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What Goes Around

Keywords:

• areas
• formulae
• lengths
• metric
• perimeters
• quadrilaterals
• scale maps
• scales
• sides
• square metres
• square roots
• squares
• Unit of work

Purpose:

This unit is made up of five stations which investigate the relationships between the area
and perimeters of squares and rectangles. The unit could be taken a series sessions with
the whole class or the students could circulate around the stations over the five days.

Achievement Objectives:
Achievement Objective: Use side or edge lengths to find the perimeters and areas of
rectangles, parallelograms, and triangles and the volumes of cuboids.
Specific Learning Outcomes:

use a formula to calculate the area of rectangles and squares

investigate the relationship between the perimeter and area of rectangles

Description of mathematics:

When the students are able to measure efficiently and effectively using standard units,
their learning experiences can be directed to situations that encourage them to "discover"
measurement formula. In area work, the students may realise as they count squares to
find the area of a rectangle, that it would be quicker to find the number of squares in one
row and multiply this by the number of rows. In the same way, the students might find a
formula for calculating the area of a right-angled triangle by seeing it as half of a
rectangle.

Dissecting and reassembling parallelograms, trapezia and triangles, allow students to
"discover" and understand area formulae.
Summary of Area Formulas

Required Resource Materials:
Square tiles
Squared paper
Copymaster of stations
Squared paper (1 cm)
Scissors
30 cm rulers
Calculator
Tape
Coloured pens
Activity:
Station 1

In this station we investigate the relationship between the area and perimeters of
rectangles. The investigation is posed as two problems for the students to work on
independently or with partners.

Resources

• Square tiles
• Squared paper
• Copymaster of Station 1

Problem 1:
The landscape gardeners have thirty-six square paving slabs to make a rest area in the
middle of a lawn. To make it easy to mow they want the rest area to be rectangular in
shape and have the least perimeter (distance around the outside) as possible.
What arrangement of the tiles gives the smallest possible perimeter? (6 x 6)
Can you explain why this happens? (A square is the rectangle with the least perimeter for
a given area)

Problem 2:
Use what you have learned from the first problem to work out which rectangular rest area
the gardeners would make if they had forty-eight tiles.
(6 x 8 is the closest approximation of a square that can be produced with 48 tiles)
Station 2

In this station you design a house for the Afluent family.

Resources

• Squared paper (1 cm)
• Scissors
• 30 cm rulers
• Copymaster of station 2

1. Mr and Mrs Afluent want you to design their new house. They give you the
following sizes for the rooms of the house.
Living Room: 48 square metres Bathroom: 8 square metres
Dining Room: 12 square metres Laundry: 6 square metres
Kitchen : 12 square metres Toilet: 2 square metres
Bedroom One: 24 square metres Bedroom Two: 16 square metres
Bedroom Three: 20 square metres Bedroom Four: 12 square metres
Conservatory/Entrance: 12 square metres
2. Use squared paper, with a scale of 1 cm = 1m to design the house. You may find it
easier to cut each room out of paper first so it can be moved around. Remember to
keep passage ways down to a minimum.
3. When your house plan is complete draw it showing the side lengths and areas of
each room. Record the wall lengths of the house and its total area.
Station 3

In this station you investigate the link between the side lengths of a square and its area.

Resources

• Square tiles
• Squared paper
• Calculator
• Copymaster of station 3

1. Make a square with 25 square tiles. What is the side length of the square? Key in
√25 on the calculator. What do you notice?
2. Use square tiles and your calculator (if you need) to complete the entries in this
table:

Number of Tiles Side Length of Square Square Root

9 √9 =

36 √36 =

81 √81 =

49 √49 =

100 √100 =

What does the square root function on a calculator do?

3. Use what you have found out from part 2 to draw squares with the following areas
on squared paper.
121 square units
6.25 square units
12.25 square units
18 square units
42 square units
90 square units
4. What are the side lengths of these squares?
Station 4

In this station we investigate the area of rectangles.

Resources

• Squared paper (1 cm)
• Scissors
• Tape
• Copymaster of station 4

1. Cut out a 4 cm x 4 cm square from squared paper.
What are the area and perimeter of the square in centimetres?
2. By making one straight scissor cut and moving and taping the pieces make a
rectangle with a perimeter of 20 centimetres.
What is the area of the rectangle? Explain how you got your answer.
3. Cut out a 12 cm x 3 cm rectangle from squared paper. By cutting, moving, and
taping (as in part 2) change the rectangle into a square.
What changes happen to the area and perimeter from the starting rectangle to the
square?
Try to explain why this happens.
4. Change a 8 x 3 rectangle into a 6 x 4 rectangle by making two straight scissor
cuts, moving the pieces and taping. What changes happen to the area and
perimeter in this case?
5. Make up a cut, move and tape rectangle/square puzzle for someone else to solve.
6. As an extension cut out a 6 x 6 square. By cutting the square in half, moving the
pieces and taping change the square into a triangle. Find the height and the
longest side length of the triangle. How do these lengths compare to the area of
the square?
7. Investigate changing other rectangles into triangles with one cut. Find the height
and longest side length of each triangle and compare it to the area.
What do you notice?
Station 5

In this station we look for patterns in the perimeters and areas of squares.

Resources

• Square tiles
• Squared paper
• Coloured pens
• Copymaster of station 5

1. Below are a 2 x 2 square and a 3 x 3 square. You may wish to make them with
square tiles.
What is the difference between their perimeters?

2. Compare the perimeters of a 3 x 3 square with a 4 x 4 square.
Compare the perimeter of a square with the next biggest square.
What do you notice? Why does this occur?
3. Go back to the 2 x 2 and 3 x 3 squares. Compare the areas of these squares.
Compare the area of different squares with the area of the next biggest square.
What pattern do you notice?
Organising your results in a table may help:
Square Area Difference from next biggest square

1x1 1 3

2x2 4

3x3

4x4

5x5

6x6
4.
5. Investigate the difference in areas and perimeters between rectangles and the next
biggest rectangle, like 1 x 2 and 2 x 3, 2 x 3 and 3 x 4, 3 x 4 and 4 x 5…
What patterns do you notice?
Try to explain why each pattern occurs
Home Link:

Did you know that the largest lasagne was made at the Dublin Spring Show. It measured
an amazing 15.24 m x 1.52 m.

This week your child is to work on the following questions. Please encourage them to
explain their thinking.

1. What shape was the lasagne?
2. What is its perimeter?
3. How would the perimeter change if the length was one metre longer?
4. How would the perimeter change if the length was 5 metres longer and the width
one metre shorter.
5. What is the area of the perimeter?
6. How many people do you think you could feed with this lasagne?

Related Resources:

Learning Objects

New Zealand teachers can access a collection of online learning objects in the Digistore.
This includes learning objects focused on the measurement of area. Of particular
relevance to this unit are the learning objects called Area of Triangles: triangles with a
right angle and Finding the area of compound shapes as the concepts explored are similar.
The Digistore also includes other learning objects in these two series that you may like to
look at. Click for information about using the Digistore.

Attachment Size
Attachment Size
WhatGoesAroundCM1.pdf 54.02 KB
WhatGoesAroundCM2.pdf 68.32 KB
WhatGoesAroundCM3.pdf 70.86 KB
WhatGoesAroundCM4.pdf 78.93 KB
WhatGoesAroundCM5.pdf 63.71 KB