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0

Introduction Dynamics is a field of study whereas we will involve with the motion of the bodies under the

action of forces. Dynamics consist two distinct parts are kinematics (deals with the study of motion without reference to the force which cause motions) and kinetics (relate the action of forces on bodies to their resulting motions). As for our project, our scope is to do analysis for spring powered toy. Our group chooses a toy is B-daman. B-Daman is a marble shooting toy produced in Japan by Takara. The blaster's design is a humanoid figure at the center, from which a specially made marble, is launched (not just any marbles can be used). Different attachments are used to change a B-Daman's accuracy, power, balance, control, and rapid fire. They are customizable and each have a special gimmick. In the English language Battle B-Daman toys, the marbles are referred to as "B-Dama". In all cases they are simply called "marbles". Hence the name "B-Daman") in Japan. In order to have a deeper understanding about concept dynamic for our project, it was essential to explore using spring powered toys. In addition through the investigate were obtained the concept: 1. Rectilinear kinematic Specifying at any instant, the particle’s position, velocity, and acceleration. It also investigates lows of motion of objects along straight line without any reference to forces that cause the motion to change. 2. Conservation of momentum and impulse motion The principle of impulse and momentum for a rigid body can be developed by combining the equation of motion with kinematics. The resulting equation will yield a direct solution to problems involving force, velocity and time 3. Motion of projectile A projectile is an object upon which the only force is gravity. Gravity acts to influence the vertical motion of the projectile, thus causing a vertical acceleration. The horizontal motion of the projectile is the result of the tendency of any object in motion to remain in motion at constant velocity. Due to the absence of horizontal forces, a projectile remains in motion with a constant horizontal velocity.

1

To find the direction or angle and initial velocity of the marble from the B-daman to strikes the ground. Experiment 3.2.2 Measurement The measurement activities we divide into two sections a.0 METHODOLOGY 3. conservation of momentum and impulse motion and also motion of projectile 2 . it was essential to explore using spring powered toys. 3. velocity and distance travel from the s-t graph and v-t graph. conservation of momentum and impulse motion and also motion of projectile 3. In addition through the investigate were obtained the concept rectilinear kinematic. Theoretical b. 2.1 Introduction In order to have a deeper understanding about concept dynamic.0 PROBLEM STATEMENT 1.2.1 Theoretical measurement In the theoretical measurement were provide three categories of concept rectilinear kinematic. To get the acceleration. To find the velocity of a marbles after collision if two of the marble have velocity. 3.

Experiment 1 - The marble release from toys and the time taken when the marble travel at 100cm. The experiment was repeats three times to get the average time. The time and distance also taken when the two marble collide and stop run.5cm high on the track and another marble release from toys from the opposite without high at the same time.3. Experiment 2. The time and distance taken from the two marble releases to the marble collide. and 300cm on the track. 3 . - Marble was release at 20.2. 200cm. 2.2 Experiment Measurement 1.

5cm.3. The time and distance taken from the marble release to the marble fall. Experiment 3. - Projectile experiment starts with marble release from toys at high 20. 4 . The experiment was repeats three times to get the average value.

27 3.53 Length (m) 1 2 3 Test 1 0.0 RESULTS 4.5 0 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 1.34 3.5 4 3.87 0 1 2 3 4.69 2.87 Calculation: s-t Graph Displacement (m) Time (s) 0 0.34 Test 3 0.5 2 2.4.21 3.70 2.70 2.5 time (s) v-t Graph 5 .1 Rectilinear Motion From experiment: Time (s) Test 2 0.53 4.5 1 0.5 3 3.34 3.77 2.75 Ratio (s) 0.5 3 displacement (m) 2.65 2.

m= = -0.5 time (s) a-t Graph From the v-t graph obtained : 0s t 0.5 3 3.7 0.34 s.7) + c c= 1. a= = 0.7 s.05 6 . the equation is v = 0.4 1.87 1.7 s t 2.Velocity (m/s) Time (s) 0 0 1.2 velocity (m/s) 1 0.73t m/s.4 0.5 2 2. 1.35t + 1.675 therefore.35 y-intercept.6 1.5 1 1.85 2.34 0.6 0.34 s t 3.675 m/s.43= -0.73 y-intercept = 0 therefore .2 0 0 0.5 4 4. a = = 0.73 m/s² 0.78 3. the equation is v=-0. m= = 0.8 0.43 0. m= = -0.87 s.35(0.35 m/s² 2.

85= -0.05(2.5 1 2 3 4 5 time (s) 7 .967 therefore.34) + c c= 0.5 1 0.967 m/s. a = = 0.5 2 acceleration (m/s²) 1. 0.5 0 0 -0.05t + 0.05 m/s² 2. the equation is v=-0.y-intercept.

585 1.205 1.84 2. Establish the x y z inertial frame of references and draw the free body diagram 2.02 2. Apply principle of linear impulse and momentum or the conservation ∑m1v1=m2v2 Test Distance Travel Time Velocity Marble A 1 2 1.87 0.7 0.02 2.2 Linear Impulse and Momentum Generally the principle of linear impulse and momentum or the conservation linear momentum is applied to a system of particle in order to determine the final velocities of the particle just after the time period considered. By applying this principle to the entire system which may be unknown are eliminating from the analysis. The conservation of linear momentum applies to the system in a direction which either no external forces.11 Test 2 1.08 MaV1a+MbV1b = (Ma+Mb) ( ( ) ( ( ) ) 2 2 2 8 .4.16 0.8 0.11 Test 3 0. Free body diagram 1.3 1.87 0.16 0.78 0.543 6.856 Marble B 1 2 1.7 Distance Travel Time Velocity Test 1 Test 1 0. Momentum equation.08 9.056 2.94 0.6 1.834 7.6 0.49 3 1.85 3 1.

Projectile motion only occurs when there is one force applied at the beginning of the trajectory. and it moves along a curved path under the action of gravity only.3 Motion of Projectile Projectile motion is a form of motion in which an object or particle (called a projectile) is thrown obliquely near the earth's surface. after which there is no force in operation apart from gravity. The path followed by a projectile motion is called its trajectory.Test 2 MaV1a+MbV1b = (Ma+Mb) ( ( ) ( ) ) 2 2 2 Test 3 MaV1a+MbV1b = (Ma+Mb) ( ( ) ( ) ) 2 2 2 4. Solution ( )( ) 9 .

10 .

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