Hcp Imsh¶p ]d-ªm CsXm-s¡-bmWv þ s{]m^.

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2013 Pq¬
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All kinds of Electrical goods

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MODULAR SWITCHES

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MODULAR SWITCHES

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V-Guard, Finolex, MW, Crabtree, Salzer, Legrand, Cona, Indica, Elleys, havells,
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Hcp Imiy] thZ dnkÀ¨v ^ut|j³
{]kn²oIcWw

amXr-in£ ...........................................46
I¯p-IÄ ...........................................47
hmÀ¯-IÄ .........................................48
kwkvIr-X-Kp-cp-\m-Y³ .......................50
hn.-F-kv. lÀj-hÀ²-\³

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B³-{‑U‑p _‑y‑q¬-t‑I‑m‑w-s‑_
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ZnKzn-Pbw ............................................32
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Aã‑m‑w-K-t‑b‑mK‑hpw D]m-k-\bpw .....39
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""`-c-Z‑z‑m-P‑m‑, C‑u a-e-IÄ t‑]‑m-s‑e-b‑m-W‑v t‑h-Z-§Ä. t‑h-Z-§Ä A-\-´a‑m-W‑v. a‑q-¶‑p P-·‑w-s‑I‑m-ï‑v A-§-d‑n-ª-X‑m-I-s‑«‑, F-s‑â s‑s‑I-¿‑ne‑n-c‑n-¡‑p-¶ C‑u a‑q-¶‑p D-c‑p-f-IÄ t‑]‑m-s‑e s‑N-d‑p-X‑p‑w. _‑m-¡‑n C-\‑n
A-d‑n-b‑m³ I‑n-S-¡‑p-¶-X‑m-W‑v. t‑h-Z‑w k-a-k‑v-X Ú‑m-\-h‑p-a‑m-s‑W-¶‑p
X‑n-c‑n-¨-d‑n-b‑p-I.‑'‑' (s‑s‑X-¯‑o-c‑n-b {‑_‑m-Ò-W‑w. 3.10. 11þ3þ4‑)

`mc-Xo-bÀ IqSp-X CjvS-s¸-Sp-Ibpw F¶m Zpcp-]-tbmKw sN¿p¶ ]Z-hpamWv a{´w. at{´m]m-k-\-bpsS hnhn[ Xe-§-sf-¡p-dn¨pw Ah D]m-k-I-\n krjvSn-¡p¶ {]Xn-`-sb-¡p-dn¨pw Nn´n¡p-I-bmWv A`n-\-h-E-jn-bmb teJ-I³.
BNmcy Fw.-BÀ. cmtPjv
4

a

-{‑´-s‑a-¶ h‑m-¡‑v C-t‑¸‑m-g‑p‑w \-½‑nÂ
\‑n-K‑q-V-X-b‑p-s‑S H‑m-f-§Ä k‑r-j‑v-S‑n¡‑p-¶ H-¶‑m-W‑v. I‑m-c-W‑w A-\‑m-Z‑n-I‑me-a‑m-b‑n \‑m‑w t‑I-«‑p-s‑I‑m-ï‑p-t‑]‑m-c‑p-¶
h‑m-¡‑v. A-X‑n \‑n-K‑q-V-X-b‑p‑w c-l-k‑y‑mX‑n-c-l-k‑y-a‑m-b c‑m-k-k‑w-b‑p-à-h‑p-s‑a‑ms‑¡ A-S-§‑n-b‑n-c‑n¡‑p-¶‑p. a-{‑´‑w \‑n-K‑qV-a‑m-W‑v. A-X‑n-t‑\-¡‑mÄ \‑n-K‑q-V-a‑m-b-X‑v
a-{‑´-k‑m-[-\-b‑m s‑W-¶‑p t‑h-Z-§-f‑nÂ
I‑m-W‑m‑w. B a-{‑´-k‑m-[-\-b‑p-s‑S
b-Y‑mÀ-°-a‑m-b D-Å-d-IÄ F-´‑m-s‑W-¶‑p
\-a‑p-¡‑v ]-c‑n-t‑i‑m-[‑n-t‑¡-ï‑n-b‑n-c‑n-¡‑p-¶‑p.
`‑m-c-X-¯‑n-s‑e kÀ-h i‑m-k‑v-{‑X-§-f‑pt‑S-b‑p‑w B-[‑n-I‑m-c‑n-I-X t‑h-Z-h‑p-a‑m-b‑n
D-c-¨‑p-t‑\‑m-¡‑n-b‑n-«‑m-W‑p X‑o-c‑p-a‑m-\‑n¡‑p-I.
A-t‑¸‑mÄ t‑h-Z-a‑m-W‑v \-a‑p-¡‑v a-{‑´-¯‑ns‑â c-l-k‑y-§-s‑f X‑p-d-¶‑p-X-c‑p-¶ G-I
X‑m-t‑¡‑mÂ.
A-t‑\-I‑m-b‑n-c‑w k‑w-i-b-§-f‑n \‑m‑w
k‑z-b‑w C-Ã‑m-X‑m-I‑p-¶‑p. I‑m-c-W‑w k‑w-ib-§Ä D-ï‑m-I‑p-¶-X‑v A-Ú‑m-\-¯‑nÂ
\‑n-¶‑m-W‑v. b-Y‑mÀ-°-a‑m-b Ú‑m-\‑w h-c‑p¶-t‑X‑m-s‑S \-a‑p-¡‑v k‑w-i-b-§Ä A-I-e‑p¶‑p. C-X‑n-¶À-°‑w k‑w-i-b‑w t‑N‑m-Z‑n-¡
c‑p-s‑X-¶-Ã. t‑h-Z-s‑¯-b‑p‑w A-X‑n-e-S-§‑nb‑n-«‑p-Å a-{‑´-§-s‑f-b‑p‑w k‑w-_-Ô‑n-¨‑n
S-t‑¯‑m-f‑w A-h t‑I-h-e‑w h‑m-¡‑p-I-f‑ps‑S A-S‑p-¡Â a‑m-{‑X-a-Ã‑, A-X‑n-\-I-¯‑v
\‑m-a‑n ¶‑p-h-s‑c I-ï‑n-«‑n-Ã‑m-¯ A-\-´a‑m-b c-l-k‑y-t‑I‑m-U‑v D-ï‑v. s‑s‑X-¯‑nc‑o-b {‑_‑m-Ò-W¯‑n H-c‑p I-Y-b‑p-ï‑v.
A-X‑n-h‑n-s‑S G-s‑d {‑]-k-à-a‑m-s‑W-¶‑p
t‑X‑m-¶‑p-¶‑p. {‑_‑m-ÒW‑w F-¶‑p t‑IÄ-¡‑pt‑¼‑mÄ t‑]-S‑n-t‑¡-ï I‑m-c‑y-s‑a‑m-¶‑p-a‑n-Ã.
t‑h-Z-h‑y‑m-J‑y‑m-\-§-f‑m-W‑v {‑_‑m-Ò-W-§Ä.

A-h‑n-s‑S ]-d-b‑p-¶ I-Y `-c-Z‑z‑m-P³ F-¶
E-j‑n-b‑p-a‑m-b‑n _-Ô-s‑¸ «-X‑m-W‑v. `-c-Z‑z‑mP³ a‑q-¶‑p P-·‑w X‑p-SÀ-¨-b‑m-b‑n X-]-Ê‑p‑w
t‑h-Z‑m-[‑y-b-\-h‑p‑w s‑N-b‑v-X‑p. A-§-s‑\
X-fÀ-¶‑p I‑n-S-¶‑p-t‑]‑m-b‑n `-c-Z‑z‑m-P-E-j‑n.
C-{‑µ³ A-t‑±-l-¯‑n-s‑â A-c‑n-I‑n s‑e¯‑n t‑N‑m-Z‑n-¨‑p. ""`-c-Z‑z‑m-P‑, A-t‑§-¡‑v
\‑m-e‑m-a-s‑X‑m-c‑p P-·‑w X-c‑m‑w. A-§-s‑\
s‑b-¦‑nÂ‑, B P-·‑w s‑I‑m-ï‑v X‑m-¦Ä
F-´‑p s‑N-¿‑p‑w? R‑m³ t‑h-Z‑m-[‑y-b-\-h‑p‑w
X-]-Ê‑p‑w X‑p-S-c‑p-s‑a-¶‑m-b‑n-c‑p-¶‑p `-c-Z‑z‑m-Ps‑â a-d‑p-]-S‑n.
A-X‑p ]-d-ª-t‑¸‑mÄ A-h‑n-s‑S t‑\-cs‑¯ I-ï‑n-«‑n-Ã‑m-¯ a‑q-¶‑p h-e‑n-b a-eIÄ I-ï‑p. H‑m-t‑c‑m-¶‑n \‑n-¶‑p‑w C-{‑µ³
H-c‑p-]‑n-S‑n a-®‑p-h‑m-c‑n F-S‑p-¯‑p. C-{‑µ³
]-d-ª‑p:
""`-c-Z‑z‑m-P‑m‑, C‑u a-e-IÄ t‑]‑m-s‑e-b‑mW‑v t‑h-Z-§Ä. t‑h-Z-§Ä A-\-´-a‑m-W‑v.
a‑q-¶‑p P-·‑w-s‑I‑m-ï‑v A-§-d‑n-ª-X‑mI-s‑«‑, F-s‑â s‑s‑I-¿‑n-e‑n-c‑n-¡‑p-¶ C‑u
a‑q-¶‑p D-c‑p-f-IÄ t‑]‑m-s‑e s‑N-d‑p-X‑p‑w. _‑m¡‑n C-\‑n A-d‑n-b‑m³ I‑n-S-¡‑p-¶-X‑m-W‑v.
t‑h-Z‑w k-a-k‑v-X Ú‑m-\-h‑p-a‑m-s‑W-¶‑p
X‑n-c‑n-¨-d‑n-b‑p-I.‑'‑' (s‑s‑X-¯‑o-c‑n-b {‑_‑m-ÒW‑w. 3.10. 11þ3þ4‑)
\-½-f‑n ]-e-c‑p‑w \‑m-e‑v t‑h-Z-§Ä
I-ï‑n-«‑p-ï‑m-I‑p‑w. N‑n-eÀ I-ï‑n-«‑p-ï‑m-h‑nÃ. F-¦‑n-e‑p‑w \‑m-e‑v t‑h-Z-§-f‑p‑w I‑q-S‑nt‑¨À-¶‑m-e‑p‑w A-X‑v a-l‑m-`‑m-c-X-¯‑n-s‑â
A-{‑X h-c‑n-Ã. A-t‑¸‑mÄ C-{‑µ³ ]-d-b‑p¶-X‑p-t‑]‑m-s‑e t‑h-Z‑w A-\-´-a‑m-t‑W‑m?
B t‑h-Z a-{‑´-¯‑n k-a-k‑v-X h‑n-Z‑yb‑p-a‑p-s‑ï-¶ C-{‑µ-s‑â {‑]-k‑v-X‑m-h-\
s‑h-d‑p-t‑X-b‑m-t‑W‑m? t‑h-Z-a-{‑´-§-f‑n-s‑e
A-\-´-a‑m-b Ú‑m-\‑w t‑\-S‑p-I-s‑b-¶‑mÂ
A-\-´-a‑m-b k‑m-[-\b‑n-t‑e-¡‑p‑w X-]-Ê‑nt‑e-¡‑p‑w D‑u-f‑n-b‑n-S‑p-I F-¶‑m-WÀ-°‑w.

A-\-´-a‑m-b P‑v-R‑m-\ h‑m-c‑n-[‑n-b‑m-W‑v t‑hZ-§Ä. B A-\-´-Ú‑m-\‑w t‑\-S‑p-h‑m³
]-c‑n-{‑i-a‑n-¡‑m-t‑\ \-a‑p¡‑m-h‑q. `-c-Z‑z‑m-Ps‑\-t‑¸‑m-e‑p-Å E-j‑n-b‑v-¡‑p‑w A-§-s‑\¯-s‑¶.
E-t‑K‑z-Z-¯‑n-s‑e H-c‑p a-{‑´‑w C-§-s‑\b‑m-W‑v.
A-l-t‑a-h k‑z-b-a‑n-Z‑w h-Z‑m-a‑n
P‑p-j‑v-S-t‑µ-t‑h-`‑n-c‑p-X-a‑m-\‑p-t‑j-`‑n‑x
b‑w I‑m-a-t‑b X-´-a‑p-{‑K-M‑v-I‑r-t‑W‑m-a‑n
X‑w {‑_-Ò‑m-W-´ arj‑n-´‑w k‑p-t‑a-[‑m‑w

(E-t‑K‑z-Z‑w 10.125.5‑)
{‑]-i-k‑v-X-a‑m-W‑v C‑u a-{‑´‑w. F-´‑mW‑v C‑u a-{‑´-¯‑n-s‑â AÀ-°‑w? B-c‑mW‑v C‑u a-{‑´‑w ]-d-b‑p-¶-X‑v. C‑u a-{‑´t‑a‑m-X‑p-¶-X‑v k‑m-£‑m h‑m-K‑v-t‑Z-h‑n-b‑m-W‑v.
"R‑m³ X-s‑¶-b‑m-W‑v t‑Z-h-·‑mÀ-¡‑p‑w a\‑p-j‑yÀ-¡‑p‑w {‑]‑n-b-a‑m-b C‑u h‑m-k‑v-X-h‑w
]-d-b‑p-¶-X‑v. t‑IÄ-¸‑n³‑, B-s‑c R‑m³
A-\‑p-{‑K-l‑n-¡‑p-¶‑p-t‑h‑m A-h-s‑\ R‑m³
t‑X-P-k‑z‑n-b‑p‑w H‑m-P-k‑z‑n-b‑p-a‑m-¡‑p-¶‑p.
F-Ã‑m t‑h-Z-§-f‑p-t‑S-b‑p‑w Ú‑m-X‑m-h‑m-¡‑p¶‑p‑, E-j‑n-b‑m-¡‑p-¶‑p‑, {‑]-X‑n-`‑m-h‑m-\‑m-¡‑p¶‑p.‑'‑' A-t‑¸‑mÄ {‑]-X‑n-` t‑\-S‑m³ A-Y-h‑m
t‑X-P-k‑z‑n-b‑p‑w H‑m-P-k‑z‑nb‑p‑w B-I‑m-\‑p-Å
h-g‑n a-{‑´-s‑¯ k‑m-£‑m-X‑v-¡-c‑n-¡-e‑ms‑W-¶‑v E-t‑K‑z-Z‑w D-d-¸‑n-¨‑p ]-d-b‑p-¶‑p.
C‑u {‑]-X‑n-` A-Y-h‑m h‑m-I‑v-X-¯‑z‑w
F-´‑m-s‑W-¶‑p \-a‑p-¡‑v t‑\‑m-¡‑m‑w. E-t‑K‑zZ-¯‑n a-s‑ä‑m-c‑p a-{‑´-a‑n-§-s‑\-b‑m-W‑v.
k-l-{‑k-[‑m ]-©-Z-i‑m-\‑y‑p-I‑v-Y‑m
b‑m-h-Z‑y‑m-h‑m ]‑r-Y‑n-h‑o X‑m-h-Z‑n-¯-X‑v
k-l-{‑k-[‑m a-l‑n-a‑m-\-Ê-l-{‑k‑w {‑_-Ò
b‑m-h-Z‑v {‑_-l‑w h‑n-j‑vT‑n-X-´‑m-h-X‑o h‑mI‑v
(E-t‑K‑z-Z‑w 10.114.8‑)
h‑m-I‑v B-b‑n-c‑w X-c-¯‑n h‑y‑m-]‑n-¨‑nc‑n-¡‑p-¶‑p. Z‑y‑u-t‑e‑m-I-h‑p‑w `‑q-t‑e‑m-I-h‑p‑w
lncWy

Pq¬ 2013

Picture Courtesy:http://upload.wikimedia.org/

at{´m-]m-k-\-bnÂ
\n¶p-ap-b-cp¶ {‑]-X‑n-`

F-h‑n-s‑S h-s‑c ]-c-¶‑p I‑n-S-¡‑p-¶‑p-t‑h‑m
A-h‑n-s‑S h-s‑c h‑m-¡‑p-a‑p-ï‑v F-¶‑m-W‑v
C‑u a-{‑´-¯‑n-s‑â AÀ-°‑w. A-X‑m-b-X‑v
C-¡‑m-W‑p-¶ t‑e‑m-I-s‑a‑m-¶‑m-s‑I h‑m-¡‑ns‑â A-Y-h‑m i-_‑v-Z-¯‑n-s‑â a-{‑´-¯‑n-s‑â
i-à‑n \‑n-d-ª‑p I-h‑n-ª‑p-I‑n-S-¡‑p-¶‑q
s‑h-¶‑p k‑m-c‑w.
`À-¯‑r-l-c‑n X-s‑â h‑m-I‑y-]-Z‑o-bs‑a-¶ {‑K-Ù-¯‑n {‑_-Ò-t‑¯‑m-s‑S‑m¯‑p h‑m-¡‑p‑w h‑y‑m-]‑n-¨‑n-c‑n-¡‑p-¶‑q-s‑h-¶‑p
]-d-ª-X‑n-s‑â AÀ-°-h‑p‑w C-X‑p-X-s‑¶.
H-c‑p-]-t‑£ C-X‑n \‑n-¶‑m-h‑m‑w h‑m-¡‑n\‑v i-_‑v-Z-{‑_-Òs‑a-¶ t‑]-c‑p-ï‑m-b-X‑pX-s‑¶. i-_‑v-Z {‑_-Ò‑w A-\‑m-Z‑n-b‑m-W‑v;
A-\-´-a‑m-W‑v, H-c‑n¡-e‑p‑w \-i‑n-¡‑m¯-X‑p-a‑m-I‑p-¶‑p. {‑_-Ò¯‑n \‑n-¶‑v
h-k‑v-X‑p c‑q-]-¯‑n-e‑p-Å P-K¯‑v D-ï‑m-b‑n¯‑oÀ-¶-X‑p-t‑]‑m-s‑e {‑]-X‑n-`b‑n \‑n-¶‑v
AÀ-°-c‑q-]-¯‑n h‑n-I‑m-c‑w t‑\-S‑n-b-X‑mW‑n-s‑X-Ã‑m-s‑a-¶‑v `À-¯‑r-l-c‑n ]-d-b‑p-¶‑p.
`À-¯‑r-l-c‑n-b‑p-s‑S X-s‑¶ B {‑]-k‑v-X‑mh‑w C-§-s‑\-b‑m-W‑v.
A-\‑m-Z‑n-\‑n-[-\‑w {‑_-Ò
i-_‑v-Z-X-¯‑z‑w b-Z-£-c‑w
h‑n-hÀ-¯-t‑X-fÀ-°-`‑m-t‑h-\
{‑]-{‑I‑n-b‑m-P-K-t‑X‑m b-X‑x
(h‑m-I‑y-]-Z‑o-b‑w 1.1‑)
h‑m-I‑v X-¯‑z-s‑¯ {‑_-Ò-a‑m-¡‑n‑,
A-§-s‑\ i-_‑v-t‑Z‑m-]‑m-k-\-b‑nÂ‑, A-Y-h‑m
a-{‑´-k‑m-[-\-b‑n GÀ-s‑¸-S‑p-¶-hÀ h‑m¡‑n-e‑q-s‑S s‑h-f‑n-s‑¸-S‑p-¶ kÀ-Æ AÀ-°§-f‑p‑w h-k‑v-X‑p-¡-f‑p‑w A-S-¡‑n h‑m-g‑p-¶‑ps‑h-¶‑v _‑r-l-Z‑m-c-W‑y-t‑I‑m-]-\‑n-j-¯‑n-s‑e
C‑u {‑]-k‑v-X‑m-h-¯‑n \-a‑p-¡‑v I‑m-W‑m‑w.
k t‑b‑m h‑m-N‑w {‑_-t‑Ò-X‑n D-]‑m-k‑v-t‑X
b‑m-h-Z‑v h‑m-t‑N‑m K-X‑w X-{‑X‑m-k‑y
b-Y‑m I‑m-a-N‑m-t‑c‑m `-h-X‑n

(_‑r-l. D. 7.2.2‑)
h‑m-k‑v-X-h-¯‑n a-{‑´-k‑m-[-\-b‑p-s‑S
k-I-e \‑n-K‑q-V-X-b‑p‑w C‑u {‑]-k‑v-X‑mh-§ f‑n D-d-§‑n I‑n-S-¸‑p-ï‑v. h‑m-k‑vX-h-¯‑n a-{‑´-k‑m-[-IÀ i-_‑v-Z-s‑¯
D-S-¨‑v A-I-¯‑p I-S-¡‑p-¶‑p. A-§-s‑\
]-c-a‑mÀ-°‑w I‑m-W‑p-¶ h‑n-aÀ-i-¯‑nÂ
GÀ-s‑¸-S‑p-t‑¼‑mÄ h-k‑v-X‑p-¡-f‑p-s‑S F-Ã‑m‑w
k‑m-c-a‑m-b‑, E-t‑K‑z-Z-¯‑n ]-d-b‑p-¶ B
{‑]-X‑n-`-s‑b k‑m-£‑m-X‑v ¡-c‑n-¡‑p-¶‑p-s‑h-¶‑v
h‑m-I‑y-]-Z‑o-b {‑]-I‑oÀ-W-¯‑n `À-¯‑r-lc‑n ]-d-b‑p-¶‑p-ï‑v.
t‑b-b‑w h‑n-aÀ-i-c‑q-t‑]-W
]-c-a‑mÀ-° N-a-X‑v-I‑r-X‑n:
s‑s‑k-h-k‑m-c‑w ]-Z‑mÀ-°‑m-\‑m‑w......‑
F-¶ {‑]-k‑v-X‑m-h-\-b‑n a-{‑´-k‑m[-\-b‑p-s‑S b-Y‑mÀ-°-`‑m-h-h‑p‑w A-£-c
h‑n-Ú‑m-\‑o-b-h‑p‑w Z‑o-]‑v-X-a‑m-I‑p-¶‑p-ï‑v.

5

6

C-§-s‑\ a-{‑´-k‑m-[-\ s‑N-¿‑p-¶ D-]‑m-kI-s‑â a‑p³-]‑n {‑]-X‑n-` k‑z-b‑w h-¶‑p\‑n-¶‑p B-ß-k-aÀ-¸-W‑w s‑N-¿‑p-s‑a-¶‑v
E-t‑K‑z-Z‑w ]-d-b‑p-¶‑p. A-X‑n-\‑n-K‑q-V-a‑m-b
a-{‑´-k‑m-[-\-b‑p-s‑S b-Y‑mÀ-° A-h-Ø
A-\‑m-h-c-W‑w s‑N-¿‑p-¶ B E-t‑K‑z-Z-a{‑´‑w C-§-s‑\-b‑m-W‑v.
D-X-X‑z‑x ]-i‑y-¶-Z-Z-c‑v-i-h‑m-N
a‑p-X-X‑z-i‑r-W‑z-¶ i‑r-t‑W‑m-t‑X‑y-\‑m‑w
D-t‑X‑m-X‑z k‑v-s‑s‑a-X-\‑z‑w h‑n-k-t‑{‑k
P‑m-t‑b-h-]-X‑y D-i-X‑o kphmkm

(E-t‑K‑z-Z‑w 10.71.4‑)
H-c‑mÄ F-t‑¸‑m-g‑p‑w h‑m-¡‑v t‑\‑m¡‑n-s‑¡‑m-ï‑n-c‑n-¡‑p-¶‑p. F-¶‑mÂ
h‑m-I‑v-X-¯‑z‑w A-b‑mÄ-¡‑v I‑m-W‑m³
I-g‑n-b‑p-¶‑n-Ã. t‑h-s‑d‑m-c‑mÄ h‑m-¡‑v t‑I-«‑ps‑I‑m-ï‑n-c‑n-¡‑p-¶‑p. F-¶‑m A-b‑m-f-X‑v
t‑IÄ-¡‑p-¶‑n-Ã. F-¶‑m t‑h-s‑d‑m-c‑mÄ
(AÀ-°-a-d‑n-ª a-t‑{‑´‑m]‑m-k-I³‑)
A-\‑p-K‑r-l‑o-X-\‑m-I‑p-¶‑p. A-h-s‑â a‑p³]‑n h‑m-K‑v-t‑Z-h‑n E-X‑p-I‑m-e-¯‑v {‑]‑n-bX-a-s‑\ {‑]‑m-]‑n-¡‑m³ s‑h-¼‑n-\‑n-e‑v-¡‑p-¶
]-X‑n-{‑h-X-b‑m-b ]-X‑v-\‑n X-s‑â `À-¯‑m
h‑n-s‑â a‑p-¶‑n-s‑e-¶-t‑]‑m-s‑e‑, X-s‑â
k-¼‑qÀ-W k‑z-c‑q-]-a‑m-b {‑]-X‑n-` X‑p-d-¶‑pI‑m-«‑n k-aÀ-¸‑n-¡‑p-¶‑q-s‑h-¶À-°‑w.

{‑]-X‑n-`-b‑n-t‑e-¡‑p-Å h-g‑n-

A-t‑¸‑mÄ a-{‑´-k‑m-[-\-b‑m-W‑v {‑]-X‑n-`

(creativity) b‑n-t‑e-¡‑p-Å h-g‑n-I‑m-«‑n. H-c‑p
I‑m-e-¯‑v `‑m-c-X-¯‑n C‑u {‑]-X‑n-`-b‑p-s‑S
h‑n-e‑m-k‑w ]-e c‑q-]-¯‑n {‑]-I-S-a‑m-b‑n.
A-¶-X‑v s‑F-i‑z-c‑y-h‑p‑w k-a‑r-²‑n-b‑p‑w t‑\S‑p-¶-X‑n-t‑e-¡‑v \-s‑½ \-b‑n-¨‑p. k‑m-[-\b‑p-s‑S t‑e‑m-I-¯‑n-e‑q-s‑S k-©-c‑n-¨ A-hÀ
K-W‑n-X-i‑m-k‑v-{‑X-h‑p‑w B-t‑b‑m-[-\-I-e-b‑p‑w
t‑P‑y‑m-X‑n-i‑m-k‑v-{‑X-h‑p‑w h‑n-I-k‑n-¸‑n-¡‑p¶-X‑n h‑n-P-b‑n-¨‑p. C‑u {‑]-X‑n-`‑m-k‑m£‑m-X‑v-¡‑mc-a‑m-W‑v \-a‑p-¡‑v B-b‑pÀ-t‑ÆZ-s‑¯-b‑p‑w AÀ-°-i‑m-k‑v-{‑X-t‑¯-b‑p‑w
k-½‑m-\‑n-¨-X‑v. A-§-s‑\ `‑m-c-X-s‑a‑m-«‑p-a‑p¡‑p-a‑p-Å B-f‑p-IÄ k‑m-[-I-·‑m-c‑m-b‑n‑,
X-]-k‑z‑n-I-f‑m-b‑n. a-l‑m-`‑m-c-X I‑m-e-¯‑pt‑]‑m-e‑p‑w C‑u {‑]-X‑n-`‑m k‑m-£‑m-X‑v-¡‑m-cs‑¯-¡‑p-d‑n-¨‑v E-j‑n-a‑mÀ NÀ-¨ s‑N-b‑v-XX‑n-\‑p s‑X-f‑n-h‑p-ï‑v. h‑m-I‑v X-¯‑z-s‑a-¶
{‑]-X‑n-`-b‑p-s‑S k‑m-£‑m-X‑v-¡‑m-c‑w F-§-s‑\
t‑\-S‑m-s‑a-¶‑v a-l‑m-`‑m-c-X-I‑m-c³ ]-d-b‑p¶‑p-ï‑v.
i‑p-{‑i‑q-j‑m {‑i-h-W‑w s‑s‑N-h
{‑K-l-W‑w [‑m-c-W‑w X-Y‑m
D‑u-l‑m-t‑]‑m-t‑l‑m-fÀ-Y h‑n-Ú‑m-\‑w
X-¯‑z-Ú‑m-\‑w N [‑o K‑p-W‑m‑x
(a-l‑m-`‑m-c-X‑w h-\-]À-Æ‑w 2.29‑)
Z‑o-]‑v-X‑n-b‑m-W‑v {‑]-X‑n-`. ]-d-b‑p-¶-h\‑n \‑n-¶‑v ]‑p-d-s‑¸-«‑v t‑IÄ-¡‑p-¶-h-s‑â
_‑p-²‑n-b‑n D-ï‑m-I‑p-¶ Z‑o-]‑v-X‑n-b‑m-W‑v

Picture Courtesy:www.hinduhumanrights.info

H-c‑mÄ F-t‑¸‑m-g‑p‑w h‑m-¡‑v t‑\‑m-¡‑n-s‑¡‑m-ï‑n-c‑n-¡‑p-¶‑p. F-¶‑m h‑mI‑v-X-¯‑z‑w A-b‑mÄ-¡‑v I‑m-W‑m³ I-g‑n-b‑p-¶‑n-Ã. t‑h-s‑d‑m-c‑mÄ h‑m-¡‑v
t‑I-«‑p-s‑I‑m-ï‑n-c‑n-¡‑p-¶‑p. F-¶‑m A-b‑m-f-X‑v t‑IÄ-¡‑p-¶‑n-Ã. F-¶‑mÂ
t‑h-s‑d‑m-c‑mÄ {‑]‑n-b-X-a-s‑\ {‑]‑m-]‑n-¡‑m³ s‑h-¼‑n-\‑n-e‑v-¡‑p-¶ ]-X‑n-{‑h-X-b‑mb ]-X‑v-\‑n X-s‑â `À-¯‑mh‑n-s‑â a‑p-¶‑n-s‑e-¶-t‑]‑m-s‑e‑, X-s‑â k-¼‑qÀ-W
k‑z-c‑q-]-a‑m-b {‑]-X‑n-` X‑p-d-¶‑p-I‑m-«‑n k-aÀ-¸‑n-¡‑p-¶‑q-s‑h-¶À-°‑w.
{‑]-X‑n-`-s‑b-¶‑v l-e‑m-b‑p-[‑w F-¶ {‑K-Ù¯‑n-e‑p‑w ]-d-b‑p-¶‑p. C-X‑v _‑p-²‑nb‑p-s‑S
K‑p-W-a‑m-W‑v, _‑p-²‑n-b-Ã. A-X‑n\‑mÂ
X-¯‑z-Ú‑m-\‑w D-ï‑m-I‑p‑w. A-X‑n\‑mÂ
B X-¯‑z-Ú‑m-\‑w e-`‑n-¡Â H-c‑p
D-]‑m-k-\‑m-{‑I-a-¯‑n h-c‑p-¶ k‑n-²‑nb‑mW‑v. B D-]‑m-k-\‑m-{‑I-a-a‑m-W‑v a-l‑m-`‑m-c
X-¯‑n-s‑e h‑n-h-c-W‑w. i‑p-{‑i‑q-j‑, {‑i-hW‑w‑, {‑K-l-W‑w‑, [‑m-c-W‑w‑, D‑u-l‑m-t‑]‑ml‑w‑, AÀ-°-h‑n-Ú‑m-\‑w‑, X-¯‑z-Ú‑m\‑w C-{‑X-b‑p‑w _‑p-²‑n-s‑I‑m-ï‑p‑w D-]‑m-k-\
s‑I‑m-ï‑p‑w t‑\-S‑n-b‑m-s‑e {‑]-X‑n-`-s‑b e-`‑n¡‑pI-b‑p-Å‑p.
C-§-s‑\ a-{‑´-k‑m-[-\ s‑N-¿‑p-¶
k‑m-[-I³ F-§-s‑\-b‑m-W‑v i-_‑v-Z-¯‑ns‑â t‑{‑k‑m-X-Ê‑v F-´‑m-s‑W-¶‑v a-\-Ê‑ne‑m-¡-W‑w. I‑m-c-W‑w A-X‑p a-\-Ê‑n-e‑m¡‑p-t‑¼‑m-t‑g b-Y‑mÀ-°-¯‑n i-_‑v-Z‑w‑,
a-{‑´‑w F-¶‑n-h F-§-s‑\ \-s‑½ k‑z‑m-[‑o\‑n-¡‑p-s‑a-¶‑v a-\-Ê‑n-e‑m-¡‑m³ k‑m-[‑n¡‑p-I-b‑p-Å‑p. i-_‑v-Z‑w A-Y-h‑m a-{‑´‑w
b-Y‑mÀ-°-¯‑n h‑n-N‑m-c-a‑m-W‑v. h‑n-N‑m-c‑w
F-¶-X‑v s‑s‑I-s‑I‑m-t‑ï‑m I‑m-e‑p-s‑I‑m-t‑ï‑m
s‑N-¿‑p-¶ H-¶-Ã. a-d‑n-¨‑v B-ß‑m-h‑n-s‑â
K‑p-W-a‑m-W‑v h‑n-N‑m-c-¯‑n-\‑p-Å k-¦-e‑v-]‑w
B-ß‑m-h‑n D-W-c‑p-t‑¼‑mÄ A-´-c‑n{‑µ‑n-b a-\-Ê‑v {‑]-h‑r-¯‑n-b‑n GÀ-s‑¸-S‑p‑w.
a-\-Ê‑n \‑n-¶‑v ]‑p-d-t‑¯-¡‑p h-c‑p-¶

7

Picture Courtesy:http://3.bp.blogspot.com/

h‑n-N‑m-c-¯‑n-s‑â H-g‑p-¡‑v G-ä-h‑p‑w H-S‑p-h‑nÂ
"[‑z-\‑n‑' B-b‑n a‑m-d‑p-¶‑p. s‑s‑h-b‑m-I-c-W\‑m-b ]‑m-W‑n-\‑n C‑u {‑]-{‑I‑n-b h‑n-i-Z-a‑mb‑n-¯-s‑¶ h‑n-h-c‑n-¡‑p-¶‑p-ï‑v. B-ß‑m-h‑v
_‑p-²‑n-t‑b‑m-S‑v t‑NÀ-¶‑v AÀ-°‑w A-d‑nb‑m³ B-{‑K-l‑n¡‑p-¶‑p. A-X‑n-\‑p-t‑h-ï‑n
a-\-Ê‑n-s‑\ N‑p-a-X-e G-e‑v-]‑n-¡‑p-¶‑p.
a-\-Ê‑v i-c‑o-c-¯‑n-s‑e A-á‑n X-«‑n D-WÀ¯‑p-¶‑p. B N‑q-S‑m-I-s‑« {‑]‑m-W-h‑m-b‑ph‑n h‑oÀ-¸‑p-ï‑m-¡‑p‑w. A-¯-c-¯‑nÂ
t‑{‑]-c‑n-X-a‑m-b {‑]‑m-W-h‑m-b‑p D-c-Ê-e‑n-e‑q-s‑S
\‑o-§‑p-t‑¼‑mÄ a-{‑´-k‑z-c‑w D-ï‑m-I‑p‑w. AX‑v a‑p-I-f‑n-t‑e-¡‑v D-bÀ-¶‑v a‑qÀ-²‑m-h‑n-s‑e¯‑n h‑m-b‑p-h‑n-s‑\ h‑m-b‑v-¡‑p-Å‑n-s‑e-¯‑n
¡‑p-¶‑p. a‑p-J-¯‑n-\‑p-Å‑n-s‑e-¯‑n-b h‑m-b‑p
[‑z-\‑n-b‑p-ï‑m-¡‑p-¶ A-h-b-h-§-f‑nÂ
X-«‑p-t‑¼‑mÄ B X-«-e‑n-e‑m-W‑v hÀ-W-§Ä
P-\‑n-¡‑p-¶-s‑X-¶‑v ]‑m-W‑n-\‑o-b i‑n-£b‑n k‑p-h‑y-à-a‑m-b‑n ]-d-b‑p-¶‑p-ï‑v. hÀW-§Ä t‑N-c‑p-t‑¼‑mÄ ]-Z‑w D-ï‑m-I‑p-¶‑p.
]-Z-§Ä t‑NÀ-¶‑v h‑m-I‑y‑w D-ï‑m-I‑p-¶‑p.
A-X‑v t‑IÄ-¡‑m³ ]‑m-I-¯‑n-e‑m-I‑p-¶‑p.
C‑u t‑NÀ-¨-b‑m-I-s‑« t‑_‑m-[-]‑qÀ-Æ-a‑m-b
\‑n-b-a-a-\‑p-k-c‑n-¡-W‑w. A-Ã‑m-¯-]-£‑w
`‑m-j-b‑m-h‑p-I-b‑n-Ã. B `‑m-j‑m-c‑q-]-¯‑nÂ
`‑m-h‑w A-Y-h‑m Ú‑m-\‑w \‑n-d-ª‑n-c‑n¡‑p‑w.

]iy´n
]cmþ ]iy´n
sshJcn
a[yam

lncWy

Pq¬ 2013

C-¡‑m-c‑y‑w b-Y‑mÀ-°-¯‑n G-s‑d
{‑]‑m-[‑m-\‑y-a‑p-Å-X‑m-W‑v. H-c‑mÄ a-{‑´k‑m-[-\ s‑N-¿‑p-t‑¼‑mÄ A-b‑m-f‑p-s‑S Bß‑m-h‑p‑w _‑p-²‑n-b‑p‑w a-\-Ê‑p‑w i-c‑o-c-h‑p‑w
G-X‑p X-c-¯‑n A-X‑n-s‑â ]‑m-e‑m-g‑n
a-Y-\-¯‑n GÀ-s‑¸-S‑p-¶‑p-s‑h-¶‑m-W‑v
C‑u ]-d-ª-X‑n-s‑â B-´-c‑n-I-a‑m-b IY-\‑w. A-§-s‑\ B-g-¯‑n \-S-¡‑p-¶
C‑u a-{‑´-k‑m-[-\-b‑n-e‑q-s‑S-b‑m-W‑v \‑m-a‑nX‑p-h-s‑c I‑m-W‑m-¯ {‑]-X‑n-` \-a‑p-¡‑m-b‑n
e-`‑n-¡‑p-¶-X‑p‑w. k‑m-[-\ A-Y-h‑m X-]-Ê‑v
k‑r-j‑v-S‑n-¡‑p-¶‑p-ï‑v "X-]‑w‑' A-Y-h‑m Aá‑n F-§-s‑\-b‑m-W‑v a-{‑´-k‑m-[-\-b‑p-s‑S
h‑n-¯‑m-I‑p-¶-s‑X-¶‑v ]‑m-W‑n-\‑n \-s‑½
H‑mÀ-½‑n-¸‑n-¡‑p-¶‑p-ï‑v. C‑u i-_‑v-Z-h‑p‑w
AÀ-°-h‑p‑w \‑n-X‑y-a‑m-s‑W-¶‑v a‑o-a‑m‑w-kI-·‑mÀ A-`‑n-{‑]‑m-b-s‑¸-S‑p-¶‑p. i-_‑v-Z¯‑n-\‑p‑w AÀ-°-¯‑n-\‑p‑w X-½‑n-e‑p-Å
k‑w-_-Ô‑w k‑z-X‑x-k‑n-²-a‑m-W‑v, \‑n-X‑ya‑m-W‑v F-¶‑v a-l‑m-`‑m-j‑y-¯‑n ]-XR‑v-P-e‑n-b‑p‑w ]-d-b‑p-¶‑p-ï‑v. C-§-s‑\
a-{‑´-k‑m-[-\-b‑n D-ï‑m-I‑p-¶ i-_‑v-Z-§f‑m-W‑v a-{‑´-§-f‑m-b‑n h‑o-ï‑p‑w a‑m-d‑p-¶-X‑v.
E-t‑K‑z-Z-¯‑n-s‑e‑m-c‑n-S-¯‑v C-¡‑m-c‑y‑w s‑h-f‑nh‑m-¡‑p-¶‑p-ï‑v.
k-I‑v-X‑p-a‑n-h X‑n-X D-\‑m ]‑p-\-t‑´‑m
b-{‑X-[‑o-c‑m a-\-k‑m h‑m-N-a-{‑I-X.

A-{‑X‑m k-J‑m-b‑x k-J‑y‑m-\‑n P‑m-\-t‑X
`-s‑s‑{‑Z-j‑m‑w e-£‑v-a‑oÀ \‑n-l‑n-X‑m-[‑n
h‑m-N‑n.

(EtKzZw 10. 71.2‑)
A-c‑n-a‑m-h‑v A-c‑n-¨‑v i‑p-²-a‑m-¡‑p-¶-X‑pt‑]‑m-s‑e h‑n-Z‑z‑m-·‑m-c‑m-b B-Z‑n-E-j‑n-a‑mÀ
a-\-Ê‑p-s‑I‑m-ï‑v h‑m-¡‑v i‑p-²‑n s‑N-b‑v-X‑v
D-ï‑m-¡‑n. A-§-s‑\ A-hÀ ]-c-k‑v-]-c‑w
a‑n-{‑X-§-f‑m-b‑n‑, s‑s‑a-{‑X‑n A-\‑p-`-h‑n-¨‑p.
C‑u h‑m-¡‑n-t‑·Â `-{‑Z-X-b‑p-s‑S A-Y-h‑m
t‑b‑m-K-t‑£-a-¯‑n-s‑â a‑p-{‑Z ]-X‑n-ª‑n-«‑pï‑v. B-Z‑n-I‑m-e-¯‑v a-\‑p-j‑yÀ a-\-Ê‑nÂ
\‑n-¶‑v D-Z‑n-¨ i-_‑v-Z-{‑]-t‑b‑m-K‑w-s‑I‑m-ï‑v
k‑v-t‑\-l-_-Ô‑w A-\‑p-`-h‑n-¨‑p. A-§-s‑\
\-·-b‑v ¡‑m-b‑n k-a‑p-Z‑m-b‑w D-S-s‑e-S‑p-¯‑p.
b-Y‑mÀ-°-¯‑n a-{‑´-k‑m-[-\-s‑I‑mï‑v \‑m‑w t‑\-S‑n-b-s‑X-Ã‑m‑w C-¸-d-ª H-ä
{‑]-k‑v-X‑m-h-\-b‑n-e‑p-ï‑v. D-]-\‑n-j-¯‑p-¡s‑f-¡‑p-d‑n-¨‑p‑w t‑h-Z-§-s‑f-¡‑p-d‑n-¨‑p‑w A-h
b‑n-s‑e D-Z‑m-¯-a‑m-b B-i-b-§-s‑f-¡‑p-d‑n¨‑p-s‑a-Ã‑m‑w ]‑p-I-g‑v-¯‑n-b-h-c‑p-s‑S ]-«‑n-I Iï‑p \‑m‑w A-Û‑p-X-s‑¸-S‑m-d‑p-ï‑v. F-¶‑mÂ
B a-{‑´-§-f‑p‑w k‑q-à-§-f‑p-s‑a‑m-s‑¡
B-ß‑mh‑n-s‑â A-\‑p-`‑q-X‑n-I-f‑m-s‑W-¶
H-ä-h‑m-¡‑n \‑m‑w H-X‑p-¡‑n-¡-f-b‑p‑w.
b-Y‑mÀ-°-¯‑n A-X‑v a-{‑´-k‑m-[-\-b‑ps‑S P‑o-h‑n-¡‑p-¶ k‑v-]-µ-\-§-f‑m-W‑v. \‑n-

Picture Courtesy:http://3.bp.blogspot.com/

X‑y-a‑m-b i-_‑v-Z-¯‑n-s‑â a‑p-{‑Z-I-f‑m-W‑v C‑u
hÀ-W-§Ä.

km[-\-bnse a{´-kv]µw

8

\‑p-j‑vT‑n-¡‑m-h‑q F-¶‑p‑w \‑n-j‑v-¡À-j‑n-¨‑p.
PÀ-½-\‑n-b‑n-s‑e {‑]-i-k‑v-X ]-W‑v-U‑n-X³
t‑_-h-d‑p‑w (Mr. Bever) C-t‑X A-`‑n-{‑]‑mb‑w D-¶-b‑n-¨‑n-«‑p-ï‑v.
a-{‑´-N‑n-I‑n-Õ-s‑b k‑w-_-Ô‑n-¨‑v
\‑n-c-h-[‑n ]T-\-§Ä \-S-¶‑n-«‑p-s‑ï ¶‑v
h‑n-Z-K‑v-²À ]-d-b‑p-¶‑p. a-{‑´-h‑p‑w t‑_‑m-[a-W‑v-Ue-h‑p‑w h‑n-h‑n-[ \‑m-U‑o-t‑I{‑µ-§f‑m-b N-{‑I-§-f‑p‑w X-½‑n-e‑p-Å _-Ô-a‑mW‑v C-X‑n-\‑m-b‑n A-hÀ N‑q-ï‑n¡‑m-«‑p-¶-X‑v.
B-[‑p-\‑n-I N‑n-I‑n-Õ‑m k-t‑¦-X-§-f‑nÂ
"i-_‑v-Z‑'s‑¯ F-§-s‑\ D-]-t‑b‑m-K‑n-¡‑p¶‑p-s‑h-¶‑p‑w C-¡‑m-c‑y-¯‑n-¶‑m-b‑n A-hÀ
D-²-c‑n-¨‑p I‑m-W‑m-d‑p-ï‑v. \‑m‑w H-c‑p s‑_-ÃS‑n-¡‑pt‑¼‑mÄ A-X‑n-s‑â a‑p-g-¡‑w I‑p-d-¨‑p
k-a-b‑w \-½‑p-s‑S s‑N-h‑n-I-f‑n X-§‑n\‑nÂ-¡‑m-d‑pï‑v. C-§-s‑\ \-a‑p-¡‑v N‑p-ä‑p‑w
\‑n-c-h-[‑n i-_‑v-Z-§Ä A-\-´-a‑m-b‑n \‑n-e\‑nÂ-¡‑p¶‑p-ï‑v. F-¶‑m t‑IÄ-¡‑m³
]‑m-I-¯‑ne‑p-Å I-¼-\-§-s‑f a‑m-{‑X-t‑a
\-a‑p-¡‑v t‑IÄ-¡‑m³ I-g‑n-b‑p-¶‑p-Å‑q-s‑h¶‑p a‑m-{‑X‑w. \‑n-c-h-[‑n i-_‑v-Z-§Ä \‑m-a‑n§-s‑\ X‑n-c‑n-¨d‑n-b‑m-s‑X t‑]‑m-I‑p-¶‑p-ï‑v.
k‑q-£‑v-a-h‑p‑w A-X‑n-i-à-h‑p-a‑m-b K-W¯‑nÂ-s‑¸-«-hb‑m-W‑v AÄ-{‑S‑m-þ-C³-{‑^‑m
i-_‑v-Z X-c‑w-K§Ä. 8 x 105 a‑p-X 105
cps h-s‑c-b‑p-Å I-¼-\-§-f‑p-Å-h-s‑b
AÄ-{‑S‑m-k‑u-ï‑v F-¶‑p h‑n-f‑n-¡‑p-¶‑p.
C‑u AÄ-{‑S‑m k‑u-ï‑v X-c‑w-K-§Ä-¡‑v
s‑k-¡â‑n-s‑â B-b‑n-c-¯‑ns‑e‑m-c‑w-i‑w
Picture Courtesy:http://f0.bcbits.com/

a-\‑p-j‑y-i-c‑o-c-¯‑n-\-I-¯‑v \‑n-c-h-[‑n
k‑w-h‑n-[‑m-\-§-f‑p-ï‑v. i‑m-c‑o-c‑n-I-h‑p‑w s‑s‑Ph i‑m-k‑v-{‑X-]-c-h‑p‑w‑, P-\‑n-X-I-]-c-a‑m-b‑p‑w
a-{‑´‑w \-½‑n a‑m-ä‑w h-c‑p-¯‑p-¶‑p-ï‑v.
C-h-b‑p-s‑S k-a-R‑v-P-k-a‑m-b {‑]-hÀ-¯-\§Ä k‑m-[‑m-c-W P‑o-h‑n-X-¯‑n \‑n-c-h[‑n a‑m-ä-§Ä k‑r-j‑v-S‑n-¡‑p‑w. i-c‑o-c-¯‑n\-I-s‑¯ G-ä-h‑p‑w {‑]-[‑m-\ `‑m-K-§Ä
a-\-Ê‑v (t‑_‑m-[ / D-]-t‑_‑m-[ a-W‑v-U-e§Ä‑) _‑p-²‑n‑, N‑n-¯‑w (A-t‑_‑m-[-a-\Ê‑v‑) A-l-¦‑m-c‑w (R‑m³ F-¶ h‑n-N‑m-c‑w‑)
F-¶‑n-h-b‑m-W‑v. I‑q-S‑m-s‑X j-U‑v-N-{‑I§Ä‑, {‑K-Ù‑n-IÄ‑, C-U‑, ]‑n‑w-K-f‑, k‑pj‑p-a‑v-\‑m \‑m-U‑n-IÄ‑, ]-©-t‑I‑m-i-§Ä‑,
I‑p-W‑v-U-e‑n-\‑n‑, k-l-{‑k‑m-c‑w F-¶‑n-h b‑mW‑v. A-t‑X-t‑]‑m-s‑e A-YÀ-Æ-t‑h-Z-¯‑nÂ
]-c‑m‑, ]-i‑y-´‑n‑, a-[‑y-a‑, s‑s‑h-J-c‑o F-¶‑o
i-_‑v-Z-c‑q-]-§-s‑f¡‑p-d‑n-¨‑p‑w {‑]-X‑n-]‑m-Z‑n¡‑p-¶‑p-ï‑v. C-h-s‑b-Ã‑m‑w A-d‑n-ª‑m-W‑v
a-{‑´-k‑m-[-\ s‑N-¿‑p¶-X‑v. k-X‑y‑w‑, N‑m-c‑n{‑X‑y‑w‑, X‑y‑m-K-_‑p-²‑n‑, A-l-¦‑m-c-a‑n-Ã‑m-b‑v-a
F-¶‑n-h-s‑b-Ã‑m‑w B-N-c‑n¡‑p-¶ H-c‑mÄ¡‑m-W‑v a-{‑´-P-]‑w k‑m-[‑n-¡‑p-I. B-²‑y‑mß‑n-I-a‑m-b‑n k‑w-k‑v-¡-c‑n-¡-s‑¸-« H-c‑m-s‑f
k‑w-_-Ô‑n-¨‑n-S-t‑¯‑m-f‑w a-{‑´-k‑m-[-\
K‑m-W‑v-U‑o-h-¯‑n \‑n-¶‑p s‑X‑m-S‑p-¡‑p-¶
A-k‑v-{‑X‑w t‑]‑m-s‑e e-£‑y-¯‑n s‑N-¶‑p
X-d-¡‑p-I X-s‑¶ s‑N-¿‑p‑w.
{‑]-I‑r-X‑n \-a‑p-¡‑m-b‑n k-½‑m-\‑n-¨ H-c‑p
k‑w-K‑o-t‑X‑m-]-I-c-W-a‑m-W‑v \-½‑p-s‑S i-c‑oc‑w. h‑o-W‑, k‑n-X‑mÀ F-¶‑n-h-s‑b‑m-s‑¡b‑p-a‑m-b‑n C‑u i-c‑o-c-¯‑n-\‑v G-s‑d k‑m-Z‑r
i‑y-a‑p-ï‑v. \‑n-c-h-[‑n I-¼‑n-IÄ C-X‑n-\‑pï‑v. X-e-t‑¨‑m-d‑v, \‑m-h‑v, h-b-d‑v, F-¶‑n-h

s‑X‑m-e‑n‑, i-_‑v-Z-X‑m-e‑n-I‑, s‑N-h‑n F-¶‑n-hs‑b‑m-¡-b‑p-a‑m-b‑n ]-c-k‑v-]-c‑w t‑I‑mÀ-¯‑nW-¡‑n-b‑n-c‑n ¡‑p-¶‑p. C‑u K‑m-{‑X-h‑o-W
\‑n-c-h-[‑n t‑k‑m-W‑n-I‑v i-_‑v-Z-§-s‑f k‑z‑oI-c‑n-¡‑m-\‑p‑w {‑]-t‑£-]-W‑w s‑N-¿‑m-\‑p‑w
I-g‑n-h‑p-Å-X‑m-W‑v. b-Y‑mÀ-°-¯‑n a-{‑´P-]-¯‑n-e‑q-s‑S \‑m‑w C‑u K‑m-{‑X-h‑o-W-b‑ns‑e N-{‑I-§-s‑f D-t‑¯-P‑n-¸‑n-¡‑p-I-b‑m-W‑v
s‑N-¿‑p-¶-X‑v. H-c‑p k‑w-K‑o-X-Ú \‑n-c-h-[‑n
c‑o-X‑n-b‑n k‑w-K‑o-X c-N-\ \‑nÀ-Æ-l‑n¡‑p‑w‑, X-s‑â h‑o-W-b‑p‑w k‑n-X‑m-d‑p‑w s‑I‑mï‑v. t‑b‑m-K-i‑m-k‑v-{‑X-h‑n-i‑m-c-Z-\‑m-I-s‑«
X-s‑â a-{‑´-P-]‑w s‑I‑m-ï‑v j-U‑v N-{‑I-§s‑f D-±‑o-]‑n-¸‑n-¡‑p-I-b‑p‑w B-´-c‑n-I-i-c‑oc-¯‑n D-d-§‑n-¡‑n-S-¡‑p-¶ i-à‑n-Is‑f
D-WÀ-¯‑p-I-b‑p‑w s‑N-¿‑p‑w. C-X‑v A-e‑uI‑n-I-i-à‑n-I-s‑f A-X‑m-b-X‑v E-²‑n-I-f‑p‑w
k‑n-²‑n-I-f‑p-s‑a‑m-s‑¡ \‑n-§Ä-¡‑v {‑]-Z‑m-\‑w
s‑N-¿‑p-¶‑p. t‑h-Z-¯‑n-e‑p-S-\‑o-f‑w I-S-¶‑p-hc‑p-¶ k-]‑v-X-t‑Z-h-·‑mÀ‑, k-]‑v-XÀ-j‑n-IÄ‑,
k-]‑v-X-t‑e‑m-I‑w‑, k-]‑v-X-k‑m-K-c‑w‑, k-]‑v-Xt‑a-c‑p‑, k-]‑v-X k‑m-[-\-IÄ F-¶‑n-h-s‑bÃ‑m‑w \-½‑p-s‑S i-c‑o-c-¯‑n-\-I-s‑¯ A-e‑uI‑n-I-a‑m-b N-e-\-§-f‑p‑w I-¼-\-§-f‑p‑w
k‑r-j‑v-S‑n-¡‑p-¶ k‑m-[-\‑m-`‑m-h-§-f‑m-W‑v.
a-{‑´-¯‑n-s‑â kÀ-Æ-i-à‑n H-c‑p I‑me-¯‑v N‑n-I‑n-Õ-b‑v-¡‑p t‑]‑m-e‑p‑w `‑m-c-X
¯‑n-s‑e E-j‑n-a‑mÀ D-]-t‑b‑m-K‑n-¨‑n-c‑p-¶‑p.
a-{‑´-h‑n-Ú‑m-\-¯‑n-s‑â X-¯‑z-§-f‑nÂ
\‑n-¶‑v I-S-s‑ª-S‑p-¯‑v a-\-Ê‑p‑w i-c‑o-c-h‑p‑w
A-k‑p-J-h‑n-a‑p-à-a‑m-¡‑p-¶ ]-²-X‑n-IÄ
`‑m-c-X¯‑n D-ï‑m-b‑n-c‑p-¶‑p. a-{‑´-N‑n-I‑nÕ-b‑p-s‑S h‑n-I‑r-X-c‑q-]-§Ä C-¶‑p‑w `‑m-cX-¯‑n ]-e-b‑n-S-¯‑p‑w {‑]-N-e‑n-X-a‑m-W‑v.
C-X‑n {‑]-[‑m-\-a‑m-b‑p‑w kÀ-¸-Z‑w-i-\‑w‑,
t‑XÄ‑, \‑m-b‑, F-«‑p-I‑m-e‑n F-¶‑n-h-b‑nÂ
\‑n-¶‑p-Å A-]‑m-b-§Ä F-¶‑n-h-b‑v-¡‑m-

W‑v C-¶‑v D-]-t‑b‑m-K‑n-¡‑p-¶-X‑v. a-ª¸‑n-¯‑w‑, s‑s‑S-t‑^‑m-b‑v-U‑v, A-]-k‑v-a‑m-c‑w‑,
l‑n-Ì‑o-c‑n-b F-¶‑o t‑c‑m-K-§Ä-¡‑v C‑u
a-{‑´-N‑n-I‑n-Õ D-]-t‑b‑m-K‑n-¨-X‑m-b‑n ]-g-bI‑m-e X‑m-f‑n-t‑b‑m-e {‑K-Ù§-f‑n \‑n-¶‑p
a-\-Ê‑n-e‑m-¡‑m‑w. t‑b‑m-K-h‑m-k‑n-j‑vT-¯‑nÂ
a-{‑´ N‑n-I‑n-Õ-s‑b-¡‑p-d‑n-¨‑v h‑n-i-Z‑o-I-cW-§Ä C-§-s‑\ t‑]‑m-I‑p-¶‑p. a-c‑p-¶‑p
s‑N-S‑n-b‑m-b l‑m-c‑m h-b-d‑v s‑a‑m-¯¯‑nÂ
i‑p-²-a‑m-¡‑n Z-l-\-i-à‑n I‑r-X‑y-a‑m-¡‑p¶-X‑p-t‑]‑m-s‑e a‑m-\-k‑n-I-a‑m-b G-I‑m-{‑K
X-b‑p‑w h‑n-i‑z‑m-k-t‑¯‑m-S‑p‑w I‑q-S‑n b‑,c‑,e‑,h
X‑p-S-§‑n-b a-{‑´-§Ä i-c‑o-c-¯‑n X‑oÀ¨b‑m-b‑p‑w a‑m-ä-§Ä k‑r-j‑v-S‑n-¡‑p‑w.
s‑s‑h-Z‑n-I-E-j‑n-a‑mÀ t‑h-Z-a-{‑´-§-f‑p-s‑S
A-]-c‑n-t‑a-b-a‑m-b i-à‑n h‑n-t‑i-j-s‑¯
X‑n-c‑n-¨-d‑n-ª-h-c‑m-W‑v. a-{‑´-§-f‑p-s‑S Z‑rj‑v-S‑m-¡-f‑m-b‑m-W‑v s‑s‑h-Z‑n-I-E-j‑n-a‑m-s‑c
I‑mW‑p-¶-X‑v. A-X‑m-b-X‑v a-{‑´‑w t‑I-«hÀ F-¶-Ã; a-d‑n-¨‑v a-{‑´-s‑¯ I-ï-hÀ
F-¶ AÀ-°-¯‑nÂ. A-hÀ k‑z‑m-\‑p-`-h¯‑n-e‑q-s‑S-b‑p‑w‑, ]-c‑o-£-W-¯‑n-e‑q-s‑S-b‑p‑w
a-{‑´ i‑m-k‑v-{‑X-¯‑n-s‑â \‑n-K‑q-V-X-e-§f‑n-e‑q-s‑S I-S-¶‑p-s‑N-¶‑v B t‑a-J-e-I-s‑fÃ‑m‑w h‑n-I-k‑n-¸‑n-¨‑p. a-{‑´ k‑m-[-\-b‑p-s‑S
h‑n-h‑n-[-§-f‑p‑w h‑n-`‑n-¶-§-f‑p-a‑m-b c‑o-X‑n-Is‑f ¡‑p-d‑n-¨‑v ]-d-b‑p-t‑¼‑mÄ a-{‑´-§-f‑p-s‑S
A-d‑n-b‑m-s‑X-b‑p-Å D-]-t‑b‑m-K‑w A-]‑m-b‑w
£-W‑n-¨‑p h-c‑p-¯‑p-s‑a-¶‑p‑w A-X‑n-\‑mÂ
{‑i-²‑n-¨‑p a‑m-{‑X-t‑a a-{‑´-k‑m-[-\-IÄ A-

lncWy

Pq¬ 2013

s‑I‑m-ï‑v h-f-s‑c i-à-a‑m-b X-c‑w-K-s‑¯t‑¸‑m-e‑p-Å h-k‑v-X‑p-¡-f‑nÂt‑¸‑m-e‑p‑w X‑pf-¨‑p I-b-d‑m-\‑p‑w A-X‑n-s‑\ t‑`-Z‑n-¡‑m-\‑p‑w
I-g‑n-b‑p‑w.
\-½‑p-s‑S F-Ã‑p-I-s‑f t‑`-Z‑n-¡‑m-\‑p‑w aä‑p‑w C-X‑n-\‑v F-{‑X-t‑b‑m X‑p-Ñ-a‑m-b k-a-b‑w
a-X‑n. D-¶-X k‑m-t‑¦-X‑n-I h‑n-Ú‑m-\-¯‑n
s‑â k-l‑m-b-t‑¯‑m-s‑S C-¶‑v C-¯-c‑w
i-_‑v-Z-X-c‑w-K-§Ä \‑n-b-{‑´‑n-X-a‑m-b c‑o-X‑n
b‑n D-e‑v-]‑m-Z‑n-¸‑n-¡‑m-\‑p‑w h‑y-h-k‑m-b
t‑a-J-e-IÄ s‑X‑m-«‑v B-´-c‑n-I-A-h-b-h
§-f‑n-e‑p‑w i-c‑o-c-I-e-I-f‑n-e‑p‑w i-k‑v-{‑X{‑I‑n-b s‑N-¿‑p-¶-X‑n-\‑p‑w h-s‑c D-]-t‑b‑mK‑n-¡‑m³ k‑m-[‑n-¡‑p-¶‑p. B-t‑c‑m-K‑yi‑m-k‑v-{‑X-c‑w-K-¯‑v AÄ-{‑S‑m-k‑u-ï‑n-s‑â
D-]-t‑b‑m-K-§Ä G-s‑d {‑]-i-k‑v-X-a‑m-W‑v.
B-Z‑y-s‑¯ AÄ-{‑S‑m k‑u-ï‑v N‑n-I‑n-Õ
a‑p-d‑n-h‑p ]-ä‑n-b 27 t‑c‑m-K‑n I-f‑n-e‑m-b‑n-c‑p-¶‑p
]-c‑o-£‑n-¨-X‑v. G-X‑mb‑m-e‑p‑w i-_‑v-Z-¯‑n\‑p i-à‑n-b‑p-s‑ï-¶‑p‑w B i-à‑n-b‑p-s‑S
{‑I‑n-b‑m-]-c-a‑m-b {‑]-hÀ-¯-\-a‑m-W‑v a-{‑´-ià‑n-b‑n {‑]-I-S-a‑m-I‑p¶-s‑X-¶‑p‑w \-a‑p-¡‑v
a-\-Ê‑n-e‑m-¡‑m‑w.
i-_‑v-Z-¯‑n-s‑â i-à‑n N‑n-´‑m-[‑m-cb‑ne‑p‑w s‑s‑h-I‑m-c‑n-I {‑]-h‑m-l-¯‑n-e‑p‑w
t‑h-c‑q¶‑n-b-X‑m-W‑v. A-X‑v a-t‑\‑m-a-bt‑I‑m-i-¯‑n N-e-\‑w k‑r-j‑v-S‑n-¡‑p-¶‑p.
s‑s‑h-Z‑n-I-k‑q-à§Ä {‑]-Y-a-Z‑r-j‑v-S‑y‑m‑,
h-f-s‑c k-c-f-a‑m-b {‑]‑mÀ-°-\-I-f‑m-b‑n
t‑X‑m-¶‑m-s‑a-¦‑n-e‑p‑w A-X‑n-s‑e i-_‑v-Z-§f‑p-s‑S ]-c-k‑v-]-c-a‑p-Å _-Ô‑w G-s‑d
i‑m-k‑v-{‑X‑o-b-a‑m-s‑W-¶‑p ]-db‑m-s‑X h-¿.
t‑h-Z-§-f‑n-s‑e F-Ã‑m a-{‑´§Ä-¡‑p‑w
t‑Z-h-X-I-f‑p-ï‑v. {‑]‑m-]-©‑n-I A-h-t‑_‑m-[¯‑n-s‑â H-c‑p {‑]-t‑X‑y-I D‑uÀ-Ö-a-W‑v-U-ea‑m-W‑v t‑Z-h-X F-¶‑v ]-d-b‑m‑w. H-c‑p a-{‑´‑w
{‑]-t‑X‑y-I X‑m-f-t‑_‑m-[t‑¯‑m-s‑S D-c‑p-¡g‑n-¡‑p-t‑¼‑mÄ‑, A-X‑p-a‑m-b‑n _-Ô-s‑¸-«
t‑k‑m-W‑n-I‑v X-c‑w-K-§Ä H-c‑p {‑]-t‑X‑y-I
X-e-¯‑n h‑n-I-k‑n-¡‑p-I-b‑p‑w N‑p-ä‑p-a‑p-Å
Z‑n-h‑y D‑uÀ-Ö-I-W-§-f‑n-t‑e-¡‑v A-X‑v
X-Å-s‑¸-S‑p-I-b‑p‑w s‑N-¿‑p-¶‑p. [‑y‑m-\-¯‑ne‑q-s‑S e-`‑n-¡‑p-¶ k‑q-£‑v-a-a‑m-b a‑m-\-k‑n
t‑I‑mÀ-Ö-h‑p-a‑m-b‑n P-]‑n-¡‑p-t‑¼‑mÄ i-_‑vZ‑w C-e-I‑v-t‑{‑S‑m-a‑m-K‑v-\-ä‑n-I‑v X-c‑w-K-§-f‑m-b‑n
a‑m-d‑p-¶‑p.
C‑u Z‑r-i-a‑m-b a-{‑´-¯‑n-s‑â {‑]-hÀ¯-\-§Ä H-c‑p k‑m-[-I-\‑n X‑p-S¡-¯‑n s‑N-d‑n-b a‑m-ä-§-t‑f D-ï‑m¡‑m-\‑n-S-b‑p-Å‑p. F-¶‑m k‑m-[-I-s‑â
A-W-a‑p-d‑n-b‑m-¯ `-à‑n-b‑p‑w P-]-k‑m-[\-I-f‑p‑w‑, G-I‑m-{‑K-X-b‑p‑w \‑nÀ-a-e-a‑m-b
k‑z-`‑m-h-h‑p‑w a-{‑´-k‑m-[-\ ]-X‑p-s‑¡
]-X‑p-s‑¡ h-e‑n-b ]-c‑n-hÀ-¯-\-§Ä-¡‑v
C-S-s‑I‑m-S‑p-¡‑p-¶‑p. {]ikvX Kmb{Xn

a{´-sa-Sp-¡mw. k‑q-c‑y-s‑â k-\‑m-X-\
a‑m-b D‑uÀ-Ö-D-d-h‑n-S-a‑m-W‑v K‑m-b-{‑X‑n-a{‑´-¯‑n-s‑â t‑Z-h-X. k-X‑y-k-Ô-a‑m-b‑p‑w
AÀ-¸-W-t‑_‑m-[-t‑¯‑m-s‑S-b‑p‑w B-[‑y‑mß‑n-I-a‑m-b‑n D-¶-X‑n-b‑n-e‑p-Å H-c‑p k‑m-[I-\‑v A-k‑m-a‑m-\‑y-a‑m-b {‑]‑m-t‑W‑mÀ-Öh‑p‑w {‑]-t‑N‑m-Z-\-h‑p‑w Z‑n-h‑y-{‑]-I‑m-i-h‑p‑w
k-h‑n-X‑m-h‑n \‑n-¶‑v C-X‑p h-g‑n e-`‑n-¡‑p‑w.
a‑m-\-k‑n-I-a‑m-b I-c‑p-¯‑p‑w‑, i‑m-c‑o-c‑n-I-a‑mb I-g‑n-h‑p-I-f‑p‑w a‑m-{‑X-a-Ã‑, A-K‑m-[-a‑m-b
c‑o-X‑n-b‑n G-X‑p h‑n-j-b-¯‑n-t‑e-¡‑p‑w
s‑h-f‑n-¨‑w h‑o-i‑m³ I-g‑n-b‑p-¶ A-k‑m-[‑mc-W-a‑m-b A-´À-t‑\-{‑X-§Ä C-X‑p-h-g‑n
e-`‑n-¡‑p‑w.
B-b‑pÀ-t‑h-Z-¯‑n P‑n-l‑z-s‑b A-á‑nN-{‑I-s‑a-¶‑m-W‑v h‑n-i-Z‑o-I-c‑n-¨‑n-«‑p-Å-X‑v.
P-]-k‑m-[-\-b‑p-s‑S l-h-\-I‑p-W‑v-U-s‑a-¶‑p‑w
P‑n-l‑z-s‑b-¡‑p-d‑n-¨‑v ]-d-b‑m-d‑p-ï‑v. a-{‑´
i‑m-k‑v-{‑X-¯‑n A-t‑¸‑mÄ H-c‑p k‑m-[I-s‑â P-]-t‑b‑m-K-¯‑n-s‑â A-S‑n-Ø‑m-\‑w
P‑n-l‑z-b‑n-s‑e C‑u D-Z‑m-¯-i-à‑n-b‑m-s‑W¶‑v t‑h-W-s‑a-¦‑n ]-d-b‑m‑w. a-{‑´-k‑m-[-\
s‑I‑m-ï‑v {‑]-[‑m-\-a‑m-b‑p‑w c-ï‑p I‑m-c‑y-§f‑m-W‑v \-S-¡‑p-¶-X‑v. H-¶‑m-a-t‑¯-X‑v A-X‑p
k‑m-[-I-s‑â N‑p-ä‑p-]‑m-S‑p-a‑p-Å A-´-c‑o-£¯‑n a‑m-ä-a‑p-ï‑m-I‑p-¶‑p. c-ï‑m-a-X‑m-b‑n
A-X‑v k‑m-[-I-s‑â i-c‑o-c-¯‑n-\-I-s‑¯
D‑uÀ-Ö-t‑I-{‑µ-§-f‑m-b N-{‑I-§-s‑f D-±‑o]‑v-X a‑m-¡‑p-¶‑p. H-c‑p I‑r-X‑y-a‑m-b‑n-S-¯‑v
C-c‑p-¶‑v I‑r-X‑y-a‑m-b X‑m-f-t‑_‑m-[-t‑¯‑ms‑S s‑N-¿‑p-¶ D-]‑m-k-\ k‑m-[-I-s‑\
A-X‑o-{‑µ‑n-b-t‑a-J-e-I-f‑n-t‑e-¡‑v s‑I‑m-ï‑ps‑N-s‑¶-¯‑n-¡‑p-s‑a-¶‑p X‑oÀ-¨. X‑p-SÀ-¨b‑m-b I‑r-X‑y-a‑m-b X‑m-f-t‑_‑m-[-t‑¯‑m-s‑Sb‑p-Å i-_‑v-Z-¯‑n-s‑â i-à‑nb‑n H-c‑p
t‑I‑mÀ-¡‑v h-e‑n-s‑b‑m-c‑p C-c‑p-¼‑p-I-¼‑n-s‑b
X-Å‑m³ ]‑m-I-¯‑n-\‑v i-à‑n BÀ-Ö‑n¡‑p-s‑a-¶‑v ]-c‑o-£-W-i‑m-e-I-f‑n \-S-¶
K-t‑h-j-W-§-f‑n a-\-Ê‑n-e‑m¡‑m³
I-g‑n-ª‑n-«‑p-ï‑v. H-c‑p s‑s‑S-¸‑v s‑s‑d-äÀ \‑m‑w
F-S‑p-¯‑mÂ; s‑s‑S-¸‑v-s‑s‑d-äÀ I‑o-b‑n \‑m‑w
A-aÀ-¯‑n-b‑mÂ‑, \‑m‑w A-aÀ-¯‑n-b At‑X I‑o-b‑p-s‑S A-£-c‑w t‑]-¸-d‑n A-¨
S‑n-¨‑p-h-c‑p-¶‑p. A-t‑X-t‑]‑m-s‑e a-{‑´-i-_‑v-Z§-f‑p-s‑S I-¼-\-§Ä \-½‑p-s‑S i-c‑o-c-¯‑ns‑e k‑q-£‑v-a D‑uÀ-Ö D-d-h‑n-S-§-f‑m-b
\‑m-U‑o-t‑I-{‑µ-§-f‑n D-±‑o-]-\‑w D-ï‑m-¡‑p¶‑p. I‑r-X‑y-a‑m-b K‑p-c‑p-]-t‑Z-i-t‑¯‑m-s‑S‑,
\‑n-j‑vT-t‑b‑m-s‑S C‑u a-{‑´-P-]‑w X‑p-S-c‑p-¶
H-c‑m-f‑n \‑m‑w `‑u-X‑n-I-t‑e‑m-I-¯‑v a-\-Ê‑ne‑m-t‑¡-ï h‑n-h‑n-[ t‑\-«-§Ä h-¶‑pt‑N-c‑p‑w. P-]‑n-¡‑p t‑¼‑m-g‑p-Å I-¼-\‑w
(vibrations‑) \-½‑n s‑N-e‑p-¯‑p-¶ a‑m-ä‑w
H-c‑p k‑m-[-I-\‑p a‑m-{‑X-t‑a DÄ-s‑¡‑m-Å‑mn
\‑m-I‑q.

9

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sI.-F³. IrjvW³ -\-¼q-Xncn

EtKz-Z w- :

I- c- Im- Wm Xoct¯s¡mcp
XoÀ°- bm{X
hn.-sI. \mcm-b-W-`-«-Xn-cn-¡p-tijw thZmÀ°-Nn-´¡p kzPo-hnXw AÀ¸n¨ hyàn-bmWv bix-i-co-c
-\mb sI. F³. IrjvW³ \¼q-Xn-cn. thZ-§-sf-bpw sshZnI kmlnXytemI-s¯bpw ASp-¯p
-\n¶p t\m¡n-¡m-Wp-I-bmWv At±-lw.

