Amphibious Gods

Water is a reference to the flow of the collective unconsciousness - that which creates realities in which we learn through experience and emotions. Water Deities refers to Gods and Goddesses who allegedly came from the sea of consciousness to create a biogenetic program that goes back to the beginning and is about to end. Most deities arrived from the sky (higher frequency) ---> moving into the sea to create, then left, usually saying they would return one day.

Amphitrite In ancient Greek mythology, Amphitrite (not to be confused with Aphrodite) was a seagoddess. Under the influence of the Olympian pantheon, she became merely the consort of Poseidon, and was further diminished by poets to a symbolic representation of the sea. In Roman mythology, the consort of Neptune, a comparatively minor figure, was Salacia. Amphitrite was a daughter of Nereus and Doris - and thus a Nereid - according to Hesiod's Theogony, but of Oceanus and Tethys and thus an Oceanid according to Apollodorus, who actually lists her among both the Nereids and the Oceanids. Amphitrite's offspring included seals and dolphins. By her, Poseidon had a son, Triton, and a daughter, Rhode (if this Rhode was not actually fathered by Poseidon on Halia or was not the daughter of Asopus as others claim). Apollodorus (3.15.4) also mentions a daughter of Poseidon and Amphitrite named Benthesikyme. Amphitrite is not fully personified in the Homeric epics: "out on the open sea, in Amphitrite's breakers" (Odyssey iii.101); she shares her Homeric epithet Halosydne ("sea-nourished") with Thetis: in some sense the sea-nymphs are doublets.

Cybele The mitre on the head of the goddess Cybele is striking similarity to the 'fish head' of the God Dagon. The Great Goddess of Asia Minor is the oldest true Goddess known, predating the Goddesses of the Sumerian and Egyptians by at least 5,000 years. Cybele was worshipped in Rome and was also called the "Magna Mater", or the great queen mother goddess, which evolved into Catholic Mariology. Originally a Phrygian goddess, Cybele (sometimes given the etymology "she of the hair" if her name is Greek, not Phrygian, but more widely considered of Luwian origin, from Kubaba) (Roman equivalent: Magna Mater or 'Great Mother') was a manifestation of the

Earth Mother goddess who was worshipped in Anatolia from Neolithic times. Attis. Dagon or Atargis Dagon was the god of the Philistines. singing. is her son Attis. Tiberian Hebrew). wild animals (especially lions and bees). The idol was represented in the combination of both man and fish. in Ugaritic as dgn (probably vocalized as Dagnu). a goddess of caverns and mountains. alludes to her ancient Paleolithic roots. all at night. She is a life-death-rebirth deity. Like Gaia or her Minoan equivalent Rhea. who was castrated and resurrected. The name 'Dagon' is derived from 'dag' which means 'fish'. Other followers of Cybele. The dactyls were part of her retinue. She was associated with the mystery religion concerning her son. by the people of Ebla. by the people of Ugarit and a chief god (perhaps the chief god) of the Biblical Philistines. this is the source of her epithet Idaea. His name is a lot like 'Dogon'. Zoroaster can be seen above the amphibious gods . Enki or Ea-in Sumer where kingship first descended from heaven. clashing of shields and spears. who were referred to by contemporary commentator Kallimachos in the feminine Gallai . Her title 'Mistress of the Animals' (potnia theron) which is also associated with the Minoan Great Mother. Her consort. shouts. Her Priestesses led the people in orgiastic ceremonies with wild music. drumming and dancing and drink. whose cult was introduced . and who other contemporary commetators in ancient Greece and Rome reffered to as Gallos or Galli. Phrygian kurbantes or Corybantes expressed her ecstatic and orgiastic cult in music especially drumming. Daguna usually rendered in English translations as Dagan. Cybele's most ecstatic followers were males who ritually castrated themselves. nature. walls and fortresses. Cybele embodies the fertile earth. Dagon was a major northwest Semitic god. worshipped by the early Amorites. the symbol of a fish in human form was really meant to represent fertility and the vivifying powers of nature and reproduction. Although there was a deep affection from Dagon's worshippers to their deity. His name appears in Hebrew as (in modern transcription Dagon. Atalanta and Hippomenes were turned into lions by Cybele after having sex in one of her temples. the god of grain and agriculture according to the few sources to speak of the matter. and in Akkadian as Dagana. dancing. after which they were given womens clothing and assumed female identities. EA was thought to live in the 'Apsu' or submarine palace.Cybele was supposed to have been born on Mount Ida in Asia Minor.

