Poverty Status of

Aged Persons Based
on Family Income

Poverty Status of Aged Persons Based on Family Income
Table 8.1
By Social Security beneficiary status, marital status, race, Hispanic origin, sex, and age, 2004

Sex and age

Number Percentage below
(thousands)
poverty line

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

Sex and age

All persons

Number Percentage below
(thousands)
poverty line

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

By beneficiary status (cont.)
Nonbeneficiary

All persons
55–61
62–64
65 or older

22,214
7,317
35,213

9.1
9.8
9.8

11.9
13.4
16.5

All persons
55–61
62–64
65 or older

20,192
4,102
4,168

8.4
9.6
25.4

10.8
11.8
30.2

Men
55–61
62–64
65 or older

10,563
3,484
15,151

8.1
9.1
7.0

10.5
11.9
12.2

Men
55–61
62–64
65 or older

9,629
2,082
1,836

7.6
8.6
22.7

9.5
10.8
26.7

Women
55–61
62–64
65 or older

11,651
3,834
20,063

10.0
10.5
12.0

13.2
14.6
19.7

Women
55–61
62–64
65 or older

10,562
2,020
2,333

9.2
10.6
27.5

12.0
12.9
33.0

By beneficiary status
Beneficiary a

By marital status
Married

All persons
55–61
62–64
65 or older

2,023
3,215
31,045

16.0
10.1
7.7

23.1
15.3
14.6

All persons
55–61
62–64
65 or older

15,124
5,072
19,278

5.5
4.9
4.5

7.5
7.2
8.1

Men
55–61
62–64
65 or older

934
1,402
13,315

12.9
9.8
4.8

20.4
13.6
10.2

Men
55–61
62–64
65 or older

7,790
2,665
10,858

5.4
5.6
4.6

7.0
8.2
8.0

Women
55–61
62–64
65 or older

1,089
1,814
17,730

18.5
10.3
9.9

25.4
16.6
18.0

Women
55–61
62–64
65 or older

7,333
2,407
8,420

5.6
4.1
4.4

7.9
6.0
8.1
(Continued)

Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2004 ♦ 147

Poverty Status of Aged Persons Based on Family Income
Table 8.1
By Social Security beneficiary status, marital status, race, Hispanic origin, sex, and age, 2004—Continued

Sex and age

Number Percentage below
(thousands)
poverty line

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

Sex and age

By marital status (cont.)
Nonmarried b

Number Percentage below
(thousands)
poverty line

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

By marital status (cont.)
Never married

All persons
55–61
62–64
65 or older

7,091
2,245
15,935

16.8
20.9
16.2

21.5
27.3
26.7

All persons
55–61
62–64
65 or older

1,487
366
1,460

16.9
21.8
21.9

21.8
28.1
30.6

Men
55–61
62–64
65 or older

2,773
819
4,292

15.7
20.4
13.1

20.2
24.2
22.7

Men
55–61
62–64
65 or older

747
158
670

15.3
19.5
22.6

22.4
23.3
33.9

Women
55–61
62–64
65 or older

4,317
1,427
11,643

17.5
21.1
17.4

22.4
29.1
28.2

Women
55–61
62–64
65 or older

740
208
790

18.6
23.5
21.3

21.2
31.8
27.9

Widowed

Divorced

All persons
55–61
62–64
65 or older

1,194
624
10,682

14.9
21.7
14.5

20.3
31.7
25.5

All persons
55–61
62–64
65 or older

3,592
1,002
2,777

16.2
19.8
17.3

20.3
24.4
26.7

Men
55–61
62–64
65 or older

221
123
2,069

13.6
24.9
10.9

21.3
28.4
19.9

Men
55–61
62–64
65 or older

1,466
397
1,070

15.7
20.0
12.0

18.1
23.9
21.5

Women
55–61
62–64
65 or older

973
501
8,613

15.2
20.9
15.4

20.1
32.5
26.9

Women
55–61
62–64
65 or older

2,125
605
1,707

16.6
19.7
20.7

21.8
24.7
30.0
(Continued)

