The Deming Prize was instituted in Japan in 1951 by a formal resolution of the JUSE (Union of Japanese Scientists and

Engineers) Board of Directors in grateful recognition of Dr W Edward Deming's friendship and his achievements in promoting industrial quality control. It has become customary in Japan for corporations intending to improve their performance in products or services to vie for the Deming Prize, not only for the prestige that goes with this honour but also to benefit from internal improvements that result from the implementation of total or company-wide quality control (TQC or CWQC) that is needed in order to qualify for the award.

Deming Prize ialah anugerah kualiti negara Jepun untuk industri. Ia telah ditubuhkan pada 1951 oleh Kesatuan Jepun Scientists dan jurutera dan ia dinamakan sempena W. Edwards Deming. Dia membawa kaedah kawalan mutu berstatistik ke Jepun setelah W.W.II. Deming Prize ialah yang tertua dan paling berprestij oleh dunia anugerah sedemikian. Prinsip-prinsipnya ialah satu pertandingan peringkat kebangsaan mencari dan memuji pertubuhan-pertubuhan itu membuat yang terbesar melangkah setiap tahun dalam kualiti, atau lebih lebih-lebih lagi, TQC. Hadiah mempunyai tiga kategori anugerah. Mereka ialah orang Individual, Deming Application Prizes , dan Quality Control Award untuk kilang. Deming Application menghargai dianugerahi kepada organisasi awam atau swasta dan dipecah bahagi kepada perusahaan-perusahaan kecil, bahagian syarikat besar , dan syarikat luar negara. Terdapat 143 syarikat yang memenangi hadiah itu. Di kalangan mereka, hanya sebaik sahaja mempunyai Deming Prize pernah dianugerahi kepada sebuah syarikat bukan Jepun: Florida Power dan Menyalakan dalam 1989.

Prize Dr. W. E. Deming yang lewat (1900 - 1993), satu daripada pakar-pakar utama kawalan mutu di Amerika Syarikat, ialah diundang untuk Jepun oleh Kesatuan orang Jepun Scientists and Engineers pada Julai 1950. Atas lawatan dia, Dr. Deming bersyarah hari demi hari dia "Eight Course -Day di Quality Control" di Auditorium Jepun Medical Association di Kanda-Surugadai, Tokyo. Ini diikuti oleh Dr. Deming "One Course -Day di Quality Control for Top Management," memegang di Hakone. Melalui seminar ini, Dr. Deming mengajar asas kawalan mutu berstatistik dengan jelas dan dengan teliti kepada eksekutif, pengurus, jurutera dan pengkaji industri Jepun. Ajaran-ajaran dia membuat satu kesan yang dalam di fikiran peserta dan menyediakan dorongan besar untuk kawalan mutu di Jepun, yang dalam masa bayinya. Transkrip kursus lapan hari, "Lectures Dr. Deming di Statistical Control of Quality," telah disusun dari rekod-rekod stenographic dan diedarkan untuk suatu gadaian. Dr. Deming menderma royalti dia kepada JUSE. Di penghargaan kemurahan hati Dr. Deming, En. Kenichi Koyanagi yang lewat, pengarah urusan JUSE, mencadangkan menggunakan ia membiayai satu hadiah memperingati sumbangan dan persahabatan Dr. Deming di satu cara berkekalan dan menggalakkan pembangunan berterusan kawalan mutu di Jepun. Apabila menerima cadangan, lembaga pengarah JUSE dibuat dengan sebulat suara satu resolusi mewujudkan Deming Prize.

scope/type/scale of business. and management environment (Annual award) (organization. Examination will be carried out every 3-5 years. -----------------------For organizations such as companies. the Deming Distinguished Service Award for Dissemination and Promotion (Overseas) and the Deming Prize. operational business units and headquarters office The Deming Prize (Deming Application Prize has became the "Deming Prize" in 2012) Given to organizations that have implemented TQM suitable for their management philosophy. the categories of the Deming Prize are the Deming Prize for Individuals.CATEGORIES OF THE DEMING PRIZE As shown in the table below. or those who have made outstanding contributions in the dissemination of TQM ================= The Deming Distinguished Service Award for Dissemination and Promotion (Overseas) For individuals whose primary activities are outside Japan Given to individuals who have made outstanding contributions in the dissemination and promotion of TQM. hereafter) . institutes. divisions of organizations. For individuals or groups The Deming Prize for Individuals Given to those who have made outstanding contributions to the study of TQM or statistical methods used for TQM.

