Relative Importance of Income Sources for Aged

Units with Income from Specified Source
Table 6.B1
Percentage distribution, by age
Aged 65 or older
Proportion of income

Aged 55–61

Total

Aged 62–64

Retirement benefits
Total percent b

65–74

75 or older

a

100

100

100

100

100

1–19
20–39
40–59
60–79
80 or more

22
21
14
9
34

16
15
12
12
46

5
8
10
13
64

7
12
12
14
55

2
5
8
13
72

50 or more
90 or more
100

50
29
17

64
39
21

82
55
31

75
48
27

89
62
35

Mean proportion

54

64

79

73

84

3,470

2,777

23,930

11,466

12,465

Number (thousands)

Social Security
Total percent b

c

100

100

100

100

100

1–19
20–39
40–59
60–79
80 or more

22
20
14
9
36

24
23
15
11
28

10
16
17
16
41

14
19
18
15
33

6
13
16
17
48

50 or more
90 or more
100

52
31
23

47
24
17

66
34
22

58
27
18

73
39
25

Mean proportion

56

51

65

59

71

1,649

2,315

23,260

11,088

12,171

Number (thousands)

(Continued)

112 ♦ Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2002

Relative Importance of Income Sources for Aged
Units with Income from Specified Source
Table 6.B1
Continued
Aged 65 or older
Proportion of income

Aged 55–61

Aged 62–64

Total

Government employee pensions
Total percent

b

65–74

75 or older

d

100

100

100

100

100

1–19
20–39
40–59
60–79
80 or more

23
31
18
12
17

28
18
19
18
17

19
25
26
19
11

20
25
26
17
12

18
26
26
20
10

50 or more
90 or more
100

37
13
5

45
10
5

41
5
2

39
6
2

42
5
2

Mean proportion

44

46

45

44

45

916

520

3,507

1,762

1,745

Number (thousands)

Private pensions or annuities
Total percent b

100

100

100

100

100

1–19
20–39
40–59
60–79
80 or more

36
22
15
7
20

33
31
17
11
8

42
33
18
5
3

41
33
19
5
3

43
32
17
5
3

50 or more
90 or more
100

34
16
7

25
7
4

14
2
1

14
2
1

14
2
1

Mean proportion

40

36

28

28

27

1,316

993

7,476

3,660

3,816

Number (thousands)

(Continued)

Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2002 ♦ 113

Relative Importance of Income Sources for Aged
Units with Income from Specified Source
Table 6.B1
Continued
Aged 65 or older
Proportion of income

Aged 55–61

Aged 62–64

Total

65–74

75 or older

Earnings
Total percent

b

100

100

100

100

100

1–19
20–39
40–59
60–79
80 or more

2
3
6
10
79

8
10
9
15
58

18
18
20
23
20

15
17
21
24
22

29
21
19
18
14

50 or more
90 or more
100

92
69
25

78
47
19

54
14
7

57
14
7

41
11
7

Mean proportion

87

74

52

54

43

11,576

2,917

5,665

4,452

1,214

Number (thousands)

Income from assets
Total percent b

100

100

100

100

100

1–19
20–39
40–59
60–79
80 or more

88
6
2
1
3

85
8
3
2
2

73
15
6
3
2

76
14
6
2
2

69
17
7
4
3

50 or more
90 or more
100

5
3
2

5
2
1

8
1
1

6
1
1

10
2
1

Mean proportion

8

10

15

13

17

8,470

2,570

14,323

7,062

7,261

Number (thousands)

(Continued)

114 ♦ Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2002

Relative Importance of Income Sources for Aged
Units with Income from Specified Source
Table 6.B1
Continued
Aged 65 or older
Proportion of income

Aged 55–61

Total

Aged 62–64

65–74

75 or older

Public assistance
Total percent

b

100

100

100

100

100

1–19
20–39
40–59
60–79
80 or more

25
13
11
5
46

28
15
11
9
38

31
21
11
4
33

31
23
10
5
31

32
19
12
2
34

50 or more
90 or more
100

56
45
38

51
37
35

40
32
30

39
30
27

40
34
32

Mean proportion

61

56

50

49

50

716

233

1,189

604

585

Number (thousands)

NOTE: Units with zero total income or with negative total income, earnings, or income from assets are excluded.
a. Includes Social Security benefits, Railroad Retirement, government employee pensions, and private pensions or annuities.
b. Aged units with at least one dollar of income from the specified source are included in the calculation. Previous editions excluded aged units receiving less than 1 percent of total income
from the particular source for the calculation of the percentages. The effect of this change is negligible for all income sources except asset income. For comparison with 2000, the numbers
for the importance of asset income in 2000 based on the new methodology are included in Appendix B. The mean proportions and population counts were unaffected by this change.
c. Includes retired-worker benefits, dependents' or survivors' benefits, disability benefits, transitionally insured benefits, and special age-72 benefits.
d. Includes federal, state, local, and military pensions.

Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2002 ♦ 115

Relative Importance of Income Sources for Aged
Units with Income from Specified Source
Table 6.B2
Percentage distribution, by age, marital status, and sex of nonmarried persons

Proportion of income

Married
couples

Aged 55–61
Nonmarried persons
Total
Men
Women

Married
couples

Aged 62–64
Nonmarried persons
Total
Men
Women
Retirement benefits

Total percent b

Married
couples

Aged 65 or older
Nonmarried persons
Total
Men
Women

a

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

1–19
20–39
40–59
60–79
80 or more

29
28
16
7
21

13
12
12
12
51

8
13
11
12
55

15
11
13
12
49

22
18
12
12
36

9
11
12
11
58

8
9
8
12
63

9
12
14
11
54

7
12
12
16
54

3
6
8
11
71

4
8
10
10
68

3
5
8
12
72

50 or more
90 or more
100

35
16
7

70
45
30

74
49
32

68
44
30

55
29
11

75
50
33

79
58
43

72
46
27

76
45
20

87
62
39

82
60
39

89
63
39

Mean proportion

43

69

72

67

56

73

77

71

73

83

81

84

1,968

1,502

566

936

1,469

1,308

503

805

9,630

14,301

3,760

10,541

Number (thousands)

Social Security
Total percent b

c

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

1–19
20–39
40–59
60–79
80 or more

37
29
12
7
15

7
10
15
11
57

3
11
16
10
60

9
10
15
11
55

33
27
14
10
16

13
19
15
12
41

15
22
10
9
44

12
16
19
14
39

15
21
20
17
27

7
12
15
15
51

10
15
18
14
42

5
11
14
16
53

50 or more
90 or more
100

28
13
9

77
49
36

79
51
38

75
48
35

32
13
7

61
35
26

61
41
37

62
32
20

54
21
12

74
42
28

65
35
25

77
44
29

Mean proportion

37

74

77

73

40

62

63

62

55

71

65

74

818

831

294

537

1,185

1,130

422

708

9,334

13,925

3,627

10,298

Number (thousands)

(Continued)

116 ♦ Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2002

Relative Importance of Income Sources for Aged
Units with Income from Specified Source
Table 6.B2
Continued

Proportion of income

Married
couples

Aged 55–61
Nonmarried persons
Total
Men
Women

Married
couples

Aged 62–64
Nonmarried persons
Total
Men
Women

Government employee pensions
Total percent b

Married
couples

Aged 65 or older
Nonmarried persons
Total
Men
Women

d

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

1–19
20–39
40–59
60–79
80 or more

27
37
17
9
11

16
20
19
17
28

10
24
25
18
23

20
18
14
16
32

34
19
21
11
15

18
16
16
29
22

14
8
17
34
28

21
23
16
25
16

23
27
25
17
8

16
23
27
21
13

12
16
29
27
17

17
26
26
19
12

50 or more
90 or more
100

27
6
1

54
25
11

55
20
6

54
29
16

36
8
3

58
14
7

68
18
11

49
10
5

36
3
1

46
7
3

54
8
3

42
7
3

Mean proportion

37

55

54

57

40

55

62

48

42

48

53

46

576

340

142

198

311

209

94

115

1,790

1,717

455

1,262

Number (thousands)

Private pensions or annuities
Total percent b

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

1–19
20–39
40–59
60–79
80 or more

39
23
16
6
16

32
19
11
9
29

26
17
10
10
37

36
20
12
8
24

33
32
16
12
7

33
29
18
9
11

21
25
24
18
12

41
31
14
3
11

42
35
18
4
2

42
30
18
6
3

32
33
25
6
4

47
29
15
6
3

50 or more
90 or more
100

30
11
3

42
25
14

51
32
20

36
20
10

25
6
3

26
8
6

33
9
8

21
8
5

12
1
0

16
3
2

19
3
3

15
2
1

Mean proportion

37

47

55

43

35

37

44

32

27

29

33

27

857

459

176

283

624

368

144

224

3,847

3,628

1,168

2,460

Number (thousands)

(Continued)

Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2002 ♦ 117

Relative Importance of Income Sources for Aged
Units with Income from Specified Source
Table 6.B2
Continued

