C”. is--. In testimony whereof I have signed my lname to this specification in the presence of two subscribing witnesses. and arranged to operate substantially as and for the'purpose set forth. dated January 8. D. viz. reference being had to the annexed drawings. B. In all the figures I employ the same letters in the indication oi’ identical parts. ‘ -This case sustains the valve C'. OF BIRMINGHAM. and I do hereby declare that the following is a'fnll. making part of this specification. on each side ofthe vessel I place. the water rising in 'the vertical portion of the chamber. which is hinged on one side to thecase. and working vertically in each. I am thus able to operate the plungers with the minimum of resistance to their upward action. RAYNALE. Figureî is a vertical transverse section. said plungers being constructed with outwardly opening valves C'. This` tubular chamber extends horizontally within the hull and then turns at right angles upwards. there is a resistance to the backward action of` plunger from the leakage water in the forward end of the cylinder. and bentvat right angles upward. closed. and desire to secure by Letters Patent. Jenn S. As the plunger rises the inward pressure of >the'colurnn of water will ñll the chamber in front of the plunger. RAYNALE. Hontmesnmn. I have shown one form. a perspective view of one of the plungers.Y A vessel constructed with pipes B B. so constructed that the plunger-s shall each alternately rise as( the other descends. ÍI do not claim the propulsion of vessels by the forward thrust of a reciprocating plunger. the connecting-rods attached respectively to the wrists of a double crank. This valve in closing shuts against the central par tition 0”'. In a horizontal cylinder. 1867. Invthe vertical arrangement there is no resist ance to the upward action of the plunger. in the county of Oakland. acting directly against the water. and when closed forms a head for the plunger. or may be made to work against proper valve seats in the lower edge of the case. as it necessarily must hc at the inner end. The vopening of the valve is limited by a stop. which is formed with an external case fitting the tube. IMPROVED PROPELLER ÍE‘ORVESSELS. and insure at the same time its prompt return to the valve seat. for this Ikn‘ow has been already done. in which“ l ‘ Figure 1 is a perspective view of the stern of a vessel. QÉettcrs-Patcnt No.@auch gieten îgatrnt @ffice CHARLES M. and Figure 3. MICHIGAÑ. `'I‘O ALL WHOM IT MAY GQNCERN: Be it known that I. A is the stern of a vessel. Witnesses: E.`ivhi_ch is represented as a bar attached to the case. . where the forward thrust of tile plunger commences. open above.020. clear. . opening directly astern. The water will till part of the vertical portion of B B.a chamber. and carried below the valve. 61. The chamber being open at thc lower extremity will be filled with water to the height of the external water line. My improvements relate to cheapening and simplifying the construction of Asuch propellers by'hringing the chamber B upward >so that the plungers could operate verti cally and against the column maintained in the chambers at the height of the external surface. and -State of Michigan. What I claim as my invention. ' CHARLES M. in combina tion with reciprocating plungers C. have invented anew and useful Improvement in the Mode of Propelling Vessels. This part of the chamber is ñtted toireceive the plunger C. opening directly astern. of Birmingham. and the reciprocating plungers pressing against the same will force the vessel forwardwith the expulsion of the column of water.4 and the outwardly opening valve prevents the plunger from acting'as a pump to sustain the weight of the column of water following its action. and exact description of the same. CHARLES M. any arrangement will be suiîicient that stops thc valve at‘such a point as will Vpermit the water about the plunger tofescape freely. @in ârlptule afitrah ‘tu im ligne ‘ätetters ââzitént 2mb making putt tf tige Sme. Mason. These plungers may he worked by’any conve-n ient arrangement of the actuating mechanism. „ The opening valves as the plungers are raisedwill permit the escape of such water as may leak past the plunger. RAYNALE. The form of this stop is not important.