148 ♦ Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2004

Poverty Status of Aged Persons Based on Family Income
Table 8.1
By Social Security beneficiary status, marital status, race, Hispanic origin, sex, and age, 2004—Continued

Sex and age

Number Percentage below
(thousands)
poverty line

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

Sex and age

Number Percentage below
(thousands)
poverty line

By race
White alone

Hispanic origin

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

c

All persons
55–61
62–64
65 or older

18,737
6,254
30,710

8.1
8.7
8.3

10.7
11.8
14.4

All persons
55–61
62–64
65 or older

1,776
540
2,194

13.9
17.3
18.7

19.4
23.7
30.0

Men
55–61
62–64
65 or older

9,007
3,000
13,314

7.5
8.6
5.8

9.5
10.9
10.4

Men
55–61
62–64
65 or older

852
250
930

12.5
17.4
16.4

16.3
22.5
26.5

Women
55–61
62–64
65 or older

9,729
3,254
17,396

8.7
8.9
10.2

11.7
12.6
17.6

Women
55–61
62–64
65 or older

924
290
1,264

15.2
17.2
20.4

22.3
24.8
32.6

Black alone
All persons
55–61
62–64
65 or older

2,223
686
2,958

17.1
18.7
23.9

21.9
25.5
35.1

Men
55–61
62–64
65 or older

973
299
1,154

14.0
16.7
17.4

19.1
22.2
27.6

Women
55–61
62–64
65 or older

1,250
387
1,804

19.5
20.2
28.0

24.0
28.0
39.8

NOTE: The family money income of aged persons is compared with the official poverty lines of families in 2004.
a. Social Security beneficiaries may be receiving retired-worker benefits, dependents' or survivors' benefits, disability benefits, transitionally insured benefits, or special age-72 benefits.
b. Includes persons who are separated or are married but living apart from their spouse.
c. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.

Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2004 ♦ 149

Poverty Status of Persons 65 or Older Based on Family Income
Table 8.2
By Social Security beneficiary status, marital status, race, Hispanic origin, sex, and age, 2004

Sex and age

Number Percentage below
(thousands)
poverty line

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

Sex and age

All persons

Number Percentage below
(thousands)
poverty line

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

By beneficiary status
Beneficiary a

All persons
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

10,124
8,264
7,596
9,229

9.2
9.6
9.1
11.3

13.8
15.3
16.5
20.4

All persons
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

8,416
7,361
6,853
8,415

6.9
7.6
6.7
9.5

11.6
13.4
14.5
18.9

Men
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

4,814
3,652
3,227
3,457

7.0
7.6
6.2
7.0

10.9
12.3
12.3
13.7

Men
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

3,984
3,273
2,922
3,136

4.7
5.5
4.0
5.1

8.5
10.4
10.4
11.9

Women
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

5,310
4,612
4,368
5,772

11.1
11.2
11.3
13.9

16.5
17.7
19.6
24.5

Women
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

4,432
4,088
3,931
5,278

9.0
9.2
8.8
12.1

14.3
15.9
17.6
23.0
(Continued)

150 ♦ Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2004

Poverty Status of Persons 65 or Older Based on Family Income
Table 8.2
By Social Security beneficiary status, marital status, race, Hispanic origin, sex, and age, 2004—Continued

