HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller V900R001C01

System Description

Issue Date Part Number

01 2007-01-10 31027718

Huawei Technologies Proprietary

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Huawei Technologies Proprietary

HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description

Contents

Contents
About This Document.....................................................................................................................1 1 Introduction to BSC6000 ...........................................................................................................1-1
1.1 Position of the BSC6000 .............................................................................................................................1-2 1.2 Functions .....................................................................................................................................................1-3

2 Key Benefits ................................................................................................................................2-1
2.1 Large Capacity and High Integration ..........................................................................................................2-2 2.2 Flexible Configuration.................................................................................................................................2-2 2.3 Comprehensive Functions ...........................................................................................................................2-3 2.3.1 Overview ...........................................................................................................................................2-3 2.3.2 Basic Functions .................................................................................................................................2-3 2.3.3 Optional Functions ............................................................................................................................2-4 2.4 Advanced RRM Algorithms ........................................................................................................................2-5 2.4.1 Overview ...........................................................................................................................................2-5 2.4.2 Power Control ...................................................................................................................................2-5 2.4.3 Handover ...........................................................................................................................................2-5 2.4.4 Radio Resource Allocation................................................................................................................2-5 2.5 Smooth Upgrade and Capacity Expansion ..................................................................................................2-6 2.6 Compatibility with the Protocol Versions....................................................................................................2-6 2.7 Convenient Operation & maintenance.........................................................................................................2-6 2.8 Carrier-Class Reliability Design..................................................................................................................2-7

3 System Architecture...................................................................................................................3-1
3.1 Hardware Structure......................................................................................................................................3-2 3.1.1 Cabinet Appearance...........................................................................................................................3-2 3.1.2 Cabinet Configuration .......................................................................................................................3-2 3.1.3 GIMS.................................................................................................................................................3-4 3.1.4 Service Subrack.................................................................................................................................3-5 3.1.5 Board .................................................................................................................................................3-8 3.2 Logical Structure .........................................................................................................................................3-9 3.3 Hardware Configuration............................................................................................................................3-10 3.3.1 Minimum Configuration..................................................................................................................3-10 3.3.2 Maximum Configuration.................................................................................................................3-11

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Contents

HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description 3.3.3 Typical Configuration......................................................................................................................3-13

3.4 GTCS.........................................................................................................................................................3-14 3.4.1 Overview of the GTCS....................................................................................................................3-14 3.4.2 Connection Between BSC6000 Subracks........................................................................................3-14 3.4.3 Features of the GTCS ......................................................................................................................3-15 3.4.4 Capacity of the GTCS .....................................................................................................................3-15

4 Functions......................................................................................................................................4-1
4.1 Basic Functions ...........................................................................................................................................4-2 4.1.1 Band Supporting................................................................................................................................4-2 4.1.2 Service Provisioning .........................................................................................................................4-2 4.1.3 Mobility Management .......................................................................................................................4-2 4.1.4 Cell Selection ....................................................................................................................................4-2 4.1.5 Call Control.......................................................................................................................................4-2 4.1.6 Handover ...........................................................................................................................................4-2 4.1.7 Power Control ...................................................................................................................................4-3 4.1.8 Measurement Report .........................................................................................................................4-3 4.1.9 Adjustment of Adaptive Timing Advance .........................................................................................4-3 4.1.10 Radio Resource Management..........................................................................................................4-3 4.1.11 System Information .........................................................................................................................4-3 4.1.12 O&M Functions...............................................................................................................................4-3 4.1.13 LAPD Multiplexing on the Abis Interface ......................................................................................4-3 4.1.14 Reliability and Maintainability........................................................................................................4-3 4.1.15 A Interface Functions.......................................................................................................................4-4 4.1.16 Supporting Three-Digit MNC .........................................................................................................4-4 4.1.17 STM-1 .............................................................................................................................................4-4 4.1.18 Message Tracing..............................................................................................................................4-4 4.1.19 Cell Frequency Scan........................................................................................................................4-5 4.1.20 TCH Reassignment..........................................................................................................................4-5 4.2 Optional Functions ......................................................................................................................................4-5 4.2.1 SDCCH Dynamic Adjustment...........................................................................................................4-5 4.2.2 PDCH Dynamic Adjustment .............................................................................................................4-5 4.2.3 Concentric Cell..................................................................................................................................4-5 4.2.4 Enhanced Full Rate ...........................................................................................................................4-5 4.2.5 Half Rate ...........................................................................................................................................4-6 4.2.6 Ciphering...........................................................................................................................................4-6 4.2.7 Short Message Service Cell Broadcast..............................................................................................4-6 4.2.8 Frequency Hopping ...........................................................................................................................4-6 4.2.9 TRX Mutual-Assistance ....................................................................................................................4-7 4.2.10 Satellite Transmission......................................................................................................................4-7 4.2.11 Extended Cell ..................................................................................................................................4-7 4.2.12 GPRS...............................................................................................................................................4-7

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.....15 Multi-Band Networking ....4-8 4...................................................7-1 7........................................................................2.......................5-2 5......6-1 6................1 Security Management................................................................2......................................................................................................5-1 5............................................................................................................................................................5-6 5.2.........24 Local Multiple Signaling Points....................................................................................2........................................................................4-8 4.................14 2G/3G Interoperability ................................7-2 7..............................................3 Maintenance Management ....2........................1 System Reliability Design ..7-3 7...................5-2 5...........5-4 5.................4-9 4....................................................6 Electrical Specifications ...................................2..................................................2 O&M Function .................28 TFO ...........2..........................................................................................................................................................................................................6 Fault Management........................2 Hardware Reliability Design .................2.......................................7-3 7...........25 LCS ............................4-9 4..........................2...............................................7-2 7......7-2 7................................................4-9 4........................................................19 DTX and DRX ......4-9 4.4-10 4.............................................................................................................2................................................5 Performance Management.........................13 EGPRS .......4 Software Management.........................................1 LMT .....................................................................................................................................................................4 Reliability Specifications..............................1 Performance Specifications ..................................................................................................................................................2 iManager M2000........4-10 4.......................................................................3 Software Reliability Design .6-3 7 Technical Specifications ......................................2.................5 Structure Specifications..............................4-7 4......23 High Speed Signaling..........................................2....7-3 Issue 01 (2007-01-10) Huawei Technologies Proprietary iii ...........................................20 Extended Frequency Band......1.................................8 Message Tracing...............................2 Configuration Management...........2................................................................................................5-5 5...............................................................26 Adaptive Multi Rate ..................................................................4-7 4.............................................................................................................HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description Contents 4..........................................................................22 Network-Assisted Cell Change ........................4-8 4...29 Coverage enhanced ......4-8 4..........16 GSM900/DCS1800 Co-BCCH Cell .........2...............................................1................................................................2..............................................................................................................................................................2.............................................................................................................5-3 5..................................................6-2 6..........................................................................................................................2................................................2.................................................................................................2............5-5 5.........................4-9 4......................................................................6-2 6.4-7 4.............................................................................................................................21 eMLPP.2.....................1 O&M Topology ........................................................2..................................................................................................5-4 5.........................................................................2.............................................................................................3 Clock Specifications..18 Semi-Permanent Connection ...................................................................2...................................5-6 5..............4-10 5 O&M ..........................................................................................................5-5 5.......................................................................................2 Capacity Specifications ..............4-10 4....27 Speech Quality Enhancement...........17 Performs power control of the TRXs on each frequency band.........................................................5-3 5........4-8 4.............................................................................................5-6 6 Reliability ...........................................................................................................................................................................................7 State Monitoring.............2........... ....................................................................................................................2.......................................................

.............1 Power Consumption of a Single Subrack .................................................7-4 7....................................8-3 A Acronyms and Abbreviations...................................................6..........................................................8...............1...........8-2 8.....................................3 Operation Environment ................................................................................6.............................1 Storage Environment..............2 Software Installation.........6.........1 Equipment Room Layout ..................................................................1 Hardware Installation .................................................................................7-3 7.................................................Contents HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description 7...........7-4 7.............................................................................................................. i-1 iv Huawei Technologies Proprietary Issue 01 (2007-01-10) .......................................................................................2 Requirements on the Equipment Room...........................8-2 8....................................................................................................................................................................................7-5 7.. A-1 Index ...........................8-2 8.................................7-10 8 Installation..........................................................8-1 8.........7-8 7.......................................7 Noise and Security Specifications .......................................................1..3 Power Supply and EMC Specifications .............................................................................8.................................................................................................................2 Transportation Environment....................................................................7-5 7.........................................................7-5 7....8.......................................................8 Environment Requirements .........................................................................2 Power Consumptions of Typical Configurations.....

........................................3-12 Figure 3-14 BSC6000 maximum configuration (with the GTCSs installed together with all the other subracks) ......................................................................................................................1-2 Figure 3-1 BSC6000 cabinet .....HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description Figures Figures Figure 1-1 Position of the BSC6000 in the network............................................................................................................................................................................................................3-8 Figure 3-9 Logical structure of the BSC6000 system............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................3-11 Figure 3-12 BSC6000 maximum configuration (with the GTCS installed together with all the other subracks) ...................8-2 Issue 01 (2007-01-10) Huawei Technologies Proprietary v .................3-6 Figure 3-6 Fully configured GEPS ..................................................................................3-10 Figure 3-11 Minimum configuration of the BSC6000 (with the GTCS at the MSC side).......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................3-14 Figure 3-17 Links on the Ater interface...................3-11 Figure 3-13 BSC6000 maximum configuration (with the GTCSs at the MSC side)...........................................3-7 Figure 3-8 Fully configured GTCS (with STM-1 transmissions on the A interface)..................3-7 Figure 3-7 Fully configured GTCS (with E1 transmissions on the A interface).................................3-13 Figure 3-16 Connection between the GMPS/GEPS and the GTCS................................3-5 Figure 3-5 Fully configured GMPS................................5-3 Figure 8-1 Equipment room layout...........................3-9 Figure 3-10 BSC6000 minimum configuration (with the GTCS and all the other subracks in one cabinet).....................3-12 Figure 3-15 BSC6000 maximum configuration (with the GTCSs at the MSC side).............................................3-3 Figure 3-3 Front view of the GBSR .....................................5-2 Figure 5-2 M2000 system structure ...3-2 Figure 3-2 Front view of the GBCR ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................3-15 Figure 5-1 O&M system of the BSC6000 ....................................................3-4 Figure 3-4 Internal layout of the BSC6000 subrack .................................................................................................................................

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.........................................................................................................3-9 Table 3-3 BSC6000 typical configuration.................................HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description Tables Tables Table 2-1 Capacity of the BSC6000 ......................................................................7-7 Table 7-11 Storage requirements for chemically active materials..............................................3-16 Table 3-5 Numbers of boards in a fully configured GTCS ............7-4 Table 7-6 Power consumption of the BSC6000 in typical configurations .............................................................................................................................................................................................................3-16 Table 3-7 Capacity specifications of the GTCS (with STM-1 transmissions on the A interface) .....................................................................................................................................................2-3 Table 2-3 Optional functions of the BSC6000....................7-7 Table 7-12 Mechanical stress requirements for storage environment .....................3-13 Table 3-4 Capacity of the boards in the GTCS and of the A interface boards......................................................................................................7-8 Table 7-14 Transportation requirements for physically active materials ......................................2-4 Table 3-1 Boards of the BSC6000 .......................................................................7-4 Table 7-7 Electrical specifications of the BSC6000..................................................................................2-2 Table 2-2 Basic functions of the BSC6000 ..3-8 Table 3-2 BSC6000 function description.........................4-8 Table 7-1 Performance specifications of the BSC6000 .................7-3 Table 7-4 Structure specifications of the BSC6000 .................3-16 Table 3-6 Capacity specifications of the GTCS (with E1 transmissions on the A interface) .......................................................................................................................................................7-2 Table 7-3 Reliability specifications of the BSC6000 ........................................................................7-9 Issue 01 (2007-01-10) Huawei Technologies Proprietary vii .............................7-9 Table 7-15 Transportation requirements for chemically active materials .....................................................7-7 Table 7-13 Climate requirements for equipment transportation ..................................3-17 Table 4-1 E-GSM/R-GSM bands...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................7-4 Table 7-8 Noise and security specifications of the BSC6000 ..............................................................7-5 Table 7-10 Storage requirements for physically active materials .............................................................7-2 Table 7-2 Clock specifications of the BSC6000 ..............................................................................................................................................7-3 Table 7-5 Power consumption of a single BSC6000 subrack ...............................................................................................................................7-5 Table 7-9 Climate requirements for equipment storage ........................................................

