Behavior based safety and Situational awareness TBN tankers

copyright 03 June 2013 Chandergupt Mehta

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Welcome to a presentation on Behavior Based Safety and Situational awareness

copyright 03 June 2013 Chandergupt Mehta

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and one of the greatest challenges facing those responsible for health & safety in the workplace. Behavior-Based Safety is a process that helps seafarer identify and choose a safe behavior over an unsafe one copyright 03 June 2013 Chandergupt Mehta 3 .Behavior is a contributory factor in more than 85% of accidents.

What makes us take Risks copyright 03 June 2013 Chandergupt Mehta 4 .

JOLLY NERO Incident 08 May 2013 8 dead copyright 14 May 2013 Chandergupt Mehta 5 .

Jolly Nero had stern way and knocked the watch tower copyright 14 May 2013 Chandergupt Mehta 6 .

Possible cause • Human error • Speed • Mechanical failure copyright 03 June 2013 Chandergupt Mehta 7 .

accidents.• Why we do need BBS and SA BBS touches the root cause of accidents and vetting observations. we may not even have near miss and vetting observations Leakage in purifier circulating • • • • • • Pump . If we control unsafe behaviors . Unsafe behaviors are at the core of any near misses. injury . Lagging are oil soaked No spare part from company High risk observation Rejection of vessel Commercial losses. copyright 03 June 2013 Chandergupt Mehta 8 .

A trigger.SBC model • • • • The SBC model is based on asking what is an Situational . Behavior and Consequence An Situation is something that exists or happens before a behavior is performed. What can be observed can be controlled A CONSEQUENCE is what results from a behavior copyright 03 June 2013 Chandergupt Mehta 9 . A BEHAVIOUR is an observable act.

Equipment. SAFETY ACTIVITIES copyright 03 June 2013 Chandergupt Mehta 10 . environment as well as the company reputation.So through BBS and SA we can reduce the risk to the seafarer .

But if we observe and give feedback and rectify then it become pro active for the future copyright 03 June 2013 Chandergupt Mehta 11 . If every one takes action after consequence it is reactive.Consequence Qualities • • • • • All consequences can be broken down and found to consist of the following qualities: Timing – sooner or later Consistency – certain or uncertain Significance – positive or negative Perception of consequences influences the Behavior .

Most safe behaviors are punishing. Discomfort wearing a respirator or safety goggles/safety helmet Extra time taken to get the correct tool Having to complete forms such as a hot work permit. etc. most unsafe behaviors can be rewarding. before starting a job copyright 03 June 2013 Chandergupt Mehta 12 .Paradox of safety /Human element • • • • • Further. For example…. For example…Being praised for taking a short cut to finish a job quickly Getting home quicker! The Paradox of Safety states..

What is BBS? It’s a Continuous Improvement Process • • • • • • • Behavior-Based Safety is a process that helps seafarer identify and choose a safe behavior over an unsafe one. of the seafarer . for the seafarer copyright 03 June 2013 Chandergupt Mehta 13 . and its importance The Behaviors Based Safety Process on the vessel is by the seafarer . The Behavior-Based Process DECIDE…Decide a time you are going to observe a person at Work STOP…Stop within 5 feet of the person OBSERVE…Observe the person to see if they are following established procedures – Are they working safely and is the work station conducive to a safe work environment? ACT…Re-enforce safe behavior and correct unsafe behavior – Be sure the person knows the correct behavior.

benefits The true benefits of safety improvement is about people: a) Injuries are prevented and lives are saved b) Seafarer will be spared disabling injuries and lost time from work c) Seafarer will come home to their families safely copyright 03 June 2013 Chandergupt Mehta 14 .

Situational Awareness Why SA Investigations across various industry have shown that 60-85% of the human error was due to problems with situation Awareness. Studies of accidents in maritime operations support the notion that loss of situational awareness plays a significant role in incidents attributed to human error SA Knowing what is going on around you copyright 03 June 2013 Chandergupt Mehta 15 .

copyright 03 June 2013 Chandergupt Mehta 16 . you are the other guy • For a good Risk assessment you require Good SA .Risk Management • Good news • The good news – Problems and mishaps always happen to other Guy • The bad News – to every one else .

LEVEL 1 SA Looking and Perceiving Level 1 SA looking and Perceiving What do we see when we look? Do we see what is out there in the world. Because looking for information in the situation depends on knowledge you already have about what you are looking for. Learning to improve your SA can therefore only occur if you are also widening your knowledge of ISM/TMSA and various simulators /Trainings copyright 03 June 2013 Chandergupt Mehta 17 . but we tend to see more of what we expect to see. or do we see only what we expect to see? The answer is that we do see what is in our environment. what we see depends to some extent on what we already know. In short.

Level 2SA thinking and understanding • Level 2SA thinking and understanding • Is where we think about and understand the meaning of that information • When we see following tide on stbd quarter any alternation to stbd increase rate of turn and it will be Difficult to return back to port . copyright 03 June 2013 Chandergupt Mehta 18 .

Level 2SA thinking and understanding copyright 03 June 2013 Chandergupt Mehta 19 .

• Anticipation is how we begin to see accidents before they happen and make good decisions in order to carry out defensive actions copyright 03 June 2013 Chandergupt Mehta 20 .Level 3 SA anticipation • Level 3 SA anticipation • The next step. that is only possible when the first two processes are working. is to anticipate what is going to happen in time and space .

SA Simulation copyright 03 June 2013 Chandergupt Mehta 21 .

SA – Use of non intrinsically torch on tanker copyright 03 June 2013 Chandergupt Mehta 22 .

It can never happen to me • Summit fever – Desire to reach summit /LC at any cost • Naivety . • Fatalistic – What has to happen will happen irrespective of what we do • Complacency. unproductive (protective ) sex with various partners . not familiar with vessel copyright 03 June 2013 Chandergupt Mehta 23 .Breaking the behavior barrier • Understanding hazardous behavior • Pride – Accepting challenges beyond capabilities or not asking questions • Hero – I am the hero I can do anything • Invulnerability – This cannot happen to me – • Example – smoking .New the job and not aware of risk .

SA exercise Fouled anchor and – SA copyright 03 June 2013 Chandergupt Mehta 24 .

Contact at anchor – other vessel not aware of Tidal current and using short cut copyright 03 June 2013 Chandergupt Mehta 25 .

BBS and SA copyright 03 June 2013 Chandergupt Mehta 26 .

SA and BBS copyright 03 June 2013 Chandergupt Mehta 27 .

Group Exercise copyright 03 June 2013 Chandergupt Mehta 28 .

Dad come home safely copyright 03 June 2013 Chandergupt Mehta 29 .Any questions Lets have an incident free year and build up behavior safety and Situational awareness .