Picture Courtesy:http://himalayancamping.com/

10

lncWy

t‑h

-Z‑w A-\‑m-Z‑nb‑p‑w A-]‑u-c‑p-

t‑j-b-h‑p-a‑mW‑v. k-X‑y-{‑Z-ã‑m-¡
f‑m-b E-j‑n-a‑mÀ A-h-c‑p-s‑S A-\‑p-`‑q-X‑ns‑b h‑m-{‑K‑q-]-¯‑n s‑h-f‑n-s‑¸-S‑p-¯‑n-bh-b‑m-W‑v t‑h-Z-a-{‑´§Ä. k-a‑m-[‑n-`‑m-jb‑n-e‑q-s‑S-b‑m-W‑v A-h E-j‑n-a‑m-c‑nÂ-\‑n-¶‑v
\‑nÀ-K-f‑n-¨X‑v. A-X‑n-s‑â k‑z-c‑q-]‑w a‑q-¶‑p
c‑q-]-¯‑n-e‑mW‑v. K-Z‑y‑w‑, ]-Z‑y‑w‑, K‑m-\‑w
F-¶‑n-§s‑\. O-t‑µ‑m-\‑n-_-²a‑m-b a-{‑´§Ä ]-Z‑y‑m-ß-I-§-f‑mW‑v. C-h \‑m-e‑p
t‑h-Z-§-f‑n-e‑p-a‑pï‑v. K-Z‑y-c‑q-]-¯‑n-e‑pÅ-h b-P‑pÀ-t‑h-Z-¯‑n a‑m-{‑X-t‑a-b‑pÅ‑q.
O-t‑µ‑m-\‑n-_-²a‑m-b a-{‑´-§Ä {‑]-t‑X‑y-I
h‑n-[-¯‑n K‑m-\‑m-ß-I-a‑m-b‑n D-¨-c‑n¡‑p-¶-X‑m-W‑v k‑ma‑w. "E-I‑v-]‑m-Z-_²‑x‑,
K‑o-X‑n-k‑v-X‑p k‑m-a‑, KZ‑y‑w b-P‑pÀ-a-{‑´‑x‑,
N-X‑p-j‑z-]‑n t‑h-t‑Z-j‑p {‑X‑nh‑n-s‑s‑[-h
h‑n-\‑n-b‑p-P‑yt‑X.'' F-¶‑v I‑m-X‑y‑m-b\-s‑â
kÀ-Æ‑m-\‑p-{‑I-a-W‑n-I-b‑v-¡‑v h‑r-¯‑n c-N‑n-¨
j-U‑v-K‑p-c‑p-i‑n-j‑y³ C-X‑n-s‑\ h‑n-h‑n-c‑n-¨‑n-«‑pï‑v.
t‑h-Z-§Ä \‑m-e‑m-s‑W-¶‑v {‑]-k‑n-²-a‑mW-t‑Ã‑m. b‑m-K-¯‑n t‑l‑m-X‑m-h‑n-\‑v D-]t‑b‑m-K‑n-¡‑m-\‑p-Å a-{‑´-§-f‑m-W‑v E-t‑K‑zZ‑w.
A-²‑zc‑y‑p F-¶ E-X‑z‑n-¡‑n-\‑v D-]-t‑b‑mK‑n-¡‑m-\‑p-Å a-{‑´-§Ä A-S-§‑n-b-X‑mW‑v b-P‑pÀ-t‑h-Z‑w. D-Z‑v-K‑m-X‑m-h‑n-\‑v K‑m-\‑w
s‑N-¿‑m-\‑p-Å a-{‑´-§Ä A-S-§‑n-b-X‑m-W‑v
k‑m-a-t‑hZ‑w. {‑_-Ò³ F-¶ E-X‑z‑n-¡‑n\‑v {‑]-t‑b‑m-K‑n-¡‑m-\‑p-Å a-{‑´-§-f‑m-W‑v
A-YÀ-Æ-t‑hZ‑w. C-X‑m-W‑v \‑m-e‑p t‑h-Z-§f‑p-t‑Sb‑p‑w {‑]-t‑b‑m-K-h‑yh-Ø. E-t‑K‑z-Z¯‑n ]¯‑m‑w a-Þ-e-¯‑n-s‑e F-g‑p-]s‑¯‑m¶‑m‑w k‑q-à-¯‑n ]X‑n-s‑\‑m¶‑m‑w
a{‑´‑w C-X‑n-s‑\ h‑y-à-a‑m-b‑n ]-d-b‑p¶‑pï‑v. K-Z‑y-]-Z‑y-K‑m-\‑m-ß-Ia‑m-b s‑s‑{‑Xh‑n-[‑y-s‑¯-b‑mW‑v '{‑Xb‑o' F-¶ ]-Z‑w
s‑I‑m-ï‑v AÀ-°-a‑m-¡‑p-¶X‑v‑, AÃ‑m-s‑X
t‑h-Z-§Ä a‑q-¶‑m-W‑v F¶Ã. b‑m-K-¯‑ne‑p‑w a-ä‑p IÀ-½-§-f‑ne‑p‑w A-YÀÆt‑h-Z-a{‑´-§Ä ]-e-b‑n-S¯‑p‑w {‑]-t‑b‑m-K‑n-¡-s‑¸S‑p-¶‑pï‑v. D-]‑m-IÀ-½-¯‑n t‑h-Z‑m-Z‑n-IÄ
P-]‑n-¡‑p-t‑¼‑mÄ \‑m-e‑p t‑h-Z-§-f‑n-t‑eb‑p‑w
B-Z‑y-a-{‑´-§Ä P-]‑n-¡‑p¶-X‑v A-X‑n-\‑p
s‑X-f‑n-h‑mW‑v. "{‑X-b‑o s‑s‑h h‑n-Z‑y‑m'' F-¶
iX-]-Y {‑_‑m-Ò-W-¯‑n-s‑e {‑]-k‑v-X‑m-h¯‑n-\‑v C-X‑m-W‑v AÀ°‑w. a‑q-¶‑p c‑q-]¯‑n-e‑m-W‑v a-{‑´-§Ä F-¶‑p k‑m-c‑w.
A-á‑n-b‑nÂ-\‑n-¶‑v E-t‑K‑z-Z-h‑p‑w‑, h‑m-b‑ph‑nÂ-\‑n-¶‑v b-P‑pÀ-t‑h-Z-h‑p‑w‑, k‑q-c‑y-\‑nÂ
\‑n-¶‑v k‑m-a-t‑h-Zh‑p‑w D-ï‑m-b‑n F-¶‑v iX-]-Y‑w (11.5.8.3‑) ]-d-b‑p-¶‑p.

Pq¬ 2013

"A-á‑n h‑m-b‑p c-h‑n-`‑y-k‑v-X‑p {‑X-b‑w
{‑_-Ò k-\‑m-X\‑w
Z‑p-t‑Z‑m-l b-Ú-k‑n-²‑yÀ-°‑w EK‑yP‑p‑x k‑m-a-e£-W‑w F-¶ a-\‑p-h-N\‑w
(a-\‑p-k‑v-a‑r-X‑n þ 1.23‑) C-X‑n-s‑\ H-¶‑p-I‑qS‑n h‑y-à-a‑m-¡‑p¶‑p. b-Ú‑w \‑nÀ-hl‑n-¡‑p-¶ E-X‑z‑n-¡‑p-IÄ E-t‑K‑z-Z‑n-If‑p‑w
b-P‑pÀ-t‑h-Z‑n-If‑p‑w k‑m-a-t‑h-Z‑n-I-f‑p-a‑m-s‑W¶‑p‑w‑, A-YÀ-Æ-t‑h-Z‑nb‑m-b {‑_-Ò³ F-¶
E-X‑z‑n-¡‑v FÃ‑m‑w \‑n-c‑o-£‑n-¡‑p-Ib‑p‑w c-lk‑y-k-¦-e‑v-]-§Ä D-]-t‑Z-i‑n-¡‑p-Ib‑p‑w
]‑n-g-h-¶‑m A-X‑n-s‑â {‑]‑m-b-Ý‑n-¯‑w
\‑nÀ-Æ-l‑n-¸‑n-¡‑p-I-b‑p-a‑m-W‑v s‑N-¿‑p-¶s‑X¶‑p‑w E-N‑m‑wX‑z‑x t‑]‑m-j-a‑m-k‑v-t‑X
F-¶ a{‑´‑w h‑y-à-a‑m-¡‑p-¶‑pï‑v. {‑_Ò³ bÚ-s‑¯ k‑w-k‑v-I-c‑n-¨‑v k-^e-a‑m-¡‑p-¶‑p-s‑h-¶‑v O‑m-t‑µ‑m-K‑y-a-{‑´‑w
(4.16.2‑) ]-d-b‑p¶‑p: a\-k‑m k‑w-k‑v-I-t‑c‑mX‑n {‑_-Ò‑m.
t‑h-Z-§-f‑n E-t‑K‑z-Z-a‑m-W‑v {‑]-Yah‑p‑w {‑]-[‑m-\-h‑p‑w. E-t‑K‑z-Z-¯‑n-\‑pÅ-{‑X
{‑]-[‑m\‑y‑w a-ä‑p t‑h-Z-§Ä-¡‑nà F-¶‑v
C-X‑n-\À-°-a‑nÃ. E-t‑K‑zZ-s‑¯ D-]-P‑oh‑n¨‑p-s‑I‑m-ï‑m-W‑v a-ä‑p a‑q-¶‑p t‑h-Z-§f‑p‑w
\‑n-e-\‑nÂ-¡‑p-¶X‑v. t‑Z-h-·‑m-c‑n A-á‑ns‑b-b‑m-Wt‑Ã‑m H-¶‑m-a-\‑m-b‑n I-W-¡‑m¡‑p-¶X‑v. A-á‑n-b‑p-s‑S-b‑m-W‑v E-t‑K‑zZ‑w.
A§-s‑\ A-á‑n-s‑¡-¶-t‑]‑m-s‑e E-t‑K‑zZ-¯‑n\‑p‑w H¶‑m‑w Ø‑m-\h‑p‑w {‑]‑m-[‑m\‑yh‑p‑w I‑n-«‑n.
E-t‑K‑zZ‑w‑, t‑l‑m-X³ F-¶ E-X‑z‑n-¡‑n-\‑v
D-]-t‑b‑m-K‑n-¡‑m-\‑p-Å a-{‑´-§-f‑m-s‑W-¶‑v
a‑p-¼‑p ]-d-ª‑p-h-t‑Ã‑m. B-l‑z‑m-\‑w s‑N¿-e‑m-W‑v t‑l‑mX-s‑â t‑P‑me‑n. t‑Z-h-·‑m-s‑c
b-Ú-t‑h-Z‑n-b‑n-t‑e-¡‑v B-l‑z‑m-\‑w s‑N-¿‑p¶-t‑]‑m-s‑e s‑s‑Z-h‑n-I-K‑p-W§-s‑f \-½‑ps‑S A-´À-a-Þ-e-¯‑n-t‑e-¡‑v B-l‑z‑m-\‑w
s‑N-¿‑m\‑p‑w C‑u E-M‑v a-{‑´-§Ä {‑]-t‑b‑mP-\-s‑¸-S‑p‑w. C‑u a-{‑´-§Ä AÀ-°t‑_‑m-[-t‑¯‑ms‑S C‑u-i‑z-c‑mÀ-¸-W-_‑p²‑y‑m
P-]‑n-¡‑p-t‑¼‑mÄ A-´‑x-I-c-W-¯‑n-s‑e
B-k‑p-c‑n-I-k‑w-k‑v-I‑m-c‑w \-i‑n-¨‑v s‑s‑Z-h‑n-Ik‑w-k‑v-I‑m-c‑w h-f-c‑p‑w. C‑u h-fÀ-¨ H-c‑phs‑\ B-t‑ß‑m-¶-X‑n-b‑n-t‑e-¡‑v \-b‑n-¡‑p¶‑p.
C-X‑m-W‑v E-t‑K‑z-Z-¯‑n-s‑â k‑mÀ-Æ-P-\‑o\a‑m-b {‑]-t‑b‑m-P-\‑w.
t‑Z-h-k‑v-X‑p-X‑n-]-c-§f‑m-b a-{‑´-§-f‑mW‑v E-t‑K‑z-Z-¯‑n `‑q-c‑n-`‑m-K-h‑p‑w. E-t‑K‑z-Z¯‑n-s‑â Z‑r-ã‑n-b‑n C‑u {‑]-]-©-¯‑n-s‑e
FÃ‑m‑wX-s‑¶ s‑s‑Zh‑n-I K‑p-W-h‑n-i‑nã-§-f‑mW‑v. A-X‑mb-X‑v t‑Z-h-·‑m-c‑mW‑v F-¶À°‑w. t‑Z-h-`‑mh-\-t‑b‑m-s‑S
{‑]-]-©-¯‑n-s‑e G-X‑p h-k‑v-X‑p-h‑n-s‑\
k-a‑o-]‑n-¨‑me‑p‑w A-X‑n \‑n-¶‑v A-`‑oã§-s‑f I-d-s‑¶-S‑p-¡‑m‑w. k‑v-X‑p-X‑n-¡‑m-

\‑m-W‑v \‑n-µ‑n-¡‑m-\Ã E-t‑K‑z-Z‑w D-]-t‑Zi‑n-¡‑p-¶X‑v. B \‑ne-¡‑v X-¶‑nÂ-\‑n-¶‑v
]‑pd-s‑a I‑m-W-s‑¸-S‑p-¶-s‑X´‑p‑w k‑v-X‑p-X‑n¡‑p h‑n-j-b-§-f‑mW‑v. C‑u D-Z‑m¯-a-t‑\‑m`‑m-h-a‑m-W‑v E-t‑K‑z-Z-]T-\-¯‑n-e‑q-s‑S \‑m‑w
h-fÀ-¯‑n-s‑b-S‑p-t‑¡-ï-X‑v.
A-t‑N-X-\-h-k‑v-X‑p-¡-s‑f-t‑¸‑me‑p‑w
t‑Z-h-`‑mt‑h-\ k‑v-X‑p-X‑n-¡‑p¶ s‑s‑hZ‑nI E-j‑n-a‑mÀ C-¡‑m-W‑p-¶-s‑XÃ‑m‑w
C‑u-i‑z-c-\‑m-W‑vþkÀ-Æ‑w J-e‑z‑n-Z‑w {‑_Ò F-¶ D-X‑v-I‑r-ã-X-X‑z-s‑¯-b‑m-W‑v
I‑m-W‑n-¡‑p-¶X‑v. h-e‑p-¸-s‑¨-d‑p-¸t‑a‑m
K‑p-W-t‑Z‑mj-§t‑f‑m I-W-¡‑m-¡‑ms‑X
H‑m-t‑c‑m-¶n-t‑\-b‑p‑w-I‑p-d‑n-¨‑v k‑v-X‑p-X‑n-¨‑p
I‑oÀ-¯‑n-¡‑p-t‑¼‑mÄ s‑s‑hZ‑n-I E-j‑n-a‑mÀ
\-s‑½ ]T‑n-¸‑n-¡‑p¶X‑v C‑u {‑]-]-©-¯‑ns‑e k-I-e h-k‑v-X‑p-¡f‑p‑w A-X‑m-X‑n-s‑â
\‑n-e-b‑n {‑]-[‑m-\-h‑p‑w‑, {‑]-i-k‑v-X-h‑p-a‑ms‑W-¶ X-X‑z-s‑¯-b‑mW‑v. A-c-b‑m-e‑ns‑\
(h-\-k‑v-]X‑n‑) k‑v-X‑p-X‑n-¡‑p-¶ A-t‑X-`‑mh-`‑wK‑n-t‑b‑m-s‑S I-d‑p-I (Z‑qÀ-Æ‑m‑)t‑bb‑p‑w
k‑v-X‑p-X‑n-¡‑p‑w. k‑q-c‑y-t‑\-b‑p‑w‑, D-j-Ê‑nt‑\b‑p‑w k‑v-X‑p-X‑n-¡‑p-¶-t‑]‑m-s‑eX-s‑¶
c‑m-{‑X‑n-t‑bb‑p‑w k‑v-X‑p-X‑n-¡‑p‑w. s‑s‑hZ‑n-I
E-j‑n-a‑m-c‑p-s‑S Z‑r-ã‑n-b‑n h‑n-j-h‑p‑w‑, Aa‑r-Xh‑p‑w k-t‑l‑m-Z-c-§-f‑m-W‑v. \-Z‑n-I-s‑fb‑p‑w‑, A-c-W‑y-§-t‑f-b‑p‑w‑, IÃ‑n-t‑\-b‑p‑w‑,
b-a-t‑\-b‑p‑w‑, k‑q-c‑y-t‑\-b‑p‑w‑, N‑q-X‑m-«-¡-c‑p¡-t‑fb‑p‑w FÃ‑m‑w A-hÀ Hc‑p-t‑]‑m-s‑e
k‑v-X‑p-X‑n-¡‑p‑w. B h‑n-i‑m-e-l‑r-Z-b-·‑mÀ¡‑v C-h‑n-s‑S H-¶‑n-s‑\-¡‑p-d‑n¨‑p‑w X-c-X-at‑`-Z-a‑nÃ. hÀ-j-¡‑m-e¯‑v‑, IÀ®-I-t‑T‑m-ca‑m-b‑n t‑X‑m-¶‑m-d‑p-Å X-h-f-¡-c-¨‑nÂ-I‑q-S‑n
E-X‑z‑n-¡‑p-I-f‑p-s‑S k‑v-X‑p-X‑n-i-k‑v-{‑X-§-f‑p-s‑S
B-e‑m-]-\-a‑m-b‑n-«‑m-W‑v A-hÀ I‑m-W‑p¶X‑v. At‑X‑, {‑]-]©-a‑m-I‑p-¶ C‑u
a-l‑m-b-Ú-t‑h-Z‑n-b‑n E-X‑z‑n-¡‑p-I-fÃ‑ms‑X B-c‑p-a‑nÃ. t‑h-Z-]‑m-c‑w-K-X\‑m-b E-j‑ns‑¡-¶-t‑]‑m-s‑e t‑`-I-K‑m-Y‑m-{‑]-h‑o-W\‑m-b
X-h-f-b‑v¡‑p‑w C‑u b-Ú-i‑m-e-b‑nÂ
Ø‑m-\-a‑pï‑v. t‑\‑m¡‑p-I DÂ-I‑r-ãa‑m-b
E-j‑n-`‑m-h-\-b‑ps‑S H‑u-¶-X‑y‑w!
]-¯‑p a-Þ-e-§Ä¡‑p‑w {‑]-t‑X‑y-I‑w
t‑]-c‑p-I-f‑pï‑v. H-¶‑m-a-t‑¯-X‑v i‑m-XÀ-¨‑n\‑w a-Þ-e-a‑mW‑v. K‑r-X‑v-k-a-ZE-j‑n ZÀ-i‑n¨-X‑m-W‑v c-ï‑ma-s‑¯ a-Þe‑w. a‑q-¶‑p
a‑pXÂ H‑mt‑c‑m a-Þ-eh‑p‑w b-Y‑m-{‑I-a‑w
h‑n-i‑z‑m-a‑n-{‑X³‑, h‑m-a-t‑Zh³‑, A-{‑X‑nþ`-cZ‑z‑mP³‑, h-k‑n-j‑vT³ F-¶‑n-h-c‑m-W‑v ZÀi‑n-¨X‑v. IW‑z-t‑K‑m-{‑X-P‑m-X³-a‑mÀ ZÀ-i‑n-¨
{‑]-K‑m-Y-a-Þ-e-a‑m-W‑v F-«‑m-a-t‑¯X‑v.
H-¼-X‑m-a-t‑¯-X‑m-W‑v {‑]-k‑n-²a‑m-b ]-ha‑m-\-Þe‑w. t‑h-Z-{‑Z-ã‑m-¡f‑m-b k-I-e
E-j‑n-a‑mc‑p‑w ZÀ-i‑n-¨ k‑q-à-§-f‑m-W‑v
A-X‑n-e‑p-ÅX‑v. c‑m-a‑m-b-W-¯‑n I‑m-

11

b‑m-K-¯‑n t‑l‑m-X‑m-h‑n-\‑v D-]-t‑b‑m-K‑n-¡‑m-\‑p-Å a-{‑´-§-f‑m-W‑v E-t‑K‑zZ‑w.
A-²‑zc‑y‑p F-¶ E-X‑z‑n-¡‑n-\‑v D-]-t‑b‑m-K‑n-¡‑m-\‑p-Å a-{‑´-§Ä A-S-§
- ‑nb-X‑m-W‑v b-P‑pÀ-t‑h-Z‑w. D-Z‑v-K‑m-X‑m-h‑n-\‑v K‑m-\‑w s‑N-¿‑m-\‑p-Å a-{‑´-§Ä
A-S-§‑n-b-X‑m-W‑v k‑m-a-t‑hZ‑w. {‑_-Ò³ F-¶ E-X‑z‑n-¡‑n-\‑v {‑]-t‑b‑m-K‑n-¡‑m\‑p-Å a-{‑´-§-f‑m-W‑v A-YÀ-Æ-t‑hZ‑w.

12

Þ-§-f‑p-s‑S t‑]-c‑p-IÄ I-Y‑m-`‑mK-s‑¯
k‑q-N‑n-¸‑n-¡‑p-¶-X‑m-b‑n-«‑m-W‑v a‑n-¡-X‑p‑w.
F-¶‑m A-©‑ma-s‑¯ I‑m-Þ‑w-a‑m{‑X‑w
B \‑n-b-a-¯‑n-\‑v A-]-h‑m-Z-a‑mW‑v. k‑p-µ-cI‑m-Þ‑w F-¶ t‑]-c‑v A-X‑n-s‑e {‑]-t‑X‑yI‑n-s‑¨‑m-c‑p I-Y‑m-`‑mK-s‑¯ k‑q-N‑n-¸‑n-¡‑p¶-XÃ-t‑Ã‑m. CX‑p-t‑]‑m-s‑e-b‑mW‑v C‑u
]-ha‑m-\ a-Þ-e-h‑p‑wþE-j‑n-b‑p-s‑S t‑]
c‑n-t‑\‑m-S‑p-_-Ô-s‑¸-«XÃ. c‑m-a‑m-b-W-¯‑ns‑e k‑p-µ-c-I‑m-Þ‑w a-s‑äÃ‑m I‑m-Þ§-t‑f-¡‑mf‑p‑w {‑]-[‑m-\h‑p‑w {‑]-i-k‑v-X-h‑pa‑m-s‑W-¶X‑p-t‑]‑ms‑e C‑u a-Þ-eh‑p‑w
a-s‑äÃ‑m a-Þ-e-§-s‑f-¡‑mf‑p‑w {‑]-[‑m\h‑p‑w t‑{‑i-j‑vT-h‑p-a‑mW‑v. a-ä‑p a-Þ-e-§f‑n-s‑e {‑][‑m-\ E-j‑n-h-c‑y-·‑m-s‑cÃ‑m-hc‑p‑w
C-X‑n a-{‑´-{‑Z-ã‑m-¡-f‑m-W‑v. ]-h-a‑m-\-aÞ-e-¯‑n-s‑e B-Z‑y-s‑¯ a‑q-¶‑v A-\‑ph‑m-I‑w {‑]-t‑X‑y-I‑w {‑]‑m-[‑m-\‑y-a‑p-Å-X‑mW‑v.
\-¼‑q-X‑n-c‑n-a‑m-c‑p-s‑S C-S-b‑n 's‑N-d‑p-a‑m\‑w'
F-¶ t‑]-c‑n A-d‑n-b-s‑¸-S‑p-¶ C‑u k‑qà-§Ä t‑£-{‑X-§-f‑n-s‑e t‑Z-h-{‑]-X‑n-j‑vT-b‑v¡‑p‑w AX‑p-t‑]‑m-s‑e {‑]‑m-[‑m-\‑y-a‑p-Å
IÀ-½-§Ä¡‑p‑w H-g‑n-¨‑p-I‑q-S‑m-¯-X‑mW‑v.
t‑Zh-\‑v A-\‑p-{‑K‑m-l-I-_‑p-²‑n-b‑p-Z‑n-¡‑m\‑p‑w
`à-\‑v A-\‑p-{‑K-l‑w k‑z‑o-I-c‑n-¡‑m-\‑p-Å

AÀ-l-X t‑\-S‑m\‑p‑w C‑u a-{‑´-§Ä-¡‑v
{‑]-t‑X‑y-I i-à‑n-b‑p-ï‑v F-¶‑v t‑h-Z-c-X‑v\‑w GÀ-¡-c c‑m-a³ \-¼‑q-X‑n-c‑n ]d-ª‑p
t‑I-«‑n-«‑pï‑v.
]-¯‑ma-s‑¯ aÞ-e‑w £‑p-{‑Z-k‑qà‑w F-¶ t‑]-c‑n-e‑m-W‑v A-d‑n-b-s‑¸-S‑p¶X‑v. {‑]-t‑X‑y-I‑n-¨‑v H-c‑p E-j‑n-b‑pt‑St‑b‑m
E-j‑n-I‑p-e-¯‑ns‑ât‑b‑m AÃ‑m-s‑X
A-k‑wJ‑y‑w E-j‑n-a‑mÀ ZÀ-i‑n-¨ k‑q-à§-f‑m-W‑v A-X‑n-e‑p-ÅX‑v. k‑q-à-§Ä
s‑N-d‑p-X‑m-s‑W-¶ \‑n-e-b‑n Ah-s‑b
£‑p-{‑Z-k‑q-à-§-s‑f-¶‑p ]-d-b‑p¶‑p.
F-¦‑ne‑p‑w AÀ-°-K‑m‑w-`‑oc‑y‑w t‑\‑m-¡‑pt‑¼‑mÄ A-h a-l‑m-k‑q-à-§Ä X-s‑¶b‑m-W‑v.
D-]-\b-\‑w I-g‑n-ª‑v H-c‑p {‑_-ÒN‑m-c‑n t‑h-Z‑m-²‑y-b-\-¯‑n-\‑v k‑p-k-Ö-a‑mI‑p¶-X‑v i‑m-I‑z-c-{‑h-X-Z‑o-£-t‑b‑m-s‑S-b‑mW‑v.
t‑h-Z‑w a‑p-g‑p-h³ ]T‑n-¨‑p {‑K-l‑n-¡‑m-\‑p-Å
{‑]-t‑X‑y-I-{‑h-X-I‑m-e-a‑m-W‑v AX‑v. i‑m-I‑zc‑w F-¶ ]-Z-¯‑n-s‑â AÀ-°‑w i-à‑nt‑b-I‑p¶-X‑v F-¶‑mW‑v. t‑h-Z‑w ]T‑n-¨‑v
AÀ-°‑w {‑K-l‑n-¡‑m-\‑p-Å i-à‑n k‑n²‑n-¡‑m³ t‑h-ï‑n-b‑p-Å H-c‑p {‑h-X-a‑m-W‑v
AX‑v. H-c‑p s‑I‑mÃ‑w s‑I‑m-ï‑v A-h-k‑m-\‑nPicture Courtesy: http://4.bp.blogspot.com/

¡‑p-¶ \‑n-e-b‑n C-¶‑v A-X‑p N‑p-c‑p§‑n.
t‑h-Z‑w ]‑m-Z-a‑m-b‑n H-c‑p a‑p-d K-‑p-c‑p-a‑p-J¯‑p-\‑n-¶‑v t‑I-«‑p P-]‑n¡‑p-I a‑m-{‑X-t‑a
C-t‑¸‑mÄ ]-X‑n-h‑pÅ‑q. 'A-[‑o-X‑nþt‑_‑m[‑w' C-s‑XÃ‑m‑w ]ï-s‑¯ I-Y-b‑mb‑n. Hc‑p s‑I‑mÃ‑w \‑o-ï‑p-\‑nÂ-¡‑p¶-X‑v F-¶À°-¯‑n B-ï‑p-{‑h-X‑w F¶‑p‑w BZ‑y‑w
a‑p-X H-c‑p a‑p-d P-]‑n-¡‑p-¶-X‑n-\‑m C‑u
t‑h-Z-P-]-¯‑n-\‑v "a‑p-XÂ-a‑pd'' F¶‑p‑w t‑]
c‑p‑w h-¶‑n-«‑p-ï‑v.
C‑u {‑h-X‑w k-a‑m-]‑n-¡‑p¶-X‑v H-c‑p
{‑]-t‑X‑y-I-N-S-t‑§‑m-S‑p-I‑q-S‑n-b‑mW‑v. t‑h-Z-]
T-\-¯‑n-s‑â a-l-X‑z-s‑¯b‑p‑w K‑m‑w-`‑o-c‑ys‑¯b‑p‑w k‑q-N‑n-¸‑n-¡‑p¶ B N-S-§‑v
AÀ-°-h-¯‑mW‑v. \-a‑p-¡‑v A-s‑X‑m-¶‑p
]c‑n-t‑i‑m-[‑n-¡‑m‑w. {‑h-X‑w s‑I‑m-ï‑ Z‑nhk‑w a‑p-XÂ 360 Z‑nh-k‑w I-g‑n-t‑ª
C-X‑p s‑N-¿‑m-h‑q. D-¯-c‑m-b-W-I‑m-e‑w
t‑h-W-s‑a¶‑p‑w \‑nÀ-_-Ô-a‑pï‑v. {‑h-X-ka‑m-]-\-Z‑nh-k‑w B-N‑m-c‑y\‑p‑w i‑n-j‑y\‑p‑w
D-]-h-k‑n-¡W‑w. A-]-c‑m-Ó-¯‑nÂ
I‑p-f‑n-¨‑v i‑n-j‑y-\‑v k‑m-X‑z‑n-I-`£-W‑w
I-g‑n-¡‑m‑w. A-X‑n-\‑p-t‑i-j-a‑m-W‑v {‑I‑nb B-c‑w-`‑n-¡‑p-¶X‑v. X‑o-b‑n-«‑p t‑l‑ma‑w-X‑pS-§‑n {‑]-[‑m-\-{‑k‑p-h‑m-l‑p-X‑n-IÄ
s‑N-b‑v-X-X‑n-\‑p-t‑i-j‑w k-Ô‑y‑m-hµ-\‑w
I-g‑n-¨‑v ]-¯‑p K‑m-b{‑X‑n P-]‑n-¨‑v i‑n-j‑y³
B-N‑m-c‑y-k-a‑o-]‑w h-¶‑m B-N‑m-c‑y³
i‑nj‑y-t‑\‑m-S‑v t‑N‑m-Z‑n-¡‑p-I-b‑mW‑v. A-á‑n
C-{‑µ³ B-Z‑n-X‑y³ h‑n-t‑i‑z-t‑Z-h-IÄ C-hc‑p-s‑S A-\‑p-{‑K-l-i-à‑n-s‑b h-l‑n-¡‑m³
I-g‑n-h‑p \Â-I‑p-¶ i‑m-I‑z-c-{‑h-X‑w \‑o
t‑h-ï-t‑]‑m-s‑e A-\‑p-j‑vT‑n-¨‑nt‑Ã? "K‑p-t‑c‑m
t‑h-ï-t‑]‑m-s‑e A-\‑p-j‑vT‑n-¨‑p''F-¶‑v i‑nj‑y³ a-d‑p-]-S‑nb‑p‑w ]-d-b‑p¶‑p. i‑n-j‑y³
I-®-S-¡‑p-Ib‑p‑w i‑n-j‑y-s‑â I-®‑v H-c‑p
h-k‑v-{‑X‑w-s‑I‑m-ï‑v a‑q-S‑n-s‑¡-«‑p-Ib‑p‑w s‑Nb‑v-X-X‑n-\‑p-t‑i-j‑w B-N‑m-c‑y³ A-\‑p-j‑vT‑m\-¯‑n-s‑â {‑]-t‑X‑y-I-XI-s‑f h‑n-[‑n-¡‑p-Ib‑mW‑v. "C‑u H-c‑p c‑m{‑X‑n N-a-X-b‑n-S-e‑p‑w
(k-a‑n[‑m-t‑l‑ma‑w‑) `‑n-£-s‑b-S‑p¡Â‑, \‑n-e¯‑p-I‑n-S¡Â‑, K‑p-c‑p-i‑p-{‑i‑q-j C-s‑X‑m¶‑p‑w
s‑N-t‑¿-ï. C-h‑n-s‑S H-ä-b‑v-¡‑v H¶‑p‑w
D-c‑n-b‑m-S‑m-s‑X {‑]-a‑m-Z‑m-e-k‑y-\‑n-{‑Z‑m-Z‑n-IÄ¡‑p h-i‑w-h-Z-\‑m-I‑m-s‑X k-I-e-t‑Z-h-·‑m-c‑pt‑Sb‑p‑w k‑m-¶‑n-²‑y-a‑p-Å C‑u Aá‑n-t‑l‑m{‑X-i‑m-e-b‑n A-á‑n-b‑p-s‑S k-a‑o]-¯‑v
P‑m-K‑r-X-\‑m-b‑n C-c‑n¡‑q.'' A§-s‑\ B
c‑m{‑X‑n ]-h‑n-{‑X-k‑v-ac-W-t‑b‑m-s‑S D-d-§‑ms‑X A-h‑n-s‑S¯-s‑¶ C-c‑n-¡W‑w. ]‑n-t‑ä¶‑v I‑me-¯‑v B-N‑m-c‑y³ X-t‑e-Z‑n-h-k¯
t‑l‑m-a‑m-á‑n-b‑n h‑oï‑p‑w t‑l‑m-a‑w s‑N-b‑vX-X‑n-\‑p-t‑i-j‑w t‑h-Z-]T-\‑w ]‑qÀ-¯‑o-I-c‑n¡‑p-¶ a-l‑m-\‑m-a‑v-\‑yh‑p‑w ]‑q-c‑o-j-]-Zh‑p‑w
i‑n-j‑y-\‑v D-]-t‑Z-i‑n-¡‑p¶‑p. "h‑n-Z‑m-a-LlncWy

h³'' F-¶‑p X‑p-S-§‑p-¶ C‑u h‑n-i‑n-ã-a{‑´-¯‑n-s‑â A-h-k‑m-\‑w t‑Z-h-·‑m-t‑c‑m-S‑v
X-s‑â l‑r-Z-b‑m-´À-`‑mK-¯‑v B-K-a‑n-¨‑v
h‑n-f§-t‑W F-¶‑p {‑]‑mÀ-°‑n-¡‑p-Ib‑mW‑v: "G-h‑m-l‑y-K‑v-t‑\ G-h‑m-l‑o-{‑µ
G-h‑m-l‑n-]‑q-j³ G-h‑m-l‑n-t‑Z-h‑m'' F-¶‑o
AÀ-°-]‑p-ã-§f‑m-b a-{‑´-§-f‑m-W‑n-h.
C-h-b‑m-W‑v t‑h-Z-]T-\-¯‑n-s‑â A-h-k‑m\s‑¯ {‑]‑mÀ°\. 'G-h-a-{‑´§Ä' F-¶‑v
Ch-s‑b ]-d-b‑m-d‑pï‑v. C-h‑n-s‑S _-l‑nÀ½‑p-J-h‑r-¯‑n-s‑b \‑n-t‑c‑m-[‑n-¨‑v X-Z‑m-I‑m-cN‑n-¯-\‑m-b‑n hÀ-¯‑n-¡‑p-¶ i‑n-j‑y-\‑nÂ
t‑Z-h-·‑mÀ Gt‑X‑m A-Ú‑m-Xh‑p‑w k‑q£‑v-a-h‑pa‑m-b A-\‑p-{‑K-l-h‑n-t‑ij-s‑¯
k-aÀ-¸‑n-¨‑v k-¶‑n-[‑m-\‑w s‑N-¿‑p-¶‑p F-¶X-‑mh‑m‑w C-X‑n-s‑â ]‑n-¶‑n-s‑e k-¦-e‑v]‑w.
C‑u X-X‑z-s‑¯ {‑_‑mÒ-W‑w C§-s‑\
DÂ-t‑L‑m-j‑n-¡‑p¶‑p. 'b‑m-h-X‑oÀ-s‑s‑h-t‑ZhX‑m‑x X‑m‑x kÀ-Æ‑m t‑h-Z-h‑n-Z‑n {‑_‑mÒt‑W hk-´‑n {‑_‑m-Òt‑W‑m s‑s‑h kÀ-Æ‑m
t‑Z-h-X‑m‑x' (iX-]-Y {‑_‑m-ÒW‑w‑) F-{‑X
t‑Z-h-·‑m-c‑pt‑ï‑m A-h-s‑cÃ‑m-hc‑p‑w t‑h-ZÚ\‑m-b {‑_‑m-Ò-W-\‑n h-k‑n-¡‑p¶‑p.
A-X‑n-\‑m {‑_‑m-Ò-W³ kÀ-Æ-t‑Z-h-X‑m-ab-\‑m-W‑v F-¶‑v {‑_‑m-Ò-W-h‑m-I‑y‑mÀ°‑w.
C-¶‑v C-s‑XÃ‑m‑w; s‑hd‑p‑w N-S-§‑m-b‑n A\‑p-`-hh‑p‑w AX‑p-t‑]‑m-s‑e-X-s‑¶!
C-X‑n-\‑p-t‑i-j‑w I-®‑p-s‑I«‑n-b hk‑v-{‑Xh‑p‑w s‑\-¿‑p-]‑p-c«‑n-b H-c‑p X-f‑n-

Ib‑p‑w B-N‑m-c‑y-\‑v Z‑m-\‑w s‑N-¿‑p¶‑p.
A-´À-½‑p-J‑m-h-Ø XÂ-¡‑m-e‑w
B-N‑m-c‑y-\‑n¯-s‑¶ k-aÀ-¸‑n-¡‑p-¶‑p
F-¶À°‑w. t‑h-Z-XX‑z‑w kÀÆ-{‑X h‑y‑m]‑n-¨ A-´‑x-I-c-W-¯‑n-s‑â {‑]-X‑o-I-a‑mW‑v s\¿v ]‑p-c«‑n-b X-f‑n-I. A-X‑v Z‑m-\‑w
s‑N-¿‑p-¶‑p F-¶-X‑n-\‑v A-´‑x-I-cW-s‑¯
B-N‑m-c‑y-\‑v A-S‑n-b-d s‑h-¨‑p F-¶À°‑w.
t‑h-Z‑w ]‑me‑p‑w t‑h-Z‑mÀ-°‑w s‑s‑Xc‑p‑w
A-X‑n-s‑\ I-S-s‑ª-S‑p-¯ s‑\-¿‑v t‑h-Z-XX‑z-h‑p-a‑mW‑v. A-X‑v A-´‑x-I-c-W-¯‑nÂ
kÀÆ-{‑X h‑y‑m-]‑v-X-a‑m-b‑n F-¶-X‑n-s‑\b‑m-W‑v s‑s‑\-]‑p-c«‑n-b Xf‑n-I k‑q-N‑n¸‑n-¡‑p-¶X‑v. t‑h-Z-a-{‑´-§Ä t‑Ih-e‑w
i-Ð-§f‑p‑w i-Ð‑mÀ-°h‑p‑w a‑m-{‑X-a-S-§‑nb-hbÃ. A-X‑n-\-¸‑p-d‑w A-\‑p-j‑vT‑m\‑w‑,
A-\‑p`-h‑w F-¶‑o c-ï‑p X-e-§Ä-I‑q-S‑n
A-X‑n-\‑v Dï‑v. A-X‑n-t‑e-¡‑p-Å {‑]-t‑hi-\-¯‑n-s‑â B-c‑w-`-a‑mW‑v C‑u {‑I‑n-b
k‑q-N‑n-¸‑n-¡‑p-¶-X‑v.
E-t‑K‑z-Z-¯‑n-s‑e H-¼X‑m‑w a-Þ-e-¯‑ns‑e FÃ‑m a-{‑´-§f‑p‑w ]-h-a‑m-\-t‑k‑mas‑\ k‑v-X‑p-X‑n-¡‑p-¶-h-b‑mW‑v. {‑X‑n-I-c-W§Ä¡‑p‑w ]-h‑n-{‑X-X-t‑b-I‑p¶ t‑k‑m-a³
k‑m-£‑m kÀ-t‑Æ-i‑z-c³ X-s‑¶-b‑mW‑v.
B-\-µ-k‑z-c‑q-]\‑m-b A-h‑n-S‑p-¶‑v i-à‑nb‑p-à\‑p‑w a‑w-K-e-k‑z-c‑q-]-\‑p-a‑mW‑v. i‑n-hi-s‑s‑à‑y-I‑y-c‑q-]‑w X-s‑¶ t‑k‑m-a-c‑q]‑w.
i-à‑n-b‑p-à\‑m-b i‑n-h-\‑m-b‑nt‑«‑m i‑n-hi-

s‑s‑à‑y-I‑y-c‑q-]‑n-W‑n-b‑m-b‑nt‑«‑m Cã‑w-t‑]‑ms‑e `‑m-h-\ s‑N-¿‑p-¶-X‑n s‑X-ä‑nÃ. s‑s‑ih-·‑mÀ i-à‑n-b‑p-à-a-l‑m-t‑Z-h-\‑m-b‑n«‑p‑w
s‑s‑h-j‑v-W-h³-a‑mÀ e-£‑v-a‑o-\‑m-c‑m-b-W\‑m-b‑n«‑p‑w i‑m-t‑à-b-·‑mÀ i‑n-h-i-s‑s‑à‑yI‑y-c‑q-]‑n-W‑n-b‑m-b‑n«‑p‑w k-¦-e‑v-]‑n-¨‑p-]‑m-k‑n¡‑p¶ B ]-c-a-kX‑y‑w X-s‑¶ t‑k‑ma³.
k N‑n B-\-µ-s‑a-¶ a‑q-¶‑p h‑n-i‑n-ãK‑p-W-§-f‑n B-\-s‑s‑µ-I-{‑]-[‑m-\-\‑m-W‑v
t‑k‑ma³. t‑aÂ-]-d-ª \‑n-K-a-\-¯‑n-s‑\
k-aÀ-°‑n-¡‑p-¶ ]-e a-{‑´-§f‑p‑w C‑u
a-Þ-e-¯‑n I‑m-W‑m³ I-g‑n-b‑p‑w.
t‑k‑m-a‑x ]h-t‑X P-\-X‑m-a-X‑o-\‑m‑w
P-\‑n-X‑m Z‑nt‑h‑m P-\‑n-X‑m ]‑r-Y‑n-h‑y‑m‑x
P-\‑n-X‑m-K‑v-t‑\À-P-\‑n-X‑m-k‑q-c‑y-k‑y
P-\‑n-t‑X-{‑µ-k‑y P\‑n-t‑X‑m-X h‑nj‑vt‑W‑m‑x (9þ96þ5‑)
C‑u a-{‑´-¯‑n-s‑â h‑y‑m-J‑y‑m-\-s‑at‑¶‑m-W‑w H-c‑p t‑Ç‑m-I‑w k‑v-I‑-µ-]‑p-c‑mW-¯‑n-s‑e I‑m-i‑o-J-Þ-¯‑n I‑m-W‑p¶‑pï‑v. A-X‑n-h‑n-s‑S t‑NÀ-¡‑m‑w.
"a-X‑o\‑m‑w N-Z‑n-h‑x ]‑r-Y‑y‑m‑x h-l‑vt‑\‑x
k‑q-c‑y-k‑y h-{‑P‑nW‑x
k‑m-£‑m-Z]‑n-N h‑nj‑vt‑W‑m Ý
t‑k‑mt‑a‑m P-\-b‑n-t‑X-i‑z-c‑x''
a-\‑x-i‑p-²‑o-I-ch‑p‑w i‑m-´‑n-Z‑m-b-Ih‑p-a‑m-W‑v ]-h-a‑m-\-k‑v-X‑p-X‑nIÄ. {‑X‑n-I-cW§-s‑f ]-h‑n-{‑X-a‑m-¡‑p-t‑¼‑m-g‑m-Wt‑Ã‑m
i‑m-´‑m-I‑m-c\‑m-b kÀ-t‑Æ-i‑z-c³ A-X‑nÂ

The Calicut North Service
Co-operative Bank Ltd. No. LL 37
H.O.: Karuvissery, Kozhikode- 10 , Ph: 0495 2377934, 2375911
Branches: Karuvissery, Westhill, East Nadakkavu & Kunduparambu
A Class One Special Grade bank with Core Banking Facilities
n Safe Locker Available in all Branches.
n A Grade in Audit Classification this year also.
n Members will be Eligible for dividend Continuously.
n Demand Draft Facility Available Throughout India with Minimum Charge
n

President Secretary
Pq¬ 2013

13

{‑i‑o-c‑m-a\‑p‑w {‑i‑o-I‑r-j‑v-W\‑p‑w DÅ-{‑X {‑]‑m-[‑m\‑y‑w H-c‑p l‑n-µ‑p-h‑n-s‑â
l‑r-Z-b-¯‑n a-s‑ä‑m-c‑p t‑Z-h\‑p‑w Cà F-¶‑pX-s‑¶ ]-d-b‑m‑w. F-¶‑mÂ
h‑n-j‑v-W‑p-h‑n-s‑\ k‑v-X‑p-X‑n-¡‑p-¶ a-{‑´-§Ä E-t‑K‑z-Z-¯‑n X‑m-c-X-t‑a‑y-\
I‑p-d-t‑¨-b‑pÅ‑q.

14

{‑]-X‑n-^-e‑n-¡‑p-¶X‑v. Ø‑q-e-i-c‑o-c‑w
C-c‑p-]-¯‑n-\‑m-e‑p X-X‑z-§-f‑m \‑nÀ-½‑n¡-s‑¸-«-X‑mW‑v. C‑u C-c‑p-]-¯‑n-\‑m-e‑p
X-X‑z-§-f‑p-s‑S i‑p-²‑o-I-cW-s‑¯ k‑qN‑n-¸‑n-¡‑p-¶-h-b‑m-W‑v ]-h-a‑m-\-a-Þ-e¯‑n-s‑e B-Z‑y-s‑¯ A-\‑p-h‑m-I-¯‑n-s‑e
C-c‑p-]-¯‑n-\‑m-e‑p k‑q-à§Ä. k‑q-£‑v-ai-c‑o-c‑w jÂ-{‑X‑n‑w-iÂ-Ie-I-t‑f‑m-S‑p-I‑q-S‑nb-X‑mW‑v. A-h-b‑p-s‑S i‑p-²‑o-I-cW-s‑¯
k‑q-N‑n-¸‑n-¡‑p-¶-h-b‑m-W‑v c-ï‑ma-s‑¯
A-\‑p-h‑m-I-¯‑n-s‑e a‑p-¸-¯‑m-d‑p k‑qà§Ä. I‑m-c-W-i-c‑o-c-¯‑n A-X‑y´-k‑q-£‑v-a-§f‑m-b G-g‑p a-Þ-e-§-f‑ps‑ï-¶‑v t‑b‑m-K-i‑m-k‑v{‑X‑w ]-d-b‑p¶‑p. C‑u
G-g‑p a-Þ-e-§-f‑p-s‑S i‑p-²‑o-I-c-W-s‑¯b‑m-W‑v a‑q-¶‑ma-s‑¯ A-\‑p-h‑m-I-¯‑n-s‑e
G-g‑p k‑q-à-§Ä k‑q-N‑n-¸‑n-¡‑p-¶X‑v.
C‑u a‑q-¶‑v A-\‑p-h‑m-I-§f‑p‑w B-Z‑y-´‑w
P-]‑n-¡‑m³ ]-ä‑m-¯ ]-£‑w a‑q¶‑m‑w
A-\‑p-h‑m-I-¯‑n-s‑e H-S‑p-h‑ne-s‑¯ c-ï‑p
k‑q-à-§Ä P-]‑n-¨‑me‑p‑w a‑p-g‑p-h³ P]‑n-¨ ^-e‑w D-ï‑mI‑p‑w F¶-X‑v C-X‑n-s‑e
H-c‑p {‑]-t‑X‑y-I-X-b‑mW‑v. a‑q¶‑m‑w A-\‑ph‑m-I-¯‑n-s‑e A-h-k‑m\-s‑¯ k‑q-à‑w
B-P-·-i‑p-²c‑m-b k-]‑v-XÀ-j‑n-IÄ ZÀ-i‑n¨-h-b‑m-W‑v. ]-h‑n-{‑X-X-ca‑mb B k‑v-X‑pX‑nt‑b‑m-s‑S D-]‑m-kI-s‑â {‑X‑n-I-c-W-§f‑p‑w
i‑p-²-a‑m-h‑p¶‑p. a‑q¶‑m‑w A-\‑p-h‑m-I-¯‑ns‑e A-h-k‑m\-s‑¯ c-ï‑v E-¡‑pIÄ C‑u
]-h-a‑m-\-a-{‑´-§-f‑p-s‑S ^-e-{‑i‑p-X‑n-b‑mW‑v.
E-t‑K‑z-Z-¯‑n a-s‑ä§‑p‑w I‑m-W‑m-¯ C‑u
^-e-{‑i‑pX‑n C‑u a-{‑´-§-f‑p-s‑S A-]‑qÀ-ÆX-s‑b-b‑m-W‑v I‑m-W‑n-¡‑p-¶-X‑v.
C‑u ]-h-a‑m-\-a-{‑´§-s‑f A-²‑yb\‑w s‑N-¿‑p-¶-hÀ C-{‑µ‑n-b-§Ä a‑pt‑J-\
B-l-c‑n-¡‑p-¶-s‑XÃ‑m‑w A-X‑n-]-c‑n-i‑p-²-a‑mb‑n-c‑n-¡‑p‑w. a‑m-X‑n-c-i‑z‑m-h‑n-\‑m B-k‑zZ‑n-¡-s‑¸-«-h-b‑mI‑p‑w A-h. kÀ-Æ-h‑y‑m-]Ia‑m-b C‑u-i‑z-c-i-à‑n-s‑b-b‑m-W‑v C-h‑n-s‑S
a‑m-X-c‑n-i‑z‑m-s‑h-¶‑p ]-d-b‑p-¶X‑v. kÀ-Æh‑y‑m-]-I\‑m-b C‑u-i‑z-c-s‑â- k‑v-a-c-Wb‑nÃ‑m-s‑X H-c‑p \‑n-a‑n-jh‑p‑w H¶‑p‑w A-\‑p`-h‑n-¡‑m³ I-g-‑n-b‑m-¯ Ø‑n-X‑n e-`‑n¡‑p‑w
F-¶À°‑w. O‑m-t‑µ‑m-t‑K‑y‑m-]-\‑n-j-¯‑nÂ
k-\Â-I‑p-a‑m-c-a‑p-\‑n ]-d-b‑p-¶ {‑[‑p-h‑m-k‑va‑r-X‑n k‑n-²‑n-¡‑p-s‑a-¶À-°‑w.
kt‑¦-X-§-f‑n-e‑q-s‑S N‑n-e h‑n-t‑i-j‑mÀ°§-s‑f k‑q-N‑n-¸‑n-¡‑p-¶ C‑u k-{‑¼-Z‑mb‑w t‑h-Z-¯‑n ]-t‑e-S¯‑p‑w I‑m-W‑m‑w.
H¶‑m‑w a-Þ-e-¯‑n 24þ‑m‑w k‑q-à‑w
a‑p-XÂ 31þ‑m‑w k‑q-à‑w h-s‑c-b‑p-Å G-g‑p
k‑q-à-§Ä B-P‑o-KÀ-¯-]‑p-{‑X\‑m-b i‑q\-t‑È]-s‑â k‑v-X‑p-X‑n-I-f‑mW‑v. h-c‑pW-\‑v
_-e‑n-\Â-I‑m-\‑m-b‑n b-Ú-i‑m-e-b‑p-s‑S
b‑q-]-¡‑m-e‑n _-Ô‑n-¡-s‑¸-« i‑p-\-

t‑È-]³ _-Ô-t‑a‑m-N-\-¯‑n-\‑m-b‑n Bt‑c‑m-S‑m-W‑v {‑]‑mÀ-°‑n-t‑¡-ïX‑v‑, B-c‑p-s‑S
\‑m-a-a‑m-W‑v P-]‑n-t‑¡ï-X‑v F-¶‑p N‑n-´‑n¡‑p-¶-X‑p-a‑p-XÂ-¡‑mW‑v C‑u {‑]-Ic-W‑w
B-c‑w-`‑n-¡‑p-¶X‑v. Aá‑n‑, k-h‑n-X‑mh‑v‑,
h-c‑p-W³ X‑pS§‑n H‑mt‑c‑m t‑Z-h-·‑m-s‑c
{‑]‑mÀ-°‑n-¨‑p {‑]‑mÀ-°‑n-¨‑v A-h-k‑m-\‑w
D-j‑m-t‑Z-h‑n-s‑b k‑v-X‑p-X‑n-¡‑p-¶-t‑X‑m-s‑S
i‑p-\-t‑È-]³ t‑a‑m-N‑n-¸‑n-¡-s‑¸-S‑p¶‑p.
C‑u {‑]-I-c-W-¯‑n-e‑q-s‑S he‑n-s‑b‑m-c‑p
X-¯‑z-s‑¯-b‑m-W‑v t‑h-Z‑w s‑h-f‑n-s‑¸-S‑p-¯‑p¶X‑v. _-Ô-\-¯‑n \‑n-¶‑v F§-s‑\
t‑a‑m-N‑n-¡-s‑¸S‑p‑w F-¶-d‑n-b‑m-s‑X H-t‑«-s‑d
t‑Z-h·‑m-t‑c‑m-S‑v D-Å‑pN‑p-«v {‑]‑mÀ-°‑n-¨‑v
A-h-k‑m-\‑w D-t‑j‑m-t‑Zh‑n-t‑b‑m-S‑v {‑]‑mÀ-°‑n¡‑p-¶-t‑X‑m-s‑S i‑p-\-t‑È-]³ a‑p-à-\‑m-¡s‑¸-S‑p¶‑p. i-à‑n-b‑p-s‑S {‑]-X‑o-I-a‑m-b‑m-W‑v
t‑h-Z-a-{‑´-§-f‑n D-j-Ê‑n-s‑\ hÀ-®‑n-¨‑n«‑p-ÅX‑v. B i-à‑n-b‑p-s‑S k‑m-£‑m-X‑v-¡‑mc-¯‑n-e‑m-W‑v _-Ô-t‑a‑m-N\‑w. C‑u-i‑zc-s‑\
a‑m-X‑m-h‑m-b‑n-¡-c‑p-X‑n D-]-h-k‑n-¡‑p-¶X‑m-W‑v i-à‑n D-]‑mk-\. a‑m-X‑m-h‑mb‑n
C‑u-i‑zc-s‑\ I‑m-W-W-s‑a-¦‑n X‑m³
H-¶‑p-a-d‑n-b‑m-¯ i‑n-i‑p-h‑m-b‑n a‑m-dW‑w.
C‑u \‑n-j‑v-I-f-¦‑m-h-Ø-b‑m-W‑v i‑p-\-t‑È]-\‑n \-a‑p-¡‑v I‑m-W‑m³ I-g‑n-b‑p-¶X‑v.
A½-s‑b A-d‑n-b‑p-¶-X‑n-\‑v ]‑m-Þ‑nX‑y‑w
B-h-i‑y-a‑nÃ. A-½ G-X-h-k-c-¯‑ne‑p‑w
c-£‑n-¡‑p-s‑a-¶ Z‑r-V-h‑n-i‑z‑m-k‑w a‑m{‑X‑w
aX‑n. A-½-b‑p-s‑S `‑m-h-¯‑n C‑u-i‑zcs‑\ I-ï‑p D-]‑m-k‑n-¡-W-s‑a-¶‑p t‑]‑me‑p‑w
i‑p-\-t‑È]-\‑v A-d‑n-ª‑p-I‑q-S‑m-b‑n-c‑p¶‑p.
AX‑p-s‑I‑m-ï‑m-Wt‑Ã‑m B-s‑c-b‑m-W‑v
`-P‑n-t‑¡-ïX‑v. B-c‑p-s‑S \‑m-a-a‑m-W‑v P-]‑nt‑¡ï-X‑v F-¶‑v BZ‑y‑w k‑w-i-b‑n-¨X‑v.
F-¶‑m i‑n-i‑p-k-l-Pa‑m-b \‑n-j‑v-I-f-¦_‑p-²‑n-b‑p-ï‑m-b‑n-c‑p-¶-X‑n-\‑m H‑mt‑c‑m
t‑Z-h-·‑mc‑p‑w I‑m-W‑n-¨‑ h-g‑n-I‑m-W‑n-¨‑v
H-S‑p-h‑n A-½-b‑p-s‑SþD-t‑j‑m-t‑Z-h‑n-b‑ps‑Sþk-¶‑n-[‑n-b‑n F¯‑n. A-½-b‑p-s‑S
A-S‑p-s‑¯-¯‑n-b-t‑¸‑mÄ X‑m-a-k-s‑at‑\‑y
_-Ô-a‑p-à-\‑m-h‑p-Ib‑p‑w s‑N-b‑vX‑p. C‑u
t‑h-Z-X-X‑z-s‑¯ D-]-\‑nj-¯‑v C§-s‑\
k‑w-{‑K-l‑n-¨‑p {‑]-J‑y‑m-]‑n¨‑p: "]‑m-Þ‑nX‑y‑w
\‑nÀ-Æ‑n-Z‑y-_‑m-t‑e‑y-\ X‑n-j‑vT‑m-t‑kÂ''
(]‑m-Þ‑n-X‑y-s‑¯-s‑bÃ‑m‑w h-e‑n-s‑¨-d‑n-ª‑v
_‑m-e‑y-`‑m-h-¯‑n hÀ-¯‑n¡‑q‑) F-¶‑v.
A-á‑n-t‑ã‑m-a-b-Ú-¯‑n B-Z‑ys‑¯ C-ã‑n {‑]‑m-b-W‑o-t‑b-ã‑n-b‑mW‑v.
A-X‑n-s‑e {‑]-[‑m-\-t‑Z-h-X A-Z‑n-X‑n-b‑mW‑v.
b-Ú‑w s‑N-¿‑m\‑p‑w bÚ‑m\‑p-j‑vT‑m\-§Ä A-d‑n-b‑m\‑p‑w I-g‑n-h‑nÃ‑m-s‑X
t‑Z-h-·‑mÀ A-Z‑n-X‑n-s‑b ic-W‑w {‑]‑m-]‑n¨‑p-s‑h-¶‑p‑w‑, B-Z‑yh‑p‑w ‑A-h-k‑m-\h‑p‑w
k-aÀ-¸‑n-¡-s‑¸-S‑p-¶ l-h‑n-Ê‑v X-\‑n-¡‑p

sI. F³. IrjvW³ \¼q-Xncn

\Â-I‑m-s‑a-¦‑n b-Ú-]‑p-c‑pj-s‑\ Ad‑n-b‑m\‑p‑w b-P‑n-¡‑m\‑p‑w I-g‑n-h‑p-ï‑m-¡‑n¯-c‑m-s‑a-¶‑v A-Z‑n-X‑n ]-d-ª‑p-s‑h-¶‑p‑w‑,
A-X-\‑p-k-c‑n-¨‑v {‑]‑m-b-W‑ob‑w‑, D-Z-b-\‑ob‑w F-¶‑o c-ï‑v C-ã‑n-IÄ A-Z‑n-X‑n-¡‑p
{‑]-[‑m\‑y‑w IÂ-]‑n-¨‑v \‑n-Ý-b‑n-¨‑p-s‑h¶‑p‑w
s‑F-Xt‑c-b {‑_‑m-Ò-W-¯‑n ]-d-b‑p¶‑pï‑v. A-X‑n-s‑e c-ï‑m-a-²‑y‑m-b-¯‑nÂ
"b-t‑Ú‑m s‑s‑h t‑Z-t‑h-`‑y D-]-{‑I‑m-aÂ''
F-¶‑m-c‑w-`‑n-¡‑p-¶ J-Þ-¯‑n C-X‑pI‑m-W‑m‑w. C‑u {‑]-{‑I‑n-b X-s‑¶ X‑m-{‑´‑nI-]‑q-P-b‑ne‑p‑w I‑m-W‑m‑w. ià‑n-s‑I‑mï‑p‑w
a‑qe‑w-s‑I‑m-ï‑p‑w ]‑q-h‑m-c‑m-[‑n-¨-X‑n-\‑p-t‑ij-a‑m-Wt‑Ã‑m G-X‑p t‑Zh-s‑â ]‑q-Pb‑p‑w
B-c‑w-`‑n-¡‑p-¶X‑v. C‑u k-{‑¼-Z‑m-b-¯‑n-s‑â
D-Z‑v-`‑m-h-a‑m-W‑v \‑m‑w i‑p-\-t‑È]-s‑â {‑]‑mÀ°-\ DÄ-s‑¡‑m-Å‑p-¶ t‑h-Z-a-{‑´-§-f‑nÂ
I-ïX‑v. k-t‑¦X‑w-s‑I‑m-ï‑v C-X‑v k‑q-N‑n-¸‑n¡‑pI-t‑b s‑N-¿‑p-¶‑pÅ‑q‑, h‑m-N‑n-I-a‑m-b‑n
]-d-b‑p-¶‑nÃ. "]-t‑c‑m-£-h‑m-Z‑m-Ej-b‑x''
]-t‑c‑m-j-h‑m-Z‑n-I-f‑m-W‑v E-j‑n-a‑mÀ F-¶‑pï-t‑Ã‑m.
C-{‑µ³‑, A-á‑n F-¶‑o t‑Z-h-·‑m-c‑p-s‑S
K‑p-W-K-W-§-f‑n-e‑q-s‑S-b‑p-Å \‑nÀ-ÆN-\‑w
t‑h-Z-a-{‑´-§-f‑nÂ-\‑n-¶‑p \-a‑p-¡‑v e-`‑n¡‑p‑w. t‑b‑mP‑m-X Gh (2þ12þ1‑) F-¶ k‑qà‑w C-{‑µ-s‑\ h‑y-à-a‑m-b‑n \‑nÀ-Æ-N‑n-¡‑pI-b‑mW‑v. A-X‑n-s‑e h‑n-h-c-W-a-\‑p-k-c‑n-¨‑v
C-{‑µ³ k‑m-£‑m kÀ-t‑Æ-i‑z-c³-X-s‑¶s‑b-¶‑p h‑y-à-a‑m-h‑p‑w. X‑z-a-K‑v-t‑\-{‑]-Y-a‑x
(1þ31þ1‑) X‑z-a-t‑á-Z‑y‑p-`‑n‑x (2þ1þ1‑) F-¶‑o
k‑q-à-§Ä A-á‑n-b‑p-s‑S kÀ-t‑Æ-i‑z-c-XX‑z-s‑¯ \‑nÀ-Æ-N-\-§-f‑n-e‑q-s‑S k-aÀ-°‑n¡‑p¶‑p. H³-]X‑m‑w a-Þ-e-¯‑n-s‑e ]-ha‑m-\-t‑k‑m-a\‑p‑w C‑u A-á‑n-X-s‑¶-b‑mW‑v.
A-á‑n-t‑ã‑m-a-b‑m-K-¯‑n "D-]‑mk‑v-s‑s‑aK‑m-b-X‑m\-c‑x'' (9þ11þ1‑) F-¶‑p X‑p-S-§‑p-¶
_-l‑n-j‑v-]-h-a‑m-\k‑v-t‑X‑m{‑X‑w K‑m-\‑w
s‑N-¿‑p-t‑¼‑mÄ t‑l‑m-X‑mh‑v "{‑]-t‑h‑m-t‑Z-h‑mb‑má-t‑b'' (3þ13þ1‑) F-¶‑p X‑p-S-§‑p-¶
B-P‑y-i-k‑v-{‑X-a‑m-W‑v s‑N‑mÃ‑p-¶X‑v. k‑v-X‑plncWy

X‑n¡‑p‑w i‑w-k-\-¯‑n-\‑p‑w (i-k‑v-{‑X-¯‑n\‑p‑w‑) t‑Z-h-X H-¶‑p-X-s‑¶-b‑m-b‑n-c‑n¡-W‑w
F-¶‑m-W‑v b‑m-K-k-{‑¼-Z‑mb‑w. 'k‑v-X‑p-X-a\‑p-i‑w-kX‑n' F-¶ {‑i‑u-X-k‑q-{‑X-h‑m-I‑y-a‑mW‑v A-X‑n-\‑p {‑]-a‑mW‑w. C-h‑n-s‑S t‑k‑mas‑\ k‑v-X‑p-X‑n-¨‑v A-á‑n-s‑b i‑w-k‑n-¡‑m³
I‑mc-W‑w A-á‑nb‑p‑w t‑k‑m-a\‑p‑w h‑y-X‑y-k‑vX-aà F-¶-X‑p-Xs‑¶. 't‑b‑m h‑m Aá‑n‑x
k-]-h-a‑m-\‑x' (10þ5‑) F¶‑v s‑F-X-t‑c-b{‑_‑mÒ-W‑w C-X‑n-s‑\ A-\‑p-h-Z‑n-¡‑p-¶‑p.
`‑m-c-X-¯‑n A-t‑§‑m-f-a‑n-t‑§‑m-f‑w
h‑n-j‑v-W‑p-`-K-h‑m-\‑p-Å {‑]‑m-[‑m\‑y‑w a-s‑ä‑mc‑p t‑Z-h-\‑p-a‑nÃ. c‑m-a‑m-b-W-`‑m-c-X-§-f‑p‑w
`‑m-K-h-Xh‑p‑w h‑n-j‑v-W‑p-h‑n-s‑â a-l‑na-s‑b
I‑oÀ-¯‑n-¡‑p-¶ ]‑p-W‑y-{‑K-Ù-§-f‑m-Wt‑Ã‑m. {‑i‑o-c‑m-a\‑p‑w {‑i‑o-I‑r-j‑v-W\‑p‑w
DÅ-{‑X {‑]‑m-[‑m\‑y‑w H-c‑p l‑n-µ‑p-h‑n-s‑â
l‑r-Z-b-¯‑n a-s‑ä‑m-c‑p t‑Z-h\‑p‑w CÃ
F-¶‑pX-s‑¶ ]-d-b‑m‑w. F-¶‑m h‑n-j‑vW‑p-h‑n-s‑\ k‑v-X‑p-X‑n-¡‑p-¶ a-{‑´-§Ä
E-t‑K‑z-Z-¯‑n X‑m-c-X-t‑a‑y-\ I‑p-d-t‑¨b‑pÅ‑q. s‑s‑h-Z‑n-I-I‑m-e-¯‑n-\‑p-t‑i-ja‑m-W‑v h‑n-j‑v-W‑p-h‑n-\‑v C-¶‑p I‑m-W‑p-¶
{‑]‑m-[‑m\‑y‑w D-ï‑mb-X‑v F-¶‑v H-c‑p h‑mZ-K-X‑nb‑p‑w C-X‑nÂ-\‑n-¶‑p-f-h‑m-b‑n-«‑pï‑v.
h‑m-k‑v-X-h-¯‑n C-X‑v A-S‑n-Ø‑m-\-cl‑n-X-a‑mW‑v. A-á‑n-t‑ã‑m-a-b‑m‑K‑w X-s‑¶
\-a‑p-¡‑v D-Z‑m-l-c-W-a‑m-b‑n F-S‑p-¡‑m‑w.
t‑k‑m-a-{‑I-b‑w F¶ H-c‑p {‑]-[‑m-\-{‑I‑nb-b‑p-ï‑v b‑m-K-¯‑nÂ.t‑k‑m-ahÃ‑n h‑ne
s‑I‑m-S‑p-¯‑v h‑m-§‑n-¨‑v A-X‑v t‑X-c‑nÂ
Ib-ä‑n b‑m-K-i‑m-e-b‑n s‑I‑m-ï‑ph¶‑v
"Bkµ‑n''s‑b-¶ ]‑oT-¯‑n F-g‑p-¶Å‑n-¨‑p-s‑h-¨-X‑n-\‑p-t‑i-j‑w H-c‑p Cã‑n
(t‑l‑m-a-h‑n-t‑ij‑w‑) Dï‑v. A-X‑n-s‑â t‑]-c‑v
B-X‑n-t‑Y‑y-ã‑n F-¶‑mW‑v. t‑k‑m-a-c‑m-P‑m-h‑v
F-g‑p¶-Å‑n h-c‑p-t‑¼‑mÄ B a‑m-\‑y‑m-X‑n-Y‑n¡‑v k-aÀ-¸‑n-¡‑p-¶ B-Z-t‑c‑m-]-N‑m-c-a‑m-W‑v
AX‑p-s‑I‑m-ï‑v D-t‑±-i‑n-¡‑p-¶X‑v. F-¶‑mÂ
C‑u C-ã‑n-b‑p-s‑S t‑Zh-X (BÀ-¡‑p-t‑h-ï‑n
C-ã‑n s‑N-¿‑p¶‑pt‑h‑m B i-à‑n-h‑n-t‑ij-a‑m-W‑v t‑Zh-X‑) h‑n-j‑v-W‑p-t‑Z-h-\‑mW‑v.
t‑k‑m-a-c‑m-P‑m-h‑n-s‑\ k‑z‑o-I-c‑n-¨‑n-c‑p-¯‑n
h‑n-j‑v-W‑p-h‑n-\‑v B-X‑nY‑y‑w \Â-I‑p-It‑b‑m? {‑_-Ò-Z¯-s‑\ £-W‑n-¨‑p-h-c‑p-¯‑n
I‑p-ª‑p-®‑n-s‑b kÂ-¡-c‑n-¨‑p-s‑h-¶‑v
t‑IÄ-¡‑p-t‑¼‑mÄ {‑_-Ò-Z¯s‑â H‑m-a\-t‑¸-c‑m-W‑v I‑p-ª‑p-®‑n F-¶ kX‑y‑w
A-d‑n-b‑m-¯-hÀ-¡‑v A-X‑n A-\‑uN‑n-X‑yh‑p‑w s‑s‑h-c‑p-²‑yh‑p‑w t‑X‑m-¶‑m‑w.
CX‑p-t‑]‑m-e‑pÅ s‑s‑h-c‑p-²‑y-t‑a t‑k‑ma-s‑\
£-W‑n-¨‑v h‑n-j‑v-W‑p-h‑n-s‑\ kÂ-¡-c‑n¡‑p-¶-X‑ne‑p‑w DÅ‑q. C‑u A-\‑p-j‑vT‑m-\¯‑n-e‑q-s‑S t‑k‑m-a-t‑Z-h\‑p‑w h‑n-j‑v-W‑ph‑p‑w
c-ïà F-¶ X¯‑z‑w E-j‑o-i‑z-c³-a‑mÀ
Pq¬ 2013

\-a‑p-¡‑v h‑n-i-Z-a‑m-¡‑n-¯-c‑n-I-b‑mW‑v.
F-¶‑m C-X‑v F´‑p-s‑I‑m-ï‑v h‑y-à-a‑mb‑n ]-d-ª‑nà F-¶‑m-s‑W-¦‑n H-t‑¶
a-d‑p-]-S‑n-b‑pÅ‑q‑, E-j‑n-a‑mÀ ]-t‑c‑m-£-{‑]‑n-bc‑m-W‑v F-¶-X‑p-X-s‑¶.
E-t‑K‑z-Z-¯‑ns‑e 9þ‑m‑w aÞ-e‑w
]-h-a‑m-\-t‑k‑m-a-s‑\-¸-ä‑n-b‑p-Å k‑v-X‑pX‑n-b‑m-W-t‑Ã‑m. H-c‑p aÞ-e‑w a‑p-g‑p-h³
H-c‑p t‑Zh-s‑â k‑v-X‑p-X‑n-¡‑m-b‑n D-g‑n-ª‑ps‑h-¨-X‑nÂ-\‑n-¶‑pX-s‑¶ B t‑Z-h-s‑â
]-c-a-{‑]‑m-[‑m\‑y‑w a-\-Ê‑n-e‑m-¡‑m‑w.
{‑_-Ò‑m-\-µ-s‑¯-b‑m-W‑v C-h‑n-s‑S t‑k‑m-at‑Z-h-\‑m-b‑n ]-d-b‑p-¶X‑v. B t‑k‑ma-s‑\
{‑]‑m-]‑n¡‑p-I A-X‑n X-·-b‑o-`-h‑n¡‑p-I
C-X‑m-W‑v P‑o-h‑n-X-e-£‑y‑w. t‑k‑m-a-]‑m-\‑w
s‑N¿‑p-I F¶-X‑v AX‑n-t‑\‑m-S‑v X‑m-Z‑m-ßa-S-b‑p-¶-X‑n-s‑\-b‑m-W‑v k‑q-N‑n-¸‑n-¡‑p-¶X‑v.
C‑u t‑k‑m-ac-k‑w AY-h‑m {‑_-Ò‑m\-µ‑w
a‑m-[‑p-c‑y-]‑qÀ-®-a‑m-W‑v F-¶‑p s‑h-d‑p-s‑X
]-dª‑p-s‑I‑m-ï‑v A-X‑n-\‑p N‑pä‑p‑w h-«‑w-X‑nc‑n-b‑p-¶-XÃ‑m-s‑X A-X‑v t‑\-c‑n-«‑v A-\‑p-`h‑n-¡‑m³ H-«‑p-a‑n-¡ t‑]c‑p‑w H-c‑p-§‑p-¶‑nÃ
F-¶‑p t‑h-Z-a‑m-X‑m-h‑v h‑n-e-]‑n-¡‑p¶‑p.
'h‑n-t‑i‑z-b‑w t‑Z-h‑m D-X-aÀ-X‑y‑m-t‑k‑m-a-[‑p{‑_‑p-ht‑´‑m A-`‑n-k‑w-Nc-´‑n' (8þ48þ1‑).
E-t‑K‑z-Z-¯‑n h‑n-k‑v-X-c‑n-¨‑p hÀ-®‑n-¨
C‑u t‑k‑m-a-ck-s‑¯ b-P‑pÀ-t‑Æ-Z-¯‑nÂ
B-\-µ-k‑z-c‑q-]-a‑m-b‑n¯-s‑¶ hÀ-®‑n¡‑p¶‑p. `‑r-K‑p-hÃ‑n‑, {‑_-Ò‑m-\-µhÃ‑n
F-¶‑o `‑m-K-§-f‑n C‑u h‑n-hc-W‑w I‑mW‑m‑w. C‑u t‑k‑m-a-s‑¯þ{‑_-Ò‑m-\µ-s‑¯
X-s‑¶-b‑m-W‑v {‑i‑oa-Z‑v h‑n-Z‑y‑m-c-W‑y-k‑z‑m-a‑nIÄ A-t‑±-l-¯‑n-s‑â ]-©Z-i‑n F-¶
t‑h-Z‑m-´-{‑]-I-c-W-¯‑n A-h-k‑m\-s‑¯
A-©‑v A-²‑y‑m-b-§-f‑n-e‑m-b‑n h‑n-k‑v-X-c‑n¨‑p hÀ-®‑n-¨‑n-«‑p-ÅX‑v. C-s‑XÃ‑m‑w t‑NÀ-

GÀ¡c cma³\-¼q-Xncn

¯‑p-s‑h-¨‑p t‑\‑m-¡‑p-t‑¼‑mÄ t‑h-Z-¯‑n-s‑â
e£‑y‑w C-¶-X‑m-s‑W-¶‑p \-a‑p-¡‑v h‑y-àa‑m-b‑n {‑K-l‑n-¡‑m³ I-g‑n-b‑p‑w.
e-£‑yh‑p‑w a‑mÀ-¤-h‑p‑w‑, F-¶‑p
t‑h-ï \‑m‑w {‑K-l‑n-¨‑n-c‑n-t‑¡-ï-X‑m-b
G-X‑p h‑n-Ú‑m-\h‑p‑w t‑h-Z-¯‑n-e‑pï‑v.
t‑]-c‑m-e‑n-s‑â h‑n-s‑¯-S‑p-¯‑p s‑]‑m-«‑n¨‑pt‑\‑m-¡‑n-b‑m `‑m-h‑n-b‑n H-c‑p a-l‑m-h‑r£-a‑m-b‑n h-f-c‑m-\‑n-c‑n-¡‑p-¶ A-X‑n-s‑â
FÃ‑m `‑m-K-§-t‑fb‑p‑w \-a‑p-¡‑v A-X‑nÂ
h‑y-à-a‑m-b‑n t‑hÀ-X‑n-c‑n-¨‑v I‑m-W‑m³ I-g‑ns‑ª-¶‑p-h-c‑nÃ. a-\‑p-j‑y-\‑n-s‑e k‑z-`‑mh-h‑n-t‑i-j-§Ä X-e-a‑p-d-I-f‑n \‑n-¶‑v
X-e-a‑p-d-I-f‑n-t‑e-¡‑v s‑s‑I-a‑m-ä‑w s‑N-¿s‑¸-S‑p-¶-X‑v P‑o-\p-I-f‑n-s‑e U‑n.F³.F.
h-g‑n-¡‑m-s‑W-¶‑v B-[‑p-\‑n-I-i‑m-k‑v{‑X‑w
C-¶‑v I-s‑ï-¯‑n-b‑n-«‑pï‑v. F-¶‑mÂ
A-X‑n-k‑q-£‑v-aa‑m-b P‑o-\‑n-s‑\ F-{‑X \‑n-j‑vI‑r-ã-a‑m-b‑n ]c‑n-t‑i‑m-[‑n-¨‑n«‑p‑w A-X‑n-s‑â
C-¶‑n-¶ `‑m-K-§-f‑n C-¶‑n-¶ {‑]-t‑X‑yI-X-I-f‑n-c‑n-¡‑p-¶‑p-s‑ï-¶‑v Isï-¯m³
Ign-ªn-«n-Ã. amXr-KÀ`-¯n _oP-cqt]W sNs¶¯n h-fÀ-¶‑v h‑n-I‑m-k‑w
{‑]‑m-]‑n-¡‑p-t‑¼‑m-t‑g A-X‑n-s‑â c‑q-]-k‑z-`‑mh-s‑s‑h-N‑n-X‑y-§Ä s‑h-f‑n-s‑¸-«‑p-I‑n-«‑p-Ib‑pÅ‑q. AX‑p-t‑]‑m-s‑e t‑h-Z-a-{‑´-§-f‑nÂ
_‑o-P-c‑qt‑]-W hÀ-¯‑n-¡‑p-¶ X-X‑z-h‑nt‑i-j§Ä C‑ui‑z-s‑s‑c-I-i-c-Wc‑m-b
E-j‑o-i‑z-c-·‑m-c‑p-s‑S k‑q-£‑v-a-_‑p-²‑n-b‑nÂ
]-X‑n-¨‑v h-fÀ-¶‑v h‑n-I-k‑n-¨-X‑m-W‑v \-½‑ps‑S k‑v-a‑r-X‑n-If‑p‑w C-X‑n-l‑m-k-]‑p-c‑m-W-§f‑p-s‑aÃ‑m‑w.
'i‑ni‑p‑w \-h‑n-{‑]‑m-a-X‑n-`‑o-c‑n-l´‑n'
F-¶ a-{‑´-`‑m-K-a‑mh‑m‑w {‑i‑o-I‑rj‑v-W
`-K-h‑m-s‑â h‑r-µ‑m-h-\-e‑o-e-b‑m-b‑n h-fÀ¶‑p-h‑n-I-k‑n-¨ I-Y‑m-`‑m-K-¯‑n-s‑â _‑oP‑w.
"X-t‑h-Z‑w h‑ni‑z‑w'' (7þ98þ6‑) F-¶ EIv
{ioIrjvW `K-hmsâ ]ip-]m-e-\¯n\v B[m-c-am-sW¶v Icp-Xm³
\ymbapïv. "[\z-\m-K-[-\z-\mPnw
Ptba' (6.75.2) F¶ a-{‑´-t‑¯‑m-S‑p
t‑NÀ-¯‑p-s‑h¨‑v "{‑]-W-t‑h‑m-[\‑p‑x'' F-¶
I-t‑T‑m-]-\‑nj-X‑v a{‑´‑w I‑q-S‑n ]T‑n-¡‑pt‑¼‑mÄ C‑u E-¡‑v `-K-h-¶‑m-a-a‑m-l‑mß‑y-s‑¯-b‑m-W‑v k‑q-N‑n-¸‑n-¡‑p-¶-s‑X-¶‑p
h‑y-à-a‑m-h‑p‑w. P‑m-t‑b-Z-k‑v-X‑w (3þ53þ4‑)
F-¶-X‑p-a‑p-X-e‑p-Å a‑q-¶‑p a-{‑´‑w K‑r-lØ‑m-{‑i-a-P‑o-h‑n-X-¯‑n-s‑â [-\‑y-X-s‑bbt‑Ã DÂ-t‑L‑m-j‑n-¡‑p-¶X‑v? C-§‑n-s‑\
F-®‑n-s‑b-®‑n-¸-d-ª‑m A-h-k‑m-\‑n¡‑nÃ. "t‑h-t‑Z kÀ-h‑w {‑]-X‑n-j‑vT‑n-X‑w''
F¶-X‑v A-£-c‑mÀ-°-¯‑n¯-s‑¶
k-X‑y-a‑m-s‑W-¶‑p N‑p-c‑p¡‑w. "kÀ-Æ‑w''
F-¶-X‑n-\‑v {‑]-t‑X‑y-I‑w A-S‑n-h-c-b‑n-S-W-s‑a¶‑p-a‑m-{‑X‑w.''

n

15

Imhp]-T\w

s]mXp-hmbn D]-tbm-Kn-¨n-cp-¶p-sh¶
{]tXy-I-X-bp-apïv. Imhv, C-¡m-hv,
Ipªn-¡mhv F¶n-§s\ hnfn-t¸tcm
Ønc-t¸tcm DÅ Xe--apd GI-tZiw
Ign-bm-dm-bn. {]kn² kmln-Xy-Imcn-bm-bn-cp¶p A¼mSn C¡m-h-½.
`mK-h-tXm-¯-a-\m-bn-cp¶p IqS-ÃqÀ
Ipªn-¡mhp -\-¼q-Xn-cn-¸m-Sv. almIhn Hf-¸-a-®-bpsS hnfn-t¸-cm-bn-cp¶p
Imhv.

