Poverty Status of Aged Persons

Based on Family Income
Table 8.1
By Social Security beneficiary status, marital status, race, Hispanic origin, sex, and age

Sex and age

Number Percentage below
(thousands)
poverty line

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

Sex and age

All persons

Number Percentage below
(thousands)
poverty line

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

By beneficiary status (cont.)
Nonbeneficiary

All persons
55–61
62–64
65 or older

20,563
6,836
34,234

9.0
10.4
10.4

12.0
14.5
16.9

All persons
55–61
62–64
65 or older

18,848
3,649
3,842

8.1
11.2
24.1

10.4
13.9
30.4

Men
55–61
62–64
65 or older

9,886
3,280
14,528

8.0
8.8
7.7

10.4
12.6
12.1

Men
55–61
62–64
65 or older

9,135
1,852
1,654

7.5
9.0
21.9

9.4
10.9
27.5

Women
55–61
62–64
65 or older

10,677
3,556
19,706

9.9
11.8
12.4

13.4
16.2
20.4

Women
55–61
62–64
65 or older

9,712
1,797
2,188

8.8
13.5
25.8

11.4
17.1
32.6

By beneficiary status
Beneficiary a

By marital status
Married

All persons
55–61
62–64
65 or older

1,715
3,187
30,392

18.7
9.5
8.7

29.1
15.1
15.2

All persons
55–61
62–64
65 or older

14,293
4,657
18,427

5.0
6.5
5.1

6.7
9.8
8.5

Men
55–61
62–64
65 or older

751
1,428
12,873

14.7
8.6
5.9

23.2
14.8
10.1

Men
55–61
62–64
65 or older

7,472
2,497
10,341

4.7
6.4
5.2

6.4
9.3
8.6

Women
55–61
62–64
65 or older

965
1,759
17,518

21.7
10.1
10.8

33.8
15.3
18.9

Women
55–61
62–64
65 or older

6,821
2,159
8,086

5.2
6.7
4.9

7.1
10.3
8.4
(Continued)

Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2002 ♦ 141

Poverty Status of Aged Persons
Based on Family Income
Table 8.1
Continued

Sex and age

Number Percentage below
(thousands)
poverty line

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

Sex and age

By marital status (cont.)
Nonmarried b

Number Percentage below
(thousands)
poverty line

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

By marital status (cont.)
Never married

All persons
55–61
62–64
65 or older

6,270
2,180
15,806

18.3
18.6
16.7

24.0
24.6
26.7

All persons
55–61
62–64
65 or older

1,243
325
1,345

20.4
20.5
21.8

24.9
27.9
29.9

Men
55–61
62–64
65 or older

2,414
783
4,187

18.3
16.6
14.0

22.8
23.2
20.7

Men
55–61
62–64
65 or older

629
134
621

23.6
19.7
23.0

28.0
29.5
31.0

Women
55–61
62–64
65 or older

3,856
1,397
11,620

18.3
19.7
17.7

24.7
25.4
28.8

Women
55–61
62–64
65 or older

614
191
724

17.0
21.1
20.7

21.8
26.7
29.0

Divorced

Widowed
All persons
55–61
62–64
65 or older

1,135
645
10,811

21.2
16.8
15.1

30.0
22.1
25.6

All persons
55–61
62–64
65 or older

3,218
939
2,726

15.9
17.7
19.2

20.7
23.6
28.5

Men
55–61
62–64
65 or older

174
118
2,074

19.7
20.6
11.4

22.4
22.6
16.7

Men
55–61
62–64
65 or older

1,284
395
1,022

14.9
13.9
14.0

19.5
20.2
22.5

Women
55–61
62–64
65 or older

961
527
8,737

21.5
15.9
16.0

31.3
22.0
27.8

Women
55–61
62–64
65 or older

1,934
543
1,705

16.6
20.4
22.3

21.5
26.0
32.1
(Continued)

