Product Safety Summary of Sodium bicarbonate

General statement This Product Safety Summary is intended to provide a general overview of the chemical substance. It constitutes basic information and is not intended to provide emergency response information, medical information, treatment information or otherwise in-depth safety and health information, which can only be found in the relevant Safety Data Sheet (SDS) or the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS), as the case may be. Overall summary Sodium bicarbonate is an odorless white crystalline solid. The substance has a very wide range of applications, which include use in feed, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, and industrial applications. Sodium bicarbonate is safe when ingested. However ingestion of large quantities may cause irritation of the intestine, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. Sodium bicarbonate is not toxic when breathed in, or via skin contact. It is not irritating to the skin or eye and does not provoke allergic reactions. It is not toxic following repeated exposure and has shown no indication of mutagenicity, carcinogenicity or effect on pre-natal development of the embryo and fetus in toxicological testing. Sodium bicarbonate is classified as “Generally Recognized As Safe (GRAS)” by the US Food and Drug Administration. Sodium bicarbonate is not considered to be toxic to the environment. Chemical identity Chemical name: Sodium hydrogen carbonate Common name: Baking soda CAS number: 144-55-8 Molecular weight: 84 g/mol Uses Sodium bicarbonate has a very wide range of applications, which include use in feed, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, and industrial applications. It can be used for example as a pH regulator, for the release of CO2 and as a mild abrasive. Physical properties Sodium bicarbonate is a white crystalline solid without any odor. It is neither flammable nor explosive. It is soluble in water (93.4 g/L at 20°C and pH = 8.4), non-volatile and decomposes at temperatures greater than 50°C. In water, sodium bicarbonate undergoes a complete dissociation into sodium and bicarbonate ions. Health effects When sodium bicarbonate comes into contact with body fluids, it dissociates into sodium and bicarbonate ions. Sodium is an essential nutrient and bicarbonate is a component of the buffer that regulates the acidity of the body. When ingested, sodium bicarbonate is neutralized in the stomach by the gastric acid. Sodium bicarbonate is safe when ingested. However ingestion of large quantities may cause irritation of the intestine, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. Sodium bicarbonate is not toxic when breathed in, or via skin contact. It is not irritating to the skin or eye and does not provoke allergic reactions. It has no repeated dose toxicity as both sodium and bicarbonate ions have normal physiological roles in the body.

February 2012

U. If the pH is decreased then carbonic acid (H2CO3 or CO2) can be formed. at national or international level. Furthermore. Because of the mild alkaline nature of the substance.solvaychemicals. regulations or other standards or norms. Label instruction should be respected. Regulation EC 1272/2008 (“CLP”) Sodium bicarbonate is currently not listed in Annex VI to EU Classification. the information contained herein is accurate as of the date of this document. it is recommended to contain and isolate spills from waterways. If sodium bicarbonate is emitted to soil. the available data show that there is no need to classify the substance as hazardous. or accept any liability in connection with this information or its use. sodium bicarbonate dissociates into sodium and bicarbonate ions. http://www. This information gives typical properties only and is not to be used for specification purposes. and drains and dilute the residues with large amounts of water. However. Workers handling the substance should follow “Good Industrial Hygiene Practices” and wear the appropriate personal protective equipment. form complexes or stay in solution in water. express or implied. More information If more information about safe use of sodium bicarbonate is required. as described in the Safety Data Sheet. Environmental fate and impact Due to its high water solubility and low volatility. it will decompose to CO2 and escape to the atmosphere. or precipitate as a calcium or metal carbonate. In water. the CO2 will distribute to the atmosphere. This information is for use by persons at their own discretion and risk and does not relate to the use of this product in combination with any other substance or any other process. Some applications of this product may be regulated or restricted by applicable laws. professional. This is not a license under any patent or other proprietary right. standards or orders of any relevant authority.aspx Disclaimer To our present knowledge. or modifications to the information at any time without prior notification. Consumers may be exposed to sodium bicarbonate since it is used in many different consumer products. February 2012 . Sodium bicarbonate is classified as “Generally Recognized As Safe (GRAS)” by the US Food and Drug Administration.3. Risk of environmental exposure Exposure of the environment can occur from the various industrial. sodium bicarbonate will be found predominantly in the aquatic environment. and consumer uses. we do not make any warranty. Labeling and Packaging of Substances and Mixtures (CLP) Regulation (EC) No 1272/200. Risk of human exposure Exposure to sodium bicarbonate is possible in the workplace environment during manufacturing and use. The user alone must finally determine suitability of any information or material for any contemplated use. Toxicological studies showed that sodium bicarbonate has no effect on the pre-natal development of the embryo and fetus. deletions. Neither sodium nor bicarbonate has a tendency to adsorb to the particulate matter or surfaces and they do not accumulate in living tissues. Both sodium and bicarbonate have a wide natural occurrence. An addition of bicarbonate to water will alter the pH towards a value of 8. Classification according to E. However. If the concentration of CO 2 in water is above the water solubility limit. sewers. We reserve our right to make additions.com/EN/products/bicar/default. sodium bicarbonate is not considered to be environmentally hazardous or toxic. the manner of use in compliance with relevant legislations. please consult our website: click here. and whether any patents are infringed.There are no indications that sodium bicarbonate causes genetic effects or cancer.