I‑m-h‑v F-¶ I‑mS‑v

16

I‑mh‑p-IÄ A-c‑p-f‑n-s‑¨-¿‑p-¶X‑v

ae-bmfn a\-Ênsâ \·-bmWv Imhv, iàn-bpw ssNX-\y-hp-am-Wv. lrZ-b-¯n \n¶pw Imhp-IÄ
\jvS-s¸-Sp¶ C¡m-e¯v Imhnsâ bYmÀ° kzcq-]s¯ Ah-X-cn-¸n-¡p-I-bmWv teJ-I³.
s{]m^. {]nb-ZÀi³emÂ

D

-]-mk-\‑m-k‑u-I-c‑y-¯‑n-\‑p t‑h-ï‑n
C‑u-i‑z-c-s‑s‑N-X-\‑y-s‑¯ B-h‑ml‑n-¨‑p {‑]-X‑n-j‑vT‑n-¡‑p-¶ Ø‑m-\-a‑m-W‑v
t‑£-{‑X‑w. t‑£-{‑X-§Ä ]-e c‑o-X‑n-b‑ne‑p-ï‑v. s‑hd‑p‑w H-c‑p X-d-b‑n X‑pS-§‑n
]-©-{‑]‑m-I‑mc-§-t‑f‑m-S‑p-I‑qS‑n-b a-l‑m-i‑ne‑v-]‑w h-s‑c F-®‑nbm-s‑e‑m-S‑p-§‑m¯-{‑X
s‑s‑h-h‑n-²‑y§Ä C‑u h‑n-j-b-¯‑n Z‑ri‑y-a‑mW‑v. t‑£-{‑X-§-f‑p-s‑S B-I‑rX‑nt‑b‑m
{‑]-I‑r-Xt‑a‑m AÃ s‑s‑N-X-\‑yh‑p‑w
A-\‑p-`-h-h‑p-a‑m-W‑v I‑m-c‑y-s‑a-¶‑v `-à-P\-§Ä a-\-Ê‑n-e‑m-¡‑p¶‑p. t‑I-c-f-¯‑ns‑e B-c‑m-[-\‑m-e-b-§Ä-¡‑p ]-d-b‑p-¶
t‑]-c‑p-If‑p‑w s‑s‑h-h‑n-²‑y-]‑qÀ-®-§-f‑mW‑v.
A-¼e‑w‑, I‑mh‑v‑, t‑I‑m-h‑n C‑u t‑]-c‑pI-f‑m-W‑v I‑q-S‑p-X-e‑m-b‑n D-]-t‑b‑m-K‑n-¨‑p-hc‑p-¶X‑v. t‑I‑m-«‑, t‑I‑m«‑w‑, aT‑w‑, a-S-¸‑p-c‑,
A-d‑, ]-Å‑nb-d‑, s‑I‑m-«‑mc‑w‑, aWvU]‑w (a-

ïI‑w‑) k-t‑¦X‑w (X-t‑¦-i‑w‑)‑, sIm«nÂ,
Ig-Iw, `WvUm-c-¸p-c, B-c‑q-V‑w‑, X-dh‑mS‑v‑, \-S‑, t‑I‑m-h‑n-eI‑w (I‑q-t‑e‑m‑w‑)‑, a-X‑ne-I‑w (a‑q-t‑e‑m‑w‑, s‑a‑mb‑n-t‑e‑m‑w‑) I‑p-S‑n-s‑h¸‑v‑,
]X‑n‑, F-e¦‑w‑, a‑p-S‑n-¸‑p-c‑, I‑pcym-e‑, a‑pï‑y‑-Ø‑m-\‑w‑, t‑Z-h-Ø‑m-\‑w C-h-s‑bÃ‑m‑w
t‑Z-h‑m-e-b-k‑q-N-I-§-f‑mW‑v. a‑q-À¯‑nIÄ‑,
k-a‑p-Z‑m-b§Ä‑, \‑m-S‑p-IÄ C-h-b-\‑p-kc‑n-¨‑m-W‑v ]-e t‑]-c‑p-If‑p‑w \‑nÂ-¡‑p-¶X‑v.
Z‑p‑x-J-{‑X-b-c‑q-]-a‑m-I‑p-¶ P‑o-h‑n-X-¯‑nÂ
A\‑p-`-h-s‑¸-S‑p-¶ £-‑X-§-f‑n \‑n-¶‑v
{‑X‑mW-\‑w s‑N-¿‑p-¶ t‑Z-h‑m-e-b§-s‑f
F-´‑p t‑]-c‑n h‑n-f‑n-¨mepw A-h t‑£{‑X-§Ä X-s‑¶-b‑mW‑v. F-¦‑ne‑p‑w h‑y‑mh-l‑m-c‑n-I-a‑m-b‑n C-h-b‑v-¡‑v h‑y-X‑yk‑v-X
c‑q-]-`‑m-h-§Ä I-e‑v-]‑n-¡‑m³ P-\-a\-Ê‑v
t‑{‑]-c‑n-X-a‑m-I‑p¶‑p. t‑£{‑X‑w F-¶ k‑w-k‑vI‑r-X-]-Z-¯‑n-\‑p X‑p-e‑ya‑m-b AÀ-°-a‑p-Å
X-a‑n-g‑v ]-Z-a‑m-W‑v I‑mh‑v. a-e-b‑m-f‑n¡‑v C‑u
]-Z-§Ä cï‑p‑w a‑m-X‑r-`‑m-j-b‑n-e‑p-Å-hb‑mW‑v; ]-c‑y‑m-b-§-f‑p-a‑m-W‑v.

I‑m-h‑v F-¶‑mÂ

I‑m¡‑p-I F-¶ ]-Z-¯‑n-\‑v k‑w-c£‑n¡‑p-I F-¶‑m-WÀ°‑w. c-£-W
{‑I‑n-b-b‑m-W‑v I‑mhÂ. X-a‑n-g‑n c-£‑m-`S³-a‑mÀ-¡‑v I‑mhÂ‑, I‑m-heÀ‑, I‑m-h-e‑mÄ
F-¶‑n-§-s‑\-b‑m-W‑v t‑]-c‑pIÄ. X-a‑n-g‑v-\‑mS‑v k‑w-Ø‑m-\-¯‑n t‑]‑m-e‑o-k‑v h-I‑p-¸‑v
I‑m-h‑n¯‑ps‑s‑d F-¶-d‑n-b-s‑¸-S‑p¶‑p.
F-f‑p-¸‑w I‑n-«‑p-¶ k‑w-c-£m a‑mÀ-¤h‑p‑w
{‑]X‑n-t‑c‑m-[‑m-b‑p-[h‑p‑w I‑q-ä³ Z-Þ‑m-bX‑n-\‑m a‑p-«³h-S‑n¡v I‑m-h‑v F-¶ ]-Z‑w
D-]-t‑b‑m-K‑n-¨‑p-h-c‑p¶‑p. c-ï-ä-§-f‑n hÃs‑¡‑m-«-If‑p‑w I‑p-«-I-§f‑p‑w aä‑p‑w X‑q-¡‑nb‑n-S‑p-¶ he‑n-b h-S‑n-IÄ I‑m-h‑p-I-f‑mW‑v.
s‑h-Å-¡‑mh‑v‑, a‑o³-I‑m-h‑v X‑p-S§‑n-b
h‑m-¡‑p-IÄ C-t‑¸‑m-g‑p-a‑pï‑v. I-h‑p-§‑n-s‑â
A-eI‑p‑w CÃ‑n-a‑p-fb‑p‑w k‑m-[‑m-c-W `‑m-c¡‑m-h‑p-IÄ-¡‑v F-S‑p-¡‑p-¶‑p.
s‑Nd‑n-b Z-Þ‑p-I-f‑p-s‑S A-S‑n-`‑mK-¯‑v
A-`‑n-t‑j-I-{‑Z-h‑y-§Ä \‑n-d¨‑p-s‑I‑mï‑pt‑]‑m-I‑p-¶-X‑m-W‑v I‑mh-S‑n h-g‑n-]‑mS‑v.
lncWy

hÅn-t¡m-«p-Imhv

s‑I‑m-«‑n-b‑qÀ a-l‑m-t‑Zh-\‑v A-`‑n-t‑j-I‑w
s‑N-¿‑m-\‑p-Å C-f-\‑oÀ-¡‑p-e-IÄ H-c‑p
a‑m-d‑nÂ-¯‑m-s‑g a‑m-{‑X‑w \‑o-f-a‑p-Å ]-¨-aS-e‑p-I-f‑n X‑q-¡‑n-b‑n-«‑m-W‑v s‑I‑mï‑p-t‑]‑mI‑p-¶X‑v. C‑u Z-Þ‑p-IÄ-¡‑v C-f-\‑oÀ¡‑m-h‑p-I-s‑f-¶‑m-W‑v t‑]c‑v. C§s\
k‑p-c-£‑n-X-a‑m-b‑n k‑m-[-\-§-s‑f-¯‑n-¡‑m\‑p-Å ef‑n-t‑X‑m-]‑m-[‑n F¶‑p‑w I‑m-h‑n-\‑v
AÀ-°‑w h-¶‑p-I‑qS‑n. P‑o-h‑n-X-t‑¢-i-§Ä¡‑p ]-c‑n-l‑m-c-a‑m-b‑n-«‑m-W‑v C¯-c‑w h-g‑n]‑m-S‑p-IÄ F-¶-X‑n-\‑me‑p‑w I‑m-h‑v F-¶
AÀ-°w-b‑p-à-a‑m-b‑n-¯‑o-c‑p-¶‑p.
\mw sh¨p-]n-Sn-¸n-¡p¶ ]qs¨-SnIÄ ]q¦mhv AYhm ]qh\w BIp¶p. Ccp-h-i¯pw XWÂa-c-§Ä
sh¨p]n-Sn-¸n¨ hgn-IÄ¡v \S-¡m-hpIÄ F¶mWv ]d-ªn-cp-¶-Xv. tIc-f¯nsâ an¡ `mK-§-fnepw \S-¡mhv
F¶ Øe-\maw Ah-ti-jn-¡p-¶p.
bm{X-¡msc kqcy-Xm-]-¯nÂ
\n¶p Im¯p-c-£n-¡p-¶-Xn-\mÂ
CXpw Imhp Xs¶.

Imhv F¶ t]cv

k´m-\-§Ä Pohn-X-t¢-i-§Ä¡v
Bizm-k-am-Ip-¶-Xn-\m Ip«n-IÄ¡v
Imhv F¶p t]cn-Sp¶ coXn-bpïmbncp-¶p. BWn\pw s]®n\pw CXv
Pq¬ 2013

P‑oh-s‑â \‑n-e-\‑nÂ-¸‑v h\-s‑¯
B-{‑i-b‑n-¨‑m-W‑n-c‑n-¡‑p-¶X‑v. k-k‑y-§-f‑ps‑Sb‑p‑w P-´‑p-P‑m-e-¯‑n-s‑âb‑p‑w `-{‑Za‑m-b
Bh‑m-k h‑y-h-Ø-b‑m-W‑v h\‑w. s‑]-b‑vX‑n-d-§‑p-¶ a-g s‑hÅ-s‑¯ D-Å‑n-t‑e-b‑vs‑¡-S‑p-¡‑m\‑p‑w k‑u-I-c‑y‑m-\‑p-kc-W‑w
]‑p-d-t‑¯-b‑v-¡‑v H-g‑p-¡‑m\‑p‑w h-\-§Ä-¡‑p
I-g‑n-b‑p¶‑p. i‑p-²a‑m-b Pe‑w‑, i‑p-²-a‑m-b
h‑mb‑p‑, i‑p-²a‑m-b `£-W‑w C-h-b‑m-W‑v
h-\-§-f‑p-s‑S h-c-Z‑m\‑w. N‑p-c‑p-¡-¯‑nÂ
P‑oh-s‑â \‑n-e-\‑nÂ-¸‑v h\-s‑¯ B-{‑ib‑n-¨‑p \‑nÂ-¡‑p¶p. a-\‑p-j‑y-hÀ-¤-¯‑n\‑m-s‑I t‑_‑m-²‑ya‑m-b k-X‑y-a‑m-W‑nX‑v.
t‑h-Z-¯‑n A-c-W‑y‑m-\‑n H-c‑p t‑Z-h-Xb‑m-W‑.v B-c-W‑y-I‑w H-c‑p i‑m-J-b‑mW‑v.
]‑p-c‑m-t‑W-X‑n-l‑m-k-§-f‑n h-\-t‑Z-h-XIÄ I-Y‑m-]‑m-{‑X-§-f‑m-I‑p-¶‑p-a‑pï‑v. C‑u
B-cW‑y-I k‑w-k‑v-¡‑m-c-a‑m-W‑v I‑m-S‑n-s‑\
I‑m-h‑m-¡‑p-¶X‑v. G-X‑pX-c‑w I‑m-S‑n\‑p‑w I‑ms‑h-t¶ ]-db‑q. a‑m-¦‑mh‑v‑, N-µ-\-¡‑mh‑v‑,
h-Å‑n-¡‑mh‑v‑, ]-\-¨‑n-¡‑m-h‑v F-¶‑n-§s‑\.
I‑mh‑p‑w h-\h‑p‑w t‑NÀ-¶‑v I‑m-\‑w F-¶
h‑m¡‑p‑w c‑q-]-s‑¸-«‑n-«‑p-ï‑v. Ge-¡m-\w,
G¨n¡m-\w, am§m-\w, \mc-§m\w
XpS-§nb hm¡p-IÄ D-Z‑m-l-c‑n-¡‑m‑w.
P‑o-h‑n-X‑m-h-i‑y-§Ä hÀ-²‑n-¡‑p-¶X‑n-\-\‑p-k-c‑n-¨‑v I‑m-S‑p-I-t‑¿-d‑m-\‑p-Å
h‑m-k-\b‑p‑w hÀ-²‑n-¡‑p-s‑a-¶-X‑m-W‑v
t‑e‑mI-Nc‑n-{‑X-]‑mT‑w. A-\‑n-b-{‑´‑n-Xa‑m-b
h-\-\-i‑o-Ic-W‑w X-S-b‑m³ h-\-¯‑n-s‑â
I‑p-t‑d `‑m-K-s‑a-¦‑ne‑p‑w C‑u-i‑z-c-Ø‑m-\-a‑m¡‑n a‑m-ä‑p-I-b‑m-b‑n-c‑p-¶‑p ^-e-{‑]-Za‑m-b
H-c‑p a‑mÀ-¤‑w.

s‑s‑Z-h-¡‑m-h‑pIÄ
(s‑X-¿-¯‑p‑w-I‑m-h‑p-IÄ‑)

C-¶‑v t‑I-c-f-¯‑n-s‑e P-\-\‑n-_nUt‑I-{‑µ-§-f‑nÂ-t‑¸‑me‑p‑w \‑n-X‑y-lc‑n-X
h-\-¯‑p-c‑p-¯‑p-IÄ A-h-t‑i-j‑n-¡‑p¶X‑v Ah s‑s‑Z-h-¡‑m-h‑p-I-f‑m-bX‑p-s‑I‑mï‑mW‑v. `-K-h‑m³ {‑i‑o a‑p-¯¸-s‑â
B-c‑q-Va‑m-b {‑i‑o I‑p-¶-¯‑qÀ-¸‑m-S‑n-b‑mW‑v
C‑u-i‑zc-s‑â t‑]-c‑n k‑w-c-£‑n-¡-s‑¸S‑p-¶ G-äh‑p‑w he‑n-b h\‑w. [-\‑p c-ï‑p

a‑p-XÂ aI-c‑w c-ï‑p h-s‑c a‑m{‑X‑w a-\‑pj‑y-s‑¸-c‑p-a‑m-ä-a‑p-Å \‑n_‑n-U h-\-a‑mW‑nX‑v. {‑]-I‑r-X‑n-¡‑p \‑n-c-¡‑m-¯ H¶‑p‑w
C‑u k-t‑¦-X-¯‑n ]‑m-S‑nÃ. ]-c‑n-Ø‑n-X‑n
k‑u-µ-c‑y-i‑m-k‑v-{‑X-¯‑n-s‑â ]‑mT-]‑p-k‑v-X-Is‑a-¶‑v ]‑m-S‑n-s‑b h‑n-t‑i-j‑n-¸‑n¡‑m‑w t‑I‑mg‑n-t‑¡‑m-S‑v P‑nÃ-b‑n-s‑e N‑o¡‑n-t‑e‑m-«‑p-Å
h-Å‑n-¡‑m-«‑p-I‑m-h‑v `mc-X-¯nse
{]mNo\ I\ymh-\-t‑£-{‑X-§f‑n-s‑e‑m¶‑m-W‑v. I‑p-c§‑v‑, ¾‑mh‑v‑, a‑m³ X‑p-S-§‑n-b
a‑r-K-§f‑p‑w a-b‑nÂ‑, a-e-a‑p-g-¡‑n-t‑h-g‑m-¼Â
X‑p-S§‑n-b ]-£‑n-If‑p‑w c‑m-P-s‑h-¼‑m-e‑,
s‑]-c‑p-¼‑m-¼‑v X‑p-S§‑n-b D-c-K-hÀ-¤-§f‑p‑w
C-h‑nS-s‑¯ `-{‑Z-I‑m-f‑n-b‑p-s‑S k‑w-c-£-W¯‑n-e‑m-W‑v I-g‑nª‑p-t‑]‑m-c‑p-¶X‑v. t‑I‑m-g‑nt‑¡‑m-s‑« t‑I‑m-tW‑m-«‑p-Å X‑p-d-t‑¡‑m-«‑p-¡‑mh‑ne‑p‑w h‑m-\-c-·‑m-c‑p-ï‑v.
I‑mkÀ-t‑K‑m-U‑p P‑nÃ-b‑n-s‑e a-ªS‑p¡‑w‑, X‑p-f‑pÀ-h-\-¯‑p-I‑mh‑v‑, I-½‑m-S-¯‑pI‑mh‑v‑, c‑m-P-]‑p-c‑w A-¿³-I‑mh‑v‑, Ih-SnbmÀ Kplm-t£-{Xw, I-®‑qÀ P‑nÃ-b‑n-s‑e
B-e-¸S¼v s‑X-t‑¿‑m-«‑p-I‑mh‑v‑, am-§‑m-S‑v
\‑o-e‑n-b‑mÀ t‑I‑m«‑w‑, ]‑q-t‑§‑m-«‑v-I‑mh‑v‑,
shÅqÀ Nma-¡m-hv, ]-¯-\‑w-X‑n-« P‑nÃb‑n-s‑e s‑h¬a-W‑n N‑m-a (i‑mÀ-M‑)¡‑mh‑v‑,
t‑I‑m«-b‑w P‑nÃ-b‑n-s‑e t‑X-hÀ-a-e {‑i‑oI‑r-j‑v-W-t‑£-{‑X‑w‑, C-S‑p-¡‑n P‑nÃ-b‑n-s‑e
h-Å‑n-b‑m-¦‑mh‑v‑, X‑n-c‑p-h-\-´-]‑p-c‑w P‑nÃ-b‑ns‑e c‑m-e‑qÀ-¡‑m-h‑v, a-e-¸‑p-d‑w P‑nÃ-b‑n-s‑e
I-c‑p-f‑m-b‑n s‑N-½-´-«-¡‑mh‑v‑, C-h-s‑b‑ms‑¡ h-\-k‑z-`‑m-h‑w \‑n-e-\‑nÀ-¯‑p¶‑p. s‑X¡‑p-¼‑m-S‑v-I‑mh‑v (s‑N-d‑p-I‑p-¶‑v)‑, a-¶‑w-]‑p-d¯‑p-I‑mh‑v (\‑o-t‑e-i‑zc‑w‑) t‑I‑m-«‑q-¡‑pf-§-c
h-\-i‑m-k‑v-X‑m-t‑£-{‑X‑w (t‑I‑m-«‑q-¸‑mS‑w‑)
Hd‑p-s‑]‑m-«³-I‑mh‑v (I‑m-¸‑mS‑v‑, t‑I‑m-g‑n-t‑¡‑mS‑v‑)‑, s‑\Ã‑n-I‑mh‑v (I‑m-c-¸-d¼‑v‑) I-c-¡¡‑mh‑v (I-c‑n-s‑h-Å‑qÀ‑)‑, h-t‑«‑m-f‑n-¡‑m-h‑v
i‑m-k‑v-X‑m-t‑£-{‑X‑w (a‑m-\-t‑´-c‑n‑)‑, s‑X‑m-g‑ph‑m-\‑qÀ t‑Z-h‑o-t‑£-{‑X‑w (h-f‑m-t‑©c‑n‑) Ce-ª‑n-t‑a h-Å‑n-¡‑mh‑v (s‑N-§-¶‑qÀ‑)‑,
F-S-t‑¨-c‑n I-f‑n-b‑m‑w-h-Å‑n-¡‑mh‑v (h-SIc‑) ]-g-b-t‑©-c‑n-¡‑mh‑v (s]-c‑p‑w-t‑Nc‑n‑,
a-«-¶‑qÀ‑)‑, Ccn-t§mÄ¡mhv (s]-cp-¼mhqÀ, hc-bv¡m-«p-Imhv (Im-h-tÈ-cn), ]
t´mw-Imhv A¿-¸-t£{Xw (]-´-¡Â,
amln), ]\-b-\mÀImhv (am-¶mÀ),
FS-¸md Nmap-WvtU-iz-co-t£{Xw (]
m-t´m-«w) If-cnhm-Xp-¡Â¡mhv (h-f-]«-Ww) apt¡me (ap-àn-Øe) `K-h-Xnt£{Xw (N-§-cw-Ip-fw) ]d-¼-¯vImhv
(C-cn-¼n-fn-bw), ]Ån-b-d-¡mhv (\-cn¡p-\n), t]cqÀ¡mhv (In-fn-sIm-ÃqÀ)
X‑pS-§‑n G-X‑m\‑p‑w I‑m-h‑p-I-f‑ne‑p‑w ]-g-b
h-\-¯‑n-s‑â k‑w-k‑v-¡‑m-c‑w \‑nÂ-¡‑p¶‑pï‑v. a‑m-S‑m-b‑n-¡‑mh‑v‑, X‑n-c‑p-h-t‑©-c‑n-¡‑m-

17

h‑v (I‑q-¯‑p-]-d¼‑v‑) X‑p-c‑p¯‑n C‑u-i‑m-\¯‑p-I‑mh‑v (N-§-\‑m-t‑Èc‑n‑) B-e‑p-X-d¸‑m-d
i‑m-k‑v-{‑X‑m-t‑£-{‑X‑w (s‑I-g‑p-h-¦‑pf‑w‑)
C-h-b‑p-s‑S h-\-k‑z-`‑m-h‑w G-s‑d-¡‑p-s‑d
\-ã-a‑m-b‑n-¡-g‑n-ª‑n-c‑n-¡‑p¶‑p. i-_-c‑n-K‑oc‑n-i³ ]-X‑n-s‑\-«‑p ]‑q-¦‑m-h-\-§Ä F-¶d‑n-b-s‑¸-S‑p-¶ ]-X‑n-s‑\-«‑p a-e-I-f‑p-s‑Sb‑p‑w
h-\-¯‑n-s‑âb‑p‑w \-S‑p-h‑n G-I‑m-´-k-a‑m[‑n-b‑n e-b‑n-¨‑n-c‑n-¡‑p¶‑p. i-_-c‑n-ae-s‑b
I‑m-s‑h-¶‑p a‑m{‑X‑w h‑n-f‑n-¨‑m {‑]‑m-[‑m\‑y‑w
I‑pd-¨‑pI‑m-«-e‑m-b‑n-t‑¸‑m-I‑p‑w. a-l‑m-I‑m-\-t‑£{‑X‑w F-¶‑m-W‑v hnt‑i-j‑n-¸‑n-t‑¡ï-X‑v.

kÀ-¸-¡‑m-h‑v F-¶
B-c‑m-[-\‑m-c‑oX‑n

18

]-c-i‑p-c‑m-a³ t‑Ic-f‑w B-h‑m-k-t‑b‑mK‑y-a‑m-¡‑m³ t‑h-ï‑n \‑m-K§-s‑f ]‑mÀ¸‑n-¡‑p-Ib‑p‑w a-\‑p-j‑yc‑p‑w \‑m-K-§f‑p‑w
X-½‑n-e‑p-Å G-ä‑p-a‑p-«Â H-g‑n-h‑m-¡‑m³
\‑m-K‑m-c‑m-[-\‑m-c‑o-X‑n \-S-¸m¡‑p-Ib‑p‑w
s‑N-b‑v-s‑X-¶‑mW‑v s‑F-X‑n-l‑y‑w. t‑I-c-f‑ob-X c‑q-]-s‑¸-S‑p-t‑¼‑mį-s‑¶ C-h‑n-s‑S
\‑m-K‑m-c‑m-[-\-b‑p-ï‑m-b‑n-c‑p-¶‑p-s‑h-¶‑m-W‑v
h‑y‑w-K‑y‑mÀ°‑w. \‑m-K-§f‑p‑w h-\-§-f‑pa‑m-b‑n G-äh‑p‑w _-Ô-s‑¸-«‑n-c‑n-¡‑p¶‑p.
\‑n-_‑n-U-h-\-¯‑n-e‑m-W‑v a-®‑mÀ-i‑m-es‑b-¶ a‑p-J‑y \‑m-K-c‑m-Pt‑£{‑X‑w Ø‑n-X‑n
s‑N-¿‑p-¶X‑v. D-¯-c-t‑I-c-f-¯‑n kÀ-¸¡‑m-h‑n-\‑v \‑m-K-t‑¡‑m-« (\‑mK‑w‑) F-¶‑m-W‑v
]-d-b‑p-¶X‑v. F-S‑m-«‑p-\‑mK‑w‑, I-c‑n-¸‑mÂ
\‑mK‑w‑, s‑N‑m-Æ‑m-\‑m-K¯-S‑w C-h-s‑b‑m-s‑¡
h-\-J-Þ-§-f‑m-W‑v. X-d-h‑m-S‑p-I-f‑p-s‑Sb‑p‑w
t‑£-{‑X-§-f‑p-s‑Sb‑p‑w I-¶‑n-a‑q-e-b‑n-e‑m-W‑v
s‑]‑m-X‑p-s‑h \‑m-K-a‑p-ÅX‑v. k‑w-c-£‑nX-h-\-¯‑n-\‑p-Å‑n I‑m-«‑p-IÃ‑p-Ifpw
I‑p-g-a-®‑pw s‑I‑m-ï‑v s‑I«‑n-b X-d-b‑nÂ
s‑h-«‑p-I N‑n-{‑X-I‑q-Sh‑p‑w I-c‑n-¦Â h‑n-{‑Kl-§f‑p‑w F-¶‑m-b‑n-c‑p¶‑p ]gb ]Xn-hv.

G-äh‑p‑w t‑h-K‑w \-i‑n-¸‑n-¡-s‑¸-S‑p¶-X‑v
kÀ-¸-¡‑m-h‑p-I-f‑m-W‑v s‑]‑m-c‑n-s‑h-b‑ne-¯‑v
t‑I‑m¬-{‑I‑o-ä‑v X-d-b‑n C-c‑n-¡‑p-¶‑ I-c‑n¦Â N‑n-{‑X-I‑q-S-§Ä D-ï‑m-b‑n-s‑¡‑mï‑n-c‑n-¡‑p¶‑p. C-c‑p-]X‑m‑w \‑q-ä‑m-ï‑n-s‑â
B-c‑w-`-¯‑n X‑n-c‑p-h‑n-X‑m‑w-I‑q-d‑n a‑m{‑X‑w
C-c‑p-]-¯‑n-c-ï‑m-b‑n-c-¯‑n-e-[‑n-I‑w kÀ-¸¡‑m-h‑p-I-f‑p-ï‑m-b‑n-c‑p-¶‑p-s‑h-t‑¶‑mÀ-¡‑pI.

I‑m-h‑n-s‑â LS\

P-\-]-Z-h‑n-Ú‑m-\‑o-b-¯‑n-s‑â {‑]-t‑X‑yI-Xb‑m-b a-X-t‑`-Z§Ä C‑u h‑n-j-b¯‑n F-{‑X-s‑b-¦‑n-e‑p-a‑pï‑v. F-¦‑ne‑p‑w
t‑I-c-f-¯‑n-e-t‑§‑m-f-a‑n-t‑§‑m-f‑w G-I-t‑Zi‑w k-½-X-a‑m-b‑n-c‑n-¡‑p-¶ I‑m-c‑y-§Ä
]-d-b‑m‑w. P-e-k‑m-¶‑n-²‑y-a‑p-ÅX‑p‑w k-k‑yP-´‑p-s‑s‑h-h‑n-²‑y-§-t‑f‑m-S‑p-I‑q-S‑n-b-X‑pa‑m-b
t‑Z-h-X‑m-Ø‑m-\-§-f‑m-W‑v s‑s‑Z-h-¡‑m-h‑pIÄ F-¶‑m-W‑v s‑]‑m-X‑p-[‑mc-W. H-e‑n¸‑v‑,
Dd-h‑, A-c‑ph‑n‑, t‑X‑mS‑v‑, N‑n-ä‑md‑v‑, Bd‑v
(]‑p-g‑) F-¶‑n§-s‑\ P-e-{‑]-h‑m-l-§-f‑ps‑ï-¦‑n D-¯-a-a‑m-b‑n I-c‑p-X-s‑¸-S‑p¶‑p.
C-s‑Ã-¦‑n H‑me‑n‑, s‑I‑m¨Â‑, s‑]‑m-b‑nÂ‑,
sIm¡-c-Wn, tIWn, I‑nWÀ‑, I‑pf‑w‑,
N‑n-d C-h-b‑n-t‑e-s‑X-¦‑ne‑p‑w D-ï‑m-hW‑w.
X-S‑m-I-X‑o-c-¯‑m-b‑me‑p‑w \¶‑v. k-a‑p-{‑ZX‑oc-s‑¯ I‑m-h‑p-IÄ A-X‑n-h‑n-i‑n-ã-§f‑m-W‑v.
P-e-k-k‑y-§f‑p‑w I-c (Ø-e‑)
k-k‑y-§f‑p‑w B-I‑m-i-k-k‑y-§f‑p‑w
I‑m-h‑n t‑hW‑w. I-c-k-k‑y-§-f‑nÂ
I‑m-X-e‑p-Å-hb‑p‑w CÃ‑m-¯-h-b‑pa‑m-b
a-c§Ä‑, h-Å‑nIÄ‑, I‑p-ä‑n-s‑¨-S‑nIÄ‑,
C-e-¯-ï³ s‑N-S‑nIÄ‑, s‑h-Å-¯-ï³
s‑N-S‑n-IÄ C-h t‑hW‑w. a-e{¼-t‑Zi-s‑¯
Imhp-I-fn I-c‑n-¦‑p-d‑nª‑n‑, I-c‑n-t‑§‑m-«
a‑p-X-e‑m-b-h k‑p-e`‑amWv. h-Å‑n-¸-SÀ-¸‑pI-f‑p-s‑S I‑q-«-¯‑n N‑q-ce‑p‑w I-g-©‑nb‑p‑w
D-ï‑m-I‑p-¶-X‑v \¶‑v. ]‑p-g-t‑b‑m-c-¡‑m-h‑pXpdt¡m-«p-Imhv

I-f‑n C-© (C‑u-§‑) ¸-SÀ¸‑v‑, a‑p-ų
s‑s‑I-X C-h-b‑m-b‑n-c‑n¡‑p‑w I‑q-S‑pXÂ.
I-Stemc-¡‑m-h‑p-I-f‑n I-ïe‑p‑w h-b¨‑p-Å‑nb‑p‑w [‑m-c‑m-f-a‑p-ï‑m-I‑p‑w. C-¯‑nÄ¡®‑n‑, a-c-a-ªÄ‑, a-ch‑m-g X‑p-S-§‑nb-h-b‑m-W‑v B-I‑m-i-k-k‑y§Ä. a-e‑,
C-S-\‑mS‑v‑, I-S-t‑e‑m-c‑w C-h-b‑v-¡-\‑p-k-c‑n-¨‑v
k-k‑y-§-f‑p-s‑S k‑z-`‑m-h‑w a‑m-d‑p-s‑a-¦‑ne‑p‑w
P´p k‑z-`‑m-hw Imcy-ambn a‑m-d‑m-d‑nÃ.
P-e-P-´‑p-¡f‑p‑w I-c-P-´‑p-¡f‑p‑w ]-£‑nIÄ‑, ]-d-h-IÄ X‑p-S§‑n-b BI‑m-i
P-´‑p-¡f‑p‑w t‑h-W-s‑a-¶‑p a‑m-{‑X‑w.
k-k‑y-§Ä FÃ‑m P‑m-X‑n-b‑n-e‑p‑w-s‑]-«-h
t‑NÀ-¶‑v N‑p-c‑p-§‑n-b-X‑v 101 aqsS-¦nepw
t‑h-W‑w. P-´‑p-¡-f‑p-s‑S IW-¡‑v B-hi‑y-a‑nÃ. FÃ‑m‑w X‑n-I-ª‑m a‑p-g‑p-¡‑mh‑v
(\‑n-d-¡‑mh‑v‑) F¶‑p‑w F-s‑´-¦‑ne‑p‑w I‑p-dª‑m A-c-¡‑mh‑v (I‑p-d-¡‑mh‑v‑) F¶‑p‑w
]-d-ª‑n-c‑p¶‑p. `-àÀ-¡‑v a‑p-g‑p¡‑mt‑h‑m
‑A-c¡‑mt‑h‑m F-¶‑p t‑\‑m-t‑¡-ï-X‑nÃ.
s‑s‑N-X-\‑yh‑p‑w A-\‑p-`-h-h‑p-a‑m-W‑v a‑p-J‑y‑w.
]-¯-c-¡‑m-h‑pIÄ‑, ]-X‑n-s‑\-«-c-¡‑m-h‑pIÄ F-s‑¶Ã‑m‑w ]-t‑ï k-¦-e‑v-]-§-f‑pï‑v. I-c‑n-¦‑m-f‑n-¡‑v ]-X‑n-s‑\-«-c-¡‑m-h‑p-I-f‑mW‑v {‑]-[‑m-\‑w.

D-]‑m-k-\‑m-a‑qÀ-¯‑nIÄ

`-{‑Z-I‑m-f‑n-hÀ-¤-¯‑nÂ-s‑¸-« `-K-h-X‑na‑mÀ‑, s‑s‑i-h-a‑qÀ-¯‑n-IÄ F-¶‑n-hÀ-¡‑mW‑v k‑m-[‑m-c-W-b‑m-b‑n I‑m-h‑p-I-f‑p-ÅX‑v.
‑A-¿-¸\‑p‑w t‑h-«-b‑v-s‑¡‑m-c‑p-a-I-\‑p‑w‑,
amS\pw Bbn-c-hn-Ãn¡pw Icn-bm-¯
\pw aä‑p‑w I‑m-h‑p-I-f‑m-W‑v ]-ï‑p-ï‑mb‑n-c‑p-¶X‑v. {‑It‑a-W a‑n-¡ I‑m-h‑p-If‑p‑w
j-U‑m[‑m-c {‑]-X‑n-j‑vT-t‑b‑m-S‑p-I‑qS‑n-b
a-l‑m-t‑£-{‑X-§-f‑m-b‑n-¯‑oÀ¶‑p. B ]
cn-Wmaw C¶pw I‑pt‑d-s‑b‑m-s‑¡ X‑p-S-c‑p¶‑p-a‑pï‑v. t‑_‑m-[-a-Þ-e-¯‑n-s‑â h‑n-I‑mk-¯‑n-\‑p-k-c‑n-¨‑v P‑o-h‑n-X-s‑s‑i-e‑n-b‑n hc‑p-¶ a‑m-ä‑w t‑£-{‑X-L-S-\-b‑ne‑p‑w hc‑n-I
X-s‑¶ s‑N-¿‑p‑w. F-¶‑m I‑m-h‑p-I-f‑p-s‑S
]‑m-c‑n-Ø‑n-X‑n-I-L-S-\-b‑v-¡‑v I‑m-c‑ya‑m-b
£-X-t‑aÂ-¸‑n-¡‑m-s‑X-b‑p-Å ]‑p-t‑c‑m-K-X‑nb‑m-W‑v A-`‑n-I‑m-a‑y‑w.
s‑s‑Z-h-¡‑m-h‑p-I-f‑n A-]‑qÀ-Æ-a‑ms‑b-¦‑n-e‑p‑w s‑s‑h-j‑v-W-h-a‑qÀ-¯‑n-I-f‑pï‑v.
A-X‑y‑p-¯-c t‑I-c-f-¯‑n-s‑e s‑X-¿-¡‑m-h‑pI-f‑n-e‑m-W‑v C-h-c‑p-ÅX‑v. [-À½-S‑w A-ïe‑qÀ-¡‑m-h‑ne‑p‑w I-®‑qÀ I‑m-\-¯‑qÀ-¡‑mh‑ne‑p‑w s‑s‑Z-h-¯‑mÀ {‑i‑o-c‑m-a-\‑mW‑v. H-¸‑w
A-¦-¡‑m-c³ F-¶ e-£‑v-a-W-t‑\b‑p‑w
s‑I-«‑n-b‑m-S‑n-¡‑p¶‑p. t‑I‑m-e-¯‑p-\‑m-«‑n-s‑e
aÃ‑n-t‑b‑m«‑v‑, I‑o-t‑¨c‑n‑, A-g‑o-t‑¡‑m-S‑v X‑pS§‑n-b I‑m-h‑p-I-f‑n-s‑e ]‑m-t‑e‑m-«‑p s‑s‑Z-h¯‑mÀ a-Õ‑y‑m-h-X‑m-c-a‑mW‑v. \-c-k‑n‑wls‑¯ h‑n-j‑v-W‑p-a‑qÀ¯‑n (X‑o-¨‑m-a‑pÞ‑n‑,
lncWy

Nµ-\-¡mhv

H-ä-¡‑me‑w‑) a‑n-¡ I‑m-h‑p-I-f‑ne‑p‑w I‑mW‑m‑w. h-c‑m-l-a‑qÀ-¯‑n-b‑m-W‑v a-S-b‑nÂ-N‑ma‑pÞ‑n. {‑i‑o a‑p-¯-¸-\‑n-s‑e X‑n-c‑ph-¸-\
a-l‑m-h‑n-j‑v-W‑p-h‑mW‑v. a-s‑ä‑m-c‑p s‑s‑h-j‑v-Wh-a‑qÀ-¯‑n-b‑mW‑v D‑uÀ-¸-gÈ‑n. A§-s‑\
s‑s‑i-h-i‑mt‑àb s‑s‑h-j‑v-W-h ]-²-X‑nIÄ- I‑m-h‑p-I-f‑n H-¯‑p-t‑N-c‑p-¶‑p.

Ø‑m-\-t‑`-Zh‑p‑w A-h-t‑`-Z-h‑p‑w

I‑m-h‑p Ø‑n-X‑n s‑N-¿‑p-¶ `‑q-a‑n-b‑ps‑S k‑z-`‑m-h-a-\‑p-k-c‑n-¨‑v a‑qÀ-¯‑n-b‑p-s‑S
k‑z-`‑m-h-¯‑n\‑p‑w h‑y-X‑y‑m-k‑w h-c‑p-s‑a-¶‑mW-\‑p-`h‑w. I‑p-¶‑n³-a‑p-I-f‑n-e‑p-Å t‑a¡‑m-h‑n H-c‑p a‑qÀ-¯‑n-b‑p-s‑S ]-c-a‑mh-[‑n
i‑m-´ `‑m-h-a‑m-b‑n-c‑n-¡‑p‑w. I‑p-¶‑n-s‑â
s‑N-c‑p-h‑n D-Å-I‑m-h‑n (I‑o-g‑v-¡‑mh‑v‑)
D-{‑K-a‑qÀ-¯‑n-b‑m-W‑p-ï‑m-h‑p-I. I‑p-ï‑nÂ
(I‑p-g‑n-b‑nÂ‑) D-Å h‑n-{‑K-l-§Ä¡‑v
(I‑p-ï‑p-I‑mh‑v‑, I‑p-g‑n-¡‑mh‑v‑) A-X‑y‑p-{‑K `‑mh-a‑m-b‑n-c‑n-¡‑p‑w. k-a-X-e-¯‑n-e‑p-Å I‑m-h‑ne‑m-s‑W-¦‑n (a-ä-¡‑mh‑v‑, a-µ-¯‑p-I‑mh‑v‑)
k‑m-[‑m-c-W k‑z-`‑m-h-a‑m-W‑p-ï‑m-h‑p-I.
t‑aÂ-¡‑m-h‑n-s‑eb‑p‑w I‑o-g‑v-¡‑m-h‑n-t‑eb‑p‑w
`‑m-h-h‑y-X‑y‑m-k‑w t‑N‑m-ä‑m-\‑n-¡-c-b‑nÂ
\‑n-¶‑p a-\-Ê‑n-e‑m-¡‑m‑w. A-a-ch‑n-f Ag-I‑n-t‑¡‑m-W‑w t‑]‑m-e‑p-Å N‑n-e t‑Z-h‑ot‑£-{‑X-§-f‑ne‑p‑w C‑u c‑o-X‑n-b‑n-e‑m-W‑v
{‑]-X‑n-j‑vT. t‑aÂ-¡‑m-h‑p-I-f‑n-s‑e k‑m-{‑µ‑m\-µ‑m-h-Ø-b‑p-s‑S D-¯-a \‑n-ZÀ-i-\-a‑m-W‑v
i-_-c‑n-a-e A-¿-¸-k‑z‑ma‑n. D-]‑m-k-I-c‑p-s‑S
k-X‑z-c-P-k‑v-Xt‑a‑m `‑m-h-§Ä D-]‑m-k-\‑ma‑qÀ-¯‑n-b‑ne‑p‑w {‑]-X‑n-_‑n‑w-_‑n-¡‑p-¶‑p-s‑h¶‑p k‑m-c‑w.

\‑n-X‑y-P‑o-h‑n-X-¯‑n-s‑e k‑z‑m-[‑o\‑w

B-c‑m-[-\‑m t‑I-{‑µ-§Ä F-¶ \‑n-eb‑n I‑m-h‑p-IÄ-¡‑p-Å {‑]‑m-[‑m\‑y‑w F-S‑p¯‑p ]-d-t‑b-ï I‑m-c‑y-a‑nÃ. \‑m-a-d‑n-b‑m-s‑X
X-s‑¶ a-ä‑p X-c-¯‑ne‑p‑w I‑m-h‑p-IÄ k‑z‑m[‑o-\‑n-¡‑p-¶‑pï‑v. B-b‑pÀ-t‑Æ-Z‑w h-fÀ¶X‑p‑w \‑n-e-\‑nÂ-¡‑p-¶X‑p‑w B-cW‑y-I
Pq¬ 2013

k‑w-k‑v-¡‑m-c-¯‑n-e‑mW‑v. I-S-t‑e‑m-c‑w s‑X‑m«‑p a-e-t‑b‑m-c‑w h-s‑c-b‑p-Å I‑m-h‑p-I-f‑mW‑v k‑p-k-a‑r-²a‑m-b kk‑y-t‑e‑mI-s‑¯
k‑w-c-£‑n¨‑p-t‑]‑m-c‑p-¶X‑v. H-c‑p I‑me-¯‑v
t‑I-c-f-¯‑n kÀ-Æ k‑m-[‑m-c-Wa‑m-b
s‑N-§-g‑n-\‑oÀ C-¶‑v a-e-a-¡‑m-h‑n-s‑e I‑p-f¯‑n a‑m-{‑X-a‑m-W‑v A-h-t‑i-j‑n-¡‑p-¶X‑v.
k-a‑o-]-I‑m-e‑w h-s‑c X‑r-s‑s‑¡-¡‑m-«‑paT-¯‑ne‑p‑w D-ï‑m-b‑n-c‑p¶‑p. \‑o-e-s‑¡‑mS‑p-t‑h-e‑n kX‑yt‑a‑m a‑nY‑yt‑b‑m F-¶‑v
C-t‑¸‑mÄ ]-d-b‑m-\‑m-h‑p-¶‑nÃ. c‑m-a-\‑ma¸-¨‑, AW-e‑n t‑hK‑w‑, ]‑p-j‑v-¡-c-a‑pÃ‑,
I‑p-ä‑n-¸‑mWÂ‑, I¡‑v‑, R-c-f-hÅ‑n‑, Ic‑nt‑I‑m¸-«‑, I‑p-¼‑nÄ (I‑p-a‑p-Z‑v)‑, I‑m-b‑mhv‑,
]-¿‑m\‑n‑, ]-d-t‑¨‑m-S‑n X‑p-S§‑n-b k-k‑y§Ä I-ï‑me‑p‑w X‑n-c‑n-¨-d‑n-b‑p-¶-hÀ
N‑p-c‑p-¡-a‑mW‑v. C-h-s‑bÃ‑m‑w B-b‑pÀt‑Æ-Z
k‑w-k‑v-¡‑mc-s‑¯ \‑n-e-\‑nÀ-¯‑m³ B-hi‑y-a‑mW‑v. sshZy-·mÀ¡v ImgvN-¸äpw
tIgv-hn-¸äpw Hcp-an¨p In«p-¶Xv ImhpI-fn \n¶m-bn-cp-¶p. aq¶p Imhp
\nc-§n-bm-Â apgp-ssh-Zy-\mbn
F¶mWv ]gb sNmÃv. a-e-¦‑m-S‑pIÄ‑,
I-ïÂ-¡‑m-S‑p-IÄ C-h-s‑bÃ‑m‑w s‑h-«‑n-s‑hf‑p-¸‑n-¡‑p-¶ {‑`‑m-´‑n-\‑v X-S-b‑n-S‑m³ s‑s‑Z-h`b‑w s‑I‑m-t‑ï I-g‑nb‑q. B AÀ-°-¯‑nÂ
I‑m-h‑p-I-f‑p-s‑S k‑w-c£W‑w C‑u-i‑z-c-h‑ni‑z‑m-k-a‑nÃ‑m-¯-h-c‑p-s‑Sb‑p‑w \‑n-e-\‑nÂ-¸‑n\‑m-h-i‑y-a‑m-W‑v.
h‑r-£-§-f‑p-s‑S i{‑X‑p C-c‑p-¼‑mW‑v.
I‑m-h‑p-I-f‑n C-c‑p-¼‑p s‑X‑m-S‑o-¡-c‑p-X‑v
F-¶ h‑n-e-¡‑v s‑]‑m-X‑p-t‑h \‑n-e-\‑n¡‑p¶‑p. 'I‑m-h‑p X‑o-ï‑n-b‑m I-®‑p
s‑]‑m-«‑p‑w.'‑, 'I‑m-h‑n-s‑e I-¼‑p s‑]‑m-«‑n-¨‑mÂ
s‑h-Å-a‑n-d-§‑m-s‑X N‑m-I‑p‑w.' X‑p-S§‑nb
s‑N‑mÃ‑p-I-f‑n ]-t‑c‑m-£ i‑m-k‑v-{‑X-k-X‑ya‑pï‑v. {‑]-I‑r-X‑n-s‑b k‑w-c-£‑n¨‑p-s‑I‑m-ï‑v
P‑o-h‑n-X‑w \-b‑n-¡‑m-\‑p-Å a‑p³-I-c‑p-Xe‑p-I-f‑m-W‑v C¯-c‑w s‑N‑mÃ‑p-IÄ-¡-S‑nØ‑m\‑w. I‑m-h‑pI-s‑f t‑£-{‑X-§-f‑m-¡‑n

]‑m-c‑n-Ø‑nX‑n-I k-´‑pe-\‑w X-IÀ-¡‑p¶‑p-s‑h-¶‑v A-h‑n-i‑z‑m-k‑n-IÄ a‑p-d-h‑n-f‑n
I‑q-«‑p-¶-X‑n X‑m-¯‑z‑n-I k-X‑y-a‑n-s‑æ‑ne‑p‑w {‑]‑m-t‑b‑mK‑n-I kX‑y‑w I‑pt‑d-s‑b‑ms‑¡-b‑pï‑v. j-U‑m[‑m-c {‑]-X‑n-j‑vT-t‑b‑mS‑p-I‑qS‑n-b {‑i‑o-t‑I‑m-h‑ne‑p‑w aÞ-]-h‑p‑w
_-e‑n-¡Ã‑p‑w s‑I‑m-S‑n-a-ch‑p‑w t‑K‑m-]‑p-ch‑p‑w
h‑n-[‑n-b‑m‑w-h-®-a‑p-ï‑m-¡‑n-b‑m A-h
]-c‑n-Ø‑nX‑n-t‑b‑m-S‑n-W-§‑n-t‑b \‑n¡‑q.
\‑m-e-¼-e-¯‑n-\‑p-Å‑ne‑p‑w ]‑p-d¯‑p‑w s‑N‑¦tÃ‑m I-c‑n-¦t‑Ã‑m ]‑m-I‑n-b‑m A-X‑p
{‑]-I‑r-X‑n-¡‑n-W-§‑p‑w. t‑I‑m¬-{‑I‑oäp s‑Nb‑v-X‑m {‑]-I‑r-X‑n t‑I‑m-]‑n-¡‑p‑w. C-X‑m-W‑v
{‑i-²‑n-t‑¡-ïX‑v. t‑£-{‑X-a‑p-ä‑w a‑p-g‑p-h³
X-d-t‑b‑m-S‑p \‑n-c-¯‑p-I‑, A-¼-e-¸d-¼‑v
s‑I-«‑n-S-§Ä s‑I‑m-ï‑p \‑n-d-b‑v¡‑p-I
X‑p-S§‑n-b h‑n-I-k-\-§Ä {‑]-I‑r-X‑n-h‑nc‑p-²-§f‑p‑w t‑£-{‑X-k‑w-k‑v-¡‑m-c-¯‑n-\‑p
t‑b‑m-P‑n-¡‑m-¯-h-b‑p-a‑m-W‑v. t‑£-{‑X-]c‑n-]‑m-e-\h‑p‑w ]‑m-c‑n-Ø‑nX‑n-I k-´‑p-e\h‑p‑w F§-s‑\ H-c‑p-a‑n-¸‑n-¡‑m-s‑a-¶‑m-W‑v
B-t‑e‑m-N‑n-t‑¡-ï-X‑v.
X‑r-È‑qÀ \-K-c-¯‑n-s‑â l‑r-Z-b-`‑m-K¯‑m-W‑v h-S-¡‑p-\‑m-Y-t‑£-{‑X‑w. t‑£-{‑X¯‑n-\‑p N‑p-ä‑p-a‑pÅ s‑s‑a-X‑m-\-¯‑n-s‑â
t‑]-c‑p a‑m{‑X‑w ]-g-b-X‑mW‑v t‑X-¡‑n³-I‑mS‑v.
B t‑X-¡‑n³-I‑m-S‑v s‑h-«‑n-s¯-f‑n-¨‑v s‑s‑aX‑m-\h‑p‑w \-K-c-h‑p-a‑p-ï‑m-¡‑nb-X‑v i-à³
X-¼‑p-c‑m-s‑â I‑m-e-¯‑mW‑v. C-\‑n ]-gbX‑p-t‑]‑m-s‑e t‑X-¡‑n³-I‑m-S‑p-ï‑m-¡‑m³
k‑m-²‑yaÃ‑, A¯-c‑w B-t‑e‑m-N-\-IÄ¡‑v
H‑u-N‑n-X‑y-h‑p-a‑nÃ. F-¶‑m I‑m-e-Ø‑n-X‑n¡-\‑p-k-c‑n-¨‑v h-S-¡‑p‑w-\‑mY-s‑â t‑]-c‑nÂ
H-c‑p h-\‑w F-h‑n-s‑S-s‑b-¦‑ne‑p‑w D-ï‑m¡‑m³ I-g‑n-ª‑m \-¶‑m-b‑n-c‑n-¡‑p‑w.
\£-{‑X-h\‑w‑, c‑m-i‑n-h\‑w‑, k‑v-a‑r-X‑nh-\‑w
X‑p-S§‑n-b k-¦-e‑v-]-§Ä-¡-\‑p-k-c‑n-¨‑mhW‑w ]‑pX‑n-b h\‑w. A-\-´³-I‑m-«‑nÂ
{‑]-X‑n-j‑vT‑n‑-¡-s‑¸-« {‑i‑o-]-ß-\‑m-`-s‑â
t‑]-c‑ne‑p‑w H-c‑p B-[‑p-\‑n-I-I‑m-eh-\‑w
D-ï‑m-¡‑m-h‑p-¶-X‑mW‑v. t‑Z-h‑m-e‑m-b§-s‑f
s‑s‑Z-h-¡‑m-h‑p-I-f‑m-¡‑n B-cW‑y-I k‑wk‑v-¡‑mc-s‑¯ k-a‑p-²-c‑n-¡‑m³ C-¯-c¯‑n {‑i-a-§-f‑p-ï‑m-I-W‑w.
t‑£-{‑X‑w‑, I‑mh‑v‑, A¼-e‑w X‑p-S§‑n-b
h‑m-¡‑p-IÄ-s‑¡Ã‑m‑w B-X‑y-´‑n-I-a‑m-b‑n
H-cÀ-°-a‑m-s‑W-¶‑p ]-dª‑p-s‑I‑m-ï‑m-W‑v
\‑m‑w C‑u A-t‑\‑zj-W‑w B-c‑w-`‑n-¨X‑v.
B-i-b-X-e-¯‑n-e‑p-Å C‑u s‑FI‑y‑w
A-\‑p-j‑vT‑m-\-X-e-¯‑n-t‑e-b‑v-¡‑v A-\‑p-`-ht‑h-Z‑y-a‑m-¡‑p-I-b‑m-W‑v t‑£-{‑X-h‑n-i‑z‑m-k‑nI-f‑p-s‑S IS-a. C-X‑m-W‑v I‑m-h‑p-IÄ-¡‑v
`-à-t‑c‑m-S‑v A-c‑p-f‑n-s‑¨-¿‑m-\‑p-Å-X‑v. n

19

kv{Xo]o-U-\w-þ-NÀ¨
t‑I-c-f-¯‑n 2012þ 1019 _-e‑m-Õ‑w-K-t‑¡-k‑p-IÄ d‑n-t‑¸‑mÀ-«‑p s‑Nb‑v-X‑p. 2011þ C-X‑v 1132 B-b‑n-c‑p-¶‑p. 2012þ 634D‑w 2009‑, 2008
s‑I‑m-Ã-§-f‑n 568 h‑o-X-h‑p‑w B-b‑n-c‑p-¶‑p. 2011s‑\ A-t‑]-£‑n-¨‑v A-e‑v]‑w I‑p-d-h‑v 2012þ D-ï‑m-b‑n F-¦‑n-e‑p‑w I-g‑n-ª \‑m-e‑p hÀ-j-§-f‑nÂ
t‑I-c-f-¯‑n d‑n-t‑¸‑mÀ-«‑p s‑N-b‑v-X _-e‑m-Õ‑w-K-t‑¡-k‑p-I-f‑n C-c-«‑n-b‑ne-[‑n-I‑w hÀ-²-\-h‑v D-ï‑m-b‑n-«‑p-ï‑v F-¶‑v I‑m-W‑m-h‑p-¶-X‑m-W‑v.

k‑v-{‑X‑o-]‑o-U-\w am{X-aà FÃm
]oU-\hpw IqSp¶p
kv {Xok-aqlw t\cn-S p¶ ]oU-\-§-s f-¡p-d n- ¨ pÅ NÀ¨- b n (G- { ]n e¡w) ]s¦- S p- ¯ - h - cpsS
ho£W-§sf \J-in-Jm´w JWvUn-¡p-I - b mWv ap³ hnPn- e ³kv Un ssh Fkv ]n IqSn- b mb
teJ-I ³
¶-X‑v. I‑m-c‑y-§-f‑p-s‑S b-Y‑mÀ-° Ø‑n-X‑n
a-\-Ê‑n-e‑m-¡‑m-s‑X X-§-f‑p-s‑S A-`‑n-{‑]‑m-

]n.-]n. D®n-¡r-jvW³

20

Â-l‑n-b‑n H-c‑p s‑]¬-I‑p-«‑n {‑I‑q-

c-a‑m-b‑n _-e‑m-Õ‑w-K‑w s‑N-¿-s‑¸-«‑v
a-c‑n-¨‑ k‑w-`-h‑-¯‑n-\‑p t‑i-j‑w k‑v-{‑X‑o-IÄs‑¡-X‑n-c‑m-b‑p-Å A-X‑n-{‑I-a-§Ä h‑y‑m]-I-a‑m-b‑n NÀ-¨ s‑N-¿-s‑¸-«‑p h-c‑n-I-b‑mW-t‑Ã‑m? C‑u k‑w-`-h-¯‑n-\‑v t‑i-j-h‑p‑w
c‑m-P‑y-¯‑n-s‑â ]-e `‑m-K-§-f‑n \‑n-¶‑v
k-a‑m-\-a‑m-b k‑w-`-h-§Ä d‑n-t‑¸‑mÀ-«‑v
s‑N-¿-s‑¸-«‑p. UÂ-l‑n k‑w-`-h-¯‑n DÄs‑¸-« {‑]-X‑n-I-s‑f-Ã‑m‑w A-d-Ì‑v s‑N-¿-s‑¸-«‑v
P-b‑nen A-S-¡-s‑¸-s‑«-¦‑n-e‑p‑w A-X‑v
h‑y‑m-]-I-a‑m-b {‑]-X‑n-t‑j-[‑w D-bÀ-¯‑n-h‑n«‑p. C-¯-c‑w H-c‑p ]-Ý‑m-¯-e‑w C-Ã‑m-b‑nc‑p-¶‑p-s‑h-¦‑n A-X‑n-\‑p-t‑i-j‑w D-ï‑m-b
k‑v-{‑X‑o-IÄ-¡‑p‑w I‑p-«‑n-IÄ-¡‑p‑w F-X‑nc‑m-bn \-S-¶ A-X‑n-{‑I-a-§Ä C-{‑X-b‑p‑w
{‑]‑m-[‑m-\‑y-t‑¯‑m-s‑S d‑n-t‑¸‑mÀ-«‑v s‑N-¿-s‑¸S‑p-a‑m-b‑n-c‑p-¶‑n-Ã. A-h ]-{‑X-¯‑m-f‑p-I-f‑p-s‑S
{‑]‑m-t‑Z-i‑n-I t‑I‑m-f-§-f‑n-e‑p‑w Z‑r-i‑y-a‑m-[‑ya-§-f‑p-s‑S {‑]‑m-t‑Z-i‑n-I N‑m-\-e‑p-I-f‑n-e‑p-a‑mb‑n H-X‑p-§‑n-t‑¸‑m-I‑p-a‑m-b‑n-c‑p-¶‑p. C-´‑yb‑n k‑v-{‑X‑o-I-f‑p‑w I‑p-«‑n-I-f‑p‑w A-e‑v-]‑w
t‑]‑m-e‑p‑w k‑p-c-£‑n-X-c-Ã F-¶‑p Ø‑m-]‑ns‑¨-S‑p-¡‑m³ C-¯-c‑w h‑mÀ-¯-I-s‑f-b‑p‑w
k‑w-`-h-§-s‑f-b‑p‑w N‑n-e I‑q-«À D-]-t‑b‑m-K‑n¡‑p-¶‑p. N‑n-e t‑I-{‑µ-§Ä t‑]‑m-e‑o-k‑n-s‑\b‑p‑w K-h¬-s‑aâ‑n-s‑\-b‑p‑w I‑p-ä-s‑¸-S‑p-¯‑p¶‑p. NÀ-¨-I-f‑n-e‑p‑w a-ä‑p‑w H‑m-t‑c‑m-c‑p-¯-c‑p‑w
A-h-c-h-c‑p-s‑S B-i-b-§-f‑p‑w N‑n-´‑m-K-X‑nI-f‑p‑w Ø‑m-]‑n-s‑¨-S‑p-¡‑p-¶-X‑n-\‑v X-{‑X-s‑¸S‑p-¶‑p. A-¡‑q-«-¯‑n k‑v-{‑X‑o-]-£-h‑m-Z‑nI-f‑p‑w s‑s‑e‑w-K‑n-I A-c‑m-P-I-h‑m-Z‑n-I-f‑p‑w
C-´‑y-b‑n-s‑e X‑m-c-X-t‑a‑y-\ `-{‑Z-a‑m-b
I‑p-S‑p‑w-_-k‑w-h‑n-[‑m-\-s‑¯ X-IÀ-¡-W‑w
F-¶ K‑q-V-e-£‑y-a‑p-Å-h-c‑p‑w H-s‑¡-b‑pï‑v. C-X‑p k‑w-_-Ô‑n-¨‑v F-s‑´-¦‑n-e‑p‑w ]
T-\‑w \‑n-j‑v-I‑r-ã-a‑m-b‑n \-S-¯‑m-s‑X-b‑m-W‑v
]-e-c‑p‑w NÀ-¨-I-f‑n-e‑p‑w-a-ä‑p‑w ]-s‑¦-S‑p-¡‑p-

Picture Courtesy: http://sudhan.files.wordpress.com/

U

b-§Ä Ø‑m-]‑n-s‑¨-S‑p-¡‑m-\‑m-W‑v A-hÀ
{‑i-a‑n-¡‑p-¶-X‑v. c‑m-{‑ã‑o-b-a‑m-b a‑p-X-s‑e-S‑p-

¸‑v \-S-¯‑p-¶-h-c‑p‑w I‑p-d-h-Ã. c-ï‑m-a-X‑mb‑n UÂ-l‑n-b‑n ]‑n-©‑p _‑m-e‑n-I s‑s‑e‑wK‑n-I A-X‑n-{‑I-a-¯‑n-\‑p‑w {‑I‑q-c-X-b‑v-¡‑p‑w
h‑n-t‑[-b-a‑m-¡-s‑¸-«-t‑¸‑mÄ {‑]-X‑n-t‑j-[-¡‑mt‑c‑m-S‑v UÂ-l‑n t‑]‑m-e‑o-k‑v I-½‑o-j-WÀ
t‑N‑m-Z‑n-¨‑p X-s‑â c‑m-P‑n C-¯-c‑w k‑w-`-h§Ä D-ï‑m-h‑m-X‑n-c‑n-¡‑p-¶-X‑v X-S-b‑p-t‑a‑m
F-¶‑v.
k‑m-[‑m-c-W-a‑m-b‑n G-s‑X-¦‑n-e‑p‑w H-c‑p
I‑p-ä-I‑r-X‑y‑w s‑]‑m-S‑p-¶-\-s‑h H-c‑p {‑]-t‑Z-i¯‑v hÀ-²‑n-¡‑p-¶ {‑]-X‑n-`‑m-k‑w D-ï‑m-h‑md‑p-ï‑v. `-h-\-t‑`-Z-\‑w‑, t‑a‑m-j-W‑w‑, h‑m-l-\
t‑a‑m-j-W‑w‑, s‑s‑l-t‑h-I-f‑n-e‑p‑w a-ä‑p‑w
\-S-¡‑p-¶ ]‑n-S‑n-¨‑p-]-d‑n F-¶‑n-h-b‑p-s‑S I‑mc‑y-¯‑n-e‑m-W‑v A-{‑]-I‑m-c‑w k‑w-`-h‑n-¡‑m-d‑v.
(H‑u-«‑v s‑{‑_-b‑v-¡‑v H‑m-^‑v _-À-¥d‑n‑)F-¶‑mW‑v k‑m-[‑m-c-W t‑]‑m-e‑o-k‑v `‑m-j-b‑nÂ

A-X‑n-\‑v ]-d-b‑p-I. G-s‑X-¦‑n-e‑p‑w H-c‑p
{‑]-t‑X‑y-I {‑I‑n-a‑n-\ k‑w-L‑w B-b‑n-c‑n¡‑p‑w A-¯-c‑w k‑w-`-h-§Ä-¡‑v ]‑n-¶‑nÂ.
A-hÀ ]‑n-S‑n-¡-s‑¸-S‑p-¶-t‑X‑m-S‑p-I‑q-S‑n
A-¯-c‑w k‑w-`-h-§Ä C-Ã‑m-X‑m-h‑p‑w. CX‑n-\‑p k-a‑m-\-a‑m-b H-c‑p {‑]-X‑n-`‑m-k-a‑m-b‑mW‑v k‑v-{‑X‑o-]‑o-U-\-§-f‑p-s‑S I‑m-c‑y-¯‑nÂ
C-t‑¸‑mÄ I-ï‑p-h-c‑p-¶-X‑v. F-¶‑m N‑n-e
h‑y-X‑y‑m-k-§Ä C-Ã‑m-s‑X-b‑n-Ã. F-Ã‑m
]‑o-U-\-t‑¡-k‑p-I-f‑n-e‑p‑w H-c‑p k‑w-L-aà {‑]-X‑n-I-f‑m-b‑n h-c‑p-¶-Xv A-h H-c‑p
{‑]-t‑Z-i-¯‑p a‑m-{‑X-a‑m-b‑n H-X‑p-§‑n-\‑n¡‑p-¶‑p-a‑n-Ã. A-X‑p-s‑I‑m-ï‑p X-s‑¶ 'H‑u-«‑v
s‑{‑_-b‑v-¡‑v H‑m-^‑v _À-¥-d‑n' F-¶ {‑]-X‑n`‑m-k-t‑¯‑m-S‑v C-X‑n-s‑\ ]‑qÀ-®-a‑m-b‑p‑w
X‑m-c-X-a‑y-s‑¸-S‑p-¯‑m³ k‑m-[‑n-¡‑p-I-b‑n-Ã.
C-\‑n k‑v-{‑X‑o-IÄ-s‑¡-X‑n-s‑c-b‑p-Å I‑p-ä-I‑r-

X‑y-§-f‑p-s‑S I‑m-c‑y-¯‑n a‑m-{‑X-a‑m-t‑W‑m
hÀ-²-\-h‑p-ï‑m-I‑p-¶-X‑v. a-ä‑p I‑p-ä-I‑r-X‑y§-f‑p-s‑S A-h-Ø F-´‑m-W‑v? \-a‑p-¡‑v
e-`‑y-a‑m-b Ø‑n-X‑n h‑n-h-c-¡-W-¡‑p-I-f‑p-s‑S
s‑h-f‑n-¨-¯‑n C-¡‑m-c‑y‑w H-¶‑p ]-c‑n-t‑i‑m[‑n-¡‑m‑w.
t‑I-c-f-¯‑n 2012þ 1019 _-e‑mÕ‑w-K-t‑¡-k‑p-IÄ d‑n-t‑¸‑mÀ-«‑p s‑N-b‑v-X‑p.
2011þÂ C-X‑v 1132 B-b‑n-c‑p-¶‑p. 2012þÂ
634D‑w 2009‑, 2008 s‑I‑m-Ã-§-f‑n 568
h‑o-X-h‑p‑w B-b‑n-c‑p-¶‑p. 2011s‑\ A-t‑]£‑n-¨‑v A-e‑v-]‑w I‑p-d-h‑v 2012þÂ D-ï‑m-b‑n
F-¦‑n-e‑p‑w I-g‑n-ª \‑m-e‑p hÀ-j-§f‑n t‑I-c-f-¯‑n d‑n-t‑¸‑mÀ-«‑p s‑N-b‑v-X
_-e‑m-Õ‑w-K-t‑¡-k‑p-I-f‑n C-c-«‑n-b‑n-e[‑n-I‑w hÀ-²-\-h‑v D-ï‑m-b‑n-«‑p-ï‑v F-¶‑v
I‑m-W‑m-h‑p-¶-X‑m-W‑v. k‑v-{‑X‑o-I-s‑f-b‑p‑w