142 ♦ Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2002

Poverty Status of Aged Persons
Based on Family Income
Table 8.1
Continued

Sex and age

Number Percentage below
(thousands)
poverty line
By race
White alone

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

Sex and age

Number Percentage below
(thousands)
poverty line
Hispanic origin

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

d

c

All persons
55–61
62–64
65 or older

17,583
5,782
29,980

8.2
9.4
9.1

10.9
13.4
15.3

All persons
55–61
62–64
65 or older

1,591
511
2,053

14.4
20.6
21.4

20.7
28.9
32.7

Men
55–61
62–64
65 or older

8,558
2,813
12,792

7.3
8.0
6.7

9.6
11.5
10.8

Men
55–61
62–64
65 or older

788
229
906

13.1
16.6
19.3

18.8
26.1
31.1

Women
55–61
62–64
65 or older

9,025
2,969
17,188

9.1
10.8
11.0

12.2
15.1
18.6

Women
55–61
62–64
65 or older

802
281
1,147

15.7
23.8
23.0

22.6
31.1
33.9

Black alone

c

All persons
55–61
62–64
65 or older

1,945
687
2,856

15.6
20.1
23.8

21.3
26.2
33.3

Men
55–61
62–64
65 or older

849
299
1,112

14.8
18.4
18.1

18.5
23.8
25.2

Women
55–61
62–64
65 or older

1,096
389
1,744

16.2
21.4
27.4

23.4
28.0
38.5

NOTE: The family money income of aged persons is compared with the official poverty lines of families in 2002.
a. Social Security beneficiaries may be receiving retired-worker benefits, dependents' or survivors' benefits, disability benefits, transitionally insured benefits, or special age-72 benefits.
b. Includes persons who are separated or married but living apart from their spouse.
c. Beginning with data for 2002, respondents may identify themselves in more than one racial group. The categories White alone and Black alone reflect respondents who reported only one
race. Less than 1 percent of persons aged 55 or older reported more than one race.
d. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.

Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2002 ♦ 143

Poverty Status of Persons 65 or Older
Based on Family Income
Table 8.2
By Social Security beneficiary status, marital status, race, Hispanic origin, sex, and age

Sex and age

Number Percentage below
(thousands)
poverty line

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

Sex and age

Number Percentage below
(thousands)
poverty line

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

By beneficiary status
Beneficiary a

All persons
All persons
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

9,438
8,673
7,482
8,640

8.7
10.1
11.0
12.2

13.1
16.0
18.1
20.8

All persons
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

7,884
7,776
6,809
7,923

6.9
8.5
8.8
10.7

11.3
14.3
15.7
19.4

Men
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

4,317
3,957
3,007
3,246

7.0
8.5
7.1
8.4

10.5
13.0
11.7
13.4

Men
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

3,603
3,587
2,748
2,935

5.4
7.0
5.2
6.0

8.6
11.5
9.3
11.0

Women
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

5,121
4,715
4,476
5,394

10.2
11.4
13.7
14.5

15.3
18.5
22.4
25.3

Women
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

4,280
4,188
4,062
4,988

8.2
9.8
11.2
13.4

13.5
16.8
20.0
24.4
(Continued)

144 ♦ Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2002

Poverty Status of Persons 65 or Older
Based on Family Income
Table 8.2
Continued

Sex and age

Number Percentage below
(thousands)
poverty line

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

Sex and age

Number Percentage below
(thousands)
poverty line

By beneficiary status (cont.)
Nonbeneficiary

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

By marital status
Married

All persons
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

1,555
897
673
717

18.0
23.5
33.8
29.1

22.4
30.7
42.3
36.2

All persons
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

6,200
5,198
3,912
3,118

4.7
4.9
5.3
5.8

7.5
8.5
9.0
10.0

Men
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

714
370
259
311

15.2
23.2
27.3
31.3

19.8
28.4
37.2
36.0

Men
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

3,271
2,870
2,177
2,023

5.1
4.9
4.5
6.5

7.9
8.2
8.0
10.8

Women
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

841
527
414
406

20.4
23.6
37.9
27.4

24.5
32.3
45.4
36.4

Women
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

2,929
2,328
1,735
1,095

4.3
4.9
6.3
4.3

7.0
8.7
10.3
8.5
(Continued)

Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2002 ♦ 145

Poverty Status of Persons 65 or Older
Based on Family Income
Table 8.2
Continued

Sex and age

Number Percentage below
(thousands)
poverty line

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

Sex and age

Number Percentage below
(thousands)
poverty line

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

By marital status (cont.)

By marital status (cont.)
Nonmarried b

Widowed

All persons
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

3,239
3,474
3,571
5,523

16.4
17.8
17.3
15.8

23.9
27.4
28.1
27.0

All persons
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

1,466
2,151
2,569
4,625

14.9
16.2
14.7
14.9

23.2
25.6
25.8
26.4

Men
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

1,046
1,087
830
1,223

12.8
18.2
13.9
11.4

18.4
25.7
21.5
17.8

Men
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

283
443
431
917

9.2
16.4
9.2
10.8

12.6
22.0
14.6
16.5

Women
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

2,192
2,387
2,741
4,300

18.1
17.6
18.3
17.1

26.4
28.1
30.0
29.6

Women
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

1,183
1,708
2,138
3,709

16.3
16.1
15.8
15.9

25.7
26.5
28.0
28.8
(Continued)

