2 Sheets-Sheet 1.


No. 61,009.

Patented Jam: 8, 1867



8.2 Sheets-Sheet 2. ii M 1 . HUNT. No. Patented Jan.609. 61. Moro-urns . 1867. o c . S. STONE DRESSER. THE No?ms PETERS co. B. \VAQD-HNGTON.

2. J. ‘proper' place by upright bearings or journals. the side shown ?g. I _ Plate 2.cross-piece N. and secures in proper position the cutter to-the hammer?rBeing thus completed. OF 'PHI'LA'DEZL‘P-HIA.gums tittzsgatent @ffin. 6l. bear a‘groov'e.'and will. 3' and 4. represents an elevation. I construct a rectangular (wooden or metallic)‘ box or frame." and spring . represents a top riew. i's-‘furthermoreset. and?gs.’. 'secure'd‘to shaft S M. same plate. by means of its entirely mechanical action. ‘which is itself set against and parallel "to the front side (inside) of frame B.1 and. running through piece M0 and centre of rod B. and toward the middle of about the thirdoi' the length of frame‘. are set two upright pieces. and by means ‘of bolts_M M. The cutter or blade-holder 0-0 is composed of right-angiilar ' metallic piece a. held there in. H.'for the purpose-hereinafter explained. thejwhole shaped as shown more particularly'in ?gs. 7 Plate '1. 3. ‘A spring. its spring._snppose that I face the'end of‘ the machine where the hammer has been placed. is set on bolt R’. &. 1 and 2. plate 2. in one solid piece. I will. On ‘the middle or centre of the top of pieced’ a" starts-up bolt R". PENNSYLVANIA.'Figure 1.‘ plate 1. TO ALL WHOM IT MAY concerns: . and» hammer-lifter. make and‘ many invention. ?g. by‘ means of holt'A. part of this speci?cation. Plate 2. the purpose and place of which pieces to be hereinafter explained-and described. plate 2. of hammer‘ H. Figure 1. ‘Now. :?nding. and ‘consequently the‘ strength of each stroke of the hammer. showing'the ‘gearing on said side.1. ?g. which passes‘through ‘a hole bored into the centre of sole of hammer. To. d1}: $dg2hnl: mam tn in tpse’?éttirt $81911! nit mating put at v11. shaped.a'.A circular aperture.. showing a front view of» the hammer. the inside arrangement of "the hammer. call right-hand side. represents a front sectional.its place on top-‘of said s'ole under the circularspac'e z w‘ 'y. 1.c. hereinafter described: :On the top of both pieces S S. and rod or handle It. so as to maintain metallic spring S Pin proper’ place andst-i?‘ness.machine so’ contrived that. and into which‘ will set and slide the guiding-earsor lugs o of‘th'elhammer. springs. and 4.