..............7-10 Table 7-17 Operation requirements for temperature and humidity ..........................7-11 Table 7-19 Operation requirements for physically active materials...................................................................7-12 viii Huawei Technologies Proprietary Issue 01 (2007-01-10) .........7-11 Table 7-20 Operation requirements for chemically active materials.........................................................................................................7-11 Table 7-21 Mechanical stress requirements during equipment operation ................................................................................Tables HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description Table 7-16 Mechanical stress requirements for transportation ...............................................................................7-10 Table 7-18 Operation requirements for other climax factors .............

Product Name HUAWEI BSC 6000 Version V900R001 Intended Audience This document is intended for: Project engineers System engineers Organization This document consists of eight chapters and one appendix. Issue 01 (2007-01-10) Huawei Technologies Proprietary 1 . Describes the basic and optional functions of the BSC6000. and hardware configurations of the BSC6000. software structure. interfaces. Introduces the features of the BSC6000.HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description About This Document About This Document Purpose This document describes the features. technical specifications. Describes the hardware structure. It is organized as follows: Chapter 1 Introduction to BSC6000 2 3 4 Key Benefits System Architecture Functions Description Introduces the network position. architecture. and functions of the BSC6000. and functions of the BSC6000. It also provides the operation and maintenance. and installation of the BSC6000. Related Versions The following table lists the version of the product that is described in this document.

if not avoided.About This Document HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description Chapter 5 6 O&M Reliability Description Describes the structure and functions of the BSC6000 O&M subsystem. and performance degradation. General Conventions Convention Times New Roman Description Normal paragraphs are in Times New Roman. Indicates a hazard with a medium or low level of risk that. Indicates a potentially hazardous situation that. Symbol Description Indicates a hazard with a high level of risk that. will result in death or serious injury. Indicates a tip that may help you solve a problem or save you time. Conventions Symbol Conventions The following symbols may be found in this document. Introduces the hardware installation and software installation of the BSC6000. if not avoided. Introduces reliability in terms of: BSC6000 system BSC6000 hardware BSC6000 software 7 8 A Technical Specifications Installation Abbreviations Lists the technical specifications of the BSC6000. could result in minor or moderate injury. or unexpected results. Provides additional information to emphasize or supplement important points of the main text. Lists the abbreviations used in this document. They are defined as follows. data loss. if not avoided. 2 Huawei Technologies Proprietary Issue 01 (2007-01-10) . could cause equipment damage.

Optional alternative items are grouped in square brackets and separated by vertical bars. Items (keywords or arguments) in square brackets [ ] are optional. Terminal display is in Courier New. One or none is selected. Press the keys concurrently. For example. Command Conventions Convention Boldface Italic [] { x | y | . Keyboard Operation Format Key Key 1+Key 2 Description Press the key. Book titles are in italics. parameters. Alternative items are grouped in braces and separated by vertical bars.. and users are in boldface. menus. For example.. directories.. Alternative items are grouped in braces and separated by vertical bars. tabs. A minimum of one or a maximum of all can be selected. GUI Conventions Convention Boldface > Description Buttons.. For example. Issue 01 (2007-01-10) Huawei Technologies Proprietary 3 . press Enter and press Tab. } * Description The keywords of a command line are in boldface.. log in as user root. choose File > Create > Folder. For example. One is selected.. and dialog titles are in boldface. pressing Ctrl+Alt+A means the three keys should be pressed concurrently. folders. ] { x | y | . } [ x | y | . Command arguments are in italics. window. For example.HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description About This Document Convention Boldface Italic Courier New Description Names of files. click OK. Multi-level menus are in boldface and separated by the “>” signs.

pressing Alt. Therefore. Press and hold the primary mouse button and move the pointer to a certain position. Update History Updates between document versions are cumulative. the latest document version contains all updates made to previous versions of this document. Key 2 Description Press the keys in turn.About This Document HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description Format Key 1. Press the primary mouse button twice continuously and quickly without moving the pointer. A means the two keys should be pressed in turn. Updates in Issue 01 (2007-01-10) Initial commercial release 4 Huawei Technologies Proprietary Issue 01 (2007-01-10) . For example. Mouse Operation Action Click Double-click Drag Description Select and release the primary mouse button without moving the pointer.

2 Functions Introduction to BSC6000 The following table lists the sections of this chapter. Introduces the functions of the BSC6000.HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description 1 Introduction to BSC6000 1 About This Chapter Title 1. Issue 01 (2007-01-10) Huawei Technologies Proprietary 1-1 .1 Position 1. Description Introduces the network position and interfaces of the BSC6000.

It enables the GSM network to co-locate in one network with the Wideband Code Division Multiple Access (WCDMA) network. 1-2 Huawei Technologies Proprietary Issue 01 (2007-01-10) . The BSC6000 shares one hardware platform with the WCDMA Radio Network Controller (RNC).1 Introduction to BSC6000 HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description 1. and integrity Support the evolution towards the GSM EDGE Radio Access Network (GERAN) Improve the serviceability.1 Position of the BSC6000 HUAWEI BSC6000 is the next generation of M900/M1800 BSC V300R002. and testability of the BSC system. Its new hardware platform and software architecture have the following features: Enhance the system performance. Figure 1-1 shows the position of the BSC6000 in the GSM network. capacity. maintainability. Figure 1-1 Position of the BSC6000 in the network MSC MS BTS Gs A BSC SGSN PCU Pb MS BTS PDN Gb GGSN HLR Um Abis BSC: Base Station Controller GGSN: Gateway GPRS Support Node MSC: Mobile Switching Center PDN: Packet Data Network BTS: Base Transceiver Station HLR: Home Location Register PCU: Packet Control Unit SGSN: Serving GPRS Support Node The BSC6000 has the following interfaces: Abis with the BTS A interface with the MSC Pb interface with the PCU Gb interface with the SGSN The BSC6000 plays an important role in the radio access and network optimization.

2 Functions The main functions of the BSC6000 are: Radio resource management BTS management Power control Handover control Performance measurement Issue 01 (2007-01-10) Huawei Technologies Proprietary 1-3 .HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description 1 Introduction to BSC6000 1.

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4 Advanced RRM Algorithms 2. Introduces the O&M functions of the BSC6000.HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description 2 Key Benefits 2 About This Chapter The following table lists the sections of this chapter. Introduces the protocol releases supported by the BSC6000.3 Comprehensive Functions 2. Introduces the capacity expansion and upgrading of the BSC6000.2 Flexible Configuration 2.5 Smooth Upgrade and Capacity Expansion 2. Introduces the radio resource management (RRM) algorithms of the BSC6000.7 Convenient Operation & maintenance 2. Introduces the carrier-class reliability of the BSC6000.8 Carrier-Class Reliability Design Description Key Benefits Introduces the capacity specifications of the BSC6000. Introduces the configuration features of the BSC6000.6 Compatibility with the Protocol Versions 2. Issue 01 (2007-01-10) Huawei Technologies Proprietary 2-1 . Title 2. Introduces the functions of the BSC6000.1 Large Capacity and High Integration 2.

2 Flexible Configuration The BSC6000 has the following characteristics in terms of flexible configuration. Table 2-1 shows the details. and GTCSs are included and installed at the MSC side) The GSM TransCoder Subrack (GTCS) can be configured in an independent cabinet. Multiple networking modes The BSC6000 and the BTSs can use the star. Service-oriented hardware configuration The configuration for the Circuit Switched domain (CS) service and Packet Switched domain (PS) service is flexible.000 Erlang 2. Multiple clock sources The selection of the synchronization clock is flexible. The Ater interface lies between the service subracks of the BSC6000.048 12. Table 2-1 Capacity of the BSC6000 Specification Maximum number of TRXs Maximum traffic volume Busy Hour Call Attempts (BHCA) Maximum number of subscribers Maximum number of cabinets Value 2.1 Large Capacity and High Integration The BSC6000 has a large capacity and high integration. The system can be configured according to different requirements on voice and data services in different phases of network construction. The clock sources can be obtained from: − − − Building Integrated Timing Supply System (BITS) A interface Local oscillator 2-2 Huawei Technologies Proprietary Issue 01 (2007-01-10) . 2. and tree networking modes.000 2 (when the A interface uses E1 transmissions and no GTCS is included) 4 (when the A interface uses E1 transmissions and GTCSs are included and installed at the MSC side) 3 (when the A interface uses STM-1 transmissions.000 600.2 Key Benefits HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description 2. chain.340.

The operators can choose to configure different functions according to the different requirements on the function and capacity in different network phases. This can protect the investment for the operators to most extent.1 Overview The BSC6000 provides basic and optional functions. 2. Table 2-2 Basic functions of the BSC6000 Number 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Function Band Supporting Service Provisioning Mobility Management Cell Selection Call Control Handover Power Control Measurement Report Adjustment of Adaptive Timing Advance Radio Resource Management System Information O&M Functions LAPD Multiplexing at the Abis Interface Reliability and Maintainability A Interface Functions Three-Digit MNC STM-1 Message Tracing Scan Cell Frequency TCH Reassignment Issue 01 (2007-01-10) Huawei Technologies Proprietary 2-3 .3.2 Basic Functions Table 2-2 lists the basic functions of the BSC6000.3.3 Comprehensive Functions 2.HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description 2 Key Benefits 2.

2 Key Benefits HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description 2. Table 2-3 Optional functions of the BSC6000 Number 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 Function SDCCH Dynamic Adjustment PDCH Dynamic Adjustment Concentric Cell Enhanced Full Rate Half Rate Ciphering Cell Broadcasting Short Message Service Frequency Hopping TRX Mutual-Assistance Satellite Transmission Extended Cell GPRS EGPRS 2G/3G Interoperability Multi-band Networking GSM900/DCS1800 Co-BCCH Cell Semi-Permanent Connection DTX and DRX Extended Frequency Band eMLPP Network Assisted Cell Change High Speed Signaling Local Multiple Signaling Points LCS AMR Speech Quality Enhancement TFO 2-4 Huawei Technologies Proprietary Issue 01 (2007-01-10) .3 Optional Functions Table 2-3 lists the optional functions of the BSC6000.3.

3 Handover The BSC6000 adopts the Huawei-patented handover algorithm. and quality.2 Power Control The BSC6000 adopts the Huawei-patented power control algorithm. and concentric cell handover. This can reduce the interference to other channels. capacity. load sharing handover.4. handover. This algorithm can handle the handovers under any radio environment. the BSC6000 can allocate a full rate TCH or a half rate TCH for a service request. These algorithms ensure optimal effect in terms of network coverage.HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description 2 Key Benefits Number 28 Function Coverage enhanced 2. 2. It can effectively improve the network QoS.4. The handover algorithm supports handovers such as hierarchical handover. quick fall handover. The BSC6000 allocates the optimum channel based on the following analysis: Channel interference TRX priority Channel historical occupation record TRX load balance This effectively improves the success rate of the radio channel allocation.4. According to the QoS requirement and the load of the current cell. and meets the communication requirements. This improves the utilization of the radio channel bandwidth. and save the power consumption of MSs. power BudGeT (PBGT) handover.4 Advanced RRM Algorithms 2.4 Radio Resource Allocation The BSC6000 realizes flexible radio resource allocation.1 Overview The BSC6000 adopts Huawei-patented Radio Resource Management (RRM) algorithms for power control.4. 2. This algorithm lowers the average transmit power of the BTS and MSs while keeps the transmission quality higher than the specified threshold. The power control can be more accurate and eliminate the hysteresis effect through the following functions of the HW_II power control algorithm: Measurement report prediction Compensation Overall power control judgment 2. Issue 01 (2007-01-10) Huawei Technologies Proprietary 2-5 . and resource allocation.