146 ♦ Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2002

Poverty Status of Persons 65 or Older
Based on Family Income
Table 8.2
Continued

Sex and age

Number Percentage below
(thousands)
poverty line

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

Sex and age

By marital status (cont.)
Never married

Number Percentage below
(thousands)
poverty line

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

By marital status (cont.)
Divorced

All persons
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

374
347
323
301

17.9
23.0
28.9
17.5

24.4
30.0
38.9
27.1

All persons
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

1,106
741
493
387

15.9
19.9
24.0
21.2

22.9
30.7
35.3
31.6

Men
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

213
170
141
97

19.8
28.4
25.9
16.6

24.5
35.8
37.5
27.5

Men
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

403
341
168
110

10.6
17.6
17.0
10.5

17.3
25.7
29.4
20.8

Women
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

161
177
181
204

15.4
17.9
31.2
17.9

24.3
24.4
40.1
26.9

Women
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

703
399
325
277

18.9
21.9
27.6
25.5

26.1
34.9
38.3
35.9
(Continued)

Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2002 ♦ 147

Poverty Status of Persons 65 or Older
Based on Family Income
Table 8.2
Continued

Sex and age

Number Percentage below
(thousands)
poverty line
By race
White alone

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

Sex and age

Number Percentage below
(thousands)
poverty line

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

By race (cont.)
c

Black alone

c

All persons
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

8,080
7,489
6,667
7,744

7.3
8.4
9.8
11.1

11.5
14.0
16.6
19.3

All persons
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

885
776
571
624

22.2
24.6
23.7
25.1

28.0
34.8
34.5
38.0

Men
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

3,726
3,428
2,698
2,941

6.1
7.1
6.2
7.4

9.7
11.1
10.8
12.2

Men
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

382
320
204
206

16.6
19.9
16.4
19.9

20.3
29.7
23.2
29.5

Women
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

4,354
4,062
3,969
4,803

8.4
9.5
12.3
13.4

13.2
16.5
20.7
23.7

Women
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

503
456
367
418

26.5
27.9
27.8
27.6

33.8
38.4
40.8
42.2
(Continued)

148 ♦ Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2002

Poverty Status of Persons 65 or Older
Based on Family Income
Table 8.2
Continued

Sex and age

Number Percentage below
(thousands)
poverty line
Hispanic origin

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

d

All persons
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

693
530
445
385

20.5
19.8
22.3
24.1

29.6
34.9
33.8
33.7

Men
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

321
236
210
140

19.7
18.1
19.1
20.8

29.1
33.2
31.2
32.1

Women
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

372
294
235
245

21.1
21.2
25.1
26.0

30.0
36.3
36.1
34.7

NOTE: The family money income of aged persons is compared with the official poverty
lines of families in 2002.
a. Social Security beneficiaries may be receiving retired-worker benefits, dependents' or
survivors' benefits, disability benefits, transitionally insured benefits, or special age-72
benefits.
b. Includes persons who are separated or married but living apart from their spouse.
c. Beginning with data for 2002, respondents may identify themselves in more than one
racial group. The categories White alone and Black alone reflect respondents who
reported only one race. Less than 1 percent of persons aged 55 or older reported more
than one race.
d. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.

Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2002 ♦ 149

Poverty Status of Persons 65 or Older
Based on Family Income
Table 8.3
Social Security beneficiaries, by marital status, race, Hispanic origin, sex, and age

Sex and age

Number Percentage below
(thousands)
poverty line

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

Sex and age

Number Percentage below
(thousands)
poverty line

All persons

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

By marital status
Married

All persons 65 or older
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

30,392
7,884
7,776
6,809
7,923

8.7
6.9
8.5
8.8
10.7

15.2
11.3
14.3
15.7
19.4

All persons 65 or older
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

Men 65 or older
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

12,873
3,603
3,587
2,748
2,935

5.9
5.4
7.0
5.2
6.0

10.1
8.6
11.5
9.3
11.0

Women 65 or older
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

17,518
4,280
4,188
4,062
4,988

10.8
8.2
9.8
11.2
13.4

18.9
13.5
16.8
20.0
24.4

16,391
5,228
4,715
3,583
2,865

3.3
3.1
3.4
3.3
3.6

6.7
5.9
6.9
6.7
7.9

Men 65 or older
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

9,225
2,741
2,625
2,016
1,843

3.5
3.6
3.5
3.1
3.8

6.9
6.6
6.8
6.3
8.1

Women 65 or older
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

7,167
2,488
2,089
1,567
1,022

3.1
2.5
3.3
3.4
3.3

6.5
5.2
7.1
7.2
7.7
(Continued)

150 ♦ Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2002

Poverty Status of Persons 65 or Older
Based on Family Income
Table 8.3
Continued

Sex and age

Number Percentage below
(thousands)
poverty line

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

Sex and age

By marital status (cont.)
Nonmarried a
All persons 65 or older
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older
Men 65 or older
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older
Women 65 or older
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

