Poverty Status of Aged Persons

Based on Family Income
Table 8.1
By Social Security beneficiary status, age, sex, marital status, race, and Hispanic origin

Age and sex

Number Percentage below
(thousands)
poverty line

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

Age and sex

All persons

Number
(thousands)

Percentage below
poverty line

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

By beneficiary status (cont.)
Nonbeneficiary

All persons
55-61
62-64
65 or older

17,777
6,007
32,979

9.2
10.2
10.2

12.4
13.9
16.9

All persons
55-61
62-64
65 or older

16,181
2,959
3,362

8.2
10.4
24.6

10.9
13.3
30.6

Men
55-61
62-64
65 or older

8,481
2,771
14,179

7.7
8.4
7.5

10.6
12.5
12.4

Men
55-61
62-64
65 or older

7,789
1,466
1,490

7.1
8.0
21.3

9.6
11.4
25.8

Women
55-61
62-64
65 or older

9,296
3,236
18,799

10.5
11.7
12.2

14.0
15.2
20.4

Women
55-61
62-64
65 or older

8,392
1,493
1,872

9.3
12.8
27.3

12.2
15.3
34.4

By beneficiary status
Beneficiary a

By marital status
Married

All persons
55-61
62-64
65 or older

1,596
3,048
29,616

18.7
9.9
8.5

26.9
14.5
15.4

All persons
55-61
62-64
65 or older

12,250
4,127
18,049

5.0
5.6
4.5

7.2
8.3
7.9

Men
55-61
62-64
65 or older

692
1,305
12,689

14.8
8.8
5.9

21.6
13.7
10.8

Men
55-61
62-64
65 or older

6,333
2,140
10,246

5.0
5.9
4.5

7.0
8.7
7.9

Women
55-61
62-64
65 or older

904
1,743
16,927

21.7
10.7
10.5

31.0
15.1
18.8

Women
55-61
62-64
65 or older

5,917
1,987
7,802

5.1
5.4
4.4

7.4
7.8
7.9
(Continued)

Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2000 ¨ 139

Poverty Status of Aged Persons
Based on Family Income
Table 8.1
Continued

Age and sex

Number Percentage below
(thousands)
poverty line

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

Age and sex

By marital status (cont.)
Nonmarried b

Number
(thousands)

Percentage below
poverty line

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

By marital status (cont.)
Never married

All persons
55-61
62-64
65 or older

5,527
1,880
14,930

18.4
20.1
17.1

23.9
26.3
27.8

All persons
55-61
62-64
65 or older

1,119
238
1,302

19.7
20.6
25.6

24.2
29.1
34.3

Men
55-61
62-64
65 or older

2,148
631
3,933

15.7
17.0
15.2

21.0
25.0
24.1

Men
55-61
62-64
65 or older

571
133
600

20.1
10.3
28.6

25.2
20.5
34.6

Women
55-61
62-64
65 or older

3,378
1,249
10,997

20.0
21.7
17.8

25.7
26.9
29.2

Women
55-61
62-64
65 or older

548
105
702

19.3
33.7
23.1

23.2
40.0
34.0

Widowed

Divorced

All persons
55-61
62-64
65 or older

1,118
617
10,600

22.1
22.4
15.8

29.1
27.3
27.3

All persons
55-61
62-64
65 or older

2,728
842
2,325

16.2
16.5
16.7

21.3
22.5
24.9

Men
55-61
62-64
65 or older

237
81
2,072

19.6
20.1
13.3

26.8
24.3
22.4

Men
55-61
62-64
65 or older

1,074
343
930

13.6
17.5
11.3

18.9
25.3
21.5

Women
55-61
62-64
65 or older

880
536
8,528

22.8
22.7
16.5

29.7
27.8
28.5

Women
55-61
62-64
65 or older

1,654
498
1,395

17.9
15.8
20.3

22.8
20.5
27.1
(Continued)

140 ¨ Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2000

Poverty Status of Aged Persons
Based on Family Income
Table 8.1
Continued

Age and sex

Number Percentage below
(thousands)
poverty line

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

Age and sex

Number
(thousands)