Online Help The BSC6000 provides the online help for the O&M GUI. Remote maintenance The BSC6000 supports remote maintenance by the Internet and Virtual Private Network (VPN). Smooth capacity expansion The BSC6000 adopts modular design. Online capacity expansion To expand the system capacity. it can automatically load programs according to the configuration data. It also supports multi-user operations.6 Compatibility with the Protocol Versions The BSC6000 is developed based on the 3GPP GERAN R4 standard. 2. The performance measurement counters can be automatically generated and reported to the iManager 2000 (referred to as M2000 hereinafter). you can configure one cell or multiple cells.7 Convenient Operation & maintenance The BSC6000 has the following features in terms of operation & maintenance (O&M): Friendly GUI The BSC6000 uses the Graphic User Interface (GUI). 2. You can expand the capacity just by adding relevant modules. After you start a service processing board. Online patching The software of the BSC6000 can be patched while the current services are ongoing. Performance measurement counter The BSC6000 provides various performance measurement counters for the upper network management system. you can add service subracks or service processing boards.2 Key Benefits HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description The BSC6000 supports dynamic conversion between TCH/F and TCH/H.5 Smooth Upgrade and Capacity Expansion The BSC6000 has the following characteristics in terms of upgrade and capacity expansion. the investment can be saved to the most extent. It supports the evolution towards R5 and R6. Flexible Network Parameter Configuration At a time. 2. and then start to provide services. and the alarm management. and between PDCH and SDCCH according to users' requirements. which facilitates the operations. the data configuration. The operators can use these counters to optimize the network and analyze the system performance. This avoids the traffic loss due to the improper initial configuration. 2-6 Huawei Technologies Proprietary Issue 01 (2007-01-10) . The LMT integrates the O&M of the system. In this way. one single parameter or multiple parameters. thus facilitating the performance management.

service processing units.8 Carrier-Class Reliability Design To improve hardware reliability. switching units and clock units TC resource pool Faulty detection/isolation technologies To implement the self-healing function upon software failure and improve the software reliability.HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description 2 Key Benefits 2. the BSC6000 uses the following measures: Regular detection Task monitoring Storage protection Resource check Issue 01 (2007-01-10) Huawei Technologies Proprietary 2-7 . the BSC6000 uses the following measures: Active/Standby backup: interface units.

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1 Hardware Structure 3. Description Introduces the hardware structure of the BSC6000. Introduces the logical structure of the BSC6000.HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description 3 System Architecture 3 About This Chapter Title 3.3 Hardware Configuration 3. Issue 01 (2007-01-10) Huawei Technologies Proprietary 3-1 .2 Logical Structure 3. Introduces the hardware configuration for the BSC6000. Introduces the transcoding functions of the BSC6000.4 GTCS System Architecture The following table lists the sections of this chapter.

1.3 System Architecture HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description 3. Figure 3-1 BSC6000 cabinet 3. GBCR The GBCR performs service processing and O&M functions. The dimensions of a BSC6000 cabinet are 2200 mm (height) x 600 mm (width) x 800 mm (depth).1 Hardware Structure 3.1 Cabinet Appearance The BSC6000 uses Huawei N68-22 cabinets. The cabinet design conforms to the IEC60297 and IEEE standards.2 Cabinet Configuration The BSC6000 has two kinds of racks: GSM BSC Control processing Rack (GBCR) and GSM BSC Service processing Rack (GBSR). Figure 3-1 shows the BSC6000 cabinet.1. It consists of: Two service subracks 3-2 Huawei Technologies Proprietary Issue 01 (2007-01-10) .

It has only service subracks. Video. Figure 3-2 Front view of the GBCR 8 6 7 6 1 5 1 1 1 4 1 2 1 1 3 1 (1) Front panel (4) LAN switch (7) Air defense subrack (2) GBAM (5) KVM (8) Power distribution box (3) Cabling subrack (6) Service subrack GBSR A GBSR is configured based on the service capacity requirements. and Mouse (KVM) One LAN switch One GSM Back Administration Module (GBAM) Figure 3-2 shows the front view of the GBCR.HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description 3 System Architecture One Keyboard. One GBSR can accommodate three service subracks. Issue 01 (2007-01-10) Huawei Technologies Proprietary 3-3 .

3 GIMS The Keyboard. and GSM Back Administration Module (GBAM) are called GSM Integrated Management System (GIMS). 3-4 Huawei Technologies Proprietary Issue 01 (2007-01-10) . Video And Mouse (KVM). LAN switch. a keyboard. The functions of the GIMS are as follows: KVM The KVM is integrated equipment of a mouse. and a monitor. Figure 3-3 Front view of the GBSR 4 2 3 2 3 2 1 1 (1) Front panel (3) Air defense subrack (2) Service subrack (4) Power distribution box 3.3 System Architecture HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description Figure 3-3 shows the GBSR.1. It serves for the GBAM.

and boards are inserted from both the front and the rear of the cabinet. work in active/standby mode. The boards working in active/standby mode occupy the active slot and standby slot.1. Figure 3-4 Internal layout of the BSC6000 subrack 14 Rear boards 20 27 Backplane Front boards 00 06 13 Figure 3-4 shows the internal layout of a service subrack. as specified in IEC60297. The backplane present is in the middle of the subrack. for example. Issue 01 (2007-01-10) Huawei Technologies Proprietary 3-5 . and then the GBAM accesses the M2000 through the LAN switch. the front subrack holds service boards. as shown in Figure 3-4. slot 00 and slot 01. The LMT accesses the GBAM through the LAN switch. 3. The height of the subracks is 12 U.4 Service Subrack Hardware Architecture The BSC6000 has three types of service subrack: GSM Main Processing Subrack (GMPS) GSM Extended Processing Subrack (GETS) GSM TransCoder Subrack (GTCS) The width of the three types of subrack is 19 inches. The backplane separates the service subrack into a front subrack and a rear subrack. Both the front and rear subracks provide 14 slots.HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description 3 System Architecture LAN switch The LAN switch provides 10 Mbit/s or 100 Mbit/s BASE-TX Ethernet port. It is used for the operation and maintenance of the BSC6000. The 28 slots are numbered 00–27 from the front to the rear. slot 02 and slot 03. In the service subrack. GBAM The GBAM is installed with OMU software. Two neighboring even and odd slots. and the rear subrack holds interface boards for external connections.

3 System Architecture HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description 1 U = 44. The fully configured GMPS can hold 512 TRXs.45 mm = 1. Compared with the GMPS. Figure 3-6 shows the fully configured GEPS with E1 transmissions on the interfaces of the GEPS. 3-6 Huawei Technologies Proprietary Issue 01 (2007-01-10) . the GEPS is not configured with the GGCU. GMPS The GMPS processes services. A fully configured GEPS can support 512 TRXs. The BSC6000 is configured with 0–3 GEPSs in the GBCR or the GBSR. and provides clock for the system. Figure 3-5 Fully configured GMPS 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 Rear board G E I U P G E I U P G E I U T G E I U T G E I U B G E I U B G E I U B G E I U B G E I U B G E I U B G E I U B G E I U B G E I U B G E I U B Backplane G X P U M 00 Front board G X P U M 01 02 03 G T N U 04 G T N U 05 G S C U 06 G S C U 07 G X P U C 08 G X P U C 09 10 11 G G C U 12 G G C U 13 GEPS The GEPS processes services for the BSC. Figure 3-5 shows the fully configured GMPS with E1 transmissions the interfaces of the GMPS. One BSC6000 is configured with one GMPS in the GBCR.75 inches.

HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description 3 System Architecture Figure 3-6 Fully configured GEPS 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 Rear board G E I U P G E I U P G E I U T G E I U T G E I U B G E I U B G E I U B G E I U B G E I U B G E I U B G E I U B G E I U B G E I U B G E I U B Backplane G X P U M 00 Front board G X P U M 01 02 03 G T N U 04 G T N U 05 G S C U 06 G S C U 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 GTCS The GTCS implements the transcoding.840 speech channels. Issue 01 (2007-01-10) Huawei Technologies Proprietary 3-7 . Figure 3-8 shows a fully configured GTCS. rate adaptation. Figure 3-7 Fully configured GTCS (with E1 transmissions on the A interface) 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 Rear board G E I U T G E I U T G E I U A G E I U A G E I U A G E I U A G E I U A G E I U A G E I U A G E I U A Backplane G T N U 00 01 02 03 04 Front board G T N U 05 G S C U 06 G S C U 07 08 G D P U C 09 G D P U C 10 G D P U C 11 G D P U C 12 G D P U C 13 When the BSC6000 uses STM-1 transmissions on the A interface. The BSC6000 is configured with 1–4 GTCSs in the GBCR or the GBSR.680 speech channels. When the BSC6000 uses E1 transmissions on the A interface. a GTCS provides a maximum of 3. a GTCS provides a maximum of 7. and sub-multiplexing functions. Figure 3-7 shows a fully configured GTCS in this case.

3 System Architecture HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description Figure 3-8 Fully configured GTCS (with STM-1 transmissions on the A interface) 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 Rear board G E I U T G E I U T G E I U T G E I U T G O I U A G O I U A G O I U A G O I U A G O I U A G O I U A G O I U A G O I U A Backplane G D P U C 00 01 Front board G D P U C 02 G D P U C 03 G T N U 04 G T N U 05 G S C U 06 G S C U 07 G D P U C 08 G D P U C 09 G D P U C 10 G D P U C 11 G D P U C 12 G D P U C 13 3. Table 3-1 Boards of the BSC6000 Board GGCU GSCU GTNU GXPUM GXPUC GEIUB GEIUP GEIUT GEIUA GOIUB GOIUP GOIUT GOIUA GDPUC Full Name GSM General Clock Unit GSM Switching and Control Unit GSM TDM switching Network Unit GSM eXtensible Processing Unit for Main service GSM eXtensible Processing Unit for Cell broadcast service GSM E1/T1 Interface Unit for aBis GSM E1/T1 Interface Unit for Pb GSM E1/T1 Interface Unit for aTer GSM E1/T1 Interface Unit for A GSM Optic Interface Unit for aBis GSM Optic Interface Unit for Pb GSM Optic Interface Unit for aTer GSM Optic Interface Unit for A GSM Data Processing Unit for CS service 3-8 Huawei Technologies Proprietary Issue 01 (2007-01-10) .5 Board Table 3-1 lists the boards of the BSC6000.1.

Figure 3-9 Logical structure of the BSC6000 system Cascading connection between subracks TDM switching subsystem Service processing subsystem Service control subsystem Interface and signaling processing subsystem E1/STM-1 to BTS E1/STM-1 to PCU E1/STM-1 to MSC Clock subsystem Cascading connection between subracks GE switching subsystem Table 3-2 describes the function of each subsystem in the BSC6000. 3. switching network and system interconnection unit. Implements the switching and interconnection of the PS data and the signaling between service boards and between subracks. including the backboard. Issue 01 (2007-01-10) Huawei Technologies Proprietary 3-9 . The other boards use 1+1 backup mode. The GDPUC uses N+1 backup mode.2 Logical Structure The BSC6000 can logically be divided into: TDM switching subsystem GE switching subsystem Service processing subsystem Service control subsystem Interface and signaling processing subsystem Clock subsystem Figure 3-9 shows the logical structure of the BSC6000.HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description 3 System Architecture All the boards in the BSC6000 are hot swappable. Table 3-2 BSC6000 function description Subsystem TDM switching subsystem GE switching subsystem Function Description Implements the TDM timeslot switching and interconnection between the service boards and between the subracks.