21

lncWy

Pq¬ 2013

22

I‑p-«‑n-I-s‑f-b‑p‑w X-«‑n-s‑¡‑m-ï‑p-t‑]‑m-I‑p-¶
t‑I-k‑p-IÄ 2008þÂ 166D‑w 2009Â 173 D‑w
2010þÂ 184 D‑w 2011þÂ 221D‑w 2012þÂ
214D‑w d‑n-t‑¸‑mÀ-«‑v s‑N-¿-s‑¸-«‑p. k‑v-{‑X‑o-I-s‑f
A-]-a‑m-\‑n-¡‑p-¶ t‑I-k‑p-IÄ (Molestation) 2008Â 2745 D‑w 2009Â 2540 D‑w
2010 Â 2936 D‑w 2011þÂ 3756 D‑w 2012Â
3735 D‑w B-b‑n {‑I-a-¯‑n-e‑p-Å hÀ-²-\-h‑v
t‑c-J-s‑¸-S‑p-¯‑n. `À-¯‑m-h‑p‑w `À-¯‑r-h‑o-«‑pI‑m-c‑p‑w ]‑o-U‑n-¸‑n-¨ t‑I-k‑p-IÄ 2008þÂ
4138 D‑w 2009Â 4007 D‑w 2010Â 4797 D‑w
2011Â 5377D‑w 2012Â 5216 D‑w B-b‑n-c‑p¶‑p. 2008Â 31þD‑w 2009Â 20 D‑w‑, 2010Â
22þ20 2011þÂ 15 D‑w 2012Â 32D‑w k‑v-{‑X‑o
[-\ a-c-W-t‑¡-k‑p-IÄ d‑n-t‑¸‑mÀ-«‑p s‑N¿‑p-I-b‑p-ï‑m-b‑n. t‑aÂ-]-d-ª Ø‑n-X‑n
h‑n-h-c-¡-W-¡‑p-I-f‑n \‑n-¶‑p‑w H-c‑p I‑mc‑y‑w h‑y-à-a‑m-I‑p-¶‑p-ï‑v. k‑v-{‑X‑o-IÄ-¡‑p‑w
I‑p-«‑n-IÄ-¡‑p‑w F-X‑n-s‑c-b‑p-Å I‑p-ä-I‑r-X‑y§Ä t‑I-c-f-¯‑n s‑]‑m-X‑p-s‑h hÀ-²‑n-¨‑ph-c‑n-I-b‑m-W‑v. F-¶‑m C-{‑]-I‑m-c‑w H-c‑p
\‑n-K-a-\-¯‑n F-¯‑p-¶-X‑n-\‑v a‑p-¼‑v a-ä‑p
I‑p-ä-I‑r-X‑y-§-f‑p-s‑S I‑m-c‑y‑w I‑q-S‑n ]-c‑nt‑i‑m-[‑n-t‑¡-ï-X‑p-ï‑v. 2008þÂ C-´‑y³
]‑o-\Â t‑I‑m-U‑v A-\‑p-k-c‑n-¨‑p-Å 1‑,10‑,620
t‑I-k‑p-IÄ t‑I-c-f-¯‑n d‑n-t‑¸‑mÀ-«‑v s‑N¿-s‑¸-S‑p-I-b‑p-ï‑m-b‑n. 2009þ  1‑,18‑,369
D‑w 2010þÂ 1‑,48‑,313 D‑w 2011þÂ 1‑,72‑,137
D‑w 2012þÂ 1‑,58‑,989 D‑w B-b‑n-c‑p-¶‑p
A-¯-c‑w t‑I-k‑p-I-f‑p-s‑S F-®‑w. C-X‑nÂ
\‑n-¶‑p‑w k‑v-{‑X‑o-IÄ-s‑¡-X‑n-s‑c-b‑p-Å I‑p-äI‑r-X‑y-§Ä a‑m-{‑X-a-à F-Ã‑m-X-c‑w I‑p-ä-I‑rX‑y-§-f‑p‑w hÀ-²‑n-¨‑p-h-c‑n-I-b‑m-W‑v F-¶‑v
]-d-b‑p-¶-X‑m-b‑n-c‑n-¡‑p‑w I‑q-S‑p-XÂ D-N‑n-X‑w.
t‑I-c-f-¯‑n-s‑e Ø‑n-X‑n C-X‑m-s‑W¦‑n I‑p-ä-I‑r-X‑y-§-f‑p-s‑S I‑m-c‑y-¯‑nÂ
s‑a‑m-¯‑w c‑m-P‑y-¯‑n-s‑â Ø‑n-X‑n F´‑mW‑v F-¶‑p-I‑q-S‑n ]-c‑n-t‑i‑m-[‑n-t‑¡-ï-X‑p-ï‑v.
\‑m-j-WÂ s‑s‑{‑I‑w d‑n-¡‑mÀ-U‑v _‑y‑q-t‑d‑m
{‑]-k‑n-²‑o-I-c‑n-¨ Ø‑n-X‑n-h‑n-h-c-¡-W¡\‑p-k-c‑n-¨‑p I‑p-«‑n-IÄ _-e‑m-Õ‑w-K‑w
s‑N-¿-s‑¸-S‑p-¶ t‑I-k‑p-I-f‑n 2001 a‑p-XÂ
2011 h-s‑c 336% hÀ-²-\-h‑v t‑c-J-s‑¸-S‑p¯‑n-b‑n-c‑n-¡‑p-¶‑p. {‑]-k‑v-X‑p-X I‑m-e-b-fh‑n a-²‑y-{‑]-t‑Z-i‑n 9465D‑w a-l‑m-c‑m-{‑ãb‑n 6868D‑w D-¯À-{‑]-t‑Z-i‑n 5949D‑w
B-{‑Ô‑m-{‑]-t‑Z-i‑n 3977D‑w O-¯‑o-k‑v-KV‑n 3688D‑w UÂ-l‑n-b‑n 2909D‑w c‑m-PØ‑m-\‑n 2776D‑w t‑I-c-f-¯‑n 2101þ-D‑w
X-a‑n-g‑v-\‑m-«‑n 1486D‑w l-c‑n-b‑m-\-b‑n 1081
D‑w I‑p-«‑n-IÄ _-e‑m-Õ‑w-K‑w s‑N-¿-s‑¸-«
t‑I-k‑p-IÄ d‑n-t‑¸‑mÀ-«‑v s‑N-b‑v-X‑p.
C-´‑y-b‑n I‑p-«‑n-IÄ-s‑¡-X‑n-s‑c d‑nt‑¸‑mÀ-«‑p s‑N-¿-s‑¸-S‑p-¶ t‑I-k‑p-I-f‑nÂ
21.48% _-e‑m-Õ‑w-K-h‑p‑w 46.17% X-«‑n-

s‑¡‑m-ï‑p-t‑]‑m-I-e‑p‑w 4.38% s‑I‑m-e-]‑m-XI-h‑p‑w 2.11 % D-t‑]-£‑n-¡-e‑p‑w (abandoment) 2.65% X-S-ª‑p-s‑h-¡-e‑p‑w 23.21%
a-ä‑p-Å-h-b‑p-a‑m-I‑p-¶‑p. A-X‑n-{‑I-a-¯‑n-\‑p‑
C-cb‑m-h‑p-¶ I‑p-«‑n-I-f‑nÂ-¯-s‑¶ 30% a‑m{‑X-t‑a k‑w-`-h‑w ]‑p-d-¯‑p-]-d-b‑p-I-b‑p‑w d‑nt‑¸‑mÀ-«‑v s‑N-¿-s‑¸-S‑p-I-b‑p‑w s‑N-¿‑p-¶‑p-Å‑q
F-¶ I‑m-c‑y‑w I‑q-S‑n ]-c‑n-K-W‑n-¡‑p-t‑¼‑mÄ
t‑aÂ-¸-d-ª Ø‑n-X‑n-h‑n-h-c-¡-W-¡‑p-IÄ
F-{‑X `-b‑m-i-¦-IÄ D-f-h‑m-¡‑p-¶-X‑m-s‑W¶‑v a-\-Ê‑n-e‑m-h‑p‑w.
I‑m-c-W-§-f‑p‑w ]-c‑n-l‑m-c-§-f‑p‑w
F-´‑p X-s‑¶-b‑m-s‑W-¦‑n-e‑p‑w \‑n-e-h‑n-e‑pÅ Ø‑n-X‑n X‑oÀ-¯‑p‑w B-i-¦‑m-P-\-I-a‑mW‑v. t‑I-{‑µ K-h¬-s‑aâ‑n-s‑â I‑o-g‑n-e‑p-ÅX‑p‑w k‑v-{‑X‑o-I-f‑p-s‑S-b‑p‑w I‑p-«‑n-I-f‑p-s‑S-b‑p‑w
h‑n-I-k-\-¯‑n-\‑p-Å-X‑p-a‑m-b a-{‑´‑m-e-b‑w
\-S-¯‑n-b H-c‑p ]T-\-¯‑n G-ä-h‑p‑w
I‑q-S‑p-XÂ A-X‑n-{‑I-a-¯‑n-\‑p‑ h‑n-t‑[-b-c‑mh‑p-¶-X‑v s‑X-c‑p-h‑nÂ-¡-g‑n-b‑p-¶-h-c‑p‑w _‑me-t‑h-e-b‑v-¡‑p \‑n-t‑b‑m-K‑n-¡-s‑¸-S‑p-¶-h-c‑p‑w
I‑p-«‑n-IÄ-¡‑v t‑h-ï‑n-b‑p-Å k‑w-c-£-W
Ø‑m-]-\-§-f‑nÂ-I-g‑n-b‑p-¶-h-c‑p-a‑m-b
I‑p-«‑n-I-f‑m-s‑W-¶‑v I-s‑ï-¯‑n-b‑n-«‑p-ï‑v.
{‑]-X‑n-I-f‑n A-¼-X‑p i-X-a‑m-\-h‑p‑w I‑p«‑n-IÄ-¡‑v A-d‑n-b‑p-¶-h-t‑c‑m G-s‑X-¦‑n-e‑p‑w
h‑n-[-¯‑n I‑p-«‑n-I-f‑n \‑n-b-{‑´-W‑w
D-Å-h-t‑c‑m B-W‑v. 2009þ A-t‑a-c‑n¡-b‑n \-S-¯‑n-b H-c‑p ]T-\-¯‑nÂ
\‑n-¶‑p‑w a-\-Ê‑n-e‑m-b-Xv {‑]-X‑n-I-f‑n 30%
A-S‑p-¯ _-Ô‑p-¡-f‑p‑w 60% I‑p-S‑p‑w-_
k‑p-l‑r-¯‑p-¡-f‑p‑w 10% a‑m-{‑X‑w A-]c‑n-N‑n-X-c‑p-a‑m-s‑W-¶‑m-W‑v. t‑I-c-f-¯‑nÂ
P‑p-h-s‑s‑\ t‑l‑m-a‑p-I-f‑n-e‑p‑w B-^‑väÀ s‑I-bÀ t‑l‑m-a‑p-I-f‑n-e‑p‑w I‑p-«‑n-IÄ
s‑s‑e‑w-K‑n-I A-X‑n-{‑I-a-¯‑n-\‑v C-c-b‑m-b
k‑w-`-h-§Ä D-ï-‑m-b‑n-«‑p-ï‑v. F-´‑n-\-[‑nI‑w \-½‑p-s‑S h‑n-Z‑y‑m-`‑y‑m-k Ø‑m-]-\-§Ä
t‑]‑m-e‑p‑w C-X‑n-s‑\‑m-c-]-h‑m-Z-a-à F-¶‑v t‑Ik‑p-IÄ ]-c‑n-t‑i‑m-[‑n-¨‑m a-\-Ê‑n-e‑m-h‑p‑w.
C-\‑n C-X‑v k‑w-_-Ô‑n-¨‑v NÀ-¨-I-f‑ne‑p‑w a-ä‑p‑w {‑]-X‑n-^-e‑n-¡‑p-¶-s‑X-s‑´-¶‑p
t‑\‑m-¡‑m‑w. {‑]-t‑I‑m-]-\-I-c-a‑m-b h-k‑v{‑X-[‑m-c-W‑w H-c‑p I‑m-c-W-s‑a-¶‑p N‑n-eÀ
]-d-b‑p-¶‑p. F-¶‑m A-¯-c‑w h-k‑v-{‑X‑w
[-c‑n-¨‑p I‑m-W‑p-¶ k‑v-{‑X‑o-I-s‑f B \‑na‑n-j‑w _-e‑m-Õ‑w-K‑w s‑N-¿‑p-¶ k‑w-`-h§Ä D-ï‑m-h-W‑w F-¶‑m a‑m-{‑X-s‑a
A-X‑v I‑m-c-W-a‑m-b‑n F-S‑p-¡‑m³ ]-ä‑p-I-b‑pÅ‑p F-¶‑p‑w F-X‑nÀ-h‑m-Z-¡‑mÀ ]-d-b‑p¶‑p. C‑u F-X‑nÀ-h‑m-Z‑w _‑m-e‑n-i-a‑m-W‑v.
h-k‑v-{‑X-[‑m-c-W c‑o-X‑n F-Ã‑m-h-s‑c-b‑p‑w
H-t‑c-t‑]‑m-s‑e {‑]-t‑I‑m-]‑n-¸‑n-¨‑p-s‑I‑m-ÅW-s‑a-¶‑n-Ã. {‑]-t‑I‑m-]‑n-X-c‑m-I‑p-¶-h-c‑nÂ
F-Ã‑m-h-c‑p‑w I‑p-ä-I‑r-X‑y-¯‑n-\‑p a‑p-X‑n-c-W-

Picture Courtesy: http://www.independent.co.uk/

2008þ C-´‑y³ ]‑o-\ t‑I‑m-U‑v A-\‑p-k-c‑n-¨‑p-Å 1‑,10‑,620 t‑Ik‑p-IÄ t‑I-c-f-¯‑n d‑n-t‑¸‑mÀ-«‑v s‑N-¿-s‑¸-S‑p-I-b‑p-ï‑m-b‑n. 2009þ
 1‑,18‑,369 D‑w 2010þ 1‑,48‑,313 D‑w 2011þ 1‑,72‑,137 D‑w 2012þÂ
1‑,58‑,989 D‑w B-b‑n-c‑p-¶‑p C-X‑n \‑n-¶‑p‑w k‑v-{‑X‑o-IÄ-s‑¡-X‑n-s‑c-b‑p-Å
I‑p-ä-I‑r-X‑y-§Ä a‑m-{‑X-a-à F-Ã‑m-X-c‑w I‑p-ä-I‑r-X‑y-§-f‑p‑w hÀ-²‑n-¨‑p-h-c‑nI-b‑m-W‑v F-¶‑v ]-d-b‑p-¶-X‑m-b‑n-c‑n-¡‑p‑w I‑q-S‑p-X D-N‑n-X‑w.
s‑a-¶‑n-Ã. I‑p-ä-h‑m-k-\-b‑p-Å-hÀ X-s‑¶
k-µÀ-`-h‑p‑w k‑m-l-N-c‑y-h‑p‑w H-¯‑p
I‑n-«‑m-¯-X‑p-s‑I‑m-ï‑v I‑p-ä‑w s‑N-¿‑m-X‑n-c‑n¡‑m-\‑p‑w a-X‑n. A-X‑n-\‑m \‑n-c-h-[‑n I‑mc-W-§-f‑n H-¶‑v h-k‑v-{‑X-[‑m-c-W c‑o-X‑n
F-¶-X‑p I‑q-S‑n DÄ-s‑¸-S‑p-¯‑m-h‑p-¶-X‑m-W‑v.
_-e‑m-Õ‑w-K‑w s‑N-¿-s‑¸-S‑p-¶ k‑v-{‑X‑oI-f‑n I‑q-S‑p-X-e‑p‑w A-¯-c‑w h-k‑v-{‑X‑w
[-c‑n-¨-h-c‑m-b‑n-c‑p-¶‑n-à F-¶‑p‑w h‑m-Z‑n-¡‑p¶‑p-ï‑v. C‑u-b-h-k-c-¯‑n H-t‑c H-c‑p
I‑m-c-W‑w h-k‑v-{‑X-a‑m-s‑W-¶‑v ]-d-b‑p-¶‑n-Ã
F-t‑¶‑mÀ-¡-W‑w. a-ä‑p I‑m-c-W-§Ä Dï‑m-h‑m‑w. _-e‑m-Õ‑w-K-¯‑n-\‑p I‑m-c-W‑w
A-t‑\‑z-j‑n-¡‑p-¶-X‑v i‑n-£-b‑n \‑n-¶‑v
I‑p-ä-h‑m-f‑n-s‑b c-£‑n-¡‑m-\-Ã. \-½‑p-s‑S \‑nb-a ]‑p-k‑v-X-I-§-f‑n \‑nÀ-Æ-N‑n-¡-s‑¸-«‑n«‑p-Å I‑p-ä-I‑r-X‑y‑w H-c‑mÄ s‑N-b‑v-X‑n-«‑p-s‑ï¦‑n F-´‑p-I‑m-c-W‑w s‑I‑m-ï‑v A-b‑mÄ
A-X‑v s‑N-b‑v-X‑m-e‑p‑w i-c‑n i‑n-£-b‑nÂ
\‑n-¶‑p‑w C-f-h‑v s‑N-¿-s‑¸-S‑p-I-b‑n-Ã. I‑m-cW‑w A-t‑\‑z-j‑n-¡‑p-¶‑Xv I‑p-ä-I‑r-X‑y-§Ä
\‑n-b-{‑´‑n-¡‑p-¶-X‑n-s‑â `‑m-K-a‑m-b‑m-W‑v.
A-¯-c‑w H-c‑p k-µÀ-`-¯‑n k-Z‑m-N‑m-c
a‑q-e‑y-§-f‑p‑w h‑y-h-Ø‑m-]‑n-X-a‑m-b c‑o-X‑nb‑n \‑n-¶‑p-a‑p-Å h‑y-X‑n-N-e-\-h‑p‑w B-[‑p\‑n-I P‑o-h‑n-X-c‑o-X‑n-b‑p‑w ]-c‑n-j‑v-¡‑m-c-h‑p‑w
h-k‑v-{‑X-[‑m-c-W-a-S¡-a‑p-Å s‑]-c‑p-a‑m-ä
c‑o-X‑n-I-f‑p‑w NÀ-¨ s‑N-¿-s‑¸-S‑p-I- k‑z‑m-`‑mh‑n-I‑w X-s‑¶-b‑m-W‑v. H-c‑n-¡Â I‑q-S‑n ]-db-s‑« C-X‑v I‑p-ä-I‑r-X‑y‑w s‑N-b‑v-X-b‑m-s‑f
c-£‑n-¡‑p-h‑m-\‑p-Å {‑i-a-¯‑n-s‑â `‑m-K-a-Ã.
I‑q-«‑p-I‑p-S‑p‑w-_-h‑y-h-Ø‑n-X‑n-b‑nÂ
\‑n-¶‑p‑w A-W‑p-I‑p-S‑p‑w-_-¯‑n-t‑e-¡‑v h-¶X‑p‑w A-X‑p-s‑I‑m-ï‑p-ï‑m-b I‑p-g-¸-§f‑p‑w k-Z‑m-N‑m-c-t‑_‑m-[‑w N‑m-c‑n-{‑X‑yip²n
F-¶‑n-h-b‑v-¡‑v s‑I‑m-S‑p-¡‑p-¶ A-a‑n-X
{‑]‑m-[‑m-\‑y‑w F-¶‑n-h-b‑p‑w k‑v-{‑X‑o ]‑p-c‑p-j
_-Ô-s‑¯-¡‑p-d‑n-¨‑p-Å k-¦‑p-N‑n-X-a‑m-b
I‑m-g‑v-N-¸‑m-S‑p‑w I‑m-c-W-a‑m-h‑m‑w F-¶‑v N‑neÀ A-`‑n-{‑]‑m-b-s‑¸-S‑p-¶‑p. \-½-f‑n-h‑n-s‑S
NÀ-¨ s‑N-¿‑p-¶ h‑n-j-b‑w t‑h-i‑y‑m-h‑r-¯‑nt‑b‑m k-Z‑m-N‑m-c-h‑n-c‑p-²-a‑m-b k‑v-{‑X‑o ]‑pc‑p-j _-Ô-s‑¯-¡‑p-d‑n-t‑¨‑m A-Ã. A-X-‑mb‑n-c‑p-¶‑p-s‑h-¦‑n a‑m-{‑X-t‑a t‑aÂ-]-d-ª
I‑m-c-W-¯‑n-\‑v F-s‑´-¦‑n-e‑p‑w {‑]-k-à‑n
D-ï‑m-h‑p-a‑m-b‑n-c‑p-¶‑p-Å‑p. C-h‑n-s‑S NÀ-¨
s‑N-¿‑p-¶ h‑n-j-b‑w k‑v-{‑X‑o-IÄ-¡‑p‑w I‑p-«‑nIÄ-¡‑p‑w F-X‑n-t‑c-b‑p-Å A-X‑n-{‑I-a-§-f‑mW‑v. A-X‑v t‑I-h-e‑w k-Z‑m-N‑m-c-h‑n-c‑p-²-Xb‑v-¡‑p-]-c‑n H-c‑p I‑p-ä-I‑r-X‑y-a‑m-W‑v. F-Ã‑m
A-k‑m³-a‑mÀ-¤‑n-I {‑]-hÀ-¯-\-§-f‑p‑w
H-c‑p I‑p-ä-I‑r-X‑y-a‑m-b‑n-s‑¡‑m-Å-W-s‑a-¶‑n-Ã.
k‑v-{‑X‑o-]‑p-c‑p-j³-a‑mÀ ]-c-k‑v-]-c‑w k-l-Ic‑n-¨‑p h‑n-h‑m-l‑n-X-c‑m-I‑m-s‑X P‑o-h‑n-¡‑p-¶X‑v H-c‑p I‑p-ä-I‑r-X‑y-a-Ã. t‑h-i‑y‑m-h‑r-¯‑n
lncWy

H-c‑p I‑p-ä-I‑r-X‑y-a‑m-s‑W-¦‑n-e‑p‑w s‑s‑e‑w-K‑nI‑m-X‑n-{‑I-a-¯‑n-s‑â K-W-¯‑n A-X‑p-hc‑n-I-b‑n-Ã. A-s‑X‑m-¶‑p‑w k-a‑q-l-¯‑n-s‑â
\-·-b‑v-¡‑p D-X-I‑p-I-b‑n-Ã F‑¦n-e‑p‑w
s‑s‑e‑w-K‑n-I‑m-X‑n-{‑I-a‑w t‑]‑m-s‑e A-]-I-S-Ic-a‑m-b A-h-Ø-b‑m-s‑W-¶‑v ]-d-b‑m³ k‑m[‑n-¡‑p-I-b‑n-Ã. C-h‑n-s‑S NÀ-¨ A-e‑v-]‑w
h‑y-X‑n-N-e‑n-¨‑p t‑]‑m-b‑n-c‑n-¡‑p-¶‑p.
a‑m-d‑n-b k‑m-a‑q-l‑y k‑m-l-N-c‑y-¯‑nÂ
I‑q-S‑p-XÂ k‑v-{‑X‑o-IÄ t‑P‑m-e‑n-¡‑v t‑]‑m-I‑p¶-X‑p‑w ]‑p-d-¯‑n-d-§‑p-¶-X‑p‑w s‑s‑h-I‑o-«‑v 5
a-W‑n-¡‑p‑w 7 a-W‑n-¡‑p‑w C-S-b‑n b‑m-{‑X
s‑N-¿‑p-¶-X‑p‑w C-¯-c‑w I‑p-ä-I‑r-X‑y-§Ä¡‑v k‑m-l-N-c‑y‑w H-c‑p-¡‑p-¶ H-c‑p L-S-I‑w
X-s‑¶-b‑m-s‑W-¦‑n-e‑p‑w A-X‑n-\‑v A-{‑X he‑n-b H-c‑p {‑]‑m-[‑m-\‑y‑w I-e‑v-]‑n-t‑¡-ï-X‑nÃ. I‑m-c-W‑w-b‑m-{‑X‑m-k‑u-I-c‑y-h‑p‑w h‑n-h-c
h‑n-\‑n-a-b k‑w-h‑n-[‑m-\-h‑p‑w C-{‑X-b-[‑n-I‑w
h‑n-I-k‑n-¨ I‑m-e-¯‑v A-]-I-S-k‑m-²‑yX-b‑n-Ã‑m-s‑X b‑m-{‑X s‑N-¿‑m³ \‑n-c-h-[‑n
a‑mÀ-¤-§Ä D-ï‑v. A-e‑v-]‑w I-c‑p-X-e‑p-ï‑mb‑m a‑m-{‑X‑w a-X‑n.
a‑p-X‑nÀ-¶ k‑v-{‑X‑o-b‑m-b‑m-e‑p‑w s‑]¬I‑p-«‑n-I-f‑m-b‑m-e‑p‑w A-X‑n-{‑I-a-¯‑n-\‑v
h‑n-t‑[-b-a‑m-I‑p-t‑¼‑mÄ A-X‑v k‑v-{‑X‑o k-a‑ql-¯‑n-s‑â a‑m-{‑X‑w {‑]-i‑v-\-a‑m-b‑n-«-Ã a‑m-d‑p¶-X‑v. X‑oÀ-¨-b‑m-b‑p‑w I‑p-ä-h‑m-f‑n-I-f‑p-s‑S
I‑q-«-¯‑n A-S‑p-¯ _-Ô‑p-¡-f‑p‑w k‑pl‑r-¯‑p-¡-f‑p‑w DÄ-s‑¸-S‑p-¶‑p-s‑ï-¦‑n-e‑p‑w
H‑m-t‑c‑m ]‑o-U-\-h‑p‑w A-h-f‑p-s‑S A-ѳ
k-t‑l‑m-Z-c³ a-ä‑p _-Ô‑p-¡-f‑m-b ]‑p-c‑pj³-a‑mÀ F-¶‑n-h-c‑p-s‑S-b‑p‑w t‑h-Z-\-b‑m-b‑n
a‑m-d‑p-¶‑p-ï‑v. k‑v-{‑X‑o-¡‑v a‑m-{‑X-a‑m-b‑n H-c‑p
Z‑p‑x-J-a‑n-Ã. k‑v-{‑X‑o-I-f‑p-s‑S Z‑p‑x-J-a‑m-b‑m-e‑p‑w
k-t‑´‑m-j-a‑m-b‑m-e‑p‑w A-X‑v A-h-c‑p-a‑m-b‑n
_-Ô-a‑p-Å ]‑p-c‑p-j-hÀ-¤-¯‑n-s‑â I‑q-S‑n
Z‑p‑x-J-h‑p‑w k-t‑´‑m-j-h‑p-a‑m-W‑v. A-X‑ps‑I‑m-ï‑p-X-s‑¶ 'PâÀ-h‑mÀ' F-¶‑p‑w a-ä‑p‑w
]-d-b‑p-¶-X‑v i‑p-² A-k‑w-_-Ô-a‑m-W‑v.
t‑P‑m-e‑n-¡‑m-b‑m-e‑p‑w a-ä‑p A-h-k-c-§Ä¡‑m-b‑m-e‑p‑w a-Õ-c‑w P‑o-h‑n-X-¯‑n-s‑â
F-Ã‑m X‑p-d-I-f‑n-e‑p‑w \-S-¡‑p-¶‑p-ï‑v. A-X‑v
k‑v-{‑X‑o-IÄ X-½‑n-e‑p‑w ]‑p-c‑p-j³-a‑mÀ
X-½‑n-e‑p‑w k‑v-{‑X‑o-I-f‑p‑w ]‑p-c‑p-j-·‑m-c‑p‑w
X-½‑n-e‑p‑w D-ï‑m-h‑p-¶‑p-ï‑v. C-X‑n-s‑\ k‑v{‑X‑o ]‑p-c‑p-j b‑p-²-a‑m-b‑n I-W-¡‑m-¡‑m³
]-ä‑n-Ã. k‑v-{‑X‑o-IÄ I‑q-S‑p-X A-h-kc-§Ä I-¿-S-¡‑p-¶‑p F-¶-X‑p-s‑I‑m-ï‑v
]‑p-c‑p-j³-a‑mÀ-¡‑v A-h-t‑c‑m-S‑v h‑n-t‑c‑m-[h‑p‑w i-{‑X‑p-X-b‑p‑w t‑X‑m-¶‑p-¶‑p F-¶
N‑n-´‑m-K-X‑n X‑n-I-¨‑p‑w A-k‑w-_-Ô-a‑mW‑v. ]‑p-c‑p-j-³ k‑v-{‑X‑o-b‑n B-[‑n-]-X‑y‑w
]‑p-eÀ-¯‑m³ {‑i-a‑n-¡‑p-¶‑p-t‑ï‑m A-t‑X‑m
k‑v-{‑X‑o ]‑p-c‑p-j-\‑n B-[‑n-]-X‑y‑w s‑N-e‑p¯‑m³ {‑i-a‑n-¡‑p-¶‑p-t‑ï‑m F-¶‑v F-¶‑p
Pq¬ 2013

t‑N‑m-Z‑n-¨‑m B-c‑v B-c‑n B-[‑n-]-X‑y‑w
s‑N-e‑p-¯‑m³ {‑i-a‑n-¡‑p-¶‑p F-¶ I‑mc‑y‑w h‑y-à‑y-[‑n-j‑vT‑n-X-a‑m-W‑v. k‑v-{‑X‑o-s‑b
A-S-¡‑n `-c‑n-¡‑p-¶ ]‑p-c‑p-j-\‑p-ï‑m-h‑m‑w.
]‑p-c‑p-j-s‑\ A-S-¡‑n `-c‑n-¡‑p-¶ k‑v-{‑X‑ob‑p‑w D-ï‑m-h‑m‑w. C-h‑n-s‑S e‑n‑w-K-h‑y-X‑y‑m-kt‑¯-¡‑mÄ {‑]‑m-[‑m-\‑y‑w h‑y-à‑y-[‑n-j‑vT‑nX-a‑m-b k‑z-`‑m-h h‑n-t‑i-j-§Ä-¡‑m-W‑v.
\-½‑p-s‑S N‑p-ä‑p-a‑p-Å I‑p-S‑p‑w-_-§-f‑n-t‑e-¡‑v
t‑\‑m-¡‑n-b‑m C-¡‑m-c‑y‑w h‑y-à-a‑m-h‑p¶-X‑m-W‑v. ]‑p-c‑p-j k-a‑q-l-¯‑n-\‑m-s‑I
k‑v-{‑X‑o k-a‑q-l-¯‑n \‑n-¶‑p‑w k‑p-c-£‑m`‑o-j-W‑n D-s‑ï-¶‑p‑w A-X‑n-\‑v {‑]-X‑n-I‑mc-a‑m-b‑m-W‑v k‑v-{‑X‑o-IÄ-s‑¡-X‑n-c‑m-b‑p-Å
A-X‑n-{‑I-a-§Ä \-S-¡‑p-¶-s‑X-¶‑p‑w D-Å
h‑m-Z‑w X‑n-I-¨‑p‑w A-S‑n-Ø‑m-\-c-l‑n-X-a‑mW‑v. {‑]-i‑v-\-§-f‑p-s‑S A-S‑n-Ø‑m-\-]-c-a‑m-b
I‑m-c-W-§Ä a-\-Ê‑n-e‑m-¡‑m-¯-h-c‑p‑w
\‑n-j‑v-I‑r-ã-a‑m-b‑n ]T‑n-¡‑m-¯-h-c‑p-a‑m-W‑v
A-¯-c‑w A-`‑n-{‑]‑m-b‑w ]-d-b‑p-¶-X‑v. I‑ma‑w F-¶ h‑n-I‑m-c-¯‑n-\‑v C-X‑n h-e‑n-b
]-¦‑n-s‑ö‑m-W‑v A-hÀ ]-d-b‑p-¶-X‑v.
C-X‑n-t‑\‑m-S‑v H-c‑n-¡-e‑p‑w t‑b‑m-P‑n-¡‑m³ Ig‑n-b‑p-I-b‑n-Ã. X‑oÀ-¨-b‑m-b‑p‑w I‑m-a‑w H-c‑p
{‑]-[‑m-\ L-S-I‑w X-s‑¶-b‑m-W‑v. I‑m-a]‑qÀ-¯‑n-¡‑v t‑h-ï‑n-b-Ã‑m-¯ _-e‑m-Õ‑wK-§Ä \-S-¡‑p-¶‑n-à F-¶-à ]-d-b‑p-¶X‑v. N‑n-e {‑]-t‑X‑y-I k‑m-l-N-c‑y-§-f‑nÂ
A-¯-c‑w k‑w-`-h-§Ä \-S-¡‑p-¶‑p-ï‑v.
A-X‑v t‑hÀ-X‑n-c‑n-¨-d‑n-b‑m³ h-f-s‑c F-f‑p¸-a‑m-W‑v. G-s‑X-¦‑n-e‑p‑w {‑]-t‑Z-i-¯‑v c-ï‑v
h‑n-`‑m-K-§Ä X-½‑n k‑w-L-«-\-h‑p‑w el-f-b‑p‑w \-S-¡‑p-t‑¼‑mÄ h‑o-S‑m-{‑I-a‑n-¡‑p-I‑,
s‑I‑m-Å \-S-¯‑p-I k‑v-{‑X‑o-I-s‑f A-]a‑m-\‑n-¡‑p-I‑, N‑n-e-t‑¸‑mÄ _-e‑m-Õ‑w-K‑w
h-s‑c-b‑p-Å I‑p-ä-I‑r-X‑y-§Ä D-ï‑m-h‑p-I
F-¶-X‑p‑w ]-X‑n-h‑p-ï‑v. C-¯-c‑w k‑w-`-h-

§-f‑n N‑n-e-t‑¸‑mÄ I‑m-a‑w H-c‑p L-S-I‑w
A-Ã‑m-b‑n-c‑n-¡‑m‑w. F-¶‑m k-a‑q-l-a-\Ê‑m-£‑n-s‑b s‑R-«‑n-¨ ]-e k‑w-`-h-§Ä¡‑pw ]‑n-¶‑n I‑m-a-h‑n-I‑m-c‑w X-s‑¶b‑m-W‑v. tIc-f-¯n \-S-¶ k‑u-a‑y
t‑I-k‑m-b‑m-e‑p‑w X‑n-c‑q-c‑n \-S-¶ ]‑n-©‑p
_‑m-e‑n-I-s‑b _-e‑m-Õ‑w-K‑w s‑N-b‑v-X
t‑I-k‑m-b‑m-e‑p‑w F-Ã‑m-ä‑n-s‑â-b‑p‑w ]‑n-¶‑nÂ
I‑m-a‑w X-s‑¶-b‑m-b‑n-c‑p-¶‑p. I‑m-a-¯‑n-\‑v
G-X‑p s‑I‑m-S‑p‑w-s‑s‑I-¿‑p‑w s‑N-¿‑m-\‑m-h‑ps‑a-¶‑v I-h‑n ]‑m-S‑n-b-X‑v H‑mÀ-¡‑p-a-t‑Ã‑m
("I‑m-a-t‑a \‑n³ t‑]-c‑p t‑I-«‑m t‑]-S‑n-b‑m‑w
h-g‑n-]‑n-g-¨ I‑m-a-I‑n-¦-c³-a‑mÀ s‑N-¿‑p‑w
s‑I‑m-S‑p‑w-s‑s‑I-I-f‑mÂ'' F-¶‑v I‑p-a‑m-c-\‑mi‑m³ I-c‑p-W-b‑nÂ‑) F-h‑n-s‑S X‑n-c‑n-ª‑p
t‑\‑m-¡‑n-b‑m-e‑p‑w A-h‑n-s‑S-s‑b-Ã‑m‑w I‑m-t‑a‑m±‑o-]‑-I-§-f‑m-b Z‑r-i‑y-§-f‑m-W‑v. h-g‑n-t‑b‑mc-§-f‑n-s‑e ]-c-k‑y-§-f‑p‑w k‑n-\‑n-a‑m t‑]‑mk‑v-ä-d‑p-I-f‑p‑w s‑S-e‑n-h‑n-j³ ]-c‑n-]‑m-S‑n-I-f‑p‑w
]-c-k‑y-§-f‑p‑w ]-{‑X-a‑m-k‑n-I-I-f‑n-s‑e
N‑n-{‑X-§-f‑p‑w s‑a‑m-s‑s‑_Â t‑^‑m-W‑n-e‑p‑w
CâÀ-s‑\-ä‑n-e‑p‑w e-`‑y-a‑m-h‑p-¶ t‑]‑m¬
(pornography) N‑n-{‑X-§-f‑p‑w F-Ã‑m‑w
I‑m-t‑a‑m-±‑o-]-I‑w B-b‑n a‑m-d‑n-b‑n-c‑n-¡‑p-¶‑p.
DÂ-]-¶‑w G-X‑m-b‑m-e‑p‑w A-X‑v h‑n-ä-g‑n-¡‑m\‑p-Å a‑mÀ-¤‑w I‑m-a-h‑n-I‑m-c-s‑¯ D-]-t‑b‑mK-s‑¸-S‑p-¯‑p-I-b‑m-s‑W-¶‑v I-¨-h-S-¡-®‑v
a‑m-{‑X-a‑p-Å-hÀ-¡‑v h‑y-à-a‑m-b‑n A-d‑n-b‑m‑w.
A-X‑n-e-hÀ h‑n-P-b‑n-¡‑p-¶‑p-a‑p-ï‑v. C-¶‑v
t‑e‑m-I‑w `-c‑n-¡‑p-¶-X‑v I-¨-h-S-¡‑m-c‑m-W‑v.
K-h¬-s‑aâ‑p-I-f‑p-s‑S \-b-c‑q-]‑o-I-c-W-¯‑ne‑p‑w `-c-W-\‑nÀ-Æ-l-W-¯‑n-e‑p‑w h‑n-t‑Zi-c‑m-P‑y-§-f‑p-a‑m-b‑p-Å _-Ô-§-f‑p-s‑S
I‑m-c‑y-¯‑n-e‑p‑w F-Ã‑m‑w-X-s‑¶ I-¨-h-S-X‑me‑v-]-c‑y-§Ä-¡‑p-Å k‑z‑m-[‑o-\‑w h-f-s‑c
h-e‑p-X‑m-W‑v. A-X‑p-s‑I‑m-ï‑p-X-s‑¶ C-¡‑mc‑y-¯‑n-e‑p-Å \‑n-b-{‑´-W‑w ¢‑n-ã-k‑m-[‑y‑w

23

24

F-t‑¶ ]-d-b‑m³ I-g‑n-b‑p-I-b‑p-Å‑p.
t‑I-c-f-¯‑n a-s‑ä-Ã‑m I‑p-ä-I‑r-X‑y§-f‑n-e‑p‑w {‑I-a-a‑m-b hÀ-²-\-h‑p t‑c-Js‑¸-S‑p-¯‑p-t‑¼‑mÄ N‑n-e t‑I-k‑p-I-f‑nÂ
I‑p-d-h‑v t‑c-J-s‑¸-S‑p-¯‑n-b-X‑m-b‑n-¡‑m-W‑m‑w.
D-Z‑m-l-c-W-¯‑n-\‑v k‑v-{‑X‑o-I-s‑f t‑a‑m-i-a‑mb‑n N‑n-{‑X‑o-I-c‑n-¡‑p-¶-X‑n-s‑\-X‑n-c‑m-b‑p-Å
\‑n-b-a‑w (indeent representation of
women (prohibition act) {‑]-I‑m-c‑w
2008þÂ 19D‑w 2009þÂ 24 D‑w 2010þÂ
37‑D‑w, 2011þÂ 12D‑w 2012Â 3 D‑w t‑I-k‑pIÄ a‑m-{‑X-t‑a d‑n-t‑¸‑mÀ-«‑v s‑N-b‑v-X‑n-«‑p-Å‑q.
2012þ-e‑p‑w 2011e‑p‑w C-¯-c‑w k‑w-`-h-§Ä
I‑p-d-ª‑p F-¶‑v H-c‑n-¡-e‑p‑w h‑n-i‑z-k‑n¡‑m³ k‑m-[‑n-¡‑p-I-b‑n-Ã. k‑m-[‑m-c-W
C-¯-c‑w t‑I-k‑p-IÄ t‑]‑m-e‑o-k‑v k‑z-t‑a-[b‑m (suo moto) B-b‑n F-S‑p-¡‑p-I-b‑m-W‑v
]-X‑n-h‑v. A-t‑¸‑mÄ t‑I-k‑p-I-f‑p-s‑S F-®‑w
I‑p-d-ª‑p F-¶-X‑n-\À-°‑w t‑]‑m-e‑o-k‑v
t‑I-k‑v F-S‑p-¡‑p-¶-X‑p I‑p-d-ª‑p F-¶‑p
a‑m-{‑X-a‑m-W‑v. C-¯-c‑w \‑n-b-a‑w IÀ-i-\a‑m-b‑n \-S-¸‑m-¡-W-s‑a-¦‑n t‑]‑m-e‑o-k‑v
t‑\-X‑r-X‑z-h‑p‑w c‑m-{‑ã‑o-b t‑\-X‑r-X‑z-h‑p‑w
s‑]‑m-X‑p-k-a‑q-l-h‑p‑w i-à-a‑m-b‑n A-X‑mh-i‑y-s‑¸-S-W‑w. \‑nÀ-`‑m-K‑y-h-i‑m A-X‑p
k‑w-`-h‑n-¡‑p-¶‑n-Ã. A-X‑n-\À-°‑w k‑v-{‑X‑oIÄ-s‑¡-X‑n-s‑c-b‑p-Å A-X‑n-{‑I-a-¯‑n-\‑v
t‑l-X‑p-h‑m-I‑p-¶ A-S‑n-Ø‑m-\ I‑m-c-W-§f‑n H-¶‑v \‑n-b-{‑´‑n-¡‑p-¶-X‑n A-[‑n-I‑rXÀ A-e‑w-`‑m-h‑w I‑m-«‑p-¶‑p F-¶‑m-W‑v.
I‑m-a-s‑¯-t‑¸‑m-s‑e-¯-s‑¶ a-Z‑y‑w Hc‑p {‑]-[‑m-\ I‑m-c-W-a‑m-W‑v. a-Z‑y-¯‑n-s‑â
{‑]-`‑m-h‑w k-a‑q-l-¯‑n-s‑â F-Ã‑m-X-e¯‑n-e‑p‑w hÀ-²‑n-¨‑p-h-c‑n-I-b‑m-W‑v. H‑m-t‑c‑m
D-Õ-h-h‑p‑w I-g‑n-b‑p-t‑¼‑mÄ t‑I-c-f‑o-bÀ
I‑p-S‑n-¨‑p X‑oÀ-¯ a-Z‑y-¯‑n-s‑â I-W¡‑v ]-{‑X-¯‑n h-c‑m-d‑p-Å-X‑m-W-t‑Ã‑m.
2008þÂ B-s‑I d‑n-t‑¸‑mÀ-«‑v s‑N-b‑v-X
A-_‑v-I‑m-c‑n t‑I-k‑p-I-f‑p-s‑S F-®‑w 10176
B-s‑W-¦‑n 2012þ A-X‑v 52282 Bb‑n D-bÀ-¶‑p. G-X‑m-ï‑v A-©‑p a-S-§‑v
hÀ-²-\. a-b-¡‑p-a-c‑p-¶‑p-]-t‑b‑m-K-¯‑n-s‑â
I‑m-c‑y-¯‑n-e‑p‑w C-X‑p-X-s‑¶-b‑m-W-h-Ø.
2008þÂ NDPS Atc {‑]-I‑m-c‑w d‑n-t‑¸‑mÀ-«‑v
s‑N-b‑v-X t‑I-k‑p-IÄ 508 B-s‑W-¦‑nÂ
2012þ 696 B-b‑n A-X‑v D-bÀ-¶‑p. C-h‑ns‑S F-®-¯‑n I‑p-d-ª \‑n-c-¡‑v Bi‑z‑m-k‑w \Â-I‑p-¶-X-Ã. I‑m-c-W‑w NDPS
Act A-\‑p-k-c‑n-¨-pÅ t‑I-k‑p-I-f‑p‑w t‑]‑me‑o-k‑v k‑z-t‑a-[-b‑m c-P‑n-k‑v-äÀ s‑N-¿‑p-¶X‑m-W‑v. t‑]‑m-e‑o-k‑n-\‑v ]‑n-S‑n-¡‑m³ X‑m-e‑v-]c‑y-a‑n-s‑Ã-¦‑n t‑I-k‑p-I-f‑p-s‑S F-®-¯‑nÂ
k‑z‑m-`‑m-h‑n-I-a‑m-b‑n I‑p-d-h‑v h-c‑p‑w.
G-X‑m-ï‑v B-d‑v hÀ-j‑w a‑p-¼‑v t‑I‑mg‑n-t‑¡‑m-S‑v P‑n-Ã-b‑n-s‑e I‑n-g-¡³ `‑m-K-¯‑v

{‑]-hÀ-¯‑n-¡‑p-¶ H-c‑p s‑s‑{‑]-a-d‑n k‑v-I‑qf‑n-s‑e 13 ]‑n-©‑p I‑p-«‑n-IÄ s‑s‑e‑w-K‑n-I
N‑q-j-W-¯‑n-\‑v h‑n-t‑[-b-c‑m-b k‑w-`-h‑w
D-ï‑m-b‑n. {‑]-X‑n k‑z-´‑w A-²‑y‑m-]-I³
X-s‑¶-b‑m-b‑n-c‑p-¶‑p. a‑m-k-§-t‑f‑m-f‑w
]‑o-U‑n-¸‑n-¡-s‑¸-« I‑p-«‑n-IÄ H-c‑p Z‑n-h-k‑w
k‑v-I‑qÄ h‑n-«‑p-t‑]‑m-I‑p-t‑¼‑mÄ A-t‑X
k‑v-I‑q-f‑n-s‑e A-²‑y‑m-]‑n-I-t‑b‑m-S‑v I‑m-c‑y‑w
X‑p-d-¶‑p ]-d-ª‑p. A-hÀ A-X‑v s‑l-U‑v-a‑nk‑v-{‑S-Ê‑n-s‑\ A-d‑n-b‑n-¡‑p-I-b‑p‑w k‑w-`-h‑w
t‑I-k‑m-h‑p-I-b‑p‑w s‑N-b‑v-X‑p. k-a‑q-l-¯‑nÂ
\-Ã t‑]-c‑p‑w c‑m-{‑ã‑o-b k‑z‑m-[‑o-\-h‑p-a‑pÅ {]Xn t‑I-k‑v t‑X-¨‑p-a‑m-¨‑p I-f-b‑m³
{‑i-a‑n-s‑¨-¦‑n-e‑p‑w h‑n-P-b‑n-¨‑n-Ã. t‑I‑m-S-X‑n
A-b‑m-s‑f 10 s‑I‑m-Ã‑w IT‑n-\-X-S-h‑n-\‑v
i‑n-£‑n-¨‑p. C‑u t‑I-Ê‑n-s‑â h‑n-i-Z‑m‑w-i§Ä ]-c‑n-t‑i‑m-[‑n-¨‑m {‑]-X‑n i-c‑n-¡‑p‑w
s‑s‑e‑w-K‑n-I-a‑m-b‑n I‑p-«‑n-I-s‑f D-]-t‑b‑m-K‑n¡‑p-I-b‑m-b‑n-c‑p-¶‑p F-¶‑p‑w a-\-Ê‑n-e‑m¡‑m‑w. C-t‑X-t‑]‑m-s‑e \‑n-c-h-[‑n t‑I-k‑p-If‑n-e‑p‑w I‑m-a‑w X-s‑¶-b‑m-b‑n-c‑p-¶‑p t‑l-X‑p
F-¶‑p‑w I‑m-W‑m-h‑p-¶-X‑m-W‑v. A-Ã‑m-s‑X
s‑PâÀ-h‑m-t‑d‑m k‑v-{‑X‑o-I-f‑n t‑a-[‑m-h‑n-X‑z‑w
]‑p-eÀ-¯-W-s‑a-¶ a‑m-\-k‑n-I‑m-h-Ø-t‑b‑m
A-[‑n-I‑m-c‑w Ø‑m-]‑n-¡-t‑e‑m H-¶‑p-a‑m-b‑nc‑p-¶‑n-Ã.
k‑v-{‑X‑o-IÄ [‑m-c‑m-f-a‑m-b‑n t‑P‑m-e‑n-¡‑v
t‑]‑m-b‑n [-\‑w k-¼‑m-Z‑n-¨‑p‑, A-X‑n-\‑mÂ
]‑p-c‑p-j-s‑â k‑m-¼-¯‑n-I-a‑m-b t‑a-[‑m-h‑nX‑z‑w t‑]‑m-b‑v-t‑]‑m-b‑n, A-X‑v X‑n-c‑n-¨‑p-]‑n-S‑n¡‑p-¶-Xn\‑p‑w A-X‑n-{‑I-a‑w H-c‑p a‑mÀ-¤-a‑mb‑n k‑z‑o-I-c‑n-¡‑p-¶‑p F-¶ h‑m-Z-¯‑nÂ
H-c‑p I-g-¼‑p-a‑n-Ã. H-¶‑m-a-X‑m-b‑n t‑P‑m-e‑n¡‑v t‑]‑m-I‑p-¶ `‑q-c‑n-]-£‑w k‑v-{‑X‑o-I-f‑p‑w
h-e‑n-b k-¼‑m-Z‑y‑w D-ï‑m-¡‑p-¶-h-c-Ã.
X‑p-Ñ-a‑m-b i-¼-f-¯‑n-\‑v t‑P‑m-e‑n s‑N-¿‑p-¶h-c‑m-W‑v I‑q-S‑p-XÂ k‑v-{‑X‑o-I-f‑p‑w. C-h‑n-s‑S
k‑m-¼-¯‑n-I A-[‑n-I‑m-c-¯‑n-s‑â ]-d-b¯-¡ \-ã-s‑a‑m-¶‑p‑w k‑w-`-h‑n-¡‑p-¶‑n-Ã.
a‑m-{‑X-a-Ã A-{‑]-I‑m-c‑w D-s‑ï-¦‑nÂ-¯-s‑¶
A-X‑v s‑s‑e‑w-K‑n-I‑m-X‑n-{‑I-a-¯‑n-\‑v I‑m-c-W‑w
B-h‑p-¶‑p-a‑n-Ã. t‑K‑m-h‑n-µ-¨‑m-a‑n h-e‑n-b Hc‑p I‑m-c‑y-a‑m-W‑v s‑a‑m-¯‑w ]‑p-c‑p-j k-a‑q-l¯‑n-\‑v s‑N-b‑v-X‑p s‑I‑m-S‑p-¯-X‑p‑ I‑m-c-W‑w
A-b‑m-f‑p-s‑S {‑]-h‑r-¯‑n k‑v-{‑X‑o-I-s‑f X-§f‑nÂ-¯-s‑¶ H-X‑p-§‑m-\‑p‑w ]‑p-c‑p-j-s‑â
k‑w-c-£-W-b‑nÂ-¡-g‑n-b‑m-\‑p‑w k-l‑m-b‑n¨‑p. C-X‑n-\‑p t‑h-ï‑n a-ä‑p ]‑p-c‑p-j³-a‑mÀ
H-¶‑p‑w s‑N-t‑¿-ï‑n-h-¶‑n-Ã F-s‑¶‑m-s‑¡b‑p-Å h‑m-Z‑w h‑n-I-e-a‑m-b a-\-Ê‑n-s‑â-b‑p‑w
N‑n-´‑m-K-X-b‑p-s‑S-b‑p‑w ^-e-a‑m-W‑v. C-h‑n-s‑S
k‑v-{‑X‑o-s‑b-b‑p‑w ]‑p-c‑p-j-s‑\-b‑p‑w c-ï‑v
t‑N-c‑n-I-f‑n-e‑m-¡‑n ]-c-k‑v-]-c‑w b‑p-²‑w s‑N¿‑p-¶ h‑n-`‑m-K-a‑m-¡‑n-b‑n-c‑n-¡‑p-¶‑p. C-´‑yb‑n-tem t‑e‑m-I-¯‑n H-c‑p Ø-e-t‑¯‑m

Picture Courtesy: http://media.salon.com/

a‑p-X‑nÀ-¶ k‑v-{‑X‑o-b‑m-b‑m-e‑p‑w s‑]¬-I‑p-«‑n-I-f‑m-b‑m-e‑p‑w A-X‑n-{‑I-a-¯‑n-\‑v
h‑n-t‑[-b-a‑m-I‑p-t‑¼‑mÄ A-X‑v k‑v-{‑X‑o k-a‑q-l-¯‑n-s‑â a‑m-{‑X‑w {‑]-i‑v-\-a‑mb‑n-«-Ã a‑m-d‑p-¶-X‑v. k‑v-{‑X‑o-¡‑v a‑m-{‑X-a‑m-b‑n H-c‑p Z‑p‑x-J-a‑n-Ã. k‑v-{‑X‑o-I-f‑p-s‑S
Z‑p‑x-J-a‑m-b‑m-e‑p‑w k-t‑´‑m-j-a‑m-b‑m-e‑p‑w A-X‑v A-h-c‑p-a‑m-b‑n _-Ô-a‑p-Å
]‑p-c‑p-j-hÀ-¤-¯‑n-s‑â I‑q-S‑n Z‑p‑x-J-h‑p‑w k-t‑´‑m-j-h‑p-a‑m-W‑v.

C-{‑]-I‑m-c-a‑p-Å c-ï‑p-t‑N-c‑n-b‑n-Ã. k‑v-{‑X‑o
]‑p-c‑p-j³-a‑mÀ ]-c-k‑v-]-c‑w k‑v-t‑\-l‑n-¨‑p‑w
h‑n-i‑z-k‑n-¨‑p‑w k-l-I-c‑n-¨‑p‑w k-t‑´‑m-jt‑¯‑m-s‑S I-g‑n-b‑p-¶ \‑m-S‑m-W‑n-X‑v. `‑m-h-\s‑b F-{‑X h-e‑n-¨‑p \‑o-«‑n-b‑m-e‑p‑w C-¯-c‑w
A-`‑n-{‑]‑m-b-§-f‑n F-s‑´-¦‑n-e‑p‑w I-g-¼‑ps‑ï-¶‑v I-s‑ï-¯‑m-\‑m-h‑n-Ã. C-´‑y-b‑nÂ
C-¶‑v \‑n-e-\‑nÂ-¡‑p-¶-X‑p‑w k-l-{‑k‑m_v[-§-f‑m-b‑n X‑p-SÀ-¶‑p h-c‑p-¶-X‑p-a‑m-b
I‑p-S‑p‑w-_-_-Ô-s‑¯ X-IÀ-¡-W‑w F-¶‑v
B-{‑K-l‑n-¡‑p-¶ N‑n-e t‑I-{‑µ-§Ä D-ï‑v.
A-hÀ k‑v-{‑X‑o k‑w-c-£-I-c‑m-b‑p‑w ]‑pt‑c‑m-K-a-\-h‑m-Z‑n-I-f‑m-b‑p‑w t‑h-j-a‑n-«‑v ]-e
h‑n-[-¯‑n-e‑p‑w A-X‑n-\‑v {‑i-a‑n-¨‑p-s‑I‑m-ï‑nc‑n-¡‑p-I-b‑m-W‑v. C-´‑y-b‑n k‑v-{‑X‑o-IÄ
]‑p-c‑p-j-s‑â k‑w-c-£-W-b‑n H-X‑p-§‑nt‑¸‑m-b‑n-c‑n-¡‑p-¶‑p B k‑w-c-£-W-h-e-b‑w
t‑`-Z‑n-¨‑p A-hÀ ]‑p-d-¯‑p-h-c-W‑w F-¶‑v
B-{‑K-l‑n-¡‑p-¶-X‑p‑w A-c‑m-P-I-h‑m-Z‑n-If‑m-W‑v. b-Y‑mÀ-°-¯‑n C-¯-c-¡‑mÀ
]-d-b‑p-¶ h‑n-[-¯‑n-e‑p-Å H-c‑p A-k‑z‑mX-{‑´‑y‑w k‑v-{‑X‑o-IÄ-¡‑n-Ã. k‑z-´‑w Ig‑n-h‑p‑w kÀ-¤-t‑i-j‑n-b‑p‑w A-\‑p-k-c‑n-¨‑p
h‑n-I-k‑n-¡‑m-\‑p‑w {‑]-hÀ-¯‑n-¡‑m-\‑p-a‑p-Å
A-h-k-c‑w C-¶‑p‑w k‑v-{‑X‑o-IÄ-¡‑n-h‑n-s‑S
D-ï‑v. ]-ï‑p‑w D-ï‑m-b‑n-c‑p-¶‑p. `‑m-c-Xk‑v-{‑X‑o-s‑b "h‑o-S‑m‑w I‑q-«‑n I‑p-S‑p-§‑p‑w
X-¯-½-IÄ'' F-¶‑p‑w B-t‑£-]‑n-¨-h-c‑ps‑S ]‑n³-a‑p-d-¡‑mÀ X-§-f‑p-s‑S \‑m-«‑nÂ
k‑w-`-h‑n-¨‑p-s‑I‑m-ï‑n-c‑n-¡‑p-¶ s‑s‑e‑w-K‑n-I
A-c‑m-P-I-X‑z-h‑p‑w I‑p-S‑p‑w-_-_-Ô-¯‑n-s‑â
X-IÀ-¨-b‑p‑w I-ï‑v A-Ô‑m-f‑n-¨‑p \‑nÂ-¡‑pI-b‑m-W‑v C-¶‑p‑w.
k‑v-{‑X‑o-IÄ-s‑¡-X‑n-c‑m-b hÀ-²‑n¨‑p-h-c‑p-¶ A-X‑n-{‑I-a-s‑¯-¸-ä‑n NÀ-¨
s‑N-¿-s‑¸-S‑p-t‑¼‑mÄ A-X‑v- ]-e-t‑¸‑m-g‑p‑w
h-g‑n-s‑X-ä‑n a-ä‑v t‑a-J-e-I-f‑n-t‑e-¡‑v I-S¶‑p-t‑]‑m-I‑p-¶‑p. b-Y‑mÀ-° I‑m-c-W§-f‑n-t‑e-¡‑v h-c‑m-s‑X H‑m-t‑c‑m-c‑p-¯-c‑p‑w
A-h-c-h-c‑p-s‑S B-i-b-§Ä Ø‑m-]‑ns‑¨-S‑p-¡‑m-\‑p-Å X-{‑X-¸‑m-S‑m-W‑v I‑m-W‑p¶-X‑v. A-a‑n-X-a‑m-b I‑m-a‑m-k-à‑n-b‑p‑w
a-Z‑y‑w‑, a-b-¡‑p-a-c‑p-¶‑v F-¶‑n-h-b‑p-s‑S
D-]-t‑b‑m-Kh‑p‑w B-[‑p-\‑n-I-k-a‑q-l-¯‑n-s‑â
t‑`‑m-K-e‑m-e-k-X-b‑p‑w NÀ-¨ s‑N-¿-s‑¸-S‑p¶‑n-Ã. C-¯-c‑w I‑m-c-W-§-s‑f A-\‑n-b{‑´‑n-X-a‑m-b‑n h-fÀ-¯‑p-¶ k‑m-l-N-c‑y‑w
NÀ-¨ s‑N-¿-s‑¸-S‑p-¶‑n-Ã k‑v-{‑X‑o i-c‑o-c‑w
h‑n-e‑v-]-\-¨-c-¡‑m-b‑n-¡-ïv ]-c-k‑y-§-f‑nÂ
b‑m-s‑X‑m-c‑p k‑m‑w-K-X‑y-h‑p‑w C-Ã‑m-s‑X A-X‑v
D-]-t‑b‑m-K‑n-¡‑p-¶‑p. A-Ç‑o-e k‑n-\‑n-a-IÄ
h-f-s‑c F-f‑p-¸-¯‑n b‑p-h-X-e-a‑p-d-b‑v¡‑v I‑m-W‑m³ k‑m-[‑n-¡‑p-¶‑p. B-h-i‑ys‑¸-S‑m-s‑X X-s‑¶ A-Xv s‑a‑m-s‑s‑_Â
t‑^‑m-W‑n-e‑p‑w a-ä‑p-a‑m-b‑n A-h-c‑n h-¶‑p
lncWy

t‑N-c‑p-¶‑p. C-¯-c‑w A-\‑m-i‑m-k‑y-a‑m-b
I‑m-c‑y-§-f‑n \‑n-¶‑p‑w h‑n-«‑p \‑nÂ-¡‑m³
t‑h-ï B-ß-i-à‑n-b‑p‑w a-t‑\‑m-_-e-h‑p‑w
e-`‑n-¡‑p-¶-X‑n-\‑p t‑h-ï [‑mÀ-½‑n-I D-¶a-\‑w I‑n-«‑m-\‑p-Å k‑m-l-N-c‑y‑w h-f-s‑c
I‑p-d-h‑p a‑m-{‑X-a‑m-b‑n-c‑n-¡‑p-¶‑p. \-½‑p-s‑S
h‑n-Z‑y‑m-`‑y‑m-k Ø‑m-]-\-§-f‑n ]‑mT‑y]-²-X‑n-b‑n-e‑p‑w [‑mÀ-½‑n-I a‑q-e‑y-§Ä ]
T‑n-¸‑n-¡‑p-¶‑n-Ã. `‑q-c‑n-]-£‑w I‑p-«‑n-IÄ-¡‑p‑w
k‑v-I‑q-f‑n-\‑p‑w ]‑p-d-¯‑p‑w A-X‑p I‑n-«‑m-\‑p-Å
k‑m-l-N-c‑y-h‑p‑w C-Ã‑m-X‑m-b‑n-c‑n-¡‑p-¶‑p.
X‑n-c-¡‑v ]‑n-S‑n-¨ P‑o-h‑n-X-¯‑n A-Ñ-\-½a‑mÀ-¡‑v I‑p-«‑n-I-s‑f {‑i-²‑n-¡‑p-h‑m³ k‑m-[‑n¡‑p-¶‑n-Ã. ]-ï‑p-ï‑m-b‑n-c‑p-¶-X‑v t‑]‑m-s‑e
a-ä‑v I‑p-S‑p‑w-_‑m‑w-K-§-f‑p-s‑S \‑n-c‑o-£-Wh‑p‑w \‑n-b-{‑´-W-h‑p‑w C-¶‑p \--ã-a‑m-b‑nc‑n-¡‑p-¶‑p. a‑p-¼‑v A-Ñ-\-½-a‑m-c‑m-e‑p‑w a-ä‑v
a‑p-X‑nÀ-¶ I‑p-S‑p‑w-_‑m‑w-K-§-f‑m-e‑p‑w \‑m-«‑pI‑m-c‑m-e‑p‑w b‑p-h-X-e-a‑p-d \‑n-b-{‑´‑n-¡-s‑¸«‑n-c‑p-¶‑p. C-¶‑v B Ø‑n-X‑n a‑m-d‑n-b‑n-c‑n-¡‑p¶‑p. c‑m-P‑y-¯‑n-s‑â h‑n-Z‑q-c `‑m-K-§-f‑nÂ
\‑n-¶‑v s‑X‑m-g‑n t‑X-S‑n h-e‑n-b t‑X‑m-X‑nÂ
H-c‑p I‑p-S‑n-t‑b-ä‑w X-s‑¶ k‑w-`-h‑n-¡‑p-¶‑pï‑v. k‑z-´‑w \‑m-«‑n s‑N-¿‑m³ a-S‑n-¡‑p-¶
I‑p-ä-I‑r-X‑y‑w A-]-c‑n-N‑n-X-a‑m-b \‑m-«‑nÂ
F-¯‑n-b‑m s‑N-¿‑m-\‑p-Å H-c‑p {‑]-hW-X-b‑p-ï‑v. X‑n-c‑n-¨-d‑n-b-s‑¸-S‑p-I-b‑n-Ã
F-¶-X‑m-W‑v C-X‑n-s‑\‑m-c‑p I‑m-c-W‑w. "At‑\‑m-\‑n-a‑n-ä‑n'' I‑p-ä-I‑r-X‑y i‑m-k‑v-{‑X-¯‑nÂ
I‑p-ä‑w s‑N-¿‑p-¶-X‑n-\‑v t‑{‑]-c‑n-¸‑n-¡‑p-¶
H-c‑p L-S-I-a‑m-b‑n s‑X-f‑n-b‑n-¡-s‑¸-«‑n-«‑p-ï‑v.
C-´‑y-b‑n \-S-¡‑p-¶ _-e‑m-Õ‑w-K-§f‑n H-c‑p h-e‑n-b i-X-a‑m-\‑w t‑N-c‑n-I-f‑ne‑m-s‑W-¶‑v I-s‑ï-¯‑n-b‑n-«‑p-ï‑v.
b-Y‑mÀ-° I‑m-c-W‑w I-s‑ï-¯‑nb‑m a‑m-{‑X-s‑a ^-e-{‑]-Z-a‑m-b ]-c‑n-l‑mPq¬ 2013

c‑w \‑n-À-t‑±-i‑n-¡‑m³ k‑m-[‑n-¡‑p-I-b‑p-Å‑p.
I‑m-c-W‑w t‑`‑m-K-e‑m-ek-X-b‑p‑w B-[‑p-\‑n-I
P‑o-h‑n-X-s‑s‑i-e‑n-b‑p‑w a-Z‑y‑w a‑p-X-e‑m-b e-lc‑n-]-Z‑mÀ-°-§-f‑p-s‑S A-a‑n-X D-]-t‑b‑m-Kh‑p‑w I-¨-h-S-X-{‑´-h‑p-a‑m-b‑n _-Ô-s‑¸-«
A-\‑m-i‑m-k‑y {‑]-h-W-X-b‑p‑w a-ä‑p-a‑m-W‑v.
]-c‑n-l‑m-c‑w B-ß-_-e-h‑p‑w a-t‑\‑m-_-eh‑p‑w hÀ-²‑n-¸‑n-¡‑p-I F-¶-X‑m-W‑v. A-X‑n\‑v s‑N-t‑¿-ï-X‑v [À-½‑w ]T‑n-¸‑n-¡‑p-I-b‑p‑w
B-N-c‑n-¡‑p-I-b‑p-a‑m-W‑v. A-Ñ-\‑p‑w a-I-f‑p‑w
X-½‑n-e‑p-Å A-\‑m-i‑m-k‑y _-Ô-¯‑n-s‑â
I-Y-IÄ ]‑p-c‑m-W-¯‑n h‑m-b‑n-¡‑m‑w
F-s‑¶‑m-c‑mÄ ]-d-b‑p-¶‑p. BÀ-¡‑m-W‑v
C-¯-c‑w ]‑p-c‑m-W-§Ä {‑]-a‑m-W-a‑m-b‑n«‑p-Å-X‑v? s‑F-X-t‑c-b {‑_‑m-Ò-W¯‑n-s‑e
H-c‑p a-{‑´-¯‑n {‑]-t‑b‑m-K‑n-¨ c‑q-]-I‑me-¦‑m-c‑w a-\-Ê‑n-e‑m-h‑m-s‑X ]‑p-c‑m-W-I-Y
I-e‑v-]‑n-¨‑p-ï‑m-¡‑n-b-hÀ-¡‑v ]-ä‑n-b s‑X-ä‑n\‑v B-c‑m-W‑v k-a‑m-[‑m-\‑w ]-d-t‑b-ï-Xv?
H-¶‑p‑w t‑h-ï-h‑n-[‑w ]T‑n-¡‑m-s‑X A-`‑n{‑]‑m-b-§Ä X-«‑n-h‑n-S‑p-¶-h-s‑c \-a‑p-¡‑v
A-h-K-W‑n-¡‑m‑w.
X‑m-c-X-t‑a‑y-\ B-[‑p-\‑n-I-a‑m-b {‑_-Ò
s‑s‑h-hÀ-¯‑w t‑]‑m-e‑p-Å ]‑p-c‑m-W-§Ä
h‑m-b‑n-¨-Ã [À-½-t‑_‑m-[‑w D-ï‑m-t‑I-ï-X‑v.
]-I-c‑w b-Y‑mÀ-° [À-½ {‑K-Ù-§Ä h‑n[‑n-b‑m‑w-h-®‑w ]T‑n-¡-W‑w. A-t‑¸‑mÄ a‑m{‑X-s‑a [À-½-t‑_‑m-[‑w D-ï‑m-h‑p-I-b‑p-Å‑p.
{‑]-P‑m-]-X‑nÀ s‑s‑h k‑z‑m‑w
Z‑p-l‑n-X-c-a‑y-`‑y-[‑y‑m-b Z‑n-h a‑n-X‑y-\‑y
B-l‑p‑-j-k-a‑n-X‑y-t‑\‑y‑, X‑m-a‑p-t‑i‑y‑m
`‑q-X‑z‑m t‑c‑m-l‑n-X‑w `‑q-X‑m-a-s‑s‑`-‑y-X‑,
X-k‑y-b-t‑{‑Z-X-k‑x-{‑]-Y-a a-Z-Z‑o-]‑y-X
X-Z-k‑m-h‑m-Z‑n-t‑X‑y‑m-f`-h-X‑v
(s‑F-X-t‑c-b {‑_‑m-Ò-W‑w 33þ34‑)
F-¶ a-{‑´-¯‑n k‑q-c‑y³‑, D-j-Ê‑v,

Z‑n-h-k‑w F-¶‑n-h-b‑m-W‑v I-Y‑m-]‑m-{‑X-§Ä
F-¶pw c‑q-]-I‑w F-¶ A-e-¦‑m-c-a‑m-W‑v
{‑]-t‑b‑m-K‑n-¨-s‑X-¶‑p‑w A-X‑v a-\-Ê‑n-e‑m-h‑ms‑X s‑X-ä‑m-b‑n [-c‑n-¨‑p I-e‑v-]‑n-X I-Y s‑a\s-ª-S‑p-¯-X‑n-s‑â ^-e-a‑m-b‑m-W‑v ]‑p-c‑mW-¯‑n-s‑e A-ѳ a-I-s‑f {‑]‑m-]‑n-¨ I-Y
F-¶‑v a-\-Ê‑n-e‑m-¡‑m³ \-½‑p-s‑S ]‑p-X‑n-b
X-e-a‑p-d C-\‑n F-{‑X P-·‑w P-\‑n-¡-W‑w.
\½‑p-s‑S c‑m-P‑y-¯‑v k‑v-{‑X‑o-]‑o-U\-§Ä a‑m-{‑X-aà FÃ‑m I‑p-ä-I‑r-X‑y§-f‑ne‑p‑w hÀ-²-\-h‑p-ï‑m-I‑p-¶‑pï‑v.
{‑K‑m-a-§-f‑n \‑n¶‑p‑w \-K-c-§-f‑n-t‑e¡‑v h³-t‑X‑m-X‑n I‑p-S‑n-t‑b-ä‑w D-ï‑mI‑p-¶‑pï‑v. I‑m-a‑w F-¶ h‑n-I‑mc-s‑¯
N‑qj-W‑w s‑N-b‑vX‑p-s‑I‑m-ï‑v \‑n-ch-[‑n
h‑m-W‑n-P‑y-]-c-k‑y-§Ä b‑m-s‑X‑m-c‑p \‑n-b{‑´-W-h‑p-a‑nÃ‑m-s‑X D-]-t‑b‑m-K‑n-¡‑p-¶‑pï‑v.
At‑X-t‑]‑m-s‑e a-Z‑yh‑p‑w a-b-¡‑p-a-c‑p-¶‑p-If‑p‑w‑, \‑o-e-N‑n-{‑X-§f‑p‑w \-½‑p-s‑S b‑p-h-Xe-a‑pd-s‑b hÃ‑m-s‑X k‑z‑m-[‑o-\‑n-¨‑n-«‑pï‑v.
CX‑n-s‑e‑m-s‑¡-b‑m-W‑v k‑v-{‑X‑o-]‑oU-\‑w
t‑]‑m-e‑p-Å I‑p-ä-I‑r-X‑y-§-f‑p-s‑S t‑h-c‑v I‑n-S¡‑p-¶X‑v. A-X‑v a-\-Ê‑n-e‑m-¡‑m-s‑X-b‑p-Å
NÀ-¨-IÄ s‑I‑m-ï‑v H-c‑p {‑]-t‑b‑m-P-\h‑p‑w
D-ï‑m-h‑p-I-b‑nÃ.
I‑q-S‑m-s‑X C¯-c‑w k‑w-`-h-§Ä
D-ï‑m-I‑p-t‑¼‑mÄ A-X‑v H-c‑p A-h-k-c-a‑ms‑b-S‑p-¯‑v \-½‑p-s‑S ]‑m-c-¼-c‑y-s‑¯b‑p‑w
k‑m-a‑q-l‑ya‑m-b _-Ô-§-s‑fb‑p‑w X‑m-dS‑n-¨‑v I‑m-W‑n-¡‑m\‑p‑w A-X‑ph-g‑n A-c‑mP-IX‑z‑w D-ï‑m-¡‑m\‑p‑w {‑i-a‑n-¡‑p-¶
i-à‑n-If‑p‑w D-s‑ï¶‑p‑w \‑m‑w [-c‑n-t‑¡-ïX‑pï‑v. n
I-S-¸‑m-S‑v: SCRB Published crime statitics,
indian express clt 28-4-2013

25

HmÀ½-¡p-dn¸v

H.F‑w.k‑n. F-¶
IÀ½ t‑b‑mK‑n (1910þ1989‑)
kmb-Wm-Nm-cy-cpsS AXn-_r-l-¯mb EtKz-Z-`mjyw k¼qÀ®-ambn ae-bm-f-¯n hnhÀ¯\w
sN¿p-Ibpw AXv kz´-ambn {]kn-²o-I-cn-¡p-I-bpw sNbvX thtZm-]m-k-I-\mWv H.-Fw.-kn. \mcm-bW³ \¼q-Xn-cn¸mSv. At±-l-¯nsâ IÀa-cw-Ks¯ kvacn-¡p-I-bmWv ]p{X-\mb Hf-¸-a® Zmtam-Z-c³
\¼qXncn.

EKz-thZw ssIs¿-gp-¯p-{]Xn Im©n i¦-cm-Nm-cyÀ¡v kaÀ¸n-¡p¶p

Hf-¸-a® Zmtam-Z-c³ \¼q-Xncn

H.

F‑w.k‑n. \‑m-c‑m-b-W³ \-¼‑q-X‑n-

c‑n-¸‑m-S‑v X-s‑â P‑o-h‑n-X-¯‑n-s‑â
`‑q-c‑n-`‑m-Kh‑p‑w k‑m-a‑q-l‑yþk‑m-a‑p-Z‑mb‑n-I
{‑]-hÀ-¯-\-§-f‑n {‑i-² t‑I-{‑µ‑o-I-c‑n-¨
H-c‑p h‑y-à‑n-b‑m-b‑n-c‑p¶‑p. s‑N-d‑p-¸-I‑me¯‑v h‑n.S‑n.b‑p-t‑Sb‑p‑w C.F‑w.F-k‑n-t‑âb‑p‑w
I‑q-s‑S \-¼‑q-X‑n-c‑n t‑b‑m-K-t‑£-a-k-`-b‑nÂ
k-P‑o-h-a‑m-b‑n {‑]-hÀ-¯‑n-¨‑p. 1945þ t‑b‑mKt‑£-a k-`-b‑p-s‑S {‑]-k‑n-Uâ‑m-b‑n X‑nc-s‑ª-S‑p-¡-s‑¸«‑p. C-´‑y³ k‑z‑m-X{‑´‑y
k-a-c-¯‑n ]-s‑¦-S‑p-¯ H.F‑w.F-k‑n-¡v
1932þÂ ]-«‑m-¼‑n-b‑n-s‑e a-l‑m-ß‑m-K‑m-Ô‑nb‑p-s‑S C‑w-¥‑o-j‑v {‑]-k‑w-K‑w a-e-b‑m-f-¯‑nt‑e-¡‑v XÀ-Ö-a s‑N-¿‑m-\‑p-Å `‑mK‑y‑w
e-`‑n-¨‑p.
k‑z-´‑w I‑p-S‑p‑w-_-¯‑n FÃ‑m-h-c‑pt‑Sb‑p‑w t‑\-X‑rX‑z‑w h-l‑n-¨ H.F‑w.k‑n.
A¶-s‑¯ I‑me-s‑¯ H-c‑p P‑nà a‑p-g‑p-h³
]c-¶‑p I‑n-S-¶‑n-c‑p-¶ `‑q-k‑z-¯‑p-¡-f‑p-s‑S
`‑m-c‑n-¨ `c-W‑w \-S-¯‑p-¶-X‑n-\‑n-S-b‑ne‑p‑w
I-e‑m-k‑m-l‑n-X‑y k‑m‑w-k‑v-I‑mc‑n-I a-Þe-§-f‑n X-s‑â h‑y-à‑n a‑p-{‑Z ]-X‑n-¸‑n-¨

26

B-f‑m-b‑n-c‑p-¶‑p.
k‑m-l‑n-X‑y-]-c‑n-j-¯‑n-s‑â N-c‑n-{‑X¯‑n G-äh‑p‑w {‑]-k‑n-²a‑m-b H-ä-¸‑m-e‑w
k-t‑½-f-\-¯‑n-s‑â k‑z‑m-K-X-k‑w-L‑m²‑y-£³ H.F‑w.k‑n. B-b‑n-c‑p¶‑p. t‑I-c-f
I-e‑m-a-Þ-e-¯‑n a-l‑mI-h‑n h-Åt‑¯‑mÄ A-²‑y-£-\‑m-b‑n-c‑p-¶ I‑me-¯‑v
H.F‑w.k‑n. `-c-W-k-a‑n-X‑n-b‑n A‑w-Ka‑m-b‑n-c‑p-¶‑p. s‑h-Å‑n-t‑\-g‑n ]-©‑mb-¯‑v
{‑]-k‑n-Uâ‑m-b‑n H-¶‑n I‑q-S‑p-X X-h-W
C-c‑p-¶ A-t‑±-l‑w s‑NÀ-¸‑p-Å-t‑È-c‑n kÀÆ‑o-k‑v t‑I‑mþH‑m-¸-t‑d-ä‑o-h‑v _‑m-¦‑v {‑]-k‑nUâ‑m-b‑n G-s‑d hÀ-j-§Ä A-e-¦-c‑n-¨‑p.
I-®‑oÀ-s‑a‑m-g‑n, s‑hÃ‑p-h‑n-f‑n X‑p-S§‑n-b
I-h‑n-X‑m-k-a‑m-l‑m-c-§f‑p‑w K‑m-Ô‑n-N-c‑n-X‑w
X‑p-Å I-h‑n-Xb‑p‑w `‑m-c-X-P\-\‑o I-k‑vX‑qÀ-_ F-¶ K-Z‑y-I‑r-X‑nb‑p‑w k‑v-\‑m]-It‑b‑m-l-¶‑m³ {‑i‑o K‑p-c‑p-h‑m-b‑q-c-¸³ X‑pS§‑n-b B-«-¡-Y-If‑p‑w H.F‑w.k‑n.b‑p-s‑S
c-N-\-I-f‑mW‑v. F-¶‑m a-eb‑m-f `‑m-j-b‑v¡‑v e-`‑n-¨ G-äh‑p‑w he‑n-b k‑w-`‑m-h-\b‑mb H.F‑w.k‑n.b‑p-s‑S E-t‑K‑z-Z-`‑m-j‑m-`‑mj‑y‑w
F-g‑p-X‑m³ X‑p-S-§‑nb-X‑v A-t‑±-l-¯‑n-s‑â
A-d‑p-]-¯‑n-\‑me‑m‑w h-b-Ê‑n (1974‑) a‑m{‑X-a‑m-W‑v.