By race
White

Percentage below
poverty line

Hispanic origin

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

c

All persons
55-61
62-64
65 or older

15,191
5,217
29,123

7.9
9.3
8.9

10.9
12.8
15.4

All persons
55-61
62-64
65 or older

1,393
490
1,882

14.4
24.0
18.8

20.9
27.9
30.4

Men
55-61
62-64
65 or older

7,322
2,432
12,562

7.0
8.0
6.5

9.7
11.7
11.0

Men
55-61
62-64
65 or older

677
222
777

11.5
20.1
17.6

17.3
25.1
27.1

Women
55-61
62-64
65 or older

7,869
2,785
16,560

8.7
10.5
10.8

12.0
13.8
18.8

Women
55-61
62-64
65 or older

716
268
1,104

17.2
27.2
19.6

24.4
30.1
32.7

Black
All persons
55-61
62-64
65 or older

1,863
537
2,789

18.9
18.2
22.3

23.6
25.1
31.4

Men
55-61
62-64
65 or older

804
228
1,110

13.4
11.7
17.1

17.2
20.9
25.9

Women
55-61
62-64
65 or older

1,058
309
1,680

23.1
22.9
25.8

28.6
28.2
35.0

NOTE: The family money income of aged persons is compared with the official poverty lines of families in 2000.
a. Social Security beneficiaries may be receiving retired-worker benefits, dependents’ or survivors’ benefits, disability benefits, transitionally insured benefits, or special age-72 benefits.
b. Includes persons who are separated or married but living apart from their spouse.
c. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.

Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2000 ¨ 141

Poverty Status of Persons 65 or Older
Based on Family Income
Table 8.2
By Social Security beneficiary status, age, sex, marital status, race, and Hispanic origin

Age and sex

Number Percentage below
(thousands)
poverty line

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

Age and sex

All persons

Number
(thousands)

Percentage below
poverty line

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

By beneficiary status
Beneficiary a

All persons
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 or older

9,382
8,496
7,290
4,518
3,292

8.3
9.6
10.8
11.6
13.7

12.6
15.9
18.0
19.5
26.1

All persons
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 or older

8,031
7,674
6,644
4,215
3,051

6.6
7.9
8.6
10.0
13.0

10.8
14.1
16.0
18.1
25.7

Men
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 or older

4,449
3,738
3,000
1,852
1,140

6.7
7.4
7.1
8.3
10.6

10.2
12.5
12.1
14.9
17.7

Men
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 or older

3,811
3,408
2,709
1,696
1,066

5.2
6.1
4.9
6.1
9.6

8.5
11.3
9.9
12.9
17.1

Women
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 or older

4,933
4,758
4,290
2,666
2,152

9.8
11.3
13.4
13.9
15.4

14.8
18.6
22.1
22.7
30.5

Women
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 or older

4,221
4,266
3,936
2,519
1,985

7.9
9.4
11.2
12.6
14.9

12.9
16.4
20.1
21.6
30.3
(Continued)

142 ¨ Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2000

Poverty Status of Persons 65 or Older
Based on Family Income
Table 8.2
Continued

Age and sex

Number Percentage below
(thousands)
poverty line

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

Age and sex

Number
(thousands)

By beneficiary status (cont.)
Nonbeneficiary

Percentage below
poverty line

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

By marital status
Married

All persons
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 or older

1,351
822
646
303
241

18.4
25.0
33.6
34.3
22.5

23.4
32.9
38.8
39.1
30.5

All persons
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 or older

6,418
5,135
3,791
1,879
825

4.2
4.2
4.8
5.1
5.0

6.7
7.9
8.8
9.2
10.6

Men
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 or older

639
330
292
156
74

15.7
20.8
27.4
31.6
b

20.3
25.7
32.5
36.1
b

Men
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 or older

3,521
2,773
2,181
1,202
569

4.4
4.2
5.1
4.7
4.9

6.8
7.7
9.1
8.4
10.7

Women
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 or older

712
492
354
147
167

20.8
27.8
38.7
37.2
21.1

26.1
37.8
44.1
42.3
32.5

Women
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 or older

2,897
2,362
1,610
677
256

4.0
4.3
4.3
5.8
5.2

6.5
8.2
8.4
10.7
10.5
(Continued)

Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2000 ¨ 143

Poverty Status of Persons 65 or Older
Based on Family Income
Table 8.2
Continued

Age and sex

Number Percentage below
(thousands)
poverty line

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

Age and sex

By marital status (cont.)
Nonmarried c

Number
(thousands)