It implements the system internal clock distribution function.3. Implements the TDM service access. 3. Implements the signaling processing. Provides external physical interface (such as A and Abis interfaces). call processing and resource management.3 System Architecture HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description Subsystem Service processing subsystem Service control subsystem Interface and signaling processing subsystem Function Description Implements radio frame protocol processing and voice service processing. Figure 3-10 BSC6000 minimum configuration (with the GTCS and all the other subracks in one cabinet) GTCS GMPS GIMS Cabinet 1 When the GTCS is installed at the MSC side. Implements the processing function of the transmission layer. Integrates stratum 3 clock. as shown in Figure 3-10. Terminates the link layer. as shown in Figure 3-11.3 Hardware Configuration A BSC6000 is configured with one GBCR and 0–3 GBSRs according to the actual service capacity requirements and the GTCS configuration mode.1 Minimum Configuration When the GTCS is installed together with all the other subracks. 3-10 Huawei Technologies Proprietary Issue 01 (2007-01-10) . Clock subsystem Implements the system clock function. 3. the minimum configuration of the BSC6000 requires only one cabinet. the minimum configuration of the BSC6000 requires two cabinets.

the maximum configuration of the BSC6000 requires three cabinets. the BSC6000 can hold 2.2 Maximum Configuration For the BSC6000. Under the maximum configuration. Figure 3-12 BSC6000 maximum configuration (with the GTCS installed together with all the other subracks) GEPS GTCS GTCS GMPS GEPS GTCS GIMS Cabinet 1 GEPS Cabinet 2 GTCS Cabinet 3 Issue 01 (2007-01-10) Huawei Technologies Proprietary 3-11 . and four GTCSs.360 speech channels. Maximum Configuration with E1 Transmissions on the A Interface When the A interface uses E1 transmissions. When the GTCSs are installed together with the other subracks.HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description 3 System Architecture Figure 3-11 Minimum configuration of the BSC6000 (with the GTCS at the MSC side) GMPS GIMS Cabinet 1 GTCS Cabinet 2 3.048 TRXs. equivalent to 15. three GEPSs. You can add GBSRs to expand the service capacity. as shown in Figure 3-12. the maximum configuration is achieved through the capacity expansion from its minimum configuration.3. the BSC6000 can be configured with only one GMPS.

as shown in Figure 3-13. the BSC6000 can be configured with one GMPS. and two GTCSs. as shown in Figure 3-14. the maximum configuration of the BSC6000 requires three cabinets.3 System Architecture HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description Whether the GTCSs are installed at the MSC side. Figure 3-14 BSC6000 maximum configuration (with the GTCSs installed together with all the other subracks) GEPS GTCS GMPS GEPS GIMS Cabinet 1 GEPS Cabinet 2 GTCS Cabinet 3 Whether the GTCSs are installed at the MSC side. Figure 3-13 BSC6000 maximum configuration (with the GTCSs at the MSC side) GEPS GTCS GMPS GEPS GTCS GIMS Cabinet 1 GEPS Cabinet 2 GTCS Cabinet 3 GTCS Cabinet 4 Maximum Configuration with STM-1 Transmissions on the A Interface When the A interface uses STM-1 transmissions. 3-12 Huawei Technologies Proprietary Issue 01 (2007-01-10) . When the GTCSs are installed together with the other subracks. three GEPSs. the maximum configuration of the BSC6000 requires four cabinets. the maximum configuration of the BSC6000 requires four cabinets. as shown in Figure 3-15.

The Abis and Ater interfaces use E1 or STM-1 transmissions. The Abis and Ater interfaces use E1 or STM-1 transmissions. The A interface uses E1 transmissions.3. The A interface uses STM-1 transmissions. The operators can choose a proper configuration according to the actual requirements.024 2 1.024 3 2. The A interface uses E1 transmissions.3 Typical Configuration The typical configuration of the BSC6000 is shown in Table 3-3. The A interface uses E1 transmissions. The A interface uses STM-1 transmissions. The Abis and Ater interfaces use E1 or STM-1 transmissions.HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description 3 System Architecture Figure 3-15 BSC6000 maximum configuration (with the GTCSs at the MSC side) GEPS GMPS GEPS GTCS GIMS Cabinet 1 GEPS Cabinet 2 GTCS Cabinet 3 3. The A interface uses STM-1 transmissions. The Abis and Ater interfaces use E1 or STM-1 transmissions.048 Issue 01 (2007-01-10) Huawei Technologies Proprietary 3-13 . The Abis and Ater interfaces use E1 or STM-1 transmissions.048 3 2. 1xGMPS+1xGTCS+GIMS 1 512 1xGMPS+1xGEPS+GIMS +2xGTCS 1xGMPS+1xGEPS+GIMS +1xGTCS 1xGMPS+3xGEPS+GIMS +4xGTCS 1xGMPS+3xGEPS+GIMS +2xGTCS 2 1. Table 3-3 BSC6000 typical configuration Configuration Number of Cabinets 1 Number of Full-Rate TRXs 512 Remarks 1xGMPS+1xGTCS+GIMS The Abis and Ater interfaces use E1 or STM-1 transmissions.

GDPUC In the Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN). the GEIUT/GOIUT is required to perform sub-multiplexing.3 System Architecture HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description 3. transmission resources are wasted. In the GSM. To save land line resources. the voice must go through code speed adjustment. 3. and that in the GTCS implement sub-multiplexing functions. and the GTCS connects with the MSC through the A interface. GEIUT/GOIUT If 64 kbit/s links are used to transmit 16 kbit/s signals. 3-14 Huawei Technologies Proprietary Issue 01 (2007-01-10) . When the GTCS is configured on the MSC side. Figure 3-17 shows the links on the Ater interface. the voice coding scheme is pulse code modulation (PCM) and the rate is 64 kbit/s. Figure 3-16 Connection between the GMPS/GEPS and the GTCS BSC6000 GMPS/GEPS G E I U B G E …… I U T Ater GTCS G E I U T G T N U G D P U C G T N U G E I U A A MSC The GMPS/GEPS connects with the GTCS through the Ater interface.2 Connection Between BSC6000 Subracks Figure 3-16 shows the connection between the GMPS/GEPS and the GTCS. Therefore. The GEIUT or GOIU in the GMPS (or GEPS). four 16 kbit/s channels are combined into 64 kbit/s channels. To enable a fixed phone to call a GSM mobile station. to save radio channel resources. Therefore. The signaling links are used for service communications between the GMPS/GEPS and the GTCS. you need to configure signaling links and O&M links on the Ater interface. the voice coding scheme is RPE-LTP or CELP and the rate is 13 kbit/s (through a 16 kbit/s channel). The GTCS can be configured in an independent GBSR on the MSC side. The O&M links are used for operations and maintenance of the GTCS.4.4.4 GTCS 3.1 Overview of the GTCS The GDPUC in the GTCS performs transcoding and rate adaptation. the GDPUC performs transcoding and rate adaptation.

3.1 Hardware Installation. Performs operation and maintenance functions When the GTCS is configured on the MSC side. TC resources have priority levels that are configured through the LMT. The GDPUC decodes the 8 kbit/s or 16 kbit/s TARU frames from the Ater using the voice algorithm and then sends 64 kbit/s PCM data to the A interface.3 Features of the GTCS The GTCS of the BSC6000 has the following features: Supports FR/EFR/HR/AMR services The GDPUC in the GTCS encodes the 64 kbit/s PCM data from the A interface using a voice algorithm and then sends 8 kbit/s or 16 kbit/s TARU frames to the Ater interface. The management of the TC resource pool equalizes the load on the DSPs relatively. 3. This assignment mechanism can be used to detect the speech quality of specific TC resources. Manages the TC resource pool The Transcoder Controller (TCC) module detects the states of the GDPUC and the DSP of the GDPUC. the TCC assigns a TC resource to the call and deletes the resource from the resource pool. The TC resources for one DSP are discontinuously distributed in the resource pool. configure two O&M links on the Ater interface to perform the operations and maintenance of the GTCS. It adds normal TC resources to the resource pool and deletes abnormal TC resources from the resource pool.110 frames into 8 kbit/s or 16 kbit/s GDPUC frames and sends the converted frames to the BSC. Supports transparent and non-transparent transmissions of CS data services The GDPUC does not change data but converts the format of data frames. If one call being processed by the DSP has a quality problem.4. Figure 3-16 takes E1 transmissions as an example.4. refer to section 3.4 Capacity of the GTCS Table 3-4 lists the capacity of the boards in the GTCS and that of the A interface boards. Issue 01 (2007-01-10) Huawei Technologies Proprietary 3-15 . For a fully configured GTCS. The TCC module assigns TC resources by priority levels. The bandwidth of each link is 1%64 kbit/s to 30%64 kbit/s.1. It converts the unlink 8 kbit/s or 16 kbit/s frames into 64 kbit/s ITU-T V.HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description 3 System Architecture Figure 3-17 Links on the Ater interface Ater signaling link GMPS/GEPS Ater O&M link BSC side MSC side GTCS Both the A and Ater interfaces support E1 transmissions and STM-1 transmissions.4 Service Subrack For the procedure for installing the GTCS on the MSC side. the quality of the other successive (tens of) calls being processed by the DSP is not affected. When the call is over. the TCC puts the TC resource previously used by the call into the resource pool for future assignment.110 frames and sends the converted frames to the MSC. refer to section 8. The two links work in active/standby mode. The GDPUC also converts the downlink 64 kbit/s ITU-T V. when a call is initiated.

Table 3-5 Numbers of boards in a fully configured GTCS Transmission Mode on the A Interface E1 transmission STM-1 transmission Number of A Interface Boards 8 GEIUAs 8 GOUIAs Number of Ater Interface Boards (for E1 Transmissions) 2 GEIUTs 4 GEIUTs Number of GDPUCs 5. When the transmission mode on the A interface varies.000 3-16 Huawei Technologies Proprietary Issue 01 (2007-01-10) . working in 4+1 backup mode 9. working in 8+1 backup mode The GEIUA/GOIUA/GEIUT works in active/standby mode. Table 3-5 lists different numbers of boards in a fully configured GTCS. Table 3-6 lists the capacity specifications of the GTCS. When the BSC6000 uses E1 transmissions on the A interface.80 Number of E1 Links on the A Interface 128 256 Number of E1 Links on the Ater Interface 32 64 Traffic (Erl) 3.840 speech channels 32 E1 links 960 CICs 32 E1 links 1. the BSC6000 has a maximum of four GTCSs that are placed in two GBSRs.000 6.3 System Architecture HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description Table 3-4 Capacity of the boards in the GTCS and of the A interface boards Board GDPUC GEIUT GEIUA GOIUA Capacity 960 speech channels 3. the number of boards in a fully configured GTCS varies.920 CICs 1 STM-1 port that bears 63 routes of E1 signals When the transmission mode on the A interface varies. the capacity of a fully configured GTCS is different.840 76. The GDPUC works in N+1 backup mode. Table 3-6 Capacity specifications of the GTCS (with E1 transmissions on the A interface) Number of GTCSs 1 2 Number of GBSRs 1 1 Number of CICs on the A Interface 3.

000 12.000 Issue 01 (2007-01-10) Huawei Technologies Proprietary 3-17 .360 Number of E1 Links on the A Interface 384 512 Number of E1 Links on the Ater Interface 96 128 Traffic (Erl) 9.000 12.000 When the BSC6000 uses STM-1 transmissions on the A interface. Table 3-7 Capacity specifications of the GTCS (with STM-1 transmissions on the A interface) Number of GTCSs 1 2 Number of GBSRs 1 1 Number of CICs on the A Interface 7. the BSC6000 can has a maximum of two GTCSs that are placed in one GBSR.HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description 3 System Architecture Number of GTCSs 3 4 Number of GBSRs 1 2 Number of CICs on the A Interface 11. Table 3-7 lists the capacity specifications of the GTCS.520 15.680 15.360 Number of Optical Ports on the A Interface 1 2 Number of E1 Links on the Ater Interface 64 128 Traffic (Erl) 6.