Melalui menyaksikan kejayaan pertubuhanpertubuhan ini. telah menggunakan satu pengaruh tidak terhingga secara terus atau secara tidak langsung di pembangunan kawalan mutu / pengurusan di Jepun. walaupun yang sangat proses telah mempelawa kritikan yang kriteria penandaan untuk Deming Prize tidak jelas. Organisasi pemohon dan bahagian syarikat mencari pendekatan baru kepada pengurusan berkualiti yang bertemu keperluan persekitaran perniagaan mereka dan mencabar untuk Deming Prize. menubuhkan struktur untuk pelaksanaan dan meletakkan cara kepada amalan. kriteria penilaian dan kriteria penghakiman untuk lulus kini dibentangkan. mereka yang pernah mencabar untuk Prize berkongsi perasaan yang mereka telah mendapat satu pengalaman berharga dan yang prinsip pengurusan mencapai satu kejayaan perniagaan melalui peningkatan kualiti telah benar-benar bekerja. Iaitu. kaedah-kaedahnya telah berkembang dalam beberapa tahun dan cara menyumbang kepada kemajuan aktiviti-aktiviti perbaikan pertubuhan-pertubuhan ini. Bagaimanapun . Belajar dari mereka yang pergi sebelum mereka. kriteria perlu mencerminkan keadaan setiap organisasi pemohon.DEMING PRIZE DAN PEMBANGUNAN KAWALAN MUTU / PENGURUSAN IN JEPUN Deming Prize yang diberikan kepada organisasi. Untuk membuat proses pemeriksaan lebih jelas dan berkomunikasi tujuan Deming Prize dengan jelas lagi. Pertubuhan-pertubuhan itu mengembangkan pengurusan kualiti berkesan cara. pendirian asas Committee di kriteria peperiksaan kekal tidak berubah. pengamal-pengamal baru yakin pengurusan kualiti ialah satu petunjuk penting bagi kejayaan perniagaan mereka dan yang cabaran mencapai Prize boleh menyediakan satu peluang terbaik belajar kaedah-kaedah kualiti berguna. pengurusan kualiti telah merebak kepada banyak organisasi. Biasa. . Mekanisme ini yang menggalakkan kemajuan diri setiap organisasi datang dari proses pemeriksaan Deming Prize. Maka. banyak organisasi lain telah diinspirasikan untuk mula pencarian mereka sendiri untuk pengurusan kualiti.

Peperiksaan Deming Prize tidak memerlukan pemohon untuk mematuhi kepada satu model disediakan oleh Deming Prize Committee. Thus. many other organizations have been inspired to begin their own quest for quality management. the new practitioners are convinced that quality management is an important key to their business success and that the challenge to attain the Prize can provide an excellent opportunity to learn useful quality methodologies. To make the examination process more transparent and to communicate the intentions of the Deming Prize more clearly. Commonly. Learning from those who went before them. Applicant organizations and divisions of companies sought after new approaches to quality management that met the needs of their business environment and challenged for the Deming Prize. quality management has spread to many organizations. sama ada aktiviti mereka sesuai bagi keadaan mereka dan sama ada aktiviti mereka mungkin mencapai objektif-objektif lebih tinggi mereka pada masa akan datang. established the structures for implementation and put the methods into practice. Agak. Bukan sahaja keputusan mencapai dan proses menggunakan. This mechanism that encourages each organization's self-development comes from the examination process of the Deming Prize. tetapi juga keberkesanan dijangka pada masa akan datang ialah mata pelajaran untuk peperiksaan itu. the Committee's basic stance on the examination criteria remains unchanged. However. pemohon dijangka untuk faham keadaan semasa mereka. though the very process has invited some criticism that the marking criteria for the Deming Prize is unclear. mewujudkan tema dan objektif-objektif mereka sendiri dan meningkatkan dan mengubah diri mereka seluruh organisasi. the evaluation criteria and the judgment criteria for passing are now presented. each applicant organization's circumstance. Through witnessing the success of these organizations. pemeriksa menilai sama ada tema ditubuhkan oleh pemohon sesuai bagi keadaan mereka. Below id english version for above THE DEMING PRIZE AND DEVELOPMENT OF QUALITY CONTROL/MANAGEMENT IN JAPAN The Deming Prize that is given to organizations. Untuk terbaik kebolehan mereka. Those organizations developed effective quality management methods. the criteria should reflect . has exerted an immeasurable influence directly or indirectly on the development of quality control/management in Japan. those who have challenged for the Prize share the feeling that they have had a valuable experience and that the management principle of achieving a business success through quality improvement has really worked. its methods have evolved over the years and the methods contributed to the advancement of these organizations' improvement activities. Namely.