Fu Xi then came to rule over his decedents although reports of his long reign vary between sources from 115 years (2852 . Traditionally. He is a culture hero reputed to be the inventor of writing. By this tradition. which work is attributed to his reading of the He Map (or the Yellow River Map). Gansu). and to hunt with weapons made of iron. together with Shennong and Huang Di. Fu Hsi had the arrangement of the trigrams of the I Ching revealed to him supernaturally. He lived for 197 years altogether and died at a place called Chen (modern Huaiyang. Fu Hsi is also credited with the invention of the Guqin. Henan) where his mausoleum can still be found. In Chinese mythology. Childbirth was seen to be miraculous not requiring the participation of the male and children only knew their mothers. Shaanxi or Tianshui. has been depicted as both male or female. The Chinese have maintained that their civilization was founded by amphibious beings that had a man's head and a fish tail. The retired to Kunlun Mountain where they prayed for a sign from the Emperor of Heaven. Fu Xi or Fu Hsi was the first of the mythical Three Sovereigns of ancient China. dated 160 CE shows Fu Hsi with Nuwa. The entity. to fish with nets. He instituted marriage and offered the first open air sacrifices to heaven. Fu Hsi taught his subjects to cook. Fu Xi was born on the lower-middle reaches of the Yellow River in a place called Chengji (possibly modern Lantian. Fu Hsi is said to have discovered the arrangement in markings on the back of a mythical dragon-horse (sometimes said to be a turtle) that emerged from the river Luo. . fishing. who was both his wife and his sister. A stone tablet. According to legend the land was swept by a great flood and only Fuxi and his sister Nuwa survived. The date traditionally ascribed to him is 3.322BC. Fu Hsi is considered the originator of the I Ching (also known as the Yi Jing or Zhou Yi). and trapping. During the time of his predecessor Nuwa (who according to some sources was also his wife and/or sister) society was matriarchal and primitive. named Fuxi. This arrangement precedes the compilation of the I Ching during the Zhou dynasty.2737 BCE) to 116 years (2952-2836 BCE). This discovery is also said to have been the origin of calligraphy. The divine being approved their union and the siblings set about procreating the human race. As the reproductive process became better understood ancient Chinese society moved towards a patriarchal system and Fu Xi assumed primary importance.Fuxi or Fu Hsi Ancient painting of Nuwa and Fuxi unearthed in Xinjiang.

In Euripides' play Orestes. The herb made him immortal. According to Ovid. in this capacity she is mentioned frequently in the Iliad. where Hermes takes her place. Glaucus was initially upset by this side-effect. Glaucus fell in love with the beautiful nymph Scylla. and decided to try eating it.Glaucus Glaucus And Scylla In Greek mythology. but she was appalled by his fish-like features and fled onto land when he tried to approach her. including one God. . Glaucus was a son of Nereus and says that he assisted Menelaus on his homeward journey with good advice. transforming her into a terrible monster with twelve feet and six heads. Glaucus ("shiny. It was believed that he commonly came to the rescue of sailors in storms. In her anger. having once been one himself. the personification of the rainbow and messenger of the gods. learning from them the art of prophecy. Circe poisoned the pool where Scylla bathed. but never in the Odyssey. Glaucus began life as a mortal fisherman living in the Boeotian city of Anthedon. He also helped the Argonauts. He discovered by accident a magical herb which could bring the fish he caught back to life. Iris was the daughter of Thaumas and the ocean nymph Electra and one of the Oceanids (according to Hesiod)." "bright" or "bluish-green") was the name of several different figures. Iris In Greek mythology. He asked the witch Circe for a potion to make Scylla fall in love with him. but also caused him to grow fins instead of arms and a fish's tail instead of legs. But he replied that trees would grow on the ocean floor and seaweed would grow on the highest mountain before he would stop loving Scylla. forcing him to dwell forever in the sea. Iris is the messenger of the gods to men. but Oceanus and Tethys received him well and he was quickly accepted among the deities of the sea. She tried to win his heart with her most passionate and loving words. As the rainbow unites Earth and heaven. These figures are sometimes referred to as Glaukos or Glacus. telling him to scorn Scylla and stay with her. Glaucus was a Greek sea-god. but Circe fell in love with him.