Percentage below
poverty line

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

By marital status (cont.)
Widowed

All persons
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 or older

2,964
3,361
3,499
2,639
2,467

17.2
17.7
17.4
16.3
16.7

25.5
28.1
27.9
26.8
31.2

All persons
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 or older

1,545
2,111
2,601
2,156
2,187

16.0
15.3
16.5
15.4
16.0

25.2
26.5
27.6
26.1
30.6

Men
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 or older

928
965
819
650
571

15.7
16.6
12.5
14.9
16.4

23.0
26.5
19.9
26.8
24.7

Men
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 or older

311
395
458
447
460

9.8
14.3
13.1
12.1
16.1

19.1
26.0
18.8
24.8
23.0

Women
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 or older

2,036
2,396
2,680
1,989
1,896

17.9
18.1
18.9
16.7
16.8

26.7
28.8
30.3
26.8
33.2

Women
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 or older

1,233
1,716
2,143
1,708
1,726

17.6
15.5
17.2
16.3
16.0

26.7
26.6
29.5
26.5
32.6
(Continued)

144 ¨ Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2000

Poverty Status of Persons 65 or Older
Based on Family Income
Table 8.2
Continued

Age and sex

Number Percentage below
(thousands)
poverty line

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

Age and sex

By marital status (cont.)
Never married

Number
(thousands)

Percentage below
poverty line

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

By marital status (cont.)
Divorced

All persons
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 or older

338
345
307
195
117

21.9
27.8
25.0
27.4
28.5

30.0
36.0
33.7
36.4
39.7

All persons
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 or older

866
702
465
191
101

16.4
17.3
15.4
14.0
27.8

23.3
25.4
22.8
26.0
42.1

Men
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 or older

165
186
130
83
36

23.9
30.7
21.2
39.8
b

28.7
38.1
28.1
44.0
b

Men
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 or older

354
280
186
70
40

15.2
10.0
5.8
b
b

22.8
18.3
15.3
b
b

Women
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 or older

174
159
177
111
81

20.0
24.4
27.8
18.1
23.4

31.3
33.5
37.7
30.7
37.3

Women
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 or older

512
422
278
121
61

17.2
22.1
21.8
15.8
b

23.6
30.1
27.8
22.0
b
(Continued)

Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2000 ¨ 145

Poverty Status of Persons 65 or Older
Based on Family Income
Table 8.2
Continued

Age and sex

Number Percentage below
(thousands)
poverty line

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

Age and sex

Number
(thousands)

By race
White

Percentage below
poverty line

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

By race (cont.)
Black

All persons
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 or older

8,127
7,478
6,466
4,085
2,966

7.2
8.1
9.8
10.3
12.1

11.2
14.3
16.6
17.7
24.1

All persons
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 or older

888
741
571
336
253

16.8
22.6
22.4
27.8
33.8

24.0
29.4
33.3
39.4
48.2

Men
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 or older

3,883
3,354
2,643
1,659
1,024

5.9
6.8
6.2
6.7
8.0

9.1
11.7
10.9
12.1
14.0

Men
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 or older

393
258
224
152
83

13.5
13.0
16.8
22.6
37.1

20.2
19.4
25.6
37.3
52.5

Women
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 or older

4,245
4,124
3,823
2,426
1,943

8.3
9.2
12.3
12.8
14.2

13.1
16.5
20.5
21.5
29.4

Women
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 or older

495
483
347
184
170

19.5
27.6
25.9
32.1
32.1

26.9
34.8
38.3
41.1
46.2
(Continued)

146 ¨ Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2000

Poverty Status of Persons 65 or Older
Based on Family Income
Table 8.2
Continued

Age and sex

Number Percentage below
(thousands)
poverty line

Hispanic origin

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

d

All persons
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 or older

669
484
376
197
156

18.9
19.0
17.6
22.2
15.9

27.6
29.3
29.8
39.2
35.4

Men
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 or older

287
213
141
79
57

21.3
18.6
12.0
20.0
b

27.9
26.6
20.9
38.0
b

Women
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 or older

382
271
234
119
98

17.1
19.3
21.1
23.6
21.4

27.5
31.5
35.2
40.0
41.2

NOTE: The family money income of aged persons is compared with the official poverty
lines of families in 2000.
a. Social Security beneficiaries may be receiving retired-worker benefits, dependents’ or
survivors’ benefits, disability benefits, transitionally insured benefits, or special age-72
benefits.
b. Fewer than 75,000 weight cases.
c. Includes persons who are separated or married but living apart from their spouse.
d. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.

Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2000 ¨ 147

Poverty Status of Persons 65 or Older
Based on Family Income
Table 8.3
Social Security beneficiaries, based on family income with and without Social Security benefits, by age, sex, marital status, race,
and Hispanic origin

Age and sex

Percentage
below poverty
Percentage
line without
Number below poverty
Social
(thousands)
line
Security

Difference

Age and sex

Percentage
below poverty
Percentage
line without
Number below poverty
Social
(thousands)
line
Security

All persons
All persons

By marital status
Married

29,616

8.5

48.1

39.5

8,031
7,674
6,644
4,215
3,051

6.6
7.9
8.6
10.0
13.0

36.9
44.8
54.0
56.0
62.1

30.3
36.9
45.4
46.0
49.1

Men
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 or older

12,689
3,811
3,408
2,709
1,696
1,066

5.9
5.2
6.1
4.9
6.1
9.6

42.3
31.9
40.4
47.6
50.4
58.7

Women
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 or older

16,927
4,221
4,266
3,936
2,519
1,985

10.5
7.9
9.4
11.2
12.6
14.9

52.5
41.4
48.3
58.4
59.8
64.0

65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 or older

Difference

All persons

16,238

2.8

41.4

38.6

65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 or older

5,547
4,671
3,456
1,776
788

3.1
2.2
2.3
3.6
3.9

32.1
39.1
49.0
53.5
60.0

29.0
36.9
46.7
49.8
56.1

36.4
26.7
34.3
42.7
44.2
49.2

Men
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 or older

9,215
3,021
2,560
1,971
1,123
541

2.9
3.4
2.5
2.5
2.9
3.8

39.4
29.1
35.6
47.4
51.9
60.7

36.5
25.7
33.1
44.9
48.9
56.9

41.9
33.5
38.9
47.2
47.2
49.1

Women
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 or older

7,022
2,525
2,111
1,485
653
247

2.6
2.8
1.9
2.1
4.9
4.2

43.9
35.6
43.3
51.1
56.2
58.5

41.3
32.9
41.4
49.0
51.4
54.3
(Continued)

148 ¨ Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2000

Poverty Status of Persons 65 or Older
Based on Family Income
Table 8.3
Continued

Age and sex

Percentage
below poverty
Percentage
line without
Number below poverty
Social
(thousands)
line
Security

Difference

Age and sex

Percentage
below poverty
Percentage
line without
Number below poverty
Social
(thousands)
line
Security

By marital status (cont.)
Nonmarried a
All persons

Difference

By marital status (cont.)
Widowed

13,378

15.6

56.2

40.7

65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 or older

2,485
3,004
3,189
2,439
2,262

14.5
16.8
15.5
14.6
16.2

47.6
53.7
59.4
57.8
62.9

33.1
37.0
43.9
43.2
46.6

Men
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 or older

3,473
789
848
738
573
524

13.8
12.4
16.9
11.5
12.5
15.5

49.8
42.7
55.0
48.3
47.5
56.7

Women
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 or older

9,905
1,695
2,155
2,451
1,866
1,738

16.2
15.5
16.7
16.7
15.3
16.4

58.5
49.9
53.2
62.8
61.0
64.7

All persons

9,675

14.4

57.5

43.0

65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 or older

1,308
1,921
2,393
2,031
2,021

12.9
14.1
14.9
14.0
15.6

51.0
52.3
60.8
58.2
61.9

38.2
38.1
45.9
44.1
46.3

36.0
30.4
38.1
36.8
35.0
41.2

Men
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 or older

1,905
269
366
423
414
433

12.3
7.4
14.7
12.3
10.3
15.1

47.4
39.6
49.3
46.0
46.3
52.9

35.1
32.1
34.6
33.7
36.0
37.8

42.3
34.4
36.5
46.1
45.7
48.3

Women
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 or older

7,770
1,039
1,555
1,970
1,617
1,588

15.0
14.3
14.0
15.5
15.0
15.7

59.9
54.0
53.0
64.0
61.2
64.3

45.0
39.7
39.0
48.5
46.2
48.6
(Continued)

Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2000 ¨ 149

Poverty Status of Persons 65 or Older
Based on Family Income
Table 8.3
Continued

Age and sex

Percentage
below poverty
Percentage
line without
Number below poverty
Social
(thousands)
line
Security

Difference

Age and sex

Percentage
below poverty
Percentage
line without
Number below poverty
Social
(thousands)
line
Security