No organization can expect to build excellent quality management systems just by solving problems given by others. set lofty goals and drive themselves to challenge for achieving those goals. the Deming Prize aims to be used as a tool for improving and transforming their business management. but also the effectiveness expected in the future are subjects for the examination. thus. Every factor such as the applicants' attitude toward executing Total Quality Management (TQM). To the best of their abilities. The Deming Prize Committee views the examination process as an opportunity for "mutual-development." While in realty the applicants still receive the examination by a third party. rather the applicants themselves are responsible for identifying and addressing such issues. this process allows quality methodologies to be further developed. In other words.The Deming Prize examination does not require applicants to conform to a model provided by the Deming Prize Committee. . To follow an internationally-accepted practice." rather than "examination. Japan changed the name from TQC to TQM. For these organizations that introduce and implement TQM in this manner. Rather. While the term TQC had been used in Japan. the examiners' approach to evaluation and judgment is comprehensive. their implementation status and the resulting effects are taken into overall consideration. it was translated as TQM in western nations. They need to think on their own. whether or not their activities were suitable to their circumstance and whether or not their activities are likely to achieve their higher objectives in the future. Total Quality Control (TQC) that had been developed in Japan as discussed above was re-imported to the United States in the 1980s and contributed to the revitalization of its industries. establish their own themes and objectives and improve and transform themselves organization-wide. There is no easy success at this time of constant change. Not only the results achieved and the processes used. the applicants are expected to understand their current situation. the Deming Prize Committee does not specify what issues the applicants must address. the examiners evaluate whether or not the themes established by the applicants were commensurate to their situation.

3. Also. Reviews the systems and regulations regarding the Deming Prize and proposes necessary revisions to the Committee. The Deming Prize Steering Committee Coordinates Deming Prize-related activities. 2. DEMING PRIZE Deming Prize Committee mengendalikan peperiksaan dan menganugerahkan Deming Prize.and the Deming Distinguished Service Award for Dissemination and Promotion(Overseas).STRUCTURE AND ROLES OF THE DEMING PRIZE COMMITTEE The Deming Prize Committee conducts the examination and awards the Deming Prize. The Nikkei QC Literature Prize Examines and selects the candidates for the Nikkei QC Literature Prize. 1. widely listens to input on how to improve the examination and award process and reports its recommendations to the Committee. It is customary that the chairman of the Japan Foundation of Economic Organizations(keidanren) assumes office as the chairman of the Committee. The Deming Prize Committee consists of Deming Steering committee and three Committees to carry out the Deming Prize examination and discuss related matters. The Deming Prize Committee Determines the prize winner among candidates based on the examination report submitted by each respective subcommittee.and the Deming Prize. Ia biasa yang pengerusi Jepun Foundation of Economic Organizations(keidanren) memegang jawatan sebagai . The Deming Prize for Individuals Selection Committee Examines and selects the candidates for the Deming Prize for Individuals . conducts the TQM Diagnosis by Committee Deming Prize Committee Members*. Selection Committee Translation MENSTRUKTUR DAN TUGAS COMMITTEE. Examines and selects the candidates for the Deming Grand Prize (former Japan The Deming Prize Examination Quality Medal) . The Committee members are consisted of TQM experts from industries and academia . Establishes fundamental policies and scheme of the Deming Prize operation as well as overall planning.