At this point. She is also (like Hermes) a messenger of the gods. Progeny of the sea often appear grotesque or fantastic. into the depths of the sea and the underworld. the meaning of her name. By command of Zeus she carries in an ewer water from the Styx. queen of the gods and is Hera's go-between from Mount Olympus to the mortal world. visited Egypt and returned claiming that the Egyptians had a tradition that one of their gods. Iris is the personal messenger of Hera. with wings of gold. She is especially the messenger of Hera. Aristotle's friend. some of them we shall meet later in saga. Iris. however. and also saved the pious king Satyavrata from the deluge so that life and religion can be preserved for the next cycle of Creation. Osiris was the god of the Dead. for his death and resurrection are like those of a seed. Eudoxus. fleet-footed and winged. He became one of the most important of Egyptian gods because he symbolized the triumph of life over death. Osiris has never been shown with the body of a fish but this image depicts his mummified form looking like the scales of a fish. who hurries with the swiftness of the wind from one end of the world to the other. Gorgons. The Fish Incarnation is the first incarnation of Vishnu. is the lovely goddess of the rainbow. who stole them from Lord Brahma. Without the Vedas. Many were the progeny of the sea. Matsya the Fish appeared in the Satya Yuga and represents beginning of life. . Creation of the Universe cannot take place.The word iridescence is derived in part from the name of this goddess. we single out only Iris [eye'ris]. with which she puts to sleep all who perjure themselves. cast in to the dark Earth. could not walk because his legs had grown together. Lord Vishnu takes the form of a fish in order to retrieve the Vedas from the demon Hayagriva. whose caduceus or staff she often holds. Her attributes are the caduceus and a vase.Iris is represented as a youthful virgin. She is also represented as supplying the clouds with the water needed to deluge the world. motionless. and the Harpies. Osiris or Ra (from Ray of Light). a beautiful descendant of Pontus and Gaia. for example the Graeae. New life breaks through its husk to push its way to the surface of the earth as a green shoot. recovered the Vedas. and is associated with Hermes. He slayed the demon Hayagriva. He is a god of agriculture.

Arethusa. the essence of a naiad was bound to her spring. Otherwise. "When in the Iliad [xx. In his Dionisiaca. XXIV. he successively moved it to a tank. If a naiad's body of water dried. which it soon outgrew. but also all the nymphs and all the rivers. Oracles might be sited by ancient springs. such as pre-Mycenaean Lerna in the Argolid. and thus he survived along with some "seeds of life" to re-establish life on earth. Boys and girls at coming-of-age dedicated their childish locks to the local naiad of the spring. which percolated in from the sea in deep cavernous spaces within the bosom of the earth. The fish then warned him that a Great Flood would occur in a week that would destroy all life. the king Manu was washing his hands in a river when a little fish swam into his hands and begged him to save it. "to flow.356. the nymph of a spring. Manu therefore built a boat which the fish towed to a mountaintop when the flood came. there was some overlap. to rise freshened in seeps and springs. "is limited only by the fact that they are inseparably identified with a specific locality. and some very ancient spirits inhabited the still waters of marshes. wells. could make her way through subterranean flows from the Peloponnesus. Though Walter Burkert points out. In places like Lerna their waters' ritual cleansings were credited with magical medical properties.According to legend.123) Nonnus gave the naiads the nonce-name Hydriades ("water ladies"). springs. Naiads were associated with fresh water. streams. He put it in a jar. ponds and lagoon-lakes. but because the Greeks thought of the world's waters as all one system." Burkert confirms. Animals were ritually drowned there. (XVI. a river and then the ocean." (Burkert 1985). worshipped as essential to fertility and human life. which proclaimed the universal power of Zeus over the ancient natural world: "the worship of these deities. Robert Graves offers a sociopolitical reading: the new arriving Hellenes justify their presence by taking . Greek hearers recognized this impossibility as the poet's hyperbole. to surface on the island of Sicily. it is not only the well-known Olympians who come along. and brooks. she died. as the Oceanids were with saltwater and the Nereids specifically with the Mediterranean." They were often the object of archaic local cults. When a mythic king is credited with marrying a naiad and founding a city.4-9] Zeus calls the gods into assembly on Mount Olympus. Okeanos alone remains at his station. "running water") were a type of nymph who presided over fountains." and. as river gods embodied rivers. the Naiads (from the Greek. Avatars Naiad In Greek mythology.