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Introduces the optional functions of the BSC6000.HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description 4 Functions 4 About This Chapter The following table lists the sections of this chapter. Issue 01 (2007-01-10) Huawei Technologies Proprietary 4-1 .1 Basic Functions 4.2 Optional Functions Description Functions Introduces the basic functions of the BSC6000. Title 4.

4.8 kbit/s transparent or nontransparent data service 2.1. and authentication. and call reestablishment. 4.1. paging. 4.1. 900 MHz. and assignment.6 Handover As a way of radio link control.1.4 Functions HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description 4. 4. a handover enables conversations through different cells.1 Band Supporting The BSC6000 supports the 850 MHz.3 Mobility Management The mobility management includes the location updating.1.6 kbit/s transparent or nontransparent data service 4. International Mobile Subscriber Identity (IMSI) attach and detach. immediate assignment.5 Call Control The BSC6000 supports call control.1 Basic Functions 4.4 Cell Selection The BSC6000 supports the cell selection and reselection. Handover algorithms consist of: Basic handover algorithm Power BudGeT (PBGT) handover algorithm Signal level rapid dropping handover algorithm Load handover algorithm 4-2 Huawei Technologies Proprietary Issue 01 (2007-01-10) . The teleservice includes: Telephone service Emergency call service Point-to-point short message service G3 fax The CS service includes: 9.1.4 kbit/s transparent or nontransparent data service) 4. 1800 MHz. and 1900 MHz frequencies specified in the ETSI GSM specifications. A handover can adjust the traffic volume of a cell to optimize the overall performance of the system.2 Service Provisioning The BSC6000 supports tele-services and Circuit Switched domain (CS) data services.

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4 Functions

Layered and hierarchical handover algorithm Speed-sensitive handover algorithm Directed retry algorithm SDCCH handover algorithm

These algorithms can improve the quality of customer services and that of the network, and lower call drops during handovers.

4.1.7 Power Control
The BSC6000 supports static power control, dynamic power control, and enhanced power control algorithm.

4.1.8 Measurement Report
The BSC6000 supports the processing and preprocessing of measurement report (MR).

4.1.9 Adjustment of Adaptive Timing Advance
The BSC6000 supports the adjustment of the adaptive timing advance. This function ensures the radio signaling arrive at the BTS on time without mistake.

4.1.10 Radio Resource Management
The BSC6000 supports the TRX management, radio link management, radio common channel management, radio dedicated channel management, and enhanced channel assignment algorithm.

4.1.11 System Information
The system information includes the primary parameters of the radio network on the Um interface. These primary parameters include network identification parameters, cell selection parameters, system control parameters, and network function parameters. By receiving the system information, the MS can correctly access and select the network, and make full use of all kinds of services the network provides.

4.1.12 O&M Functions
For details, see section 5.2 “O&M Function."

4.1.13 LAPD Multiplexing on the Abis Interface
In the BSC6000 system, the Abis interface board supports N:1 multiplexing mode that is specified for the RSL and OML signaling channels. The speech channel uses an exclusive mode. In this mode, a full-rate speech channels uses 16 kbit/s and that a half-rate speech channel uses 8 kbit/s.

4.1.14 Reliability and Maintainability
For details, see 6 "Reliability."

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4.1.15 A Interface Functions
The BSC6000 implements the following function on the A interface.

Ater interface 4:1 multiplexing

The BSC6000 supports 4:1 multiplexing on the Ater interface, that is, through the Ater interface board, four timeslots on E1 of the A interface can be multiplexed to one timeslot on the Ater interface.

14-digit signaling point code

The BSC6000 connects to the MSC through the SS7 signaling system. The SS7 signaling system uses 14-bit signaling point code and 24-bit signaling point code.

Circuit management

The BSC6000 supports circuit management on the A interface. This management consists of:
− − − − − −

Assigning circuit on the A interface Blocking the circuit Unblocking the circuit Group blocking the circuit Group unblocking the circuit Providing maintenance and control over the single circuit or the PCM circuit group of the GEIUA and GDPUC

A interface protocol process

The BSC6000 processes the A interface-based signaling and protocol, including connectionless and connection-oriented SCCP.

A Interface Occupation Rate Monitoring

This function is used to monitor the occupation rate and usage status of the circuit on the A interface and the TC resources by performance measurement.

4.1.16 Supporting Three-Digit MNC
All the cells under the BSC6000 support both 2-digit and 3-digit MNC. The operators can choose one according to the network planning.

4.1.17 STM-1
The BSC6000 supports the STM-1 optical transmission on the A, Ater, Abis, and Pb interfaces. This function can reduce the cabling and lower the maintenance workload for the operators. The use of optical interface on the A interface can improve the integration level of the GTCS.

4.1.18 Message Tracing
BSC6000 performs message tracing and user tracing on the following interfaces:

A interface Abis interface Um interface Pb interface

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BSC-CBC interface

The message tracing can help locate problems and improve the maintenance efficiency.

4.1.19 Cell Frequency Scan
Cell frequency scan is used to detect the uplink and downlink receive power levels at all frequencies in a specific frequency band. The scan provides frequency reference for configuration engineers; thus improving the accuracy in frequency configuration.

4.1.20 TCH Reassignment
When a TCH assignment fails, the reassignment is performed to effectively improve the success rate of the assignment procedure, thus improving the success rate of access.

4.2 Optional Functions
4.2.1 SDCCH Dynamic Adjustment
If users in a cell increase in a short time, many users fail to access the network because of insufficient SDCCHs. In this situation, the SDCCH dynamic adjustment function can convert the TCH into SDCCH dynamically to enable more users to access the network.

4.2.2 PDCH Dynamic Adjustment
The function can effectively improve the channel usage, reduce the maintenance and configuration task, and increase the revenue of the operators. The circuit service has the higher priority to obtain the channel than the packet service. The PCU releases the dynamic PDCH when there are too many idle PDCHs.

4.2.3 Concentric Cell
The concentric cell technology divides an ordinary cell into two service layers: overlaid subcell and underlaid subcell. For the MSs in the underlaid subcell, try to distribute the less-reused frequency, such as the BCCH frequency. For the MSs in the overlaid subcell, try to distribute the more-reused frequency, such as the frequencies other than the BCCH frequency. The system capacity can be improved by using the more-reused frequency in the overlaid subcell.

4.2.4 Enhanced Full Rate
The Enhanced Full Rate (EFR) can provide better speech quality. It can improve the speech quality when the full rate is used on the air interface.

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4.2.5 Half Rate
Half Rate
With the increase of the subscribers, the frequency resources of the current GSM network become insufficient. The half rate function can improve the capacity of the current network without any hardware investment. To enable the half rate function, the Transcoder & Rate Adaptation Unit (TRAU) needs to support the half rate coding. Huawei TRAU supports all series of voice coding. It can dynamically assign various voice coding resources according to the service assignment requirements.

Dynamical Adjustment of Full Rate-Half Rate
When the BSS is configured with half rate function and the dynamical adjustment of full rate-half rate function is enabled, the half rate and the full rate can be converted to each other dynamically. The system can automatically adjust the ratio between full rate and half rate channel. With the dynamical adjustment between the full rate channel and half rate channel, the following situation can be avoided: some channels are congested while others are idle because of the fixed configuration of channels. You can also adjust the ratio between full rate and half rate channel for the whole network by setting relevant parameters.

4.2.6 Ciphering
The BSC6000 uses the A5/1 and A5/2 ciphering algorithms. All the voice information and signaling information transmitted in the air interface are ciphered by the A5/1 and A5/2 ciphering algorithms to ensure the security of the network.

4.2.7 Short Message Service Cell Broadcast
The Short Message Service Cell Broadcast (SMSCB) is a teleservice (TS23) that can periodically broadcast messages to all the MSs in a specified area. The MSs can receive the broadcast messages continuously or discontinuously according to the system configuration. The typical application of this function is to provide the weather information and traffic information.

4.2.8 Frequency Hopping
The frequency hopping (FH) means that the carrier containing meaningful information hops under the control of a sequence. This sequence is called frequency-hopping sequence (HSN). According to time domain, the FH mode can be divided into frame FH and timeslot FH. According to carrier mode, it can be divided into RF FH and base band FH. Huawei BSC6000 realizes the baseband FH and RF FH at the timeslot level, and the baseband FH and RF FH at the frame level.

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Huawei Technologies Proprietary

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15 Multi-Band Networking The BSC6000 supports the single BSC dual-band network and the GSM900/DCS1800 hybrid cell. the 2G can also smoothly evolve to the 3G. Thus.14 2G/3G Interoperability The 2G/3G interoperability function enables the 3G subscribers to roam to the 2G network.2.9 TRX Mutual-Assistance With the TRX Mutual-assistance function.6 kbit/s. 4. At the same time.2. The EGPRS adopts the latest MCS1–MSC9 coding.10 Satellite Transmission The BSC6000 supports satellite transmissions on the Abis. 4.2. the flexible networking and configuration can save large amount of investment cost for the operators.2. the Huawei GPRS system supports smooth capacity expansion. Ater. A. 4. 4. The TRX mutual-assistance consists of BCCH TRX assistance and baseband FH TRX assistance. such as.HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description 4 Functions 4. which is the combination of GSM900 Issue 01 (2007-01-10) Huawei Technologies Proprietary 4-7 .13 EGPRS The Enhanced GPRS (EGPRS) is the enhanced version of the GPRS. a cell can cover an area with a radius of up to 120 km.12 GPRS The BSC6000 supports GPRS services. At the same time. The satellite transmissions enable the network deployment in the area where regular land transmissions are not allowed. 4. Mobile Internet access E-commerce. including e-bank and e-currency Group management Remote control and test 4. Huawei GPRS provides rich packet services.2. The theoretical maximum transmission rate of the EGPRS is 473. Supported by BTS hardware. and Pb interfaces. and introduces the 8PSK modulation to the RF layer.2. Huawei GPRS supports QoS and dynamic allocation of radio resources. This can solve the insufficient coverage problem in the early period of the 3G network. Single BSC Dual-band network The BSC6000 supports dual-band network. It connects to the PCU through the Pb interface. the cell services are not affected before the faulty TRX is replaced. which can protect the operator's investment on 2G.2. a cell can automatically handle the BCCH TRX failure or baseband FH TRX failure.11 Extended Cell The extended cell breaks the restriction of 35 km coverage radius. The standard interfaces ensure good compatibility of the equipment. With open system architecture.

but does not support hopping between the two bands Performs power control of the TRXs in each frequency band 4.17 Performs power control of the TRXs on each frequency band 4.4 Functions HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description network and DCS1800 network.19 DTX and DRX Discontinuous transmission (DTX) can reduce the transmit power of BTS and MS. allocation. The biggest advantage of GSM900/DCS1800 hybrid cells is that the secondary frequency band and the primary frequency band are the same. Table 4-1 E-GSM/R-GSM bands Band E-GSM 900 Uplink Frequency Fl(n) = 890 + 0. a dual-band MS can use frequencies between the GSM900 babd and the DCS1800 band to make calls.2. which means the GSM900 and DCS1800 frequencies lie in the same cell. It solves the cell reselection and the handover problems in other networking mode.2.20 Extended Frequency Band When licensed.2.2. 4.16 GSM900/DCS1800 Co-BCCH Cell Huawei GSM900/DCS1800 Co-BCCH cell is based on the concentric cell function. The dual-band network allows cell reselection. 4. The secondary frequency band is the extension of the primary frequency band. 4. Each cell in the dual-band network can use only one frequency. In a dual-band network. the BSC6000 can support the E-GSM and R-GSM frequency bands. This reduces the power consumption of the MS and improves the standby time of MS. and thus facilitate the maintenance and networking. maintenance information and other information. It has the following features: Enables a dual-band MS to use services normally in the GSM900 and DCS1800 bands Supports independent frequency hopping in the GSM900 or DCS1800 band. Discontinuous reception (DRX) means that the MS monitors the messages in the specified timeslots according to the system configuration. the operators can transmit the information such as the BTS AV power supply alarm. Semi-permanent connection can avoid the reconfiguration of IP address.2 x n Range 0 ñ n ñ 124 Downlink Frequency Fu(n) = Fl(n) + 45 4-8 Huawei Technologies Proprietary Issue 01 (2007-01-10) .18 Semi-Permanent Connection With the semi-permanent connection.2. GSM900/DCS1800 hybrid cell The BSC6000 supports GSM900/DCS1800 hybrid cell function. Table 4-1 lists the extended bands. and handover between GSM900 cells and DCS1800 cells. and thus reduce the co-channel disturbance in the radio interface and the sensitivity of the GSM voice signal to the error in the radio interface.