Proportion of income

Married
couples

Aged 55–61
Nonmarried persons
Total
Men
Women

Married
couples

Aged 62–64
Nonmarried persons
Total
Men
Women

Married
couples

Aged 65 or older
Nonmarried persons
Total
Men
Women

Earnings
Total percent b

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

1–19
20–39
40–59
60–79
80 or more

2
3
7
12
77

3
3
4
8
82

2
3
4
7
83

3
3
4
8
82

8
10
9
16
58

8
10
11
11
59

7
12
10
9
62

9
10
11
13
58

18
19
20
24
18

18
16
21
20
25

13
15
23
21
29

21
16
19
20
23

50 or more
90 or more
100

92
67
19

92
74
35

93
74
39

92
74
33

78
45
15

77
52
26

78
52
25

77
52
26

52
10
4

56
20
12

63
23
14

52
18
10

Mean proportion

86

89

89

88

74

75

75

74

51

54

58

52

7,362

4,214

1,597

2,617

1,900

1,018

325

693

3,529

2,136

736

1,400

Number (thousands)

Income from assets
Total percent b

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

1–19
20–39
40–59
60–79
80 or more

91
5
2
1
1

83
7
3
2
6

84
7
3
2
4

82
7
2
2
7

87
7
3
2
2

83
9
4
2
2

83
10
5
2
1

84
8
3
2
3

75
16
6
2
2

71
15
7
4
3

71
13
8
5
3

71
16
7
3
3

50 or more
90 or more
100

3
1
1

9
5
5

8
4
4

10
6
6

5
1
1

6
2
2

5
1
1

7
3
2

6
1
1

9
2
1

12
2
1

8
2
1

Mean proportion

6

12

11

13

9

11

10

11

14

16

17

16

5,526

2,944

1,081

1,864

1,613

957

312

646

6,841

7,482

1,943

5,539

Number (thousands)

(Continued)

118 ♦ Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2002

Relative Importance of Income Sources for Aged
Units with Income from Specified Source
Table 6.B2
Continued

Proportion of income

Married
couples

Aged 55–61
Nonmarried persons
Total
Men
Women

Married
couples

Aged 62–64
Nonmarried persons
Total
Men
Women

Married
couples

Aged 65 or older
Nonmarried persons
Total
Men
Women

Public assistance
Total percent b

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

1–19
20–39
40–59
60–79
80 or more

39
18
11
9
23

19
11
11
3
56

17
10
10
2
61

20
12
12
4
53

e
e
e
e
e

16
17
14
7
47

e
e
e
e
e

15
15
15
7
48

31
20
11
4
35

32
22
11
4
32

29
19
11
8
33

32
22
11
3
32

50 or more
90 or more
100

38
22
18

63
55
46

68
60
48

61
52
45

e
e
e

59
46
44

e
e
e

61
46
44

43
35
31

39
31
29

45
33
33

37
31
28

Mean proportion

44

68

71

66

e

65

e

65

51

49

51

48

205

511

181

330

52

181

47

135

238

952

211

740

Number (thousands)

NOTE: Units with zero total income or with negative total income, earnings, or income from assets are excluded.
a. Includes Social Security benefits, Railroad Retirement, government employee pensions, and private pensions or annuities.
b. Aged units with at least one dollar of income from the specified source are included in the calculation. Previous editions excluded aged units receiving less than 1 percent of total income
from the particular source for the calculation of the percentages. The effect of this change is negligible for all income sources except asset income. For comparison with 2000, the numbers
for the importance of asset income in 2000 based on the new methodology are included in Appendix B. The mean proportions and population counts were unaffected by this change.
c. Includes retired-worker benefits, dependents' or survivors' benefits, disability benefits, transitionally insured benefits, and special age-72 benefits.
d. Includes federal, state, local, and military pensions.
e. Fewer than 75,000 weighted cases.

Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2002 ♦ 119

Relative Importance of Income Sources for Units
65 or Older with Income from Specified Source
Table 6.B3
Percentage distribution, by Social Security beneficiary status, marital status, and sex of nonmarried persons
Beneficiary a
Proportion of income

All units

Married
couples

Nonbeneficiary

Nonmarried persons
Total

Men

Women

All units

Retirement benefits
Total percent

c

Nonmarried persons

Married
couples

Total

Men

Women

b

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

1–19
20–39
40–59
60–79
80 or more

4
8
10
13
64

7
12
12
16
54

3
6
8
11
71

4
8
10
10
68

3
5
8
12
72

9
8
9
15
59

13
14
12
16
45

6
3
7
14
70

10
2
8
10
70

3
3
7
16
70

50 or more
90 or more
100

83
55
31

76
45
20

87
62
39

82
60
39

89
63
39

79
51
27

67
39
13

89
60
37

83
59
39

92
60
36

Mean proportion

79

73

83

81

84

75

66

82

79

84

23,260

9,334

13,925

3,627

10,298

671

295

375

133

243

Number (thousands)

