of metal or other suitable material. on that . The :lever E. ‘ To enable those skilled in the art to fully understand and to use our invention. the distance between them and the centre of motion of the auxiliary gear is ñxed and unchangeable.. of vul canite or hard rubber. upon which is cemented or otherwise secured a sleeve or casing of Vhard rubber. preserving at all times a smooth. so that their pivotal points. 1. _ Under this arrangement the gear-wheels. admirably fitted for mangling purposes. mounted on the ends of the two rollers. I". These rollers are provided at their ends with journals. aand ô. 1867. is jointed at its other to one end of a lever. the moisture which is pressed from the clothes or other between them. The levers' D extend upward above the frame. ` Our 'invention further consists in'the arrangement and combination. extends a leverl handle. and corrode or eat into it. 45. OF AUBURN. It is. E. No.Patent No. and is not attacked by the salts or alkalíes used in washing. therefore. thus unñt for use as mangle or ironing rolls. and exact description' of the same. 61. with the adjustable and movable roller of the mangle or other like machine. pivoted to ythe frame C. of any desired or suitable thickness. the other end of which is pivoted to the top of the frame C. were issued to SIDNEY W. quite as objectionable as that of wood. cbnsequcntly. FOREMAN PALMERLtwo of the parties to the present applicatiomcn the_15th November. where the gear mechanism is located. for it is not affected in any way or degree by water or moisture. and. has its bearings in the lower and shorter arms of levers. To accomplish this. B. ' Our invention `also consists in the arrangement of the gear for transmitting motion between the rollers. shall be eccentric to the bearings of the roller B. we have made the rolls. attack the metal. or that part of them which comes in contact-With the clothes or other articles to be smoothed. aboveexplained.018.Était@ :grafts âêlatrnt @ffice SIDNEY W. ASSIGNORS TO i Tl-ÍEMSELYES AND ’DAVID _LYMAN. J. and by means of _which the rollers are revolved at an equal rate of speed. SIDNEY W. NEW YORK.' Y _ Figure l is a side elevation of a mangle constructed in accordance with our invention.side of the machine. To wn’orr 1r MAY eoNonRN: Be it known that we. -Lètters . and to become rough andl swollen. c. while the soda or alkalics. have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Mangles. when metal rolls are employed. A and B. in which. of Auburn. The lower roll. which have their bearings in the machine. A. Ior thereabouts. They consist each of a. A compound lever'i's thus formed which. FOREMAN. or-hard rubber. the use of which is attended with none of the disadvantages consequentúpon the employ« ment of other material. and J. first. and Figure 3 is a top or plan view of the machine. as may belilcowise seen in the combined wringer and mangle. FOREMAN.. whose axes must necessarily be at variable distances from each other. of a system of levers for regulating and graduating the pressure upon the article passing between the rolls. when the handle G is raisedV or lowered. 1864. for the rust on the rolls is apt to mark and stain the articles which are brought _in contact with them. and State of New York. 2 is shown the construction of the mangle rolls. @in ârlgctulß ttfcrnh tu im their @titers änttnt nrt mating ¿nu uf tigt samt. Iurnovsn Miners. the intermediary through which motion is communicated from one roll to the other. is hung in the . therefore. as shown in iig. J. mandrel or shaft.` articles passingrendering them the dampness or moisture of the clothes soon causes them to rust. reference boing had to the'accorn panying drawings. D. e greatl desideratum to construct rolls of a material which will not rust or corrode. in the county of Cayuga. dated January 8. AND NELSON PALMER. soon causes them to lose their polish. and which willalways present a hard and smooth surface. which -are used in washing. which. _ y' In fig. and are jointed at their upper ends to link-pieces or levers. hard surface. and we do hereby declare the following to be a fulL'clea-r. do not mesh directly with one another. The latter wheel or pinion constitutes. a transverse vertical section of the mangle rolls. and NELsoN PALMER. The use of metal in this connection is.071. will raise or lower in a corresponding degree the roll B. while the centres of motion of the two rollers are' at variable distances with respect _to each other. for which Letters Patent. in forming the surface of the rolls of a mangle of vulcanite When mangle rolls are made of wood. is arranged in the frame C in the usual manner. CONNECTICUT. l v Our invention consists. On the other hand. as above mentioned. no matter what' may be the distance between them. preferably. Figure 2. G.'but engage with an auxiliary wheel or pinion. we will now proceed to` describe it by reference to the accompanying drawings. and from the centre of which. The upper and adjustable roll. and even more so. OF MIDDLEFIELD.