These points are independent of each other.22 Network-Assisted Cell Change BSC6000 performs the Network Assisted Cell Change (NACC) function.2. If the network is congested. The BSC6000 supports two types of location services: Issue 01 (2007-01-10) Huawei Technologies Proprietary 4-9 . It has the following features: Achieves the smooth increase of signaling bandwidth Simplifies the networking between the BSC and the core network Reduces the configuration and maintenance workload. It can reduce the data transmission disruption time during a cell reselection. One physical node has multiple logical signaling points. the call with higher priority is served preferably.2.24 Local Multiple Signaling Points The Local multiple Signaling Points is a networking mode in which multiple signaling points are in the BSC side and only one target signaling point is in the MSC.2 x n Fl(n) = 890 + 0. This function helps the cell reselection of an MS in packet transmission mode.HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description 4 Functions Band Uplink Frequency Fl(n) = 890 + 0. 4. The eMLPP needs the support of the MSs.2 x (n–1024) 4.2.2 x (n–1024) Range 975 ñ n ñ 1 023 0 ñ n ñ 124 955 ñ n ñ 1023 Downlink Frequency Fu(n) = Fl(n) + 45 Fu(n) = Fl(n) + 45 Fu(n) = Fl(n) + 45 R-GSM 900 Fl(n) = 890 + 0.2. Each of the multiple signaling points implements the same function of an independent signaling point. 4. such as the location of an emergency call or position information of users for value-added services. The BSC6000 local multiple signaling points is a logic concept.21 eMLPP The Enhanced Multi-Level Precedence and Pre-emption (eMLPP) function allows a user to initiate calls with different priorities. 4. The local multiple signaling points breaks the limitation of 16 signaling links of A interface and further improves the capacity of BSC. The network side takes different channel assignment strategies for the users according to their priorities.2.23 High Speed Signaling The high speed signaling refers to a 2 Mbit/s E1 link used as the bearer of the SS7 signaling between the BSC and the core network. 4.25 LCS The Location Services (LCS) is a series of services used to locate the positions of users in a certain location area. The high speed signaling breaks the limitation of sixteen 64 kbit/s signaling links between signaling points.

4.2. 4.2.28 TFO The BSC6000 performs the Tandem Free Operation (TFO) function.26 Adaptive Multi Rate The Adaptive Multi Rate (Adaptive Multi Rate) is a set of multiple voice coding/decoding algorithms. BTS3012AE. and BTS3006C.27 Speech Quality Enhancement The BSC6000 provides the following speech quality enhancement functions: Acoustic Echo Cancellation (AEC) Automatic Level Control (ALC) 4. The BTS can implements the Power Boost Technology (PBT). This reduces repeated encoding and decoding and improves the quality of speech services. 4-10 Huawei Technologies Proprietary Issue 01 (2007-01-10) . 4. which further improves the speech quality of the call.2. transmit diversity.2. Different algorithms generate different rates of voice code stream. and 4-way receive diversity. such as the BTS3012.4 Functions HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description NSS-based Cell ID+TA location service of the serving mobile location center (SMLC) BSS-based Cell ID+TA location service of mobile stations The location precision of this scheme is about 500 meters. It enables the BTS and the MS to auto select the coding/decoding algorithm according to the actual radio environment to adjust the coding rate. the voice signals are encoded only once at the originating MS and decoded only once at the terminating MS. when the calling and called parties use one voice coding scheme.29 Coverage enhanced The BSC6000 supports the double-transceiver BTSs.

1 O&M Topology 5.2 O&M Function Description O&M Introduces the O&M topology of the BSC6000. Title 5. Issue 01 (2007-01-10) Huawei Technologies Proprietary 5-1 . Introduces the O&M functions of the BSC6000.HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description 5 O&M 5 About This Chapter The following table lists the sections of this chapter.

Filtering the processing results returned from the host. The GBAM implements the following functions: Controlling communication between the O&M system and the host. collecting performance and alarm data. Responding to and processing commands sent from the O&M system. The service subracks (GMPS.1 O&M Topology Figure 5-1 shows the O&M system of the BSC6000. The GBAM is a bridge between the O&M system and the host. The O&M system consists of a GBAM. GEPS. Figure 5-1 O&M system of the BSC6000 BSC6000 iManager M2000 LAN switch Host GBAM Alam box LMT LMT The alarm box in Figure 5-1 can connect to the GBAM or M2000 Server. 5-2 Huawei Technologies Proprietary Issue 01 (2007-01-10) .1 LMT The Local Maintenance Terminal (LMT) is the O&M terminal on the NE side. and an integrated network management system M2000. an LMT. 5. and GTCS) of the BSC6000 are called host. It can access the BSC6000 through a remote dialing.1. and forwarding these commands to the host for further processing. and sending the results to the O&M system for display. The O&M system consists of an LMT and an M2000 Client.5 O&M HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description 5. configuring data.

Security Management Configuration Management Maintenance Management Issue 01 (2007-01-10) Huawei Technologies Proprietary 5-3 . The iManager M2000 (M2000 for short) is a centralized O&M system developed by Huawei for the mobile communication network.HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description 5 O&M The LMT provides GUI interface. It provides the following functions for the BSC6000: Security management Configuration management Maintenance management Software management Equipment management Performance result offline browsing Alarm management 5. It provides types of northbound interfaces for connections to the network management system (NMS).2 iManager M2000.1. performance management of the NEs in a mobile communication network. Figure 5-2 M2000 system structure NMS Northbound interface Topology management Configuration management Network management interface Optional Performance management Report system CORBA software bus Fault management Software management Access adaptation Security management GUI Client Server MML interface /SNMP NEs 5.2 O&M Function The O&M function of the BSC6000 implements the following tasks. the M2000 includes two parts: server and client. It provides centralized configuration. You can centralize the management on the mobile communication network through the M2000 As shown in Figure 5-2. alarm management.

for example. the user ID verification. the terminal is locked automatically to prevent operations from illegal users. User Right Management The user rights are divided into five levels. In addition. Data Consistency and Validity Check The BSC6000 checks the data between the GBAM and the host for consistency. In the online configuration mode. In offline configuration mode. The user right control mechanism includes user identification verification. If no operation is implemented for a certain time period. The online configuration operation and the offline configuration operation are the same. The data can be synchronized manually if inconsistent.1 Security Management The security management of the BSC6000 provides the following functions: Authority control The system categorizes the users. The configuration is object-oriented. check the data validity of a cell. 5-4 Huawei Technologies Proprietary Issue 01 (2007-01-10) .2. You can upload the configuration file to the GBAM and then inform the GBAM to load data at any time.2 Configuration Management The BSC6000 provides the following configuration management functions: Online and Offline Data Configuration The LMT supports the offline and online data configuration. Data Backup and Restoration The BSC6000 can store the data in form of binary file. user right setting. The BSC6000 also checks the validity of the data.2. and the operation time restriction are also used to ensure the security of the system. the configuration data is saved as a file in the LMT. 5. and operation time restriction. the configuration data is sent to the host through the GBAM directly.5 O&M HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description Software Management Performance Management Fault Management State Monitoring Message Tracing 5. Terminal lock You can lock the terminal manually. Different category of users has different authority.

3 Maintenance Management The LMT maintenance management provides the following functions: BSC Maintenance The BSC maintenance consists of the system-level maintenance. and the maintenance of the BSC interfaces.5 Performance Management This function implements the management. and activating the BSC software. and printing of the performance measurement tasks. TRX maintenance. loading. BTS Maintenance The BTS maintenance consists of board maintenance. The BSC6000 provides the following performance management objects: SCCP subsystem measurement SCCP destination signaling point measurement SCCP original signaling point measurement MTP3 link measurement MTP3 link set measurement MTP3 destination signaling point measurement LAPD link measurement Site measurement Performance measurement for the resources in the BM PCU measurement BSC measurement Cell measurement TRX measurement GSM cell–GSM cell measurement Neighbor cell measurement The BSC6000 can store the performance measurement results of the last 15 days. cell maintenance. 5. site maintenance.2. BTS software. subrack-level maintenance. 5. Downloading.2. and channel maintenance.2.HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description 5 O&M Configuration Browsing You can browse the configuration data based on object. board-level maintenance. and BOOTROM. querying. 5. License.4 Software Management The software management function includes: Querying the version of the software in real time. Issue 01 (2007-01-10) Huawei Technologies Proprietary 5-5 . software patches.

These functions are integrated into the LMT. Alarm Mask The BSC6000 can mask the alarm according to the alarm ID. Alarm Information Processing You can browse the real-time alarm information. and the file can be loaded for review purpose. The integration greatly facilitates the use of these functions and the fault locating. recovery alarm.8 Message Tracing The BSC6000 provides various message tracing functions.2.2. channel state. 5-6 Huawei Technologies Proprietary Issue 01 (2007-01-10) . E1/T1 Bit Error Rate (BER). the online helps gives detailed handling suggestion for each alarm.7 State Monitoring The BSC6000 provides real-time state monitoring function. DSP usage. 5.5 O&M HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description 5. Repetitive Alarm Filtering The BSC6000 can filter the repetitive fault alarm. Alarm Alert When a fault alarm occurs. the system can notify the operators by: Email Icon flash Phone Short message Terminal sound Audible and visual indication of alarm box 5.6 Fault Management The BSC6000 provides the following fault management functions. In addition. and event alarm. It can monitor the CPU usage. and channel interference band.2. The BSC6000 can store 100. query the history alarm information. and store the alarm information. 000 pieces of history alarm information generated in the latest 90 days. The message tracing function consists of: A interface message tracing Um interface message tracing Pb interface message tracing BSC-CBC interface message tracing Single user tracing The traced messages can be saved to a file. You can save the monitored information as files and use them for future reference.

2 Hardware Reliability Design 6. Issue 01 (2007-01-10) Huawei Technologies Proprietary 6-1 . Introduces the reliability of the BSC6000 hardware.3 Software Reliability Design Description Reliability Introduces the reliability of the BSC6000 system. Introduces the reliability of the BSC6000 software. Title 6.1 System Reliability Design 6.HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description 6 Reliability 6 About This Chapter The following table lists the sections of this chapter.