above right). Daphnis. Hypseus. and hippocampi. a king of the Lapiths wed Chlidanope. The most notable of them is Thetis. Nereids In Greek mythology. who bore him Cyrene. where they dwelt with their father in the depths within a silvery cave. ageless creatures is easily overstated. and in the medieval Melusine. wife of Peleus and mother of Achilles. the fifty daughters of Nereus and Doris. Nereus Nereus was an ancient sea god with prophetic powers and the ability to change his shape. In classical art they are frequently depicted riding an assortment of sea creatures . Nereus mated with one of the Oceanids (Doris) and became the father of fifty daughters called Nereids [nee're-idz]. record the supplanting of ancient local cults by Olympian ones (Graves 1955. wife of Poseidon. where he was washed with water from a perpetual spring and given advice. and Galatea. a naiad. The water nymph associated with particular springs was known all through Europe in places with no direct connection with Greece.dolphins. who was the lover of Nomia. Naiads could be dangerous: Hylas of the Argo's crew was lost when he was taken by naiads fascinated by his beauty (illustration. A less well-connected mortal might have wife the naiad of the spring. Galatea and . Theocritus' story of naiad jealousy was that of a shepherd. but a genealogy for such ancient. sea monsters. love of the Cyclops Polyphemus. in the back-story of the myth of Aristaeus. he went to consult the naiads. when he sought to get away. Amphitrite. Salmacis forced the god Hermaphroditus into a carnal embrace and. according to Graves' readings. In parallels among the Immortals. passim). The Naiads were either daughters of Zeus or various Oceanids. surviving in the Celtic wells of northwest Europe that have been rededicated to Saints. fused with him. the loves and rapes of Zeus. They often accompany Poseidon and are always friendly and helpful towards sailors fighting perilous storms. They are particularly associated with the Aegean Sea. the Nereids (neer'-ee-eds) are sea nymphs. Aristaeus had more than ordinary mortal experience with the naiads: when his bees died in Thessaly. so. His aunt Arethusa invited him below the water's surface. three of these are important: Thetis. The naiads were also known to exhibit jealous tendencies. being sent as a messenger in this way to gain the advice and favor of the naiads for his people. Daphnis had on several occasions been unfaithful to Nomia and as revenge she permanently blinded him.

French anthropologists Marcel Griaule and Germaine . wherever a body part fell.Amphitrite. with whom Nereus lived in the Aegean Sea. a Titan who (with Doris) fathered the Nereids. Nommo underwent a transformation and multiplied into four pairs of twins. He was known for his truthfulness and virtue. was the eldest son of Pontus and Gaia. This dispersal of body parts is seen by the Dogon as the source for the proliferation of Binu shrines throughout the Dogons' traditional territory. He was one of the manifestations of the Old Man of the Sea. in the imagery of the struggle between Heracles and the sea-god who had to be restrained in order to deliver his information that was employed by the vase-painters. 'to make one drink'. like Proteus. Nommo The Nommo are ancestral spirits (sometimes referred to as deities) worshipped by the Dogon tribe of Mali. the Monitors. according to a scholion on Apollonius of Rhodes. Nereus. and usually they can shange their shape. and a fish-like lower torso and tail. in Greek Mythology. Nereus was gradually replaced by Triton. Africa. and "the Teachers. legs/feet. independent of any literary testimony. In the Iliad the Old Man of the Sea is the father of Nereids. never more so than when he was described. Nommo can be a proper name of an individual. Nereids are beautiful and often. The Nommos are also referred to as Masters of the Water. Nereus and Proteus ("first") seem to be two manifestations of the god of the sea who was supplanted by Poseidon when Zeus overthrew Cronus. One of the twins rebelled against the universal order created by Amma. Dogon mythology states that Nommo was the first living creature created by the sky god Amma. a shrine was erected. Amma sacrificed another of the Nommo progeny. hermaphroditic. In the latter part of the 1940's. During the course of the fifth century BCE. Folk art depictions of the Nommos show creatures with humanoid upper torsos. The word Nommos is derived from a Dogon word meaning. though Nereus is not directly named. The earliest poet to link Nereus with the labours of Heracles was Pherekydes. depicted as mermaids. but not always. the Sea and the Earth. fish-like creatures. whose body was dismembered and scattered throughout the world. as a shapeshifter with the power of prophecy. who does not appear in Homer. Shortly after his creation. who would aid heroes such as Heracles who managed to catch him even as he changed shapes. The Nommos are usually described as amphibious. or can refer to the group of spirits as a whole. To restore order to his creation.

