# 33) On a sunny day a PV cell with an area of 10 cm by 10 cm will deliver a current of 2 A and a voltage of 0.5 V.

(a) How much power does this PV cell produce? (b) How many of these cells are needed to produce 15 W electrical power? (This is the power necessary for one low energy light bulb, which provides the same level of light as an old style 60W light bulb.) (c) What is the total area of PV material (in m2) to produce 15 Watts? (d) How many of these low energy light bulbs can be lit when the area of PV material is 1 m2?

34) One PV module has 48 monocrystalline silicon PV cells. The area of each cell is a pseudo square with an area of 12 cm by 12 cm. (a) What is the area of one PV cell (assume that each PV cell is a true square)? (b) What is the total area of PV material in this PV module (in m2)? (c) The efficiency of one PV cell to convert energy from the sun into electricity is about 16.4%. How much power from the sun is required to get 100 W of electrical power output from one PV cell? (d) On a very bright sunny day the amount of light from the sun is 1000 W/m2. How much power would this PV module produce at this time?

what is its daily electrical energy requirement? (e) Does the PV module in the SHS supply enough energy for all their needs? (f) Discuss the result. how much electricity will it provide every day? (b) The family wants to have one light in the main room of the house. In fact there would be about 12 hours of sunlight during which time the light intensity would vary but the daily total would be 6 kWh/m2. This will allow them to have light and to watch TV in the evening. Assuming that the module operates at 25°C (i. the energy from the sun averages 6 kWh/m2 each day. If their television requires 50 W and they watch every day for two hours.37) Imagine a family living in Africa. How much electrical energy does each light use each and what is the total daily requirement of the lights? What power output would a PV module require to supply this electricity? (d) The family also likes to watch TV. In Africa. Which light bulbs would it be best to use for the different lamps and why? (c) Assume that the main light is used for four hours a day. (a) The PV module in a SHS has a power output of 50 Wp. 16 W @ 75 W & 20 W @ 100 W). which require between seven and twenty Watts. (Equivalence of low energy light bulbs to standard light bulbs: 7 W @ 40 W. the kitchen light for two hours per day and the table light for three hours each day. They have no grid connection and hence no electricity so they intend to buy a Solar Home System (SHS). where their home is. at STC). That means the energy provided from the sun is equivalent to a light intensity of 1000W/m2 for six hours each day.e. . You must help them to look at their electricity requirement to see what size of SHS will provide enough electricity. 11 W @ 60 W. one light in the kitchen and one on a table where the children do their homework. Of course they would use low energy light bulbs.

What is its area in mm2? (b) Its efficiency. How much power output does the PV material in the calculator produce on this day? . How much power input is required to get a power output of one mW? (c) What is the light intensity (in mW per mm2) that is necessary to get this power output from the PV material in the calculator? (d) On a bright sunny day the amount of light from the sun is 1000 W per 1m2. is 10%.32) For a Photovoltaic (PV) powered calculator. to convert power from the sun into electrical power for the calculator. Show that this is equivalent to 1 mW per 1 mm2. please calculate the following: (a) The PV material on a PV powered calculator is a rectangle measuring 20 mm by 5 mm.