Number Percentage below
(thousands)
poverty line

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

By marital status (cont.)
Widowed

14,001
2,655
3,061
3,226
5,058

15.0
14.4
16.3
14.9
14.7

25.1
21.8
25.8
25.7
26.0

All persons 65 or older
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

9,866
1,271
1,942
2,382
4,271

13.6
13.4
14.1
13.0
13.8

24.3
22.0
23.5
24.0
25.4

3,649
863
962
732
1,092

12.0
11.0
16.5
11.0
9.7

18.3
15.0
24.2
17.6
16.1

Men 65 or older
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

1,905
257
412
403
832

9.5
8.4
13.3
8.1
8.6

14.5
11.5
19.2
12.5
14.0

10,352
1,793
2,099
2,494
3,966

16.1
16.1
16.2
16.1
16.1

27.5
25.0
26.5
28.1
28.7

Women 65 or older
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

7,961
1,014
1,530
1,979
3,439

14.6
14.7
14.4
14.0
15.0

26.6
24.7
24.7
26.4
28.2
(Continued)

Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2002 ♦ 151

Poverty Status of Persons 65 or Older
Based on Family Income
Table 8.3
Continued

Sex and age

Number Percentage below
(thousands)
poverty line

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

Sex and age

By marital status (cont.)
Never married
All persons 65 or older
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

Number Percentage below
(thousands)
poverty line

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

By marital status (cont.)
Divorced

1,047
257
274
257
260

18.1
15.9
19.6
21.4
15.5

26.8
22.2
26.1
33.0
26.2

All persons 65 or older
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

Men 65 or older
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

468
151
136
107
74

20.2
18.0
23.1
20.6
b

29.5
22.5
32.5
33.4
b

Men 65 or older
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

Women 65 or older
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

579
106
138
150
185

16.4
12.9
16.0
22.0
14.2

24.7
21.7
19.8
32.7
23.5

Women 65 or older
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

2,332
911
656
426
338

18.1
13.6
20.3
21.6
21.8

27.2
20.2
31.0
32.6
32.0

883
334
308
148
93

12.4
7.5
18.3
11.8
11.5

20.3
12.5
27.3
22.4
22.2

1,449
576
348
279
245

21.6
17.1
22.1
26.8
25.7

31.4
24.7
34.3
38.0
35.7
(Continued)

152 ♦ Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2002

Poverty Status of Persons 65 or Older
Based on Family Income
Table 8.3
Continued

Sex and age

Number Percentage below
(thousands)
poverty line
By race
White alone

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

Sex and age

Number Percentage below
(thousands)
poverty line

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

By race (cont.)
c

All persons 65 or older
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

27,103
6,889
6,846
6,167
7,201

7.6
5.8
7.2
7.8
9.6

13.8
10.0
12.5
14.4
18.0

Men 65 or older
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

11,523
3,161
3,164
2,510
2,688

5.1
4.6
6.1
4.7
5.0

9.1
7.9
9.9
8.7
9.8

Women 65 or older
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

15,580
3,728
3,683
3,656
4,513

9.4
6.9
8.1
9.9
12.3

17.3
11.9
14.7
18.4
22.9

All persons 65 or older
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older
Men 65 or older
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older
Women 65 or older
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

2,344
672
651
481
540

Black alone c
21.8
19.0
22.2
20.7
25.8

31.7
24.7
33.0
32.0
38.7

919
294
279
172
174

15.5
14.3
17.0
11.4
19.5

23.0
18.2
26.9
18.9
28.9

1,425
378
372
308
366

25.8
22.6
26.2
25.9
28.8

37.3
29.7
37.6
39.3
43.4
(Continued)

Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2002 ♦ 153

Poverty Status of Persons 65 or Older
Based on Family Income
Table 8.3
Continued

Sex and age

Number Percentage below
(thousands)
poverty line
Hispanic origin

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

d

1,577
502
417
341
317

18.8
16.2
17.2
21.1
22.7

30.2
25.4
32.5
32.4
32.8

Men 65 or older
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

712
236
196
164
117

17.0
15.4
14.8
20.7
18.7

28.0
24.1
29.3
30.9
29.8

Women 65 or older
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

865
266
221
177
200

20.4
16.9
19.3
21.5
25.1

32.1
26.5
35.2
33.8
34.5

All persons 65 or older
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

NOTE: The family money income of aged persons is compared with the official poverty
lines of families in 2002.
a. Includes persons who are separated or married but living apart from their spouse.
b. Fewer than 75,000 weighted cases.
c. Beginning with data for 2002, respondents may identify themselves in more than one
racial group. The categories White alone and Black alone reflect respondents who
reported only one race. Less than 1 percent of persons aged 55 or older reported more
than one race.
d. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.

154 ♦ Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2002