‘ as sectionally shown in ?gs. in the county of I Philadelphia. ate‘ 01. making a part of this‘ speci?cation. into which will pass the handle of . the whole set and held together by means of. the fulcrum: of‘ whieh is on-shaft S M. ' ' Plate 2. so asto‘enable M yO'to act on rodfR as alever. represents a front riewof the ‘hammer with the blade-holder ?xed in a'perpendicular' position to‘the plane of the said hammer. Figure 3. figure-2. S. Annular piece or washer Z is next secured on rod R. in the State of Pennsylvania. A'LS'Q-run 'e'lear'through both right and . Figure 4. connects them both.. sons to'?t in and slide easy into grooves‘a b c d. represents an . Inside said frame B. Etc. above cross-piece N.S’ 'P’. my stone dresser. showing.. inside arrangementv and relative positions’ of gearings and shafts. and blades 2 "2' 2. and in which. Three-metallic shafts. ’ I I ‘Plate 1.S/ P. and fruit R. into which S must revolve freely. and thevhandle-rod'R running upwards through~ metallic‘ pieces M 0 Z. ' P1ate'2. Figure 3'. represents a plan‘ top View of. movrnrrr m smite-Desserts. subsequently.ldated January 8. and clear through. gearing andits direct‘ on the hammer._'reference being had to the accompanying drawings. and'the gearing on bothsides.vBrit-A’. any stoneof any size or nature can be dressed with economy. The hammer HR is composed. hole. '1. in.the hammer.. and I do hereby declare that the following is. elevation of‘ my stone dresser.: nine. 1867. . HUN'n-of the city of Philadelphia. showing ‘the.'Iswill now proceed todescrihe its con st'r'uctio'? and operation. ~ Be it known that L3. which. 2. similar letters refer to similar‘parts. A’ S’. S S. above described.on rod 3. to‘ describe‘ the. have invented a new and usefulvv-Improvement'in “Stone Dressers . plate 1. B.nn'der view of my hammer with ‘the blade-‘holder in anotherrelativet position.. being to regulate the more or less sti?‘ness' of spring P. ’ i ' m'l‘h'e'nature of my invention consists in bpi‘ldingi‘a. and piece I)’ b’. Figure 2. and the outside gearing ‘arrangement on‘ one side. halving’ neither bottom ‘or cover. and in plan.‘ AS. showing another relative position of the blade-holder. HUNT. both in time and‘ labor. ‘ Metallic piece M O. and is regulated by :nutM A.a full andlexaet description of my inveption. 3. as particularly shown' in ?gs. plate2. B. of my stone dresser.as shown in elevation. enable'v‘thers skilled in the art to.the hereinafter description. plate'l. has its small or fore end set in and. through‘the centre of which is bored a. Letters Patent'No. and-left-hand side the one shown in ?g. is 'setfcross-piece N N’.' ' I ‘Rl'ate 1. cut lengthwisepn‘their centre.”.vv Ears o are sized and shaped.009. ears 0. S’ P’. S.resents an outside'elevation. plate 1._rep. ‘ In' the drawings. the‘ hammer is placed in the box so‘ as _to have earso?tting into grooves a b c d. ofthe hammer. is made through hamm'er H‘.of my stone dresser.bolts d’ d’. made out of steel or any othersuitable metal. :2: 2:’ y. 1-.