to name a few. It is also interesting to note the motifs common to the story of Nommo with the story of Osiris (dismemberment and the erection of temples at the final resting places of their respective body parts). secret mythologies. that is why it is also said that as the universe "had drunk of his body. both instructed followers to 'drink of my body'. giving the Dogon ample . but was resurrected and returned to his home world. After arriving. The Nommos descended from the sky in a vessel accompanied by fire and thunder. The Dogon legends state that the Nommos required a watery environment in which to live. Carl Sagan has noted that the first reported association of the Dogon with the knowledge of Sirius as a binary star was in the 1940's. The Dogon reportedly related to Griaule and Dieterlen a belief that the Nommos were inhabitants of a world circling the star Sirius (see the main article on the Dogon for a discussion of their astronomical knowledge). Van Beek postulated that Griaule engaged in such leading and forceful questioning of his Dogon sources that new myths were created in the process by confabulation." the Nommo also made men drink. concerning the Nommo. Dagon (Philistine). Temple related this race to the legend of the Nommos and contended that the Nommos were extraterrestrial inhabitants of the Sirius star system who had traveled to earth at some point in the distant past and had imparted knowledge about the Sirius star system as well as our own solar system upon the Dogon tribes. the Enki (Sumeria). Fuxi (China). Temple came to the conclusion that the Dogon's knowledge of astronomy and nonvisible cosmic phenomenon could only be explained if said knowledge was imparted upon them by an extraterrestrial race that had visited the Dogon at some point in the past and given them information concerning the cosmos. Dogon legend has it that he will return in the future to revisit the Earth in a human form. and Nereus (Greece). He gave all his life principles to human beings. Some anthropologists studying the Dogon (notably Walter van Beek) found no evidence that they had any historical advanced knowledge of Sirius." The Nommo was crucified on a tree. The Nommos bear some physical resemblance to several other mythological beings: the Oannes (Babylon). There are also numerous parallels between the story of Nommo and the traditions of Jesus: both were crucified. the Nommos created a reservoir of water and subsequently dove into the water. According to the myth related to Griaule and Dieterlen: "The Nommo divided his body among men to feed them.Dieterlen (who had been working with the Dogon since 1931) were the recipients of additional. In The Sirius Mystery. and both were associated with the fish In the 1970's a book by Robert Temple titled The Sirius Mystery popularized the traditions of the Dogon concerning Sirius and the Nommos.

opportunity to gain cosmological knowledge about Sirius and the solar system from more scientifically advanced. Each of these nymphs was the patron of a particular spring. the Dogon had already come into contact with Islam and Christianity. the river-gods (Potamoi). The first and most famous was called Oannes or Oe. Oceanus and Tethys also had 3000 sons. with other similar beings called Annedotus. It has also been pointed out that binary star systems like Sirius are theorized to have a very narrow or non-existent Goldilocks Zone. but for all the night he had to go into the sea. Oceanids In Greek and Roman mythology. flower or cloud. He. Oceanus Oceanus was believed to be the world-ocean in classical antiquity. the fish-men who the Babylonians said brought them civilization. this world-ocean was personified as a Titan. Strictly speaking. notably those that are similar to Christian traditions concerning Jesus. Later Oannes will become the Fish-God for the Philistines. who was thought to have come from a 'great egg'. and thus a high improbability of containing a planet capable of sustaining life (particularly life as dependant on water as the Nommos were reported to be). pond. this Titan was often . ocean. others include both the sons and daughters under this term. In Hellenistic and Roman mosaics. Oannes The Repulsive or Repellent Ones. pasture. a son of Uranus and Gaia. the Oceanids were the three thousand daughters of the Titans Oceanus and Tethys. which the ancient Romans and Greeks considered to be an enormous river encircling the world. terrestrial societies whom they had come in contact with. It should also be noted that by the 1940's when Marcel Griaule and Germaine Dieterlen recorded the Nommo legends. which could have influenced some of their earlier Nommo traditions. This one during the day stayed on the surface among people. One of these many daughters was also said to have been the wife of the god Poseidon. Whereas most sources limit the term Oceanids or Oceaniades to the daughters. In Greek mythology. typically named as Amphitrite. lake. a demon. river. Okeanos was the ocean-stream at the Equator in which floated the habitable hemisphere (oikoumene). is the creator of the Babylonian civilization (Berosso).