]n.-hn. \c-knw-l-dmhp EtKz-Zw {]Im-i\w sNbvXv kwkm-cn-¡p-¶p.

H.-Fw.-kn. \mcm-b-W³ \¼q-Xncn¸mSv
lncWy

Pq¬ 2013

{‑]‑mI‑r-X k‑w-k‑v-I‑r-X-¯‑n-e‑p-Å Et‑K‑z-Z‑w XÀ-Ö-a s‑N-¿‑m³ BZ‑y‑w `-b‑w
t‑X‑m¶‑n-b H.F‑w.k‑n. E-t‑K‑z-Z-¯‑n-s‑e {‑]
[‑m-\ k‑q-à-§Ä X-À-Ö-a s‑N-b‑v-X‑v
t‑h-Z-c-i‑v-a‑n-IÄ F-¶ t‑]-c‑n 1976þÂ
{‑]-k‑n-²‑o-I-c‑n¨‑p. X-s‑â B-Z‑y-h‑n-hÀ¯\‑w s‑I.F‑w.F³. \-¼‑q-X‑n-c‑n F-¶
t‑h-Z-k‑w-k‑vI‑r-X ]-Þ‑nX-s‑\ I‑m-W‑n-¡‑pIb‑p‑w A-t‑±-l-¯‑n-s‑â t‑{‑]‑m-Õ‑m-l-\t‑¯‑m-s‑S X-s‑â P-·-Z‑u-X‑ya‑m-b E-t‑K‑z-Z‑w
a‑p-g‑p-h-\‑p-a‑m-b‑n a-e-b‑m-f-¯‑n-t‑e-¡‑v h‑nhÀ¯-\‑w s‑N-¿‑m³ X‑o-c‑p-a‑m-\‑n-¡‑p-I-b‑pa‑m-W‑v D-ï‑m-b-X‑v.
c‑m-h‑n-s‑e A-©‑v a-W‑n s‑X‑m-«‑v F-«-c
a-W‑n h-s‑c-b‑p-Å X-s‑â \‑n-X‑y t‑X-h‑mc‑w XÀ-Ö-a-b‑v-¡‑v I‑q-S‑p-XÂ ka-b‑w
e-`‑n-¡‑m-\‑m-b‑n I‑p-d¨‑v‑, G-g-c a-W‑n-b‑v¡‑v {‑]-hÀ-¯‑n I‑r-X‑y-a‑m-b‑n F¶pw
X‑p-S-§‑n-b‑ncp¶p. D-¨ t‑\c-¯‑v I‑pd-¨‑v
h‑n-{‑i-a-s‑a‑m-g‑n-¨‑m Z‑n-h-kh‑p‑w A-t‑±-l‑w
G-g‑v a-W‑n-¡‑qÀ h‑o-X‑w {‑]-hÀ-¯‑n-¨‑nc‑p¶‑p. C§-s‑\ G-g‑p s‑I‑mÃ-s‑a-S‑p-¯‑p.
H.F‑w.k‑n.b‑p-s‑S I-¿£-c‑w t‑a‑m-i-a‑m-bX‑n-\‑m t‑a-t‑e-S‑w I‑r-j‑v-W³ \-¼‑q-X‑nc‑n F-¶ BÄ-¡‑v ]-dª‑p-s‑I‑m-S‑p-¯‑v
A-ÊÂ F-g‑p-X‑n¨‑p. C‑u {‑]-{‑I‑nb
s‑I‑m-ï‑v X‑m³ BZ‑y‑w F-g‑p-X‑n-bs‑XÃ‑m‑w H-¶‑p I‑q-S‑n k‑v^‑p-S‑w s‑N-¿‑m\p‑w
H.F‑w.k‑n. {‑i-²‑n-¨‑ncp¶p.
X-s‑â I-s‑¿-g‑p-¯‑p {‑]-X‑nb‑p‑w G-´‑n
H.F‑w.k‑n. a‑m-X‑r-`‑qa‑n‑, K‑p-c‑p-h‑m-b‑qÀ
t‑Z-h-k‑z‑w‑, U‑n.k‑n. _‑p-I‑v-k‑v X‑pS-§‑n
]-e-t‑cb‑p‑w {‑]-k‑n-²‑o-I-c-W-¯‑n-\‑m-b‑n
k-a‑o-]‑n-¨‑p-s‑h-¦‑ne‑p‑w BZ‑y‑w X-s‑¶ AX‑v G-s‑ä-S‑p-¡‑m³ X-¿‑md‑m-b‑nÃ. A-t‑±-l¯‑ns‑â C‑u s‑\-t‑«‑m-«‑w {‑]-k‑n-² ]-Þ‑nX\‑m-b F³.h‑n. I‑rj‑v-W h‑m-c‑n-bÀ
I‑m-W‑p-Ib‑p‑w H.F‑w.k‑n.t‑b‑m-S‑v C§-s‑\
]-d-b‑p-Ib‑p‑w s‑N-b‑v-X‑p.
'H.F‑w.k‑o. C-t‑¸‑mÄ BÀ¡‑p‑w
t‑h-ï‑m-¯ X‑m-¦-f‑p-s‑S I‑r-X‑n A-t‑\‑zj‑n-¨‑p ]‑n-S‑n-¨‑v B-f‑p-IÄ h-c‑p‑w‑, ]-s‑£
H.F‑w.k‑n.b‑v-¡‑v A-X‑p I‑m-W‑m³ `‑m-K‑ya‑p-ï‑m-h‑nÃ.' C‑u {‑]-hN-\‑w X‑n-I¨‑p‑w
i-c‑n-b‑m-b‑n `-h‑n-¨‑p. H.F‑w.k‑n-b‑p-s‑S a-cW t‑i-j‑w E-t‑K‑z-Z `‑m-j‑m-`‑m-j‑y-¯‑n-s‑â
cï‑m‑w ]-X‑n-¸-S‑n-¡‑m³ U‑n.k‑n. _‑p-¡‑v-k‑v
X-¿‑m-d‑m-b‑n a‑p-t‑¶‑m-«‑p h-¶‑p. C-¶‑v CX‑n-s‑â t‑I‑m-¸‑n-IÄ I‑n-«‑m-\‑nÃ. F-¶‑mÂ
B-Z‑y ]-X‑n-¸‑n-s‑e N‑n-e h‑m-f‑y-§Ä
a‑m{‑X‑w s‑s‑I-h-i-a‑pÅ-X‑p h‑m-§‑m³ t‑Ic-f-¯‑n-s‑â s‑X-¡‑p hS-t‑¡ A-ä-§-f‑nÂ
\‑n¶‑p-t‑]‑me‑p‑w B-h-i‑y-¡‑mÀ R-§-f‑ps‑S a-\-b‑n h-c‑p-¶‑pï‑v. n

27

teJ\w

sI.-sI. P\mÀ±-\-¡p-dp¸v

l‑n

-µ‑p h‑n-i‑z‑m-k‑n-IÄ-¡‑v t‑£-{‑X-

§Ä A-h-c‑p-s‑S
P‑o-h‑n-X-¯‑n H-g‑n-¨‑p-I‑q-S‑m³ ]-ä‑m-¯
H-¶‑mW‑v. N‑n-eÀ i‑n-h-`-àc‑p‑w N‑n-eÀ
I‑mf‑o (t‑Zh‑o‑) `-àc‑p‑w a-ä‑p N‑n-eÀ h‑nj‑v-W‑p-`-à-c‑p-a‑m-W‑v. H-¶‑n-s‑\-¸-ä‑nb‑p‑w
h‑n-i-Z-a‑m-b‑n A-d‑n-b‑m-s‑X FÃ‑m-h-t‑cb‑p‑w

`-P‑n-¡‑p-¶-h-c‑p-a‑pï‑v. B-s‑c-¡-ï‑m-W‑v
G-X‑p I‑m-e-¯‑m-W‑v K‑p-W‑w hc‑p-I F-¶‑v
]-d-b‑m-\‑m-h‑p-I-b‑nÃ-t‑Ã‑m?

`-c-W‑m-[‑n-I‑m-c‑nIÄ

N‑n-e i‑n-h-t‑£-{‑X-§-f‑ne‑p‑w h‑n-j‑vW‑p-t‑£-{‑X-§-f‑ne‑p‑w s‑N-¶‑m A-h‑n-s‑S
`-à‑n-K‑m-\-§Ä h-¨‑n-«‑pÅ-X‑v t‑IÄ-¡‑m‑w.
A-[‑n-Ih‑p‑w t‑Z-h‑o-K‑o-X-§-f‑m-I‑p‑w. t‑Z-h‑o`-à-c‑m-bn-c‑n¡‑p‑w B t‑£-{‑X-§Ä `-c‑n-

¡‑p-¶‑p-ï‑m-h‑p-I. i-c‑n¡‑p‑w i‑n-h-t‑£{‑X‑w
`-c‑n-¡‑p-h‑m³ i‑n-h`-à‑n t‑h-W-s‑a-¶‑pt‑ï‑m? AX‑p-t‑]‑m-s‑e h‑n-j‑v-W‑p-t‑£{‑X‑w
\-S-¯‑p-¶-hÀ-¡‑v h‑nj‑v-W‑p`-à‑n t‑h-Wt‑a‑m? t‑h-s‑ï-¶‑m-W‑v \-a‑p-¡‑v a-\-Ê‑ne‑m-I‑p-¶X‑v. ]-W‑w s‑N-e-h-g‑n-¡‑p-I‑,
B-t‑L‑m-j-§Ä K‑w-`‑o-c-a‑m-¡‑p-I‑, BÄ¡‑m-s‑c k‑z‑m-[‑o-\‑n¡‑p-I X‑p-S-§‑n-b-h
h‑n-j‑v-W‑p-h‑n-\‑m-b‑me‑p‑w i‑n-h-\‑m-b‑me‑p‑w
a‑pJ‑y‑w Xs‑¶. C-X‑n-\‑v G-X‑p `-à‑n-¡‑m-

c\‑p‑w G-X‑p t‑£-{‑X-¯‑ne‑p‑w `-c‑n-¡‑m³
Ø‑m-\‑w I‑n-«‑m-\‑m-b‑n A-¦‑w s‑h-«‑p‑w.
h‑n-j‑v-W‑p-`à‑nt‑b‑m i‑n-h-`à‑nt‑b‑m AÃ
A-X‑n-\‑p I‑m-cW‑w. Ø‑m-\-t‑a‑m-lt‑a‑m
a-s‑ä-s‑´-¦‑ne‑p‑w B-b‑n-c‑n-¡‑p‑w. H-c‑p
t‑£-{‑X-¯‑n-s‑e D-Õ-h-¯‑n-\‑v ]‑n-c‑n-h‑pï‑m-¡‑m\‑p‑w t‑\‑m-«‑o-k‑v A-S‑n-¡‑m\‑p‑w B\I-s‑f G-e‑v-]‑n-¡‑m-\‑p‑w‑, s‑h-S‑n-s‑¡-«‑n\‑p‑w
X‑pS-§‑n \‑n-ch-[‑n I‑m-c‑y-§Ä-¡‑v c-ï‑p
a‑q-¶‑p a‑mk-s‑¯ A-t‑\-I‑w t‑]-c‑p-s‑S
t‑P‑m-e‑n B-h-i‑y-a‑mW‑v. h‑oS‑p‑w k‑z-´‑w
t‑P‑m-e‑nb‑p‑w If-ª‑v C-X‑n-\‑p t‑h-ï‑n
s‑]-S‑m-¸‑m-S‑p s‑]-S‑p-¶ e-£-¡-W-¡‑n-\‑p
t‑]-s‑c \-a‑p-¡‑v I‑m-W‑m‑w. h‑o-S‑p ]-«‑n-W‑nb‑m-b‑me‑p‑w DÕ-h‑w K‑w-`‑o-c-a‑m-¡-W‑w.

]-W‑w I-¯‑n-¨‑p I-f-b‑p-¶ h‑nZ‑y

inht\
Rm≥ h∂p,
]n∂o-sSm-cn°¬
hcmw

28

hc: hnImkv tImhqÀ

t‑£-{‑X-§-Ä Ct¸mÄ
C§-s\-sbm-s¡-bmWv
t£{X-§-f-n \n¶pw Db-cp¶ i_vZ-tIm-em-l-e-§Ä, D]m-k-\bv¡mbn t£{X-¯n-se-¯p-¶-hÀ¡v,
Ak-ly-amWv F¦nepw Bcp-aXp ]pd-¯p ]d-bm-dn-Ã. Cu hnj-b-s¯-¡p-dn¨v "£oc-]Yw' ss{Xam-knI-bn h¶ apJ-{]-kwKw ImenI {]m[m-\y-ap-Å-Xp-sIm­ïv ]p\x-{]-kn-²o-I-cn-¡p-¶p.











]{Xm-[n-]À
lncWy

t‑£-{‑X-¯‑n-s‑e N-S-§‑p-IÄ-¡‑m-W‑v
{‑]‑m-[‑m-\‑y‑w. s‑s‑hZ‑n-I IÀ-½-§Ä a‑pd
t‑]‑m-s‑e \-S-¡W‑w. A-X‑n H-c‑n-S¯‑p‑w
B-\-Is‑ft‑b‑m s‑h-S‑n-s‑¡t‑«‑m Bc‑p‑w
]-d-ª‑n-«‑nÃ. B-h‑m-l\‑w‑, t‑l‑ma‑w‑,
_‑m-[I-s‑f H-g‑n-¸‑n¡Â‑, t‑{‑]-X§-s‑f
H-g‑n-¸‑n¡Â‑, i‑p-²‑n-IÀ-½§Ä‑, A-`‑nt‑jI‑w‑, a-ä‑p IÀ-½-§Ä FÃ‑m‑w b-Y‑mh‑n-[‑n s‑N-b‑v-X‑v t‑Zh-s‑\ X‑m-{‑´‑n-I-a‑m-b‑n
_-e-s‑¸-S‑p-¯‑p-¶ {‑]‑m-W {‑]-X‑n-j‑vT-If‑p‑w
aä‑p‑w \-S-¯‑p¶-X‑p s‑I‑m-ï‑pX-s‑¶ t‑Zh³ \-¶‑m-b‑n k-t‑´‑m-j‑n-¡‑p‑w. F-¶‑mÂ
D-Õ-h-§Ä-¡‑m-b‑n A-X‑n\-I‑w t‑I‑m-S‑n-¡W-¡‑n-\‑v c‑q-]-b‑m-W‑v t‑i-J-c‑n-¡‑p-¶X‑p‑w
s‑N-e-h‑m-¡‑p-¶X‑p‑w I-¯‑n-¨‑p-I-f-b‑p-¶X‑p‑w. ]‑m-e-¡‑m-s‑« H-c‑p t‑£-t‑{‑X‑m-Õh-¯‑n-\‑p X-s‑¶ c-ï‑p t‑N-c‑n-I-f‑m-b‑n
40 e-£‑w h-s‑c s‑h-S‑n-s‑¡-«‑n-\‑p a‑m{‑X‑w
s‑N-e-h‑m-¡‑p-¶‑p-s‑ï-¶‑p t‑I«‑p. P-\-§Ä
I‑p-S‑n-s‑h-Å‑w I‑n-«‑m-s‑X I-ã-s‑¸-S‑p-t‑¼‑mg‑m-W‑v I-g‑n-ª A¼-X‑p hÀ-j-§-f‑mb‑n
C‑u h‑n-[‑w ]-W‑w Z‑pÀ-h‑y-b‑w s‑N-¿s‑¸-S‑p-¶X‑v. kÀ-¡‑mÀ s‑h-Å‑w s‑I‑m-S‑p¯‑m I‑p-S‑n-¡‑m‑w. C§-s‑\ ]‑m-e-¡‑m-S‑v
P‑nÃ-b‑n X-s‑¶ H-c‑p hÀ-j‑w i-c‑mi-c‑n
N‑p-c‑p-§‑n-b-X‑v 20 t‑I‑m-S‑n c‑q-]-b‑p-s‑S s‑hS‑n-s‑¡-«‑m-W‑v I-¯‑n-¨‑p-I-f-b‑p-¶X‑v. s‑hS‑n-s‑¡-«-]-I-S-§Ä a‑q-e‑w a-c‑n-¡‑p-¶-hÀ
t‑h-s‑d-b‑p‑w. H-c‑p hÀ-j‑w 20 t‑I‑m-S‑n s‑I‑mï‑v ]‑m-e-¡‑m-S‑v P‑nà P-e-k-a‑r-²-a‑m-¡‑m³
H-c‑p h‑n-j-a-h‑p-a‑nÃ. ]‑m-S-§Ä h‑n-ï‑p-I‑od‑p¶-X‑p I‑m-W‑n-¨‑p I-c-b‑p-¶ I‑r-j‑n-¡‑mÀ
X-s‑¶-b‑mW‑v C‑u h‑n-[ Z‑pÀ-s‑¨-e-h‑p-IÄ¡‑v N‑p-¡‑m³ ]‑n-S‑n-¡‑p-¶-X‑p‑w. `-à‑n a‑q¯‑m \‑m-S‑p \-i‑n-¸‑n-¡‑p-s‑a-¶‑v C-t‑¸‑mÄ
a-\-Ê‑n-e‑mb‑n. A-a‑rX‑p‑w A-[‑n-I-a‑m-b‑mÂ
h‑n-j-a‑m-I‑p-a-t‑Ã‑m. C‑u D-Õ-h-¡‑q-«‑mb‑va F´‑p-s‑I‑m-ï‑v I‑p-gÂ-¡‑n-W-d‑p-If‑p‑w
P-e-k‑w-`-c-W‑n-If‑p‑w D-ï‑m-¡‑p-¶-X‑nÂ
D-ï‑m-h‑p-¶‑nà F-¶‑p N‑n-´‑n-t‑¡-ï a‑pJ‑y-h‑n-j-b-a‑m-W‑v.
Pq¬ 2013

i‑n-h-t‑£-{‑X-§-f‑n-s‑e
`‑mK-h-X k-]‑v-X‑ml‑w

`‑m-K-h-X-k-]‑v-X‑m-l‑w C-t‑¸‑mÄ hf-s‑c-b-[‑n-I‑w t‑h-c‑p-]‑n-S‑n-¨ H-c‑p `-à‑n
{‑]-Ø‑m-\-a‑m-b‑n-¯‑oÀ¶‑p. H-c‑p al‑m\‑mb s‑s‑h-j‑v-W-h `-à³ X‑pS§‑n h-¨X‑p-s‑I‑m-ï‑v A-t‑±-l-¯‑n-s‑â
B-c‑m-[-IÀ \‑mS‑m-b \‑m-s‑SÃ‑m‑w \S-¶‑v
`‑mK-h-X k-]‑v-X‑m-l‑w k‑w-L-S‑n-¸‑n¨‑p.
C-\‑nb‑p‑w Ø-e-§Ä I‑m-W‑m-ª‑v A-hÀ
t‑Z-h‑o-t‑£-{‑X s‑s‑a-X‑m-\-t‑¯-b‑v¡‑p‑w i‑nh-t‑£{‑X-s‑s‑a-X‑m-\-t‑¯-b‑v¡‑p‑w IS-¶‑p
I-b-d‑n-s‑¡‑m-ï‑n-c‑n-¡‑p-I-b‑mW‑v. `‑m-K-h-X¯‑n-e‑m-s‑W-¦‑n I‑r-j‑vW-s‑â c-X‑n-e‑oe-IÄ hÀ-®‑n-¨‑pX-s‑¶ \‑m-e‑p Z‑nh-k‑w
I-f-b‑m‑w. A-X‑p t‑IÄ-¡‑m³ a-[‑y-h-b-k‑v¡c‑m-b k‑v-{‑X‑o-]‑pc‑p-j `-à-P-\-§Ä-¡‑v
`b-¦-c C-ã-a‑m-W‑v X‑m-\‑p‑w. H-c‑nS-¯‑p
I-g‑n-ª‑m D-S³ X-s‑¶ a-s‑ä‑m-c‑p t‑£{‑X-I-½-ä‑n-¡‑mÀ _‑p-¡‑n‑w-K‑v \-S-¯‑p‑w. t‑h\Â-¡‑m-e‑w `‑m-K-h-X-k-]‑v-X‑m-l-¡‑mÀ-¡‑v
G-äh‑p‑w I‑p-i‑me‑m-b I‑m-e-a‑mW‑v. A-hÀ
t‑dä‑p‑w I‑q«‑n. U‑n-a‑mâ‑v I‑q-S‑n-b‑m G-X‑p
N-c-¡‑n-s‑âb‑p‑w h‑n-eb‑p‑w I‑q-S‑p-a-t‑Ã‑m?
C‑u-b‑n-s‑S C-h‑n-s‑S-b-S‑p-s‑¯‑m-c‑p i‑nh-t‑£-{‑X-¯‑n `‑m-K-h-X-k-]‑v-X‑m-l‑w
\-S¶‑p. i‑n-h-t‑£-{‑X-¯‑n i‑n-h-]‑p-c‑mWt‑a‑m t‑Z-h‑o-]‑p-c‑m-Wt‑a‑m k‑p-{‑_Ò-W‑y
]‑p-c‑m-Wt‑a‑m K-W]-X‑n ]‑p-c‑m-Wt‑a‑m
h‑n-k‑v-X-c‑n-¡‑p-¶-X‑n-\‑v km‑w-K-X‑y-a‑pï‑v.
F-¶‑m h‑n-j‑v-W‑p `‑m-K-h-X-k-]‑v-X‑ml‑w \-S-¯‑n-b-X‑ns‑â H‑u-N‑nX‑y‑w F-{‑X
B-t‑e‑m-N‑n-¨‑n«‑p‑w a-\-Ê‑n-e‑m-¡‑m-\‑m-b‑nÃ
C‑u i‑n-h-`-à\‑v. i‑n-h-]‑p-c‑m-W‑w ]-db‑p-¶ H-c‑m-s‑fb‑p‑w I-s‑ï-¯‑m-\‑m-b‑n-t‑Ã
\-½‑p-s‑S t‑£-{‑X-`‑m-c-h‑m-l‑n-IÄ¡‑v?
F-s‑â A-`‑n-{‑]‑m-b-¯‑nÂ, I-Y‑m-{‑]-k‑wKI-e A-k‑v-X-a‑n-¨-t‑Ã‑m. A-hÀ-¡‑v H-c‑p k‑phÀ-®‑m-h-k-c-a‑m-W‑v i‑n-h-]‑p-c‑m-W‑w I-Y
]-d-¨‑nÂ. {‑_‑m-Ò-WÀ X-s‑¶ t‑h-W-s‑a¶‑nà `‑mK-h-X k-]‑v-X‑m-l‑w t‑]‑ms‑e. i‑nh-\‑m-I‑p-t‑¼‑mÄ G-X‑p P‑m-X‑n-¡‑mÀ¡‑p‑w
i‑n-h-]‑p-c‑m-W‑w ]-d-b‑m‑w. A-t‑±-l-¯‑n\X‑p C-ã-a‑m-h‑p-Ib‑p‑w s‑N-¿‑p‑w. i‑n-h-]‑p-c‑mW-¯‑n-e‑p-a‑p-ït‑Ã‑m A-t‑\-I‑w {‑]-W-b‑mh-k-c-§Ä h‑n-k‑v-X-c‑n-¡-s‑¸-S‑m³.
A-t‑\‑z-j‑n-¨-t‑¸‑mÄ s‑X‑m-«-¸‑p-d-¯‑p-Å
i‑n-h-t‑£-{‑X-¯‑ne‑p‑w `‑mK-h-X k-]‑v-X‑ml‑w \-S-¶‑n-«‑pï‑v! A-X‑n-\‑p s‑X‑m-«-¸‑p-d¯‑p-Å i‑n-h-t‑£-{‑X-¯‑ne‑p‑w `‑m-K-h-Xk-]‑v-X‑m-l‑w X-s‑¶ \S-¶‑p I-g‑n-ª‑p!!
Ft‑´‑m FÃ‑m t‑£-{‑X-§-f‑ne‑p‑w `‑m-K-hX-k-]‑v-X‑m-l-¡‑m-c‑p-s‑S a‑m^‑n-b ]‑n-S‑n-a‑p-d‑p¡‑n-¡-g‑nt‑ª‑m F-¶‑p k‑w-i-b‑n-¡W‑w.
FÃ‑m-¡‑m-c‑y-¯‑ne‑p‑w a‑m^‑n-b C-S-]‑mSt‑Ã \‑m-S‑p a‑p-g‑ph³! I-½‑o-j³ C-S-]‑mS‑p‑w
D-ï‑m-I‑p‑w. AÃ‑m-s‑X i‑n-h-`-àc‑m-b

I-½-ä‑n-¡‑mÀ F-´‑n-\‑v `‑m-Kh-X‑w t‑Iĸ‑n-¡‑m³ i‑n-h-t‑£-{‑X-a‑pä-¯‑v ]-´-s‑e‑mc‑p-¡-W‑w.

]‑m«‑v

H-c‑p i‑n-h-t‑£-{‑X-¯‑n s‑N-¶t‑¸‑mÄ FÃ‑m-b‑n-S¯‑p‑w H‑m‑w \-a‑x-i‑nh‑m-b
F-¶ a{‑´‑w s‑s‑a-¡‑n-e‑q-s‑S t‑I«‑p-s‑I‑mï‑n-c‑p¶‑p. k-a‑m-[‑m-\-a‑m-b‑n H-¶‑v i‑nh-s‑\
s‑X‑m-g‑p-X‑p {‑]‑mÀ-°‑n-¡‑m³ a-\-Ê‑n-s‑\
t‑I-{‑µ‑o-I-c‑n-¡‑m³ ]-ä‑m-¯ h‑n-[-¯‑n-e‑mW‑v s‑s‑a-¡‑n-s‑â a-{‑´-P]‑w. F-´‑n-\‑p
G-s‑d ]-d-b‑p¶‑p. i‑nh‑m‑, R‑m³ h¶‑p‑,
C-\‑n ]‑n-¶‑o-S‑v H-c‑n-¡Â hc‑m‑w F-¶‑p
h‑m-¡‑m ]d-ª‑p t‑]‑m¶‑p. F-´‑p s‑N¿‑m‑w!
I‑p-t‑d a‑m-k-§Ä I-g‑n-ª‑v C-t‑¸‑mÄ
a-{‑´P-]‑w a‑m-ä‑n-b‑n-«‑p-ï‑m-I‑p‑w F-¶‑p I-c‑pX‑n s‑N-¶‑p t‑\‑m¡‑n. a-{‑´P-]‑w I-ï‑nÃ
F-¶‑m he‑nb s‑s‑a-¡‑n-e‑q-s‑S t‑N‑m-ä‑m\‑n-¡-c `-K-h-X‑n-¸‑m-«‑p-I-f‑m-W‑v I‑m-X-S-¸‑n¡‑p-¶ i-Ð-¯‑n t‑I«‑p-s‑I‑m-ï‑n-c‑n-¡‑p¶X‑v. H-¶‑p-I‑n t‑£-{‑X-I-½-ä‑n-¡‑mÀ
]‑m-«‑n-\‑p H-c‑p ka-b‑w \‑n-Ý-b‑n-¡W‑w.
A-s‑Ã-¦‑n `-à-·‑mÀ-¡‑v i‑m-´-a‑mb‑p‑w
k-a‑m-[‑m-\-a‑mb‑p‑w \‑n-È-Ð-a‑mb‑p‑w s‑X‑m-g‑m\‑p-Å ka-b‑w G-X‑m-s‑W-¶‑p \‑n-Ý-b‑n-¨‑v
F-g‑p-X‑n-s‑h-b‑v-¡W‑w. i‑n-h-t‑\‑m-S‑v `-à·‑mÀ-¡‑v ]-d-b‑m-\‑pÅ-X‑v i‑n-h³ t‑I-Ä¡‑m-X‑n-c‑n¡-W‑w F-¶‑v I-½-ä‑n-¡‑m-À-¡‑v
Ft‑´‑m N‑n-´-b‑pï‑v. AÃ‑m-s‑X C§-s‑\
h-c‑m³ C-S-b‑nÃ‑m-¯-X‑m-W‑v.

t‑£-{‑X-]-c‑n-kc‑w

t‑£-{‑X-§Ä I-½-ä‑n-¡‑mÀ \-¶‑m-¡‑p¶-X‑n-s‑â `‑m-K-a‑m-b‑n FÃ‑m-b‑n-Sh‑p‑w
t‑I‑m¬-{‑I‑oä‑p‑w s‑s‑SÂk‑p‑w aä‑p‑w C-«‑v `‑wK‑n-b‑m-¡‑m-d‑pï‑v. hf-s‑c \ÃX‑v. F-¶‑mÂ
A-t‑X‑m-s‑S A-h‑n-S-h‑n-s‑S D-ï‑m-b‑n-c‑p-¶
s‑X¨‑n‑, a‑pÃ‑, X‑p-fk‑n‑, Id‑p-I X‑p-S-§‑nbh-s‑b‑m-s‑¡ \‑m-i-a-Sª‑p. t‑I‑m¬-{‑I‑o-ä‑v
C-S‑m-\‑m-b‑n C-h \-i‑n-¸‑n¨‑p. _‑m-¡‑n-b‑pÅ-h-b‑p-s‑S B-h‑m-k-h‑y-h-Ø-b‑v-¡‑v he‑nb A-S‑n-b‑m-b‑n t‑I‑m¬-{‑I‑o-ä‑n-s‑â N‑qS‑v.
F-´‑n-\‑v ]-d-b‑p-¶‑p kÀ-¸§-s‑f h-¨
Ø-e-¯‑n-\‑p N‑pä‑pw-t‑]‑me‑p‑w s‑s‑SÂ-k‑n-«‑p
A-s‑Ã-¦‑n t‑I‑m¬-{‑I‑o-ä‑n«‑p. D-j‑v-W‑n-¨‑n«‑v A-hä-¡‑v H-¶‑v C-c‑n-¡‑m³ t‑]‑me‑p‑w
A-\‑p-h-Z‑n-¡‑p-¶‑nà I-½-ä‑n-¡‑mÀ. t‑£-{‑X]-c‑n-kc-¯‑v h-Å‑n-s‑¨-S‑n-If‑p‑w X-WÂa-c-§f‑p‑w h-¨‑p-]‑n-S‑n-¸‑n-¡‑m\‑p‑w s‑X¨‑n‑,
a‑pÃ‑, a-µ‑mc‑w‑, X‑p-fk‑n‑, I-d‑p-I‑, ]‑n¨-I‑w
X‑p-S-§‑n-b-h h-fÀ-¯‑m\‑p‑w Ah-s‑b
s‑h-Å-s‑a‑m-g‑n-¨‑v k‑w-c-£‑n-¡‑m\‑p‑w h‑n-ja-a‑m-W-t‑Ã‑m. FÃ‑m‑w t‑I‑m¬-{‑I‑o-ä‑n-«‑mÂ
h‑r-¯‑n-b‑m-b‑n \-S-¡‑m‑w. A-s‑Ã-¦‑nÂ
a-g-¡‑me-¯‑v s‑N-f‑n-b‑n N-h‑n-t‑«-ï‑n hc‑n-I-bnt‑Ã? I‑m-i‑p s‑I‑m-S‑p-¯‑m G-X‑p
]‑q-¡-f‑m-W‑v ]‑pd-t‑a \‑n-¶‑v I‑n-«‑m-¯-X‑v! n

29

dnt¸mÀ«v
Picture Courtesy: pimg.authint.com

`‑q-a‑n-b‑n-s‑e H-c‑p l‑n-µ‑p \-c-I‑w
`qan-bn BÀ¡pw thïm¯-h-cm-bn-¯o-cpI F¶ Zpc-´w-þ-\-c-I-¯nepw `oXn-Z-am-Wv. A¯-c-samcp
Ah-Ø-bn-eqsS IS-¶p-t]m-Ip¶ ]m¡n-Øm-\nse lnµp-¡-sf-¡pdn¨v {_n«-Wnse C³Un-s]³Uâv
]{X-¯nsâ teJ-I³ B³{Up Fgp-Xn-b teJ\w
B³-{‑U‑p _‑y‑q¬-t‑I‑m‑w-s‑_

30

hÀ a‑q-¶‑p hÀ-j‑w I‑m-¯‑p.

A-X‑n-\‑m H-c‑p A-h-k-c‑w
I‑n-«‑n-b-t‑¸‑mÄ A-hÀ A-X‑v G-s‑ä-S‑p¯‑p. A-h-c‑p-s‑S k‑p-l‑r-¯‑p-¡-s‑f-b‑p‑w
A-bÂ-¡‑m-s‑c-b‑p‑w k-t‑l‑m-Z-c-§-s‑f-b‑p‑w
F-´‑n-\‑v P-\‑n-¨‑v a‑q-¶‑p Z‑n-h-k‑w {‑]‑m-ba‑m-b B¬-I‑p-ª‑n-s‑\-t‑¸‑m-e‑p‑w A-hÀ
]‑n-¶‑n-e‑p-t‑]-£‑n-¨‑p. G-g‑v B-g‑v-N-IÄ¡‑p a‑p³-]‑v G-I-t‑Z-i‑w 500 l‑n-µ‑p-¡Ä
]‑m-¡‑n-Ø‑m-\‑n \‑n-¶‑p‑w C-´‑y-b‑n-t‑e¡‑v I-S-¶‑p‑, H-c‑p D-Õ-h-¯‑n ]-s‑¦-S‑p¡‑m-s‑\-¶ h‑y‑m-t‑P-\. b-Y‑mÀ-°-¯‑nÂ
a-X-]-c-a‑m-b h‑n-t‑{‑Z‑m-l-¯‑n \‑n-¶‑p‑w
]-«‑n-W‑n-b‑n \‑n-¶‑p‑w c-£-s‑¸-S‑m-\‑m-W‑v
A-hÀ A-X‑nÀ-¯‑n I-S-¶-X‑v. B-ß-lX‑y s‑N-t‑¿-ï‑n-h-¶‑m-e‑p‑w X‑n-c‑n-¨‑p-t‑]‑mI‑n-Ã F-¶‑p-a-hÀ ]-d-b‑p-¶‑p.
'l‑n-µ‑p-¡Ä-¡‑v ]‑m-¡‑n-Ø‑m³ \-c-It‑¯-¡‑m-Ä `‑o-I-c-a‑m-W‑v' ]‑m-¡‑n-Ø‑m-\‑ns‑e s‑s‑l-Z-c‑m-_‑m-Z‑n ]-g-¡-¨-h-S-¡‑m-c\‑m-b‑n-c‑p-¶‑, ]‑m-e‑m-b-\‑w s‑N-b‑v-X-h-c‑p-s‑S
k‑w-L‑m‑w-K-a‑m-b e-£‑v-a¬-Z‑m-k‑v ]-dª‑p.
a‑p-É‑o-§Ä-¡‑p-Å c‑m-{‑ã‑w F-¶ t‑]c‑n-e‑m-W‑v B c‑m-{‑ã‑w \‑n-e-h‑n h-¶-s‑X¦‑n-e‑p‑w A-X‑n-s‑â i‑n-e‑v-]‑n-b‑m-b a‑p-l-½Z-e‑n P‑n-¶-b‑p-s‑S I‑m-g‑v-N-¸‑m-S-\‑p-k-c‑n-¨‑v
A-X‑v k-l‑n-j‑v-W‑p-X-b‑p-t‑S-b‑p‑w kÀ-Æ‑mt‑Ç-j‑n-X‑z-¯‑n-s‑â-b‑p‑w \‑m-S‑m-b‑n-c‑p-¶‑p.
1947 P‑n-¶ C-§-s‑\ {‑]-k‑v-X‑m-h‑n¨‑p. "\‑n-§Ä \‑n-§-f‑p-s‑S t‑£-{‑X-§-f‑nÂ
t‑]‑m-I‑p-h‑m³ k‑z-X-{‑´-c‑m-W‑v, ]-Å‑n-If‑n-t‑e‑m a-ä‑v B-c‑m-[-\‑m-e-b-§-f‑n-t‑e‑m
t‑]‑m-I‑p-h‑m-\‑p‑w B-c‑m-[‑n-¡‑p-h‑m-\‑p‑w
k‑z-X-{‑´-c‑m-W‑v. \‑n-§Ä G-s‑X-¦‑n-e‑p-s‑a‑mc‑p a-X-¯‑n-t‑e‑m‑, P‑m-X‑n-b‑n-t‑e‑m hÀ-K¯‑n-t‑e‑m-s‑]-«-h-c‑m-I‑m‑w. ]-t‑£ A-X‑v
`-c-W-I‑q-S-¯‑n-s‑â {‑]-hÀ-¯-\-§-s‑f
_‑m-[‑n-¡‑p-¶‑n-Ã.''
]-t‑£ P‑n-¶-b‑p-s‑S h‑o-£-W‑w {‑I-aa‑m-b‑n A-«‑n-a-d‑n-¡-s‑¸-«‑p. N-c‑n-{‑X-]-c-a‑m-b

]‑m-S-¯‑p ]-W‑n-s‑b-S‑p-¡‑m³ ]-d-ª-b¡‑p-I-b‑p‑w B-d‑v I-e‑n-a \‑nÀ-º-Ô-]‑qÀ-Æ‑w
s‑N‑m-Ã‑n-¡‑p-I-b‑p‑w s‑N-¿‑p‑w.
s‑]¬-I‑p-«‑n-I-f‑p-s‑S Ø‑n-X‑n A-X‑ne‑p‑w t‑a‑m-i-a‑m-W‑v, A-X‑p-s‑I‑m-ï‑v h-f-s‑c
I‑p-d-¨‑v a‑m-X‑m-]‑n-X‑m-¡Ä a‑m-{‑X-t‑a X-§f‑p-s‑S s‑]¬-a-¡-s‑f k‑v-I‑q-f‑n-t‑e-¡-b-¡‑p¶‑p-Å‑q.
1977 P-\-d knbm DÄ-l-J‑n-s‑â
t‑\-X‑r-X‑z-¯‑n-e‑p-Å ]-«‑m-f `-c-W‑w h-¶X‑p-a‑p-X-e‑m-W‑v I‑m-c‑y-§Ä h-j-f‑m-b-‑Xs{‑X. ]‑n-¶‑o-S‑v H-c‑p h‑y‑m-g-h-«-¡‑m-e‑w AX‑p-h-s‑c I‑m-W‑m-X‑n-c‑p-¶ C-É‑m-a‑n-I-h¡-c-W-a‑m-W‑v ]‑m-¡‑n-Ø‑m-\‑n D-ï‑m-bX‑v. 1992þ-s‑e A-t‑b‑m-[‑y‑m k‑w-`-h-¯‑n-\‑p
t‑i-j‑w ]‑m-¡‑n-Ø‑m-\‑n-s‑e l‑n-µ‑p-¡Ä
X‑p-SÀ-¨-b‑m-b B-{‑I-a-W-§Ä-¡‑v C-cb‑m-b‑n.
I‑p‑w-`-t‑a-f-b‑n ]-s‑¦-S‑p-¡‑m³ GX‑m-\‑p‑w i-X‑w l‑n-µ‑p-¡Ä-¡‑v h‑n-k
I‑n-«‑n-s‑b-¦‑n-e‑p‑w A-t‑]-£‑n-¨-hÀ-s‑¡-Ã‑m‑w
I‑n-«‑n-b‑n-Ã. _nPvhmk-\‑n-s‑e‑, H-c‑p s‑Nd‑n-b k‑v-I‑qÄ a‑p-d‑n-b‑n 20 t‑]-s‑c-¦‑n-e‑p‑w
X‑m-a-k‑n-¡‑p-¶‑p. h‑m-b‑p-h‑n \‑n-d-s‑b C‑u¨-IÄ‑, A-h‑n-S‑p-s‑¯ X‑m-a-k-¡‑mÀ-¡‑v,
X-§-f‑p-s‑S {‑]‑n-b-s‑¸-«-h-s‑c h‑n-«‑p-t‑]‑m-¶X‑n-s‑â I-Y ]-d-b‑p-h‑m-\‑p-ï‑v.
`‑m-c‑y-b‑p‑w a-¡-f‑p-a‑p-Å l-\‑p-a‑m³
{‑]-k‑m-Z‑n-\‑v ]-t‑£ X-s‑â A-Ñ-s‑\-b‑p‑w
A-½-s‑b-b‑p‑w C-´‑y-b‑n-t‑e-s‑¡-¯‑n¡‑m-\‑m-b‑n-Ã. A-b‑mÄ C-´‑y-b‑n-t‑e-¡‑v
t‑]‑m-h‑p-I-b‑m-W‑v, C-\‑n H-c‑n-¡-e‑p‑w X‑n-c‑n¨‑p-h-c‑n-Ã F-¶-d‑n-ª-t‑¸‑mÄ F-Ã‑m-h-c‑p‑w
I-c-ª‑p. ]-t‑£ A-b‑m-f‑p-s‑S A-Ñ-\‑p-a½-b‑p‑w \‑nÀ-_-Ô‑w ]‑n-S‑n-¨‑p "R-§Ä-¡‑v
F-´‑p k‑w-`-h‑n-¨‑m-e‑p‑w i-c‑n‑, \‑o \‑n-s‑â
P‑o-h³ c-£‑n-¡‑q. \‑n-s‑â a-¡-s‑f-b‑p‑w
s‑I‑m-ï‑v t‑]‑m.'' A-hÀ A-b‑m-t‑f‑m-S‑p‑ ]-dª‑p.
`‑m-c-X‑n k‑p-e-¦‑n A-h-f‑p-s‑S `À-¯‑mh‑p‑w a-¡-f‑p-s‑a‑m-¯‑m-W‑v ]‑m-¡‑n-Ø‑m³
A-X‑nÀ-¯‑n-b‑m-b t‑I‑m-{‑I-]‑m-d‑n-s‑e-¯‑n-bX‑v. A-h-f‑p-s‑S s‑N-d‑n-b I‑p-ª‑n-\‑v a‑q-¶‑p
Z‑n-h-k‑w a‑m-{‑X‑w {‑]‑m-b‑w. a‑q-¶‑p Z‑n-h-k‑w
lncWy

Pq¬ 2013

\ncm-ew-_-cmb lnµp-¡-fpsS {]Xn-tj[w
Picture Courtesy: independent.co.uk

A

s‑X-c-s‑ª-S‑p-¸‑n-\‑v B c‑m-{‑ã‑w s‑a-b‑v 11\‑v
k‑m-£‑n-b‑m-I‑p-t‑¼‑mÄ l‑n-µ‑p-¡-f‑p‑w I‑rk‑v-X‑y‑m-\‑n-I-f‑p-a-S-§‑p-¶‑, t‑I-h-e‑w a‑q-¶‑p
i-X-a‑m-\‑w h-c‑p-¶ P-\-X-X‑n‑, a-X-h‑n-t‑{‑Z‑ml-h‑p‑w ]‑o-U-\-h‑p‑w t‑\-c‑n-«‑p-s‑I‑m-ï‑n-c‑n¡‑p-I-b‑m-W‑v. ]-e-c‑p‑w A-h‑n-s‑S \‑n-¶‑p‑w
]‑m-e‑m-b-\‑w s‑N-b‑v-X‑p.
'P-\-§Ä-¡‑v F-s‑´-¦‑n-e‑p-s‑a‑m-c‑p
A-h-k-c‑w I‑n-«‑p-s‑a-¦‑n A-hÀ C-h‑n-S‑w
h‑n-S‑p‑w.' I-d‑m-¨‑n-b‑n-s‑e ]‑m-¡‑n-Ø‑m³ l‑nµ‑p I‑u¬-k‑n `‑m-c-h‑m-l‑n-b‑m-b t‑U‑m.
c-t‑a-j‑v-I‑p-a‑mÀ h³-I‑z‑m-\‑n ]-d-ª‑p.
UÂ-l‑n-b‑n-s‑e A-´‑m-c‑m-{‑ã h‑n-a‑m\-¯‑m-h-f-¯‑n \‑n-¶‑p‑w G-s‑d-s‑b‑m¶‑p‑w A-I-e-¯‑n-e-Ã‑m-¯ _‑n-P‑v-h‑m-k³
{‑K‑m-a-¯‑n ]‑m-¡‑n-Ø‑m-\‑n-s‑e k‑n-Ô‑v
{‑]-h‑n-i‑y-b‑n \‑n-¶‑p‑w ]‑m-e‑m-b-\‑w s‑N-b‑vX‑, X‑m-g‑v-¶ P‑m-X‑n-¡‑m-cm-b l‑n-µ‑p-¡-s‑f
I‑m-W‑m‑w. hÀ-j-§-t‑f‑m-f‑w A-hÀ C-´‑yb‑n-t‑e-¡‑p-Å h‑n-k I‑n-«‑m³ t‑h-ï‑n {‑i-a‑n¨‑p. I‑p‑w-`-t‑a-f-b‑n ]-s‑¦-S‑p-¡‑p-¶-X‑n-\‑v
]-e X-h-W {‑i-a‑n-¨‑p. s‑s‑l-µ-h I-e-ïÀ
A-\‑p-k-c‑n-¨‑v G-ä-h‑p‑w ]-c‑n-i‑p-²-a‑m-b
B-t‑L‑m-j-a‑m-W‑v I‑p‑w-`-t‑a-f. H‑m-t‑c‑m
a‑q-¶‑p hÀ-j‑w I‑q-S‑p-t‑¼‑m-g‑p‑w I‑p‑w-`-t‑a-f
\-S-¡‑p-s‑a-¦‑n-e‑p‑w K‑w-K‑mb-a-‑p-\m \-Z‑n-I-f‑ps‑S k‑w-K-a-Ø‑m-\-a‑m-b {‑]-b‑m-K-b‑n 12
hÀ-j-¯‑n H-c‑n-¡-t‑e I‑p‑w-`-t‑a-f \-S¡‑q. Cu hÀ-j-a-X‑v s‑^-{‑_‑p-h-c‑n a‑mÀ-¨v
a‑m-k-§-f‑n-e‑m-b‑n-c‑p-¶‑p.
H-c‑p ]‑m-k‑v-t‑]‑mÀ-«‑v k‑w-L-S‑n-¸‑n-¡‑m³
h-e‑n-b h‑n-j-a-a‑n-Ã. ]-t‑£ h‑n-k I‑n-«‑m³
h-e‑n-b {‑]-b‑m-k-a‑m-W‑v'' s‑s‑l-Z-c‑m-_‑m-Z‑ns‑e a-s‑ä‑m-c‑p ]-g-¡-¨-h-S-¡‑m-c-\‑m-b‑, 35
I‑m-c-\‑m-b l-\‑p-a‑m³ {‑]-k‑m-Z‑v ]-d-ª‑p.
a‑q-¶p {‑K‑q-¸‑p-I-f‑m-b‑n C-´‑y-b‑n-s‑e¯‑n-b l‑n-µ‑p-¡Ä ]-d-ª-X‑v, X-§-f‑p-s‑S
I‑p-«‑n-I-f‑p-s‑S h‑n-Z‑y‑m-`‑y‑m-k‑w t‑\-c‑n-S‑p-¶
s‑h-Ã‑p-h‑n-f‑n-I-s‑f-¡‑p-d‑n-¨‑v B-t‑e‑m-N‑n-¨X‑p-s‑I‑m-ï‑m-W‑v C-´‑y-b‑n-t‑e-¡‑v h-c‑m³
X‑o-c‑p-a‑m-\‑n-¨-X‑v F-¶‑m-W‑v. kÀ-¡‑mÀ k‑vI‑q-f‑p-I-f‑n `-b‑m-\-I-a‑m-b h‑n-t‑h-N-\-a‑mW‑v‑, A-h-s‑c A-h‑n-s‑S I‑m-^‑nÀ F-¶‑m-W‑v
N‑m-¸ I‑p-¯‑n-b‑n-c‑n-¡‑p-¶-X‑v. I‑p-«‑n-I-s‑f

{‑]‑m-b-a‑m-b I‑p-ª‑n-\‑v ]‑m-k‑v-t‑]‑mÀ-«‑p‑w
h‑n-k-b‑p‑w t‑h-W-s‑a-¶‑v A-[‑n-I‑m-c‑n-IÄ
\‑nÀ-º-Ô‑w ]-d-ª‑p‑, A-h-\‑m-s‑W-¦‑nÂ
H-c‑p t‑]-c‑v h-s‑c C-«‑n-«‑n-Ã. a‑p-e-b‑q-«‑p-¶
I‑p-ª‑n-s‑\-b‑p‑w s‑I‑m-ï‑v A-X‑nÀ-¯‑n
I-S-¡‑m³ A-\‑p-h-Z‑n-¡-W-s‑a-¶‑v A-hÀ
A-[‑n-I‑m-c‑n-I-t‑f‑m-S‑v s‑I-©‑n. I-c-ª‑p
I-e-§‑n-b I-®‑p-I-t‑f‑m-s‑S `‑m-c-X‑n ]-dª‑p. '' F-\‑n-¡‑v a-s‑ä‑m-c‑p A-h-k-c-h‑p‑w
C-Ã‑m-s‑X h-¶‑p. `À-¯‑m-h‑p‑w a-ä‑v a-¡-f‑p‑w
F-Ã‑m-h-s‑c-b‑p‑w F-§-s‑\ D-t‑]-£‑n-¡‑p‑w.
R‑m-s‑\-s‑â I‑p-ª‑n-s‑\‑, a‑m-d‑n-S-¯‑nÂ
\‑n-¶‑p‑w t‑hÀ-s‑¸-S‑p-¯‑n‑, R-§-s‑f b‑m{‑X-b‑m-¡‑m³ h-¶ H-c‑p _-Ô‑p-h‑n-s‑\
GÂ-¸‑n-¨‑p. A-X‑n-\‑p-t‑i-j‑w C-t‑¶-h-s‑c
F-s‑â I‑p-ª‑n-s‑â b‑m-s‑X‑m-c‑p h‑n-h-c-h‑pa‑n-Ã. A-X‑n-s‑\-´‑p k‑w-`-h‑n-¨‑p F-¶‑p-ad‑n-b‑n-Ã.''
A-e‑v-]‑w a‑p³-]‑v h‑n-k I‑n-«‑n-b‑n-c‑p¶‑p-s‑h-¦‑n X-\‑n-¡‑v C-´‑y-b‑n s‑h-¨‑v
{‑]-k-h‑n-¡‑m-a‑m-b‑n-c‑p-¶‑p A-hÀ ]-d-ª‑p.
'F-\‑n-¡‑v a-ä‑v h-g‑n-I-f‑n-Ã‑m-b‑n-c‑p-¶‑p.'
A-hÀ t‑X-§‑n. a-ä‑v B-d‑v a-¡Ä-¡‑p t‑hï‑n R‑m-s‑\-s‑â I‑p-ª‑n-s‑\ D-t‑]-£‑n¨‑p.''
a‑p-¸-X‑p-I‑m-c‑n-b‑m-b KÀ-`‑n-W‑n e‑m-d³t‑I-i‑z-c‑n C-X‑n-\‑p k-a‑m-\-a‑m-b Z‑p‑x-J-¯‑ne‑m-W‑v. A-hÄ X-s‑â A-©‑p a-¡-f‑p-s‑a‑m¯‑m-W‑v A-X‑nÀ-¯‑n I-S-¶-X‑v. ]-t‑£
A-h-f‑p-s‑S h‑n-I-e‑m‑w-K-\‑m-b `À-¯‑m-h‑n-\‑v
A-X‑nÀ-¯‑n I-S-¡‑m-\‑m-b‑n-Ã. A-hÄ
A-h-f‑p-s‑S `À-¯‑m-h‑n-t‑\‑m-S‑p ]-d-ª‑p Ab‑m-s‑f I‑q-S‑m-s‑X t‑]‑m-h‑n-Ã F-¶‑v. ]-t‑£
A-b‑mÄ A-h-c‑p-s‑S a-¡-f‑p-s‑S \-·-¡‑p‑w
k‑p-c-£-b‑v-¡‑p‑w t‑h-ï‑n A-h-s‑f A-X‑nÀ¯‑n I-S-¡‑m³ \‑nÀ-º-Ô‑n-¨‑p. 's‑s‑Z-h‑w
\‑n-s‑â I‑q-s‑S-b‑p-ï‑v' A-b‑mÄ ]-d-ª‑p.
X-s‑â A-©‑p a-¡-s‑f F-§-s‑\
t‑\‑m-¡‑n h-fÀ-¯‑p-s‑a-¶‑m-W‑v C-t‑¸‑mÄ
e‑m-d³-t‑I-i‑z-c‑n B-I‑p-e-s‑¸-S‑p-¶-X‑v.
"R‑m-\‑p‑w F-s‑â `À-¯‑m-h‑p‑w t‑^‑m-W‑nÂ
k‑w-k‑m-c‑n-¡‑m-d‑p-ï‑v. ]-t‑£ F-t‑¸‑m-g‑p‑w
R-§Ä I-c-¨‑n-e‑m-W‑v.'' A-hÄ ]-d-ª‑p.
h‑n-t‑h-N-\-§-f‑p‑w ]‑o-U-\-§-f‑p‑w
`-b-¶‑v ]‑m-¡‑n-Ø‑m-\‑n \‑n-¶‑p‑w ]‑me‑m-b-\‑w s‑N-b‑v-X-h-s‑c C-h‑n-s‑S k-l‑mb‑n-¡‑p-¶-X‑v a‑u-e‑n-I k‑z-`‑m-h-a‑p-Å-hc‑m-s‑W-¶-X‑v H-c‑p s‑s‑h-]-c‑o-X‑y-a‑m-W‑v.
_‑n-P‑v-h‑m-k³ {‑K‑m-a-¯‑n-s‑e A-h-c‑p-s‑S
B-X‑n-t‑Y-b³ \-lÀ-k‑n‑w-K‑v H-c‑p a‑p³
I-Ì‑w-k‑v D-t‑Z‑y‑m-K-Ø-\‑p‑w t‑]‑m-e‑o-k‑p-I‑mc-\‑p-a‑m-W‑v. ]‑m-¡‑n-Ø‑m-\‑n-s‑e ]‑o-U‑n-XÀ¡‑p-t‑h-ï‑n A-t‑±-l‑w X-s‑â h‑m-S-I-¡‑ms‑c a‑p-g‑p-h³ H-g‑n-¸‑n-¨‑p. "C‑u ]‑o-U‑n-XÀ
F-s‑â t‑Z-h-X-I-f‑m-W‑v (A-X‑n-Y‑n-I-f‑m-W‑v)

31

lnµp A`-bmÀ°n IpSpw_w

R‑m³ A-h-s‑c ]‑q-P‑n-¡‑p-¶‑p.' A-t‑±-l‑w
]-d-ª‑p.
483 A‑w-K-§-f‑p-Å {‑K‑q-¸‑n-s‑â X‑m-a-kh‑p‑w `-£-W-h‑p‑w a-ä‑p N‑n-e-h‑p-I-f‑p‑w h-l‑n¡‑p-¶-X‑v h‑n-h‑n-[ l‑n-µ‑p k‑w-L-S-\-If‑m-W‑v. h‑n-i‑z-l‑n-µ‑p-]-c‑n-j-¯‑v, _-P‑v-c‑w-K‑v
ZÄ‑, c‑m-{‑ã‑o-b k‑z-b‑w t‑k-h-I k‑w-L‑w
A-§-s‑\ ]-e-c‑p‑w.
C-´‑y³ kÀ-¡‑mÀ A-`-b‑mÀ-°‑n-It‑f‑m-S‑p-Å k-a‑o-]-\‑w C-X‑p-h-s‑c ]-c-k‑ya‑m-¡‑n-b‑n-«‑n-Ã. A-h-s‑c \‑nÀ-º-Ô-]‑qÀ-Æ‑w

]‑m-¡‑n-Ø‑m-\‑n-t‑e-¡‑v X‑n-c‑n-¨-b-¨‑m As‑X‑m-c‑p c‑m-{‑ã‑o-b b‑p-²-¯‑n I-e‑m-i‑n¡‑p‑w. ]‑m-¡‑n-Ø‑m-\‑p‑w C-X‑n-s‑\-¡‑p-d‑n-¨‑v
{‑]-X‑n-I-c‑n-¨‑n-«‑n-Ã.
\-lÀ k‑n‑w-K‑v ]-d-b‑p-¶-X‑v, 'A-`-b‑mÀ°‑n-I-s‑f' C-h‑n-S-¯‑p-I‑m-c‑m-¡‑n a‑m-ä‑m³
G-X-ä‑w h-s‑c-b‑p‑w t‑]‑m-I‑m³ X‑m³ X-¿‑md‑m-s‑W-¶‑m-W‑v. R-§Ä I-s‑ï-¯‑p‑w
A-hÀ-¡‑p t‑h-ï‑n t‑P‑m-e‑n-b‑p‑w a-ä‑p‑w
A-t‑±-l‑w X‑p-SÀ-¶‑p ]-d-b‑p-¶‑p. n
Z C³-U‑n-s‑]³-Uâ‑v

t\mhÂ

32

A-h‑n-t‑S-¡‑v H‑m-S‑n h-c‑n-I-b‑m-b‑n-c‑p-¶‑p.
i-¦-c³ ]‑p-g-b‑n \‑n-¶‑p‑w t‑h-K-¯‑n I-cb‑n-t‑e-¡‑v H‑m-S‑n-¡-b-d‑n A-½-b‑p-s‑S s‑\-©‑n-t‑e-¡‑v
h‑o-W‑p. ]‑p-{‑X-s‑\ a‑m-t‑d‑m-S-W-¨‑p I-c-ª‑p‑w A-hs‑â \‑n-d‑p-I-b‑n a‑p-¯-a‑n-«‑p‑w \‑nÂ-¡‑p-¶ B-c‑y
A-´À-Ö-\-s‑¯ I-ï‑p-s‑I‑m-ï‑m-W‑v B-f‑p-IÄ
A-h‑n-s‑S-s‑b-¯‑n-b-X‑v.
s‑]‑m-X‑n-ª‑p \‑nÂ-¡‑p-¶ P-\-¡‑q-«-¯‑n-\‑p
a-t‑²‑y ]‑p-\À-Ö-·‑w I‑n-«‑n-b i-¦-c-s‑\ h‑m-c‑n-¸‑pWÀ-¶‑p \‑nÂ-¡‑p-¶ B-c‑y A-´-À-Ö-\‑w!
"F-´‑m.......F-´‑m-W‑n-h‑n-s‑S D-ï‑m-b-X‑v'' P-\¡‑q-«‑w B-I‑m‑w-£‑m-`-c‑n-X-c‑m-b‑n.
"i-¦-c-s‑â I‑m-e‑n a‑p-X-e ]‑n-S‑n-¨‑p.''
t‑I-«-h-s‑c‑m-s‑¡ s‑R-«‑n-t‑¸‑m-b‑n. ]‑p-g-b‑nÂ
a‑p-X-e-b‑p-Å-X‑m-b‑n A-h-s‑c‑m-¶‑p‑w C-t‑X-h-s‑c
A-d‑n-ª‑n-c‑p-¶‑n-Ã. s‑N-d‑n-b H‑m-f-§-f‑p-Å ]‑p-g-b‑nt‑e-¡‑v A-h-c‑n N‑n-eÀ `‑o-X‑n-t‑b‑m-s‑S t‑\‑m-¡‑n.
a-ä‑p N‑n-e-c‑m-I-s‑«‑, i-¦-c‑m-N‑m-c‑y-c‑p-s‑S I‑m-e‑n-t‑e¡‑m-W‑v t‑\‑m-¡‑n-b-X‑v. a‑p-X-e ]‑n-S‑n-¨‑m A-X‑n-s‑â
]-Ã‑p-X-«‑n a‑m‑w-k‑w A-SÀ-¶‑p I‑n-S-¡-W‑w. A-h‑n-S-s‑a§‑p‑w c-à-a‑p-ï‑m-b‑n-c‑n-¡-W‑w. A-§-s‑\-s‑b‑m-¶‑p‑w
A-hÀ I-ï‑n-Ã. B-Ý-c‑y-t‑¯‑m-s‑S BÄ-¡‑q-«-¯‑n\‑n-S-b‑n \‑n-¶‑p‑w H-c‑mÄ t‑N‑m-Z‑n-¨‑p.
"D-®‑o‑, G-X‑p I‑m-e‑m-W‑v a‑p-X-e ]‑n-S‑n-¨-X‑v?''
"Z‑m‑, C‑u h-e-X‑p-I‑m-e‑nÂ'' i-¦-c³ h-e-X‑pI‑m D-bÀ-¯‑n-¡‑m-W‑n-¨‑p.
"a‑p-X-e s‑s‑I-s‑I‑m-ï‑p ]‑n-S‑n-¡‑n-Ã-t‑Ã‑m. G-X‑p
IT‑n-\ hkvX‑p-h‑n-t‑\-b‑p‑w s‑]‑m-S‑n-¡‑p-¶ i-à-a‑m-b
]-Ã‑p-IÄ A-X‑n-\‑p-ï‑v, F-¶‑n-«‑v H-c‑p X‑p-Å‑n \‑n-W‑w
t‑]‑m-e‑p‑w s‑]‑m-S‑n-ª‑p I‑m-W‑p-¶‑n-Ã.'' P-\-¡‑q-«‑w
k‑w-i-b‑n-¨‑p.
A-t‑¸‑m-g‑m-W‑v B-c‑y A-´À-Ö-\-h‑p‑w N‑n-´‑n-¨X‑v. a‑p-X-e-s‑b I-ï‑m B-f‑p-IÄ H‑m-S‑n c-£-s‑¸S‑p‑w. I-t‑¿‑m I‑m-t‑e‑m ]‑n-S‑n-I‑q-S‑n-b‑m I-Y I-g‑n-ªX‑p X-s‑¶. i-¦-c-s‑â I‑m-c‑y-¯‑n A-Û‑p-X-a‑p-ï‑v.
C‑u-i‑z-c-s‑â I-S‑m-£‑w s‑I‑m-ï‑m-W‑v ]‑p-{‑X-\‑v H-c‑p
t‑]‑m-d t‑]‑m-e‑p‑w GÂ-¡‑m-X‑n-c‑p-¶-s‑X-¶‑v \‑n-j‑v-If-¦-b‑m-b B k‑z‑m-[‑n h‑n-N‑m-c‑n-¨‑p.
i-¦-c‑m-N‑m-c‑y-c‑p-s‑S h‑m-¡‑p-IÄ A-h‑n-i‑z-k-\‑o-ba‑m-b‑n t‑X‑m-¶‑n-b BÄ-¡‑q-«‑w A-t‑\‑y‑m-\‑y‑w ]-I-¨‑p
t‑\‑m-¡‑n. ]‑p-c‑p-j‑m-c-¯‑n-s‑â a‑p-J-`‑m-h-¯‑nÂ
A-§-s‑\-s‑b‑m-c‑p A-h‑n-i‑z-k-\‑o-b-X \‑n-g-e‑n-¡‑p-¶‑ps‑ï-¶‑v i-¦-c‑m-N‑m-c‑yÀ X‑n-c‑n-¨-d‑n-ª‑p. ‑A-¡‑m-c‑y‑w
h‑n-i-Z-a‑m-¡‑m-\‑p-Å [‑mÀ-½‑n-I _‑m-²‑y-X-s‑b-¡‑p-d‑n¨‑p-Å t‑_‑m-[-h‑p‑w i-¦-c‑m-N‑m-c‑yÀ-¡‑p-ï‑m-b‑n.
"a‑p-X-e F-s‑¶ ]‑n-S‑n-¨‑p h-e‑n-¨‑p-s‑I‑m-ï‑p
t‑]‑m-I‑m³ {‑i-a‑n-¨-t‑¸‑m-g‑m-W‑v R‑m³ \‑n-e-h‑n-f‑n-¨-X‑v.
k-¶‑y‑m-k-¯‑n-\‑v A-\‑p-a-X‑n X-¶‑m a‑p-X-e I-S‑n
h‑n-S‑p-s‑a-¶‑v F-\‑n-¡‑v t‑X‑m-¶‑n. A-¡‑m-c‑y‑w A-½t‑b-b‑p‑w h‑n-f‑n-¨‑p ]-d-b‑p-I-b‑p‑w s‑N-b‑v-X‑p‑, A-½ k‑¶‑y‑m-k-¯‑n-\‑v A-\‑p-a-X‑n X-¶-X‑p‑w 'k‑w-\‑y-k‑v-t‑X‑m-

Z‑n-K‑z‑n-P-b‑w I-g‑n-ª A-²‑y‑m-b-§-f‑nÂ
_‑u-²À t‑h-Z-k‑w-k‑v-¡‑m-c-¯‑n-s‑\-X‑n-s‑c {‑]-hÀ-¯‑n-¨‑p-s‑I‑m-ï‑v `‑m-c-X-s‑¯ A-Ø‑n-c-s‑¸-S‑p-¯‑m³
{‑i-a‑n-¡‑p-¶ I‑m-e-L-«‑w. t‑I-c-f-¯‑n I‑m-e-S‑n t‑Z-i-s‑¯ s‑s‑I-¸‑n-Å‑n C-Ã-¯‑p-Å Z-¼-X‑n-I-f‑m-b
i‑n-h-K‑p-c‑p-h‑p‑w B-c‑y-b‑p‑w ]‑p-{‑X-e‑m-`-¯‑n-\‑p-t‑h-ï‑n h‑r-j-`‑m-{‑Z‑n-t‑£-{‑X-¯‑n-s‑e-¯‑n ]-c-a-i‑n-h-s‑\ D]‑m-k‑n-¡‑p-¶‑ i‑n-h-K‑p-c‑p B-c‑y Z-¼-X‑n-I-f‑p-s‑S B-{‑K-l-k-^-e‑o-I-c-W-¯‑n-\‑p‑w t‑h-Z-[À-½-¯‑n-s‑â
]‑p-\‑x-Ø‑m-]-\-¯‑n-\‑p‑w ]-c-a-i‑n-h³ A‑w-i‑m-h-X‑m-c-a‑m-b‑n P-\‑n-¡‑m³ X‑o-c‑p-a‑m-\‑n-¡‑p-¶‑p. {‑i‑o ]-c-t‑a-i‑zc-s‑â h-c-¯‑m B-c‑y H-c‑p B¬-I‑p-«‑n-s‑b {‑]-k-h‑n-¡‑p-¶‑p. I‑p-«‑n-b‑v-¡‑v i-¦-c³ F-¶‑p \‑m-a-I-c-W‑w
s‑N-¿‑p-¶‑p. A-k‑m-a‑m-\‑y _‑p-²‑n s‑s‑h-`-h-a‑p-Å I‑p-«‑n-s‑b a‑q-¶‑m-a-s‑¯ h-b-Ê‑n K‑p-c‑p-I‑p-e-¯‑n-t‑e-¡b-¡‑p‑¶‑p. i-¦-c-s‑â A-©‑m-a-s‑¯ h-b-Ê‑n i‑n-h-K‑p-c‑p ]-c-a-K-X‑n-b-S-b‑p-¶‑p. D-]-\-b-\-¯‑n-\‑p t‑i-j‑w
i-¦-c³ h‑o-ï‑p‑w K‑p-c‑p-I‑p-e-¯‑n-t‑e-¡‑v a-S-§‑p-¶‑p. K‑p-c‑p-I‑p-e-¯‑n F-¯‑n-b _‑u-²³-a‑m-c‑p-a‑m-b‑n
t‑h-Z-i‑m-k‑v-{‑X-h‑n-j-b-§-f‑n k‑w-h‑m-Z-¯‑n-t‑eÀ-s‑¸-«‑v i-¦-c³ h‑n-P-b‑n-¡‑p-¶‑p. i-¦-c³ _‑u-²À-¡‑v
F-X‑n-c‑m-f‑n-b‑m-b‑n-¯‑o-c‑p-t‑a‑m-s‑b-¶‑v A-hÀ k‑w-i-b‑n-¡‑p-¶‑p. K‑p-c‑p-I‑p-e k-{‑¼-Z‑m-b-{‑]-I‑m-c‑w H-c‑p Z-c‑n-{‑Z
{‑_‑m-Ò-W‑m-e-b-¯‑n s‑N-¶ i-¦-c-\‑v A-h‑n-S‑p-s‑¯ A-´À-Ö-\‑w a-s‑ä‑m-¶‑p‑w `‑n-£ s‑I‑m-S‑p-¡‑m-\‑n-Ã‑m¯-X‑n-\‑m s‑\-Ã‑n-¡ `‑n-£-b‑m-b‑n \Â-I‑p-¶‑p. B I‑p-S‑p‑w-_-¯‑n-s‑â Z‑m-c‑n-{‑Z‑y‑m-h-Ø a‑m-ä‑m³ i-¦-c³
X‑o-c‑p-a‑m-\‑n-¡‑p-¶‑p. A-S‑p-¯‑p-Å [-\‑n-I-K‑r-l-¯‑n F-¯‑n-b i-¦-c-\‑v k‑zÀ-®-\‑m-W-b‑w `‑n-£-b‑m-b‑n
I‑n-«‑n-s‑b-¦‑n-e‑p‑w i-¦-c³ \‑n-c‑m-I-c‑n-¡‑p-¶‑p. b-Y‑mÀ-° k-a‑m-P-t‑k-h-\‑w `‑n-£‑m‑w-t‑Z-l‑n-IÄ-¡‑v k‑zÀ-®
\‑m-W-b‑w s‑I‑m-S‑p-¡‑p-¶-X-s‑Ã-¶‑v [-\‑n-I-\‑m-b I‑p-S‑p‑w-_-\‑m-Y-s‑\ D-]-t‑Z-i‑n-¡‑p-¶‑p. i-¦-c³ A-bÂ-h‑o«‑n-s‑e Z-c‑n-{‑Z-I‑p-S‑p‑w-_-¯‑n-s‑â P‑o-h‑n-X-¯‑n-t‑e-¡‑v t‑\‑m-¡‑m-\‑p‑w B I‑p-S‑p‑w-_-s‑¯ c-£-s‑¸-S‑p-¯‑m-\‑p‑w
]-d-b‑p-¶‑p. i-¦-c-s‑â h‑m-¡‑p-IÄ X-¯‑z-Ú‑m-\-a‑m-b‑n I-ï‑v [‑m-c‑m-f‑w k‑zÀ-®-\‑m-W-b-§-f‑p-a‑m-b‑n [-\‑nI³ B h‑o-«‑n-s‑e-¯‑p-¶‑p. C-X‑p I-ï i-¦-c³ I-\-I-[‑m-c‑m-k‑v-X-h k‑v-t‑X‑m-{‑X‑w s‑N‑m-Ã‑p-¶‑p. G-g‑m-as‑¯ h-b-Ê‑n kÀ-Æ-t‑h-Z-i‑m-k‑v-{‑X-§-f‑n-e‑p‑w ]‑m-Þ‑n-X‑y‑w t‑\-S‑n-b i-¦-c³ B-N‑m-c‑y ]-Z-h‑n-t‑b‑m-s‑S
k‑z-´‑w `-h-\-¯‑n X‑n-c‑n-s‑¨-¯‑p-¶‑p. `‑m-c-X-¯‑n s‑s‑h-Z‑n-I-[À-½‑w ]‑p-\‑x-Ø‑m-]‑n-¡‑m³ k‑w-¶‑y‑m-k‑w
k‑z‑o-I-c‑n-¨‑v `‑m-c-X-]-c‑y-S-\‑w \-S-¯‑m³ i-¦-c‑m-N‑m-c‑yÀ B-{‑K-l‑n-¡‑p-¶‑p. a-I-s‑â N‑n-´-b‑n `‑o-X‑n ]‑q-ï
B-c‑y k-t‑l‑m-Z-c-\‑v H‑m-e s‑I‑m-S‑p-¯-b-b‑v-¡‑p-¶‑p. t‑I-c-f `‑q-]-X‑n c‑m-P-t‑i-J-c c‑m-P‑m-h‑v i-¦-c‑m-N‑m-c‑y-s‑c
k-µÀ-i‑n-¨‑v k‑zÀ-®-\‑m-W-b-¡‑n-g‑n I‑m-g‑v-N s‑h-s‑¨-¦‑n-e‑p‑w B-N‑m-c‑y³ \‑n-c‑m-I-c‑n-¡‑p-¶‑p. c‑m-P‑m-h‑n-s‑â
A-t‑]-£ {‑]-I‑m-c‑w A-t‑±-l‑w c-N‑n-¨ a‑q-¶‑p \‑m-S-I-§Ä i-¦-c‑m-N‑m-c‑yÀ h‑m-b‑n-¨‑v \-à A-`‑n-{‑]‑m-b‑w
]-d-b‑p-¶‑p. B-c‑y A-´À-Ö-\‑w C-Ã-¯‑p h-¶ k-t‑l‑m-Z-c-t‑\‑m-S‑v i-¦-c-s‑â B-{‑K-l-s‑¯-¡‑p-d‑n-¨‑p ]-dª‑v k-¦-S-s‑¸-S‑p-¶‑p. i-¦-c-s‑\ t‑h-K‑w h‑n-h‑m-l‑w s‑N-¿‑n-¸‑n-¨‑v I‑p-S‑p‑w-_-P‑o-h‑n-X-¯‑n-t‑e-¡‑v s‑I‑m-ï‑p-hc‑m³ k-t‑l‑m-Z-c³ D-]-t‑Z-i‑n-¡‑p-¶‑p. A-½-t‑b‑m-s‑S‑m-¸‑w i-¦-c³ A-S‑p-¯‑p-Å \-Z‑n-b‑n k‑v-\‑m-\-¯‑n-\‑p
t‑]‑m-I‑p-¶‑p. \-Z‑o-k-a‑o-]-¯‑v B-c‑y A-´À-Ö-\‑w ZÀ-` A-c‑n-ª‑p-s‑I‑m-ï‑n-c‑n-¡‑p-t‑¼‑mÄ a‑p-X-e ]‑n-S‑n-s‑¨¶‑p ]-d-ª‑v i-¦-c³ \‑n-e-h‑n-f‑n-¡‑p-¶‑p.
Z‑n-K‑z‑n-P-b‑w X‑p-SÀ-¶‑p h‑m-b‑n-¡‑p-I....