By marital status (cont.)
Never married
All persons

Difference

By marital status (cont.)
Divorced

1,057

22.5

56.2

33.7

65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 or older

267
281
269
141
99

16.5
25.8
20.0
24.5
32.7

44.6
53.5
59.6
65.5
72.6

28.1
27.6
39.6
41.0
39.8

Men
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 or older

496
137
161
119
52
27

25.9
16.4
29.7
19.4
b
b

59.0
44.8
61.7
59.9
b
b

Women
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 or older

561
130
120
149
89
72

19.5
16.6
20.7
20.5
14.6
b

53.7
44.4
42.4
59.4
63.8
b

All persons

2,060

15.0

50.0

35.1

65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 or older

740
638
420
177
85

14.8
16.8
12.6
11.0
23.0

43.9
56.3
47.5
47.5
74.7

29.1
39.5
34.9
36.5
51.6

33.2
28.4
32.0
40.5
b
b

Men
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 or older

824
305
254
169
63
33

9.7
13.1
9.9
4.4
b
b

50.0
46.2
59.8
42.3
b
b

40.3
33.1
49.9
37.9
b
b

34.2
27.8
21.7
38.9
49.2
b

Women
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 or older

1,236
435
384
251
114
53

18.5
16.0
21.3
18.0
12.8
b

50.1
42.3
53.9
51.0
51.9
b

31.6
26.2
32.6
32.9
39.2
b
(Continued)

150 ¨ Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2000

Poverty Status of Persons 65 or Older
Based on Family Income
Table 8.3
Continued

Age and sex

Percentage
below poverty
Percentage
line without
Number below poverty
Social
(thousands)
line
Security

Difference

Age and sex

Percentage
below poverty
Percentage
line without
Number below poverty
Social
(thousands)
line
Security

By race
White
All persons

By race (cont.)
Black

26,447

7.4

47.2

39.8

7,045
6,831
5,971
3,830
2,770

5.7
6.6
7.7
8.5
11.3

35.6
43.8
53.4
55.1
60.7

29.9
37.3
45.7
46.5
49.5

Men
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 or older

11,369
3,361
3,086
2,434
1,531
957

4.9
4.4
5.4
4.2
4.5
7.3

41.2
31.0
39.3
47.2
48.2
56.7

Women
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 or older

15,077
3,684
3,744
3,538
2,298
1,813

9.2
6.9
7.5
10.1
11.2
13.4

51.7
39.7
47.6
57.7
59.6
62.8

65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 or older

Difference

All persons

2,419

21.0

59.6

38.6

65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 or older

727
653
499
310
230

13.7
20.6
20.6
28.5
35.5

47.2
57.5
65.8
70.0
77.1

33.5
36.9
45.2
41.5
41.6

36.3
26.6
33.9
43.0
43.7
49.4

Men
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 or older

948
316
227
191
134
81

16.2
12.1
12.9
13.7
23.4
35.8

55.5
40.0
56.3
58.3
72.3
78.7

39.2
27.9
43.5
44.6
48.9
42.8

42.5
32.9
40.1
47.6
48.4
49.5

Women
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 or older

1,471
411
427
309
176
149

24.0
15.0
24.7
24.8
32.5
35.3

62.3
52.8
58.2
70.4
68.3
76.2

38.2
37.8
33.4
45.6
35.8
41.0
(Continued)

Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2000 ¨ 151

Poverty Status of Persons 65 or Older
Based on Family Income
Table 8.3
Continued

Age and sex

Percentage
below poverty
Percentage
line without
Number below poverty
Social
(thousands)
line
Security

Hispanic origin
All persons

Difference

c

1,473

15.6

55.3

39.7

65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 or older

481
383
322
166
121

14.8
15.6
17.2
17.0
12.9

47.8
54.5
59.6
67.6
59.2

33.1
38.9
42.3
50.6
46.4

Men
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 or older

629
212
179
124
69
45

14.1
15.1
17.9
11.1
b
b

53.2
43.0
55.8
54.5
b
b

39.1
27.9
37.9
43.4
b
b

Women
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 or older

844
269
204
198
97
76

16.7
14.5
13.5
21.1
19.2
18.7

56.9
51.7
53.3
62.8
64.1
59.7

40.1
37.2
39.8
41.7
44.9
41.0

NOTE: The family money income of aged persons is compared with the official poverty
lines of families in 2000.
a. Includes persons who are separated or married but living apart from their spouse.
b. Fewer than 75,000 weight cases.
c. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.

152 ¨ Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2000