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Jazz Scales

BLUES SCALE
C | C# = Db | D | Eb | E | F | F# = Gb | G |
Ab | A | Bb | B
Description Keyboard fingerings :
p.1 - p.2
SCALES CHORDS

• major • triad chords
pentatonic • 7th chord
• minor qualities
pentatonic • scale-tone
• blues scale chords
• major • IIm7 - V7 -
scale Imaj7
• natural progression
minor
• harmonic • IIø - V7 -
minor Imin
progression
• melodic
minor Key
signatures
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Description of the Blues scale
The Blues scale consists of 6 different notes.
They are the 5 notes of the minor pentatonic scale, plus one additional
note.

The note added is the diminished 5th (o5) measured from the scale tonic.
For example :

adding to the C minor pent. scale : C - Eb - F - G - Bb - C (Audio 1)

the diminished 5th - Gb

produces the C Blues scale : C - Eb - F - Gb - G - Bb - C (Audio 2)

In relation to the Major scale the notes of the Blues scale are : 1 - b3 - 4 -
b5 - 5 - b7 - 1.

The b3, b5 and b7 notes of the scale (for C Blues scale : Eb, Gb and Bb)
are the so called blue notes of the scale.

Audio 2

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Here are the Blues scales in all 12 keys listed in Circle of Fifths order.
1. C Blues scale
C - Eb - F - Gb - G - Bb - C

2. G Blues scale
G - Bb - C - Db - D - F - G

3. D Blues scale (Down - Up - Top)
D - F - G - Ab - A - C - D

4. A Blues scale
A - C - D - Eb - E - G - A

5. E Blues scale
E - G - A - Bb - B - D - E

6. B Blues scale (Down - Up - Top)
B - D - E - F - F# - A - B

7. F# and Gb Blues scales
F# - A - B - C - C# - E - F#
Gb - A - B - C - Db - E - Gb

8. Db and C# Blues scales
Db - E - Gb - G - Ab - B - Db
C# - E - F# - G - G# - B - C#

9. Ab Blues scale (Down - Up - Top)
Ab - B - Db - D - Eb - Gb - Ab