and royalty personified. Life and the transition of human beings and spirits between these two existences. and Tethys our mother who brought me up kindly in their own house.depicted as having the upper body of a muscular man with a long beard and horns. or Titanomachy.1) of ca 580 BCE. Olokun Olokun is experienced in male and female personifications. appreciation for history. endurance. perhaps more than can ever be learned. the instinct that there is something worth knowing. while the newcomer of a later generation. fountains. and lakes. Typhon). Some scholars believe that Oceanus originally represented all bodies of salt water. also known as the three-thousand Oceanids. is a fish-tailed Oceanus." In most variations of the war between the Titans and the Olympians. In most variations of this myth. whence the gods have risen. Uranus. Its characteristics are found and displayed in the depths of the Ocean. Olokun also signifies unfathomable wisdom. Olokun is considered the patron orisa of the descendants of Africans that were carried away during the Maafa. ruled over the Mediterranean. Oceanus' consort is his sister Tethys. as it plays a critical role in Death (Iku). the two largest bodies known to the ancient Greeks. meditation. gifts of bounty and prophecy. Its name means Owner (Olo) of Oceans (Okun). but instead withdrew from the conflict. patience. However. In Roman mosaics he might carry a steering-oar and cradle a ship. On a fragmentary archaic vessel (British Museum 1971. including the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. along with Prometheus and Themis. Poseidon. among the gods arriving at the wedding of Peleus and the sea-nymph Thetis. depending on what region and of West Africa He/She is worshipped. Olokun is personified in several human characteristics. and Hera mentions twice in Iliad book xiv her intended journey "to the ends of the generous earth on a visit to Okeanos. future visions. as geography became more accurate. Oceanus came to represent the stranger. and the lower torso of a serpent (cf. of the race of Titans. That is. did not take the side of his fellow Titans against the Olympians. especially the spiritual sciences . Oceanus also refused to side with Cronus in the latter's revolt against their father.11-1. more unknown waters of the Atlantic Ocean (also called the "Ocean Sea"). and from their union came the ocean nymphs. Oceanus. the Olympian gods have their birth. with a fish in one hand and a serpent in the other. or what is sometimes referred to as the Transatlantic Slave Trade or Middle Passage. From Cronus. and all the rivers of the world. observation. sternness. Olokun works closely with Oya (Deity of Sudden Change)and Egungun (Collective Ancestral Spirits) to herald the way for those that pass to ancestorship.

of the Sea's dangerous aspects. Hesiod (Theogony. Pontos seems little more than a personification of Sea. Olokun also is worshipped by those that seek political and social ascension. but propel them further among the ranks of their peers. mental health and water-based healing.that most people spend a lifetime pondering. Cronos and Rhea were the eldest offspring of Oceanus and Tethys (Kerenyi p 42). In ancient mosaics he was depicted as a fish-tailed merman with crab-claw fore-legs and red. the primeval sea god. "sea") was an ancient. meditation. For Hesiod. who was more vividly realized than Pontus among the Hellenes. His wife was Ceto and together they had many children. which is why heads of state. dreaming. Compare the sea-Titan Oceanus. royalty. who. according to Hesiod. Olokun also governs material wealth. Phorcys. entrepreneurs and socialites often turn to Olokun to not only protect their reputations. line 116) says that Gaia brought forth Pontos out of herself. pre-Olympian sea-god. whose own name simply means "Sea" but in a pre-Greek root. all hideous monsters (except for the Hesperides) collectively known as the Phorcydes. Phorcys In Greek mythology. but they were turned into monsters. Pontus In Greek mythology. son of Gaia and Aether. The Gorgons and Scylla were four of his beautiful children. Olokun is one of many Orisa known to help women that desire children. he was the father of the Telchines. Other names for the Old Man are Nereus and Proteus (Kerenyi pp 42-43). Ceto with Pontus and a lion attacking the Titans in the Titanomachy from the Pergamon Zeus Altar. Pontus (or Pontos. With Gaia. without coupling. the Earth and the Air. With Thalassa. psychic abilities. he was the father of the Old Man of the Sea. Nereus and Thaumas (the awe-striking "wonder" of the Sea). or Phorkys was one of the names of the "Old One of the Sea". and of the "Strong Goddess" Eurybia. Poseidon Greek god of the seas . was the son of Pontus and Gaia. According to the Orphic hymns Phorcys. Phorcys and his sister-consort Ceto.