These gears do not mesh with one another. a correspondingly great increase of lever power. internal and external gear-Wheels. stationary with relation to said rolls. is-_ _ . We claim the method of gearing the rolls of mangle‘s. Weights. ' s. substantially as and for the purposes set forth.‘with~ an additional shaft and pinion extending from the Wheel g. In this manner towels. and Will-move entirely in unison.letters or ornamental devices may be engraved or cut in either one or both of the mangle rolls. but that.in vthe same vertical. but at variable distances from each other. what _ _ ` - 1. or other-like machines. lin order togear with both. however.. _ ' ’ t In testimony whereof We have signod-olir names to this specification before two. under the arrangement shown and described. ' ' ` A. need only be used when it is ncccssaryto obtain a'considerablei increase of poner. It ‘will be understoodthat this system of levers is the same on both sides of the frame. ' . causes. _ ' _ v 4.'or other means whichwill readily suggest themselves.' On one side ofthe machine. This gearing is therefore well adapted for triangles.È extend out from the -frame. d. They mesh with a pinion which. and 'enables the rolls to be revolved with comparative ease. and other articles may be marked with the name of the owner. 3. respectively. The levers on both sidesoi' the frame are thus moved'alike by the lever handle. be desired. or ornamented with devices of any desired pattern. J. for the salreof 'convenience and accuracy. subscribing witnesses. we claim the internal and external gear-Wheels. or otherwise. as the centres of motionof the upper roll B and levers D arc at a fixed and unchangeable distance from each other. The construction and arrangement of the gear are such that -there is a great gainin'poweroofver'ordinarygearing employed forolike purp'o'ses.. Combining and connecting the levci‘ frames. g. Under our invention. if' it be desired to produce friction between them-then of course thc diameters of4 the wheels may vary. 4and as the gea-r f of the lower roll A also meshes at all times with theintermcdiatepinion g. 7c. while at variable dis tances from each other. substantially in the manner and for the purposesl described. when 'arranged so as_. The great increase in the diameter of the -wheels which this arrangementl admits ot'. so asl to obtain more power. _the two wheels do not lie. weclaim marking and ornamenting the material passing between the mangle rolls. so that the articles passingbetween the rolls shall receive the impression of the device. Henson T. y2 and'âl. or "it' 'may be arranged in connection with an auxiliary gear. Witnesses: « ' l . must engage with the external gear-wheel.v The application to the rollers of mangles of hard >rubber or yulcanite. that _the distance between the gears d and g'will be likewise lixed‘and invariable. rol‘l to the other.v _ ' 5. The crank o_r handle h. and then extend out tar enough to tit in the internal gear ‘of the-othervIheel.napkins. shall bear fixed and invariable relations to the saidlp'inions.while the'lowe'r wheel f has its teeth formed upon itsfexterior. to transmit motion tothe gear ont-he other'side ofthe frame. by which the rollers are revolved. of course. which extends from the point where the handle G is attached to the lever F to a corresponding 'point on the lever F on the other' side of the frame. therefore. and desire to secure by Letters Patent..2 mp1s shorter arms of the ievers D.internal gear-wheel'. In combination with the movable roller when hung in the short arms of angular levers for the purpose of_ adjustment with'rei‘erence'to the stationary roller. which mesh with an intermediate pinion. `it follows. If it be necessary to vary the speed of thc'two rolls-4. but with a third or _intermediate gear. in order. w. the toothed wheels d j' maybe cf'any dianiete'rinot _exceeding the sum of the diameters of the two rolls A B. may be mounted on the hub o`f the lower wheel f. e. _ _ - Having described our invention.to move with equal or diiïerentvelocities. cutor formed in intaglio in one or both'oi‘ said rolls. H. 'lf i. arranged substantially as describcfhso rthat the same Vmay be actuated by hand. the journals of the rollers A. as _shown at s. by means of letters or other _devices or designs.substantially as shown and set forth. the »one lapping over the' other'. or other machines in which the rollers are required to move with regularity and in unison. sub stantially as hereinshown and described. F. We prefer. PALMER.as _shown in the drawings. Coon. wringers. we claim. It follows. PoLLoK. by a system of links and lovers. The gears may be either on one or on both sides of Vthe machinc.lwhich is arranged and secured in place so that its axis shall be the pivotal-point 'c of the levers New. and inter mediate pinion. . The wheel d of the upper roll is an internal gear-wl1ecl. and the manner in which the'same is or may be-carried into effect. and _the other' has its teeth formed upon its exterior. and have mounted on them gear-wheels. . _One of the wheels is an .NELSON PALMER. _ '2. substantially as and for the purposes hereinslrown and described. plane. figs. weights. the latter thus constitutes the medium for communi cating motion from one. no matter at what distance the rolls are from each other. which need only be attached toene set of levers. which may be actuated by hand. so that the said gear-wheels. that when thus arranged.. they are placed so as ~to bc'partly-sidc -by si'de. in lwhich the stationary and movable'jollers are hung. which will appear upon it in relief. of course. to avoid’ interfering with each other.. j '_l‘his arrangement. as the mould in which to cast the external gear Infthis way _the two> gear-wheels have the same diameter of pitch. In a mangling machine. withthe exception ofthe lever-handle G. motion boing communicated tothe levers on the other side of the frame by a rod or shaft. to use the internal or female gear. _ . by mountingA upon the said rolls. . PALMER.