Government employee pensions
Total percent

c

d

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

1–19
20–39
40–59
60–79
80 or more

21
27
28
18
6

24
28
26
16
5

17
26
29
21
7

11
19
31
29
10

19
29
28
18
6

4
7
11
24
54

4
16
14
26
39

4
2
9
22
63

e
e
e
e
e

0
2
7
25
66

50 or more
90 or more
100

36
1
0

33
1
0

40
2
0

50
2
0

36
2
0

83
44
19

72
34
10

90
51
24

e
e
e

96
56
26

Mean proportion

41

39

43

50

41

75

68

80

e

84

3,170

1,657

1,514

388

1,126

337

133

203

68

135

Number (thousands)

(Continued)

120 ♦ Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2002

Relative Importance of Income Sources for Units
65 or Older with Income from Specified Source
Table 6.B3
Continued
Beneficiary a
Proportion of income

All units

Married
couples

Nonbeneficiary

Nonmarried persons
Total

Men

Women

All units

Nonmarried persons

Married
couples

Total

Men

Women

Private pensions or annuities
Total percent

c

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

1–19
20–39
40–59
60–79
80 or more

43
33
18
5
1

42
36
18
3
1

43
31
19
6
1

33
34
26
6
1

48
30
15
6
1

20
12
10
9
50

24
19
13
12
33

16
4
7
5
68

e
e
e
e
e

19
3
6
7
65

50 or more
90 or more
100

12
0
0

11
0
0

14
0
0

17
0
0

13
0
0

65
45
28

51
28
10

80
63
49

e
e
e

79
58
40

Mean proportion

26

26

27

31

25

64

53

76

e

73

7,205

3,707

3,498

1,120

2,379

271

141

130

48

82

Number (thousands)

Earnings
Total percent

c

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

1–19
20–39
40–59
60–79
80 or more

21
21
24
25
9

20
22
22
26
10

23
20
26
25
7

17
20
29
25
9

26
20
24
24
6

4
4
6
11
75

5
5
7
14
69

4
2
5
8
82

3
1
6
8
83

4
3
4
7
81

50 or more
90 or more
100

46
2
0

47
2
0

44
1
0

51
3
0

41
1
0

89
68
40

87
60
32

92
76
48

95
76
52

90
75
45

Mean proportion

45

46

43

46

42

85

82

89

90

87

4,661

3,044

1,617

537

1,079

1,004

485

520

199

321

Number (thousands)

(Continued)

Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2002 ♦ 121

Relative Importance of Income Sources for Units
65 or Older with Income from Specified Source
Table 6.B3
Continued
Beneficiary a
Proportion of income

All units

Married
couples

Nonbeneficiary

Nonmarried persons
Total

Men

Women

All units

Nonmarried persons

Married
couples

Total

Men

Women

Income from assets
Total percent

c

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

1–19
20–39
40–59
60–79
80 or more

73
15
7
3
1

75
16
6
3
1

72
15
7
4
2

72
13
8
6
2

71
16
7
3
2

64
14
3
2
17

66
14
4
2
15

62
14
3
1
20

63
12
6
2
17

62
14
1
1
21

50 or more
90 or more
100

7
0
0

5
0
0

8
1
0

11
0
0

7
1
0

20
17
15

19
14
13

21
19
17

19
15
11

23
21
20

14

13

15

16

15

26

24

28

27

29

13,334

6,361

6,973

1,791

5,182

989

480

509

152

357

Mean proportion
Number (thousands)

Public assistance
Total percent

c

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

1–19
20–39
40–59
60–79
80 or more

47
32
16
4
1

49
31
15
4
0

46
32
16
5
1

41
30
18
10
1

48
32
16
3
1

4
3
2
2
90

7
6
5
3
80

3
2
1
2
93

9
1
2
3
85

0
2
1
2
95

50 or more
90 or more
100

11
0
0

12
0
0

10
0
0

17
1
0

9
0
0

92
89
83

83
80
70

95
92
87

90
85
85

97
94
88

Mean proportion

25

24

26

27

25

93

87

95

89

97

764

133

631

130

501

425

104

321

81

240

Number (thousands)

NOTE: Units with zero total income or with negative total income, earnings, or income from assets are excluded.
a. Social Security beneficiaries may be receiving retired-worker benefits, dependents' or survivors' benefits, disability benefits, transitionally insured benefits, or special age-72 benefits.
b. Includes Social Security benefits, Railroad Retirement, government employee pensions, and private pensions or annuities.
c. Aged units with at least one dollar of income from the specified source are included in the calculation. Previous editions excluded aged units receiving less than 1 percent of total income
from the particular source for the calculation of the percentages. The effect of this change is negligible for all income sources except asset income. For comparison with 2000, the numbers
for the importance of asset income in 2000 based on the new methodology are included in Appendix B. The mean proportions and population counts were unaffected by this change.
d. Includes federal, state, local, and military pensions.
e. Fewer than 75,000 weighted cases.