Sex and age

Number Percentage below
(thousands)
poverty line

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

Sex and age

Number Percentage below
(thousands)
poverty line

By beneficiary status (cont.)
Nonbeneficiary

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

By marital status
Married

All persons
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

1,708
903
742
815

20.2
26.2
31.1
30.3

25.0
30.7
34.6
36.6

All persons
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

6,756
4,996
4,111
3,415

4.3
4.5
4.4
5.0

7.2
7.6
8.5
9.7

Men
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

830
380
305
321

18.4
25.5
27.9
25.7

22.4
29.1
30.7
31.5

Men
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

3,673
2,716
2,335
2,135

4.4
4.4
5.0
4.5

7.3
7.4
9.0
9.0

Women
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

879
523
437
494

21.8
26.7
33.4
33.4

27.5
31.9
37.4
39.9

Women
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

3,083
2,280
1,776
1,281

4.2
4.6
3.7
5.9

7.2
7.9
7.9
10.9
(Continued)

Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2004 ♦ 151

Poverty Status of Persons 65 or Older Based on Family Income
Table 8.2
By Social Security beneficiary status, marital status, race, Hispanic origin, sex, and age, 2004—Continued

Sex and age

Number Percentage below
(thousands)
poverty line

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

Sex and age

By marital status (cont.)
Nonmarried b

Number Percentage below
(thousands)
poverty line

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

By marital status (cont.)
Widowed

All persons
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

3,368
3,268
3,485
5,814

18.9
17.4
14.7
15.0

27.0
27.1
25.9
26.7

All persons
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

1,448
2,020
2,410
4,804

17.9
14.9
13.6
13.8

26.4
24.5
25.5
25.7

Men
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

1,141
936
892
1,323

15.3
16.8
9.4
11.0

22.6
26.6
20.8
21.2

Men
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

285
407
445
932

10.4
14.6
10.6
9.7

17.3
21.2
21.7
19.3

Women
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

2,227
2,332
2,592
4,492

20.7
17.6
16.5
16.2

29.3
27.3
27.6
28.3

Women
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

1,163
1,613
1,965
3,872

19.8
15.0
14.3
14.8

28.6
25.3
26.4
27.2
(Continued)

152 ♦ Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2004

Poverty Status of Persons 65 or Older Based on Family Income
Table 8.2
By Social Security beneficiary status, marital status, race, Hispanic origin, sex, and age, 2004—Continued

Sex and age

Number Percentage below
(thousands)
poverty line

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

Sex and age

By marital status (cont.)
Never married

Number Percentage below
(thousands)
poverty line

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

By marital status (cont.)
Divorced

All persons
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

464
354
329
312

24.9
26.5
13.6
20.7

33.0
34.5
22.7
31.1

All persons
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

1,141
658
559
418

17.3
15.1
17.5
20.6

25.0
25.1
27.4
32.9

Men
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

232
177
148
113

29.3
27.0
6.5
22.6

37.4
39.2
19.7
37.1

Men
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

463
256
212
138

11.9
13.8
9.2
13.1

19.2
23.5
20.8
26.6

Women
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

233
178
181
199

20.6
26.0
19.4
19.5

28.6
29.9
25.2
27.7

Women
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

679
402
347
280

21.1
15.9
22.6
24.3

28.9
26.2
31.5
36.0
(Continued)

Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2004 ♦ 153

Poverty Status of Persons 65 or Older Based on Family Income
Table 8.2
By Social Security beneficiary status, marital status, race, Hispanic origin, sex, and age, 2004—Continued

Sex and age

Number Percentage below
(thousands)
poverty line

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

Sex and age

Number Percentage below
(thousands)
poverty line

By race
White alone

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

By race (cont.)
Black alone

All persons
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

8,591
7,163
6,741
8,215

7.6
7.8
7.5
10.0

11.7
13.0
14.2
18.7

All persons
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

1,001
714
573
669

20.2
25.0
25.7
26.5

28.4
35.3
39.7
40.8

Men
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

4,084
3,204
2,894
3,132

5.4
6.2
5.3
6.2

8.8
10.3
10.4
12.5

Men
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

463
265
230
196

17.7
19.3
15.6
16.2

24.8
28.4
30.9
29.4

Women
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

4,506
3,959
3,847
5,083

9.6
9.1
9.1
12.3

14.4
15.1
17.1
22.6

Women
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

538
449
344
473

22.4
28.4
32.5
30.7

31.5
39.4
45.6
45.6
(Continued)

