# Refraction of Waves

1 Refraction occurs when the direction of the propagation __________ when water waves travel from a deeper region to a shallow region at an acute angle. The water depth decrease cause the _____________ of the water waves decrease. 3.1 Characteristic of the refracted wave When a wave is refracted, it obeying the law of refraction, the ratio of incident angle and refraction angle is a constant. 1 Water wave _____________ at focal point of the concave surface.

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Diffraction of wave
When a wave travels through a narrow gap or meets an obstacle, it is __________. The effect is most obvious when the _________ of the gap or obstacle is similar to or smaller than the ____________________ of the wave. 'iffraction is the bending of a wave as it moves through a small opening or around an obstacle. 4.1 1 Characteristic of the Diffracted wave

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sin i =n sin r
2 The wavelength of the incident wave’s _____________________ refracted waves during refraction. The fre!uency of the incident waves _____________________ refracted waves during refraction. " The speed of the incident waves _____________________ refracted waves during refraction. The direction of propagation of the refracted waves _____________________ incident waves. c\$Water wave approach curve surface. %onve& surface " . 2

The wavelength of the incident waves _____________________ diffracted waves during diffraction. The fre!uency of the incident waves _____________________ diffracted waves during diffraction. The speed of the incident waves _____________________ diffracted waves during diffraction. The direction of propagation of the diffracted waves _____________________ incident waves.

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4.2 Pattern of diffracted wave Diffraction of waves by an opening The narrower the opening, the ______________ the angle of diffraction, the ______________obvious the pattern of diffraction. The wider the opening, the ______________ the angle of diffraction. the ______________obvious the pattern of diffraction.

Water wave _____________ at focal point of the conve& surface.

%oncave surface Diffraction of waves by an obstacle The wider the obstacle, the ______________ the angle of diffraction. the ______________obvious the pattern of diffraction The smaller the obstacle, the ______________ the angle of diffraction. the ______________obvious the pattern of diffraction

1 (tate the relationship between )a\$ The width of the slit and the diffraction pattern. )c\$ The width of the slit and amplitude of the diffracted wave. 2 *ive an e&ample each for the diffraction of light waves and sound waves which can be observed in our daily life. . )b\$ wavelength and the diffraction pattern.