122 ♦ Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2002

Relative Importance of Income Sources for Units
65 or Older with Income from Specified Source
Table 6.B4
Percentage distribution, by marital status, sex of nonmarried persons, race, and Hispanic origin
Nonmarried persons

Proportion of income

All units
White
Black
alone a
alone a

Hispanic
origin b

Married couples
White
Black Hispanic
alone a
alone a
origin b

White
alone a

Total
Black
alone a

Hispanic
origin b

Retirement benefits
Total percent d

White
alone a

Men
Black
alone a

Hispanic
origin b

White
alone a

Women
Black
alone a

Hispanic
origin b

c

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

1–19
20–39
40–59
60–79
80 or more

5
8
10
14
63

3
6
7
9
75

4
7
10
10
69

7
11
12
16
53

5
13
9
11
62

7
11
11
9
63

3
6
9
12
70

2
4
6
9
79

2
4
8
11
74

5
8
10
10
67

2
7
7
9
75

1
5
8
7
79

3
6
8
13
71

2
2
6
9
81

2
4
8
12
73

50 or more
90 or more
100

82
54
29

87
69
53

85
64
49

76
44
19

77
58
38

78
58
40

87
60
36

91
74
58

91
68
56

81
58
36

88
72
57

90
74
62

88
61
36

92
74
59

91
66
53

Mean proportion

78

85

83

73

77

77

83

88

86

80

86

89

84

89

86

21,063

2,082

1,262

8,739

571

541

12,324

1,511

721

3,204

411

213

9,120

1,101

508

Number (thousands)

Social Security
Total percent d

e

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

1–19
20–39
40–59
60–79
80 or more

10
16
18
16
40

7
12
14
14
54

6
11
13
14
56

15
21
20
17
26

13
21
16
14
36

11
16
16
13
44

7
13
16
16
49

4
9
13
14
61

3
7
11
14
65

11
15
19
14
41

5
14
14
14
54

3
7
15
7
68

6
12
15
16
52

4
7
12
14
63

3
7
9
17
64

50 or more
90 or more
100

65
32
19

74
48
40

77
51
41

54
20
11

58
31
24

66
39
31

73
40
25

81
55
46

85
59
49

64
33
22

75
49
41

83
64
54

76
43
26

83
57
48

86
58
47

Mean proportion

64

73

75

55

60

66

71

78

81

64

74

82

73

80

81

20,519

2,000

1,227

8,482

549

520

12,037

1,451

707

3,096

397

209

8,941

1,053

498

Number (thousands)

(Continued)

Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2002 ♦ 123

Relative Importance of Income Sources for Units
65 or Older with Income from Specified Source
Table 6.B4
Continued
Nonmarried persons

Proportion of income

All units
White
Black
alone a
alone a

Hispanic
origin b

Married couples
White
Black Hispanic
alone a
alone a
origin b

White
alone a

Total
Black
alone a

Hispanic
origin b

Government employee pensions
Total percent d

White
alone a

Men
Black
alone a

Hispanic
origin b

White
alone a

Women
Black
alone a

Hispanic
origin b

f

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

1–19
20–39
40–59
60–79
80 or more

20
26
26
18
10

15
21
25
24
15

13
28
24
21
14

22
28
26
16
7

21
24
18
24
13

g
g
g
g
g

17
24
26
20
13

11
19
30
23
17

g
g
g
g
g

12
18
27
27
17

g
g
g
g
g

g
g
g
g
g

18
27
26
18
11

11
24
25
22
19

g
g
g
g
g

50 or more
90 or more
100

39
5
1

53
10
5

45
9
0

35
3
1

44
6
2

g
g
g

44
7
2

60
12
8

g
g
g

53
7
3

g
g
g

g
g
g

40
6
2

58
14
8

g
g
g

Mean proportion

44

51

49

41

46

g

47

54

g

53

g

g

44

54

g

3,099

310

104

1,599

137

73

1,500

173

31

398

48

8

1,102

125

23

Number (thousands)