and future--but would not share his knowledge unless compelled by a captur who could restrain the God--no matter what forms he might assume. Scylla Scylla is one of the two sea monsters in Greek mythology (the other being Charybdis) which lives on one side of a narrow channel of water. Scylla has the face and torso of a woman. Lamia or Ceto (where Scylla would also be known as one of the Phorcydes). She was the personification of the dangers of the sea. a daughter of Gaia and Pontus. Crataeis. Ceto. unknown terrors and bizarre creatures. It is still used in this way cetacean is a derivation. Like the other sea-gods he had the gift of prophecy and the ability to change his shape at will. but from her flanks grow six long necks equipped with dog heads. In Greek art Ceto was drawn as a serpentine fish. In Greek mythology. and its satellite (65489) Ceto I Phorcys after her husband. She was one of the children of Phorcys and either Hecate. The asteroid (65489) Ceto is named after her. collectively known as the Phorcydes or Phorcydides. He used to rest in caves to 'shelter from the heat of the Sirius. He was a son of Neptune and subject to thesea god Poseidon. present. Her body consisted of twelve canine legs and a fish's tail. or the island of Carpathus. or Keto (Greek: "sea monster") was a hideous aquatic monster. each of which contained three rows of sharp teeth. In Homer's Odyssey. Ceto also gave name to the constellation Cetus. Eventually. near the mouth of the Nile River. between Crete and Rhodes. The phrase between Scylla and Charybdis has come to mean being in a state where one is between two dangers and moving away from one will cause you to be in danger from the other. and his dwelling place was either the island of Pharos. The two sides of the strait are within an arrow's range of each other. so close that sailors attempting to avoid Charybdis will pass too close to Scylla and vice versa. the word "ceto" became simple shorthand for any sea monster. Her husband was Phorcys and they had many children. He knew all things--past. for . Traditionally the aforementioned strait has been associated with the Strait of Messina between Italy and Sicily but more recently this theory has been challenged and the alternative location of Cape Skilla in north west Greece suggested.Proteus 'Proteus' was an ancient sea-god and the herdsman of Poseidon's seals. Odysseus is given advice by Circe to sail closer to Scylla.

According to myth. of the ocean. sea-lions and whales hunted by the Inuit. but Scylla manages to catch six of his men. Glaucus sought the help of Circe. until one day Glaucus saw and fell in love with her. and her huge fingers became the seals. She scorned her many suitors and chose to live among the Nereids instead. hoping that this witch could make Scylla to love him with her herbs. but Circe fell in love with Glaucus herself and asked him to forget Scylla. especially mammals such as seals. Scylla and Charybdis are believed to have been the entities from which the term. She went and poisoned the water which Scylla used to bathe with her magical herbs. the submerged half of her body was transformed into a combination of fish joined with six ferocious dogs' heads sprouting from around her waist.It is said that by the time Aeneas' fleet came through the strait after the fall of Troy. When Scylla waded into the water. Scylla was originally a beautiful nymph.As retold by Thomas Bulfinch. She sank to the underworld. . When Glaucus declared his love to Scylla she fled. Odysseus then successfully navigates his ship past Scylla and Charybdis. She is said to have been so huge and hungry that she ate everything in her parents' home. beyond her ability to control. Glaucus was a mortal fisherman who had previously been transformed by chewing a plant. She lives in Adlivun. whereupon he chopped her fingers off one by one until she let go. declaring that his love for Scylla was eternal. Sedna In Inuit mythology. and even gnawed off one of her father's arms as he slept.Charybdis could drown his whole ship. and Scylla fled to the shore of the strait to live there alone. She clung to its sides. gaining the form of a fish from his waist down. The dogs attacked and devoured anyone who came near. Sedna is also known as Arnakuagsak or Arnarquagssaq (Greenland) and Nerrivik or Nuliajuk (Alaskan). becoming the queen of the monsters of the deep. Anguta was so angry that he threw her over the side of his canoe. According to some versions of the myth. "Between a rock and a hard place" (ie: a difficult place) originated. and turned her anger on the girl whom he loved. the Inuit underworld. devouring them alive.Circe was enraged by Glaucus' refusal. she took a dog for her husband. taking him for a monster. Sedna was the daughter of the creator-god Anguta and his wife. Glaucus rejected her request. Scylla had been changed into a dangerous rock outcropping which still stands there to this day. Sedna is a sea goddess and master of the animals.