6. Dual –48V power supply The two independent –48V power supplies operate simultaneously to ensure the normal operation of the system in case that either fails. good technology. The failure on a TC processing unit or a TC processing board does not change the status of the CIC circuit on the A interface. and redundancy configuration. and the load is balanced. The isolation mechanism ensures service processing by transferring the services on the entity out of service to another entity. Distributed resource management The BSC6000 adopts distributed management on the resources of subracks. resource pool.6 Reliability HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description 6. The important functional modules uses redundancy backup. With this design. This backup mode provides high error tolerance. This improves the reliability and availability of the power supply system. the bandwidth is extended. The hardware reliability design of the BSC6000 includes the following aspects: The system control is hierarchical distributed group control. With advanced integrated circuits such as ASIC. The faulty power supply can be repaired without power interruption. The high-speed IP port supports Port Trunking. TC resource pool The TC processing unit is not bound with the CIC circuits on the A interface. and the services are not affected. In this management mode. The configuration of redundant TC processing resource can improve the system reliability.2 Hardware Reliability Design The BSC6000 uses the reliability design such as active/standby boards. In addition. In addition. the system features high integration. it optimizes the fault detection and fault isolation to improve the reliability and maintainability. the chain switchover is avoided.1 System Reliability Design The following measures are taken in the reliability design of the BSC6000: Full interconnection model The service plane of the BSC6000 system adopts inter-subrack full interconnection to enhance system reliability and increase interconnection bandwidth. the failure of a subrack does not affect the services of other subracks. This ensures the maximum call processing capability when the system is overloaded. Multiple CPUs form a processing group with distinct functions of each module. Service/Signaling overload control The BSC6000 supports dynamic service/signaling overload control. the reliability is improved. the related hardware can 6-2 Huawei Technologies Proprietary Issue 01 (2007-01-10) . Backup design or anti-suspension/breakdown design is considered for the communication channels between modules. In this interconnection mode. the failure of a subrack does not affect the connections between other subracks. and high reliability. This ensures that a call access from any carrier channel can be switched to any Circuit Identification Code (CIC) circuit on the A interface.

and reports the errors. When the system load reaches the specified threshold. The error tolerance of the BSC6000 covers the following aspects: Regular check on key resources The system checks the resource occupation of software. The components pass aging test and rigorous selection. Rigorous quality control is applied to hardware assembling to guarantee high stability and high reliability for long-term operation. thus avoiding the system overload caused by heavy traffic. If resource hang-up occurs because of improper running of the software. Operation Log All the operations are recorded in the operation log. handles all software internal errors and some hardware errors. the system has the self-healing capability. The error tolerance of the software system means that software failure does not lead to system breakdown. restores the data consistency selectively or preferably and generates the related log and alarm. The data is backed up in the GBAM and Front Administration Module (FAM). Task monitoring The monitoring process monitors the task running. the BSC6000 takes various measures to lower the system load. Flow control The BSC6000 controls internal and interface flows. the check mechanism ensures the release of the hung-up resource and the generation of the related logs and alarms. Issue 01 (2007-01-10) Huawei Technologies Proprietary 6-3 .HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description 6 Reliability detect the faults automatically and respond to the faults quickly. that is. Important data is stored in the non-volatile memory. This shortens the time of fault recovery. The operation log can be used to locate the fault or error.3 Software Reliability Design The reliability of the software is ensured by the great error tolerance. Data check The system checks data consistency on a regular or event-driven basis. 6.

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6 Electrical Specifications 7.1 Performance Specifications 7.2 Capacity Specifications 7. Description Introduces the performance specifications of the BSC6000. Issue 01 (2007-01-10) Huawei Technologies Proprietary 7-1 . Introduces the electrical specifications of the BSC6000. Introduces the environment requirements for the BSC6000. Introduces the clock specifications of the BSC6000. Introduces the capacity specifications of the BSC6000.4 Reliability Specifications 7. Introduces the structure specifications of the BSC6000.8 Environment Requirements Technical Specifications The following table lists the sections of this chapter.3 Clock Specifications 7.7 Noise and Security Specifications 7.5 Structure Specifications 7. Introduces the reliability specifications of the BSC6000.HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description 7 Technical Specifications 7 About This Chapter Title 7. Introduces the noise and security specifications of the BSC6000.

512 cells. and 128 BTSs.3 Clock Specifications Table 7-2 lists the clock specifications of the BSC6000. and 512 BTSs (that is. 7. Table 7-2 Clock specifications of the BSC6000 Specification Clock precision Pull-in range Maximum frequency deviation Initial maximum frequency deviation Value ±4.2 Capacity Specifications The capacity specifications of the BSC6000 are as follows: One GMPS or GEPS can process the services of a maximum of 512 TRXs.000 12.6%10-6 ±4.340.000 Erl 512 2.000 Erl 2. One GEIUB or GOIUB can process the services of a maximum of 128 TRXs. 128 cells.1 Performance Specifications Table 7-1 lists the performance specifications of the BSC6000. 512 O1 BTSs) A maximum of five layers of BTSs can be subtended into a chain topology. Table 7-1 Performance specifications of the BSC6000 Configuration Minimum configuration Specification BHCA Traffic Maximum number of TRXs Full configuration BHCA Traffic Maximum number of TRXs Value 585.000 3.048 7. The GEIUB provides 32 E1 links and the GOIUB provides one STM-1 port that bears 63 routes of E1 signals.7 Technical Specifications HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description 7. The fully configured GMPS or a fully configured GEPS has a maximum of five pairs of GEIUBs or GOIUBs working in active/standby mode.6%10-6 2%10-8/day 1%10-8 7-2 Huawei Technologies Proprietary Issue 01 (2007-01-10) .

6. Table 7-3 Reliability specifications of the BSC6000 Specification System availability under typical configuration MTBF Active/standby board switchover success rate MTTR Entire equipment yearly repair rate Value ≥ 99.5 Structure Specifications Table 7-4 lists the structure specifications of the BSC6000.999% ≥ 100000 hours ≥ 99% ≤ 1 hour < 1.4 Reliability Specifications Table 7-3 lists the reliability specifications of the BSC6000.1 Power Consumption of a Single Subrack Table 7-5 lists the power consumption of a single BSC6000 subrack.HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description 7 Technical Specifications 7.0% 7. Issue 01 (2007-01-10) Huawei Technologies Proprietary 7-3 . Table 7-4 Structure specifications of the BSC6000 Specifications Cabinet standard Cabinet outline dimensions Available cabinet space height Weight of the GBCR Weight of the GBSR Ground bearing of equipment room Value IEC60297 standard and IEEE standard 2200 mm x 600 mm x 800 mm (height x width x depth) 46 U Empty cabinet ≤ 150 kg Cabinet under full configuration ≤ 350 kg Empty cabinet ≤ 150 kg Cabinet under full configuration ≤ 350 kg ú 450 kg/m2 7.6 Electrical Specifications 7.

100 W 1. A Interface in E1 Mode) 1.2 Power Consumptions of Typical Configurations Table 7-6 lists the power consumption of the BSC6000 under typical configurations Table 7-6 Power consumption of the BSC6000 in typical configurations Configuration Power (GTCS Excluded) 990 W 1.200 GMPS GEPS GTCS (A interface in E1 mode) GTCS (A interface in STM-1 mode) GIMS 7.830 W 2.6.570 W 1.7 Technical Specifications HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description Table 7-5 Power consumption of a single BSC6000 subrack Subrack (Full Configuration) Typical Power (W) 820 780 850 1. Table 7-7 Electrical specifications of the BSC6000 Specification Power supply EMC Value –48 V DC Input voltage range: –57 V to –40V Value as required in ETSI EN 300 386 V1.200 1.920 W Power (GTCS Included.880 W 3.200 1.200 1.980 W 3.970 W 5.610 W 6.200 1.3.480 W Power (GTCS Included.620 W 256 TRXs 512 TRXs 1024 TRXs 2048 TRXs 7.640 W 1.150 350 Power Distribution Power (W) 1.2 (2003-05) 7-4 Huawei Technologies Proprietary Issue 01 (2007-01-10) .070 250 Maximum Power (W) 1.080 890 920 1.3 Power Supply and EMC Specifications Table 7-7 lists the electrical specifications of the BSC6000. A Interface in STM-1 Mode) 1.6.

meeting the requirement in ETS 300 753 / ISO 7779 < 65 dBA (sound pressure level).8.HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description 7 Technical Specifications 7. Table 7-8 Noise and security specifications of the BSC6000 Specification Noise Value < 7. Table 7-9 Climate requirements for equipment storage Item Altitude Value Range ≤ 5.2 bels (sound power level). Climate Requirements Table 7-9 lists the climate requirements for equipment storage.22-1987 GB/T 13543 ETS 300 019 NEBS GR-63-core 7. and operation environment.8 Environment Requirements The BSC6000 complies with the requirements of the following standards in the aspects of storage environment. waterproof.1-1989 GB 2423. transportation environment. GB 2423. biological. air cleanness.7 Noise and Security Specifications Table 7-8 lists the noise and security specifications of the BSC6000. meeting the requirement in GR-63-Core/ANSI S1.1 Storage Environment The following lists the climate. and mechanical stress requirements for the equipment storage.4-1993 GB 2423.2-1989 GB 2423.4-1983 Security Value as required in UL 60950 EN60950 IEC60825 GB4943-2000 7.000 m Issue 01 (2007-01-10) Huawei Technologies Proprietary 7-5 .

The package is shielded from direct sunlight. conductive.120 W/s² ≤ 600 W/s² ≤ 30 m/s The ambient temperature of the KVM is –40°C to +60°C. magnetic conductive or corrosive dust. The package is shielded from the rain. There are no rodent animals such as rats. If the equipment has to be placed outdoor.7 Technical Specifications HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description Item Air pressure Temperature Temperature change rate Relative humidity Solar radiation Heat radiation Wind speed Value Range 70 kPa to 106 kPa –40°C to +70°C ≤ 1oC/min 10% to 100% ≤ 1. 7-6 Huawei Technologies Proprietary Issue 01 (2007-01-10) . Table 7-10 lists the requirements for the density of physically active materials. Biological Requirements No fungus or mildew may grow. The equipment must be kept away from the auto fire-protection devices and the air-conditioner. make sure that: The package is intact. There must be no water leakage over the equipment. Air Cleanness The air is free from explosive. Waterproof Requirements Avoid outdoor storage. In the storage room: There must be no water on the ground. There is no water on the ground.

Table 7-12 Mechanical stress requirements for storage environment Item Sinusoidal vibration Sub-item Offset Accelerated speed Frequency range Range ≤ 7. Table 7-11 Storage requirements for chemically active materials Chemically Active Material SO2 H2S NO2 NH3 Cl2 HCl HF O3 Unit mg/m³ mg/m³ mg/m³ mg/m³ mg/m³ mg/m³ mg/m³ mg/m³ Density ≤ 0.50 ≤ 1.0 ≤ 300 The density of chemically active materials must comply with the requirements listed in Table 7-11.10 ≤ 0.0 m/s² 9 Hz to 200 Hz Issue 01 (2007-01-10) Huawei Technologies Proprietary 7-7 . 75 µm ≤ Diameter ≤ 150 µm Sand. Diameter ≤ 75 µm Falling dust.01 ≤ 0.HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description 7 Technical Specifications Table 7-10 Storage requirements for physically active materials Physically Active Material Suspending dust Falling dust Sand Note: Suspending dust.30 ≤ 0.0 mm None 2 Hz to 9 Hz None ≤ 20.00 ≤ 20. 150 µm ≤ Diameter ≤ 1.10 ≤ 0.10 ≤ 0.000 µm Unit mg/m³ mg/m²·h mg/m³ Density ≤ 5.05 Mechanical Stress Table 7-12 lists the mechanical stress that the equipment can endure during storage.00 ≤ 0.

biological. waterproof. Static payload The capability of the equipment in package to bear the pressure from the top in normal pile-up method.8.000 m 70 kPa to 106 kPa –40°C to +70°C ≤ 3°C/minute 50% to 100% ≤ 1. 7. There is no water on the floor inside the vehicle. make sure that: The package is intact. and mechanical stress requirements of the equipment during transportation.120 W/s² ≤ 600 W/s² ≤ 30 m/s Waterproof Requirements Before transporting the equipment. Climate Requirements Table 7-13 lists the climate requirements for equipment transportation. Table 7-13 Climate requirements for equipment transportation Item Altitude Air pressure Temperature Temperature change rate Humidity Solar radiation Heat radiation Wind speed Range ≤ 5. air cleanness. The package is shield from the rain.2 Transportation Environment The following lists the climate. 7-8 Huawei Technologies Proprietary Issue 01 (2007-01-10) .7 Technical Specifications HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description Item Unsteady impact Sub-item Impact response spectrum II Static payload Range ≤ 250 m/s² ≤ 5 kPa Note: Impact response spectrum The maximum acceleration response curve generated by the equipment under specified impact excitation. Impact response spectrum II means that the duration of semi-sine impact response spectrum is 6 ms.