Private pensions or annuities
Total percent

d

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

1–19
20–39
40–59
60–79
80 or more

43
33
18
5
2

31
34
22
6
7

35
34
22
4
5

42
35
18
4
2

38
37
20
6
0

32
38
25
3
3

44
31
18
6
3

27
32
23
6
12

40
28
18
5
8

33
33
25
5
4

24
33
28
10
5

g
g
g
g
g

48
29
14
6
2

29
31
21
4
15

g
g
g
g
g

50 or more
90 or more
100

14
1
1

22
5
2

14
5
4

12
1
0

15
0
0

11
2
2

15
2
1

27
8
4

17
8
6

17
3
2

30
4
2

g
g
g

14
2
1

26
10
4

g
g
g

Mean proportion

27

35

31

27

28

30

28

39

32

32

38

g

26

39

g

6,836

416

210

3,569

158

119

3,267

258

90

1,039

84

28

2,228

174

62

Number (thousands)

(Continued)

124 ♦ Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2002

Relative Importance of Income Sources for Units
65 or Older with Income from Specified Source
Table 6.B4
Continued
Nonmarried persons

Proportion of income

All units
White
Black
alone a
alone a

Hispanic
origin b

Married couples
White
Black Hispanic
alone a
alone a
origin b

White
alone a

Total
Black
alone a

Hispanic
origin b

White
alone a

Men
Black
alone a

Hispanic
origin b

White
alone a

Women
Black
alone a

Hispanic
origin b

Earnings
Total percent

d

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

1–19
20–39
40–59
60–79
80 or more

19
19
21
23
19

14
18
17
19
32

6
15
23
21
35

19
20
21
24
16

15
22
18
21
24

6
12
25
29
28

19
16
21
21
23

13
14
16
16
41

5
19
20
9
47

13
15
24
22
26

11
14
19
15
40

g
g
g
g
g

21
17
20
21
21

15
15
14
16
41

g
g
g
g
g

50 or more
90 or more
100

52
12
6

60
26
19

65
27
21

51
9
3

53
17
12

67
20
12

54
17
9

66
36
27

62
40
36

61
20
11

67
36
29

g
g
g

50
16
9

66
35
27

g
g
g

Mean proportion

51

59

64

50

54

62

53

64

67

57

64

g

51

64

g

4,992

443

321

3,143

235

201

1,849

209

120

631

79

49

1,218

129

71

Number (thousands)

Income from assets
Total percent

d

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

1–19
20–39
40–59
60–79
80 or more

72
16
6
3
2

84
9
4
0
3

78
11
4
3
4

74
16
6
3
2

87
9
2
1
1

86
7
3
3
1

71
16
7
4
3

81
10
5
0
4

69
15
5
4
7

71
13
8
5
3

82
7
5
0
6

g
g
g
g
g

70
16
7
3
3

81
11
5
0
3

67
18
6
3
5

50 or more
90 or more
100

8
1
1

5
2
1

8
4
3

7
1
1

2
1
1

6
1
1

9
2
1

7
4
2

12
6
5

12
1
1

7
6
1

g
g
g

8
2
1

6
3
2

10
4
2

15

10

14

14

8

10

16

12

18

17

13

g

16

12

18

13,277

609

410

6,355

246

218

6,922

363

192

1,775

114

55

5,147

249

137

Mean proportion
Number (thousands)

(Continued)

Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2002 ♦ 125

Relative Importance of Income Sources for Units
65 or Older with Income from Specified Source
Table 6.B4
Continued
Nonmarried persons

Proportion of income

All units
White
Black
alone a
alone a

Hispanic
origin b

Married couples
White
Black Hispanic
alone a
alone a
origin b

White
alone a

Total
Black
alone a

Hispanic
origin b

White
alone a

Men
Black
alone a

Hispanic
origin b

White
alone a

Women
Black
alone a

Hispanic
origin b

Public assistance
Total percent

d

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

1–19
20–39
40–59
60–79
80 or more

33
22
11
3
30

36
23
10
3
27

19
25
13
6
36

32
22
10
4
31

g
g
g
g
g

g
g
g
g
g

34
22
12
3
29

34
23
11
4
28

18
22
15
5
40

31
16
11
9
33

g
g
g
g
g

g
g
g
g
g

34
24
12
1
28

34
23
11
4
27

20
24
14
2
39

50 or more
90 or more
100

36
29
27

35
26
24

47
36
36

39
31
24

g
g
g

g
g
g

36
29
27

36
27
24

50
40
40

46
33
33

g
g
g

g
g
g

33
28
25

35
26
23

46
39
39

Mean proportion

47

45

56

48

g

g

47

45

59

51

g

g

46

45

57

779

255

218

158

22

60

621

234

158

146

43

29

475

191

129

Number (thousands)