XncqÀ Znt\iv
B-d‑v

H-c-S‑n a‑p-t‑¶‑m-«‑p s‑h-¡‑m-\‑m-h‑m-¯-h‑n-[‑w
B-c‑y A-´À-Ö-\‑w X-fÀ-¶‑p-t‑]‑m-b‑n. B-ä‑p
t‑\‑m-ä‑p-ï‑m-b D-®‑n-s‑b a‑p-X-e ]‑n-S‑n-¨‑v B-ä‑n-t‑e¡‑v X‑m-g‑v-¯‑m³ t‑]‑m-I‑p-¶-X‑v \‑n-Ê-l‑m-b-X-t‑b‑ms‑S t‑\‑m-¡‑n h‑m-h‑n-«‑p \‑n-e-h‑n-f‑n-t‑¡-ï Z‑p-c-h-Ø
A-\‑p-`-h‑n-¡‑p-I-b‑m-b‑n-c‑p-¶‑p B A-½.
"F-s‑â D-®‑n-s‑b a‑p-X-e ]‑n-S‑n-¨‑p. H‑m-S‑n-h-ct‑W......'' ]-c-a‑m-h-[‑n D-¨-¯‑n A-´À-Ö-\‑w
\‑n-e-h‑n-f‑n-¨‑p.
"A-t‑½‑, k-¶‑y‑m-k-¯‑n-\‑v A-\‑p-a-X‑n X-ct‑W....k‑-¶‑y‑m-k‑w k‑z‑o-I-c‑n-¨‑m a‑p-X-e ]‑n-S‑n-h‑n-

t‑«-¡‑p-t‑a...''
i-¦-c‑m-N‑m-c‑yÀ C-S-¡‑n-s‑S h‑n-f‑n-¨‑p ]-d-b-p¶X‑p‑w A-´À-Ö-\‑w t‑I-«‑p‑, ]‑p-{‑X-s‑â P‑o-h-\‑m-W‑v
G-s‑X‑m-c-½-b‑v-¡‑p‑w h-e‑p-X‑v a‑r-X‑y‑p-s‑h ]‑mÀ-¯‑p
I‑n-S-¡‑p-¶ ]‑p-{‑X-\‑p t‑h-ï‑n X-s‑â B-b‑p-Ê‑v \ÂI‑n ]‑p-{‑X-s‑\ c-£‑n-¡-W-t‑a F-¶‑m-W‑v-G-s‑X‑m-c‑p
A-½-b‑p‑w {‑]‑mÀ-°‑n-¡‑m-d‑p-Å‑p. B-c‑y A-´À-Ö\-¯‑n-s‑â A-h-Ø-b‑p‑w A-X‑p-t‑]‑m-s‑e B-b‑nc‑p-¶‑p. a-s‑ä‑m-¶‑p‑w N‑n-´‑n-¡‑m-s‑X A-´À-Ö-\‑w
D-d-s‑¡ h‑n-f‑n-¨‑p ]-d-ª‑p.
"k‑¶‑y‑m-k‑w k‑z‑o-I-c‑n-t‑¨‑m-f‑q..........'' A-§-s‑\
]-d-ª-t‑¸‑m-t‑g-¡‑p‑w B-ß-s‑s‑[-c‑y‑w s‑s‑I-h-¶
{‑]-X‑o-X‑n. A-´À-Ö-\‑w i-¦-c‑m-N‑m-c‑y-c‑p-s‑S A-S‑pt‑¯-¡‑v H‑m-S‑n-b-S‑p-¯‑p. A-t‑¸‑m-t‑g-¡‑p‑w k-a‑o-]s‑¯ C-Ã-§-f‑n \‑n-¶‑p‑w H-c‑p ]-ä‑w B-f‑p-IÄ

lncWy

Pq¬ 2013

l‑w' F-¶‑p a‑q-¶‑p {‑]‑m-h-i‑y‑w ]-d-ª‑p. s‑]-s‑«-¶‑p
a‑p-X-e I-S‑n- h‑n-S‑p-I-b‑p‑w s‑N-b‑v-X‑p. ''
F-Ã‑m-h-t‑c-b‑p‑w h‑n-i‑z-k‑n-¸‑n-¡‑m³ i-¦-c‑m-N‑mc‑yÀ A-§-s‑\ ]-d-ª-X‑v H-«‑p‑w ]‑m-S‑p-s‑]-«‑p s‑I‑mï‑m-b‑n-c‑p-¶‑n-Ã.
"G-X‑m-b‑m-e‑p‑w F-s‑â a-I-s‑\ P‑o-h-t‑\‑ms‑S X‑n-c‑n-¨‑p I‑n-«‑n-b-t‑Ã‑m.'' B-c‑y A-´À-Ö-\‑w
B-i‑z‑m-k-s‑¸-«‑p.
"h‑m¡‑p ]‑m-e‑n-¡-W‑w. ]‑p-{‑X-s‑\ k‑-¶‑y-k‑n-¸‑n¡-W‑w.'' B-t‑c‑m C-S-b‑v-¡‑v I-b-d‑n-¸-d-ª h‑m-¡‑pIÄ A-´À-Ö-\-¯‑n-s‑â D-s‑Å‑m-¶‑p-e-¨‑p.
C‑u-i‑z-c‑m! i-¦-c-\‑v k‑-¶‑y‑m-k‑w k‑z‑o-I-c‑n¡‑m³ A-\‑p-h‑m-Z‑w s‑I‑m-S‑p-s‑¯-t‑¶‑m? A¸-t‑\-c‑w s‑I‑m-ï‑v C-h‑n-s‑S F-s‑´‑m-s‑¡-b‑m-W‑v
k‑w-`-h‑n-¨-X‑v! A-SÀ-¶‑p t‑]‑m-b \‑n-a‑n-j-§-s‑f
]‑p-\À-h‑n-N‑n-´-\‑w \-S-¯‑m³ t‑i-j‑n-b‑p-ï‑m-b‑n-c‑p¶‑n-Ã B-c‑y A-´À-Ö-\-¯‑n-\‑v.
P-\-¡‑q-«‑w ]‑n-c‑n-ª‑p-t‑]‑m-b‑n.
i-¦-c-s‑\ t‑NÀ-¯‑p-]‑n-S‑n-¨‑v C-Ã-t‑¯-¡‑v
\-S-¡‑p-t‑¼‑mÄ B-c‑y A-´À-Ö-\-¯‑n-s‑â a-\-Ê‑v
h-Ã‑m-s‑X t‑h-Z-\‑n-¨‑n-c‑p-¶‑p. A-½-b‑p-s‑S a-t‑\‑m-K-X‑n
X‑n-c‑n-¨-d‑n-ª i-¦-c‑m-N‑m-c‑yÀ a‑p-J-a‑p-bÀ-¯‑n A-½s‑b t‑\‑m-¡‑n-b‑n-«‑v t‑N‑m-Z‑n-¨‑p.
"k‑w-\‑y‑m-k-¯‑n-\‑v A-\‑p-a-X‑n X-t‑c-ï‑m-b‑n-c‑p¶‑p-s‑h-¶‑v C-t‑¸‑mÄ t‑X‑m-¶‑p-¶‑p-t‑ï‑m.''
"D-Æ‑v, C-t‑¸‑mÄ t‑X‑m-¶‑n-t‑¸‑m-I‑p-¶‑p. ]-s‑£‑,
B a‑m-{‑X-IÄ h‑n-N‑n-´-\-¯‑n-\‑p \‑o-¡‑n s‑ht‑¡-ï k-a-b-a‑m-b‑n-c‑p-¶‑n-Ã. {‑]‑mÀ-°-\-b‑p-s‑S
]-c‑n-W‑n-X ^-e-a‑m-W‑v F-s‑â D-®‑n. \‑n-¿‑v a‑p-Xe-¡‑v `-£-W-a‑m-b‑n-¯‑o-c‑m-X‑n-c‑n-¡‑m³ A-t‑¶-c‑w
a-s‑ä‑m-c‑p B-b‑p-[-h‑p‑w A-½-b‑p-s‑S ]-¡-e‑p-ï‑m-b‑nc‑p-¶‑n-Ã.''
"C-s‑¸‑m A-½-b‑v-¡‑v a-\-Ê‑n-e‑m-b-t‑Ã‑m k‑w¶‑y‑m-k‑w t‑a‑m-£-¯‑n-s‑â a‑mÀ-¤-a‑m-s‑W-¶‑v.''
i-¦-c‑m-N‑m-c‑yÀ s‑N-d‑p-]‑p-©‑n-c‑n-t‑b‑m-s‑S
A-§-s‑\ ]-d-ª-t‑¸‑mÄ A-´À-Ö-\‑w ]-c‑n-`-h‑n¨‑p.
"t‑h-ï‑m-s‑«‑z‑m......\‑n-s‑â t‑h-Z-[À-½‑w a-ä‑m-s‑cs‑b-¦‑n-e‑p‑w t‑IÄ-¸‑n-¡‑v.''
A-t‑¸‑m-g‑p‑w i-¦-c‑m-N‑m-c‑yÀ ]‑p-©‑n-c‑n X‑q-I‑n.
F-¶‑n-«‑v A-½-t‑b‑m-S‑p ]-d-ª‑p.
"A-½-b‑p-s‑S B h‑m-¡‑n-e‑p‑w D-]-t‑Z-i‑w Hf‑n-ª‑p I‑n-S-¡‑p-¶‑p-ï‑v. t‑h-Z-[À-½ {‑]-N-c-W‑w
k‑z `-h-\-¯‑n H-X‑p-t‑¡-ï-X-Ã‑, ]‑p-d-t‑a-b‑v-¡‑v
A-X‑m-b-X‑v c‑m-{‑ã-t‑¯‑m-S‑m-W‑v ]-d-t‑b-ï-s‑X-¶-t‑Ã
B-´-c‑mÀ-°‑w.?''
"s‑È‑m! C‑u I‑p-s‑«‑y-s‑¡‑m-ï‑p R‑m³ t‑X‑mt‑ä.....'' A-´À-Ö-\-¯‑n-s‑â h‑m-¡‑p-I-f‑nÂ
a-I-t‑\‑m-S‑p-Å a‑m-X‑r-h‑m-Õ-e‑y-¯‑n-¶‑p ]‑p-d-s‑a
]‑p-{‑X-s‑â _‑p-²‑n-b‑n A-½-¡‑p-Å a-X‑n-¸‑p‑w
{‑]-I-S-a‑m-b‑n-c‑p-¶‑p.

33

34

C-Ã-¯‑v F-¯‑p-t‑¼‑mÄ A-h‑n-s‑S k-a‑o-]-s‑¯
K‑r-l-§-f‑n-e‑p-Å A-´À-Ö-\-§-f‑p‑w I‑p-«‑n-I-f‑ps‑a‑m-s‑¡ B-I‑m‑w-£-t‑b‑m-s‑S I‑m-¯‑p \‑n-¶‑n-c‑p-¶‑p.
i-¦-c‑m-N‑m-c‑y-s‑c a‑p-X-e ]‑n-S‑n-¨‑p-s‑h-¶‑p‑w A-Û‑pX-I-c-a‑m-b‑n c-£-s‑¸-«p-s‑h-¶‑p-a‑p-Å A-X‑n-i-b‑n-¸‑n¡‑p-¶ h‑r-¯‑m-´‑w t‑I-«‑v F-¯‑n-b-X‑m-W‑v A-hs‑c‑m-s‑¡-b‑p‑w.
B-c‑y A-´À-Ö-\-¯‑n-s‑â a‑p-J-¯‑p \‑n-¶‑p
X-s‑¶ B k‑w-`-h‑w t‑I-«-h-s‑c‑m-s‑¡ a‑q-¡-¯‑p
h‑n-c-e‑p s‑h-¨‑p.
"F-¶‑m-e‑p‑w‑, i-¦-c-s‑\ k‑-¶‑y-k‑n-¸‑n-¡‑m-s‑a-¶
h‑m-¡‑p s‑I‑m-S‑p-t‑¡-ï-X‑n-Ã‑m-b‑n-c‑p-¶‑p. B-s‑I-b‑pÅ H-c‑p D-®‑n-b-t‑Ã. i-¦-c³ C-Ã‑w h‑n-«‑p-t‑]‑m-s‑b¶‑n-c‑n-¡-s‑«‑, B-t‑¯-½-s‑b k‑w-c-£‑n-¡‑m³ H-c‑p
B¬-X-c‑n-b‑p-t‑ï‑m?
A-´À-Ö-\-§-f‑n N‑n-e-c‑p-s‑S t‑N‑m-Z‑y‑w Bc‑y‑m-t‑Z-h‑n-s‑b i-c‑n-b‑v-¡‑p‑w t‑h-Z-\‑n-¸‑n-¨‑p.
B-ß-lÀ-j-¯‑n-e‑m-b‑n-c‑p-¶‑p C-t‑X-k-a-b-¯‑v
i-¦-c‑m-N‑m-c‑yÀ. s‑s‑h-Z‑n-I [À-½-s‑¯ {‑]-N-c‑n-¸‑n¡‑m-\‑p-Å a-l-¯‑m-b e-£‑y-¯‑n-s‑â B-Z‑y-]‑m-Z‑w
I-b-d‑m³ t‑]‑m-h‑p-I-b‑m-W‑v. k‑¶‑y‑m-k-¯‑n-\‑p-Å
A-½-b‑p-s‑S k-½-X‑w `-K-h‑m-s‑â \‑nÀ-t‑±-i-{‑]-I‑mc‑w X-s‑¶. k‑m-£‑m `-K-h‑m³ X-s‑¶-b‑m-W‑v
F-Ã‑m-ä‑n-\‑p‑w \‑n-Z‑m-\-a‑m-b‑n {‑]-hÀ-¯‑n-¡‑p-¶-X‑v.
D-Å‑n s‑X-f‑n-ª `-à‑n-b‑p‑w [À-½-t‑_‑m-[-h‑p‑w
i-¦-c‑m-N‑m-c‑y-s‑c {‑]‑mÀ-°-\‑m-e-b-¯‑n F-¯‑n-¨‑p.
a-c-¯‑n-s‑â I‑mÂ-s‑¸-«‑n \‑n-c-¡‑n-s‑b-S‑p-¯‑v A-X‑n-\‑p
a‑p-¶‑n N-{‑a‑w ]-S‑n-ª‑v C-c‑p-¶‑p. a-\-Ê‑p \‑n-d-s‑b
`-K-h `-à‑n-b‑m-W‑v. i-¦-c‑m-N‑m-c‑y-c‑p-s‑S \‑m-c‑mb-¯‑p-©-¯‑p \‑n-¶‑p‑w ]-\-t‑b‑m-e-¡‑o-d‑n-t‑e-¡‑v
`-à‑n \‑n-d-s‑ª‑m-g‑p-I‑n.
"A-N‑y‑p-X‑w t‑I-i-h‑w c‑m-a-\‑m-c‑m-b-W‑w
I‑r-j‑v-W Z‑m-t‑a‑m-Z-c‑w h‑m-k‑p-t‑Z-h‑w l-c‑n‑w
{‑i‑o-[-c‑w a‑m-[-h‑w t‑K‑m-]‑n-I‑m h-Ã-`‑w
P‑m-\-I‑o \‑m-b-I‑w c‑m-a-N-{‑µ‑w `-t‑P
X‑m-f‑n-t‑b‑m-e-b‑n \‑m-c‑m-b-WX-¯‑z‑w X‑oÀ-¯
A-N‑y‑p-X‑m-ã-I‑w c‑q-]-s‑¸-S‑p-t‑¼‑m-g‑p-ï‑m-b aÀ-½-c‑w
s‑s‑I-¸-Å‑n C-Ã-s‑¯ `-à‑n-k‑m-K-c-¯‑n-e‑m-d‑m-S‑n-¨‑p.
`-K-h‑m-s‑\ I¬-a‑p-¶‑n I‑m-W‑p-¶ B-ß-\‑nÀ-h‑rX‑n-t‑b‑m-s‑S-b‑p-Å h-c‑n-IÄ i-¦-c‑m-N‑m-c‑yÀ-¡‑v Bß-s‑s‑[-c‑y-h‑p‑w {‑]-t‑N‑m-Z-\-h‑p-a‑m-b‑n-¯‑oÀ-¶‑p.
A-¶-s‑¯ c‑m-{‑X‑n i-¦-c‑m-N‑m-c‑yÀ-¡‑v k‑z-]‑v-\ZÀ-i-\-¯‑n-s‑â c‑m-h‑m-b‑n.
\‑n-{‑Z‑m-t‑h-f-b‑n t‑X-P-k‑z‑n-b‑m-b H-c‑p K-ÔÀƳ i-¦-c‑m-N‑m-c‑yÀ-¡‑p a‑p-¶‑n {‑]-X‑y-£-s‑¸-«‑p.
X-s‑â a‑p-¶‑n s‑s‑I-I‑q-¸‑n \‑nÂ-¡‑p-¶ K-ÔÀÆ-t‑\‑m-S‑v i-¦-c‑m-N‑m-c‑yÀ t‑N‑m-Z‑n-¨‑p.
"X‑m-¦Ä B-c‑m-W‑v.''
"A-Ã-t‑b‑m t‑{‑i-j‑vT‑, A-§-b‑p-s‑S ]‑m-Z-k‑v-]
À-i-¯‑m i‑m-]-h‑n-a‑p-à-\‑m-b ]‑p-j‑v-]-c-Y³
F-¶ K-ÔÀ-Æ-\‑m-W‑v R‑m³.'' K-ÔÀ-Ƴ h‑n-\‑o-

X-\‑m-b‑n-¸-d-ª‑p.
"X‑m-¦Ä-¡‑p i‑m-]‑w I‑n-«‑n-s‑b-t‑¶‑m? R‑m³
\‑n-a‑n-¯‑w t‑a‑m-£‑w I‑n-«‑n-s‑b-t‑¶‑m!'' i-¦-c‑m-N‑m-c‑yÀ
A-¼-c-¶‑p.
"R‑m³ ]-d-ª-X‑v ]-c-a‑mÀ-°‑w. {‑_-Ò‑m-h‑n-s‑â
i‑m-]-¯‑m-e‑m-W‑v a‑p-X-e-b‑m-b‑n-¯‑oÀ-¶-X‑v. t‑a‑m-£‑w
t‑X-S‑n-b‑p-Å b‑m-{‑X-b‑n C‑u ]‑p-g-b‑n h-¶‑p-s‑]«‑p‑, A-§-b‑p-s‑S ]‑m-Z-k‑v-]À-i-t‑a-ä-b‑p-S³ F-\‑n-b‑v-¡‑v
t‑a‑m-£‑w I‑n-«‑p-I-b‑m-b‑n-c‑p-¶‑p‑, A-t‑§-¡‑v F-s‑â
{‑]-W‑m-a‑w.''
K-ÔÀ-Ƴ I‑q-¸‑p-s‑s‑I-I-t‑f‑m-s‑S X-e I‑p-\‑n-¨‑p.
"X‑m-¦Ä ]-d-ª-X‑v ]-c-a‑mÀ-°-a‑m-s‑W-¦‑n Af-h-ä k-t‑´‑m-j‑w, A-t‑§-¡‑v kÀ-s‑s‑Æ-i‑z-c‑y-§-f‑p‑w
h-¶‑p `-h‑n-b‑v-¡-s‑«.''
K-ÔÀ-Ƴ A-{‑]-X‑y-£-\‑m-b‑n.
i-¦-c‑m-N‑m-c‑yÀ D-d-¡-a‑p-WÀ-¶‑p.
AÂ-¸‑w a‑p-¼‑p I-ï k‑z-]‑v-\-t‑a‑mÀ-¯-t‑¸‑mÄ
i-¦-c‑m-N‑m-c‑y-c‑p-s‑S N‑p-ï‑n s‑N-d‑p-]‑p-©‑n-c‑n-b‑p-ï‑mb‑n.
\-Z‑n-b‑n-e‑p-ï‑m-b k‑w-`-h-§-f‑n-t‑e-¡‑v i-¦-c‑m-N‑mc‑y-c‑p-s‑S N‑n-´ C-d-§‑n-s‑¨-¶‑p.
F-´‑m-W‑v b-Y‑mÀ-°-¯‑n \-Z‑n-b‑n k‑w-`-h‑n¨-X‑v? P-e‑m-i-b-¯‑n-t‑e-¡‑v C-d-§‑n-b t‑\-c-¯‑v I‑me‑n³-t‑a ]-c‑p-]-c‑p-¯ h-k‑v-X‑p I‑q-«‑n-a‑p-«‑n.
k‑v-^-S‑n-I‑w t‑]‑m-e‑p-Å P-e-¯‑n-t‑e-¡‑v t‑\‑m-¡‑nb-t‑¸‑mÄ s‑N-d‑n-s‑b‑m-c‑p a‑p-X-e! s‑]-s‑«-¶‑v t‑]-S‑n-¨‑p
\‑n-e-h‑n-f‑n-¨-X‑p‑w B a‑p-X-e \-Z‑n-b‑p-s‑S A-K‑m-[X-b‑n-t‑e-¡‑v D‑u-f‑n-b‑n-«‑v A-{‑]-X‑y-£-a‑m-h‑p-I-b‑p‑w
s‑N-b‑v-X‑p. B a‑p-X-e-b‑m-b‑n-c‑n-¡‑p-t‑a‑m ]‑p-j‑v-]-c-Y³
F-¶ K-ÔÀ-Ƴ. F-¦‑n A-t‑±-l‑w ]-d-ª-X‑v
i-c‑n X-s‑¶. X-s‑â ]‑m-Z-k‑v-]À-i-t‑a-ä a‑p-X-e-b‑m-WX‑v. A-t‑X‑m‑, K-ÔÀ-Æ-s‑\ k‑z-]‑v-\‑w I-ï-X‑v s‑h-d‑p‑w
t‑X‑m-¶-e‑m-b‑n-c‑n-¡‑p-t‑a‑m. F-´‑p X-s‑¶ B-b‑m-e‑p‑w
a‑p-X-e H-c‑p {‑]-X‑o-I-h‑p‑w \‑n-a‑n-¯-h‑p-a‑m-b‑n. a‑p-X-e-b‑ps‑S k‑v-]À-i-t‑a-ä \‑n-a‑n-j-¯‑n k‑v-a‑r-X‑n-]-Y-¯‑n-t‑e¡‑v C-c-¨‑p I-b-d‑n-b `‑o-X‑n h-f-s‑c h-e‑p-X‑m-b‑n-c‑p-¶‑p‑,
B a‑p-X-e ]‑n-S‑n-I‑q-S‑n-b‑n-c‑p-¶‑p-s‑h-¦‑n A-X‑v X-s‑¶
`-£-W-a‑m-¡‑n-¯‑oÀ-¡‑p‑w. A-§-s‑\ k‑w-`-h‑n-¨‑ps‑h-¶‑n-c‑n-¡-s‑«‑, a-\-Ê‑n A-¦‑p-c‑n-¨ t‑h-Z-[À-½
{‑]-N-c-W-s‑a-¶ B-{‑K-l‑w k-^-e‑o-I-c‑n-¡‑m-s‑X
a‑p-X-e-b‑p-s‑S PT-c‑m-á‑n-b‑n F-c‑n-s‑ª‑m-S‑p-§‑p-a‑mb‑n-c‑p-¶‑p. B P-e-P‑o-h‑n £-W-¯‑n A-{‑]-X‑y-£a‑m-s‑b-¦‑n-e‑p‑w A-X‑n-s‑\ eu-I‑n-I k‑p-J-§-f‑p-s‑S
a‑qÀ-¯-c‑q-]-a‑m-b‑n-«‑m-W‑v t‑X‑m-¶‑n-b-X‑v. k‑-¶‑y‑m-k-¯‑n\‑v A-\‑p-a-X‑n X-c‑m-s‑X X-s‑¶ K‑r-l-Ø-\‑m-¡‑m³
s‑]-ä A-½ h-[‑p-h‑n-s‑\ A-t‑\‑z-j‑n-¡‑p-I-b‑m-W‑v.
K‑r-l-Ø‑m-{‑i-a-¯‑n-s‑â {‑]-X‑n-c‑q-]-a‑m-W‑v a‑p-X-e-b‑nÂ
ZÀ-i‑n-¨-X‑v. h‑n-h‑m-l‑w \-S-¡‑p-¶ ]-£‑w ]-t‑©-{‑µ‑nb-§-s‑f I-b-d‑q-c‑n-h‑n-« e‑u-I‑o-I k‑p-J-s‑a-¶ a‑p-X-eb‑p-s‑S h‑m-b‑n A-I-s‑¸-S‑p-a‑m-b‑n-c‑p-¶‑p. A-{‑]-I‑m-c‑w
k‑w-`-h‑n-¨‑p-s‑h-¶‑m k-\‑m-X\ [À-½ a‑q-e‑y-§-

f‑p-s‑S {‑]-N‑m-c-W‑w \-S-¡‑m-s‑X t‑]‑m-I‑p‑w. \‑m-k‑v-X‑nI-c‑m-b _‑u-²-c‑p-t‑S-b‑p‑w h‑ma a‑mÀ-¤‑n-I-f‑p-t‑S-b‑p‑w
I‑m-c‑n-c‑p-¼‑p N-§-e-b‑n \‑n-¶‑p‑w `‑m-c-X‑m‑w-_-s‑b
c-£‑n-¡‑m-\‑m-h‑m-¯ Ø‑n-X‑n h-¶‑p-t‑N-c‑p‑w. a‑p-X-e
k‑v-]À-i‑n-¨ \‑n-a‑n-j-s‑¯ B-Z‑y h‑n-N‑m-c‑w X-s‑¶
A-X‑m-b‑n-c‑p-¶‑p. s‑]-ä A-½-t‑b-¡‑mÄ a-l-¯-c‑w
`‑m-c-X-`‑q-a‑n-b‑m-s‑W-¶ N‑n-´-b‑n-e‑m-W‑v `‑m-c-X‑m‑w-_s‑b h‑n-f‑n-¨‑p I-c-ª-X‑v. A-Ã-t‑b‑m A-t‑½‑, k‑-¶‑y‑mk‑w k‑z‑o-I-c‑n-¨‑v t‑h-Z-{‑]-N‑m-c-W‑w \-S-¯‑n A-½-s‑b
_-Ô-\-¯‑n \‑n-¶‑p‑w a‑p-à-a‑m-¡‑m³ I-g‑n-b‑m-¯
A-h-Ø-b‑n-e‑m-W-t‑Ã‑m C‑u-b‑p-Å-h³. A-t‑½‑,
k‑¶‑y‑m-k-¯‑n-\‑v A-\‑p-a-X‑n \Â-I‑n e‑u-I‑o-I k‑pJ-a‑m-h‑p-¶ a‑p-X-e-b‑p-s‑S h‑m-b‑n \‑n-¶‑p‑w F-s‑¶
c-£-s‑¸-S‑p-t‑¯-W-t‑a-s‑b-¶‑m-W‑v h‑n-f‑n-¨‑p I-c-ªX‑v. B- h‑n-f‑n a-s‑ä‑m-c‑p c‑q-]-¯‑n-e‑m-W‑v s‑]-ä-½ t‑I«-X‑v. k‑-¶‑ym‑-k-¯‑n-\‑v A-\‑p-a-X‑n X-¶‑m a‑p-X-e
]‑n-S‑n-h‑n-S‑p‑w k‑¶‑y‑-k‑n-¸‑n-¨‑p s‑I‑m-Å‑m-s‑a-¶‑v ]-d-b‑q
A-t‑½ F-¶‑m-b‑n-c‑n-¡‑m‑w A-½ t‑I-«-X‑v. X-\‑n-¡‑v
k‑-¶‑y‑m-k Z‑o-£ I‑n-«‑p-h‑m-\‑p‑w t‑h-Z-{‑]-N‑m-c-W-¯‑n\‑v C-d-§‑n-¯‑n-c‑n-¡‑p-h‑m-\‑p-a‑p-Å t‑b‑m-K‑w \-S-¸‑ne‑m-h‑m³ H-c‑p K-ÔÀ-Æ-\‑v i‑m-]-t‑aÂ-t‑¡-ï‑n-h-¶‑p
F-¦‑n A-X‑v G-ä-h‑p‑w h‑n-t‑i-j k‑w-`-h‑w X-s‑¶.
k‑w-k‑m-c k‑m-K-c-¯‑n h‑n-`‑n-¶-a‑m-b-X‑v F-s‑´‑ms‑¡-b‑m-W‑p k‑w-`-h‑n-¡‑p-¶-X‑v. N‑n-´-IÄ-¡‑p h‑nc‑m-a-a‑n-«‑v i-¦-c‑m-N‑m-c‑yÀ Z‑oÀ-L-a‑m-b‑n \‑n-i‑z-k‑n-¨‑p.
k‑w-`-h‑n-¡‑p-¶-s‑X-Ã‑m‑w \-Ã-X‑n-\‑v F-¶ k-a‑m-[‑m-\‑w
t‑X‑m-¶‑n-b-t‑¸‑m-t‑g-¡‑p‑w i-¦-c‑m-N‑m-c‑y-c‑p-s‑S a‑n-g‑n-If‑n \‑n-{‑Z‑m-t‑Z-h‑n I‑p-S‑n-b‑n-c‑p-¶‑p.
i-¦-c‑m-N‑m-c‑yÀ k-¶‑y‑m-k‑w k‑z‑o-I-c‑n-¡‑m³
t‑]‑m-I‑p-¶‑p-s‑h-¶ h‑r-¯‑m-´‑w I‑m-e-S‑n t‑Z-i‑w K‑uc-h-t‑¯‑m-s‑S-b‑m-W‑p I-ï-X‑v. A-t‑±-l-t‑¯‑m-S‑v t‑Z-i¡‑mÀ-¡‑v `-à‑n-b‑p‑w _-l‑p-a‑m-\-h‑p‑w hÀ-²‑n-¨‑p.
a‑m-\-k‑n-I-a‑m-b‑n k‑-¶‑y‑m-k‑w k‑z‑o-I-c‑n-¨‑p
I-g‑n-ª i-¦-c‑m-N‑m-c‑yÀ-¡‑v C-Ã-s‑¯ h‑m-k‑w
A-[‑n-I-¸-ä‑m-b‑n-t‑X‑m-¶‑n. k‑-¶‑y‑m-k‑n-¡‑v [À-½‑w
{‑]-N-c‑n-¸‑n-¡‑p-I F-¶ H-t‑c-s‑b‑m-c‑p e-£‑y-t‑a-b‑pÅ‑p. ]-t‑©-{‑µ‑n-b-§-s‑f \‑n-b-{‑´‑n-¨‑v {‑_-Ò-N-c‑y\‑n-j‑vT-t‑b‑m-s‑S-b‑p-Å P‑o-h‑n-X‑w. {‑_-Ò-N‑m-c‑n-b‑p-s‑S
P‑o-h‑n-X-¯‑n B-i-I-f‑p‑w B-i-¦-I-f‑p-a‑n-Ã. C-\‑nb‑p‑w C-Ã-¯‑p I-g‑n-b‑p-¶-X‑v k‑-¶‑y‑m-k P‑o-h‑n-X-¯‑n\‑p h‑n-c‑p-²-a‑m-W‑v. F-{‑X-b‑p‑w t‑h-K‑w ]‑qÀ-Æ‑m-{‑i-a
_-Ô-\-¯‑n \‑n-¶‑p‑w a‑p-à‑n t‑\-S-W-s‑a-¶‑v i-¦c‑m-N‑m-c‑yÀ B-{‑K-l‑n-¨‑p.
i-¦-c‑m-N‑m-c‑yÀ k‑-¶‑y‑m-k‑w k‑z‑o-I-c‑n-¡‑m³
t‑]‑m-I‑p-¶‑p-s‑h-¶ h‑r-¯‑m-´‑w A-d‑n-ª‑v B-c‑y
A-´À-Ö-\-¯‑n-s‑â k-t‑l‑m-Z-c-\‑p‑w _-Ô‑p-¡-f‑p‑w
t‑a-e‑v-]‑m-g‑q-c‑n \‑n-¶‑p‑w s‑s‑I-¸‑n-Å‑n C-Ã-¯‑p-h-¶‑p.
"t‑I-«-t‑¸‑mÄ h‑y-k-\‑w t‑X‑m-¶‑n. i-¦-c-s‑\¡‑p-d‑n-¨-Ã. \‑n-s‑¶-t‑b‑mÀ-¯‑v, h-¿‑m-¯ I‑m-e-¯‑v
]‑p-{‑X-k‑w-c-£-W‑w A-\‑p-`-h‑n-t‑¡-ï \‑n-¿‑v A-s‑XÃ‑m‑w a-d-¶‑v i-¦-c-\‑v k‑-¶‑y‑m-k-¯‑n-\‑v A-\‑p-a-X‑n

lncWy

Pq¬ 2013

s‑I‑m-S‑p-¯‑p.''
A-½-s‑b a‑m-X‑p-e³ I-W-¡-ä‑p i-I‑m-c‑n-¡‑p-¶X‑v h‑m-X‑nÂ-¸‑m-f‑n-b‑p-s‑S a-d-h‑n H-f‑n-ª‑p \‑n-¶‑v
i-¦-c‑m-N‑m-c‑yÀ t‑I-«‑p. i-¦-c³ ]‑p-d-s‑¯-t‑§‑m
t‑]‑m-b-X‑m-s‑W-¶ [‑m-c-W-b‑n-e‑m-b‑n-c‑p-¶‑p F-Ã‑mh-c‑p‑w. _-Ô‑p-¡-s‑f-Ã‑m‑w h‑r-¯‑m-I‑m-c-¯‑n-e‑m-W‑p
\‑nÂ-¡‑p-¶-X‑v. ]-Ý‑m-¯‑m-]-t‑¯‑m-s‑S A-X‑n-\‑p
a-t‑²‑y A-½-b‑p‑w. a‑m-X‑p-e-\‑m-W‑v F-Ã‑m-hÀ-¡‑p‑w
t‑h-ï‑n A-½-s‑b i-I‑m-c‑n-¡‑p-¶-X‑v. H-c‑p A-£-c‑w
t‑]‑m-e‑p‑w a-d‑p-¯‑p ]-d-b‑m³ A-½-b‑v-¡‑m-h‑p-¶‑n-Ã.
]-©‑m-á‑n a-t‑²‑y X-]-Ê‑p s‑N-¿‑p-¶ X‑m-]-k³
i-c‑o-c-¯‑n G-ä‑p h‑m-§‑p-¶ X‑m-]‑w k-l‑n-¡‑p¶-X‑p-t‑]‑m-s‑e H-c-h-Ø-b‑n-e‑m-W‑v A-½-s‑b-¶‑v
i-¦-c‑m-N‑m-c‑yÀ-¡‑p t‑X‑m-¶‑n. A-t‑X-k-a-b‑w C-S-s‑]S-W-s‑a-¶ t‑X‑m-¶-e‑p-ï‑m-b-X‑p-a‑n-Ã. A-½‑m-h³
C-\‑n-b‑p-s‑a-s‑´‑m-s‑¡ ]-d-b‑p-¶‑p F-¶-d‑n-b‑m³
i-¦-c‑m-N‑m-c‑yÀ I‑m-X‑p I‑qÀ-¸‑n-¨‑p \‑n-¶‑p.
"t‑\‑m-¡‑q Btcy‑, i-¦-c-\‑v k‑w-¶‑y‑m-k-¯‑n-\‑v
A-\‑p-a-X‑n s‑I‑m-S‑p-¯-X‑v F-´‑p ]‑n³-_-e-¯‑m-e‑mW‑v? A-h³ C-\‑n C‑u CÃ-¯‑n h-k‑n-¡‑p-s‑a-¶‑v
t‑X‑m-¶‑p-¶‑p-t‑ï‑m. H-c‑n-¡Â R‑m-\‑n-h‑n-s‑S h-¶-X‑v
C‑u-s‑b‑m-c‑p k‑q-N-\-b‑v-¡‑v ]-c‑n-l‑m-c-a‑p-ï‑m-¡‑m\‑m-W‑v. i-¦-c-s‑\ h‑n-h‑m-l‑w I-g‑n-¸‑n-¨‑v K‑r-l-Ø\‑m-¡-W-s‑a-¶‑v R‑m³ ]-d-ª‑p. i‑n-c-Ê‑n-f-¡‑n
k-½-X‑n-¨ A-t‑X i‑n-c-Ê‑n-f-¡‑n ]‑p-{‑X-\‑v k‑-¶‑y‑mk-¯‑n-\‑v A-\‑p-a-X‑n s‑I‑m-S‑p-¯‑p-h-t‑Ã‑m. I-ã‑w
X-s‑¶. a‑r-X‑y‑p \‑n-g-e‑m-b‑n h-¶‑p \‑nÂ-¡‑p-t‑¼‑mÄ
B-c‑p-ï‑v \‑n-\-¡‑p X‑oÀ-°-P-e‑w ]-Ic‑m³? a-cW‑m-\-´-c IÀ-½-§Ä ]‑p-{‑X-\-s‑à A-\‑p-j‑vT‑nt‑¡-ï-X‑v. R-§-s‑f-Ã‑m‑w I‑m-X-§Ä-¡-¸‑p-d‑w ]‑mÀ¡‑p-¶-h-c‑m-W‑v. H-c‑m-]-¯‑p h-¶‑m F-f‑p-¸-¯‑nÂ
R-§Ä-¡‑v H‑m-S‑n-s‑b-¯‑m-\‑m-h‑p-t‑a‑m?''
B-c‑y A-‑´À-Ö-\‑w a‑p-J‑w s‑]‑m-¯‑n s‑]‑m-«‑n¡-c-ª‑p. A-½-b‑p-s‑S Z‑p‑x-J‑w i-¦-c‑m-N‑m-c‑y-c‑p-s‑S
l‑r-Z-b-s‑¯ ]‑n-S‑n-¨‑p-e-¨-t‑X-b‑n-Ã.
C-\‑n A-hÀ-¡‑n-S-b‑n-t‑e-¡‑v I-S-¶‑p s‑N-Ã‑m-s‑a¶‑v i-¦-c‑m-N‑m-c‑yÀ-¡‑p t‑X‑m-¶‑n.
s‑X‑m-g‑p-I-t‑¿‑m-s‑S A-t‑§‑m-«‑p h-c‑p-¶ i-¦-c-s‑\
F-Ã‑m-h-c‑p‑w I-ï‑p.
F-«‑p h-b-Ê‑p-I‑m-c-\‑v F¬-]-X‑n-s‑â ]-I‑z-Xb‑p-Å `‑m-h‑w. X‑n-f-§‑p-¶ I-®‑p-IÄ. \‑n-Ý-b
Z‑mÀ-V‑y‑w \‑n-d-ª a‑m-\-k‑n-I‑m-h-Ø \-S-¸‑nÂ
{‑]-I-S‑w. _-Ô‑p-P-\-§-s‑f‑m-s‑¡-b‑p‑w i-¦-c‑m-N‑m-c‑yc‑p-s‑S t‑\À-¡‑v A-d‑n-b‑m-s‑X s‑s‑I-IÄ I‑q-¸‑n-t‑¸‑mb‑n. a‑m-X‑r-k-t‑l‑m-Z-c-\‑p a‑m-{‑X‑w s‑X-Ã‑p‑w `‑m-h-t‑`-Za‑p-ï‑m-b‑n-Ã.
i-¦-c‑m-N‑m-c‑y-s‑c I-ï-t‑¸‑m-t‑g-¡‑p‑w B-c‑y
A-´À-Ö-\‑w \‑n-b-{‑´-W‑w h‑n-«‑p.
"D-®‑o.........'' \‑n-e-h‑n-f‑n-¨‑p-s‑I‑m-ï‑v A-´ÀÖ-\‑w i-¦-c‑m-N‑m-c‑y-c‑p-s‑S A-S‑p-t‑¯-¡‑v H‑m-S‑n-s‑b¦‑n-e‑p‑w 's‑X‑m-«‑p-t‑]‑m-I-c‑p-s‑X¶‑v a-\-Ê‑p a-{‑´‑n-¨‑p.

35

36

X‑o-¡-\-e‑n N-h‑n-«‑n-b-X‑p-t‑]‑m-s‑e B-c‑y‑m‑w-_
s‑]-s‑«-¶‑v \‑n-¶‑p.
i-¦-c³ C-t‑¸‑mÄ ]-g-b i-¦-c-\-Ã. a-\Ê‑p-s‑I‑m-ï‑v k‑¶‑y‑m-k‑w k‑z‑o-I-c‑n-¨‑p I-g‑n-ª
i-¦-c‑m-N‑m-c‑y-c‑m-W‑v ]‑qÀ-Æ‑m-{‑i-a N‑n-´-IÄ s‑h-S‑nª k-¶‑y‑m-k‑n. A-¯-c‑w H-c‑p a-l‑m-]‑p-c‑p-j-s‑\
A-½-b‑v-¡‑v t‑]‑m-e‑p‑w k‑v-]À-i‑n-¡‑m-\‑m-h‑n-Ã. B
k‑v-]À-i‑w ]‑qÀ-Æ‑m-{‑i-a N‑n-´-I-f‑n-t‑e-¡‑v I-S-¡‑m\‑n-S-b‑m-¡‑p‑w. A-X‑v s‑I‑m-S‑n-b ]‑m-]-a‑m-W‑v. ]-s‑£‑,
F-¶‑n-«‑p‑w \‑n-b-{‑´‑n-¡‑m-\‑m-h‑p-¶‑n-Ã-t‑Ã‑m....A-S-¡‑n
H-X‑p-¡‑n-s‑b-¦‑n-e‑p‑w Z‑p‑x-J‑w A-W-s‑]‑m-«‑n. B-c‑y
A-´À-Ö-\‑w h‑n-§‑n-¡-c-ª‑p.
C‑u k-a-b-¯‑v A-½‑m-h³ i-¦-c‑m-N‑m-c‑y-c‑p-s‑S
A-S‑p-t‑¯-¡‑v h-¶‑n-«‑v I-W‑vT-a‑n-S-d‑n t‑N‑m-Z‑n-¨‑p.
"i-¦-c‑m‑, t‑IÄ-¡‑p-¶‑n-t‑Ã A-½-b‑p-s‑S t‑c‑m-Z\‑w I‑m-W‑p-¶‑n-t‑Ã Z‑p‑x-J‑w. F-§-s‑\-b‑m-W‑v k‑w¶‑y‑m-k-¯‑n-\‑v A-\‑p-a-X‑n t‑N‑m-Z‑n-¡‑m³ \‑n-\-¡‑p
t‑X‑m-¶‑n-b-X‑v. i-¦-cm‑, ]-¯‑p a‑m-k‑w KÀ-`‑w N‑p-a-¶‑v
s‑\‑m-´‑p-s‑]-ä A-½-b-t‑Ã C-X‑v. H-¡-¯‑p h-¨‑p‑w‑,
t‑X‑m-f‑n-e‑n-«‑p X‑m-c‑m-«‑p ]‑m-«‑p ]‑m-S‑n D-d-¡‑n-b‑p‑w `-Kh I-Y-IÄ ]-d-ª‑p‑w \‑n-s‑¶ h-fÀ-¯‑p-t‑¼‑mÄ
A-½-b‑v-¡‑v \‑n-¶‑n-e‑p-ï‑m-b‑n-c‑p-¶ {‑]-X‑o-£-IÄ
s‑N-d‑p-X‑m-b‑n-c‑p-¶‑n-Ã. B A-½-b‑p-s‑S a-\-Ê‑p \‑o-d‑p¶-X‑v B-ßlÀ-j-t‑¯‑m-s‑S I-ï‑p \‑nÂ-¡‑m³
D-®‑o‑, \‑n-\-s‑¡-§-s‑\ I-g‑n-b‑p-¶‑p? C‑u A-½-s‑b
\‑n-\-¡‑p-t‑]-£‑n-¡‑m-\‑m-h‑p-t‑a‑m. \‑n-s‑¶ A-f-h-ä‑p
k‑v-t‑\-l‑n-¨ C‑u a‑m-X‑p-e-t‑\-b‑p‑w \‑o D-t‑]-£‑n-¡‑p¶‑p-h-t‑Ã‑m. i-¦-c‑m‑, \‑n-\-¡‑p N‑p-ä‑n-e‑p‑w \‑nÂ-¡‑p-¶
C‑u _-Ô‑p-P-\-§-s‑f F-h‑n-S‑w-s‑I‑m-ï‑p \‑o a-d-

¡‑p‑w?''
t‑N‑m-Z‑y-i-c-§-s‑f‑m-¶‑p‑w i-¦-c‑m-N‑m-c‑y-c‑p-s‑S
l‑r-Z-b-s‑¯ a‑p-d‑n-t‑hÂ-¸‑n-¨‑n-Ã. H-s‑¡ X‑o-c‑p-a‑m-\‑n¨‑p-d-¨-X‑m-W‑v. N‑p-c‑p-§‑n-b Z‑n-h-k-§Ä-¡‑p-Å‑nÂ
a-\-Ê‑p‑w i-c‑o-c-h‑p‑w N‑n-´-b‑p-s‑a‑m-s‑¡ ]‑m-I-s‑¸-S‑p¯‑n-¡-g‑n-ª‑p. C-t‑¸‑mÄ kÀ-Æ k‑z-X-{‑´-\‑m-W‑v.
A-X‑p-s‑I‑m-ï‑p-X-s‑¶ A-½-b‑p-t‑S-X‑pÄ-s‑¸-s‑S-b‑p-Å
Z‑p‑x-J-§Ä a-e-b‑p-s‑S t‑\À-¡-S‑p-¯ N-cÂ-¡-Ã‑pIÄ a‑m-{‑X-a‑m-b‑n-¯‑oÀ-¶‑n-c‑n-¡‑p-¶‑p.
"C-{‑X-s‑b‑m-s‑¡ ]-d-ª‑n-«‑p‑w t‑I-«‑n-«‑p‑w D-®‑o‑,
\‑o F-´‑m-W‑v H-¶‑p‑w ]-d-b‑m-¯-X‑v?''
H-c‑p _-Ô‑p i-¦-c‑m-N‑m-c‑y-c‑p-s‑S A-S‑p-t‑¯-¡‑v
h-¶‑n-«‑p t‑N‑m-Z‑n-¨‑p.
i-¦-c‑m-N‑m-c‑yÀ F-Ã‑m-h-t‑c-b‑p-s‑a‑m-¶‑p t‑\‑m-¡‑n.
F-¶‑n-«‑v i‑m-´-a‑m-b‑n ]-d-ª‑p.
"s‑\‑m-´‑p s‑]-ä A-½-s‑b k‑m-ã‑m‑w-K {‑]-W‑ma‑w s‑N-b‑v-X‑p-s‑I‑m-ï‑v F-Ã‑m-h-t‑c‑m-S‑p‑w G-ä-h‑p‑w
h‑n-\-b-t‑¯‑m-s‑S ]-d-b-s‑«‑, R‑m³ C-Ã-¯‑p X-s‑¶
F-¡‑m-e-h‑p‑w D-ï‑m-h-W-s‑a-¶-X‑v h‑y-à‑n-k‑z‑mÀ°-X-b‑m-W‑v. F-s‑â a-\-Ê‑n {‑]hr-¯‑n-a-Þ-e‑w
C‑u `-h-\-a-Ã `‑m-c-X-`‑q-a‑n a‑p-g‑p-h-\‑m-b‑n-«‑p-a‑p-ï‑v.
A-½ F-s‑¶ s‑\‑m-´‑p s‑]-ä-X‑v s‑h-d‑p‑w \‑n-a‑n-¯‑w
a‑m-{‑X‑w. ]‑n-d-¶‑p h‑o-W-X‑v `‑m-c-X-`‑q-a‑n-b‑p-s‑S a-S‑n-¯«‑n-e‑m-W‑v. A-X‑p-s‑I‑m-ï‑v F-s‑â A-½ `‑m-c-X‑m‑w-_b‑m-W‑v. ]-¯‑p-a‑m-k‑w s‑\‑m-´‑p s‑]-ä A-½-t‑b‑m-S‑p‑w
F-\‑n-¡‑v I-S-¸‑m-S‑p-ï‑v. B I-S-¸‑m-S‑v b-Y‑m-h‑n-[‑n
R‑m³ s‑N-b‑v-X‑p X‑oÀ-¡‑p‑w. A-X‑n-t‑e-s‑d I-S-¸‑m-S‑v
`‑m-c-X-a‑m-X‑m-h‑n-t‑\‑m-S‑p-ï‑v. `‑m-c-X-¯‑n-t‑â s‑s‑h-Z‑n-I]‑m-c-¼-c‑y‑w X-IÀ-¯‑p-s‑I‑m-ï‑v `‑m-c-X-a‑m-X‑m-h‑n-s‑\

_-Ô-\-Ø-b‑m-¡‑n a-X-§Ä h-f-c‑p-I-b‑m-W‑n-h‑ns‑S. s‑s‑h-Z‑n-I [À-½-¯‑n-\‑p £-X‑w k‑w-`-h‑n-¨‑n-c‑n¡‑p-¶‑p. `‑m-c-X-a‑m-X‑m-h‑n-s‑\ _-Ô‑n-¨ I‑m-c‑n-c‑p-¼‑p
X-IÀ-¡‑m³ k-¶‑y‑m-k‑w k‑z‑o-I-c‑n-¨‑v {‑_-Ò-N-c‑y\‑n-j‑vT-t‑b‑m-s‑S s‑s‑h-Z‑n-I [À-½‑w B-b‑p-[-a‑m-¡‑n
F-\‑n-¡‑v t‑]‑m-t‑I-ï-X‑p-ï‑v. X‑o-c‑p-a‑m-\-§Ä-¡‑p
a‑m-ä‑w h-c‑p-t‑¯-ï‑n h-¶‑m ]‑n-s‑¶ C‑u i-¦-c³
P‑o-h‑n-¨‑n-c‑p-¶‑n-«‑p I‑m-c‑y-a‑n-Ã.''
i-¦-c‑m-N‑m-c‑y-c‑p-s‑S h‑m-¡‑p-IÄ \‑n-È-Ð‑w F-Ã‑mh-c‑p‑w t‑I-«‑p.
"R‑m³ s‑X-ä‑p-I‑m-c‑n-b‑m-s‑W-¶‑v F-Ã‑m-h-c‑p‑w
]-d-b‑p-¶‑p. k-¶‑y‑m-k-¯‑n-\‑v A-\‑p-a-X‑n X-¶-X‑v
]-c-a A-_-²-a‑m-s‑W-¶‑p‑w ]-g‑n-b‑v-¡‑p-¶‑p.'' B-c‑y
A-´À-Ö-\‑w I-W‑vT-a‑n-S-d‑n-s‑¡‑m-ï‑v i-¦-c‑m-N‑m-c‑yt‑c‑m-S‑p ]-d-ª‑p.
"I‑p-S‑p‑w-_ _-Ô-§Ä k-´‑m-\-]-c-¼-c-I-f‑n-e‑qs‑S \‑n-e-\‑nÀ-¯-W-s‑a-¶‑v B-{‑K-l‑n-¡‑p-¶-hÀ-¡‑p‑w
\-i‑z-c-a‑m-b i-c‑o-c-§-s‑f D-]-c‑n-b‑m-b‑n k‑v-t‑\-l‑n-¡‑p¶-hÀ-¡‑p‑w t‑X‑m-¶‑p-¶-X‑m-W-X‑v. A-X‑n-s‑\ I‑p-ä-s‑¸S‑p-¯‑p-¶‑p-s‑h-¶‑v h‑y‑m-J‑y‑m-\‑n-t‑¡-ï-X‑n-Ã.'' i-¦-c‑mN‑m-c‑yÀ A-½-s‑b k-a‑m-[‑m-\‑n-¸‑n-¡‑m³ {‑i-a‑n-¨‑p.
s‑X-Ã‑n-S a‑u-\-¯‑n-s‑\‑m-S‑p-h‑n i-¦-c‑m-N‑m-c‑yÀ
]‑n-t‑¶-b‑p‑w ]-d-ª‑p.
"\‑m-s‑f {‑]-`‑m-X-¯‑n D-¯-a a‑p-l‑qÀ-¯-a‑p-ï‑v
IÀ-½-]-Y-¯‑n-t‑e-¡‑n-d-§‑m³ C-Ã-¯‑p \‑n-¶‑p‑w C-d§‑n-¯‑n-c‑n-¡‑p-¶-X‑n-\‑v B i‑p-`-a‑p-l‑qÀ-¯‑w R‑m³
s‑X-c-s‑ª-S‑p-¯‑n-c‑n-¡‑p-¶‑p. a‑m-X‑p-e-\‑p‑w k-´‑p-_Ô‑p-¡-f‑p‑w H-s‑¡ C-h‑n-s‑S-b‑p-ï‑v. A-½-s‑b \‑n-§s‑f GÂ-¸‑n-¨‑n-«‑v kÀ-Æ-X‑p‑w X‑y-P‑n-¨‑p-s‑I‑m-ï‑p-Å
b‑m-{‑X-b‑v-¡‑v F-Ã‑m-h-c‑p‑w A-\‑p-{‑K-l‑n-¡-W‑w.''
i-¦-c-h-N-\‑w A-X‑p t‑I-«-h-s‑c k‑w-_-Ô‑n-¨‑n-St‑¯‑m-f‑w H-«‑p‑w i‑p-`-I-c-a‑m-b‑n-c‑p-¶‑n-Ã.
s‑s‑I-¸‑n-Å‑n C-Ã‑w i‑v-a-i‑m-\-a‑q-I-a‑m-b‑n. `-£W‑w t‑]‑m-e‑p‑w I-g‑n-¡‑m³ BÀ-¡‑p‑w a-\-Ê‑p
h-¶‑n-Ã.
i-¦-c‑m-N‑m-c‑yÀ C-s‑X‑m-¶‑p‑w {‑i-²‑n-¡‑m-s‑X b‑m{‑X-b‑v-¡‑p-Å H-c‑p-¡-§Ä X‑p-S-§‑n. `‑m-c-X-a‑m-X‑m-h‑ns‑â ]‑p-{‑X-\‑m-b‑n-s‑¡‑m-ï‑v t‑h-Z-[À-½ {‑]-N-c-W-¯‑n\‑v C-d-§‑n ]‑p-d-s‑¸-S‑m-\‑p-Å H-c‑p-¡‑w.
I‑m-j‑m-b h-k‑v-{‑X-§-f‑p‑w N-µ-\-¯-S‑n-¡-jv-Wh‑p‑w F-S‑p-¯‑p s‑h-¨‑p. \‑m-c‑m-b-h‑p‑w ]-\-t‑b‑m-e-¡‑od‑p-I-f‑p‑w `-{‑Z-a‑m-b‑n s‑I-«‑n. A-s‑X-Ã‑m‑w `‑m-Þ-¯‑ne‑m-¡‑n.
]‑p-{‑X-s‑â A-S‑p-t‑¯-¡‑v s‑N-Ã‑m-\‑p-Å a‑m-\-k‑nI‑m-h-Ø-b‑n-e‑m-b‑n-c‑p-¶‑n-Ã B-c‑y A-´À-Ö-\‑w.
i-¦-c‑m-N‑m-c‑yÀ b‑m-{‑X-¡‑p-Å H-c‑p-¡‑w \-S-¯‑pt‑¼‑mÄ A-´À-Ö-\‑w \-S‑p-¯-f-¯‑n-s‑e a‑p-d‑n-b‑nÂ
t‑X-§-e-S-¡‑n I‑n-S-¡‑p-I-b‑m-b‑n-c‑p-¶‑p.
i-¦-c‑m-N‑m-c‑y-À \‑m-s‑f [À-½-{‑]-N-c-W‑mÀ-°‑w
`‑m-c-X-]-c‑y-S-\-¯‑n-\‑n-d-§‑p-¶ h‑r-¯‑m-´‑w I‑m-e-S‑n
t‑Z-i-¯‑m-s‑I ]-c-¶‑p.

hc: aZ-\³

lncWy

Pq¬ 2013

A-¶-s‑¯ c‑m-{‑X‑n-b‑n i-¦-c‑m-N‑m-c‑yÀ-¡‑v D-d¡‑w h-¶‑n-Ã.
\-Ã K‑p-c‑p-h‑n-s‑\ I-s‑ï-¯-W‑w.
D-¯-a K‑p-c‑p B-c‑m-b‑n-c‑n-¡‑p‑w?
i-¦-c‑m-N‑m-c‑y-c‑p-s‑S N‑n-´ ]-e h‑o-Y‑n-I-f‑n-e‑qs‑S-b‑p‑w k-©-c‑n-¨‑p. \‑n-c-h-[‑n B-N‑m-c‑y³-a‑m-c‑p-s‑S
t‑]-c‑p-IÄ k‑v-a‑r-X‑n-]-Y-¯‑n s‑X-f‑n-ª‑p.
t‑K‑m-h‑n-µ‑m-N‑m-c‑y³!
B ]-Z‑w a-\-Ê‑n \‑n-Ý-e-a‑m-b‑n. K‑p-c‑p-I‑p-e¯‑n ]T‑n-¡‑p-t‑¼‑mÄ K‑p-c‑p-I‑p-e‑m-N‑m-c‑y-\‑m-W‑v
t‑K‑m-h‑n-µ‑m-N‑m-c‑y-c‑p-s‑S I‑oÀ-¯‑n ]-d-ª‑p-X-¶-X‑v.
\À-½-Z‑m \-Z‑n-b‑p-s‑S X‑o-c-¯‑m-W‑v A-t‑±-l-¯‑n-s‑â
B-{‑i-a-s‑a-¶‑p‑w t‑I-«‑n-c‑n-¡‑p-¶‑p.
\À-½-Z‑bpsS X‑o-c-¯‑v F-¯‑n-t‑¨-c-W‑w.
A-h‑n-s‑S X-]-Ê‑p s‑N-¿‑p-¶ t‑K‑m-h‑n-µ‑m-N‑m-c‑ys‑c I-s‑ï-¯‑n K‑p-c‑p-h‑m-b‑n k‑z‑o-I-c‑n-¡-W‑w. i-¦c‑m-N‑m-c‑yÀ X‑o-c‑p-a‑m-\‑n-¨‑p-d-¨‑p.
]‑n-t‑ä Z‑n-h-k‑w.
A-X‑n-c‑m-h‑n-s‑e-¯-s‑¶ A-bÂ-¸-¡-s‑¯ C-ç-f‑n-e‑p-Å B-_‑m-e-h‑r-²‑w P-\-§Ä s‑s‑I-¸-Å‑n
C-Ã-¯‑v F-¯‑n-t‑¨À-¶‑p.
[-a-\‑n-I-f‑n \‑n-¶‑p‑w c-à‑w h‑mÀ-s‑¶‑m-g‑pI‑n-b a‑m-\-k‑n-I‑m-h-Ø-b‑n-e‑m-b‑n-c‑p-¶‑p C-Ã-¯‑pÅ-h-s‑c‑m-s‑¡-b‑p‑w A-h-c‑p-s‑S a‑p-J-¯‑v k‑w-LÀ-jw a‑p-ä‑n \‑nÂ-¡‑p-¶‑p.
X-t‑e-¶‑p X-¿‑m-d‑m-¡‑n s‑h-¨ `‑m-Þ‑w N‑pa-e‑n X‑q-¡‑n i-¦-c‑m-N‑m-c‑yÀ s‑X‑m-g‑p-I-t‑¿‑m-s‑S
C-Ã-¯‑p-\‑n-¶‑p-a‑n-d-§‑p-t‑¼‑mÄ a‑p-ä-¯‑p \‑n-¶‑n-c‑p-¶
B-_‑m-e-h‑r-²‑w P-\-§-f‑p-t‑S-b‑p‑w I-®‑p-\‑n-d-ª‑p.
I-W‑vT-a‑n-S-d‑n.
i-¦-c-s‑\ C-\‑n I‑m-W‑m-\‑m-h‑p-t‑a‑m?
C-§-s‑\-s‑b‑m-c‑p t‑N‑m-Z‑y‑w F-Ã‑m-h-c‑p-t‑S-b‑p‑w
D-Å‑n-e‑p-bÀ-¶‑p.
s‑N-d‑n-s‑b‑m-c‑p t‑X-§-e‑p-bÀ-¶‑p.
i-¦-c³ t‑X-§-e‑p-bÀ-¶‑p t‑I-« `‑m-K-t‑¯-¡‑v
t‑\‑m-¡‑n. ]‑p-{‑X³ `-h-\‑w h‑n-«‑n-d-§‑p-¶-X‑v I‑m-W‑m\‑p-Å I-c‑p-¯‑n-Ã‑m-s‑X B-c‑y t‑X-§‑n-t‑¸‑m-b-X‑mb‑n-c‑p-¶‑p.
i-¦-c‑m-N‑m-c‑yÀ A-½-b‑p-s‑S A-S‑p-s‑¯-¯‑n.
F-¶‑n-«‑p s‑X‑m-g‑p-X‑p.
B-c‑y‑m‑w-_ ]‑p-{‑X-s‑â a‑p-J-t‑¯-¡‑v \‑n-d-a‑n-g‑n-It‑f‑m-s‑S t‑\‑m-¡‑n.
A-½-b‑p-s‑S h-Z-\-§Ä h‑n-d-b‑v-¡‑p-¶-X‑v i-¦c‑m-N‑m-c‑yÀ I-ï‑p.
A-½-b‑v-¡‑p‑w a-I-\‑p‑w A-h-k‑m-\-a‑m-b‑n
F-t‑´‑m ]-d-b‑m-\‑p-ï‑v. A-h-c-X‑v ]-d-b‑m³ `‑m-h‑n¡‑p-¶‑p.
F-´‑m-b‑n-c‑n-¡‑p‑w A-h-c‑p-s‑S s‑a‑m-g‑n-b‑p‑w a-d‑ps‑a‑m-g‑n-b‑p‑w? I-\-¯ \‑n-È-Ð-X-t‑b‑m-s‑S F-Ã‑m-h-c‑p‑w
I‑m-X‑p-I‑qÀ-¸‑n-¨‑p \‑n-¶‑p
(X‑p-S-c‑p‑w‑)

37

tbmK-km-[\

]cky \nc°v

lncWy
hmbn-°q, kq£n-®p-sh-bv°pI
\n߃°n-sXmcp hgn-Im-´n-bmIpw

Hcp e°w

Hcp h¿jw

8000
5000
5000
2500
1500
1500
1000
1000
750

80,000
50,000
50,000
25,000
15,000
15,000
10,000
10,000
7,500

_m-°v Ih-¿ (I-f¿
- )
_m-°v C∂-¿ (I-f¿
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{^-≠v C∂-¿ (I-f¿
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^p-ƒ t]Pv (I-f¿
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^p-ƒ t]Pv (ªm-°v & ssh-‰v)
lm-^v t]Pv (I-f¿
- )
lm-^v t]Pv (ªm°v & ssh-‰v)
Izm-¿´- ¿
- t]Pv (I-f¿
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Izm-¿´- ¿
- t]Pv (ªm°v & ssh-‰v)

sI.-hn.-B¿.-F^v ]ªn-t°-j≥

{ioI-WvtT-izc tdmUv,
tImgn-t°mSv 673 001, t^m¨: 0495 2723181

Aã‑m‑w-K-t‑b‑mK‑hpw
D]m-k-\bpw
D]m-k-\-I-fnse tbmK-amÀKw {]kn-²-am-Wv. AjvSmw-K-tbmKw {Ia-_-²hpw imkv{X-bp-à-hp-am-Wv.
AjvSmw-K-tbm-K-s¯ efn-X-ambn ]cn-N-b-s¸-Sp-¯p-I-bmWv teJ-I³.

Un.Un/sN-°v sI.hn.B-¿.F-^v ]-ªn-t°j-s‚ t]-cn-¬
tIm-gn-t°m-Sv am-dm-hp-∂ X-cØ
- n-¬ F-Sp-°pI.

...............................................................................................................................................................................................................   

HIRAnYA SUBSCRIPTIOn FORM

\º¿:

: .........................................................................................................................................................

hnemkw : .........................................................................................................................................................
............................................................................................................................................................
............................................................................................................................................................
.................................]n≥:............................................t^m¨:....................................................
lncWy amkn-I-bpsS hcn-°mc≥ / hcn-°mcn BIm≥ B{K-ln-°p-∂p. hcn-kw-Jybv°p≈ XpI 220 cq] Hcp h¿j-tØbv°v
Cash/D.D/sN°v \º¿*.....................................................-Xo-øXn:......................................................
*Rs. 20 for outstation cheque

Renewal : Yes

No

N.B: sN°p-Ifpw D.Dbpw KVRF Publication
F∂ t]cn-¬ FSp-°pI

lncWy

H∏v: ...........................................................................
Xo-øXn:.....................................................................
sabv 2011

lncWy
26

t‑b‑m

-K-k‑m-[-\-b‑n-s‑e F-«‑w-K-§-

f‑m-W‑v A-ã‑m‑w-K-t‑b‑mK‑w.
t‑b‑m-K-k‑m-[-\-IÄ A-\‑p-j‑vT‑n-¡‑p-¶ H-c‑p
k‑m-[I-¶‑v t‑b‑m-K-¯‑n-s‑e F-«‑w-K-§f‑p‑w
h-i-a‑m-b‑n-c‑n-t‑¡-ï-X‑pï‑v. "b-a-\‑n-b-a‑mk-\ {‑]‑m-W‑mb‑m-a {‑]-X‑y‑m-l‑m-c-[‑m-c-W
[‑y‑m-\-k-a‑m-[‑n'' C-h-b‑m-W‑v A-ã‑m‑wK§Ä. \-a‑p-¡‑v C-h-b‑ns‑e H‑mt‑c‑m A‑wK-t‑¯b‑p‑w N‑p-c‑p-¡-a‑m-b‑n H-¶‑p h‑n-i-Ie\‑w s‑N-b‑v-X‑p t‑\‑m-¡‑m‑w.
A-ã‑m‑w-K-t‑b‑m-K-¯‑n-s‑e H-¶‑ma-s‑¯
A‑w-K-a‑m-W‑v ba‑w.
A-l‑n‑w-k‑, k-X‑y‑w‑, A-k‑v-t‑Xb‑w‑,
{‑_-Ò-N-c‑y‑w‑, A-]-c‑n-{‑K-l‑w F-¶‑n§-s‑\
A-©‑p h‑n-`‑m-K-§Ä b-a-¯‑n-\‑p-ï‑v.
A-l‑n‑wk - a\-k‑m h‑m-N‑m IÀ½W‑m H-¶‑n-t‑\b‑p‑w t‑{‑Z‑m-l‑n-¡‑m-X‑n-c‑n¡‑p-I
kX‑y‑w - at‑\‑m h‑m-¡‑v I‑mb-§Ä
s‑I‑m-ï‑v k-X‑y-aÃ‑m-¯-s‑X‑m-¶‑p‑w {‑]-hÀ¯‑n-¡‑m-X‑n-c‑n-¡‑pI.
A-k‑v-t‑X-b‑w þ B-c‑p-t‑SX‑p‑w H¶‑p‑w
t‑a‑m-ã‑n-¡‑m-X‑n-c‑n¡‑p-I
{‑_-Ò-Nc‑y‑w - a-\Ê‑p-s‑I‑m-ï‑p‑w‑,
h‑m¡‑p-s‑I‑mï‑p‑w i-c‑o-c‑w s‑I‑mï‑p‑w
s‑s‑e‑w-K‑n-I-h‑n-j-b-¯‑n GÀ-s‑¸-S‑m-X‑n-c‑n¡‑pI.
A-]-c‑n-{‑K-l‑w -\-a‑p-¡‑m-h-i‑y-a‑m-b‑n«‑p-Å-X‑p‑w‑, AÀ-l-X-s‑¸-«-X‑p-aÃ‑m-s‑X
\-a‑p-¡‑m-h-i‑y-a‑nÃ‑m-¯-X‑p‑w‑, B-c‑p-t‑SX‑p‑w
H¶‑p‑w F-S‑p-¡‑m-X‑n-c‑n-¡‑p-I.
c-ï‑ma-s‑¯ A‑w-Ka‑m-b \‑n-ba¯‑n\‑p‑w A-©‑p h‑n-`‑m-K-§Ä Dï‑v. A-h
b-Y‑m-{‑I-a‑w i‑uN‑w‑, k-t‑´‑m-j‑w‑, X-]Ê‑v‑,
k‑z‑m-²‑y‑mb‑w‑, C‑u-i‑z-c-{‑]-W‑n-[‑m-\‑w F-¶‑nh-b‑m-W‑v.
i-c‑o-c-h‑p‑w‑, h‑m¡‑p‑w a-\Ê‑p‑w i‑p-N‑nb‑m-¡‑n s‑h-¡‑p-¶-X‑m-W‑v i‑uN‑w
F-t‑¸‑mg‑p‑w {‑]-k-¶-h-Z-\-\‑m-b‑n-c‑n-¡‑p¶-X‑pX-s‑¶ k-t‑´‑m-j‑w.

