
his knight. (Iortisch - Kasparov, Skc||chca I º8º)
ÎÜö
JöV. YhÍlC lO mOVC JVZ. YhÌlC IO mOVC
JVU. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC JVJ. YhÌlC lO mOVC
JVl . YhÍlC lO mOVC JV4. ÜÌ0Ck lO mOVC
ÎÜV
(58º)***¡crk,traþþcdþiccc,matc
¡.Bxl+! KM is uttcr|y miscrab|c lor B|ack [ I . . . Kxl 2.Ng5+
Kc8 (2 . . . Kù 3. Ncó+, 2 . . . Kló 3. QL matc) 3. Ncó smothcrs thc
B|ack quccnj . (Ibragimov - Zhc|nin, Moscow I ºº8)
(5º0)****¡nduccwcakncss,¶ugçnung
Whitc is a|rcady ticd down to thc dclcnsc ol b4 and d4. I...h4! !
induccs yct anothcr wcakncss at l4. Othcrwisc Whitc can b|ock
thc position by h4. 2.gxh4 ¸or 2. Bc3 g5 ! , lor cxamp|c, 3. lxg5
(3. gxh4 gxh4 4. Bd2 h3 and bccausc Whitc's bishop is a|rcady
busy guarding b4 and l4, his king must givc way and a||ow
B|ack's king into c4 or c4) 3 . . . Bxg3 ! with thc idca 4.hxg3 h3j
2...gbJ.hJl5 Whitc is in Zu_Zwun_, and must shcd pawns.
(5º¡)**1hctacticlails
I.Ql Qc8 2.Rc¡ maintains Whitc` s advantagc. Whitc must not
try to win thc cxchangc by I . Nl+?? Rxl 2.Bxl sincc B|ack
thcn has 2 . . . Qc? winning back a who|c piccc.
(5º2)***1hctacticlails,intcrlcrcncc
I .g4? traps and wins thc bishop, but at too high a pricc. I . . . Bxg4
2. lxg4 Qxg4+ 3. KlI Qxh4. B|ack has thrcc pawns lor thc piccc,
and thc Whitc king rcmains vu|ncrab|c. Whitc shou|d ñrst p|ay
¡.cb! which compc|s a BIack pawn to b|ock his own quccn.
Í ... lxcb2.g4 Bxg4J.lxg4.
(5ºJ)* Fin,rcmcvcthcguard
I.gJ rcmovcs thc guard ol thc knight on l5 (notc that thc có
pawn is pinncd).
(5º4)***Kingþcsiticn,skcwcr
¡...Kg2! ! wins, and is thc on|y movc that docsn't |osc [ I . . . Kxh2?
2.Kc4 Kg2 3. Kc3 and B|ack |oscs his pawnj . 2.h4 KxO J.h5
Kc24.hb O 5.h7l¡ Q b.h8QQa¡ + skcwcrs thc cncmy roya|ty.
ÎÍ Ü
JVJ. YhÍIC IO mOVC JVö. YhÍIC IO mOVC
JVÔ. YhÍIC lO mOVC JVV. YhÍIC lO mOVC
JV¯. YhÍlC lO mOvC ÔUU. ÜÍ8Ck lO mOvC
Î Í Í
(5º5)** Frcmcticn,skcwcr
¡.Rh8! wìns, as ¡.Rxc7 2.Rxh7+ skcwcrs thc rook.
(5ºb)***Lrcatc þasscdþawns
¡. l5! ! Kd7 [ I . . . gxl5 2. g6 and thc g-pawn is unstoppab|c, I . . . lxg5
2. lxg6j 2.lxgb Kc8 J.gxlb cxlb 4.Kd5 Kc7 5.c4. Whitc wì||
crcatc anothcr passcd pawn on thc quccnsidc.
(5º7)****Makcknightsuþcricrtcbishcþ
With so many B|ack pawns on thc samc co|or as thc bìshop,
Whitc has thc potcntìa||y supcrior mìnor piccc. Whitc must now
crcatc an outpost lor his knight and work to makc that p|accmcnt
advantagcous. ¡. l5! . Whitc bcgins to l¡ght for thc l4 squarc lor
hìs knight. ¡.g5 ¸on I . . . gxl5 2. Nl4 Bc6 3.Nxh5 Whitc's outsidc
passcd pawn assurcs victoçj 2.h4! lb [2 . . . gxh4 3.gxh4 givcs
Whitc f4 wìthout a ñghtj J.hxg5! lxg5 4.Ng1! Now thc thrcat ìs
5.Nh3 g4 6.Nl4. 4...Bd7 5.lb+ Kc8 b.Nl g4 7.Nh4 Bcb 8.Ngb
Bí º.Nl4 (mission accomp|ishcd; now c5-c6 ìs ìn thc air)
º...Kd7 ¡ 0.Kd2. B|ack soon ran out ol salc movcs and had to
abandon pawns. (A|ckhìnc - Yatcs, Hastings I º25)
(5º8)**Fin,dcubIcattack
¡. Rc¡ ! picks oll a bìshop. ¡... Bcb ¸ I . . . Bd8 2.Rc8, I . . . Bù 2. Rc8j
2.l5.
(5ºº)**¡ntcrlcrcncc,matingnct
¡.c5! ìntcrlcrcs wìth thc B|ack quccn's covcragc ol l6. Now
B|ack must pi tch his quccn to stop Rf6+ fo||owcd by matc.
(b00)***5uþcricrmincr þiccc
¡...BxcJ 2.bxcJ Bl5 J.Bxl5 Qxl5. Thc B|ack knìght wì||
domìnatc lrom c4. (Makagonov - Botvinnik, Svcrd|ovsk I º43)
Z ÎZ
À£KH0WÎ00g0H0HlS
It is my privi|cgc to thank IM 1ohn Watson lor providing advicc
and cncouragcmcnt throughout this proj cct, making numcrous
suggcstions lor improving thc manuscript, and kind|y writing thc
Forcword. I am gratcm| to ÞM Dan Hcisman lor hc|ping mc to
undcrs!and thc importancc ol thc Ihou_hI )rce88 ìn chcss. My
thanks a|so to lM Igor Khmc|nitsky, Char|cs A. Tcmp|c, and
Bob Long, who gcncrous|y mmishcd hc|pm| commcnts. I am
ìndcbtcd to Lori Sc||strom, my cditor, and Atì||a Vckony,
Iub|ishing Inlormatìon Managcr at Whcatmark, it was a j oy to
work with thcm. Fìna||y, |ct mc tcndcr my apprcciation to thc
Housc ol Staunton (www.houscolstaunton.com), for thc usc ol
thcir Capab|anca Scrics chcss sct in thc covcr dcsìgn.
K. L.
1unc 200?

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