which the shaft passes freely. pinion. Each. lever L is a small lug'or catch. Wm . ?g. ‘which. but to render it as perfect as I‘ couldI'hadlto ?nd some meanslbyiwhich to ‘avoid the trouble of pushing the machine or the stone forward or fbackward as the dressing operation 'might require.into which it might-be set in ‘motion. left sides of box B_ '0'“ the‘ ‘left fetid of. Fig. constructed ‘and combined with leverM O. andjthje machine-would go forward while the-hammer would strike. injuring any stone . On lower end of lever L. 1. and ?gs.M O alternately with all‘ its (the’lifter’s) arms. machine is completed. on left end of shaft A S‘. _ . and desire‘ to secure by Letters Patent I 1. Evans.‘ .under the machine _ between‘ the‘ wheels.'"1. and‘ 4. thereby maintaining.vor ‘the stone passing. 0-H." G’” and pinion P G'from‘right to left. regulating nut M A. 3. G’” G”) vgears with smaller cog-wheel C" G".'plate' 2. which has for object to catch into notches N S. in conscquenceof the weight'of the ‘machine. B’ A’. The said shaft A S bearson its: centre metallic lifter L F. -Hi_nd~wheels R A. ' The machine being placed npo'nany stone. viz. cog-wheel C" G" and'shaft ’ A’! SH from‘ left to right. or' otherwise secured. in the mean-I time the stone dresser or hammer ‘striking.'plate 1. part of m'ybox.S/ is keyed.. 'TAYLon. is set. On the right end of shaft A’ S".2. 2. It is also easily seen that‘ the number of blades to be used in the cutter is'entirely optional.'and "if handle C ‘His satin motion as shown‘ by arrow d e. ‘ ‘ Witixessesi .into any position to suit the taste of the operator or the requirements of the work to'be done. pushed and set backwards. or otherwise secured. either on the top of the stone to be dressed. on left end of shaft'A’ S’. The-hammerH R. so as to obtain the intended and herein-described effect. lifter L F. leather. vI havetherefore rendered my machine locomotive in the following‘manner: I ?rst. and ?g. or forwards. being set and. a cog-wheeLC G. if: I act on said handle inlthe direction shown by arrow d e. willpeasily-be seen‘ that the machine can be'run both‘ ways. shaft A] . deemed necessary. Immediately after wheel-35A.‘ is a pinion of same size.will gear with cog-wheel C’” G’”. gu'ttapercha. leather.su?icient strength. upright ‘lever. plate-1. when combined and constructedl. if the hammer is set in motion ashas been'above described. crank-handle.which is keyed. or right perpendicular. gearing with pinion P G. .and can be indicated only by the teachings of ‘practical experiments. 3. provided with a rim made ‘of India rubber. arm ~'= on its‘ upper face is bevelled or made circular on the end.. so as to prevent said wheels. pinion P. L. set the. lever M 0V to escape and fall down alternately. audits-cutter . ‘or any equivalent material. Nor do I want to limit myself to using blades only. on which the hind. Lastly. P._in the manner and for the purposenbove described'and set forth. attached to a . the part of the stone which it strikes will soon be neatly‘dressed. gutta percha. ' ' ' " ‘ ' ' B. ‘andgearing with. what I' claim as my invention.lever L inclining either forward or backward. cut into oircular'jplatejM ‘K. as the case or_ work may require: of the‘ United States.'and lug N _S. with gearing jand'nngearing movement. said pinion being set'fast on 'centr'e'of cog-wheel C’”IG’Y". vN S. C" G".c c’. _ ' ~2. HUNT. plate 2. which’ s itself 'set onv stud‘S‘G.-‘having as many arms as maybe .'as ‘above explained. s. 'catchin g lever. and S’ P’. also set on 'a'_'stud. would gear'pinion Pf _ into cog-whecljC‘? G". P". L'everL being set in the contrarydirection. . plate N S'with' notches._or otherwise secured. S. Lever L. which gearsrwi'th and drives cog-wheel Q’ G’. pinions P and P’. but Ido reserve to construct my “cutter with points or plates of blades of any shape._. ‘ I . 3. ?g. when lever L is pushed towards the hammer. is keyed.‘ and a small pinion. P. sits. being thus driven from'right to ‘left. Cunnnns H. R’ A'“ are provided with rims made of India rubber.. or otherwlsesecured. front part'of the box on two casters ‘or swivel-wheels of . on. said shaft. the stiffness‘ or strength of each strokebeing easily‘ regulatedibymea‘ns'of nut M A. through.-will give the h'ammer'and its cutter a regular up-and-down motion. keyed. ‘cog-wheel._show that‘ the ‘cutter can be 'set. will drive ' pinion P’ from left to‘ right. the length and strength of said arms being so calculated as toalloweaehof them to catch‘ under and'lift up in turn piece or lever M 0. ' consequently dri-ve'n'by'saidshaft independent-o'f'l'ever It. ‘It.on which it revolves freely. pinion P.’ G’. i_s—( ' _ ' _ ' - Having thus'described my'invention.P’. t o ' Ssm'uir.'_so as to allow piece ‘or. L. orotherwise' secured.‘ Item-om shaft A” S”. cog-wheel‘ C G will'drive shaft A.‘ or any ecp‘iival'entv substance. I have'set wheels 13 A.. and the machine will subsequently back.an. endear-camshaft. keyed.‘ Now. and set on a stud. Wheels B A and Bf A". and‘s'prings" I S. cog-wheel C’.on the-hacker inside face of.S and its lifter. I 7' _ as the motienof the‘ hammer is concerned ‘my. _' . when combined and constructed in-th'e manner and for the purpose above described 'andiset forth. the above-described gearing movement would be reversed. . plate 1.