Thetis does not need to appeal to Zeus for immortality for her son. she supplements the parallels with images from the repertory of archaic vase-painters. He is usually represented as a merman. goddess of the sea. Triton Triton is a mythological Greek god.M. Quintus of Smyrna. ii. Willcock. "to set up. While most extant material about Thetis concerns her role as mother of Achilles. but snatches him away to the White Island Leuke in the Black Sea. which presents a strikingly similar relationship that of the divine Dawn. Its sound was so terrible. god of the sea. suggests the perception among Classical Greeks of an early political role. with one exception. the messenger of the deep. daughters of "the ancient one of the seas. recalling this passage. the lost Aethiopis. and where an Achilles cult lingered into historic times. where Eros and Thetis flank the symmetrical opposed heroes. from tithemi. Walter Burkert considers her name a transformed doublet of Tethys. and some readers. Theogony). but there is no other reference to this rebellion among the Olympians. one of the fifty Nereids. He is the son of Poseidon. Triton's special attribute was a twisted conch shell." Nereus. it put the giants to flight. and links the goddess's present and past through her grief. According to Hesiod's . Poet. Like his father. establish". silver-footed Thetis is a sea nymph. who imagined it to be the roar of a mighty wild beast (Hyginus. that when loudly blown. Eos. The pre-modern etymology of her name. a grand-daughter of Tethys. having the upper body of a human and the tail of a fish. an alternate Elysium where he has transcended death. and while she is largely a creature of poetic fancy rather than cult worship in the historical period. on which he blew like a trumpet to calm or raise the waves. he carried a trident. like M. and Doris (Hesiod. However.Sirens Thetis In Greek mythology. and Amphitrite. astronom. with her slain son Memnon. in that the immediate presentation of Thetis in the Iliad is as a helpless minor goddess overcome by grief and lamenting to her Nereid sisters. have understood the episode as an ad hoc invention of Homer's to support Achilles' request that his mother intervene with Zeus. Laura Slatkin explores the apparent contradiction. does write that Thetis once released Zeus from chains. a few fragmentary hints and references suggest an older layer of the tradition. in which the sea-goddess Thetis played a far more central role in the religious practices and imagination of certain Greeks. She draws comparisons with Thetis' role in another work of the epic Cycle concerning Troy. 23).

Olokun. Her parents are Oduduwa and Obatala. the crew carried the vessel to Lake Tritonis. They include Ogun. half-fish. Triton also appeared in Roman myths and epics. Yemoja is the equivalent of Our Lady of Regla. who raped her successfully one time and attempted a second time. Shopona and Shango. the local deity. Orungan. The story of the Argonauts places his home on the coast of Libya. the Centauro-Triton or Ichthyocentaur ("Fish-centaur"). The six-sided or hexagram star is revered as a religious symbol by the Hebrews who call it the Seal of Solomon. Triton's name and image came to be associated with a class of merman-like creatures. 1552). Yemoja is a goddess of the ocean and patron deity of the survivors of shipwrecks. and fifteen Orishas came forth from her. the trumpeter of Aeneas. challenged Triton to a contest of trumpeting.Yemoja is also venerated in Vodun. she exploded instead. the Tritons. patron deity of women. especially pregnant women. and usually formed the escort of marine divinities. whence Triton. In Santeria. and the Hindus who call it the Mark of Vishnu.Theogony. Yamaja In Yoruba mythology. The god flung him into the sea for his arrogance. In the Aeneid. Pallas was killed by Athena during a fight between the two goddesses. Ordinary Tritons were described in detail by the geographer Pausanias (ix. Yemoja is a mother goddess. This name is symbolic. the largest moon of the planet Neptune. Triton is also sometimes cited as the father of Scylla by Lamia. Misenus. Triton was the father of Pallas and foster parent to the goddess Athena. Over time. Among the Umbandists. Among the things named after Triton include Triton. Triton dwelt with his parents in a golden palace in the depths of the sea. A variety of Triton. was described as having the forefeet of a horse in addition to the human body and the fish tail. It is probable that the idea of Triton owes its origin to the Phoenician fish-deities. When the Argo was driven ashore on the Lesser Syrtes. which could be male or female. as Neptune is the Roman name for Triton's father. and the Ogun river (the waters of which are said to cure infertility). 21). . a god-man who was half-man. hard wearing machines such as Ford's Triton Engines and Mitsubishi's Triton pickup trucks. guided them across to the Mediterranean (Apollonius Rhodius iv. Triton is also associated in industry with tough. She had one son.