000 µm Unit mg/m³ mg/m²·h mg/m³ Density No requirement ≤ 3. Table 7-15 Transportation requirements for chemically active materials Chemically Active Material SO2 H2S NO2 NH3 Cl2 HCl HF O3 Unit mg/m³ mg/m³ mg/m³ mg/m³ mg/m³ mg/m³ mg/m³ mg/m³ Density ≤ 0. Table 7-14 lists the requirements for the density of physically active materials.10 ≤ 0.10 ≤ 0. conductive. Issue 01 (2007-01-10) Huawei Technologies Proprietary 7-9 . magnetic conductive or corrosive dust.00 ≤ 0.05 Mechanical Stress Table 7-16 lists the mechanical stress that the equipment can endure during transportation.01 ≤ 0. There are no rodent animals such as rats. Table 7-14 Transportation requirements for physically active materials Physically Active Material Suspending dust Falling dust Sand Note: Suspending dust: diameter ≤ 75 µm Falling dust: 75 µm ≤ diameter ≤ 150 µm Sand: 150 µm ≤ diameter ≤ 1.10 ≤ 0.0 ≤ 100 Table 7-15 lists the requirements for the density of chemically active materials. Air Cleanness The air is free from explosive.HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description 7 Technical Specifications Biological Requirements No fungus or mildew may grow.50 ≤ 1.30 ≤ 0.

Climate Requirements Table 7-17 and Table 7-18 list the equipment operation requirements for the ambient temperature and humidity. Table 7-17 Operation requirements for temperature and humidity Temperature Normal 0°C to 45°C Safe –5°C to +55°C Relative Humidity Normal 5% to 85% Safe 5% to 95% Note: The values are measured 1. Static payload The capability of the equipment in package to bear the pressure from the top in normal pile-up method. 7-10 Huawei Technologies Proprietary Issue 01 (2007-01-10) . 7.4 m in front of the equipment. without protective panels in front of and behind the cabinet.0 m/s² 9 Hz to 200 Hz 3 m²/s³ 9 Hz to 200 Hz ≤ 40.5 mm 2 Hz to 9 Hz 10 m²/s³ 2 Hz to 9 Hz ≤ 300 m/s² ≤ 10 kPa ≤ 20. air cleanness. Safe operation refers to continuous operation for not more than 96 hours or accumulated operation of not more than 15 days a year.3 Operation Environment The following lists the climate. Impact response spectrum II means that the duration of semi-sine impact response spectrum is 6 ms. biological.8.7 Technical Specifications HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description Table 7-16 Mechanical stress requirements for transportation Item Sinusoidal vibration Sub-item Offset Accelerated speed Frequency range Random vibration Spectrum density of accelerated speed Frequency range Unsteady impact Impact response spectrum II Static payload Range ≤ 7. waterproof.0 m/s² 200 Hz to 500 Hz 1 m²/s³ 200 Hz to 500 Hz Note: Impact response spectrum The maximum acceleration response curve generated by the equipment under specified impact excitation.5 m above the floor and 0. and mechanical stress requirements of the equipment during operation.

conductive. Table 7-20 Operation requirements for chemically active materials Chemically Active Material SO2 H2S NH3 Cl2 Unit mg/m³ mg/m³ mg/m³ mg/m³ Density ≤ 0.01 Issue 01 (2007-01-10) Huawei Technologies Proprietary 7-11 . Diameter ≥ 5 µm Table 7-20 lists the requirements for the density of chemically active materials. Table 7-19 Operation requirements for physically active materials Physically Active Material Dust particles Unit Particles/m³ Density ≤ 3 x 10 4 (No visible dust accumulated on desk top within three days) Note: Dust particles.05 ≤ 0. There are no rodent animals such as rats.HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description 7 Technical Specifications Table 7-18 Operation requirements for other climax factors Item Altitude Air pressure Temperature change rate Solar radiation Heat radiation Wind speed Range ≤ 4.000 m 70 kPa to 106 kPa ≤ 3°C/min ≤ 700 W/m² ≤ 600 W/m² ≤ 5 m/s Biological Requirements No fungus or mildew may grow. Air Cleanness The air is free from explosive.20 ≤ 0.006 ≤ 0. magnetic conductive or corrosive dust. Table 7-19 lists the requirements for the density of physically active materials.

7 Technical Specifications HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description Mechanical Stress Table 7-21 lists the mechanical stress that the equipment can endure during operation. Static payload It is the capability of the equipment in package to bear the pressure from the top in normal pile-up method.0 m/s² 9 Hz to 200 Hz Unsteady impact Impact response spectrum II Static payload Note: Impact response spectrum It is the maximum acceleration response curve generated by the equipment under specified impact excitation.5 mm 2 Hz to 9 Hz ≤ 100 m/s² 0 ≤ 10. 7-12 Huawei Technologies Proprietary Issue 01 (2007-01-10) . Impact response spectrum II means that the duration of semi-sine impact response spectrum is 6 ms. Table 7-21 Mechanical stress requirements during equipment operation Item Sinusoidal vibration Sub-item Offset Accelerated speed Frequency range Range ≤ 3.

1 Hardware Installation 8.2 Software Installation Description Installation Introduces the installation of the BSC6000 hardware. Title 8. Introduces the installation of the BSC6000 software.HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description Installation 8 About This Chapter The following table lists the sections of this chapter. Issue 01 (2007-01-10) Huawei Technologies Proprietary 8-1 .

8 Installation HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description 8.1 Equipment Room Layout Figure 8-1 shows the layout of the BSC6000 equipment room.1.1 Hardware Installation 8.1. Figure 8-1 Equipment room layout A B C D C A A ≥ 800 mm B ≥ 1800 mm C ≥ 800 mm D ≥ 1000 mm 8.2 Requirements on the Equipment Room The equipment room of the BSC6000 must meet the following requirements: 8-2 Huawei Technologies Proprietary Issue 01 (2007-01-10) .

8 "Environment Requirement". front. The BSC6000 provides wizard installation. 8. An aisle 1000 mm wide at least should be reserved in the equipment room. You only need to install the OMU software and LMT software either at the initial configuration stage or at the upgrade stage. Issue 01 (2007-01-10) Huawei Technologies Proprietary 8-3 .2 Software Installation The software installation of the BSC6000 is very easy.HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description Installation The net height (distance from the lowest point of the ceiling to the highest point of the floor) must be 3000 mm at least. and back of the closest cabinet must be 800 mm at least. Many of the internal data and the system configuration are generated automatically or configured before delivery. The aisle between the two rows of cabinets should be at least 1000 mm wide. The distance from the wall to the side. The against-wall installation is not allowed. The environmental requirements are listed in section 7.

HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description Acronyms and Abbreviations A A AEC ALC AMR ASIC B BCCH BHCA BM BITS BSC BSS Acronyms and Abbreviations Audio Echo Cancel Automatic Level Control Adaptive MultiRate Application Specific Integrated Circuit Broadcast Control CHannel Busy Hour Call Attempt Basic Module Building Integrated Timing Supply System Base Station Controller Base Station Subsystem C CBC CIC Cell Broadcast Center Circuit Identification Code D DTX Discontinuous Transmission E EFR EGPRS Enhanced Full Rate Enhanced GPRS Issue 01 (2007-01-10) Huawei Technologies Proprietary A-1 .

A Acronyms and Abbreviations HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description EMC eMLPP ETSI Electromagnetic Compatibility enhanced Multi Level Precedence and Preemption European Telecommunications Standards Institute F FR Full Rate G GBAM GBCR GBSR GDPUC GE GEIUA GEIUB GEIUP GEIUT GERAN GEPS GGCU GGSN GIMS GMPS GOIUA GOIUB GOIUP GOIUT GPRS GSCU GSM GTCS GTNU GUI GSM Back Administration Module GSM BSC Control processing Rack GSM BSC Service processing Rack GSM Data Processing Unit for CS service Gigabit Ethernet GSM E1/T1 Interface Unit for A GSM E1/T1 Interface Unit for aBis GSM E1/T1 Interface Unit for Pb GSM E1/T1 Interface Unit for aTer GSM EDGE Radio Access Network GSM Extended Processing Subrack GSM General Clock Unit Gateway GPRS Support Node GSM Integrated Management System GSM Main Processing Subrack GSM Optic Interface Unit for A GSM Optic Interface Unit for aBis GSM Optic Interface Unit for Pb GSM Optic Interface Unit for aTer General Packet Radio Service GSM Switching and Control Unit Global System for Mobile communications GSM TransCoder Subrack GSM TDM switching Network Unit Graphic User Interface A-2 Huawei Technologies Proprietary Issue 01 (2007-01-10) .

HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description Acronyms and Abbreviations GXPUC GXPUM GSM eXtensible Processing Unit for Cell broadcast service GSM eXtensible Processing Unit for Main service H HLR Home Location Register I IMSI International Mobile Subscriber Identity K KVM Keyboard. and mouse L LAPD LMT Link Access Procedure on the D channel Local Maintenance Terminal M MNC MS MSC MTBF MTP2 MTTR Mobile Network Code Mobile Station Mobile Switching Center Mean Time Between Failure Message Transfer Part Level 2 Mean Time To Repair N NACC NMS Network Assisted Cell Change Network Management System O OMU Operation and Maintenance Unit P PBGT Power BudGeT Issue 01 (2007-01-10) Huawei Technologies Proprietary A-3 . video.

A Acronyms and Abbreviations HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description PCU PCM PDCH PDN Packet Control Unit Pulse Code Modulation Packet Data CHannel Packet Data Network Q QoS Quality of Service S SCCP SDCCH SGSN Signaling Connection Control Part Stand-alone Dedicated Control Channel Serving GPRS Support Node T TC TCH TDM TFO TRAU Transcoder Traffic Channel Time Division Multiplexing Tandem Free Operation Transcoder & Rate Adaptation Unit W WCDMA Wideband CDMA A-4 Huawei Technologies Proprietary Issue 01 (2007-01-10) .

3-3 configuration maximum configuration. 3-9 O O&M i. 5-4 software management. 3-2 GBSR.HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller System Description Index Index B basic function. 3-14 feature. 6-2 software reliability. 5-6 performance management. 3-8 configuration management. 8-2 software installation. 3-5 KVM. 5-5 security management. 3-5 GEPS. 3-2 GBCR. 3-15 connection. 3-6 GTCS. 5-5 state monitoring. 3-4 LAN switch. 5-5 message tracing. 5-6 iManager M2000. 7-3 structure specification. 8-3 T technical specification capacity specification. 7-2 reliability specification. 3-10 typical configuration. 3-5 GTCS capacity. 7-3 environment requirement. 5-2 optional function. 5-3 LMT. 3-15 S subrack architecture. 6-2 G GIMS GBAM. 3-13 R reliability hardware reliability. 3-11 minimum configuration. Issue 01 (2007-01-10) Huawei Technologies Proprietary i-1 . 5-6 topology. 3-7 I installation hardware installation. 7-3 L logical structure. 7-5 performance specification. 4-2 board. 7-2 electrical specification. 5-2 maintenance management. 5-4 fault management. 3-6 GMPS. 6-3 system reliability. 4-5 C cabinet appearance. 7-2 clock specification. 7-5 noise and security specification.