Deming Prize Committee mengandungi Deming Steering jawatankuasa dan tiga Committees untuk menjalankan peperiksaan Deming Prize dan membincangkan ehwal berkaitan. Ahli-ahli Committee dikandung pakar-pakar TQM dari industri dan akademik . 2. dengan meluas mendengar memasukkan di bagaimana untuk meningkatkan peperiksaan dan proses anugerah dan melaporkan cadangancadangannya bagi Committee.Coordinates aktiviti berkaitan Deming Prize. Deming Prize Jawatankuasa Menetapkan pemenang hadiah kalangan calon berdasarkan laporan pemeriksaan diserah oleh setiap jawatankuasa kecil. 3. Deming Prize for Individuals Selection Committee Examines dan memilih calon untuk Deming Prize for Individuals.and Deming Prize. Juga . Deming Prize Steering Committee 1. and Deming Distinguished Service Award for Dissemination and Promotion.pengerusi Committee. mengendalikan TQM Diagnosis oleh Deming Prize Committee Members*.Reviews sistem dan peraturan mengenai Deming Prize dan mengemukakan semakan-semakan perlu bagi Committee. Nikkei QC Literature Prize Selection Committee Examines dan memilih calon untuk Nikkei QC Literature Prize. Deming Prize Examination Committee Examines dan memilih calon untuk Deming Grand Prize (bekas Jepun Quality Medal) .Establishes fundamental policies dan skim operasi Deming Prize serta keseluruhan perancangan. .

The TQM diagnosis and resulting guidance is provided from an objective viewpoint to organizations at varying stages of TQM advancement as indicated below. An organization that receives the TQM Diagnosis cannot apply for the Deming Grand Prize (former Japan Quality Medal)/Deming Prize examination that same year. (*) It is also noted that the TQM diagnosis with an aim to prepare for the Deming Prize/Deming Grand Prize (former Japan Quality Medal) will be carried out once. The TQM Diagnosis is not a preliminary Deming Grand Prize (former Japan Quality Medal)/Deming Prize examination. the pre-application consultation will also be carried out by the examiners during the on-site TQM diagnosis. However. Established in 1971. TQM Diagnosis Procedures The purpose of the TQM Diagnosis is to further advance the promotion and practice of effective TQM in organizations under diagnosis. Those organizations . the connection between the TQM diagnosis and the Deming Grand Prize (former Japan Quality Medal)/Deming Prize examination has become strengthened. unless otherwise granted by the committee due to changes in application unit. 2. In the event that the application is made to prepare for the Deming Prize/Deming Grand Prize (former Japan Quality Medal) challenge. applicant's organization etc. 1. (*) Carrying out the TQM Diagnosis by the Deming Prize Committee is a mandatory requirement upon application for the Deming Prize/Deming Grand Prize (former Japan Quality Medal). which is provided by the Deming Prize Examination Committee upon request of an organization. What is the TQM Diagnosis? It is useful to have a third party objectively diagnose the implementation status of TQM and provide recommendations so that the organization can better understand where it stands and what it has to do to promote TQM more effectively. application scope. the TQM Diagnosis.TQM DIAGNOSIS BY THE DEMING PRIZE COMMITTEE Recommended for preparing for the Deming Prize challenge or grasping the level of TQM. since 2000. aims to contribute to the further development of that organization's TQM.

. The results of the diagnosis will be communicated through a report on the diagnosis findings after the findings of all the examiners who conducted the diagnosis have been compiled. However. b) To receive a diagnosis and recommendations for making an effective use of the Deming Prize challenge. the diagnosis will be based on the organization's presentations. c) To receive a diagnosis and recommendations for making an effective use of the Deming Grand Prize (former Japan Quality Medal) challenge. the document review and questions and answers. While the details of the diagnosis program will be determined in consultation with the applicant organization.that wish to receive the TQM Diagnosis must complete and submit the application form with necessary documents at least three months prior to the desired diagnosis dates. the methods and documents used for the diagnosis follow those for the Deming Prize. As a rule. The Deming Prize Examination Committee conducts the TQM Diagnosis. no diagnosis will be conducted during the Deming Prize examination period (early July to mid-October)in principle. the on-site examination. Those companies that wish to receive the TQM Diagnosis should contact the JUSE Secretariat for the Deming Prize Committee. in lieu of receiving the Post-Prize review three years after receiving the Deming Prize. a) To receive a diagnosis and recommendations for the introductory or promotional stage of TQM.