NOTE: Units with zero total income or with negative total income, earnings, or income from assets are excluded.
a. Beginning with data for 2002, respondents may identify themselves in more than one racial group. The categories White alone and Black alone reflect respondents who reported only one
race. Less than 1 percent of persons aged 55 or older reported more than one race.
b. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.
c. Includes Social Security benefits, Railroad Retirement, government employee pensions, and private pensions or annuities.
d. Aged units with at least one dollar of income from the specified source are included in the calculation. Previous editions excluded aged units receiving less than 1 percent of total income
from the particular source for the calculation of the percentages. The effect of this change is negligible for all income sources except asset income. For comparison with 2000, the numbers
for the importance of asset income in 2000 based on the new methodology are included in Appendix B. The mean proportions and population counts were unaffected by this change.
e. Includes retired-worker benefits, dependents' or survivors' benefits, disability benefits, transitionally insured benefits, and special age-72 benefits.
f.

Includes federal, state, local, and military pensions.

g. Fewer than 75,000 weighted cases.

126 ♦ Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2002

Relative Importance of Income Sources for Units
65 or Older with Income from Specified Source
Table 6.B5
Percentage distribution, by marital status and quintiles of total money income
All units
Proportion of income

First

Second

Third

Married couples
Fourth

Fifth

First

Second

Third

Retirement benefits
Total percent

b

Nonmarried persons
Fourth

Fifth

First

Second

Third

Fourth

Fifth

a

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

1–19
20–39
40–59
60–79
80 or more

1
1
3
8
87

0
1
4
9
86

1
3
10
15
71

2
10
14
18
56

19
25
17
15
24

0
2
4
8
86

1
2
6
15
76

1
5
15
22
57

4
21
19
19
36

28
28
16
13
15

1
2
4
8
86

0
1
3
7
89

0
1
5
10
84

1
4
15
18
62

12
22
15
13
37

50 or more
90 or more
100

97
81
62

97
79
51

92
59
29

81
44
15

46
17
4

96
80
52

94
65
33

87
46
12

65
26
6

35
10
2

96
79
63

98
83
59

96
75
45

89
50
22

56
27
11

Mean proportion

93

92

85

76

51

92

88

78

64

42

92

94

91

81

59

4,011

5,089

5,004

4,982

4,845

1,712

2,032

2,011

1,974

1,899

2,239

2,978

3,167

3,015

2,901

Number (thousands)

Social Security
Total percent

b

c

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

1–19
20–39
40–59
60–79
80 or more

1
1
3
9
85

1
2
7
15
74

2
8
22
27
41

6
24
36
24
10

39
42
15
3
1

0
3
5
10
82

2
6
12
32
48

4
14
40
33
9

12
43
37
7
1

56
39
3
1
1

1
2
4
8
85

1
1
4
11
83

1
3
10
19
67

3
10
35
32
20

27
45
22
4
2

50 or more
90 or more
100

96
77
58

94
63
39

81
29
14

51
5
2

9
1
0

96
73
47

88
32
16

65
4
1

21
1
0

2
1
0

96
77
61

97
74
52

92
52
29

72
11
4

12
2
1

Mean proportion

92

87

71

51

26

90

76

56

38

20

92

92

83

62

31

3,885

5,027

4,888

4,802

4,656

1,647

1,973

1,964

1,939

1,811

2,167

2,938

3,138

2,932

2,750

Number (thousands)

(Continued)

Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2002 ♦ 127

Relative Importance of Income Sources for Units
65 or Older with Income from Specified Source
Table 6.B5
Continued
All units
Proportion of income

First

Second

Third

Married couples
Fourth

Fifth

First

Second

Third

Nonmarried persons
Fourth

Government employee pensions
Total percent

b

Fifth

First

Second

Third

Fourth

Fifth

d

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

1–19
20–39
40–59
60–79
80 or more

e
e
e
e
e

21
25
33
9
12

17
31
24
15
13

15
23
28
23
11

23
26
24
19
8

e
e
e
e
e

20
22
27
15
16

22
28
30
16
5

20
28
29
16
6

27
29
18
19
7

e
e
e
e
e

e
e
e
e
e

14
28
35
14
9

16
32
26
13
13

14
19
26
28
14

50 or more
90 or more
100

e
e
e

33
8
4

39
9
3

46
6
2

37
3
0

e
e
e

42
10
4

34
2
0

35
1
0

35
2
0

e
e
e

e
e
e

37
5
4

39
8
2

52
7
2

Mean proportion

e

42

45

48

42

e

47

41

41

40

e

e

44

45

51

57

248

590

1,181

1,431

46

215

427

525

578

24

69

218

512

895

Number (thousands)