154 ♦ Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2004

Poverty Status of Persons 65 or Older Based on Family Income
Table 8.2
By Social Security beneficiary status, marital status, race, Hispanic
origin, sex, and age, 2004—Continued

Sex and age

Number Percentage below
(thousands)
poverty line

Hispanic origin

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

c

All persons
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

750
566
428
449

19.0
19.1
18.9
17.4

29.5
28.9
30.2
32.0

Men
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

322
245
188
174

17.3
16.8
16.6
13.7

26.2
28.5
24.6
26.5

Women
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

428
321
240
275

20.2
20.9
20.7
19.8

32.0
29.2
34.7
35.5

NOTE: The family money income of aged persons is compared with the official poverty
lines of families in 2004.
a. Social Security beneficiaries may be receiving retired-worker benefits, dependents'
or survivors' benefits, disability benefits, transitionally insured benefits, or special
age-72 benefits.
b. Includes persons who are separated or are married but living apart from their
spouse.
c. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.

Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2004 ♦ 155

Poverty Status of Persons 65 or Older Based on Family Income
Table 8.3
Social Security beneficiaries, by marital status, race, Hispanic origin, sex, and age, 2004

Sex and age

Number Percentage below
(thousands)
poverty line

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

Sex and age

Number Percentage below
(thousands)
poverty line

All persons

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

By marital status
Married

All persons 65
or older
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

31,045
8,416
7,361
6,853
8,415

7.7
6.9
7.6
6.7
9.5

14.6
11.6
13.4
14.5
18.9

All persons 65
or older
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

Men 65 or older
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

13,315
3,984
3,273
2,922
3,136

4.8
4.7
5.5
4.0
5.1

10.2
8.5
10.4
10.4
11.9

Women 65 or older
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

17,730
4,432
4,088
3,931
5,278

9.9
9.0
9.2
8.8
12.1

18.0
14.3
15.9
17.6
23.0

16,957
5,655
4,475
3,722
3,105

2.6
2.6
2.5
2.6
3.0

6.1
5.4
5.7
6.6
7.4

Men 65 or older
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

9,566
3,051
2,438
2,126
1,952

2.7
2.6
2.5
2.9
2.7

6.1
5.5
5.5
7.0
7.0

Women 65 or older
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

7,391
2,603
2,037
1,597
1,153

2.6
2.5
2.5
2.2
3.4

6.1
5.3
5.9
6.1
8.1
(Continued)

156 ♦ Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2004

Poverty Status of Persons 65 or Older Based on Family Income
Table 8.3
Social Security beneficiaries, by marital status, race, Hispanic origin, sex, and age, 2004—Continued

Sex and age

Number Percentage below
(thousands)
poverty line

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

Sex and age

By marital status (cont.)
Nonmarried a
All persons 65
or older
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older
Men 65 or older
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older
Women 65 or older
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

Number Percentage below
(thousands)
poverty line

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

By marital status (cont.)
Widowed

14,088
2,761
2,886
3,131
5,310

13.9
15.9
15.4
11.7
13.3

24.9
24.2
25.4
23.9
25.6

All persons 65
or older
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

9,652
1,211
1,801
2,194
4,446

12.5
15.0
13.4
11.0
12.2

24.1
23.8
23.4
23.7
24.5

3,749
933
835
796
1,185

10.3
11.3
14.3
6.9
9.0

20.5
18.6
24.6
19.4
19.9

Men 65 or older
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

1,851
232
366
402
850

9.2
8.4
12.4
9.1
8.0

18.6
16.0
19.6
20.8
17.8

10,339
1,828
2,051
2,335
4,125

15.2
18.2
15.9
13.3
14.5

26.5
27.1
25.8
25.4
27.2

Women 65 or older
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

7,801
979
1,435
1,792
3,596

13.3
16.6
13.6
11.4
13.2

25.4
25.6
24.4
24.4
26.1
(Continued)

Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2004 ♦ 157

Poverty Status of Persons 65 or Older Based on Family Income
Table 8.3
Social Security beneficiaries, by marital status, race, Hispanic origin, sex, and age, 2004—Continued

Sex and age

Number Percentage below
(thousands)
poverty line

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

Sex and age

By marital status (cont.)
Never married
All persons 65
or older
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

Number Percentage below
(thousands)
poverty line

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

By marital status (cont.)
Divorced

1,150
331
296
277
246

17.3
18.6
25.5
7.4
16.9

27.0
26.5
33.8
18.2
29.3

All persons 65
or older
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

Men 65 or older
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

556
171
153
137
95

18.8
23.1
28.5
3.6
17.2

30.9
30.4
41.0
17.8
34.4

Men 65 or older
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

Women 65 or older
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

595
161
142
140
151

16.0
13.9
22.4
11.2
16.7

23.3
22.4
26.1
18.6
26.1

Women 65 or older
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

2,444
974
595
506
370

15.4
15.5
13.0
15.9
18.5

25.3
23.6
22.6
26.9
32.1

933
396
229
185
122

8.0
7.4
8.9
6.0
11.1

18.3
15.1
18.7
19.3
26.5

1,512
578
365
321
248

20.0
21.0
15.5
21.6
22.1

29.6
29.4
25.0
31.2
34.9
(Continued)

158 ♦ Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2004

Poverty Status of Persons 65 or Older Based on Family Income
Table 8.3
Social Security beneficiaries, by marital status, race, Hispanic origin, sex, and age, 2004—Continued

Sex and age

Number Percentage below
(thousands)
poverty line

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

Sex and age

Number Percentage below
(thousands)
poverty line

By race
White alone

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

By race (cont.)
Black alone

All persons 65
or older
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

27,507
7,300
6,455
6,170
7,582

6.4
5.8
6.0
5.5
8.3

12.9
10.0
11.2
12.6
17.3

All persons 65
or older
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

Men 65 or older
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

11,864
3,449
2,901
2,646
2,868

3.9
3.5
4.3
3.2
4.5

8.6
6.9
8.5
8.6
10.9

Men 65 or older
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

Women 65 or older
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

15,643
3,851
3,553
3,524
4,714

8.4
7.9
7.4
7.2
10.6

16.1
12.8
13.4
15.6
21.2

Women 65 or older
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

2,420
747
602
475
596

21.5
17.3
23.3
21.4
25.2

33.5
25.0
34.5
37.1
40.2

943
353
226
196
167

14.3
13.4
17.3
12.5
13.9

25.5
21.2
27.5
29.7
27.2

1,477
393
376
278
429

26.2
20.7
26.8
27.7
29.7

38.5
28.5
38.6
42.3
45.3
(Continued)

Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2004 ♦ 159

Poverty Status of Persons 65 or Older Based on Family Income
Table 8.3
Social Security beneficiaries, by marital status, race, Hispanic origin,
sex, and age, 2004—Continued

Sex and age

Number Percentage below
(thousands)
poverty line

Hispanic origin
All persons 65
or older
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

Percentage below
125% of
poverty line

b

1,680
530
439
348
363

14.3
15.3
14.8
13.0
13.5

26.7
25.0
26.2
26.6
30.1

Men 65 or older
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

722
223
201
156
142

11.7
12.1
12.3
11.1
10.8

22.6
20.8
25.2
20.7
23.9

Women 65 or older
65–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

958
307
238
192
221

16.3
17.7
17.0
14.5
15.3

29.8
28.1
27.0
31.3
34.0

NOTE: The family money income of aged persons is compared with the official poverty
lines of families in 2004.
a. Includes persons who are separated or are married but living apart from their
spouse.
b. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.

160 ♦ Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2004