Pq¬ 2013

Picture Courtesy: http://1.bp.blogspot.com/

38

t]cv

a-\-Ê‑n-s‑\ H-c‑p h‑n-j-b-¯‑n D-d-¸‑n¨‑p \‑nÀ-¯‑p¶-X‑v X-]Ê‑v
B-ßÚ‑m-\ k-¼‑m-Z-\-¯‑n-\‑mb‑n t‑h-Z-i‑m-k‑v-{‑X‑m-Z‑n-IÄ A-²‑yb-\‑w
s‑N-¿‑p-¶X‑p‑w X-s‑¶-¯‑m³ A-d‑n-b‑m³
{‑i-a‑n-¡‑p-¶X‑p‑w k‑z‑m-²‑y‑m-b‑w F-¶ C-\-

_‑m-e³ I‑p-d‑p-t‑§‑m-«‑v

¯‑nÂ-s‑¸-S‑p-¶‑p.
C‑u-i‑z-c-{‑]-W‑n-[‑m-\‑w þ G-X‑p I‑mc‑y-¯‑n\‑p‑w C‑u-i‑z-c‑m-\‑p-{‑K-l-¯‑n-\‑m-b‑n
{‑]‑mÀ-°‑n-¡‑p-I. FÃ‑m-ä‑n\‑p‑w t‑hïX‑v
C‑u-i‑z-c‑m-\‑p-{‑K-l-a‑m-s‑W-¶‑p k‑m-c‑w.
A-ã‑m‑w-K-t‑b‑m-K-¯‑n-s‑e a‑q-¶‑ma-s‑¯

39

Picture Courtesy:http://s3-media1.ak.yelpcdn.com/

40
A‑w-K‑w B-k-\-a‑m-W‑v.
t‑b‑m-K-k‑m-[-\-IÄ A-\‑p-j‑vT‑n¸m³
k‑z‑o-I-c‑n-¡‑p-¶ k‑p-Jh‑p‑w Ø‑n-c-h‑pa‑m-b
C-c‑p-¸‑n-s‑\-b‑m-W‑v B-k-\-s‑a-¶‑p ]-d-b‑p¶-X‑v.
t‑b‑m-K-i‑m-k‑v-{‑X-¯‑n A-t‑\-I‑w
B-k-\-§Ä h‑n-[‑n-¨‑n-«‑p-s‑ï-¦‑ne‑p‑w \-a‑p¡‑v k‑z‑o-I‑m-c‑y-a‑m-b-h X‑n-c-s‑ª-S‑p-¡‑m-h‑p¶-X‑mW‑v. h-{‑P‑m-k\‑w‑, `‑p-P‑w-K‑m-k\‑w‑,
t‑a-c‑p-Z-Þ‑m-k\‑w‑, i-h‑mk-\‑w F¶‑n-h
A-\‑p-j‑vT‑n-¸‑m³ F-f‑p-¸-a‑p-Å-h-b‑mW‑v. k‑qc‑y-\-a-k‑v-¡‑m-c-¯‑n G-X‑m-s‑ïÃ‑m {‑]
[‑m-\ B-k-\-§f‑p‑w A-S-§‑n-b‑n-«‑pï‑v.
t‑b‑m-K-k‑m-[-\-b‑n-s‑e \‑m-e‑ma-s‑¯
C-\-a‑m-W‑v {‑]‑m-W‑m-b‑ma‑w. {‑]‑mW-s‑\ \‑n-b{‑´‑n-¨‑p \‑nÀ¯‑p-I F-¶-X‑m-W‑v {‑]‑m-W‑mb‑m-a‑w s‑I‑m-ï‑p-t‑±-i‑n-¡‑p-¶X‑v. C-X‑nÂ
i‑z-k-\ {‑]-{‑I‑n-b hf-s‑c {‑]-[‑m-\-a‑mW‑v.
C-ã-a‑p-Å B-k-\-¯‑n C-c‑p-¶ t‑i-j‑w
]-c‑n-W-X {‑]-Ú\‑m-b H-c‑m-N‑m-c‑y-s‑â i‑n£-W-¯‑n t‑h-W‑w t‑b‑m-K-k‑m-[-\-IÄ
A-`‑y-k‑n-¡‑m³. a-d‑n-¨‑m-b‑m h‑n-]-c‑o-X-a‑mb‑n-c‑n¡‑p‑w ^-e‑w.
\‑m-U‑o t‑i‑m-[-\ {‑]‑m-W‑m-b‑ma‑w‑, {‑`ac‑o {‑]‑m-W‑m-b‑ma‑w‑, i‑oX-f‑o {‑]‑m-W‑m-b‑m-a‑w
F¶‑n-h {‑]‑m-W‑mb‑m-a h‑n-`‑m-K-¯‑n-s‑e GX‑m\‑p‑w k‑m-[-\‑m-a‑p-d-I-f‑mW‑v. {‑]‑m-W‑m-b‑ma‑w s‑I‑m-ï‑v i-c‑o-c-h‑p‑w‑, a-\Ê‑p‑w B-t‑c‑mK‑y-a‑p-Å-X‑m-b‑n-¯‑o-c‑p-¶‑p.
A-ã‑m‑w-K-t‑b‑m-K-¯‑n-s‑e

A-©‑ma-s‑¯ A‑w-K-a‑m-W‑v {‑]-X‑y‑m-l‑mc‑w.
C-{‑µ‑n-b§-s‑f A-h-b‑p-s‑S {‑]-h‑r-¯‑nI-f‑n \‑n-¶‑p ]‑n³-X‑n-c‑n-¸‑n-¡-e‑m-W‑v
{‑]-X‑y‑m-l‑mc‑w. h‑n-j-b-§-f‑n-t‑e-¡‑p I-S‑nª‑m-W‑nÃ‑m-s‑X ]‑mª‑p-t‑]‑m-I‑p-¶ a-\Ê‑n-s‑\ A-X‑n \‑n-¶‑v {‑]-X‑y‑m-l‑m-c-¯‑ne‑q-s‑S _-e-a‑m-b‑n ]‑n-´‑n-c‑n-¸‑n-¡‑p-¶‑p.
A-ã‑m‑w-K-t‑b‑m-K-¯‑n-s‑â B-d‑ma-s‑¯
A‑w-Ka‑m-b [‑m-c-W-b‑m G-I‑m-{‑K-X-t‑b‑m-s‑S a-\-Ê‑n-s‑\ H-t‑c t‑I-{‑µ-_‑n-µ‑p-h‑nÂ
D-d-¸‑n-¨‑p \‑nÀ-¯‑p-I-b‑m-W‑v s‑N-¿‑p-¶-X‑v.
G-g‑ma-s‑¯ A‑w-K-a‑m-W‑v [‑y‑m-\‑w.
[‑m-c-W s‑Nb‑v-X h‑n-j-b-s‑¯-¡‑p-d‑n¨‑v a-s‑ä‑m-c‑p N‑n-´-b‑p-anÃ‑m-s‑X \‑n-c´-c‑w
N‑n-´ s‑N-b‑vX‑p-s‑I‑m-ï‑n-c‑n-¡‑p-¶-X‑m-W‑v
[‑y‑m\‑w. F-«‑ma-s‑¯ A‑w-K‑w k-a‑m-[‑nb‑m-W‑v.
[‑y‑m-\‑w A-\‑p-j‑vT‑n¨‑p-s‑I‑m-ï‑n-c‑n¡‑p-t‑¼‑mÄ [‑y‑m-\-h‑n-j-b-h‑p‑w‑, [‑y‑m-\IÀ-¯‑mh‑p‑w H-¶‑m-s‑W¶ t‑_‑m-[‑w
F-t‑¸‑mg‑p‑w D-ï‑m-I‑p¶‑pt‑h‑m A-t‑¸‑m-g\‑p-`-h-s‑¸-S‑p-¶ A-h-Ø-b‑m-W‑v k-a‑m[‑n.
A-X‑mb-X‑v A-X‑o-{‑µ‑o-b‑mh-Ø. k-a‑m[‑n-b‑m t‑b‑m-K‑n k-¨‑n-Z‑m-\-µ‑w ({‑_-Ò‑m\µ‑w‑) A-\‑p-`-h‑n-¡‑p¶‑p. k-a‑m-[‑n-I-f‑nÂ
G-äh‑p‑w t‑{‑i-j‑vT‑w \‑nÀ-Æ‑n-IÂ] k-a‑m-[‑nb‑mW‑v. A-X‑v e-`‑n-¨‑p-I-g‑n-ª‑m ]‑n-s‑¶
P-\-\ a-c-W‑m-Z‑n-I-f‑nÃ. ]-c-a‑m-\-µa‑m-b
{‑_-Ò‑m-\-µ-¯‑n e-b‑n-¨p i‑m-i‑z-Xa‑m-b
i‑m-´‑n s‑s‑I-h-c‑n-¡‑m-\‑m-I‑p-¶‑p.

t‑b‑m-K‑m-\‑p-j‑vT‑m-\-s‑¯-¡‑p-d‑n-¨‑v F-g‑pX‑m-\‑p‑w‑, {‑]-k‑w-K‑n-¡‑m\‑p-s‑a‑m-s‑¡ F-f‑p¸-a‑m-s‑W¦‑ne‑p‑w A-\‑p-j‑vT‑m-\-¯‑n-t‑e-¡‑p
I-S-¡‑p-t‑¼‑m-g‑m-W‑v A-h-b‑p-s‑S {‑]‑m-t‑b‑mK‑nI h‑n-j-a-X-IÄ A-\‑p-`-h-s‑¸-S‑p-I.
H³]-X‑p h‑n-[ h‑n-L‑v-\-§Ä t‑b‑m-K‑m-\‑pj‑vT‑m-\-k-ab-¯‑v A-\‑p-`-h-s‑¸-S‑p-s‑a-¶pw
A-X‑n {‑`-a‑n-¨‑v t‑b‑m-K-k‑m-[-\-I-f‑nÂ
\‑n-¶‑v ]‑n³-h-e‑n-b-c‑p-s‑X¶‑p‑w t‑b‑m-K‑m-N‑mc‑y-·‑mÀ X‑m-¡‑o-X‑v s‑N-¿‑p-¶‑pï‑v. a-\‑pj‑y-c‑m-i‑n-b‑p-s‑S k-¼‑qÀ-® k‑p-c-£-b‑v¡‑v
H‑uj-[-t‑a‑m‑, [-\-h‑y‑mb‑mt‑a‑m CÃ‑m-s‑X
t‑b‑m-K‑m-k-\-a‑p-d-b‑n-e‑q-s‑S a‑m-\k‑n-I i‑mc‑oc‑n-I k‑uJ‑y‑w s‑s‑I-h-c‑n-¡‑m-s‑a-¶-X‑mWv -t‑b‑mK s‑I‑m-ï‑p-Å t‑\-«‑w.
t‑b‑m-K‑m-\‑p-j‑vT‑m-\ k-ab-¯‑v
t‑\-c‑n-t‑S-ï‑n h-c‑p-¶ h‑n-L‑v-\§Ä
1. h‑y‑m-[‑n : i-c‑o-c¯‑n-t‑\‑m‑,
a-\Ê‑nt‑\‑m t‑c‑m-K‑w ]‑n-S‑n-s‑]-S‑pI.
2. k‑v-X‑y‑m\‑w: t‑b‑m-K-k‑m-[-\-IÄ
A-\‑p-j‑vT‑n-¸‑m³ k‑u-I-c‑y-a‑nÃ‑m-¯-t‑¸‑mÄ
k‑m-[-\ a‑p-S-§‑pI.
3. k‑wib‑w: k‑m-[-\-b‑n k‑wi-b‑w
P-\‑n-¡‑pI.
4. {‑]-a‑m-Z‑w : t‑b‑m-K‑m-\‑p-j‑vT‑m\-§t‑f‑m-S‑v \‑nµ t‑X‑m-¶‑pI.
5. B-e-k‑y‑w: t‑b‑m-K A-\‑p-j‑vT‑n-¡‑p¶-X‑n a-S‑n t‑X‑m-¶‑pI.
6. A-h‑nc-X‑n : h‑n-j-b-§-f‑n B-{‑Kl‑w P-\‑n-¨‑v s‑s‑h-c‑mK‑y‑w \-ã-s‑¸-S‑pI.
7. {‑`‑m-´‑n ZÀ-i\‑w: k‑m-[-\-I-f‑nÂ
h‑n-]-c‑o-X-Ú‑m-\-a‑p-ï‑m-h‑p-I.
8. A-e-Ï-`‑q-a‑n-I: h‑n-[‑n-b‑m‑w-h-®‑w
k‑m-[-\-IÄ A-\‑p-j‑vT‑n-¨‑me‑p‑w A-\‑p-`‑qX‑n e-`‑n-¡‑m-X‑n-c‑n-¡‑pI.
9. A-\-h-Ø‑n-XX‑z‑w: e-`‑n-¨ A-\‑p-`‑qX‑n-IÄ Ø‑n-c-a‑m-b‑n \‑nÂ-¡‑m-X‑n-c‑n-¡‑pI
C¯-c‑w h‑n-L‑v-\-§Ä t‑\-c‑n«‑mse‑m¶‑p‑w k‑m-[-\-b‑n \‑n-¶‑v ]‑n³X‑n-c‑n-b-c‑pX‑v. G-X‑v \à I‑m-c‑y-§Ä
B-c‑w-`‑n-¡‑p-t‑¼‑mg‑p‑w h‑n-L‑v-\-§Ä
D-ï‑mh‑p-I k‑m-[‑m-c-W-a‑m-s‑W-¶‑p I-c‑pX‑n h‑n-L‑v-\§-s‑f h‑n-]c‑o-X `‑m-h-\-IÄ
s‑I‑m-ï‑v I‑o-g‑v-s‑¸-S‑p-¯‑p-I. a-\-Ê‑n\‑p‑w
i-c‑o-c-¯‑n\‑p‑w D‑uÀ-Ö-k‑z-e-X-b‑v¡‑p‑w
D-WÀÆ‑p‑w {‑]-[‑m-\‑w s‑N-¿‑p¶ t‑b‑mK-s‑b
Ih-¨‑p s‑h-¡‑p-¶b‑m-s‑X‑m-c‑p N‑n-I‑n-Õ‑mc‑o-X‑n-If‑p‑w t‑e‑m-I¯‑n-s‑e‑m-c‑n-S-¯‑pa‑nÃX-s‑¶, {‑I-a-a‑m-b‑p‑w‑, N‑n-«-b‑mb‑p‑w
A-\‑p-j‑vT‑n-¡-W-s‑a-¶‑p a‑m-{‑X‑w.
a-\‑p-j‑y-c‑m-i‑n-b‑p-s‑S t‑k-h-\-¯‑n-\‑mb‑n P‑o-h‑nX-aÀ-¸‑n-¨ \-½‑p-s‑S `‑m-cX‑ob
t‑b‑m-K‑m-N‑m-c‑y-·‑m-c‑p-s‑S X‑r-¸‑m-Z-§-f‑nÂ
a-\Ê‑p-s‑I‑m-ï‑v F-{‑X {‑]-W-a‑n-¨‑m-e‑m-W‑v
A-[‑n-I-a‑m-h‑pI. n
lncWy

2013þ2014 t‑e-¡‑pÅ
I‑mi‑y-] t‑h-Z d‑n-kÀ-¨‑v ^‑u-t‑ï-j³ `‑m-c-h‑m-l‑nIÄ
k‑m-c-k‑zX-k`

{‑]-k‑n-Uâ‑v
: a‑p-c-f‑o-[-c³. F‑w
s‑s‑h-k‑v {‑]-k‑n-Uâ‑v : _‑m-_‑p-c‑m-P‑v. H
s‑s‑h-k‑v {‑]-k‑n-Uâ‑v : k-X‑y-P‑n-¯‑v. F³
P-\-d s‑k-{‑I-«-d‑n : k‑p-t‑c-j‑v s‑]-c‑p-h-bÂ. k‑n
t‑P‑m-bâ‑v s‑k-{‑I-«-d‑n : i-i‑n-[-c³. s‑I
t‑P‑m-bâ‑v s‑k-{‑I-«-d‑n : D-®‑n-¡‑r-j‑v-W³. ]‑n.-]‑n
A‑w-K-§Ä : _‑m-_‑p. h‑n‑, AÀ-Ö‑p³. P‑n‑, _‑m-_‑p D‑u-c‑m-f‑p-¦Â‑,
{‑i‑o-e-X _‑m-_‑p‑, i-i‑n I-½-t‑«-c‑n‑, ]-¦-P‑m-£³. ]‑n‑, N-{‑µ³ s‑I.
‑, c-t‑a-i³ F.-k‑n.‑, D-t‑]-{‑µ³ S‑n.‑, {‑]-P‑n-¯‑v I‑p-a‑mÀ. h‑n‑, c‑m-t‑P-j‑v.
h‑n.-BÀ.‑, c‑m-t‑P-j‑v. s‑I‑, I‑r-]-I‑p-a‑mÀ. s‑I‑, A-\‑o-j‑v-I‑p-a‑mÀ.-S‑n.‑,
]-h‑n-{‑X³. S‑n‑, {‑]-j‑o-`‑v.s‑I‑, I‑n-t‑j‑mÀ-I‑p-a‑mÀ. F‑w.-]‑n.‑, A-P‑n-¯‑v
I‑p-a‑mÀ. C‑, {‑]-I‑m-i³. s‑I‑, A-`‑n-e‑m-j‑v. F-k‑v, t‑K‑m-I‑pÂ-c‑m-P‑v. s‑I‑,
k-Z‑m-i‑n-h³. s‑I‑, Z‑o-]-I‑v. ]‑n‑, k‑p-[‑m-I-c³. F‑, l-c‑n-Z‑m-k³. F‑,
k‑p-t‑c-{‑µ³. ]‑n.-h‑n.‑, c‑m-a-N-{‑µ³. s‑I‑, i-¦-c-\‑m-c‑m-b-W³.]‑n.-F‑w.‑,
F‑w. P‑n-\‑n-¯‑v, c‑m‑w-Z‑m-k‑v. s‑I‑, c‑m-t‑P-j‑v . ]‑n‑, k‑p-[‑o-j‑v-I‑p-a‑mÀ. h‑n.‑,
k‑p-I‑p-a‑m-c³. F.-s‑I.‑, j‑m-e‑p. s‑I‑, k‑p-µ-c³. F‑w‑, H. {‑]-Z‑o-]³‑,
t‑U‑m. {‑]-`‑m-I-c³‑, c‑m-a-Z‑m-k‑v ]‑n.‑, k‑p-[‑m-I-c³. F.-BÀ.‑, c-R‑v-P‑n-j‑v
F³.-s‑I.‑, c-t‑a-j‑v.-h‑n.h‑n‑, k-X‑o-i³. s‑F

{‑]-hÀ-¯-I-k-a‑n-X‑n

c-£‑m-[‑n-I‑m-c‑n-IÄ
: {‑]-_‑oÀ-I‑p-a‑mÀ. ]‑n‑,
{‑]-I‑m-i‑v ]‑n.-F‑w.
s‑N-bÀ-a‑m³
: h‑n-i‑z-\‑m-Y³. F‑w
{‑]-k‑n-Uâ‑v
: \‑n-j‑n-¯‑v c‑m-P‑v. s‑P
s‑s‑h-k‑v {‑]-k‑n-Uâ‑v
: I‑r-j‑v-W³. h‑n
P-\-d s‑k-{‑I-«-d‑n
: s‑P-Ê‑n-c‑m-P‑v. ]‑n
t‑P‑m: s‑k-{‑I-«-d‑n-a‑mÀ
: _‑m-e-I‑r-j‑v-W³. h‑n.-]‑n.‑,
k‑p-{‑_-Ò-W‑y³. s‑I.-h‑n.
{‑]-t‑X‑y-I £-W‑n-X‑m-h‑v : t‑U‑m. k‑p-{‑_-Ò-W‑y³
A‑w-K-§Ä: c-R‑v-P‑n-¯‑v. h‑n.-]‑n.‑, a-[‑p. S‑n.-F‑w.‑, c‑m-t‑P-j‑v. s‑I.‑,
A-\‑n-g-I‑p-a‑m-c‑n. k‑n‑, c-h‑n-I‑p-a‑mÀ F³.-F‑w.‑, c-h‑o-{‑µ³. s‑I.s‑I‑,
t‑i‑m-`-\ _‑m-e-I‑r-j‑v-W³‑, A-c‑p-t‑W-j‑v F.-s‑I.‑, l-c‑o-j‑v I‑p-a‑mÀ.
F‑w.‑, P‑n-t‑X-j‑v s‑I.‑, D-®‑n-¡‑r-j‑v-W³ h‑n.-]‑n.‑, k‑pÀ-P‑n-¯‑v h‑n.‑,
_‑m-e-I‑r-j‑v-W³-\‑m-bÀ‑, c‑m-[‑m-I‑r-j‑v-W³. F‑w‑, P‑o-P‑m \‑n-j‑n-¯‑vc‑m-P‑v ]‑n.-s‑I.‑, {‑]-`‑m-I-c³ k‑n. k‑p-t‑c-j‑v-I‑p-a‑mÀ s‑I.‑, {‑i‑o-P. F‑w‑,
t‑Z-h‑n. ]‑n.S‑n‑, t‑l-a-e-X ]‑n.-]‑n.‑, ]‑p-j‑v-]-e-X ]‑n.-]‑n.‑, P‑n-t‑P‑m ]-Z‑v-a\‑m-`³. F‑w‑, t‑i‑m-`-\ D-®‑qÀ‑, A-`‑n³. F‑w.-s‑I.‑, A-J‑nÂ. F‑w.-s‑I.‑,
A-c‑p¬-c‑m-P‑v S‑n.-BÀ.‑, k‑p-P‑n-¯‑v-e‑mÂ‑, h‑n-\-b³. ]‑n.‑, A-\‑n-X
]‑n.-]‑n.‑, a‑o-\ S‑n.-]‑n.‑, t‑{‑]-a. s‑I‑, k-X‑o-t‑Z-h‑n. F‑w.‑, {‑i‑o-P‑n-¯‑v. s‑I‑,
_‑n-µ‑p c‑m-a-I‑r-j‑v-W³. _‑n‑, j‑n-t‑\‑m-P‑v C.

a‑m-X‑r-k-a‑n-X‑n

{‑]-k‑n-Uâ‑v
: im´m sI. tat\m-¡n. Sn.kn
s‑k-{‑I-«-d‑n
: kPnX ctajv
AwK-§Ä: A-P‑n-X F‑w.F‑w‑, s‑s‑j-P. s‑I.-F-k‑v.‑, {‑i‑o-e-X. F‑w.]‑n.‑, h‑n-e‑m-k‑n-\‑n. k‑n.‑, A-J‑n-{‑i‑o. F-k‑v.-F³.‑, a‑m-e-X‑n. ]‑n.-k‑n.‑, j‑o_ i‑n-h-Z‑m-k³‑, _‑n-µ‑p h‑n-t‑\‑m-Z‑v-I‑p-a‑mÀ‑, k‑p-j-a c‑m-P³. h‑n.-s‑I.‑,
t‑{‑]-a-e-X F‑w.-s‑I.‑, e‑n-j h‑n.-F-k‑v.‑, k-X‑n. F.-s‑I.‑, k‑p-t‑e‑m-N-\.
s‑I.-k‑n.‑, t‑h‑m-P. F‑w.F³‑, k‑p-t‑P-b‑, ]-ß‑n-\‑n. s‑I‑, k‑p-`‑m-j‑n-W‑n.
S‑n.-F³.‑, ]‑p-j‑v-]. s‑I‑, Z‑o-] t‑k‑m-a³ ]‑n.-]‑n.‑, k‑p-`‑m-j‑n-W‑n S‑o-¨À.
]‑n.‑, _‑n-µ‑p c‑m-a-I‑r-j‑v-W³. _‑n‑, [-\‑y. F³‑, t‑i‑m-`-\. s‑I‑, k‑z]‑v-\. ]‑n.‑, k-c‑n-X. k‑n.-s‑I.‑, ]‑p-j‑v-]-e-X ]‑n.-]‑n.‑, j‑n-_‑n-I‑r-j‑v-W.
Pq¬ 2013

h‑n.‑, k-e‑o-e. ]‑n.‑, t‑Z-h‑n. h‑n.-]‑n.‑, A-½‑p-¡‑p-«‑n. S‑n.-S‑n.‑, c‑m-[‑m-a-W‑n.
s‑I.‑, c-a-W‑n. ]‑n.‑, k‑w-K‑o-X. ]‑n.‑, k-P‑n-X. ]‑n.‑, k‑m-b‑n-P. F‑w.‑, t‑la-e-X. ]‑n.-]‑n.‑, t‑i‑m-`-\ D-®‑qÀ‑, t‑Z-h-I‑n‑, {‑]-I‑m-i‑n-\‑n C.‑, ]‑n. \‑n-j
A-\‑o-j‑v, t‑c-W‑p-I t‑Z-h‑n. ]‑n.‑, t‑P‑y‑m-Õ‑v-\. ]‑n.‑, I-Ã‑y‑m-W‑n ]-ß\‑m-`³. F‑w.‑, k‑p-N‑n-{‑X F‑w.‑, a-R‑v-P‑p-j‑m k‑p-`‑m-j‑v. s‑I‑, {‑]-` k‑p\‑nÂ-I‑p-a‑mÀ ]‑n.-F³.‑, k‑p-a‑w-K-e. ]‑n.‑, A-\‑p. s‑I.‑, {‑i‑o-P S‑o-¨À,
d‑o-\ P-b‑m-\-µ‑v, k‑o-\ l-c‑o-j‑v, s‑I. Z‑o-] _‑m-_‑p-c‑m-P‑v, k‑p-K-X-I‑pa‑m-c‑n.-]‑n.‑, s‑s‑j-a. F³.-s‑I.‑, e-f‑n-X. s‑I.-S‑n.‑, K‑n-c‑n-P \-µ‑m-ß-P³
F³.-]‑n.‑, t‑i‑m-`-\ _‑m-e-I‑r-j‑v-W³.s‑I.‑, K‑n-c‑n-P S‑o-¨À. P‑n‑, P-b-hÃ‑n. F‑w.-]‑n.‑, j‑o-\‑m-c‑m-t‑P-j‑v, s‑s‑l-a‑m-h-X‑n. F‑w.-s‑I.‑, I-e‑m-d‑m-W‑n.
]‑n.‑, a-R‑v-P‑n-a _‑n-P‑p-\‑m-Y‑v, S‑n. e‑o-e‑, h-Õ-e. ]‑n.-S‑n.‑, {‑i‑o-P. F‑w‑,
j‑o-P. F‑w.‑, s‑s‑j-k‑n. ]‑n.‑, F-k‑v. j‑o-_ a-t‑\‑m-P‑v, {‑i‑o-e-X. S‑n.‑,
K‑n-c‑n-P A-S‑n-t‑b‑m-S‑n. s‑I.-F³.‑, t‑Z-h‑n. ]‑n.-S‑n.‑, i‑m-´‑m s‑I. t‑a-t‑\‑m¡‑n. S‑n.-k‑n.‑, A-\‑n-g-I‑p-a‑m-c‑n. k‑n.‑, s‑I. F‑w. k‑p-[ A-P‑n-¯‑v-I‑p-a‑mÀ‑,
\‑n-j. F³‑, c-i‑v-a‑n. S‑n.‑, i-i‑n-I-e. F‑, B-c-X‑n. s‑I‑, i‑y‑m-a-f. s‑I‑,
{‑]-k-¶ c‑m-P³. k‑n.‑, D-j‑m-I‑p-a‑m-c‑n. ]‑n.-BÀ.‑, k‑p-`‑m-j‑n-W‑n. F
‑, {‑]-`‑m-h-Õ³. k‑n‑, {‑]‑o-Z. ]‑n ‑, k-c-k‑z-X‑n. ]‑n.‑, e‑o-\. k‑n.-F‑w.‑,
A-¼‑n-f‑n‑, k-X‑n t‑Z-h‑n F‑w.‑, ]‑n.-]‑n. A-\‑n-X‑, S‑n.-]‑n. a‑o-\‑, t‑{‑]-a.
s‑I‑, s‑s‑j-\‑n k‑p-P‑n-¯‑v. C.-BÀ.‑, j‑n-R‑v-P‑p h‑n-i‑z-\‑m-Y³‑, k‑p-[‑me-£‑v-a‑n.-]‑n.‑, [-\-c-X‑v-\‑w‑, s‑I. BÀ. i‑n-h-Z-I‑p-a‑m-c‑n‑, {‑]-k‑o-Z. ]‑n.‑,
c‑m-[‑n-I. k‑n.‑, k-P‑n-X c-t‑a-j‑v, h‑n-P-b-e-£‑v-a‑n. C‑, ]‑n.-s‑I. P‑o-P
\‑n-j‑n-¯‑v c‑m-P‑v, k‑zÀ-®-e-X h‑n.-S‑n.‑, j‑o-\ l-c‑o-j‑v, i‑m‑w-_-h‑n. ]‑n.‑,
C-µ‑p-e. s‑I‑, a‑n-\‑n t‑a‑m-l³-Z‑m-k‑v, \‑nÀ-½-e. s‑I.‑, K‑n-c‑n-P c‑m-P³‑,
{‑i‑o-t‑c-J‑, P-b‑m-_‑m-_‑p h‑n.‑, _‑o-\. s‑I‑, c-a-W‑n . F‑w

X‑m-\‑qÀ

s‑N-bÀ-a‑m³
: A-\‑nÂ-I‑p-a‑mÀ. k‑n
{‑]-k‑n-Uâ‑v
: k‑p-I‑p-a‑m-c³ F.-s‑I.
s‑s‑h-k‑v {‑]-k‑n-U-ï‑v
: k‑p-t‑c-j‑v s‑I.-]‑n.
s‑k-{‑I-«-d‑n
: a-t‑\‑m-P‑v I‑p-a‑mÀ. h‑n.
t‑P‑m: s‑k-{‑I-«-d‑n
: P-b-c‑m-P³ F³.-]‑n.
{‑]-t‑X‑y-I £-W‑n-X‑m-¡Ä : j‑m-e‑p s‑I‑, c-t‑a-i‑v h‑n.-h‑n.
A‑w-K-§Ä : t‑Z-h-Z‑m-k‑v C.-]‑n.‑, k‑p-{‑_-Ò-W‑y³ BÀ.-]‑n.‑, t‑U‑m.
c-t‑a-i‑v. k‑n.‑, t‑K‑m-]‑n-\‑m-Y³. s‑I.-]‑n.‑, a-t‑\‑m-P‑v-I‑p-a‑mÀ. s‑I.‑, \‑m-c‑mb-W³. ]‑n.‑, k-c-k‑z-X‑n. ]‑n.‑, k-P‑o-h‑v-I‑p-a‑mÀ F‑w.‑, e‑o-\ k‑n.-F‑w.‑,
c‑m-a-N-{‑µ³. s‑I.-F‑w.‑, A-\‑nÂ-I‑p-a‑mÀ. s‑I‑, A-\‑nÂ-I‑p-a‑mÀ. s‑I.]‑n‑,
A-`‑n-c‑m-P‑v. h‑n.

I‑p-µ-a‑w-K-e‑w

s‑N-bÀ-a‑m³
: C. j‑n-t‑\‑m-P‑v
{‑]-k‑n-Uâ‑v
: ]-h‑n-{‑X³. S‑n
s‑s‑h-k‑v {‑]-k‑n-U-ï‑v
: {‑]-I‑m-i³ s‑]‑m-t‑¿-c‑n
s‑k-{‑I-«-d‑n
: k‑p-{‑_-Ò-W‑y³ a‑m-ÌÀ
t‑P‑m: s‑k-{‑I-«-d‑n
: {‑i‑o-P‑n-¯‑v. ]‑n.-]‑n.
]-»‑n-k‑n-ä‑n I¬-h‑o-\À : a-[‑p-k‑q-Z-\³. ]‑n. P‑n
A‑w-K-§Ä : P‑n-\‑p-c‑m-P‑v h‑n.-s‑I.‑, d‑n-P‑o-j‑v-I‑p-a‑mÀ. F‑w.‑, {‑i‑o-[-c³ .
s‑I‑, k‑p-h‑o-j‑v. ]‑n.‑, i‑y‑m‑w-e‑mÂ. s‑I‑, I‑p-a‑m-c³. F³.-s‑I.‑, A-P‑n-X.
F‑w.-F‑w.‑, k-µ‑o-]‑v. ]‑n.‑, t‑K‑m-]‑m-e-I‑r-j‑v-W³ s‑I.-S‑n.‑, s‑s‑j-P. s‑I.F-k‑v.‑, A-\‑nÂ-I‑p-a‑mÀ. ]‑n.‑, {‑i‑o-e-X. F‑w.-]‑n.‑, h‑n-e‑m-k‑n-\‑n. k‑n.‑,
t‑a‑m-l-\³. h‑n‑, k‑p-\‑nÂ. ]‑n

t‑]-c‑m-{‑¼

s‑N-bÀ-a‑m³

: s‑I. i-i‑n-[-c³

41

{‑]-k‑n-Uâ‑v
: N-{‑µ³. s‑I.
s‑s‑h-k‑v {‑]-k‑n-U-ï‑v : c-t‑a-i³. F.-k‑n.
s‑k-{‑I-«-d‑n
: l-c‑n-Z‑m-k³.]‑n.
t‑P‑m: s‑k-{‑I-«-d‑n
: F‑w.-s‑I. c‑m-a-I‑r-j‑v-W³
b-Ú-k-a‑n-X‑n
: c‑m-P³. F³.-s‑I.‑, B-\-µ‑v .F³.-k‑n.‑,
c‑m-t‑I-j‑v ]‑n.-F‑w.‑, t‑{‑i-b-Ê‑v. F.‑,
k-Z‑m-\-µ³. ]‑n.
l‑n-c-W‑y
: l‑n-t‑X-j‑v I‑p-a‑mÀ. s‑I.-F‑w.‑,
e‑n-j l‑n-t‑X-j‑v
h‑n.-F-k‑v.‑, h‑n-P-b³. S‑n
A‑w-K-§Ä : k-X‑n. F.-s‑I.‑, k‑p-t‑e‑m-N-\. s‑I.-k‑n.c‑m-P‑o-h³. s‑I.‑,
t‑h‑m-P. F‑w.-F

s‑I‑m-b‑n-e‑m-ï‑n

42

s‑N-bÀ-t‑]-g‑v-k¬
: ]-ß‑n-\‑n. s‑I.
{‑]-k‑n-Uâ‑v
: c-R‑v-P‑n-j‑v. F³.-s‑I.
s‑s‑h-k‑v {‑]-k‑n-U-ï‑v : s‑s‑j-P‑p F‑w.-k‑n.
s‑k-{‑I-«-d‑n
: ]-¦-P‑m-£³. ]‑n.
t‑P‑m: s‑k-{‑I-«-d‑n
: i‑n-h-Z‑m-k³ k‑n.-S‑n.
{‑]-t‑X‑y-I £-W‑n-X‑m-h‑v : i-i‑n I-½-t‑«-c‑n
A‑w-K-§Ä: a-\‑o-j‑v S‑n.-s‑I.‑, A-U‑z. A-P‑o-j‑v. F³‑, i-i‑n t‑I‑m-«‑v,
`-K-hÂ-Z‑m-k‑v F.-k‑n.‑, A-P‑o-{‑µ³ ]‑n.-F‑w.‑, h‑n-P‑o-j‑v-\‑m-Y‑v h‑n.-s‑I.‑,
I-c‑p-W³. C.-s‑I.‑, `‑m-k‑v-¡-c³. ]‑n.‑, e‑m-e‑p‑, k‑p-`‑m-j‑n-W‑n S‑n.-F³.‑,
]‑p-j‑v-]. s‑I‑, I‑n-c¬ I‑p-a‑mÀ. ]‑n.‑, \‑n-t‑P-j‑v. ]‑n.-F‑w.‑, t‑k‑m-a³

^-t‑d‑m-¡‑v

s‑N-bÀ-a‑m³
: c‑m-a-N-{‑µ³. s‑I
{‑]-k‑n-Uâ‑v
: P‑n-\‑n-¯‑v. F‑w.
s‑s‑h-k‑v {‑]-k‑n-U-ï‑v
: P-b‑v-t‑a‑m-l³. s‑I
s‑k-{‑I-«-d‑n
: i-¦-c-\‑m-c‑m-b-W³. ]‑n.-F‑w.
B-I‑v-S‑n‑w-K‑v s‑k-{‑I-«-d‑n
: k‑p-[‑o-j‑v-I‑p-a‑mÀ. h‑n.
t‑P‑m: s‑k-{‑I-«-d‑n
: A-d‑p-a‑p-J³. F
{‑]-t‑X‑y-I £-W‑n-X‑m-¡Ä : c‑m-t‑P-j‑v. ]‑n.‑, c‑m‑w-Z‑m-k‑v. s‑I.
A‑w-K-§Ä: l-\‑o-j‑v. s‑I‑, k‑p-`‑m-j‑n-W‑n S‑o-¨À. ]‑n.‑, _‑n-µ‑p c‑m-a-I‑rj‑v-W³. _‑n‑, [-\‑y. F³‑, h‑n-i‑z-\‑m-Y³. h‑n.‑, c-t‑a-i³‑, F‑w.-s‑F.‑,
]‑p-f‑n-¡Â I‑n-t‑j‑mÀ F.-s‑I.‑, k‑p-[‑m-I-c³. s‑I.-]‑n.‑, t‑K‑m-]‑m-e-I‑rj‑v-W³ k‑n. a‑m-ÌÀ(]-Å‑n-¡Â‑)‑, A-¿-¸³ ]‑n. (c‑m-a-\‑m-«‑p-I-c‑)‑,
c‑m-t‑P-j‑v F‑w.‑, k‑p-`‑o-d‑m-W‑n. h‑n.‑, k‑p-{‑_-Ò-W‑y³. F

s‑I‑m-f-¯-d

s‑N-bÀ-a‑m³
: k‑p-[‑m-I-c³. F
{‑]-k‑n-Uâ‑v
: i‑n-h-Z‑m-k³. F
s‑s‑h-k‑v {‑]-k‑n-U-ï‑v
: c‑m-P-t‑i-J-c³ h‑n.-F‑w.
s‑k-{‑I-«-d‑n
: a-[‑p S‑n.-F‑w.
t‑P‑m: s‑k-{‑I-«-d‑n
: c-R‑v-P‑n-¯‑v h‑n.-]‑n.
{‑]-t‑X‑y-I £-W‑n-X‑m-h‑v : l-c‑n-Z‑m-k³. F
A‑w-K-§Ä :s‑j-_‑n³. S‑n.-]‑n.‑, \‑n-J‑n C.-F‑w.‑, t‑i‑m-`-\. F‑, k‑z]‑v-\. ]‑n.‑, k-c‑n-X. k‑n.-s‑I.‑, k-h‑n³-\‑m-Y‑v F‑w.

s‑h-Ì‑v-l‑nÂ

s‑N-bÀ-a‑m³
: P‑n-t‑P‑m ]-ß-\‑m-`³. F‑w
{‑]-k‑n-Uâ‑v
: \‑nÀ-½Â-I‑p-a‑mÀ. ]‑n.
s‑s‑h-k‑v {‑]-k‑n-U-ï‑p-a‑mÀ
: {‑]-h‑o¬-I‑p-a‑mÀ.-h‑n.‑, [-\‑p-j‑v. s‑I.
s‑k-{‑I-«-d‑n
: {‑]-P‑n-¯‑v-I‑p-a‑mÀ. h‑n
t‑P‑m: s‑k-{‑I-«-d‑n
: A-c‑p¬-c‑m-P‑v S‑n.-BÀ.
{‑]-t‑X‑y-I £-W‑n-X‑m-¡Ä : P-Ê‑n-c‑m-P‑v. ]‑n‑, D-t‑]-{‑µ³. S‑n.
A‑w-K-§Ä: A-J‑nÂ. F‑w.-s‑I.‑, A-`‑n³. F‑w.-s‑I.‑, A-t‑i‑m-I³
]‑n.-S‑n.‑, h‑n-i‑z-\‑m-Y³. h‑n‑, D-Ã‑m-k‑v. F‑w‑, ]‑p-j‑v-]-e-X F‑w.s‑I‑, j‑n-

_‑n-I‑r-j‑v-W. h‑n.‑, k-\‑o-j‑v d‑m‑w. s‑I‑, c‑m-P‑o-h‑v S‑n.-s‑I.

a-e‑m-¸-d-¼‑v

s‑N-bÀ-a‑m³
: I‑r-]-I‑p-a‑mÀ
{‑]-k‑n-Uâ‑v
: X-¿‑n _‑m-_‑p
s‑s‑h-k‑v {‑]-k‑n-U-ï‑v
: t‑P‑y‑m-X‑n-{‑]-I‑m-i‑v s‑I.-F-k‑v.
s‑k-{‑I-«-d‑n
: h‑n-P-b-I‑p-a‑mÀ. h‑n
t‑P‑m: s‑k-{‑I-«-d‑n
: k‑pÀ-P‑n-¯‑v. h‑n
{‑]-t‑X‑y-I £-W‑n-X‑m-¡Ä : k-X‑y-P‑n-¯‑v. F³‑,
A-\‑o-j‑v-I‑p-a‑mÀ. S‑n
A‑w-K-§Ä: {‑]-`‑m-h-X‑n. F‑w.‑, _Â-c‑m-P‑v. ]‑n.-S‑n.‑, j‑n-©‑p. k‑n‑, \‑n-j
A-\‑o-j‑v. ]‑n‑, D-®‑n-¡‑r-j‑v-W³ h‑n.-]‑n.‑, t‑c-W‑p-I‑m-t‑Z-h‑n. ]‑n‑, t‑P‑y‑mÕ‑v-\. ]‑n‑, G-I-\‑m-Y‑v. h‑n.-]‑n.‑, I-Ã‑y‑m-W‑n ]-ß-\‑m-`³. F‑w.‑, k‑p-N‑n{‑X F‑w.‑, j¬-a‑p-J³. h‑n.

I‑p-ä‑n-¡‑m-«‑qÀ

s‑N-bÀ-a‑m³
: k‑p-t‑c-j‑v s‑]-c‑p-h-bÂ
{‑]-k‑n-Uâ‑v
: I‑n-t‑j‑mÀ-I‑p-a‑mÀ. F‑w.-]‑n.
s‑s‑h-k‑v {‑]-k‑n-U-ï‑v
: {‑]-j‑o-`‑v. s‑I.
s‑k-{‑I-«-d‑n
: i-c-¯‑v Z‑m-k‑v. S‑n
t‑P‑m: s‑k-{‑I-«-d‑n
: {‑i‑o-P‑n-¯‑v. S‑n.
{‑]-t‑X‑y-I £-W‑n-X‑m-h‑v : _‑m-e-I‑r-j‑v-W³-\‑m-bÀ
A‑w-K-§Ä: c‑m-[‑m-I‑r-j‑v-W³ F‑w.‑, _‑n-P‑p. F‑w.‑, k‑n-\‑o-j‑v. k‑n.‑,
k‑p-a‑w-K-e. ]‑n.‑, A-\‑p-c. s‑I‑, A-a‑n-¯‑v I‑p-a‑mÀ‑, N-{‑µ-l‑m-k³ a‑mÌÀ‑, X-t‑]‑m-h-\‑w c‑m-[‑m-I‑r-j‑v-W³‑, i‑n-h-Z‑m-k³. s‑I.‑, i-i‑n‑, {‑]-X‑oj‑v. s‑I.
s‑N-bÀ-a‑m³
: ]‑n.-F‑w. {‑]-I‑m-i‑v
{‑]-k‑n-Uâ‑v
: k‑o-\ l-c‑o-j‑v
s‑s‑h-k‑v {‑]-k‑n-U-ï‑v
: l-c‑o-j‑v I‑p-a‑mÀ F‑w.
s‑k-{‑I-«-d‑n
: d‑o-\ P-b‑m-\-µ‑v
t‑P‑m: s‑k-{‑I-«-d‑n
: k-X‑o-i³. s‑F
{‑]-t‑X‑y-I £-W‑n-X‑m-h‑v : t‑Z-h-I‑n-b-½
A‑w-K-§Ä: s‑I. Z‑o-] _‑m-_‑p-c‑m-P‑v, k‑p-K-X-I‑p-a‑m-c‑n. ]‑n.‑, d‑n-h‑o-j‑v
k‑n.-S‑n.‑, s‑s‑j-a. F³.-s‑I.‑, e-f‑n-X. s‑I.-S‑n.‑, h‑n-P-b-a-W‑n. F‑, {‑i‑o-e‑mk‑v. s‑I.-s‑I.‑, P-b‑m-\-µ³. ]‑n.‑, P‑n-t‑X-j‑v. s‑I‑, c-h‑o-{‑µ³. s‑I.

t‑I‑m-g‑n-t‑¡‑m-S‑v

{‑]-t‑X‑y-I £-W‑n-X‑m-h‑v : _‑m-e-I‑r-j‑v-W³-\‑m-bÀ
s‑N-bÀ-a‑m³
: h‑n.-]‑n. _‑m-e-I‑r-j‑v-W³
{‑]-k‑n-Uâ‑v
: K‑n-c‑n-P \-µ‑m-ß-P³ F³.-]‑n.
s‑s‑h-k‑v {‑]-k‑n-U-ï‑v
: h‑n-t‑h-I‑m-\-µ³ s‑I.-]‑n.
s‑k-{‑I-«-d‑n
: c‑m-[‑m-I‑r-j‑v-W³. h‑n.
t‑P‑m: s‑k-{‑I-«-d‑n
: A-c‑p-t‑W-j‑v F.-s‑I.
A‑w-K-§Ä: _‑m-_‑p h‑n.‑, _‑n-\‑p. F‑w‑, AÀ-Ö‑p³‑, c-h‑o-{‑µ³.
s‑I.-s‑I.‑, _‑m-e-I‑r-j‑v-W³. s‑I.‑, k-Z‑m-i‑n-h³ ‑, t‑i‑m-`-\ _‑m-e-I‑rj‑v-W³. s‑I.‑, k-X‑y-\‑m-Y³ F³.-]‑n.‑, t‑e‑m-l‑n-X‑m-£³. S‑n.-]‑n.‑,
K‑n-c‑n-P S‑o-¨À. P‑n‑, P-b-c‑m-P³. ]‑n‑, D-¯-a³ . s‑I‑, Z‑o-]-I‑v .]‑n.‑,
s‑s‑l-a‑m-h-X‑n. F‑w.-s‑I.
s‑N-bÀ-t‑]-g‑v-k¬
{‑]-k‑n-Uâ‑v
s‑s‑h-k‑v {‑]-k‑n-U-ï‑v
s‑k-{‑I-«-d‑n
t‑P‑m: s‑k-{‑I-«-d‑n

h-S-I-c

{‑]-t‑X‑y-I £-W‑n-X‑m-h‑v : _‑m-e-I‑r-j‑v-W³-\‑m-bÀ
s‑N-bÀ-a‑m³
: ]‑n.-]‑n. D-®‑n-¡‑r-j‑v-W³
{‑]-k‑n-Uâ‑v
: _‑m-_‑p D‑u-c‑m-f‑p-¦Â
s‑s‑h-k‑v {‑]-k‑n-U-ï‑v
: c-h‑n-I‑p-a‑mÀ. F³.-F‑w.
s‑k-{‑I-«-d‑n
: P-b-t‑Z-h³
t‑P‑m: s‑k-{‑I-«-d‑n
: c-P‑o-j‑v. F‑w.-s‑I.
A‑w-K-§Ä: {‑i‑o-e-X. S‑n.‑, P-t‑b-j‑v. F‑w.-F‑w.‑, c‑m-a-I‑r-j‑v-W A-S‑nt‑b‑m-S‑n‑, k‑p-[‑oÀ. h‑n.-]‑n. ‑, t‑I-f-¸³.h‑n‑, K‑n-c‑n-P c‑m-a-I‑r-j‑v-W³ s‑I.F³.‑, t‑U‑m. k-l-t‑Z-h³‑, _‑m-_‑p I-S-t‑a-c‑n‑, I‑r-j‑v-W³

t‑N-h‑m-b‑qÀ

s‑N-bÀ-t‑]-g‑v-k¬
: i‑m-´‑m s‑I. t‑a-t‑\‑m-¡‑n. S‑n.-k‑n.
{‑]-k‑n-Uâ‑v
: A-\‑n-g-I‑p-a‑m-c‑n. k‑n
s‑s‑h-k‑v {‑]-k‑n-U-ï‑v
: {‑]-I‑m-i³. s‑I.
s‑k-{‑I-«-d‑n
: A-P‑n-¯‑v I‑p-a‑mÀ. C
t‑P‑m: s‑k-{‑I-«-d‑n
: k‑p-t‑c-j‑v-_‑m-_‑p. ]‑n.
{‑]-t‑X‑y-I £-W‑n-X‑m-h‑v : H. _‑m-_‑p-c‑m-P‑v
A‑w-K-§Ä: s‑I.-F‑w. k‑p-[ A-P‑n-¯‑v-I‑p-a‑mÀ‑, \‑n-j. F³.‑, A-`‑ne‑m-j‑v. F-k‑v, c-i‑v-a‑n. S‑n.‑, {‑]-t‑i‑m-`‑v h‑n.-]‑n.‑, c‑m-t‑P-j‑v. s‑I‑, i-i‑n-I-e.
F‑, a-t‑\‑m-l-c³. ]‑n.‑, B-c-X‑n. s‑I.

I‑m-c-¸-d-¼‑v

]-´‑o-c‑m-¦‑m-h‑v

I-Ã‑m-b‑v

{‑]-t‑X‑y-I £-W‑n-X‑m-h‑v : k‑p-t‑c-j‑v I‑p-a‑mÀ. s‑I.
A‑w-K-§Ä: {‑i‑o-P‑n-¯‑v. s‑I.‑, {‑i‑o-P. F‑w.‑, l-c‑o-j‑v, j‑o-P. F‑w.‑,
s‑s‑j-k‑n. ]‑n.‑, F-k‑v. j‑o-_ a-t‑\‑m-P‑v, P-b-t‑Z-h³ h‑n.-s‑I.

: S‑n. e‑o-e
: I‑n-t‑j‑mÀ-I‑p-a‑mÀ. h‑n.
: k‑p-t‑K-j‑v _‑m-_‑p F‑w.-]‑n.
: k‑p-t‑c-{‑µ³. ]‑n.-h‑n.
: h-Õ-e. ]‑n.-S‑n.

s‑N-bÀ-a‑m³
: F‑w. a‑p-c-f‑o-[-c³
{‑]-k‑n-Uâ‑v
: N-{‑µ³. F‑w.
s‑s‑h-k‑v {‑]-k‑n-U-ï‑v
: h‑n-\-b³. ]‑n.
s‑k-{‑I-«-d‑n
: c‑m-t‑P-j‑v h‑n.-BÀ.
t‑P‑m: s‑k-{‑I-«-d‑n
: c‑m-t‑P-j‑v s‑I.
{‑]-t‑X‑y-I £-W‑n-X‑m-h‑v : h‑n. I‑r-j‑v-W³
A‑w-K-§Ä : h-Õ³. s‑I‑, k-t‑´‑m-j‑v I‑p-a‑mÀ F‑w.-h‑n.‑, j‑n-P‑p. ]‑n.‑,
c‑q-t‑]-j‑v. k‑n‑, a-t‑\‑m-l-c³. k‑n.-]‑n.‑, _‑n-P‑p F³.-s‑I.‑, k-X‑n t‑Z-h‑n.
F‑w.‑, ]‑n.-]‑n. A-\‑n-X ‑, S‑n.-]‑n. a‑o-\‑, t‑{‑]-a. s‑I.‑, s‑s‑j-\‑n k‑p-P‑n-¯‑v
C.-BÀ‑, [-\-c-X‑v-\‑w. S‑n‑, A-t‑e‑m-I‑v-N-{‑µ³. F‑w‑, A-X‑p h-Õ³.
s‑I‑, j‑n-R‑v-P‑p h‑n-i‑z-\‑m-Y³‑, k‑p-[‑m-e-£‑v-a‑n.-]‑n.‑, {‑]-I‑m-i‑v. ]‑n.h‑n.

_‑m-e‑p-t‑È-c‑n

{‑]-t‑X‑y-I £-W‑n-X‑m-h‑v : h‑n. I‑r-j‑v-W³
s‑N-bÀ-a‑m³
: F³.s‑I. c‑m-P³
{‑]-k‑n-Uâ‑v
: I‑r-j‑v-W-Z‑m-k‑v. ]‑n
s‑s‑h-k‑v {‑]-k‑n-U-ï‑v
: _‑m-e-I‑r-j‑v-W³. s‑I. s‑I.
s‑k-{‑I-«-d‑n
: h‑n-t‑\‑m-Z‑v. s‑I
t‑P‑m: s‑k-{‑I-«-d‑n
: i‑n-h-Z‑m-k³. s‑I.-s‑I.
A‑w-K-§Ä : `‑m-k‑v-¡-c³. S‑n.]‑n‑, _‑n-µ‑p h‑n-t‑\‑m-Z‑v-I‑p-a‑mÀ‑, k‑p-\‑nÂI‑p-a‑mÀ s‑I.-]‑n.‑, A-X‑pÂ-Z‑m-k‑v. s‑I.s‑I‑, j‑o-_ i‑n-h-Z‑m-k³‑, c‑mP³ s‑I.-s‑I.‑, t‑{‑]-a-e-X F‑w.-s‑I.‑, c‑m-a³-I‑p-«‑n h‑n.-F-k‑v.‑, a‑m-e-X‑n.
]‑n.-k‑n.A-J‑n-{‑i‑o. F-k‑v. F³.

X‑r-È‑qÀ

s‑N-bÀ-a‑m³
{‑]-k‑n-Uâ‑v
s‑s‑h-k‑v {‑]-k‑n-U-ï‑v
lncWy

Pq¬ 2013

: k‑n.-s‑I. k‑p-P‑n-¯‑v-I‑p-a‑mÀ
: t‑U‑m. {‑]-`‑m-I-c³. s‑I.-_‑n.
: c‑m‑w-Z‑m-k‑v. ]‑n.

s‑k-{‑I-«-d‑n
: i-i‑n-[-c³. s‑I.
t‑P‑m: s‑k-{‑I-«-d‑n
: k‑p-[‑m-I-c³ F.-BÀ.
A‑w-K-§Ä: k‑p-t‑c-j‑v F‑w.-F-k‑v.‑, k-P‑n F-k‑v.‑, h‑n-t‑\‑m-Z‑v. b‑p.‑, \‑nÀ½-e. s‑I.‑, K‑n-c‑n-P c‑m-P³‑, {‑i‑o-t‑c-J‑, h‑n-I‑m-k‑v F.-]‑n.‑, _‑n-\‑o-j‑v
F‑w.-F-k‑v.‑, {‑]-I‑m-i³ F.-s‑I.‑, P-b-‑m-_‑m-_‑p h‑n.‑, P-b-{‑]-I‑m-i‑v s‑I.F.

I-®‑qÀ

s‑N-bÀ-a‑m³
: k‑p-t‑c-j‑v-_‑m-_‑p. s‑I
{‑]-k‑n-Uâ‑v
: {‑]-Z‑o-]³. H
s‑s‑h-k‑v {‑]-k‑n-U-ï‑v
: P-\‑mÀ-±-\³. s‑I.-h‑n.
s‑k-{‑I-«-d‑n
: a-t‑\‑m-P‑v ]‑n.-s‑I.
t‑P‑m: s‑k-{‑I-«-d‑n
: N-{‑µ-t‑i-J-c³. s‑I.
{‑]-t‑X‑y-I £-W‑n-X‑m-h‑v : A-U‑z: h‑n-P-b³. s‑I.
A‑w-K-§Ä: {‑i‑o-h‑n-c‑m-P‑v k‑n.-s‑I.‑, a-t‑\‑m-P‑v F-k‑v. (a‑m-l‑n‑)‑, N‑nï³ ]‑n.-h‑n. ‑, t‑K‑m-h‑n-µ³. P‑n‑, i-i‑n. h‑n‑, k-R‑v-P‑o-h‑v s‑F.-s‑I.
k-t‑´‑m-j‑v. F‑w.‑, s‑I. BÀ. i‑n-h-Z I‑p-a‑m-c‑n‑, A-\‑o-j‑v I‑p-a‑mÀ ]‑n.k‑n.‑, A-P-b-I‑p-a‑mÀ. s‑I.‑, {‑]-h‑o¬-I‑p-a‑mÀ s‑s‑I-¸-t‑¨-c‑n‑, k-P‑n-¯‑v.
s‑I.‑, P‑n-t‑X-j‑v. s‑I.‑, A-\‑o-j‑v. ]‑n.‑, i‑n-h‑m-\-µ³. s‑I.‑, {‑]-k‑o-Z.
]‑n.‑, c‑m-[‑n-I. k‑n.‑, k-t‑P-j‑v ]‑n.-s‑I.‑, c‑m-l‑pÂ. C ‑, c-h‑o-{‑µ³ k‑n.]‑n.‑, h‑n.-h‑n. c‑m-P‑o-h³

h-b-\‑m-S‑v

s‑N-bÀ-a‑m³
: h‑n.-F‑w. h-Õ³
{‑]-k‑n-Uâ‑v
: k‑p-µ-c³. F‑w
s‑s‑h-k‑v {‑]-k‑n-U-ï‑v
: {‑]-`‑m-I-c³. s‑I
s‑k-{‑I-«-d‑n
: P-\‑mÀ-±-\³ a‑m-ÌÀ
t‑P‑m: s‑k-{‑I-«-d‑n
: _‑m-e-I‑r-j‑v-W³. s‑I
A‑w-K-§Ä : a-t‑\‑m-P‑v. h‑n.-s‑I.‑, h‑n-\‑nÂ. H.-F³ ‑, a‑p-I‑p-µ³ F‑w.h‑n.‑, c‑m-a-I‑r-j‑v-W³. F‑, i‑y‑m-a-f. s‑I‑, {‑]-k-¶ c‑m-P³. k‑n‑, k‑p\‑n h‑n.F‑, D-j‑m-I‑p-a‑m-c‑n‑, ]‑p-j‑v-]³ c‑m-P³. h‑n.‑, k‑p-`‑m-j‑n-W‑n.
F‑, {‑]-`‑m-h-Õ³. k‑n‑, {‑]‑o-Z. ]‑n

h-f-b-\‑m-S‑v

s‑N-bÀ-a‑m³
: \‑n-j‑n-¯‑v c‑m-P‑v. s‑P
{‑]-k‑n-U-ï‑v
: j‑n-[‑n-c‑m-P‑v. F³.-s‑I.
s‑s‑h-k‑v {‑]-k‑n-U-ï‑v
: N-{‑µ³. S‑n.
s‑k-{‑I-«-d‑n
: t‑K‑m-I‑pÂ-c‑m-P‑v. s‑I.
t‑P‑m: s‑k-{‑I-«-d‑n
: h‑n-t‑\‑m-Z‑v-I‑p-a‑mÀ. ]‑n.s‑]-c‑p-s‑´‑m-S‑n
{‑]-t‑X‑y-I £-W‑n-X‑m-h‑v : k-P‑n-X c-t‑a-j‑v
A‑w-K-§Ä: A-`‑n-e‑m-j‑v, h‑n-P-b-e-£‑v-a‑n. C.‑, P‑o-P \‑n-j‑n-¯‑v c‑m-P‑v.
]‑n.-s‑I.‑, k‑zÀ-®-e-X h‑n.-S‑n.‑, j‑o-\ l-c‑o-jv‑, i‑m‑w-_-h‑n. ]‑n.‑, C-µ‑p-e.
s‑I.

]-c-¸-\-§‑m-S‑n

s‑N-bÀ-a‑m³
: Z-b‑m-\-µ³ F‑w.-]‑n.
{‑]-k‑n-U-ï‑v
: {‑]-`‑m-I-c³ s‑I.-s‑I.
s‑s‑h: {‑]-k‑n-U-ï‑v
: k‑m-_‑p h‑n.-F³.
s‑k-{‑I-«-d‑n
: c‑m-[‑m-I‑r-j‑v-W³. ]‑n-
t‑P‑m: s‑k-{‑I-«-d‑n
: \‑m-c‑m-b-W³. s‑I.-]‑n.
A‑w-K-§Ä: _‑m-_‑p s‑I‑, c‑m-l‑pÂ. s‑I‑, c-a-W‑n . F‑w‑, i-c-¯‑vI‑p-a‑mÀ. s‑I.s‑I‑, c-K‑o-j‑v. s‑I‑, h‑m-k‑p. ]‑n‑, A-d‑p-a‑p-J³. s‑I.-]‑n.‑,
A-\‑q-]‑v. F‑w.]‑n‑, _‑o-\. s‑I

\‑n-e-¼‑qÀ

s‑N-bÀ-a‑m³

: s‑I.-F-k‑v. {‑]-I‑m-i‑v

43

]pkvX-I-]-cn-Nbw

{‑]-W-b-¯‑n-s‑â a‑q-¶‑m‑w-I®‑v
s‑I.h‑n. t‑a‑m-l³-I‑p-a‑mÀ
t‑]-P‑v 184‑, hne: 120.
{]km-[-IÀ: U‑n.k‑n. _‑p-¡‑vk‑v

44

[À-½-t‑_‑m[‑w
_‑p-²-ZÀ-i-\-§-f‑p-s‑S k‑w-h‑m-Z‑m-ß-I-Xb‑p-s‑S A-S‑n-Ø‑m-\-i‑n-e-b‑n ]-W‑n-X‑pbÀ¯‑n-b I‑m-h‑y-i‑n-e‑v-]-a‑m-W‑v s‑I.h‑n.
t‑a‑m-l³-I‑p-a‑m-d‑n-s‑â {‑]-W-b-¯‑n-s‑â
a‑q¶‑m‑w I®‑v. ]‑p-c‑m-X-\a‑m-b Ø-eI‑m-e-§-f‑n \-s‑½ s‑I‑m-ï‑p \‑nÀ-¯‑n
P‑o-h‑n-X-¯‑n-s‑â k-a‑p-{‑Z‑m-b-\-§Ä-¡‑v
]‑p-¯³ {‑]-I‑m-i‑w \Â-I‑p-¶ {‑]-W-b¯‑n-s‑â D-Z‑m-¯-X \‑n-d-ª‑p-\‑n¡‑p¶‑ At\z-j-W-§Ä. X‑r-j‑v-WI-s‑f
s‑s‑I-s‑h-S‑n-ª‑p-Å Ú‑m-\-b‑m-{‑X-b‑m-W‑v
c‑m-l‑pe-\‑v h‑n-[‑n-¡-s‑¸-«X‑v. B b‑m-{‑Xb‑p-s‑S ]-c‑n-W‑m-a-§-f‑m-W‑v t‑\‑m-h-e‑n-k‑v-ä‑v
B-J‑y‑m-\‑w s‑N-¿‑p-¶X‑v. {‑]W-b‑w X‑pd¶‑p X-c‑p-¶ a‑q¶‑m‑w I-®‑m-W‑v C-h‑n-s‑S
{‑]-X‑n-]‑m-Z‑y‑w. ""C-h-b‑n \‑n-s‑¶Ã‑m‑w
F-¶-t‑¶-¡‑p-a‑m-b‑n t‑a‑mN-\‑w t‑\SW‑w
C‑u k‑w-k‑m-c-N-{I-¯‑n \‑n-¶‑v, `‑uX‑nI {‑]-]-©-¯‑n \‑n-¶‑v A-X‑n-¶‑p-f-f
h-g‑n-b‑m-W-h³ t‑X-S‑p¶-X‑v \‑nÀ-Æ‑m-W-¯‑nt‑e-¡‑p-Å hg‑n. \‑nÀ-Æ‑m-W-¯‑n-t‑e-¡‑p-Å
]‑m-X-b‑n N-]-eh‑p‑w N-©-e-h‑p-a‑m-b-h
X-S-Ê-a‑m-I-c‑pX‑v. \‑nÀ-Æ‑m-W‑w P-· ]‑p-\ÀP-·-¯‑n \‑n-¶‑pÅ t‑a‑mN-\‑w _-Ô-§f‑n \‑n¶‑p‑w _-Ô-\-§-f‑n \‑n¶‑p‑w
t‑a‑m-N-\‑w........Bk-à‑n B-ß-k‑m-£‑m-

s‑Nd‑n-b s‑Nd‑n-b
Bß‑o-b I-YIÄ

t‑X-\‑n s‑]‑m³-K-t‑Wj‑v
t‑]-P‑v 120‑, h‑ne: 80 c‑q]
{‑]-k‑m-[IÀ: a‑m-X‑r-`‑q-a‑n _‑p-I‑vk‑v

X‑v-¡‑m-c-¯‑n-s‑â ]‑m-X-b‑n-s‑e h‑n-e-§‑p-XS‑n-b‑m-s‑W-¶‑v A-d‑n-b‑p-I‑, A-t‑\‑z-j‑n¡‑p-I
\‑n-c-´-ca‑m-b b‑m-{‑X-I-f‑n-e‑q-s‑S \‑n-s‑â
A-t‑\‑zj-W‑w X‑p-S-c‑pI.
X‑r-j‑v-WI-s‑f A-d‑p-¯‑v \‑nÀ-Æ‑m-W¯‑n-t‑e-¡‑p-Å h-g‑n-IÄ X‑n-c-b‑p-I-b‑m-b‑nc‑p-¶‑p c‑m-l‑pe³. ""H‑mt‑c‑m N‑ph-S‑v s‑h¡‑p-t‑¼‑mg‑p‑w X‑m-s‑\‑m-c‑p A-X‑n-i-àa‑m-b
I‑m-´-¯‑n-¶‑p t‑\-s‑c \-S-¶-S‑p-¡‑p-I-b‑ms‑W-¶‑p t‑X‑m¶‑n. I‑mÂ-h-g‑n-IÄ ]‑n-¶‑n-«‑v
tZi t‑Z-i‑m-´-c-§-f‑n-s‑e§pw {‑]-W-b¯‑n-s‑â A-c‑n-{]mh‑pI-s‑f ]-d-¯‑n-h‑n-S‑m\‑p-Å b‑m{‑X. t‑e‑m-I‑w a‑p-g‑p-h\-X‑v N‑n-d-IS‑n-¨‑v ]-d-¡W‑w. h‑n-i‑z-h‑n-l‑m-b-Ê‑n-t‑e-¡‑v
]-d-¶‑p-b-cW‑w. {‑]W-b‑w P‑o-h-t‑I‑m-i-§f‑n-t‑e¡‑p‑w \‑n-d-b‑p¶‑p. F-s‑´‑ms‑¡t‑b‑m
c‑m-k-a‑m-ä-§Ä......''
X-\‑n-¡‑p a‑p-s‑¼ _‑p-²-]-Z-¯‑ns‑e¯‑n-b kmÀ° hmlI kwL¯nsâ t\Xr-Xz-apÅ Hcp-h-sf-bmWv
AbmÄ¡v A`n-ap-Jo-I-cn-t¡ï-n
h-¶-Xv. I-¸Â-¸‑m-b-I-f‑n X-«‑n hcp¶
I‑m-t‑ä-ä‑v I-S-e‑n-s‑â \‑o-e‑n-a-b‑n-t‑e-¡‑p-ä‑p
t‑\‑m-¡‑n \-a‑p-¡‑v \‑nÂ-t‑¡t‑ï? I-S-e‑n¶‑p a‑o-s‑X C-c‑pÄ ]-c-¡‑p-¶ c‑m-{‑X‑n-b‑m-a§-f‑n \‑o-e-¯‑n-a‑n‑w-K-e-§Ä ]‑m-S‑p¶-X‑v

\-N‑n-t‑I-XÊ‑v

t‑IÄ-t‑¡t‑ï. B-I‑m-i-h‑n-X‑m-\-§f‑n \‑n-¶‑p c‑m-{‑X‑n-b‑p-s‑S C-c‑p-f‑n-a-b‑nt‑e-¡‑v \-£-{‑X-¡‑p-c‑p-¶‑p-IÄ A-SÀ-¶‑v
h‑o-g‑p¶-X‑v t‑\‑m-¡‑n-\‑nÂ-t‑¡-t‑ï? ''
i-Ð‑w Pm_‑m-e-b‑p-t‑S-X‑m-b‑n-c‑p¶‑p.
c‑m-l‑p-e-t‑â-X‑v H-c‑p X‑n-c‑n-¨‑p-h-ch‑mt‑W‑m? At‑X‑m {‑]-W-b-¯‑n-s‑â D-Z‑m¯-X-b‑n-t‑e-¡‑p-Å B-t‑c‑ml-W-t‑a‑m?
P‑o-h‑n-X-¯‑nsâ k-a‑p-{‑Z-b‑m-\-§-Ä¡v
A-X‑v ]‑pX‑n-b s‑h-f‑n-¨‑w \Â-I‑p¶‑p.
a‑q¶‑m‑w I-®‑n k‑q-c‑y\‑p‑w N{µ\pw
s‑h-f‑n-¨h‑p‑w I‑mä‑p‑w l-c‑n-Xh‑p‑w D‑uÀ-P{‑]-lÀ-j-§-f‑p‑w.
Xm{´n-I-_p-²nkw F¶ _p²X-{´n-bpsS Bg-§Ä tXSn bm{X,
Hmtjm-bpsS ZÀi-\-§-fpsS thcpIÄ Rm³ AhnsS Iïp. AXy´w
{ia-I-c-amb BJym-\w. Z‑mÀ-i-\‑nIa‑m-b DÄ-k‑v-]-µ-\§Ä‑, A-X‑n-k‑p-µca‑m-b `‑m-j-b‑p-s‑S D-]-t‑b‑mK‑w. h‑m-b-\¡‑mc-\‑v k‑w-K‑o-X‑m-ß-Ia‑m-b X‑m-fh‑p‑w
t‑_‑m-[h‑p‑w \Â-I‑p-¶p C‑u t‑\‑mhÂ.
]‑p-c‑m-X-\a‑m-b A-´-c‑o-£-t‑¯‑m-S‑pw
N-c‑n-{‑X-t‑¯‑mS‑p‑w X‑n-I¨‑p‑w \‑o-X‑n-]‑p-eÀ¯‑n-b‑n-«‑p-ï‑v t‑\‑m-h-e‑n-k‑v-ä‑v.

t‑i‑z-X-t‑IX‑p‑, k-X‑y-I‑m-a³ F-¶‑o
I-h‑n-X‑m-k-a‑m-l‑m-c-§Ä F-g‑pX‑n-b
I-h‑n s‑I.k‑n. c‑m-Lh-s‑â G-äh‑p‑w
]‑pX‑n-b J-Þ-I‑m-h‑y-a‑m-W‑v \-N‑n-t‑IXÊ‑v. I‑r-j‑v-W b-P‑pÀ-t‑h-Z‑o-ba‑m-b
I-t‑T‑m-]-\‑n-j-¯‑n-s‑e \-N‑n-t‑I-X-Ê‑ns‑â I-Y-b‑v-¡‑v \tXm-¶X h‑r-¯-¯‑ne‑p-Å I-h‑n-X‑m-]‑p-\-c‑m-h‑n-j‑v-¡‑m-c-a‑mW‑v
C‑u {‑KÙ‑w. e-f‑n-X-a‑mb‑p‑w B-i-b-k¼‑qÀ-®-a‑mb‑p‑w `‑m-c-X-k‑w-k‑v-I‑r-X‑n-s‑b
b-Y‑mÀ-°-¯‑n h‑y‑m-J‑y‑m-\‑n-¡‑p-I-b‑mW‑v I-h‑n.
a‑p-\‑n-I‑p-a‑m-c\‑m-b \-N‑n-t‑IX-Ê‑v
X-s‑â ]‑n-X‑mh‑m-b K‑u-Xa-s‑â h‑n-IÀ½§-s‑f I-ï‑v A-X‑n-s‑â ]-c‑n-W‑m-as‑¯-¡‑p-d‑n-¨‑v N‑n-´‑n-¨‑p h‑n-j-a‑n-¡‑p-¶‑p.
A-ѳ Z‑m-\‑w s‑N-b‑v-X‑o-S‑p-¶‑p ]-i‑ph‑rµ‑w t‑\‑m-¡‑o ]‑p-{‑X³
X‑pÑ-a-h h‑n-^e-a‑o b-Ú- IÀ½-h‑p‑w
]Ã‑p-t‑]‑m-b‑n h‑mÀ-²-I‑y-¯‑mÂ
]‑pÃ‑p X‑n-¶‑m-¯-h-b‑pï‑v
FÃ‑p t‑X-ª‑p t‑a-b‑m³ h-¿‑m-¯h-b‑p-a‑p-ï‑v.

sI.-kn. cmL-h³
t]Pv 50, hne: 50 cq],
lcnXw _pIvkv

`‑m-cX‑o-b ]‑p-c‑m-t‑W-X‑n-l‑m-k-§-f‑ne‑p‑w
Bß‑o-b ]‑p-c‑p-j³-a‑m-c‑p-s‑S P‑o-h‑nX-§-f‑n \‑n¶‑p‑w s‑X-c-s‑ª-S‑p-¯
e-L‑p I-Y-I-f‑mW‑v C‑u ]‑p-k‑v-XI-¯‑n-e‑p-ÅX‑v. h‑n-t‑h-I-s‑¯b‑p‑w
Ú‑m-\-s‑¯b‑p‑w D-WÀ-¯‑p-¶ C‑u
s‑I‑m-¨‑p-I-Y-IÄ k-h‑n-t‑i-ja‑m-b
H-c‑p k‑w-k‑v-I‑r-X‑n-s‑b \‑n-e-\‑nÀ¯‑nt‑]‑m-¶‑n-c‑p-¶ \-½‑p-s‑S c‑m-P‑y-¯‑n-s‑â
\-£-{‑X-P‑m-e-§-s‑f-b‑p‑w‑, B-I‑m-is‑¯-b‑p‑w‑, `‑q-a‑n-s‑bb‑p‑w kÀ-Æ-N-c‑m-N-c§-s‑fb‑p‑w Hc‑p-t‑]‑m-s‑e s‑s‑I-s‑X‑m-g‑p-¶
H-c‑p h‑n-\b-s‑¯ \-½‑n D-f-h‑m-¡‑m\‑p-X-I‑p-¶-X‑m-W‑v. P‑o-h‑n-X-¯‑n-\‑v D-X‑vIÀ-jh‑p‑w B-ß‑o-b-h‑pa‑m-b D-WÀ-Æ‑p
\Â-I‑m³ N‑m-e-I-i-à‑n-b‑m-b‑n-¯‑oc‑p-¶ C‑u I-Y-IÄ k-a‑m-l-c‑n-¨‑v ]-c‑n`‑m-j-s‑¸-S‑p-¯‑nb-X‑v t‑X-\‑n s‑]‑m³-Kt‑W-j‑m-W‑v.
lncWy

Pq¬ 2013

sI.-kn. cmL-h³
t]Pv 50, hne: 50 cq],
{]km-[-IÀ: lcnXw _pIvkv

BÀ¡‑p‑w t‑h-ï-‑m-¯ ]-i‑p¡-s‑f
Z‑m-\‑w s‑N-¿‑p-¶ ]‑n-X‑m-h‑n-s‑\ `‑m-h‑n-b‑nÂ
t‑h-«-b‑m-S‑p-¶ A-\À-°-s‑¯-¡‑p-d‑n-¨‑v
N‑n-´‑n-¡‑p-¶ ]‑p-{‑X³‑, F-¶‑n-«‑v k‑z-b‑w
AÑ-s‑â Z‑m-\-¸-i‑p-h‑m-I‑m³ X‑o-c‑p-a‑m-\‑n¡‑p¶‑p. \-N‑n-t‑I-X-Ê‑n-s‑â a-\‑p-j‑yX‑z‑w
C-h‑n-s‑S ZÀ-i‑n-¡‑m‑w. k‑v-t‑\-l-t‑¯‑m-s‑S
I‑p-«‑n t‑N‑m-Z‑n-¡‑p¶‑p‑, F-s‑¶ BÀ-¡‑m-W‑v
Z‑m-\‑w s‑N-¿‑p-¶X‑v. {‑I‑p-²\‑m-b ]‑n-X‑mh‑v R‑m³ \‑n-s‑¶ A-´-I-\‑m-W‑v Z‑m-\‑w
s‑N-¿‑p-¶-s‑X-¶‑v ]-d-b‑p¶‑p. ]‑n-X‑m-h‑n-s‑â
h‑m-¡‑v ]‑m-e‑n-¡‑m\‑p‑w \-N‑n-t‑IX-Ê‑v b-a
[À-½-]‑p-c‑n-b‑n-t‑e-b‑v-¡‑v b‑m-{‑X s‑N-¿‑p¶‑p.
C-h‑n-s‑S l‑r-Z-b-k‑v-]À-i‑n-b‑m-b a‑p-l‑qÀ¯-§Ä h‑m-b-\-¡‑mÀ-¡‑v k-½‑m-\‑n-¡‑p-Ib‑m-W‑v I-h‑n.
]‑n-X‑m-h‑n-s‑â h‑m-¡‑v ]‑m-e‑n-¡‑m³
I‑p-«‑n I‑m-W‑n-¡‑p-¶ k‑ml-k‑w h‑n-h-c‑n¡‑p-¶‑p:
a‑q-¶‑p-Z‑n-\‑w Z‑m-lP-e‑w t‑]‑m-e‑p-a‑nÃ‑m
I‑m-¯‑n-c‑p¶‑p
D‑u-\‑w t‑]‑-d‑m³ ]‑m-S‑nÃs‑Ã‑m X‑m-X
i-]-Y‑w.
a‑q-¶‑p Z‑nh-k‑w A-´-I-]‑p-c‑n-b‑nÂ

[Àt‑½‑m c£-X‑n c£‑nX ' [À-½-¯‑n-s‑\
c-£ s‑N-¿‑p-¶h-s‑c [À-½‑w c-£‑n¡‑p¶‑p. h‑r-²c‑m-b a‑m-X‑m-]‑n-X‑m¡-s‑f
{‑i-²-t‑b‑m-S‑p-I‑q-S‑n ]-c‑n-N-c‑n-¡-W-s‑a¶‑p‑w
a‑m-X‑mh‑v‑, ]‑n-X‑mh‑v‑, K‑p-c‑p-\‑m-Y³ F-¶‑nh-t‑c‑m-S‑v ]‑m-e‑n-t‑¡-ï [À½‑w‑, [À-½‑w
\nXyh‑p‑w k-X‑y-h‑p-a‑mW‑v. A-[À-½‑w
A-\‑n-X‑yh‑p‑w hÀ-Ö‑n-t‑¡-ï-X‑p-a‑mW‑v.
X-¯‑za-k‑n A-l‑w {‑_-Ò‑m-k‑v-a‑n, t‑k‑mlw, A-b‑w B-ß {‑_-Ò, kÀ-Æ‑w JÃ‑nZ‑w {‑_-Ò F-¶‑o ]-©a-l‑mh‑m-I‑y-§Ä
l‑r-Z-b-¯‑n t‑]-d‑n \-S-¶ ]‑qÀ-Æ-k‑q-c‑nIÄ [À-½-\‑n-j‑vT-t‑b‑m-S‑p-I‑q-S‑n P‑o-h‑n-¨‑nc‑p-¶ I‑mes‑¯ H‑mÀ-½‑n-¡‑p-¶‑p-ï‑v Ih‑n.
A-Ú‑m-\-¯‑n-s‑â I‑q-c‑n-c‑pÄ \‑o-§‑m³
[À-½-t‑_‑m-[‑w \-s‑½ k-l‑m-b‑n-¡‑p‑w.
`‑m-c-X-¯‑z-N‑n-´-b‑p-s‑S A-Ø‑n-hmcan«-X‑v
[À-½‑w F-¶ i‑n-e-b‑p-s‑S t‑a-e‑mW‑v. AX‑v k-\‑m-X-\-h‑p-a‑mW‑v. B-ß-i‑m-´‑n-¡‑p
t‑h-ï‑n X¯‑z-t‑_‑m-[‑w D-Z‑n-¡‑p-¶-X‑n-\‑v
[À½-s‑¯ s‑s‑I-h‑n-S‑m-s‑X s‑I‑m-ï‑p-\-S¡-W-s‑a-¶‑v \‑n-X‑m-´ {‑i-²-b‑p-s‑ï-¦‑n-t‑e
C-X‑p \-S-¸‑n-e‑m-h‑q F¶‑p‑w ]T-\h‑p‑w
]‑mT-\h‑p‑w C-X‑n-\‑v A-\‑n-h‑m-c‑y-a‑m-s‑W¶‑v I-h‑n k‑q-N‑n-¸‑n-¡‑p¶‑p. XoÀ¨-bmbpw
Ihn-bpsS {ia-§Ä k-a‑q-l-¯‑nÂ
[À-½-t‑_‑m-[‑w h-À²n¸n-¡p-¶-Xn-\p-X-Ip¶-Xm-Wv.
\‑n-c‑m-l‑m-c\‑m-b \-N‑n-t‑I-X-Ê‑n-\‑v a‑q-¶‑p
h-c‑w t‑N‑m-Z‑n-¡‑m³ b-a³ A-[‑n-I‑m-c‑w
s‑I‑m-S‑p-¡‑p-¶‑p.
a‑r-X‑y‑p-c-l-k‑y-a-d‑n-b‑m-\‑p-Å \-N‑nt‑I-X-Ê‑n-s‑â B-{‑K-l‑w t‑I-«‑v b-a[À-½³ s‑R-«‑p¶‑p. \-N‑n-t‑I-X-Ê‑n-s‑\
A-\‑p-\-b‑n-¸‑n-¡‑p-¶ `‑m-h-§Ä I-h‑n at‑\‑m-l-c-a‑mb‑p‑w Z‑oÀ-L-a‑mb‑p‑w C‑u I‑rX‑n-b‑n h‑n-h-c‑n-¡‑p-¶‑pï‑v. N‑n-c-R‑v-P‑oh‑n ]Zh‑n t‑]‑me‑p‑w s‑I‑m-S‑p-¡‑m-s‑a-¶‑v
]-d-b‑p¶‑p. \-N‑n-t‑I-X-Ê‑mI-s‑« X-s‑â
Ú‑m-\-X‑rj‑v-W X‑oÀ¡-W‑w F-¶
B-{‑K-l-¯‑n \‑n-e-s‑I‑m-Å‑p¶‑p.
b-a³ \-N‑n-t‑I-X-Ê‑n-\‑v a‑p-à‑n-¡‑v X-¡
D-]-t‑Z-i‑w s‑I‑m-S‑p-¡‑p-¶ h‑m-I‑y-§Ä
G-h-s‑cb‑p‑w B-²‑y‑m-ß‑n-I-a‑m-b‑n D-bÀ¯‑m³ ]‑m-I-¯‑n-e‑p-Å-X‑m-W‑v.
I-h‑n-b‑p-s‑S k‑q-£‑v-a-\‑n-c‑o-£-W
]‑mS-h‑w A-\‑y‑m-Z‑r-i-a‑mW‑v. D-]-\‑n-j¯‑n-s‑e I-Y‑m-]‑m-{‑X-s‑¯ B-g-¯‑nÂ
]T‑n-¨‑v X-t‑âX‑m-b s‑s‑i-e‑n-b‑n-e‑q-s‑S ]‑p\-c‑m-J‑y‑m-\‑w s‑N-¿‑p-I-b‑m-W‑v Ih‑n C‑u
J-Þ-I‑m-h‑y-¯‑nÂ.

45

hmsamgn

I¯pIÄ

a‑mX‑r-i‑n-£
cï‑p aq¶p Xe-ap-d-IÄ¡p ap¼v tIc-f-¯n ap¯-Èn-amtcm A½-amtcm a¡sf, hnti-jn¨pw
s]¬a-¡sf [À½-t_m-[hpw BN-cW acym-Z-Ifpw ]Tn-¸n-¡p-hm³ Nne {]tXyI coXn-IÄ Ah-ew-_n¨n-cp-¶p. AXn-sem-¶mWv amXr-in£ F¶-dn-b-s¸-Sp¶þe-fn-X-amb ]m«n-eqsS ]mc-¼-cy-amb Adn-hns\
]IÀ¶p \ÂIpI F¶-Xv. C¶s¯ Xe-ap-dbv¡v A\y-amb "B ]gb Adnhp-IÄ' Isï‑Sp¯v
]p\-c-h-X-cn-¸n-¡p-I-bmWv.

