# 1.0 OBJECTIVE 1.1 To Examine how bending moment varies with an increasing point load. 1.

2 To examine how bending moment varies at the cut position of the beam for various loading condition.

2.0 LEARNING OUTCOME 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 The application the engineering knowledge in practical application. To enhance technical competency in structural engineering through laboratory application. To communicate effectively in group. To identify problem, solving and finding out appropriate solution through laboratory application.

3.0 THEORY W

a RA L

'cut' C RB

Shear force at left of the section, Mc =

............. equation 1

Part 2 : Used this statement: " The shear force at the 'cut' is equal to the algebraic sum of the force acting to the left or right of the cut "

The support reaction (RA and RB ) and the theoretical Shear Force was calculated at the cut. 3. 2.125.81) and the force reading into a bending moment (Nm) using the following expression:.0 PROCEDURES Part 1 1. 3. The Digital Force Display meter was checked reads zero with no load.Any load between 100g to 500g Figure 3 . 4. Load the beam with the hangers with carefully in any positions and loads as example in Figure 2. W1 & W2 . A hanger with a 100g mass was placed to the left of the 'cut'. The mass was converted into a load in Newton (multiply by 9. 2. Figure 3 and Figure 4 and Completed Table 2. 140mm W1= 400g(3. The Digital Force Display meter was checked zero with no load.125. Bending moment at the cut (Nm) = Displayed Force x 0. 4.92N) RA a 'cut' RB Figure 2 220mm RA 260mm W1 W2 'cut' RB where . The force reading was converted into bending moment (Nm) using: Bending moment at the cut (Nm) = Displayed Force x 0. Part 2 1.4. The theoretical bending moment at the cut was calculated and completed Table 1.

8 0.25 RA (N) RB (N) Theoretical Bending Moment (Nm) -0.47 Part 2 No W1 (N) W2 (N) Force (N) -1.905 3.44 *Used any mass between 200g and 500g Load (N) Table 1 Theoretical Bending Moment (Nm) 0.34 -1.0 RESULT Part 1 Mass *(g) 100 200 300 400 500 Force Experimental Bending (N) Moment (Nm) 0.75 2.37 0.68 3.3 2.943 2.36 0.7 0.23 1.57 Table 2 .453 2.35 4.18 2.1 0.23 0. W1 400mm 'cut' W2 RB W1 & W2 .51 0.9 2.453 0 2.28 0.Any load between 100g to 500g Figure 4 5.981 0.962 1.09 1.26 3.83 2.0 Experimental Bending Moment (Nm) -0.4 0.19 0.5 0.924 2.16 0.453 2.220mm RA where .25 1 2 3 3.453 5.09 0.924 2.