Private pensions or annuities
Total percent

b

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

1–19
20–39
40–59
60–79
80 or more

46
14
4
7
29

59
28
8
2
2

43
36
15
4
1

32
40
22
4
1

43
26
22
7
1

51
19
11
6
13

48
41
7
1
2

33
48
17
2
1

37
29
29
5
0

50
24
17
7
2

36
10
6
8
40

60
25
4
3
8

61
27
9
2
1

35
40
21
4
1

33
26
27
11
3

50 or more
90 or more
100

39
26
19

7
1
1

9
1
0

14
1
0

19
0
0

19
11
6

5
1
0

7
1
0

18
0
0

15
0
0

54
35
29

12
7
4

6
1
0

12
1
0

26
1
1

Mean proportion

44

21

26

30

28

31

23

27

29

25

55

24

20

29

34

296

955

1,756

2,377

2,090

221

763

1,055

1,016

792

124

327

784

1,273

1,121

Number (thousands)

(Continued)

128 ♦ Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2002

Relative Importance of Income Sources for Units
65 or Older with Income from Specified Source
Table 6.B5
Continued
All units
Proportion of income

First

Second

Third

Nonmarried persons

Married couples
Fourth

Fifth

First

Second

Third

Fourth

Fifth

First

Second

Third

Fourth

Fifth

Earnings
Total percent

b

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

1–19
20–39
40–59
60–79
80 or more

30
8
5
9
48

40
25
14
5
16

23
24
23
11
19

20
24
23
19
15

13
13
20
31
23

31
17
11
19
23

34
29
15
11
12

25
31
24
12
7

17
19
23
27
13

10
12
19
32
27

31
5
3
7
55

41
23
6
4
26

42
26
18
3
11

16
23
29
9
23

12
11
20
31
26

50 or more
90 or more
100

59
44
37

23
14
12

39
16
11

45
12
7

66
12
4

43
22
16

29
9
6

30
6
4

51
8
4

71
12
3

65
51
43

30
22
19

17
9
8

43
20
15

70
19
8

Mean proportion

60

36

46

47

58

47

37

39

49

61

64

40

32

51

61

155

338

765

1,552

2,855

189

358

637

989

1,356

86

109

217

540

1,185

Number (thousands)

Income from assets
Total percent b

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

1–19
20–39
40–59
60–79
80 or more

72
12
3
1
12

85
11
3
0
1

76
17
6
1
0

76
15
6
2
1

63
17
9
7
3

80
9
2
1
8

84
13
2
0
0

79
17
4
0
0

74
17
7
3
0

64
17
9
6
3

71
9
4
2
14

84
12
3
0
2

83
13
3
0
1

71
18
9
1
0

59
17
10
10
4

50 or more
90 or more
100

14
12
11

2
1
0

3
0
0

5
0
0

15
1
0

9
8
8

2
0
0

2
0
0

6
0
0

13
1
0

17
14
13

3
1
1

2
0
0

4
0
0

19
2
0

Mean proportion

20

9

12

13

21

15

9

11

14

19

23

9

9

14

24

1,135

2,092

3,042

3,758

4,295

716

1,176

1,524

1,617

1,808

552

971

1,496

2,037

2,426

Number (thousands)

NOTES: Quintile limits are $9,721, $15,181, $23,880, and $40,982 for all units; $18,648, $27,744, $39,000, and $63,108 for married couples; and $7,892, $11,448, $15,638, and $24,855 for
nonmarried persons.
Units with zero total income or with negative total income, earnings, or income from assets are excluded.
a. Includes Social Security benefits, Railroad Retirement, government employee pensions, and private pensions or annuities.
b. Aged units with at least one dollar of income from the specified source are included in the calculation. Previous editions excluded aged units receiving less than 1 percent of total income
from the particular source for the calculation of the percentages. The effect of this change is negligible for all income sources except asset income. For comparison with 2000, the numbers
for the importance of asset income in 2000 based on the old methodology are included in Appendix B. The mean proportions and population counts were unaffected by this change.
c. Includes retired-worker benefits, dependents' or survivors' benefits, disability benefits, transitionally insured benefits, and special age-72 benefits.
d. Includes federal, state, local, and military pensions.
e. Fewer than 75,000 weighted cases.

Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2002 ♦ 129