46

k‑m-

cR‑v-P h‑o-ca-W‑nb‑m-b [-\-R‑v-P-b-¶‑p

t‑\-c‑n-« h‑n-{‑`-a‑w A-I-ä‑p-h-X‑n-¶‑p a‑p¶‑w
k‑m-t‑c‑m-]t‑Z-ia‑p-S-t‑\I‑n-b h‑n-i‑z-a‑qÀ¯‑n
\‑m-c‑m-b-W³ I‑p-i-ea‑n-§-c‑pf-s‑« \‑n-X‑y‑w
\Ã‑mÀ I‑p-e-§-f‑p-s‑S a‑u-e‑n-X-e¯‑n-t‑e‑maÂ
IÃ‑m-b‑v h‑n-f§‑p-s‑a‑m-c‑p k‑z‑m-[‑z‑n-a-IÄ-¡‑p t‑hï‑n
s‑N‑mÃ‑mÀ-¶ \-s‑Ã‑m-c‑p-]t‑Z-ia‑pc-¨‑p a‑p¶‑w
I-e‑y‑m-W‑na‑mc-X‑p [-c‑n¸-X‑nt‑\‑m-X‑nS‑m‑w R‑m³

]‑p-{‑X‑n-b‑v-¡‑p b‑u-Æ-\-a-W-s‑ª‑m-c‑p t‑\-c-s‑a‑m¯
`À-¯‑m-h‑p-s‑a-¯‑n-b-X‑pI-ï‑p XZ‑o-b a‑mX‑m
N‑n-¯‑w I-\‑n-ªp aI-s‑f A-c‑n-I‑n h‑n-f‑n¨‑p
_-²‑mX-c‑w \-b ]‑pc-Ê-c t‑ah t‑a‑mX‑n.

Ig‑n-ª a‑mk-s‑¯ l‑n-c-W‑y-b‑n 'k‑v{‑X‑o i-à‑nb‑p‑w
k‑z‑m-X-{‑´‑yh‑p‑w `‑m-c-X-¯‑nÂ' F-¶ t‑e-J-\-¯‑nÂ
s‑s‑hZ‑n-I k‑w-k‑v¡‑m-c I‑me-¯‑v `‑m-c-X-¯‑n-s‑e k‑v-{‑X‑oIÄ B-ß‑o-b-X-b‑ne‑p‑w k-Z‑m-N‑m-c-¯‑ne‑p‑w \‑nÀ-®‑m-b-I
i-à‑n-b‑m-b‑n-c‑p-¶‑p F¶‑p‑w Ah-s‑c E-j‑n-I-IÄ F-¶‑v
h‑n-f‑n-¨‑n-c‑p-¶‑p F¶‑p‑w A-d‑n-b‑p¶‑p. t‑c‑ma-i‑m {‑_-Ò-h‑mZ‑n\‑n‑, t‑e‑m-]-a‑p-{‑Z, K‑mÀK‑n‑, s‑s‑a-t‑{‑X-b‑n X‑p-S-§‑n-b E-j‑nI-I-f‑p-s‑S \‑m-a-§f‑p‑w {‑]-X‑n-]‑m-Z‑n¨‑p. h‑n-t‑Zi-¯‑v \‑n¶‑p‑w
h-¶-h-c‑p-s‑S k‑w-k‑v-¡‑m-c‑w \-½‑p-s‑S X\-X‑v k‑w-k‑v-¡‑mcs‑¯ A-[‑x-]-X‑n-¸‑n-¨X‑p‑w i-c‑n-b‑mW‑v. `‑m-c-X-kv{Xo-I-f‑ps‑S `‑m-h-i‑p-²‑n X‑n-c‑n¨‑p-s‑I‑m-ï‑p h-c‑p-¶-X‑n-\‑p-Å A-S‑nb´‑n-c I‑m-c‑y-§Ä FÃ‑m-h-c‑p-t‑Sb‑p‑w `‑m-K-¯‑p-\‑n¶‑p‑w
D-ï‑m-hW‑w

KwKm-[-c³ \mbÀ
I‑n-g-t‑¡-I‑mh‑v

_‑mt‑e‑, i‑p-t‑` a‑rZ‑p-e h‑m-W‑n-IÄ a‑u-e‑n- a‑mt‑e
\‑o-e‑m-c-h‑n-µ \b-t‑\ a-l\‑o-b i‑ot‑e
t‑a-e‑m \‑n\-¡‑p \-e-t‑a‑m-S-d‑n-t‑b-ï I‑m-c‑y‑w
I‑m-t‑e‑m-N‑n-X‑w X-h ]-d-ª‑p-X-c‑m‑w {‑i-h‑n-¡‑q.

I-g‑n-ª e-¡‑w l‑n-c-W‑y-b‑n h-¶ k‑v{‑X‑o F-¶ h‑n-jbs‑¯ B-k‑v-]-Z-a‑m-¡‑n-b‑p-Å NÀ¨-s‑b k‑w-_-Ô‑n-¨‑m-W‑o I-¯‑v
F-g‑p-X‑p-¶X‑v. k‑v-{‑X‑o-]‑oU-\‑w F-¶ h‑nj-b‑w ]-{‑X-a‑m-[‑y-a-§f‑n-e‑q-s‑S G-äh‑p‑w I‑q-S‑p-XÂ h‑n-ä-g‑n-¡-s‑¸-S‑p-¶‑pï‑v. F-¶‑mÂ
l‑n-c-W‑y-b‑n h-¶ NÀ-¨ C‑u h‑n-j-b-¯‑n \‑n-¶‑p s‑I‑mï‑pX-s‑¶ C-¶‑p {‑]-i-k‑v-X-aÃ‑m-¯ F-¶m G-s‑d {‑]-k-à‑nbÀ-l‑n-¡‑p-¶ N‑n-e A-`‑n-{‑]‑m-b-§Ä a‑p-t‑¶‑m-«‑p-s‑h¨‑p. F-¶‑mÂ
NÀ-¨-b‑n X‑oÀ¯‑p‑w A-_-²-P-U‑n-ea‑m-b A-`‑n-{‑]‑m-b-§f‑p‑w
h-c‑m-s‑X-b‑n-c‑p-¶‑nÃ. {ioaXn C-µ‑n-c-b‑p-s‑S A-`‑n-{‑]‑m-b-§Ä D-Z‑ml-cW‑w. k-Z‑m-N‑m-c-t‑_‑m-[-s‑¯-¡‑p-d‑n¨‑p‑w C¶-s‑¯ h‑n-Z‑y‑m-`‑y‑mk h‑y-h-Ø-s‑b-¡‑p-d‑n¨‑p-s‑a‑m-s‑¡-b‑p-Å h‑y-X‑y-k‑v-Xa‑m-b \‑nch-[‑n A-`‑n-{‑]‑m-b-§Ä NÀ-¨-b‑n h¶-X‑v \-¶‑m-b‑n t‑X‑m¶‑n.
F-¶‑m C-\‑n-b‑p-Å NÀ-¨-IÄ h‑n-j-b-¯‑n A-h-K‑m-l-a‑pÅh-s‑c DÄ-s‑¸-S‑p-¯‑n-b‑m \-¶‑m-b‑n-c‑n-¡‑p-s‑a-¶‑p t‑X‑m-¶‑n.

I‑p-t‑ª I-g‑n-ª‑p Xh s‑s‑i-iha-{‑XbÃ
a-ª‑p-X‑za‑mÀ-¶ \-h b‑u-Æ-\ I‑m-e-s‑a¯‑n
I‑p-ª‑p-§-t‑f‑m-S‑pa‑n-S t‑N-À¶‑p I-f‑n-¨‑n-t‑Sï
I‑p-ªÃ \‑o C-\‑n-b-s‑X‑m-¶‑p [-c‑n-¨‑n-t‑SW‑w

h-¶‑p \‑n\-¡‑v h-c³ F³ a-If-§‑p \‑ms‑f
F-s‑¶¸‑n-c‑nª-h-s‑\‑m-s‑S‑m-¯‑p K-a‑n-¡‑p-a-t‑Ã‑m
A¶-¶‑p ]‑n-s‑¶ A-d‑n-t‑b-ï h‑n-[‑w ]-dª‑p
X-¶‑o-S‑p-h‑m³ I-g‑n-s‑h-\‑n-¡‑v h-c‑p-¶X‑m-t‑W‑m
k-¼‑mZ-\‑w: _‑m-e-a‑o-\‑m£‑n

(Xp-S-cpw)

F³. {ioIe
Fkv. _nPp-cmPv
Fd-Wm-Ipfw
lncWy

Pq¬ 2013

k‑v{‑X‑o F-¶ h‑n-jb-s‑¯ B-k‑v-]-Z-a‑m-¡‑n l‑n-c-W‑y-b‑nÂ
h-¶ NÀ-¨ G-s‑d {‑]‑m-[‑m-\‑y-aÀ-l‑n-¡‑p-¶ H-¶‑m-b‑n t‑X‑m¶‑n.
F-¶‑m k-a‑q-l-¯‑n h-f-s‑c-t‑b-s‑d {‑]‑m-[‑m-\‑y-aÀ-l‑n-¡‑p-¶
Ø‑m-\-§f‑p‑w AX‑n-t‑\‑m-S-\‑p-_-Ô‑n-¨ h‑n-j-b-§f‑p‑w s‑s‑II‑mc‑y‑w s‑N-¿‑p-¶ N‑n-e h‑y-à‑n-IÄ C-{‑Xb‑p‑w A-Ô-a‑m-b‑n
]‑m-Ý‑m-X‑y-N‑n-´I-s‑f ]‑n³-X‑p-S-c‑p-¶-X‑m-b‑n Iï‑p. C-h‑n-s‑S
]‑m-Ý‑m-X‑y c‑m-P‑y-§-f‑n \-S¸‑m-b X-c-¯‑n-e‑p-Å k‑v{‑X‑o ]‑pc‑pj _-Ô‑w t‑h-W‑w F-s‑¶‑m-s‑¡-b‑p-Å A-`‑n-{‑]‑m-b-§Ä t‑U‑m.
a‑m-b-s‑b-t‑¸‑m-e‑p-Å-hÀ D-bÀ-¯‑n-¡‑m-«‑n-b-X‑m-b‑n Iï‑p. F-¶‑mÂ
C-¶‑v B-[‑p\‑nI t‑e‑m-I‑w a‑p-g‑p-h³ {‑]-X‑o-£-t‑b‑m-s‑S D-ä‑p-t‑\‑m¡‑p-¶ H-c‑p k‑w-k‑v-I‑r-X‑nbmb `‑mc-X‑w A-X‑n G-äh‑p‑w {‑]‑m[‑m-\‑y-aÀ-l‑n-¡‑p-¶ I‑p-S‑p‑w-_-_-Ô-§-f‑n-s‑e Z‑rV-X‑, `‑m-cX‑o-b
I‑p-S‑p‑w-_-k-¦Â-]‑w FÃ‑m‑w a‑m-ä‑n-a-d‑n-¡-W-s‑a-¶‑m-W‑v C-hÀ
]-d-b‑p-¶X‑v. B B-[‑p-\‑n-I-hÂ-¡c-W‑w H-«‑p hf-s‑c \S-¸mb
\-K-c-§-f‑m-W‑v t‑_‑m‑w-s‑_b‑p‑w _‑m‑w-¥‑qc‑p‑w UÂln-bp-sams¡
Ahn-S-§-fnse C¶-s‑¯ Ø‑n-X‑n-K-X‑n-IÄ ]-{‑X-a‑m-[‑y-a-§-f‑ne‑q-s‑S \‑m‑w [‑m-c‑m-f‑w h‑m-b‑n-¨-d‑n-b‑p-¶‑pï‑v. {‑]-t‑X‑y-I‑n-¨‑v UÂ-l‑n.
C§-s‑\ B-t‑e‑m-N‑n-¡‑m-s‑X s‑X‑m-S‑p-¯‑p-h‑n-S‑p-¶ A-`‑n-{‑]‑m-b§Ä X-t‑âX-s‑¶ X\-X‑p k‑w-k‑v-I‑m-c-¯‑n-\‑p t‑NÀ-¶X‑mt‑W‑m
F-¶‑v C-\‑n-s‑b-¦‑ne‑p‑w B-t‑e‑m-N‑n-¨‑m \¶‑v.
tim`n-X. F³
I-c‑p-\‑m-K¸Å‑n

t‑b‑m-K‑n-h-c‑y\‑m-b ]-c-a-l‑w-k-t‑b‑m-K‑m-\µ-s‑â h‑n-i‑z-h‑n-J‑y‑m-X-I‑rX‑nb‑m-b 'H-c‑p t‑b‑m-K‑n-b‑p-s‑S B-ß-I-Y-b‑v¡‑p' B-j‑mt‑a-t‑\‑m³
\ÂI‑n-b H-c‑p ]‑p-\À-h‑m-b-\ {‑]-I‑m-i-k-¶‑n`‑w C‑u B-ßk‑m£‑y‑w F-¶ t‑eJ-\‑w F-¶‑n A-X‑y-[‑n-I‑w B-Ë‑m-Z‑w D-fh‑m¡‑n. I‑mc-W‑w t‑e-JI-s‑\ t‑]‑m-s‑e X-s‑¶ B {‑K-Ù‑w G-s‑d
C-ã-s‑¸-S‑p-¶ H-c‑m-f‑m-W‑p R‑m-\‑p‑w. B {‑KÙ-s‑¯ h-c‑n-IÄ¡‑n-S-b‑n-e‑q-s‑S h‑m-b‑n-¡‑m\‑p‑w al‑m-t‑b‑m-K‑nb‑m-b {‑K-Ù-I‑mc-s‑\
A-S‑p-¯-d‑n-b‑p-h‑m\‑p‑w H-c‑p-]‑m-S‑v C-ã-s‑¸-S‑p-¶ F-\‑n-¡‑v X‑oÀ¯‑p‑w
H-c‑p B-ß-k‑m£‑y‑w X-s‑¶-b‑m-b‑n-c‑p¶‑p C‑u t‑e-J\‑w. Bj‑mt‑a-t‑\‑m-s‑â a-ä‑p ]-e {‑K-Ù-§f‑p‑w t‑e-J-\-§f‑p‑w h‑m-b‑n-¡‑m\‑n-S-b‑m-b‑n-«‑p-Å F-\‑n-¡‑v G-äh‑p‑w {‑]‑n-b-s‑¸-«-X‑m-b‑n a‑md‑n C‑u
]‑p-\À-h‑mb-\‑, I‑mc-W‑w {‑]-k‑vX‑p-X {‑K-Ù-¯‑n-s‑â A-´-c‑m-ß‑mh‑n-s‑\ A-d‑n-ª-X‑n-t‑\-¡‑mÄ I‑q-S‑p-XÂ A-S‑p-¯-d‑n-b‑m\‑p‑w B
`‑mh-s‑¯ B-t‑Ç-j‑w s‑N-¿‑p-h‑m\‑p‑w t‑e-J-I³ H-c‑p s‑s‑I-¯‑m§‑m-b‑n F-¶‑p ]-d-b‑p-¶-X‑mh‑p‑w ic‑n.
knÔp cmPohv
_mw¥qÀ

\n§fpsS A`n-{]m-b-§Ä
FgpXn Adn-bn-t¡ï hnemkw:
lncWy, {ioIWvtTizc tdmUv, tImgnt¡mSv 673 001

email: hiranyacalicut@yahoo.in

47

I‑mi‑y] k\‑m-X\
[À½ ]‑mT-i‑me X‑pS§‑n

F-S-¡‑m-S‑v A-\-´³ K‑p-c‑p-¡Ä
k‑v-a‑m-c-I A-h‑mÀ-U‑v BNmcy
F‑w.BÀ. c‑m-t‑P-j‑n\‑v

`‑u-X‑n-I-Xbpw B-²‑y‑m-ß‑n-IXbpw
t‑NÀ-¶‑p-Å ]‑p-t‑c‑m-K-X‑n t‑hW‑w
B-N‑m-c‑y F‑w.BÀ. c‑m-t‑Pj‑v
48

t‑I‑mg‑n-t‑¡‑mS‑v: I‑mi‑y-]‑m-{‑ia‑w t‑£{‑X-§Ä t‑I{‑µ-a‑m¡‑n \S-¸‑m-¡‑p¶
k‑uP\‑y ‑'I‑mi‑y] k\‑m-X\ [À½-]‑m-T-i‑me‑'b‑ps‑S DZ‑vL‑m-S\‑w X®‑oÀ]¸´Â {‑i‑o kI-t‑e-i‑zc‑o t‑£{‑X-k-¶‑n-[‑n-b‑n \S-¶‑p. t‑hZ-§f‑p‑w s‑s‑hZ‑nI
BN-c-W-§f‑p‑w ]T‑n-¡‑p-¶-t‑X‑m-s‑S‑m¸‑w P‑oh‑n-X-s‑s‑i-e‑nb‑p‑w a‑mX‑r-`‑m-jb‑p‑w \‑m‑w
]T‑n-¡-W-s‑a¶‑v ]‑mT-i‑me DZ‑vL‑m-S\‑w s‑Nb‑vX I‑mi‑y-]‑m-{‑ia‑w BN‑m-c‑y³ F‑w.BÀ. c‑mt‑Pj‑v A`‑n-{‑]‑m-b-s‑¸-«‑p. FÃ‑m R‑mb-d‑m-g‑vNb‑p‑w s‑s‑hI‑p-t‑¶c‑w \‑me‑p
aW‑nb‑v¡‑v t‑£{‑X‑m-¦-W-¯‑n-e‑mW‑v ¢‑mÊ‑p-IÄ \S-¡‑p-I.
k\‑m-X\ [À½ ]‑mT‑m-he‑n F¶ {‑KÙ‑w ]T‑n-X‑m-¡Ä¡‑v k‑uP-\‑y-a‑mb‑n
e`‑n-¡‑p‑w. kt‑´‑mj‑v I‑pa‑mÀ F‑w.-]‑n. A²‑y£X hl‑n-¨ NS-§‑n I‑pd‑p-ht‑§‑m«‑v c‑mP³ k‑z‑mK-Xh‑p‑w t‑hW‑p-t‑K‑m-]‑mÂ‑, t‑iJ-c³ \‑mbÀ‑, Ff-¼‑n-e‑mt‑Èc‑n t‑K‑mh‑n-µ³ F¶‑n-hÀ Bi‑w-k-b‑p‑w AÀ¸‑n-¨‑p. t‑at‑¯‑m¯‑v N{‑µ³
\a-k‑v¡‑mc‑w ]d-ª‑p. DZ‑vL‑m-S-\-t‑h-f-b‑n [À½-`‑q-jW‑w \‑ma‑m-N‑mc‑y t‑K‑m]‑me-¡‑p-d‑p¸‑ns‑\ BN‑mc‑y F‑w.-BÀ. c‑mt‑Pj‑v s‑]‑m¶‑m-S-b-W‑n-b‑n¨‑v BZ-c‑n-¨‑p.
I‑qS‑p-X h‑nh-c-§Ä¡‑mb‑n _Ô-s‑¸-S‑p-I. 9947157898

I-®‑qÀ: B-k‑v-t‑{‑S‑m-f-P‑n-¡Â d‑n-kÀ-¨‑v
s‑kâd‑p‑w D‑u-c‑v-¸g-¨‑n {‑]-h‑m-k‑n k‑wLh‑p‑w k‑w-b‑p-à-a‑m-b‑n GÀ-s‑¸-S‑p¯‑n-b
F-S-¡‑m-S‑v A-\-´³ K‑p-c‑p-¡Ä k‑v-a‑m-c-I
A-h‑mÀ-U‑n-\‑v I‑mi‑y-] t‑h-Z d‑n-kÀ-¨‑v
^‑u-t‑ï-j³ Øm]-I\pw thZ-]WvUn-X-\p-amb BNmcy Fw.-BÀ.
cmtP-jns\ s‑X-c-s‑ª-S‑p-¯‑p. 10‑,001
c‑q-]b‑p‑w {‑]-i-k‑v-X‑n-]-{‑Xh‑p‑w A-S-§‑nb-X‑m-W‑v A-h‑mÀU‑v. t‑I-c-f-¯‑n-s‑â
k‑m‑w-k‑v-¡‑m-c‑n-Iþk‑m-a‑q-l‑nIþs‑s‑[-jW‑nI c‑wK-¯‑v h‑n-i‑n-ã k‑w-`‑m-h-\-IÄ
\Â-I‑p-¶ h‑y-à‑n-IÄ-¡‑v \Â-I‑p-¶
A-h‑mÀ-U‑m-W‑n-s‑X-¶‑v B-k‑v-t‑{‑S‑m-f-P‑n¡Â d‑n-kÀ-¨‑v s‑kâÀ Ub-d-IvSÀ FS¡mSv \mcm-b-W³ Adn-bn-¨p.

t‑]-c‑m{‑¼: `‑u-X‑n-Ih‑p‑w B-²‑y‑m-ß‑n-I-Xb‑p‑w t‑NÀ¶‑p-s‑I‑mï‑p-Å ]‑p-t‑c‑m-K-X‑n-b‑m-W‑v B-h-i‑y-s‑a-¶‑v I‑m-i‑y-]‑m-{‑i-a‑w
I‑p-e]-X‑n B-N‑m-c‑y F‑w.BÀ. c‑m-t‑P-j‑v ]-dª‑p. t‑]-c‑m-{‑¼
F-f-a‑m-c³-I‑pf-§-c t‑£-{‑X‑m-¦-W-¯‑n Ú‑m-\b-Ú‑w
\-S-¯‑p-I-b‑m-b‑n-c‑p-¶‑p A-t‑±-l‑w.
k‑z-´‑w A-Ñ\‑p‑w A-½-b‑p-a‑n-c‑n-¡‑p-t‑¼‑mÄ A-hÀ-¡‑v \Â-

I®q-cn t‑h-Z-]T-\-¢‑m-k‑v X‑p-S§‑n

I‑mi‑y-] t‑h-Z d‑n-kÀ-¨‑v ^‑u-t‑ïj³ k‑w-L-S‑n-¸‑n-¡‑p-¶
t‑h-Z-§-f‑n-e‑q-s‑S l‑n-µ‑p-[À-½ ]T\‑w F-¶ h‑n-j-b-¯‑n-e‑p-Å
¢‑m-Ê‑n-\‑v I-®‑qÀ t‑]‑m-e‑ok‑v H‑m-U‑n-t‑ä‑m-d‑n-b-¯‑n X‑p-S-¡-a‑mb‑n.
k‑m-c-k‑zX-k` P\-d sk{I-«dn k‑p-t‑c-j‑v s‑]-c‑p-h-b DZ‑v-L‑mS-\‑w s‑N-b‑vX‑p. ]‑n.s‑I. a-t‑\‑m-P‑v A-²‑y-£-X h-l‑n¨‑p.

[À½-`‑q-jW‑w
\‑ma‑m-N‑mc‑y t‑K‑m]‑m-e¡‑p-d‑p¸‑ns‑\ BN‑mc‑y
F‑w.-BÀ. c‑mt‑Pj‑v
s‑]‑m¶‑m-S-b-W‑n-b‑n¨‑v
BZ-cn¡p¶p
lncWy

I‑p-¶ {‑i-²-b‑m-W‑v b-Y‑mÀ-° {‑i‑m²‑w. A-hÀ-¡‑v h‑r-²-k-Z-\§Ä H-c‑p-¡-eà b-Y‑mÀ-° [À½‑w. \-s‑½X-s‑¶ X‑n-c‑n-¨-d‑nª‑v t‑]‑m-h‑p-I-b‑m-W‑v t‑h-ï-s‑X¶‑p‑w c‑m-t‑P-j‑v ]-d-ª‑p.
t‑U‑m. s‑I. c‑m-P³ A-[‑y-£-X h-l‑n¨‑p. b-Ú-{‑]k‑m-Z
h‑n-Xc-W‑w C.s‑I. {‑]-I‑m-i³ ]‑n. Pn. \¼q-Xn-cnbv¡v \Â-I‑n
\‑nÀ-Æ-l‑n-¨‑p.

Pq¬ 2013

k‑p-t‑c-j‑v-_‑m-_‑p k‑z‑m-K-Xh‑p‑w s‑I. N-{‑µ-t‑i-J-c³ \-µ‑nb‑p‑w
]-dª‑p. B-N‑m-c‑y F‑w.BÀ. c‑m-t‑P-j‑v CâÀ-s‑\-ä‑p h-g‑n
¢‑m-s‑Ê-S‑p¯‑p. FÃ‑m R‑m-b-d‑m-g‑v-N-I-f‑ne‑p‑w c‑m-h‑n-s‑e 10 a‑p-X-e‑mW‑v ¢‑mÊ‑v. h‑n-h-c-§Ä-¡‑v 9847315962 F¶ t‑^‑m¬ \-¼-d‑nÂ
_-Ô-s‑¸-S‑p-I.

49

kwkvIr-X- Kp-cp-\m-Y³ þ33

teJ\w

A¶‑w H‑u-j-[-a‑m-Is‑«
B-X‑v-a-t‑\-]Z‑w (X‑p-SÀ-¨‑)
50
hn. Fkv. lÀjhÀ²\³
50
t‑e‑m-S‑v
þ
B-Ú F-¶- AÀ°‑w
{‑].]‑p. t‑k-hX‑m‑w
t‑k-t‑hX‑m‑w
t‑k-h´‑m‑w

A-h-³
A-h-À c-ï‑p-t‑]c‑p‑w A-h-s‑c-Ã‑m-h-c‑p‑w

i‑p-{‑i‑q-j‑n-b‑v¡-s‑« i‑p-{‑i‑q-j‑n-b‑v¡-s‑«
i‑p-{‑i‑q-j‑n-b‑v¡s‑«
a.]‑p. t‑kh-k‑z
t‑k-t‑hY‑m‑w

\‑o
\‑n-§-Ä

i‑p-{‑i‑q-j‑n-b‑v¡‑p-I c-ï‑p-t‑]c‑p‑w

i‑p-{‑i‑q-j‑n-b‑v¡‑p-I

t‑k-h[‑z‑w
\‑n-§-Ä F-Ã‑m-hc‑p‑w
i‑p-{‑i‑q-j‑n-b‑v¡‑p-I

D.]‑p. t‑ks‑s‑h
t‑k-h‑m-h-s‑s‑l
t‑k-h‑m-as‑s‑l

R‑m-³
R-§-Ä

t‑kh-\‑w
c-ï‑p-t‑]c‑p‑w
R-§-s‑f-Ã‑m-hc‑p‑w
s‑N¿-s‑« i‑p-{‑i‑q-j‑n-b‑v¡-s‑« i‑p-{‑i‑q-j‑n-b‑v¡-s‑«


h‑n-[‑n-e‑nM‑v
{‑].]‑p. t‑kt‑h-X
t‑k-t‑h-b‑mX‑m‑w
t‑k-t‑hc-³
50

A-h-³
A-h-À c-ï‑p-
A-h-s‑c-Ã‑m-hc‑p‑w

i‑p-{‑i‑q-j‑n
t‑]c‑p‑w
i‑p-{‑i‑q-j‑n-b‑v¡W‑w
-b‑v¡-W‑w i‑p-{‑i‑q-j‑n-b‑v-¡-W‑w

a.]‑p. t‑k-t‑hY‑m‑x t‑k-t‑h-b‑mY‑m‑w
t‑k-t‑h[‑z‑w

\‑o i‑p-{‑i‑q-j‑n- \‑n-§-Ä c-ï‑p-t‑]c‑p‑w \‑n-§-Ä F-Ã‑m

b‑v¡-W‑w
i‑p-{‑i‑q-j‑n-b‑v¡-W‑w -hc‑p‑w i‑p-{‑i‑q-j‑n-

b‑v¡-W‑w
D.]‑p. t‑kt‑h-b
t‑k-t‑hh-l‑n

F-\‑n-b‑v-¡‑v
R-§-Ä

i‑p-{‑i‑q-j‑n-b‑v¡-W‑w c-ï‑p-t‑]-c‑p‑w

i‑p-{‑i‑q-j‑n-b‑v-¡-W‑w

51

t‑k-t‑hal‑n
R-§-s‑f-Ã‑m-hc‑p‑w
i‑p-{‑i‑q-j‑n-b‑v-¡W‑w.

a[p Cf-bXv
(XpS-cpw)

lncWy

A

-¶‑w X-s‑¶-b‑m-W‑v
{‑_-Ò-s‑a¶‑p‑w A-¶-¯‑nÂ
\‑n-¶‑p X-s‑¶-b‑m-W‑v k-I-eX‑p‑w P-\‑n-¡‑p¶X‑p‑w H-S‑p-¡‑w h‑ne-b‑w {‑]‑m-]‑n-¡‑p-¶s‑X¶‑p‑w D-]-\‑n-j-¯‑p-¡Ä ]-d-b‑p-¶p.
P-\‑n-¨ s‑X-¿‑w P‑o-h‑n-¡‑p-¶X‑p‑w A-¶‑w
s‑I‑m-ï-s‑{‑X.
A-¶‑w {‑_-t‑Ò-X‑n h‑y-P-m\‑mX‑v
A-¶‑m-t‑²‑y-h Jezn-a‑m-\‑n `‑q-X‑m-\‑n
P‑mbt´
At‑¶-\ P‑m-X‑m-\‑n P‑o-h´‑n
A-¶‑w {‑]-b-´‑y-`‑n-k‑wh‑n-i-´‑oX‑n.
(s‑s‑X-¯‑oc‑n-t‑b‑m-]-\‑n-j-X‑v)
a-\‑p-j‑y-i-c‑oc-s‑¯ X‑m-§‑n-\‑nÀ¯‑p-¶ a‑q-¶‑p k‑v-X‑w-`-§-f‑n A-X‑n
{‑]-[‑m-\-a‑m-b-Xs‑{‑X A¶‑w. F-¶‑mÂ
s‑s‑h-]-c‑o-X‑y-s‑a-¶‑p X-s‑¶ ]-d-bs‑«‑,
Pq¬ 2013

A-¶-s‑¯-¡‑p-d‑n-¨‑p-Å C‑u k-\‑m-X-\
N‑n-´‑m[‑m-c `‑m-c-X‑o-bÀ X-s‑¶ ad-¶‑p
X‑p-S-§‑n-b‑n-c‑n-¡‑p-¶‑p-s‑h-¶‑v I-c‑p-t‑X-ï‑nb‑n-c‑n-¡‑p¶‑p. s‑I‑m-¶‑v t‑N‑m-c h‑mÀ-¶‑v s‑I«‑n-¯‑q¡‑n-b a‑r-X-t‑Z-l-¯‑n-\‑p a‑p³-]‑nÂ
H-c‑p I-j‑v-W‑w a‑m‑w-k-¯‑n-\‑p t‑h-ï‑n h-c‑n
\‑nÂ-¡‑p-¶ k‑w-k‑v¡‑m-c k-¼-¶\‑m-b
a-\‑p-j‑y³ \-a‑p-¡‑n-S-b‑ne‑p‑w \‑n-X‑y I‑mg‑v-¨-b‑m-I‑p-t‑¼‑mÄ {‑]-k-à-a‑m-I‑p¶-X‑v
B-t‑c‑mK‑y‑, [‑mÀ-½‑n-I‑m-h-t‑_‑m-[§-s‑f
k‑w-_-Ô‑n¨ t‑N‑m-Z‑y-§Ä X-s‑¶-bt‑Ã.
H-¸‑w A-\‑y-a‑mb‑n-s‑I‑m-ï‑n-c‑n-¡‑p¶-X‑v `‑m-cX-¯‑n-s‑â k-a-{‑Ka‑m-b k-k‑y‑ml‑mc s‑s‑]X‑r-I‑w X-s‑¶-b‑m-s‑W-¶X‑p‑w a-d-¶‑p-I‑qS‑m.
s‑k-a‑n-ä‑n-I‑v a-X h‑o-£-W-§-f‑p-s‑S k‑z‑m-[‑o\-^-e-a‑mb‑n‑, a‑m-wk‑m-l‑m-c‑w X-s‑¶-b‑m-W‑v
anI¨-s‑X-¶ h‑nÃ‑y‑w BÀ-¡‑v t‑e‑m-b-e‑ns‑â I-]-S h‑o£-W‑w i‑m-k‑v-{‑Xk-½X-s‑a-¶ a-«‑n {‑]-N-c‑n-¡-s‑¸-«-t‑¸‑mÄ
h‑n-k‑v-a‑r-X‑n-b‑n-e‑m-ï‑p t‑]‑mb-X‑v `‑mc-X‑w

t‑e‑m-I-¯‑n-\‑v k-½‑m-\‑n-¨ k-a-{‑Ka‑m-b
k-k‑y‑ml‑mc s‑s‑]-X‑r-I‑w X-s‑¶-b‑mW‑v.
B s‑s‑]-X‑r-I‑w a‑p-t‑¶‑m-«‑p s‑h-¨ k-k‑y‑ml‑m-c-§-f‑mIs‑« H‑u-j-[‑n-IÄ IqSn-b‑m-b‑nc‑p-¶‑p F¶‑v H‑mÀ-t‑¡-ï-X‑pï‑v. H‑u-j[‑n-IÄ X-s‑¶ `-£W-a‑m-b‑n I-g‑n-¡‑p¶
t‑e‑m-I-¯‑n-s‑e Ht‑c-s‑b‑m-c‑p P-\-X-b‑m-b‑n-c‑p¶‑p H-c‑n-¡Â C-´‑y‑m-¡‑mÀ F¶-X‑v H-c‑p
]-g-¦-Y-b‑m-b‑n a‑m-d‑n-¡‑q-S‑m.
Bl‑m-c c‑wKs‑¯ C‑u h‑n-]c‑y-b-¯‑n-s‑â A-]-I-S-§Ä C-¶‑v
{‑]-I-S-a‑m-I‑p¶-X‑v a-l‑m-t‑c‑m-K-§-f‑p-s‑S
c‑w-K-{‑]-t‑h-i-\-¯‑n-e‑q-s‑S-b-s‑{‑X. t‑I-c-f¯‑n h‑y‑m-]-I-a‑m-b‑n-s‑¡‑m-ï‑n-c‑n-¡‑p-¶
h³-I‑p-SÂ I‑y‑m³-k-d‑n-\‑p ]‑n-¶‑n-s‑e
h‑nó a‑m-«‑n-d-¨‑n-b‑m-s‑W-¶ H‑u-t‑Z‑y‑mK‑n-I
\‑n-c‑o£-W‑w C-X‑n-s‑â H-S‑p¡-s‑¯ Z‑r-ã‑m´-a‑m-W‑v.
\‑m‑w I-g‑n-¡‑p-¶-s‑Xt‑´‑m A-X‑p-Xs‑¶-b‑m-W‑v a-\-Ê‑n-s‑â k‑q-£‑v-a-c‑q-]-a‑m-

52

b‑n ]-c‑n-W-a‑n-¡‑p-¶-s‑X-¶‑m-W‑v `‑m-cX‑ob
s‑s‑hZ‑n-I h‑o-£W‑w. I-g‑n-¡‑p-¶ Bl‑m-c‑w k‑z-`‑mh-s‑¯ k‑z‑m-[‑o-\‑n¡‑pt‑a‑m
F-¶‑p k‑w-i-b‑n¨ a-Is‑\‑, A-X‑n-s‑â
{‑]‑m-t‑b‑m-K‑n-I-X s‑X-f‑n-b‑n-¡‑m³ a‑r-K-i‑me-b‑n-t‑e-¡‑v s‑I‑mï‑p-t‑]‑m-b A-Ñ-s‑\-¡‑pd‑n-¨‑v H-c‑p I-Y t‑I-«-t‑X‑mÀ-¡‑p¶‑p. k-Z‑m
A-i‑m-´a‑m-b a-\Ê‑p‑w {‑I‑u-c‑y-`‑m-h-h‑p-a‑mb‑n k-µÀ-iI-s‑c `-b-s‑¸-S‑p-¯‑n A-Iä‑p-¶ a‑m‑w-k‑m-l‑m-c‑n-If‑m-b a‑r-K-§-s‑fb‑p‑w
k-µÀi-I-t‑c‑m-S‑v i‑m-´-a‑m-b‑n C-S-s‑]-S‑p-¶
a‑m³‑, a‑p-b X‑p-S§‑n-b a‑r-K-§-s‑fb‑p‑w
N‑q-ï‑n-¡‑m-«‑n B h‑mZ-s‑¯ k‑m-[‑q-I-c‑n¡‑p-I-b‑m-b‑n-c‑p-¶‑p ]‑n-X‑m-h‑v.
]‑m-Ý‑m-X‑y \‑m-S‑p-I-f‑n k‑v-I‑q-f‑pI-f‑nÂ-t‑¸‑me‑p‑w t‑X‑m-¡‑p-a‑m-s‑b-¯‑n
k-l-]‑mT‑n-I-s‑fb‑p‑w A-²‑y‑m-]-I-s‑cb‑p‑w
s‑h-S‑n-s‑h-¨‑v c-k‑n¡‑p‑w h-s‑c h-fÀ-¶
I‑u-a‑m-c-¡‑mcpsS A-k-l‑n-j‑v-W‑p-X-b‑v-¡‑v
a‑m‑w-k‑m-l‑m-c-¯‑n-s‑â hÀ-²‑n-¨ h‑y‑m]-\‑w
I‑q-S‑n H-c‑p I‑m-c-W-a‑m-s‑W¶‑v H‑u-t‑Z‑y‑m-K‑nI-a‑m-b‑n \‑n-c‑o-£‑n-¡-s‑¸-«‑n-c‑n-s‑¡ \-½‑p-s‑S
\‑m-«‑ne‑p‑w D-b-c‑p-¶ a‑m‑w-k‑m-l-c {‑]‑n-b-X
H-c‑p k‑q-N-\-b‑m-t‑h-ï-X‑pï‑v. D-b-c‑p¶
B a‑m‑w-k‑ml‑m-c {‑]‑n-bX-s‑b k‑m-[‑qI-c‑n¡‑p‑w h‑n-[‑w Ad-h‑p a‑r-K§-s‑f
I‑p-¯‑n-\‑n-d-¨ Nc-¡‑p h‑m-l-\-§-f‑n-¶‑v
t‑Zi‑o-b ]‑m-X-I-f‑n-s‑e ]-X‑n-h‑p I‑m-g‑v-¨-b‑mI‑p-¶p. {‑S‑m-^‑n-¡‑v I‑p-c‑p-¡mtbm at‑ä‑m
AÂ-¸-ka-b‑w I‑n-«‑p-¶ C-S-t‑h-f-I-f‑nÂ
a‑p-¶‑nÂ-s‑¸-S‑p-¶ A¯-c‑w h‑m-l-\-§-f‑nt‑e-b‑v-s‑¡‑m-¶‑v t‑\‑m-¡‑n-b‑m aX‑n‑, a-eb‑m-f‑n-b‑p-s‑S X‑o³-t‑a-i-b‑n-s‑e h‑n-`-h-k-a‑r²‑n B a‑n-ï‑m-{‑]‑m-W‑n-I-f‑p-s‑S I-®‑oc‑p‑w
\‑n-Ê-l‑m-b-Xb‑p‑w I‑q-S‑n J-\‑o-`-h‑n-¨‑p-d¨-X‑m-s‑W-¶‑v X‑n-c‑n-¨-d‑n-b‑m³ I-g‑n-b‑p‑w.
{‑]‑m-W³ AÂ-¸‑mÂ-¸-a‑m-b‑n ]-d‑n-ª‑p

t‑]‑m-I‑p-¶ t‑h-Z-\-b‑n H-c‑p X‑p-Å‑n s‑hÅ‑w I‑n-«‑m-s‑X-b‑p‑w‑, h‑m-l-\-¯‑n-e‑n-S‑w e‑m`‑n-¡‑m³ s‑N-h‑n-If‑p‑w I‑me‑p‑w ]‑n-c‑n-s‑¨‑m-S‑n¡-s‑¸-S‑p‑w‑, I-®‑n I-S-t‑e‑m-f‑w s‑s‑Z-\‑y-X
\‑n-d¨‑v‑, "F-´‑n-\‑p t‑\‑m-h‑n-s‑¨-t‑¶‑m-cÔa‑m‑w t‑N‑m-Z‑y-¯‑ns‑â‑, A-¼-c-s‑¸‑m-g‑pI‑m-s‑X ]‑m-S s‑I«‑n-b I-®‑o-c‑p-a‑m-b‑n''
h-c‑n-ª‑v a‑p-d‑p-¡‑n s‑I-«‑pd-¨‑v \‑nÂ-¡‑p-¶
C‑u an­ïm {‑]‑m-W‑n-IÄ a-e-b‑m-f‑n-b‑p-s‑S
B-t‑L‑m-j‑m-h-k-c-§Ä s‑I‑m-g‑p-¸‑n-¡‑m³
I‑q-S‑n h‑n-[‑n-¡-s‑¸-«-h-b-s‑{‑X.
I-S-e‑m-k‑p-]‑q-h‑ne‑p‑w I‑r-{‑X‑n-a-\-£{‑X-¯‑ne‑p‑w h-s‑c k‑u-µc‑y‑w I‑m-W‑p-¶
\-½Ä B k‑u-µc‑y‑w t‑I‑m-g‑n-b‑n-e‑p‑w‑,
B-«‑n³-I‑p-«‑n-b‑ne‑p‑w ]-i‑phneps‑aÃ‑m-a‑ps‑ï-¶‑v ]‑p-X‑p-X-e-a‑p-d-b‑v-¡‑v ]-dª‑ps‑I‑m-S‑p¡‑p‑w h‑n-[‑w F-¶‑m-W‑v ‑Bß
t‑_‑m-[-a‑p-Z‑n-¨-h-c‑m-I‑p-I. k‑z-´‑w P‑oh-s‑â
a-l-¯‑z-s‑¯-¡‑p-d‑n-¨‑v t‑_‑m-²‑y-a‑p-s‑ï-¦‑nt‑e A-t‑X s‑s‑N-X\‑y‑w X‑p-S‑n-¡‑p-¶ a-ä‑p
P‑o-h‑n-I-s‑fb‑p‑w B-Z-c‑n-¡‑m-\‑m-I‑q F¶‑p
H‑mt‑j‑m c-P-\‑o-j‑n-s‑â h‑m-¡‑p-IÄ C-h‑ns‑S {‑]-k-à-a‑m-I‑p-¶‑p.
k-I-eX‑p‑w a-\‑p-j‑y-\‑p t‑h-ï‑n k‑rã‑n-¡-s‑¸-«-X‑m-s‑W¶‑p‑w a-\‑pj‑y-s‑\‑mg‑n-s‑I a-s‑ä‑m-¶‑n\‑p‑w Bßm-hn-söXv
]‑m-Ý‑m-X‑y a-X h‑o-£-W-a-s‑{‑X. `‑mc-X‑w
]-c‑n-N-b-s‑¸-S‑p¯‑nb s‑s‑hZ‑n-I ]‑m-c-¼c‑y-¯‑n-s‑â I‑m-g‑v-¨-]‑m-S‑n-\‑v t‑\-sc h‑n-c‑p²a‑m-b C‑u h‑o£-W‑w C-¶‑v I‑r-X‑y-a‑mb‑n {‑]-X‑n-^e‑n-¡-s‑¸-S‑p¶-X‑v Bl‑m-c
I‑m-c‑y-¯‑n-e‑m-s‑W-¶‑v I‑m-W‑m‑w. K‑p-c‑p-Xc
t‑c‑m-K-§f‑p‑w a‑m‑w-k‑m-l‑m-c-i‑o-eh‑p‑w X-½‑ne‑p-Å \‑m-`‑oþ\‑m-f _-Ô‑w C-¶‑v H-«‑p hfs‑c ]T-\-§Ä-¡‑v h‑n-t‑[-b-a‑m-b‑n-«‑p‑pï‑v.
C-c‑p]-X‑v hÀ-j-¯‑n-\‑n-S-b‑n 756217
t‑]-c‑n \-S¯‑n-b ]T-\-¯‑n h‑y-àa‑mb-X‑v k-k‑y‑m-l‑m-c‑n-IÄ-¡‑v h³-I‑p-SÂ
I‑y‑m³-kÀ h-c‑m-\‑p-Å k‑m[‑y-X a‑m‑w-k‑ml‑m-c‑n-I-t‑f-¡‑mÄ I‑p-d-h‑m-s‑W-¶-X-s‑{‑X.
(C-´‑y³ t‑PWÂ H‑m-^‑v K‑m-k‑v-t‑{‑S‑m
F³-t‑{‑S‑m-f-P‑n‑)
{‑]‑mN‑o-\ `‑m-c-X‑o-bÀ-¡‑v A-¶h‑p‑w
H‑u-j-[h‑p‑w H-¶‑p X-s‑¶-b‑m-b‑n-c‑p¶‑p.
B-[‑p\‑nI s‑s‑h-Z‑y-i‑m-k‑v-{‑X-¯‑n-s‑â
]‑n-X‑m-s‑h-¶-d‑n-b-s‑¸-S‑p-¶ l‑n-t‑¸‑m-{‑I‑mä-k‑n\‑v C‑u ]-c-a‑mÀ-°-s‑¯-¡‑p-d‑n-¨‑v
‑D-¯a t‑_‑m-²‑y-h‑p-a‑p-ï‑m-b‑n-c‑p-¶‑p. (Thy
Food Thy Medicine' F-¶-t‑±-l‑w A-`‑n{‑]‑m-b-s‑¸«-X‑v A-X‑n-\‑v Z‑r-ã‑m-´-a‑mW‑v.
]-©-`‑q-X-§-f‑m-W‑v a-\‑p-j‑y-s‑â DÂ-¸¯‑n¡‑p‑w \‑n-e-\‑nÂ-]-‑n\‑p‑w B-[‑m-c-s‑a¶‑v X‑n-c‑n-¨-d‑n-ª ]‑qÀ-Æ‑nIÀ 'A-¶‑m-Z‑v
`h-´‑n `‑q-X‑m\‑n' F-¶‑p-I‑q-S‑n F-g‑p-X‑ns‑h¨‑p. i-c‑o-c-¯‑n-s‑e ]-©-`‑q-X-§-f‑p-s‑S

A-k-´‑p-e‑n-X‑m-h-Ø-bs‑{‑X t‑c‑m-K‑m-Z‑nIÄ-¡‑v \‑n-Z‑m\‑w. B ]-©-`‑q-X-§-f‑p-s‑S
k-´‑p-e‑n-X‑m-hØ-s‑b I-c‑p-X‑n-b‑m-W‑v
k-\‑m-X-\ `‑mc-X‑w k‑m-X‑z‑n-I `£-W‑w
F-¶ B-l‑z‑m-\‑w a‑p-g-¡‑n-bX‑v. "t‑`‑m-t‑K
t‑c‑m-K `b‑w‑, t‑c‑m-t‑K a‑r-X‑y‑p-`b‑w' F-¶
`À-X‑r-l-c‑n-b‑p-s‑S h‑m-¡‑p-IÄ C-h‑n-s‑S
{‑i-t‑²-b-a‑m-I‑p-¶‑p.
a-\‑p-j‑y-s‑â i‑m-c‑o-c‑n-I‑m-h-Øb‑p‑w
k-k‑y-`-£-W-¯‑n-\‑p-t‑b‑m-P‑y-a‑m-s‑W¶‑m-W‑v h‑n-Z-K‑v-²a-X‑w. k-k‑y-`-£-W-¯‑n\‑p t‑h-ï‑n c‑q-]-s‑¸-S‑p¯‑n-b h‑n-[-¯‑ne‑m-W‑v \-½‑p-s‑S ]Ã‑p-I-f‑p-s‑S LS-\.
\‑m-c‑p-I-f-S§‑n-b k-k‑y-`£-W‑w k‑m-h[‑m-\‑w Z-l‑n-¡-¯-¡-h‑n-[‑w \‑o-f‑w I‑q-S‑n-bX‑m-W‑v a-\‑p-j‑y-s‑â I‑p-S-e‑pIÄ. a‑m‑w-k‑w
I-g‑n-¡‑p¶-X‑v i‑o-e-a‑m¡‑n-b h‑y-à‑n-b‑p-s‑S
I‑p-S-e‑p-I-f‑n A-h-b‑p-s‑S h‑nj-a-b a‑m-e‑n\‑y-§Ä ]‑p-d-´-Å-s‑¸-S‑m-s‑X I‑n-S-¡‑p-¶‑ps‑h¶‑p‑w A-X‑v B-a‑m-i-b I‑y‑m³-k-d‑n-\‑p
I‑m-c-W-a‑m-I‑p-Ib‑p‑w s‑N-¿‑p-¶‑p-s‑h-¶‑v B[‑p\‑nI s‑s‑h-Z‑y-i‑m-k‑v{‑X‑w C-¶‑v k-½-X‑n¡‑p-¶‑pï‑v. c‑m-P‑y-¯‑v G-äh‑p‑w I‑q-S‑p-XÂ
a‑m-«‑nd-¨‑n D-]-t‑b‑m-K‑n-¡‑p¶-X‑v t‑I-c-f¯‑n-e‑m-s‑W-¶X‑p‑w B-\‑p-]‑m-X‑n-I-a‑m-b‑n
X-s‑¶ t‑I-c-f-¯‑n h³-I‑p-S I‑y‑m³kÀ _‑m-[‑n-X-c‑p-s‑S F-®-¯‑n-e‑p-ï‑m-b
hÀ-²-\h‑p‑w C‑u c‑wK-s‑¯ ]‑pX‑n-b ]
T-\-§Ä-¡‑v I‑m-c-W-a‑m-b‑n-«‑p-ï‑v.
]‑u-c‑mW‑n-I I‑me-¯‑v t‑e‑m-I-¯‑n-s‑â
k‑m-¼¯‑n-I {‑Ia-s‑¯ \‑nÀ-®-b‑n-¡‑pIb‑p‑w k-¼¯‑p‑w s‑F-i‑z-c‑yh‑p‑w s‑I‑m-ï‑v
a-ä‑p c‑m-P‑y§-s‑f h‑n-k‑v-a-b‑n-¸‑n-¡‑p-Ib‑p‑w
s‑Nb‑v-X H-c‑p N-c‑n{‑X‑w C-´‑y-¡‑pï‑v;
]‑qÀ-Æ-k‑q-c‑n-I-f‑ps‑S C‑u-S‑p-s‑h-¸‑n \‑n-¶‑v
\-a‑p¡‑v D‑u-l‑n-s‑¨-S‑p-¡‑m³ a‑m{‑X‑w Ig‑n-b‑p-¶ s‑F-i‑z-c‑y-k-a‑r-²a‑m-b `‑mc-X‑w
[‑mÀ-½‑n-Ia‑m-b H-c‑p P‑o-h‑n-X-c‑o-X‑n-b‑p-s‑S
{‑]-X‑n-^e-\‑w I‑q-S‑n-b-s‑{‑X. P‑o-h‑n-X¯‑n-s‑â ka-{‑K t‑a-J-e-I-s‑fb‑p‑w k‑v-]
À-i‑n-¡‑p¶ B k‑w-k‑v-I‑r-X‑n a‑p-t‑¶‑m-«‑p
s‑h-¡‑p-¶ [‑mÀ½‑n-I P‑o-h‑n-X-¯‑n-s‑â
B-W‑n-¡Ã{‑t‑X k‑m-X‑z‑n-Ia‑m-b `-£-WNc‑y. a-X]-ct‑a‑m s‑s‑h-b-à‑n-It‑a‑m B-b
X‑mÂ-¸-c‑y-§Ä-¡‑p t‑h-ï‑n s‑I‑m-t‑f‑mW‑n-b `-c-W-I‑q-S‑w X-IÀ-¯‑p-I-f-ª
`‑m-cX‑o-b B-t‑c‑m-K‑y-N‑n-´‑m-]-²-X‑n-s‑b
a‑p³-h‑n-[‑n-IÄ a‑m-ä‑n-s‑h-¨‑v k-a‑o-]‑n-¡‑m³
B-[‑p\‑n-I i‑m-k‑v{‑X‑w C-\‑nb‑p‑w X-¿‑m-d‑mh‑p-¶‑n-s‑Ã-¦‑nÂ‑, ]-I‑z-X-s‑b¯‑p‑w a‑p³-t‑]
h‑mÀ-²-I‑y‑w _‑m-[‑n-¨ H-c‑p X-e-a‑p-d-b‑mI‑p‑w
\‑m-s‑f \‑m-S‑n-s‑\ \-b‑n-¡‑m-\‑p-ï‑mI‑p-I
F-¶-X‑n-\‑v k‑w-i-b-a‑nÃ. _-Ô-s‑¸-«-hÀ
C-\‑n-s‑b-¦‑ne‑p‑w Dd-s‑¡ N‑n-´‑n-¡-s‑«.

53

n

lncWy

Pq¬ 2013

kp]À®-¡mgvN

kp]À®-¡mgvN

s‑a‑m-s‑s‑_Â N‑mÀ-Ö‑p s‑N-¿‑m³
X-W‑p-¯ _‑od‑p‑w N‑q-S‑p-N‑m-b-b‑p‑w

s‑]¬-I‑p-«‑n-I-f‑p-a‑m-b‑n hÃ‑m-s‑X A-S‑p¡ï
t‑I-{‑µ‑o-b h‑n-Z‑y‑m-eb‑w

t‑I-{‑µ‑o-b h‑n-Z‑y‑m-e-b-¯‑n-s‑e ]‑pc‑p-j A-[‑y‑m-]-IÀ-¡‑p-Å
]‑pX‑n-b \‑nÀ-t‑±-i‑wþs‑]¬-I‑p-«‑n-I-f‑n \‑n¶‑p‑w A-[‑y‑m-]‑nI-a‑m-c‑n \‑n¶‑p‑w D-¯-c-h‑m-Z-s‑¸-« ‑AI-e‑w ]‑m-e‑n-¡W‑w.
A-[‑mÀ½‑n-I I‑m-c‑y-§-f‑p-a‑m-b‑n I‑p-«‑nI-s‑f k-a‑o-]‑n-¡-c‑pX‑v‑,
A-k‑z‑o-I‑m-c‑yh‑p‑w s‑s‑e‑w-K‑n-I-N‑p-h-b‑p-Å s‑]-c‑p-a‑m-äh‑p‑w D-ï‑mh-c‑pX‑v. i-c‑o-c-¯‑n s‑X‑m-S‑p-I‑, s‑s‑e‑wK‑n-I I‑m-c‑y-§Ä-¡‑v
\‑nÀ-º-Ô‑n-¡‑p-I‑, A-t‑]-£‑n-¡‑p-I‑, s‑s‑e‑w-K‑n-I-¨‑p-h-b‑p-Å
h‑m-I‑v {‑]-t‑b‑m-K-§Ä \-S¯‑p-I F-¶‑n-h-s‑b‑m-s‑¡ \‑n-t‑c‑m-[‑n¨‑n-c‑n-¡‑p¶‑p. I-g‑n-ª I‑p-d-¨‑p-I‑m-e-a‑m-b‑n s‑s‑e‑wK‑n-I I‑p-ä-I‑r-

54
H-c‑p I‑p-¸‑n X-W‑p-¯ _‑o-d‑p-s‑ï-¦‑n C-\‑n \‑n-§-f‑p-s‑S
t‑^‑m¬ hf-s‑c F-f‑p-¸‑w d‑o-N‑mÀ-Ö‑p s‑N-¿‑m‑w. _‑o-s‑d-¶‑p
t‑I-«‑m s‑\-ä‑n N‑p-f‑n-¡‑p-¶-hÀ h‑n-j-a‑n-t‑¡-ï‑, N‑q-S‑pN‑m-b Bb‑me‑p‑w aX‑n‑, t‑^‑m¬ _‑mä-d‑n d‑o N‑mÀ-Ö‑p s‑N-¿‑m‑w. k‑wKX‑n I‑m-c‑y-a‑mW‑v. F-¸‑n-^‑m-\‑n e‑m-_‑v-k‑v \‑nÀ-a‑n-¨ F-¸‑n-^‑m\‑n
one puck F-¶ c-ï‑p h-i-a‑p-Å I‑p-ª³ N‑mÀ-Ö-d‑mW‑v
C‑u ]-W‑n ]-ä‑n-¡‑p-¶X‑v. N‑q-S‑pN‑m-b ¥‑mk‑v C‑u N‑mÀ-P-d‑n-s‑â
N‑p-h-¶ hi-¯‑p s‑h-¨‑m A-X‑n-s‑â X‑m-t‑]‑mÀ-Ö‑w s‑I‑m-ï‑v
s‑a‑m-s‑s‑_-Â N‑mÀ-Ö‑v s‑N-¿‑m‑w. AX‑p-t‑]‑m-s‑e X-s‑¶ X-W‑p-¯
s‑h-Åt‑a‑m _otdm Cu D]-I-c-W-¯n\p apI-fn sh¨mepw
t‑^‑m¬ N‑mÀ-Ö‑p s‑N-¿‑m‑w. 2014þs‑â X‑p-S-¡-¯‑n C‑u D]-Ic-W‑w a‑mÀ-¡-ä‑n-s‑e-¯‑n-¡‑m-\‑m-W‑v I¼-\‑n X‑o-c‑p-a‑m\‑w.
t‑^‑m¬ N‑mÀ-Ö‑p s‑N-¿‑m³ N‑m-b a-X‑n-s‑b-¦‑ne‑p‑w C‑u D-]-I-cW-¯‑n-\‑v N‑m-b-b‑p-s‑S h‑ne s‑I‑m-S‑p-¯‑m t‑]‑m-c‑m‑, 3000 c‑q-]-s‑b¦‑ne‑p‑w h-c‑p-s‑a-¶‑m-W‑v ]-d-b‑p-¶-X‑v.
the sun

t‑I-{‑µ‑o-b h‑n-Z‑y‑m-e-b-§fnÂ
k‑w-k‑v-I‑r-X-¯‑n-\‑p ]I-c‑w
hntZi-`‑m-jIÄ

t‑I-{‑µ‑o-b h‑n-Z‑y‑m-e-b k‑w-L‑S³ A-S‑p-¯‑n-s‑S ]‑p-d-¯‑nd¡‑n-b H-c‑p kÀ-¡‑p-e-d‑n-s‑\-X‑n-s‑c H-c‑p k‑w-L‑w k‑w-k‑v-I‑rX‑m-[‑y‑m-]-IÀ UÂ-l‑n s‑s‑l-t‑¡‑mSXnsb k-a‑o-]‑n-¨‑n-c‑n-¡‑p-Ib‑mW‑v. {‑]-k‑vX‑p-X kÀ-¡‑p-eÀ {‑]-I‑m-c‑w k‑w-k‑v-I‑r-X-¯‑n-\‑p ]
I-c‑w h‑nt‑Z-i `‑m-j-If‑m-b PÀa³‑, {‑^©‑v‑, s‑s‑N-\‑o-k‑v F-¶‑o
`‑m-j-IÄ h‑n-Z‑y‑mÀ-°‑n-IÄ-¡‑v ]T-\-¯‑n-\‑v s‑X-c-s‑ª-S‑p-¡‑m‑w.
k‑w-k‑vI‑r-X i‑n-£-I k‑w-L‑w k-aÀ-¸‑n¨ s‑]‑m-X‑p-X‑m¸-c‑y
lÀP‑n‑, t‑I-{‑µ‑o-b h‑n-Z‑y‑m-e-b k‑w-L-S-\-b‑ps‑S C‑u X‑o-c‑p-a‑m-\‑w
t‑Zi‑o-b h‑n-Z‑y‑m-`‑y‑m-k \-b-¯‑n-\‑p‑w {‑X‑n-`‑m-j‑m t‑^‑mÀ-a‑p-e¡‑p‑w

a-¡-s‑f-h‑n-s‑S- F¶-d‑n-b‑m³
C-\‑n {‑]-b‑m-k-s‑¸-t‑Sï

F-X‑n-c‑m-s‑W-¶‑p I‑m-W‑n-¡‑p¶‑p. a‑m-{‑X-h‑paÃ‑, A-X‑v k‑w-k‑vI‑r-X
`‑m-j-s‑bb‑p‑w `‑m-cX‑o-b k‑w-k‑v-¡‑m-c-¯‑n\‑p‑w F-X‑n-c‑m-b‑n-c‑n-¡‑ps‑a¶‑p‑w N‑q-ï‑n-¡‑m-W‑n-¡‑p-¶‑p.
t‑I-{‑µ‑o-b h‑n-Z‑y‑m-e-b A-[‑n-I‑m-c‑n-I-f‑p-a‑m-b‑n ]-eX-h-W
_-Ô-s‑¸-«‑n«‑p‑w a‑m-\-h h‑n-`-h t‑i-j‑n a-{‑´‑m-e-b-h‑p-a‑m-b‑n
_-Ô-s‑¸-«‑n«‑p‑w ^-e‑w I‑m-W‑m-ª-X‑n-\‑m-e‑m-W‑v t‑I‑m-S-X‑n-b‑nÂ
t‑I-k‑p ^-b s‑N-b‑v-X-s‑X-¶‑v k‑w-k‑vI‑r-X i‑n-£-I k‑w-L‑w
P-\-d s‑k-{‑I«-d‑n t‑U‑m. h‑n. Z-b‑m-e‑p ]-d-ª‑p.
The Indian Express

h‑o-«‑n \‑n¶‑p‑w a-¡Ä ]‑p-d¯‑p-t‑]‑m-b‑m t‑h-h-e‑m-X‑n-s‑¸-S‑p-¶
A-Ñ-\-½-a‑mÀ-s‑¡‑m-c‑p k-t‑´‑m-j-h‑mÀ-¯. C-\‑n \‑n-§-f‑p-s‑S
a-¡Ä F-h‑n-s‑S-b‑m-s‑W-¶-d‑n-b‑m³ h‑n-j-a‑n-t‑¡-ïþh-g‑n-b‑pï‑v.
GPS A-S‑n-Ø‑m-\-a‑m-¡‑n-b‑p-Å H-c‑p K‑m-U‑v-P-ä‑p-a‑m-b‑n H-c‑p k‑z-I‑mc‑y Ø‑m]-\‑w c‑wK-¯‑p h-¶‑n-c‑n-¡‑p¶‑p‑, G-X‑v s‑e‑m-t‑¡-j-\‑ne‑mW‑v‑, A-X‑v [-c‑n-¨-b‑m-s‑f¶v- \‑n-j‑v-{‑]-b‑m-k‑w C-\‑n I-ï‑p-]‑n-S‑n¡‑m‑w. ]-e k‑v-I‑q-f‑p-If‑p‑w A-S‑p-¯ A-[‑y-b-\ hÀ-j‑w a‑pXÂ
C‑u k‑m-t‑¦X‑n-I h‑n-Z‑y ]-c‑o-£‑n-¡‑m³ X‑o-c‑p-a‑m-\‑n-¨‑n-c‑n-¡‑p¶‑p.
Ø‑n-c‑w d‑q-«‑n \‑n¶‑p‑w I‑p-«‑n-IÄ a‑m-d‑n-b‑m A-Ñ-\-½-a‑m-c‑p-s‑S
s‑a‑m-s‑s‑_ t‑^‑m¬ D-S\-S‑n A-e‑m-d‑w a‑p-g-¡‑p‑w. A-X‑y‑m-hi‑y-L-«-§-f‑n B K‑m-U‑v-P-ä‑p-]-t‑b‑m-K‑n-¨‑v A-Ñ-\-½-a‑m-c‑p-s‑S
t‑^‑m-W‑n-t‑e-¡‑v I‑p-«‑n-I-Ä-¡‑v h‑n-f‑n-¡-b‑p-a‑m-I‑m‑w. H-c‑p d‑n-k‑v-ä‑p h‑m¨‑n-s‑\-t‑¸‑m-s‑e s‑s‑I-¿‑n s‑I-«‑p¶-X‑p a‑p-X H-c‑p s‑]³ s‑s‑{‑Uh‑p t‑]‑m-s‑e t‑]‑m-¡-ä‑n s‑I‑m-ï‑p \-S-¡‑p-¶ K‑m-U‑v-P-ä‑p-If‑p‑w
\‑n-e-h‑n-e‑pï‑v. C-X‑n-s‑â s‑_-bv-k‑n-I‑v t‑a‑m-U-e‑n-\‑v 5000 c‑q-]-b‑mW‑v h‑ne. C‑u K‑m-U‑v-P-ä‑n-s‑e G-äh‑p‑w he‑n-b k-h‑n-t‑i-j-X
A-]-I-S-¯‑nÂ-s‑¸-S‑p-t‑¼‑mÄ A-X‑n-s‑e sos _-«¬ A-aÀ-¯‑nb‑m D-S\-S‑n a‑q³-I‑q-«‑n t‑k-h‑v s‑N-b‑v-X‑n-«‑p-Å \‑m-e‑v t‑^‑m¬
\-¼-d‑p-I-f‑n-t‑e-¡‑v k-t‑µ-i‑w t‑]‑mh‑p‑w F-¶-X‑mW‑v. C-X‑nÂ
t‑k-h‑v s‑Nb‑v-X \-¼-d‑n a‑m-{‑X-t‑a t‑^‑m¬ h‑n-f‑n-¡‑m-\‑p-a‑m-h‑q
F-¶X‑p‑w A-Ñ-\-½-a‑mÀ-¡‑v B-i‑z‑m-k‑w \Â-I‑p-¶ I‑m-c‑ya‑m-Wv.
All science and technology updaters

k‑w-k‑v-I‑r-X‑m-[‑y‑m-]-I-c‑p-s‑S F-®‑w
I‑p-d-b‑p-¶‑p- -
iinX-c‑qÀ
C-´‑y-b‑n-s‑e kÀ-Æ-I-e‑m-i‑me-I-f‑n t‑b‑m-K‑y-c‑m-b k‑w-k‑vI‑r-X‑m-[‑y‑m-]-I-c‑p-s‑S F-®‑w he‑n-b-t‑X‑m-X‑n I‑p-d-b‑p-¶‑p F-¶‑v
a‑m-\-h h‑n-`-h-t‑i-j‑n k-l-a{‑´‑n
i-i‑n X-c‑qÀ t‑e‑m-I‑v-k-`-b‑nÂ
]-dª‑p. h‑nh‑n-[ b‑q-W‑n-t‑h-g‑v-k‑nä‑n-I-f‑n-e‑m-b‑n 333 X-k‑v-X‑n-I-IÄ
H-g‑n-ª‑p I‑n-S-¡‑p-I-b‑m-W‑v A-t‑±l‑w ]-d-ª‑p.
News track india
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X‑y-§-f‑n DÄ-s‑¸-S‑p-¶ A-[‑y‑m-]-I-c‑p-s‑S F-®-¯‑n-e‑pï‑m-b
hÀ-²-\-h‑m-W‑v C¯-c-s‑a‑m-c‑p D-¯-c-h‑n-\‑p I‑m-c-W-s‑a-¶‑v
t‑I-{‑µ‑o-b h‑n-Zymeb k‑w-L‑-S³ t‑P‑m-bâ‑v I-½‑o-j-WÀ C
{‑]-`‑m-IÀ A-d‑n-b‑n¨‑p. F-¶‑m C¯-c-s‑a‑m-c‑p \‑nÀ-t‑±-i‑w
A-]-a‑m-\-I-ch‑p‑w {‑]X‑n-t‑e‑m-a‑m-ß-I-h‑p-a‑m-s‑W-¶‑v BÄ
C´‑y‑m t‑I-{‑µ‑o-b h‑n-Z‑y‑m-e-b S‑o-t‑¨-g‑v-k‑v A-t‑k‑m-k‑n-t‑b-j³
{‑]-k‑nU-ï‑v s‑I. _‑m-_‑p-c‑m-P³ ]-d-ª‑p.

times of india

Pq¬ 2013

55

ºÉÉä¨ÉªÉÉMɨÉ 2014

t‑k‑m-a-b‑m-K

w
2014
2014 s‑^-{‑_‑p-h-c‑n 13 a‑p-XÂ 19 hs‑c
56

57

Nc‑n-{‑X-¯‑nÂ
B-Z‑y-a‑m-b‑n
t‑I‑m-g‑n-t‑¡‑mS‑v

lncWy

Pq¬ 2013

t‑hZ-`‑mj‑y‑w

]pXnb ]pkv X Iw

Ct¸mÄ hnev]-\ -bnÂ

the secrets
of mantra
A½-b‑ps‑S
H‑uj-[-k‑v-]À-i‑w

Page 136

Rs. 100

E-j‑n‑x = A-YÀ-Æ‑m‑, t‑Z-hX‑m = ]-ÀP-\‑y‑x Oµ‑x = A-\‑p-ã‑p-]‑v
H‑m‑w P‑y‑m-ft‑I ]c‑nt‑W‑m \-a‑m-i‑v-a‑m-\‑w X\‑z‑wfI‑r[‑n
h‑o-U‑pÀ-hc‑ot‑b‑m-fc‑m-X‑o-c-] t‑Z‑zj‑m‑wk‑y‑m I‑r[‑n
(A-YÀ-Æ-t‑hZ‑w 1.2.2‑)

almßm

58

AÃt‑b‑m P‑y‑m-t‑I = i-c-¯‑n-\‑v P-·-t‑a-I‑p-¶ At‑½‑, A-§‑v \‑x = R-§Ä-¡‑v ]-c‑n\a‑v = D-N‑n-Xa‑m-b ]-c‑n-W‑m-a-§Ä \Â-I‑p-¶-h-f‑m-b‑n-¯‑o-cs‑«. X-\‑z-a‑v = R-§-f‑p-s‑S
i-c‑oc-s‑¯ A-i‑v-a‑m\-a‑v = Z‑r-V-a‑m-¡‑n I‑r-[‑n = X-¶‑m-e‑p‑w. C‑u a‑m-X‑r-c‑q-]‑nb‑m-b ]-ct‑a-i‑z-c‑n a-{‑´-Z‑o-£-I-f‑m R-§-f‑p-s‑S i-c‑oc-s‑¯ I‑q-S‑p-X t‑X-P-k‑z‑nb‑p‑w i-à-h‑pa‑m-¡‑n a‑m-ä‑n-¯-¶‑m-e‑p‑w. h‑oU‑p‑x = R-§-f‑p-s‑S i-c‑o-c‑w \‑ns‑â H‑uj-[-k‑v]Ài-¯‑mÂ
t‑X-P-Ê‑p-ä-X‑m-I-s‑« h-c‑o-b‑x = h‑n-i‑m-e-a‑m-Is‑«‑, i-c‑o-c-¯‑n-e‑p-Å i-à‑n-t‑Z-h-XI-s‑f
h‑n-k‑v-X‑r-X-a‑m-¡‑n-b‑m-e‑p‑w. R-§Ä i‑n-j‑y-c‑ps‑S‑, k‑m-[-I-c‑p-s‑S i-c‑o-c‑w A-X‑y-[‑n-I‑w
Z‑r-Vh‑p‑w i-à‑n-]‑qÀ-W-h‑p-a‑m-I‑m-\‑p-Å h-g‑n N‑q-ï‑n-¡‑m-«‑p-I-b‑m-W‑n-h‑ns‑S. A-c‑m-X‑n =
F-s‑â D-Å‑n-s‑e ]‑n-i‑p-¡‑ns‑\‑, H¶‑p‑w h‑n«‑p-s‑I‑m-S‑p-¡‑m³ I-g‑n-b‑m-¯ a‑m-\-k‑n-I‑m-hØ-s‑bb‑p‑w t‑Z‑z-j‑m‑w-k‑n = t‑Z‑z-j-§-t‑fb‑p‑w A] B I‑r-[‑n = A-I-ä‑n-¯-¶‑m-e‑p‑w.
D-¯-ab‑m-b ]-c-t‑a-i‑z-c‑n-b‑p-s‑S A-\‑p-{‑K-l-¯‑m a-{‑´-k‑m-[-\-b‑n-e‑q-s‑S D-]‑m-k-IÀ k‑pZ‑r-V-i-c‑o-c-a‑p-Å-hc‑p‑w t‑Z‑z-j-i‑q-\‑ya‑m-b `‑m-h-\-b‑p-Å-hc‑p‑w B-b‑n-¯‑o-c-s‑«.
`‑m-h‑mÀ°‑w: {‑]-I‑r-X‑n-b‑m-I‑p-¶ ]-c-t‑a-i‑z-c‑n A-½ X-s‑¶-b‑mW‑v. B A-½ a-¡-s‑f-s‑b¶-t‑]‑m-s‑e a-{‑´ h‑mc‑n-[‑ns‑b X-¶‑v D-]‑m-k-I-c‑p-s‑S i-c‑o-ch‑p‑w a-\Ê‑p‑w k-Z‑m I‑m¯‑ps‑I‑m-Å‑p-¶‑p.

Printed by K. Meera Rajesh, Published by K. Meera Rajesh, Owned by K. Meera Rajesh, Printed at Geethanjali Offset Press, for Prameela Press, Oyitty Road,
Mele Palayam, Calicut. Ph: 0495-2722889, Published at IInd Floor, Sreekanteshwara Complex, Mavoor Road, Kozhikode 673 004 (Calicut). Ph: 0495-2724700,
Editor: Vivek. D. Shenoy. Book Five, Volume 51, 2013 June, Price Rs. 20.00

Printed by K. Meera Rajesh, Published by K. Meera Rajesh, Owned by K. Meera Rajesh, Printed at Geethanjali Offset Press, for Prameela Press, Oyitty Road,
Mele Palayam, Calicut. Ph: 0495-2722889, Published at IInd Floor, Sreekanteshwara Complex, Mavoor Road, Kozhikode 673 004 (Calicut). Ph: 0495-2724700,
Editor: Vivek. D. Shenoy. Book Five, Volume 51, 2013 June, Price Rs. 20.00

lncWy

kvrf publication

sreekanteswara road,calicut 673 001
ph: 0495 2723181

2013 June
Reg. No. KL/CT/120/2012-14
License No. KL/PMG/NR/WPP/52/KKD/2012-14

Hiranya Monthly, Kozhikode

Rs. 20.00
RNI No. KERMAL/2009/29220

`Kh-Z‑v-K‑oX-s‑b \‑n-i‑n-X-a‑m-b‑n h‑n-aÀ-i‑n¨‑ps‑I‑m-ï‑v b‑p-à‑n-h‑m-Z‑nb‑m-b {‑i‑o C-S-a-d‑p-I‑v
F-g‑pX‑n-b {‑K-Ù-¯‑n-\‑v i‑m-k‑v-{‑X‑o-ba‑m-b
a-d‑p]-S‑n \ÂI‑n-b {‑KÙ‑w. t‑h-Z-]-Þ‑n-X\‑p‑w
A-k‑m-a‑m-\‑y X‑mÀ¡‑n-I {‑]-X‑n-`-b‑p-a‑m-b‑n-c‑p-¶
h‑n.F-k‑v. lÀ-j-hÀ-²-\³ C-S-a-d‑p-I‑ns‑â H‑mt‑c‑m
h‑m-Z-s‑¯b‑p‑w b‑p-à‑n s‑I‑m-ï‑p X-s‑¶
{‑]X‑n-t‑c‑m-[‑n-¡‑p¶X‑v C‑u {‑K-Ù-¯‑n I‑m-W‑m‑w.
G-s‑X‑m-c‑p K‑o-X‑m `-à\‑p‑w s‑s‑I-¿‑nÂ
k‑q-£‑n-t‑¡-ï {‑KÙ‑w

`K-h-ZvKo-Xbpw
CS-a-dp-Ipw

Ct¸mÄ
hn¸-\-bnÂ

60

t]Pv 176
hne:

130 cq]
tIm¸n-IÄ¡v thï­n H¶p t^m¬ sNbvXm aXn
]pkvXIw hn.-]n.-]n. Bbn Ab-¨p-X-cp-¶-XmWv

sI hn BÀ F^v ]»n-t¡-j³
{ioIt-ïizc tdmUv, tImgn-t¡mSv 673 001
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